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ARCHLine.XP速 Interior 2009 Windows

Learning Interior

Learning material for the basics of ARCHLine.XP Interior

ARCHLine.XP Interior


Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does not represent a commitment on the part of CadLine. The software, which includes the information contained in any databases, described in this document is furnished under a license agreement or nondisclosure agreement. The software may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the agreement. It is against the law to copy the software on any medium except as specifically allowed in the license or nondisclosure agreement. The licensee (purchaser) may make one copy of the software for the purpose of creating a -backup copy. No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, or translated into any language in any form or by any means, without the express written permission of CadLine.

First Edition 2009 CadLine. All rights reserved.

In no event shall CadLine be liable for special, indirect or consequential damages in connection with or arising from the use of this document or any programs contained herein.

Microsoft, MS, and MS-DOS are registered trademarks and Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. 速

ARCHLine.XP is a trademark of CadLine. 速.

This tutorial was produced using Microsoft Word and ARCHLine.XP

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CONTENTS Preparation ............................................................................................................. 5 Starting a new project.................................................................................... 6 Toolbox and Navigation................................................................................. 8 General preferences ................................................................................... 10 Using existing drawings............................................................................... 11 Building ................................................................................................................. 14 Outer walls .................................................................................................. 15 Partition walls .............................................................................................. 22 Paling pictures, locking layers ..................................................................... 24 Openings..................................................................................................... 25 Slabs ........................................................................................................... 32 Floors .......................................................................................................... 34 Roof............................................................................................................. 37 Roof structure.............................................................................................. 41 Flat roof ....................................................................................................... 43 Interior design ...................................................................................................... 45 Navigation in the 3D window ....................................................................... 46 Floor plan changes...................................................................................... 47 New curved walls ........................................................................................ 50 Comparison between different versions ...................................................... 54 Walls with unique shape.............................................................................. 56 Shelves ....................................................................................................... 59 Covering walls............................................................................................. 61 Tiling on floor............................................................................................... 63 Furnishing in the kitchen ............................................................................. 68 Coloring the walls in the living room............................................................ 71 Furnishing in the living room by means of the Google 3D Warehouse........ 76 Drapery ....................................................................................................... 80 Light sources............................................................................................... 82 Sun shadows............................................................................................... 83 Picture on wall............................................................................................. 85 Documentation ..................................................................................................... 87 New drawing window for the color plan....................................................... 88 Dimensioning .............................................................................................. 91 Section, interior elevation ............................................................................ 95 Floor plan with textures and materials......................................................... 97 Composing a plot layout............................................................................ 100 Printing ...................................................................................................... 103

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How to use the guide?



Welcome to our guide! We are going to take a look at the use of ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR. We are going to work according to the data of a local survey scan and will make the project of the interior decoration following the guidelines of the customer. Every chapter begins with the description of the task to perform (1). You can execute it yourself after trying the tips in the grey frames (2) or follow the detailed documentation under the “Step by step” section (3).



This guide introduces the most frequently used tools of ® ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR. We have generally followed the simplest way, trying other possibilities is recommended as well. You can find the detailed documentation of the commands in the Manual or in the Help (F1).



You can follow the steps of this guide by watching the tutorial videos at the website http://www.archline.hu/interior/tutorials as well. It is recommended to use this guide and the videos together. ®

If you have any question, do not hesitate to contact your ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR partner.

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Preparation

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PREPARATION

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STARTING A NEW PROJECT We are going to work on a new project that contains all the drawings we have made so far. This time “Interior .pro� is the name of the project and we have to save it.

How to work with projects?



After starting the program a dialog appears, here you can decide whether to start a new project or continue an existing one. If you start a new project, you have to save this empty project immediately. You can reopen later this dialog by selecting New Project in the File menu.

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How to save a project?



After finishing your work you can save it by selecting Save Project in the File menu. In the appearing dialog you can determine those parts of the project that you intend to save. If you do not change anything in settings, the whole project will be saved.

Step by step •

Run ARCHlineXP. When a dialog appears press the New Project button. Save the new project as “Interior.pro”.

After opening the new project the “Tips” window appears. Go through its content, and then close the window.

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TOOLBOX AND NAVIGATION Before starting the work, get acquainted with the most important elements of the user interface: the toolbox and the navigation on the drawing.

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How to use the Toolbox?



The Toolbox on the left side of the screen is going to be the main unit of our work. The order of the tools in the Toolbox will guide us from the beginning of the working process until the end of it.



When you wish to use a submenu of the Toolbox, you have to make a long left mouse button click on the title of the submenu. Then you can choose the appropriate intended command.



You can abort all commands by pressing the ESC key.

How to navigate on the drawing?



Use the roller of the mouse to zoom in and out.



By pressing and holding down the roller you can shift the content of the drawing window.



Double clicking on the roller helps the drawing to fill in the visible area of the window.

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GENERAL PREFERENCES Please first check the buttons on the status bar at the bottom of the screen.

The OSNAP option must be switched on, the others switched off. OSNAP (Object Snap) means that the shape of the cursor will change close to special points like endpoints or middle points and you can select them precisely. Set the drawing unit to meter in the File menu – Preferences – General – dialog. The Refresh 3D switch in the View menu bar must be switched on; this way the content of the 3D window will be updated immediately if case of any change occurred on the floor plan.

How to use the Help?



Archline XP provides an interactive help. By pressing the F1 key during an operation the corresponding topic of the users guide will be displayed.

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USING EXISTING DRAWINGS When starting an interior design project, a documentation of the existing or planned building is usually available. Now we are going to use the survey plan which you can find in the appendix of this book. After scanning the picture we are going to place it on the drawing.

How to use the scanned drawings?



Open a picture with the Import Image command in the Start group of the Toolbox. The Image Properties dialog appears where you can modify some of the properties of the image. After pressing the OK button you have to place the picture by clicking its bottom-left and top-right corner with the left mouse button.

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You can set up the correct size of the picture with the Calibrate command in the Start group of the Toolbox. Select the image, give point-pairs with known distance on the drawing (It is enough to use one point-pair, but giving more pointpairs the result will be more precise.) After pressing the ENTER key a dialog appears, where you can choose the point-pairs which will be taken into consideration in the calibration process.



You can check the size of the picture with the Aligned dimension/Aligned command in the Dimensioning group of the Toolbox. Click on two points on the picture and place the dimension.

Step by step •

Scan the survey plan which you can find in the appendix of this book and save it as a picture file. (You can have more detailed information about scanning and saving a picture in the manual of the scanner.) If you do not possess a scanner, you can find the picture in the Documents\ARCHlineXP Draw/Image folder.

Open this picture with the Import Image command in the Start group of the Toolbox. Now the properties of the picture remain unchanged, so press the OK button.

Place the picture on the drawing: click on the empty drawing window with the left mouse button, this point will be the bottom-left corner of the picture, then move the cursor and click again to place the top-right corner. To see the whole picture on the screen use the toolbar. Enter – close the command.

Zoom all command of the View

Of course, this is not yet a proper CAD plan. You can check the size of the picture with the Aligned dimension/Aligned command in the Dimensioning group of the Toolbox. Click on two points in the picture and

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place the dimension.

You can set up the real size of the picture with the Calibrate command in the Start group of the Toolbox. Select the image, click on the two corner points of the eastern block’s northern outer wall and type the distance (9,4). Finally press the ENTER key and confirm the settings of the dialog.

Check the size of the picture again with the Aligned dimension/Aligned command in the Dimensioning group of the Toolbox.

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BUILDING

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OUTER WALLS There is no need for the full detailed architectural model of the building but you have to use the outer walls structure in order to change them and to be able to work with the interior spaces. First we are going to draw the outer walls of the building. All of the desired modifications are inside the area marked with orange signs. Within this area we draw the walls with exact dimensions; outside this area it is enough to place the walls roughly on the underlying picture.

How to draw walls?



Click on the Wall command of the Building group of the Toolbox. Click on the starting point on the drawing area, then give further points and finally press the ENTER key. A continuous wall is created by connecting the given points.

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If you move the mouse approximately horizontally or vertically while drawing a wall, the reference line of the wall will be extended with a thin dashed line. By clicking with the mouse now, the new wall will be exactly horizontal or vertical.



If you move the mouse approximately horizontally or vertically while drawing a wall, and press and hold down the SHIFT key, the reference line of the wall will be extended with a thin solid line. Now you can click on any point even if it is not near the fixed line. The endpoint of the wall will be the perpendicular projection of the clicked point to the fixed line. The new wall will be exactly horizontal or vertical.



You can specify the exact length of a wall in the following way: after placing the first point move the cursor to the desired direction but do not click on the endpoint, type the length of the wall instead and press the ENTER key. The length of the wall along the reference line will be exactly the given value.



While drawing a wall, the reference line is on the right side of the by default. After placing the first point, you can shift the reference line to the center or to the left side by pressing the TAB key.



You can abort any commands by pressing the ESC key.

How to set the default properties of a tool?



Click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox with the right mouse button. A dialog appears where you can modify some of the properties of the tool.

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Finally, press the OK button. Now you can draw a wall with the given properties.

How to delete elements from the drawing?



Select an element on the drawing: click on it with the left mouse button, then the color of the selected element will be different. Press the DELETE key, in this way you delete the selected element. Afterwards the cursor turns into a rubber shape and you can delete more elements by clicking on them. If you decide to stop deleting elements, press the ENTER key.

How to choose elements using the selection rectangle?



You can select more elements at the same time: by clicking on an empty area on the drawing you can draw a bounding box. If the second point is located on the right side of the first one, the color of the box will be blue and those elements which are completely inside the box will be selected. If the second point is located on the left side of the first one, the color of the 速

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Learning Interior box will be green and those elements which are completely or partly inside the box will be selected.

Step by step •

The width of the outer walls is 30 cm. For drawing a wall like this, click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox with the right mouse button, then set the width of the wall to 0,30 (in meters). Finally press the Ok button.

If a dialog with the text “You lose the set name. Continue?” appears, you can confirm it, and then you can draw walls with the given custom width.

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First we are going to draw the roughly square-shaped central room. Click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox. Then click on the first point of the wall on the floor plan. Try to approach as near as you can the wall corner on the scanned image. Move the mouse upwards. The reference line displayed in blue can be located in the middle or on any side of the wall. Shift the reference line to the appropriate position by pressing the TAB key. If you move the cursor approximately vertically, the reference line of the wall will be extended with a thin dashed blue line. Type the length of the wall (8) and press the ENTER key.

To draw the next wall, move the mouse to the left. If you move the cursor approximately horizontally, the reference line of the wall will be extended with a thin dashed blue line. Type the length of the wall (7,9) and press the ENTER key.

To draw the next wall, move the mouse downwards. Fix the direction: press and hold down the SHIFT key then move the cursor to the first point of the first wall and click on it with left mouse button. Finally release the SHIFT key. The result is a vertical wall; its length is equal to the first one.

The endpoint of the last wall is the same as the first point of the first wall: click on this point to draw the wall.

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To close the continuous drawing of walls press the ENTER key.

To draw the right wing of the building first click on the top-right corner of the existing room on the outer side. Move the mouse to the right. Shift the reference line to the appropriate side by pressing the TAB key. Type the length of the wall (7) and press the ENTER key.

Move the mouse downwards. Type the length of the wall (6,8) and press the ENTER key.

Move the mouse to the left to the outer side of the existing wall. The shape of the cursor turns into a “perpendicular” sign, now click on the side of the wall, then to close the continuous drawing press the ENTER key. All of the desired modifications are inside the area marked with orange signs. Outside this area it is enough to place the walls roughly on the underlying picture. Click on the edge of the left wall by the T connection, move the cursor to the left and hold it always along the blue dashed line, then click on the endpoint of the wall. Draw the other walls in this way, finally press the ENTER key.

The walls appear in the 3D window as well.

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Enlarge active Click on the 3D window to make it active. Use the window icon in the View toolbar on the right side, the 3D window will be enlarged and positioned on the left side of the screen. By making the floor plan active and pressing this button again you can restore the original screen layout.

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PARTITION WALLS After creating outer walls we are going to draw the inner walls of the building. All of the desired modifications are inside the area marked with orange signs. Within this area we draw the walls with exact dimensions; outside this area it is enough to place the walls roughly on the underlying picture.

How to draw walls?



If the first point of a wall is located on the side of another wall at a given distance from the corner, the point can be placed in the following way: Click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox, then on the Distance from Endpoint Icon from the Reference toolbar (you can find it at the bottom of the screen). Type the distance from the given corner, then click on the existing wall near the corner. In this way you have placed the first point of the wall, you can continue the drawing according to the previous method.



To fix the connection of two walls, first click on one of them with the right mouse button, choose the X, L or T connection command from the menu then click on the other wall. If you have chosen the L or T connection click on the other wall to connect it. CadLine


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Step by step •

To draw the partition walls of 0,15 m width click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox with the right mouse button. A dialog appears, set the width of the wall to 0,15 (in meters) then press the ENTER key.

We are going to draw the partition wall over the stair first. Click on the Wall command in the Building group of the Toolbox, then on the Distance from Endpoint Icon from the Reference toolbar (you can find it at the bottom of the screen). Type the distance from the corner (3,7), then click on the inner side of the right existing wall near the upper corner (1). In this way you have placed the first point of the wall. Move the mouse to the left, to the side of the existing wall. When the cursor turns into a “perpendicular” sign, click on the side of the wall (2), then press the ENTER key.

Draw the other 3 walls in the eastern block in the same way. All of the desired modifications are inside the area marked with orange signs. Outside this area it is enough to place the walls roughly on the underlying picture.

While drawing the walls the program creates connections between them automatically. Under certain conditions it is necessary to modify or fix them manually. Click with the right mouse button on a wall which you would like to connect to another one, and choose the T, L or X connection from the menu.

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PALING PICTURES, LOCKING LAYERS Make the image placed on the drawing paler by setting its transparency to a lower level. The image is selectable like the other elements on the drawing. To facilitate the further work lock the corresponding layer. The image remains visible but you can not select it any more.

Step by step •

Click on the picture with the right mouse button and choose the Properties command. Move the “Transparency” slider approximately to the center, in this way the picture will be pale but still visible.

Select the image on the drawing area. The Status bar shows its layer (Raster Image). Find this layer in the drop-down /rolling down/ menu and lock it with clicking on the small lock sign on the left side. Click on the drawing area and from this time the image is visible, but you can not select or edit it.

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OPENINGS In the next step we are going to place doors and windows. Inside the area marked with orange signs the doors and windows should be placed to their exact positions. Outside this area it is enough to place them roughly on the underlying picture

How to place openings?



First choose the desired door: click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox with the right mouse button, then the “Door Properties“ dialog appears. Choose an object library (1) then a door from it (2) and set the width and height of the selected door. (3)



To place a door click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on the edge of a wall (1), then with another clicking place the door (2). You can modify the opening direction of the door: click on a corner point of the door symbol (3). Finally press the ENTER key.

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If you would like to place a door at a given distance from a wall corner, click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on an edge of the wall (1) near the related wall corner. Type the distance from the wall corner then press the ENTER key. You can change the opening direction of the door: click on a corner point (3). Finally press the ENTER key.



Dealing with windows is similar to doors. You can set the properties of a window by clicking on the Window command of the Building group in the Toolbox with the right mouse button. To place a window, use Window command of the Building group in the Toolbox. Note that you can not change the opening direction of windows.

Step by step •

First place the entrance door.

Click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox with the right mouse button. The “Door Properties” dialog appears. Choose the “Asymmetric doors” object library, then the “Glassed asym. 2.” door, then set the width and height to 1,30/2,40 (in meters). Click on the Ok button.

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To place the door click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on the inner edge of the wall, then with another clicking place the door. Finally press the ENTER key.

Place the terrace door

Choose the “General doors” object library, then the “Glassed + window 1” door, then set the width and height to 1,10/2,40 (in meters). Click on the Ok button. •

To place the door click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on the inner edge of the wall, then place

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Learning Interior the door. You can modify the opening direction of the door: click on a corner point of the door symbol. Finally press the ENTER key. •

Place the sliding door

Choose the “Sliding” object library, the “Four sided sliding door”, then set the width and height to 3,00/2,40 (in meters). Click on the Ok button. •

To place the door click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on an edge of the wall, then place the door adjusted to the partition wall connection. Finally press the ENTER key.

Place the inner doors.

Choose the “General doors” object library, then the “Default” door, then set the width and height to 1,10/2,40 (in meters). Click on the Ok button. •

To place a door at a given distance from a wall corner, click on the Door command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click

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on the edge of a wall near the related wall corner. Type the distance from the wall corner then press the ENTER key. You can change the opening direction of a door: click on a corner point. Finally press the ENTER key. •

Place the windows.

Click on the Window command of the Building group in the Toolbox with the right mouse button. The “Window Properties“ dialog appears. Choose the “General windows” object library, the “Default” window, then set the width and height to 0,85/1,50 (in meters). Click on the Redraw button and on the Ok button. •

To place the window click on the Window command of the Building group in the Toolbox. On the drawing area click on the inner edge of a wall, then place the window. Place the other windows as well.

How to place corner windows?



Click on the Corner Window command in the Building group of the Toolbox and click on a wall edge near a corner. Then place the layout of the wall on the floor plan. Confirm the appearing question (“Do you want to keep the layout of the wall?”). Now you can draw the contour of the opening by means of the profile editing tools in the Toolbox. Finally a dialog appears twice following each other; here you can adjust the settings of the two parts of the window like the profile of the frame or the division of the glass surface.

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You can use the Corner Window tool to construct custom openings which are located not at the corner of the building. If you draw a contour on the wall layout which is fully inside a wall surface, the “Glass structure settings” dialog appears only once.

Step by step •

Click on the Corner Window command in the Building group of the Toolbox and click on the inner edge of a wall near the bottom-left corner of the living room. Then place the layout of the wall on the floor plan. Confirm the appearing question (“Do you want to keep the layout of the wall?”). Click on the Polygon tool in the Toolbox, and draw the contour of the opening: start at the bottom of the wall connection line, move 3 meters to the right, 2,4 meters upwards, 7 meters to the left, finally close the contour by moving downwards and to the right.

A dialog appears twice following each other; where you can adjust the settings of the two parts of the window. Set the “No. of glasses in horizontal” property first to 4, vertically to 1. Click on the Ok button. In the second dialog type 3 and 1. Click on the Ok button.

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SLABS You can create floors and ceilings by means of the Slab tool. First the height and thickness have to be set, and then the program places it according to its drawing contour.

How to create slabs?



Click on the Slab command in the Building group of the Toolbox, then on the drawing area click on the first point of the contour, then place other points, finally press the ENTER key. A slab will be created based on the given contour.



To create a slab with a given thickness, click on the Slab command in the Building group of the Toolbox with the right mouse button. In the appearing dialog on the Layers page you can adjust the thickness of the slab layers. Finally press the ENTER key. Now you can draw a slab with a given thickness.

Step by step •

Click on the Slab command in the Building group of the Toolbox and draw the whole building round along the outer wall corners. The program places the

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slab to the default height (0,00m) and with the default thickness (0,30m).The thickness appears in the Layers sub dialog.

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FLOORS Using floors you can structure your plan in vertical direction as well simply and in a well-arranged way. Like in reality you can define floors in the program as well. In our case we are creating a new floor for the roof. When you activate the roof floor only an empty drawing appears because you didn’t make any drawing elements on this floor. For constructing the roof according to the existing ground plan you have to make the ground floor visible. In this way two floors can appear: one you are working with and another one you are only looking at.

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How to use floors?



You can access the Edit floor levels dialog by clicking the Floor ‌ button in the Status bar. You can insert new levels by pressing Add up/down buttons.



You can rename floors by double clicking on their names. By clicking on Floor height (interpreted as a distance from the absolute 0 level) and Height (distance from the next level) you can modify these values.



You can switch between the floors using the Page Up and Page Down keys on the floor plan.



In the Status bar you can make visible another floor in addition to the active one: select the Floor list and click on the light bulb icon next to the floor name.

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Step by step •

Access the Edit floor levels dialog by clicking the Floor … button in the Status bar. Insert a new level by pressing the Add up button. With double clicking on its name, rename the floor to “Roof floor”. Click on the Ok button.

Switch to the Roof floor by pressing the Page Up key.

In the Status bar make visible the Ground floor: click on the light bulb icon next to its name.

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ROOF First a sloped roof plane has to be created above the middle rectangle part of the ground plan. In the original picture you can see that the height of the ceiling in the living room is measured. The actual ceiling height is 3.52m on the north wall and it is 4.18m on the south wall.

How to place a roof?



Click on the Roof command in the Building group of the Toolbox. Now you can draw the contour of the roof by means of the profile editing tools in the Toolbox. You can define the plane of the roof based on three points in the space. Click on a point on the floor plan, type the corresponding height value, then repeat it twice over. The plane defined by these points will be the lower surface of the roof.

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By default, the roof cuts the walls which overhang the plane of the roof. To adjust the top of the wall to the plane of the roof, just increase the height of the wall so that its height has to overhang the roof.

Click on the Roof command in the Building group of the Toolbox with the right mouse button, and then choose “Properties”. You can find the corresponding settings on the page “Projection and cut”.

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Step by step •

Click on the Roof command in the Building group of the Toolbox. Choose the Rectangle HV command in the Profile definitions toolbox and draw a rectangle over the living room: first click on the bottom-right then on the topleft corner on the outer side. Now place three points and give the corresponding heights: 0,52m in the top-left corner of the living room, 0,52m in the top-right corner and 1,18m in the bottom-right corner. (The Roof story is currently active, so its height (3,00m) has to be subtracted from the original values of the survey: 3,52-3=0,52.)

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•

Select the 4 walls around the living room (pressing down the Shift button) and then increase their height to 5m in the Property manager (they have to overhang the roof). The roof cuts the walls, only the wall parts under the roof plane remain visible.

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ROOF STRUCTURE We have to change the properties of the roof. Instead of a detailed display a simpler one is enough. We place the rafters in that way that they join to the roof plane from below and we create a visible beam structure.

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How to adjust the roof structure?



Click on the roof with right mouse button, from the menu choose Properties. You can determine the detail level of the roof structure on the “Roof“ page. You can find the detailed settings of certain elements on the “Eaves purlin”, “Rafter”, “Batten”, “Middle purlin” and “Ridge board” pages.

Step by step •

First switch off the “Show roof plane with tile thickness”, “Show beams 2D representation”, “Create eaves purlin” and “Create battens for roof tiles” checkboxes.

Switch on the checkbox “F = B” on the “Roof geometry” page.

Enter -0,15 as value “A” on the “Rafter” page. In this way rafters will be placed under the lower side of the roof and they will be visible from the room.

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FLAT ROOF There is a flat roof on the east and west block of the building. The simplest way to create them is using the known slab tool. Draw around the east rectangle block. After finishing it do the same procedure with the west L shaped block of the building. Finally let the slabs overhang the walls.

How to reshape the elements?



With selecting an element on the drawing blue markers become visible on it. Click on a point or an edge, and choose a command from the marker popup menu to reshape the selected element.

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If you enable the “Marker popmenu learn mode” in File / Preferences / General / Marker settings, then you can work faster with markers: the marker popup menu appears only when you click and hold down the left mouse button on a marker. With a short click on a marker the program executes the last used command.

Step by step •

If the Ground floor is the active floor, switch to the Roof floor by pressing the Page Up key.

Click on the Slab command in the Building group of the Toolbox, and then draw the eastern, rectangle shaped block round along the outer wall edges. The program creates the slab on the Roof level at a height of 3 meters (0m relative to the current floor) and with a thickness of 0,3m.

Draw a flat roof over the western block as well.

Select a slab and click on an edge of it. From the marker popup menu choose the Offset all command. Move the cursor perpendicular to the slab edge outwards, type the distance: 0,4 m then press the ENTER key. Execute this procedure on the other flat roof too.

You can pull back the unnecessary overhangs in the following way: Select a slab and click on the appropriate edge of it. From the marker popup menu choose the Offset command and move the slab edge to the correct position. Repeat this procedure on the other edges where it is necessary. Esc – cancel the selection.

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INTERIOR DESIGN

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NAVIGATION IN THE 3D WINDOW It is offered to set the perspective view in the 3D window in that way that you can see the living room and the kitchen.

Step by step •

Clicking on the Perspective icon on the 3D view toolbar, the Actual Perspective dialog appears. Place the small blue marker representing the camera inside the living room, and move the target point towards the kitchen.

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FLOOR PLAN CHANGES The original plan is finished now you can make modifications according to the client’s expectations. Before starting it save the actual project and save your work in another project too using the File menu – Save project as command. Give the Interior new.pro name for this project. Later it will be very useful for you that you saved the original plan in an extra file. Make the necessary modifications according to the original survey. Transform the current Storage into Shower room, so move its dividing wall to the edge of the balcony door. The rate of the right upper rooms is also being changed. Move the wall dividing the original kitchen and the dining room 0.4m to the left. According to the survey the new rooms are not in direct connection with each other, so the door in the dividing wall has to be canceled. The Living room and the new Kitchen will be an interlaced area. For this reason the existing sliding door has to be removed and on its place remains a hole

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How to move elements on the drawing?



After selecting an element on the drawing, “Move” and “Rotate” markers in blue appear. (If the selected element is too small, zoom in the drawing with the roller of the mouse until the markers appear.) Click on the

”Move” or

”Rotate” marker, then the marker menu appears and you can move, rotate and mirror the selected element.



You can move elements with an exact distance like in case of drawing: move the cursor to the appropriate direction and type the distance, finally press the ENTER key.

Step by step •

Move the partition wall left to the storage room: click on it, then the “Move” and “Rotate” markers appear. (If the selected wall is too small, zoom in the drawing with the roller of the mouse until the markers appear.) Click on the ”Move” marker, select the Move from … command from the menu. Click on the bottom-left corner of the wall and then move it to the top-right corner of the terrace door’s wallhole.

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Move the partition wall between the kitchen and dining: click on it with right mouse button, then select the Edit / Cut with wall command from the menu, finally click on the crossing partition wall. After splitting the wall, select the upper part. Click on the move marker and select the Move command, move the cursor to the left and type the distance (0,4), finally press the ENTER key. Delete the door in the partition wall: select it and press the DELETE button and ENTER.

Click on the sliding door with the right mouse button and select the Properties command. In the appearing dialog choose the Hole rectangle opening from the Holes object library. Set the width to 3m, the height to 2,4m according to the size of the original opening. Click on the Ok button.

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NEW CURVED WALLS

We can give a new touch to the traditional inner space with arcs. We are placing curved walls in the entrance of the kitchen in the original inner space. To realize this idea we need some editing construction lines on the drawing. The place demanded for the kitchen cupboard will be defined with one editing line. According to the conception we create two curved walls. The simplest way to edit arcs is giving three known points, so we are going to define them before drawing the walls.

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How to use construction lines?



You can draw lines like drawing walls with the Line tool in the Drafting group of the Toolbox.



With the Offset command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox you can draw lines parallel with existing edges on the drawing. At first select an edge on the drawing then place the parallel line with the mouse or move the mouse to the appropriate direction and type the exact distance.



The length of the lines can be modified in the following way: select a line, click on the text of the temporary dimension and modify its value. The end of the line marked by the arrow head will be shifted. The direction of the arrow can be changed by clicking on it.

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Step by step (construction lines)

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Select the Offset command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox and click on the wall located on the right side of the kitchen. Move the cursor to the left and type the distance (0,6), finally press the ENTER key. Repeat it with the other partition wall of the kitchen. Modify the length of the latter line: select it, click on the text of the temporary dimension and modify this value.

•

Select the Offset command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox and place a new line parallel with the first created one at a distance of 1,05m. Modify the length of the line to 1,10m. The endpoint of this line will be the first point of the arc. Select the Line tool in the Drafting group of the Toolbox and draw a line of 0,12m length downwards from the left side of the newly created empty opening. The endpoint of this line will be the middle point of the arc. Finally the other endpoint of the arc will be the inner corner of the existing northern window.

How to draw walls?



Select the Curved Wall tool in the Building group of the Toolbox, on the drawing area click on the first point of the arc, then on the endpoint of it, finally on an inner point.

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Step by step (curved wall)

Click on the Wall tool in the Building group of the Toolbox with right mouse button and set the width of the wall to 0.1m. Select the Curved Wall tool in the Building group of the Toolbox. Place the first point of the wall on the window corner (1), the second point is on the endpoint of the 1,1 m long line segment (2). Finally place an inner point of the arc with clicking on the end of the short construction line (3).

Lengthen the new curved wall by 0.2m towards the kitchen: select the wall, click on its endpoint and select the Change Length command from the menu. Move the cursor to the appropriate direction, type the distance (0.2) and press the ENTER key.

Behind the curved wall we form a small storage room. Close the area with a simple wall along the construction line and place a small door in it.

Step by step (second curved wall)

The second curved wall is being built with a similar method. One of its endpoints is the corner of the door opening connecting the living room and the corridor. The other endpoint is located on the endpoint of the 3m long, previously created construction line. Allocate an inner point of the curve: draw a simple 0,16m long line from the corner of the opening connecting the living room and the kitchen. The curved wall will be placed by using these points according to the known method.

Finally close the curved wall in the kitchen by means of a parallel wall. Modify the wall connections if necessary. ®

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COMPARISON BETWEEN DIFFERENT VERSIONS The structural modifications are ready. Before going further towards the interior design create a comparison drawing. The comparison drawing is prepared in the following way: the program compares the content of the active drawing window with a given drawing of a selected other project and highlights the differences with colors. The comparison drawing appears in a new drawing window in a project, the original drawings remain unchanged.

How to create a comparison drawing?



Save the current state of the project and select the Drawing Comparison command from the Add-On menu. Select the project which contains the drawing to be compared with the active one. Make visible the content of the project by switching on the Preview checkbox and select the drawing to be compared.



In the appearing dialog you can define the colors used to show the differences between the two drawings. The comparison drawing represents by different colors the structures that are unchanged and the elements that can be found either on CadLine


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the original or on the modified drawing.

Step by step •

Save the current state of the project and select the Drawing Comparison command from the Add-On menu. Press the OK button, and select the previous state of the project (Interior.pro). You can make visible the content of the project by switching on the Preview checkbox. Select the drawing Interior.asc and open it. In the appearing dialog you can define the colors used to show the differences between the two drawings. The comparison drawing will be placed in a new 2D window. If the name of the imported drawing equals to the name of the current one, a dialog appears and you can rename the new drawing.

Use the drawing.

Enlarge active window button to enlarge the new comparison

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WALLS WITH UNIQUE SHAPE

The northern curved wall has a dual role: from the direction of the living room it serves as a shelf case, in the kitchen it covers the new small storage room. Its height is 2,4m in the living room, in the kitchen the wall hits the ceiling, it is 2,7m high here.

Change the shape of the curved wall: assign a “Frontal profile� to it.

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How to use wall profiles?



Click on the wall with right mouse button and choose the Profile/Add Whole Frontal Profile command. The program prepares the layout of the wall that you can place on the drawing. Then you can draw the frontal view of the wall by means of the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox. When you completed the profile, the program changes the shape of the wall.



In case of dealing with a complex geometry you can press the ESC key right after the layout of the wall was placed. This way you don’t modify the shape of the wall, but the layout remains on the drawing. Then you can draw the frontal view of the wall as construction lines by means of the tools in the Drawing group of the Toolbox. Finally place the layout of the wall on the drawing again, paying attention to the exact positioning on the previously placed layout. Based on the construction lines now you can draw the frontal view of the wall by means of the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox. When you completed the profile, the program changes the shape of the wall.

Step by step •

Click on the longer edge of the curved wall with right mouse button and choose the Profile/Add Whole Frontal Profile command. The program prepares the layout of the curved wall that you can place on the drawing. From the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox select the Polygon command and draw the new frontal view. Start to draw from the left-bottom corner, advance upwards by 2,4m, then to the right by 1,6m, upwards again by 0,3m, then closes the profile along the wall contour. When you completed the profile, the program changes the shape of the wall.

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Learning Interior

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Click on the longer edge of the curved wall with right mouse button and choose the Profile/Add Whole Frontal Profile command. Place the layout of the curved wall on the drawing and press the ENTER key. By means of the Offset Command in the Drawing group of the Toolbox place lines parallel to the bottom edge of the wall layout advancing upwards, use the distances 0,15m and 0,6m one after the other. Then construct three vertical lines with 0,8m, 1,05m and 1,4m distance from the left vertical edge of the layout. Align the ends of the vertical lines to the horizontal ones so that the lower opening has to be 0.8m x 0.6m, the middle one is 1.05m x 0.6m and the upper one is 1.4m x 0.6m: click on the marker located at the end of a line and select the Change length command from the menu. Finally place the layout of the wall on this drawing again with the help of the previous method. Select Polygon command in the appearing menu and draw around the motif. When you completed the profile, the program changes the shape of the wall.

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Click on the curved wall with right mouse button and select the Properties command. In the appearing dialog change the body material, it has to be equal to the outer ones.

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SHELVES You can complete the cupboard bordered by the curved wall with shelves. The simplest way to create them is to use the already known Slab tool. Using slabs and walls you can create the most of the unique interior structures and furniture fast and easy.

How to move elements in the 3D window?



After selecting an element on the drawing, “Move” and “Rotate” markers appear. (If the selected element is too small, zoom in the drawing with the roller of the mouse until the markers appear.) Click on the ”Move” or ”Rotate” marker, then the marker menu appears and you can move, rotate, mirror and elevate the selected element.

Step by step •

Set up the properties of the slab: click on the Slab tool in the Building group of the Toolbox with right mouse button. Let the height of the slab be 0,15m and the thickness 0,09m. The materials of all surfaces have to be the same as the material of the curved wall: Pantone S 41-8.

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Learning Interior •

Draw the shelf at the wall corner with the Slab command in the Building group of the Toolbox. If you reach the curved edge in the contour, select the Arc keyword in the command line. The shelf will be visible in the 3D window as well.

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Select the shelf and click on its Move marker. Select the Elevate a copy command from the menu. Elevate the copy of the slab to the height of the next strip and place the new slab with a left mouse click. Repeat it until the top of the cupboard is placed.

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COVERING WALLS We construct a motif on the curved walls. We cover the surfaces of 0,6m width between the 0,15m wide strips with wooden overlay.

How to create wall cover?



Select the Tiling on the wall side command in the Tiling group of the Toolbox and click on a side of the wall. Place the layout on the drawing. Select the New Background Area command in the Toolbox. Define the area to be covered by means of the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox. Then select a material in the appearing Material dialog. Finally the program changes the model of the wall.



You can control the procedure in the 3D window continuously.

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Step by step •

Select the Tiling on the wall side in the Tiling group of the Toolbox and click on the outer side of the northern curved wall. Place the layout on the previously used drawing. Select the New Background area command from the Toolbox., Select the Point of profile command from the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox and click inside one of the 0,6m wide strips. Select the “Beech” material in the appearing Material dialog. Now select the New Background area command again and repeat these steps to add further decorations. You can control the procedure in the 3D window.

Close the decoration by selecting the Close or Close and Remove Layout commands. By selecting Close the layout of the wall remains on the drawing.

Cover the other curved wall as well, according to the known method.

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TILING ON FLOOR You can use background areas for decoration purposes or repainting of surface parts. In addition, based on these areas you can distribute real tiles with width on the surfaces of architectural structures.

Create the floor tiling of the living room and kitchen. Use simplified floor cover in the living room (surface with different material on the slab), in the kitchen create a floor tiling of real tiles with width.

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How to create new material?



Select Toolbox – Tiling – Material manager. Here you can find the materials already existing in the program. You can create new materials by pressing the New material button and assign a texture to the new material by pressing the (big empty) Texture button. Click on the color field under the name of the material and choose a color from one of the available palettes, this will be the color of the material in the simplified representation. You can set the real sizes of the textures (in meters) and the shader (Matte, Metal, Phong, Plastic, Glass, Mirror).

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How to create floor tiling?



You can create simplified floor cover (surface with different material on the slab) in the following way: select the Tiling on floor in the Tiling group of the Toolbox and click on a slab. Select the New Background Area command in the Toolbox. Define the area to be covered by means of the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox. Then select a material in the appearing Material dialog. Finally the program changes the model of the slab.



You can create real tiling (tiles are separate solids) in the following way: First define the background area according to the known method, and then select the Add tiles command in the Tile group. Select the previously created background area. In the appearing dialog you can set the properties of the tiles: first click on the Material button and select a material then set the sizes of the tiles and gaps, the tile width and disposition, finally the name of the tile. After pressing the OK button the program displays a small tile sample with which you can define the starting point and the direction of the distribution of tiles. Based on these parameters the program places the tiles and the covering appears in the 3d window.



You can replace certain tiles: select the Tiling on floor in the Tiling group of the Toolbox and click on a slab, and then select Tile properties command in the Toolbox. Select the tiles to be modified and press the ENTER key. In the appearing dialog you can define the properties of the new tiles. Change the name of the tiles as well, you profit from this while getting a detailed tile list. By pressing the OK button modified tiles appear in the 3D window.

How to create suspended ceiling?



First create a thin slab in the desired height, and then you can cover the lower side of it with simplified covering or real tiling as well.

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Step by step •

Select the Tiling on floor in the Tiling group of the Toolbox and click on the outer contour of the building because the edge of the underlying slab is located here. Select the New Background Area command in the Toolbox. Draw the contour of the area to be covered by means of the Polygon command from the Profile definition tools appearing in the toolbox. The ground–space is created in such way that it will be ended in a fan-shaped arc that contains the two inner arc walls as well. When you reach the curved edge, use the Arc keyword in the command line. This background area will be the base of the tiling to be created in the next step. Select the material of the area, a simple grey color (this will be the color of the gaps between the tiles). Leave the decoration process by selecting the Close command.

The product line of several manufacturers is available on the Internet. Find two different tile textures (a lighter and a darker, square-shaped tile), and save them as a picture file to the hard disk.

Select Toolbox – Tiling – Material manager. Here you can find the materials already existing in the program. Click on the Program folder then on the New category button and create a new category for your own materials. Create a new material by pressing the New material button and assign one of the previously saved picture of a tile as a texture to the new material by pressing the (big empty) Texture button. Set the real size of the tile. Click on the color field under the name of the material and choose a color from one of the available palettes, this will be the color of the material in the simplified representation. Finally switch the shader to Mirror and set the following properties: Transparency: 0,00, Ambient factor: 0,50, Diffuse factor: 0.60, Specular factor: 0,80, Mirror factor: 0,08, Roughness: 0,06. By pressing the OK button the new material has been created. Repeat the procedure with the other material as well.

Select the Tiling on floor command in the Tiling group of the Toolbox. Select the slab and select the Add tiles command from Tiling group. Click on the previously created grey background area. In the appearing dialog first click on the Material button and select the previously created lighter tile material.

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Now we accept the default values for the sizes of the tiles and gaps, the tile width and disposition. Name the tile as “tile_for_kitchen”. After pressing the OK button the program displays a small tile sample with which you can define the starting point and the direction of the distribution of tiles. Specify the middle point of the curved edge as starting point (the program indicates the midpoint with an M-shaped cursor), and lock a direction of 45 degrees with the SHIFT button as the main direction of the distribution of tiles. Based on these parameters the program places the tiles and the covering appears in the 3D window. Finally press the ENTER key. •

You can replace certain tiles to the darker version: click on the slab with right mouse button, and then choose the Tiling On Floor and select the Tile properties command in the Toolbox. On the appearing representation of tiling select the tiles to be modified and press the ENTER key. In the appearing dialog change the name of tiles to “kitchen_tile_dark” and the material to the darker one. By pressing the OK button the modified tiles appear in the 3d window. Finally press the ENTER key.

Decorate the floor of the living room as a simplified floor cover: Select the Tiling on floor in the Tiling group of the Toolbox, click on the slab, and then select Add new Background area. First draw the contour of the area to be covered. When you reach the curved edge, use the Arc keyword in the command line. Now select a material. When you have been completed the decoration, the program changes the model of the slab.

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FURNISHING IN THE KITCHEN Furnish the kitchen. Now we are going to use the built-in objects from the Design Center.

Choose furniture from the Objects – Kitchen - Kitchen library. Change the materials of the objects in the following way: use “Metal/Chrome02” for metal surfaces, the “Wood/Beech” for wooden paneling and “Stone/Marble Bianco Perlino” for footings.

How to place furnishing?



Select the Object command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. In the appearing Insert objects dialog first choose from the categories and then choose an object from it. By pressing the OK button you can place the object on the drawing.



Before clicking on the drawing to place the object press the TAB key several times to select the appropriate insertion point.



Before clicking on the drawing to place the object use the Graphic keyword in the command line to rotate and scale the object.



You can set the elevation of an object by clicking on it with right mouse button and selecting Properties. Change the value of relative height to elevate the object.

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Step by step •

Select the Object command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. In the appearing Insert objects dialog first choose the Kitchen – Kitchen” category then choose the “Refridgerator3” object from it. Change the materials of the object by clicking on the New material button: use “Metal/Chrome02” for metal surfaces, the “Wood/Beech” for wooden paneling.

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•

After pressing the OK button you can see the top view of the refrigerator. Before clicking on the drawing to place the object press the TAB key several times to select its upper-left corner as insertion point. Use the Graphic keyword in the command line and click on the upper part of the eastern wall of the kitchen. Rotate the symbol and align it in the 0,6m wide strip bordered by the previously drawn construction line.

•

According to the known method place the remaining furnishing. Use a sink element, lower and top kitchen elements. Set the materials and place them on the floor plan.

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COLORING THE WALLS IN THE LIVING ROOM

The wall surfaces of the dining room are set in the default material, first modify it: the base color of the wall surfaces is white. We are going to design stripes of various colors on the wall of the dining room. For this, we need the original layout views of the walls of the dining room.

How to use hatches?



On the drawing you can fill a given area with a pattern or a solid color by means of the Hatch tool. Click on the Hatch – pick point + island command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox with right mouse button. In the appearing dialog set the properties of the hatch to be drawn. Use the Solid switch to draw a solid fill with a given color.



Use the Hatch – pick point + island command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox to fill a closed shape on the drawing. If the bounding edges are not yet drawn, use the Hatch / Imaginary polygon command from the Drafting menu.

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Step by step… •

The wall surfaces of the dining room are set in the default material. Activate the 3D window and click on the 3D View tool bar – Perspective icon. Set your perspective in order to see the northern and eastern walls and select them. In the property manager window you can change the material of the walls. Click on the button marked with three points in the Inside material row and from the appearing material window select the color White from the Colors category. Finally click on the Select button.

Set your perspective in order to see the western and southern walls and select the outer walls. In this case the outer and inner surfaces are of different materials. (Now the outer and inner sides of the walls are reversed since we have drawn them by reference lines on the outer edge.) Choose the “White” material as the Outside material, the “Boarding_01” material from the “Building_materials” category as “Inside material”.

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We need the layouts of the walls in the living room to draft stripes with different colors. Click on the inner edge of the northern wall on the floor plan with right mouse button and select the Profile – Add Whole Frontal Profile command. Place the layout on an empty area of the drawing and press the ENTER key.

Repeat the procedure with the eastern, southern and western walls, respectively. Align the layouts of the walls to each other; you can facilitate the future drafting work this way.

We draw the borders of the colored strips with simple 2D drafting tools. Use the Offset command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox to place the horizontal and vertical construction lines. Use the Delete between

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Learning Interior intersections to get rid of the unnecessary line segments.

Create the 2D color plan of the northern wall; we will use it to color the 3D model as well. Click on the Hatch – pick point + island command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox with right mouse button. In the appearing dialog switch the Solid checkbox on. No background color is currently set: select “Pantone S 82-2” as the background color from the “Pantone” palette. Finally close the dialog.

Click on the Hatch – pick point + island command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox, then click inside the upper vertical strip. The program recognizes the borders of the area, press the ENTER key and the hatch with the previously set color appears.

Color the other strips according to the known method.

Color the 3D models of the walls based on the 2D color plan. Click on the Tile on wall side command in the Tiling group of the Toolbox. Select the northern wall and align its layout to the appropriate part of the 2D color plan. Select the Add new background area – Point of profile command from the Tiling group in Toolbox. Click inside one of the previously

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constructed 0,15m wide strips. In the appearing Material manager select the “Pantone S-41-8” material. Note that the colors appear immediately in the 3D window. Select the Add new background area command again to continue the decoration. For the lighter strips use the “Light_grey” color from the “Colors” category. •

Once you have finished the decoration, you can continue it any time by clicking on the layout placed on the drawing with the right mouse button and select the Continue decoration command.

Follow the previously drafted 2D color plan and in a little while the colored 3D model of the walls will be completed. According to this method you can color areas of any shape or decorate them with textures like stone or brick pattern. Repeat the procedure with the other walls until the whole model is completed.

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FURNISHING IN THE LIVING ROOM BY MEANS OF THE GOOGLE 3D WAREHOUSE The living room is currently empty. Now search for furnishing in the Google 3D Warehouse and place the objects in the model.

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How to place objects from the Google 3D Warehouse?



Click on the Import 3D Warehouse command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. The appearing window is a built-in Internet browser; here you can browse the object warehouse of Google. If you have found the appropriate object, click on the Download model button. The built-in browser downloads the selected object, and after this procedure you can immediately place it in the active window.

Step by step •

Click on the Import 3D Warehouse command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. Use simple keywords like “sofa”, “table”, “bed”, then refine the search expression by adding words. If you have found the appropriate object, click on the Download model button. The built-in browser downloads the selected object, and you can immediately place it in the active window.

After placing the objects you can move, rotate them with the help of markers. Select the object, click on a marker with left mouse button and select the appropriate command from the menu.

Download further objects and place them in the living room. You can find the objects applied by us by searching the following expressions:

(Keyword: Step carpet)

(Keyword: black carpet)

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Learning Interior (Keyword: lucia wall units)

(Keyword: easel)

(Keyword: sofa by lebo)

(Keyword: Our dining table)

(Keyword: glass table)

(Keyword: flat HD TV)

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(Keyword: PS3)

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The bookshelf is an internal ARCHLine.XP object: Living – Furniture – living room bookshelf. •

In some cases the size of the downloaded objects might be bigger than in reality but you will realize this when placing them. If the object happens to be bigger than needed, you can stop placing it with a right click. The downloaded object was automatically saved by Archline.XP so you can now modify it. At the bottom of the Toolbox click on the Design center Tab and here you can find the downloaded object. From Design center – Objects select the “Warehouse.oli” file and from the appearing design center window double click on the object you wish to modify; in the appearing 3D window you can modify the width, depth and height of its bounding box and the material of the surfaces also. If you are done with that select OK and place the object on the drawing.

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Learning Interior

DRAPERY We are going to make a curtain in the opening of the corner window.

We are going to create the model of the curtain by means of the “Ornament and footing” tool. By means of this tool you can create unique shapes by extruding a given profile (green line in the figure) along a given path (red line in the figure).

How to use the Ornament and footing tool?



In the 3D window click on the Ornament and footing command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. Click on the first point of the path and then give another points, finally press the ENTER key. Now it is possible to change the height of the given points by clicking on them and typing the new value. If you don’t change the heights, press the ENTER key once more. A dialog appears, here you can choose between profiles and set the sizes of the selected one. Finally close the window by pressing the Next and Ok buttons.



After placing the first point you can use the keywords in the command line to define a curved path. Use the spline keyword to get an irregular curve.

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Step by step •

Set your perspective in order to see the corner window in the living room. Click on the Ornament and footing command in the Furnishing group of the Toolbox. Click on the first point of the path, press the spline keywords in the command line and then give another points, finally press the ENTER key twice. A dialog appears, now press the Select profile button and select the “General profiles – Rectangle simple” profile and set its sizes (height: 2,4m, width: 0,02m). Finally close the window by pressing the Next and Ok buttons.

Modify the material of the curtain. Click on the curtain with right mouse button and select the Properties command. In the appearing dialog change the material, choose one of the materials from the “Textile” category. Click on the Select button. Finally close the window by pressing the Next and Ok buttons.

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Learning Interior

LIGHT SOURCES Light sources and lamps are not only important for making light but their placement is also important for the appearance of the interior spaces. Place the lamps in the finished model.

(You need a registered Rendering module to produce the image on the right side)

How to place a lamp?



Activate the 3D window. Select the Lamps command in the Furnishing group Toolbox and a window appears containing the lamps of the program. Select one of the Ceiling lamps. You can define the material or any other properties of the lamp. Press the OK button to accept the settings. Select a surface, move the lamp to the correct position and place it.

Step by step •

Set your perspective to see the ceiling of the kitchen. Select the Lamps command in the Furnishing group Toolbox and a window appears containing the lamps of the program. Select one of the Ceiling lamps. Press the OK button to accept the settings. Click on the ceiling of the kitchen, move the lamp to the correct position and place it.

•

Of course, if it is needed, you can modify this position. Activate the 2D window and select the lamp. Left click on the appearing Move marker, and from the Marker menu select the Move command. Now you can refine the position of the lamp.

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SUN SHADOWS ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR gives you an easy solution to study the effects of the sunlight. Enable the shadow casting. Position your perspective to see the corner window, modify the shadow settings and you can see how the lighting of the living room is changing from dusk till dawn.

How to enable/disable toolbars?



Click on the Toolbars menu item in the Window menu and select a toolbar. The selected toolbar appears on the user interface, now you can move it to the desired position.

How to enable shadow casting?



Click on the Shadow icon on the Sun settings toolbar. Change the geographical position and the date by clicking on the Sun position button. To observe the daily movement of sun shadows, shift the Time-slider.

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Learning Interior

Step by step •

Click on the Toolbars menu item in the Window menu and select the Sun settings toolbar. The selected toolbar appears on the user interface. Click on the Shadow icon and you can see the sun shadows.

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The light coming through the corner window can be well visible on the flooring of the living room. Modify the geographical place by clicking on the Sun position icon. In the appearing dialog window you can give the exact place on Earth, time and the north direction. By selecting OK the shadow will appear according to the settings made in the dialog window. With the help of the slider you can change the date and the time immediately. Move the time-slider from left to right and you can see how the lighting of the living room is changing continuously from dusk till dawn.

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PICTURE ON WALL With the Picture on wall command of ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR you can quickly and easily place pictures on the walls. Set the perspective to the north wall of the living room.

How to deal with pictures on wall?



Select the Picture on wall command in Furnishing group of Toolbox and from the appearing dialog window give the properties of the picture. After closing the dialog select a surface and place the picture on it.



The picture located inside the frame can be changed by modifying the Image parameters – Material property. You can find some images in the “Paintings” category. If you want to apply a custom image, first you have to create a new material in the Toolbox - Tiling - Material manager.

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Step by step •

Set the perspective to the west wall of the living room. Select the Picture on wall command in Furnishing group of Toolbox and from the appearing dialog window give the properties of the picture. You can set the frame, the moulding and the painting itself. In the Material manager window find the Painting category and select a picture, then click on Select. The program will recognize the properties of the picture. Close the window by selecting OK.

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Move your mouse over the surface of the western wall of the living room. The program will show you the recognizable surfaces, and with a left click you can select the right one. After doing this, you can place the picture on the wall.

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DOCUMENTATION

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Learning Interior

NEW DRAWING WINDOW FOR THE COLOR PLAN It is useful to organize the plans within the project, because this way it is easier to work on them and your work is clearer. With this method you can easily reorganize your project. Beside the drawing windows you can make 3D windows as well. But be careful and do not make too many windows because the whole project will be unclear. In few windows only it is possible to place the whole project.

Move the color plan to a new drawing window in order to handle them easier.

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How to create new drawing windows?



Use New window 2D from Window menu to create a new drawing window.



You can find the drawings of the current project in the File menu – Project properties dialog. Here you can rename or delete drawings if it is necessary.



You can switch between drawing windows by pressing the CRTL-TAB keys. In addition, in the File menu – Preferences – General dialog you can enable the Window Selection Tabs on the Toolbox settings page.

How to copy elements from a window to another?



Select the elements to copy, click on the Copy to clipboard command in the Edit menu and give a reference point. The elements are on a clipboard now. ®

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Learning Interior Activate the destination window and place the elements by selecting the Paste from clipboard command from the Edit menu.



If you would like to delete the elements from their original window, use the Cut command instead of Copy to clipboard.

Step by step •

Activate the 2D window. If you zoom out the drawing you can see that the color plan is next to the drawing plan. Select the elements of the color plan using the selection rectangle, click on the Cut command in the Edit menu and give a reference point. The drawing is on a clipboard now.

Select New window 2D from Window menu and make a new drawing with the name of “Color plan”. Now select Paste from clipboard command from the Edit menu. Move the mouse to the right position of the new drawing and place the previously cut color plan. You can stop the placing by pressing the ENTER key. Place the windows with the Enlarge Active Window command that you can find on the View toolbar.

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DIMENSIONING In ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR you can dimension the drawing plan with the help of the Dimension command. Dimension the walls and openings on the floor plan, the sizes and heights on the color plan

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How to use dimensions?



You can quickly dimension an element by selecting the Quick dimension in the Dimension group of the Toolbox, and click on an element and place the dimensioning.



Select the Walls command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. From the appearing dialog window select from the upper list the dimension types that you want to use and click on the Add command. If you have finished, select OK.

Finally click on the walls that you wish to dimension and place the dimensioning.



You can create a string of dimensions by selecting the Distance command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. In the appearing dialog window select of the visible options: CadLine


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j For example you can create a dimension string by selecting the Serial option. Click on a specific point, and then give the second point of the horizontal distance that you want to dimension and place the dimension. The last point that was given will be the starting point of the next dimension. Give in further points and the program will place them in a string next to the previously made dimension and this way it will make a dimension string.



To use dimension of heights click on Elevation on section command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. Click on the point that you want to be the base 速

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Learning Interior height. Now click on the second point of the height that you want to dimension and place it. After this, you can define new heights and the program will place them on the same vertical axis. If the dimensions are too close to one another you can define new positions.



To place the dimensions of openings use Door/Window-Define command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. The command line at the bottom of the window gives you information about the state of the command and gives you the possibility to change. For example, with the red All keyword you can dimension all of the openings from the current level with one single step.

Step by step •

Select the Walls command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. From the appearing dialog window select from the upper list the following dimension types and add them to the lower list in the appropriate order: Door/window axes and wall endpoints, Wall endpoints and collections, Wall endpoints. If you have finished, select OK. Finally click on an outer wall that you wish to dimension and place the dimensioning. Repeat this procedure and dimension all outer walls.

To dimension the color-image plan, first select its drawing window. Select the Distance command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox command. In the appearing dialog window select the Horizontal and the Serial option, and then press OK. Click on the bottom-left corner of the color plan, then type the second point of the horizontal distance that you want to dimension and place the dimension. The last point that was given will be the starting point of the next dimension. Give in further points and the program will place them in a string next to the previously made dimension.

Click on Elevation on section command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. Click on the bottom-left corner of the color plan. Now click on a corner of a cooler strip and place the dimension. After this, you can define new heights and the program will place them on the same vertical axis. If the dimensions are too close to one another you can define new positions.

Activate the floor plan and click on the Door/Window-Define command in the Dimension group of the Toolbox. Click on the All keyword in the command line to dimension all of the openings from the current level with one single step.

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SECTION, INTERIOR ELEVATION After giving the section line and the direction of the section, ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR will automatically make the section and interior elevation. On the section or interior elevation you can see well the decorations and paintings on the walls that you have made earlier. You can similarly design any wall view and it will appear in a new window of the project.

How to create sections?



Activate the 2D window and click on Section command in the Documentation group of the Toolbox. Give the section line by the starting point and the endpoint, and then click on that side of the section line from where you want to see the section.



If you confirm the appearing question (Create Section view?), the program creates the section immediately and a new drawing window will contain it. If your answer is No then only the symbol appears on the floor plan. By clicking on the section symbol with right mouse button and selecting the Create command you can create the section later.

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Learning Interior

Step by step •

Activate the 2D window and click on Section command in the Documentation group of the Toolbox. Give the section line by the starting point and the endpoint across the kitchen and the living room, and then click on that side of the section line from where you want to see the section /e.g. here on the middle of the living room/.

On the appearing question answer Yes and the section is ready.

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FLOOR PLAN WITH TEXTURES AND MATERIALS Right now the designed drawing plan is a simple line drawing. With ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR you have the possibility to represent the 2D plan with the textures and materials that appear in the 3D image. You can achieve this by cutting the model with a horizontal plane and placing the top view of the cut model on the floor plan as an image.

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How to create 3D model section?



Activate the 3D window and select the Section – 3D model section command from the View menu. Choose a view (for example the front view) from the 3D view toolbar in which you can define the section plane. From the command line select the “Popmenu” and click on the Perpendicular to view command. Give the starting point and the endpoint of the section line. After that, left click on the part of the model that you would like to keep.

How to copy the image of the 3D view to the floor plan?



Activate the 3D window and from the Edit menu select the Copy bitmap to clipboard command. In the dialog window you can choose between large or small resolution images. You can place the image on a 2D drawing window by selecting the Paste bitmap from the clipboard command from the Edit menu.

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Step by step •

Activate the 3D window then click on the Front view icon on the 3D view toolbar. The front view of the whole model appears now. Select the Section – 3D model section command from the View menu. From the command line select the “Popmenu” and click on the Perpendicular to view command. Draw a horizontal line on the front view that cuts the model approximately 1m above the floor; give the starting point and the endpoint. After that, left click below the line.

You can see now that the program kept only the lower part of the model. •

From the View menu of the 3D image window select Top view and the colored top view of the section appears.

Now from Edit menu select the Copy bitmap to clipboard command. In the dialog window choose large resolution. •

Activate the 2D window and from the Edit menu select the Paste bitmap from the clipboard command. Now you can place the picture under the floor plan.

Select the Calibrate – graphic command in the Start group of Toolbox, Select the bitmap, and then click on the starting point and the endpoint of the lower wall of the living room on the picture Then click on the corresponding two points on the floor plan drawing as well. The program enlarges the image and moves it to the appropriate position.

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COMPOSING A PLOT LAYOUT You can compile a complete documentation with ARCHLine.XP速 INTERIOR. The documentation can contain one or more plot layouts. Compose a plot layout on a page of size A2 place the floor plan, the color plan, the section and a 3D view of the interior space. You can place borders and captions by means of the commands in the Drafting group of the Toolbox.

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How to compile a plot layout?



Select Prepare plot layout in the Documentation group of the Toolbox and from the dialog window select a page size and orientation and then press OK. From the following list you can select those drawings saved in the project that you wish to place on the plot layout. You can set the scale of the drawing, the floors, layers and element types to display.

After pressing the OK button the program creates the plot layout and will offer you the selected drawings one after the other to place them. You can skip placing a drawing by pressing the right button of the mouse.



Always save the project before preparing the layout, because the program places the drawings from the saved project.

How to draw borders and captions on a plot layout?



You can place lines, filled areas and captions by means of the commands in the Drafting group of the Toolbox or in the Drafting menu.

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Step by step… •

Now let’s prepare a plot layout. Save the project before preparing the layout. Select Prepare plot layout in the Documentation group of the Toolbox and from the dialog window select “A2” as page size. Select the Landscape orientation for the page and press OK. From the following list you can select those drawings saved in the project that you wish to place on the plot layout. Select 1:100 for the scale, and press OK. The program creates the plot layout and will offer you the selected plans one after the other to place them. Place them in the desired position.

Draw a border by means of the commands in the Drafting group of the Toolbox. First draw the contour of the filled areas, then use the Hatch – Pick point + island in the Drafting group of the Toolbox to fill these areas. Finally select the newly created hatches and in the Property manager set the Background color to black and enable the Solid checkbox.

You can place the captions by means of the Text - place command in the Drafting group of the Toolbox. Type the text and then place it on the drawing. Select the newly created texts and in the Property manager set the color, font and size. Finally with the help of the move marker move the texts to their exact position one after the other.

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PRINTING If you are ready with the plans, perspective, and wall views you can print them. You can print only one drawing or a composed plot layout. You can print directly with the printer or send to PDF format. It is a great advantage of the PDF format that it enables you to print in a larger size than your actual printer’s paper size and you can as well send it to the customer or take it to a printing studio.

How to print a drawing or a plot layout to PDF?



You can print a drawing in the following way: at first activate its window and then select the Print command in the Documentation group of Toolbox. In the dialog window select the Print to PDF option. Give the path and filename of the PDF file, set the size and orientation of the page. Select the appropriate scale. By clicking on the Centered button you can place the whole drawing at the centre of the page.

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Take a look at the Preview image of the printing. If it is correct press OK and Print and soon the PDF is ready.



If you would like to print to a plotter or printer, you have to select the Print to printer option and then a printer. The further procedure equals to the previously described one.



You have to print the layouts in 1:1 scale, because we have already resized the drawings to the required scale when we have placed them on the layout.

Step by step •

First print only the floor plan. Activate the floor plan and select the Print command in the Documentation group of Toolbox. In the dialog window select the Print to PDF option. Give the path and filename of the PDF file, set the size and orientation of the page. Select the 1:100 scale, and take a look at the Preview image of the printing. By clicking on the Centered button you can place the whole content of the floor plan at the centre of the page. Press OK and Print and soon the PDF is ready.

Activate the previously created plot layout. Select the Print command in the Documentation group of Toolbox. In the dialog window set the page size to A2 and the orientation to Landscape. In this case let the print scale be 1:1, because we have already resized the drawings to the required scale when we have placed them on the layout. Print the layout to PDF and take a look at the result.

Save icon. Now you can close the Save the project by clicking the ® ARCHLine.XP INTERIOR, you have finished the tutorial.

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