University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Bachelorâ€™s of Science Architecture | Design Portfolio
Brittany Wilkin Design Portfolio
Table of Contents Urban Infill
Site Objective & Approach Enclosure Program Interior Perspective Views
European Bath House Site Objective & Approach Enclosure Sustainable Design Spatial Organization Experience
11 12 13 14 15-16 17-20
Site Objective & Approach Public Access Circulation Mechanical Design Program Requirements Interior Perspective Views
21 22 23-24 25 26 27 28-30
Site Objective & Approach Enclosure Program Requirements Structural Design Efficient Building Performance Sustainable Design Interior Perspective Views
31 32 33-34 35 36 37-38 39 40
1 2 3 5,7,9 6,8,10
URBAN INFILL Project Location Site: The site is located between two buildings in a busy metropolitan neighborhood. Zoning restrictions predetermined the projectâ€™s length, width, and height as they must match the dimensions of the surrounding buildings. These inďŹ‚exible parameters set by local zoning codes highly contributed to the development of the design.
3D Site View
URBAN INFILL Objective & Approach
Streetscape view of Urban Infill
Objective: The purpose of the project is to design a building that functions as both an office and place of residence. The space in the first two ďŹ‚oors is an architectural firm while the third ďŹ‚oor and rooftop terrace serve as the residential spaces of the building which was designated by the program.
Approach: The goal is to design a building that creates a positive environment for both of its functions. Interior aspects of the building separate the firm from the residence while the north and south facades unify the building as a whole. 2
Enclosure Because just the north and south locations of the building have the capability to take advantage of daylight, glazing was implemented in the both the north and south facades.
View looking toward the north facade 12 p.m.
View looking toward south facade at 12 p.m.
Entire Curtain Wall
Single Unit from Curtain Wall
Daylight & Views:
Since the locations north and south of the site are open to the surrounding neighborhood, curtain walls are incorporated in these areas to take advantage of daylight and views. Spanning from ground level to rooftop, these curtain walls help create a pleasant interior environment. Behavior of sunlight trespass on the office level during a typical working day.
Structural Diagram Plan
Structural Design: In order to allow for ﬂexibility in opening up or closing off spaces the structure of the building is based off a 10’ x 10’ square grid. Steel columns carry the vertical load to the steel beams embedded in the concrete ﬂoor slab which evenly distributes the load along the ﬂoor plane. The load is then transferred to the reinforced concrete masonry walls which carry the load to the concrete foundation.
Structural Load Tranfser Diagram
Program : Level 1
Business Level Floor Plan
Interior Perspective Views : Level 1
View A : View of Reception Area
View B : View of Reception Area
View C : Looking toward break area provided for guests and employees
Program : Level 2
Studio Level Floor Plan
Interior Perspective Views : Level 2
View A : Looking toward employee workstations
View B : Looking toward employee lounge from stairway
Program : Level 3
Apartment Floor Plan
Interior Perspective Views : Level 3
View A : Looking down entry hallway
View B : Family Room
View C : Family Room
EUROPEAN BATH HOUSE Project Location Site: The site is located in the 19th arrondissement of Paris, France. It sits just north of the River Seine. The south location of the site faces the river while the east location is connected to a bridge that crosses over the Seine. Both the unique shape of this neglected lot and a ten foot drop from the bridge level to the river walk level create challenges in this project. Site Plan
3D Site View
EUROPEAN BATH HOUSE Objective & Approach
Looking at the bath house from pedestrian walkway beside the River Seine
Objective: Throughout European history, bath houses have been a significant part of the communitiesâ€™ lifestyle. A bath house offers the community a place to socialize, cleanse, and most of all relax.
Approach: The intention for the design is to create a place for city dwellers to escape the urban landscape and enter into a place of peace and tranquility. As history denotes, the bath house should provide an experience that is progressive in nature. Because the purpose of the bath house is to promote relaxation each step in the process should be clear and concise.
Enclosure The facades are designed to secure the privacy of the visitors by prohibiting the outside community from seeing occupants inside the building while visitors are given opportunities to view outside.
As the patrons travel along the east and west sections of the building they are provided landscape views to the urban environment that surrounds them without being exposed. East Wall Section
The south faรงade allows visitors to enjoy views of the River Seine without compromising their privacy.
South Wall Section
Rainwater Collection: The slight slope of the roof allows for a moderate amount of rainwater to be collected. Drains are placed on both the northeast and southwest corners of the roof. Once the drains collect an adequate amount of rainwater, it is pumped through the pipes
that are installed above the ceiling to the mechanical shaft on the north side of the building. This is where the water is treated. Then the water is either transferred to the waterfall to be further filtered or stored and appropriately used.
Bath House Roof Plan
The buildingâ€™s enclosure contains operable windows that are positioned just below the ceiling on the east, west, and southeast sections of the building. As desired, these windows would be used to improve indoor air quality of the open spaces in the building. 14
Circulation: Given the odd shape and square footage limitations of this site, the service aspects of the bathhouse are clustered together, while the remaining space becomes space becomes a wide open area to area to meander through. This spatial arrangement eases the circulation path and guides guides visitors through the bath house experience.
Level 1 - Circluation Diagram
Spatial Organization Activity Core: The structural core of the building contains the bath houseâ€™s services. The activities are placed in an ascending order that corresponds with the typical steps a traditional European bath house would follow. Upon entering the building, visitors will check in at the reception area where they are given a towel and directed to the locker rooms on the north end of the building. They will then follow the sequential path that is provided for them.
European Bath House Experience: Level 1- Hot Air Room/ Sauna Level 2- Steam Room and Pool Level 3- Massage Rooms Level 4-Public Pool and Smoothie Bar
3D Section Cut Showing Activity Core
Experience Level 1 Interior Views
Bath house entry space
Upon entering the bath house the guest checks in at reception and are given a chance to browse different oils and lotions sold at the spa. The first step bathers take in a typical European bath house is to relax in a room called the warm room. This room is heated by a continuous ﬂow of hot, dry air allowing the bather to perspire freely. There are two rooms in the building’s core so that each gender has its own warm room.
Looking down warm room hall
Facing women’s warm room
Experience Level 2 Interior Views Second, bathers move to an even hotter room which is commonly referred to as the hot room. Here, bathers sit on a tile bench and relax while the steady ďŹ‚ow of steam is poured into the room. The steam significantly opens the pores of the bathers so that toxins may be released through the skin. After sitting in the hot room, bathers then lower themselves in a cold pool which tightens their pores once again.
Looking from cold pool section of hot room
Stairway around the corner of hot rooms
Experience Level 3 Interior Views
View of massage rooms taken near the elevator shaft
After performing a full body wash in the pool of cool water, the bather then moves onto the third ďŹ‚oor where he/she receives a massage. There are nine separate massage rooms within the buildingâ€™s core. An open spaced seating area is provided for bathers to relax while waitng for their turn or for a friend to finish. On the north end of this level is a yoga room giving bathers the option to meditate in complete seclusion.
Looking from north corner of massage level to the south wall
Experience Level 4 Interior Views
View of the concluding experience for bath house guests
The bathers finally retire to the cooling room to conclude their bathing experience. The cooling hut, which is surrounded by a moat of cold water, is always kept at a cold temperature providing an isolated place for bathers to lie down and gaze at the sky. There are also two hot tubs on both sides of the cool pool providing yet another means of relaxation. In order to give the bathers an opportunity to replenish their bodies before leaving the bath house, a smoothie bar is located at the north end of the ďŹ‚oor.
View of cold hut, hot tubs, and smoothie bar
DANCE PERFOMANCE CENTER Project Location Site: The site for the dance theater is located in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, France. The complexity of Parisian urban design heavily impacts this sites location. Directly east of the lot is a pedestrian pathway that leads to a public park. There is also a metro stop underneath the site. The existing staircase and elevator are to remain untouched, therefore, they are incorporated into the performance venueâ€™s design giving the public direct access to the dance theater from the metro stop.
3D Site View
DANCE PERFOMANCE CENTER Objective & Approach
Looking toward Dance Theater from Sidewalk across the street
Objective: The urban dance performance center is multifaceted in its function. It must include a dance school for the dance company, a full functioning performance theater, a bar/restaurant for guests, a green space that covers 70% of the site footprint, and a loading dock large enough to fit trailers for companies that may be on tour.
Approach: In order to create efficient spaces for each aspect of the program the building is a composition of four major segments. It is designed to inform the public of its several purposes.
Public Access Pedestrian Access : In order to keep a performance center functioning it is important that it allures to the public. The design of this building generously applies this concept. The architecture of the building makes it possible to highlight areas that will inform the public of its multiple functions. There are four main areas in the building that are intended to captivate the public eye.
A. Visitors that access the building via the underground metro have direct access to the ticket booth. B. The main entryway gives patrons a place to peruse whether coming for a performance or just passing by. C. The building provides an aesthetically pleasing underpass to shelter passerbys from potential rain and direct individuals to the entrance. D. Pedestrians coming from the public park pathway view the public portion of the building. An existing staircase gives these individuals access to the main entryway. 23
Pedestrian Access Views
View A- Looking from metro stop stairwell
View B - Looking from street level looking into courtyard
View C - Looking from sidewalk leading to building
View D - Looking from upper level pedestrian pathway that leads to a public park 24
Circulation Public Circulation: There is one circulation core that is provided for the public. The The vertical vertical staircase and an adjacent elevator shaft are centrally located located within the building footprint.
Because there are multiple reasons a patron may visit the building, this one vertical circulation shaft gives the public direct access to any part of the building.
Section showing public stairwell
Mechanical Design School Ceiling Plan
Design Scheme: The building contains one mechanical shaft that is located in the center of the public staircase. It is the meeting point for both the supply and return ducts. With intention of increasing mechanical efficiency the service core supplies three separate zones. Though the layout for the supply ducts differs in each zone, they share the same return configuration that is embedded in the south wall.
Diagram of ductwork in different zones
Public Side Ceiling Plan
Theater Ceiling Plan
North Elevation 1
This section houses the theater. The sixty foot high ceilings comply with recommended dimensions for a typical performance center. Behind the 40 x 40 stage is a large backstage area with changing rooms and storage space for props and stage equipment.
The first two levels of the building footprint make up the dance school. In order to accommodate the needs of a professional dance company, there are four dance studios within the school. In addition to the studio space there are four offices for staff, two gender specific locker rooms complete with showers, and a student/staff lounge.
This section of the building would be most utilized by the public. This space was designed to give guests a place to congregate and socialize. This is where the required restaurant/bar and lobby are located. Both the restaurant and lobby are placed adjacent to the theater entrance. As required by the program this bi-level rooftop terrace, takes up 70% of the building footprint. It provides a peaceful place for guests, staff, and dancers to relax. The vegetated roof also contributes to lowering the cost of building operations.
On the south side of the building is a loading dock. When a dance company is on tour, they will have a place to park their trailer. This space is conveniently positioned underneath the backstage area.Therefore, if the company travels with any specific stage equipment, it can be easily transported to the backstage via a mechanical lift.
Interior Perspective Views
Large dance studio on first level
Large dance studio on second level
Interior Perspective Views
Theater view taken from back of auditorium seating
Lobby located next to the theater on the third ďŹ‚oor
Interior Perspective Views
Bar / Restaurant located on fourth ďŹ‚oor
DISCOVEREUM | CHILDRENâ€™S MUSEUM Project Location Site: The site for the Discovereum is located on the southwest corner of the intersection at S State and E Harrison in Chicago, Illinois. The building will replace a public parking lot in this congested business area. Immediately to the left of the site is an L track. The blue line makes a stop next to the northeast corner of the site. Because it sits in such a busy area it is important to provide space for cars to either drop visitors off or park temporarily. An underground parking garage is required to be incorporated in the design, and the use of this garage is limited to museum employees and guests. Site Plan
3D Site View
DISCOVEREUM | CHILDREN’S MUSEUM Objective & Approach
Looking Across the Street Toward the Children’s Museum
Objective: The Discovereum is built for families with children. This museum is designed to inspire children to explore and engage in the activities provided. Inspiration for this design is derived from the simple design of a tree house. Just as with a tree house, the further children progress up the building more and more opportunities for exploration are given to them. The open spaces and central atrium reduce the sense of boundaries to invigorate a child’s imagination.
Approach: The goal for the Children’s Museum is to design a building that will intrigue individuals to visit. Since the site is situated in a business area individuals will pass this building on a daily basis. Therefore, it is important the building positively reinforces the surrounding environment via visual appeal and preventing further congestion for pedestrians. 32
Enclosure Building Envelope Materials: Just as a tree house is built with materials taken from its surrounding environment, so does the urban tree house museum. The building is composed of concrete, structural glass, stainless steel, and anodized aluminum.
Formwork Concrete Blocks
Structural Glazing with attached stainless steel screen
Enclosure Design Strategy
Level 4 wall section callout
Building Envelope Concept: The concept for the building envelope design is to mimic mimic the way sunlight sunlight is seen through a is seen through a tree. The exterior steel screen attached to the structural glass creates a similar lighting effect.
Wall section taken from Level 4
Climb Structure Level 1 & Level 2- The ground level contains the information center to the left of the entrance, janitor and staff offices, and storage for guests with strollers. The second level contains a small movie theater, a gift shop, and two more small offices for storage and staff. Level 3- The third level is designated as the art studio section of the museum. It provides the children with plenty of desk space, supplies, as well as window side easels for painting. Level 4- The dig site and skyscraper construction area were separate components to the program. They were both put on the fourth ďŹ‚oor due to their similar purposes. Children would dig out desired materials from specified bins at the dig site then use carts to bring the materials over to the skyscraper construction area and begin to build their structure. Level 5- Because the activities on the level below require large amounts of open space, a large portion of this level is a mezzanine. The south side of this level is a cafeteria accompanied with plenty of seating area. Public restrooms are also provided for guests on this part of the level. Level 6- Half of this level is a botanical garden. The other half is a vegetated rooftop that invites guests to relax and further enjoy their museum visit.
In order to promote exercise the program required a climbing structure to be incorporated in the design. Its height must be equal to the buildingâ€™s height.
Structural Design Circulation & Structure:
Concrete columns and slabs are used to create and support the structure which yields open space. This arrangement accommodates heavy traffic ďŹ‚ow and provides room for equipment associated with each activity.
Efficient Building Performance Synergy of Systems: The building is divided into two zones. Each mechanical zone is composed of radiant tube heating/cooling system and under ďŹ‚oor air system. Louvers, windows, and carbon dioxide sensors are all contributing factors in the decision of which mode to activate.
Under ďŹ‚oor air system
Designated service area for zone 2 Designated service area for zone 1
Level 3 Ceiling Plan - Mechanical Diagram
Efficient Building Performance Radiant Ceilings:
The radiant tubing system is to account for a major portion of how the indoor air is conditioned. Thermal comfort is due to the radiant energy exchange between the occupant and the surrounding heated/chilled surfaces. The pump energy associated with a radiant system is significantly lower than the fan energy used with an air system because of the excellent thermal properties of water. The 5/8 in polypropylene tubing imbedded in the precast concrete ceiling panels
are placed a few inches above the surface at 6 in. on center. Thin stainless steel ceiling panels are then placed over the concrete tubing layer to partially conceal the system. In order to avoid condensation on the pipes the air temperature is constantly monitored so that the temperature of the water inside the pipes may be adjusted accordingly.
Tubes Embedded in Concrete Ceiling
AirďŹ‚ow Diagram of Radiant Tube System from Level 3 to Level 5
Sustainable Design Sustainable Components: The thermal properties of the concrete ďŹ‚oors and the green roof reduce the amount of energy necessary to heat and cool the building.
Onsite renewable energy: The roof of the parking garage on the south side of the site serves two purposes: it covers the car ramp from rain and harbors energy from the sun to be used as energy to power the museum. Since it is positioned on south
end of the site the photovoltaic panels that sit atop this structure have the most exposure to sunlight throughout the day. Once the energy is absorbed it is transferred through the parking garage walls to the underground mechanical shaft on the south end of the building.
Aerial view of southeast corner of the museum
Interior Perspective Views
Level 2 - View taken beside the theater on the north side looking out to the entry plaza
Level 4 - View of the skyscraper construction activity taken from south corner
Level 3 - View of the art studio activity area taken from the northwest corner of the museum
Level 5 - View of cafeteria and dig site activity below
Level 6 - View rooftop and surrounding botanical garden
Eiffel Tower | Paris, France Notre Dame Cathedral | Paris, France
Louvre Museum | Paris, France
Chambord Castle | Loire Valley, France
Mont Saint Michel, France Montmartre Streescape Paris, France
Sacre Coeur Basilica | Paris, France
Brittany Wilkin Design Portfolio
A strong articulated concept leads to concise decision making that yields the most
comprehensive and effective creation.
Thank you for viewing the collection of my designs. Programs that assisted me in implementing my ideas include: AutoCAD 2007, Revit Architecture 2010, Adobe Photoshop CS2, and Adobe InDesign CS2