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ENGLISH HORIZONTS Octubre 2013

Revista Escolar

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“TENEMOS UNA PEQUEÑA INTRODUCCION DE MI REVISTA , ÉSTA, LA HACEMOS CON EL FIN DE PRESENTARLA A LOS INSTRUC-

Consejos

TORES ENCARGADOS DEL AREA

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DE INGLES BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA

P: ¿Qué hace? R: pensar en ti mi amor P: ¿Cómo vamos? R: de maravilla casi 9 meses

BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA

BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLABLA BLA BLA BLA BLA

Aporte

BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA BLA,

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Quienes Somos  

Pie de foto

Aleja Angie

Paola

Camilo

Pedro

Camila


Relative Clauses: Relative pronouns are used to give more information about a noun. The most common in Spanish is "it" and in English is "that", but there are many others.

Relative Clauses

Study This Table Relative pronoun That

Relative pronoun s / he who, the / that

Refers to: people and things

what where Which

as where the / la / which / whom who / whom whom / to whom which (s) / which (s)

stuff places stuff

who Whom (*) Whose

people people possessions

(*) Is often used more in written English that had side.

Information: Relattve Clauses

It is important to remember to refer these pronouns, to avoid falling into errors such as: "The company who to work for." Never be used "who" for things. It says: "The company for which i work". The company I work for. Behind the relative pronoun always a "relative clause", or relative clause, which contains at least one verb. To learn how to use these pronouns, you should know that there are "defining relative clauses" and "non-defining relative clauses." In general, hard to understand the explanations given books on this type of prayer because they use grammatical terms often unknown.


Therefore, I will try to explain in the simplest way possible. Defining relative clause is a relative clause that gives essential information to identify the person or thing of which we are speaking. Essential means that if I take the relative pronoun, the sentence is meaningless.

The man who called you yesterday. The man who called yesterday. IMPORTANT NOTE: If in this example I remove "who", "The man called you yesterday", the sentence makes no sense, since it fails to identify the noun / person, in this case "the man". Non-defining relative clause is a relative clause that gives information about the noun - a person who is NOT essential. Therefore, if we remove this information, the sentence still makes sense.

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Examples: Paul, who is 43, won a very important award in research.Pablo, who is 43, won a major prize in research. Watch as if I remove "who is 43", the sentence still makes sense. More examples of sentences with relative pronouns. I do not know what I said Because he spoke in German.Dont know what he said because he spoke German. They do not know Where They are going. They do not know where they go. The suitcase That I bought in Rome was stolen.'s Suitcase that I bought in Rome was stolen. The people Whose luggage did not fit in the plane had to pay $ 50 per piece. People whose luggage did not fit on the plane, had to pay 50 dollars per piece. Paella, que is usually we eaten at lunchtime, is originally from Valencia. Paella, usually eaten at midday, is originally from Valencia.


When To Use And When Not To Use “That� You may have noticed that many times "that" is omitted, contrary to what happens in Spanish with "that" you can never skip. The general rule says that "that" can be omitted when referring to the object of the sentence, but NOT ok to skip when it comes to the subject of the sentence. Therefore, the challenge will be to know when we are referring to the "object" and when the "subject". One way to tell is wondering if the relative pronoun in this case is referring to "I, you, he, she ...." in this case, will be SUBJECT. If, on the other hand the relative pronoun is referring to "me, you, him, her ...." will PURPOSE.

Northwind Traders le acerca el mundo

Reported Speech (Indirect Speech) If we report what another person has said, we usually do not use the speaker's exact words (direct speech), but Reported (indirect) speech. THEREFORE, you need to learn how to transform direct speech into reported speech. The structure is a little different Depending On Whether you want to transform a statement, question or request.

Statements When transforming statements, check Whether You have to change: pronouns present tense verbs (3rd person singular) place and time expressions tenses (backshift)

EXAMPLES;

-The woman (that) she Mentioned, was not my wife. The woman said she was not my wife. Note: in this case, "that" refers to "object" "she mentioned" therefore is optional. -We like That Are exciting trips. We like that are exciting trips. Note: In this case "that" is referring the subject (trip), and therefore I can not remove. If I remove "that" prayer is meaningless. "We like trips are exciting."


Table.

When transforming questions, check Whether You have to change: -pronouns -present tense verbs (3rd person singular) -place and time expressions tenses (backshift)  Also note That You Have to: -transform the question into an indirect question -use the interrogative or if / Whether 


TĂ­tulo del artĂ­culo de la contraportada When to use and when not to use "that" You may have noticed that many times "that" is omitted, contrary to what happens in Spanish with "that" you can never skip. The general rule says that "that" can be omitted when referring to the object of the sentence, but NOT ok to skip when it comes to the subject of the sentence. Therefore, the challenge will be to know when we are referring to the "object" and when the "subject". One way to tell is wondering if the relative pronoun in this case is referring to "I, you, he, she ...." in this case, will be SUBJECT. If, on the other hand the relative pronoun is referring to "me, you, him, her ...." will PURPOSE.

Northwind Traders le acerca el mundo

EXAMPLES;

-The woman (that) she Mentioned, was not my wife. The woman said she was not my wife. Note: in this case, "that" refers to "object" "she mentioned" therefore is optional. -We like That Are exciting trips. We like that are exciting trips. Note: In this case "that" is referring the subject (trip), and therefore I can not remove. If I remove "that" prayer is meaningless. "We like trips are exciting."


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