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cÖ_g Aa¨vq

†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v AvR †_‡K cÖvq AvovB nvRvi eQi Av‡M gnvgvbe †MŠZg ey× Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| ivRv ï‡×v`b Ges ivwb gnvgvqv wQ‡jb Zuvi wcZv-gvZv| gvby‡li `ytLgyw³i Dcvq A‡š^l‡Yi Rb¨ wZwb ivRcÖvmv`, wcZv-gvZv, ¯¿x-cyÎ, †fvM-wejvm Z¨vM K‡i mbœ¨vm Rxeb Aej¤^b K‡ib| my`xN© Qq eQi K‡Vvi mvabvq wZwb jvf K‡ib †evwaÁvb, L¨vZ nb Ôey×Õ bv‡g| wZwb Avwe®‹vi K‡ib Pvwi Avh©mZ¨, `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Ges Rb¥g„Zz¨i KviY cÖZxZ¨mgyrcv` ZË¡| me© cÖvYxi Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ wZwb cÖPvi K‡ib Zuvi ag©-`k©b| Zuvi cÖwZwU ag©evYx gvbyl‡K ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡b DØy× K‡i| mshgx, Av`k©evb Ges gvbweK ¸Yvewj m¤úbœ gvbyl M‡o †ZvjvB ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶vi g~j j¶¨| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv †MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v m¤ú‡K© Aaqb co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv* ey× wb‡`©wkZ ˆbwZKZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶vi cÖfve e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * ˆbwZK AvPi‡Yi mydj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 ˆbwZKZv I kxj cvjb ÔbxwZÕ †_‡K ÔˆbwZKZvÕ k‡ãi DrcwË| ÔˆbwZKZvÕ n‡jv wbqg bxwZ †g‡b P‡j myk„•Lj I mr Rxeb hvcb Kiv| †eŠ×a‡g© ˆbwZKZvi Dci AwaK †Rvi †`qv n‡q‡Q| †MŠZg ey× Zuvi Abymvix‡`i mshZ, Av`k© Ges ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb| GRb¨ wZwb A‡bK¸‡jv wbqg-bxwZ ev wewa-weavb cÖeZ©b K‡i‡Qb| †eŠ× cwifvlvq Gme ˆbwZK wewa-weavb‡K kxj ejv nq| ÔkxjÕ k‡ãi A_© n‡jv ¯^fve ev PwiÎ| Avevi wbqg, k„•Ljv cÖf…wZI kxj A‡_© e¨eüZ nq| kxj gvbweK ¸Yvewj m¤úbœ PwiÎ MV‡b mnvqZv K‡i| cÖvYx nZ¨v, Pzwi, e¨wfPvi, wg_¨v fvlY Ges gv`K`ªe¨ MÖnY cÖf…wZ n‡Z weiZ iv‡L| Kvq, gb Ges evK¨ mshZ K‡i| g‡bi KjylZv `~i K‡i| ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡b DØy× K‡i| gvbweK ¸Yvewji weKvk mvab K‡i| ZvB †eŠ×iv kxj cvj‡bi gva¨‡g wb‡Ri AvPiY mshZ K‡i ˆbwZK I gvbweK ¸Yvewj PP©v K‡i| huviv kxj cvjb K‡ib Zuviv kxjevb bv‡g AwfwnZ nb| kxjevb e¨w³ me©Î c~wRZ nb| cÖf~Z hk-L¨vwZi AwaKvix nb| ey× e‡j‡Qb, Ôdz‡ji †mŠif †Kej evZv‡mi AbyK~‡j cÖevwnZ nq| wKš‘ kxjevb


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

2

e¨w³i hk-L¨vwZ evZv‡mi AbyK~j Ges cÖwZK~j Dfq w`‡K cÖevwnZ nq|Õ kxjevb e¨w³ `qvkxj, ¶gv civqY, `vb civqY, †mev civqY Ges c‡ivcKvix nb| Zuv‡`i wPË D`vi nq| Zuviv me©`v KzkjKg© m¤úv`b K‡ib| Zuviv KL‡bv gvby‡li ¶wZ mvab K‡ib bv| Zuviv gvbyl‡K ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡bi Dc‡`k †`b Ges DrmvwnZ K‡ib| kxjevb e¨w³ BnKvj Ges ciKvj DfqKv‡jB myL jvf K‡ib| cwi‡k‡l ejv hvq, ˆbwZKZv Ges kxj ci¯úi m¤úK© hy³| kxj cvjb e¨ZxZ ˆbwZKZvi weKvk m¤¢e bq|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR kxj I ˆbwZKZv ej‡Z Kx eyS? kxjevb e¨w³i Rxeb †Kgb nq eY©bv Ki kxjevb e¨w³i hk-L¨vwZ Ges dz‡ji †mŠi‡fi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Kx †jL

cvV : 2 †MŠZg ey× I ˆbwZKZv jvf K‡i‡Qb| wZwb ïay wb‡RB ˆbwZK Rxebhvcb K‡ibwb, Zuvi wkl¨-cÖwkl¨ Ges Abymvix‡`iI ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡bi wk¶v w`‡q‡Qb| ‰bwZKZv wQj Zuvi ag©evYxi g~j wfwË| wb‡P †MŠZg ey‡×i Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv cÖ`k©‡bi `ywU NUbv Ges ˆbwZK Dc‡`k m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡ev|

Kvwnbx : 1 †MŠZg ey‡×i Rxeb ˆbwZK I gvbweK ¸Yvewj‡Z ficyi| wZwb Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡i `k cvigxi PP©v K‡i ˆbwZK Pwi‡Îi DrKl©Zv mvabc~e©K ey×Z¡ †MŠZg ey× Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡i ‰bwZK Rxebhvcb K‡i‡Qb| †Kv‡bv evav-weNœB Zuv‡K ˆbwZKZvi Av`k© n‡Z Pz¨Z Ki‡Z cv‡iwb| ey×Z¡ jv‡fi c~‡e© wZwb †evwamË¡ Ae¯’vqI ˆbwZK Rxebhvcb K‡i gvbweK Kg© m¤úv`b Ki‡Zb| GLb Gi~c GKwU Kvwnbx cvV Ki‡ev| AZx‡Z †evwamË¡ gMa iv‡R¨i mg‡q gPj MÖv‡gi GK gnvK~‡j Rb¥MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi bvg wQj gN Kzgvi| eo n‡j †jv‡K Zuv‡K ÔgN gvbeKÕ bv‡g WvK‡Zv| gPj MÖv‡g †m mgq wÎk Ni †jvK evm KiZ| gN gvbeK MÖvgevmxi Kj¨v‡Y me©`v wb‡qvwRZ _vK‡Zb| †mB MÖv‡gi hyeKMY nZ¨v, Pzwi, wg_¨vPvi, e¨wfPvi, gv`K`ªe¨ †meb cÖf…wZ AcK‡g© wjß wQj| gN gvbeK Zv‡`i‡K KzkjKg© Kivi Rb¨ msMwVZ K‡ib| G‡`i‡K wb‡q wZwb MÖv‡gi iv¯Ív-NvU wbg©vY, †givgZ I cwi®‹vi cwi”Qbœ Ki‡Zb| †mZz wbg©vY Ki‡Zb| iv¯Ívi Lv‡` AvU‡K hvIqv Mvwoi PvKv DVv‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡Zb| cy®‹iYx Lbb, e„¶ †ivcb, RwgPv‡li Rb¨ Rjvavi I ag©vkvjv wbg©vY cÖf…wZ RbwnZKi KvR Ki‡Zb| `vbvw` cyY¨Kg© m¤úv`b Ki‡Zb| hyeKMY †evwam‡Ë¡i Dc‡`k g‡Zv mKj cÖKvi


†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v

3

AKzkjKg© cwiZ¨vM K‡i cÂkxj cvjb Ki‡Z ïi“ K‡ib| d‡j MÖv‡g nZ¨v, Pzwi, e¨wfPvi, wg_¨vPvi, gv`K †meb BZ¨vw` Aciva eÜ n‡q hvq| ZLb MÖv‡gi †gvoj fve‡jb, ÔAv‡M hye‡Kiv g` †L‡q gvivgvwi, KvUvKvwU KiZ| G‡Z g‡`i e¨emv Ges Rwigvbv Øviv Avgvi A‡bK Avq †ivRMvi n‡Zv| GLb †evwam‡Ë¡i ˆbwZK wk¶vi Kvi‡Y Avgvi Avq-†ivRMvi eÜ n‡q †Mj|Õ Gi~c †f‡e wZwb ¶zä n‡q cÖwZ‡kva †bIqvi msKí Ki‡jb|

hyeKMY muv‡Kv †givgZ Ki‡Q

GKw`b †gvoj ivRvi Kv‡Q †M‡jb| wZwb †evwamË¡ I hyeK‡`i weiæ‡× ivRvi wbKU bvwjk Ki‡jb, ÔgnvivR! MÖv‡g GK`j WvKvZ Ry‡U‡Q; Zviv jyUcvU I bvbv Dc`ªe K‡i †eov‡”Q|Õ ivRv †gvo‡ji K_v ï‡b Zv‡`i‡K a‡i Avbvi wb‡`©k w`‡jb| ivRvi Av‡`‡k cÖnixMY †evwamË¡ I hyeK‡`i ew›` K‡i Avbj| ivRv Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv K_v bv ï‡bB nvwZi cv‡qi Zjvq wcó K‡i gvivi wb‡`©k w`‡jb| cÖnixiv ew›`‡`i ivRcÖvmv‡`i mvg‡b iv¯Ívq nvZ-cv †eu‡a †d‡j †i‡L nvwZ Avb‡Z †Mj| ZLb †evwamË¡ Zuvi m½x‡`i ej‡Z jvM‡jb, ÔfvBMY! kxj¸Y ¯§iY K‡i ˆgÎx fvebv Ki| †gvoj, ivRv I n¯Íx Kv‡iv cÖwZ ¶yä n‡qv bv, mK‡jB Avgv‡`i wcÖqRb|Õ Gw`‡K Zuv‡`i wcó Kivi Rb¨ nvwZ Avbv n‡jv| wKš‘ gvûZ evievi †Póv K‡iI nvwZ‡K ew›`‡`i Kv‡Q wb‡q †h‡Z cvi‡jv bv| nvwZ ew›`‡`i †`LvgvÎ weKU kã Ki‡Z Ki‡Z cvwj‡q †Mj| Zv‡`i nZ¨v Kivi Rb¨ Av‡iv nvwZ Avbv n‡jv| †mB nvwZ¸‡jvI GKBfv‡e cvwj‡q †Mj| ivRv fve‡jb, wbðqB ew›`‡`i Kv‡Q Ggb †Kv‡bv Jla Av‡Q hvi Rb¨ nvwZ¸‡jv Kv‡Q †h‡Z cvi‡Q bv| wKš‘ AbymÜvb K‡i Zv‡`i wbKU †Kv‡bv Jla cvIqv †Mj bv| ZLb ivRvi g‡b n‡jv Zviv gš¿ cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Q| AZtci ivRv Zv‡`i wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, †Zvgiv wK †Kvb gš¿ cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Qv ? †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, nu¨v gnvivR ! Avgiv gš¿ cÖ‡qvM KiwQ e‡U| ivRv gš¿ Rvb‡Z PvB‡j †evwamË¡ ej‡jb,


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

4

ÔAvgiv Ab¨ †Kv‡bv gš¿ Rvwb bv| Z‡e Avgiv cÖvYx nZ¨v Kwibv| Pzwi Kwi bv| Kzc‡_ Pwj bv| wg_¨v ewj bv| myivcvb Kwi bv| Lvivc iv¯Ív †givgZ Kwi| mK‡ji cÖwZ ˆgÎx cÖ`k©b Kwi| h_vmva¨ `vb Kwi| cy®‹iYx Lbb Kwi| ag©kvjv wbg©vY Kwi| Gi~c bvbv RbwnZKi KvR Kwi| Ac‡ii ¶wZ nq Gi~c KvR Kwi bv| Aci‡K Kó w`B bv| GB Avgv‡`i gš¿| GB Avgv‡`i kw³| ˆgÎx fvebv Avgv‡`i g~j gš¿|Õ G K_v ï‡b ivRv LyeB cªmbœ n‡jb| wZwb †evwamË¡ I hyeK‡`i ˆbwZK I RbwnZKi Kv‡Ri cÖksmv K‡i cyi¯‹…Z Ki‡jb|

Kvwnbx : 2 ey×Z¡ jv‡fi ci †MŠZg ey× cuqZvwj−k eQi mKj cÖvYxi `ytLgyw³i Rb¨ ag© cÖPvi K‡ib| Gmgq wZwb ag© cÖPv‡ii cvkvcvwk mKj cÖvYxi †mev I Kj¨v‡Y wb‡R‡K wb‡qvwRZ ivL‡Zb| Zuvi wkl¨-cÖwkl¨ Ges Abymvix‡`i ˆbwZK I gvbweK Kg© m¤úv`‡bi Dc‡`k w`‡Zb| GLv‡b Avgiv ey‡×i Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv cÖ`k©‡bi GKwU Kvwnbx cvV Ki‡ev|

ey× Pg©‡ivMx wf¶zi †mev Ki‡Qb

GKwU †QvU wenv‡i K‡qKRb wf¶z _vK‡Zb| †mB wenv‡i wZl¨ bv‡g GKRb wf¶z wQ‡jb, huvi mv‡_ Kv‡iv m™¢ve wQj bv| mevB Zuv‡K Gwo‡q Pj‡Zb| GKevi wZwb fxlY Pg©‡iv‡M AvµvšÍ nb| Zuvi Mv‡qi ¶Z †_‡K `yM©Ü Qov‡Z jvM‡jv| GiKg hš¿KvZi Ae¯’vqI Zuvi †mevq †KD GwM‡q G‡jv bv| nVvr ey× G wenv‡i AvMgb Ki‡j †mev-ïkª~lvwenxb gvivZ¥K †ivMvµvšÍ G wf¶z‡K †`‡Lb| ey× wb‡RB m‡½ m‡½ Zuvi †mevq †j‡M hvb|


†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v

5

wZwb †meK Avb›`‡K wb‡q wbR nv‡Z †ivMxi ¶Z¯’vb cwi®‹vi K‡ib| Zuv‡K ¯œvb Kivb| Zvici Mv gywQ‡q cwi®‹vi weQvbvq ïB‡q †`b| ey× wenv‡ii wf¶z‡`i †W‡K †ivMvµvšÍ wf¶z‡K †mev bv Kivi KviY wRÁvmv K‡ib| ey× Zuv‡`i KvQ †_‡K mg¯Í e¨vcvi ï‡b Lye Amš‘ó nb| wZwb Zuv‡`i AvPiY‡K A‰bwZK I AgvbweK e‡j wZi®‹vi K‡ib Ges wnsmv-we‡Øl cwiZ¨vM Kivi Dc‡`k †`b| AZtci wZwb Zuv‡`i ej‡jb, Ô`wi‡`ªi mnvq nIqv, Aiw¶Z‡K i¶v Kiv, †ivMxi †mev Kiv, †gvnv”Qbœ‡K †gvngy³ Kiv mK‡ji ˆbwZK KZ©e¨|Õ wZwb Av‡iv ej‡jb, ÔG RM‡Z gvZv wcZv, kÖgY-eªvþY, AvZ©cxwoZ Ges ¸iæR‡bi †mevq myL jvf Kiv hvq|Õ Dc‡`k `v‡bi ci ey× wf¶z‡`i Rb¨ wbqg cÖeZ©b Ki‡jb: Amy‡Li mgq wkl¨ ¸i“i, ¸i“ wk‡l¨i, mZx_© mZx‡_©i †mev Ki‡e|

†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK Dc‡`k ey× ag©-†`kbvi mgq A‡bK ˆbwZK Dc‡`k `vb K‡i‡Qb| G¸‡jv wÎwcU‡Ki MÖš’mg~‡n msKwjZ Av‡Q| wb‡P ey‡×i wKQz ˆbwZK Dc‡`k Zz‡j aiv n‡jv : 1.

ˆgÎx Øviv †µva‡K Rq Ki‡e| Amvay‡K mvayZv Øviv Rq Ki‡e| K„cY‡K `vb Øviv Rq Ki‡e| Avi wg_¨vev`x‡K mZ¨ Øviv Rq Ki‡e|

2.

gv †hgb Zvi GKgvÎ cy·K wb‡Ri Rxeb w`‡q i¶v K‡i _v‡K, †mi~c mKj cÖvYxi cÖwZ ˆgÎxfve †cvlY Ki‡e|

3.

iv‡Mi mgvb AwMœ †bB| †Ø‡li mgvb MÖvmKvix †bB| †gv‡ni mgvb Rvj †bB| Z…òvi mgvb b`x †bB| ZvB ivM-†Øl-†gvn I Z…òv cwiZ¨vM Ki‡Z n‡e|

AcÖ‡gq

4. `Ê Ges g„Zz¨‡K mK‡jB fq K‡i| Rxeb mK‡jiB wcÖq| ZvB mKj‡K wb‡Ri mv‡_ Zzjbv K‡i AvNvZ wKsev nZ¨v Ki‡e bv| 5.

cvcx wgÎ I Aag e¨w³i msmM© bv Kiv DwPZ| Kj¨vYwgÎ Ges mvaye¨w³i msmM© Ki‡e|

6.

Av‡ivM¨ cig jvf, mš‘wó cig ab, wek¦vm cig ÁvwZ, wbe©vY cig myL|

7.

eûmZ¨ wel‡q Ávb jvf Kiv, eûwkí wk¶v Kiv, web‡q mywkw¶Z nIqv, wg_¨v I e„_v evK¨ Z¨vM K‡i myfvwlZ evK¨ ejvB DËg g½j|

8.

gvZv wcZvi †mev Kiv, ¯¿x cy‡Îi DcKvi mvab Kiv Ges wb®úvc e¨emv Øviv RxweKv wbe©vn Kiv DËg g½j|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

6 8.

g~‡L©i †mev bv Kiv, cwÛZ e¨w³i †mev Kiv Ges c~Rbxq e¨w³i c~Rv Kiv DËg g½j|

9.

`y`©gbxq, PÂj, h‡_”Q wePiYkxj wPˇK `gb KivB g½jRbK| mshZ wPËB my‡Li KviY|

10.

mwVKc‡_ cwiPvwjZ wPË hZUyKz DcKvi Ki‡Z cv‡i, gvZv-wcZv ev AvZ¥xq ¯^RbI Zv Ki‡Z cv‡i bv|

11.

Ávbx e¨w³i Rq, AÁvbx e¨w³i civRq N‡U| ag©vbyivMx Rqx nb, wKš‘ ag© wnsmvKvixi civRq N‡U|

12.

†µva mseiY Ki, AnsKvi cwiZ¨vM Ki| mKj eÜb AwZµg Ki| bvg-i~‡c Abvm³ e¨w³ `yt‡L cwZZ nb bv|

13.

wb‡RB wb‡Ri ÎvY KZ©v| Ab¨ †KD bq| wb‡R‡K mymshZ Ki‡Z cvi‡j gvbyl wb‡Ri g‡a¨B `yj©f AvkÖq jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i|

14.

P›`b, UMi, cÙ A_ev Pv‡gjx dz‡ji myMÜI PwiÎevY e¨w³i †mŠif‡K AwZµg Ki‡Z cv‡i bv|

15.

Aí eyw×m¤úbœ g~‡L©iv `ytL`vqK cvc Kv‡Ri Øviv wb‡R‡K wb‡Ri kµ‡Z cwiYZ K‡i|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Dc‡i ewY©Z ˆbwZK Dc‡`k Qvov Av‡iv cvuPwU ˆbwZK Dc‡`k †jL †Zvgi GjvKvq GKwU RbwnZKi KvR Kxfv‡e Kiv hvq cwiKíbv Ki wnsmv bq, AvZ©cxwo‡Zi †mevB g½j - e¨vL¨v Ki

cvV : 3 ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv Abykxjb gvbyl cÖwZw`b bvbv KvR K‡i RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i| RM‡Z fv‡jv KvR †hgb Av‡Q, †Zgwb g›` KvRI Av‡Q| fv‡jv KvR g½jRbK Ges cÖksmbxq| fv‡jv KvR kvwšÍ cÖwZôv K‡i, Ac‡ii g½j mvab K‡i| Aciw`‡K g›` KvR ¶wZKi Ges wb›`bxq| g›` KvR AkvwšÍ m„wó K‡i, Aci‡K Kó †`q| ZvB fv‡jv KvR¸‡jv ˆbwZK Ges g›` KvR¸‡jv A‰bwZK KvR wn‡m‡e AwfwnZ| mZ¨fvlY, c‡ivcKvi, †mev, `vb, ˆgÎxfve †cvlY, mr evwYR¨ cÖf…wZ ˆbwZK KvR| huviv ˆbwZK KvR K‡ib Zuv‡`i bxwZevb ejv nq| Aciw`‡K nZ¨v, A`Ë e¯‘ MÖnY, e¨wfPvi, gv`K`ªe¨ †meb, wg_¨v I KK©k evK¨ fvlY, cÖZviYv, ¶wZKi I wbwl× `ªe¨ evwYR¨ cÖf…wZ A‰bwZK KvR| hviv A‰bwZK KvR K‡i Zv‡`i bxwZnxb ejv nq|


†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v

7

†`‡ki AvB‡b Ges ag©xq wewa-weav‡b g›` KvR cwiZ¨vM Ges fv‡jv KvR m¤úv`b Kivi wb‡`©kbv Av‡Q| †`‡ki AvB‡b g›` Kv‡Ri Rb¨ kvw¯Íi weavb ivLv n‡q‡Q| †hgb : Pywi GKwU g›` KvR I mvgvwRK Aciva| †`‡ki AvB‡b Pzwi Ki‡j Kvi`Û I A_© `Û †fvM Ki‡Z nq| ag©MÖš’ g‡Z, g›` KvR Ki‡j gvbyl‡K biK hš¿Yv †fvM Ki‡Z nq| g›` KvR I g›` e¨w³‡K mevB N„Yv K‡i| g›` e¨w³ me©Î wbw›`Z nq| wKš‘ gvbyl †jvf-†Øl-†gvn ekZ Ges wb‡Ri jvf I myweavi Rb¨ g›` KvR K‡i| g›` e¨w³ mgv‡R bvbviKg wek„•Ljv I AkvwšÍ m„wó K‡i| g›` e¨w³ we‡eKnxb| we‡eKnxb I bxwZnxb gvbyl cïi mgvb| ˆbwZKZv n‡”Q fv‡jv I g›` Kv‡Ri g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ wbi~c ‡Yi gv`Û| ‰bwZKZvi Afv‡ei Kvi‡YB gvbyl g›` KvR K‡i| g›` KvR cwiZ¨vR¨| Z_vMZ ey× ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡b me©vwaK ¸i“Z¡ w`‡q‡Qb| ZvB wZwb mKj cÖKvi cvcKg© n‡Z weiZ †_‡K KzkjKg© m¤úv`b Ges ¯^xq wPË weï× Kivi Dc‡`k w`‡q‡Qb| bxwZevb gvbyl g›` KvR cwiZ¨vM K‡i fv‡jv Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i| mgv‡R kvwšÍ cÖwZôv Ki‡Z n‡j ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv Abykxjb Kiv GKvšÍ cÖ‡qvRb| ‰`bw›`b wewfbœ Kg©Kv‡Ûi gva¨‡g Avgiv ˆbwZKZv PP©v Ki‡Z cvwi| †hgb : gvZv-wcZv, wk¶K Ges ¸iæR‡bi cÖwZ kÖ×v cÖ`k©b, Zuv‡`i Av‡`k-Dc‡`k †g‡b Pjv, Awc©Z `vwqZ¡ mwVKfv‡e cvjb Kiv, mZ¨fvlY Kiv, wb‡Ri KvR wb‡R Kiv, ci`ªe¨ bv e‡j ev bv w`‡j MÖnY bv Kiv, ci`ª‡e¨i cÖwZ †jvf bv Kiv, gv`K`ªe¨ †meb bv Kiv, mncvVx‡`i m‡½ m`vPviY Kiv, wec`MÖ¯’‡K mvnvh¨ Kiv, AfveMÖ¯’‡K `vb Kiv, AvZ©cxwo‡Zi †mev Kiv, c‡ivcKvi Kiv, cÖwZ‡ekxi m‡½ m`vPviY Kiv I m™¢ve eRvq ivLv, Aci‡K Kó bv †`qv, Ac‡ii ¶wZ nq Ggb KvR wb‡R bv Kiv Ges Aci‡K bv Ki‡Z Drmvn cÖ`vb Kiv cÖf…wZi gva¨‡g ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv Abykxjb Kiv hvq| †kÖwYK‡¶I ˆbwZKZv Abykxjb Kiv hvq| †hgb : wk¶‡Ki Dc‡`k g‡Zv g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i †jLv cov Kiv; mncvVxi eB, LvZv, Kjg, †cwÝj cÖf…wZ bv e‡j bv †bIqv; mnvcvVx‡K AvNvZ I Kó bv †`Iqv; wg_¨v †`vlv‡ivc bv Kiv, Mixe eÜz‡K wk¶v DcKiY I A_© w`‡q mvnvh¨ Kiv; wb‡R Lvivc KvR bv Kiv Ges Aci‡K Lvivc KvR †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z DrmvwnZ Kiv BZ¨vw`| ag©xq Abykvmb cvj‡bi gva¨‡g Gme ˆbwZK ¸Yvewj AR©b Kiv hvq| cÂkxj, Aókxj, Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© cÖf…wZ Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g bxwZ†eva RvMÖZ nq| ey× ew¾‡`i KZK¸‡jv ˆbwZK Dc‡`k cÖ`vb K‡iwQ‡jb| †mB Dc‡`k¸‡jv‡K mß Acwinvbxq ag© ejv nq| Dc‡`k¸‡jv cÖ`vbKv‡j ey× e‡jwQ‡jb, ÔhZw`b ew¾MY G mKj ˆbwZK Dc‡`k AbymiY K‡i Rxebhvcb I ivR¨ cwiPvjbv Ki‡e ZZw`b Zuv‡`i civRq n‡e bv| DˇivËi Zuv‡`i myL, kvwšÍ I mg„w× e„w× cv‡e|Õ Kw_Z Av‡Q †h, ÔhZw`b ch©šÍ ew¾MY ey‡×i †mB Dc‡`k cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb ZZw`b ch©šÍ Zuv‡`i †KD civwRZ Ki‡Z cv‡iwbÕ| G †_‡K †evSv hvq ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡b ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Acwimxg|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR †kÖwYK‡¶ Zzwg Kxfv‡e ˆbwZKZv Abykxjb Ki‡Z cvi †jL

cvV : 4 ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡bi mydj


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

8

ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g A‡bK mydj AR©b Kiv hvq| ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡b gvbweK ¸Yvewj weKwkZ nq| bxwZevb e¨w³ b¨vq civqY, `vwqZ¡kxj, c‡ivcKvix, †mev civqY, mnbkxj, wb‡j©vf, mshgx, ¶gv civqY, ˆgÎx civqY, mZ¨ev`x Ges AvZ¥wek¦vmx nb| Gme ˆbwZK ¸Yvewji Afv‡eB mgv‡R Ab¨vq AkvwšÍ weivR K‡i| mKj †ckvi †jvK bxwZevb n‡j mgvR †_‡K Ab¨vq, AkvwšÍ `~i n‡e| mgv‡R myL, kvwšÍ I b¨vq cÖwZôv n‡e| bxwZevb e¨w³ e¨wfPvi, AwaKvinxb A_© weË, gv`K`ªe¨, m½x, g~L© m½x BZ¨vw` eR©b K‡ib| wZwb me©`v KzkjKg© m¤úv`b K‡ib| c‡ii g½j mva‡b wZwb wb‡R‡K DrmM© K‡ib| Zuvi Øviv cwievi, mgvR I †`k DcK…Z nq| ZvB mK‡j bxwZevb e¨w³‡K fv‡jvev‡m, kÖ×v I wek¦vm K‡i| mK‡j Zuvi cÖksmv K‡i| wZwb me©Î c~wRZ nb| Zuvi hk-L¨vwZ Pvwiw`‡K Qwo‡q c‡o| bxwZevb‡K †eŠ× cwifvlvq kxjevb ejv nq| ey× kxjevb e¨w³i A‡bK cÖksmv K‡i‡Qb| ˆbwZKZv ev kxjcvj‡bi mydj A‡bK| †hgb : 1. kxj cvj‡bi d‡j kxjevb e¨w³ cÖf~Z ab m¤ú` AR©b K‡ib; 2. Zuvi myKxwZ© me©Î Qwo‡q c‡o; 3. wZwb wbtm‡¼v‡P I wbf©‡q me©Î Dcw¯’Z n‡Z cv‡ib; 4. g„Zz¨Kv‡j Zuvi wPË åg bv n‡q mÁv‡b g„Zz¨ nq Ges 5. wZwb g„Zz¨i ci ¯^M© I wbe©vY jvf K‡ib| ZvB ˆbwZKZvi mydj we‡ePbv K‡i mK‡ji Zv Abykxjb Kiv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR ˆbwZKZv AbykxjbKvix e¨w³i gvbweK ¸Yvewj eY©bv Ki

Abykxjbx 1.

k~b¨¯’vb c~iY : K. kxj gvbweK ¸Yvewj m¤úbœ .............MV‡b mnvqZv K‡i| L. kxjevb e¨w³ me©Î c~wRZ nb| cÖf~Z ...........AwaKvix nb| M. †MŠZg ey× Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡i .............. Rxeb hvcb K‡i‡Qb| N. g~‡L©i †mev bv Kiv, ........ e¨w³i †mev Kiv Ges .............e¨w³i c~Rv Kiv DËg g½j|


†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v

9

O. ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡b ............... ¸Yvewj weKwkZ nq|

2.

3.

wgjKiY : evg

Wvb

K. kxj k‡ãi A_©

g~jgš¿

L. kxjevb e¨w³ me©Î

Rq Ki‡e

M. ˆgÎx fvebv Avgv‡`i

DËg g½j

N. c~Rbxq e¨w³i c~Rv Kiv

PwiÎ

O. ˆgÎx Øvi †µva‡K

c~wRZ nb

msw¶ß cÖkœ : K. kxj k‡ãi A_© Kx †jL| L. kxjevb e¨w³ Kxi~c nb? M. K‡qKwU ˆbwZK Kv‡Ri D`vniY `vI|

4.

iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K. ˆbwZKZv Ges kxj ci¯úi m¤úK©hy³ Av‡jvPbv Ki| L. ey‡×i Pg©‡ivMx †mevi Kvwnbx wea„Z Ki| M. ˆbwZKZv wel‡q †MŠZg ey‡×i `kwU D‡c‡`k †jL| N. ˆbwZKZv Abykxj‡bi mydj m¤ú‡K© Zzwg hv Rvb †jL|

5.

eûwbe©vPwb cÖkœ-

1.

†MŠZg ey× KZ eQi ag© cÖPvi K‡ib ?

2.

K. 25

L. 35

M. 45

N. 55

‰bwZK Kv‡Ri D`vniY †KvbwU ? K. mZ¨ fvlY I ˆgÎxfve †cvlY

L.

A`Ë e¯‘ MÖnY Kiv

M. KK©k evK¨ fvlY

N.

gy‡L©i †mev Kiv


10

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

3.

ey‡×i g‡Z, Òkxjevb e¨w³i hk-L¨vwZ evZv‡mi AbyK~j I cÖwZK~j Dfq w`‡K cÖevwnZ nqÓÑ G Dw³wU‡Z cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q Ñ i. a‡g©i ¸Y ii. kxj cvj‡bi mydj iii. KzkjK‡g©i mydj

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K. i L. ii M. i I ii

N. i, ii I iii

wb‡Pi Aby‡”Q`wU co Ges 4 I 5 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI †mŠif gvigv Dchy³ eq‡m kªvgY¨a‡g© `x¶v MÖnY K‡i eyS‡jb, ag©PP©v ïay wb‡Ri my‡Li mÜvb G‡b †`q bv eis GwU me© Rx‡ei cÖwZ `qvkxj n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i|

4.

5.

†mŠif gvigvi agx©q wk¶vwU †MŠZgey‡×i †Kvb ¸‡Yi cÖwZdjb ? K. Rxe‡cÖg

L. msKxY©Zv

M. ˆbwZKZv

N. Kj¨vY

D³ ¸‡Yi Øviv †mŠif Kxfv‡e me©Rx‡ei myL Kvgbv Ki‡e ? i. ˆgÎxi gva¨‡g ii. Pwi‡Îi DrK‡l©i gva¨‡g iii. A‡jŠwKK ¶gZv cÖ`k©‡bi gva¨‡g

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K. iL. ii M. i I ii

N. ii I iii

6.

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ

1|

†evwawb‡KZb wenviwU GK cÖZ¨šÍ A‡j Aew¯’Z| wenv‡i hvIqvi c_wU PjvP‡ji A‡hvM¨ wQj| †mLv‡b wKQz msL¨K mš¿vmx`j _vKvq c~Y©¨v_x©iv jyUcv‡Ui wkKvi n‡Zv| Zv‡`i AvwacZ¨ G‡Zv cÖej wQj †h iv¯ÍvwU


†MŠZg ey‡×i ˆbwZK wk¶v

11

ms¯‹vi Kiv KviI c‡¶ m¤¢e wQj bv| GK ch©v‡q D³ wenv‡ii mfvcwZ mykxj PvKgv mvnwmKZv I `„p g‡bvej wb‡q MÖv‡gi hyeK‡`i wb‡q iv¯ÍvwU †givgZ Ki‡jb| K. †MŠZgey‡×i wcZvi bvg Kx ? L. kxj I ˆbwZKZvi g‡a¨ m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki| M. mykxj PvKgvi NUbvwU ey‡×i †evwamË¡ Rxe‡bi †Kvb NUbvi mv‡_ m¤ú„³Zv i‡q‡Q ? eY©bv Ki| N. MÖvgevmxi Dbœq‡b mykxj PvKgvi M„nxZ c`‡¶cwU †eŠ× a‡g©i ˆbwZKZvi `„wó‡Z e¨vL¨v Ki| 2|

mygb eoyqv †QvU‡ejv †_‡K ag©Kg© I ÁvbPP©vq wb‡qvwRZ _vK‡Zb| wZwb cÖvqB wenv‡ii wf¶z kÖgY, wcZv-gvZv I cwievi-cwiR‡bi †mev Ki‡Zb| wKš‘ wZwb GK mg‡q `~iv‡ivM¨ e¨vwa‡Z AvµvšÍ nb| msµvgK †iv‡Mi Kvi‡Y cwievi-cwiRb Zuv‡K †d‡j Ab¨Î P‡j hvq| GgZve¯’vq Zuvi `~i m¤ú‡K©i AvZ¥xq ceb eoyqvi ch©vß †mev h‡Zœi gva¨‡g Zuv‡K my¯’ K‡i †Zv‡jb| K. gnvgvbe †MŠZgey× KLb Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib ? L. †MŠZg Kxfv‡e ey× bv‡g L¨vZ n‡jb ? e¨vL¨v Ki| M. ceb eoyqvi †mev a‡g© †Kvb gnvgvb‡ei Dc‡`k cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q ? eY©bv Ki| N. ceb eoyqvi Kg©wU gvbe †mevi GKwU DrK…ó D`vniYÑcvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K e¨vL¨v Ki|


wØZxq Aa¨vq

e›`bv †eŠ×a‡g© e›`bvi ¸i“Z¡ Acwimxg| e›`bvi cÖK„Z D‡Ïk¨ kª×v wb‡e`b Kiv, ¸Yxi ¸Yivwki ¯‘wZ ev cÖksmv Kiv| wÎiZœ e›`bvq ey×iZœ, ag©iZœ Ges msNiZœ - GB wZbwU i‡Zœi ¯‘wZ Kiv nq| wÎi‡Zœi ¸Yivwk ¯§iY K‡i kÖ×v wb‡e`b Kiv nq| wÎiZœ e›`bvi wewfbœ Mv_v Av‡Q| KL‡bv †QvU Mv_vq Avevi KL‡bv eo Mv_vq wÎiZœ e›`bv Kiv nq| G Aa¨v‡q †QvU Mv_vq †h wÎiZœ e›`bv Kiv nq Zv cvV Ki‡ev|

e›`bviZ evjK evwjKv

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * wÎiZœ m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * wÎiZœ e›`bv cvwj fvlvq Ave„wË Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * wÎiZœ e›`bvi evsjv ej‡Z cvi‡ev|


e›`bv

13

cvV : 1 wÎiZœ e›`bv I Zvrch© †eŠ×‡`i cÖvZ¨wnK agx©q K‡g©i g‡a¨ wÎiZœ e›`bv Ab¨Zg| †eŠ×‡`i cÖwZwU agx©q AvPvi-Abyôv‡b wÎiZœ e›`bv Kiv nq| Avgiv GLb wÎiZœ Kx †m m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Ki‡ev| GLv‡b †eŠ×a‡g© ey×, ag© Ges msN‡K Ag~j¨iZœ wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Kiv nq| wb‡P wÎi‡Zœi msw¶ß cwiwPwZ Zz‡j aiv n‡jv| ey×iZœ : wÎi‡Zœi g‡a¨ cÖ_g iZœ n‡”Q ey×iZœ| Ôey×Õ k‡ãi A_© gnvÁvbx| ey× Ávbx‡`i g‡a¨ †kªô| ZvB eyׇK gnvÁvbx ejv nq| wZwb Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡i `k cvigx c~~Y© K‡iwQ‡jb| †kl Rxe‡b Qq eQi K‡Vvi mvabv K‡i ey× n‡q‡Qb| †kªô ey× iZœ‡K Avgiv cweÎ g‡b kª×v I fw³ wb‡e`b Kwi| Zuvi gnv¸‡Yi cÖksmv Kwi| Zuvi gnvÁv‡bi cÖksmv Kwi| †h e›`bvi gva¨‡g gnvgvbe ey‡×i gnvÁv‡bi AbšÍ ¸Yivwki ¯§iY I ¯‘wZ Kiv nq Ges Zvi cÖwZ kÖ×v wb‡e`b Kiv nq Zv‡K ey× e›`bv e‡j| ag©iZœ : wÎi‡Zœi g‡a¨ wØZxq iZœ n‡”Q Ôag©Õ| Ôag©Õ k‡ãi A_© aviY Kiv †evSvq| GLv‡b Ôag©Õ ej‡Z m`vPvi, ˆbwZKZv Ges mZZv‡K †evSvq| A_©vr hv aviY Ki‡j Rxeb my›`i nq ZvB ag©| ey× cÖPvwiZ evYx ev gZev`‡K †eŠ×ag© ejv nq| †h e›`bvi gva¨‡g ey× cÖPvwiZ a‡g©i cÖwZ kÖ×v wb‡e`b I ¯‘wZ Kiv nq Zv‡K ag© e›`bv e‡j| msN iZœ : wÎi‡Zœi g‡a¨ ÔmsNÕ n‡”Q Z…Zxq iZœ| ÔmsNÕ k‡ãi mvaviY A_© eûR‡bi mgwó ev mgv‡ek| GLv‡b ÔmsNÕ ej‡Z ey× cÖwZwôZ gnvb wf¶zmsN‡K †evSv‡bv n‡q‡Q| wf¶zmsN ey‡×i wbqg-k„•Ljv, Av‡`k †g‡b †jvf-†Øl-†gvnwenxb, mr, ˆbwZK I cweÎ Rxebhvcb K‡i| Zuviv ey× kvm‡b wb‡R‡`i‡K DrmM© K‡ib| †eŠ×a‡g© wf¶ziv kÖ×v `v‡bi DËg cvÎ| †h e›`bvi gva¨‡g ey× cÖwZwôZ wf¶z ms‡Ni ¯‘wZ I kª×v wb‡e`b Kiv nq Zv‡K msN e›`bv e‡j|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR wÎiZœ Kx ? wÎiZœ e›`bv †Kb Kiv nq?

cvV : 2 wÎiZœ e›`bvi wbqgvewj wÎiZœ e›`bv Kivi c~‡e© Aek¨B Avgv‡`i †ekwKQy wbqg cvjb Ki‡Z nq| wbqg¸‡jv n‡jv : e›`bv wenv‡i Ges M„‡n ey×g~wZ©i mvg‡b Kiv nq| mKvj-mܨv `yB †ejv e›`bv Kiv nq| e›`bvi c~‡e© nvZ-gyL fv‡jv K‡i ay‡q wb‡Z nq| B”Qv Ki‡j mœvb KivI †h‡Z cv‡i| cweÎ g‡b ey×g~wZ©i mvg‡b nuvUz †f‡½ e‡m cÖ_‡g wÎkiYmn


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

14

cÂkxj MÖnY Ki‡Z nq| Zvici wÎiZœ e›`bv Ki‡Z nq| Zvici Ab¨vb¨ e›`bv Kiv nq| e›`bv †kl n‡j wf¶z Ges Ab¨vb¨ e‡qvt‡R¨ô‡`i cÖYvg Ki‡Z nq|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR wÎiZœ e›`bvi c~‡e© KiYxq eY©bv Ki

cvV : 3 wÎiZœ e›`bv (cvwj) ey×s e›`vwg a¤§s e›`vwg msNs e›`vwg Ans e›`vwg meŸv`v| `ywZhw¤§ ey×s e›`vwg `ywZhw¤ú a¤§s e›`vwg `ywZhw¤ú msNs e›`vwg Ans e›`vwg meŸv`v| ZwZhw¤ú ey×s e›`vwg ZwZhw¤ú a¤§s e›`vwg ZwZhw¤ú msNs e›`vwg Ans e›`vwg meŸv`v|

wÎiZœ e›`bv (evsjv Abyev`) : Avwg eyׇK e›`bv KiwQ Avwg ag©‡K e›`bv KiwQ Avwg msN‡K e›`bv KiwQ Avwg me©`v e›`bv KiwQ|


e›`bv

15 wØZxqevi Avwg eyׇK e›`bv KiwQ wØZxqevi Avwg ag©‡K e›`bv KiwQ wØZxqevi Avwg msN‡K e›`bv KiwQ me©`v Avwg e›`bv KiwQ| Z…Zxqevi Avwg eyׇK e›`bv KiwQ Z…Zxqevi Avwg ag©‡K e›`bv KiwQ Z…Zxqevi Avwg msN‡K e›`bv KiwQ Avwg me©`v e›`bv KiwQ|

ey× e›`bv †hv mwbœwm‡bœv ei‡evwag~‡j gvis m‡mbs gnwZs we‡RZ¡v, m‡¤^vwagvMw AbšÍ Tv‡Yv †jvKyˇgv Zs cYgvwg ey×s| evsjv Abyev` : whwb AbšÍ Ávbx †kªô mg¨K m¤^y× †evwag~‡j e‡m ˆmb¨mn gvi‡K civwRZ K‡i m‡¤^vwa jvf K‡i‡Qb Avwg †mB eyׇK cÖYvg Rvbvw”Q|

a¤§ e›`bv AU&Vw½‡Kv Awihc‡_v Rbvbs †gvK&Là‡emvhyRy‡KvÕe gM&‡Mv, a‡¤§v Ahs mwšÍK‡iv cYx‡Zv bxh¨vwY‡Kv Zs cYgvwg a¤§s| evsjv Abyev` : †h ag© Avh© Aóv½K gvM© (c_) wewkó, mKj †jv‡Ki †gv¶cyix cÖ‡e‡ki †mvRv c_, kvwšÍKi, cÖYxZ ev †kÖô Ges †hB ag© wbe©v‡Y wb‡q hvq, †m ag©‡K cÖYvg Rvbvw”Q|

msN e›`bv ms‡Nv wemy‡×v ei `K&wL‡Y‡h¨v mwšÍw›`ª‡hv me¶gjànx‡bv, ¸‡Ywn †b‡Kwn mwgw×c‡Ëv Abvm‡ev Zs cYgvwg msNs|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

16

evsjv Abyev` : †h msN weï×, DËg `v‡bi cvÎ, kvšÍw›`ªq, mKj cÖKvi cvcgj webvkKvix, A‡bK ¸‡Y ¸Yvwš^Z †mB Abvme msN‡K Avwg cÖYvg Rvbvw”Q|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR wÎiZœ e›`bvwU Ave„wË Ki kãv_© : wÎiZœ - wZbwU iZœ (ey× iZœ, ag© iZœ Ges msN iZœ), a¤§ - ag©, msN - mgwó, we‡kl K‡i †eŠ× wf¶z‡`i †evSvq, Ans - Avwg, meŸv`v - me mgq, †hv - whwb, gvis - gvi, †jvKzˇgv - †kªô, we‡RZ¡v - Rq K‡i, m‡¤^vwagvMw - m‡¤^vwa jvf K‡i‡Qb, AU&Vw½‡Kv - AvUwU gvM©, DRy - mnR I mij, wemy‡×v - weï×, g¹ - gvM©, mwšÍw›`ª‡hv - kvšÍw›`ªq, mwšÍK‡iv kvwšÍKi, ¸‡Ywn - ¸‡Yi AwaKvix, †b‡Kwn - A‡bK, Abvm‡ev - Abvme ev Abvm³|

Abykxjbx 1.

k~b¨¯’vb c~iY : K. †eŠ×‡`i cÖvZ¨wnK ag©xq K‡g©i g‡a¨ ............. e›`bv Ab¨Zg| L. e›`bvi c~‡e© .......... fv‡jv K‡i ay‡q wb‡Z nq| M. ms‡Nv .............ei `K&wL‡Yh¨v| N. hv aviY Ki‡j ......... my›`i nq ZvB ag©| O. Zuviv ey× ..........wb‡R‡`i‡K DrmM© K‡ib|

2.

msw¶ß cÖkœ : K. e›`bv ej‡Z Kx eyS? L. ey× iZœ Kx ms‡¶‡c eywS‡q †jL? M. msN iZœ Kx ms‡¶‡c eywS‡q †jL ?

3.

iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K. wÎiZœ e›`bvi Zvrch© e¨vL¨v Ki| L. Zzwg Kx K‡i wÎiZœ e›`bv Ki‡e - ej| M. ey× I msN e›`bvi evsjv Abyev` †jL|


e›`bv

17

eûwbe©vPbx cÖkœ1.

2.

†Kvb e›`bvi gva¨‡g wÎi‡Zœi cÖwZ kÖ×v wb‡e`b Kiv hvq ? K. ey× e›`bv

L. ag© e›`bv

M. msN e›`bv

N. wÎiZœ e›`bv

eyׇK gnvÁvbx ejvi Ab¨Zg KviY †KvbwU ? K. `k cvigx c~Y© Kivq

L. gvi‡K civwRZ Kivq

M. Ávbx‡`i g‡a¨ †kÖô nIqvq

N. cweÎ Rxeb hvcb Kivq

wb‡Pi Aby‡”Q` co Ges 3 I 4 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI Ñ wefvm PvKgv mßg †kÖwYi QvÎ| we`¨vjq †_‡K †divi c‡_ cÖwZw`b `ycy‡i wenv‡ii mvg‡b `uvwo‡q †m e›`bv Ki‡Zv| e›`bv Kivi mgq †m nvZgyL †aŠZ wKsev ¯œvvb Kiv-Gme wbqgbxwZ AbymiY Ki‡Zv bv| wefv‡mi G e›`bv j¶¨ K‡i GKw`b wenv‡ii wf¶y Zv‡K e›`bvi wbqgbxwZ AbymiY K‡i e›`bv Kivi civgk© †`b|

3.

4.

wefvm PvKgvi cvwjZ K‡g© †Kvb e›`bvi Bw½Z Kiv n‡q‡Q ? K. ey×iZœ

L. ag©iZœ

M. wÎiZœ

N. wcZ…-gvZ… e›`bv

D³ e›`bvi d‡j Ñ i. cweÎ Rxeb hvcb Kiv hvq ii. `ytL †_‡K gyw³ cvIqv hvq iii. wbe©vY myL cvIqv hvq

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K. i M. ii I iii

L. i I ii N. i, ii I iii


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

18 m„Rbkxj cÖkœ : 1|

kÖvebx eoyqv Zuvi wcZv-gvZvi KvQ †_‡K cªv_©bvi wbqg-Kvbyb wk‡L Zv AbymiY K‡ib| wZwb M„‡n I gw›`‡i wM‡q cÖv_©bvi KvR K‡ib Ges gnvÁv‡bi ¸Yivkx ¯§iY I kÖ×v K‡ib| ZvQvov wZwb kÖ×v`v‡bi DËg cv‡Î mwVKfv‡e c~Rv I AP©bv K‡ib| K. Ôe›`bvÕ k‡ãi A_© Kx ? L. Kxfv‡e e›`bv Ki‡Z nq ? M. kÖvebx eo–qv †Kvb i‡Zœi ¸YwU AbymiY K‡ib ? e¨vL¨v Ki| N. kÖvebxi AbymiYxq bxwZi Øviv Bn I ciRxe‡b Kx dj jvf Ki‡Z cvi‡e e‡j g‡b Ki Zv cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K e¨vL¨v Ki|

2| wc¤úy eo–qv wenviva¨‡¶i wbKU cÂkxj MÖnY K‡ib, kxj MÖnY †k‡l evox‡Z mܨvi mgqÑ †hv mwbœwm‡bœv ei‡evwag~‡j gvis m‡mbs gnwZs we‡RZ¡v, m‡¤^vwagvMw AbšÍ Tv‡Y †jvKzˇgv Zs cYgvwg ey×s BZ¨vw` wb‡Ri fvlvq iß Ki‡jb| cieZx©‡Z Ab¨ iZœ¸‡jvi ZviZg¨ gg© Dcjwä K‡i cÖwZw`b kÖ×vf‡i cÖv_©bv Ki‡Zb| K.

wÎiZœ Kx ?

L.

e›`bvi D‡Ïk¨ e¨vL¨v Ki

M.

DÏxc‡K wc¤úy eo–qvi mܨvKvjwb cÖv_©bvq †h ¸YwU cÖKvk cvq Zv eY©bv Ki|

N.

wc¤úy eo–qvi ag©PP©vq e¨w³ Rxe‡b Kx cÖfve †dj‡e Zv cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K e¨vL¨v Ki|


Z…Zxq Aa¨vq

kxj ÔkxjÕ ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bi w`K wb‡`©kbv| kxj cvjb †eŠ×‡`i Acwinvh© wbZ¨ Kg©| M„‡n wKsev wenv‡i †h †Kv‡bv AvPvi-Abyôv‡bi cÖvi‡¤¢ kxj MÖnY Kiv nq| KviY, kxj mKj KzkjK‡g©i Drm| †eŠ×iv wewfbœ iKg kxj cvjb K‡ib| †hgb : M„nxiv cÂkxj I Aókxj, kÖgYiv `kkxj Ges wf¶zMY 227wU kxj cvjb K‡ib| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv Aókxj m¤ú‡K© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * Aókxj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * D‡cvm_ kxj cvj‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv I wbqgvewj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * D‡cvm_ MÖnYKvixi KiYxq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * evsjv A_©mn Aókxj ej‡Z cvi‡ev| * Aókxj Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g A‰bwZK KvR †_‡K weiZ _vKvi Dcvqmg~n wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡ev | * Aókxj cÖv_©bvi cÖwµqv cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z cvi‡ev |

cvV : 1 Aókxj cwiwPwZ c~‡e© Avgiv cÂkxj m¤ú‡K© †R‡bwQ| AvR Aókxj m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡ev| Aókxj cÂkx‡ji D”PZi ¯Íi| cÖwZw`b cÂkxj cvjb Kiv hvq| AókxjI cÖwZw`b cvjb Kiv hvq| Z‡e, M„nx †eŠ×iv mvaviYZ c~wY©gv, Agvek¨v Ges Aógx wZw_‡Z Aókxj cvjb K‡i| ey× ag©gq DbœZ Rxeb MV‡bi Rb¨ Aókx‡ji cÖeZ©b K‡i‡Qb| Aókxj cvjbKvix‡K DcevmeªZ cvjb Ki‡Z nq| ZvB Aókxj‡K D‡cvm_ kxjI ejv nq| Aókxj MÖnYKvix‡K D‡cvmw_K e‡j| ÔD‡cvm_Õ kãwU Dcevm ev DcemZ kã n‡Z M„nxZ| wKš‘ †eŠ×g‡Z, D‡cvm_ A_© †Kej Dcevm Kiv bq| D‡cvm_ MÖnYKvix‡K a¨vb-mgvwa PP©v Ki‡Z nq| ag©v‡jvPbv kÖeY Ki‡Z nq| ag©xq welq Aa¨qb Ki‡Z nq| Kzkj fvebvq wbgMœ _vK‡Z nq| †jvf-†Øl-†gvn I Z…òv gy³ n‡q eªþPh© cvjb Ki‡Z nq| ÔAóÕ k‡ãi A_© AvU| AvUwU kxj cvjb Ki‡Z nq e‡j G‡K Aókxj ejv nq|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR D‡cvm_ cvjbKvix‡K Kx Kx Ki‡Z nq?


20

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

cvV 2 : Aókxj MÖn‡Yi c~‡e© KiYxq Aókxj MÖn‡Yi c~‡e© gvbwmK cÖ¯‘wZ wb‡Z nq| †fv‡i Nyg †_‡K D‡V cÖvZtK…Z¨ m¤úbœ K‡i cwi®‹vi †cvlvK cwiavb Ki‡Z nq| c~Rv I `vb mvgMÖx wb‡q wenv‡i †h‡Z nq| eyׇe`x‡Z kÖ×vwP‡Ë c~Rv I `vb mvgMÖx my›`ifv‡e mvwR‡q †i‡L wf¶zi mvg‡b em‡Z nq| Aókxj MÖn‡Yi wbqgvewj wenv‡i wf¶y‡K e›`bv K‡i wf¶zi wbKU wÎkiYmn Aókxj cÖv_©bv Ki‡Z nq| wf¶z Aókxj cÖv_©bv Aby‡gv`b K‡i wÎkiYmn Aókxj cÖ`vb K‡ib| wf¶zi wb‡`©kbv g‡Zv Aókxj MÖnY Ki‡Z nq| wbR evwo‡ZI Aókxj MÖnY Kiv hvq| †m †¶‡Î ey×vm‡bi mvg‡b e‡m wb‡R wb‡R Aókxj cÖv_©bvmn Aókxj MÖnY Ki‡Z nq| Aókxj cÖv_©bvwU wb¤œi~c|

cvV : 3 Aókxj cÖv_©bv (cvwj) IKvm Ans f‡šÍ wZmi‡Ybmn AU&V½mgbœvMZs D‡cvm_mxjs a¤§s hvPvwg, Aby¹ns KZ¡v mxjs †`_ †g f‡šÍ| `ywZhw¤ú IKvm Ans f‡šÍ wZmi‡Ybmn AU&V½mgbœvMZs D‡cvm_mxjs a¤§s hvPvwg, Aby¹ns KZ¡v mxjs †`_ †g f‡šÍ| ZwZhw¤ú IKvm Ans f‡šÍ wZmi‡Ybmn AU&V½mgbœvMZs D‡cvm_mxjs a¤§s hvPvwg, Aby¹ns KZ¡v mxjs †`_ †g f‡šÍ | evsjv Abyev` : f‡šÍ, Avgv‡K AbygwZ Ki“b, Avwg wÎkiYmn Aóv½ mshy³ D‡cvm_ kxj-ag© cÖv_©bv KiwQ| f‡šÍ, AbyMÖn K‡i Avgv‡K kxj cÖ`vb Ki“b| wØZxqevi f‡šÍ, Avgv‡K AbygwZ Ki“b, Avwg wÎkiYmn Aóv½ mshy³ D‡cvm_ kxj-ag© cÖv_©bv KiwQ| f‡šÍ, AbyMÖn K‡i Avgv‡K kxj cÖ`vb Ki“b| Z…Zxqevi f‡šÍ, Avgv‡K AbygwZ Ki“b, Avwg wÎkiYmn Aóv½ mshy³ D‡cvm_ kxj-ag© cÖv_©bv KiwQ| f‡šÍ, AbyMÖn K‡i Avgv‡K kxj cÖ`vb Ki“b| wf¶z : hgns e`vwg Zs e‡`_ (Avwg hv ejwQ Zv ejyb) kxj MÖnYKvix : Avg f‡šÍ (nu¨v cÖfy ejwQ) wf¶z : b‡gvZm&m fMe‡Zv Ain‡Zv m¤§vm¤^y×m&m (Avwg AinZ mg¨K m¤^yׇK e›`bv KiwQ)| kxj MÖnYKvix : b‡gvZm&m fMe‡Zv Ain‡Zv m¤§vm¤^y×m&m (wZbevi ej‡eb)| Zvici wf¶z wÎkiY cÖ`vb K‡i ej‡eb : miYvMgbs m¤ú~bœs (kiY MÖnY m¤ú~Y© n‡jv)| kxj MÖnYKvix : Avg f‡šÍ (nu¨v f‡šÍ) Zvici wf¶z Aókxj cÖ`vb Ki‡eb| kxj MÖnYKvix Zv gy‡L gy‡L ej‡eb|


kxj

21

Aókxj cÖv_©bv †kl n‡j Dcw¯’Z wf¶z ej‡eb, wZmi‡Yb mw×s AU&V½ mgbœvMZs D‡cvm_mxjs a¤§s mvayKs myiK&wLZs KZ¡v Aàgv‡`b m¤úv‡`_ (wÎkiYmn Aóv½ mgwš^Z D‡cvm_ kxjag© DËgi“‡c mh‡Zœ cvjb Ki)|

Aókxj MÖnYKvix ej‡eb, Avg f‡šÍ (nu¨v f‡šÍ) Gici wf¶z Aókxj cvjbKvix wKsev D‡cvm_avix‡`i g½j Kvgbv K‡i m~Î cvV Ki‡eb| m~Î cvV †kl n‡j Zuviv wZbevi mvayev` w`‡eb| Zvici Aókxj MÖnYKvix wf¶z‡K e›`bv K‡i Avnvi Ki‡Z hv‡eb| `ycyi ev‡ivUvi g‡a¨ Avnvi m¤úbœ Ki‡Z n‡e| Zvici cvbxq Qvov wKQzB MÖnY Kiv hv‡e bv| Aókx‡ji cÖwZwU kxj mh‡Zœ cvjb Ki‡Z n‡e|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR

Aókxj cÖv_©bvwU mg¯^‡i Ave„wË Ki|

cvV 4 : Aókxj (cvwj I evsjv) Aókxj : cvwj cvYvwZcvZv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| Aw`bœv`vbv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| AeªþPwihv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| gymvev`v †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| myiv-†g‡ih-g¾ cgv`U&Vvbv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| weKvj‡fvRbv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| b”P-MxZ-evw`Z-wemyK`m&mb-gvjv-MÜ-we‡jcb-aviYgvÛ-wef~mbU&Vvbv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg| D”Pmhbv-gnvmhbv †eigYx wmK&Lvc`s mgvw`hvwg|

Aókxj : evsjv Avwg cÖvwYnZ¨v †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg A`Ëe¯‘ MÖnY †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg AeªþPh© †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg wg_¨v ejv †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg myiv RvZxq gv`K `ªe¨ †meb †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

22

Avwg weKvj †fvRb †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg bvP-Mvb-ev`¨ Drme `k©b, myMwÜhy³ cÖmvab `ªe¨ aviY gÛb wef~lY †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ| Avwg D”P kh¨v ev gnvkh¨v kqb †_‡K weiZ _vKe, G wk¶vc` MÖnY KiwQ|

†eŠ× wf¶z n‡Z Aókxj MÖnY Ki‡Q

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Aókxj cvwj‡Z ej (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 5 D‡cvm_ cvjbKvixi KiYxq msmv‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i me mgq Aókxj cvjb Kiv m¤¢e bq| D‡cvm_ w`e‡m Aókxj MÖnYKvix‡`i h_vm¤¢e wenv‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i ag©kÖeY, ag©v‡jvPbv, m~ÎcvV, a¨vb-mvabv, Aa¨qb cÖf…wZ Kiv DwPZ| Z‡e GKUv welq ejv `iKvi †h, memgq wf¶z Dcw¯’Z bvI _vK‡Z cv‡ib| †m‡¶‡Î Aókxj MÖnYKvixMY wb‡Riv ag©v‡jvPbv, m~ÎcvV, Aa¨qb Ges a¨vb-mvabvq gMœ _vK‡Z cv‡ib| kxjf½ nq Ggb ¯’v‡b bv hvIqv DwPZ| wb‡P Aókxj cvjbKvix‡`i wKQz KiYxq welq Zz‡j aiv n‡jv|


kxj

23

1. Kv‡iv Awbó Kvgbv Kiv wKsev Awbó Kiv ev Kiv‡bv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z n‡e| 2. †Kv‡bv cÖvYx‡K cxov †`qv Ges cxov`v‡bi KviY nIqv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z n‡e| 3. †Kv‡bv cÖKvi Ab¨vq Kiv wKsev Ab¨v‡qi KviY nIqv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z n‡e| 4. †jvf-†Øl-†gvn gy³ _vK‡Z n‡e| 5. gvb-Awfgvb I Cl©v †_‡K gy³ _vK‡Z n‡e| 6. me© cÖKvi wg_¨vPvi †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z n‡e| 7. cÖgv`g~jK we‡bv`b †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z n‡e| 8. agx©q Av‡jvPbvq AskMÖnY Ki‡Z n‡e| 9. GKvMÖwP‡Ë ag© †`kbv ïb‡Z n‡e| 10. Kvq-gb-ev‡K¨ mshZ AvPiY Ki‡Z n‡e| 11. mK‡ji cÖwZ ‰gÎx civqY n‡Z n‡e| 12. fvebv Abykxjb Ki‡Z n‡e|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Aókxj MÖnYKvixi KiYxq I AKiYxq welq¸‡jv GKwU Q‡Ki gva¨‡g Dc¯’vcb Ki

cvV : 6 A‰bwZK Kv‡Ri ¶wZKi w`Kmg~n Aókx‡ji wb‡`©wkZ wewa-weavb †g‡b Pj‡j Av`k© Ges ˆbwZK Rxebhvcb Kiv hvq| Aókxj cvjb bv Ki‡j gvbyl A‰bwZK Kv‡Ri w`‡K avweZ nq| GB A‰bwZK Kv‡Ri Kvi‡Y gvbyl mxgvnxb `ytL I biKhš¿Yv †fvM K‡i| A‰bwZK Kv‡Ri wKQz ¶wZKi w`K wb‡P Zz‡j aiv n‡jv : K. cÖvYx nZ¨v GKwU A‰bwZK KvR| †eŠ×g‡Z cÖvYx nZ¨v Kiv AbywPZ| nZ¨v cÖeYZv g‡bi ˆgÎxfve bó K‡i| gvbyl‡K µzä I cÖwZ‡kva civqY K‡i †Zv‡j| d‡j bvbv iKg mvgvwRK Aciva msNwUZ nq| L. A`Ëe¯‘ MÖnY ev wb‡Ri AwaKv‡i †bqv GKwU A‰bwZK KvR Ges mvgvwRK Aciva| Gi Rb¨ `Û‡fvM Ki‡Z nq| ciKv‡jI kvw¯Í †c‡Z nq| M. A‰bwZK KvgvPvi GKwU mvgvwRK Aciva| eªþPh© cvjbKvix‡K mKj cÖKvi KvgvPvi †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z nq| A‰bwZK KvgvPv‡i kvixwiK I gvbwmK RwUj †iv‡M AvµvšÍ nq| G Kvi‡Y g„Zz¨I n‡Z cv‡i| N. wg_¨vK_v ejv ˆbwZKZvi cwicwš’| wg_¨vev`x‡K †KD wek¦vm K‡i bv| wg_¨vev`x mgv‡R gh©v`v cvq bv| me©Î wbw›`Z nq| O. gv`K`ªe¨ MÖnY ag©xq I mvgvwRKfv‡e wbwl×| gv`K ¯^v¯’¨ bó I gvbwmK weKvi MÖ¯’ K‡i| gv`Kvmw³i d‡j ab-m¤ú` bó nq| PwiÎ I gvbweK g~j¨‡ev‡ai AatcZb nq| gv`K †mebKvixiv bvbviKg Aciv‡a wjß nq| Giv bvbviKg e¨vwa‡Z AvµvšÍ n‡q g„Zz¨ nq|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

24

P. `ycyi ev‡ivUvi ci Lvevi MÖnY Kiv‡K weKvj †fvRb ejv nq| Lvev‡ii cÖwZ Avmw³ I AcwiwgZ Avnvi `vb, kxj, a¨vb-mgvwa BZ¨vw` ag©PP©v e¨vnZ K‡i| d‡j wbe©v‡bi c‡_ cwiPvwjZ nIqv hvq bv| Q. bvP, Mvb, ev`¨-evRbv, myMwÜ-cÖmvab †jcb BZ¨vw`‡Z Abyi³fve g‡bi GKvMÖZv bó K‡i| ag©PP©v e¨vnZ nq| d‡j `ytL †_‡K gyw³ jvf m¤¢e nq bv|

R. wejvmeûj kh¨vq kqb I Dc‡ekb gvbyl‡K Avivg wcÖq I Ajm K‡i †Zv‡j| Ajm e¨w³ gvbwmK I PvwiwÎK `„pZv bó nq e‡j KL‡bvB Afxó j‡¶¨ †cuŠQ‡Z cv‡i bv|

cvV 7 : Aókxj cvj‡bi mydj Aókxj cvj‡bi mydj A‡bK| Aókxj cvj‡bi mydjmg~n wb¤œi~c : Aókxj cvj‡bi d‡j K.

AvPvi-AvPiY mshZ nq|

L.

hk-L¨vwZ µgk e„w× cvq|

M.

ab-m¤ú` myiw¶Z _v‡K|

N.

mr Kv‡R Drmvn e„w× cvq|

O.

Afve MÖ¯’ nq bv|

P.

wcÖqfvRb nIqv hvq|

Q.

mshg I mwnòzZv e„w× cvq|

R.

gb †_‡K wnsmv we‡Ølfve `~i nq|

S.

wb‡ivM I `xN©Rxwe nq|

T.

A‡kl cyY¨ AwR©Z nq|

U.

wbe©v‡Yi c‡_ AMÖmi nIqv hvq|

GLb Avgiv D‡cvm_ cvj‡bi mydj m¤ú‡K© GKwU Kvwnbx co‡ev| D‡cvm_ kxj cvj‡bi mydj eY©bv Ki‡Z wM‡q ey× Zuvi c~e©Rxe‡bi G NUbvwU e‡jb| †evwamË¡ GKevi evivYmx‡Z GK `wi`ª cwiev‡i Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| ZLb ivRM„n bMix‡Z GK mr abx e¨w³ evm Ki‡Zb| wZwb cÖPzi ab-m¤ú‡`i AwaKvix n‡jI Lye `qvevb wQ‡jb| c‡ii `ytL-Kó Zuv‡K LyeB e¨w_Z KiZ| wZwb c‡ii `ytL-Kó `~i Kivi †Póv Ki‡Zb| ZvQvov Zuvi cwiev‡ii mevB kxj cvjb Ki‡Zb| D‡cvm_ w`e‡m D‡cvm_ cvjb Ki‡Zb| GRb¨ Zuvi cwievi mK‡ji wbKU ÔïwP cwieviÕ bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj|


kxj

25

†evwamË¡ ZLb c‡ii KvR K‡i Rxeb aviY Ki‡Zb| GKw`b wZwb Kv‡Ri mÜv‡b †ei n‡q †mB abx †jvKwUi evwo‡Z Dcw¯’Z nb| M„nKZ©v‡K h_vh_ m¤§vb cÖ`k©b K‡i ej‡jb, Avwg Kv‡Ri Avkvq Avcbvi Kv‡Q G‡mwQ| ZLb M„nKZ©v ej‡jb, Avgvi N‡ii `vm-`vmxmn mK‡jB kxj cvjb K‡i| D‡cvm_ kxj i¶v K‡i| ZzwgI hw` kxj i¶v K‡iv Z‡e KvR cv‡e| †evwam‡Ë¡i AšÍ‡i myß wQ‡jv Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡ii cyY¨dj| Zuvi AšÍ‡i wQj kx‡ji cÖfve| wZwb wK G ai‡Yi kZ© MÖnY bv K‡i cv‡ib? kxj cvj‡bi bvg ï‡b wZwb g‡b Avb›` jvf Ki‡jb| ZLb †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, cÖfz ! Avwg ZvB Ki‡ev| Zvici †evwamË¡ H abx †jv‡Ki evwo‡Z AZ¨šÍ mZZvi mv‡_ KvR Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| Zuvi GKgvÎ wPšÍv wQj cÖfzi g½j mvab Kiv| cÖwZw`‡bi g‡Zv GKw`b wZwb mKv‡j D‡V Kv‡R P‡j hvb| †mw`b wQj D‡cvm_ w`em| wKš‘ †evwamË¡ Zv fz‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb| Gw`‡K M„nKZ©v `vm-`vmxmn mKj‡K wb‡q D‡cvm_ kxj MÖnY K‡ib| weKv‡j Zuviv bxie ¯’v‡b e‡m kxjvby¯§„wZ fvebv KiwQ‡jb| mܨvq †evwamË¡ KvR K‡i evwo‡Z wd‡i G‡m †`‡Lb †Kv_vI †KD †bB| mg¯Í evwo wb¯Íä| Gw`‡K mvivw`b KvR Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb †Kv‡bv Avnvi MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| †c‡U ¶zav| GKRb `vmx Zuv‡K †`L‡Z †c‡q Lvevi wb‡q G‡jv| †L‡Z e‡m †evwamË¡ wPšÍv Ki‡jb Ab¨w`b KZ †jvK _v‡K| AvR Avwg Qvov Avi †KD †bB| Gi KviY Rvb‡Z PvB‡j `vmxwU ej‡jv, AvR D‡cvm_ w`em| mK‡j D‡cvm_ cvjb Ki‡Qb| `vmxi gy‡L G ai‡bi K_v ï‡b Zuvi †c‡Ui ¶zav DavI n‡q †Mj| ZLb wZwb fve‡jb, AvR AvwgI D‡cvm_eªZ cvjb Ki‡ev| GB e‡j wZwb Avnvi bv K‡i D‡V †M‡jb| Zvici M„nKZ©vi wbKU wM‡q †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, ÔcÖfz ! Avgvi fzj n‡q †M‡Q| AvR D‡cvm_ Zv Avwg RvbZvg bv| ZvB mKv‡j D‡cvm_ MÖnY Ki‡Z cvwiwb| Avwg GLb Aókxjmn D‡cvm_kxj MÖnY Ki‡Z PvB| cÖfz, Avwg Zv cvi‡ev wK?Õ ZLb M„nKZ©v ej‡jb, A‡a©K w`b cvjb Ki‡j djI A‡a©K n‡e| G K_v ï‡b †evwamË¡ Aókxj MÖnY K‡i kxjvvby¯§„wZ fvebv Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| mvivw`b cwikªg K‡i‡Qb| ZvB †ekx¶Y wZwb fvebv Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| K¬všÍ n‡q co‡jb| Zey D‡cvm_ kxj cvj‡bi m¼í Ki‡jb| ivZ Mfxi n‡jv| nVvr K‡i wZwb †c‡U †e`bv Abyfe Ki‡jb| µ‡g Zuvi †e`bv evo‡Z _v‡K| mxgvnxb hš¿bvq wZwb QUdU Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| Zv M„nKZ©vi Kv‡b †Mj| wZwb Zuv‡K Lvevi †L‡Z ej‡jb| wKš‘ †evwamË¡ †Kv‡bv Lvevi MÖnY Ki‡jb bv| wZwb M„nKZ©v‡K ej‡jb, g„Zz¨ n‡jI Avwg Avnvi MÖnY Ki‡ev bv|


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26

†evwamË¡ Avnvi MÖnY bv K‡i P‡j hv‡”Qb

†fvi †ejv evivYmxivR cÖvZtåg‡Y †ei n‡jb| åg‡Yi GK ch©v‡q †mB abx e¨w³i evwoi mvg‡b G‡m Dcw¯’Z nb| †evwamË¡ ivRv‡K †`‡L wPb‡Z cvi‡jb| G mgq †evwamË¡ g„ZcÖvq| G mgq ivRv‡K †`L‡Z †c‡q Zuvi AšÍi Avb‡›` f‡i †Mj| ZLb wZwb fve‡jb, Avwg hw` ciR‡b¥ ivRv n‡Z cviZvg ! G ai‡bi wPšÍv Ki‡Z Ki‡Z wZwb gviv †M‡jb| kxjevb e¨w³ g„Zy¨i mgq †hi~c B”Qv †cvlY K‡ib, g„Zz¨i ci †m B”Qv c~iY nq| A‡kl cyY¨d‡j †evwamË¡ evivYmx ivRvi cyÎ n‡q Rb¥ MÖnY K‡ib| ZLb Zuvi bvg nq D`q Kzgvi| kxj cvj‡bi d‡j †evwamË¡ ivRcyÎ n‡q Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Aókxj cvj‡b ewY©Z mydj Qvov Abyic ~ Avi Kx Kx mydj cvIqv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 8 Aókxj cvj‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv


kxj

27

RMZ `ytLgq| Z…òvB `yt‡Li g~j KviY| wbqwgZ Aókxj cvjb Z…òv `~ixf~Z Ki‡Z mnvqZv K‡i| ey× `ytLgyw³i Dcvq ¯^i~c Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abymi‡Yi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb| AvUwU gvM© n‡”Q : mg¨K `„wó, mg¨K msKí, mg¨K evK¨, mg¨K Kg©, mg¨K RxweKv, mg¨K cÖ‡Póv, mg¨K ¯§„wZ I mg¨K mgvwa| Aókxj cvj‡bi gva¨‡g `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq Avh© Aóvw½K AbymiY Kiv hvq| M„nx Rxeb me©`v RvMwZK wPšÍvq e¨wZe¨¯Í| GLv‡b kxj, mgvwa, cÖÁv I wbe©vY m¤ú‡K© fvebvi my‡hvM mxwgZ| G‡¶‡Î Aókxj MÖnYKvix AšÍZ GK‡ejvi Rb¨ n‡jI msmvwiK Kg©KvÛ †_‡K gy³ n‡q AbvMvwiK Rxe‡bi ¯^v` jvf Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Gfv‡e wZwb µgvš^‡q wbe©v‡Yi c‡_ wb‡R‡K cwiPvwjZ Ki‡Z cv‡ib| Avgv‡`i Pvicv‡k A‡bK AKzkj Kg©KvÛ NU‡Z †`Lv hvq| we‡kl K‡i nZ¨v, Pzwi, e¨wfPvi Ges gv`ªK †meb eZ©gvb mgv‡R GK weivU mgm¨v| wbqwgZ Aókxj cvj‡b wPË mshZ nq| Gfv‡e Avgiv AvZ¥msh‡gi gva¨‡g AKzkjKg© †_‡K weiZ _vK‡Z cvwi| ag©xq I ˆbwZK Rxebhvcb Ki‡Z cvwi| cvwievwiKfv‡e Aókxj cvj‡bi Af¨vm M‡o Zzj‡j myLx cvwievwiK Rxeb MVb Kiv m¤¢e| Gme we‡ePbv K‡i ejv hvq Aókxj cvj‡bi Acwimxg cÖ‡qvRbxqZv i‡q‡Q|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Zzwg wK Aókxj cvjb cÖ‡qvRb g‡b Ki? Dˇii mc‡¶ hyw³ `vI

Abykxjbx 1.

k~b¨¯’vb c~iY : K. M„nx †eŠ×iv mvaviYZ c~wY©gv, Agvek¨v Ges Aógx wZw_‡Z ......... cvjb K‡i| L. wf¶y‡K e›`bv K‡i ........... wbKU wÎkiYmn Aókxj cÖv_©bv Ki‡Z nq| M. `ycyi .............. g‡a¨ Avnvi m¤úbœ Ki‡Z n‡e| N. mK‡ji cÖwZ .......... civqY n‡Z n‡e| O. wbqwgZ Aókxj cvjb --------- `~ixf~Z Ki‡Z mnvqZv K‡i|

2.

wgjKiY : evg

Wvb

K. Aókxj MÖn‡Yi c~‡e©

D‡cvmw_K e‡j

L. Z…òvB `yt‡Li

AfveMÖ¯’ nq bv

M. Aókxj MÖnYKvix‡K

Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©

N. `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq

gvbwmK cÖ¯‘wZ wb‡Z nq

O. Aókxj cvj‡bi d‡j

g~jKviY


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

28

3.

msw¶ß cÖkœ : K. L. M. N.

4.

M„nxiv KLb Aókxj cvjb K‡ib? D‡cvm_ kxj ej‡Z Kx eyS? Aókxj cvjbKvixi cuvPwU KiYxq welq †jL| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©mg~‡ni bvg †jL|

iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K. Aókxj Kx| Aókxj MÖn‡Yi wbqgvewj m¤ú‡K© GKwU aviYv `vI| L. Aókxj MÖnYKvixi KiYxq welq m¤ú‡K© †jL| M. Aókxj cvj‡bi mydjmg~n eY©bv Ki| N. ey‡×i c~e©Rxe‡b D‡cvm_ kxjcvj‡bi Kvwnbx †Zvgvi wb‡Ri fvlvq Zz‡j ai|

eû wbe©vPbx cÖkœ : 1| wf¶zMY KqwU kxj cvjb K‡ib ? K)

225

L) 226

M)

227

N) 228

2| †Kvb kxj‡K D‡cvm_ kxj ejv nq ? K)

cÂkxj

L) Aókxj

M)

`kkxj

N) cvwZ‡gv¶kxj

3| Aókxj cÖv_©bv Kiv nq Ñ i.

ey‡×i e›`bv I cÖv_©bv K‡i

ii.

c~Rv I `vbxq mvgMÖx ey× †e`x‡Z †i‡L

iii. wf¶z e›`bv K‡i wÎkiYmn cÖv_©bv K‡i wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K)

i

L) ii

M)

ii I iii

N) i, ii I iii


kxj

29

wb‡Pi Aby‡”Q`wU co Ges 4 I 5 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI Ñ cÖ`xc eveyi cwiev‡ii mevB wg‡j we‡kl wZw_‡Z kxj cvjb wb‡q e¨¯Í wQ‡jb| H w`bB nVvr XvKv †_‡K GK AwZw_ †eov‡Z Av‡mb| mevB kxj cvjb wb‡q e¨¯Í _vKvi Kvi‡Y AwZw_‡K wVKg‡Zv Avc¨vqb Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| AwZw_ welqUv eyS‡Z †c‡i wenv‡i wM‡q kxj MÖnY Ki‡jb Ges a¨vbve¯’vq Mfxi iv‡Z †c‡Ui hš¿bvq KvZi n‡jI †Kvbfv‡eB kxjf½ Ki‡jb bv|

4| Aby‡”Q‡`i NUbvwU †Kvb gvb‡ei AvPi‡Y cwijw¶Z nq ? K) `vm-`vmxi

L) M„n-KZ©vi

M) †evwam‡Ë¡i

N) wf¶zi

5| D³ kxj MÖn‡Y AwZw_ †h fvebvq iZ wQ‡jb Ñ i.

kxjby¯§„wZ fvebv

ii.

we`k©b fvebv

iii. mg_ fvebv

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K)

i

M) i I ii

L) ii N) i, ii I iii

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ 1|

cyw®úZv Lxmv †fv‡i Nyg †_‡K D‡V cÖvZtK…Z¨ m¤úbœ K‡ib| wZwb cwi®‹vi †cvlvK cwiavb K‡i wenv‡i wM‡q eyׇe`x‡Z c~Rv I `vb mvgMÖx †i‡L kxj MÖnY K‡ib| wf¶zi Dc‡`k g‡Zv ey×vm‡bi mvg‡b e‡m cÖv_©bv K‡ib| wZwb `ycy‡ii Lvev‡ii ci cvbxq Qvov wKQz Avnvi MÖnY Ki‡Zb bv| Gfv‡e cyw®úZv Lxmvi †jvf, †Øl, †gvn `~i nq Ges g‡b cÖkvwšÍ weivR K‡i| K) M„nxiv †Kvb kxj cvjb K‡ib ? L) kxj cvjb †eŠ×‡`i Acwinvh©¨ wbZ¨Kg© †Kb ? M) cyw®úZv Lxmv †h kxj cvjb K‡ib, Zv e¨vL¨v Ki| N) D³ kxj cvj‡bi Øviv cyw®úZv Lxmvi cvwievwiK Rxe‡b †Kvb AvPi‡Yi cÖwZdjb NU‡e cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K gZvgZ `vI|


30

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

2|

ivRy I mvRy Nwbô eÜz| ivRyi cwiev‡ii mevB agx©q Kvh©vewj cvj‡b m‡PZb _v‡Kb| c¶všÍ‡i mvRyi cwievi a‡g©i cÖwZ †Zgb AvMÖnx wQj bv| G‡Z mvRyi g‡b Aby‡kvPbv weivR KiZ| GK ch©v‡q mvRy GKvKx mvivw`b Abvnv‡i †_‡K ag©PP©v cvjb K‡i| Ae‡k‡l agx©q ¯§„wZ g‡b wb‡q mvRy g„Zz¨ gy‡L cwZZ nq Ges g„Z…¨ ci †m m`&MwZ cÖvß nq| K) Avw`bœv`vbv k‡ãi A_© Kx ? L) kxj Kxfv‡e MÖnY Ki‡Z nq ? e¨vL¨v Ki| M) mvRyi AvPi‡Y †Kvb Kvwnbxi wgj Lyu‡R cvIqv hvq ? e¨vL¨v Ki| N) ivRy I mvRy K‡g©i Øviv Kx dj jvf Ki‡e cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K we‡kølY Ki|


PZz_© Aa¨vq

`vb Ô`vbÕ GKwU gnr ¸Y| gvbyl †h mKj DËg I Kj¨vYKi KvR K‡i `vb Zvi g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg| †eŠ×a‡g© Ô`vbÕ Abb¨ ¯’vb AwaKvi K‡i Av‡Q| `vb, kxj I fvebv G wZb cÖKvi Kzkj K‡g©i g‡a¨B †eŠ×ag© cÖwZwôZ| c~e©eZx© †kªwY‡Z Avgiv `vb, `v‡bi ˆewkó¨ ev we‡eP¨ welq, `vbxq e¯‘ I `v‡bi mydj m¤ú‡K© †R‡bwQ| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv †eŠ× ag©xq `vb Abyôvb, `vb Kvwnbx I `vbvbyôv‡bi ¸i“Z¡¡ m¤ú‡K© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * †eŠ×ag©xq wewfbœ `vbvbyôv‡bi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡ev| * wewfbœ `vb Kvwnbx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * `vbvbyôv‡bi mvgvwRK ¸i“Z¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 `vbvbyôvb cwiwPwZ †eŠ×iv wewfbœ ag©xq `vb Abyôvb cvjb K‡ib| †hgb : msN`vb, Aó cwi®‹vi `vb, KwVb Pxei `vb BZ¨vw`| Gme `vb Abyôv‡b g~jZ wf¶zmsN‡K `vb Kiv nq| Abyôv‡b A‡bK †jvK mg‡eZ n‡q `vbKvh© m¤úv`b K‡i| †jvf-†Øl-†gvn ¶q, cyY¨ AR©b Ges wbe©vY jv‡fi D‡Ï‡k¨ †eŠ×iv `vb K‡i| ci‡jvKMZ ÁvwZ‡`i m`&MwZ KvgbvqI `vb Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb Kiv nq| D‡j−wLZ `vbvbyôv‡bi g‡a¨ msN`vb I Aócwi®‹vi `vb †h †Kv‡bv mgq Kiv hvq| GR‡b¨ wba©vwiZ †Kv‡bv w`b †bB| `vZv cÖ‡qvRb Abymv‡i mva¨g‡Zv †h †Kv‡bv mg‡q msN`vb I Aócwi®‹vi `vb Ki‡Z cv‡ib| KwVb Pxei `vb ïay gvÎ cÖwZeQi el©vevm †k‡l cÖeviYv c~wY©gvi ci w`b n‡Z GKgvm ch©šÍ cÖwZw`b wewfbœ wenv‡i D`&hvwcZ nq| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv msN`vb m¤ú‡K© cvV Ki‡ev|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR †eŠ×‡`i `v‡bi D‡Ïk¨ Kx?


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

32

cvV : 2 msN`vb †eŠ×‡`i ag©xq Abyôvbmg~‡ni g‡a¨ msN`vb Ab¨Zg| wf¶zmsN‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i †h `vb cÖ`vb Kiv nq Zv‡K msN`vb ejv nq| †eŠ×iv wek¦vm K‡i †h, GKRb wf¶z‡K `vb Kivi †P‡q msN‡K `vb Kiv LyeB dj`vqK|

msN`vb ÔPj−veM©Õ bvgK MÖ‡š’ wf¶zmsN‡K `vb cÖ`v‡bi Ab¨Zg cyY¨‡¶Î wn‡m‡e AwfwnZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| †h †Kv‡bv mgq G `vbvbyôvb Av‡qvRb Kiv hvq| wf¶z, DcvmK, DcvwmKv †h †KD GKK ev mg‡eZfv‡e wenv‡i ev wbR M„‡n msN`vb Abyôvb Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z cv‡ib| mvaviYZ DcvmK-DcvwmKvMY wbRM„‡nB msN`vb Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡ib| †eŠ×iv †h †Kv‡bv ïf KvR Avi¤¢ Kivi Av‡M msN`vb Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb K‡i| †hgb : weevn, bZzb Ni ˆZwi, e¨emv-evwYR¨ ïi“, we‡`k Mgb, beRvZ‡Ki AbœcÖvkb, cÖeªR¨v MÖnY cÖf…wZ ïf K‡g©i c~‡e© msN`vb Kiv hvq| Z‡e cwiev‡ii †KD g„Zz¨eiY Ki‡j Aek¨B msN`vb Abyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb Ki‡Z nq| †eŠ×iv wek¦vm K‡i †h, msN`v‡bi d‡j g„Z e¨w³ m`&MwZ cÖvß nb| msN`vb Ki‡Z n‡j Kgc‡¶ cuvPRb wf¶zi Dcw¯’wZ cÖ‡qvRb nq| msN`vb Abyôv‡bi c~‡e© wf¶zmsN‡K wbgš¿Y Ki‡Z nq| msN`v‡b wf¶zi msL¨v hZ †ekx nq ZZ †ekx fv‡jv|


33

`vb msN`v‡b mvaviYZ wf¶zms‡Ni wbZ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq `ªe¨ `vb Kiv nq| wbZ¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq `ªe¨mg~n n‡jv : Abœ, e¯¿, Jla, mvevb, †Zj, QvZv, muyP-myZv, BZ¨vw`| mvaviYZ wf¶zmsN Avnvi MÖn‡Yi c~‡e© G `vb Kvh© m¤úv`b Kiv nq| msN`v‡bi mgq wf¶zms‡Ni Avm‡bi mvg‡b `vb mvgMÖx my›`ifv‡e mvwR‡q ivLv nq| wf¶zmsN cwicvwUfv‡e Avm‡b Dc‡ekb Ki‡j `vb Abyôv‡bi Kvh©µg Avi¤¢ Kiv nq| `vb Kvh© cwiPvjbv Kivi Rb¨ wf¶zms‡Ni ga¨ †_‡K e‡qv‡R¨ô GKRb wf¶z‡K mfvcwZ wbe©vPb Kiv nq| mfvcwZi AbygwZµ‡g Abyôv‡bi Kvh©µg Avi¤¢ Kiv nq| cÖ_‡g wÎkiYmn cÂkxj cÖv_©bv Kiv nq| Zvici, mfvcwZ ev AwfÁ GKRb wf¶z msN`vb Mv_v wZbevi Ave„wË K‡ib| Mv_vwU wb¤œi~c :

ÔBgs wfK&Ls mcwiK&Lvis wf¶z msNm&m †`g, c~‡RgÕ evsjv Abyev` : GB cÖ‡qvRbxq Lv`¨-`ªe¨ wf¶z msN‡K `vb w`‡q c~Rv KiwQ| Dcw¯’Z mK‡j Mv_vwU mg¯^‡i wZbevi Ave„wË K‡ib| AZtci, wf¶zmsN mg¯^‡i KiYxq ‰gÎx m~Î, g½j m~Î cÖf…wZ cvV K‡ib| Zvici, ÔÔB`s †g TvZxbs †nvZz, mywLZv †nvš‘ TvZ‡hv.....wbe¶vYm&m c”P‡hv †nvZzÕwZ (G cyY¨ Avgvi ÁvwZM‡Yi g½‡ji †nZz †nvK, ÁvwZMY myLx †nvK ..........wbe©vY jv‡fi †nZz †nvK)Õ DrmM© Mv_vwU wZbevi Ave„wË K‡i msN`v‡bi cyY¨dj ÁvwZM‡Yi D‡Ï‡k¨ `vb Ki‡Z nq| DrmM© Mv_v‡K cyY¨vby‡gv`b Mv_vI ejv nq| DrmM© Mv_v Ave„wËKv‡j `vZv cwiev‡ii GKRb Rj †X‡j cyY¨ivwk g„Z ÁvwZmn mKj cÖvYx I †`eZv‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ `vb K‡i| ey× msN`v‡bi dj m¤ú‡K© D”P cÖksmv K‡i‡Qb| wZwb e‡j‡Qb, Ôhy‡M hy‡M c„w_ex, mvMi, †gi“ cÖf…wZ ¶q n‡q hvq| wKšÍ kZ mn¯ª K‡íI msN`v‡bi d‡j AwR©Z cyY¨ivwk †kl nq bv|Õ

Abykxjbg~jK KvR msN`vb Abyôv‡bi `vb mvgMÖxi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 3 `vb Kvwnbx Kvwnbx : GK †eŠ×a‡g© `v‡bi eû Kvwnbx cÖPwjZ Av‡Q| wm×v_©iƒ‡c Rb¥MÖn‡Yi Av‡M wZwb AviI 549 evi Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| ey× n‡Z †M‡j `k cvigx c~Y© Ki‡Z nq| Zvig‡a¨ `vb cvigxi ¯’vb cÖ_g| Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡i wZwb AmsL¨ `vb K‡i `vb cvigx c~Y© K‡ib| GKevi †evwamË¡ wkwe ivRv iƒ‡c Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| `vZv wn‡m‡e Zuvi Lye myL¨vwZ wQj| `vbkxjZv cix¶v Kivi Rb¨ †`eivR B›`ª AÜ eªvþ‡Yi †ek aviY K‡i G‡m wkwe ivRv‡K ej‡jb, ÔgnvivR ! Avcbvi `vbkxjZvi KxwZ© me©Î cÖmvwiZ| Avwg AÜ| Avcbvi `ywU †PvL Av‡Q| Avgv‡K Avcbvi GKwU †PvL `vb


34

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

Ki“b|Õ A‡Üi cÖwZ KiæYvekZ ivRv †PvL `vb wm×všÍ †bb| †PvL `v‡bi K_v ï‡b ivRvi mKj wcÖqcvÎ, bMievmx Ges AšÍtcyievmx mg‡eZ n‡q ivRv‡K †PvL `vb Ki‡Z evievi wb‡la Ki‡Z _v‡Kb| mK‡ji wb‡la I evav m‡Ë¡I ivRv AÜ eªvþY‡K Zuvi †PvL `vb Kivi wm×v‡šÍ msKíe× _v‡Kb| wZwb ivRˆe`¨ mxeK‡K †W‡K GKwU †PvL †Zvjvi wb‡`©k w`‡jb| mxeK ivRv‡K ej‡jb, †PvL `vb eo KwVb KvR| gnvivR ! cybivq we‡ePbv Ki“b|Õ ivRv Zuvi wm×v‡šÍ AUj iB‡jb Ges mxeK‡K Wvb †PvL †Zvjvi Av‡`k w`‡jb| mxeK †PvLwU Zz‡j ivRvi nv‡Z w`‡jb| ivRv Zv AÜ eªvþY‡K `vb Ki‡jb| AÜ eªvþY †PvLwU wb‡Ri Aw¶‡KvU‡i ¯’vcb Ki‡jb| ZLb †PvLwU bxj c‡Ùi g‡Zv †kvfv †c‡Z jvMj| ivRv evg †PvL w`‡q H `„k¨ †`‡L fve‡jb, Avnv ! Avgvi †PvL `vb mv_©K n‡jv|Õ wZwb cig cÖxwZ jvf Ki‡jb Ges Aci †PvLwUI eªvþY‡K `vb Ki‡jb| wKQzw`b cÖvmv‡` Ae¯’vb Kivi ci wZwb fve‡jb, †h AÜ Zvi iv‡R¨i Kx cÖ‡qvRb? AZtci wZwb AgvZ¨‡`i nv‡Z ivR¨fvi Ac©b K‡i kÖvgY¨ag© cvj‡bi Rb¨ D`¨v‡b P‡j †M‡jb| GKw`b D`¨v‡b e‡m wZwb wb‡Ri `v‡bi K_v fve‡Z jvM‡jb| Agwb B‡›`ªi Avmb DËß n‡jv| †`eivR B›`ª Gi KviY eyS‡Z †c‡i gnvivR‡K ei w`‡jb| ZLb wZwb `„wó wd‡i †c‡jb| ZLb ivRv ej‡jb :

A‡MÖ `vb K‡i Ki †fvRb †fvM Ki, h_v kw³ K‡i Av‡M `vb| cvB‡e cÖksmv †n_v, ¯^‡M© cv‡e ¯’vb| Kvwnbx : `yB

†MŠZg ey‡×i mg‡q kªve¯Íx bM‡i my`Ë bv‡g GKRb †kªôx wQ‡jb| wZwb AZ¨šÍ `vbkxj wQ‡jb| †Kv‡bv Abv_, wfLvix Zuvi M„n †_‡K Lvwj nv‡Z wd‡i †h‡Zb bv| GR‡b¨ wZwb Abv_wcwÛK bv‡g L¨vZ nb| GK mgq wZwb cuvPkZ kKU (cï PvwjZ Mvwo) wb‡q ivRM„n bM‡i GK †kªôx-eÜzi Kv‡Q †eov‡Z †M‡jb| †mLv‡b wZwb Rvb‡Z cvi‡jb RM‡Z fMevb ey× Avwef~~©Z n‡q‡Qb| GB msev` ï‡b wZwb eyׇK †`Lvi B”Qv †cvlY K‡ib| ey‡×i ag©evYx ï‡b Abv_wcwÛK †mªvZvcwË dj jvf K‡ib| wZwb mwkl¨ eyׇK gnv`vb w`‡jb Ges kªve¯Íx‡Z hvevi Rb¨ wbgš¿Y Ki‡jb| ivRM„n n‡Z kªve¯Íx cuqZvwjøk †hvRb `~‡i Aew¯’Z| Abv_wcwÛK kªve¯Íx‡Z †divi c‡_ cÖ‡Z¨K †hvRb AšÍi GKwU K‡i wenvi wbg©vY Kivb| AvVvi †KvwU ¯^Y©gy`ªv e¨q K‡i †RZeb D`¨vb µq K‡ib| H D`¨v‡b AviI AvVvi †KvwU ¯^Y©gy`ªv e¨q K‡i †RZeb wenvi wbg©vY K‡ib| wf¶zmsNmn eyׇK wZbgvm e¨vcx Avc¨vqb I †mevi Rb¨ AviI AvVvi †KvwU ¯^Y©gy`ªv e¨q K‡ib| cÖwZw`b Zuvi evwo‡Z cuvPkZ wf¶z‡K †mev `v‡bi e¨e¯’v wQj| GB mKj gnv`v‡bi Rb¨ ey× Zvu‡K Ô†kªô `vqKÕ Dcvwa‡Z f~wlZ K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb hLb `yive¯’vq cwZZ n‡qwQ‡jb ZLbI `vb eÜ K‡ib bvB| ey× GKw`b Zuv‡K wRÁvmv K‡iwQ‡jb, Ô†n M„ncwZ! †Zvgvi `vb Kvh© Pwj‡Z‡Q wK?Õ wZwb Dˇi e‡jb †h, wZwb `vb Ki‡Qb, Z‡e Zv AwZ wbK…ó `vb| ey× ej‡jb, wPË DrK…ó n‡j `vb KL‡bv wbK…ó nq bv| `vZvi wP‡Ëi DrK…óZv Ges MÖwnZvi DrKl©Zv me `vb‡KB


35

`vb

DrK„ó K‡i| `vbkxjZvi Kvi‡Y Abv_wcwÛK †eŠ×a‡g©i BwZnv‡m Agi n‡q Av‡Qb| GL‡bv gvbyl kÖ×vwP‡Ë Zuvi `v‡bi K_v ¯§iY K‡i| GB Kvwnbx cvV K‡i Avgiv eyS‡Z cvwi, `v‡b hk L¨vwZ e„w× cvq Ges `v‡bi †¶‡Î we‡Ëi †P‡q wP‡Ëi D`viZvB †ewk cÖ‡qvRb|

Kvwnbx : wZb GK`v `vmx c~Y©v cÖfzi M„‡n mvivivZ M„nKg© Kivi ci †fv‡i Lye K¬vwšÍ I ¶yav Abyfe K‡iwQj| ZLb †m `yÕLvbv Ava‡cvov i“wU wb‡q Kv‡Qi cyKzi Nv‡U wM‡q emj| Ggb mgq GKRb †eŠ× wf¶z wf¶vcvÎ nv‡Z GwM‡q AvmwQ‡jb| wf¶viZ †eŠ× wf¶z‡K †`‡L c~Y©vi wPË kÖ×vq c~Y© n‡q †Mj| ZLb Zvi g‡b wf¶z‡K wKQz `vb Kivi B”Qv RvMÖZ n‡jv| wKš‘ †m wQj `wi`ª, nv‡Zi Kv‡Q H `ywU i“wU Qvov wKQzB wQj bv| c~Y©v fve‡jb, G †cvov i“wU wK wf¶z MÖnY Ki‡eb? Gfv‡e wØavMÖ¯’fv‡e wZwb wf¶zi Kv‡Q GwM‡q †M‡jb| wf¶z‡K kÖ×v wP‡Ë e›`bv K‡i Zvi `v‡bi B”Qv cÖKvk K‡i ej‡jb, f‡šÍ ! Avgvi Kv‡Q ïay `yLvbv i“wU Av‡Q| Avwg G¸‡jv Avcbv‡K `vb Ki‡Z PvB| f‡šÍ ! Avcwb wK MÖnY Ki‡eb? f‡šÍ c~Y©vi `v‡bi AvMÖn eyS‡Z †c‡i i“wU MÖn‡Y m¤§wZ cÖ`vb K‡i wf¶vcvÎ GwM‡q w`‡jb| c~Y©v Avb›`c~Y© wP‡Ë i“wU `yLvbv wf¶z‡K `vb Ki‡jb| G `v‡bi d‡j wZwb †¯ªvZvcwË dj AR©b K‡ib| G Kvwnbx c‡oI Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi `v‡bi †¶‡Î we‡Ëi †P‡q wPË m¤ú` AwaK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR `v‡bi †¶‡Î weË bq, wPË m¤ú`B AwaK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©- Av‡jvPbv Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 4 `vbvbyôv‡bi mvgvwRK ¸i“Z¡ †eŠ×a‡g© `v‡bi mvgvwRK ¸i“Z¡ Acwimxg| `vb †`qv gvby‡li GKwU gnr ¸Y| GB ¸YwU weKwkZ Kivi †¶‡Î `vbvbyôvb weivU f~wgKv iv‡L| `vbvbyôv‡bi gva¨‡g `v‡bi Af¨vm M‡o D‡V| AnsKvi, K…cYZv, †jvf-†Øl-‡gvn cÖf…wZ `~i nq| wP‡Ëi D`viZv ev‡o| c‡ivcKvix g‡bvfve m„wó nq| A‡b¨i wec‡` mvnv‡h¨i nvZ evwo‡q †`qvi †cÖiYv m„wó nq| `qv, wbt¯^v_©ciZv, ˆgÎx, †cÖg cÖfw„ Z gvbweK ¸‡Yi weKvk N‡U| `vb, kxj Ges fvebvi Abykxjb gvbyl‡K `ytL †_‡K gyw³ †`q| `vb cvigx c~Y© bv Ki‡j wbe©vY c‡_ AMÖmi nIqv hvq bv| ZvB `k cvigxi g‡a¨ `vb cvigx‡K cÖ_‡g ¯’vb †`qv n‡q‡Q| `vbvbyôvb `vb cvigx c~iYc~e©K gvbyyl‡K wbe©vY c‡_ cwiPvwjZ n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i| `vb Kvwnbx c‡o Avgiv †R‡bwQ D`vi wP‡Ë Ges kx‡j cÖwZwôZ n‡q `vb Ki‡j Zv DrK…ó `vb wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ nq| mr Dcv‡q DcvwR©Z A_© `vb Ki‡j AwaK dj AR©b nq| †eŠ×a‡g© `vZv I MÖwnZv Dfq‡K kxjevb n‡Z nq| `vbvbyôvb kxjevb I bxwZcivqY n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

36

`vbvbyôv‡b AvZ¥xq ¯^Rb, eÜz-evÜe, cÖwZ‡ekx Ask MÖnY K‡i| d‡j cvi¯úwiK †hvMv‡hvM I fve wewbgq nq| G‡Z mvgvwRK eÜb `„p nq| ci¯ú‡ii g‡a¨ mym¤úK© m„wó nq| cvi¯úwiK fzj †evSveywS, wnsmv-we‡Øl `~i nq| d‡j mgv‡R kvwšÍ weivR K‡i| `vb Øviv mgv‡R A‡bK gnr KvR Kiv hvq| †hgb : wk¶v I agx©q cÖwZôvb, nvmcvZvj, Abv_vjq ¯’vcb, iv¯ÍvNvU, †mZz, Rjvavi ˆZwi BZ¨vw`| kix‡ii A½ cÖZ¨½I `vb Kiv hvq| G `v‡bi d‡j A‡bK gvbyl g„Zz¨i nvZ †_‡K i¶v cvq| `„wónxb e¨w³ `„wó wd‡i cvq| d‡j ejv hvq, `vbvbyôvb ˆbwZK I gvbweK ¸Yvewji weKvk mvab K‡i mvgvwRK Dbœq‡b ¸i“Z¡c~Y© f~wgKv iv‡L| GR‡b¨ mK‡ji `vbvbyôv‡bi Av‡qvRb Ges `vbvbyôv‡b †hvM`vb Kiv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR `v‡bi Øviv †Zvgv‡`i GjvKvq Kx Kx ag©xq I mvgvwRK cÖwZôvb M‡o D‡V‡Q Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki (`jxq KvR)

Abykxjbx 1. k~Y¨¯’vb c~iY : K) `vbkxj I fvebv GB wZb cÖKvi ...............K‡g©i g‡a¨B †eŠ×ag© cÖwZwôZ| L) msN`vb Ki‡Z n‡j Kgc‡¶ ............ wf¶zi Dcw¯’wZi cÖ‡qvRb nq|| M) DrmM© Mv_v‡K .......... Mv_vI ejv nq| N) GKevi ............. wkweivRv iƒ‡c Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib|| O) `vb †`qv gvby‡li GKwU gnr ............ |

2. msw¶ß cÖkœ : K) †eŠ×iv †Kb `vb K‡i ? L) †eŠ×iv †Kvb †Kvb agx©q `vb Abyôvb cvjb K‡i? M) msN`v‡b Kx Kx `vb Ki‡Z cvi?

3. iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K) Kxfv‡e msN`vb Ki‡Z nq eY©bv Ki| L) `vmx c~Y©vi †mªvZvcwËdj AR©‡bi Kvwnbx Av‡jvPbv Ki| M) `vb Øviv mgv‡R A‡bK gnr KvR mvwaZ nq- e¨vL¨v Ki|


37

`vb

eû wbe©vPbx cÖkœ : 1| `k cvigxi g‡a¨ cÖ_g cvigx †KvbwU ? K)

`vb

L) kxj

M)

fvebv

N) cÖÁv

2| `vb †`qv nq Ñ i.

†jvf-†Øl-‡gvn ¶q Kivi Rb¨

ii.

wbe©vY jv‡fi Rb¨

iii. A‰bwZK KvR ‡_‡K weiZ _vKvi Rb¨

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K)

i

L) ii

M)

i I ii

N) ii I iii

wb‡Pi Aby‡”Q`wU co Ges 3 I 4 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI : cÖ‡mbwRZ †PŠayix bZzb evox‡Z cÖ‡ek Dcj‡¶¨ GK `vbK‡g©i Av‡qvRb K‡ib| cÖvÁ wf¶z msN `v‡bi wewfbœ w`K I dj wb‡q Av‡jvPbvq e‡jbÑGB `vbKg© GKwU DrK…ó I AwaKZi †ewk c~Y¨ Kg©| mK‡ji DwPZ Gi~c `vb †`qv|

3| cÖ‡mbwRZ †PŠayixi `vbKg©wU †Kvb `v‡bi AšÍf©~³ ? K) M)

Pxei `vb Aó cwi®‹vi `vb

L) msN`vb N) gnv`vb

4| Aby‡”Q‡` ewY©Z `v‡bi d‡j cÖ‡mbwRZ †PŠayix jvf Ki‡Z cvi‡eb Ñ K)

wPË myL

L) Kvq myL

M)

wbe©vY myL

N) cvigx c~iY

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ : 1|

P¤úv PvKgv †Q‡ji Rb¥ w`b Dcj‡¶ evox‡Z AvZ¥xq I cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i wbgš¿Y Ki‡jb| D³ Abyôv‡b wZwb Mvb evRbviI e¨e¯’v Ki‡jb| G‡Z Zvi gv Amš‘ó n‡jb| Zuvi B”Qv wQj wenvi Aa¨‡¶i AbygwZµ‡g


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

38

wf¶zmsN‡K Dchy³ `vb †`‡eb| ZvB P¤úv gv‡qi B”Qv c~iY Kivi Rb¨ msN‡K Pxei, wf¶vcvÎmn bvbv `ªe¨ I wenvi Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ bM` A_© `vb Ki‡jb|

2|

K)

KZ cÖKvi Kzkj K‡g©i g‡a¨ †eŠ× ag© cÖwZwôZ ?

L)

`v‡bi D‡Ïk¨ e¨vL¨v Ki|

M)

P¤úv †h `vb Ki‡jb Zv †Kvb `v‡bi AšÍf~©³ ? e¨vL¨v Ki|

N)

P¤úvi `v‡bi mvgvwRK ¸iæZ¡ cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K e¨vL¨v Ki|

Awbj PvKgv GKRb abvX¨ e¨emvqx| Zvi MÖv‡g GK hye‡Ki GKwU wKWbx bó n‡q †M‡j wZwb (Awbj PvKgv) D³ hye‡Ki wPwKrmvi Rb¨ GK j¶ UvKv `vb K‡ib| c¶všÍ‡i mywbj PvKgv abx n‡jI wZwb H hyeK‡K wb‡Ri GKwU wKWbx `vb K‡ib| mywbj PvKgvi wKWbx `v‡bi d‡j hyeKwU g„Zz¨i nvZ †_‡K i¶v †cj| K) msN`v‡bi Rb¨ KZRb wf¶zi cÖ‡qvRb ? L) wf¶z msN‡K `vb †`Iqv nq †Kb ? M) mywbj PvKgvi `vbwU †Kvb `v‡bi mv‡_ mv`„k¨ i‡q‡Q Ñ e¨vL¨v Ki| N) Awbj PvKgv I mywbj PvKgvi `v‡bi djvdj cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K Zzjbvg~jK we‡køl Ki|


cÂg Aa¨vq

m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v ÔwbwaKÛ m~ÎÕ wÎwcU‡Ki AšÍM©Z LyÏKcvV MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z Av‡Q| cÖK…Z m¤ú` ej‡Z Kx eySvq Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z wM‡q †MŠZg ey× wbwaKÛ m~ÎwU †`kbv K‡ib| AcÖgv` eM© wÎwcU‡Ki ag©c` MÖ‡š’ cvIqv hvq| AcÖgv` e‡M© Kxfv‡e RM‡Z AcÖgË ev AwePj †_‡K mrKvR Kiv hvq Ges wPˇK wbqš¿Y Kiv hvq Zv ewY©Z Av‡Q| wbwaKÐ m~Î Ges AcÖgv` e‡M©i Mv_v¸‡jv gvby‡li ˆbwZK I gvbweK ¸Yvewji weKvk mvab K‡i| G Aa¨v‡qi cÖ_g As‡k Avgiv wbwaKÛ m~Î Ges wØZxq As‡k AcÖgv` eM© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv* wbwaKÛ m~‡Îi cUf~wg eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * cÖK…Z wbwamg~n Kx D‡j−L Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * m~ÎwUi Zvrch© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * AcÖgv‡`i e¨vL¨v w`‡Z cvi‡ev| * AcÖgË _vKvi mydj g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * wbwaKÛ m~Î I AcÖgv` e‡M©i Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 wbwaKÛ m~‡Îi cUf~wg ey‡×i mg‡q kÖve¯Íx‡Z GK abvX¨ †kÖôx evm Ki‡Zb| GKw`b wZwb wf¶zmsNmn eyׇK wcÐ`v‡b e¨¯Í wQ‡jb| †m mgq †Kvkj iv‡R¨i ivRvi A‡_©i cÖ‡qvRb nq| wZwb †kÖôx‡K wb‡q hvevi Rb¨ `~Z †cÖiY K‡ib| hLb †kÖôx ey× I wf¶zms‡Ni †mevq e¨¯Í wQ‡jb ZLb `~Z G‡m Zuv‡K ivRvi Av‡`k Ávcb K‡ib| ZLb †kªôx `~Z‡K e‡jb, ÔGLb hvI, Avwg ab m‡q e¨¯Í AvwQ|Õ †kÖôx GLv‡b ab ej‡Z cyY¨m¤ú`‡K eywS‡q‡Qb| AZtci fMevb ey× Avnvi mgvß K‡i cyY¨m¤ú`‡K h_v_© wbwa wn‡m‡e cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z wbwaKÐ m~Î †`kbv K‡ib| G n‡jv wbwaKÛ m~‡Îi cUf~wg|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR ey× wbwaKÛ m~Î †Kb †`kbv K‡iwQ‡jb? eY©bv Ki

cvV 2 : wbwaKÛ m~Î (cvwj I evsjv)


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

40

1| wbwas wb‡awZ cywi‡mv M¤¢x‡i I`KwšÍ‡K, A‡Ì wK‡”P mgyà‡bœ AÌvh †g fwem&mwZ| evsjv Abyev` : A_© Kó Dcw¯’Z n‡j ÔGB A_© fwel¨‡Z Kv‡R jvM‡eÕ Gi~c †f‡e †jv‡K Mfxi D`K¯úk©x M‡Z© ab cyu‡Z iv‡L| 2|

ivR‡Zv ev `yiæËm&m †Pvi‡Zv cxwjZm&m ev, BYm&m ev c‡gvK&Lvh `ye&wfK&‡L Avc`vmy ev GZ`Ìvq †jvKw¯§s wbwa bvg wbaxh‡Z|

evsjv Abyev` : ivRvi †`ŠivZ¥¨, †Pv‡ii Drcxob, FY, `ywf©¶ I Avc` †_‡K gyw³i Rb¨ †jv‡K ab cyu‡Z iv‡L| 3|

Zve mywbwn‡Zv m‡šÍv M¤¢x‡i I`KwšÍ‡K, b m‡e¶v me¶`v Ge Zm&m Zs DcKàwZ|

evsjv Abyev` : Gfv‡e Mfxi D`K¯úk©x M‡Z© fvjfv‡e ab cyu‡Z ivL‡jI Zv me mgq ab mÂwqZvi DcKv‡i Av‡m bv| 4|

wbwa ev Vvbv PewZ mT&TvevÕm&m wegyh&nwZ, bvMv ev Acbv‡gwšÍ hK&Lv evwc niwšÍ Zs,

evsjv Abyev` : ab ¯’vb Py¨Z nq, Gi ¯§„wZ wPý we¯§„Z n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| bvMiv ¯’vbvšÍi Ki‡Z cv‡i, A_ev h¶iv niY Ki‡Z cv‡i| 5| Awàhv evwc `vhv`v D×iwšÍ Acm&m‡Zv, h`v cyT&TK&L‡hv †nvwZ me¶‡gZs webm&mwZ| evsjv Abyev` : AwcÖq DËivwaKvix (gvwj‡Ki) AÁvZmv‡i Zz‡j wb‡Z cv‡i, Avevi (gvwj‡Ki) cyY¨¶q n‡j mg¯Í ab bó n‡q hvq| 6|

hm&m `v‡bb mx‡jb mT&T‡gb `‡gb P, wbwa mywbwn‡Zv †nvwZ BwÌhv cywimm&m ev

evsjv Abyev` : ¯¿x‡jvK ev cyiæ‡li `vb, kxj, mshg I `g‡bi (wbqš¿Y) Øviv †h cyY¨i~c ab DËgiƒ‡c wbwnZ nq 7| †PwZhg&wn P m‡•N ev cy¹‡j AwZw_my ev, gvZwi wcZwi evwc A‡_v †RU&Vg&wn fvZwi evsjv Abyev` : †h ab ˆPZ¨ wbg©vY, wf¶zmsN, cy`Mj, AwZw_, gv, evev A_ev †R¨ô åvZvi †mevq wb‡qvwRZ nq


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

41

8| G‡mv wbwa mywbwn‡Zv A‡R‡h¨v AbyMvwg‡Kv, cnvh Mgbx‡hmy GZs Av`vh M”QwZ| evsjv Abyev` : †mB abB cÖK…Z mywbwnZ, A‡Rq I AbyMvgx nq, GB ab wb‡qB gvbyl ci‡jv‡K Mgb K‡i| 9|

AmvaviYgT&‡Tms A‡Pvini‡Yv wbwa, Kwhiv_ ax‡iv cyT&Tvwb †hv wbwa AvbyMvwg‡Kv|

evsjv Abyev` : GB a‡b A‡b¨i AwaKvi †bB, †PviI niY Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| †h ab gvby‡li AbyMvgx nq cwÛZ e¨w³i Zv mÂq Kiv DwPZ| 10| Gm †`egbym&mvbs me¶Kvg`‡`v wbwa, hs h‡`evwfc‡ÌwšÍ me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ| evsjv Abyev` : GB ab †`eZv I gvby‡li mKj Kvgbv c~Y© K‡i Ges hv hv cÖv_©bv Kiv nq Gi Øviv †mme jvf Kiv hvq| 11| myeYœZv mym&miZv mymÉvbmyi~c Zv Avwac”Pcwiev‡iv me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ| evsjv Abyev` : my›`i eY©, mywgó ¯^i, my›`i kixi, myic~ , AwacwZ nIqvi ¸Y I mycwievi - meB Gi Øviv jvf Kiv hvq| 12| c‡`mi¾s Bm&mwihs P°ewËmyLw¤úhs, †`ei¾w¤ú w`‡e¶my me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ| evsjv Abyev` : cÖ‡`‡ki ivRZ¡, Hk¦h©, ivRPµeZx©i myL, †`eiv‡Ri w`e¨ myL meB Gi Øviv jvf Kiv hvq| 13| gvbywmKv P m¤úwË †`e‡jv‡K P hv iwZ, hv P wbe¶vbm¤úwË me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ| evsjv Abyev` : gbyl¨ †jv‡Ki m¤úwË, †`e‡jv‡Ki Avb›` I cig wbe©vYm¤ú` - meB Gi Øviv jvf Kiv hvq| 14| wgËm¤ú`gvM®§ †hvwb‡mv †e chyćZv, we¾vwegywËemxfv‡ev me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ| evsjv Abyev` : wgÎ m¤ú` jvf K‡i whwb mÁv‡b †hvMmvabv K‡ib, Zuvi we`¨v, wegyw³, m‡¤^vwa cÖf„wZ mewKQy Gi Øviv jvf Kiv hvq| 15| cwUmw¤¢`v we‡gvK&Lv P hv P mveKcvigx, c‡”PK†evwa ey×f~wg me¶‡g‡Zb je&fwZ|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

42

evsjv Abyev` : cÖwZmw¤¢`v, we‡gv¶, kªveKcvigx (ev An©Z¡), cÖ‡Z¨K ey×Z¡¡, mg¨K m‡¤^vwa cÖf„wZ mewKQy Gi Øviv jvf Kiv hvq| 16| Ges gwnw×hv Gmv hw``s cyT&Tm¤ú`v, Z¯§v axiv cmsmwšÍ cwÛZv KZcyT&TZwšÍ| evsjv Abyev` : GB cyY¨m¤ú`¸‡jv Ggb gnvFw×m¤úbœ †h GRb¨ w¯’ieyw× cwÛ‡Ziv GB cyY¨m¤ú‡`i cÖksmv K‡i _v‡Kb|

kãv_© : wbwas - ab; wb‡awZ-cyu‡Z ivLv; cywi‡mv-cyi“l; M¤¢x‡i-Mfx‡i; I`KwšÍ‡K-I`K A_© Rj, Rjmxgv †_‡K `~‡i gvwUi wb‡P; A‡Ì wK‡”P-A_© K‡ó; mgyà‡bœ-mgyrcbœ n‡j; AÌvq †g fwem&mwZ fwel¨‡Z G A_© Avgvi Kv‡R jvM‡e; ivR‡Zv ev `yiæËmm - ivRvi †`ŠivZ¥¨ n‡j; †Pvi‡Zv cxwjZmm ev †Pv‡ii Drcxob n‡j; BYmm ev c‡gvK&Lvq-FY Dcw¯’Z n‡j; `ye&wfK&‡L Avc`vmy ev - `ywf©¶ I Avc‡`; GZ`Ìvq †jvKw¯§s - GRb¨ †jv‡K; wbwa bvg wbaxq‡Z - ab cyu‡Z iv‡L; Zve mywbwn‡Zv m‡šÍv - Gfv‡e mywbwnZ ivLv m‡Ë¡I; m‡e¶v - mKj; me¶`v- me©`v; Zmm-Zvi; DcKàwZ -DcKv‡i; Vvbv-¯’vb; PewZPz¨Z nIqv; mT&Tvem&m - ¯§„wZwP‡ýi; weg~h&nwZ - we¯§„Z nIqv; bvMv ev Acbv‡gwšÍ -bv‡Miv AcmviY K‡i; hK&Lv - h¶iv; evwc-A_ev; niwšÍ Zs - Zv niY Ki‡Z cv‡i; Awàhv-AwcÖq; `vhv`v- DËivwaKvix; D×iwšÍ-D×vi Kiv, D‡Ëvjb Kiv; Acm&m‡Zv -AÁvZmv‡i; h`v cyT&TK&L‡hv - hLb cyY¨¶q; †nvwZ nq; me¶‡gZs - Gme wKQy; webm&mwZ- webvk nIqv; hm&m - †hme; `v‡bb - `v‡bi Øviv; mx‡jb - kx‡ji Øviv; mT&T‡gb - mshg Øviv; `‡gb - wbqš¿Y Øviv; BwÌhv - ¯¿xMY; cywimv - cyiælMY; †PwZhwgn ˆPZ¨; m‡•N - m•N; cyMMj - cy`Mj; AwZw_my - AwZw_; A_ - AZtci; †RU&Vwgn - eo; fvZwi - fvB; A‡R‡h¨v - A‡Rq; AbyMvwgKv - AbyMvgx; cnvh - Z¨vM K‡i; cgbx‡hmy - Mgb K‡i; GZs Av`vq - G¸‡jv jvf K‡i; AmvaviYgT&‡Tms- A‡b¨i AwaKvi †bB| A‡Pvini‡Yv- †Pv‡i niY Ki‡Z cv‡i bv; Kwhiv_-Kiv DwPZ; ax‡iv-axi; cyT&Tvwb - cyY¨m¤ú`; Gm - GB; †`egbym&mvbs - †`eZv I gvbyl; me¶Kvg`‡`v - me© Kvgbv c~Y© Kiv; h‡`evwfc‡ÌwšÍ - hv hv cÖv_©bv Kiv nq; je&fwZ- jvf Kiv hvq; myeYœZv - my›`i eY©; mym&miZv - mywgó ¯^i; myi~c Zv -myi~c ; mymÚvb - my›`i kixi; Awac”P - AvwacZ¨; c‡`mi¾s - cÖ‡`‡k ivRZ¡; Bm&mwiqs - Hk¦h©; P°ewË - PµeZx©; †`ei¾w¤ú - †`eivRZ¡ I; w`‡e¶my - w`e¨ myL; gvbywmKv gbyl¨‡jvK; iwZ - Avb›`, myL; wgËm¤ú`s - wgÎm¤ú`; AvM¤§ - AvMgb; †hvwb‡mv -g‡bv‡hvM; chyćZv †hvM-mvab; we¾v - we`¨v; wegywË - wegyw³; emxfv‡ev - ek¨Zv; cwUmw¤¢`v - cÖwZmw¤¢`v, mg¨Kfv‡e Dcjwä; we‡gvK&Lv - we‡gv¶; mveK - kªveK; c‡”PK †evwa - cÖ‡Z¨K ey×Z¡; ey×f~wg - mg¨K m‡¤^vwa; gwnw×hv- gnvFw×; KZcyT&TZs cmsmwšÍ - K…Z c~‡Y¨i cÖksmv K‡ib|


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

43

cvV : 3 wbwaKÛ m~‡Îi Zvrch©

ÔwbwaÕ A_© ab; Avi ÔKÐÕ A_© wbR©b ¯’vb| AZGe, wbwaKÐ k‡ãi A_© n‡”Q wbR©b ev †Mvcb ¯’v‡b ab mÂq K‡i ivLv | mvaviYZ ab ej‡Z UvKv cqmv, AjsKvi, Rwg, Mvwo, evwo cÖf…wZ †evSvq| gvbyl fwel¨‡Zi my‡Li Avkvq Gme ab mÂq K‡i| ivRvi †`ŠivZ¥¨, †Pv‡ii Drcxob, FY, `ywf©¶ I Avc` n‡Z gyw³i wbwgË gvbyl Gme ab †cÖvw_Z K‡i iv‡L ev †Mvcb ¯’v‡b msi¶Y K‡i iv‡L| wKšÍ Gme ab Pzwi, wQbZvB, Av¸b, cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM cÖf…wZ Kvi‡Y bó n‡Z cv‡i| AwcÖq DËivivwaKvixM‡Yi n¯ÍMZ n‡Z cv‡i| Gme ab memgq AwaKvixi (gvwj‡Ki) DcKvi mvab Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| ci‡jv‡K Mgb K‡i bv| ZvQvov, Gi~c a‡bi Kvi‡Y wnsmv-we‡Øl†jvf-†gvn m„wó n‡Z cv‡i| cÖvYnvwb NU‡Z cv‡i| cvi¯úwiK mym¤úK© bó n‡Z cv‡i| Gme ab myiw¶Z bq| ZvB ey× G¸‡jv‡K cÖK…Z ab wn‡m‡e AvL¨vwqZ K‡ibwb| wbwaKÛ m~‡Î ey× cÖK…Z ab m¤ú‡K© mwVK aviYv cÖ`vb K‡ib| `vb, kxj, fvebv Ges AvZ¥mshg Øviv AwR©Z cyY¨m¤ú`B cÖK…Z ab| ˆPZ¨, msN, kxjevb e¨w³, AwZw_, gvZv-wcZv, e‡qv‡R¨ô‡`i †mevq AwR©Z cyY¨m¤ú`B cÖK…Z ab| Gme ab ¯^qs myiw¶Z| GB ab-m¤ú` †KD niY Ki‡Z cv‡i bv, KL‡bv webó nq bv| cÖ‡qvR‡b DcKv‡i Av‡m Ges meLv‡b AbyMgb K‡i| AZGe cyY¨ m¤ú`B cÖK…Z Ges myiw¶Z ab|

wbwa ev m¤ú` Pvi cÖKvi : K. ¯’vei wbwa : f~wg, †mvbv, nxiv I g~j¨evb iZœivwR, A_©, e¯¿, cvbxq, Abœ ev Gi~c wewbgq‡hvM¨ ev n¯ÍvšÍi‡hvM¨ m¤ú`| L. R½g wbwa : `vm-`vmx, nvwZ, Miæ, †Nvov, Mvav, QvMj, †fov, KzKzi BZ¨vw` cï| M. A½ mg wbwa : Kg©, wkí, we`¨v, kv¯¿ Ávb Gi~c hv wKQy wk‡L AR©b Ki‡Z nq Ges kix‡ii A½ cÖZ¨½| N. AbyMvgx wbwa : `vbgq, kxjgq, fvebvgq, ag© kªeYgq, ag©‡`kbvgq cyY¨, hv meLv‡b memgq AbyMgb K‡i myL jv‡fi KviY nq| wbwaKÛ m~Î c‡o †evSv hvq, †fvMm¤ú‡`i †P‡q cyY¨m¤ú` AR©B KivB †kÖq| myZivs wbwaKÐ m~‡Îi Zvrch© Acwimxg|

AbykxjYg~jK KvR cÖK…Z wbwa ej‡Z Kx eyS? †kªôxi Dw³wU g~j¨vqb Ki


44

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

cvV : 4 AcÖgv` e‡M©i cUf~wg AcÖgv` e‡M© 12wU Mv_v Av‡Q| ey× Mv_v¸‡jv wewfbœ ¯’v‡b wewfbœ e¨w³‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| d‡j aviYv Kiv hvq †h, AcÖgv` e‡M©i Mv_v¸‡jvi wfbœ wfbœ cUf~wg i‡q‡Q| GLb AcÖgv` e‡M©i Mv_v¸‡jvi cUf~wg m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡ev| Rvbv hvq, ey× AcÖgv` e‡M©i 1 bs Mv_v †_‡K 3 bs Mv_v fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb †KŠkv¤^xi AšÍM©Z †NvwlZviv‡g Ae¯’vbKv‡j| †m mgq gnvivRv D`q‡bi cÖavb gwnlx wQ‡jb k¨vgveZx| wZwb wQ‡jb ey×f³| wZwb cÖwZw`b ey‡×i ag© kÖe‡bi Rb¨ †NvwlZviv‡g †h‡Zb| ivRvi Aci ivwb wQ‡jb gvMwÜqv| wKš‘ wZwb wQ‡jb ey× we‡Ølx| wZwb ivwb k¨vgveZxi ey×fw³ GKev‡iB mn¨ Ki‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| ZvB wZwb ivRv‡K ivwb k¨vgveZxi weiæ‡× D‡ËwRZ Kivi †Póv Ki‡Zb| wKšÍy Zuvi mg¯Í †Póv wedj n‡jv| †Kv‡bv ¶wZ Ki‡Z bv †c‡i Ae‡k‡l ivwb gvMwÜqv ivwb k¨vgveZxi cÖvmv‡` Av¸b jvMv‡jb| cuvPk mnPixmn ivwb k¨vgveZx Av¸‡b cy‡o gviv †M‡jb| lohš¿ cÖKvk †c‡q †M‡j ivRv D`qb ivwb gvMwÜqv‡K cÖvY`‡Ûi weavb w`‡jb| G Kvwnbx ï‡b ey× Zuvi wkl¨‡`i Dc‡`k”Q‡j cÖ_g wZbwU Mv_v fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| Kz¤¢‡NvlK bv‡g ivRM„‡n GK abx M„n¯’ wQ‡jb| wcZ…-gvZ…nxb Kz¤¢‡NvlK A‡bK m¤úwËi AwaKvix wQ‡jb| wKš‘ wZwb KL‡bv wejvwmZv Ki‡Zb bv| wZwb mrfv‡e KwVb cwikÖg K‡i RxweKv wbe©vn Ki‡Zb| GRb¨ ivRv wew¤^mvi Zuv‡K †kÖôx Dcvwa w`‡q cyi¯‹…Z K‡ib Ges Zuvi Kb¨vi m‡½ weevn †`b| GKw`b ivRv wew¤^mvi Kb¨v Ges RvgvZv‡K ey‡×i Kv‡Q wb‡q †M‡jb Ges Zuv‡`i meK_v Ly‡j e‡jb| ey× Zv ï‡b cwikÖgx Avi D‡`¨vMx e¨w³‡`i cÖksmv K‡i 4bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡ib| ivRM„‡ni Awaevmx gnvcš’K wf¶zeªZ MÖnY Kivi Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B An©Z¡ jvf K‡ib| ZLb wZwb Zuvi Kwbô åvZv Pyj−cš’K‡K wf¶zeª‡Z `x¶v cÖ`vb K‡ib Ges fve‡jb mn‡R ZuviI gyw³ jvf n‡e| P~jøcš’K wKš‘ †gavex wQ‡jb bv| `xN© Pvigvm †Póv K‡iI wZwb GKwU Mv_v gyL¯’ Ki‡Z cv‡ib wb| fvB‡qi eyw×i RoZvq ¶zã n‡q gnvcš’K Zuv‡K wf¶ymsN †Q‡o P‡j †h‡Z Av‡`k w`‡jb| fvB‡qi wb‡`©‡k wZwb Lye †fv‡i hLb wenvi Z¨vM K‡i P‡j hvw”Q‡jb ZLb ey× Zuv‡K †`L‡Z †c‡jb| P‡j hvevi KviY ï‡b ey× Zuv‡K GKLÛ Kvco w`‡q ej‡jb, m~h© DV‡j m~‡h©i w`‡K ZvwK‡q KvcowU bvo‡e| wZwb Zv Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| wKQz¶‡Yi g‡a¨ nv‡Zi Nvg †j‡M KvcowU gqjv n‡q †Mj| †Pv‡Li mvg‡b ¶wY‡Ki g‡a¨ KvcowUi Ae¯’vi cwieZ©b †`‡L wZwb Rxe‡bi AwbZ¨Zv Dcjwä Ki‡jb| Zvici AcÖgË n‡q mvabvq An©Z¡dj jvf K‡ib| ey× Zuvi cÖksmv K‡i 5 bs †_‡K 7 bs Mv_v fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| ey× hLb kÖve¯Íxi †RZe‡b Ae¯’vb KiwQ‡jb ZLb Zuvi cÖavb wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg gnvKk¨c †_i wcàjx ¸nvq a¨v‡b gMœ wQ‡jb| †m mgq Zuvi gvbmc‡U ey‡×i GB evYx dz‡V DVj Ñ RxeM‡Yi DrcwË Avi webvk `y‡Á©q| gvZ…M‡f© Rb¥jvf Kivi ci gvZvwcZvi AÁv‡ZB KZ Rx‡ei g„Zz¨ NU‡Q Zv GKgvÎ mg¨K Ávb m¤úbœ e¨w³ Rv‡bb| G cÖm‡½ ey× 8 bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb|


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

45

ey‡×i Dc‡`k ï‡b `yB wf¶z a¨vb mvabvi Rb¨ e‡b †M‡jb| Zuv‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb cÖgv` Ges Avj‡m¨i Kvi‡Y a¨vb mvabvq †ekx `~i AMÖmi n‡Z cvi‡jb bv| Ab¨Rb AcÖgË †_‡K AwePj wbôvi m‡½ a¨vb mvabv Ki‡Z jvM‡jb Ges An©Z¡ jvf Ki‡jb| mvabv †kl n‡j Df‡q ey‡×i Kv‡Q wd‡i G‡m huvi †hgb dj jvf n‡q‡Q Zv ej‡jb| Zuv‡`i K_v ï‡b ey× 9 bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| ˆekvjxi K~UvMvikvjvq GKw`b ey× gnvwj wj”Qex‡K †`eivR B‡›`ªi c~e© Rb¥K_v †kvbvw”Q‡jb| c~‡e©i GK R‡b¥ B›`ª †ZwÎkRb hyeK wb‡q GK †¯^”Qv‡meK `j M‡ob| Zuviv gvZvwcZv I ¸iæR‡bi †mev, bM‡i I MÖv‡g AveR©bv cwi®‹vi, me©mvavi‡Yi Rb¨ iv¯ÍvNvU wbg©vY BZ¨vw` Kj¨vYK‡g© iZ _vK‡Zb| g„Zz¨i ci Zuviv mK‡j ¯^M© jvf K‡ib Ges B›`ª †`eivR nb| GB Kvwnbxi m~Î a‡i ey× 10 bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| ey× †RZe‡b Ae¯’vbKv‡j GK wf¶z Zuvi wbKU a¨vb wk¶v K‡i e‡b wM‡q a¨vb Af¨vm Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| wKš‘ A‡bK †PóvqI dj jvf bv nIqvq wZwb ey‡×i wbKU wd‡i hvw”Q‡jb| c‡_ GK weivU `vevwMœ Zuvi MwZ‡iva Kij| wZwb †`L‡jb fxlY Av¸b Zuvi mg¯Í wKQz‡K cywo‡q a¶sm Ki‡Z `ye©vi MwZ‡Z GwM‡q Avm‡Q| GB `„k¨ Zuvi g‡b bZzb Drmvn I †cÖiYv G‡b w`j| H Av¸‡bi g‡ZvB wZwb mg¯Í evav weNœ‡K Rq K‡i mvab c‡_ GwM‡q hvevi msKí Ki‡jb| Zuvi msK‡íi K_v Rvb‡Z †c‡i ey× 11 bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb| wf¶z wZl¨ kÖve¯Íxi Kv‡QB wbMg MÖv‡g evm Ki‡Zb| evB‡ii RM‡Zi m‡½ Zvui †Kv‡bv ms¯ªe wQj bv, ej‡jB nq| wb‡Ri K‡qKRb AvZ¥xq-¯^R‡bi Kv‡Q wf¶v K‡i hv †c‡Zb Zv‡ZB Zuvi cÖ‡qvRb wgU‡Zv| Gi †ekx wKQzi AvKv•Lv Zuvi wQj bv| ZvB Abv_wcÛ‡Ki g‡Zv †kÖôx‡`i gnv`vb ev †KvkjivR cÖ‡mbwR‡Zi Av‡iv eo `vb-Drm‡e wZl¨‡K KLbI †`Lv hvqwb | G wb‡q †jv‡K Zuv‡K wb›`v KiZ Ges ej‡Zv wZl¨ ïay Zuvi ¯^Rb‡`iB fv‡jvev‡mb| ey× wZ‡l¨i GB A‡í Zzwó Avi †jvfnxbZvi K_v ï‡b Zuvi A‡bK cÖksmv K‡i AcÖgv` e‡M©i 12 bs Mv_vwU fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Aàgv` e‡M©i 1bs †_‡K 3 bs Mv_v ey× Kv‡`i D‡Ï‡k¨ fvlY K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †Kb K‡iwQ‡jb ej 5 bs †_‡K 7 bs Mv_vi cUf~wg eY©bv Ki

cvV : 5 AcÖgv` eM© (cvwj I evsjv) 1.

Aàgv‡`v AgZs c`s, cgv‡`v g”Pz‡bv c`s AàgËv b gxqwšÍ, †h cgËv h_v gZv|

evsjv Abyev` : AcÖgv` Ag„‡Zi c_, cÖgv` g„Zz¨i c_| AcÖgË e¨w³iv AgiZ¡ jvf K‡ib, wKš‘


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

46 hviv cÖgË Zviv †eu‡P †_‡KI g„Zer| 2.

GZs we‡mm‡Zv TZ¡v Aàgv`w¯’ cwÛZv, Aàgv‡` c‡gv`wšÍ Awihvbs †MvP‡i iZv|

evsjv Abyev` : G mZ¨ we‡kliƒ‡c †R‡b cwZMY AcÖgË n‡q Avh©‡`i (ev †kªô‡`i) c_ AbymiY K‡i _v‡Kb Ges AcÖgv‡` cÖ‡gvw`Z nb| 3.

‡Z Svwh‡bv mvZwZKv wb”Ps `jn& ci°gv, dzmwšÍ axiv wbe¶vbs †hvMK&‡Lgs AbyËis|

evsjv Abyev` : huviv a¨vbcivqY, me mgq D‡`¨vMx I wbZ¨ `„p civµgkvjx †mB axi e¨w³MY me©‡kªô †hvM‡¶g wbe©vY cÖZ¨¶ K‡ib| 4.

DUVvbe‡Zv mwZg‡Zv mywPK¤§m&m wbm¤§Kvwi‡bv, mT&TZm&m P a¤§ Rxwe‡bv AàgËm&m h‡mvnwf eW&XwZ|

evsjv Abyev` : whwb Drmvnx, ¯§„wZgvb I mywe‡ePK, whwb mshZ Bw›`ªq, ag©civqY I D`¨gkxj Zuvi hk µgkB ev‡o| 5.

DU&Vv‡bbÕàgv‡`b mT&T‡gb `‡gb P, `xcs Kwhiv_ †gavex hs I‡Nv bvwfKxiwZ|

evsjv Abyev` : D‡`¨vM, Acªgv`, mshg Ges (Bw›`ªq) `gb Øviv †gavex e¨w³ †h Øxc iPbv K‡ib cøveY Zv‡K a¶sm Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| 6.

cgv` gbyhyRwšÍ evjv `y‡¤§wa‡bv Rbv, Aàgv` †g`vex abs †mUVsÕe iK&LwZ|

evsjv Abyev` : AÁ I `yg©wZ †jv‡Kiv cÖgv`hy³ (Abeavb, Avjm¨civqY) nq| wKš‘ whwb †gavex wZwb AcÖgv`‡K (Aeavb, ZrciZv) †kªô a‡bi gZ i¶v K‡ib| 7.

gv cÖgv` gbyhyT‡R_, gv KvgiwZ mš’Ns, Ac&cg‡Ëvwn Svq‡šÍv c&v‡àvwZ wecyjs myLs|

evsjv Abyev` : cÖgv‡` Abyi³ n‡qv bv, Kvgvm³ n‡qv bv| AcÖgËfv‡e whwb a¨vb K‡ib wZwb wecyj myL jvf K‡ib| 8.

cgv`s Ac&cgv‡`b h`vby`wZ cwʇZv, cT&Tv cvmv` gviæh&n A‡mv‡Kv †mvwKwbs cRs, ce¶ZU&‡Vve fy¤§U&‡Vv ax‡iv ev‡j A‡eK&LwZ|


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

47

evsjv Abyev` : hLb cwÊZ e¨w³ AcÖgv` Øviv cÖgv`‡K `~i K‡ib, ZLb wZwb cÖÁvi~c cÖvmv‡` Av‡ivnY K‡ib, wb‡R †kvKnxb n‡q †kvKMÖ¯’ †jvK‡`i Ae‡jvKb K‡ib, †hgb ce©Z wkLi¯Í axi e¨w³ f~wg‡Z w¯’Z me †jvK‡`i †`‡Lb| 9.

Aàg‡Ëv cg‡Ëmy my‡Ëmy eû RvM‡iv, Aejmmse mxNm&‡mv wnZ¡v hvwZ my†ga‡mv|

evsjv Abyev` : †eMevb †Nvov †hgb `ye©j †Nvov‡K wcQ‡b †d‡j hvq, †gavex e¨w³I †Zgwb cÖgˇ`i g‡a¨ AcÖgË Ges wbw`ªZ‡`i g‡a¨ RvMÖZ †_‡K ag©c‡_ GwM‡q P‡jb| 10.

Aàgv‡`b gNev †`evbs †mU&VZs M‡Zv, Aàgv`s cmsmwšÍ cgv‡`v Miwn‡Zv m`v|

evsjv Abyev`: B›`ª AcÖgv` A_©vr KZ©e¨K‡g© AwePj wbôv Øviv †`eZv‡`i g‡a¨ †kªôZ¡ jvf K‡i‡Qb| ZvB cwÛZMY AcÖgv‡`i cÖksmv K‡ib| cÖgv` me mgq Mwn©Z ev wb›`bxq| 11.

Aàgv`i‡Zv wfK&Ly cgv‡` fh `m&wmev, mT&‡TvRbs Abys _~js Wns AM&Mxe M”QwZ|

evsjv Abyev` : †h wf¶z AcÖgv‡` iZ ev cÖgv‡` fq`kx©, wZwb my² I ¯’zj †QvU eo mg¯Í ms‡hvRb‡K (ev eÜb‡K) Av¸‡bi gZ `» Ki‡Z Ki‡Z GwM‡q hvb| 12. Aàgv` i‡Zv wfK&Ly cgv‡` fh `m&wmev, Af‡e¶v cwinvbvh wbe¶vbm&‡me mwšÍ‡K| evsjv Abyev` : †h wf¶z AcÖgv‡` iZ †_‡K cÖgv`‡K mh‡Zœ cwinvi K‡ib, wZwb a‡g©i c_ †_‡K åó nb bv| wZwb wbe©v‡Yi Kv‡QB Ae¯’vb K‡ib

kãv_© : Aàgv‡`v - AcÖgv`; AgZc`s- Ag„‡Zi c_; cgv‡`v - cÖgv`; g”Pz‡bv c`s - g„Zz¨i c_; †h cgËv hviv cÖgË; †Z h_vgZv - Zviv g„‡Zi gZ; AàgËv b gxqwšÍ - AcÖgË e¨w³MY g‡ib bv; Aàgv`g&wn AcÖgv‡`; we‡mm‡Zv TZ¡v -Gi we‡klZ¡ †R‡b; cwÛZv Awihvbs †MvP‡i iZv - cwÛZMY Avh©‡`i AvPwiZ a‡g© iZ _v‡Kb; Aàgv‡` c‡gv`wšÍ - AcÖgv‡` cÖ‡gvw`Z nb; `jnciK&Kgv - `„p civµg; †Z axiv - †mB axi e¨w³MY; AbyËs - me©‡kªô; †hvMK&‡Lgs wbe¶vbs- †hvM‡¶g wbe©vY; Kzm&mwb - ¯úk© K‡ib, jvf K‡ib; DU&Vvbe‡Zv -D_vbkxj; mwZg‡Zv- ¯§„„wZgvb; mywPK¤§m&m- ïwPKg©hy³; wbm&m¤§Kvwi‡bv- we‡kl we‡ePbv mnKv‡i Kg© m¤úv`bKvix; mT&TZm&m - mshZ; a¤§Rxwe‡bv -ag©civqY; AàgËm&m P - Ges AcÖgË e¨w³i; e‡mv wfeWPwZ - hk ewa©Z nq;


48

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

DU&Vv‡bb - DÌvb, RvMiY Øviv; Ac&cvg‡`b - AcÖgv` Øviv; mT&T‡gb - mshg Øviv; `g‡b P - Ges `gb Øviv; †gavex - †gavex; `xcs Kweiv_ - Øxc wbg©vY K‡ib; hr - hv‡K; I‡Nv cÛveb; b AwfKxiwZ wea¶¯Í Ki‡Z cv‡i bv; `y‡¤§wa‡bv Rbv - AÁ I `yew©y × †jv‡Kiv; cgv`s AbyhyT&RwšÍ - cÖgv‡` Abyi³ nq; †gavex Aàgv` †mUVs abs Be Be - Avi Ávbx AcÖgv`‡K †kªô a‡bi b¨vq; iK&LwZ - i¶v K‡i; cgv`s gv AbyhT‡R_ - cÖgv‡` Abyi³ n‡e bv; KvgiwZmš’es gv - KvgiwZ m‡¤¢v‡M Avm³ n‡e bv; Ac&cgË wn Svq‡šÍv- AcÖgËfv‡e whwb a¨vb K‡ib; wecyjs myLs c&c‡cvwZ - wZwb wecyj myL jvf K‡ib; h`v cwЇZv hLb cwÛZ e¨w³; Aàgv‡`b cgv`s by`wZ - AcÖgv` Øviv cÖgv`‡K `~i K‡ib; A‡mv‡Kv - †kvKnxb; cT&Tvcvmv`gviæh&n - cÖÖÁvi~c cÖvmv‡` Av‡ivnY K‡i; fy¯§U‡V - f~wgw¯’Z; †mvwKwbs ev‡j cRs (†kvKmšÍß g~L© cÖRv‡`i; ce¶ZU&‡VvÕe - ce©‡Z Aew¯’Z; ax‡iv Be - axi e¨w³i b¨vq; A‡eK&LwZ - Ae‡jvKb Kib; my‡ga‡mv - ���gavex e¨w³; cg‡Ëmy Aàg‡Ëv - cÖgˇ`i g‡a¨ AcÖgË †_‡K; my‡Ëmy eûRvM‡iv - my߇`i g‡a¨ m`vRvMÖZ †_‡K; Aejm&ms wnZ¡v - `ye©j Ak¦‡K AwZµgKvix; mxNm †mv Be - `ªæZMvgx A‡k¦i b¨vq; hvwZ - hvb ev AMÖmi nb; gNev - B›`ª; Aàgv‡`b - AcÖgv` Øviv; †`evbs - †`eZv‡`i g‡a¨; †mU&VZs M‡Zv - †kªôZ¡ jvf K‡ib; Aàgv`s cmsmwšÍ - AcÖgv`‡K cÖksmv K‡ib; cgv‡`v m`v Miwn‡Zv - cÖgv` me©`v wb›`bxq ev Mwn©Z; Aàgv`i‡Zv - AcÖgv`civqY; cgv‡` fq`m&wm ev - ev cÖgv‡` fq`k©x; wfK&Ly - wf¶z; AM&wM Be - AwMœi gZ; AYys _yjs – my² I ¯’’~j; mT&‡TvRbs - ms‡hvRb, eÜb; M”QwZ - AMÖmi nb; cwinvbvh Afe&‡ev - ag©c_ cwinvi bv K‡i; wbe¶vbm&‡me mwšÍ‡K - wbe©v‡Yi wbKUeZx© nb|

cvV : 6 AcÖgv` e‡M©i Zvrch© ÔAcÖgv`Õ k‡ãi A_© n‡”Q D`¨g, Drmvn, DÌvbkxjZv, civµg, RvMÖZfve, ¯§„wZgvb, mshgkxjZv BZ¨vw`| AcÖgv` ey‡×i mg¯Í wk¶vi wfwË I g~jbxwZ| wbe©vY jv‡fi Rb¨ AcÖgv` AZ¨vek¨K| Ôag©Pµ cÖeZ©bÕ m~‡Î AcÖgv`‡K Ávb gvM© jv‡fi †mvcvb e‡j AwfwnZ Kiv n‡q‡Q| gnvcwiwbe©vY m~‡Î ewY©Z ey‡×i AwšÍg Dc‡`kmg~‡ni mviK_vB n‡”Q AcÖgv`| ey× e‡j‡Qb, ÔhZcÖKvi mej cÖvwYi c`wPý Av‡Q Zvi g‡a¨ nvwZi c`wPý me©v‡c¶v e„nr| Gi~c Kzkj K‡g©i g‡a¨ AcÖgv`B me©v‡c¶v ¸iæZ¡c~Y©|Õ AcÖgv` e¨ZxZ ¯§„wZi Abykxjb m¤¢e bq| AcÖgv` ¯§„wZ‡K RvMÖZ K‡i| huviv ¯§„wZ‡K RvMÖZ iv‡Lb Zuviv wbe©vY jvf K‡ib| AcÖgv` e‡M© AcÖgË Ges cÖgË e¨w³i ¯^i~c m¤ú‡K© eY©bv cvIqv hvq| whwb AwePj †_‡K wbôvi ms‡M mrKvR K‡ib wZwb AcÖgË e¨w³| AcÖgË e¨w³ ivM-†Øl-†gvn Øviv ekxf~Z nb bv| wZwb me©`v RvMÖZ _v‡Kb| ag©vPi‡Y Zrci _v‡Kb| KZ©e¨K‡g© AwePj _v‡Kb Ges me©`v KzkjKg© m¤úv`b K‡ib| wZwb mshZ, kvšÍ, APÂj, axi Ges cÖÁvevb nb| wZwb Rb¥-g„Zz¨i k„•Lj wQbœ K‡i wbe©vY jvf Ki‡Z m¶g nb| GRb¨ wZwb g„Zz¨Äqx| Aciw`‡K, cÖgË e¨w³ AmshZ, Aw¯’i Ges Avjm¨ civqY nb| †m ivM-†Øl-†gvn Øviv ekxf~Z nq| †m wnsmv I Av‡µv‡ki e‡k A‡b¨i ¶wZ K‡i| cÖgv` Zv‡K g„Zz¨i w`‡K †V‡j †`q| Zvi c‡¶ Rb¥-g„Zz¨i k„sLj wQbœ Kiv m¤¢e bq| †m wbe©vY jvf Ki‡Z


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

49

cv‡ib bv| cÖgË e¨w³i AeY©, AKxwZ©, `yb©vg ˆ`bw›`b e„w× cÖvß nq| GRb¨ cÖgË e¨w³ RxweZ †_‡KI g„Zer| ey×MY cÖgv`‡K me©`v wb›`v K‡ib| AcÖgv`‡K me©`v cÖksmv K‡ib| AcÖgv` e‡M©i m‡½ GKwU D‡jøL‡hvM¨ HwZnvwmK NUbv RwoZ Av‡Q| Kw_Z Av‡Q, wb‡MÖva kªg‡Yi gy‡L AcÖgv` e‡M©i Mv_v ï‡b m¤ªvU A‡kvK †eŠ×a‡g©i cÖwZ AvK…ó n‡qwQ‡jb Ges †eŠ×ag© MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi civg‡k© m¤ªvU A‡kvK cÖwZw`b lvU nvRvi wf¶zi wbZ¨ Avnvi I c‡_¨i e¨e¯’v K‡iwQ‡jb| †eŠ×a‡g©i cÖPvi cÖmv‡i wZwb ¸iæZ¡c~Y© f~wgKv cvjb K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb wewfbœ †`‡k †eŠ×ag© cÖPv‡ii Rb¨ ag©`~Z †cÖiY K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi c„ô‡cvlKZvq AmsL¨ †eŠ× wenvi, ¯Í~c, ¯Í¤¢ wbwg©Z n‡qwQj| wZwb Abykvmb AvKv‡i ey×evYx ce©ZMv‡Î Ges ¯Í‡¤¢¢ wj‡L ivL‡Zb| m¤ªvU A‡kv‡Ki Abykvm‡bi g~jK_vI wQj AcÖgv`| G‡Z eySv hvq, AcÖgv` e‡M©i ¸i“Z¡ Acwimxg| AZGe mK‡ji AcÖgv` civqY nIqv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR ÔAcÖgv`Õ k‡ãi A_© Kx? AcÖgv` I cÖgv‡`i g‡a¨ cv_©K¨mg~n wPwýZ Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 7 ÔwbwaKÛ m~ÎÕ Ges ÔAcÖgv` e‡M©iÕ Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbv m~Î I bxwZMv_v mg~n †_‡K ey‡×i Dc‡`k I ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bi wb‡`©kbv cvIqv hvq| GB Aa¨v‡q Avgiv wÎwcU‡Ki Ab¨Zg Ask m~ÎwcU‡Ki ÔLyÏKcvVÕ I Ôag©c`Õ MÖš’ n‡Z msKwjZ ÔwbwaKÛ m~ÎÕ Ges ÔAcÖgv` eM©Õ cvV K‡iwQ| GB m~Î I bxwZMv_v `ywU Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbv Ki‡j †`Lv hvq DfqB Avgv‡`i ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bi wb‡`©kbv †`q| †hgb-Ly&ÏKcvV MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z ÔwbwaKÛ m~ÎÕ cÖK…Z ab-m¤ú` m¤ú‡K© mg¨K Ávb AR©‡bi wk¶v †`q| G‡Z KzkjK‡g©i Øviv AwR©Z cyY¨ivwk‡K cÖK…Z m¤ú` ejv n‡q‡Q| cÖK…Z m¤ú` ev cyY¨ivwk `vb, kxj, fvebv, AvZ¥mshg Øviv AR©b Ki‡Z nq| mr Kv‡Ri gva¨‡g cyY¨dj AwR©Z nq| mrKvR ev KzkjKg© m¤úv`‡bi Rb¨ me mgqB g‡bv‡hvMx I AcªgË n‡Z nq| ag©c‡` ewY©Z ÔAcÖgv` e‡M©Õ ey× AcÖgË n‡q KzkjKg© m¤úv`‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb| axi-w¯’i, cÖÁvm¤úbœ, e¨w³i c‡¶B KzkjKg© m¤úv`b m¤¢e| wZwbB KzkjKg© m¤úv`b K‡i cÖK…Z wbwa ev m¤ú` AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡ib| ÔwbwaKÛ m~ÎÕ cvV K‡i Avgiv cÖK…Z m¤ú` Kx Zvi aviYv AR©b Kwi| AcÖgv` eM© cvV K‡i H cÖK…Z m¤ú` ev cyY¨ivwk Kxfv‡e AR©b Kiv hvq Zv Rvb‡Z cvwi| cÖgË e¨w³ KzkjKvR Ki‡Z cv‡ibv| d‡j cyY¨djI jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| wbwaKÛ m~Î I AcÖgv` eM© cvV K‡i Avgiv ˆbwZK Rxebhvcb ej‡Z Kx eySvq Ges ˆbwZK Rxeb MVb Kxfv‡e Ki‡Z cvwi Zvi w`K wb‡`©kbv cvB| wbwaKÛ m~‡Î ewY©Z mKj KvRB ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bi Dcv`vb Avi AcÖgv`


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

50

e‡M© H KvR¸wj m¤úv`b Ki‡Z †hi~c AvPiY Abykxjb Ki‡Z nq A_©vr ivM, †Øl, Cl©v, †jvf I †gvngy³ n‡q mshg PP©v Ki‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q| Gfv‡eB AcÖgË n‡q KzkjKvR Kivi wb‡`©kbv †`qv n‡q‡Q| wbwaKÐ m~Î I AcÖgv` e‡M©i wk¶v Rxe‡b AbymiY Ki‡j KzkjKg© m¤úv`bc~e©K cyY¨m¤ú` mÂq Kiv m¤¢e| Gfv‡eB †eŠ×a‡g©i P~ovšÍ j¶ wbe©vY c‡_ AMÖmi n‡Z nIqv hvq|

Abykxjbx 1. k~Y¨¯’vb c~iY : K) †kÖwô GLv‡b ab ej‡Z ------------ eywS‡q‡Qb| L) ................. n‡j mg¯Í ab bó n‡q hvq| M) cyY¨ m¤ú`B cÖK…Z Ges ..................ab| N) wbwa ev m¤ú` ....................cÖKvi| O) Acªgv` e‡M© ..................wU Mv_v Av‡Q| P) ivRv D`q‡bi cÖavb gwnlx wQ‡jb................|

2. wgjKiY : K. c~Y© m¤ú`B cÖK…Z

cÖksmv K‡ib

L. wbwa A_©

†kÖq

M. †fvMm¤ú‡`i †P‡q cyY¨m¤ú` AR©bB

ab

N. AcÖgv`‡K me©`v

`y‡Á©q

O. RxeM‡Yi DrcwË Avi webvk

m¤ú`

3. msw¶ß cÖkœ : K) wbwaKÛ my‡Îi wk¶v Kx ms‡¶‡c †jL ? L) AbyMvgx wbwa Kx ms‡¶‡c eywS‡q †jL ? M) wf¶y wZl¨ †K? Zuvi m¤ú‡K© ms‡¶‡c eY©bv Ki|

4. iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K) wbwaKÛ myÎ Abyhvqx cÖK…Z ab Kx Av‡jvPbv Ki|


m~Î I bxwZ Mv_v

51

L) Acªgv` e‡M©i 5 bs I 7 bs Mv_vi cUf~wg eY©bv Ki| M) cÖgË e¨w³i Kx cwiYvg †fvM Ki‡Z nq e¨vL¨v Ki|

eûwbe©vPbx cÖkœ 1.

wbwaKÛ m~Î wÎwcU‡Ki †Kvb MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z ? K. gSwSg wbKvq

L. mshy³ wbKvq

M. LyÏK cvV

N. A½yËi wbKvq

2.

m~Î cvV Kivi gva¨‡g jvf Kiv hvq Ñ

i.

c~Y¨ m¤ú`

ii.

ab m¤ú`

iii. wec` †_‡K cwiÎvb

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K.

i

M. i I ii

L. ii N. i, ii I iii

wb‡Pi DÏxcKwU c‡o 3 I 4 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI Ñ gaycyi wenv‡ii wf¶ziv cÖvqB a¨vb mvabvi Rb¨ Mfxi e‡b Ae¯’vb Ki‡Zb| Zv‡`i g‡a¨ A‡b‡KB Z…òvi Kvi‡Y mvabv c~Y© Ki‡Z cv‡ibwb| wKš‘ kxjf`ª wf¶z kxj Abykxjb I g‡bi Zxeª B”Qvq a¨vb mvabv Øviv B›`ªxq‡K Rq Ki‡jb|

3.

4.

kxjf`ª wf¶zi a¨vb mvabvq m~Î I bxwZMv_vi †Kvb w`KwU cÖwZdwjZ n‡q‡Q ? K. cÖgË fve

L. Avjm¨fve

M. AcÖgË fve

N. wbôvfve

D³ K‡g©i cÖfv‡e kxjf`ª Kx jvf Ki‡eb ? K. ‡¯ªvZvcwË dj

L. AbvMvgxdj

M. mK…`vMvgx dj

N. An©Z¡ dj


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

52

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ-1 NUbv-1 wgZv I wkíx gyrmyÏx `yB mncvwV| wgZv AZ¨šÍ ag©vcivqY wQj| Aciw`‡K wkíx †gv‡UI wgZvi ag©civqYZv mn¨ Ki‡Z cvi‡Zv bv| ZvB wgZv‡K me mgq AZ¨vPvi wbh©vZb KiZ| GZ m‡ei ciI †m wkíx‡K †Kvb Kó w`Z bv| GKw`b wgZvi Dci cÖwZ‡kva †bIqvi Rb¨ Zv‡K cywo‡q gvi‡jv| Ggb Kv‡Ri Rb¨ wkíx‡K KwVb kvw¯Í †`qv n‡jv| NUbv-2 dzjZjx MÖv‡gi wbSzg Ai‡Y¨ weKvk PvKgv ag©Kg© wb‡q e¨¯Í _vK‡Zb| evB‡ii RM‡Zi m‡½ wZwb †hvMv‡hvM ivL‡Zb bv| Zuvi AvZ¥xq ¯^R‡bi m‡½ mym¤úK© wQj| Zuviv mvnvh¨ mn‡hvwMZv K‡i Zuvi cÖ‡qvRb †gUv‡Zv| Zuvi AvPi‡Y GjvKvevmx mš‘ó wQj bv| K.

AcÖgv` e‡M© KZwU Mv_vi D‡j−L Av‡Q ?

L.

AcÖgv` e‡M©i Mv_v¸‡jvi gva¨‡g †Kvb wel‡q Ávb AR©b Kiv hvq, e¨vL¨v Ki|

M.

NUbv-1 AcÖgv` e‡M©i †Kvb Mv_vi Bw½Z enb K‡i|

N.

NUbv-2 AcÖgv` e‡M©i 12 b¤^i Mv_vi cÖwZ”Qwe Zzwg wK e³e¨wUi mv‡_ GKgZ hyw³ `vI|

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ-2 NUbv-1 cÖbe ZvjyK`v‡ii `yB ¯¿x wQj| cÖ_g ¯¿x wbqwgZ wf¶z‡`i c~Rv I `vb w`‡Zb| G‡Z cÖbe ZvjyK`v‡ii wØZxq ¯¿x lohš¿ K‡i cÖ_g ¯¿xi weiy‡× ¯^vgxi wbKU Kzrmv iUvb| ¯^vgxi wbKU mvov bv †c‡q wØZxq ¯¿x my‡KŠk‡j cÖ_g ¯¿x‡K nZ¨v K‡ib| NUbv-2 mܨvivbx PvKgv ¯^vgxi g„Zz¨i ci mšÍvb‡`i‡K Dchy³ wk¶v w`‡q wenv‡i wf¶z‡`i †mevq wb‡qvwRZ nb| wZwb †Kvb cÖKvi kxj f½ bv K‡i cyY¨ mÂq K‡ib| K.

wbwa KZ cÖKvi ?

L.

AbyMvgx wbwa Kxfv‡e jvf Kiv hvq ?

M.

NUbv-1wU †Kvb Mv_vi Av‡jv‡K ewY©Z n‡q‡Q? eY©bv Ki|

N.

NUbv-2wU wbwaKÐ m~‡Îi cÖwZdjbÑGi h_v_©Zv e¨vL¨v Ki|


lô Aa¨vq

Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© RMZ `ytLgq| K‡Vvi Zcm¨v wKsev †fvMwejvm Øviv `ytL †_‡K gyw³ jvf m¤¢e bq| ey× `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq wn‡m‡e Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© †`kbv K‡i‡Qb| GwU‡K ga¨g c_ ejv nq| Z…òvB `yt‡Li KviY| Z…òvi Kvi‡Y gvbyl evi evi Rb¥MÖnY K‡i Riv, e¨vwa, g„Zz¨ cÖf…wZ `ytL †fvM K‡i _v‡K| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxjb Øviv Z…òv ¶q K‡i wbe©vY jvf Kiv hvq| whwb wbe©vY jvf K‡ib wZwb Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib bv| whwb Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib bv wZwb Riv, e¨vwa, g„Zz¨ cÖf…wZ `ytL †fvM K‡ib bv| ZvB mK‡ji `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxjb Kiv DwPZ| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© m¤ú‡K© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * `ytL wb‡iv‡ai Dcvq e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxj‡bi ag©xq ¸i“Z¡ g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© cwiwPwZ ÔgvM©Õ k‡ãi A_© c_| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© ej‡Z †evSvq ey× wb‡`©wkZ AvUwU mg¨K ev mwVK c_| GB AvUwU mg¨K c_ n‡jv : (1)

mg¨K `„wó

(2)

mg¨K msKí

(3)

mg¨K evK¨

(4)

mg¨K Kg©

(5)

mg¨K RxweKv

(6)

mg¨K ¯§„wZ

(7)

mg¨K e¨vqvg

(8) mg¨K mgvwa|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

54

Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©‡K wZb fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq| h_v : kxj, wPË, cÖÁv| mg¨K evK¨, mg¨K Kg© I mg¨K RxweKv kx‡ji AšÍM©Z| ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bi Rb¨ G¸‡jv Abykxjb Ki‡Z nq| mg¨K ¯§„wZ, mg¨K e¨vqvg I mg¨K mgvwa wP‡Ëi AšÍM©Z| wP‡Ëi DrKl© I GKvMÖZv mva‡bi Rb¨ G¸‡jv Abykxjb Ki‡Z nq| mg¨K `„wó I mg¨K msKí cÖÁvi AšÍM©Z| cÖÁv ev cig Ávb AR©‡bi Rb¨ mg¨K `„wó I mg¨K msK‡íi Abykxjb Ki‡Z nq| cieZx© cv‡V Avgiv GB AvUwU c_ m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ Rvb‡ev|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR AvUwU mg¨K c‡_i bvg ej

cvV : 2 Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i e¨vL¨v mg¨K `„wó : mg¨K `„wói A_© n‡jv mZ¨ ev AåvšÍ `„wó, h_v_© Ávb Ges Pvwi Avh© mZ¨ m¤ú‡K© mg¨K Ávb ev Dcjwä| Awe`¨vi Kvi‡Y gvbyl Rxe RMZ m¤ú‡K© wg_¨v `„wó ev åvšÍ aviYv †cvlY K‡i Zv‡Z Ave× _v‡K| m~‡h©i Av‡jv †hgb AÜKvi `~i K‡i †Zgwb mg¨K `„wó wg_¨v`„wó `~i K‡i| Z…òvi Kvi‡Y gvbyl evi evi Rb¥MÖnY K‡i| Rb¥ †_‡K g„Zz¨ ch©šÍ gvbyl bvbvwea `ytL †fvM K‡i| wKš‘ mg¨K `„wó bv _vKvq Avgiv `ytL mZ¨‡K wPb‡Z cvwibv| wg_¨v`„wó w`‡q RMZ‡K †`‡L cwiYv‡g AviI `ytL †W‡K Avwb| mg¨K `„wó m¤úbœ e¨w³ KzkjKg© wbY©q Ki‡Z cv‡ib| wZwb me©`v KzkjKg© m¤úv`b K‡ib Ges AKzkjKg© n‡Z weiZ _v‡Kb| wZwb Ávbx| RMZ‡K wZwb mwVKfv‡e Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ib| åvšÍ aviYv Øviv wZwb weåvšÍ nb bv| mg¨K msKí : mg¨K msK‡íi A_© n‡jv mwVK ev DËg msKí; mwVK KvR Kivi B”Qv| mr Rxeb hvc‡bi Rb¨ cÖwZÁve× nIqvB mg¨K msKí| GRb¨ †fvMwejvm, †jvf, †Øl, †gvn cÖf…wZ eR©‡bi msKí Ki‡Z nq| Aciw`‡K, ˆgÎx, KiæYv, c‡ivcKvi cÖf…wZ KzkjKg© m¤úv`‡bi msKí Ki‡Z nq| Gfv‡e AKzkj eR©b K‡i KzkjKg© m¤úv`bc~e©K mZ¨Ávb Abymv‡i Rxebhvc‡bi `„p B”Qv ev msKíB n‡”Q mg¨K msKí| cwÛZMY me©`v mg¨K msKí MÖnY K‡i _v‡Kb| mg¨K evK¨ : h_v_© Ges MÖnY‡hvM¨ evK¨B n‡”Q mg¨K evK¨| wg_¨v, KK©k, Amvi, ciwb›`v, mZ¨ †Mvcb, e„_v evK¨ eR©b K‡i mshZ, mywgó, myfvwlZ mvi evK¨B mg¨K evK¨| †h evK¨ Aci‡K `ytL †`q Zv me©‡Zvfv‡e eR©b Kiv DwPZ| mZ¨, ïf, cÖxwZc` I A_©c~Y© evK¨ e¨envi Kiv DwPZ| mg¨K evK¨ Øviv gayi m¤úK© m„wó nq| mg¨K Kg© : mwVK Ges KzkjKg©B n‡jv mg¨K Kg©| †h Kg© wb‡Ri I Ac‡ii g½j mvab K‡i, ¶wZ mvab K‡i bv Zv-B mg¨K Kg©| cÖvYx nZ¨v, Pzwi, e¨wfPvi, wg_¨v fvlY, gv`K`ªe¨ MÖnY cÖf…wZ AKzkjKg© eR©b K‡i wb‡`©vl Kg© m¤úv`b KivB mg¨K Kg©| wk¶v_©x‡`i Rb¨ wbôvi m‡½ wk¶v AR©bB mg¨K Kg©| wk¶v AR©‡bi gva¨‡g mywkw¶Z n‡q mr KvR KivB mg¨K Kg©| mZZvi m‡½ wbR wbR KZ©e¨ cvjb KivB mg¨K Kg©|


Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©

55

mg¨K RxweKv : ˆbwZKfv‡e RxweKv wbe©vn KivB n‡jv mg¨K RxweKv| ey× A¯¿, wel, cÖvYx, gvsm Ges gv`K`ªe¨ G c evwYR¨ cwiZ¨vM K‡i mr evwYR¨ I Kg© Øviv RxweKv wbe©vn Ki‡Z Dc‡`k w`‡q‡Qb| gvbyl I cÖvYx Kz‡ji Rb¨ g½j I †mevg~jK †h ‡Kv‡bv KvRB mg¨K RxweKv| mg¨K e¨vqvg : mr D`¨g ev cÖ‡Póv‡K mg¨K e¨vqvg ejv nq| mg¨K e¨vqvg Pvifv‡e Abykxjb Ki‡Z nq| h_v : 1. Drcbœ AmrKg© webv‡mi Rb¨ cÖ‡Póv ; 2. Abyrcbœ AmrKg© Drcbœ bv nIqvi cÖ‡Póv ; 3. Abyrcbœ mrKg© Drc‡bœi cÖ‡Póv Ges 4. Drcbœ mrKg© msi¶Y I e„w×i cÖ‡Póv| mg¨K D`¨g ev mr B”Qv bv _vK‡j RM‡Z †Kv‡bv KvRB mdj nq bv| mr D`¨g Qvov Kj¨vYKi KvR msNwUZ n‡Z cv‡i bv| Avgv‡`i wPË m`v PÂj I me©Î wePiYkxj| Aw¯’i wPˇK mshZ ivLv Ges mwVK c‡_ cwiPvwjZ KivB mg¨K e¨vqvg| mg¨K ¯§„wZ : KzkjK‡g©i wPšÍvB mg¨K ¯§„wZ| ˆ`wnK I gvbwmK mKj Ae¯’v m‡PZbfv‡e ch©‡e¶Y KivB mg¨K ¯§„wZ| mg¨K ¯§„wZ Kzkj †PZbv‡K me©`v RvMÖZ iv‡L| wPˇK wbqš¿Y K‡i| Kzkj I AKzkj K‡g©i cv_©K¨ eyS‡Z mnvqZv K‡i| AKzkjKg© eR©b K‡i KzkjKg© Kivi wPšÍv KivB mg¨K ¯§„wZ| ¯§„wZnxb gvbyl gvwSwenxb †bŠKvi g‡Zv| mg¨K mgvwa : wP‡Ëi GKvMÖZv mvabB mg¨K mgvwa| PÂj wPˇK mshZ Kivi cÖ‡PóvB n‡”Q mgvwa| wPË mshZ bv n‡j †Kv‡bv KvR mwVKfv‡e m¤úv`b m¤¢e bq| ZvB mK‡ji mgvwa PP©v Kiv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR mg¨K `„wó ej‡Z Kx eyS? mg¨K RxweKvi aviYv `vI

cvV : 3 ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡b Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g ˆbwZK Rxeb MVb Ges `ytL n‡Z gyw³ jvf Kiv hvq| †jvf-†Øl-†gvn mKj cÖKvi AKzkj Ges A‰bwZK K‡g©i g~j wfwË| åvšÍ aviYvi Kvi‡Y gvby‡li g‡a¨ †jvf-†Øl-†gvn Drcbœ nq| d‡j Kzkj-AKzkj Kg© wba©viY Ki‡Z bv †c‡i gvbyl A‰bwZK K‡g© wjß nq| mg¨K `„wó åvšÍ aviYv `~i K‡i A‰bwZK Kg© m¤úv`b n‡Z weiZ iv‡L Ges ‰bwZK Kg© m¤úv`‡b DØy× K‡i| mg¨K msK‡íi gva¨‡g gvbyl mr Rxebhvc‡b cªwZkÖ“wZe× nq| mg¨K evK¨ KK©k, wg_¨v, wcïb Ges Amvi K_v ejv n‡Z †hgb weiZ iv‡L, †Zgwb mZ¨, A_©c~Y© Ges myfvwlZ K_v ej‡Z DØy× K‡i| mg¨K Kg© mKj cÖKvi AKzkjKg© n‡Z weiZ iv‡L Ges Kykj Kg© Ki‡Z DrmvwnZ K‡i| mg¨K RxweKv AwnZKi RxweKv cwiZ¨vM K‡i KzkjKg© Aej¤^‡bi Øviv mr RxweKv wbe©vn Ki‡Z †cÖiYv †hvMvq| mg¨K e¨vqvg Drcbœ AmrK‡g©i webvk K‡i KykjKg© Drcv`b I m¤úv`‡b m‡Pó K‡i| AKzkj Kg© Abyrcv`b I eR©‡bi †Póv Ki‡Z wk¶v †`q| mg¨K ¯§„wZ Kzkj Kg© m¤úv`‡bi †PZbv‡K RvMÖZ iv‡L| mg¨K mgvwa wPˇK mgvwnZ I mshZ K‡i Kzkj I ˆbwZK K‡g© wbweó iv‡L| G †_‡K


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

56

†evSv hvq †h, Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i cÖwZwU gvM© gvbyl‡K ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡b mnvqZv K‡i| AZGe, ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡b mK‡jiB Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© AbymiY Kiv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© ˆbwZK Rxeb MV‡bb mwVK w`K wb‡`©kbv - †hŠw³KZv wbi~c Y Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 4 Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i ag©xq ¸i“Z¡¡ Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© †eŠ×a‡g©i Ab¨Zg g~jZË¡| Z_vMZ ey× RM‡Zi `ytL gyw³i Dcvq wn‡m‡e Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxj‡bi Dc‡`k w`‡q‡Qb| `ytL gyw³i Dcvq AbymÜvb Ki‡Z wM‡q wZwb Dcjwä K‡ib †h, K‡Vvi kvixwiK Kó wKsev †fvM wejv‡m wbgMœ _vKv †K‡bvwUB `ytL n‡Z gyw³i Dcvq n‡Z cv‡i bv| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© GB `yBwU Pig cš’v‡K eR©b K‡i| ZvB Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© †eŠ×a‡g© ga¨gcš’v wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ| ey× ga¨gcš’v Aej¤^b K‡iB An©Z¡ dj jvf K‡iwQ‡jb| Gi gva¨‡g wZwb Z…òvi ¶q mvab K‡i Rb¥-g„Zz¨i k„•Lj n‡Z gy³ nb Ges cig myL wbe©vY jvf Ki‡Z m¶g nb| †eŠ×‡`i cig j¶¨ n‡”Q wbe©vY| Z…òvB `yt‡Li KviY| Z…òvi Kvi‡Y gvbyl evi evi Rb¥MÖnY K‡i `ytL †fvM K‡i| Z…òvi ¶q mvab ev wbe©vwcZ Ae¯’vB wbe©vY| wbe©vYcÖvß e¨w³ cybivq Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib bv| d‡j wZwb Rb¥RwbZ `ytL †fvM K‡ib bv| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© n‡”Q wbe©vY jv‡fi Dcvq| Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© mwVKfv‡e Abykxjb Ki‡j †eŠ×‡`i cig j¶¨ wbe©vY jvf m¤¢e| msmvi Rxe‡b Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© AbykxjbKvix e¨w³ hveZxq AKzkj Kg© m¤úv`b †_‡K weiZ †_‡K ag©c‡_ cwiPvwjZ nb| msmvi Z¨vMx †eŠ×-wf¶z kÖgYiv Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g An©Z¡ dj jvf K‡i wbe©v‡Y DcbxZ nb| ZvB Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i ag©xq ¸i“Z¡ Acwimxg Ges †eŠ× gvÎB Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxjb Kiv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR weZK© Abyôvb welq : ÔïaygvÎ msmvi Z¨vMx mva‡Ki c‡¶B Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxjb m¤¢eÕ


Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©

57

Abykxjbx 1. k~b¨¯’vb c~iY : K) ÔgvM©Õ k‡ãi A_©.............| L) ..............Kvi‡Y gvbyl evievi Rb¥ MÖnY K‡i| M) whwb wbe©vY jvf K‡i wZwb ................ K‡ib bv| N) h_v_© Ges MÖnY‡hvM¨ evK¨B n‡”Q ................| O) ............... K‡g©i wPšÍvB mg¨K ¯§„wZ| 2. wgjKiY :

3.

K) Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©‡K ejv nq

mg¨K evK¨

L) h_v_© Ges MÖnY‡hvM¨ evK¨B n‡”Q

Z…òv

M) `yt‡Li GKgvÎ KviY

ga¨g c_

N) Kzkj K‡g©i wPšÍvB

Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©

O) wbe©vY jv‡fi Dcvq

mg¨K ¯§„wZ

msw¶ß cÖkœ : K) Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©‡K ga¨g c_ ejv nq †Kb? L) mg¨K evK¨ Kxfv‡e ejv hvq? M) K‡qKwU KzkjK‡g©i D`vniY `vI|

4.

iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K) Avh©-Aóvw½K gvM© ej‡Z Kx eyS eY©bv Ki| L) mg¨K RxweKv e¨vL¨v Ki| M) Ôey× wb‡`©wkZ AvUwU mwVKc_ AbymiY K‡i `ytL †_‡K gyw³ jvf Kiv hvqÕ - Av‡jvPbv Ki|

eû wbe©vPbx cÖkœ : 1.

gvM© k‡ãi A_© Kx ? K. j¶¨

L. D‡Ïk¨

M. a¨vb

N. c_


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

58

2.

Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxjb Kivi Ab¨Zg KviY †KvbwU ? K. ab m¤ú` AR©b

L. wejvm Rxeb hvcb

M. cvw_©e myL jvf

N. ˆbwZK Rxeb MVb

wb‡Pi DÏxcKwU co Ges 3 I 4 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vIÑ †KŠwkK axi I wgZfvlx nIqvi Kvi‡Y mncvwV‡`i KvQ †_‡K cÖvqB wewfbœ KUzw³ ïb‡Z n‡Zv| Zvic‡iI mncvwV‡`i cÖwZ †m ˆgÎxfve †cvlY KiZ| we`¨vj‡qi mgvcbx cix¶vq †m cÖ_g ¯’vb jvf K‡i Ges k„•Ljvi Rb¨ †m †miv wk¶v_x© wbe©vwPZ nq|

3.

4.

†KŠwk‡Ki AvPi‡Y Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i †Kvb c_wU‡K wb‡`©k K‡i ? K. mg¨K `„wó

L. mg¨K msKí

M. mg¨K Kg©

N. mg¨K ¯§„wZ

D³ K‡g©i d‡j †KŠwkK AR©b Ki‡Z cv‡i Ñ i. Ávb gvM© ii. Kzkj Kg© wbY©q iii. åvšÍ aviYv wbimb|

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K.

i

M. i I ii

L. ii N. i, ii I iii

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ -1 mygb I iygb `yB cÖwZ‡ekx| G‡`i g‡a¨ †ckvq mygb abvX¨ e¨emvqx Ges iygb `wi`ª K…lK| mygb KvRK‡g© wg_¨vi AvkÖq †bq Ges gvby‡li mv‡_ cÖZviYv K‡i| GQvov wewfbœ K¬v‡e wM‡q Ryqv †L‡j I †bkv RvZxq `ªe¨ †meb K‡i| c¶všÍ‡i iygb Kv‡R duvwK †`q bv, mrfv‡e cwikÖg K‡i RxweKv wbe©vn K‡i| iyg‡bi AvPi‡Y MÖv‡gi †jvKRb Zv‡K Lye cQ›` K‡i| K. Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© KZ cÖKvi ? L. mg¨K mgvwa ej‡Z Kx eyS ? M. myg‡bi AvPi‡Y Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i †Kvb A½ jw•NZ n‡q‡Q ? e¨vL¨v Ki| N. iyg‡bi Kg©wU Avh© Aóvw½K gv‡M©i mg¨K RxweKvi cÖwZdjbÑZywg wK e³e¨wUi m‡½ GKgZ ? gZvgZ `vI|


Avh© Aóvw½K gvM©

59

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ-2 ivûj fveyK cÖK…wZi GK hyeK| wZwb memgq Rx‡ei cÖwZ m`q _vK‡Zb Ges g›` KvR Z¨vM K‡i fvj KvR Kivi wPšÍv Ki‡Zb| wKš‘ msmv‡ii `ytL-Kó Abyaveb Ki‡Z †c‡i GK ch©v‡q wZwb cÖeªR¨v MÖnY Ki‡jb| wKQzw`b ci wZwb cÖPÐ R¡‡ii Kvi‡Y g„Zz¨ hš¿Yv Abyfe Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| †k‡l a¨vbÑmvabvi gva¨‡g my¯’ n‡q DV‡j wZwb `ytL gyw³i c_ Lyu‡R †c‡jb| K. mg¨K Kg© Kx ? L. Avh© Aóvw½K gvM© Abykxj‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv eywS‡q wjL| M. †Kvb gvM© Aej¤^‡bi gva¨‡g ivûj Afxó j¶¨ AR©b Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Qb ? eY©bv Ki| N. ivûj cÖeªR¨v Rxeb MÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g KZUzKz mdj n‡qwQ‡jb? cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K e¨vL¨v Ki|


mßg Aa¨vq

agx©q AvPvi Abyôvb I Drme †eŠ× m¤úª`vq wewfbœ ag©xq AvPvi Abyôvb cvjb K‡i _v‡K| cÖ‡Z¨KwU Abyôv‡bi ¯^Zš¿ BwZnvm I cUf~wg i‡q‡Q| Gme AvPvi Abyôvb †eŠ× a‡g©i BwZnvm, HwZn¨ I `k©‡bi mv‡_ m¤ú„³| ag©xq I mvgvwRKfv‡e G Abyôvb¸‡jv cvjb Kiv nq| bvbvgyLx Av‡qvR‡b wKQz wKQz AvPvi-Abyôvb Drm‡ei i~c aviY K‡i| Gme AvPviAbyôv‡bi gva¨‡g ag©xq Abyf~wZ RvMÖZ nq| agx©q gZev`¸‡jv eyS‡Z mnR nq| cvi¯úwiK fve-wewbgq nq| †mŠåvZ…Z¡‡eva m„wó nq| ˆbwZK I gvbweK Rxeb MwVZ nq| AvZ¥mshg Ges web¤ª nIqv hvq| el©vevm, D‡cvm_ Ges KwVb Pxei `vb cÖf…wZ Abyôvb †eŠ×‡`i ag©xq ms¯‹…wZi Abb¨ Drm| Gme ag©xq AvPvi-Abyôvb wf¶z Ges M„nx †eŠ×‡`i g‡a¨ m¤ú‡K©i †mZz eÜb iPbv K‡i| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv wZbwU ag©xq AvPvi-Abyôvb I Drme m¤ú‡K© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv Ñ * cUf~wgmn elv©evmeªZ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * elv©evmeªZKvjxb wf¶z I M„nx‡`i KiYxq welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * D‡cvm‡_i cÖKvi‡f` I D‡cvm_ cvj‡bi wbqgvewj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * KwVb Pxei `v‡bi mydj D‡jøLc~e©K KwVb Pxei `vb m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 el©vevmeªZ el©vevm †eŠ×‡`i GKwU ¸iæZ¡c~Y© ag©xq AvPvi ev Abyôvb| fMevb ey× Zuvi msN cÖwZôvi ci myôzfv‡e †mB msN cwiPvjbvi wbwg‡Ë wewfbœ wbqg-Kvbyb cÖeZ©b K‡ib| el©vevm ey× cÖewZ©Z wewa-weav‡biB Ask| Avlvpx c~wY©gv †_‡K Avwk¦bx c~wY©gv ch©šÍ wZbgvm wf¶ziv el©vevmeªZ cvjb K‡ib| G mgq Zuviv wenv‡i Ae¯’vb K‡i ag©v‡jvPbv, ag©kÖeY, ag©-webq I a¨vb-mgvwa PP©v Ges Aa¨qb K‡i mgq AwZevwnZ Kivi †Póv K‡ib| el©vKv‡j wenv‡i evm K‡i GB eªZ ev Awaôvb cvjb Kiv nq e‡j GwU‡K el©vevmeªZ e‡j| el©vevmeªZ cvj‡bi gva¨‡g wf¶z‡`i †R¨ôZv wba©viY Kiv nq|

el©vevmeª‡Zi cUf~wg wf¶zmsN MVb Kivi ci ey× me©cÖvwYi Kj¨v‡bi Rb¨ Zuvi ag©evYx w`‡K w`‡K Qwo‡q w`‡Z wf¶z‡`i wb‡`©k †`b| ey‡×i wb‡`©‡k wf¶zMY cv‡q †nu‡U cvnvo ce©Z wWwO‡q wewfbœ †jvKvj‡q wM‡q ag© cÖPvi I †`kbv Ki‡Zb| wKš‘ el©vKv‡j wf¶ziv wewfbœ iKg Amyweav †fvM Ki‡Zb| Zuviv K`©gv³ c‡_ hvZvqv‡Zi mgq cÖPzi Kó †fvM Ki‡Zb|


agx©q AvPvi Abyôvb I Drme

61

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agx©q AvPvi Abyôvb I Drme

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agx©q AvPvi Abyôvb I Drme

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†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

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Abykxjbx 1.

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2.

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4.

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2.

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Kwcj eªvþY I f`ªv Kwcjvwb msmvi Rxeb Z¨vM K‡iwQ‡jb †Kb ? K. AZxZKv‡j eªþ‡jv‡K wQ‡jb e‡j L. Df‡qi g‡a¨ gbgvwjb¨ wQj e‡j M. mvgvwRK evav wQj e‡j N. AvZ¥xq-¯^R‡bi KzcÖ‡ivPbvq

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4.

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PwiZgvjv

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m„Rbkxj cÖkœ-1 mywPÎv I Ac©bv `y‡evb| i~‡c I ¸‡Y `yR‡b Aci~cv| covïbvi duv‡K duv‡K mywPÎv ey‡×i ag© †`kbv ïb‡Z wenv‡i †h‡Zb Ges †kªô wf¶zYx nIqvi B”Qv Ki‡Zb| covïbv †k‡l Zv‡`i wcZv mywPÎv‡K we‡q †`qvi K_v ej‡j †m Abxnv cÖKvk K‡i| wKš‘ mywPÎvi i~c I ¸‡Yi K_v ï‡b A‡bK m¤£všÍ cwievi †_‡K Zuvi we‡qi cÖ¯Íve Av‡m| G Ae¯’vq we‡q n‡j GjvKvi m¤£všÍ e¨w³ e‡M©i g‡a¨ Kjn I i³cvZ NU‡e weavq wcZv †g‡qi m¤§wZ‡Z ÔmywPÎv‡KÕ cÖeªR¨v MÖnY Kivb| Ab¨w`‡K Acb©v‡K we‡q Kiv wb‡q D³ GjvKvq hyeK‡`i g‡a¨ cÖwZ‡hvwMZv ïiæ nq| Ac©bv we‡q‡Z ivwR bv n‡q wewfbœ mvs¯‹…wZK Kg©Kv‡Ð wb‡R‡K Rwo‡q †d‡jb| GK mgq wenv‡i ag© PP©vq AbycªvwYZ n‡j, Zuvi g‡b nq †`n, i~c I †hŠeb meB ¶Y¯’vqx I GK w`b a¶sm n‡q hv‡e| K.

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L.

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M.

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N.

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beg Aa¨vq

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G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * RvZ‡Ki DrcwË Ges RvZ‡Ki MVb‰kjx e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * RvZ‡Ki wewfbœ Kvwnbx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * RvZK cvV K‡i cÖvPxb mgvR e¨e¯’v m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

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RvZK

85

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Abykxjbg~jK KvR RvZK k‡ãi A_© Kx? RvZK ej‡Z Kx eyS?

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86

RvZ‡Ki KvwnbxMy‡jv‡Z m`vPiY, Rx‡e `qv, mshg, `v‡bi gwngv, ˆbwZK Rxe‡bi DrKl© mvab I DcKvwiZv cÖf„wZ wel‡q wn‡Zvc‡`k i‡q‡Q| GMy‡jv ey‡×i Rb¥-Rb¥všÍ‡ii cvigx c~i‡Yi K_v| Gme ¸Yvewj ˆbwZK I Av`k© Rxeb MV‡b mnvqK| eÜz-evÜe †KD wec_Mvgx n‡j Zv‡K RvZ‡Ki wk¶vi gva¨‡g mrc‡_ wdwi‡q Avbv hvq| ZvB my¯’ cvwievwiK I mgvRRxeb MVb Ges e¨w³ Rxe‡bi DrKl© mva‡bi Rb¨ RvZ‡Ki MíMy‡jv cov DwPZ|

GLv‡b K‡qKwU RvZ‡Ki Kvwnbx eY©bv Kiv n‡jv|

Abykxjbxg~jK KvR RvZK cvV K‡i Kx wk¶v jvf Ki‡Z cvwi?

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-Zzwg ce©‡Zi Dci e‡m AvQ †Kb?


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87 -Avgvi AšÍtmË¡v ¯¿xi †Zvgvi KwjRv LvIqvi mva n‡q‡Q| ZvB †Zvgv‡K ai‡Z e‡m AvwQ| -Kzgxi fvB, Avwg †Zvgv‡K aiv w`w”Q| Zzwg nuv Ki, Avwg †Zvgvi gy‡Li wfZi jvwd‡q cowQ| ZLb Zzwg Avgvq ai‡Z cvi‡e|

Kzgxi I evbi

Kzgxi hLb gyL nu¨v K‡i ZLb Zvi `y‡PvL eyu‡R hvq| †evwamË¡ †h †KŠk‡j wb‡Ri Rxeb i¶v Ki‡Z †Póv KiwQ‡jb Kzgxi Zv eyS‡Z cv‡iwb| †m †evwam‡Ë¡i K_vg‡Zv gyL nuv K‡i †PvL eyu‡R iB‡jv| GB Ae¯’vq †evwamË¡ GK jv‡d Zvi gv_vi Dci Ges Av‡iK jv‡d Lye `ª“ZMwZ‡Z b`xi Icv‡i †cuŠ‡Q †M‡jb| Kzgxi GB KvÛ †`‡L AevK n‡q evb‡ii D‡Ï‡k¨ ej‡jv, Ôevb‡i›`ª, PviwU MyY _vK‡j me kΓ Rq Kiv hvq| †m PviwU MyY n‡jv mZ¨, ˆah©, Z¨vM Avi weP¶YZv| †Zvgvi g‡a¨ GB PviwU MyYB Av‡Q| †Zvgv‡K bg¯‹vi|Õ Gfv‡e evbii~cx †evwam‡Ë¡i cÖksmv K‡i Kzgxi P‡j †Mj|

Dc‡`k : ˆah© I eyw× w`‡q wec‡`i †gvKv‡ejv Ki‡Z nq|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR evbi †Kgb K‡i Gcvi †_‡K Icv‡i †hZ? evbi Kxfv‡e Kzgx‡ii nvZ †_‡K i¶v †cj? eyw× w`‡q †Zvgiv †Kv‡bv wec` †_‡K i¶v †c‡q _vK‡j Zv eY©bv Ki (`jxq KvR)


88

†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

cvV : 4 †`eag© RvZK cyivKv‡j evivYmx iv‡R¨ eªþ`Ë bv‡g GK ivRv wQ‡jb| †m mgq †evwamË¡ ivRKzgvii~‡c Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| Zuvi bvg n‡jv gwnsmvm Kzgvi| Zuvi R‡b¥i `yB wZb eQi ci GK †QvU fvB Rb¥vj| Zuvi bvg n‡jv P›`ªKzgvi| P›`ªKzgvi GKUz eo n‡j ivwb ci‡jvK Mgb K‡ib| ivRv eªþ`Ë ZLb cybe©vi weevn K‡ib| wKQzw`b ci †QvU ivwbi GK †Q‡j n‡jv| †mB †Q‡ji bvg n‡jv m~h©Kzgvi| ivRv ZLb Lye Lywk n‡q ivwb‡K ei PvB‡Z ej‡jb| ivwb ZLb †Kv‡bv ei wb‡jb bv| wZwb ej‡jb, gnvivR, GLb _vK, c‡i Avwg GB ei †P‡q †be| m~h©Kzgvi eo n‡jv| ivwb ZLb ivRv‡K ej‡jb, m~hK © zgv‡ii R‡b¥i mgq Avcwb Avgv‡K GKwU ei w`‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| GLb †mB ei Avgv‡K w`b| Avgvi †Q‡j‡K ivRv K‡i wbb| eªþ`Ë ej‡jb, Avgvi eo `yB †Q‡j AvMy‡bi g‡Zv †ZR¯^x| Avwg Zv‡`i †i‡L †QvU Kzgvi‡K ivRv Ki‡Z cvwi bv| ivwb ivRvi K_vq kvšÍ n‡jb bv| wZwb w`bivZ ivRv‡K GB wb‡q wei³ Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| ivRvI G‡Z wPwšÍZ n‡q co‡jb| wZwb AvksKv Ki‡jb, ivwbi Pµv‡šÍ eo `yB Kzgv‡ii ¶wZ n‡Z cv‡i| GB †f‡e ivRv eo `yB Kzgvi‡K †W‡K ej‡jb, †Q‡jiv Avgvi, †Zvgv‡`i †QvU fvB‡qi R‡b¥i mgq †QvU ivwb‡K Avwg GKwU ei PvB‡Z e‡jwQjvg| ei ¯^i~c GLb wZwb m~h©Kzgvi‡K ivRv Ki‡Z Pvb| wKš‘ †m ivRv †nvK Avwg Zv PvB bv| Avwg Avk¼v KiwQ GRb¨ †QvU ivwb †Zvgv‡`i ¶wZ Ki‡Z cv‡i| †Zvgiv GLb e‡b wM‡q Avkªq bvI| Avgvi g„Zz¨i ci wbqg Abyhvqx eo †Q‡j ivRZ¡ cv‡e| ZLb †Zvgiv †mB Abyhvqx e¨e¯’v wbI| GB e‡j wZwb eo `yB †Q‡j‡K we`vq w`‡jb| `yB Kzgvi wcZvi Av‡`‡k ivRcÖvmv` †_‡K †ewi‡q co‡jv| cÖvmv‡`i evB‡i ZLb m~h©Kzgvi †LjwQj| `yB fvB‡qi gyL †_‡K e‡b hvIqvi K_v ky‡b †mI fvB‡`i m‡½ Pj‡jv| Pj‡Z Pj‡Z wZb fvB wngvjq ce©‡Z †cuŠQj| †mLv‡b †evwamË¡ GK Mv‡Qi Zjvq e‡m m~h©Kzgvi‡K ej‡jb, IB m‡ive‡i wM‡q mœvb K‡i G‡mv| Rj †L‡q G‡mv| Avmvi mgq cÙcvZvq K‡i Avgv‡`i Rb¨ Rj wb‡q G‡mv| †mB m‡ive‡i GK Rjiv¶m evm Ki‡Zv| Rjiv¶m m‡iveiwU †c‡qwQj GK Kz‡e‡ii KvQ †_‡K| †`Iqvi mgq Kz‡ei Zv‡K e‡jwQ‡jb, †`eag© Ávbnxb †Kv‡bv †jvK hw` GB m‡ive‡i bv‡g GKgvÎ Zv‡KB Zzwg †L‡Z cvi‡e| wKš‘ R‡j bv bvg‡j Zv‡K Zzwg †L‡Z cvi‡e bv| m~h©Kzgvi Gme wKQzB Rvb‡Zv bv| †m R‡j bvg‡ZB Rjiv¶m Zv‡K a‡i ej‡jv, †`eag© Kv‡K e‡j Rvb? m~h©Kzgvi ej‡jv, Rvwb, †jv‡K m~h© I Puv`‡K †`eZv e‡j| iv¶m ej‡jv, wg‡_¨ K_v| Zzwg †`eag© Kx Rv‡bv bv - GB K_v e‡j †m m~h©Kzgvi‡K †U‡b wb‡Ri N‡i wb‡q †eu‡a


RvZK

89

ivL‡jv|

wZb ivRKzgvi e‡bi w`‡K hv‡”Q

m~h©Kzgvi wd‡i Avm‡Z †`wi Ki‡Q †`‡L †evwamË¡ P›`ªKzgvi‡K †QvU fvB‡qi †Luv‡R cvVv‡jb| Rjiv¶m P›`ªKzgvi‡KI cÖkœ Ki‡jv, †`eag© Kx? P›`ªKzgvi †h DËi w`j, Rjiv¶m Zv‡Z mš‘ó n‡Z cvi‡jv bv| ZvB P›`ªKygvi‡KI wb‡Ri N‡i wb‡q †eu‡a ivL‡jv| P›`ªKzgvi wd‡i Avm‡Q bv †`‡L †evwamË¡ eyS‡jb `yB fvB †Kv‡bv wec‡` c‡o‡Q| Zuvi m‡›`n n‡jv wbðq IB m‡ive‡i †Kv‡bv Rjiv¶m Av‡Q| m‡½ m‡½ wZwb Zxi, abyK I Zievwi wb‡q m‡ive‡ii Ky‡j iv¶‡mi Rb¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| iv¶m †`L‡jv, †evwamË¡ R‡j bvg‡Qb bv| ZLb †m ebevmx gvbyl †m‡R †evwam‡Ë¡i mvg‡b G‡m ej‡jv, ÔfvB, Avcwb K¬všÍ| mvg‡b PgrKvi m‡ivei| ILv‡b †b‡g mœvb Kiyb| Rjcvb Kiyb| Zv‡Z Avcbvi K¬vwšÍ †K‡U hv‡e|Õ †evwamË¡ Rjiv¶m‡K wPb‡Z cvi‡jb| Rjiv¶mI Dcvq bv †`‡L †evwam‡Ë¡i Kv‡Q me K_v ¯^xKvi Ki‡jv| ZLb †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, †`eag© Kx Zv Avwg Rvwb| Zzwg Avgvi KvQ †_‡K Zv Kx Rvb‡Z PvI? iv¶m ej‡jv, nuv PvB| ZLb †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, ÔGLb Avwg Lye K¬všÍ| Av‡M K¬vwšÍ `~i Kwi| Zvici ej‡ev|Õ ZLb iv¶m Zuv‡K mœvb Ki‡Z w`j| Lv`¨ I cvbxq w`j| emvi Rb¨ wewPÎ Avmb mvwR‡q Zv‡Z em‡Z w`j| †evwamË¡ †mB Avm‡b


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

90

em‡jb| iv¶m Zuvi cv‡qi Kv‡Q em‡jv| ZLb †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, ÔkvšÍ, mZ¨civqY I wbg©j AšÍ‡i whwb ag©KvR K‡ib wZwb †`eag© civqY| g‡b cvc RvM‡j whwb wb‡R j¾v cvb wZwb †`eag© civqY|Õ GB e¨vL¨v ky‡b iv¶m mš‘ó n‡q ej‡jv, Avcwb cwÛZ| Avwg Avcbvi K_vq mš‘ó njvg| Avwg Avcbv‡K kª×v Rvbvw”Q| Avcbvi GKRb fvB‡K wdwi‡q w`w”Q| ejyb, Kv‡K Avb‡ev? †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, Avgvi †QvU fvB‡K| iv¶m ej‡jv, Avcwb †`eag© Rv‡bb| A_P †mB Abymv‡i KvR Ki‡Qb bv| †gR fvB‡qi e`‡j †QvU fvB‡K PvB‡Qb †Kb? †evwamË¡ DËi w`‡jb, Avwg †`eag© Rvwb Ges †mB Abymv‡i KvRI Kwi| me‡P‡q †QvU fvBwU Avgvi mr fvB| Ii Rb¨ Avgiv ebevmx n‡qwQ| Avgvi wegvZv I‡K ivRv Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb| wKš‘ wcZv Zv‡Z ivwR nbwb| Avgv‡`i †QvU fvBwUI me ky‡b Avgv‡`i m‡½ ebevmx n‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`i †d‡j †m GKw`bI ivRcyix‡Z †divi K_v fv‡ewb| GLb wd‡i wM‡q Avwg hw` ewj Zv‡K iv¶m †L‡q‡Q Zv †KD wek¦vm Ki‡e bv| GRb¨ Avwg Zv‡K PvBwQ| iv¶m Lywk n‡q `yB fvB‡K wdwi‡q w`‡jv| ZLb †evwamË¡ iv¶m‡K ej‡jb, Zzwg AZxZ R‡b¥ cvc K‡iwQ‡j e‡j iv¶m n‡q‡Qv| G‡ZI †Zvgvi wk¶v nqwb| G R‡b¥I Zzwg cvc Ki‡Qv| Gi d‡j Zzwg g„Zz¨i ci bi‡K _vK‡e| Kó cv‡e| myZivs GLb †_‡K mr Kg© K‡iv, mr c‡_ P‡j G‡mv| Zvn‡j Zzwg gyw³ cv‡e| Gfv‡e Rjiv¶m‡K mr c‡_ G‡b †evwamË¡ e‡b evm Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| Zvici GKw`b wcZvi g„Zz¨i Lei †c‡q iv‡R¨ wd‡i †M‡jb| wZwb evivYmxi ivRv n‡jb| P›`ªKzgvi‡K Ki‡jb DcivR| m~h©Kzgvi‡K w`‡jb †mbvcwZi c`| iv¶‡mi Rb¨ my›`i Ni I my‡Li e¨e¯’v Ki‡jb| Gfv‡e ivRag© cvjb K‡i wZwb ci‡jvK Mgb Ki‡jb| cyY¨e‡j g„Zz¨i ci wZwb ¯^M© jvf Ki‡jb| Dc‡`k : ag©c‡_ Pj‡j Rq Awbevh©|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR ivRv †Kb ivwb‡K ei w`‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb? †evwamË¡ iv¶m‡K mrc‡_ Avbvi Rb¨ Kx e‡jwQ‡jb?

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RvZK

91

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cÙi¶K cÙ Zzj‡Qb

Dc‡`k : PvUzKvwiZvi dj KL‡bv fv‡jv nq bv|


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92

Abykxjbg~jK KvR cÙi¶K Z…Zxq †kªôxcy·K cÙ w`‡qwQ‡jb †Kb? RvZ‡Ki MíwU cvV K‡i Kx wk¶v †c‡j? eY©bv Ki|

cvV : 6 jUzwKK RvZK cyivKv‡j †evwamË¡ n¯ÍxK~‡j Rb¥MÖnY K‡i Avwk nvRvi nvwZi AwacwZ n‡qwQ‡jb| †m mgq GK jUzwKK cvwL nvwZ‡`i wePi‡Yi ¯’v‡b wWg †c‡owQj| †mB wWg dz‡U GK mgq Qvbv †ei n‡jv| Qvbv¸‡jvi ZLbI cvLv MRvq wb, †mRb¨ Zviv Do‡Z cvi‡Zv bv| Ggb mgq †evwamË¡ `jejmn †mB c‡_ G‡m Dcw¯’Z n‡jb| ZLb gv jUzwKK cvwL Zvi Qvbv‡`i Rxeb euvPvevi wPšÍvq Aw¯’i n‡q co‡jv| †m fve‡jv, nvwZi cv‡qi Z‡j c‡o GB eywS Zvi Qvbv‡`i cÖvY hvq| Kv‡RB †m Zvi Qvbv‡`i cÖvY euvPvevi Rb¨ n¯Íxi~c x †evwam‡Ë¡i mvg‡b wM‡q `uvovj| †m Zvi cvLv `ywU †Rvo K‡i Zvi Qvbv‡`i cÖvYi¶vi Rb¨ †evwam‡Ë¡i Kv‡Q wgbwZ Rvbvj| ej‡jv, †n n¯ÍxivR, Avcbvi eqm lvU eQi, Avcwb hk¯^x, ce©‡Zi Ic‡ii mgZj f~wg‡Z wePiY K‡ib| Avgvi `ywU cvLv †Rvo K‡i Avcbv‡K e›`bv KiwQ| Avgvi `ye©j Qvbv¸‡jv‡K gvi‡eb bv| †evwamË¡ ej‡jb, Ô†n jUzwKK cvwLi gv ! Zzwg fq †cI bv| Avwg †Zvgvi Qvbv‡`i i¶v KieÕ Ñ GB e‡j wZwb Qvbv¸‡jv‡K cv‡qi duv‡K AvM‡j ivL‡jb| G‡K G‡K Avwk nvRvi nvwZ P‡j †M‡j wZwb m‡i `uvov‡jb| Zvici †mLvb †_‡K hvIqvi mgq jUywKK cvwLi gv‡K ej‡jb, Avgv‡`i wcQ‡b GKwU `jQvov nvwZ Av‡Q| †m GKv| †m Avgv‡`i K_v †kv‡b bv, Avgvi Av‡`kI gv‡b bv| Kv‡RB Zzwg Zvi Kv‡Q †Zvgvi ev”Pv‡`i euvPvevi Rb¨ cÖv_©bv Ki| jUzwKK cvwL †evwamË¡‡K ab¨ev` w`‡q we`vq Rvbvj| Zvici †mB `jQzU nvwZwU Gj| gv jUzwKK cvwL `ywU cvLv †Rvo K‡i Zvi ev”Pv‡`i Rxeb i¶v Kivi Rb¨ webxZ cÖv_©bv Rvbv‡jv| ej‡jv, †n GKvPvix AiY¨evmx, hk¯^x n¯ÍxivR, Avcbvi eqm lvU eQi, ce©‡Zi Ic‡i mgZj f~wg‡Z Avcwb wePiY K‡ib| Avgvi `ywU cvLv †Rvov K‡i Avcbv‡K e›`bv Rvbvw”Q| Avgvi `ye©j Qvbv¸‡jv‡K Avcwb gvi‡eb bv| ZLb †mB GKvPvix nvwZ ej‡jv, jUzwKK cvwL, Avwg †Zvgvi ev”Pv¸‡jv cv‡q wc‡l gvi‡ev| Zzwg `ye©j, Zzwg Avgvi Kx Ki‡Z cvi‡e ? †Zvgvi g‡Zv kZ kZ jUzwKK cvwL‡K Avgvi GB euv cv w`‡q †kl K‡i w`‡Z cvwi Ñ GB e‡j †m ev”Pv¸‡jv‡K cv‡q `‡j wc‡l wPrKvi Ki‡Z Ki‡Z P‡j †Mj|


RvZK

93

†evwamË¡iycx n¯ÍxivR jUywKK Qvbv‡`i i¶v Ki‡Q

gv jUzwKK Mv‡Qi kvLvq e‡m ej‡jv, †n n¯ÍxivR, Zzwg AvR wPrKvi Ki‡Z Ki‡Z hv”Q hvI| Kqw`b c‡i Avwg †Zvgvi Kx Ki‡Z cvwi Zv eyS‡e| kix‡ii kw³ †_‡K Áv‡bi ej †h †kÖô Zv Zzwg Rv‡bv bv| Avwg ‡Zvgv‡K DwPZ wk¶v †`e| Zvici jUzwKK cvwL GK Kv‡Ki m‡½ eÜzZ¡ Ki‡jv| KvK Zvi eÜz‡Z¡ Lywk n‡q ej‡jv, eÜz ! Avwg †Zvgvi Kx DcKvi Ki‡Z cvwi ? jUzwKK cvwL ej‡jv, eÜz ! †Zvgvi miy †VuvU w`‡q GKw`b H GKvPvix nvwZi †PvL Zz‡j wb‡Z cvi‡e ? KvK jUzwKK cvwLi `yt‡Li Kvwnbx ï‡b ej‡jv, Av”Qv| Zvici jUzwKK GK bxj gvwQi m‡½ eÜzZ¡ Ki‡jv| bxj gvwQI Kv‡Ki g‡Zv jUzwKK cvwLi `yt‡Li K_v ï‡b Lye Kó †cj| jUzwKK cvwL ej‡jv, fvB, KvK hLb nvwZi †PvL Zz‡j †b‡e, Zzwg ZLb †mLv‡b wWg cvo‡e| GB Avgvi Aby‡iva| G‡Z bxj gvwQ ivwR n‡jv| Zvici jUzwKK GK e¨v‡Oi Kv‡Q †Mj| Zvi m‡½ eÜzZ¡ Ki‡jv| e¨vOI jUzwKK cvwLi me K_v ïb‡jv| ZLi jUzwKK ej‡jv, fvB e¨vO ! GKvPvix nvwZ †Pv‡Li hš¿Yvq QUdU Ki‡Z Ki‡Z cvwb LvIqvi Rb¨ Gw`K †mw`K †QvUvQzwU Ki‡e| ZLb Zzwg cvnv‡oi Ici wM‡q kã Ki‡e| nvwZwU ZLb cvnv‡o DV‡e| nvwZwU cvnv‡o DV‡j Zzwg wb‡P †b‡g kã Ki‡e| ZLb nvwZwU cvnvo †_‡K wb‡P bvg‡Z †Póv Ki‡e| Avi wb‡P bvgvi mgq cv dm‡K wMwiLv‡Z c‡o gi‡e| GBUzKz Avwg †Zvgvi Kv‡Q PvB| e¨vO Zv‡Z ivwR n‡jv| Zvici KvK nvwZi †PvL `ywU Zy‡j wbj| bxj gvwQ Zv‡Z wWg cvoj| nvwZ †Pv‡Li hš¿Yvq Aw¯’i n‡q cvwbi †Luv‡R †QvUvQzwU ïiy Ki‡jv| e¨vO cvnv‡oi Ici wM‡q WvK‡Z ïiy Ki‡jv| A‡bK K‡ó nvwZ cvnv‡oi Ici DV‡jv| ZLb e¨vO cvnv‡oi wb‡P Lvov wMwiLv‡Z wM‡q WvK‡Z ïiy Kij| nvwZI †mLv‡b QzUj wKš‘ Ici †_‡K wb‡P bvgvi mgq AÜ GKvPvix nvwZ wMwiLv‡Z c‡o cÖvY nvivj|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

94 Gfv‡e jUzwKK cvwL eyw× Øviv wekvj nvwZ‡K civwRZ K‡i| †mB GKvPvix nvwZ wQj †`e`Ë|

Dc‡`k : †`ne‡ji †P‡q Ávbej eo|

cvV : 7 wgÎvwgÎ RvZK cyivKv‡j evivYmx‡Z eªþ`Ë ivRZ¡ Ki‡Zb| †m mgq †evwamË¡ GK eªvþYK~‡j Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| µ‡g Zuvi eqm evo‡jv| †hŠe‡b c`vc©b Ki‡j gvZvwcZv Zuv‡K msmv‡i Ave× Ki‡Z PvB‡jb| wKš‘ Zuvi weevMx gb AvK…ó n‡jv bv| wZwb FwlcÖeªR¨v MÖnY Ki‡jb| mvabv K‡i wZwb c~e©¯§„wZÁvb I a¨vbgvM© dj jvf Ki‡jb| Zuvi A‡bK wkl¨ wQj| wZwb Zv‡`i wb‡q wngešÍ cÖ‡`‡k a¨vb mvabv K‡i Rxebhvcb Ki‡Zb| Zuvi wkl¨‡`i GKRb gvZ…nxb GK n¯ÍxkveK jvjb cvjb Ki‡Zv| Myiy Zv‡K nvwZi ev”Pv bv †cvlvi Rb¨ evi evi wb‡la K‡iwQ‡jb| KviY wnsmª cÖvYx‡K wek¦vm Ki‡Z †bB| my‡hvM †c‡jB Zviv †Qvej gv‡i| n¯ÍxkveK µ‡g eo n‡jv| Lv`¨ Avni‡Y e‡b e‡b Ny‡i †eovZ| mܨvq wd‡i AvmZ| GKw`b µz× n‡q †m cvjK‡K nZ¨v K‡i e‡b cvwj‡q †Mj| †mB †h †M‡jv Avi wd‡i G‡jv bv| Ab¨ Fwliv n¯ÍxkveK cvj‡Ki g„Z‡`n `vn K‡i †evwam‡Ë¡i wbKU Dcw¯’Z nb| Dcw¯’Z n‡q wRÁvmv Ki‡jb, Ô¸i“! wgÎfve I kÎyfve wbY©q Kivi Dcvq Kx?Õ †evwamË¡ Dˇi ej‡jb, Ô†h †`Lv Ki‡Z G‡m nv‡m bv| Awfb›`‡bi mvov †`q bv| gyL wdwi‡q iv‡L| e‡j GK, K‡i Ab¨| Gi~c e¨w³B kÎyfvevcbœ|Õ Avi †h DcKvi K‡i| g½j Kvgbv K‡i| wgófvlx nq| `yw`©‡b mvnvh¨ K‡i| †m mywgÎ bv‡g Kw_Z| whwb Awg‡Îi D³ †`vlMy‡jv Ges wg‡Îi MyYMy‡jv †`‡L ky‡b KvR K‡ib wZwbB eyw×gvb| †evwamË¡ Gi~‡c wgÎ I Awg‡Îi ¯^fve m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡jb| wkl¨‡`i mZ¨c‡_ Pj‡Z D×z× Ki‡jb|

Dc‡`k : wgÎ-AwgÎ wbe©vPbB eyw×gv‡bi KvR|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR wgÎ Ges AwgÎ Kxfv‡e †Pbv hvq †jL (`jxq KvR)


RvZK

95

Abykxjbx 1. k~b¨¯’vb c~iY :

2.

K|

†eŠ×ag© Abymv‡i GK R‡b¥i ............. †KD ey× n‡Z cv‡ib bv|

L|

cÖ‡Z¨K RvZ‡Ki ............ Ask Av‡Q|

M|

Kzgxi hLb gyL nuv K‡i ZLb Zvi ............ euy‡R hvq|

N|

†mB m‡ive‡i GK ............. _vKZ|

N|

n¯ÍxkveK µ‡g .............. nj|

msw¶ß cÖkœ : K| KZZg R‡b¥ †evwamË¡ †evwaÁvb jvf K‡i ey× nb? L| evb‡i›`ª RvZ‡K Kzgx‡ii AšÍtmË¡v ¯¿xi mva Kx wQj? M| gwnsmvm Kzgviiv Kq fvB wQ‡jb? Zv‡`i bvg Kx wQj? N| wgÎvwgÎ RvZ‡K eyw×gvb †K?

3.

iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K| †eŠ×a‡g© RvZK cv‡Vi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv m¤ú‡K© hv Rvb wjL| L| cÙ RvZK Kvwnbxi g~j wk¶v Kx? Av‡jvPbv Ki| M| ÔwgÎvwgÎ RvZKÕ Aej¤^‡b wgÎ I kΓi cÖK…wZ e¨vL¨v Ki|

eû wbe©vPbx cÖkœ : 1.

2.

RvZ‡Ki KqwU Ask ? K. 2wU

L. 3wU

M. 4wU

N. 5wU

mZ¨, ˆah©, Z¨vM Avi weP¶YZv †Kvb RvZ‡Ki gg©K_v ? K. †`eag© RvZK

L. wgÎvwgÎ RvZK

M. evb‡i›`ª RvZK

N. jUywKK RvZK


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

96

wb‡Pi DÏxcKwU c‡o 3 I 4 b¤^i cÖ‡kœi DËi `vI : we‡bv` PvKgv GK AZ¨vPvix kvm‡Ki †eZbfy³ Kg©Pvix| D³ kvmK MÖv‡g †h †Kvb ai‡Yi Acivax †jvK‡`i a‡i G‡b KwVb kvw¯Í I Abvnv‡i ivLvi Av‡`k w`‡Zb| wKš‘ we‡bv` PvKgv mZ¨ I b¨vqcivqY wQ‡jb| ZvB kvm‡Ki A‡MvP‡i Kg kvw¯Í w`‡q Avnv‡ii e¨e¯’v Ki‡Zb| Gfv‡e Kg©Rxeb †kl K‡i mÁv‡b g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib|

3.

we‡bv` PvKgv RvZ‡Ki `„wó‡Z †Kvb ai‡Yi †jvK wQ‡jb ? K. †`eag© civqY M. eªvþY ag© civqY

4.

L. ivR ag© civqY N.

†jvK ag© civqY

D³ ˆewk‡ó¨i Øviv we‡bv` PvKgv jvf Ki‡Z cv‡ib Ñ i. ¯^M©K~j ii eªþK~j iii †`eK~j

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K. i

L. ii

M. i I ii

N. i, ii I iii

m„Rbkxj cÖkœ : 1|

GK`v GK e‡b GK h¶ evm Ki‡Zv| †m wewfbœ i~c a‡i gvby‡li eyw×i cix¶v Ki‡Zv| GKw`b †m ebevmx gvbyl †m‡R †evwam‡Ë¡i mvg‡b G‡m ej‡jv, ÔfvB, Avcwb `ye©j I K¬všÍ| mvg‡b cwi®‹vi Ujg‡j Rjvkq| B‡”Q Ki‡j GB Rjvk‡q wb‡R‡K †aŠZ K‡i Avcwb K¬vwšÍ `~i Ki‡Z cv‡ib|Õ ebevmxi PvjvwK eyS‡Z †c‡i †evwamË¡ Zvi Aby‡iva cÖZ¨vLvb Ki‡jb| K. RvZK cÖavbZ KqwU As‡k wef³ ? L. RvZK cv‡Vi Ab¨Zg cÖ‡qvRbxqZv eY©bv Ki| M. DÏxc‡Ki Kvwnbx †Kvb&& RvZ‡Ki mv‡_ wgj i‡q‡Q ? e¨vL¨v Ki| N. DÏxc‡K ewY©Z NUbvi ggv_© cvV¨cy¯Í‡Ki Av‡jv‡K we‡kølY Ki|


RvZK

97

NUbv : 1 GK †PvL †Uiv eywo cvKv Av‡gi Szwo wb‡q evMv‡bi av‡i e‡mwQj| ixgv, mxgv Ges Szgv PvKgviv H c‡_ hvIqvi mgq eyoxi mv‡_ †`Lv n‡jv| eywoi Av‡gi Szwo †`‡L Zv‡`i Avg LvIqvi †jvf n‡jv| ixgv I mxgv eywoi †Pv‡Li †mŠ›`h© wewfbœfv‡e eY©bv Ki‡jv| wKš‘ eyox ivMvwš^Z n‡q `yRb‡K †Kvb Avg w`j bv| Szgv eyoxi †Uiv †PvL m¤ú‡K© Kg©d‡ji Avmj K_v eywS‡q ej‡j eyox Lykx nq Ges Szgv‡K Avg cÖ`vb K‡i|

NUbv : 2 RqšÍ PvKgv GKwU mvc cy‡l eo Kij| †m mvcwU‡K euv‡ki †PvOvi †fZi †i‡L `yB GKw`‡bi Rb¨ evoxi evB‡i hvq| evox wd‡i mvcwU‡K LvIqv‡Z †M‡j mvcwUi †Qve‡j RqšÍ PvKgvi g„Zz¨ N‡U| K. †`eag© RvZ‡K †evwam‡Ë¡i bvg Kx wQj ? L. wZb ivRcyÎ ivRcÖvmv` †_‡K †Kb †ewi‡q coj? eY©bv Ki| M. NUbv-2 Gi mv‡_ †Kvb RvZ‡Ki wgj i‡q‡Q ? e¨vL¨v Ki| N. ÔPvUzKvwiZvi dj KL‡bv fvj nq bvÕÑcÙ RvZ‡Ki Dc‡`k evYxwU NUbv-1 Gi m‡½ KZUzKz mvgÄm¨c~Y©Ñe¨vL¨v Ki|


`kg Aa¨vq

†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb ey×, ey‡×i wkl¨-cÖwkl¨, DcvmK-DcvwmKv, ivRb¨eM© Ges cwÛZ wf¶z‡`i ¯§„wZ weRwoZ A‡bK ¯’vb, wenvi Ges ˆPZ¨ Av‡Q| †h¸‡jv †eŠ× HwZn¨ Ges `k©bxq ¯’vb wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ| c„w_exi wewfbœ ¯’v‡b Gme HwZn¨ Ges `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n Qwo‡q Av‡Q| Zvig‡a¨ A‡bK¸‡jvB fvi‡Z Aew¯’Z| G Aa¨v‡q Avgiv bvj›`v, ivRM„n, kÖve¯Íx, Z¶kxjv cÖf…wZ †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb m¤ú‡K© co‡ev|

G Aa¨vq †k‡l Avgiv * HwZnvwmK †eŠ× Zx_© I `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~‡ni eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡ev| * †eŠ× HwZn¨ I ¯’vbmg~n msi¶‡Yi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡ev| * †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~‡ni agx©q MyiyZ¡ we‡kølY Ki‡Z cvi‡ev|

cvV : 1 HwZnvwmK †eŠ× Zx_© I `k©bxq ¯’v‡bi cwiwPwZ wm×v_© †MŠZg Qq eQi K‡Vvi mvabv K‡i cuqwÎk eQi eq‡m ey×Z¡ jvf K‡ib| ey×Z¡ jvf K‡i wZwb me©cÖvwYi `ytLgyw³ I Kj¨v‡Yi Rb¨ my`xN© cuqZvwj−k eQi ag© cÖPvi K‡ib| ag© cÖPv‡ii Rb¨ wZwb A‡bK ¯’v‡b Mgb K‡ib| Zuvi wb‡`©‡k Zuvi wkl¨ cÖwkl¨ivI bvbv ¯’v‡b ey×evYx Qwo‡q †`b| ey× Ges Zuvi wkl¨-cÖwkl¨‡`i ¯§„wZweRwoZ ¯’vb‡K †K›`ª K‡i M‡o D‡V‡Q wenvi, ˆPZ¨, m•Nvivg, ¯Í¤¢, ¯Í~c, wek¦we`¨vjq BZ¨vw`| Kvjµ‡g Zuv‡`i ¯§„wZ weRwoZ Gme ¯’vb †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’v‡bi gh©v`v jvf K‡i| †eŠ×‡`i wbKU Gme ¯’vb Zx_©¯’vb wn‡m‡e kÖ×v jvf K‡i| Zx_© ¯’vb åg‡Y cyY¨ nq| ZvB †eŠ×iv kÖ×v wb‡e`‡bi Rb¨ Gme ¯’vb ågY K‡ib| fviZ, cvwK¯Ívb, AvdMvwb¯’vb Ges evsjv‡`‡k Gi~c A‡bK †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb Av‡Q| fvi‡Z Aew¯’Z †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb mg~‡ni g‡a¨ D‡j−L‡hvM¨ n‡jv : jyw¤^bx, ey×Mqv, mvibv_, Kzwkbviv, ivRM„n, kªve¯Íx, ˆekvjx, bvj›`v, weµgkxjv, Kwcjve¯‘, muvPx¯Í~c, ARšÍv, B‡jviv, D`qwMwi, iZœwMwi BZ¨vw`| cvwK¯Ív‡b Aew¯’Z ¯’vbmg~‡ni g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg n‡jv: cyi“lcyi (†c‡kvqvi) I Z¶kxjv| AvdMvwb¯’v‡b Aew¯’Z ¯’vbmg~‡ni g‡a¨ Dj−L‡hvM¨ n‡jv : MvÜvi I evwgqvb| evsjv‡`‡k Aew¯’Z `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~‡ni g‡a¨ D‡j−L‡hvM¨ n‡jv : gqbvgwZi kvjeb wenvi, Avb›`wenvi, wÎiZœ g~ov wenvi, †KvwUjv g~ov wenvi, i~c evb g~ov wenvi, cvnvocy‡ii †mvgcyi wenvi, fvmy wenvi, njy` wenvi, gnv¯’vbMo BZ¨vw`| Dc‡i ewY©Z ¯’vb¸‡jvi A‡bK ¯’v‡b ey× Ges Zuvi wkl¨-cÖwkl¨MY emevm Ki‡Zb| a¨vb-mgvwa Ki‡Zb| el©vevm hvcb Ki‡Zb| a‡g©vc‡`k `vb Ki‡Zb| ag©-`k©b PP©v Ki‡Zb| Zuv‡`i ag© †`kbv ï‡b A‡bK †jvK


†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb

99

†jvf-†Øl-‡gvn ¶q K‡i `ytL n‡Z gyw³ jvf K‡i‡Qb| wbe©vY myL Dc‡fvM K‡i‡Qb| Avevi A‡bK ¯’v‡b ey× ev Zuvi cÖavb wkl¨MY Mgb K‡ibwb| wKš‘ ey‡×i ag©-`k©b PP©vi †K›`ª wn‡m‡e †m¸‡jvI cÖwmw× jvf K‡i| ZvB Gme ¯’v‡bi ag©xq ¸iæZ¡ Acwimxg| Gme ¯’vb cwiågY Ki‡j ey‡×i Rxeb I Kg© m¤ú‡K© Rvbv hvq| †fŠ‡MvwjK I HwZnvwmK Ávb e„w× cvq| g‡b ag©xq fve RvMÖZ nq| ag©xq I ˆbwZK Rxebhvc‡b Drmvn m„wó nq| RbwnZKi Ges KzkjKg© m¤úv`‡b gb DØy× nq| ag© PP©vq †cÖiYv jvf Kiv hvq| gb cweÎ nq| Kjylgy³ nq| Z…òv, †jvf-†Øl-†gvn cÖf…wZ ¶q nq| HwZ‡n¨i cÖwZ AbyivM ev‡o| †`k †cÖg m„wó nq| ZvB Zx_© I `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n `k©‡bi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Acwimxg| cieZ©x cv‡V Avgiv PviwU †eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡ev|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR †`k Abyqvqx †eŠ× `k©bxq ¯’vb¸‡jvi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki (`jxq KvR)

cvV : 2 bvj›`v bvj›`v fvi‡Zi wenvi iv‡R¨i cvUbv †Rjvi Aš—M©Z wQj| eZ©gv‡b bvj›`v GKwU ¯^Zš¿ †Rjv| †MŠZg ey× A‡bKevi bvj›`vq G‡mwQ‡jb| wZwb GLv‡b †kªôxcyÎ cvevwi‡Ki Avg evMv‡b Ae¯’vbKv‡j Zuvi wkl¨‡`i ag© †`kbv K‡i‡Qb| GLv‡b A‡bK abx e¨w³ emevm Ki‡Zb| K‡qKRb avwg©K I abx e¨w³ f~m¤úwË µq K‡i eyׇK `vb K‡ib| bvj›`v wQj GKwU DbœZ I mg„×kvjx gnvbMix| bvj›`v bv‡gi DrcwË wb‡q A‡bK e¨vL¨v cvIqv hvq| Zvi g‡a¨ `ywU e¨vL¨v cÖavb| GKwU n‡jv, AZxZKv‡j GLv‡b †evwamË¡ bv‡g GK e¨w³ ivRZ¡ Ki‡Zb| wZwb KL‡bv KvD‡K ÔbAj&g`vÕ A_©vr ÔAvwg †`e bvÕ GK_v ej‡Z cvi‡Zb bv| †m Kvi‡Y G ¯’v‡bi bvg nq bvj›`v| Av‡iKwU e¨vL¨v n‡jv, ¯’vbxq GK Avg evMv‡bi ga¨¯’‡j GKwU cyKzi wQj| †mLv‡b bvj›`v bvgK GK bvMivR evm Ki‡Zb| Zvi bvg Abymv‡i G RvqMvi bvg nq bvj›`v| Rvbv hvq †MŠZg ey‡×i AMÖkªveK mvwicy‡Îi Rb¥ n‡qwQj GB bvj›`vq| cieZx©Kv‡j mgªvU A‡kvK AMÖkªve‡Ki ¯§i‡Y GLv‡b GKwU mye„nr m•Nvivg wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb| †mwU bvj›`v gnvwenvi bv‡g L¨vZ nq| wLª÷xq wØZxq kZ‡K weL¨vZ †eŠ× cwÊZ I `vk©wbK bvMvR©yb bvj›`v gnvwenv‡ii Aa¨¶ wQ‡jb| wenviwU‡K †K›`ª K‡i cieZx©Kv‡j M‡o D‡V bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq| Abygvb Kiv nq, wLª÷xq cÂg kZ‡Ki ci bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq cÖwZôv jvf K‡i| GLv‡b wek¦we`¨vjq cÖwZôvi c~‡e© †QvU †QvU wenvi, ˆPZ¨, ¯Í~c BZ¨vw` wbwg©Z n‡qwQj| cieZx©Kv‡j GmKj ¯’vcbvi mgš^‡q ivRKxq c„ô‡cvlKZvq M‡o D‡VwQj RMr weL¨vZ bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq|


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100

bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi asm¯Í~c

BwZnvm cv‡V Rvbv hvq, K‡bŠ‡Ri ivRv nl©ea©b e¨q fvi wbe©v‡ni Rb¨ GLvbKvi MÖv‡gi mgy`q Ki bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq‡K `vb K‡iwQ‡jb| Pxbv cwieªvRK wnD‡qb mvs wLª÷xq lô kZvãx‡Z bvj›`vq Av‡mb| wZwb GB wek¦we`¨vj‡q mßg kZ‡Ki cÖ_gva© ch©šÍ Ae¯’vb K‡ib Ges ÁvbvR©‡bi Rb¨ AwaKvsk mgq e¨q K‡ib| evsjvi K…Zx mšÍvb gnvcwÊZ wf¶z kxjf`ª ZLb GB wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aa¨¶ wQ‡jb| evsjvi kvšÍiw¶Z I AZxk `xc¼iI GKmgq GB wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aa¨¶ wQ‡jb| †eŠ×ag©-`k©b PP©vi cÖvY‡K›`ª wQj bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq| HwZnvwmK‡`i eY©bv Abymv‡i GLv‡b Ôag©MÄÕ bv‡g GKwU weivU cvVvMvi wQj| cvVvMv‡i wQj g~j¨evb A‡bK cvÐywjwc I MÖš’| evsjvi cvj ivRv‡`i Avg‡j bvj›`vi L¨vwZ wek¦e¨vcx Qwo‡q c‡o| Zuviv wenv‡ii e¨q I wk¶v †K‡›`ªi mg„w×i D‡Ï‡k¨ eû A_© I Rwg `vb K‡ib| ivRv ag©cvj me‡P‡q †ewk c„ô‡cvlKZv K‡ib| ZLbKvi w`‡b bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ nIqv †MŠi‡ei welq wQj| G we`¨vcx‡Vi cvV¨µ‡gi D‡jøL‡hvM¨ welq wQj †eŠ×, ˆew`K I eªvþY¨ welqK mvwnZ¨, `k©b, AjsKvi kv¯¿, e¨vKiY kv¯¿, †R¨vwZl kv¯¿, hyw³we`¨v cÖf…wZ| GQvov mvaviY Áv‡bi bvbv welqI wQj| G cvV¨µ‡gi Abymvix QvÎiv wbqgvbyeZx©Zv, wkóvPvi, Mfxi cvwÊZ¨ I Av`k©MZ Pwi‡Îi AwaKvix wQ‡jb| Zuviv †`k we‡`‡k h‡_ó mybvg I cÖksmv AR©b K‡iwQ‡jb| bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi †mB Aeqe Avi †bB| me wKQz AvR asm¯Í~‡c cwiYZ n‡q‡Q| eZ©gv‡b †m asmve‡k‡li wb`k©bMy‡jv msiw¶Z Av‡Q| fvi‡Zi wenvi iv‡R¨i miKvi †eŠ×kv¯¿ Aa¨qb I M‡elYvi Rb¨ eZ©gv‡b Ôbe


†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb

101

bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjqÕ bv‡g GKwU wek¦we`¨vjq ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi i~c‡iLv AbymiY K‡i GwU wbwg©Z n‡q‡Q|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR bvj›`v †Kv_vq Aew¯’Z? bvj›`v bv‡gi DrcwË e¨vL¨v Ki bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Aa¨¶M‡Yi bvg †jL

cvV : 3 ivRM„n ivRM„n fvi‡Zi wenvi iv‡R¨i cvUbv †Rjvq Aew¯’Z| GwU wQj gMa iv‡R¨i ivRavbx| cÖvPxbKv‡j GwU emygwZ, KzkvMÖcyi, wMwieRª BZ¨vw` bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj| eZ©gv‡b GwU ivRMxi bv‡g L¨vZ| Pviw`‡K cvnvo‡ewóZ ¯’vbwU †`L‡Z AwZ g‡bvig| †MŠZg ey× ivRM„‡n ag©cÖPvi Ki‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb| ZLb gMa iv‡R¨i ivRv wQ‡jb wew¤^mvi| ey‡×i ag© †`kbv kÖeY K‡i ivRv wew¤^mvi †eŠ×a‡g© `xw¶Z nb| ivRv wew¤^mvi Ges Zuvi cyÎ ARvZkÎyi mgqKv‡j G A‡j †eŠ×ag© h‡_ó cÖfve I cÖwZcwË jvf K‡iwQj| ivRv wew¤^mvi ey× I Zuvi wkl¨‡`i emev‡mi Rb¨ Ô†ejyebvivgÕ ev ms‡¶‡c †ebyeb wenvi `vb K‡ib| GwU †eŠ×a‡g©i BwZnv‡m cÖ_g wenvi `vb| ey× G wenv‡i Ae¯’vbKv‡j mvwicyÎ I †gŠ`&Mj−vqb ms‡N †hvM`vb K‡iwQ‡jb| ivRv wew¤^mv‡ii Aby‡iv‡a ey× GLv‡b †eŠ× ag©vej¤^x‡`i cÖ_g D‡cvm_ cvj‡bi AbygwZ cÖ`vb K‡ib| fMevb ey× †ebzeb wenv‡i mvZ el©vevm AwZevwnZ K‡ib| ivRM„‡n wQj Rxe‡Ki wekvj Avg evMvb| RxeK wQ‡jb wPwKrmK Ges ey‡×i cig f³ | RxeK Zuvi Avg evMvbwU ey× I Zuvi wkl¨‡`i `vb K‡ib| GB AvgevMv‡b †h wenviwU M‡o D‡V Zvi bvg wQj ÔRxeKvivg wenviÓ| wenv‡i Ae¯’vbKv‡j ey× ivRv ARvZkÎy‡K D‡Ïk¨ K‡i ÔkªvgY¨dj m~ÎÕ †`kbv K‡ib| GLv‡b †QvUeo †ek K‡qKwU ¸nv Av‡Q| Zvi g‡a¨ ÔmßcYx©Õ Mynv Ab¨Zg| ey‡×i gnvcwiwbe©vY cÖvwßi wZbgvm ci gnvKk¨c ¯’wei ivRv ARvZΓi c„ô‡cvlKZvq mßcYx© Mynvq cÖ_g †eŠ× m½xwZi Awa‡ekb Avn¶vb K‡ib| G m½xwZ‡Z Dcvjx ¯’wei ÔwebqÕ Ges Avb›` ¯’wei Ôag©Õ e¨vL¨v K‡ib|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

102

mßcYx© Mynv

cÖ_g m½xwZ Abyôv‡bi ci †gŠh© mgªvU A‡kvK GLv‡b GKwU ԯͤ¢Õ cÖwZôv K‡ib| ¯Í‡¤¢i kx‡l© wQj n¯Íxi cÖ¯Íi fv¯‹h©| A‡kvK GLv‡b GKwU ¯Í~cI wbg©vY K‡ib e‡j Rvbv hvq| ivRM„n fMevb ey‡×i Rxe‡bi Ab¨Zg ¯§„wZ weRwoZ ¯’vb| ZvB ivRM„n †eŠ×‡`i Kv‡Q AwZ cweÎ Zx_©f~wg|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR ivRM„n †Kv_vq Aew¯’Z Ges Kx Kx bv‡g cwiwPZ wQj? cÖ_g m½xwZ †Kv_vq AbywôZ n‡qwQj?

cvV : 4 kªve¯Íx kªve¯Íx cÖvPxb †Kvkj iv‡R¨i ivRavbx wQj| ey‡×i mgqKv‡j †Kvkj iv‡R¨i ivRv wQ‡jb cÖ‡mbwRZ| wZwb ey‡×i cig f³ wQ‡jb| †eŠ×a‡g©i cÖPvi-cÖmv‡i Zuvi A‡bK Ae`vb i‡q‡Q| wZwb ivRvKvivg wenvi wbg©vY K‡i eyׇK `vb K‡iwQ‡jb| ivRv cÖ‡mbwRZ wenviwU ivwb gwj−v‡`exi Aby‡iv‡a wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb| GwU Ôgwj−KvivgÕ bv‡gI cwiwPZ wQj| kÖve¯Íxi eZ©gvb bvg mv‡nZ-gv‡nZ| GwU eZ©gv‡b DËi fvi‡Zi †MvÊv †Rjvq Aew¯’Z|


†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb

103

cÖvPxbKv‡j kÖve¯Íx DËi fvi‡Zi me©‡kÖô Rbc` Ges e¨emv evwY‡R¨i Ab¨Zg cÖvY‡K›`ª wQj| GLv‡b A‡bK †kªôx (abx e¨w³) evm Ki‡Zb| †kÖôx my`Ë ey‡×i mgqKv‡j kÖve¯Íxi †kÖô abx wQ‡jb| wZwb eyׇK Mfxifv‡e kÖ×v Ki‡Zb| ey‡×i emev‡mi Rb¨ wZwb kªve¯Íx‡Z weL¨vZ †RZeb wenvi wbg©vY K‡ib| †RZeb wenvi wbg©v‡Yi Rb¨ RvqMvwU g‡bvbxZ K‡iwQ‡jb ey‡×i AMÖkÖveK mvwicyÎ| GwU wQj †RZ ivRKzgv‡ii D`¨vb| GwU weµq Ki‡Z ivwR bv n‡j ey×f³ †kÖôx my`Ë Rwgi AvqZ‡bi mgcwigvY ¯^Y©g~`ªv Qwo‡q w`‡q ¯’vbwU µq K‡ib Ges †mLv‡b †RZeb wenvi wbg©vY K‡ib| G wenv‡i wf¶z‡`i emev‡mi Rb¨ kqb K¶, cÖv_©bv K¶, ivbœvNi, ¯œvbNi, †kŠPvMvi, cyKzi, Kyc I Ab¨vb¨ e¨e¯’vw` wQj| †RZ ivRKzgvi wenv‡ii †ZviY wbg©vY K‡i †`b| cieZ©xKv‡j †Zvi‡Yi cv‡k mgªvU A‡kvK DuPz ¯Í¤¢ wbg©vY K‡ib| †kªôx my`Ë wQ‡jb `vbexi| mgMÖ fviZe‡l© Zuvi `vbKv‡h©i myL¨vwZ Qwo‡q c‡owQj| wZwb Abv‡_i wcÊ `vZv wQ‡jb e‡j ÔAbv_wcwÊKÕ bv‡g L¨vZ nb| †RZeb wenv‡ii Pviw`‡K cÖPzi MvQcvjv wQj| cwi‡ek wQj a¨vb mvabvi AbyK~j| ZvB ey× GB wenvi Lye cQ›` Ki‡Zb| wZwb GLv‡b Ewbk el©vevm cvjb K‡ib| `my¨ A½ywjgvj‡K ey× †RZeb wenv‡i `x¶v `vb K‡iwQ‡jb| Kv‡ji M‡f© †RZeb wenviwU nvwi‡q hvq| cÂg kZ‡Ki cÖ_g w`‡K cwieªvRK dv-wn‡qb hLb kªve¯Íx‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb ZLb wZwb a¶smcÖvq wenviwU †`L‡Z cvb| mßg kZ‡Ki w`‡K cwieªvRK wnD‡qb mvs kÖve¯Íx‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb| ZLb wZwb wenv‡ii asmcÖvß wfwËf~wg Qvov wKQzB †`‡Lbwb| fviZ miKvi 1991 mv‡j G ¯’v‡b LbbKvh© cwiPvjbv K‡i A‡bK cÖZœZvwË¡K wb`k©b D×vi K‡ib|

kªve¯Íx

wgMvi gvZv wekvLv kÖve¯Íx‡Z Ôc~e©vivg wenviÕ wbg©vY K‡i eyׇK `vb K‡iwQ‡jb| G wenviwU wQj wØZj wewkó| ey× kÖve¯Íx‡Z emevm K‡i A‡bK a‡g©vc‡`k `vb K‡i‡Qb| wZwb GLv‡b A‡bK ¸iæZ¡c~Y© m~Î †`kbv K‡i‡Qb hv wÎwcU‡K cvIqv hvq| kªve¯Íx‡Z ey‡×i me‡P‡q †ewk Abymvix wQ‡jb| kÖve¯Íx‡Z ey‡×i Rxeb I K‡g©i A‡bK ¯§„wZ weRwoZ Av‡Q| ZvB G ¯’vb †eŠ×‡`i Kv‡Q AwZ cweÎ Zx_© I `k©bxq ¯’vb|


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

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Abykxjbg~jK KvR kÖve¯Íx‡Z weL¨vZ wenvi¸‡jvi bvg D‡jøLmn †m¸‡jv †K †K wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb eY©bv Ki

cvV : 5 Z¶kxjv Z¶kxjv cvwK¯Ív‡bi ivIqvjwcwÊ kn‡ii DËi-cwðg mxgvšÍ A‡j Aew¯’Z| GwU wQj MvÜvi iv‡R¨i ivRavbx| wLª÷c~e© Z„Zxq kZ‡K ivRKzgvi A‡kvK wcZv mgªvU we›`ymv‡ii cÖwZwbwa n‡q Z¶kxjv kvmb Ki‡Zb| GLv‡b wZwb A‡bK m•Nvivg wbg©vY K‡iwQ‡jb| Zuvi mg‡q GLv‡b A‡bK ¯~‘c I ¯Í¤¢I wbg©vY Kiv n‡qwQj| Z¶kxjv wQj ZLb Ávb I weÁvb PP©vi Ab¨Zg cÖvY‡K›`ª| A‡bK RvZK Kvwnbx‡Z wk¶vi Ab¨Zg cÖavb †K›`ª wnmv‡e Z¶kxjvi D‡jøL cvIqv hvq| †eŠ×hy‡M Z¶kxjvq GKwU wek¦we`¨vjq wQj| †KvkjivR cÖ‡mbwRr, wj”Qwe cÖavb gnvwj, gjøivRcyÎ eÊyj GB wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ wQ‡jb| AviI Rvbv hvq, AešÍxi ag©cvj, A½ywjgvj, wPwKrmK RxeK, KvkxfiØvR Ges h‡kv`‡Ëi g‡Zv wewkó e¨w³MY Z¶kxjv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ wQ‡jb|

Z¶kxjv


†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb

105

†`k we‡`k †_‡K eû wk¶v_x© GB wek¦we`¨vj‡q Aa¨q‡bi Rb¨ Avm‡Zb| GLv‡b w·e`mn Aóv`k we`¨v wk¶v †`qv n‡Zv| G Aóv`k we`¨vi g‡a¨ abywe©`¨v I †flRwe`¨v wQj Ab¨Zg| wLª÷xq mßg kZ‡K Pxbv cwieªvRK wnD‡qb mvs hLb Z¶kxjvq Av‡mb ZLb Gi PZyw`©‡Ki cwiwa wQj cÖvq Pvik gvBj| wZwb GLv‡b A‡bKMy‡jv m•Nvivg †`L‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb| ZLb †mMy‡jvi cÖvqB wQj Rbk~b¨ I asmcÖvß| Z‡e wKQz m•Nviv‡g wZwb AímsL¨K gnvhvbx †eŠ× wf¶z †`L‡Z cvb| nyb RvwZi Avµg‡b G bMiwU asmcÖvß nq| LbbKv‡Ri d‡j GLv‡b †eŠ×hy‡Mi eû ¯Í~c I wenv‡ii wb`k©b cvIqv †M‡Q| cÖvPxbKv‡ji A‡bK gy`ªvI cvIqv †M‡Q| cvwK¯Ívb miKvi GMy‡jv msi¶‡Yi e¨e¯’v MÖnY K‡i‡Qb|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Z¶kxjv †Kv_vq Aew¯’Z Ges †Kb weL¨vZ wQj?

cvV : 6 `k©bxq ¯’vb msi¶‡Yi Dcvq `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n †`‡ki AZxZ †MŠi‡ei ¯^v¶i enb K‡i| G¸‡jv ewnwe©‡k¦ †`‡ki fveg~wZ© D¾¡j K‡i| GQvov G¸‡jvi gva¨‡g ivóªxq ivR¯^I Avq nq| ZvB G¸‡jv gnvg~j¨evb ivóªxq m¤ú`| HwZnvwmK I `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n msi¶Y Kivi `vwqZ¡ mK‡ji| bvbv Kvi‡Y Gme ¯’v‡bi ¶wZ n‡Z cv‡i| Zvi g‡a¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ n‡jv : cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM, †Pvi ev WvKvZ KZ…©K jyÉb, mv¤úª`vwqK `v½v, `k©bv_x©i D”Q…•Lj AvPiY, cï-cvwLi gj Z¨vM Ges KxU-cZ‡½i AvµgY cÖf…wZ| Gme wel‡q mZK©Zv Aej¤^b Kiv DwPZ Ges cÖwZ‡iva e¨e¯’v M‡o †Zvjv Avek¨K| we‡kl K‡i cwi®‹vi-cwi”QbœZv, wbqwgZ hZœ †bIqv, mxgvbv cÖvPxi w`‡q wN‡i ivLv, cï-cvwLi cÖ‡ek †iva, `k©bxq ¯’v‡bi wbqg-bxwZ †g‡b Pjv, cweÎZv i¶v Kiv, ggZ¡‡eva Ges fw³-kÖ×v cÖ`k©bB cv‡i HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n‡K as‡mi nvZ †_‡K i¶v Ki‡Z| Gfv‡e Gme ¸i“Z¡c~Y© ¯’vb msi¶‡Yi cÖwZ mK‡ji hZœkxj nIqv DwPZ|

Abykxjbg~jK KvR Kx Kx Kvi‡Y `k©bxq ¯’vb asm n‡Z cv‡i? `k©bxq ¯’vb msi¶‡Yi Dcvq¸‡jv Kx?


†eŠ×ag© I ˆbwZK wk¶v

106

Abykxjbx 1. k~b¨¯’vb c~iY : K. Zx_©¯’vb åg‡Y ............... nq| L. Gme ¯’vb cwiågY Ki‡j ey‡×i Rxeb I ............ m¤ú‡K© Rvbv hvq| M. †eŠ× ag©-`k©b PP©vi ................. bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vjq| N. ivRM„‡n wQj Rxe‡Ki wekvj .................| O. mßg kZ‡Ki w`‡K cwieªvRK .................. kÖve¯Íx‡Z G‡mwQ‡jb|

2. wgjKiY : evg

Wvb

K. `k©bxq ¯’vbmg~n †`‡ki AZxZ †MŠi‡ei

ivRavbx wQj

L. Dcvjx ¯’wei ÔwebqÕ Ges Avb›` ¯’wei

gnvbMix

M. kÖve¯Íx cÖvPxb †Kvkj iv‡R¨i

¯^v¶i enb K‡i

N. Z¶kxjv wQj ZLb Ávb I weÁvb PP©vi

Ôag©Õ e¨vL¨v K‡ib

O. bvj›`v wQj GKwU DbœZ I mg„×kvjx

cÖvY‡K›`ª

3. msw¶ß cÖkœ : K. `k©bxq ¯’vb `k©‡b Kx jvf nq? L. bvj›`v wek¦we`¨vj‡qi cvV¨µ‡g D‡jøL‡hvM¨ welq Kx Kx wQj? M. †kÖôx my`Ë †Kb Abv_wcwÊK bv‡g L¨vZ nb? N. Z¶kxjv wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎ †K †K wQ‡jb? Zuv‡`i bvg wjL|

4. iPbvg~jK cÖkœ : K. †eŠ×a‡g© Zx_©¯’vb mg~‡ni agx©q ¸iæZ¡ eY©bv Ki| L. †eŠ×a‡g©i cÖPvi I cÖmv‡i ivRv wew¤^mv‡ii f~wgKv e¨vL¨v Ki| M. bvj›`v bv‡gi DrcwË Kxfv‡e nq Zv eY©bv Ki|


†eŠ× HwZn¨ I `k©bxq ¯’vb

107

eû wbe©vPbx cÖkœ : 1.

2.

†MŠZg ey× KZ ermi ag© cÖPvi K‡iwQ‡jb ? K. 35 ermi

L. 45 ermi

M. 50 ermi

N. 65 ermi

Zx_©¯’vb åg‡Yi gva¨‡g Ñ i. we‡bv`‡b AvMÖn e„w× cvq ii. agx©q I ˆbwZK Rxeb MVb Kiv hvq iii. †fŠ‡MvwjK I HwZnvwmK Ávb AwR©Z nq

wb‡Pi †KvbwU mwVK ? K. i

L. i I ii

M. ii I iii

N. i, ii I iii

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