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The How and What of Dry Cleaning Dry cleaning is a cleaning process for clothing and textiles that uses a special chemical solvent instead of water. It is used for cleaning fabrics that might degrade in water, and also the delicate fabrics that cannot withstand the rough and tumble of a washing machine or clothes dryer, eliminating labor intensive hand washing. Dry cleaning is basically done by petroleum based solvents initially but the most commonly used solvent is (toxic) tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE). How is it done? A dry cleaning machine looks like a washing machine/clothes dryer. The clothes that need to be cleaned are placed in the washing/extraction chamber that contains a horizontal perforated drum that rotates within an outer shell. The outer shell holds the solvent and the drum holds the garments that are cleaned. The chamber is filled one third with solvent and rotates, agitating the clothing. The solvent is maintained at 30 degrees Celsius because higher temperatures might harm or damage it. The garments are immersed in the liquid solvent that is filtered through the drum or cage and the cycle continues until the ‘washing’ is done. Then the garment is rinsed, which fresh distilled solvent to prevent the soil particles being absorbed into the cloth. Then the extraction is done to recover solvent for reuse. The garments are finally dried in a stream of warm air that evaporates any traces of solvent. What might harm the clothes during dry cleaning? It is always essential to perform a complete check of the pockets and storage spaces in a garment given for dry cleaning because lesser materials like plastic (most common thing that can even mean pens) will dissolve in the solvent and damage the original garment beyond recovery. Clothes containing loose dyes (the shades like red) that will shed when the garment is immersed in solvent should be given separately so that the lighter color garments are not affected by the color transfer. Other than the textile part of the garment, the attachments like zips, buttons and fasteners are checked for dry cleaning compatibility because some of the fancy fasteners may not be solvent proof or withstand the heavy powerful mechanical action of dry cleaning. What to expect while dry cleaning Most dry cleaners remove the normal stains well, better than normal laundering or washing. But even those are not effective at the specific heavy stains that have become ingrained in the fabric. These types of stains are removed by special spotting solvents, steam jets or soaking in special stain remover liquids before the garments are dry cleaner. Clothes that have been stored in their soiled condition for a longer period of time are difficult to bring back to their original condition. The color and texture of the garment would change based on how long they have been retained in the soiled, damaged position. Natural fibers such as woll, cotton and silk (often those with lighter colors) are incredibly difficult to bring back to their original color and finish

Article 1: Best dry cleaners in NYC clean leather jackets in NYC. The tailors also perform alterations in NYC and offer services that include drapery cleaning, leather cleaning and best suede cleaning. Handbag repair and weeding dress cleaning and alteration are also done in NYC by Cameo Cleaners. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Alice James is the professional offering cleaning services in Chicago who also likes to write interesting articles and blogs, helping people understand the industry and make the right decisions when it comes to hiring someone for the cleaning services. She recommends Cameo Cleaners for the best cleaning services.

The how and what of dry cleaning  
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