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FEATURS 1. Direct-fired absorption chiller-heater gives both heating and cooling. 2. The high efficiency associated with the absorption chilling system has reduced the space required for installation. 3. Absorption chiller gives lower running costs than eletrical chiller. 4. Ozone safe, cfc free, cooling requirements are met without chlorine based refrigerants. 5. Low noise and vibration. Hyundai absorption chilling system does not utilize a large motor-compressor, and

HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.

this leads to quiet, trouble free operation. 6. Three different leak tests are performed in the shop to minimize leaks and to ensure high quality and reliability. 7. Hyundai absorption chilling system provides fully automatic control system such as stabilizer control, override control and de-crystalization system for simple, trouble-free operation. 8. Excellent for peak shaving during high electrical demand periods.


HOW IT OPERATES he principle of refrigeration is the exchange of heat, and in direct-fired absorption chiller-heaters, there are five basic heat exchangers; evaporator, absorber, high and low pressure generators and condenser. In absorption chiller-heaters, the refrigerant is water. But like any other refrigeration system, the absorption chiller uses evaporation and condensation to remove heat. To maintain effective evaporation and condensation, the two-stage absorption chiller-heater employs two shells or one shell partitioned into two zones. The lower shell or zone (Evaporator and Absorber) has an internal pressure of about one-hundredth that of the outside atmosphere, or 6mm Hg, a relatively high vacuum. The vacuum allows water (the refrigerant) to boil at a temperature below that of the liquid being chilled. Thus chilled liquid entering the evaporator can be cooled for air conditioning purposes.

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1. EVAPORATOR (for cooling only) Refrigerant enters the top of the lower shell or zone and is sprayed over the evaporator tube bundle. Heat from the liquid being chilled evaporates the refrigerant.

2. ABSORBER The refrigerant vapor is then drawn into the absorber side of the lower shell or zone. Here the vapor is absorbed by lithium bromide solution. Lithium bromide is, basically, similar to brine or salt water. But lithium bromide is a salt with an especially strong attraction for water. With the lithium bromide spray, it is as if hundreds of little sponges are sucking up the refrigerant vapor-called the "dilute solution" - which then collects in the bottom of the lower shell or zone.

3. HIGH PRESSURE GENERATOR The dilute solution is then pumped through the two heat exchangers where is preheated by hot concentrated solution from the generators. The heat exchangers improve the efficiency of the cycle by reducing the amount of gas/oil consumption required to heat the dilute solution in the high pressure generator. The dilute solution then flows to the high pressure generator shell (with a burner unit), beside the upper and lower shells.

The dilute solution flows around the surfaces of the furnace tubes in the high pressure generator and is heated by gas combustion through the inside of furnace and tubes. The hot generator furnace and tubes allow the dilute solution to boil and it is further concentrated. Thus the dilute solution, straight from the high pressure generator is called the intermediate solution. The pressure in the high pressure generator is approximately 730mm Hg. The burner output is controlled by a valve in response to the cooling load required. Local superheat in the high pressure generator is avoided by the well distributed flow of the dilute solution between the shell and the outside of the furnace.

4. LOW PRESSURE GENERATOR The intermediate solution in the high pressure generator then flows to the upper shell or zone (low pressure generator & condenser) through the high temperature heat exchanger by gravity and pressure difference of both shells. The pressure in the upper shell is approximately one tenth that of the outside atmosphere, or 55mm Hg. The intermediate solution flows over the tubes and is reheated by refrigerant vapor-steam, generated previously in the high pressure generator. The refrigerant vapor has enough heat to make the solution more concentrated, releasing refrigerant vapor again at a lower pressure level and is drained to the condenser through a valve. The solution is now concentrated and flows through the heat exchanger, to the educator which is used to mix this solution with the re-diluted solution delivered from the solution pump. Then the mixed solution is sprayed on the absorber tubes.

5. CONDENSER The refrigerant flows to the condenser and is condensed. The liquid refrigerant, with the drained liquid from the low pressure generator, flows back to the lower shell, and is once again sprayed over the evaporator. The refrigerant cycle has been completed. Now the concentrated lithium bromide solution flows from the low pressure generator back to the absorber in the lower shell ready to absorb more refrigerant. Its cycle has also been completed.

HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.

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H Y U N D A I

C L I M A T E

C O N T R O L

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DOUBLE EFFECT ABSORPTION CHILLER SCHEMATIC

High pressure generator

Steam High temperature heat exchanger

Drain heat exchanger

Drain

Cooling water

Condenser Lowpressure generator

Solution pump II Concentrated solution Intermediate concentrated solution

Cooling water

Chilled water decrystallization system

Dilute solution

Absorber

Evaporator

System & Drain Liquid refrigerant Refrigerant vapor Chilled water

Continuous purging system

Refrigerant pump

Cooling water Low temperature heat exchanger

Solution pump I

Model : HTSN-1400 HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.


H Y U N D A I

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C O N T R O L

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NOTE1

100

125

150

180

210

260

310

360

400

450

500

600

700

800

900

1000

1100

1250

1400

STANDARD RATING DOUBLE EFFECT ABSORPTION CHILLER

HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.

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H Y U N D A I

C L I M A T E

C O N T R O L

C O . ,

SINGLE EFFECT ABSORPTION CHILLER SCHEMATIC

Model : HSS-200

HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.

L T D .


H Y U N D A I

C L I M A T E

C O N T R O L

C O . ,

L T D .

NOTE1

STANDARD RATING SINGLE EFFECT ABSORPTION CHILLER

HYUNDAI CLIMATE CONTROL CO., LTD.

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Head Office

Seoul Office

51-51, Mohwa-Ri, Oedong-Eup, Kyongju-si, Kyongbuk, Korea

Anam Tower #1116, #702-10, Yeoksam-Dong, Kangnam-Gu, Seoul, Korea

TEL FAX Homepage E-mail

: 82. 54. 745. 8661~5 : 82. 54. 745. 8677 : http://www.hdcc.co.kr : hdcc@hdcc.co.kr

TEL FAX

: 82. 2. 2009. 3121~2 : 82. 2. 2009. 3120


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