world class Marketing Traditions Continue Also Inside... Ag lending & Real Estate Advice Simmental & Brangus Genetics June 2014 California Cattleman 1
r u o s s i m ‘‘ t ’ n o D est Event g g i B f the year! o Join us, Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday
at the Silver Legacy Resort in Reno!
2 California Cattleman June 2014
Join us Ringside this summer at Galt SpeCiaL CattLeMen’s FeedeR SaLes Featuring late runs of calves and Yearlings
wednesdays: june 4, June 18 and JuLy 9 Watch and bId lIve everY WedneSdaY:
annuaL FaLL-CaLving BRed Cow SaLe
Featuring 750 Fancy Fall bred cows and heifers
satuRday, JuLy 26 CLM RepResentatives Jake Parnell..........................................(916) 662-1298 george gookIn.......................................(209) 482-1648 Mark FIScher.........................................(209) 768-6522 rex WhIttle ...........................................(209) 996-6994 Joe gateS ................................................(707) 694-3063 abel JIMenez..........................................(209) 401-2515
CALL NOW TO CONSIGN TO The JuLy 14-16 SALe frOm The SILver LeGACy, reNO, NevAdA
12495 Stockton blvd. galt, ca 95632 (209) 745-1515 office • (209) 745-1582 Fax Website: www.clmgalt.com
June 2014 California Cattleman 3
California Cattlemen’s Association OFFICERS PRESIDENT
Tim Koopmann, Sunol
FIRST VICE PRESIDENT
Speaking Up and Being Heard
Billy Flournoy, Likely
SECOND VICE PRESIDENTS Fred Chamberlin, Los Olivos David Daley, Ph.D., Oroville Rich Ross, Lincoln
Jack Hanson, Susanville
EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT Billy Gatlin
VICE PRESIDENT GOVERNMENT RELATIONS Justin Oldfield
DIRECTOR OF GOVERNMENT RELATIONS Kirk Wilbur
DIRECTOR OF FINANCE Lisa Pherigo
DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS Stevie Ipsen
ASSOCIATE DIR. OF COMMUNICATIONS Malorie Bankhead
PUBLICATION SERVICES OFFICE & CIRCULATION
Office: (916) 444-0845 • Fax: (916) 444-2194
Stevie Ipsen email@example.com
ADVERTISING SALES/FIELD SERVICES Matt Macfarlane (916) 803-3113 firstname.lastname@example.org BILLING SERVICES Lisa Pherigo email@example.com
4 California Cattleman June 2014
by CCA Feeder Council Vice Chairman Mike Smith
Recently, I had the unique opportunity to speak to a number of key issues that are having a profoundly negative impact on the beef industry. In early May, I travelled to Washington, D.C., to testify before the House Subcommittee on Livestock, Rural Development and Credit. As a representative of the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) and the North American Meat Association (NAMA), I testified to the current state of the beef industry, and discussed a number of issues impacting beef producers; including drought, federal regulations, taxes, trade and Country of Origin Labeling (COOL) Unfortunately, there is insufficient space in this article to discuss in any great detail the bulk of my testimony. Instead, I have chosen to focus on one of the main issues I addressed …the industry’s ongoing concerns and frustration surrounding COOL. For the vast majority of beef producers in the U.S., it was discouraging to see that Congress did not provide a legislative fix to COOL in the recent farm bill. COOL has been a particular burden on the beef industry for far too long and it was my intent to drive home that message to members of the subcommittee during my testimony. Proponents of COOL have argued that COOL would cause the U.S. consumer to pay more for U.S. beef. Five years of implementation have proved just the opposite is true. A recent Kansas State University study found the vast majority of consumers do not look for acountry of origin label when buying beef. In fact, most consumers didn’t even know the COOL label existed! My own personal experience is that the vast majority of domestic consumers are not interested in – nor do they wish to pay – a premium for country of origin information; which begs the question, ”Why does Congress continue to implement a
law that economically harms the U.S. beef industry, when consumers are not demanding it in the first place?” The question is especially relevant given potential ramifications associated with the World Trade Organization case filed by Canada and Mexico against COOL. If they continue to win their case – which I believe they will – both nations will undoubtedly retaliate against the United States with an estimated $2 billion dollars in tariffs. These countries have consistently ranked as two of our top export markets and if we lose access to those markets, or they are restricted by the enactments of tariffs, that action will have a profoundly negative impact on all U.S. producers. I closed my testimony with the following statement, “Let me be crystal clear…COOL is all about marketing and has absolutely nothing to do with food safety. Moreover, COOL is not a ‘consumer right to know’ issue. If it were, then COOL would apply to all beef sold and not just the beef sold at the retail level.” Having spent my entire lifetime in the beef industry, there are many lessons I have learned. Perhaps one of the most important of life’s lessons is that you can’t sit on the sidelines and expect your voice to be heard. You must take the opportunity to speak up when the opportunity presents itself. In closing, I would like to thank NCBA, NAMA and CCA for giving me the opportunity to attempt to make a difference for all of us.
SERVING CALIFORNIA BEEF PRODUCERS SINCE 1917 Bolded names and businesses in editorial represent only current members of the California Cattlmen’s Association or California CattleWomen, Inc. For questions about your membership status, contact the CCA office at (916) 444-0845. The California Cattleman is published monthly except July/August is combined by the California Cattlemen’s Association, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814, for $20/year, or as part of the annual membership dues. All material and photos within may not be reproduced without permission from publisher. National Advertising Group: The Cattle Connection/The Powell Group, 4162-B Carmichael Ct, Montgomery, AL 36106, (334) 271-6100. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: California Cattleman, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814
Volume 97, Issue 6
ASSOCIATION PERSPECTIVES CATTLEMEN’S COLUMN Speaking up to make a difference
THE COVER 4
BUNKHOUSE 8 Membership is lifeblood of CCA
YOUR DUES DOLLARS AT WORK CCA gets legislative wins for you
VET VIEWS 12 Colostrum in new calves
PROGESSIVE PRODUCER 16 Heterosis still proving valuable
FUTURE FOCUS 34 Setting yourself up for a scholarship
25 years at Western Video Market
From the banker’s mouth
Rancher hosts chefs on ranch
Advice from ag realtors
20 years of Simmental trends
Rebuilding with Brangus
From the Great Plains to the Pacific Coast, Western Video Market (WVM), based out of Shasta Livestock Auction Yard, Cottonwood, is a confederation of auction yards and bonded livestock dealers representing cattle producers in nearly every western state, where every party in the WVM network is committed to helping each consignor’s cattle bring top dollar. WVM founders Ellington Peek, Cottonwood, and Col. John Rodgers, Visalia, and their dedicated team have spent the last 25 years building the thriving Internet and satellite marketing company into what it is today. With a track record of higher prices and low commission fees, coupled with a repuation for integrity and customer service second-to-none, WVM has had many of its consignors since the first WVM sale in 1989. This month’s cover photo, taken by Holly Foster, features Peek and Mark Foster of Oroville-based Robert Foster Ranch at the Foster Family’s Taylorsville ranch. Foster family patriarch Bob Foster, pictured with Peek here has done business with Peek since the 1950s and is a 14-year consigner to WVM. Foster © WVM invites you to join them at their largest sale of the year, July 13-15 at the Silver Legacy in Reno, Nev. See the ad on page 2 for details. The sale can also be found live at www.wvmcattle.com or on DISH Network. To locate a representative near you, visit www.wvmcattle.com.
Buyers’ Guide 46 Obituaries and New Arrivals
Advertisers Index 54
rs sells at a John Rodge WVM’s ColWVM sale.
WVM’s Ellington Foster Ranch’s Bob Peek along with Fo Foster weighing cattl ster and Mark e at shipping. June 2014 California Cattleman 5
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6 California Cattleman June 2014
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June 2014 California Cattleman 7
BUNKHOUSE GETTNG TO KNOW YOU CCA Staffer Relishes Time on the Road by CCA Director of Finance Lisa Pherigo Last month marked my three year anniversary with California Cattlemen’s Association. I am amazed by just how quickly time flies when you are doing something that you feel passionate about and really enjoy doing. Every day, I feel very fortunate to be working with such a hardworking staff dedicated to promoting the beef industry and enhancing the livelihood of cattle producers throughout California. When I started, my position was solely focused on managing the finances for CCA. However, during the last year I have taken on more responsibility, primarily in the area of membership. In taking on this new role I have had the opportunity to get out on the road and visit many of our local associations. For me, as an accountant, I rarely have a reason to be out of the office. I have enjoyed getting out, meeting many of you and hearing firsthand what important issues you are facing on the local level. Being able to have personal conversations and put names with faces and voices has renewed my excitement and gratitude to represent the hardest-working, most dedicated group of men and women around. Although we may only see you all a few times per year, our No. 1 priority is relaying the message that you’ve got a full-time staff working hard for you every day in Sacramento. The staff is just a phone call away and we hope that the CCA office is your first call when questions arise. Your membership is the lifeblood of your association, it is our job as staff to continue to show you a value for your dues dollar. If you see value in your CCA membership we would like to encourage you to help us grow as an association. If all current members would be willing to actively seek out new members in your communities by encouraging your neighbors, friends and those within your local association to join CCA, CCA’s voice can only grow louder. While this might seem like a burdensome task at first, if every member recruited just one new/rejoin member, CCA would double in size and as a result, double our impact on regulatory and legislative issues impacting you. Some of you may not be aware of CCA’s membership recruitment program, the Top Hand Program. To become a Top Hand member individuals must recruit $300 in new or
CaliforniaCattleman CattlemanJune June 2014 2014 8 8California
rejoin CCA membership dues. The Top Hand Club recruitment year runs Oct. 1 through Sept. 30. Prizes are awarded every year at CCA’s annual convention. First prize for the Top Hand Program is a custom made saddle, second place receives a custom made hat, while third place receives a custom made knife. This program is open to not LISA PHERIGO only producer members but also our associate members and young members. Last year our Top Hand members helped CCA bring in over $15,000 in dues dollars we might have otherwise never seen. CCA staff is working every day to engage you and keep you up to date with everything that is happening in Sacramento. Each week we send out our Legislative Bulletin and you should be receiving both our Hot Irons Newsletter and this publication monthly. These communications along with our yearly events give you, the CCA member, the opportunity to stay informed about industry news and to get involved. We hope to see many of you later this month for the 36th annual Steak and Eggs Breakfast at the Sutter Club which will be held in conjunction with our Midyear Year Meeting at the Doubletree in Sacramento. Your participation in both of these events is critically important, as these forums provide a priceless opportunity to share your opinions and concerns about the current and future state of ranching in California. I look forward to continuing to work with each and every one of you. If a question arises regarding membership, insurance, finances or events please do not hesitate to call the office at (916) 444-0845 or email me directly at lisa@ calcattlemen.org.
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www.westernstockmansmarket.com June 2014 California Cattleman
YOUR DUES DOLLARS AT WORK CCA Gets Wins for California Ranchers Threats to the cattle industry are constant and considerable, and can pose significant challenges to your livelihood. Your California Cattlemen’s Association (CCA) staff is constantly lobbying on your behalf on a number of regulatory and legislative issues presenting such challenges, and has recently seen successes in some very important areas. In April and May, CCA managed to secure an important compromise on the California Air Resources Board (ARB)’s Diesel Truck and Bus Regulation and encouraged the defeat of a costly and burdensome bill that would have significantly impacted your right to provide important antibiotics to your cattle. CCA, ARB & Trucking Industry Find Truck Rule Compromise The ARB voted on April 24, 2014 to make several amendments to the statewide Diesel Truck and Bus Regulation (Rule) to further delay compliance due to the rule’s ongoing economic impact on various industries in California. CCA has been advocating on your behalf since 2008 to make necessary reforms to the rule to ensure the seasonal and year-round cattle hauling needs of ranchers will continue to be met. ARB released a draft of their proposed amendments in March, including a proposal supported by CCA that would have delayed retrofit and replacement requirements for trucks hauling cattle until Jan. 1, 2023 if registered with
ARB as a specialty farm vehicle by Jan. 1, 2015. Following extensive outreach to CCA members and testimony taken at the hearing on April 24, 2014, CCA worked with the California Trucking Association, which originally opposed the amendment, to pursue a compromise that would allow in-state and out-of-state trucks hauling cattle without a retrofit or 2010 model year engine or newer to operate in a for-hire capacity for six weeks in the spring and six weeks during the fall, during the spring and fall calving runs. This new proposal, made at the request of ARB, seeks to balance the beef cattle industry’s needs to prevent a dramatic increase in the cost of hauling cattle and ensure enough trucks are available, especially during the busiest times of the year, with the millions of dollars spent by in-state livestock haulers who have already worked to comply with the rule. ARB will be working over the coming months to finalize provisions pertaining to livestock trucks that are expected to, among other things: • Allow trucks (in state or out of state) registered as a specialty farm vehicle by Jan. 1, 2015 to operate for-hire beginning May 1 and ending June 30 in the spring and beginning Oct. 1 and ending Nov. 30 in the fall. The Executive Officer of ARB will be given the discretion at the
1010California CaliforniaCattleman CattlemanJune June2014 2014
request of the industry to move the start of the six-week period in either the spring or fall to meet the needs of the industry; • Permit ranchers hauling their own livestock with trucks registered as specialty farm vehicles to operate solely in a not-forhire capacity without seasonal limitations; and • Provide a separate specialty farm vehicle definition for a cab-over truck and trailer that exclusively hauls livestock in a for-hire or not-for-hire capacity to operate without seasonal restrictions. CCA will continue to keep our members informed as ARB finalizes these important provisions and begins to accept applications for eligible livestock trucks to register as specialty farm vehicles. Please do not hesitate to contact Justin Oldfield in the CCA office with any questions. Troublesome Antibiotics Bill Pulled from Consideration On April 30, Assemblymember Kevin Mullin (D-South San Francisco) withdrew Assembly Bill (AB) 1437 before its scheduled hearing in front of the Assembly Committee on Agriculture. CCA and other agricultural interests had opposed AB 1437 since its
introduction in January, and amendments made to the bill in April only served to make the bill less acceptable to the cattle industry. AB 1437 would have prohibited livestock producers from using medically important antimicrobials for the purpose of preventing disease in livestock, only permitting their application after an animal had taken ill, a clear concern for animal welfare. This restriction was a significant departure from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s Guidance for Industry #213, which listed disease prevention as a permissible therapeutic use of medically important antimicrobials. The bill’s reporting requirements aimed at slaughterhouses were also a major concern. The bill would have required that slaughterhouses track and report any history of antibiotic use in livestock products sold in California, a cumbersome requirement made enormously difficult by the national and international nature of cattle trade. Additionally, there was significant concern that AB 1437 would have violated federal law, which prohibits states from regulating federally-inspected slaughter facilities beyond what is required by federal law. Given these significant concerns, CCA strongly and vocally opposed AB 1437, and was pleased that the bill’s author chose to withdraw the legislation. While opposed to AB 1437, CCA actively supports Sen. Jerry Hill’s Senate Bill (SB) 835, a much less restrictive bill which would prevent administration of antibiotics for production purposed such as growth promotion and feed efficiency, but which ensures ranchers’ right to provide antibiotics to their livestock for the prevention of disease. Assembly member Mullin has suggested that he may introduce legislation similar to AB 1437 in the future. CCA will continue to monitor this important issue at both the state and national level, and will continue to protect your right to ensure the health of your herd. Please contact Kirk Wilbur in the CCA office with any comments, questions or concerns regarding this issue.
CCA Affiliate Leadership CCA’s affiliate groups are a vital asset to the association, providing support, activities, producer and consumer education, fundraising and enthusiasm for the future of California’s beef industry. Below are CCA’s affiliate organizations and the individuals who currently lead each respective group’s efforts. Allied Industry Council Chair....................................Shauna Trusas-Jones, (209) 256-3710 Vice Chair..........................................Kenneth Ruiz, (530) 370-2147 California Beef Cattle Improvement Association President.....................................Cheryl LaFranchi, (707) 292-1013 Vice President....................................Rita McPhee, (209) 607-9719 Secretary............................................Karen Sweet, (925) 443-7692 Treasurer.........................................Carole Silveira, (559) 240-6004 CCA Feeder Council Chair.............................................Bill Brandenberg, (760) 996-1032 Vice Chair............................................. Mike Smith, (559) 898-5356 California CattleWomen, Inc. President......................................Tammie McElroy, (530) 534-5736 First Vice President.......................... Sheila Bowen, (661) 536-8652 Cattle-PAC Chair.....................................................John Harris, (559) 935-0703 Vice Chair........................................... Kevin Kester, (805) 440-4224 Young Cattlemen’s Committee Chair..............................Katie Stroud, firstname.lastname@example.org Vice Chair........................ Trevor Airola, email@example.com Secretary...................... Kellie Mancino, firstname.lastname@example.org Publicity Chair......Erica Bianchi, email@example.com
June 2014 California Cattleman 11
VET VIEWS Colostrum Vital to the Health of Newborn calves by Anita Varga, DVM, MS, DACVIM, Gold Coast Veterinary Service and Consulting, Esparto In this vet views column, we will look further into resuscitation strategies for the new born beef calf and supplementation of colostrums, with suggestions to establish colostrum strategies at your ranch. In last monthâ€™s article, we briefly addressed this important topic. Ensuring adequate colostrum intake is an important factor to get your beef calves started and to keep them healthy. What is colostrum? Colostrum is often called the first milk, but it is certainly more than just milk. Colostrum contains a high number of antibodies, also called immunoglobulins (Ig) that will help protect the calf from infection. Colostrum also has great nutritional value, providing fat and energy. Furthermore it contains vitamins and minerals. It also helps to prevent failure of passive transfer. What is failure of passive transfer of immunity? The structure of the bovine placenta inhibits transfer of antibodies into the colostrum and therefore calves are born without any protective antibodies. The neonatal calf is dependent on adequate amount and quality colostrum ingestion after birth to acquire immunity, which is called â€˜passive immunityâ€™. Inadequate colostrum intake leads to failure of passive transfer (FPT). Failure of passive transfer is associated with increased risk and severity of disease, such as diarrhea and pneumonia. It also has been associated
12 California Cattleman June 2014
with a higher risk of death in beef calves before weaning. The negative effects associated with FPT reach all the way into the feeding period, and are associated with increased treatment costs, reduced weight gain, and increased risk of mortality. The presence of FPT in beef calves in North America has been reported to be between 11 to 33 percent. Why is colostrum intake important for beef calves? As mentioned above inadequate quantity or quality colostrum intake has short and long term implications for beef calves. Colostrum intake influences disease susceptibility and mortality and influences productivity of beef calves. When can the calf absorb the antibodies from the colostrum? The ability of the neonatal calf to absorb antibodies through the gastrointestinal wall declines rapidly after 4 to 6 hours after birth and ceases 24 hours after birth. After this time period the intestinal tract cannot absorb any more large proteins including immunoglobulins. The earlier the beef calf fed/suckles after birth the greater the level of antibody absorption and the greater the protection from disease. Colostrum transfer to the calf is thus a function of quality and quantity of the colostrum in addition to the timing of administration. Therefore the first 24 hours of life are very important for the calf and for the prevention of FPT.
How do I know my calf ingested enough colostrum? Beef calves are left to nurse with the dam, so the assessment of the amount of colostrum ingested is challenging. However, if the calf is not up and observed to nurse from the dam, there is concern that the calf is not ingesting enough colostrum and, therefore, at risk for FPT. If you are not sure, you should go ahead and feed the calf with colostrum. Can I test calves for passive transfer? If you experience a high number of diseased calves, it is advised to check their status of their transfer of immunity. Calves are usually tested between 2 and 10 days of age. Your veterinarian can draw a blood sample and either check the total protein or the IgG levels in the blood, which gives an estimation of the immune status of your calves. Which calves are at risk of receiving inadequate amount of colostrum? Lower blood antibody concentrations have been found in calves born during dystocias. Bull calves may be more commonly affected then heifers, but this might indirectly be associated with the fact that bull calves are more commonly born during dystocias. Cold-stressed or wet calves may be reluctant to get up and suckle and, therefore, are at higher risk for FPT. It also has been reported that intestinal absorption of colostral antibodies in these calves is decreased.
How much and when should I give colostrum to the beef calf? As a simple rule you want to give the calf colostrum within 2 to 4 hours of life, repeating 10 to 12 hours later. This will ensure that the calf has the best chance to absorb it through the gastrointestinal tract. It is recommended to tube the calf so that it does not habituate to bottle feeding, leaving it with the drive to nurse from the dam. Additionally it will ensure that everything was ingested by the calf. The amount of colostrum given to the calf depends on its weight, as well as the quality of colostrum. A practical rule is to feed 5 to 6 percent of the calf ’s body weight in colostrum per feeding. Example: An 80-pound calf would receive 2 quarts of colostrum per feeding. Can I use colostrum replacement products? Colostrum replacement products (CRP) are given if colostrum from the cow is not available or if is not given due to biosecurity reasons, such as prevention of disease transmission from milk. High quality CRP’s have a minimum of 60 grams of IgG per liter. Superior to CRP is frozen colostrum which can be stored at -18 to -25 degrees Celsius (-13 to 0 degrees Farenheit) to for at least a year without changes in quality. You may be able to purchase frozen colostrum from a local dairy. However be aware that you could potentially transmit diseases, such as Johne’s disease, from one herd to another with this practice.
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25525 Lone Tree Rd. • P.O. Box 26 • Escalon, CA 95320 • Office (209) 838-7011 • Fax (209) 838-1535 June 2014 California Cattleman 13
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14 California Cattleman June 2014
Novartis introduces new line of non-toxic biocides
and Animal Health Flies, beetles, roaches and other insects can spread disease and pose a health risk to livestock and farm animals.3 Mark Hammer, DVM, manager of veterinary services, Novartis Animal Health, said insect control is a critical component of animal health and biosecurity programs. “We know insects are capable of spreading any number of diseases including Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli, Moraxella bovis, Brachyspira hyodysenteriae and Lawsonia intracellularis,” said Hammer. “Beyond the health threats they present, insects also cause stress for production animals through biting or nuisance swarming, and that can divert energy from growth or recovery from an illness.”
Natunex™, the recently introduced line of insectivides from Novartis Animal Health is distinctly different from older, traditional insecticides that are formulated with synthetic chemicals. The active ingredients in Natunex are plant-derived essential oils that have natural insecticidal properties. These patented formulations are proven to deliver efficacy that’s comparable or superior to chemical-based insecticides, without their toxicity, safety concerns, resistance issues or application limitations. “With Natunex, producers, facility managers and farm employees get excellent pest control while avoiding the laundry list of safety precautions, environmental concerns and application warnings that usually go hand-in-hand with chemicalbased pest control products,” said Gary Bosch, DVM, vice president of sales and marketing, Novartis Animal Health. “And since there are no restrictions on re-use, M i d Va l l e y Natunex really takes the hassle out of B u l l S a l e applying pest control products.” Natunex kills by contact, and studies show it frequently provided a quicker kill than the chemical insecticides it 50 Spring Yearlings • 25 Fall Yearlings was compared against. The technology Cattlemen’s Livestock Market, Galt, CA platform, developed by TyraTech, Inc., works by blocking specific tyramine nerve Sept ember 20 , 2014 • 1 pm receptors that are only active in insects and S EL L ING S O NS O F parasites. These receptors are not active in humans and other mammals, which is why Natunex is non-toxic and poses minimal safety risk to people or animals. The Natunex product line includes six formulations to control a wide variety of insects that can carry disease or negatively impact health. Two liquid formulations C ONNEALY C ONS ENS U S 7229 are available—Natunex™ Ready To Use Insect Killer and Natunex™ Drain Fly Killer. Natunex™ TechDust® is a powder-based product. Aerosol products include Natunex™ Crawling Insect Killer, Natunex™ Flying Insect Killer and Natunex™ Stinging Insect Killer. An important benefit of Natunex is that it doesn’t have the resistance issues C ONNEALY C ONFI DENC E 0100 that have developed with many chemical • All bulls are DNA tested with the 50K panel • All bulls come with a breeding soundness guarantee S I TZ U PWARD 307R insecticides.1 Estimates are that nearly • All bulls are fully guaranteed! GAR P ROG RE SS 1,000 species of insects have developed a • A majority of the bulls are AI sired by breed-leading bulls! C OLEMAN R EG I S 904 • Selling a large percentage of calving ease bulls! resistance to chemical insecticides. Over time, a higher concentration of these products is needed to achieve the same level of efficacy, which increases the Greg and Louise Schafer Bill and Marie Traylor Ed and Josh Amador 6986 County Rd 6 844 Walnut Ln 5136 Laird Rd toxicity risk and the impact on animals and Orland, CA 95693 Winters, CA 95694 Modesto, CA 95358 (h) 530-865-3706 (h) 530-795-2161 Ed Cell 209-538-4597 the environment. (c) 209-988-6599 (c) 530-304-2811 Josh Cell 209-499-9182
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Pest Control, Biosecurity
June 2014 California Cattleman 15
PROGRESSIVE PRODUCER Does Crossbreeding Still Work? Genetic specialist says all signs point to yes by Alison Van Eenennaam, Ph.D., cooperative extension specialist, University of California, Davis Hybrid vigor – also known as heterosis – occurs when the performance of the crossbred progeny for a specific trait is greater than the average of their parents. Heterosis results from the increase in heterozygosity of a crossbred animal’s makeup. It is believed that heterosis is the result of gene dominance and the recovery from accumulated inbreeding depression of pure breeds. Much of this occurs by “reclaiming” losses due to inbreeding that occurred when the breeds were originally formed. The amount of hybrid vigor varies for different traits and environments, although generally hybrid vigor and heritability are inversely related. Heterosis effects are significant and important for fitness and survival traits such as longevity, lifetime production, and reproduction rate. These traits have low heritability (less than 10 percent). The effects of heterosis on growth traits are more intermediate and relatively small on carcass and meat traits. Improvements in cow-calf production due to heterosis result from both the improved maternal performance of the crossbred cow and individual performance of the crossbred calf. The lifetime production of reciprocal-cross and straightbred cows of the Hereford, Angus, and Shorthorn breeds showed the lifetime production of weight of calves weaned was increased by about 36 percent by the effects of heterosis. This was broken down into direct effects on crossbred calf survival (+4.9 percent) and growth (+3.8 percent), and maternal effects on weaning rate (+6.2 percent), increased weaning weight of progeny due to the crossbred dam (+5.8 percent) and longevity (+16.2 percent) of crossbred cows. Generally, the more different the breeds are, the greater the hybrid vigor obtained. Differing levels of heterosis are generated when different breeds are crossed. Similar levels of heterosis are observed when members of the Bos taurus species, including the British and Continental European breeds, are crossed among themselves. Greater levels of heterosis are obtained when Bos indicus breeds (e.g. Brahman) are crossed with Bos taurus breeds. Complementarity results from crossing breeds of different but complementary biological types. It is exploited to the fullest by “terminal” crossing systems where specialized terminal sire breed bulls (with efficiency of growth and superior carcass characteristics) are joined to crossbred maternal breed females (with high reproductive rate, low feed requirements for maintenance and optimum milk production) to optimize desired characteristics in the 16 California Cattleman June 2014
resulting progeny. Antagonism between terminal and some maternal and calving traits means positive selection on the terminal traits can result in negative selection on the maternal traits. Both male and female progeny of terminal sires are should be sold for slaughter rather than kept as replacement heifers. A well-planned crossbreeding system is required to retain acceptable levels of heterosis and manage breed complementarity over the long term. Properly designed systems based on crossbreeding will generally out-produce those based on straightbreeding in productivity, but the challenge is to manage the program and to produce progeny that meet market specifications and acceptance. Poorly designed crossbreeding programs where a new breed is introduced periodically in a somewhat investigational fashion will result in an inconsistent product and a cow herd consisting of a plethora of breeds and biological types. There is some discussion in the beef cattle industry regarding the relative merits of crossbreeding versus straightbreeding. There are pros and cons associated with any breeding system, and no one approach will fit all environments and markets. If there really is no cross with another breed that will produce superior offspring for a given production and marketing scenario, then it may be that straight breeding is the appropriate choice. The important point is that the full costs (including the opportunity costs of forgoing breed complementarity and the documented 36 percent increase in lifetime weight of crossbred calves weaned by crossbred cows) and benefits of the chosen breeding system should be evaluated before making a commitment to any given breed(s) or breeding
system. Arguments have been made that because breed differences have diminished over time, the benefits of complementarity have become less pronounced. While breeds may have become more similar over time as evidenced by the convergence of breed averages for certain growth traits, the value associated with increased heterozygosity resulting from crossbreeding remains. It has also been posited that if one breed is clearly superior for a given trait, then even in the presence of hybrid vigor it is possible that neither cross will be superior to the better parent breed for that particular character. A clear example of this is when a high milking breed (e.g. Holstein) is mated to a lower milking breed (e.g. Jersey). Even though hybrid vigor for milk production will be about 5 percent, there is no possibility that the crosses will be superior to the purebred Holstein for this trait. Fortunately, the traits that benefit the most from hybrid vigor (e.g. reproduction, longevity) tend to be similar between most breeds in any given environment, and so the crosses are normally superior to either parent breed for these low heritability traits. The expression of heterosis in several reproductive traits suggests that improvements in reproductive efficiency can be realized through crossbreeding. Earlier puberty1, increased pregnancy rate, and decreased calving interval have all been associated with improvements from crossbreeding. It has been suggested that because many of the crossbreeding studies were conducted when there was more pronounced differences between the breeds, the old estimates of the heterosis adjustments are no longer valid because the studies were carried out over 20 years ago. Older data suggests an increase in calving rate of almost 4 percent, an increase in longevity of more than one year, and a lifetime increase of 600 pounds cumulative weaning weight in Bos taurus crossbred dams. It is difficult to obtain new estimates in the absence of large controlled research projects to continuously estimate heterosis effects. A recent industry study through California State University, Chico, conducted by conducted by Dave Daley, Ph.D., and Sean P. Earley, Ph.D., with collaborators Lacey Livestock, Harris Feeding Co., Harris Ranch Beef Co., and the American Hereford Association
confirmed improved (7 percent) heifer pregnancy rates in crossbred heifers, in addition to an approximately $30 per head increase in net returns to crossbred calves in a vertically coordinated beef marketing system (http://www.hereford. org/static/files/HarrisHeterosisReport.pdf). Heterosis is routinely exploited in other animal protein (e.g. poultry, swine) and agricultural (e.g. hybrid corn) industries, and there is little doubt that when employed in commercial beef production its use will continue to provide a heterotic boost, especially to important maternal traits (e.g. reproduction and longevity) in crossbred cows.
June 2014 California Cattleman 17
A Silver Celebration 25 years of WVM success by CCA Director of Communications Stevie Ipsen
It’s officially been 25 years since well-known California cattle marketeers, Col. John Rodgers and Ellington Peek came together with a common vision – a vision that they both foresaw as evolving the way cattle were sold for California beef producers and others throughout the West. That’s not to say the idea to start a video sale company was a spur-of-the-moment decision. In fact, both Rodgers and Peek had held video sales before, both on their own and together, and the idea of a company dedicated to satellite marketing seemed far-fetched – both to some cattle producers and to Rodgers and Peek. The formation of the video sale company was a long time in the making. In 1989, the pair, with some persuasion from family and friends decided to take the plunge into the satellite marketing business.
“I had thought a lot about starting a video marketing company, but I knew I was going to need a much bigger volume of cattle than I could gather on my own,” Rodgers said. “Ellington was (and still is) one of the most well respected men in the livestock industry as a whole. He had a giant trade area and was the best at getting cattle consigned to the video.” Rodgers said he would be remiss if he didn’t mention that Ellington’s late son, Andy Peek, was actually more on board with the idea of a video marketing company initially. Peek agreed with Rodgers saying that Andy was young, ambitious, had a lot of good ideas and was on board with the video marketing idea from the onset. “Ellington soon came along and has been far and away Western Video Market’s biggest asset. There wouldn’t be a Western Video Market without Ellington Peek. I’ve never met anyone in the marketing business
18 California Cattleman June 2014
who is more dedicated to making sure our customers’ cattle sell to their best advantage,” Rodgers said. “I’ve learned a great deal about selling cattle, the livestock business in general, and life from Ellington. I think the fact that Ellington truly likes his fellow man is his greatest asset.” As for Ellington Peek, who is known for being a man of his word, he said his main reason for choosing to start a company with Rodgers was that he knew him to also be a man who could solidify a deal with a handshake and stand by his word. “Of course, it didn’t hurt that John knew a lot of producers in the southern part of the state, while I had connections with northern producers,” Peek said. The idea of starting a company together came full circle as Rodgers and Peek held their first video satellite sale in Visalia in April 1990. Three months later 25,000 head were sold at the first ever Reno Western Video Market at John Ascuaga’s Nugget. The pair decided that since the Reno sale had been well received, they would try another stab at it in December. The following summer, the video sale expanded to a two-day sale where between 80,000 and 90,000 head of cattle were traded; and history was made. From that point forward, WVM held multiple sales throughout the year, topping numbers upwards of 200,000 cattle per sale. According to Peek’s memoir, “When to Buy…When to Sell,” in the 20 years of WVM, from 1990 to 2010, the video auction company has marketed 9,000,000 head. An indisputable fact is that the company changed how beef producers and buyers in the West do business. According to Mike Byrne, of Robert A. Byrne Co., Tulelake, who has been consigning cattle to the video since the company started, prior to the formation of Western Video Market, buyers would visit larger ranches and offer a price for the calves. That was how Byrne’s relationship with Peek began. “Every year, Ellington would come to the ranch, look through our calves and make an offer on them. If we thought it was a fair price – and it usually was – we’d take it, “Byrne said. “That’s how we marketed our cattle.” When the idea of selling on a broader stage was presented, it was somewhat daunting at first, Byrne explained. A lot of trust had to be put into a system that they’d never tried before. “We had a lot of questions on the system and how it might work for us. We had to trust we’d still get a good price, we had to trust that someone would show up to pick up our calves when they said they would,” Byrne said. “But our logic was that Ellington had always taken care of us so we put our faith in
him. My dad said, ‘You’ve been good to me, I’m going to try it.’ It’s been good to us ever since.” Rodgers said early on, getting large ranches to commit to selling on the video was an uphill battle, but as time went on, ranchers both big and small, began to see the advantages of selling their cattle to a nationwide buyer base. According to Peek, there will always be some skeptics when any new idea arises, but once he explained the process and explained the benefits of having a bigger selection of buyers, the choice for producers seemed simple.
A Changing Game
As the questions got answered and more consignors got on board with the WVM business model, the consignment process got more and more smooth. It’s also made producers more savvy. “Today, most of our sellers are well informed as to what they need to do to ensure their cattle sell to their best advantage,” Rodgers said, “Consignors today have a better understanding of the importance of complete vaccination programs and value added programs, such as natural, NHTC and age and sourced. These are just a few ways that sellers can add value to their consignments.” Byrne said genetics is another way that WVM has influenced ranchers. Cattlemen and women are paying more attention to the profitability of certain niche markets and how they can make their product fit what the consumer wants. “If you want the premiums you have to invest in value-added programs,” Byrne said. “There is a wide range of categories you can fit cattle into and luckily for us, there is a market for all of them. You just have to analyze which programs will work on your operation and which won’t.” Rodgers echoed Byrne’s sentiment saying sellers who have a good understanding of genetics and use better quality bulls are more rewarded today than ever before. “We have niche programs today such as grass-fed, organic,and Global Animal Practices (GAP). At this time, cattle that are GAP certified are fetching a pretty good premium,” Rodgers said. WVM hasn’t just changed the philosophies and practices of ranchers. As it has grown, it has attracted more buyers and turned into a series of large productions throughout the year. Today, the events are bigger, longer and cover more cattle ground. “We see a lot more cattle and a lot bigger audience at our videos that are held in special locations,” Rodgers said. “Our flag ship video would be the July sale in Reno, but we also really enjoy traveling to Cheyenne, Wyo., and Ogallala, Neb. We make a lot of good contacts with consignors and buyers through these events. “ As a thriving business that continues to grow, Rodgers and Peek are still all-hands-on-deck and play integral roles in the operation. Peek’s children, Brad Peek, Callie Wood and Laurie Norene, each have respective duties at both WVM and Shasta Livestock as well.
Reflecting on 25Years In the big scheme of things 25 years isn’t all that long, but as in the case of WVM, a lot can happen in 25 years. From the number of cattle and the number of consignors to the number of buyers and onlookers, there is no doubt that the future of the cattle business is bright, thanks to innovative minds like Peek and Rodgers. For John Rodgers, his pride in WVM comes in the form of the success of the consignors. “When you have a consignor with maybe only one load or two loads, and you know they have really good cattle, and they sell accordingly, that really makes me proud,” he said. “There’s not a better feeling in the world than for a consignor to come up after the sale and thank you for doing a good job in selling his cattle.” Peek and Rodgers are definitely cast from the same mold, as Peek similarly says his greatest accomplishment in the beef business is helping people get more money and representing their cattle in the best ways possible. “We started this business because we thought it would give cattlemen more opportunity. I am proud that it has done exactly that,” Peek said. “You treat people fairly, represent their cattle honestly and give buyers a product to come back for, it is a win-win.”
Col. Rick Machado sells at a WVM sale
Ellington Peek calls in a bid during a WVM sale.
Brad Peek taking phone bids during a WVM sale.
Rodgers and Peek were honored by the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association with the industry’s Vision Awad in 2009
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2014 California Cattleman
American Ag Credit
For more information and the addresses for our 16 branches, visit www.agloan.com, click on the service area link. Also, see our ad on page 25. Alturas............................ (530) 233-4304 Eureka............................. (707) 445-8871 Indio................................ (760) 342-4726 Merced............................ (209) 384-1050 Oakdale........................... (209) 847-0353 Ontario........................... (909) 947-2371 Petaluma......................... (707) 793-9023 Saint Helena................... (707) 963-9437 Salinas............................ (831) 424-1756 Santa Rosa..................... (707) 545-7100 Stockton......................... (209) 944-7478 Temecula....................... (951) 296-0175 Tulelake.......................... (530) 667-4236 Turlock........................... (209) 667-5101 Ukiah............................. (707) 462-6531 Yreka.............................. (530) 842-1304
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Providing loans to livestock producers for more than 80 years. 1(800) 778-8734 • (916) 570-1388 email@example.com • www.tri-statelivestock.com FIELD REPRESENTATIVES Rob Von Der Lieth...........(916) 769-1153 Hugh Cahill.......................(541) 219-1021 Dan Wheeler ....................(480) 855-0161
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22 California Cattleman June 2014
2014 California Cattleman
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Find virtual tour and additional information on all of our properties at www.craterlakerealtyinc.com Linda Long, Principal Broker/Owner, (541) 891-5562 Junction of Hwy 62 and 97 • P.O. Box 489, Chiloquin, OR 97624 email@example.com • www.californiaoutdoorproperties.com .See our ad on page 31.
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Specializing in Oregon and California Ranch Brokerage David Van Cleve, Broker • (530) 906-3978 • www.VanCleveRanches.com • email@example.com See ad on page 32 or visit us online to view listings. June 2014 California Cattleman 23
2014 California Cattleman
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24 California Cattleman June 2014
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Seedstock breeders & Associations BYRD Cattle Co
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P.O. Box 713, Red Bluff, CA 96080 Dan Byrd (530) 736-8470 Ty Byrd (530) 200-4054 www.byrdcattleco.com email@example.com See ads on pages 46 and 56.
AMADOR ANGUS, Modesto • (209) 538-4597 SCHAFER RANCH, Orland • (530) 865-3706 J/V ANGUS, Winters • (530) 795-2121 See ad on page 15.
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Livestock Marketing Cattlemen’s Livestock Market
12495 Stockton Blvd., Galt, CA 95632 • (209) 745-1515 • info@ clmgalt.com • www.clmgalt.com. Sales every Wednesday. See our ad on page 3. REPRESENTATIVES Jake Parnell............................ ���������������������������������������������� (916) 662-1298 George Gookin........................ ���������������������������������������������� (209) 482-1648 Rex Whittle.............................. ���������������������������������������������� (209) 996-6994 Mark Fischer........................... ���������������������������������������������� (209) 768-6522 Joe Gates................................ ���������������������������������������������� (707) 694-3063 Abel Jimenez.......................... ���������������������������������������������� (209) 401-2515
Turlock Livestock Auction Yard
10430 Lander Ave., Turlock, CA 95381 (209) 634-4326 • (209) 667-0811 www.turlocklivestock.com. Sales every Tuesday. See our ad on page 7 PCONTACTS Karen Cozzi ��������������������������������������������������������������������������(209) 634-4326 Max Olvera ���������������������������������������������������������������������������(209) 277-2063 Steve Faria ��������������������������������������������������������������������������(209) 988-7180 Chuch Cozzitorto �����������������������������������������������������������������(209) 652-4479 Buddy Cozzitorto ������������������������������������������������������������������(209) 652-4480
WEstern Video Market
P.O. Box 558, Cottonwood, CA 96022 • (530) 527-3793 Ellington Peek ........................ ������������������������������������������������� (530) 527-3600 John Rodgers ......................... ��������������������������������������������������(559) 730-3311 Brad Peek ..................................................... ..........................(530) 347- 3793 Visit www.wvmcattle.com or see ad on page 2.
Escalon Livestock Market 25525 Lone Tree Rd, Escalon, CA 95320 (209) 838-7011 • www.escalonlivestockmarket.com • firstname.lastname@example.org. Sales every Monday. See our ad on page 14.
PRESIDENT Miguel A. Machado................. ���������������������������������������(209) 595-2014 REPRESENTATIVES Joe Vieira................................ ���������������������������������������(209) 531-4156 Thomas Bert........................... ���������������������������������������(209) 605-3866 Tony Luis................................. ���������������������������������������(209) 609-6455 Dudley Meyer.......................... ���������������������������������������(209) 768-8586
Superior Livestock Auction, Inc.
Visit www.superiorlivestock.com for a list of upcoming events and sales as well as to find California reprentatives. See ad on page 21
Western Stockman’s Market
31911 Hwy 46, Mcfarland, CA (661) 399-29981 www.westerndstockmansmarket.com. Sales every Monday. Contact us for more information and see our ad on page 9. CONTACTS Dwight Mebane ��������������������������������������������������������� (661) 979-9892 Bennet Mebane ��������������������������������������������������������� (661) 201-8169 Justin Mebane ����������������������������������������������������������� (661) 979-9894 Frank Machado ��������������������������������������������������������� (805) 839-8166 June 2014 California Cattleman 25
Advice You Can Take
To the Bank
by John Hospenthal, vice president commercial account officer, F & M Bank, Lodi We live in a time of increasing regulation and the rules seem to always be changing. Your banker is probably asking for more and more documents every year to satisfy some of these new rules. Heading to the bank to renew your line of credit or apply for a new loan can be a stressful and frustrating experience, but having the proper information and providing a complete and quality financial package can make this process easier. Understanding why the banker is asking for this information is also important. Just as regulations and rules are changing, cattle operations are changing too. More and more producers are incorporating or forming limited liability companies to manage taxes and other risks in their operations. Living trusts and other estate planning methods are also adding to the complexity of operations, and are a necessary way to prepare to pass
the ranch on to the next generation. Hopefully youâ€™ve already consulted with your CPA and attorney about this. Your Financial Picture The importance of proper financial reporting that goes along with this added complexity is becoming more and more important to us bankers as we analyze your
request. Like your horses, or ATV, are the tools of your trade, these financial statements and tax returns are the tools of our trade. We may even be asking for financial statements of
26 California Cattleman June 2014
increased quality prepared by your CPA, which is a common practice as your operation grows its borrowings and its complexity. The better the quality of these tools, the better the job we can do for you using them them, even to the extent of reduced fees, reduced interest rates, or less loan controls. Needless to say, a client who provides well prepared and organized financial statements is going to be viewed by the bank as being better managed and more poised for success than a client who provides a cocktail napkin with a few numbers on it. A well prepared and complete financial package also makes the road to loan approval much smoother. These financial statements are also important to you in order to monitor profitability, liquidity, and leverage. Knowing what is in your financial statements and your tax return, and making sure the information is accurate, can mean the
Putting it all Together I don’t think I’ve ever had a client who has enjoyed preparing their financial statements and collecting documents for the bank. Your focus is on your cattle and not on paperwork; we understand that. Fortunately, there is some great software available to help you with this, and it is a great tool. If this isn’t available to you, or you’re one of my many clients who still won’t touch a computer, a pencil and paper work fine too. I always encourage my clients to ask for help with this increasingly difficult task. I have done my best to earn the trust of my clients and ensure that they know that their information stays confidential. I want them to feel comfortable enough to open up their books and share their financial life with me. Hopefully you feel comfortable enough to do the same with your banker. Your CPA is also a great resource to help you gather and prepare this information. The more accurate and detailed information you can provide, the better we can help you. The Rest of Your Operation I can’t show enough gratitude to those clients of mine who have invited me out to their ranches and into their homes. I have learned more about their operations and the ways I can help them through these visits than I could ever learn from a set of financial statements (no matter how well prepared they are). This is, by far, the best part of my job and I always wish I had more time to visit and learn from my clients. If you don’t already do so, I really encourage you to invite your banker out to the ranch; there’s usually a free lunch in it for you. Even better, extend your invitation to his boss and his bosses’ boss. Fewer and fewer bankers have a background in the cattle business or farming. Being able to educate your banker and bank about your operation strengthens your relationship with them and builds trust on both sides. When you have your banker at the
ranch, educate them. It’s especially important at that initial meeting to take the time to explain and show your operation. Every operation is unique and so is yours. Be Prepared Being prepared and having your financial package in order when you head to the bank provides us with the information we need to get your deal done and your relationship with you banker and bank is essential to the
success and growth of your operation. This relationship is built not just on the numbers in your financial statements, but also on mutual trust, a thorough understanding of your operation by the bank, and your thorough understanding of your banks expectations. A good bank and a good banker don’t just want your deal, they want your relationship. The stronger this relationship, the better it will ultimately be for you as a customer of the bank in the form of expedited service, less stress and less frustration.
Your Community Bank Investing In California Agriculture “We understand your business and your needs, after all we’ve been committed to California Agriculture since 1916. Our team of over 30 Ag Banking Specialists can show you how F&M makes Ag Banking Easy.”
John Hospenthal Vice President Agricultural & Commercial Lender
© 2014 Farmers & Merchants Bank of Central California. All rights reserved. MSR 2814 5-14
difference in getting a loan or not. If you’d like to understand more about you financial statements ask you banker or your CPA. We read these things almost every day.
1-800-888-1498 • www.fmbonline.com June 2014 California Cattleman 27
Van Vleck Ranch Hosts Chefs’ Tour On May 12, some of the Sacramento areas most House, a good time was had by all. prestigious chefs had a unique opportunity to learn more CCA was pleased to help the Van Vleck family hold about the food they prepare and the hardworking people who this special event and encourages ranchers to share their help make it possible. message of raising food and caring for Mother Nature with As fully operational cattle ranch, with a long and consumers in their own areas. For more information on impressive history, the Van Vleck Ranch comprises the “America’s Farm-to-Fork Capital” campaign, visit www. approximately 1.5 percent of Sacramento County, making it farmtoforkcapital.com. a perfect place to host some of Sacramento’s most influential chefs. Together with the Sacramento Convention & Visitors Bureau, California Beef Council and California Cattlemen’s Association, Stan and Nicole Van Vleck and their family welcomed the chefs to an up-close-and-personal view of their family’s operation as part of the “America’s Farm-to-Fork Capital” Campaign. The tour began with a bus ride from downtown Sacramento to the ranch in Rancho Murieta. On the bus, chefs and restauranteurs had the opportunity to hear from CCA, CBC and Stan Van Vleck. They were educated on what these respective groups do and how as chefs, they play a role in influencing consumers’ choices. After arriving at the ranch, the tour bus took the attendees to some of the most picturesque views on the Stan Van Vleck shares land management practices with tour attendees. ranch. Van Vleck told about the genetics of their beef herd and the importance of keeping up with the quickly-evolving advancements of the beef industry. “The industry and the needs and wants of the consumer are constantly changing,” Van Vleck said. “We have worked very hard to implement the genetics and managment practices that can meet those needs.” Van Vleck he also shared the intense management steps that are taken in order to help Mother Nature perform at her best. “We are extremely proud of what our family has created for us and we take seriously our job of maintaining the land and environment for the future,” Van Vleck said. Ranch manager Jerry Spencer also briefly spoke about the herd and his roles in management and gave participants a demonstration on animal handing using a horse and dog to herd cattle. Pictured left to right are: Chef Mark Berkner, Tracy Berkner, Nicole Van Vleck and Stan Van Vleck Following the tour of the Van Vleck operation, tour participants were taken to the Van Vleck family’s foothill cabin for lunch where they were shown a carcass fabrication demonstration. Bridget Wasser from the Beef Innovations Group and the Beef Checkoff Program broke down several cuts of meat and demonstrated new ways to feature beef on the menu. As one of the highlights of the event, lunch was prepared by Chef Mark Berkner, of the renowned foothills restaurant, Taste. Berkner has been recognized for Outstanding Regional Cuisine by Van Vleck Ranch Manager Jerry Bridget Wasser from the Beef James Beard Foundation. With Spencer spoke to tour attendees about Innovations Group breaks down a local wine and beer provided animal welfare and the importance of beef loin for the chefs. by Terre Rouge and Auburn Ale quality animal handling practicies. 28 California Cattleman June 2014
Disaster Relief Now Available
Efforts are now underway by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Services Agency (FSA) to enroll eligible ranchers for disaster relief under the Livestock Forage Program (LFP) and Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP). Producers can visit their local FSA county offices now to further discuss eligibility requirements. Generally speaking, producers with an average annual adjusted gross income of less than $900,000 for the last three tax years, including non-farm income, are eligible to receive combined payments from LFP, LIP and the Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honey Bees and Farm Raised Fish Program, up to $125,000 per crop year. Payments made under LFP are calculated based on drought severity determined by the U.S. Drought Monitor administered by the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Producers can determine their county’s eligibility by visiting their local FSA office or visiting http:// droughtmonitor.unl.edu/fsa/Home. aspx. The loss of forage on federal lands to drought and fire are also eligible events under LFP, although it falls under a different payment formula. Producers are eligible for payments under LIP for the death of livestock associated with adverse weather, fire, natural disasters and attacks by wildlife reintroduced by the federal government. LIP will refund producers up to 75 percent of the market value of the animal at the time of loss. Congress authorized payments from both programs to be retroactive back to Oct. 11, 2011. Producers will be required to provide records demonstrating livestock death and forage loss in order to receive payments under either program. Producers have three to nine months to apply, depending on the program and the loss that has occurred. All California counties are eligible as primary or contiguous counties for previously-announced 2014 drought disaster assistance from the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All qualified farm operators are eligible to apply for low-interest FSA emergency loans.
In addition, this spring, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack designated 57 counties in California as primary natural disaster areas due to the drought. Farmers in eligible counties have eight months from the date of the Secretarial disaster designation to apply for emergency loans. For most farmers in California, the eligibility period to apply for an emergency loan extends to Sept, 15, 2014. The interest rate on emergency loans currently stands at 3 percent, providing a competitive, much-needed resource for producers hoping to recover from production and physical
losses associated with natural disasters. USDA’s low-interest emergency loans have helped producers recover from losses due to drought, flooding and other natural disasters for decades and a strong farm safety net is important to sustain the success of agriculture. Additional resources for drought relief can be found by going to the USDA website at www.usda. gov/drought and the California Department of Agriculture website at www.cdfa.ca.gov/drought. Please contact your local FSA office with questions.
Take aim at higher Profits
Bulls EyE Bull salE
Wed., september 17, 2014
Farmers Livestock Market • Oakdale, CA
Selling a tremendous set of long yearling Angus and SimAngus bulls Bull sell by these proven AI sires and more...
•AAR Ten X 2008 SA Connealy Final Product EXAR Upshot 0562B SAV Bismarck 5682 SAV Final Answer 0035 GAR New Design 5050 Conneally In Focus 4925 BSAR Opportunity 9114
GW Premium Beef 021TS MCM Top Grade 018X TJ Sharper Image 809U Tool Time ContaCt any of the breeders below to be added to the list to reCeive a Catalog.
gonsalves Joey and Kristy (209) 765-1142 Mike and Stacy (209) 531-4893 Joe and Debbie (209) 523-5826
Roger and Andy Flood • (530) 534-7211 636 Flag Creek Rd., Oroville, CA 95965
Diamond Oak Cattle Company Steve Obad: (209) 383-4373 • cell: (209) 777-1551 1232 W. tahOe Street, Merced, ca 95348
Ranch 7243 Maze Blvd Modesto, CA 95358
DOUBLE M RANCH
Greg Mauchley & Sons: Cell (435) 830-7233 11375 N. 10800 W. Bothwell, UT 84337
GUEST CONSIGNOR: TIM & IRME AzEVEDO, AzEVEDO LIVESTOCk • NEWMAN, CA • (209) 873-4664, (209) 652-6577
June 2014 California Cattleman 29
Buying & Selling
Real estate experts answer common questions For land owners, the decision to sell property can be exhausting. The time and effort that is invested in improving property is significant, similarly, the time spent with loved ones on a family ranch is invaluable. The steps necessary to sell a ranch or home should not be taken lightly. And, for individuals looking to buy property, there are also many questions they should ask of themselves and those who are assisting them in their needs. Below are some questions we posed to agriculture realtors that may help you if you are considering buying or selling real estate.
Q. What are a few things to consider when
Q. When considering listing a property,
A. Having been in this business a long time,
A. Because real estate is a competitive market,
Q. What are a few things you should consider
Q. How do you know when it’s the right time
A. My advice to sellers when they are
A. Dealing with farms and ranches in California
choosing an agent to help you find property to buy and/or choosing an agent to list property for you? I have found there are several questions buyers and sellers should seek answers to before deciding on a realor, especially if they are looking to buy or sell land for agriculture use. The questions I recommend they ask are: Is the person college educated in agriculture? What is the length of time in that particular real estate business? What actual ‘sales experience’ do they have? Can they write and express themselves well? In addition, references should be an important consideration. –David Van Cleve Van Cleve Associate
doing to you property before listing?
considering selling a property is to scope out other comparable properties to see just what your property might be worth and how fast it might sell. Price it according to how fast you want it to sell. If you price it a little higher, it might take longer to find the right buyer. Before having an official appraisal done, I think you should do anything you can to add a little eye appeal; grade some roads, fix some fence - anything that will give an interested buyer a little incentive to buy your property over a similar one. If you have the capital to make significant upgrades that will give you a return on your investment, I think those improvements should certainly be considered as well. -Pete Clark Clark Company
30 California Cattleman June 2014
how do you set your property apart from the competition? it is important to do anything you can do stand out from the crowd. I have found that marketing makes all the difference for sellers and attracts buyers. What sets California Outdoor Properties apart from other brokerages is our marketing. We are very excited about our latest marketing tool, aerial photography. The videos provide a birdseye view of the ranches and homes, which allows the buyer to picture themselves right there on the property. From taking quality photos to making video available online, sellers should to all they can to capture a buyer’s attention. –Todd Renfrew California Outdoor Properties
to sell your property?
is different because agricultural commodities are so diverse when compared to other states and many crops that are only grown in California. That being said, a landowner needs to pay attention to the market of the crop their property is best suited for. When talking about native pasture ranches, the cattle market has been great to California ranchers lately, but you also have to factor in that we are in a devastating drought. You have to pay attention to the highest and best use of your property, the market and the demand for what you’re holding onto. For instance, you might own an irrigated pasture ranch in the valley, but its highest and best use in the current market is most likely trees or vines, assuming good water and good soil.” –Ryan Nelson Five Star Land Company
Crater Lake reaLty, InC. Linda Long, Principal Broker & Owner
Cell: (541) 891-5562 • E-mail: Linda@CraterLakeRealtyInc.com Junction of Hwy 62 and 97 • P.O. Box 489 • Chiloquin, OR 97624 INSHALLAH RANCH
PRIVATE TURNKEY RANCH
TOP NOTCH COW HORSE OPERATION
The Inshallah Ranch is known throughout the state for its exceptional big game hunting. Located in Grant County, Oregon midway between Burns and John Day, it is a first class cattle and hunting ranch. The ranch has 12,000 acres of deeded ground and 12,000 acres FS grazing permits. 552 acres water rights. 5 houses, first class improvements and private location. Ranch is exceptionally well watered with 50+ springs and numerous creeks. Trophy bull elk in the 350-400 class, Mule deer in the 170-200 class. $9,999,000 Contact M.T. Anderson, 541-377-0030 or MTAnderson@CraterLakeRealtyInc.com
660 acres of pines, pasture and juniper with 167+/- acres irrigated from 4 reservoirs. Flood irrigation plus 4 wheel lines and water cannons. Ideal for cattle, horses, or grass hay. 3000 sq ft, 3 bedroom/2 bath home inside a 6000 sq ft building, three 2 bedroom cabins, RV garage, stable, indoor arena w/stalls, separate stall barn, shop, 6 bay equipment shed, hay barn/airplane hangar, airstrip. Fully furnished plus equipment and more! A lot here for the money. OWC/OAC.MLS 83233 $1,600,000
87 fenced/cross fenced acres near Gerber Reservoir. Two immaculate, elegantly appointed homes, garage, horse barn (w/ 10 roomy stalls, hot-walker, heated tack room, tractor, horse trailer, hay, shavings storage areas), lighted indoor arena, outdoor wash rack, drive-thru insulated shop w/ tool room, storage & bathroom, custom indoor kennels w/ exercise area, whelping room, bathroom, grooming room. Extensive pipe and cable fencing for 3 huge paddocks plus 3 large pastures. 20’ x 40’ lap pool! MLS #84180. $549,000
MT. SHASTA VIEW – IRRIGATION WELL
212-ACRE WOOD RIVER RANCH
Private 167 acres, 2 pivots, 5 wheel lines, new variable speed pump and boles. 108 irrigated acres are excellent soils for alfalfa, grain & pasture, has been in spuds. Balanced for cattle and hay rotations with pole barn, livestock barn, corrals, fenced and cross-fenced, BLM lands close! Gorgeous 3 bedroom, 2 bath 2700+ sq ft manufactured home with high ceilings, tile and carpeted floors, huge kitchen with island, grand master suite. Views every direction, decking on 3 sides, garage/shop, beautiful landscaping and garden. MLS 83573 $790,000
213 acres of Pines, Pasture & Peaceful Views. 1600 gpm well, 50hp pump, pivot, wheel lines & pond irrigates 111+ water righted acres to summer 150 yrlgs. Very nice 3 bed/2 bath MH, covered decks, 2+ car garage w/guest room! 40’x70’ insulated shop w/concrete floor, 12’ & 14’ doors, work benches, & 24’ open bay. Includes corrals, squeeze, horse shelter, outbuildings & is cross fenced. Includes a number of separate lots, one w/well, septic & power for a perfect configuration for a guest ranch! MLS# 82041 $625,000
Ideal retreat for anglers, waterfowl hunting and horseback riding on adjacent state forest lands. The Wood River meanders for nearly a mile through the ranch, providing cover for brown and redband trout and duck ponds crafted for training retrievers. Irrigation for grazing 160± head of summer yearlings from Anna Creek. Two-story home, oversized garage, outbuildings, with breathtaking Cascade Mountain views and Crater Lake Park nearby. Priceless, but available at $1,800,000. MLS 79146
HISTORIC CATTLE & HAY RANCH
14,506 diversified Klamath County acres. 377 acres in potatoes, alfalfa, grain & pasture with 3 irrigation wells, 2 pivots plus wheel lines. Summer grazing for 1350 AUM’s throughout the balance of timbered acreage, with good stock water. Excellent elk and deer habitat, eligible for Land Owner Preference tags. 2 homes, equipment shed, shop, 2 hay barns, steel corrals, plus a historic stage stop barn, and a hunting cabin newly remodeled. A private paradise just minutes from Klamath Falls. $7,850,000 MLS #84049
112 acres, 93 acres irrigated, large capacity bull and heifer facility. Several calving fields, Hay/livestock barn w/ heated vet room, portable scales and outstanding pipe corrals. Incredible mountain views. New 3000 sq. ft. home, 3 bdrm, 2.5 bath, teak floorS, knotty hickory cabinets, granite countertops, marble showers, stainless appliances, juniper mantle and fantastic decks. MLS 82972 $1,250,000 Please contact M.T. Anderson, 541-377-0030, MTAnderson@CraterLakeRealtyInc.com for a private tour.
This ranch has been in the same family since 1880. 1,125 diversified acres w/alfalfa, pasture & tree covered hill ground. Private valley w/ abundant wildlife bordering BLM. Two homes-one classic 4 bd/2 ba built in 1880 with a new roof and certified wood stove for one, and new heat pump for the other. Two livestock-hay barns w/hand hewn beams, plus pole hay barn, equipment storage-shop building & other outbuildings. 2000 GPM irrigation well w/9 wheel lines irrigate approx. 300 acres, 200 dryland crop ground, shale pit and great winter feed grounds. Buck Creek frontage, timber, stock well. $1,940,000 owner terms possible OAC. MLS 80349
FIVE H RANCH
986+ acres with private irrigation well water for 160 acres alfalfa, grain and potato ground producing 900+- ton hay! Balance fenced rangeland and trees for grazing, winter feed ground, deer, antelope and a cinder pit. Includes adjacent BLM grazing permit. Two lovely homes include a unique Log Home with covered porch, 2 story, 3 bdrm 2 bth open living area & 3 bay garage. Additional newer 2013 sf mft home, vaulted ceilings, fireplace, decks, manicured lawn and elevated setting with views across ranch & valley below. Just 13 miles from Klamath Falls, a real find for $1,350,000. MLS 83587
Cattle operation! 1550 acres with gravity flow irrigation supplying summer pasture for 450 pair or up to 1,000 yearlings. Protected feedgrounds along ridgeline for year around operation as well. Chalet style home with huge windows view productive valley below, livestock barn, equipment shed, scales & extensive welded pipe corrals and holding pens. Many rotational pastures with improved water troughs, ponds, spring, 3 wells & some river water rights. Old homestead with useable barn & shed at far end of valley. $2.6 million. MLS 83284
1252 DEEDED ACRES PLUS USFS permit for 1.057 AUM (235 pair) 6/1 THRU 10/15, for total 500 pairs summer cattle grazing. 802 sq ft cabin with 2 bedrooms and a loft, propane utilities with shower, outhouse and generator. Other features include 2 sets of corrals, 20,000# scale and 16’ x 20’ shed/tack room. Excellent quality grazing for 500 pair throughout summer and fall with deeded acres plus 30,000+/- acre USFS permit. 3 creeks feed into huge meadow with irrigation permit for 750 acres. Private and secluded, yet easily accessible. MLS 81292 $2,225,000
Virtual tour and additional information at www.craterlakerealtyinc.com June 2014 California Cattleman 31
16,000-acre outdoor oasis
cattle • hunting • fishing • picturesque
— 16,000 cow/hunting ranch west side of Tehama County — — Miles of year-round Cottonwood and Cold Fork Creeks — — Many reservoirs for livestock, game and fish — Priced at $16,000,000
Visit our website to learn more about this multidimensional ranch!
Van Cleve Associates
David Van Cleve, Broker • Oregon - California Ranch Brokerage 530-906-3978 • www.VanCleveRanches.com
1031 Pine Street Paso Robles, CA 93446
Phone: (805) 238-7110 Fax: (805) 238-1324 BRE# 00656930
Looking to buy or sell ag real estate in California? Look no further than Five Star Land Company. The principles have over 150 years in California agriculture. As a past CCA President and a past Young Cattlemen’s President, no one knows what you do like we do.
Put cattlemen to work for you!
•313+/- acres winter grazing ranch, Sacramento County• •1,072+/- acres winter grazing ranch, Merced County• •800+ acres of irrigated pasture, San Joaquin Valley• •172+/- acre equestrian estate with custom home, pipe arena, Clements• •19+/- acre horse property, 14 stalls, 3 arenas, nice ranch house•
Learn more at: www.5starLandComPany.Com Mark NelsoN, Broker (916) 849-5558
ryaN NelsoN, ageNt (916) 804-6861
32 California Cattleman June 2014
email@example.com Specializing in Ranch Real Estate Farm Properties Agricultural Properties Commercial Properties & Ranch Management
See all our ranch listings at: www.clarkcompany.com
California Outdoor Properties For Sale COTTONWOOD CREEK RANCH
780-acre ranch located in Tehama County features 610 acres irrigated, exquisite 11,106 sf French Manor, helicopter hangar, guest house, caretaker house, equestrian center, main barn, broodmare cameras in stalls, stallion barn, covered arena, covered horse exerciser, 2 hay barns, & more. Currently running several hundred head of cattle year round. $12,300,00
THE NEW PBM FARMS Large 2870-acre organic alfalfa and barley production farm located in Siskiyou County with beautiful views of Mt. Shasta, 9 wells over 19,300 gpm. Farm has 5 homes, 2 barns, shops, outbuildings, scales & grain silos. $7,750,000
BRISCOE CREEK RANCH
8184-deeded-acre property is located in Glenn County, 5 miles from Stonyford. The ranch has 7 year-round ponds. In the northern end of the property is a half mile of Briscoe Creek for fishing. The headquarters has a barn, shop, guest cottage and caretaker home. Runs 200 pair seasononaly or 100 pair yearround. $6,250,000
WHITE OAK RANCH This 12,385-acre ranch, located in Colusa County is about 12 miles west of Maxwell. Two homes, excellent hunting, X-fenced, winter grazing runs 600 pair for season, creeks, springs and reservoirs provides plenty of water for the grazing livestock and game. $9,500,000
PLUS MANY MORE LISTINGS!
120,000 acres, excellent INGrun 1500 pair year round, Lassen County NDwater,
1544 acres, year round pond, seasonal streams, excellent hunting, Santa Clara County
2489 acres, 400 cow, 700 acres irrigated, 200 acres forest, balance in upland grazing, Lassen County
2027 acres, 895 acres irrigated, 4 ag wells, creek and pond, 350 mother cows year round, Modoc County
1700 acres, 2 miles of Klamath River frontage, 240 acres irrigated, 150 pair, 2 homes, Siskiyou County
1989 acres, 200 pair/season, 8 ponds, 6 wells, Colusa County
3342 acres, West Valley Reservoir lays primarily within ranch, 225 pair/season, Modoc County
5400 acres, working commercial ranch, 258 mother cows, grows alfalfa, grass hay, Modoc County
274.4 acres, fertile farmland, 3100 sf custom home, barn, shop, arena, Lassen County
453 acres, runs 60 head, irrigation, 3 ponds, 2400 sf home, 1300 sf foreman’s home, Siskiyou County
1357 acres, 7 legal parcels, 2 wells, 2 seasonal creeks, seasonal and year round ponds, Shasta County
125 acres, covered riding arena, 6 homes, 12 barns, 115 acres class 2 and 4 soils, Solano County
279 acres, ocean views, varied terrain, fenced & X-fenced, Mendocino County
320 acres, river frontage, 3 ponds, 2469 sf ranch house, barn, shop, El Dorado County
129.22 acres, private valley, 360 degree views of Sacramento Valley, good hunting, Solano County
640 acres, 35 acres irrigated, year round creeks, springs, seasonal ponds, 2890 sf home, Modoc County
347 acres, varying terrain including pastures and timberland, Plumas County
282.61 acres, varying terrain including pastures and timberland, Plumas County
944.76 acres, 150 cow/calf pair for summer, cabin, barn, corrals, fenced, Lassen County
85 acres, 3680 sf ranch home, fully restored barn, very clean property, a gentleman ranch, Lassen County
165 acres, year round creek w/ fishing,swimming, irrigation rights, home, barn, shop, arena, Glenn County
960 acres, metal shop, 2 wells, house pad, septic, surrounded by National Forest, Modoc County
330 acres, 2 wells, over 160 acres irrigated, 100 acres dry land farm or grazing, home, shop, Lassen County
165 acres, 5 year round spring fed ponds stocked w/ bass, runs 50 cow/calf pairs, home, outbuildings, Glenn County
204 acres, Tule Elk Country, home, outbuildings, Dry Creek runs through property, Glenn County
75 acres, 65 irrigated acres, 2112 sf home, shop, pole barn, equipment storage building, Siskiyou County
101 acres, off the grid home w/ solar and backup generator, borders Mendocino National Forest, Glenn County
301 acres, winter grazing or potential residence, solar pumps, 10,000 gallons water storage for stock from 2 wells, Tehama County
480 acres, surrounded by BLM, year round spring set up for stock, fenced & X-fenced, new corral, runs 25 pair for season, Lassen County
77 acres, 24 acres level crop/hay land, Sierra Valley views, fenced, stock well w/cement tanks, Sierra County
965 acres, X5B hunting zone for mule deer, antelope, Lassen County
60 acres, seasonal pond, off the grid with good access, great hunting, Shasta County
WWW.CALIFORNIAOUTDOORPROPERTIES.COM TODD RENFREW • BROKER, OWNER DRE NO. 091838294
INFO@CAOUTDOORPROPERTIES.COM • (707) 455-4444 June 2014 California Cattleman 33
FUTURE FOCUS In Search of scholarship Dollars by Erica Bianchi, publicity chair, California Young Cattlemen’s Committee Despite just ending another school year, there is something important all Young Cattlemen’s Committee (YCC) members should be aware of – scholarship season is here! As you begin your relaxing summer break, there are several things you can do to prepare for success when applying for financial aid. There are many scholarships made available to students, and sometimes, because of a low applicant pool, scholarships are underutilized. If you aren’t a high school senior anymore, you can still receive scholarship money. Many scholarships are ear-marked specifically for those who are attending a four-year university or junior college and even for graduate students. First of all, getting involved with your school and community is important. This is the first step, because those are the organizations that will most likely offer scholarships. Every organization that you come in contact with will most likely have some sort of scholarship program. Next, find the applications. 1. Social media is a great way to learn about scholarship opportunities. More and more groups are putting their applications directly on their Facebook and Twitter pages to reach students. 2. Industry newsletters will often advertise scholarships. These are usually free or available online. 3. Instructors and professors can help pass along any scholarship applications that come their way. 4. School websites will more than likely have a scholarship page
34 California Cattleman June 2014
where you can find financial aid. 5. Organizations websites also provide information on their scholarships. The California Cattlemen’s Association Young Cattlemen’s Committee Scholarship is now available on the CCA website. Check it out at: http://www.calcattlemen.org/cca_affiliates/ycc.aspx You can check to see if your county agriculture organizations like your local cattlemen’s and cattlewomen’s groups, your local farm bureau, 4-H, FFA and your local fair board. Scholarships are also offered beyond the scope of agriculture organizations. Any sports, student leadership organizations, or church groups may also offer scholarships. Sometimes they might be right in front of you. You just have to do a little searching. After finding local scholarships, remember to look on the state level too. Many national organizations also offer scholarships. Breed associations or industry associations you have been involved with offer many scholarships! After you gather up the scholarships you wish to apply for, become aware of the due dates and follow these steps: 1. Write an activities list. Start with the first things you got involved with such as 4-H or church groups, then continue on to high school and then higher education. Leadership positions held, events that you’ve participated in, organizations you’ve been active in, conference you attended, work experience and community service are some examples of what you might include in your list. The most recent accomplishments in your life are also valuable to include on your resume. Dating each item will build a time frame for your involvement. Include a brief one sentence explanation if the activity or position warrants it. 2. Write a personal statement. You may be required to include a personal statement, depending on the application. Touching on something that changed your life and how it helped you grown into who you are today, your future goals, and any financial need may be included. Many scholarships will ask you why you’re in a particular the field of study or what your future goals are. This is a great way to have something already prepared for many questions. 3. Ask for recommendation letters. Teachers or advisors are good people to ask for letters of recommendation. Remember that everyone is busy, so don’t ask for a letter the day before the application is due! Also, send your activities sheet and resume to the writer so they know some of your past
accomplishments, as well. 4. Obtain a transcript. Clarify whether it needs to be an official or unofficial transcript. Official transcripts usually have a cost associated with them and come from your school’s administration office. If an official transcript is not required, then you may send an unofficial transcript from a student portal or other student website. After putting together your application, make sure you have everything that needs to be included. Try to send the application in a week prior to the deadline, so it is received on time. If you are cutting it close, then make sure to get it post marked, so the committee will know you summited it on time. Remember everything in your application should look tidy and professional! The appearance of the application is the first thing that the selection committee will know about you. If you are selected as a possible candidate for the scholarship, you may be interviewed by a scholarship committee. Prepare for the interview beforehand. Refer to the side bar for more information on interviews. If you receive a scholarship you may be asked to attend some sort of lunch or dinner to receive your award. If so, you should dress professional and act accordingly at the function. Also, don’t forget that the California Cattlemen’s Association Young Cattlemen’s Scholarship is now available online at www. calcattlemen.org. Download the application and return in full to the CCA office by Sept. 12, 2014. If you have questions contact YCC advisor Malorie Bankhead in the CCA office at (916) 444-0845.
Chico State YCA Starts New Tradition
The California State University, Chico (Chico State) Young Cattlemen’s Association (YCA) attracted more than 60 runners for its inaugural 5K run and walk event, “Beefin’ It Up 5K” at the Chico University Farm on Saturday, April 26. Chico State YCA members worked hard to garner support from sponsors and spent long hours to make sure that participants got the most out of their participation by displaying fact about heart-healthy beef along they race route. Runners were also able to see the beautiful 800-acre farm throughout the course and enjoy seeing various livestock and crop units. Participants finished the race by a welcoming crowd of volunteers cheering and clapping them on. The 1st place runner, Courtney Green, finished in approximately 22 minutes followed closely behind by 2nd place participant Cade Lambert and 3rd place participant Joel Wisniewski. As the last few participants crossed the finish line they were greeted with the smell of a Tri-tip barbecue. The YCA treated all of the participants to a complementary Tri-tip salad lunch complete with a veggie bar and dinner rolls. Volunteers and participants spent the rest of the day enjoying the scenery and roaming around the farm educating the public on the beef industry and what Chico State’s farm has to offer. The incredible sponsors, participants and volunteers all contributed to a successful day at the University Farm. Chico State YCA plans to make it an annual event in hopes that it will gain even more publicity and popularity for years to come. Check out pictures of the Beefin’ It Up 5k on Facebook by searching for the page “Beefin’ It Up 5k, Chico.”
Tips for Acing a Scholarship Interview Dress to impress. Shake hands before and after. Prepare your knowledge of the organization. Review your application. Thank the interview panel.
The Chico STATE YCA would like to thank these generous sponsors: California Cattlemen’s Association California Beef Council Fleet Feet Sports Best Signs Old 99 Road Wine & Specialty Shop Oak Meadows Ranch Bar OM Robert Foster Ranch, Tehama County CattleWomen Lassen County CattleWomen Cedar Crest Vineyards Eaton Roughs Ranch Cattle LLC
Daley Ranch 2 Doc’s Land & Cattle Butte County Cattlemen Roberti Ranch, American AgCredit, California Women for Agriculture N. Sacramento Valley Chapter Humboldt Grassfed Beef Camo Queen Wiest Rentals & Sales Butte County CattleWomen Duke Sherwood Contracting
June 2014 California Cattleman 35 June 2014 California Cattleman 35
SIMMENTAL – Genetic Trends 1993 2013
By Jackie Atkins, Ph.D., director of science and education, American Simmental Association, Bozeman, Mont. As we look to rebuild our cattle inventory and increase food resources for the mushrooming populationgrowth, it’s an important time to review genetic trends ofthe Simmental breed. In the February 2014 edition of BEEF, a survey asked a group of producers, “What was the breed makeup of the last bull(s) you purchased?” The top five breeds were Angus, Hereford, Red Angus, Simmental, and SimAngus™ (66.8, 17.2, 11.9, 8.8, and 8.1%, respectively). If we consider Simmental and SimAngus together, we rank third in the poll (16.9%). The percentage Simmental and SimAngus increased fromthe 2010 BEEF poll with only 4.6 and 5.5%
respondentts buying Simmental and SimAngus, respectively. According to the NAAB website (12/3/2013), the top five beef breeds for semen sales in 2012 were Angus, Simmental, Red Angus, Polled Hereford, and Gelbvieh (74.1, 8.4, 6.0, 3.9, and 1.3%, respectively). It is comforting to see that SimGenetics are competitive in the market but we certainly have room to grow. Simmental cattle haveimproved in a number of economically important traits over the years leading to the current population offering highquality genetics to an industry needing to bolster numbers and efficiency of cattle. There are many myths about Simmental cattle that hopefully
3636California Cattleman 2014 California CattlemanJune June 2014
can be dispelled by reviewing the following data. The tables below provides the average EPD values for purebred Simmental cattle born in 1993, 2003, and 2013 for the following traits: Calving Ease (CE), Birth Weight (BW), Maternal Calving Ease (MCE), Stayability (STAY), Mature Weight (MW), Maternal Weaning Weight (MWW), Docility (DOC), Weaning Weight (WW), Yearling Weight (YW), Carcass Weight (CW), Yield Grade (YG), Marbling (MRB), Back Fat (BF), Ribeye area (REA), and Shear Force (SF). As you can see, the myth that Simmental cattle are hard calvers is not true with today’s genetics. We have increased our direct calving ease from 1.8 to 9.2 %. We have also
made progress in maternal calving ease and stayability while continuing to improve our growth and performance traits. Simmental cattle are known for producing desirable yield grade scores but we have also made huge progress in the marbling ability of our cattle (from -0.12 in 1993 to 0.12 in 2013). For those of you who are more visual thinkers, here are two graphs to illustrate Simmental genetics are moving in the right direction. In Figure 1, you can see changes in a number of important traits in purebred Simmentals born in 1994 to 2013. Please note, the graph is not in actual EPD units. Rather, each trait has been standardized (divided by the standard deviation and set the 1994 EPD value to zero) so comparisons of relative changes among the nine EPDs can be made. Again, you can see that Simmental cattle have made improvements in each of these traits over the last 20 years especially in marbling and calving ease. The selection pressure in these economically relevant traits is reflected in the increase in the selection indices (API and TI; Figure 2) over the same time period. The average API has grown from roughly $58 to $118/exposure. While TI has not increased as sharply as API, TI has still improved from roughly $53 to $68/exposure in the last 20 years. This translates to an increase of $60.40 and $14.80 per cow exposed for API and TI, respectively. The time is here to sell our story. These data showcase the high-quality genetics Simmental cattle have to offer. The industry is looking to expand and Simmental breeders, through wise selection, have built a product that can improve the efficiency, meat quality, and profitability of beef production. Simmental breeders should be proud of the progress they have made over the last 20 years. Keep up the good work!
Genetic improvement in the average EPD of purebredSimmental cattle born in1994 to 2013. The traits have been standardized in order to compare relative change between traits.
Change in the average All Purpose Index (API; best if keeping replacement heifers) and Terminal Index (TI; best if all calves will be harvested) in purebred Simmental cattle born in 1993 to 2013.
For similar data on Fullblood, Simbrah and hybrid Simmental genetics, check out the “Science and SimGenetics” page on the tREG blog http://asasimmental. wordpress.com/. To keep on top of industry “hot topics”, visit ASA Science Forum. Interact with your own commentsor questions. www.simmental.org/forum June 2014 California Cattleman 37
feed efficiency in beef cattle
By Jackie Atkins, Ph.D., director of science and education, American Simmental Association, Bozeman, Mont. There are stacks of scientific articles with evidence of improved growth and performance in crossbred cattle. Feed efficiency is a relatively new trait of study and more difficult to measure. Therefore, understanding the role of heterosis in feed efficiency traits is not as well understood. A recent article by California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo professor and researcher Keela Retallick and colleagues published November 2013 by the Journal of Animal Science, Volume 91, pages 5161-5166) suggests improved efficiency in Simmental x Angus crossbred steers. This study compared feedlot performance and carcass traits in purebred Angus, purebred Simmental, Angus x Simmental, and Simmental x Angus over a two-year period (a total of 158 steers). The same sires (11 total) were used in the crossbred and purebred steers. The direct effects of breed, maternal breed, and heterosis were examined for the following feedlot performance traits: initial weight, final weight, gain, dry matter intake (DMI; how much food was consumed), gain to feed ratio (G:F; how much the steer gained compared to how much he ate), residual feed intake (RFI; difference between the actual feed intake and the expected intake based on energy requirements where more efficient animals have lower values), residual gain (RG; the rate of growth that is independent of feed intake; higher value is better), residual intake with body weight gain (RIG; combines RFI and RG to find efficient, fast growing animals independent of body weight). Similarly, effects of breed, breed of the dam, and heterosis were reported for hot carcass weight (HCW), longissimus dorsi muscle area (LM), back fat thickness, marbling score and yield grade. The authors reported several traits had direct breed effects which was in agreement with previous studies. Simmental steers had an advantage with larger initial and final weights but had reduced RG (less desirable) than Angus steers. The breed of the dam also influence initial and final weights again with larger steers from Simmental dams suggesting increased milking ability associated with increase growth of these offspring even after weaning. There was an increase in performance and efficiency in crossbred steers on the following traits: initial weight, G:F ratio, RG and RIG. In respect to the carcass traits, the authors report across breed differences in all traits that agree with previous reports. Simmental steers had an advantage in HCW, LM
38 California Cattleman June 2014
and yield grade while the Angus steers had increased back fat thickness and marbling scores. Calves from Simmental dams also had increased HCW. Marbling improved in the crossbred steers while all the other carcass traits were not affected by heterosis. There is currently a large feed efficiency trial going on with the collaboration of several research institutions, industry companies, and breed associations (www.beefefficiency.org). This feed efficiency study is collecting DNA, feed intake, growth and carcass data on 8,000 head of cattle from eight main beef breeds in the U.S. Approximately 2,400 cattle will be genotyped and used to develop molecular breeding values for feed efficiency, growth and carcass traits. As feed intake is such a difficult and expensive trait to measure, researchers will investigate DNA markers that may estimate efficiency more readily than measuring efficiency directly. Information gained on the genetic control of feed efficiency from such a large scale project could have a huge economic value to the U. S. beef industry. One of the researchers, Bob Weaber, Ph.D., of Kansas State University, estimated that a 2-pound improvement in RFI would save the U.S. beef industry nearly 1.2 billion dollars in one year. While the trial by Retallick and her colleagues has relatively few animal numbers, the findings support a role in improved feed efficiency in crossbred (SimAngusTM) beef cattle compared to the purebred steers. Hybrid vigor has long been known to boost performance in growth traits. It is interesting to discover that it may also increase feed efficiency in crossbred animals. In times of high feed costs and an increased need for sustainable agriculture, the importance of understanding the genetic control of feed efficiency canâ€™t be overemphasized. The potential for selecting more efficient animals with the knowledge gained from the feed efficiency study could have large economic impact on the beef industry (a 1 percent increase in efficiency has the equivalent economic impact as a 3-pound increase in rate of gain). It will be interesting and important to follow future reports from these and other researchers digging into the genetic control of feed efficiency in beef cattle and the role heterosis plays in improving this economically important production trait.
“Crossbred steers with a 50:50 ratio of Continental European to British breed inheritance are likely to produce a more optimum balance between carcass quality grade and yield grade than crossbred or straightbred steers that represent either 100% British breed, or 100% Continental European breeding.” – MARC GPE Progress Report No. 22, USDA
Simmental Rank vs. Major Continental Breeds*
Angus/Red Angus Rank vs. Major British Breeds
# Retail Product
Weight Gain Feed Efficiency
Post Weaning Gain
2012 Across Breed EPD Table, GPE Rep. 22, MARC, USDA * Major Continental Breeds — Simmental, Gelbvieh, Limousin, Charolais
June 2014 California Cattleman 39
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Brangus Breeders Hold Annual Field Day from the West Coast Brangus Breeders Association On a beautiful spring day in Northern California, the West Coast Brangus Breeders Association (WCBBA) hosted its Spring 2014 Field Day at the California State Univeristy, Chico, 800-acre Paul L. Byrne Agricultural Teaching and Research Center. Patrick Doyle, Ph.D., led the group through the beef unit, introducing his students who explained the various cattle research studies. Of particular interest was the study on feed efficiency using the Gro-Safe feed tracking system. WCBBA members peppered the students with questions – probably a great prep for finals! The group moved from the feed bunks to the computer analysis station where every aspect of the cattle and their feed could be viewed and analyzed. The meats laboratory put the members to the test as Doyle had prepared two carcasses for evaluation. He led a lively discussion on yield and grade in light of the
changing tastes and preferences of the American consumer. Doyle’s background in beef performance programs, animal breeding and genetics and EPD (expected progeny differences) development brought a broad appreciation for the “pasture to plate” concept as the group performed tenderness tests on meat samples. Photographer Wes Schultz, the official photographer for WCBBA and volunteer photographer for CalFire, gave the luncheon presentation on ranch photography. He emphasized the need to use an easy point-and-shoot camera that you can carry in your pocket to capture special moments or to take “beauty shots” of bulls for sale. Not everyone has a professional photographer who can come to the ranch to take those spectacular pasture photos, and with a little planning the rancher can take some pretty good shots anyway. He recommends: take lots of shots and
42 California Cattleman June 2014
choose the best one, read the manual and make sure your camera is set for optimum use, turn off the flash and use the highest resolution possible. Paul Mennick, DVM, owner of Pacific International Genetics, Los Molinos, entertained the group with stories about his work around the world. Mennick not only treats cattle, but horses and other large animals, as a specialist in reproduction and embryo transfer. He led an extensive discussion on the value and practicality of sexed semen in the nation’s cattle herd in anticipation of eventual herd expansion. Members appreciated his recommendations on maintaining fertility in the herd while enduring this extensive drought. Special attention to mineral supplementation topped his list of must-haves at a time when both the quantity and quality of feed is compromised. The featured speaker for the event was Jason Bates, director of field services and commercial
marketing for the International Brangus Breeders Association (IBBA), San Antonio, Texas, who walked the group through a range of proposed new programs from IBBA. Of particular interest were reporting of genetic conditions and refinements to Total Herd Reporting. He also introduced the expansion of programs to increase premiums on commercial calves along with registered cattle.Everyone received samples of new ads, brochures and pamphlets that are part of the newest promotional campaign. His participation and the support of IBBA was very much appreciated. With “sustainability” as the new buzzword, a group of WCBBA members continued the meeting at the 50-acre Sierra Nevada Brewery which sends its spent brewer’s grains to feed the CSU Chico cattle, and in turn, serves the CSU Chico beef in its restaurant. Virtually everything at the brewery is recycled or reused including the C02 from the brewing process and the cooking oil from the kitchen. It is a model of sustainability as the 90-minute tour demonstrated. By using solar energy, only 21 percent of the total power
Some of the attendees of the field day event include those photographed here (left to right): IBBA’s Jason Bates, Steven Dunckel, John and Sue Pierson, Gene Simeroth, Della Strong, Frank Lima, Carole Guertin and Pamela Doiron. Kneeling at center is WCBBA photographer Wes Shultz. must be bought from outside. Sierra Nevada is a model for sustainability ideas from composting and biodiesel from its own facility, to tending its Estate Garden for kitchen herbs and
landscape plants. All of that beef talk made everyone hungry, and the meeting concluded with a delicious beef dinner.
West Coast Brangus Breeders Association Officers & Directors President
Pamela Doiron, New Cuyama, (805) 245-0434
Frank Lima, Oak Run, (530) 472-1903
Rex Hunt, Oroville, (530) 846-5569
Steve Dunckel, Delhi, (209) 484-0152 Carole Guertin, Lincoln, (916) 645-8500 Carolyn Carson, Oroville, (530) 693-0906 Visit us online for membership applications, ucoming events and cattle for sale.
June 2014 California Cattleman 43
by Tommy Perkins, Ph.D., Executive Vice President; and Jason Bates, Director of Field Services and Commercial Marketing, International Brangus Breeders Association The Brangus breed, a 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus composite, was developed to utilize the superior traits of Angus and Brahman cattle. This two breed combination resulted in a breed that unites the traits of two highly successful parent breeds. The Brahman, through rigorous natural selection, developed disease resistance, overall hardiness and outstanding maternal instincts. Angus cattle, known for their superior carcass qualities, are also extremely functional females that excel in both fertility and milking ability. This unique integration of two breeds has created advantages in fertility, longevity, adaptability and mothering ability, which Brangus females possess. Data suggest the United States beef cow population is at its lowest since 1952 because of the prolonged drought across the nation, high feed costs, and other factors impacting the beef industry. Luckily, the drought has subsided in most portions of the U.S., corn prices have fallen, global beef demand has improved, and domestic beef demand is good. More specifically, Brangus cattle will be part of the nation’s herd rebuilding that is beginning to occur. “Brangus offers a plethora of opportunity for commercial cattle producers to increase profitability,”
said Tommy Perkins, Executive Vice President for the International Brangus Breeders Association (IBBA). “The strong maternal attributes, in conjunction with the added heterosis, allow cattlemen to capture more dollars in the market place by using Brangus genetics. Additionally, the feeder calf byproduct will excel in the feedyard as well as yield and grade with the best in the industry for maximizing post weaning profitability.” The Brangus sired feeder calf has many traits of value to the commercial beef producer, especially out of English cows such as Hereford and Angus. U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (USMARC) data show Brangus x English cross calves have tremendous growth potential, feed efficiency, and increased yield while obtaining carcass quality that is equal to or greater than those sired by Continental breeds. Perkins further states, “Brangus females are outstanding mothers which provide added heterosis over a Bos taurus X Bos taurus cross in terms of efficiency, animal health, and longevity. Likewise, Brangus beef carcasses are accepted in many premium product lines such as Certified Angus Beef and Nolan Ryan All Natural Beef.” “We continue to develop programs
that increase demand for Brangus genetics. The Brangus Gold program, for example, defines the popularity of Brangus sired females,” said Jason Bates, IBBA Director of Field Services and Commercial Marketing. “The Brangus association is committed to adding marketing opportunities for commercial cattlemen using our genetics as we seek strategic partnerships and alliances with industry partners to improve marketability of Brangus sired feeder calves.” Like Angus, Brangus cattle may be black or red in color and are polled. Although Brangus cattle are known best for their ability to perform well in extremely hot, humid climates, they also thrive in cold climates. Louisiana research suggests that Brangus cows increased body weight during the summer months while Angus cows lost weight. Brangus appeared to be more adapted to the coastal climate which is indicative of their Bos indicus influence. From a carcass standpoint, Texas A&M University research confirmed the ability of Brangus steers to produce exceptionally high quality carcasses. The test included 330 animals sired by 17 Brangus bulls and 32 animals sired by two high marbling, high accuracy EPD bulls. All 19 sires were randomly mated to
44 California Cattleman June 2014
Spanish Ranch Delivers i Brangus • angus • Ultrablacks
Looking to Jumpstart Your Cowherd? Our genetics will produce superior black-hided calves that will top the market. Like many of you, drought conditions have forced us to keep only our best cattle and make smart breeding decisions when it comes to producing seedstock loaded with predictability, muscle and marbling.
To find out more, visit www.spanishranch.net.
Your Source for Brangus, Angus and Ultrablack Genetics in the West mostly Brangus females. All the cattle were managed, fed and harvested the same. Warner-Bratzler analysis indicated that 97 percent of the Brangus steaks were scored “tender” or better whereas only 94 percent of the Angus steaks scored tender. Use of genetic evaluation technologies, performance and pedigree tracking software as well as genomics has continued to move Brangus cattle to the forefront of the beef industry. “Incorporation of Total Herd Reporting (THR) has empowered the Brangus database and ultimately our genetic evaluation,” Perkins said. “IBBA has always been a leader in genetic evaluation technology, and its recent adoption of multi-breed EPD methodology is no different. These genetic selection tools offer producers necessary information for making sound genetic decisions while hitting marketing goals.” As a commercial bull buyer, consider what the Brangus breed can do for your bottom line. It is IBBA’s belief that producers making the best genetic decisions today will see the most opportunities for profit in the next decade. Please do not hesitate to call 210-696-8231 or go to IBBA’s website at www.GoBrangus.com for additional information.
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For more information, contact any member of the West Coast Brangus Breeders Association listed below. Bella Terra Farms Arroyo Grande, CA (805) 391-0044 Brendan’s Brangus Santa Ynez, CA (805) 475-2812 Callaway Cattle Company New Cuyama, CA 661-766-2607 Della Strong/Deer Creek Ranch Los Molinos, CA (541) 817-2535 El Rancho Espanol De Cuyama New Cuyama, CA (805) 245-0434 Kelonukai Ranch Hilo, HI (808) 969-7982 Rafter J Cattle Company Turlock, CA (209) 765-8222 Romans Brangus Vale, OR (541) 212-1790 Running Star Ranch Lincoln, CA (916) 645-8500 Smith Station Brangus Cedarville, CA (530) 279-2697 Stardust Farms Oak Run, CA (530) 472-1903 Tumbleweed Brangus Delhi, CA (209) 484-0152 Spangler Ranches Corona, CA, (951) 735-5000 Walking S Brangus Sheridan, CA, (530) 633-2178 Wyman Creek Cattle Company Oroville, CA, (530) 693-0906
www.westcoastbrangus.com June 2014 California Cattleman 45
California Cattlemenâ€™s Association
Buyersâ€™ Guide Services for all your on-the-ranch needs
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June 2014 California Cattleman 49
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for more information on rates contact Matt Macfarlane at (916) 803-3113 or call the CCA office at (916) 444-0845.
June 2014 California Cattleman 51
Williams recognized as VCCA Cattleman of the Year The Ventura County Cattlemen’s Association recently recognized Mike Williams as their 2014 Cattleman of the Year. The award was presented at the annual Spring Barbeque held at the RA Ranch in Ventura. The award, which was presented before an audience of more than 150 members and guests, consisted of a plaque along with a new Stetson cowboy hat. Williams resides in Acton with his wife Linda and they operate a ranch just outside Ventura. Their primary focus is a cow-calf operation which is subsidized by seasonal stockers. Along with other valuable contributions to the association, Mike has been a leader in the Ventura River Watershed project, spending hours researching information on total mass daily loads (TMDLs). In addition to being heavily involved in promoting beef quality assurance and beef production on the local level, Williams is also involved on the state level, as he is currently a member of the California Beef Council, based in Sacramento, and is vice chairman of CCA’s Agriculture and Food Policy Committee.
got News? The California Cattlemen’s Association and the California Cattleman magazine wants to share your local news with beef producers throughout the West! If you have news you want to share, send it by e-mail to email@example.com or call us at (916) 444-0845.
52 California Cattleman June 2014
CARGILL BEEF Fresno, Ca
IN MEMORY HENRY Hansard “HANK” STONE Yolo County cattle rancher and beloved CCA member Henry “Hank” Stone passed away April 24, after a brief illness. Stone was born in Merced, but grew up in San Francisco and Salinas. His father was the regional manager for Golden State Creamery. After graduating from Salinas High School, Stone attended HANK STONE California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, where he honed his livestock judging skills and was a member of the winning Collegiate Livestock Judging team at Cow Palace in 1951. In the 1960s he was Superintendent of the Intercollegiate Judging Contest at the Cow Palace. He also judged sheep and cattle at many county fairs throughout Northern California, including the State Fair. Stone served as a meat inspector during the Korean War, then married Suzanne Storm and moved to Fort Bragg, where he worked as a ranch manager. He tried the sheep business in Lockeford briefly before becoming an ag lender at Crocker Bank in Sacramento. Eventually his family settled in Woodland, where he managed the Woodland Production Credit Association and Federal Land Bank. In the 1970s, Stone left banking to become the business manager for Anderson Farms in Davis. His position led to the formation of Yolo Land & Cattle Co., which evolved into a partnership with his two sons. In the early 2000s, Stone retired from day-to-day management, and focused on another passion, beef genetics. He developed a successful purebred Angus herd, and twice received the Top Consignor Award Ronald James Albaugh Ronald Albaugh passed away April 9, 2014. Born March 12, 1940 in Alturas to Ed and Orma Albaugh, Ron had deep roots in California pioneer heritage. He grew up on the Frosty Acres Ranch in Adin and graduated from Adin High School with a class of nine students. He went on to attend California State University, Chico, and also served two years in the United States Army. Albaugh married LaVern Hencratt on May 8, 1965 and they raised two sons, Mark and Norris. Ron was a member of the Nevada Cattlemen’s Association. He was awarded the American Shorthhorn Association’s Seedstock Producer of the Year Award
at the Cal Poly Bull Test. In recent years, Stone also enjoyed hosting visitors at the ranch. A graduate of Class I of the California Agricultural Leadership Program, Hank served on numerous statewide boards including the California Cattlemen’s Association, and the California FFA Foundation. He was Past President of both the Yolo County Cattlemen’s & Woolgrowers Assn., and the California Beef Cattle Improvement Association (CBCIA). He served on many local boards and was also an advisor for both the UC Davis and Cal Poly Animal Science Departments. He was named Commercial Producer of the Year by CBCIA, and also received their Horizons Award. In 2008, he was named the California Livestock Man of the Year by the California Chamber of Commerce, presented at the Cow Palace Grand National Rodeo. Well-known as an auctioneer, Stone offered his self-taught skills at over a dozen different Junior Livestock auctions in Northern California, including the Yolo County Spring Show and Yolo County Fair. Over a 40-year span, he sold thousands of 4-H and FFA animals, and continued to auction at charity events after he retired. Stone’s family is setting up a memorial fund with the Yolo County Fair, to pay for improvements to the livestock auction building. Tax-deductible donations can be made to: Yolo County Heritage Foundation, c/o Henry Stone Livestock Facilities Fund, 1125 East St., Woodland, CA 95776. Donations can also be made to the California Rangeland Trust, 1225 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814. Hank is survived by his wife Suzanne, sons Scott and Casey, their wives Karen and Angela, and grandchildren; Austin, Carson, Keeley, and Wilson. He was preceded in death by his parents, Carol and Marea Stone, his stepmother Georgie, and his oldest son David. A celebration of Hank’s life was held on May 30, , at the Yolo land & Cattle Co. ranch headquarters near Esparto.
and the Dual Purpose Breeder of the Year from the Milking Shorthorn Society. He also placed first in the Great Western Livestock Judging Contest. Ron was preceded in death by his parents and a brother, Dale. He is survived by LaVern, his wife of 49 years; sister, Jean (Bob) Walker of Rough and Ready; sisters-in-law Barbara Albaugh Adin; and Marie Haley, Redding; Children Mark (Teresa) Albaugh, Cottonwood; Norris (Suzie) Albaugh, Fallon, Nev.; grandchildren, Ann and Ben DeGroot of Springfield, S.D.; Carrie and Chad Bidwell of Alturas; Helen, Wilhelmina and Waldo Albaugh of Fallon, Nev.; great-granddaughter, Madison Bidwell of Alturas; and numerous nieces and nephews
WEdding Bells Lohse and Danekas Matthew Lohse and Mercedes Danekas were married February 22, 2014, at Ironstone Vineyards in Murphy’s California. Matthew is the son of August and Donna Lohse of Orland and Mercedes is the daughter of James and Sherry Danekas of Wilton. The bride is a graduate of the University of California, Davis and works with her family at JDA, Inc. publishing the Western Cowman magazine and working within the beef industry. The groom is a graduate of Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo and manages vineyards in the Delta and Lodi regions. The newlyweds reside in Wilton.
June 2014 California Cattleman 53
Advertisers’ Index Amador Angus..................................................15, 46 American Ag Credit................................................ 25 American Hereford Association............................ 48 American Simmental Association......................... 39 Andreini and Company.......................................... 17 Apache Polled Herefords........................................ 48 Bar R Angus............................................................. 46 Black Gold Bull Sale................................................ 20 BMW Angus............................................................ 46 Bovine Elite, LLC..................................................... 51 Broken Arrow Ranch.............................................. 46 Broken Box Ranch.............................................20, 50 Buchanan Angus...................................................... 46 Bulls Eye Bull Sale................................................... 29 Byrd Cattle Company........................................46,56 California Custom................................................... 51 California Outdoor Properties.............................. 33 California Wagyu Breeders, Inc............................. 50 California Windmill................................................ 51 Cargill Animal Nutrition........................................ 55 Cargill Beef............................................................... 52 Cattlemen’s Livestock Market.................................. 3 Cherry Glen Beefmasters....................................... 48 Chico State College of Agriculture........................ 49 Circle Ranch............................................................. 41 Clark Company Ranch Real Estate....................... 32 Coniin Fence Company.......................................... 50 Conlan Ranches California.................................... 50 Conlin Supply Co. .................................................. 40 Corsair Angus Ranch.............................................. 46 Crater Lake Realty, Inc............................................ 31
Dal Porto Livestock................................................. 46 Diamondback Ranch.............................................. 50 Donati Ranch.....................................................20, 46 Edwards, Lien & Toso, Inc..................................... 50 Escalon Livestock Market....................................... 13 F & M Bank.............................................................. 27 Five Star Land and Livestock................................. 47 Five Star Land Company..................................32, 50 Freitas Rangeland Improvements.......................... 52 Fresno State Agricultural Foundation.................. 49 Furtado Angus......................................................... 47 Genoa Livestock...................................................... 49 Gonsalves Ranch...............................................41, 47 Haugen Limousin.................................................... 48 Have Angus.............................................................. 47 Hone Ranch.............................................................. 48 J/V Angus...........................................................15, 47 Kennedy Nutrition Services................................... 51 Kerndt Livestock Products..................................... 50 Lambert Ranch........................................................ 49 Laurel Fowler Insurance......................................... 51 Little Shasta Ranch.................................................. 50 McPhee Red Angus................................................. 50 Mid Valley Bull Sale................................................ 15 Noah’s Angus Ranch............................................... 47 O’Connell Ranch...............................................20, 47 ORIgen Beef............................................................. 51 Orivs Cattle Company............................................ 49 Pacific Trace Minerals............................................. 50 Pitchfork Cattle Co.................................................. 49 R&R Farms............................................................... 49
RayMar Ranches..................................................7, 47 Ritchie Industries.................................................... 14 Sammis Ranch......................................................... 47 San Juan Ranch........................................................ 48 Schafer Ranch....................................................15, 47 Schohr Herefords..................................................... 49 Sierra Ranches.......................................................... 49 Silveira Bros.............................................................. 47 Silveus Insurance Group......................................... 40 Skinner Transportation.......................................... 51 Sonoma Mountain Herefords................................ 49 Spanish Ranch....................................................45, 48 Superior Livestock Auction, Inc............................ 21 Tehama Angus Ranch............................................. 48 Teixeira Cattle Co.................................................... 48 Tri-State Livestock Credit Corp............................. 23 Tulare County Stockyard........................................ 51 Tumbleweed Ranch...........................................45, 48 Turlock Livestock Auction Yard.............................. 6 Universal Semen Sales, Inc..................................... 51 Van Cleve Associates............................................... 32 Veterinary Services, Inc.......................................... 50 Vintage Angus Ranch............................................. 48 Wells Fargo............................................................... 20 West Coast Brangus Breeders................................ 45 Western Fence & Construction, Inc...................... 50 Western Stockman’s Market..................................... 9 Western Video Market.......................................... 1, 2 Wulff Brothers Livestock..................................20, 48
Pesto Steak & Arugula Pizza
Time: 45 to 50 minutes Makes 4 servings
INGREDIENTS 1 beef Top Sirloin Steak boneless, cut 1-inch thick (1 pound) 2 tablespoons basil pesto 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice 1 refrigerated whole grain, whole wheat or regular pizza dough Nonstick cooking spray 1 cup yellow and/or red cherry or grape tomatoes, halved 1/2 cup reduced-fat shredded Italian blend cheese Salt 1 cup arugula or baby spinach leaves 1/8 to 1/4 teaspoon crushed red pepper (optional) INSTRUCTIONS FOR PESTO STEAK & ARUGULA PIZZA 1. Combine pesto and lemon juice in small bowl. Evenly brush beef steak with 1 tablespoon pesto mixture. 2. Place steaks on grid over medium, ash-covered coals. Grill, covered, 11 to 15 minutes (over medium heat on preheated gas grill, 13 to 16 minutes) for medium rare (145°F) to medium (160°F) doneness, turning occasionally. 3. Meanwhile, preheat oven to 425°F. Spray 10 x 15-inch rimmed baking sheet with cooking spray. Place dough on baking sheet and pat dough to edges of baking sheet. Spread dough with remaining 3 tablespoons pesto mixture. Top with tomatoes and cheese. Bake in 425°F oven, 15 to 18 minutes or until crust is golden brown. 4. Carve steak into slices; season with salt, if desired. Top pizza evenly with arugula and steak slices; sprinkle with red pepper, as desired. 54 California Cattleman June 2014
June 2014 California Cattleman 55
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56 California Cattleman June 2014