UC Berkeley Pre-Dental Society
The Pre-Dent Press
Volume 9, Issue 1
In This Issue:
Letter from Editors New Nanotechnology for Longer Lasting Implants
October 31st, 2013 1 1-2
Fall New Membersâ€™ Retreat
Halloween Candy and Teeth
Intern & Committee Spotlight
Hello Cal PDS members and dental community! We would like to thank our wonderful publicity team for making the publication of this issue possible, as well as the members of PDS for serving as model representatives of the pre-dental community. Flip through this issue to read about technological advancements in dentistry, Cal PDS event updates, a guide on what candies to avoid on Halloween, and much more. We hope you enjoy reading the first Pre-Dent Press of the school year!
Dental School Spotlight on UCSF
Message from the President
Gap Year Done Right
Technological Advancements in Dentistry
What has PDS been up to?
Letter from the Editors
Sincerely, Stephanie Shimizu & Amanda Israel
Upcoming Events J-Sei Calendar Stuffing, 11/4, 6-9pm
Next General Meeting, 11/6, 7-8pm Challah for Hunger, 11/7, 7-10pm Dia de Los Muertos PreHealth Conference, 11/9, 8am-5pm DEOP events, 11/5, 12:30-2pm 11/7, 9:30-11am 11/12, 12:30-2pm
10/30-11/20 (Wed) 2:15-3pm
New Nanotechnology may Hold Key for Developing Longer-Lasting Implants By: Tanya Varimezova
TiO2 nanotubes etched in titamium.
Recent research from the Michigan Technological University has shown significant strides in developing a better, long-lasting, and transparent implant through the use of nanotechnology. The hopes for the new implant are that it will alleviate the problem with bacterial infections at implant sites, and separation of the implant from the bone. A dental implant is a titanium post placed into the jawbone, and covered by an artificial tooth. Some implants fail to heal properly, and therefore easily fall out. This can be caused by bacterial infections that develop around the implant, causing the bone to become even more fragile and unable to grow
Continued from Page 1
properly around the implant. Thus, reconstructing an implant that has fallen out, which initially costs between $2,000-$4,000, becomes even more difficult and expensive. Tolou Shokuhfar, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at MTU has been collaborating with Cortino Sukotjo, clinical assistant professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry, to develop a dental implant whose surface is made of TiO2 nanotubes. Experimental data has shown that bone is able to grow better on this type of surface, rather than the traditional titanium surface. This bodes well for longer-lasting dental implants. Furthermore, Shokuhfar, in collaboration with Alexander Yarin, professor in UIC’s Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, have shown
Fall New Members’ Retreat By: Tiffany Ju
The Pre-Dent Press that this type of surface coating, if infused with sodium naproxen, an anti-inflammatory drug, can better diffuse the drug once the implant is successfully placed in the jawbone. This finding suggests that the post-operative side effects of treatment can be curbed to an extent, since sodium naproxen can be delivered in proper doses to the right places at the right time. A third advantage of this new implant technology is that it can help prevent post-operative bacterial infections. The TiO2 nanotubes can be loaded with silver nanoparticles. Silver has been shown to kill bacteria, thus possibly preventing biofilms from developing at implant sites. Shokuhfar has been working with Craig Friedrich, Richard and Bonnie Robbins Chair of Sustainable Design and Manufacturing at Michigan Tech, on unpublished research regarding orthopedic
On September 28, 2013, we had our New Member’s Retreat. The day started off with members getting assigned to families so we could engage in some friendly competition. Our first ice-breaker was a Charades-Pictionary hybrid to show off our acting and artistic skills. Next, we all embarked on an elaborate picture and video scavenger hunt to develop our bold and competitive sides. Activities ranged from tame ones, such as taking a picture with a bear statue and rolling down 4.0 hill, to difficult tasks such as hugging a random stranger and taking over a tour group. Afterwards, we were all treated to delicious pizza, fruit salad, and vegetable platters. The fun continued with a zombie apocalypse simulation, where we answered questions that corresponded with our personalities and what role we would play in the dental community. Each personality group teamed up to build a dental office out of random materials such as graham crackers, paper clips, and Styrofoam. Every dental office was unique and demonstrated fantastic teamwork. The retreat was successful in letting all the members get to know each other better and showing
Volume 9, Issue 1 implants showing that certain levels of silver can destroy bacteria without harming tissues. The research could be applicable to dental implants as well. The fourth benefit of the implant is of cosmetic nature. Due to the TiO2 nanotube transparency, the implant can be better disguised for a more natural look. Shokuhfar states that the integration process of this new implant into the clinical setting would be smooth, since the change is small but significant. The procedure would be the same, but the vast benefits of TiO2 nanotube coating would drastically help the success rate of dental implants. Sources: Image source: http://phys.org/news/2013-09-nanotube-surface-dental-implants-faster. html Goodrich, Marcia. “Smile! Better Dental Implants are on the Horizon.” Michigan Tech News. N.p., 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 21 Oct. 2013. Jones, Kathy. “New Dental Implant can Fight Infection, Improve Healing and Last a Lifetime.” Medindia. N.p., 28 Sept. 2013. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.
that everyone has a different and crucial role to play in the dental community.
The Pre-Dent Press
Halloween Candy and Teeth By: Tiffany Ju
Halloween is a wonderful day full of costumes and spooky decorations…and mounds and mounds of candy. It’s not a secret that candy causes cavities, but how exactly does it happen? Most candy contains sugar, which is a carbohydrate. Cavities are caused by bacteria in your mouth that feed on carbohydrates and produce acid. The acid breaks down tooth enamel and let the bacteria live in a hole in your tooth—a cavity. Once cavities get beyond your enamel and into the soft dentin layer, they get bigger
very quickly and can eventually get into the nerve, leading to a root canal-ouch! An important fact is that the amount of carbohydrates you eat does not matter as much as how long your teeth are exposed to it. This means that eating a lot of candy at once and brushing immediately after is better for your teeth than portioning it out during the day (although not better for your overall health.)
your teeth and saliva cannot wash them away. •Sour candies-these are very acidic and break down tooth enamel. •Sugary snacks (candy corn, cookies)-sugar causes tooth decay. Best candy for your teeth: •Sugar-free lollipops and hard candy-these stimulate saliva, which helps prevent cavities. •Sugar-free gum-removes food particles and stimulates saliva production. Some dentists are even offering to buy kids’ Halloween candy for $1 per pound and donating them to troops overseas along with toothbrushes and mouthwash! Have a
The good news is not all candy is equal, so by choosing certain candies you may be able to avoid any cavities. No matter what you choose to eat, it is good for your teeth to brush and floss every day, Happy Halloween, everyone! preferably soon after eating. Some of the worst candies for your teeth include: •Chewy/sticky treats (gummy candy, taffy)-these get stuck in
Sources: http://www.knowyourteeth.com/infobites/abc/article/?abc=b&iid=296&aid=11070; http://newsfeed.time.com/2013/10/18/ dentists-tired-of-cleaning-gross-teeth-are-hosting-halloween-candybuyback-programs/; http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/healthyteeth-10/cavities-myths?page=2
D A T
C O R N E R
Our Dental Education Outreach Program (DEOP) is expanding! In just this past month, we visited over 5 schools in Berkeley to help children understand the importance of oral and overall health. This upcoming November, we are extending our program at LeConte Elementary with a month long curriculum! We will be interacting with K through 5th graders and learning about topics from tooth decay to nutrition and physical activity. Keep up with the Pre-Dent Press for later updates! If you would like to volunteer with us or make a contribute to DEOP, please feel free to email us at cal.pds. firstname.lastname@example.org. Thank you for your support. Chloe Tsang and Corrissa
Answers: 1.A, 2. C, 3.D, 4.E, 5.D Arranged by: Harpreet Batther http://predds.net/hole-punches-practice-test-1/
Volume 9, Issue 1
The Pre-Dent Press
Volume 9, Issue 1
Spotlight: PDS Committee Members & Interns By: Keistrel Baron
Name: Arjun Gupta Year: 3rd year Major: Integrative Biology and Music double major PDS goal for this year: To have collaboration service projects with other clubs on campus and provide a fun, educational, and comfortable environment for all PDS members, new and veteran alike.
Name: Jack Spencer Year: 3rd year Major: MCB/Biochemistry PDS goal for this year: Learn how to be an effective member of the club, make an impact and participate in the DEOP program, and be an active member for the rest of my time at Berkeley!
Name: Byoungsoo (Brian) Kim Year: 1st year Major: Integrative Biology PDS goal for this year: As a memName: Christy Tran ber of Pre-Dental Society, my goal Year: 3rd year is to raise the awareness about the Major: Integrative Biology and importance of oral health to the Public Health community. I want to especially PDS goal for this year: To meet new focus on early childhood dental people, stay active and make lots of care/hygiene. memories! :]
Name: Leeanne Harden Year: 4th year Major: Nutritional Science in Physiology and Metabolism PDS goal for this year: Meet more of my fellow members!
Name: Kevin Kim Year: 1st year Major: Integrative Biology Committee: Finance Committee PDS goal for this year: Raise fundraisers for the club and enjoy as much as I can in PDS!
Name: Eric Pierce Year: 3rd year Major: Molecular and Cell Biology PDS goal for this year: To raise student awareness about PDS.
The Pre-Dent Press
Members & Interns Spotlight Cont. Publicity
Name: Keistrel Baron Year: 1st year Name: Harpreet Batther Major: Molecular Environmental Year: 2nd year MAJOR: Molecular Environmental Biology PDS goals for this year: I want to Biology learn more about dentistry, establish PDS goal for this year: To learn connections, and become really more about different fields of dentistry, to meet others interested involved in PDS. in dentistry, and to gain experience that will help me succeed in the career of dentistry.
Name: Tiffany Ju Year: 3rd year Major: Psychology PDS goal for this year: To make new friends and building my dental experience!
Name: Tanya Varimezova Year: 4th year Major: Molecular and Cell Biology â€“ Cell and Developmental Biology Name: Nerissa Ignacio and Music minor Year: 3rd year PDS goal for this year: I am looking Major: Integrative Biology forward to meeting more students PDS goal for this year: To gain more with a passion for dentistry and insight about the dentistry field and sharing wonderful experiences in form friendships with people who getting involved with our commuhave the same goals as me! nity.
Name: Kathy Wong Year: 3rd year Major: Integrative Biology PDS goal for this year: To raise awareness about the importance of oral health for children in particular and to create a workbook/storybook so learning how to take proper care of our teeth can be fun!
Volume 9, Issue 1
The Pre-Dent Press
Dental School Spotlight : UCSF
Class Requirements a. English Requirements6 semester units b. Biology Requirements8 semester units (with lab) c. Physics Requirements8 semester units (with lab) d. Gen. Chemistry Requirements- 8 semester units ( with lab) e. Organic chemistry Requirements - 4 semester units ( with lab) 2013 Admissions Statistics
Number of Applicants- 1874 Class size- 88 First Year Tuition CA Resident – $43,524 Out of State – $55,769 DAT: Academic Average: 20.7 / Total Science: 20.7
Volume 9, Issue 1
By: Nerissa Ignacio
Just about an hour commute away from Berkeley, right near Golden gate park in the beautiful city of San Francisco, you will see UCSF School of Dentistry. The School of Dentistry operates 14 clinics at three sites, and provides more than 120,000 patient visits per year. The school itself is highly reputable and is one of the highest ranked dental school amongst the nation. The School of Dentistry offers multiple programs such as DDS program, DDS/PhD program, DDS/MBA program, MS in dental hygiene and graduate programs. General practice resident programs and advance general dentistry programs are also available. Other than DDS and PhD programs, UCSF offers a wide range in field specializing such as: dental public health Endodontics geriatric dentistry orthodontics pediatric dentistry periodontology prosthodontics oral and maxillofacial surgery oral medicine
The curriculum is very simple and traditional. In your first 2 years as a dental student, you will be taking the required basic graduate level sciences, such as physiology, anatomy, biochemistry, histology, and pre-clinical education. By the third and fourth year, dental students start their clinical education. The school works at a pass/no pass system and there are no class rankings. This causes your application for specialty Overall GPA- 3.54 programs to rely heavily on letters of recommendation and board scores. Science GPA- 3.49 UCSF is known by many dental students for their strong clinical exposure. The school is heavy on didactics and heavy work on hand skills. Additionally, the school is very research extensive. The School of Dentistry in 2007 and 2011 ranked first among all dental schools in NIH research funding. As a research powerhouse, this provides pathways for dental students to work close with many other dental students, researchers, and professors, providing an easier approach to form relationships amongst colleagues and faculties, a good stepping stone to specializing. UCSF is a very prestigious school that offers students not just their degrees, but rather a rejuvenating four year experience and an intuitive way of thinking about dentistry.
Dental Specialties By Harpreet Batther
The Pre-Dent Press
A Message from the President: Welcome to PDS! Provided by: Michelle Khouri To our members, both old and new - Welcome to the Pre-Dental Society! As campus fills up again and you are buried under a pile of books, papers, and assignments, we here at the Pre-Dental Society hope to be able to at least alleviate your anxieties concerning the future and provide the assistance needed to get you there. Since its inception, the Pre-Dental Society has been the only organization on the UC Berkeley campus to cater specifically to students interested in pursuing a career in dentistry. Our goal is to provide Guidance, Experience, and Networking to the next GENeration of dentists, as well as mold them into culture and innovative professionals who are aware of the problems facing
dentistry and society and have the determination to effect change. In order to ensure this development, we offer our members a multitude of resources designed to help them in their objective to get into dental school and to become leaders in the field of dentistry. We also provide chances for members to perform outreach in neighboring and global communities through our various community service events, immersion trips, and our Dental Education Outreach Program. More than anything, however, our club tries to foster an environment of inclusivity and be a place where pre-dents can get to know their colleagues on a more intimate level. We are not just a “how-to” for mbmers, but a support system as welll, and our goal is to make sure that all who join the club feel welcome and safe. We look forward to spending the next year with you all, working together to reach a common goal and becoming closer in the process. We hope to provide you with all you need for your future endeavors and that you find your time with the club as worthwhile as we have found ours. GO BEARS! Your President, Michelle Khouri
or taking a break from the intensity of the Berkeley classes, these are all By: Nerissa Ignacio very common and reasonable reasons for students to take that yearoff. In fact, did you know that the average age of incoming admitted dental students is 23-24 years old? The idea of a gap year is growing to be quite common for pre-dental students and is progressing to be a social norm. Keep in mind that a gap year does work with or against you. To help your gap year work with you, here is an assembled list ou may hear students say this a of tips for a gap year done right: lot. “Oh. I’m taking a Gap Year.” “Glide Year.” “Bridge year.” What ever Say No to senioritis Senior year should be the you may call it; it’s a “break” after un- dergrad and professional school. Did you year you work the hardest. You will notice my quotations? You’ll see why in be taking your DAT around this a minute. Whether it’s for setting your fi- time and you will see that most of nances straight, finding your inner self, your application material will come from your activities in senior year.
Gap Year Done Right
Volume 9, Issue 1
Don’t slack off and don’t fall behind classes. It’s critical that you ace them and finish your last year with flying colors. I graduated, now what? Dental schools would love to see what you did in that oneyear gap, and the question about the gap year are usually brought up during interviews. Remember to state your purpose for the gap year and say what you plan on doing. It can range from saving money to pay off some loans, fighting for a cause in Nepal, going on a life-altering backpacking trip to the Swiss Alps, or just taking a few more classes to boost up your gpa. Sorry to say, but watching the full season of Breaking Bad isn’t Continued on pg.8
8 The Pre-Dent Press Volume 9, Issue 1 Continued from pg. 7 never said that you HAVE to work in exactly productive. Here are some good options: a field related to science or dentistry; - Keep your head in academics however, from a holistic point of view, o Take classes to stay engaged or boost up working at dentistry related job is like your gpa ( If you plan taking more than “killing two birds with one stone”. a year off) . Some dental schools, like You are able to save money and gain UCLA, offer one day pre-dental coursexperience in the field you’re about to es open for everybody. These classes enter. There’s no complaining in that! range from denture courses to dental - Study Abroad laboratory lab technique classes! Cool! o Whether its taking classes, volunteer- Research ing, or checking it off your bucket list, o Research is always a great option, and you can’t really go wrong with going many dental schools like to see students abroad. Going abroad is always enterthat participate in research. Find a topic taining and allows students to be exthat you’re truly interested and give it a posed to different ways of life. It teachtry! es individuals to be more adaptable - Post-Bac Pre-Dentistry Programs and possibly learn a new language! o These programs can be very competitive and are geared towards “career chang- Finally breathe and relax. This is probably ers”. The admission requirements usually the most important advice to give. A productive gap have criteria of applicants with relatively year can also be used as the year to find yourself and low gpa and DAT scores. At some pro- to figure out your goals. If you are investing thousands grams, only dental reapplicants (UCSF) of dollars and years in dental school, best be sure, you are allowed for admission, while some love this field. If you have mad love for dentistry and admit first year applicants (Baylor). you have some free time, sit back, grab your popcorn - Pay off your loan/Save up for dental School and start catching up on some Breaking Bad. But alo Let’s face it, dental school is not cheap. ways keep in mind that it’s best to be productive. Come Some students happily take a year off out as a better dental applicant than you were the preto work and save some money to pay vious year(s). Enjoy yourself before you start dental for dental school, and it’s always a jus- school. The next following four years will possibly tifiable reason. These jobs vary from the most intensive yet life-altering years of our lives. academics to retail to food service. It’s
Technological Advances in Dentistry by: Amanda Israel
he practice of dentistry has undergone tremendous change over the past decade as advances in technology have become commercially available to the public. Small intra-oral video cameras, CAD/CAM applications, digital X rays, and 3D imaging as well as printing, are now available for daily use in all specialties of dentistry. Intra oral cameras consist of a wand with a built in camera that can take detailed color pictures of a patient’s teeth and their tissues. These pictures are then displayed on a screen, and can be printed by a thermal printer. The images taken from an intra oral camera can be utilized to show a patient if they have cracked fillings, broken teeth, or areas in their mouth that may require attention from an oral surgeon. These pictures Continued on pg. 9
9 The Pre-Dent Press Volume 9, Issue 1 Continued from pg. 8 tient’s tooth. The monitor then projects a 3-D image are also a way in which a dentist can detect early forof the cap that is being designed, and once the image mations of cysts or possibly oral cancer. Giving a pais acceptable to the dentist or technician, the crown can tient a printed picture of their broken tooth, broken now be made. The crown, which will be formed out of filling, or large cavity is a great way to communia block of porcelain that has been matched to the color cate what procedures need to be done with your paof the patient’s teeth, will then placed in a milling matient, and this helps to build trust in the dental office. chine, and the cap is created in a manner of minutes! Digital x-rays are taken on a patient in the 3-D printing has been utilized in industry for a numsame manner in which conventional x-rays are taken. ber of years now. However, it is rapidly being incorHowever, instead of using x-ray film, a digital senporated into the field of dentistry. This technology resor is placed within the patient’s mouth and the imquires a scan, such as the one used in the CAD/CAM age is captured. The digital sensor is then placed in process, but there is no milling process involved. Once a unit and the pictures can be immediately uploadthe scan is complete, it is sent to a 3-D printer that aced to a monitor. The main advantage of using digcurately processes several layers of resin, or plastic, ital x-rays is that they expose the patient to slightly over each other. One application of 3-D printing inless radiation than conventional x-rays. In addition, cludes making accurate models of teeth from which these digital images can be effortlessly shared beporcelain caps can be fabricated. In addition, the orthotween fellow dentists instead of having to be mailed dontic treatment, Invisalign, uses 3-D printing to fabbetween offices like normally developed x-rays. ricate the plastic trays that are used to straighten teeth. CAD/CAM is an acronym that stands for The current advances in technology today has Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manuenabled dentists all around the world to create impresfacturing. When a patient needs a cap on their tooth, sions, make crowns, and take x-rays in a much easier a dentist must shape the patient’s tooth with a drill manner, and it has helped them to become more efand take an impression of their mouth by using gooficient in these practices. Who knows…in the future, ey impression material. Once the impression has we may be able to use holograms to help us in the fully dried, it is then sent to a dental lab to have the field of dentistry! Dentistry is a very wonderful career, cap manufactured. The finished crown is then delivand it has become a very progressive field that is conered back to the dental office in about 2 weeks time. stantly changing and improving the ways procedures With CAD/CAM technology, the way impresare done due to the recent advances in technology. sions are taken is completely revolutionized. A digInside Dentistry July/August 2010; Interviewed Dr. Barry Israel D.D.S. October 19, 2013. Owns his own ital impression is taken by scanning the tooth with a private practice in Los Alamitos, CA.& does General Dentistry, Orthodontics, and Invisalign;“ITero Changwand, similar to an intra oral camera, and this image es the Way You Practice.” ITero: Intra Oral Digital Scanner. Align Technology, Inc. Web. 20 Oct. 2013. is then projected onto a monitor so that a dentist or dental laboratory technician can design the crown acMachine for taking digital impressions. cordingly to fit the proper size and shape of the pa-
The Pre-Dent Press
Volume 9, Issue 1
What has PDS been up to? K to College
By: Amanda Israel On September 28, 2013 Pre-Dental Society members volunteered at the K to College community service event that was held at UC Berkeleyâ€™s International House. K to College is a nonprofit organization that was started by UC Berkeley students and itâ€™s purpose is to provide school supply and dental kit initiatives to disadvantaged students all throughout California. Since it has started, it has helped over 220,000 school children within 60 school districts in California. The event was very well organized and it consisted of packaging school and dental hygiene supplies into tote bags which were later sent out that day to be donated to the children. It was a very enjoyable experience and it felt great to be able to give back to the kids in our community.
Korean Pancake Fundraiser on Sproul By: Stephanie Shimizu
On October 23rd, PDS members had a blast cooking and selling sweet Korean pancakes. The pancakes were absolutely delicious, and PDS sold out within a couple hours! Great job to Sheila Aryana and Alina Miller for planning such a successful fundraiser!
Volunteering at Lake Merritt
By: Nerissa Ignacio
The Pre-Dent Press Cal Pre-Dental Society University of California, Berkeley c/o ASUC Office of Student Affairs 102 Hearst Gym Berkeley, CA 94720-4500 Contact us at email@example.com visit us online at http://pds.berkeley.edu/.
On Saturday, October 12th, PDS members went to Lake Merrit in Oakland to help out at a walk hosted by the American Diabetes Association. We had an amazing time spending time with each other and serving food to happy participants. Much better than a Saturday morning spent sleeping in!
Publicity Committee: Amanda Israel, Stephanie Shimizu, Keistrel Baron, Harpreet Batther, Nerissa Ignacio, Tiffany Ju, and Tanya Varimezova. The Pre-Dent Press is an ASUC sponsored publication. Cal Pre-Dental Society General Meetings are ASUC sponsored and wheelchair accessible. For information on publications, please contact Stephanie and Amanda at firstname.lastname@example.org For information on advertising with Cal PDS, please contact Sheila and Alina at cal. email@example.com