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the global amount of private capital available that is seeking yield with safety, RBT-C is therefore well positioned to grow and support an increasing number of projects. Speed in establishment and potential scalability RBT-C works within the bounds of existing legislation. Since it does not require the formation of enabling legislation, it has the potential to be replicated and up-scaled in most regions of the world in a relatively quick and efficient manner.

Challenges, limitations and countermeasures Obtaining support from the city Lacking a history of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in Boston, it has proved challenging to muster support for the SPE and PPP model from other officials and departments in the city. Several factors however have aided in winning support. First, RBT-C represents an important opportunity for the city to pursue ongoing economic development investments and improve large parcels of city-owned land. Second, the nonprofit SPE is designed to be self-sufficient by operating with funds and grants from external sources and small transaction fees collected from projects. This eliminates the need for any specific budget from the city. Finally, the programme represents an important strategy for the city in its Climate Action Plan.

List of references Bevington, M., Seely C. 2012. Making Energy Efficiency Bankable: Lessons Learned From a Global Market Transformation Effort. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 6-25:6-38. Bevington, M. 2014. Renew Boston Trust Overview. https://vimeo.com/100718630, Accessed 23 July, 2016. Bevington, M. 2015. Renew Boston Trust: Managed Utilities Service Partnership for Commercial Property. Unpublished (available on request). City Energy Project 2013. Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.cityenergyproject.org/faq Accessed 23 January 2016. City of Boston. 2014. Greenovate Boston 2014 Climate Action Plan Update. http://www.cityofboston.gov/climate/bostonsplan/ Accessed 23 January 2016. Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI). 2012. Guide to Making the Case for Deep Energy Retrofits. http://www.rmi.org/Content/Files/RMI_Retrofit_Guide_ BuildingTheCase_1.1.pdf Accessed 23 January 2016.

Long-term approaches required to achieve market transformation goals It is expected that the goal of transforming the Boston and national retrofitting market in Boston by turning deep energy retrofitting projects into an approved asset class will be a slow and challenging process. This is apparent when considering that currently, the U.S. commercial retrofitting projects market is estimated to be attaining only 10% of its full potential. In addition, the nature of the deep-retrofitting projects targeted by RBT-C therefore is long-term, with many projects planned to reap paybacks over a decade or more. As such, longterm commitments and strategies are required from all parties participating in RBT-C and its SPE. Obtaining a waiver for multi-family properties Challenges are anticipated in targeting the multi-family sector. These properties are often owned by a group of investors rather than an individual. Convening this group and making the argument for the repayment waiver could prove difficult for logistical reasons. Additionally, multi-family properties developed under affordable housing schemes can also have federal restrictions against taking on additional debt. These essentially prevent “opening up� of contracts for mid-cycle investment. For this reason, it is expected that RBT-C will see more success in addressing the market-rate and luxury segment (i.e. condominiums) than the socalled affordable end of the multi-family housing market.

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Urban Efficiency II: Seven Innovative City Programmes for Existing Building Energy Efficiency  

Urban Efficiency II: Seven Innovative City Programmes for Existing Building Energy Efficiency builds on research in the successful predecess...

Urban Efficiency II: Seven Innovative City Programmes for Existing Building Energy Efficiency  

Urban Efficiency II: Seven Innovative City Programmes for Existing Building Energy Efficiency builds on research in the successful predecess...