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FISH ID PROJECT by : Caitlyn Moody


Marine fish 1. Guineafowl puffer 2. Clown triggerfish 3. Mexican hogfish 4. Threadfin butterflyfish 5. Redbreasted wrasse 6. Whitespotted bamboo shark 7. Coral hawkfish 8. Speckled sanddab 9. White-tailed damselfish 10. Neon goby 11. Black perch 12. Royal gramma basslet 13. California moray eel 14. French grunt 15. Epaulette shark 16. Clarion angelfish 17. Lined seahorse 18. Electric catfish 19. Silver dollar fish 20. Mobula ray 21. Golden Trout 22. Blue-spotted jawfish 23. Indian Ocean crocodile fish 24. English sole 25. Squaretail coralgrouper 26. Spotted coralgrouper 27. Emperor angelfish 28. Semicircle angelfish 29. Spinecheek clownfish 30. Popeye catalufa 31. Pacific flame anthias 32. African lungfish 33. Striped dottyback 34. Banggai cardinalfish 35. Lionfish 36. Blue rockfish 37. Bocaccio 38. Treefish 39. Sunburst anthias 40. Zebra shark 41. Blue-spotted stingray 42. Scup 43. Sixbar wrasse 44. Desjardin's Indian sailfin tang 45. Yellowtail tang 46. Moorish idol 47. Coral grouper 48. Klunzinger's wrasse 49. Wild discus 50. Onespot rabbitfish http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html


Freshwater fish 1. Afra cichlid 2. African butter catfish 3. African Snakehead 4. Archerfish 5. Albino Corydora 6. Azureus cichlid 7. Bala shark 8. Banded Knife fish 9. Batik Loach 10. Banded shovelnose catfish 11. Bearded Cory 12. Bengal danio 13. Bigtooth river stingray 14. Black Arowana 15. Black Ghost Knife 16. Blue Discus 17. Blyth's loach 18. Bream 19. Bulldog Pleco 20. Cardinal Tetra 21. Celebes Halfbeak 22. Chel Snakehead 23. Chinese Snakehead 24. Cherry Barb 25. Clown Loach 26. Comma Swordtail 27. Cross River puffer 28. Crystal eyed catfish 29. Cochu's Blue Tetra 30. Double lipspot Mouthbrooder 31. Dusky Piranha 32. Electric Blue Hap 33. Electric Yellow Lab 34. Emperor Snakehead 35. Fahaka Puffer 36. Flag Acara 37. Flagtailed Catfish 38. Forest Betta 39. Freshwater baracuda 40. Freshwater butterflyfish 41. German Blue Ram 42. Gold Mixteco 43. Glass Catfish 44. Glowlight Tetra 45. Halfbeak 46. Hora's Loach 47. Indian Glassfish 48. Julii Cory


49. Koi Carp 50. Madagascar Rainbowfish http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/fish/ Saltwater invertebrates 1. Ball sponge 2. Red tree sponge 3. Orange fan sponge 4. Bubble tip Anemone 5. Pink-tipped Anemone 6. Sebae Anemone 7. Magnificent Anemone 8. Mushroom coral 9. Flower pot coral 10. Pulsing coral 11. Green open Brain coral 12. Red brain coral 13. Sun coral 14. Whisker Coral 15. Brine shrimp 16. Blue clam 17. Fluted Giant clam 18. Maxima clam 19. Smooth clam 20. Common Tropical Octopus

Freshwater invertebrates 1. Coconut Crab 2. Giant freshwater Crayfish 3. Yabbie Crayfish 4. Trumpet-mouthed Hunter Snail 5. Medicinal Leech http://www.arkive.org/invertebrates-terrestrial-and-freshwater/


Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 001

Common Name: Guineafowl puffer Scientific Name: Arothron Meleagris Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Tetraodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: It is widely distributed across the central Indian and Pacific Oceansfrom Africa, throughout Micronesia and to the Eastern Pacific south to Ecuador. Life Strategy: This Pufferfish that comprise the Tetraodontidae Family are normally covered with spines and they have the ability to blow themselves up like balloons which is presumably a defense mechanism. Thesespines contain the toxin called tetrodotoxin, found in the skin, viscera and gonads. The Puffers do not have pelvic fins and have formidable, strong beak-like teeth. Food / Feed Strategy: They are Omnivores, feeding mainly on the tips of branching corals and, to a lesser extent, on sponges, mollusks, bryozoans, tunicates, forams, algae, and detritus.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Pauly, Daniel. "Arothron Meleagris." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase,25 Oct. 2011. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arothron_meleagris>. Colla, Phillip. "List of Fish Species-- Fish Photos." Natural History Photography. Ocean's Light Natural History Photography. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.oceanlight.com/fish.html>. "Pufferfish FamilyPufferfish Family." Mexico and Baja Fishing Reports, Fish Pictures, and Sportfishing Travel Resort Locations. Mexfish.com. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.mexfish.com/fish/puffish/puffish.htm>.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 002

Common Name: Clown triggerfish Scientific Name: Balistoides conspicillum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Balistidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Tetraodontiformes

Geography / Habitat: This fish is found in the tropical Indo-pacific around coral reefs which are their feeding areas and swim around in the costal waters. It is rare and sometimes can be found in Africa to south Africa and Indonesia, to Japan and all the way to New Caledonia. Life Strategy: This fish has a short temper and very territorial and should not be kept with small fish or Invertebrates. The Clow trigger fish also has sharp teeth that help it crack open the shells of shrimp, clams and invertebrates to help it get into the meat and seemingly not scared to bite. Food / Feed Strategy: This fish is a Omnivore but mainly a Carnivore, consuming Algae and meaty foods such as squid, krill, clams, small fish and hard shelled shrimp to help wear down their ever growing teeth. They swim around the reef looking for Zooplankton and Phytoplankton, also looking for shellfish and other invertebrates. The males interestingly eat sea urchins, crustaceans, brachiopoda, and small fish.

● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position:Terminal ● Citation: "Clown Triggerfish." Live Aquaria. Liveaquaria.com. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=15+44+245&pcatid=245>. "Clown Triggerfish." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clown_triggerfish>.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # : 003

Common Name: Mexican hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus diplotaenia Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Hogfish appears on rocky reefs and at depths from 15 to 251 feet. However, it can be commonly found at depths of less than 60 feet. In the Atlantic Ocean, the hogfish occurs from Bermuda and North Carolina, south through the Caribbean Seaand northern Gulf of Mexico, to the north coast of South America. It is very common off Florida and the islands of the Caribbean in shallow waters. Juveniles are often found in seagrassbeds in Florida Bay. Life Strategy: Interestingly, Hogfish are protogynous hermaphrodites. Females, upon reaching larger size and through social dominance, can transform into fully functional males. This often occurs at 3 years of age and growth of 14 inches. In waters of Florida, spawning happens during February and March. Hogfish schools consist of groups of females dominated by a larger male, referred to as a harem which he guards. Food / Feed Strategy: Adult hogfish feed mainly on mollusks such as pelecypods, but will also feed on hermit crabs, and sea urchins, crushing its prey with strong pharyngeal jaws. During the day, this species has been observed to shove its snout into the sand in search of mollusks. Juvenile hogfish thrive on a diet of crustaceans, mollusk, and echinoderms.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation:


Bester, Cathleen. "Mexian Hogfish." Elpasozoo.org. Elpaso Zoo. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.elpasozoo.org/docs/Volunteer_Training_Docs/FISH%20FACTS_Mexican%20hogfish.pdf>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 004

Common Name: Threadfin butterflyfish Scientific Name: Chaetodon auriga Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Chaetodontidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Threadfin is found through out the Indian, Pacific Ocean, Red Sea,coast of Eastern Africa, New Guinea and Australia, east to the Hawaiian islands, Marquesan, and Ducie islands, as far north as southern Japan, and south to the Lord Howe and Rapaislands.Threadfin butterflyfish are found in tropical coral reef habitats, though they are occasionally found in areas with sparse coral as well. Threadfin are found at water depths between 1 and 35 meters. Life Strategy: Threadfin’s spiny fins and quick speed make them difficult prey. The dark bands over their eyes, as well as the posterior eyespot are probably mechanisms to confuse potential predators, making their tails seem to be their head and their head seem to be a tail. Butterflyfish have been reported swimming short distances tail first, and then rapidly swimming off in the opposite direction in order to confuse and escape potential predators Food / Feed Strategy: Threadfin are benthic feeding fish that feed mostly on plankton. However, they are omnivorous, and also feed on coral polyps, algae, shrimp, gastropods, nemertime worms, etc. Threadfin have elongated snouts, with small protractile mouths that are filled with many small, sharp teeth. They are able to use their elongated snouts in order to scrape the surface of coral to obtain algae and other small prey

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Rauss,A. and K. Wehrly. 2006. "Chaetodon auriga" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. AccessedNovember 11, 2011 http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Chaetodon_auriga.html.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # 005

Common Name: Redbreasted wrasse Scientific Name: Cheilinus fasciatus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Labridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: This species is in the Indo-West-Pacific, and occurs from east Africa to Micronesia, Samoaand Marshall Islands, and north to the Ryukyu Island and south to the Great Barrier Reef, northwest Australia and New Caledonia. This species is found in the coastal, lagoon, seaward reefs, and usually in areas with mixed coral, sand and rubble at depths of four to at least 40 m. Life Strategy: Juveniles of this species are often associated with the sea-grass beds and mangroves that adjacent to coral reefs, along edgeswith algae-rubble and sand, and silty reefs. The jaw is prominent, especially lower jaw in adults, two strong canines situated anteriorly in each jaw and there is no enlarged tooth present on rear or upper jaw of this species.It spawned in harem with males patrolling territory.Females ascended about one to three m over patch reef or coral head when ready to spawn with slow ascending speed. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds primarily upon benthic small hard-shelled invertebrates, such as molluscs, crustaceans and sea urchin by possessing a strong oral jaw.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: Shea, S. & Liu, M. 2010. Cheilinus fasciatus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 November 2011.


Title : Marine Fish

Species # 006

Common Name: White-spotted Bamboo Shark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium plagiosum Kingdom: Animalia Class: Chondrichthyes Family: Hemiscylliidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Orectolobiformes

Geography / Habitat: The white-spotted bamboo shark is found in the Indo-West Pacific near Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, Japan and the Philippines. They inhabit shallower waters near the shore and on coral reefs in these tropics. Life Strategy: Since their bodies are slender, they can glide between coral branches and hide in tight reef structures. Although they are not heavily preyed upon, their survival is in jeopardy. As reef animals, the dynamics of the food chain on the reef determines their future. As coral reefs are affected by global warming, so are the sharks. Like other bamboo sharks, the white spotted bamboo shark has short, pointed sensory organs called â&#x20AC;&#x153;barbelsâ&#x20AC;? attached to each nostril. Food / Feed Strategy:Thesesharks feed at night, preying on small fish and invertebrates. They have small teeth that can be used for grasping or crushing prey. Soft prey is grasped when the tips of the teeth sink into the flesh, but the teeth pivot backwards when biting hard prey. This protects the tooth tip and allows the flattened front surface of the teeth to form a continuous plate for crushing crabs.


● Body Form or Style: Sagittiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform ● Mouth Position: Subterminal ● Citation: "Whitespotted Bamboo Sharks." Http://rosamondgiffordzoo.org. The Friends of the Rosamond Gifford Zoo Education Volunteers, 29 Mar. 2006. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://rosamondgiffordzoo.org/assets/uploads/animals/pdf/WhiteSpottedBambooShark.pdf>. "Whitespotted Bamboo Shark." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitespotted_bamboo_shark>.

Title : Marine fish

Species # 007

Common Name: Coral hawkfish Scientific Name: Cirrhitichthys Oxycephalus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Teleostomi Family: Cirrhitidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Coral Hawkfish is a wide-ranging species that is found from the Indian Ocean east to California and Colombia in the eastern Pacific Ocean. They are found in both fresh and marine waters. Hawkfish Inhabit areas of rich coral growth and clear water of lagoon, channel, or seaward reefs from below the surge zone to depths of at least 40 m. They rest on, in, or beneath hard or soft corals. Life Strategy: This species has the ability to change its color to match its background from a variety of shadesof silver to red color. Interestingly enough, the hawkfish does not have any swim bladder. The hawkfish is equipped with sharp teeth and powerful jaws and can easily crush the protective shell of a crustacean. Hawkfishes are typically solitary creatures but some species form pairs and can share a coral head. Food / Feed Strategy: The hawkfish will typically perch itself upon rock or coral and stay as still as possible until it gets a chance to dart out and grab a prey. It feeds on small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates. As mentioned above, the fish is equipped with sharp teeth and strong jaws and can easily crush shells.

Body Form or Style Depressiform:


● Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform ● Mouth Position: Terminal ● Citation: "Coral Hawkfish." World Field Guide. Http://www.worldfieldguide.com/. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.worldfieldguide.com/wfg-species-detail.php?taxno=11753>. Name, Common. "Hawkfish." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Aquatic Community. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/Hawkfish/>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 008

Common Name: Speckled sanddab Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Paralichthyidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Pleuronectiformes

Geography / Habitat: I t is native to the eastern Pacific Ocean, ranging from Alaska in the north to Baja California, Mexico in the south. It can be found on the sandy bottom near the shore to as far out as 350 m. Life Strategy: When Sanddabshatch, the little fish have an eye on both sides of their head and swim upright. As they grow larger, however, they begin to lean to the right until the eyes migrate to the left side of their bodies. This nature camouflage (and the upward looking eyes) helps protect the Sanddabs from winged predators. Sanddabscan be very difficult to see when resting partially or completely buried in sand, but they will dislodge themselves and quickly swim away. Food / Feed Strategy: The Speckled Sanddab eats small crustaceans and its predators are fish, birds and marine mammals. The fish can camouflage itself by adapting to look like the surface it is on.


● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: "Speckled Sanddab | Oregon Coast Aquarium." Newport, Oregon | Oregon Coast Aquarium. Oregon Coast Aquarium. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://aquarium.org/exhibits/sandy-shores/animals/speckled-sanddab>. Pauly, Daniel. "Speckled Sanddab." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase.Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speckled_sanddab>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 009

Common Name: White-tailed damselfish Scientific Name: Dascyllus aruanus Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Pomacentridae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: The Striped Damsel inhabits the Indo-West Pacific and its geographical range stretches from East African and the Red Seato the Line, Marquesan and Tuamoto islands. The northernmost specimens are found off the southern coast of Japan, while the range proceeds southwards down to Sidney, Australia. Striped Damsels are typically found in close vicinity of branching stony coral heads in shallow lagoons and subtidal reef flats. Life Strategy: Much like other damsels, this one can be aggressive and even more so as it matures. In the wild, White tail Dascyllus lives in shallow lagoon and reef flats of the Indo-West Pacific, from the Red Seaand the edge of Africa to the Great Barrier Reef. Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivore; They normally feeds on zooplankton, benthic invertebrates, and algae. Can be feed with meaty items, such as frozen mysid shrimp and vitamin-enriched brine shrimp.


● Body Form or Style: Depressiform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: Name, Common. "Striped Damsel." AC Tropical Fish & Aquarium. Aquatic Community. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. <http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/Damselfish/StripedDamsel.php>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 010

Common Name: Neon goby Scientific Name: Elacatinus oceanops Kingdom: Animalia Class: Perciformes Family: Gobiidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: Neon gobies are native to the tropical reefs of the Gulf of Mexico, from Texas to Belizewhere they live primarily in the rocks. Life Strategy: It is a cleaner species and help control some diseases.They are well-documented cleaner fish, setting up stations where often much larger fish, sometimes even fish who would normally eat the gobies, come to have the gobies eat their small external parasites. The cleaned fish are healthier and the


gobies have not only an excellent food source but also relative protection from potential predators. Food / Feed Strategy: It feeds on a variety of live and frozen brine shrimp, frozen mysis shrimp, table shrimp, and frozen food preparations for carnivores.

● Body Form or Style: Taeniform ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform ● Mouth Position: Supraterminal ● Citation: "Neon Goby." Liveaquaria.com. Live Aquaria. Web. 12 Nov. 2011. <http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=15+31+1869&pcatid=1869>. "Elacatinus." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Fishbase. Web. 13 Nov. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elacatinus>.

Title : Marine Fish

Species # 011

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