Issuu on Google+

K¨ vg

w eªq GK vb w U cve wj‡

Kk b

K¨vgweªqvb K‡j‡Ri wk¶v_©x‡`i webvg~‡j¨ weZi‡bi Rb¨

imvqb cÖ_g cÎ

†kÖwY: GKv`k-Øv`k

†Kvm© cwiwPwZ I cÖfvlY cÎ (wk¶vel© t 2013-2014)

+

iPbvq

imvqb wefvM K¨vgweªqvb K‡jR


cvV cwiKíbv- wk¶vel©: 2013-14 (GKv`k I Øv`k) imvqb- cÖ_g cÎ welq †KvW t 176 †gvU K¬v‡ki msL¨v-100 mgq t 3 N›Uv * 1. 2.

Aa¨v‡qi bvg welqwfwËK Av‡jvPbv I gvb e›Ub j¨ve‡iUwii wbivc` e¨envi

¸YMZ imvqb wiwfkb

mgq t 3 N›Uv 1. 2.

cÖ_g el© wØZxq Uvg© cix¶v

Aa¨v‡qi bvg †gŠ‡ji ch©vqe„ËK ag© I ivmvqwbK eÜb Kg©gyLx imvqb wiwfkb K¬vk

mgq t 3 N›Uv 1.

cÖ_g el© cÖ_g Uvg© cix¶v

cÖ_g el© mgvcbx cix¶v

Aa¨v‡qi bvg ivmvqwbK cwieZ©b wiwfkb K¬vk (1g I 2q Uvg© wm‡jevm)

c~Y©gvb : 75 K¬vk msL¨v 1 10 20 4 †gvU K¬vk msL¨v : 35 c~Y©gvb : 75 K¬vk msL¨v 15 17 3 †gvU K¬vk msL¨v : 35

c~Y©gvb : 75 K¬vk msL¨v 20 10 †gvU K¬vk msL¨v : 30

D‡j-L¨ †h, Dch©y³ K¬v‡ki cvkvcvwk SSP †Z QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i wewfbœ ai‡Yi cÖ‡kœi DËi cybivq eywS‡q †`Iqv n‡e|


cÖ_g Aa¨vq

j¨ve‡iUwii wbivc` e¨envi Safe use of Laboratory

K¬vm msL¨v : 10 cvV cwiKíbv  cvVÑ1

: j¨ve‡iUwi e¨envi wewa: †cvlvK, wbivc` M-vm, gv¯‹ I n¨vÛ M-vfm Ges M-vm mvgMÖx e¨env‡ii wbivc` †KŠkj

 cvVÑ2

: j¨ve‡iUwi, hš¿cvwZ I M-vm mvgMÖx cwi®‹vi Kivi †KŠkj Ges †gRvwis wmwjÛvi, ey¨‡iU, AvqZbwgwZK d¬v¯‹ I wc‡cU e¨env‡ii †¶Î Ges e¨envi wewa

 cvVÑ3

: cjÑeyw½ e¨v‡jÝ, wWwRUvj e¨v‡jÝ (2-wWwRU I 4-wWwRU) Gi e¨envi

 cvVÑ4

: KwbK¨vj d¬v¯‹ I Iqvk †evZj, ey¨‡iU, wc‡cU I wi‡q‡R›U †evZ‡ji e¨env‡ii †KŠkj

 cvVÑ5

: w¯úwiU j¨v¤ú ev eyb‡mb evY©vi Øviv †U÷wUDe, weKvi, †MvjZwj d¬v¯‹, KwbK¨vj d¬v¯‹, †cv‡m©wjb evwU ev IqvUvi ev‡_ Zvc †`Iqvi †KŠkj

 cvVÑ6

: e¨eüZ ivmvqwbK `ª‡e¨i wbivc` msi¶Y I cwiZ¨vM Ges cwi‡e‡ki Dci j¨ve‡iUwi‡Z e¨eüZ ivmvqwbK `ª‡e¨i cÖfve I cwiwgZ e¨env‡ii ¸i”Z¡

 cvVÑ7

: †mwg gvB‡µv Ges gvB‡µv A¨vbvjvBwUK¨vj c×wZ

 cvVÑ8

: j¨ve‡iUwii wbivcËv mvgMÖx Ges cÖv_wgK wPwKrmv I dv÷ GBW e· e¨envi wewa

 cvVÑ9 :

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ10

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

G Aa¨vq cvV †k‡l wk¶v_©xiv wkL‡Z cvi‡e-

j¨ve‡iUwi‡Z wb‡Ri I mncvVxi myi¶v wbwðZ K‡i KvR Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wbqgvbyhvqx I wbivcËvi mv‡_ M-vmmvgMÖx e¨envi Ki‡Z cv‡e| j¨ve‡iUwi, hš¿cvwZ I M-vmmvgMÖx cwi”Qbœ ivL‡Z cvi‡e| h_vh_ hš¿ e¨envi K‡i wbfz©j cwigvc Ki‡Z cvi‡e| UvB‡Uªkb Kivi mgq h_vh_fv‡e KwbK¨vj d¬v¯‹ ai‡Z I SuvKv‡Z Ges Iqvk †evZj e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wbivcËv wbwðZ K‡i Zvcxq cix¶v m¤úv`b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡evZ‡ji weKviK (reagent) ‡K †fRvj (contaminant) gy³ ivL‡Z cvi‡e| cÖ‡qvRbxq mZK©Zv Aej¤^b K‡i ivmvqwbK `ªe¨ e¨envi I j¨ve‡iUwi SzuwK n«vm Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ivmvqwbK `ªe¨ mwVKfv‡e I h_v¯’v‡b msi¶Y I cwiZ¨vM Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cwi‡e‡ki Dci j¨ve‡iUwi‡Z ivmvqwbK `ª‡e¨i AwZwi³ e¨env‡ii cÖfve e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| j¨ve‡iUwi‡Z ivmvqwbK `ª‡e¨i cwiwgZ e¨env‡i m‡PZbZv cÖ`k©b Ki‡e| ivmvqwbK we‡k-l‡Y †mwg gvB‡µv Ges gvB‡µv A¨vbvwjwUK¨vj c×wZ e¨envi K‡i †`Lv‡Z cvi‡e| `yN©Ubv cÖwZ‡iv‡a wbivcËv mvgMÖx msi¶Y I cÖ‡qvR‡b e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e| j¨ve‡iUwi `yN©Ubvq cÖv_wgK wPwKrmv w`‡Z cvi‡e|


wØZxq Aa¨vq

¸YMZ imvqb Qualitative Chemistry

K¬vm msL¨v : 20 cvV cwiKíbv  cvVÑ1

: iv`vi‡dvW© cigvYy g‡Wj I mxgve×Zv (Avjdv KYv we”QziY cix¶vmn)

 cvVÑ2

: †eviÑGi cigvYy g‡Wj I mxgve×Zv

 cvVÑ3  cvVÑ4

: †Kvqv›Uvg msL¨v wewfbœ Dc¯— i Ges B‡j±ªb aviY ¶gZv I †Kvqv›Uvg Dc¯— ‡ii kw³µg Ges AvK…wZ I AiweUv‡ji AvK…wZ : AvDdevD, ûÛ I cvDwji eR©b bxwZ (e¨vL¨v, D`vniY I cÖ‡qvMmn)

 cvVÑ5

: B‡j±ªb web¨vm Abyhvqx †gŠ‡ji Ae¯’vb wbY©q Ges mvaviY wbq‡gi e¨wZµg

 cvVÑ6

: Zwor †PŠ¤^Kxq eY©vwj, †iLv eY©vwji Drm I †gŠ‡ji kbv³KiY

 cvVÑ7

: †evi cigvYy g‡Wj I nvB‡Wªv‡Rb cigvYyi eY©vwj(MvwYwZK mgm¨vmn)

 cvVÑ8

: Rvj cvm‡cvU© / UvKv kbv³Ki‡Y UV-iwk¥i e¨envi

 cvVÑ9 :

: wPwKrmv †¶‡Î IR-iwk¥i e¨envi I †ivM wbY©‡q Gg.Avi.AvB. cix¶vi g~jbxwZ

 cvVÑ10

 cvVÑ12

: e¨envwiK: wkLv cix¶v-msÁv, Avqb mbv³KiY I HCl Gi e¨env‡ii KviY Ges ¶vixq g~jK mbv³KiY (Cu2+, Al3+, Fe2+, Fe3+, Fe2+ I Fe3+ Avq‡bi cv_©K¨mn ) : e¨envwiK: ¶vixq g~jK mbv³KiY (Zn2+, Ca2+, Na+, NH4+) I A¤-xq g~jK mbv³KiY (Cl-, SO42-, CO32-) : `ªve¨Zv Ges `ªve¨Zv bxwZ I `ªve¨Zv ¸Ydj

 cvVÑ13

: †Kjvmb I Lv`¨ jeY †_‡K weï× je‡Yi †Kjvm cÖ¯‘wZ

 cvVÑ14

: cvZb, AvswkK cvZb, ev®ú cvZb

 cvVÑ15

: DaŸ©cvZb I `ªveK wb®‹vkb

 cvVÑ16

: †µvgv‡UvMÖvwdi cÖv_wgK aviYv I †µvgv‡UvMÖvwdi mvnv‡h¨ wgkÖY n‡Z †hŠM c„_KxKiY

 cvVÑ17

: †ccvi †µvgv‡UvMÖvwd

 cvVÑ18

: ¸YMZ we‡k-l‡Yi ¸i”Z¡

 cvVÑ19

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ20

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ11


G Aa¨vq cvV †k‡l wk¶v_©xiv wkL‡Z cvi‡e1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

civgvYyi iv`vi‡dvW© I †evi g‡W‡ji Zzjbv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡KvqvÈvg msL¨v, wewfbœ Dc¯— i Ges B‡jKUªb aviY ¶gZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡KvqvÈvg Dc¯— ‡ii kw³µg Ges AvK…wZ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| AvDdevD, ûÛ I cvDwji eR©b bxwZ cÖ‡qvM Ki‡ cigvYyi B‡jKUªb web¨vm Ki‡Z cvi‡e| Zwor Pz¤^Kxq eY©vwj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡iLv eY©vwj †`‡L wewfbœ †gŠj kbv³ Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡evi cigvYy g‡Wj Abymv‡i nvB‡Wªv‡Rb cigvYyi eY©vwji e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| Rvj cvm‡cvU©/UvKv kbv³Ki‡Y UV iwk¥i e¨envi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wPwKrmv †¶‡Î IR iwk¥i e¨envi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ‡ivM wbY©‡q MRl cix¶vi g~jbxwZ ms‡¶‡c eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| e¨envwiK * wkLv cix¶vi gva¨‡g wewfbœ avZe Avqb kbv³ Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12. AvqwbK †hŠ‡Mi `ªve¨Zv, `ªve¨Zv bxwZ I `ªve¨Zv ¸bdj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| e¨envwiK * `ªe‡Y Avqb kbv³ Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14. ‡Kjvmb c×wZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| e¨envwiK * †Kjvmb c×wZ‡Z Aweï× Lv`¨ jeY †_‡K weï× je‡Yi †Kjvm ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16. cvZb, AvswkK cvZb, ev®ú cvZb I EaŸ©cvZb c×wZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17. wgkÖY †_‡K wewfbœ †hŠM c„_KxKi‡Y `ªveK wb®‹vkb c×wZ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| e¨envwiK * ‡µvgv‡UvMÖvwdK †PK/wdëvi †ccvi) mvnv‡h¨ wgkÖY †_‡K †hŠM c„_K K‡i †`Lv‡Z cvi‡e| 18.ev¯— e‡¶‡Î ¸YMZ we‡k-l‡Yi ¸i”Z¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


Z…Zxq Aa¨vq

†gŠ‡ji ch©vqe„Ë ag© I ivmvqwbK eÜb Periodic Properties and Chemical Bonding of Elements

K¬vm msL¨v : 15 cvV cwiKíbv  cvVÑ1

: B‡j±ªb web¨v‡mi wfwˇZ †gŠ‡ji †kÖwYwefvM

 cvVÑ2

: †gŠ‡ji wewfbœ †kÖwYi mvaviY ag©vewj

 cvVÑ3

: ch©vqe„Ë ag©mg~n (AvqwbKiY kw³, B‡j±ªb Avmw³ I Zwor FYvZ¡KZv)

 cvVÑ4

: AvqbxKiY kw³, B‡j±ªb Avmw³ I Zwor FYvZ¡KZvi Dci wewfbœ wbqvg‡Ki (cigvYyi AvKvi, Dc¯— i I B‡j±ªb web¨vm) cÖfve Ges †gŠ‡ji ch©vqwfwËK ag© I ivmvqwbK e܇bi m¤úK©

 cvVÑ5  cvVÑ6

: †gŠ‡ji A·vB‡Wi ag© (A¤-Ѷvi ag©) Ges †gŠ‡ji `ªeYxq A·vB‡Wi A¤-Ѷvi cÖK…wZ wbY©q : AiweUv‡ji AwaµgY Ges mg‡hvRx e܇bi †kÖwYwefvM

 cvVÑ7

: AiweUv‡ji msKiY ev nvBweªWvB‡Rkb (sp3, sp2, sp)

 cvVÑ8

: msKiY (dsp2, dsp3, d2sp3 I d3sp3) Ges msKi AiweUv‡ji mv‡_ mg‡hvRx †hŠ‡Mi AvK…wZi m¤úK© : AYyi AvK…wZ I eÜb †Kv‡Yi Dci gy³‡Rvo B‡j±ª‡bi cÖfve Ges wewfbœ †hŠ‡Mi g‡Wj ˆZix : mwbœ‡ek ev mwbœ‡ek mg‡hvRx eÜb Ges mwbœ‡ek ev mwbœ‡ek mg‡hvRx eÜb I mg‡hvRx e܇bi Zzjbv : †cvjvwiwU, †cvjvivqb (dvRv‡bi m~Îmn) I f¨vbWvi Iqvjm AvKl©Y ej

 cvVÑ9 :  cvVÑ10  cvVÑ11

 cvVÑ13

: nvB‡Wªv‡Rb eÜb, nvB‡Wªv‡Rb eÜb Ges f¨vbWvi Iqvjm e‡ji Zzjbv Ges nvB‡Wªv‡Rb e܇bi ¸i”Z¡ : A‰Re †hŠ‡Mi bvgKiY

 cvVÑ14

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ15

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ12


G Aa¨vq cvV †k‡l wk¶v_©xiv wkL‡Z cvi‡e1. 2. 3. 4.

B‡jKUªb web¨v‡mi Dci wfwË K‡i †gŠjmg~n‡K ‡kÖwYwefvM (s, p, d I f-e-K) Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wewfbœ e-‡Ki †gŠjmg~‡ni mvaviY ag©vewj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| †gŠjmg~‡ni wewfbœ a‡g©i ch©vqe„ËZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| AvqwbKiY kw³, B‡jKUªb Avmw³, Zwor FYvZ¥KZvi Dci wbqvg‡Ki (cigvYyi AvKvi, Dc¯— i, B‡jKUªb web¨vm) cÖfve eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5. ch©vq mviwYi wewfbœ †gŠ‡ji (wØZxq I Z…Zxq ch©vq) A·vB‡Wi ag© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6. e¨envwiK * ‡gŠ‡ji `ªeYxq A·vB‡Wi pH gvb wbY©q K‡i A¤--¶vi cÖK…wZ m¤ú‡K© gš— e¨ Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7. ‡gŠ‡ji ch©vqe„Ë ag© I ivmvqwbK e܇bi m¤úK© wbY©q Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8. AiweUvj Awaµg‡bi wfwˇZ mg‡hvRx e܇bi †kÖwYwefvM e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9. AiweUv‡ji msKi‡Yi aviYv I msKi AiweUv‡ji cÖKvi‡f` e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10. msKi AiweUv‡ji mv‡_ mg‡hvRx †hŠ‡Mi AvK…wZi m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11. AYyi AvK…wZ I eÜb †Kv‡Yi Dci gy³‡Rvo B‡jKUª‡bi cÖfve e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12. ‡QvU †QvU †MvjAvjy ev Abyiƒc mewR e¨envi K‡i wewfbœ †hŠ‡Mi g‡Wj ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13. mwbœ‡ek mg‡hvRx e܇bi MVb †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14. mwbœ‡ek mg‡hvRx eÜb mg‡hvRx e܇bi GKwU iƒc Zv cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15. mg‡hvRx †hŠ‡Mi AvqwbK ˆewkó Ges AvqwbK †hŠ‡Mi mg‡hvRx ˆewkó we‡k-lY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16. e¨envwiK * cix¶vi gva¨‡g cvwbi WvB‡cv‡ji Dcw¯’wZ cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17. f¨vbWvi Iqvjm ej e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18. nvB‡Wªv‡Rb eÜb MVb e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 19. H2O Zij n‡jI H2S M¨vmxq nIqvi KviY we‡k-lY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 20. Rxe RM‡Zi wU‡K _vKvi Rb¨ nvB‡Wªv‡R‡bi e܇bi ¸i”Z¡ we‡k-lY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 21. A‰Re †hŠ‡Mi bvgKiY Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


PZz_© Aa¨vq

ivmvqwbK cwieZ©b Chemical Changes

K¬vm msL¨v : 17 cvV cwiKíbv

 cvVÑ1

: ivmvqwbK wewµqv I wMÖb †Kwgw÷ª Ges wewµqvi w`K-GKgyLx I DfgyLx wewµqv

 cvVÑ2

: wewµqvi MwZ Ges wewµqvi MwZi Dci Zvc, Pvc I Nb‡Z¡i cÖfve

 cvVÑ3

: cªfveK I Gi cÖKvi‡f`

 cvVÑ4

: ivmvqwbK wewµqvi mvg¨ve¯’v Ges jvÑkv‡Zwjqv‡ii bxwZ I cÖ‡qvM

 cvVÑ5

: fi wµqv m~Î Ges KC I KP Gi msÁv, MvwYwZK ivwkgvjv

 cvVÑ6

: KC I KP Gi m¤úK© I Zvrch©

 cvVÑ7

: mgmË¡ mv‡g¨i †¶‡Î wKQz ¸i”Z¡c~Y© wewµqvi mvg¨aª”eK

 cvVÑ8

: KC I KP Gi MvwYwZK mgm¨v

 cvVÑ9  cvVÑ10

: cvwbi AvqwbK ¸Ydj (Kw), Gwm‡Wi we‡qvRb aª”eK (Ka), ¶v‡i we‡qvRb aª”eK (Kb) Ges g„`y ev `ye©j Gwm‡Wi we‡qvRb aª”eK I ZxeªZv : pH I pOH msÁv, pH †¯‹j cÖwZcv`b, MvwYwZK mgm¨v

 cvVÑ11

: pH I pOH Gi MvwYwZK mgm¨v

 cvVÑ12

: evdvi `ªeY, evdvi `ªeY cÖ¯‘wZ Ges wµqv†KŠkj

 cvVÑ13

: Kve©‡bU evdi `ªeY ‰Zwi I Gi Kvh©KvwiZv cÖgvY Kiv Ges

 cvVÑ14

: pH Gi ¸i”Z¡

 cvVÑ15

: kw³i wbZ¨Zv m~Î, f‡ii wbZ¨Zv m~Î, Zxeª GwmW I Zxeª ¶v‡ii cÖkgb Zvc

 cvVÑ16

: eÜb kw³, wewµqv Zvc, j¨vfqwm‡q I †n‡mi m~‡Îi e¨vL¨v I cÖgvY

 cvVÑ17

: j¨vfqwm‡q I †n‡mi m~Î cÖ‡qv‡M wewµqv Zvc wbY©q Ges MvwYwZK mgm¨v

 cvVÑ18

: e¨envwiK: A·vwjK Gwm‡Wi `ªeY Zvc wbY©q

 cvVÑ19

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ20

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb


G Aa¨vq cvV †k‡l wk¶v_©xiv wkL‡Z cvi‡e1. wewµqv msNU‡b wMÖb †Kwgw÷ª aviYv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2. wewµqvi w`K-GKgyLx I DfgyLx wewµqv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3. wewµqvi MwZi Dci Zvc, Pvc I NbZ¡ cwieZ©‡bi cÖfve g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4. cÖfveK e¨envi K‡i wewµqvi MwZ wbqš¿Y †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5. DfgyLx ivmvqwbK wewµqvi mvg¨e¯’v Ges MwZkxjZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6. jv-kv‡Zwjqv‡ii bxwZ cÖ‡qvM K‡i wewµqvi mvg¨ve¯’vi Kvw•LZ cwieZ©b e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7. wkí Drcv`‡b jv-kv‡Zwjqv‡ii bxwZi ¸i”Z¡ we‡k-lY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8. fi-wµqv m~Î e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9. wewµqvi mvg¨-`ª”eK Kc I Kp Gi MvwYwZK ivwkgvjv cÖwZcv`b, Ges Kc I Kp Gi m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10. cvwbi AvqwbK¸Ydj (Kw), Gwm‡Wi we‡qvRb aª”eK (Ka)Ges ¶v‡ii we‡qvRb aª”eK (Kb)e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11. we‡qvRb aª”eK mvnv‡h¨ GwmW I ¶v‡ii ZxeªZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12. pH I pH †¯‹j e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13. evdvi `ªeY I Gi wµqv †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14. e¨envwiK * Kve©‡bU evdvi `ªeY ˆZwi K‡i c„_Kfv‡e GwmW I ¶vi `ªeY †hvM K‡i Gi Kvh©KvwiZv cÖgvY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15. gvby‡li i‡³ pH Gi ¸i”Z¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16. K…wl, imvqb wkí, Uq‡jwUªR, Jla †me‡b pH Gi ¸i”Z¡ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17. pH cwigvc K‡i Dchy³ cÖmvab mvgMÖx wbe©vPb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18. fi I kw³i wbZ¨Zv m~Î Ges Zvcxq cwieZ©b (wewµqv Zvc, Ae¯’v cwieZ©b Zvc, cigvYyKiY Zvc, `ªeY Zvc, cÖkgb Zvc) e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 19. Zxeª GwmW I Zxeª ¶v‡ii cÖkgb Zvc aª”eK-e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 20. eÜb kw³ e¨envi K‡i wewµqv Zvc wnmve Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 21. j¨vfqwm‡q I †n‡mi m~Î e¨envi K‡i wewµqv Zvc wbY©q Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 22. e¨envwiK * K¨vjwiwgwZ c×wZ‡Z A·vwjK Gwm‡Wi `ªeY Zvc wbY©q Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


cÂg Aa¨vq

Kg©gyLx imvqb Vocational Chemistry

K¬vm msL¨v : 17 cvV cwiKíbv  cvVÑ1

: Lv`¨ wbivcËv I imvqb Ges Lv`¨ msi¶Y †KŠkj

 cvVÑ2

: Lv`¨ msi¶‡Yi e¨envi, wKDwis Ges AvPvi ˆZwi‡Z wcÖRvi‡fwUfm

 cvVÑ3

: †KŠUvRvZKi‡Yi g~jbxwZ Ges †KŠUvRvZKiY ev K¨vwbs Gi wewfbœ avc

 cvVÑ4

: †`wk dj I mewR †KŠUvRvZKiY cÖwµqv

 cvVÑ5

: gvQ I gvs‡mi K¨vwbs ev †KŠUvRvZKiY

 cvVÑ6

: e¨envwiK: wk¶v_©xi KvR- Lv`¨`ªe¨ †KŠUvRvZKiY

 cvVÑ7

: mvm‡cbkb I †Kvqv¸‡jkb

 cvVÑ8

: `y‡ai kZKiv mshyw³, `ya †_‡K gvLb c„_KxKiY

 cvVÑ9 :

: gvLb cvwb gy³KiY Ges gvLb †_‡K wN Gi Drcv`b

 cvVÑ10  cvVÑ11

: Uq‡jwUªR I cviwdDg (†Mvjvc Rj, †nqvi A‡qj, U¨vjKg cvDWvi I f¨vwbwms µxg (†¯œv) ) : Uq‡jwUªR I cviwdDg (†Kvì µxg, AvdUvi †mf, wjcw÷K Ges †g‡nw` cÖ¯‘wZi c×wZ)

 cvVÑ12

: `yBwU Uq‡jwUªR (mvevb Ges †nqvi †Rj cÖ¯‘wZ)

 cvVÑ13

: M-vm wK¬bvi I Uq‡jU wK¬bv‡ii cÖ¯‘wZ I cwi®‹viKi‡Yi †KŠkj

 cvVÑ14

: e¨envwiK: wf‡bMvi cÖ¯‘wZ

 cvVÑ15

: Lv`¨ msi¶‡Y wf‡bMv‡ii ¸i”Z¡

 cvVÑ16

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb

 cvVÑ17

: m„Rbkxj cÖkœ Abykxjb


G Aa¨vq cvV †k‡l wk¶v_©xiv wkL‡Z cvi‡e

.

1. Lv`¨ wbivcËvq imvq‡bi ¸i”Z¡ g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2. Aby‡gvw`Z wcÖRv‡f©wUfm& Gi Lv`¨ msi¶Y †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3. Lv`¨ †KŠUvRvZKi‡Yi g~jbxwZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4. Lv`¨ †KŠUvRvZKiY cÖYvjx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5. e¨envwiK * mnRjf¨ GKwU Lv`¨`ªe¨ †KŠUvRvZKiY K‡i †`Lv‡Z cvi‡e| 6. mvm‡cbkb I †Kqv¸‡jkb e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7. `y‡ai kZKiv mshyw³ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8. `ya †_‡K gvLb c„_KxKiY e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9. gvLb cvwbgy³ K‡i msi¶Y Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10. gvLb †_‡K wN. Gi Drcv`b eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11. gvLb †_‡K wN. Gi Drcv`b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12. `ªe‡Yi jvBK wWRjf jvBK bxwZ cÖ‡qvM K‡i Uq‡jwUª‡R myMwÜ †hvM Kivi †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13. e¨envwiK cÖ‡qvRbxq DcKiY e¨envi K‡i †h †Kv‡bv `yBwU Uq‡jwUªR Drcv`b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14. A¨v‡gvwbqA †_‡K M-vm wK¬bvi cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15. Kw÷K †mvWv †_‡K Uq‡jU wK¬bvi cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16. M-vm wK¬bvi I Uq‡jU wK¬bv‡ii cwi®‹viKiY †KŠkj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17. Uq‡jU wK¬bv‡i Kw÷K †mvWv e¨envi Kiv n‡jI M-vm wK¬bv‡i A¨v‡gvwbqv e¨env‡ii KviY we‡k-lY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18. e¨envwiK * B_vbwqK GwmW †_‡K wfbvMvi cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 19. cÖ‡R± * AuvL/‡LRy‡ii im †_‡K gë wfbvMvi cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 20. wf‡bMv‡ii Lv`¨`ªe¨ msi¶‡Yi imvqb e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 21. Lv`¨`ªe¨ msi¶‡Y wf‡bMv‡ii ¸i”Z¡ g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡e|



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