Page 1

RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

welq : wLªóag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv

470


Avek¨Kxq wkLbμg welq: wLªóag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv f~wgKv gvbe cwiev‡i Rb¥MÖnYKvix GKwU wkï ax‡i ax‡i gbyl¨‡Z¡i wewfbœ ¸Yvewj AR©b K‡i cÖK…Z gvbyl n‡q DVyK--GUv mK‡jiB Kvg¨| cwievi Zv Pvq e‡j cwiev‡i Zv‡K Zv‡`i mva¨vbymv‡i wKQy g~j¨‡eva †kLvq| Gi ci wkïwU Av‡m we`¨vj‡q, †hLvb †_‡K wkïwUi Rb¨ A‡bK wKQy cÖZ¨vkv Kiv nq| we`¨vj‡q †m †h-g~j¨‡eva¸‡jv AR©b Ki‡e †m¸‡jv Zv‡K gbyl¨‡Z¡i AwaKZi wbK‡U †cuŠ‡Q †`q| ag©wkÿvi gva¨‡g GKwU wkï †h g~j¨‡eva wk‡L †m¸‡jv AZyjbxq| KviY ag©wkÿvi g~j jÿ¨B n‡jv gvbyl‡K cÖ_‡g LuvwU gbyl¨Z¡ wkÿv †`Iqv Ges c‡i Zvi g‡a¨ agx©q AvnŸvb RvwM‡q †Zvjv| †h wkïwUi g‡a¨ gbyl¨Z¡ hZ †ewk RvMÖZ nq †m ZZ †ewk cwigv‡Y ag©civqY n‡Z cv‡i| wLªóag© wkÿvi wkÿvμ‡g eiveiB wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K Rxeb MV‡bi Dci mwe‡kl ¸iæZ¡ cÖ`vb Kiv nq| Z‡e c~‡e©Kvi wLªªóag© wkÿvμ‡gi mv‡_ Gev‡ii wkÿvμ‡gi GKwU cÖavb cv_©K¨ n‡jv GB †h, Gevi agx©q g~j¨‡ev‡ai cvkvcvwk †ek wKQy gvbexq I ˆbwZK g~j¨‡ev‡ai Dci mwe‡kl ¸iæZ¡ Av‡ivc Kiv n‡q‡Q| wkÿvμgwU Ggbfv‡e mwbœ‡ewkZ Kiv n‡q‡Q †hb ag©wkÿv Avgv‡`i wkÿv_x©‡`i‡K ïay ZË¡MZ agx©q Ávb`vb K‡iB ÿvšÍ bv nq eis Zv †hb Zv‡`i Rxe‡bi mvwe©K w`K¸‡jv‡K A_©vr Zv‡`i Av‡eMxq, Ava¨vwZ¥K, ˆbwZK, mvgvwRK, mvs¯‹…wZK, ¯^v¯’¨MZ Ges g‡bv‡cwkR w`K¸‡jv‡KI cÖfvweZ K‡i| wLªóag© wkÿvi wkÿvμgwU cÖYq‡b Ggbfv‡e cwiKíbv Kiv n‡q‡Q †hb Avgv‡`i wkÿv_x©iv fv‡jv I g‡›`i g‡a¨Kvi cv_©K¨ eyS‡Z †k‡L, g›`‡K cwinvi K‡i I fv‡jv‡K MÖnY Kivi gva¨‡g ˆbwZK PwiÎevb e¨w³ n‡q D‡V| G‡Z AviI bRi ivLv n‡q‡Q †hb wkÿv_x©iv wb‡R‡`i‡K Z_v wb‡R‡`i mejZv I `ye©jZv¸‡jv Avwe®‹vi Kivi gva¨‡g wb‡R‡`i‡K fv‡jviƒ‡c wPb‡Z cv‡i Ges Gfv‡e cÖ_‡g Ck¦i‡K, AZtci Ck¦‡ii m„ó mKj cÖvYx I cÖK…wZ‡K Zv‡`i wbR wbR cÖK…wZ Abyhvqx wPb‡Z cv‡i I Zv‡`i m¤§vb K‡i I fv‡jvev‡m| Zviv †hb Ab¨ mKj gvbyl‡KI -- bvix I cyiæl, e„× I wkï, abx I Mwie -- mKj‡K mgvb gh©v`v †`q, fv‡jvev‡m; Zviv †hb civ_©ci Ges †mevKv‡R eªZx gvbyl n‡Z ïiæ K‡i Ges mviv Rxeb GB cÖ‡Póv Pvwj‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e GB gnZx jÿ¨wU cy‡ivcywifv‡e AR©b wbf©i Ki‡e Avgv‡`i wkÿK‡`i wkÿv`vb †KŠk‡ji Dci, A_©vr Zuv‡`i e¨w³MZ Rxe‡b wek¦v‡mi `vex Abymv‡i Mfxifv‡e Rxeb hvc‡bi Dci|

471


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

Avek¨Kxq wkLbμg welq: wLªóag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv|

2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv| 3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv| 4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqv|

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv cÖ_g †kªwY 1.1 gvbyl‡K †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb I †Kb m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

wØZxq †kªwY 1.1 Ck¦i gvbyl‡K †`n I AvZ¥v w`‡q m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

2.1 Ck¦i †K Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦i me wKQyB m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1 Ck¦i GK Ges GK Ck¦‡i wZb e¨w³, G m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

2.1 Ck¦i gvbyl‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 m„wói Rb¨ Ck¦‡ii cÖksmv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1 wZb e¨w³i cÖ_g e¨w³ wcZv Ck¦‡ii mswÿß cwiPq ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1 ¯^Mx©q `~Z jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i cZ‡bi KviY ej‡Z cvi‡e|

4.1 ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Zuv‡`i Rxeb m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

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6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii AvÁv I `k AvÁv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

Z…Zxq †kªwY PZy_© †kªwY 1.1 Avgiv Pvwiw`‡K hv-wKQy 1.1 gvbyl‡K Ck¦i †Kb m„wó †`wL Gme †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv K‡i‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.2 gvbyl †Kv_v †_‡K G‡m‡Q Ges g„Zz¨i ci †Kv_vq hv‡e Zvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1 Ck¦‡ii kw³i K_v eY©bv 2.1 Ck¦‡ii m„wóK‡g©i eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| w`‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦i wbivKvi Zv eY©bv 2.2 Ck¦‡ii cweÎZv, `qv I Ki‡Z Ki‡e| AmxgZvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1 wZb e¨w³i wØZxq e¨w³ 3.1 wZb e¨w³i Z…Zxq e¨w³ cyÎ Ck¦‡ii mswÿß cwiPq cweÎ AvZ¥vi mswÿß cwiPq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1 ¯^Mx©q `~Z‡`i cZb I Zv‡`i kvw¯Íi wel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

5.1 cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi cÖ_g AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 472

4.1 G‡`b evMv‡b Avw` wcZvgvZvi my‡Li Rxeb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2 cv‡ci d‡j G‡`b evMvb †_‡K Avw` wcZvgvZvi weZvwoZ nIqvi welq ej‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji wefvMmg~n I cy¯ÍKmg~n m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.2 bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯ÍK¸‡jvi bvg gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi wØZxq I Z…Zxq AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

cÂg †kªwY 1.1 gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 1.2 Ck¦i Avgv‡`i I Ab¨ me wKQyi wbqšÍv I jvjb-cvjbKZ©v, Gwel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1 Ck¦‡ii †Kvb Avw` ev AšÍ †bB, †mB welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦i me©Î we`¨gvb Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1 wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦‡ii GKZvi K_v e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.2 wÎe¨w³i g‡Zv ci¯úi‡K kª×v Ki‡e I HK¨ eRvq ivL‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1 Kvwqb (Kwqb) I Av‡ej (†nej) m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2 Kvwqb KZ©„K Av‡ej nZ¨vi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji cÖe³v‡`i/bex‡`i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi PZz_© †_‡K `kg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

cÖ_g †kªwY 7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ 7.1 Avw` cvc m¤ú‡K© nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv| ej‡Z cvi‡e|

wØZxq †kªwY 7.1 cvc Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

8.1 cÖfy hxïi Rb¥ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1 cÖfy hxïi gw›`‡i nvwi‡q hvIqvi NUbv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥v †K Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 wLªógÐjx GKwU †`‡ni g‡Zv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1 gyw³`vZvi c„w_ex‡Z AvMg‡bi D‡Ïk¨ I Zuvi R‡b¥i NUbv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi mvZwU `vb 9.1 `xÿvmœv‡b I n¯Ívc©‡Y cweÎ AvZ¥v‡K I ev‡ivwU d‡ji bvg eY©bv jvf Kiv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cvi‡e| 10.1 gÐjxi g¯ÍK †K 10.1 gÐjxi wewfbœ R‡bi Ges Ab¨vb¨ A½cÖZ¨½ wewfbœ `vwqZ¡-KZ‡e©¨i welq Kviv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv| 12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

11.1 mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

11.1 mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e|

11.1 evw߯§ (`xÿvmœvb) m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1 †gvkxi AvnŸv‡bi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e| mvgy‡q‡ji AvnŸvb m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1 c‡ji gb cwieZ©‡bi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ †bvqv (†bvn) KZ©„K Ck¦‡ii B”Qv †g‡b Pjvi Av`‡k©i K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z Ki‡e| 13.1 gv`vi †Z‡iRvi Rxeb †_‡K wLªóxq †mevi g~j¨‡eva m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv| 14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

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14.1 ¯^M© I biK m¤^‡Ü ej‡Z cvi‡e|

14.1 †kl wePvi m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

Z…Zxq †kªwY 7.1 gvivZ¥K cvc I jNy cvc m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2 cv‡ci dj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

14.1 cÖfy hxïi gyZz¨ I cybiæÌvb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 473

PZy_© †kªwY 7.1 Ck¦‡ii mšÍvb wn‡m‡e wbR wbR `vwqZ¡ cvj‡b Ae‡njvi Kvi‡Y †h cvc nq Zvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1 gyw³`vZv hxïi gyw³KvR m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

cÂg †kªwY 7.1 cwiÎvY ev gyw³i A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2 evB‡e‡j gyw³`vZvi wel‡q fwel¨ØvYx m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1 gyw³`vZv hxïi hvZbv‡fvM, g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb I ¯^M©v‡ivnY m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

9.1 cÂvkËgx w`‡b cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi NUbv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

10.1 gÐjxi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Avgiv cÖfyi †fv‡R wgwjZ n‡q GK cwievi nB, Gwel‡q e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1 cvc¯^xKvi, wLªócÖmv` (cÖfyi †fvR) I n¯Ívc©Y m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

10.1 ev¯Íe RM‡Z gÐjxi wewfbœ KvRK‡g©i welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ Aveªvnv‡gi Ck¦‡ii c‡_ Pjvi wel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1 †cvc wØZxq Rb c‡ji Rxeb †_‡K ÿgv I cybwg©j‡bi g~j¨‡eva m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1 ¯^M© I biK m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

11.1 †ivMx‡jcb (†ivMx‡`i Rb¨ cÖv_©bv), hvRKeiY (hvRK Awf‡lK) I weevn m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Ki‡e| 12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ wn‡m‡e iæ_ wKfv‡e cvwievwiK Rxe‡bI Ck¦‡ii c‡_ wek¦¯Í wQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1 †bjmb †g‡Ðjvi Rxeb, fv‡jvevmv I mrmvnm m¤úwK©Z wkÿv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1 †kl wePv‡i Kx Kx NU‡e Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv cÖ_g †kªwY

15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv| 16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv|

17| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv| 18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

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wØZxq †kªwY 15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e| ------------------

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Z…Zxq †kªwY 15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

PZy_© †kªwY 15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM f~wgK¤ú m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2 f~wgK‡¤úi ÿwZKi cÖfvemg~n m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.3 f~wgK‡¤úi mgq Rxeb iÿvi †KŠkjmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM eb¨v I Liv m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2 eb¨v I Livi ÿwZKi cÖfve m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.3 eb¨v I Livi mgq KiYxq m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.4 eb¨v I Livi ÿwZKi cÖfve †gvKv‡ejvi Dcvq m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17.1 evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i Ae`v‡bi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1 A_©‰bwZK, mvs¯‹…wZK, mvgvwRK Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e|

17.1 evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i AskMÖn‡Yi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1 MYZš¿ I Gi cÖavb w`K¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

474

cÂg †kªwY ---------------16.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM U‡b©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©So (mvB‡K¬vb) m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2 U‡b©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©S‡oi ÿwZKi cÖfve¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 16.3 U‡b©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©S‡oi cÖfve †gvKv‡ejvi Dcvqmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17.1 †`k †mevq evsjv‡`k wLªógÐjxi AskMÖn‡Yi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1 gvbevwaKvi msiÿ‡Y MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|


we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq: wLªóag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÖ_g cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv|

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

1.1 gvbyl‡K †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb I †Kb m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

1.1.1 gvbyl‡K †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.3 gvbyl‡K †Kb m„wó Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

gvbyl m„wó

2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv|

2.1 Ck¦i †K Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦i me wKQyB m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

2.1.1 Ck¦i gvby‡li mªóv, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.2 Ck¦i RM‡Zi me wKQyiB mªóv, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.3 Ck¦i‡K fv‡jvevm‡e I fw³ Ki‡e|

m„wóKZ©v Ck¦i

3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

3.1 Ck¦i GK Ges GK 3.1.1 Ck¦i GK Zv ej‡Z Ck¦‡i wZb e¨w³, G cvi‡e| m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1.2 GK Ck¦‡i wZb e¨w³ Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i

4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqv|

4.1 ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Zv‡`i Rxeb m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

¯^Mx©q `~Z

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

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4.1.1 ¯^M©`~Z Kviv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 ¯^M© `~ZMY Kx K‡ib Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) wkÿK GKwU gvby‡li Qwe cÖ`k©b Ki‡e Ges wkÿv_x©iv Qwe‡Z Kx Kx †`L‡Q Zv ej‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †QvU †QvU cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cvVwU ˆZwi Ki‡eb| GKwU gvby‡li Qwe| gvbyl I RM‡Zi me wKQy&B Ck¦i m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wjL‡eb|

----------GKwU wkï e‡m Mfxi wPšÍv Ki‡Q, GiKg GKwU Qwe| μz‡ki wPý Ki‡e|

Ck¦i GK Ges wZb e¨w³‡Z GK Ck¦i Zv cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wjL‡eb|

w·Z¡i Rq cÖv_©bvwU ej‡e|

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475

- wcZv, gvZv I `yBRb mšÍv‡bi GKwU Qwe| - wÎZ¡ ci‡gk¦‡ii GKwU AvBKb| ¯^M©`~‡Ziv Ck¦‡ii D‡Ï‡k¨ ¯^M©`~Z Kviv Ges Zuv‡`i KvR Kx Zv Avivabv Ki‡Q GiKg cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wjL‡eb| Qwe cÖ`k©b Ki‡eb I wkÿv_x©iv Kx †`L‡Q Zv ¯^‡M©i GKwU KwíZ Qwe| ej‡e| --------------

--------------


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii AvÁv I `k AvÁv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1.1 AvÁv A_© Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.2 Ck¦‡ii AvÁv Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.3 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv

7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv|

7.1 Avw` cvc m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

7.1.1 Avw` cvc Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.2 cvc Kiv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡e|

Avw`cvc

8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

8.1 cÖfy hxïi Rb¥ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1.1 hxïi R‡b¥i NUbv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.2 gyw³`vZv hxï‡K kª×v, m¤§vb Ki‡e I fv‡jvevm‡e|

cÖfy hxïi Rb¥

9.1.1 cweÎ AvZ¥v †K Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 cweÎ AvZ¥vi Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv Ki‡e|

cweÎ AvZ¥v

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 wLªógÐjx GKwU †`‡ni g‡Zv, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv|

11.1 mvZwU mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv AvÁv, Ck¦‡ii AvÁv Ges Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv m¤ú‡K© cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wjL‡eb|

wkÿK `xÿvmœv‡bi c~‡e©i I c‡ii Ae¯’v eySv‡bvi Rb¨ `yBwU Qwe cÖ`k©b Ki‡eb Ges wkÿv_x©iv `yBwUi g‡a¨Kvi cv_©K¨ wbY©q Ki‡e| hxïi R‡b¥i GKwU Qwe AuvK‡e|

cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g cwi®‹vi K‡i Avw`cv‡ci aviYv Zz‡j ai‡eb| `xÿvmœv‡bi c~‡e© Avw`cv‡ci `vM m¤^wjZ GKwU Qwe Ges cv‡k `xÿvmœv‡bi ci cwi®‹vi AvZ¥vi GKwU Qwe| hxïi R‡b¥i Qwe cÖ`k©b K‡i cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g hxïi R‡b¥i NUbvi weeiY wjL‡eb|

KeyZ‡ii Qwe A¼b Ki‡e|

hxïi R‡b¥i wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb| cweÎvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g eywS‡q wjL‡eb|

10.1.1 wLªógÐjx m¤úwK©Z aviYv wLªógÐjx e¨³ Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 hxïi wb‡`©k †g‡b Pj‡e|

GKwU gvbe †`‡ni Qwe AuvK‡e|

hxï `xÿvmœvb MÖnY Ki‡Qb I cweÎ AvZ¥v KeyZ‡ii AvKv‡i †b‡g Avm‡Qb, GiKg GKwU Qwe AuvK‡eb| cÖ‡kœvˇii gva¨‡g wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb|

11.1.1 mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.2 mvμv‡g‡šÍi cweÎZv eRvq ivL‡e|

mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg¸‡jv gyL¯’ ej‡e|

gvbe †`‡ni GKwU wPÎ AuvK‡eb|

mvμv‡gšÍ

mvZUv mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg wjL‡eb| `xÿvmœv‡bi Qwe|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘ 476

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv


cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) 12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv| 14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

12.1 mvgy‡q‡ji AvnŸvb m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1.1 AvnŸvb A_© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.2 mvgy‡qj‡K Ck¦i Kxfv‡e AvnŸvb K‡iwQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.3 Ck¦i cÖ‡Z¨K gvbyl‡K AvnŸvb K‡ib Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

mvgy‡q‡ji AvnŸvb ----------------

evjK mvgy‡q‡ji Qwe|

---------------------- ----------------------

-------------------

14.1 ¯^M© I biK m¤^‡Ü ej‡Z cvi‡e|

¯^M© I biK

14.1.1 ¯^M© Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.2 biK Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.3 cweÎfv‡e Rxeb hvcb K‡i ¯^‡M©i c‡_ Pj‡e| 15.1.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

AvnŸvb I mvgy‡q‡ji AvnŸv‡bi NUbvi weeiY wjL‡eb|

----------------------

---------------------¯^M© I bi‡Ki weeiY wjL‡eb|

---------------------¯^M© I bi‡Ki Qwe

15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv|

15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

wek¦vmgš¿ (m~Î)

wek¦vmgš¿ wjL‡eb

16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv| 17| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv| 18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

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RvbycvZ I Ki‡Rv‡i cÖv_©bviZ wkÿv_x©i GKwU Qwe| ------------------

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477


†kªwY: wØZxq cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv| 2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv| 3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv| 4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqvv|

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv| 6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv|

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

1.1 Ck¦i gvbyl‡K †`n I AvZ¥v w`‡q m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

1.1.1 m„wó ej‡Z Kx eySvq Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.2 Ck¦i gvbyl‡K †`n I AvZ¥v w`‡q m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.3 Ck¦i gvbyl‡K †Kb m„w©ó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1 Ck¦i gvbyl I RM‡Zi 2.1.1 Ck¦‡ii me wKQy Kivi kw³ Av‡Q, Zv ej‡Z me wKQyB m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv cvi‡e| ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.2 Ck¦i me wKQyB m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 m„wói Rb¨ Ck¦‡ii 2.1.3 Ck¦i‡K me©`v kª×v I m¤§vb Ki‡e| cÖksmv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1 wZb e¨w³i cÖ_g 3.1.1 wZb e¨w³‡Z wg‡j GK Ck¦i, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| e¨w³ wcZv Ck¦‡ii mswÿß 3.1.2 w·Z¡i wZb e¨w³ mgvb, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| cwiPq ej‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1.3 mKj gvbyl‡K kª×v Ki‡e|

welqe¯‘ gvbyl

m„wóKZ©v Ck¦i

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

gvby‡li Qwe AuvK‡e| gvby‡li m„wóKZ©v m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| m„wói Rb¨ Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q cÖksmvg~jK GKwU cÖv_©bv ej‡e|

gvby‡li Qwe| m„wóKZ©v Ck¦i m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| m„wói GKwU Qwe|

wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i

GKwU wÎfy‡Ri Qwe A¼b Ki‡e|

Ck¦‡ii wZb e¨w³i weeiY wjL‡eb| wÎZ¡ ci‡gk¦‡ii AvBKb| G‡`b evMv‡b Av`g I nev my‡Li ¯’v‡b wQ‡jb, wKš‘ mvc Zv‡`i‡K wbwl× dj LvB‡q‡Q--GB weeiY wjL‡eb|

4.1 G‡`b evMv‡b Avw` wcZvgvZvi my‡Li Rxeb m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2 cv‡ci d‡j G‡`b evMvb †_‡K Avw` wcZvgvZvi weZvwoZ nIqvi welq ej‡Z cvi‡e|

4.1.1 G‡`b evMv‡b Av`g I nev KxiKg my‡Li Ae¯’vq evm Ki‡Zb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 Av`g I nev Kx cvc K‡iwQ‡jb Zvi ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.3 Aeva¨Zvi cv‡ci d‡j Av`g I nev‡K Kxfv‡e G‡`b evMvb †_‡K weZvwoZ Kiv n‡jv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.4 cv‡ci c_ cwinvi K‡i Pj‡e|

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6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.2 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv †g‡b Pj‡e|

Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv

Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv gyL¯’ ej‡e|

`k AvÁv wjL‡eb|

478

Av`g I nev

G‡`b evMv‡b Av`g I nevi Qwe AuvK‡e|

G‡`b evMv‡b Av`g I nevi Qwe|

†gvkxi `yB nv‡Z cv_‡i †Lv`vB Kiv `k AvÁvi Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv| 8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv 7.1 cvc Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1 cÖfy hxïi gw›`‡i nvwi‡q hvIqvi NUbv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 `xÿvmœv‡b I n¯Ívc©‡Y cweÎ AvZ¥v‡K jvf Kiv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 gÐjxi g¯ÍK †K Ges Ab¨vb¨ A½cÖZ¨½ Kviv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv|

11.1 mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

7.1.1 cvc Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.2 cvc Kq cÖKvi I Kx Kx Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.3 cvc cwinvi K‡i Pj‡e|

cv‡ci cÖKvi‡f`

cv‡ci `vM m¤^wjZ AvZ¥vi cvc Kx, cvc KZ cÖKvi, cvc cwinvi GKwU Qwe AuvK‡e| K‡i Pjvi Dcvq m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb|

8.1.1 hxï KZ eQi eq‡m, Kvi Kvi mv‡_ I †Kb gw›`‡i wM‡qwQ‡jb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.2 hxï Kxfv‡e gw›`‡i nvwi‡q wM‡qwQ‡jb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.3 hxï‡K Kxfv‡e gw›`‡i Lyu‡R cvIqv wM‡qwQj Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.4 hxï Áv‡b I eq‡m e„w× †c‡Z jvM‡jb Ges evev I gv‡qi eva¨ n‡q Pj‡Z _vK‡jb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1.1 `xÿvmœv‡bi mgq hxïi Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e|

gw›`‡i evjK hxï

cv‡ci `vM m¤úwjZ GKwU AvZ¥vi Qwe| gw›`‡i evjK hxïi nvwi‡q hvIqvi I Zuv‡K wd‡i cvIqvi NUbv wjL‡eb|

gw›`‡i evjK hxïi Qwe AuvK‡e|

gw›`‡i evjK hxï cwÐZ‡`i gv‡S `uvwo‡q K_v ej‡Qb Ggb GKwU Qwe|

cweÎ AvZ¥v

hxïi Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi Qwe A¼b Ki‡e|

10.1.1 gÐjxi cÖavb †K Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| cÖfyi †fvR 10.1.2 gÐjxi m`m¨ Kviv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| --------------10.1.3 gÐjxi m`m¨MY mK‡j wg‡j GK cwiev‡ii m`m¨, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.3 gÐjxi m`m¨MY cÖfyi †fv‡R GK‡Î wgwjZ n‡q cÖfyi †fvR MÖnY K‡i, Zvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.4 mK‡ji mv‡_ GKZv eRvq ivL‡e I mKj‡K fv‡jvevm‡e| 11.1.1 mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg gyL¯’ ej‡Z mvμv‡gšÍ mvZwU mvμv‡g‡šÍi bvg cvi‡e| gyL¯’ ej‡e| 11.1.2 gvbyl cweÎ nIqvi Rb¨ I Ck¦‡ii K…cv MÖnY Kivi Rb¨ mvμv‡gšÍ MÖnY K‡i, Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 479

hxïi Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi NUbv wjL‡eb| hxïi Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi Qwe| cÖfyi †fv‡Ri wel‡q wjL‡eb| wLªóhvM ev cÖfyi †fv‡R mw¤§wjZ RbM‡Yi Qwe AuvK‡e|

mvZwU mvμv‡gšÍ, cweÎ nIqv I Ck¦‡ii K…cv jv‡fi welq wjL‡eb| n¯Ívc©‡Yi GKwU Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv| 13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv| 14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) cj †Nvov †_‡K gvwU‡Z c‡o Av‡Qb GiKg GKwU Qwe AuvK‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

12.1 c‡ji gb cwieZ©‡bi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e|

12.1.1 cj Kxfv‡e gvby‡li Dci AZ¨vPvi Ki‡Zb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.2 Kxfv‡e c‡ji gb cwieZ©b n‡jv Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.3 me©`v Ck¦‡ii c‡_ Pj‡e|

c‡ji gb cwieZ©b

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14.1 †kl wePvi m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

14.1.1 mKj gvbyl‡K †kl wePv‡i Dcw¯’Z n‡Z n‡e Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.2 fv‡jv-g›` Kv‡Ri wfwˇZ mKj gvby‡li wePvi n‡e Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.3 wePv‡ii ci gvbyl ¯^‡M© ev bi‡K hv‡e Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.4 me©`v mZ¨ I cweÎ c‡_ Pj‡e| 15.1.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

†kl wePvi

†kl wePv‡i `Ð †_‡K iÿv cvIqvi Rb¨ GKwU cÖv_©bv ej‡e|

gw_ 25 Aa¨v‡q ewY©Z †kl wePv‡ii weeiY wjL‡eb|

c‡ji gb cwieZ©‡bi welq wjL‡eb| hxïi `k©b †c‡q cj †Nvov †_‡K gvwU‡Z c‡o Av‡Qb, cv‡k Zuvi m½xiv Av‡Qb, GiKg GKwU Qwe|

eo gv‡V wePviK wn‡m‡e hxï e‡m Av‡Qb, Zuvi mvg‡b evg w`‡K GK`j †jvK I Wvb w`‡K Avi GK `j †jv‡Ki Qwe| wek¦vmgš¿wU (wek¦vmm~Î) wjL‡eb|

15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv|

15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv| 17| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv|

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†kªwYK‡ÿ mw¤§wjZ cÖv_©bviZ wkÿv_x©‡`i GKwU Qwe| ------------------

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18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) ----------------

480


†kªwY: Z…Zxq cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv|

1.1 Avgiv Pvwiw`‡K hvwKQy †`wL Gme †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

1.1.1 Avgiv Pvwiw`‡K Kx Kx †`wL Zv eY©©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.2 Avgv‡`i Pvwiw`‡Ki mewKQy †K m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e|

gvbyl I Zvi Drm - Avgv‡`i Pvwiw`‡Ki m„wó - mKj m„wói mªóv

2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv|

2.1 Ck¦‡ii kw³i K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 wbivKvi Ck¦i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z Ki‡e|

2.1.1 Ck¦i me wKQy Ki‡Z cv‡ib Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.2 Ck¦i m¤ú~Y© wbivKvi, wZwb AvZ¥v, Gm¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.3 Ck¦‡ii Avivabv Ki‡e|

Ck¦i - Ck¦i me©kw³gvb - Ck¦i wbivKvi

3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

3.1 wZb e¨w³i wØZxq e¨w³ cyÎ Ck¦‡ii mswÿß cwiPq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

3.1.1 Ck¦i GKRb, wØZxq †Kvb Ck¦i †bB wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - Ck¦i GKRb 3.2.2 wZb e¨w³ wg‡j GK Ck¦i Zv eY©bv - wZb e¨w³ wg‡j GK Ck¦i Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - wZb e¨w³B mgvb 3.2.3 wZb e¨w³ mgvb, †KD †QvU bq ev †KD eo bq Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.2.4 mKj gvbyl‡K kª×v I m¤§vb Ki‡e| 3.2.5 mKj gvby‡li mv‡_ HK¨e×fv‡e Rxeb hvcb Ki‡e|

Ck¦‡ii wZb e¨w³i bvg wjL‡e|

4.1.1 jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i cZb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.3 jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i Kx kvw¯Í n‡qwQj Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.4 Ck¦‡ii Avivabv Ki‡e|

jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i cZb I kvw¯Íi wel‡q wjL‡e|

4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqvv|

4.1 jywm‡di Ges Zvi m½x‡`i cZb I kvw¯Íi wel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

welqe¯‘

481

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) Pvwiw`‡K hv-wKQy †`Lv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv `„k¨gvb me wKQyi eY©bv w`‡eb I me wKQyi mªóvi wel‡q wjL‡eb| wewfbœ m„wói GKwU Qwe|

Ck¦i Kx Kx Ki‡Z cv‡ib Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

Ck¦i me©kw³gvb I wbivKvi, Gwel‡q wjL‡eb| GKRb wkÿv_x© Ck¦i‡K Avivabv Ki‡Q GiKg GKwU Qwe|

jywm‡di I Zvi m½xiv - jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i cZb - jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i Aciv‡ai kvw¯Í|

Ck¦i GKRb, wZb e¨w³ wg‡j GK Ck¦i Ges wZb e¨w³ mgvb-GB wel‡q D`vniYmn we¯ÍvwiZ wjL‡eb| evev-gv-mšÍv‡bi GKwU Qwe| wÎe¨w³i AvBKb|

jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i Aciva I kvw¯Íi wel‡q wjL‡eb| ¯^M© †_‡K jywm‡di I Zvi m½x‡`i bi‡Ki w`‡K cZ‡bi Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

5.1 cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 5.2 cweÎ evB‡ej cvV Ki‡e I evB‡e‡ji cÖwZ kª×vkxj n‡e|

5.1.1 Ck¦‡ii evYx Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.2 evB‡ej‡K †Kb Ck¦‡ii evYx ejv nq Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.3 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji evYx fw³ mnKv‡i cvV Ki‡e|

cweÎ evB‡ej - evB‡ej Ck¦‡ii evYx - evB‡ej cweÎ - evB‡ej cvV

evB‡ej, Kv‡Q GKwU μzk I GKwU R¡jšÍ †gvgevwZi Qwe AuvK‡e|

evB‡ej Ck¦‡ii evYx Ges cweÎ, Gwel‡q wjL‡eb|

6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi cÖ_g AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1.1 Ck¦‡ii cÖ_g AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.2 GKgvÎ Ck¦‡ii Avivabv Ki‡e|

Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv - Ck¦‡ii cÖ_g AvÁv - Ck¦‡ii Avivabv

Kx Kx fv‡e Ck¦‡ii Avivabv Kiv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

Ck¦‡ii cÖ_g AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡eb Ges Kx Kx fv‡e Ck¦‡ii Avivabv Kiv hvq Zv wjL‡eb|

evB‡ej, μzk I R¡jšÍ †gvgevwZi Qwe|

cÖv_©bviZ wkÿv_x©‡`i mvg‡b evB‡ej, μzk I R¡jšÍ †gvgevwZi Qwe| 7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv|

8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

7.1 gvivZ¥K cvc I jNy cvc m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2 cv‡ci dj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

7.1.1 cvc Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.2 gvivZ¥K cvc m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.3 jNy cvc m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.4 cv‡ci dj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.5 cvc cwinvi K‡i Pj‡e|

cvc - cv‡ci A_© - gvivZ¥K cvc I jNy cvc - cv‡ci dj - cvc cwinvi K‡i Pjv

gvivZ¥K cvc I jNy cv‡ci ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

8.1 gyw³`vZvi c„w_ex‡Z AvMg‡bi D‡Ïk¨ I Zuvi R‡b¥i NUbv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1.1 c„w_ex‡Z gyw³`vZvi AvMgb †Kb n‡qwQj Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.2 gyw³`vZvi R‡b¥i welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.3 c~e© †`‡ki wZb cwЇZi g‡Zv K‡i gyw³`vZv‡K kª×v I cÖYvg Rvbv‡e|

gyw³`vZvi Rb¥ - gyw³`vZvi AvMg‡bi D‡Ïk¨ - gyw³`vZvi R‡b¥i NUbv - cwÐZ‡`i g‡Zv K‡i hxïi cÖwZ fw³ cÖ`k©b

eow`‡bi GKwU Mvb MvB‡e|

482

cvc, gviZ¥K cvc, jNy cvc, cv‡ci dj Ges cvc cwinvi Kivi Dcvq m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| cv‡c c~Y© ü`qIqvjv GKwU hye‡Ki Pvwiw`‡K kqZv‡biv wKjwej Ki‡Q Ges cv‡k cvck~b¨ ü`qIqvjv GKwU hye‡Ki Pvwiw`‡K ¯^M©`~Z‡`i Qwe| gyw³`vZvi AvMg‡bi D‡Ïk¨, R‡b¥i NUbv, cwÐZ‡`i AvMgb I Avivabv BZ¨vw`i weeiY wjL‡eb| †Mvkvjvq hxïi R‡b¥i GKwU Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi mvZwU `vb I ev‡ivwU dj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wkLbdj 9.1.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi mvZwU `vb e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1.2 cweÎ AvZ¥vi `v‡bi ev‡ivwU dj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1.3 cweÎ AvZ¥vi `vb¸‡jv jvf Kivi Rb¨ me mgq cweÎ AvZ¥vi Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv Ki‡e|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 gÐjxi wewfbœ R‡bi 10.1.1 wLªógÐjxi g¯ÍK wLª‡ói f~wgKv wewfbœ `vwqZ¡-KZ‡e©¨i eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 wLªógÐjxi Ab¨vb¨ A½cÖZ¨‡½i f~wgKv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.3 gÐjxi A½ wn‡m‡e wb‡Ri `vwqZ¡KZ©e¨ cvjb Ki‡e|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv|

11.1 evw߯§ (`xÿvmœvb) m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ †bvqvi (†bvn) Ck¦‡ii B”Qv †g‡b Pjvi Av`k© m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

cweÎ AvZ¥vi `vb I dj - cweÎvZ¥vi `vb - cweÎvZ¥vi `v‡bi dj| - cweÎvZ¥vi `vb¸‡jv jvf Kivi Dcvq|

GKwU ü`‡qi Qwe AuvK‡e I mvZw`‡K mvZwU Zxi wPý w`‡q cweÎ AvZ¥vi mvZwU `vb wj‡L w`‡e|

cweÎvZ¥vi mvZwU `vb I ev‡ivwU d‡ji e¨vL¨v Ges `vb¸‡jv jv‡fi Dcvq eY©bv Ki‡eb|

wLªógÐjx - gÐjxi g¯ÍK wLª‡ói f~wgKv - gÐjxi Ab¨vb¨ A½cÖZ¨‡½i `vwqZ¡KZ©e¨

`jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g wLªógÐjxi wewfbœ R‡bi wewfbœ `vwqZ¡-KZ©‡e¨i GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

†`niƒc wLªógÐjx I wewfbœ A½cÖZ¨‡½i Kvh©vewj eywS‡q wjL‡eb|

welqe¯‘

11.1.1 evw߯§ (`xÿvmœvb) Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.2 evw߯§ Kxfv‡e †`Iqv nq Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.2 `xÿvmœv‡bi dj m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.3 GK wcZvi mšÍvb wn‡m‡e Ab¨ mKj‡K fvB‡evb wn‡m‡e fv‡jvevm‡e|

evw߯§ (`xÿvmœvb) - evw߯§ Kx - `xÿvmœv‡bi Abyôvb-ixwZ - `xÿvmœv‡bi dj - GK cwiev‡ii m`m¨

12.1.1 Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ †bvqvi wek¦¯ÍZv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.2 †bvqvi RvnvR evbv‡bvi D‡Ïk¨ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.3 Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ Awek¦¯Í I Aa‡g©i c‡_ cwiPvwjZ e¨w³‡`i aŸsmcÖvß nIqvi wel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.4 Ck¦‡ii c‡_ me©`v wek¦¯Í _vK‡e|

†bvqv (†bvn) - Ck¦i f³ †bvqv - †bvqvi RvnvR - Awek¦¯Í‡`i aŸsm

`xÿvmœv‡bi AbyôvbixwZ Abykxjb Ki‡e|

GKwU WvqvMÖvg| gvSLv‡b GKwU ü`q| mvZw`‡K mvZwU ZxiwPý w`‡q mvZwU `v‡bi bvg|

g¯ÍKiƒc wLªó I †`niƒc f³RbM‡Yi fywgKv eySv‡bvi Rb¨ GKwU gvbe‡`‡ni Qwe| `xÿvmœvb Kx, Kxfv‡e GB mvμv‡gšÍ †`Iqv nq, †K w`‡Z cv‡i, `xÿvmœv‡bi dj BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| `xÿvmœvb †`Iqvi GKwU Qwe|

†bvqvi RvnvR A¼b Ki‡e|

†bvqv †K wQ‡jb, wZwb Kxfv‡e Ck¦i f³ n‡qwQ‡jb, †Kb wZwb RvnvR ˆZwi K‡i †mLv‡b RxeRš‘ wb‡q D‡VwQ‡jb Ges Gfv‡e iÿv †c‡qwQ‡jb| Ab¨w`‡K Awek¦¯Íiv aŸsm n‡qwQj| G¸‡jv eywS‡q wjL‡eb| †bvqvi Rvnv‡Ri GKwU Qwe|

483


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

13.1 gv`vi †Z‡iRvi Rxeb †_‡K wLªóxq †mevi g~j¨‡eva m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

†mevi Av`k© gv`vi †Z‡iRv - gv`vi †Z‡iRvi mswÿß Rxebx - †mevKv‡R gv`vi †Z‡iRvi AvnŸvb - Ae‡nwjZ‡`i †mevq gv`vi †Z‡iRv - †mevKv‡R AskMÖnY

gv`vi †Z‡iRvi m¤cÖ`v‡qi wmóviMY Kx Kx KvR K‡ib Zv `jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g ZvwjKve× Ki‡e|

gv`vi †Z‡iRvi mswÿß Rxebx, †mevKv‡R Zuvi AvnŸvb I Kv‡Ri weeiY w`‡q wjL‡eb|

14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv| 15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv|

14.1 gvby‡li gyZz¨ I cybiæÌvb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

13.1.1 gv`vi †Z‡iRvi mswÿß Rxebx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.2 †mevKv‡R gv`vi †Z‡iRvi AvnŸvb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.3 AvZ©cxwoZ I Ae‡nwjZ‡`i †mevq gv`vi †Z‡iRvi AvZ¥`vb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.4 Amy¯’‡`i, we‡kl_ Amnvq‡`i †mev Ki‡e| 14.1.1 gvby‡li g„Zz¨ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.2 gvby‡li cybiæÌvb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.3 mviv Rxeb wLªóxq c‡_ wek¦¯Ífv‡e Pjvi Rb¨ cÖv_©bv Ki‡e|

g„Zz¨ I cybiæÌvb - gvby‡li g„Zz¨ - gvby‡li cybiæÌvb - my›`i Rxeb

Kxfv‡e my›`i Rxeb hvcb Kiv hvq Zvi GKUv ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

gvby‡li g„Zz¨ I cybiæÌvb Ges my›`i Rxeb hvc‡bi Dcvq m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb|

15.1.1 wLªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15.1.2 wLªóxq wek¦v‡mi c‡_ Pj‡e|

wek¦vmgš¿ - wek¦vmgš¿ Kx - wek¦v‡mi c‡_ Pjv

16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv|

16.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM f~wgK¤ú m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2 f~wgK‡¤úi ÿwZKi cÖfve Ges †mme †_‡K Rxeb iÿvi †KŠkjmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

15.1 wLªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ gyL¯’ wjL‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1.1 f~wgK‡¤ú gvby‡li †Kvb nvZ bv _vKv m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2.1 f~wgK‡¤úi mgq AvZ¥iÿvg~jK e¨e¯’v MÖnY m¤ú‡K© Rvb‡e| 16.2.2 f~wgK‡¤úi ÿwZKi w`K¸‡jv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2.3 f~wgK‡¤úi ci ÎvYK‡g© mnvqZv Kiv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e|

484

†meviZ gv`vi †Z‡iRvi GKwU Qwe|

cybiæwÌZ hxïi Qwe|

f~wgK¤ú - cÖvK…wZK wbq‡g f~wgK¤ú - f~wgK‡¤ú AvZ¥iÿv e¨e¯’v - f~wgK‡¤úi ÿwZKi w`Kmg~n - ÎvYK‡g© mnvqZv Kiv|

wek¦vmgš¿ gyL¯’ wjL‡e|

f~wgK‡¤ú ÿwZM͇֯`i Kx Kx fv‡e mvnvh¨ Kiv hvq Zvi GKUv ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

wek¦vmgš¿ Kx, wek¦v‡mi c‡_ Pjvi A_© Kx BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| †gvgevwZ nv‡Z wek¦vmgš¿ D”PviY iZ K‡qKRb e¨w³i Qwe| f~wgK¤ú Kxfv‡e nq, Kx ai‡bi ÿqÿwZ nq, ZLb Kx Kx KiYxq _v‡K, Kx Kx cÖ¯‘wZ †bIqv `iKvi, ÿwZM͇֯`i Kx Kx fv‡e †mev Kiv hvq †mme wel‡q we¯ÍvwiZ wjL‡eb| - f~wgK‡¤ú AvnZ‡`i †mev Kivi GKwU Qwe A¼b Ki‡eb| - f~wgK‡¤úi Kvi‡Y M„nnviv‡`i Rb¨ Nievwo wbg©vY I Kvco‡Pvco, Lv`¨`ªe¨ weZi‡Yi GKwU Qwe A¼b Ki‡eb|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv 17| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv| 18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv 17.1 evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb knx`‡`i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1 MYZš¿ I Gi cÖavb w`K¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

17.1.1 gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17.1.2 gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb knx`‡`i wel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb knx` - gyw³hy× Kx - evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb knx` 18.1.1 MYZ‡š¿ mKj RbM‡Yi AskMÖnY MYZš¿ I myLx †`k m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - mK‡ji AskMÖn‡Y 18.1.2 mKj gvby‡li ga¨ w`‡q Ck¦‡ii †`kMVb| B”Qvi cÖKvk m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - gvby‡li we‡e‡Ki ga¨ 18.1.3 ci¯ú‡ii `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ m¤ú‡K© w`‡q Ck¦‡ii B”Qv| ej‡Z cvi‡e| - †`‡ki Dbœq‡b `vwqZ¡KZ©e¨

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

`jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g gyw³hy‡× cuvPRb wLªóvb knx‡`i bvg wjL‡e| Kx Kxfv‡e gvby‡li cÖwZ `vwqZ¡-KZ©e¨ cvj‡bi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ `vwqZ¡KZ©e¨ cvjb Kiv nq Zv wjL‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv gyw³hy× Kx, gyw³hy‡× knx` g„Zz¨eiY K‡i‡Qb GiKg wLªóvb‡`i wel‡q wjL‡eb| gyw³hy‡×i GKwU Qwe| MYZ‡š¿i mnR msÁv, mK‡ji AskMÖn‡Yi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv, we‡e‡Ki ga¨ w`‡q Ck¦‡ii K_v †kvbv, †`‡ki Dbœq‡b `vwqZ¡KZ©e¨ cvj‡bi wel‡q mnRmijfv‡e wjL‡eb| cÖavbgš¿xi mv‡_ RbM‡Yi GKwU wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb|

485


†kªwY: PZz_© cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv|

1.1 gvbyl‡K Ck¦i †Kb m„wó K‡i‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.2 g„Zz¨i ci gvbyl †Kv_vq hv‡e Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

1.1.1 gvbyl m„wói D‡Ïk¨ eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.2 g„Zz¨i ci gvby‡li P~ovšÍ MšÍe¨¯’j m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.1.2 Ck¦‡ii wb‡`©wkZ c‡_ Pj‡e|

2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv|

2.1 Ck¦‡ii m„wóK‡g©i eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦‡ii cweÎZv, `qv I AmxgZvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

2.1.1 Ck¦‡ii me wKQy Kivi kw³ Av‡Q Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.2 Ck¦‡ii Acwi‡gq `qvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.3 Ck¦‡ii cweÎZv m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.1.4 Ck¦‡ii g‡Zv `qvjy I cweÎ n‡e|

3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqvv|

welqe¯‘ gvbyl m„wói D‡Ïk¨ - gvbyl Drm I MšÍe¨¯’j| - Ck¦‡ii wb‡`©wkZ c_

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) wb‡`©kbv Ck¦‡ii cÖksmvg~jK GKwU gvbyl m„wói D‡Ïk¨, Zvi cÖv_©bv wb‡R ˆZwi K‡i P~ovšÍ MšÍe¨¯’j I Ck¦‡ii wjL‡e| wb‡`©wkZ c_ m¤ú‡K© eywS‡q wjL‡eb|

Ck¦i - Ck¦i me©kw³gvb - Ck¦i `qvjy - Ck¦i cweÎ - Ck¦‡ii g‡Zv `qvjy I cweÎ nIqv

`jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii kw³, `qv I cweÎZvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

3.1 wZb e¨w³i Z…Zxq e¨w³ 3.1.1 cweÎvZ¥v †K Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cweÎ AvZ¥vi mswÿß cwiPq 3.1.2 cweÎvZ¥vi KvR m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cvi‡e| 3.1.3 cweÎ AvZ¥vi cwiPvjbvq Pj‡e|

cweÎ AvZ¥v - cweÎ AvZ¥v †K - cweÎ AvZ¥vi KvR - cweÎ AvZ¥vi cwiPvjbvq Pjv

†Rvovq †Rvovq e‡m cweÎ AvZ¥vi cwiPvjbvq gvbyl Kxfv‡e Pj‡Z cv‡i Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

4.1 G‡`b evMv‡b Avw` wcZvgvZvi my‡Li Rxeb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2 cv‡ci d‡j G‡`b evMvb †_‡K Avw` wcZvgvZvi weZvwoZ nIqvi welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

Avw` wcZvgvZv - G‡`b evMv‡b Avw` wcZvgvZvi my‡Li Rxeb - cv‡c cZb - G‡`b evMvb †_‡K weZvob - kvw¯Í

`‡j wewfbœ cv‡ci cÖ‡jvf‡bi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

4.1.1 G‡`b evMv‡b Av`g-nevi my‡Li Rxeb eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 Av`g-nevi cv‡c cwZZ nIqvi NUbvwU eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.3 G‡`b evMvb †_‡K Av`g-nevi weZvwoZ nIqvi m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.4 Av`g-nevi kvw¯Íi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 486

Ck¦‡ii cÖksmviZ e¨w³i Qwe| Ck¦‡ii kw³, `qv I cweÎZv eywS‡q wjL‡eb| hxï KZ…©K GKRb A܇K my¯’ Kivi Qwe|

cweÎ AvZ¥v, Zuvi KvR I Zuvi c‡_ Pjv m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| `xÿvmœvbiZ hxïi Dci KeyZ‡ii AvKv‡i cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi Qwe| Avw` wcZvgvZv Kviv, G‡`b evMv‡b Zuv‡`i my‡Li Ae¯’v, cv‡c cZb, kvw¯Í BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| G‡`b evMvb †_‡K Av`gnevi weZvwoZ nIqvi Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

5.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji wefvMmg~n I cy¯ÍKmg~n m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.2 bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯‘K¸‡jvi bvg gyL¯’ ej‡Z cvi‡e|

5.1.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji wewfbœ fv‡Mi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 5.2.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯ÍK¸‡jvi bvg eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.2.2 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji evYx fw³ mnKv‡i cvV Ki‡e|

6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi 6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I wØZxq I Z…Zxq AvÁvi A_© AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv| e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv|

8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

7.1 wbR wbR wLªóxq `vwq‡Z¡ Ae‡njvRwbZ cv‡ci eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1 gyw³`vZv hxïi gyw³KvR m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

welqe¯‘

6.1.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi wØZxq I Z…ZxqwU e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.2 Ck¦‡ii AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pj‡e|

cweÎ evB‡ej - cweÎ evB‡e‡ji fvMmg~n - fv‡M fv‡M bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯K Í mg~n - evB‡ej ï×fv‡e cvV Kiv Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁv - wØZxq AvÁv - Z…Zxq AvÁv - Ck¦‡ii AvÁvbymv‡i Pjv

7.1.1 Ae‡nwjZ‡`i cÖwZ wLªó Zuvi Abymvix‡`i‡K †hme `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi wb‡`©k w`‡q‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.2 `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi cyi¯‹vi m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.3 `vwqZ¡ cvjb bv Kivi kvw¯Í m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.4 wbR wbR wLªóxq `vwhZ¡ cvj‡b wek¦¯Í _vK‡e|

cvc - Ae‡nwjZ‡`i cÖwZ wLªówek¦vmx‡`i `vwqZ¡ - `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi cyi¯‹vi I cvjb bv Kivi kvw¯Í - wbR wbR `vwqZ¡ cvj‡b wek¦¯ÍZv

8.1.1 hxï Kxfv‡e Zuvi gyw³`vqx KvR ïiæ K‡ib Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.2 hxï gvbyl‡K †h-gyw³i evYx ïwb‡q‡Qb Zvi gg©v_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.3 hxïi K‡qKwU gyw³`vqx Avðh© Kv‡Ri eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.4 hxïi gyw³i c‡_ Pj‡e|

gyw³`vZv hxï - hxïi gyw³`vqx Kv‡Ri ïiæ - hxïi gyw³i evYxi gg©v_© - gyw³`vqx Avðh© KvR - gyw³i c‡_ Pjv

487

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯K ‘ ¸‡jvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

e¨w³Rxe‡b Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi ¸iæZ¡mg~n wjL‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv cweÎ evB‡e‡ji wefvMmg~n, bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯‘Kmg~n I evB‡ej ï×fv‡e cvV Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| bZzb wbq‡gi cy¯K ‘ ¸‡jvi bvg w`‡q GKwU jvB‡eªwii Qwe| Ck¦‡ii wØZxq I Z…Zxq Ges AvÁv¸‡jvi ¸iæZ¡ m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb|

iweevmixq Dcvmbvi GKwU Qwe| Kx Kx fv‡e Ae‡nwjZ‡`i Ae‡nwjZ‡`i cÖwZ `vwqZ¡, †mev Kiv hvq Zvi GKUv `vwqZ¡ cvjb Kivi cyi¯‹vi, ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e| cvjb bv Kivi kvw¯Í I `vwqZ¡ cvj‡b wek¦¯ÍZvi welq wjL‡eb| †kl wePv‡ii `„k¨

g‡b `vM KvUvi g‡Zv hxïi gyw³`vqx Kv‡Ri hxïi cuvPwU Avðh© Kv‡Ri weeiY, evYx I Avðh© KvR GKUv ZvwjKv ˆZwi BZ¨vw` eywS‡q wjL‡eb| Ki‡e| †R‡j‡`i Rvj fwZ© gv‡Qi Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi d‡j wkl¨M‡Yi g‡a¨ msNwUZ cwieZ©‡bi K_v e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

9.1.1 †cÖwiZwkl¨‡`i Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi NUbvwU eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1.2 cweÎ AvZ¥v‡K jvf Kivi ci wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ msNwUZ cwieZ©‡bi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.3 wcZi I Ab¨ wkl¨‡`i evYx cÖPv‡ii K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZiY - wkl¨‡`i Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi NUbv - wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ cwieZ©b - evYx cÖPvi KvR ïiæ

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) Av¸‡bi wRnŸvi AvKv‡i †cÖwiZwkl¨‡`i Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZi‡Yi Qwe A¼b Ki‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †cÖwiZ wkl¨‡`i Dci cweÎ AvZ¥vi AeZiY, cweÎ AvZ¥vi AvMg‡b wkl¨‡`i g‡a¨ msNwUZ cwieZ©b, wcZ‡ii fvlY BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| gw›`‡ii mvg‡b fvlY`vbiZ wcZi Ges Zuvi mvg‡b AMwYZ †jv‡Ki Qwe|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 gÐjxi m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Avgiv cÖfyi †fv‡R wgwjZ n‡q GK cwievi nB, G welqwU eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

10.1.1 gÐjxi wewfbœ m`m¨ wn‡m‡e cÖfyi †fv‡R GK‡Î wgwjZ nIqvi ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 GK †`‡ni m`m¨ wn‡m‡e wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ GKZvi ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wLªógÐjx - wLªógÐjx GKwU cwievi - gÐjx‡Z HK¨e×fv‡e Rxeb hvcb Kivi Avb›` - gÐjxi wewfbœ m`‡m¨i `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨

gÐjx‡Z wewfbœ `vwq‡Z¡i GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

gÐjx I cwiev‡ii Zzjbvg~jK wPÎ, GK‡Î Rxeb hvc‡bi Avb›`, cwiev‡ii m`m¨ wn‡m‡e wbR wbR `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| mg‡eZ RbgÐjxi GKwU Qwe|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv|

11.1 cvc¯^xKvi, wLªócÖmv` (cÖfyi †fvR) I n¯Ívc©Y mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡e|

11.1.1 cvc¯^xKvi mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.2 wLªóhvM ev cÖfyi †fvR m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.3 n¯Ívc©Y mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.4 mvμv‡g‡šÍi wkÿvbymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Ki‡e|

488

cvc¯^xvi, cÖfyi †fvR I n¯Ívc©Y - cvc¯^xKvi - cÖfyi †fvR - n¯Ívc©Y

GKmv‡_ cÖfyi †fv‡R AskMÖn‡Yi Avb‡›`i K_v `‡ji Ab¨‡`i mv‡_ mnfvwMZv Ki‡e|

cvc¯^xKvi, cÖfyi †fvR I n¯Ívc©Y m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ wjL‡eb| cÖfyi †fvR MÖn‡Yi GKwU Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ wn‡m‡e Aveªvnvg Kxfv‡e Ck¦‡ii c‡_ P‡jwQ‡jb †mwel‡q eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

13.1 †cvc wØZxq Rb c‡ji Rxeb †_‡K ÿgv I cybwg©j‡bi g~j¨‡eva m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

14.1 ¯^M© I biK m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

12.1.1 Aveªvnvg Ck¦‡ii AvnŸv‡b mvov w`‡q wb‡Ri evwo-Ni BZ¨vw` me wKQy Z¨vM K‡i Ck¦‡ii †`Lv‡bv c‡_ P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.2 Aveªvnv‡gi Kv‡Q Ck¦i Kx Kx cÖwZkÖæwZ w`‡qwQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.3 Ck¦‡ii B”Qv cvjb Kivi Rb¨ Aveªvnvg wbR cyÎ BmvqvK‡K ewj w`‡Z cÖ¯‘Z wQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.4 Aveªvnvg‡K wek¦vmx‡`i wcZv ejvi KviY e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wek¦vmx‡`i wcZv Aveªvnvg - Aveªvnv‡gi AvnŸvb - Ck¦‡ii cÖwZkÖæwZ - BmvqvK‡K ewj`v‡b cÖ¯‘Z - wek¦vmx‡`i wcZv Aveªvnvg

13.1.1 ab¨ †cvc wØZxq Rb c‡ji Rb¥ I ˆkkeKv‡ji NUbv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.2 †cvc wØZxq Rb c‡ji cy‡ivwnZ, wekc I †cvc nIqvi welq eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.3 RM‡Zi me a‡g©i gvbyl‡K GK Kivi Rb¨ †cvc wØZxq Rb c‡ji K…wZZ¡mg~n e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.4 wb‡Ri nZ¨v cÖ‡PóvKvix‡K ÿgv K‡i †cvc wØZxq Rb cj †h Av`k© ¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 13.1.5 mKj a‡g©i †jvK‡K mgvb †Pv‡L †`L‡e| 14.1.1 ¯^M© Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.2 Kxfv‡e ¯^‡M© hvIqv hvq Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.3 biK Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.4 gvby‡li bi‡K hvIqvi KviY eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 14.1.5 hxïi †`Lv‡bv c_ AbymiY K‡i ¯^‡M©i c‡_ Pj‡e|

ab¨ †cvc wØZxq Rb cj - Rb¥ I ˆkkeKvj - cy‡ivwnZ, wekc I †cvc wn‡m‡e Rbcj - gvbyl‡K GKÎxKiY - ÿgvi D¾j Av`k© - mKj‡K mgvb †Pv‡L †`Lv - Rb c‡ji ab¨ †kªwYfy³KiY|

ab¨ †cvc Rb cj KZ…K © Avjx AvMmv‡K ÿgvi NUbvwU wb‡Ri fvlvq eY©bv Ki‡e|

¯^M© I biK - ¯^M© Kx - ¯^‡M© hvIqvi Dcvq - biK Kx - bi‡K hvIqvi KviY - hxïi †`Lv‡bv c‡_ Pjv

`jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g Kx Kx fv‡e Rxeb hvcb Ki‡j ¯^‡M© hvIqv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

¯^M© I bi‡Ki weeiY, ¯^‡M© hvIqvi Dcvq, bi‡K hvIqvi KviY, hxïi †`Lv‡bv c_ BZ¨vw`i weeiY wjL‡eb|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/

¯^‡M© `~Z‡`i mv‡_ gvby‡livI Ck¦‡ii cÖksmv I ¸YKxZ©b Ki‡Q GiKg GKwU Qwe| †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨

489

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) GKwU †fovi Qwe AuvK‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv Aveªvnv‡gi AvnŸvb, Zuvi Kv‡Q Ck¦‡ii cÖwZkÖæwZ, BmvqvK‡K ewj`v‡b cÖ¯‘Z, wek¦vmx‡`i wcZv BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| AvKvk fiv Zviv I mgy`ªZxi fiv evjy Ges Aveªvnvg `uvwo‡q Ck¦‡i cÖwZkÖæwZi K_v ïb‡Qb Ggb GKwU Qwe| ab¨ †cvc Rb c‡ji Rb¥, ˆkke, †cŠiwnZ¨, wekc I †cvc wn‡m‡e Zuvi Rxeb, gvbyl‡K GKÎxKiY, ÿgvi Av`k© I ab¨ †kªwYfy³KiY wel‡q wjL‡eb| †cvc Rb cj I Avjx AvMmvi Qwe|


15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv|

15.1 wek¦vmgš¿ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv|

16.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM eb¨v I Liv, G¸‡jvi ÿwZKi cÖfve, `y‡h©vM¸‡jvi mgq Avgv‡`i KiYxq I G¸‡jv †gvKv‡ejvi Rb¨ cÖ¯‘wZ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

17| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv|

17.1 evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i Ae`v‡bi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

18.1 e¨w³MZ, A_©‰bwZK, mvs¯‹…wZK, mvgvwRK Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v ej‡Z cvi‡e|

15.1.1 wek¦vmgš¿ Kx Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wLªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ 15.1.2 wek¦vmg‡š¿i cÖavb cÖavb welq¸‡jv - wek¦vmgš¿ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - wek¦vmg‡š¿i cÖavb 15.1.3 wek¦v‡mi c‡_ AUj _vKvi †Póv Ki‡e| welq¸‡jv - wek¦v‡mi c‡_ AUj _vKv 16.1.1 eb¨vi KviY I iƒc eY©bv Ki‡Z eb¨v I Liv cvi‡e| - eb¨vi KviY I iƒc 16.1.2 Livi KviY I iƒc eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| - Livi KviY I iƒc 16.1.3 eb¨v I Livi mgq Avgv‡`i KiYxq - eb¨v I Livq Avgv‡`i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| KiYxq 16.1.4 eb¨v †gvKv‡ejvq Avgv‡`i cÖ¯‘wZ - eb¨vq ÎvY weZi‡Y m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| AskMÖnY - eb¨v †gvKv‡ejvq cÖ¯‘wZ 17.1.1 cÖZ¨ÿ gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i AskMÖn‡Yi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17.1.2 c‡ivÿfv‡e gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i Ae`v‡bi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 17.1.3 Ck¦‡ii `vb gvZ…f~wg‡K fv‡jvevm‡e|

18.1.1 e¨w³i Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1.2 A_©‰bwZK Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1.3 mvs¯‹…wZK Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 18.1.4 mvgvwRK Dbœq‡b MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

490

evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i AskMÖnY - cÖZ¨ÿ gyw³‡hv×v wLªóvb - c‡ivÿ gyw³‡hv×v wLªóvb - gvZ…f~wg‡K iÿv Kiv

MYZš¿ I Dbœqb - MYZš¿ I e¨w³K Dbœqb - MYZš¿ I A_©‰bwZK Dbœqb - MYZš¿ I mvs¯‹…wZK Dbœqb - MYZš¿ I mvgvwRK Dbœqb

cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) Kx Kx Dcv‡q wek¦v‡mi c‡_ AUj _vKv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e|

wb‡`©kbv wek¦vmgš¿ Kx, Gi cÖavb w`K¸‡jv Kx Kx, wek¦v‡mi c‡_ AUj _vKvi Dcvq¸‡jv Kx Kx Zv wjL‡eb|

eb¨v I Livi mgq Kx Kx fv‡e gvbyl‡K mnvqZv Kiv hvq Zvi GKUv ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

cÖv_©bviZ wkÿv_x‡`i Qwe| eb¨vi GKwU wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb| Livi GKwU wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb|

`jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy‡× cuvPRb wLªóvb AskMÖnYKvixi bvg wjL‡e|

MYZvwš¿K ¯^vaxbZvq DbœZ e¨w³ Kx Kxfv‡e †`‡ki DbœwZ Avb‡Z cv‡i Zv wjL‡e|

gyw³hy‡× wLªóvb‡`i AskMÖnY, cÖZ¨ÿ gyw³hy×, c‡ivÿ gyw³hy×, gvZ…f~wg‡K iÿv Kivi Rb¨ hy‡× AskMÖnY GKwU cweÎ `vwqZ¡ BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| gyw³hy‡×i GKwU Qwe| MYZ‡š¿i msÁv, MYZ‡š¿i gva¨‡g ¯^Ztù~Z©Zv, e¨w³K, A_©‰bwZK, mvs¯‹…wZK, mvgvwRK Dbœqb m¤ú‡K© eywS‡q wjL‡eb| GKUv my›`i kn‡i wKQy myLx gvby‡li Qwe A¼b Ki‡eb|


†kªwY: cÂg cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

1| wb‡R‡K Rvbvi gva¨‡g Ck¦‡ii mÜvb Ki‡Z cviv|

1.1 gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e|

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v Kxfv‡e ci¯ú‡ii mv‡_ mshy³ Zv `jxq Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g wjL‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

1.1.1 gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v Ck¦i m„w©ó K‡i‡Qb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.2.1 Ck¦i me wKQy †`Lvïbv I cwiPvjbv K‡ib Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 1.2 Ck¦i Avgv‡`i I 1.2.2 Ck¦i me©kw³gvb I gnvb mªóv Ab¨ me wKQyi wbqšÍv I e‡j Zuvi cÖwZ AbyMZ _vK‡e I Zuv‡K jvjb-cvjbKZ©v, Gwel‡q fw³kª×v Ki‡e| eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v - Ck¦i gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥v m„wó K‡i‡Qb - Ck¦i mewKQy †`Lvïbv I cwiPvjbv K‡ib - Ck¦i me©kw³gvb I gnvb - Ck¦i‡K fw³kª×v I m¤§vb Kiv|

2| me©kw³gvb Ck¦i I Zuvi m„wó m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv, Zuvi Dci wek¦vm ¯’vcb Kiv I Zuvi mKj m„wó‡K fv‡jvevmv|

2.1 Ck¦‡ii †Kvb Avw` ev AšÍ †bB, †mB welq e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2 Ck¦i me©Î we`¨gvb Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

2.1.1 Ck¦‡ii †Kvb ïiæ †bB, †klI †bB| wZwb Abvw`Kvj †_‡K Av‡Qb Ges AbšÍKvj ch©šÍ _vK‡eb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2.1 Ck¦i GKB mg‡q me©Î we`¨gvb Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2.2.2 me©`v Ck¦‡ii mvwbœ‡a¨ _vK‡e|

Ck¦i - Ck¦‡ii †Kvb Avw` ev AšÍ †bB - GKB mg‡q wZwb me©Î weivRgvb - me©`v Ck¦‡ii mvwbœ‡a¨ _vKv

Kxfv‡e me©`v C&k¦‡ii Ck¦‡ii †Kvb Avw` ev AšÍ †bB, wZwb GKB mvwbœ‡a¨ _vKv hvq mg‡q me©Î we`¨gvb, Zuvi mvwbœ‡a¨ _vKvi Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv Dcvq BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| ˆZwi Ki‡e| Ck¦‡ii wewfbœ m„w©ói Qwe|

3| wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I ci¯ú‡ii cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

3.1 wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦‡ii GKZvi K_v e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.2 wÎe¨w³i g‡Zv ci¯ú‡ii g‡a¨ HK¨ eRvq ivL‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1 Kvwqb (Kwqb) I Av‡ej (†nej) m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2 Kvwqb (Kwqb) KZ©„K Av‡ej (†nej) nZ¨vi KviY I dj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

3.1.1 Ck¦‡ii wZb e¨w³i ci¯ú‡ii mgvb gh©v`v I ¸iæ‡Z¡i welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1.2 wZb e¨w³i g‡a¨ GKZvi K_v e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3.1.3 ci¯úi‡K gh©v`v I ¸iæZ¡ w`‡e|

wÎe¨w³ ci‡gk¦i - wZb e¨w³ mgvb - wZb e¨w³i GKZv - ci¯úi‡K gh©v`v I ¸iæZ¡ †`Iqv

ci¯úi‡K †Kb gh©v`v †`Iqv DwPZ Ges Kxfv‡e Zv †`Iqv hvq Zv `‡j mnfvwMZv Ki‡e|

wÎe¨w³i ci‡gk¦‡ii wZb e¨w³ mgvb, Zuvi g‡a¨ GKZv I cvi¯úwiK gh©v`v I ¸iæZ¡ i‡q‡Q Ges ci¯úi‡K gh©v`v I ¸iæZ¡ †`Iqv, Gme wel‡q wjL‡eb|

4.1.1 Kvwqb I Av‡ej--`yB fvB‡qi m¤úK© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2.1 Av‡e‡ji cÖwZ Kvwq‡bi wnsmvi KviY e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2.2 Kvwqb KZ…©K Av‡ej nZ¨vi weeiY w`‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2.3 Kvwq‡bi Aciv‡ai dj e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.2.4 wb‡Ri fvB‡ev‡bi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡kxj n‡e| 4.2.5 wnsmv Kiv †_‡K weiZ _vK‡e|

Kvwqb I Av‡ej - Kvwqb I Av‡e‡ji cwiPq - Av‡e‡ji cÖwZ Kvwq‡bi wnsmv - Kvwqb KZ…©K Av‡ej nZ¨v - Aciv‡ai dj - fvB‡ev‡bi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡ - wnsmv †_‡K weiZ _vKv

fvB‡ev‡bi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨ cvj‡bi Dcvq Ges wnsmv †_‡K weiZ _vKvi Dcvqmg~n `‡j Av‡jvPbv K‡i wjL‡e|

Kvwqb I Av‡e‡ji cwiPq, Av‡e‡ji cÖwZ Kvwq‡bi wnsmv, Kvwqb KZ…©K Av‡ej nZ¨v, Av‡ej nZ¨vi dj, fvB‡ev‡bi cÖwZ `vwqZ¡ I KZ©e¨, wnsmv-we‡Øl †_‡K weiZ _vKvi Dcvq BZ¨vw` wel‡q wjL‡eb| K) Kvwq‡bi K…wlKvR I Av‡e‡j †gl Pov‡bv, L) Kvwq‡bi ewj`vb Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q M„nxZ bv nIqv I Av‡e‡j ewj M„nxZ nIqv, M) Kvwqb KZ©„K Av‡ej nZ¨v, N) Ck¦i Kvwqb‡K cÖkœ Ki‡Qb I Kvwqb DËi w`‡”Q--GiKg K‡qKwU Qwe|

4| ¯^Mx©q `~Z I Avw` wcZvgvgvZvi wel‡q AeMZ nIqv|

491

gvby‡li †`n, gb I AvZ¥vi KvR, G¸‡jv Ck¦i KZ…©K m„ó, cwiPvwjZ Ges Ck¦i me©kw³gvb-- G welq¸‡jv wb‡q wjL‡eb| wZbwU e„Ë Gu‡K, GKUvi mv‡_ Avi GKUv mshy³ K‡i Zvi wfZ‡i †`n gb I AvZ¥v wjL‡Z n‡e|

wÎfy‡Ri Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) cÖe³vi ˆewk󨸇jvi cÖe³v/bex©, ˆewkó¨, Zuv‡`i bvg, cÖe³v GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z bv_vb m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡eb| Ki‡e| ivRv `vqy‡`i mvg‡b cÖe³v bv_v‡bi Qwe|

5| cweÎ evB‡ej m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I Ck¦‡ii evYxi cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv|

5.1 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji cÖe³v‡`i/bex‡`i m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

5.1.1 cÖe³v/bex †K Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.2 cweÎ evB‡e‡j cÖe³v/bex‡`i ˆewk󨸇jv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.3 cweÎ evB‡e‡ji cÖe³v/bex‡`i bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.4 cÖe³v bv_v‡bi cÖvew³K f~wgKv we‡kølY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5.1.5 cÖe³vi f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡e|

cÖe³v/bex - cÖe³v/bex - cÖe³vi ˆewkó¨ - cÖe³v‡`i bvg - cÖe³v bv_vb - cÖe³vi f~wgKv cvjb Kiv

6| Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi A_© we‡kølY Kiv I AvÁv¸‡jv †g‡b Pjv|

6.1 Ck¦‡ii `k AvÁvi PZz_© †_‡K `kg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

6.1.1 PZz_© AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.2 cÂg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.3 lô AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.4 mßg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.5 Aóg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.6 beg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 6.1.7 `kg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

`k AvÁvi A_© - PZz_© AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - cÂg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - lô AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - mßg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - Aóg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - beg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v - `kg AvÁvi e¨vL¨v

†h †Kvb GKwU AvÁvi AšÍwb©wnZ A_© wjL‡e|

7| cvc I cwiÎvY m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I cvc †_‡K weiZ _vKv|

7.1 cwiÎvY/gyw³i A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2 evB‡e‡j gyw³`vZvi m¤ú‡K© fwel¨ØvYx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

7.1.1 cwiÎv‡Yi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.1.2 cwiÎv‡Yi dj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2.1 evB‡e‡j gyw³`vZvi AvMgb m¤ú‡K© fwel¨ØvYx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 7.2.2 gyw³/cwiÎv‡Yi Zvrch© Dcjwä Ki‡e|

cwiÎvY/gyw³ - cwiÎvY/gyw³i A_© - cwiÎvY/gyw³i dj - gyw³`vZvi AvMg‡bi fwel¨ØvYx -cwiÎv‡Yi Zvrch©

ev¯Íe Rxe‡b gyw³ cwiÎv‡Yi A_©, cwiÎv‡Yi dj, cwiÎvZvi cvIqvi Abyf~wZ `‡j AvMgb m¤ú‡K© fwel¨ØvYx, ev¯Íe Rxe‡b mnfvwMZv Ki‡e| gyw³i Avb›` m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb|

492

PZz_©, cÂg, lô, mßg, Aóg, beg I `kg AvÁvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡eb| †gvkxi nv‡Z `y‡Uv cv_‡i †Lv`vB Kiv `k AvÁvi Qwe|

LuvPvi wfZi cvwL I cv‡k LuvPv †_‡K gy³ cvwLi Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

8| gyw³`vZv hxïi mv‡_ cwiwPZ nIqv I Zuv‡K AbymiY Kiv|

8.1 gyw³`vZv hxïi hvZbv‡fvM, g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb I ¯^M©v‡ivnY m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

8.1.1 †Mrwmgvbx evMv‡b hxïi gg©‡e`bv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.2 hxïi hvZbv‡fvM I g„Zz¨i eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.3 hxïi cybiæÌvb NUbvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.4 hxïi ¯^M©v‡ivnY NUbvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 8.1.5 ev¯Íe Rxe‡b cybiæÌv‡bi Avb›` Dcjwä Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 9.1.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvi A_© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 †`‡ni e‡k Pjvi A_© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.3 cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv I †`‡ni e‡k Pjvi cv_©K¨ wbY©q Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.4 cweÎ AvZ¥vi e‡k Pj‡e| 10.1.1 †cÖiY Kv‡Ri A_© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.2 gÐjxi cÖavb cÖavb †cÖiY Kv‡Ri w`K¸‡jvi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 10.1.3 gÐjxi †cÖiY Kv‡R mwμqfv‡e AskMÖnY Ki‡e|

gyw³`vZv hxï - hxïi gg©‡e`bv - hxïi hvZbv‡fvM I g„Zz¨ - hxïi cybiæÌvb - hxïi ¯^M©v‡ivnY - ev¯Íe Rxe‡b cybiæÌvb

cweÎ AvZ¥v - cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvi A_© - †`‡ni e‡ki A_© - cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYv I †`‡ni e‡ki g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ - cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjvi Dcvq| gÐjxi †cÖiYKvR - †cÖiYKv‡Ri A_© - gÐjxi cÖavb cÖavb †cÖiYKvR - †cÖiYKv‡R AskMÖnY

Kx Kx fv‡e cweÎvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

11.1.1 †ivMx‡jcb mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.2 hvRKeiY mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.3 weevn mvμv‡gšÍ m¤ú‡K© eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e| 11.1.4 mvμv‡g‡šÍi wkÿvbymv‡i Pj‡e|

mvμv‡gšÍ - †ivMx‡jcb mvμv‡gšÍ - hvRKeiY mvμv‡gšÍ - weevn mvμv‡gšÍ - mvμv‡g‡šÍi wkÿvbymv‡i Pjvi Dcvq

†ivMx‡jcb mvμv‡gšÍ †K Kv‡K I KLb †`q Zv wb‡Ri fvlvq eY©bv Ki‡e|

9| cweÎ AvZ¥v m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv|

9.1 cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjvi A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

10| wLªógÐjx m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I gÐjxi mwμq m`m¨ wn‡m‡e Rxeb hvcb Kiv|

10.1 ev¯Íe RM‡Z gÐjxi wewfbœ †cÖiY Kv‡Ri welq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

11| mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv (gvÐjxK Abyôvb) m¤ú‡K© aviYv jvf Kiv I mvμv‡gšÍ¸‡jv cweÎfv‡e MÖnY Kiv|

11.1 †ivMx‡jcb (†ivMx‡`i Rb¨ cÖv_©bv), hvRKeiY (hvRK Awf‡lK) I weevn m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

welqe¯‘

493

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) hxïi cybiæÌv‡bi GKwU Qwe AuvK‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv hxïi gg©‡e`bv, hvZbv‡fvM, g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb I ¯^M©v‡ivn‡bi NUbvewj I ev¯Íe Rxe‡b cybiæÌv‡bi Avb›` m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| cybiæÌv‡bi GKwU Qwe|

cweÎ AvZ¥v †K, cweÎ AvZ¥vi Aby‡cÖiYvi A_© Kx, Kxfv‡e Zuvi Aby‡cÖiYvq Pjv hvq, †`‡ni e‡k Pjvi A_© Kx, Kxfv‡e †`‡ni e‡k Pjv †_‡K weiZ _vKv hvq Zv wjL‡eb| GKwU KeyZ‡ii Qwe|

gÐjx eZ©gvbKv‡j Kx Kx †cÖiYKvR Ki‡Z cv‡i Zv `‡j mnfvwMZv Ki‡e|

gÐjxi †cÖiYKv‡Ri A_©, cÖavb cÖavb †cÖiY KvR, †cÖiYKv‡R AskMÖnY m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| wkÿv`vb iZ GKRb wLªóvb wkÿ‡Ki Qwe| †ivMx‡jcb, hvRKeiY I weevn mvμv‡gšÍ Ges mvμv‡g‡šÍi wkÿv m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| hvRKeiY mvμv‡gšÍ †`Iqvi GKwU Qwe|


cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

12| Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z we‡kl e¨w³‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

12.1 Ck¦‡ii Avn~Z e¨w³ wn‡m‡e iæ_ Kxfv‡e cvwievwiK Rxe‡b I Ck¦‡ii c‡_ wek¦¯Í wQ‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

13| wLªóxq g~j¨‡ev‡ai Av‡jv‡K wewkó e¨w³‡`i Rxebv`k© ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv I Zuv‡`i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

14| g„Zz¨, cybiæÌvb, †kl wePvi, ¯^M© I biK wel‡q wLªóa‡g©i wkÿvmg~n m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I †m Abymv‡i Rxeb hvcb Kiv| 15| wLªªóxq wek¦vmgš¿ (wek¦vmm~Î) e¨vL¨v Kiv I wek¦vmc~Y© hxeb hvcb Kiv|

16| cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM †gvKv‡ejvi †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© AeMZ nIqv I Rxe‡b †m¸‡jv Aej¤^b Kiv|

wkLbdj

12.1.1 iæ‡_i cwiPq eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.2cvwievwiK Rxe‡b iæ‡_i wek¦¯ÍZvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.3 Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦v‡m iæ‡_i AUj _vKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 12.1.4 Ck¦‡ii c‡_ wek¦¯Í _vK‡e| 13.1 †bjmb †g‡Ðjvi 13.1.1 †bjmb †g‡Ðjvi mswÿß Rxebx Rxeb, fv‡jvevmv I eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| mrmvnm m¤úwK©Z wkÿv 14.1.2 †bjmb †g‡Ðjvi Rxeb †_‡K eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| we‡kl we‡kl wkÿv MÖnY Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

welqe¯‘

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv

iæ_ - iæ‡_i cwiPq - cvwievwiK Rxe‡b iæ‡_i wek¦¯ÍZv - Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦v‡m iæ‡_i AUjZv - Ck¦‡ii c‡_ wek¦¯Í _vKv †bjmb †g‡Ðjv - †g‡Ðjvi mswÿß Rxebx - †g‡Ðjvi Rxe‡bi we‡kl K‡qKwU wkÿv

Kx Kx fv‡e Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦v‡m AUj _vKv hvq Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

14.1.1 †kl wePv‡ii A_© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15.1.2 gvby‡li †kl wePvi Kxfv‡e n‡e Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15.1.3 †kl wePv‡ii Rb¨ hxï Kxfv‡e cÖ¯‘Z n‡Z e‡jb Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 15.1.4 †mevKv‡R AskMÖn‡Yi gva¨‡g †kl wePv‡ii Rb¨ cÖ¯‘Z _vK‡e|

†kl wePvi - †kl wePv‡ii A_© - †kl wePv‡ii gvb`Ð - †kl wePv‡ii Rb¨ cÖ¯‘wZ

Kx Kx fv‡e †kl wePv‡ii Rb¨ cÖ¯‘wZ †bIqv hvq Zvi Dcvqmg~n wjL‡e|

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16.1 U‡b©‡Wv I N~wY©So, G¸‡jvi ÿwZKi cÖfve Ges G¸‡jv †gvKv‡ejvi Dcvqmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1.1 evsjv‡`‡ki cÖvK…wZK `y‡h©vM U‡Y©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©So (mvB‡K¬vb) m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.2 U‡Y©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©S‡oi ÿwZKi cÖfve¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 16.3 U‡Y©‡Wv I MÖx®§gÐjxq N~wY©S‡oi cÖfve †gvKv‡ejvi Dcvqmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

U‡Y©‡Wv I N~wY©So - U‡Y©‡Wv - N~wY©So - U‡Y©‡Wv I NywY©So †gvKv‡ejvi Dcvq

U‡Y©‡Wv I N~wY©So U‡Y©‡Wv, N~wY©S‡oi KviY, evsjv‡`‡ki †gvKv‡ejvq K‡qKwU K‡qKwU U‡Y©‡Wv I N~wY©S‡oi weeiY, KiYxq welq wjL‡e| G¸‡jvi cÖfve, G¸‡jvi †gvKv‡ejvi cÖ¯‘wZ BZ¨vw` m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ wjL‡eb|

14.1 †kl wePvi m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

iæ‡_i cwiPq, iæ‡_i cvwievwiK Rxe‡b wek¦¯ÍZv, Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ iæ‡_i wek¦¯ÍZv I AUjZv Ges ev¯Íe Rxe‡b Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦¯Í _vKvi Dcvq m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| iæ_ I Zuvi k¦vïwoi Qwe|

†bjmb †g‡Ðjvi Rxeb †_‡K 15wU wkÿvi bvg wjL‡e|

†bjmb †g‡Ðjvi mswÿß Rxebx I wkÿv¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| †bjmb †g‡Ðjvi Qwe| †kl wePv‡ii A_©, gw_i g½jmgvPv‡i ewY©Z †kl wePv‡ii `„k¨, †kl wePv‡ii cÖ¯‘wZ m¤ú‡K© wjL‡eb| †kl wePv‡ii Qwe|

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U‡Y©‡Wv ev N~wY©S‡o ÿwZMÖ¯Í MÖv‡gi GKUv wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb| 494


AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

16| evsjv‡`‡ki gyw³hy× m¤ú‡K© Ávb jvf Kiv I †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× nIqv|

16.1 †`k †mevq evsjv‡`k wLªógÐjxi AskMÖn‡Yi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1.1 †`k †mevq evsjv‡`k wLªógÐjx Kx Kx fv‡e AskMÖnY Ki‡Q Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.1.2 †meveª‡Z DØy× n‡q †`k †mevq AskMÖnY Ki‡e|

†`k I RvwZi †mevq wLªóvb‡`i Ae`vb - wkÿv‡ÿ‡Î - ¯^v¯’¨‡ÿ‡Î - Dbœqbg~jK Kv‡R - b¨vq I kvwšÍ cÖwZôvq

18| MYZš¿ I Gi mydjmg~n m¤ú‡K© AewnZ nIqv Ges MYZ‡š¿i Av`k© Abymv‡i Pjv|

18.1 gvbevwaKvi msiÿ‡Y MYZ‡š¿i f~wgKvi K_v eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

16.1.1 gvbevwaKvi m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.1.2 gvbeRxe‡b gvbevwaKv‡ii cÖ‡qvRbxqZv m¤ú‡K© e©Ybv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.1.3 gvbevwaKvi j•N‡bi dj m¤ú‡K© eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 16.1.4 Ck¦i mKj gvbyl‡K mgvb AwaKvi w`‡q m„wó K‡i‡Qb, Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

gvbevwaKvi - gvbevwaKvi Kx - gvbeRxe‡b gvbevwaKv‡ii cÖ‡qvRbxqZv - gvbevwaKvi j•N‡bi dj - gvbevwaKvi Ck¦‡ii `vb

cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

495

cwiKwíZ KvR/ †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) †`k I RvwZi †mevq †`k †mevi A_©, †mev Kv‡R wLªóvb‡`i Kx Kx fv‡e AskMÖnY Ae`vb, †meveª‡Z DØy× nIqv m¤ú‡K© Kiv hvq Zvi GKwU wjL‡eb| ZvwjKv ˆZwi Ki‡e| wkÿv, ¯^v¯’¨‡mev, Dbœqb BZ¨vw` Kv‡Ri Avjv`v Avjv`v Qwe| mywL gvbyl wn‡m‡e †eu‡P _vKvi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i Kx Kx gvbevwaKvi Aek¨B cÖ‡qvRb, Zvi GKUv ZvwjKv cÖ¯‘Z Ki‡e|

gvbevwaKvi, gvbevwaKvi Ck¦‡ii `vb, gvby‡li Rxe‡b Gi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv, Gi j•Nb, j•N‡bi dj BZ¨vw` m¤ú‡K© we¯ÍvwiZ eywS‡q wjL‡eb| GKwU myLx cwiev‡ii wPÎ A¼b Ki‡eb|

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