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MIRACLES rock is part of Har Hamoriah. At the site of the rock are the remnants of a street from the period of the Second Temple. The rounded pillars and still, paved stones of the street appear as if ÀOOHGZLWKOLIH,WLVDVLIRQHFDQKHDU voices, and see long coats, braided straw baskets, and the permanent EOD]LQJ WRUFKHV RI ÀUH DW WKH VLGHV RI the openings. Modern glass panels, upon which are written, in luminous green letters, explanations for the tourists, bring us back to reality in an instant and we continue with the tour. Further ahead, we see deep channels of water underneath the layers of stones. Deep inside those channels, large stones can be seen which had fallen from the Kotel at the time of the Churban, in the same position as they were situated when WKH à DPHV ZHUH EXUQLQJ LQ WKH %HLV Hamikdash. North of the water channels, the remains of a well which was hewn in the period of King Herod can be VHHQ 6HYHUDO PHWHUV IXUWKHU ZH ÀQG ourselves strolling along a street from Herodian times. The paving stones of the street are impressive in their size. Some of them are a meter and a half long. The surfaces of the stones are scaled off, so that people passing to and fro should not slip. The street boulevard is encompassed by circular pillars, adorned with writings. According to historical evidence, this street served as a workshop and for markets. Here ends the quarrying of the Kotel. Some relate its end to the death of King Herod. From here on, the Kotel gradually disappears, the more one advances northward. In its place was left a stone quarry that was GHÀQLWHO\ RQH RI WKH VRXUFHV IRU WKH stones used to construct the walls of the Har Habayis. Before disappearing, the Kotel



makes a turn to the west, creating a kind of tower. In the area of the tower a few stones have been preserved, which have on them the markings RI WKH Ă€UVW VWRQHFXWWLQJV WKDW ZHUH done in the nearby quarry. A few meters further on, the Kotel ends, and it bisects a large aqueduct, which is the well-known Hasmonean tunnel. The aqueduct was discovered about 140 years ago by Charles Warren, the explorer. It was then Ă€OOHG ZLWK ZDWHU DERXW  PHWHUV deep. Today, it has a fair amount of dampness from the water which permeated to it through its walls, which are hewn in the rock. The water canal was covered over in certain sections, and thereby became a tunnel. According to Charles Warren, who explored Israel between 1867 and 1870, the source of the water canals was on the north side, from a spring outside of Yerushalayim. The water channel is ten meters high, and it becomes progressively taller going from the south side to the north. The channel is carved in this shape so that it can reach the optimal level to convey the water. The Hasmonean tunnel is located at the end of the Kotel tunnels. At the end of the Hasmonean tunnel there is a new tunnel, which was built by people working for the Ministry of Religions ten years ago. The entrance to the new tunnel faces the Moslem Quarter. Here ends the tour of the Hasmonean Tunnel. We step across the tunnel which was built by employees of the Ministry of Religion, and then out to the Moslem Quarter. The evil stares of the Arabs, which are thrown at us as we pass, are further testimony to the golus in which we live. When we arrive back at the Kosel Hama’arovi plaza, a prayer is on everyone’s lips: “Uvnei Yerushalayim ir Hakodesh bimheiroh beyomeinu.â€? How did this amazing testament

to Jewish glory come to be excavated? Years ago, the Hasmonean tunnel was opened to serve as the exit door leading out of the Western Wall tunnels. The opening of the tunnel triggered a wave of widespread riots in the occupied territories. The opening, which began as a local ceremony, quickly sprung onto headlines worldwide. Despite the thorny events, the Hasmonean tunnel has remained open, and thousands visit the Western Wall tunnels every year. The sights revealed during the tour to the tunnels are an instructive and thrilling proof of what is no more, and what will one day be restoredâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; besiyata deShmaya in the Geula that is to come. The savage attack occurred in the city of Shechem. The building that was surrounded was the grave of Yosef. The date was Thursday, the 13th of Tishrei, 5757 (1996), erev chag Succos, almost ten years ago. Echoes of gunshots reverberated through the air. A platoon of IDF soldiers found itself besieged in the building, completely surrounded by a furious DQGLQĂ DPHGPRE´,WEDFKHO<DKXGÂľ (Butcher the Jews) and similar cries of slaughter and vengeance on the Jews were heard from all sides. Thousands of Arabs with venomous LQWHQWFDUU\LQJVPRNLQJULĂ HVZDYHG 3DOHVWLQLDQDQG+DPDVĂ DJV 0LQXWHE\PLQXWHLQĂ DPHGZLWK murderous passions, they moved closer and closer to the building. Palestinian police in the area joined the mob at a certain stage, and ODXQFKHGDSRZHUIXODQGDFFXUDWHĂ&#x20AC;UH from the roofs of the houses and from nearby streets at the besieged soldiers. The consequences were severe. A few soldiers fell almost instantly. The rest, with their remaining strength, sent out the alert for reinforcements from the IDF unit in the area. The reinforcements also met a KHDY\ EXUVW RI JXQĂ&#x20AC;UH ZKHQ WKH\ arrived. Some of the vehicles were

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