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Main Entry: 1Inter·diction Initial Concept \ˈkän-ˌsept\ n. [con·cept] I. Inter·Diction is a user-generated, crowdsourced, interactive and iterative dictionary, a collaborative effort that consists of storage, retrieval, and manipulation of language data.

Utilizing a large touch-sensitive display, the user browses a catalog of recordings. Methods include browsing by popularity and favoring or disfavoring samples, viewing and creating curated galleries of words and definitions, or searching words by context or geolocation.

1. \en·gage\ A randomly chosen or pre-designated word taken from a standard dictionary is presented to the user. The user dictates the presented word into a microphone, recording their contribution to a database. 2. \ex·plore\ After completing several words, the user is free to explore other peoples contributions via popularity, curated selection, or search. 3. \in·ter·act\ Words can be arranged to form sentences for synthesis using recorded samples, used interactively in a word game, or modified for fun with pitch shift and voice augmentation techniques. Purpose \ˈpər-pəs\ n. [pur·pose] I. While online dictionaries currently render audio samples of many words in their catalog, this feature is often relegated to grainy recordings or inaccurate text-to-speech synthesis. 1. Not only does this method usually result in a sound that is unpleasant to the ear, it cannot account for the diversity of accents, regional dialects, and vernacular. Unrealistic renderings of a word or phrase can lead to confusion among users who are trying to learn a new word or entire language. 2. Whereas Wikipedia has expanded the realm of encyclopedic knowledge to cover contemporary topics and the Urban Dictionary records the popular use and redefinition of words in a cultural context, Inter·Diction offers a means of recording and storing the subtleties of the audible language that can serve to take back ora-

2. After the user has contributed a number of words and definitions to the database, they are tasked with performing some maintenence of the installation.

3. Lastly, the user is allowed to participate in one or more of the entertaining aspects of the installation. tory and assert their cultural influence over the tyranny of machine synthesis. Implementation \ˌim-plə-mən-ˈtā-shən\ v. [im·ple·men·ta·tion] I. Inter·Diction is a concept rooted in interaction design with a wide range of applications and manifestations. Originally conceived as a travelling interactive entertainment exhibit, the rise in popularity of crowd sourcing, participatory media, and utility of mobile devices gave this concept a new seriousness that warranted further development. I. Physical Installation. As a physical installation, the Inter·Diction user experience consists of three components.

a: Similar to the concept of magnetic poetry, users are presented with a random assortment of words on-screen. Arranging these words into sentences, phrases, or nonsensical constructions calls upon the extensive catalog of samples to synthesize a human-sourced audio rendering. b: In a slight variation, the user arranges individual letters into a word. Samples from the catalog are sliced up into phonemes and used to render the on-screen word. Due to the diversity of samples, this synthesis would tend to be more humorous than accurate. c: Samples are mapped to piano-style keys with additional mixer controls, and the user is invited to freely experiment with the non-linear, random playback of sound.

II. Website. Duplicating the functionality and flow of the physical installation under less controlled circumstances, the Inter·Diction website uses IP reverse lookup, wireless hotspot tracking, or host address to obtain the users geolocation. The user can record, access, and manipulate samples in any order, but are encouraged to follow the process of the physical installation. The website is complete with social network integration and an extensive API for third-party applications. III. Mobile Device. A mix of physical installation and website, the mobile application is unique in its potential as a realtime language translation tool. Applications \ˌa-plə-ˈkā-shən\ n. [ap·pli·ca·tions] By recording a vast amount of geotagged samples, Inter·Diction has the potential to become a valuable research tool for the study of accents and dialects. Linguistic trends can be tracked temporally and geospatially so that a catalog of the speech can be customized to a particular region or time. Data collected could aid in the development of speech recognition that is sensitive to the most obscure dialect, speech synthesis that possesses the subtle human qualities that current implementations lack, and advanced applications of speech augmentation.

1. Upon initiating the application, the user is presented with a randomly chosen word from a standard descriptive dictionary.

Inter·Diction is a practical solution to supplement language applications such as translation services, or as a learning tool for people who wish to learn another language through immersion.

The user dictates the supplied word and its definition into a listening device, after which speech analysis software parses and interprets the words to make certain that it is a reasonably accurate rendering of the words.

Inter·Diction can promote freedom worldwide by giving users the freedom to define their voice on their own terms, not as a subordinate to a prescriptive codification of human expression.

Any pauses or silence are cropped, and the sound clip is recorded to the database.

Digital Medium \ˈdi-jə-təl ˈmē-dē-əm\ [char·ac·ter·is·tics] I. Inter·diction1 exhibits four characteristics of the digital medium as described by Janet Murray in her essay, “Inventing the Digital Medium.” 1. \pro·ce·dur·al\ Applications of Inter·diction1 are dependent on accessing, interpreting, and processing a vast amount of user-generated data. 2. \par·tic·i·pa·to·ry\ Inter·diction1 is premised on the continued contribution of users. The growing complexity of Inter·diction1 and its applications are reflective of its participatory nature. 3. \ spa·tial\ The depth and breadth of information stored by Inter·diction1 and the interconnected nature of its various applications imply a presence that shatters perceptions of geospatial limitations. 4. \en·cy·clo·pe·dic\ Inter·diction1 is a wide array of information that increases over time and width the participation of users. As more data is put into the system, it becomes more useful to the user.

Resources \ˈrē-ˌsȯrs, -ˌzȯrs, ri-ˈ\ n. [re·source] I. The Forefront of Lexicography: User-Generated Dictionaries: A valuable look at the English language as an evolving structure II. SEO & the Value of User-Generated Dictionaries: Applying user-generated dictionaries to search engine optimization. III. Mo3jam, and related article: Reconciling language definitions in the Arab world.


A user-generated audio dictionary