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CJA 225 Module 1 Assignment 3 Criminal Laws and the Court System FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com

Criminal law is a system that has evolved due to societal needs. This cycle of development begins when laws are enacted at the legislative stage. The laws are then enforced by law enforcement and are later applied by the judiciary. Many a times, laws are determined at the legislative stage but are developed in the courtroom. Both the processes are equally important in the criminal justice system. You may have your own thoughts on which one is more important. Through this writing assignment, you will explore the evolution of criminal laws and their effects on the court system. Tasks: Select one of the two options listed for this assignment. Each option focuses on different aspects. The first one is related to the legislative process while the second gives you a chance to focus only on the current laws in your state. Option 1: The Evolution of the Criminal Court System: The Legislative Process This writing assignment involves exploring the legislative evolution of DUI laws in a specific state of your choice. Perform the following tasks: Step 1: Conduct a research on the process of legislation in your state or any other state of your choice and on the impact of this process on the DUI or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) laws in the courtroom. Your research should provide an explanation on the legislative process, the past and current DUI laws, and the source for any changes in your state of choice. Step 2: Write a two-page paper. In a Microsoft Word document, provide the following information:


A description of the process of how legislation is created in the state you have chosen and how the legislation affects the court system An explanation of the history of DUI laws in the state you have chosen, including the dates of the first DUI law and the first penalty A description of the current DUI law, any change that was made to the law, the court of the state that prosecutes DUI cases, and the penalties for DUI laws The reasons for the evolution of the DUI laws and for the changes made to them Step 3: Save and submit your assignment. Submission Details: Save your assignment as M1_A3_ doc. By Module 1, Day 7, submit your assignment to the M1: Assignment 3 Dropbox. Option 2: The Evolution of the Criminal Court System: The Laws in Your State This writing assignment involves exploring the evolution of criminal laws and their effects on the court system. Perform the following tasks: Step 1: Research the court system in your state, or the state of your choice, and the history of a crime, tracking its changes in substance and penalties. Conduct research to provide an explanation of the court structure in your state of choice, the history of a particular crime, its current substance and penalties, and the source for any changes. Step 2: Write a two-page paper. In a Microsoft Word document, provide the following information: A description of the structure of the court system in the state you have chosen An explanation of the history of the crime you selected in that state, including the date when a law was first enacted against that crime and the first penalty for the crime A description of the law related to that crime and whether the law has changed since its inception


A description of the court of the state, county, state, or superior where that particular crime is prosecuted and the current penalties for that crime The reason for the evolution of law against that crime, including the driving force behind any changes made to that law, and your opinion on the evolution of the law Step 3: Save and submit your assignment. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CJA 225 Module 2 Assignment 2 Criminal Justice Arguments FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com

Several players interact with each other in the courtroom. Of those players, we see two profiles often in popular media: criminal defense lawyers and the prosecution. Both are responsible for taking a case from its preliminary phases to trial and beyond. Both gather evidence, interview witnesses, and develop possible arguments for their cases. Both are responsible for presenting the best outcome, whether they believe in the reasoning or not. In this assignment, you will have the experience of developing an argument for a criminal case. Activity Details Step 1: Identify a criminal case that you feel passionately about. Find an article related to a criminal case in the Argosy University online library to use in the summary. Complete the following tasks. Write a one-page summary of the case. The summary should include: The alleged crime that occurred The elements of the crime The evidence presented in the case The possible defenses


Step 2: Write a one-page argument for the defendant as if you were the defense attorney on the case. In your argument: Address the jury by introducing yourself and the client named in the case. Highlight the strengths of the case by telling the jury your client’s side. Personalize the case by telling the jury about your client. Acknowledge the weaknesses that the other side will point out. Discuss any defenses you may use during the case. Request an outcome from the jury, which is normally a not-guilty verdict for the defendant. Step 3: Write a one-page argument as if you were the prosecutor on the case. In your argument: Address the jury by introducing yourself and the state you represent. Highlight the strengths of the case by telling the jury why the defendant is guilty. Personalize the case by describing the aftermath of the crime, the victims, and the harm caused to society because of the crime. Acknowledge the weaknesses that the other side will point out. Request an outcome from the jury, which is normally a guilty verdict for the defendant. Step 4: Save and submit the assignment. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CJA 225 Module 3 Assignment 2 LASA 1 DWI Case Study FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com

George, Mark, and four other friends have planned to go out drinking for the evening at several nightclubs about 45 miles from Centervale. George has offered to drive the group in his Pontiac Bonneville. Although there are not enough seatbelts for everyone, the group piles into the vehicle and venture out for a night of fun on the town. Several hours later, after visiting three bars, Mark drives the group to the next


bar because George has had too much to drink. Unfortunately, Mark has also had too much to drink, which causes him to lose control and crash the vehicle. When emergency services arrive on the scene, Mark is not seriously injured and is able to give details of what he believes happened to have caused the crash. George is seriously injured and is life-flighted to a trauma center along with another friend, one friend is deceased, but still seat belted in the car, and one friend who was thrown from the vehicle, sustained moderate injuries. Highway Patrolman Green suspects' alcohol might have played a role in the crash and asks Mark to perform a series of field sobriety tests. Mark fails the tests, and is arrested and charged with DWI. Mark awaits his Initial Appearance in court, while the Highway Patrol Reconstruction Team reconstructs the crash, calculates the approximate speed of the vehicle, and determines other pertinent facts. The Highway Patrol Officers review the case with the District Attorney before Mark's initial appearance. It is agreed that Mark can be charged with reckless driving, speeding, four counts of felony assault, and one count of involuntary manslaughter. Mark's toxicology tests revealed a blood alcohol level of .21 and further evidence shows he was driving at 75 miles per hour at the time of the crash. The Judge formally reads the charges, advises Mark of his rights, and appoints him an attorney during his initial court appearances. Mark posts bail while he awaits his arraignment. You are working with a Criminal Justice university course. The professor has asked you to create a case study on this case that will provide her students with a real world situation that demonstrates the basics of the class. Your case study must: Identify, define, examine, and discuss the crimes committed in the above scenario. Demonstrate your knowledge of the criminal justice process that occurred in this scenario. Evaluate the beginning and end of the involvement of the criminal justice system in this scenario. Research your state's view on deaths related to DUI offenses and the potential that


this crime could be classified as murder. Relate each involvement to the Court system or Criminal Justice System as a whole. Propose a possible "next step" for Mark and the case. Compare and contrast his possible options. What systems of the Criminal Justice System will be accessed with each option? Consider Mark's rights as a defendant in this scenario from postarrest through awaiting trial. Examine the rights of the victims as they related to the criminal justice process. If these crimes were committed in a state that has a Grand Jury system, discuss where in the series of steps the Grand Jury would hear evidence in this case. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CJA 225 Module 4 Assignment 2 The Trial Process FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com

Activity Details As you learned in your reading, there are several stages to a trial process. Once a crime is reported, the police begin to investigate, collect evidence, and report evidence to the prosecutor. The involvement of the police continues from the beginning of a case to its end. Tasks: In this assignment, imagine you are an officer at your local police station. Your supervising officer assigns you to a prestigious unit that receives special projects, including education development. As your first project, you are assigned the task of creating and presenting a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation concerning the trial process to new recruits at the police academy. Perform the following tasks: Step 1: Research and develop a plan for the trial process. Use information from both the textbook and the Argosy University online library resources. Refer to the attached terms as a road map and make


sure that the terms pertaining to your state criminal court system are present in your Microsoft PowerPoint presentation. Given below is the road map for this assignment. Step 2: Create a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation describing the local criminal trial process from the beginning to the end. Give thought to the difference between the misdemeanor and the felony processes. In addition, differentiate between the defendant’s choice of taking a case to a trial or as a plea. Discuss why a defendant may want to consider a plea instead of continuing with the trial. Explain possible penalties, sentences, and alternative programs available to the defendant. Step 3: Include speaker notes to explain the contents of each slide including more research and information. Direct your speaker notes to your audience (for example, you may tell recruits that they may have to testify at the preliminary hearing and inform them what the judge would consider). Step 4: After completing the assignment, save the presentation. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CJA 225 Module 5 Assignment 1 LASA 2 Your State vs. Mark FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com

Assignment 1: LASA 2: Your State v. Mark Mark Davis has been charged with Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) for reckless driving, speeding, four counts of felony assault, and one count of involuntary manslaughter as the result of a crash that occurred on a night out with his friends. Mark has been out on bail and pleaded not guilty when he was arraigned. The Judge set a date for Mark's trial and his defense team has been working to collect information about the technology used by the Highway Patrol to reconstruct the crash. District Attorney O'Malley offered Mark a plea bargain, but Mark chose to take his chances at trial. Mark's attorney, Mr. Chen Long, advised


Mark that accepting the plea offer was completely up to Mark, although Mr. Long advised against accepting it because the defense planned to highlight mistakes made by law enforcement during the investigation that could create reasonable doubt in the minds of the jurors. The trial begins and during the voir dire of potential jurors, several individuals are excused because they have previous knowledge of Mark's case from the media. Two individuals stated that they could not be impartial because they had loved ones killed in alcohol related crashes as well. Eventually, two men and ten women were seated in Mark's trial. District Attorney O'Malley presented the State's case clearly and concisely depicting a night on the town full of heavy drinking, which ultimately resulted in Mark's actions causing the death of one individual and injuring four others. Highway Patrolman Green explained to the jury that he immediately suspected alcohol when he arrived on scene because Mark appeared to be intoxicated when they spoke. Following the Judge ruling that it was admissible and not prejudicial, Sergeant Rodney Monroe, from the Highway Patrol Reconstruction Team presented their reconstruction complete with a high-tech computer animated reenactment of the crash. During the cross examination, Defense Attorney Long challenged the reconstruction because the Defense Crash Reconstruction Expert had discovered errors in the mathematical calculations for vehicle speed. The jury appeared to have liked the reconstruction very much regardless of the errors highlighted by the defense. Mark was convicted of DWI, four counts of felony assault, and one count of involuntary manslaughter; however, he was acquitted of reckless driving and speeding. The Jury said they could not convict Mark of those offenses because of the mistakes made by law enforcement officers during the investigation. Because Mark pleads not guilty, but was convicted during trial and had two prior DWI offenses, he was sentenced to ten years in the State Prison. Defense Attorney Long immediately notified the court of an impending appeal that would be filed by the defendant. In a report, using external sources to support your claims, answer the following:


Compare and contrast the roles of the Judge, Jury, District Attorney (Prosecutor), and Defense Attorney. What are their primary functions and purposes in the courtroom Workgroup? Discuss the rights of the defendant in your state during the trial phase of the criminal justice process. Discuss the rights of the victims and/or their families in your state during the pre-trial and trial phase of the criminal justice process. Would it be unusual for the family of a deceased victim to become angered by a slow criminal justice process or one where they are not permitted by law to be given information about the facts or evidence in the case by the District Attorney's Office before the trial? Compare and contrast plea-bargaining versus going to trial. Historically, opponents to plea bargains have claimed that they are used to alleviate heavy workloads of prosecutors (district attorneys). Prosecutors argue that plea-bargaining is a necessary part of the criminal justice process for several reasons. Where is the future of the criminal justice process headed in this regard? Analyze how the Highway Patrol's computer animated reenactment might have related to the Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) effect in the courtroom. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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CJA 225 STUDY Achievement Education--cja225study.com  

FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com Criminal law is a system that has evolved due to societal needs. This cycle of development beg...

CJA 225 STUDY Achievement Education--cja225study.com  

FOR MORE CLASSES VISIT www.cja225study.com Criminal law is a system that has evolved due to societal needs. This cycle of development beg...

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