• • • • • •
Introduction Sunburn Eye damage Bug bites Heat exhaustion Source list
We hope that you enjoy our guide on 5 common summer health problems and that you find some useful information to add to your healthy living style. Please remember that this is just health and wellness guide put together by a web user and not a medical or health and fitness professional and should be taken as such. Enjoy and keep well this summer!
Sunburn is caused by excessive, unprotected exposure to the sun. Wear a SPF sun lotion suitable to your skin requirement and make sure to apply it at least 30 minutes before you spend time in the sun for long periods of time. In the case of sunburn, the NHS recommends the following treatment: “For mild sunburn, apply a moisturising lotion or after sun cream, available at pharmacies. After sun cream will cool your skin and moisturise it, helping to relieve the feeling of tightness. Moisturisers that contain aloe vera will also help to soothe your skin. Calamine lotion can relieve any itching or soreness.” – NHS website
By protecting your eyes you will avoid eye damage that can injure the retinas in your eyes. You can protect your eyes from harmful UV rays that come from the sun in a few main ways. Here is how you can protect your eyes whilst in the sun and direct sun light: • Avoid looking directly into the sun • Wear UV protective eye wear such as sunglasses to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays • Invest in ‘automatic tinting’ eye-sight glasses if you wear them all the time as this will protect your eyes from the sun as they automatically transition when you step into the sun, bouncing the glare of the sun out of your eyes. • Don’t stop wearing your sun glasses even if it is overcast or cloudy as the UV rays are still harmful even if the glare of the sun is not as evident.
Bug bites are most common in the summer as the bugs that do bite come out into the warmth and thick shrub and even into homes to seek out shade or water. Although the UK does not have as many poisonous bugs as elsewhere, it can always be a good idea to invest in private health insurance in case you do get bitten by something that causes more than minor injury. Go to your GP if you are concerned about a bug bite or if the following applies to you: • See your GP if your symptoms are severe (for example, if you have a lot of swelling and blistering) or if there is pus, which indicates an infection. • If you have a severe allergic reaction to a bite, such as wheezing or difficulty breathing, call 999. • If you have been bitten by a tick, remove it as soon as possible to reduce the risk of getting a tick-borne infection, such as Lyme disease. – NHS website
Heat exhaustion occurs a lot in the UK as people often overestimate their resilience to heat exposure and often misjudge exactly how hot the sun can get during the summer. Here are the signs of heat exhaustion: • Heavy sweating • Fatigue • Headache • Pale, clammy skin • Thirst • Rapid heartbeat • Dizziness, fainting • Nausea, vomiting • Muscle and abdominal cramps • Mild temperature elevations - University of Maryland website
1. Content: Please click through to quoted sources by clicking their reference within text as they are hyperlinked to the original content found on the web. 2. Design: The design is created as an original. Images are taken from MS Office Power Point and clip art tool.