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405

mªóv I m„wó

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)  wkÿv_©x wbmM©`„k¨

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW© Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦vm I fw³ ¯’vcb Kiv, m„wói g‡a¨B m„wóKZ©v Ck¦i AvZ¥vi~‡c weivR K‡ib Zv Rvbv Ges mKj m„wói cÖwZ fv‡jvevmvq DÏxß nIqv|

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012 ej‡Z cvi‡e| K‡i‡Qb Zv †R‡b  wbmM©`„k¨ I Ck¦i‡K fw³ 1.1.2 mªóv wn‡m‡e Ck¦i‡K fw³ Ki‡e| wewfbœ e¯‘i Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wbg©vZvi ga¨ w`‡q mªóvi aviYv  wn›`yag© Abymv‡i ¯ªóvi bvg (Ck¦i)  Ck¦ifw³

2. Ck¦‡ii ¯^iƒc I 2.1 Ck¦‡ii Av‡iKwU bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e, gvnvZ¥¨ m¤ú‡K© Rvbv K‡qKRb †`eGes Dcvmbv-c~Rv†`exi bvg ej‡Z cÖv_©bvi gva¨‡g wb‡Ri cvi‡e, Zuv‡`i Qwe gvbwmK DrKl© I I cÖwZgv †`‡L mgv‡Ri g½j mva‡b wPb‡Z cvi‡e Ges AvMÖnx nIqv| kª×v cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

ev wbmM©`„‡k¨i Qwe  cÖ_g †kªwY‡Z  wbmM©`„k¨: m~h©, †`‡L Qwe‡Z Kx MvQcvjv, wkÿv_©x‡`i Rb¨ Av‡Q, Zv eY©bv Nievwo, †Kv‡bv cvV¨cy¯ÍK Ki‡e| cïcvwL, wba©vwiZ _vK‡e bv, b`b`x, †bŠKv Z‡e wkÿK BZ¨vw` _vK‡e wb‡`©wkKv _vK‡e|  welqe¯‘ I wkLbdj‡K wfwË K‡i cvV Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z n‡e (cÖ_g I wØZxq †kªwY‡Z G wb‡`©wkKv  wkÿv_©x wewfbœ †`eCk¦i I 2.1.1 Ck¦‡ii GKvwaK bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e| AbymiYxq)| †`exi Qwe ev g~wZ© †`e-†`ex 2.1.2 K‡qKRb †`e-†`exi bvg ej‡Z  wkÿK wb‡`©wkKvq msMÖn Ki‡e| cvi‡e  Ck¦‡ii Avi A¼bwkíxi Rb¨ 2.1.3 †`e-†`exi Qwe ev cÖwZgv †`‡L GKwU bvg †`e-†`ex I Zuv‡`i wPb‡Z cvi‡e| (fMevb) gnvcyiyl‡`i Qwemn 2.1.4 †`e-†`ex‡`i cÖwZ kª×v cÖKvk  †`e-†`ex: Ab¨vb¨ cÖ‡qvRbxq Ki‡Z cvi‡e| j²x, mywbw`©ó Qwei eY©bv mi¯^Zx, w`‡eb| KvwË©K, M‡Yk, `yM©v

406


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÖ_g welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

3. wn›`ya‡g©i mvaviY 3.1 cuvPRb gnvcyiy‡li 3.1.1 Kv‡`i gnvcyiyl e‡j Zv ej‡Z bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e, cvi‡e| ˆewkó¨ I wn›`yag©Mš Ö ’ Qwe †`‡L Zuv‡`i 3.1.2 cuvPRb gnvcyiy‡li bvg ej‡Z m¤ú‡K© Rvbv Ges wPb‡Z cvi‡e Ges cvi‡e| wn›`ya‡g©i Abykvmb, kª×v Ki‡e| 3.1.3 DwjøwLZ gnvcyiæl‡`i Qwe †`‡L DcvL¨vb, gywb-Fwl I Zuv‡`i wPb‡Z cvi‡e Ges kª×v gnvcyiyl‡`i Ki‡e| RxebPwiZ AbymiY I Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g ˆbwZK I PvwiwÎK ¸Yvewj AR©b Kiv|

gnvcyiyl  gnvcyiæ‡li aviYv  cuvPRb gnvcyiæl: kÖxˆPZb¨ gnvcÖfz, ivgK…ò cignsm, ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›`, †jvKbv_ eªþPvix Ges VvKzi AbyK~jP›`ª

4. mKj ag© I ag©vej¤^xi 4.1 mKj ag©vej¤^x cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv mncvVx I eÜzGes we‡kl evÜe‡`i m‡½ Pvwn`vm¤úbœ wkïmn †gjv‡gkv I bvix-cyiyl, RvwZ-ag©†Ljvayjv K‡i eY© wbwe©‡k‡l mK‡ji m¤cÖxwZi m‡½ m¤cÖxwZ I gvbwmKZv AR©b kvwšÍc~Y© mn-Ae¯’v‡bi Ki‡e| gvbwmKZv AR©b Kiv|

m¤cÖxwZ  aviYv  cÖ‡qvRbxqZv  `„óvšÍ

4.1.1 m¤úªxwZi aviYv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 m¤úªxwZi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.3 Dcjwä Ki‡e I ej‡Z cvi‡e †h mKj mgeqmx Zvi eÜy| 4.1.4 mKj mncvVx I eÜz-ev܇ei m‡½ †gjv‡gkv I †Ljvayjvi ga¨ w`‡q m¤úªxwZi cÖKvk NUv‡Z cvi‡e| 407

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) • wkÿv_©x cuvPRb gnvcyiy‡li Qwe msMÖn Ki‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †jL‡Ki Rb¨  †jLK welqe¯‘‡Z wb‡`©wkZ cuvPRb gnvcyiæ‡li Qwe AuvKvi Rb¨ A¼bwkíx‡K cÖ‡qvRbxq wb‡`©k w`‡eb|

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨  kÖx‰PZb¨ gnvcÖfy, ivgK…ò cignsm, ¯^vgx we‡eKvb›`, †jvKbv_ eªþPvix Ges VvKzi AbyK~j P‡›`ªi Qwe ev d‡Uv


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

408


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÖ_g welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

5. a‡g©i A½ wn‡m‡e 5.1 bgª I f`ª AvPiY 5.1.1 bgª I f`ª AvPi‡Yi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv eyS‡Z I ej‡Z cvi‡e| Kivi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Ab¨‡K AMÖvwaKvi m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z 5.1.2 mK‡ji m‡½ bgª I f`ª AvPiY †`Iqvi gva¨‡g Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cvi‡e I Zvi D`viZv I Z¨v‡Mi MyiyZ¡ Dcjwä K‡i g‡bvfve AR©b Kiv wbR AvPi‡Y Zvi Ges cigZmwnòzZv cÖKvk NUv‡Z cÖ`k©b Kiv| cvi‡e|

6. wn›`y ag©v`k© Abymi‡Y 6.1 mZ¨ K_v ej‡Z 6.1.1 mZ¨ K_v ejvi DcKvwiZv m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| Kx †evSvq, Zv mZ¨evw`Zv, mZZv, ej‡Z cvi‡e Ges 6.1.2 memgq mZ¨ K_v ejvi Af¨vm MVb cÖwZÁviÿv, ¸iæR‡b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| Zvi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv fw³, Awnsmv, Dcjwä K‡i me©`v 6.1.3 mZ¨evw`Zv m¤úwK©Z †Kv‡bv NUbv ev c‡ivcKvi cÖf„wZ DcvL¨vb ej‡Z cvi‡e| mZ¨ K_v ejvi ˆbwZK I mvgvwRK Af¨vm MVb Ki‡Z ¸Yvewj AR©‡bi cvi‡e| gva¨‡g fv‡jv-g‡›`i cv_©K¨ Abyaveb K‡i mwVK c‡_ Pj‡Z DØy× nIqv|

409

bgªZv I f`ªZv  aviYv  cÖ‡qvRbxqZv

mZ¨evw`Zv  aviYv  cÖ‡qvRbxqZv  DcvL¨vb

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨

 DcvL¨v‡bi welqe¯‘ Abymv‡i Qwe


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÖ_g welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

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¯^v¯’¨iÿv

8. wn›`ya‡g©i Av`k© I 8.1 †`k‡K fv‡jvevmv 8.1.1 †`k‡K †h fv‡jvevm‡Z nq Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| ej‡Z Kx †evSvq, DcvL¨v‡bi gva¨‡g Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e 8.1.2 hviv †`k‡K fv‡jvev‡m, Zv‡`i †`k‡cÖg‡K a‡g©i mevB fv‡jvev‡m GK_v ej‡Z Ges †`k‡K A½ wn‡m‡e Rvbv cvi‡e| fv‡jvevm‡Z DØy× Ges †`k‡cÖ‡gi 8.1.3 wb‡Ri †`k‡K fv‡jvevm‡Z DØy× n‡e| †PZbvq DÏxß n‡e| nIqv|

†`k‡cÖg

410

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv †jL‡Ki Rb¨  wkÿK wb‡`©wkKvq dzUej, wμ‡KU, †MvjøvQzU I nvWzWz †Ljvi eY©bv w`‡eb|

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨  dzUej †Ljvi Qwe ev d‡Uv


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÖ_g welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

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9. HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi 9.1 K‡qKwU gw›`‡ii 9.1.1 gw›`i Kv‡K e‡j Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e| bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e 9.1.2 K‡qKwU gw›`‡ii bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e| A½ wn‡m‡e c~RvGes gw›`‡i †h‡Z 9.1.3 gw›`‡i †h‡Z AvMÖnx n‡e| cve©Y, Drme-Abyôvb AvMÖnx n‡e| m¤ú‡K© Rvbv I Zv‡Z AskMÖn‡Y AvMÖnx nIqv Ges gw›`i I Zx_©‡ÿÎ m¤ú‡K© †R‡b cwi`k©‡b AvMÖnx nIqv|

411

gw›`i  gw›`‡ii aviYv  gw›`‡ii bvg: Xv‡Kk¦ix, KvšÍwR gw›`i, RMbœv_ gw›`i

cwiKwíZ KvR/ †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) †jL‡Ki Rb¨ A¼bwkíxi Rb¨  wkÿv_©x AwffveK ev wkÿ‡Ki m‡½  Xv‡Kk¦ix  wkÿK wewfbœ gw›`‡i gw›`‡ii Qwe ev wb‡`©wkKvq hv‡e Ges wewfbœ d‡Uv Xv‡Kk¦ix I gw›`‡ii Qwe ev KvšÍwR gw›`‡ii d‡Uv msMÖn Qwe wbw`©ó K‡i Ki‡e| w`‡eb|


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: wØZxq welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

1. me©kw³gvb m„wóKZ©v Ck¦‡ii cÖwZ wek¦vm I fw³ ¯’vcb Kiv, m„wói g‡a¨B m„wóKZ©v Ck¦i AvZ¥vi~‡c weivR K‡ib Zv Rvbv Ges mKj m„wói cÖwZ fv‡jvevmvq DÏxß nIqv|

1.1 me©kw³gvbi~‡c 1.1.1 Ck¦‡ii kw³ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| Ck¦‡ii cwiPq 1.1.2 Ck¦i mewKQzi mªóv †R‡b mK‡ji cÖwZ ej‡Z cvi‡e Ges fv‡jvevmv cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| mKj m„wói cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

mªóv I m„wó  Ck¦i me©kw³gvb  Ck¦i me©Á  mKj m„wói cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv cÖ`k©b

2. Ck¦‡ii ¯^iƒc I gvnvZ¥¨ m¤ú‡K© Rvbv Ges Dcvmbv-c~RvcÖv_©bvi gva¨‡g wb‡Ri gvbwmK DrKl© I mgv‡Ri g½j mva‡b AvMÖnx nIqv|

2.1 j²x, mi¯^Zx, 2.1.1 K‡qKRb †`e-†`exi bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e| KvwË©K, M‡Yk I 2.1.2 j²x, mi¯^Zx, KvwË©K, M‡Yk I `yM©v `yM©v m¤ú‡K© m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| ej‡Z cvi‡e Ges 2.1.3 †`e-†`exi cÖwZ kÖ×v cÖ`k©b Ki‡Z kª×v cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cvi‡e|

 †`e-†`exi bvg I cwiPq: j²x, mi¯^Zx, KvwË©K, M‡Yk, `yM©v

412

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)  m¤¢e n‡j cïcvwLi cwiPh©v Ki‡e|

 †`e-†`exi Qwe ev g~wZ© msMÖn Ki‡e|  †`e-†`exi c~Rvi AskMÖn‡Yi AwfÁZv eY©bv Ki‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨  wØZxq †kªwY‡Z wkÿv_©x‡`i Rb¨ †Kv‡bv cvV¨cy¯ÍK wba©vwiZ _vK‡e bv, Z‡e wkÿK wb‡`©wkKv _vK‡e|  †jLK wkLbdj I welqe¯‘ AbymiY Ki‡eb|  †jLK A¼bwkíxi Rb¨ Qwei welq m¤ú‡K© cÖ‡qvRbxq wb‡`©kbvi D‡jøL Ki‡eb|  wkÿK wb‡`©wkKvq j²x, mi¯^Zx, KvwË©K, M‡Yk I `yM©vi eY©bv w`‡eb|

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨  cvwievwiK `„k¨: Miæ‡K Lo LvIqv‡bv, nuvm-gyiwM, KeyZi‡K LvIqv‡bv

 j²x, mi¯^Zx, KvwË©K, M‡Yk I `yM©vi Qwe


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: wØZxq welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

gnvcyiyl 3.1.1 gnvcyiæl ej‡Z Kv‡`i †evSvq, Zv ej‡Z 3. wn›`ya‡g©i mvaviY 3.1 `yRb cvi‡e| m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z ˆewkó¨ I wn›`yag©MÖš’ cvi‡e I Zuv‡`i 3.1.2 `yRb gnvcyiæl m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e Ges m¤ú‡K© Rvbv Ges Zuv‡`i cÖwZ kÖ×vkxj n‡e| cÖwZ kª×vkxj wn›`ya‡g©i Abykvmb, n‡e| DcvL¨vb, gywb-Fwl I gnvcyiyl‡`i RxebPwiZ AbymiY I ag©MÖš’ 3.2.1 ag©MÖš’ Kv‡K e‡j Zv ej‡Z cvi‡e Abykxj‡bi gva¨‡g 3.2 wkÿv_x© Kv‡K e‡j Zv 3.2.2 `ywU ag©MÖ‡š’i bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e| ˆbwZK I PvwiwÎK ej‡Z cvi‡e Ges 3.2.2 ag©MÖ‡š’i cÖwZ kÖ×vkxj n‡e| ¸Yvewj AR©b Kiv| ag©MÖš’ wn‡m‡e ivgvqY I gnvfvi‡Zi bvg ej‡Z cvi‡e I kª×vkxj n‡e| 4. mKj ag© I ag©vej¤^xi 4.1 mK‡ji m‡½ cÖwZ kª×vkxj nIqv m`&fve, Ges we‡kl Pvwn`våvZ…Z¡‡eva I m¤úbœ wkïmn bvixfv‡jvevmv cÖ`k©b cyiæl, RvwZ-ag©-eY© Kivi ¸iæZ¡ wbwe©‡k‡l mK‡ji m‡½ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z m¤cÖxwZ I kvwšÍc~Y© cvi‡e Ges wbR mn-Ae¯’v‡bi AvPi‡Y Zv cÖKvk gvbwmKZv AR©b Kiv| Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

4.1.1 mKj mncvVx Ges eÜz-ev܇ei m‡½ wg‡jwg‡k †Ljvayjv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 4.1.2 mKj mncvVx I eÜz-ev܇ei m‡½ fv‡jv e¨envi Ki‡Z AvMÖnx n‡e| 4.1.3 m`&f & ve, åvZ…Z¡‡eva I fv‡jvevmvi cÖKvk NUv‡Z cvi‡e|

413

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cwiKwíZ KvR/ †jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`©kbv cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) †jL‡Ki Rb¨ A¼bwkíx`i Rb¨  gnvcyiæl‡`i Qwe msMÖn Ki‡e|  wkÿK wb‡`©wkKvq  ivgK…ò I we‡eKvb‡›`i ivgK…ò I Qwe ev d‡Uv we‡eKvb‡›`i  ivgvqY I gnvfviZ Qwemn MÖš’ `ywUi †QvU‡`i RxebPwiZ eY©bv ms¯‹iY msMÖn Ki‡eb| Ki‡e|


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: wØZxq welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

5. a‡g©i A½ wn‡m‡e 5.1 Ab¨‡K AMÖvwaKvi 5.1.1 Ab¨‡K AMÖvwaKvi †`Iqvi aviYv I ¸iæZ¡ m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡e| †`Iqv I Zvi Ab¨‡K AMÖvwaKvi 5.1.2 Ab¨‡K AMÖvwaKvi †`Iqvi D`vniY w`‡Z cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †`Iqvi gva¨‡g cvi‡e| m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z D`viZv I Z¨v‡Mi cvi‡e Ges wbR 5.1.3 mncvVxmn mK‡ji m‡½ Ggb AvPiY Ki‡e g‡bvfve AR©b Kiv hv‡Z Zviv cÖ‡qvRbvbyhvqx AMÖvwaKvi cvq| AvPi‡Y Zv cÖ`k©b Ges cigZmwnòzZv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cÖ`k©b Kiv|

AMÖvwaKvi  AMÖvwaKv‡ii aviYv, ¸iæZ¡ I `„óvšÍ

I 6.1.1 mZZv I mZ¨evw`Zv ej‡Z Kx †evSvq Zv 6. wn›`y ag©v`k© Abymi‡Y 6.1 mZZv ej‡Z cvi‡e| mZ¨evw`Zv mZ¨evw`Zv, mZZv, m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z 6.1.2 AvPi‡Y mZZv I mZ¨evw`Zvi cÖwZdjb cÖwZÁviÿv, ¸iæR‡b NUv‡e| cvi‡e I wbR fw³, Awnsmv, AvPi‡Y Zvi c‡ivcKvi cÖf„wZ cÖwZdjb NUv‡Z ˆbwZK I mvgvwRK cvi‡e| ¸Yvewj AR©‡bi gva¨‡g fv‡jv-g‡›`i cv_©K¨ Abyaveb K‡i mwVK c‡_ Pj‡Z DØy× nIqv|

mZZv I mZ¨evw`Zv  mZZv I mZ¨evw`Zvi aviYv Ges `„óvšÍ

414

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415

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417

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418


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420

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421

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423

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424

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425

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426

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427

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428

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429

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mKj a‡g© wewfbœ bv‡g 1 wewfbœ a‡g© wewfbœ fvlvq GKB Ck¦‡ii K_v ejv GKB Ck¦‡ii K_v ejv n‡q‡Q Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e n‡q‡Q Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z 2 wewfbœ ag©g‡Zi g~j j‡ÿ¨i mv`„k¨ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e Ges mKj cvi‡e| ag©gZ-c‡_i Abymvixi 3 mKj ag©gZ I c‡_i cÖwZ kÖ×v cÖ`k©‡bi ¸iæZ¡ cÖwZ kª×v, mn‡hvwMZv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| I m¤úªxwZi g‡bvfve 4 mKj ag©gZ I c‡_i Abymvix‡`i cÖwZ mn‡hvwMZv I cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvi‡e| m¤úªxwZi g‡bvfve cÖKv‡ki ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5 wbR AvPi‡Y mKj ag©gZ I c‡_i Abymvix‡`i cÖwZ kÖ×v, mn‡hvwMZv I m¤úªxwZi g‡bvfve cÖKvk Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

439

Ck¦‡ii GKZ¡, agx©q mvg¨ I m¤cÖxwZ

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

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A¼bwkíxi Rb¨


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÂg welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

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wkLbdj

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wkóvPv‡ii aviYv I IiæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wkóvPvi I a‡g©i m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wkóvPvi m¤úwK©Z NUbv ev Kvwnbx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ˆbwZK ¸Y wn‡m‡e wkóvPvi Abykxj‡bi Af¨vm MVb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cigZmwnòzZvi aviYv I ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cigZmwnòzZv I a‡g©i m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cigZmwnòzZv m¤ú‡K© GKwU Mí ev Kvwnbx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| wbR AvPi‡Y ˆbwZK ¸Y wn‡m‡e cigZmwnòzZvi Af¨vm MVb Ki‡Z cvi‡e|

wkóvPvi I cigZ mwnòzZv wkóvPvi: aviYv ¸iæZ¡  wkóvPvi I ag©  wkóvPvi m¤úwK©Z NUbv ev Kvwnbx cigZmwnòzZv:

 aviYv  ¸iæZ¡  cigZ mwnòzZv m¤úwK©Z NUbv ev Kvwnbx

440

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) wkóvPvi m¤úwK©Z NUbv ev Kvwnbx ej‡e| wb‡R wkóvPvi †g‡b Pj‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨ 

wkóvPvi I cigZ-mwnòzZv m¤úwK©Z Kvwnbx Abymv‡i Qwe


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÂg welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv wn›`y ag©v`k© Abymi‡Y 1 mZ¨evw`Zv, mZZv, cÖwZÁviÿv, ¸iæR‡b fw³, Awnsmv, c‡ivcKvi cÖf„wZ ˆbwZK I mvgvwRK ¸Yvewj AR©‡bi gva¨‡g fv‡jv-g‡›`i cv_©K¨ Abyaveb K‡i mwVK c‡_ Pj‡Z DØy× nIqv|

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

wkLbdj

welqe¯‘

Awnsmv I c‡ivcKv‡ii 1 Awnsmv Kv‡K e‡j Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| aviYv I MyiyZ¡ 2 Awnsmv m¤ú‡K© NUbv I DcvL¨vb eY©bv Ki‡Z `„óvšÍg~jK DcvL¨vbmn cvi‡e| e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e 3 c‡ivcKvi ej‡Z Kx †evSvq Zv `„óvšÍmn e¨vL¨v Ges wbR AvPi‡Y Zvi Ki‡Z cvi‡e| cÖKvk NUv‡Z cvi‡e | 4 c‡ivcKvi m¤ú‡K© GKwU Mí ev DcvL¨vb eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 5 Awnsmv I c‡ivcKv‡ii ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e Ges wbR AvPi‡Y Zvi cÖwZdjb NUv‡Z cvi‡e|

441

Awnsmv I c‡ivcKvi Awnsmv: aviYv ¸iæZ¡ DcvL¨vb c‡ivcKvi: aviYv ¸iæZ¡ DcvL¨vb

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î)

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨ 

Awnsmv Ges c‡ivcKvi m¤ú‡K© Mí ev DcvL¨vb Abymv‡i Qwe


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÂg welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

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. a‡g©i A½ wn‡m‡e kixiPP©v, Avmbvw` †hvMe¨vqvg, cwiwgZ Avnvi I Dcev‡mi gva¨‡g ¯^v¯’¨m¤§Z Rxebhvc‡b m‡Pó nIqv|

†hvMe¨vqvg, cwiwgZ Avnvi, Dcev‡mi aviYv Ges ¯^v¯’¨iÿvi Rb¨ G‡`i MyyiyZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e Ges wbR Rxe‡b Zvi cÖ‡qvM NUv‡Z cvi‡e|

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2 cÖwZw`b K‡qKwU Avmb Avm‡bi DcKvwiZv I cÖwZw`b wbqwgZ Avmb Abykxjb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| Avmb: Abykxjb Kivi ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e|  DcKvwiZv 2 K‡qKwU Avm‡bi c×wZ I †m¸‡jvi we‡kl  Abykxj‡bi DcKvwiZv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ¸iæZ¡ 3 Avm‡bi DcKvwiZv Dcjwä K‡i wbqwgZ  me©½vmb I Abykxj‡b DØy× n‡e| DcKvwiZv 

442

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cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) wkÿK‡K wewfbœ Avmb K‡i †`Lv‡e| Avm‡bi PvU© ˆZwi Ki‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

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RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÂg welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

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. wn›`ya‡g©i Av`k© I 1 †`k‡cª‡gi MyiyZ¡ we‡kølY 1 †`k‡cÖg K_vwU `„óvšÍmn we‡kølY Ki‡Z cvi‡e| †`k‡cÖg DcvL¨v‡bi gva¨‡g Ki‡Z cvi‡e, ag©Mš Ö ’ 2 ev¯Íe Rxe‡b †`k‡cÖ‡gi Abykxj‡bi ¸iæZ¡ e¨vL¨v  aviYv †`k‡cÖg‡K a‡g©i A½ †_‡K †`k‡cÖgg~jK GKwU Ki‡Z cvi‡e| we‡kølY wn‡m‡e Rvbv Ges DcvL¨vb eY©bv Ki‡Z 3 ag©MÖš’ †_‡K †`k‡cÖgg~jK GKwU DcvL¨vb eY©bv  Abykxj‡bi †`k‡cÖ‡gi †PZbvq DÏxß cvi‡e Ges ev¯Íe Rxe‡b Ki‡Z cvi‡e| ¸iæZ¡ nIqv| †`k‡cÖ‡gi Abykxjb 4 †`k‡cÖ‡gi ¸iæZ¡ Dcjwä K‡i †`k‡cÖwgK n‡Z  DcvL¨vb Ki‡Z cvi‡e| DØy× n‡e|

443

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†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨  cv‡V ewY©Z †`k‡cÖ‡gi Mí ev DcvL¨v‡bi welq Abymv‡i Qwe


RvZxq wkÿvμg I cvV¨cy¯ÍK †evW©

cÖv_wgK ¯Í‡ii wkÿvμg 2012

we¯Í…Z wkÿvμg welq : wn›`yag© I ˆbwZK wkÿv †kªwY: cÂg welqwfwËK cÖvwšÍK †hvM¨Zv

†kªwYwfwËK AR©b Dc‡hvMx †hvM¨Zv

HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi A½ 1 HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi wn‡m‡e c~Rv-cve©Y, aviYvi mvaviY I Drme-Abyôvb m¤ú‡K© †kªwY-Dc‡hvMx e¨vL¨v Rvbv I Zv‡Z AskMÖn‡Y w`‡Z cvi‡e; c~RvAvMÖnx nIqv Ges gw›`i cve©Y, DrmeI Zx_©‡ÿÎ m¤ú‡K© †R‡b Abyôvbvw`, gw›`i I cwi`k©‡b AvMÖnx nIqv| Zx_©‡ÿ‡Îi ga¨ w`‡q †h HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi cÖKvk N‡U, Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e; gnvjqv, †`vjhvÎv I ˆPÎmsμvwšÍi eY©bv w`‡Z cvi‡e Ges kª×vkxj n‡e|

wkLbdj

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1 c~Rv-cve©Y I wewfbœ Drme Abyôv‡bi m‡½ HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi m¤úK© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 2 c~Rvi cÖwZgvq, mvR-m¾vq, ag©m½x‡Z, agx©q Abyôv‡bi Avjcbvq, cve©‡Yi wewfbœ Abyôv‡b I Dcv`v‡b, gw›`i-Zx‡_©i febvw`i KviæKv‡h© HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi †h-cwiPq cvIqv hvq, Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡e| 3 HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi cwiPvqK wn‡m‡e gnvjqv, †`vjhvÎv I ˆPÎmsμvwšÍi e¨vL¨v w`‡Z cvi‡e| 4 wewfbœ gw›`i-Zx_©, Drme-Abyôv‡bi ga¨ w`‡q HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZi cÖwZ kÖ×vkxj n‡e|

444

HwZn¨ I ms¯‹…wZ: c~Rv-cve©Y I ag©‡ÿÎ c~Rv-cve©Y ag©‡ÿÎ gnvjqv †`vjhvÎv ‰PÎmsKªvwšÍ

cwiKwíZ KvR/ cixÿY/ cÖ`k©b (cÖ‡hvR¨ †ÿ‡Î) wkÿv_x© m¤¢ve¨ ¯’‡j c~Rv-cve©Y I DrmeAbyôvb †`L‡e I eY©bv Ki‡e| wewfbœ gw›`i I Zx_©‡ÿ‡Îi Qwe ev d‡Uv msMÖn Ki‡e wkÿv_x© Avjcbv AuvK‡Z wkL‡e| ag©msMxZ GKK ev mw¤§wjZfv‡e MvB‡e|

†jLK I A¼bwkíx‡`i Rb¨ wb‡`k©bv †jL‡Ki Rb¨

A¼bwkíxi Rb¨ Avjcbvi Qwe gw›`i-c~Rv-cve©YAbyôv‡bi cÖvmw½K Qwe ev d‡Uv

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