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Annual Report 2009–2010

Boston University College of Engineering D i v i s i o n o f mat er i a l s sc i e n ce & E n g i n eer i n g

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering 15 Saint Mary’s Street, Room 118 Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-2842 mse@bu.edu www.bu.edu/mse


Contents 3

Highlights

3 4 4 6 6 6

Message from the Division Head Faculty at a Glance Faculty Honors and Awards Graduate Students at a Glance Graduate Student Awards Graduate Student Placement

7

Faculty and Staff

7 10 14 14

Participating Faculty Affiliated Faculty Staff Committees

15

Graduate Programs

15 16 16 16 17 19 20

Recruitment Enrollment PhD Student Progress Teaching Fellows and Research Assistants Degrees Awarded Course and Program Development Graduate Courses

21

Research

21 25 35 36 60 61 66 67

Research Highlights External Research Funding Colloquium Series Participating Faculty Publications & Activity Student Activity (Conference Presentations) Research Laboratories Advisory Board Advisory Board Members


Boston University Division of Materials Science & Engineering Annual Report 2009–2010 © 2010, Boston University Design and production: Tess Mattern Photography: Boston University Photo Services, unless otherwise noted. Content: Elizabeth Flagg, Cheryl Stewart, MSE staff, and MSE faculty This report provides a description of the instructional and research activities of the Division of Materials Science & Engineering at Boston University during the 2009–2010 academic year. Instructional activities are reported from the Fall 2009 through Summer 2010 semesters while scholarly activities and budget information are reported from July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010. Boston University’s policies provide for equal opportunity and affirmative action in employment and admission to all programs of the University. For more information or to download this report as a PDF, please visit our website at www.bu.edu/mse


Highlights Message from the Division Head I am pleased to present the 2009-2010 annual report of the Division of Materials Science and Engineering at Boston University. The interdisciplinary materials science and engineering graduate program was created in Fall 2008 by leveraging the University’s extensive and cutting-edge materials programs in the areas of Biomaterials, Energy Materials and Electronic and Photonic Materials. This year marks the second anniversary of our Division and I am happy to report that the creation of the Division has enhanced the ability of the BU materials community to collaborate and provide our graduate students with the opportunity to pursue a well-grounded and robust program in materials science and engineering. The Division consists of 28 participating and 36 affiliated faculty from different colleges and departments in the University. The faculty engages in high impact research to address grand challenges in: Healthcare & Biology, Energy and Environment, Information Technologies, and Security (Defense and Homeland). This year, the research funding of just our primary faculty was $23 million which includes $8.5 million in new funding. The scholarly output of our faculty has also been outstanding and they have received numerous recognitions such as professional awards, career awards, and invitations to participate on editorial boards. Details are provided in the report. We are delighted with the quality of our 2009–2010 incoming graduate students who were in the top 10% of their class and their PhD GRE Quantitative scores are in the range of 740-797. In 2009-2010, we recruited 12 new students and our graduate student body continues to grow and now stands at 39. I am happy to report that the students established an MRS Student Chapter. This year we have also graduated 5 students, 2 MS and 3 PhDs. The PhDs were grandfathered from other departments based on their research activities and course work in the materials area. In spite of the

lack-luster economy, we are very proud that all our graduating students have been successful in finding excellent positions in national laboratories, industries and universities. I am also happy to report that we are in the process of implementing many of the suggestions made by our distinguished Advisory Board, such as consolidating materials facilities, acquiring core characterization facilities, creating new office space for incoming materials students, writing large multi-faculty as well as multi-institutional grant proposals, and hiring distinguished junior and senior faculty to grow in key strategic areas such as soft materials and materials for energy applications. In closing, I invite you to read through this entire report or sections that interest you the most and, when you are in the Boston area, please take some time to visit us and meet with me or other faculty and students.

Uday Pal Division Head

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


4 | Highlights

Faculty at a Glance

Faculty Honors and Awards

Numbers reported are for participating faculty only except where noted.

HATICE ALTUG received a 2010 NSF

CAREER Award and a 2010 ONR Young Investigator Award.

FACULTY 2009–2010 PARTICIPATING FACULTY*

28

New Grant Funding

$8,541,530

Continuing/Supplemental Grant Funding

$14,498,822

Books

1

SOUMENDRA BASU received a BU

Book Chapters

8

Journal Articles

129

Conference Proceedings

173

Invited Lectures

105

College of Engineering Dean’s Catalyst Award for his research with Uday Pal on a novel, low-cost and environmentally friendly method of producing solar-grade silicon from sand.

U.S. Patents Issued AFFILIATED FACULTY**

2 34 KAMIL L. EKINCI was selected 2010

* Teach, supervise students, and/or serve on MSE committees. ** Have a professional association with MSE.

Distinguished Faculty Fellow by the College of Engineering.

RUSSELL GIORDANO was appointed

Chairman ADA US TAG 5.65 Standards for Zirconia for Dental Restorations. He was also a US Expert on Dental Ceramics to ISO.

Annual Report 2009–2010


Highlights | 5

J. GREGORY McDANIEL received the

2010 Metcalf Cup and Prize, Boston University’s highest honor for teaching excellence. Professor McDaniel was also the recipient of the 2010 Award for Teaching Excellence in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, conferred May 3, 2010. In addition, he was appointed to the External Advisory Board of the MIT – Woods Hole Joint Program, May–September 2009. ELISE MORGAN received the NIH

National Research Service Award for Senior Fellows.

KEVIN SMITH was elected Fellow

of the American Physical Society upon the recommendation of the Division of Materials Physics for pioneering contributions to the study of the electronic structure of solids using angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy, soft x-ray emission spectroscopy and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering. Election to the Fellowship in the APS is limited to no more than one half of one percent of the membership and it is a recognition of outstanding contributions to physics. OPEHLIA K. C. TSUI was appointed a

Global Centers of Excellence Lecturer by Kyushu University, Japan and a guest editor for the 2010 Special Edition of the Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics for the Division of Polymer, American Physical Society. UDAY B. PAL received a 2010 BU

College of Engineering Dean’s Catalyst Award for his research with Soumendra Basu on a novel, low-cost and environmentally friendly method of producing solar-grade silicon from sand. He was appointed to serve as Associate Editor of the Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics.

KATHERINE YANHANG ZHANG

received a 2010 NSF CAREER award.

BJORN REINHARD received a 2010 NSF

Career Award.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


6 | Highlights

Graduate Students at a Glance

Graduate Student Awards

2009-2010

2008-2009

MS Applications

24

6

MS Matriculated

5

2

Masters Students

6

2

MS Degrees

2

1

56

19

STUDENTS MS

PhD PhD Applications PhD Matriculated

6

18*

PhD GRE Q Scores

740–797

758–773

PhD Students

19

18

PhD Degrees

3

1

2.5

3

Graduate Teaching Fellows

3

3

Research Assistants

12

12

Other Fellowship

3

N/A

SUPPORT Dean’s Fellows

MICHAEL GALBO (MSE ‘09) and DR. SOOBHANKAR PATI

(MSE ‘10) were selected as semi-finalists in the Ignite Clean Energy Competition (2010) for their entry “hydroGEN technologies”.

TUSHAR KULKARNI (MSE ’10) received the Merrill L. Ebner

Fund 3rd Annual Spring Award for the Graduate Thesis with the Greatest Commercial Potential for his PhD thesis “Functionally Graded Mullite Coatings for Gas Turbines.” His faculty advisor, Professor Vinod Sarin, shares in this award.

LAUREN PLAVISCH was awarded an NSF GK12 Fellowship

through the College of Arts and Sciences starting in June 2009.

* Eight existing PhD students from other Departments joined the Division; ten new students matriculated.

Graduate Student Placement GRADUATE

PROGRAM ADVISOR

EMPLOYMENT

Sandra Allison

MS

Catherine Klapperich

Fraunhofer Center for Manufacturing Innovation

Michael Galbo

MS

Soumendra N. Basu

Energy Services Analyst, EnerNOC

Tushar Kulkarni

PhD

Vinod Sarin

Post-Doctoral Associate, MIT

Soobhankar Pati

PhD

Uday Pal/Srikanth Gopalan Senior Research Engineer, MOxST

Peter Zink

PhD

Uday Pal/Srikanth Gopalan Post Doctoral Fellow, Idaho National Laboratory

Annual Report 2009–2010


FacultyHighlights and Staff | 7

Faculty and Staff Participating Faculty HATICE ALTUG

ENRICO BELLOTTI

Assistant Professor, ECE

Associate Professor, ECE

Nanoscale photonic materials and devices, nano-plasmonics: optics of metallic nanostructures, nano-photonics: photonic crystals, bio-photonics: optical biosensors and spectroscopy, opto-fluidics and labon-a-chip integration

Computational electronics, semiconductor materials and device simulations, power electronics, parallel computing

• PhD, Stanford University, 2006

Assistant Professor, ECE

RAMA BANSIL Professor, Physics Synthetic and biological macromolecules • PhD, University of Rochester, 1975

• PhD, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1999 LUCA DAL NEGRO

Optical amplification phenomena and laser physics, optical spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures, photonic crystals, anderson light localization and aperiodic dielectrics, nanophotonics and plasmonics • PhD, University of Trento, Italy, 2003

SOUMENDRA N. BASU Professor, ME; Co-Associate Division Head, MSE

LINDA DOERRER Assistant Professor, Chemistry Synthetic inorganic chemistry

Thin films for energy, photonic, electronic, and superconducting applications: thermal barrier and environmental barrier coatings for gas turbine and fuel cell applications, environmental degredation of materials at elevated temperatures, structure and stability of interfaces, and characterization of structure and phase transformations in materials using electron microscopy techniques.

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1989

• PhD, Brown University, 1999

KAMIL EKINCI Associate Professor, ME Nanomechanics, nanofluidics, nanophotonics, applications of MEMS and NEMS

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


8 | Faculty and Staff

Participating Faculty (continued) EVAN EVANS

MARK GRINSTAFF

Professor, BME

Professor, Chemistry and BME

Nano-microscale biomechanics, ultrasensitive force probes and extreme resolution optical techniques, material properties of soft biological materials, e.g. biomembranes

Polymers, biomaterials, nanomaterials, wound repair, tissue engineering

• PhD, University of California, San Diego, 1970

CATHERINE M. KLAPPERICH

MICHAEL GEVELBER Associate Professor, ME

Diagnostics for the developing world, microfluidics, bio-micro electromechanical systems (BioMEMs)

Electrospinning of nanofibers, plasma spray, Ebeam deposition, crystal growth, CVD

• PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 2000

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1988

XI LIN

RUSSELL GIORDANO

Materials theory, predictive simulation of materials electronic, optical, magnetic, and mechanical properties

Associate Professor, GSDM Fabrication of multiple phase interpenetrating ceramic composites • DMD, CAGS, DMSc, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 1991 BENNETT GOLDBERG

• PhD, University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, 1992

Associate Professor, ME and BME

Assistant Professor, ME

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003 KARL LUDWIG Professor, Physics

Professor, Physics and Director, Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology

Surfaces, real time x-ray studies during thin film processing, phase transitions

Room- and low-temperature, near-field microscopy of semiconductors and biological systems; magneto-optics and magnetotransport of two- and onedimensional electron fields

• PhD, Stanford University, 1986

• PhD, Brown University, 1987 SRIKANTH GOPALAN Associate Professor, ME Fuel cells, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics and transport phenomena to model the behavior of electrochemical systems • PhD, University of Utah, 1997

Annual Report 2009–2010

AMIT MELLER Associate Professor, BME Nonpore force spectroscopy of RNA folding kinetics, DNA switches and transcription initiation kinetics, RNA helicases activity, mapping transcription factors interaction with DNA, ultra-fast DNA sequencing, novel optical methods for single molecule detection • PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel), 1998


Faculty and Staff | 9

PRITIRAJ MOHANTY

VINOD K. SARIN

Associate Professor, Physics

Professor, ME

Nanoscale materials, mechanical properties

Materials science, surface modification, physical and chemical vapor deposition, consolidation of ceramics/composites, structure/property consolidations, transparent optical ceramics

• PhD, University of Maryland, 1998

ELISE MORGAN Associate Professor, ME

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971

Mechanical behavior of biological materials, mechanical stimulation of tissue differentiation, micromechanics of multiscale media, damage mechanics

KEVIN SMITH

• PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 2002

• PhD, Yale University, 1988

Professor, Physics and Chemistry Electronic structure of materials

THEODORE MOUSTAKAS Professor, ECE and Physics; Co-Associate Division Head, MSE Growth by MBE, HVPE and MOCVD of Nitride Semiconductors, optical devices (LEDs, LDs, Optical modulators, Detectors) from deep UV to THz • PhD, Columbia University, 1974

ANNA K. SWAN Associate Professor, ECE Development of nanoscale optical selfinterference microscopy, optical properties of carbon nanotubes • PhD, Boston University, 1993

ROBERTO PAIELLA Associate Professor, ECE Optical technologies for information processing; photonic devices based on semiconductor quantum structures, including group-III nitride quantum wells; nanoscale photonic devices and circuits; ultrafast optics • PhD, California Institute of Technology, 1998 UDAY B. PAL Professor, ME; Division Head, MSE

M. SELIM ÜNLÜ Professor, ECE; Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs, College of Engineering Photodetectors, nano-optics, highresolution and solid immersion lens microscopy, subsurface imaging of semiconductor devices and circuits, biophotonics: biosensor fabrication and biological imaging techniques • PhD, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, 1992

Fuel cells, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics and transport phenomena to model the behavior of electrochemical systems • PhD, Pennsylvania State University, 1984

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


10 | Faculty and Staff

Participating Faculty (continued) JOYCE WONG

XIN ZHANG

Associate Professor, BME

Associate Professor and Associate Chair, ME

Biomaterials, nanomaterials, biointerfaces for diagnostic imaging, therapeutics, tissue engineering • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), micro/nanofabrication technologies motivated by practical applications in micro and nanoscale engineering and emerging bionanotechnologies • PhD, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 1998

Affiliated Faculty PAUL BARBONE Associate Professor, ME Theoretical & computational (bio) mechanics and (bio) acoustics, medical (ultrasound) imaging • PhD, Stanford University, 1991

ANTONIO H. CASTRO NETO Professor, Physics Graphene, strongly correlated systems, disordered magnetic systems • PhD, University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, 1994 FRANCO CERRINA

THOMAS G. BIFANO Professor, ME; Director, Photonics Center Deformable mirrors, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), adaptive optics, biophotonic microscopy, astronomical telescope instrumentation, laser wafefront control

Professor and Chair, ECE Semiconductor devices and fabrication modeling, nanolithography, nanofabrication, optics, optical systems, X-rays, synchrotrons, DNA synthesis, system and synthetic biology • PhD, University of Rome, 1974

• PhD, North Carolina State University, 1988 CLAUDIO CHAMON JOHN CARADONNA Associate Professor, Chemistry Mechanism of action of non-heme iron metalloproteins with a focus on the chemistry of metalloenzyme active sites involved in biological oxidation reactions • PhD, Columbia University, 1985

Annual Report 2009–2010

Professor, Physics Strongly correlated quantum matter and out-of-equilibrium dynamics of classical and quantum systems • PhD Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996


Faculty and Staff | 11

LAISHENG CHOU

MAXIM FRANK-KAMENETSKII

Professor, GSDM

Professor, BME

Molecular biocompatibility of implant materials

DNA structures, DNA topology, triplex DNA, DNA functioning, PNA (peptide nucleic acid), DNA detection

• DMD, Shanghai No.2 Medical University, 1977 • PhD, University of British Columbia, 1997

• PhD, Moscow Physical-Technical Institute, 1967

JAMES COLLINS

• DSci, Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Science, 1971

Professor, BME Synthetic biology, systems biology, noiseenhanced sensorimotor function • DPhil, University of Oxford (England), 1990

RAMESH JASTI Assistant Professor, Chemistry Synthetic organic chemistry, materials, nanotechnology • PhD, University of California, Irvine, 2006

MICHAEL EL-BATANOUNY Professor, Physics Magnetism at surfaces • PhD, University of California, Davis

GUILFORD JONES Professor Emeritus, Chemistry,

Professor, Physics

Photochemistry and photophysical properties of dyes, dye probes, and hromophore conjugates of polymers and proteins, design of photosynthetic models (photoactive peptides) that are capable of charge transport

Biological materials

• PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1970

SHYAMSUNDER ERRAMILLI

• PhD, University of Illinois, 1986

WILLIAM KLEIN Professor, Physics Statistical physics of materials

ULRICH FAUL Associate Professor, Earth Sciences

• PhD, Temple University, 1972

Rock physics and upper mantle processes • PhD, University of Oregon, 1994

MALAY MAZUMDER Research Professor, ECE Solar energy systems, particle engineering, material science, electrostatic processes • PhD, University of Arkansas 1971

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


12 | Faculty and Staff

Affiliated Faculty (continued) J. GREGORY MCDANIEL

ANATOLI POLKOVNIKOV

Associate Professor and Associate Chair, ME

Assistant Professor, Physics

Structural acoustics, automotive brake squeal, biological vibrations, ocean wave energy • PhD, The Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992 THEODORE MORSE Professor, ECE Photonic material processing, optical fiber fabrication, lasers, and sensors, high power double clad fiber lasers

Quantum dynamics of interacting systems, phase space methods, cold atoms, strongly correlated systems. • PhD, Yale University, 2003 CLAUDIO REBBI Professor and Chair, Physics Computational methods applied to the study of quantum chromodynamics (QCD, the theory of interacting quarks and gluons) • PhD, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy

• PhD, Northwestern University, 1961 SIDNEY REDNER DAN NATHANSON Professor, GSDM Biomaterials with emphasis is on esthetic restorative materials • DMD, Hebrew University in Jerusalem, 1972

Professor, Physics Non-equilibrium statistical physics of materials • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1977 BJORN REINHARD

HAROLD PARK Assistant Professor, ME Surface effects on the mechanical properties of nanoelectromechanical systems, coupled physics (thermomechanical, optomechanical, electromechanical) analyses of nanomaterials, mechanics of graphene, multiple scale modeling of solids, atomistic modeling of metal nanowites • Phd, Northwestern, 2004 RICHARD POBER Research Associate Professor, GSDM Ceramics engineering, interpenetrating phase materials, mechanics of materials, materials design, process design, equipment design • ScD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971

Annual Report 2009–2010

Assistant Professor, Chemistry Photophysical properties of nanoparticles and the applications of these nanoparticles to biological sensors and devices • Dr. rer. nat., Technical University Kaiserslautern, Germany, 2003 ANDERS SANDVIK Professor, Physics Computational research on interacting quantum many-body systems • PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1993


Faculty and Staff | 13

DANIEL SEGRE

BELA SUKI

Assistant Professor, BME, Bioinformatics and Biology

Professor, BME

Evolutionary dynamics of biological networks, in particular in the interplay between response to genetic and environmental perturbations, genomic-level functional organization, and optimal adaptation. • PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science, 2002

Biomechanics of tissues and extracellular matrix, the ensemble behavior of complex biological systems, nonlinearities in biological systems • PhD, Jozsef Attila University (Hungary), 1987 JOE TIEN Associate Professor, BME

ANDRE SHARON Professor, ME Director, Fraunhofer Center for Manufacturing Innovation Electromechanical machine design, control, automation, biotech/biomedial instrumentation, devices, and rapid microdiagnostics platforms • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Techonology, 1988

Biological materials, microvascular tissue engineering; microvascular physiology; hydrogels • PhD, Harvard University, 1999 OPHELIA K.C. TSUI Associate Professor, Physics Synthetic and biological macromolecules • PhD, Princeton University, 1996

DIMITRIJE STAMENOVIC Associate Professor, BME Cellular mechanics, rheology of soft tissues and cells, respiratory mechanics, mechanics of foam-like structure • PhD, University of Minnesota, 1983

H. EUGENE STANLEY Professor, Physics Statistical physics of materials • PhD, Harvard University, 1967

KATHERINE YANHANG ZHANG Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor, ME Mechanical behavior of soft biological tissue, cardiovascular mechanics, multi-scale modeling of biological composites, microand nano- mechanics of thin film devices • PhD, University of Colorado at Boulder, 2003 LAWRENCE ZIEGLER Professor, Chemistry

JOHN STRAUB Professor and Chair, Chemistry Theoretical and computational chemistry and biophysics • PhD, Columbia University, 1987

Ultrafast femtosecond laser measurements in a variety of materials, femtosecond carrier relaxation dynamics and optical properties of wide range of materials which include liquids, supercritical fluids, photodissociative molecules, biologically important species and wide band gap semiconductors • PhD, Cornell University 1978

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


14 | Faculty and Staff

Staff Ruth Mason

Elizabeth Flagg

Cheryl Stewart

Division Director

Graduate Programs Manager

Program Administrator

Committees Faculty Search Committee

Course Scheduling

PhD Exam Committee

Ted Moustakas, Chair Uday Pal Roberto Paiella Rama Bansil Linda Doerrer Evan Evans Ruth Mason*

S. Basu, Chair U. Pal T. Moustakas R. Mason*

S. Gopalan, Chair S. Basu T. Moustakas U. Pal

Graduate Applications Review Committee

Materials Colloquium

Steering Committee U. Pal, Chair T. Moustakas S. Basu K. Ludwig M. Grinstaff R. Giordano A. Meller R. Mason*

*ex-officio

Annual Report 2009–2010

S. Basu, Chair A. Swan T. Moustakas L. Doerrer R. Giordano K. Ludwig E. Flagg* Undergraduate COE MSE Minor S. Gopalan, Chair V. Sarin R. Paiella C. Klapperich

T. Moustakas, Chair R. Mason* E. Flagg* Retreat/Socials V. Sarin, Chair U. Pal T. Moustakas S. Basu R. Mason*


Graduate Programs Faculty and Staff | 15

Graduate Programs Recruitment The Division reviewed 80 applications for Fall 2009: 16 post-MS PhD, 40 post-BS PhD, and 24 MS. For Fall 2009 MSE recruited 6 new funded PhD students: 2 Dean’s Fellows, 3 GTFs, and 1 RA. Four new MS students were recruited for Fall 2009 and 1 in Spring 2010.

NEW MATRICULANTS 2009–2010 Male

Female

Full-Time

Part-Time

GTF

RA

Fellow

Other Aid

MS Domestic

0

2

1

1

0

1

0

1

MS International

2

1

3

0

0

0

0

0

PhD Domestic

3

0

3

0

2.5

0.5

0

0

PhD International

3

0

3

0

0.5

0.5

2

0

Total:

8

3

9

1

3

2

2

3

Fall 2009 Mean GRE Scores Verbal

%

Quantitative

%

AW

%

503

58

740

71

5

64

PhD International

527

68

797

93

4

26

PhD Int'l

472

53

790

92

4

22

PhD Domestic

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


16 | Graduate Programs

Enrollment In 2009–2010 the MSE graduate program enrolled 19 PhD students, 6 MS students, and 6 Late Entry Accelerated Program (LEAP) students.

PhD Student Progress MSE PhD student progress is shown in the graph below. Prior to July 2008, MSE graduate students were enrolled in other College of Engineering departments.

Teaching Fellows and Research Assistants 2009–2010 MSE PhD student progress is shown in the graph below. Prior to July 2008, MSE graduate students were enrolled in other College of Engineering departments. AID

2009–2010

2008–2009

Dean's Fellow

2.5

3

Graduate Teaching Fellow

3

3

Research Assistant

12

12

Other Fellowship

3

TOTAL

21

Annual Report 2009–2010

18


Graduate Programs | 17

Degrees Awarded MS Degree Awarded MSE awarded two MS degrees in 2009–2010. STUDENT NAME

ADVISOR

EMPLOYMENT

Sandra Allison

Catherine Klapperich

Fraunhofer Center for Manufacturing Innovation

Michael Galbo

Soumendra N. Basu

Energy Services Analyst, EnerNOC

PhD Degrees Awarded MSE awarded three PhD degrees in 2009–2010.

STUDENT NAME

DISSERTATION ADVISOR

TITLE

Tushar Kulkarni

Vinod Sarin

Functionally Graded Mullite Coatings For Gas Turbines

Employment: Post-Doctoral Associate, MIT Abstract: The next generation of heat exchangers and gas turbines require high performance materials to operate at higher temperatures for higher efficiency. SiC and Si3N4 are promising candidates as they have excellent high temperature properties. However, when used in combustion environments found in gas-turbine applications, these materials have two major concerns; hot-corrosion and recession. It is well established that environmental barrier coatings can be utilized to overcome these limitations. Although chemical vapor deposited (CVD) mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) coatings developed previously have shown promise in protecting Si-based ceramics, there is concern that the silica content of the mullite coating itself might be susceptible to hotcorrosion and recession during long term exposure to corrosive atmospheres. Thus, there is a strong motivation to substantially reduce or even virtually eliminate the silica component from the surfaces of mullite coatings that are in direct contact with corrosive atmospheres. In this study, CVD mullite coatings have been developed with potential promise to protect Si-based ceramics for high temperature applications. The composition of these functionally graded mullite coatings was varied from silica-rich close to the coating/ substrate (SiC) interface for coefficient of thermal expansion match to alumina-rich towards the outer surface of the coating for hot-corrosion protection. In the process, the highest alumina-rich mullite ever reported has been deposited. These composite coatings typically comprised of three zones: Si-rich nanolayer close to the coating-substrate interface, columnar mullite grains, and a third phase composed of Al-rich nanocrystallites towards the top surface of the coating. The phase stability/transformation of these coatings, which is critical for high temperature applications, has been investigated in the range 1000-1600 °C. Additionally, the potential of these coatings to protect SiC against hot-corrosion was studied at 1200 °C. CVD based mullite coatings with high alumina content at the top surface of the coating, and therefore reduced SiO2 activity, offered protection to the underlying substrate in corrosive environments and thus show immense potential to protect Si-based ceramics. It is expected that these coatings will have very broad impact by enabling gas turbines to operate at higher temperatures leading to improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions. Soobhankar Pati Uday Pal/Srikanth Gopalan

Electrochemical Characterization Of Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolyzer For Production Of High Purity Hydrogen

Employment: Senior Research Engineer, MOxST Abstract: The next generation of heat exchangers and gas turbines require high performance materials to operate at higher temperatures for higher efficiency. SiC and Si3N4 are promising candidates as they have excellent high temperature properties. However, when used in combustion environments found in gas-turbine applications, these materials have two major concerns; hot-corrosion and recession. It is well established that environmental barrier coatings can be utilized to overcome these limitations.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


18 | Graduate Programs

PhD Degrees Awarded (continued) STUDENT NAME

DISSERTATION ADVISOR

TITLE

Although chemical vapor deposited (CVD) mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) coatings developed previously have shown promise in protecting Si-based ceramics, there is concern that the silica content of the mullite coating itself might be susceptible to hotcorrosion and recession during long term exposure to corrosive atmospheres. Thus, there is a strong motivation to substantially reduce or even virtually eliminate the silica component from the surfaces of mullite coatings that are in direct contact with corrosive atmospheres. In this study, CVD mullite coatings have been developed with potential promise to protect Si-based ceramics for high temperature applications. The composition of these functionally graded mullite coatings was varied from silica-rich close to the coating/ substrate (SiC) interface for coefficient of thermal expansion match to alumina-rich towards the outer surface of the coating for hot-corrosion protection. In the process, the highest alumina-rich mullite ever reported has been deposited. These composite coatings typically comprised of three zones: Si-rich nanolayer close to the coating-substrate interface, columnar mullite grains, and a third phase composed of Al-rich nanocrystallites towards the top surface of the coating. The phase stability/transformation of these coatings, which is critical for high temperature applications, has been investigated in the range 1000-1600 °C. Additionally, the potential of these coatings to protect SiC against hot-corrosion was studied at 1200 °C. CVD based mullite coatings with high alumina content at the top surface of the coating, and therefore reduced SiO2 activity, offered protection to the underlying substrate in corrosive environments and thus show immense potential to protect Si-based ceramics. It is expected that these coatings will have very broad impact by enabling gas turbines to operate at higher temperatures leading to improved fuel efficiency and reduced emissions. Peter Zink

Uday Pal/ Srikanth Gopalan Cathode Materials For Low Temperature SOFCs

Employment: Post-Doctoral Fellow, Idaho National Laboratory Abstract: A major obstacle to the commercialization of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is the high operating temperature range (800 to 1000°C). Lowering the operating temperature to approximately 600°C allows for cost reduction through the use of inexpensive stack housing and sealing materials, but conventional SOFC cathode materials have high charge transfer resistance at those temperatures which results in poor performance. This research focused on developing an SOFC cathode material that would have low charge transfer resistance at low operating temperatures and still be able to maintain a porous microstructure that would not impede mass transfer when synthesized using the single–step co–firing process. Towards this goal, mixed ionic and electronic conducting lanthanum ferrite perovskite cathode materials were synthesized using calcium and cerium as dopants. A specific stoichiometry of calcium doped lanthanum ferrite (La0.78Ca0.16FeO3±) proved to be a superior cathode compared to state-of-the-art conventional cathode materials across a range of measures. In order to understand the calcium doped lanthanum ferrite (LCF) cathode performance, the defect model structure was determined using thermogravimetric (TGA) measurements, oxygen–ion permeability and four–probe conductivity measurements as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure (pO2). The results were analyzed to determine the defect concentrations and mobility. The overall electrochemical performance of LCF was characterized using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements on symmetrical cells which compared favorably to conventional lanthanum manganite cathode materials. During these measurements, undesirable reactivity of LCF with yttria–stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte was confirmed and later prevented using a gadolinium doped ceria (GDC) barrier layer. Dilatometry, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed evidence of a small amount (2–5 wt%) of secondary phase that precipitated from LCF as a liquid during sintering at approximately 1220°C. The secondary phase was a poor n-type oxide (Ca–Fe–O) and was present within both the LCF cathode and GDC barrier layer microstructures. Diffusion of cerium from the GDC barrier layer into the LCF cathode microstructure was also detected and the incorporation of Ce was seen to decrease the electrical conductivity of LCF. However, symmetrical cells with LCF cathode yielded adequate microstructures and satisfactory electrochemical performance. To understand the reasons for the superior electrochemical performance of LCF, the chemical oxygen ion diffusivity and surface exchange coefficient of LCF were determined using conductivity relaxation measurements. Both of these parameters in LCF were found to be an order of magnitude greater than conventional cathode materials.

Annual Report 2009–2010


Graduate Programs | 19

Course and Program Development The program is designed to leverage and engage, with respect to both classroom teaching and research instruction, all existing departments within the College of Engineering (COE), as well as the departments of Physics and Chemistry in the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) and ongoing programs in the Goldman School of Dental Medicine (GSDM) related to restorative sciences and biomaterials. Our post-BS PhD and MS programs provide students the opportunity to specialize in our core research areas. These students are required to take 4 core courses and 2 courses in their respective concentration areas. Three of the four core courses are offered every year and are designed to provide foundational interdisciplinary knowledge of materials science and engineering and the fourth core course, selected from a list of four courses, provides an advanced in-depth state-ofthe-art knowledge of an interdisciplinary contemporary topic in materials. Post-MS PhD students also take the same core course to prepare for their area qualifying exam. The core courses are: • Core 1: Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics • Core 2: Kinetic Processes in Materials • Core 3: Electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Materials or Introduction to Solid State Physics • Core 4: Physics of Semiconductor Materials or Mechanical Behavior of Materials or Polymers and Soft Materials (new course) or Computational Methods in Materials Science

In the 2009–2010 academic year, MSE adopted the following course as one of the electives in the area of energy materials: • MS 573 Solar Energy Systems: This course is designed for first-year graduate and senior undergraduate students from engineering disciplines and is intended to educate students in

the design and application of solar energy technology. It will focus on fundamentals of solar energy conversion, solar cells, optical engineering, photoelectrochemical cells, thermoelectric generators, and energy storage and distribution systems. The course covers solar energy insolation and global energy needs, current trends in photovoltaic energy engineering, solar cell material science, design and installation of solar panels for residential and industrial applications and connections to the national grid and cost analysis of the overall system. In addition, basic manufacturing processes for the production of solar panels, environmental impacts, and the related system engineering aspects will be included to provide a comprehensive state-of-the art approach to solar energy utilization. Meets with ENG EC573; students may not take credit for both. 4 cr.

MSE adopted the following course as one of the electives in the area of electronic/photonic materials: • MS 764 Optical Measurement: The course begins with a review of classical electromagnetic radiation theory and properties of light such as polarization and coherence. In the first part of the course attention will be given to applications of interference and polarization effects used in different passive application areas such as resonators (e.g. sensors, switching and detection), visibility and interferometry measurements and the usage both of highly coherent and incoherent light respectively. The second part of the course will consider light-matter interactions in dispersive media and compare classical, semi-classical, and quantum mechanical models with focus on the two-level system. The analysis will be applied to active spectroscopy measurements such as absorption and transmission, Photoluminescence, Raman and IR in time and frequency domain measurements. The emphasis will be on extracting material morphology and material properties, illustrated with classical and current journal papers. Finally, we will also discuss relevant tools such as spectrometers and detectors. Meets with ENG EC 764; students may not take credit for both. 4 cr

MSE PhD students Stephen Topping, Eric Gratz, Soobhankar Pati (’10), and Lincoln Miara outside their 750 Commonwealth Avenue laboratory space. Photo Credit: Lauren Plavisch.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


20 | Graduate Programs

Graduate Courses CLASS

TITLE

INSTRUCTOR

MS 503

Kinetic Processes in Materials

Basu

MS 504

Polymer and Soft Materials

Klapperich

MS 505

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Gopalan

BE 506

Physical Chemistry of Cell Struct & Machinery

Evans-Meller

X

MS 507

Process Modelling and Control

Gevelber

X

MS 508

Computational Methods in Materials Science

Lin

BE/ME 521

Continuum Mechanics

Stamenovic

MS 523

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Klapperich

MS 524

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics

Morgan

BE 533

Biorheology

Stamenovic

X

PY 543

Introduction to Solid State Physics

Smith

X

MS 545

Electrochemistry of Fuel Cells and Batteries

Pal

MS 555

MEMS: Fabrication and Materials

Zhang

EC 560

Intro to Photonics

Teich/Paiella

MS 573

Solar Energy Systems

Mazumder

MS 574

Physical Semiconductor Materials

Bellotti

EC 575

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

Bellotti

MS 577

Elec., Optical, Magnetic Prop of Materials Moustakas

X

EC 578

Fabrication Tech for Integrated Circuits

Kleptsyn

X

ME/EC 579

Microelectronic Device Manufacturing

Cole

MS 582

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Ekinci

X

MS 726

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering I

Wong/Grinstaff

X

MS 727

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering II

Wong/Grinstaff

X

PY 744

Polymer Physics

Bansil

X

EC 770

Guided Wave Optoelectronics

Dal Negro

X

MS 774

Semiconductor Quantum Structures and Photonic Devices

MS 778

Micromachined Transducers

Zhang

X

X

MS 900

Research

Varies

X

X

Annual Report 2009–2010

FALL 2009

SPRING 2010 X

X

X X X

X

X X

X X

X


Research| 21 Graduate Programs

Research Research MSE faculty have primary appointments in the College of Engineering (COE) Department of Biomedical Engineering, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) Department of Chemistry and the Department of Physics, and the Goldman School of Dental Medicine (GSDM). MSE faculty conduct research in four primary areas: • Biomaterials, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, design of biomolecules/biopolymers, biosensors, mechanics of biomaterials, and laser spectroscopy

• Materials for Energy and the Environment, including clean energy conversion, hydrogen generation and storage, fuel cells, green manufacturing, and biofuels

• Electronic and Photonic Materials, including III-V nitrides, solid state lighting, carbon nanotubes, si-nanophotonics, fiber optic sensors, quantum dots, and computational modeling

• Nanomaterials, including coatings, composite materials, photo-acoustic microscopy, nanoscale materials, and multi-scale modeling.

Research Highlights

Read about exciting research in MSE in the following pages • New Nano Techniques for Disease Detection (Altug, upper left) • Nano photonics (Dal Negro, upper right) • Spinoff company uses Solid Oxide Membranes for reducing greenhouse gases (MOxST, lower left).

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


22 | Research

New Nano Technique Could Help Detect Disease: Research team harnesses photonic technology Earlier detection of diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s could be a step closer thanks to BU researchers. Along with colleagues from Tufts University, they have helped develop a new spectroscopy technique that can identify proteins using less sample material, opening up the possibility of accelerated drug development as well as detecting diseases sooner. The researchers, led by HATICE ALTUG, a College of Engineering assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering, created the highly sensitive infrared absorption technique, exploiting recent advances in nanophotonics, a branch of optical engineering that studies light behavior at the scale of one-billionth of a meter. Altug was selected in 2008 for a Peter Paul Career Development Professorship, endowed by a gift from entrepreneur and philanthropist Peter T. Paul (GSM’71). Altug’s method harnesses infrared light to excite the bonds that connect atoms within molecules, causing them to vibrate at a specific frequency. By examining the frequencies of light absorbed by a material, scientists can determine the bonds it contains, and identify what it is. Because absorption signals are often weak, conventional infrared spectroscopy requires large samples of target molecules in many layers, resembling “a piece of baklava,” as one researcher puts

Annual Report 2009–2010

it. So Altug’s team uses tiny gold nanoparticles as antennae to amplify the signal received from a single protein molecule. This ultra-sensitive approach allows scientists to cull more accurate and useful data. “Our technique enhances the signal by a factor of up to 100,000,” says Altug. “The sensitivity can be high enough to provide spectroscopy at the single-molecule scale, and a single-molecule response can be very different from that of an ensemble of molecules.” Altug and her collaborators — Shyamsunder Erramilli, a College of Arts & Sciences physics professor, Mi Hong, a CAS physics research professor, graduate student Ronen Adato (ENG’13), and research associate Ahmet Ali Yanik, along with Tufts University bioengineers David Kaplan, Fiorenzo Omenetto, and Jason Amsden — reported on their achievement in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on October 30. The National Science Foundation featured the development as well. The technique could illuminate how protein molecules interact, including the effect of mutations, which can lead to diseases such as cancer, says Ken Rothschild, a CAS physics professor and director of the Photonics Center Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics. The discovery also has implications for drug


Research | 23

development, he says, since the impact of external forces on a protein’s shape and behavior will be easier to determine.

“Our plasmonic method is quite general and can be adapted

“If you’re a pharmaceutical company and you want to study the effects of a drug that’s targeted at defective proteins, you have to have a way of looking at the details of the interaction,” he says. “This discovery will be a breakthrough in terms of increasing the sensitivity to look at a whole host of different types of biomolecules and how they function.”

such as nucleic acids and lipids,” Altug says. “It therefore

to enhance the infrared fingerprints of other biomolecules, provides a general purpose tool kit for ultra-sensitive vibrational spectroscopy of biomolecular systems.” - By Caleb Daniloff for BU Today. This article originally appeared in the November 17 issue of BU Today.

Dal Negro Wins Early Career Research Excellence Award College of Engineering Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs Selim Ünlü announced the recipient of the College’s Early Career Research Excellence Award—Assistant Professor LUCA DAL NEGRO (MSE/ECE)—at the ENG faculty meeting on December 16. The annual Excellence in Research Award celebrates the significant, recent and high impact research accomplishments of tenure-track faculty less than 10 years removed from their Ph.D. Luca Dal Negro joined the College of Engineering in 2006, three years after receiving his Ph.D. from the University of

Trento in Italy. Already recognized as a leader in the field of nanophotonics, Dal Negro has published more than 60 journal articles (more than 30 in 2008 and 2009) and received invitations to speak at 26 seminars. Dal Negro’s research centers on the fabrication and optical characterization of novel nano-optical materials and photonic structures. He has made several noteworthy contributions to the study of the optics of metallic nanostructures, and nanoplasmonics; light-emitting silicon nanocrystals; and deterministic aperiodic optical materials.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


24 | Research

ENG Spinoff Firm Nets DOE Clean Energy Award Technology developed by PROF. UDAY PAL (MSE/ME) has received a boost from the U.S. Department of Energy with a grant aimed a spurring its commercial development. Metal Oxygen Separation Technologies Inc., (MOxST), a Natickbased metals manufacturing company that’s commercializing the technology, was selected as one of six Massachusetts winners of the Industrial Energy Efficiency Grand Challenge, which targets the development of manufacturing processes and technologies that promise to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions throughout the industrial sector and enhance U.S. energy security and economic growth. Known as solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis, Pal’s technology is a novel, energy-efficient, one-step method to produce pure magnesium, the least dense engineering metal with the highest stiffness-to-weight ratio. The U.S. Automotive Materials Partnership estimates that magnesium could reduce average motor vehicle weight by 290 pounds, an achievement that would improve fuel economy by about 1.5 miles per gallon and cut petroleum demand by over $20 billion annually. Pal developed SOM electrolysis over the past decade to produce magnesium, titanium and other metals from their oxides with minimum environmental impact and at low cost. SOM electrolysis continuously feeds magnesium oxide into a molten salt bath, where electricity splits it into magnesium metal vapor and oxygen gas in separate chambers. “Many metals are found in nature in oxide form, such as aluminum oxide in the mineral bauxite and silicon dioxide in quartz and various sands,” MOxST Chief Technology Officer Adam C. Powell explains. “This process efficiently separates those oxides into the metal and pure oxygen gas with zero environmental emissions.” Competing primary metal production methods emit carbon dioxide or chlorine into the atmosphere, and, in the case of magnesium, are considerably more expensive. A recent comparison of the cost of magnesium production using the SOM process with the two other most widely used processes and an additional process under development shows that the SOM process would produce magnesium at half the current cost. MOxST will use its Grand Challenge grant of $260,000 to develop a low-cost, non-polluting recycling process based on SOM electrolysis to treat low-grade mixed-alloy and heavily oxidized post-consumer magnesium scrap and produce pure magnesium for making new auto parts.

Annual Report 2009–2010

“An environmentally clean and low-cost domestic source of magne¬sium will not only create jobs in the primary magnesium sector, but also build a magnesium economy of die-casting companies and automotive parts suppliers benefitting the transportation sector,” said Pal.

Scaling Up Magnesium Production Capability Co-founded with fellow MIT graduate and CEO Steve Derezinski in August 2008, and run in collaboration with Pal’s lab, MOxST has secured more than $1.7 million in government grants and investments to commercialize SOM electrolysis to extract in-demand metals from oxides. Its primary goal is to produce pure magnesium from magnesium oxide to meet the automotive industry’s need for the most promising material for lighter and more efficient vehicles. “Together with the new Grand Challenge project working on the first process capable of recycling low-grade mixed-alloy post-consumer scrap, this will be a foundation technology set for fully-recyclable light-weight vehicle structures of the 21st century,” said Powell. MOxST’s other main objective is to use Pal’s SOM technology to produce solar-grade silicon directly from sand for solar energy systems. Utilizing a novel method to electrochemically separate sand (silicon dioxide) into silicon and pure oxygen, this carbon and chlorine-free process could avoid the significant greenhouse gas emissions and high operating costs of conventional solargrade silicon manufacturing. Pal’s lab at BU is actively involved in both magnesium and solar applications, and his former advisee, Soobhankar Pati (PhD, MSE’10), works for MOxST as a research engineer. They’re now contributing to the company’s effort to incorporate SOM electrolysis in commercial-grade manufacturing equipment for the automotive market, a transition that will require enlarging SOM reactor vessels more than two hundredfold. “We’re working on scaling up the SOM electrolysis process for both silicon and magnesium to tonnage scales,” said Powell. “We’re looking at a 24-month timeframe to start introducing the product into the market.” By Mark Dwortzan, College of Engineering http://www.bu.edu/me/2010/05/20/eng-spinoff-firm-netsdoe-clean-energy-award/


Research | 25

External Research Funding The following table shows the new, continuing, supplemental grants awarded over the 2010 fiscal year. The funding level of all Participating Faculty is approximately $23M.

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ECE

Altug

Development of Multiplexed, Commonwealth Ultra-Sensitive, Label-Free and of Rapid Biosensing Technologies for Massachusetts Proteomics and Virus Detection Applications

Agency

9/1/08

8/31/09

$91,780

COE, ECE

Altug

SGER: Investigation of Plasmonic Crystal Based Nanostructures for Biomolecule Detection (in conjunction with Photonics Center and CNN)

NSF

10/1/08

9/30/09

$55,000

COE, ECE

Altug

CAREER: Nano-Plasmonic Resonances for Bio-Detection Systems

NSF

2/15/10

1/31/15

$399,869

COE, ECE

Altug, Swan, NUE: Undergraduate Laboratory Smith, Experiences in Nanotechnology Andersson, Devices and Systems (U-LENS) Porter

NSF

9/1/09

8/31/11

$200,000

COE, ME

Basu, Sarin

EBC/TBC Coating System for Si-Based Ceramic Components for Improved Gas Turbine Performance and Lifetimes (Subcontract via Plasma Technology, Inc.)

NSF

7/1/09

12/31/10

$80,000

CAS, Physics

Bansil

Protein Solution Phase Separation PhysicsAmgen, Evaluation (in conjunction with Inc. Center for Polymer Studies)

10/10/08

9/30/10

$35,000

CAS, Physics

Bansil

NSF Program Director for the Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) Program

NSF

9/1/08

8/31/09

$1,391

CAS, Physics

Bansil

Collaborative Research: Mechanics of Bacterial Motion in Viscoelastic Gels

NSF

3/1/2010

2/28/2013

$465,552

COE, ECE

Bellotti

Theoretical Investigation of Optoelectronic Devices Based on the ZnO Material System

NSF

6/1/09

5/31/12

$311,360

COE, ECE

Bellotti

Photon-Trap Structures for Quantum Advanced Detectors (PT-SQUAD)

DOD

8/18/09

9/30/10

$82,820

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

MURI: Electrically-Pumped, Silicon-Based Lasers for ChipScale Nanophotonic Systems (Subcontract via MIT)

DOD

7/1/06

11/30/10

$103,167

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


26 | Research

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Biodegradable Communications System (Subcontract via Tufts University)

DOD

1/1/08

10/31/09

$149,540

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Nanoarray-Assisted Wavelength Shifting Films for Solar Applications

Lightwave Power, 2/1/09 Inc.

1/31/10

$61,045

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Aperiodic Photonic-Plasmonic DOD Structures with Broadband Field Enhancement for Optical Limiting Applications

5/20/09

9/30/10

$88,474

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

CAREER: Combined Light and Carrier Localization in High-Refractive Index Silicon Nanocrystal Structures - A Novel Approach for Si-based Lasers

NSF

8/1/09

7/31/14

$400,000

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Deterministic Aperiodic Structures for On-Chip Nanophotonics and Nanoplasmonics Device Applications

DOD

10/1/09

11/30/10

$186,499

CAS, Chemistry

Dal Negro, Reinhard

Rationally Designed Plasmonic Nanostructures for Rapid Bacteria Detection and Identification (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

NSF

6/1/09

5/31/10

$173,750

CAS, Chemistry

Doerrer

EMT/NANO: Single Atom Wide Wires with Insulation - New Paradigm for Ballistic Transport (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

NSF

9/1/08

8/31/11

$250,000

CAS, Chemistry

Doerrer

Magnetic, Sub-Pore Scale Metal Oxide Particles for Enhanced Magnetic Resonance and Optical Characterization of Rock Pore Structure and Fluid Composition in Reservoir Rock (in conjunction with CNN) (Subcontract via University of Texas/Austin)

Advanced Energy Consortium

3/1/09

2/28/10

$200,145

CAS, Chemistry

Doerrer

EMT/NANO: Single Atom Wide NSF Wires with Insulation - New Paradigm for Ballistic Transport (REU Supplement) (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

6/1/09

8/31/11

$6,000

Annual Report 2009–2010


Research | 27

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

CAS, Chemistry

Doerrer

Synthesis and Reactivity of Fluorinated High Oxidation State ComplexesChemistry

NSF

8/1/09

7/31/12

$435,000

COE, ME

Ekinci

National Institute of Standards and Technology - IPA

NIST

9/1/08

8/31/09

$110,160

COE, ME

Ekinci

CAREER: Photonic Integration of Silicon Nanoelectromechanical Systems (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

NSF

3/1/09

2/28/10

$80,231

COE, ME

Ekinci, Yakhot

High-Frequency Nanofluidics of Bio-NEMS: Theory and Experiments

NSF

6/15/08

5/31/11

$240,000

COE, ME

Gevelber

Real-Time Control for Engineering NSF Electrospun Nanofiber Diameter Distributions for Advanced Applications (in conjunction with Center for Information and Systems Engineering)

9/1/08

8/31/11

$224,100

COE, BME

Evans

Dynamic Strengths of Leukocyte Adhesion Bonds

12/1/09

11/30/10

$346,550

CAS, Physics

Goldberg

Graphene Membranes as Advanced Micro- and Nano-Pressure Energy Sensors (in conjunction with Consortium Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology and Photonics Center) (Subcontract via University of Texas/Austin)

3/1/09

2/28/10

$161,369

CAS, Physics

Goldberg, Derosa, Snyder, Meller

PROSTARS: PROgram in STEM Academic Retention and Success (Participant Support) Physics

NSF

1/1/09

12/31/09

$224,828

CAS, Physics

Goldberg, Derosa, Snyder, Meller

PROSTARS: PROgram in STEM Academic Retention and Success Physics

NSF

1/1/09

12/31/09

$444,710

CAS, Physics

Goldberg, Stevens

Summer Immersion Institutes

Stephen Bechtel 12/9/08 Fund

12/8/09

$100,000

COE, ME

Gopalan, Ludwig, Basu, Pal, Smith

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes: Unraveling the Relationship Between Oxygen Reduction, Structure, and Surface Chemistr

DOE- SECA

9/1/08

9/30/11

$450,001

COE, ECE

Gopalan,Lin Stable Potentiometric Sensors for DOE Ce(III), Ce(IV) and Gd(III) Ions in Acidic Media

3/29/10

9/30/10

$70,000

DHHS-NHLBI

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


28 | Research

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Biolubricants for Flex Biomedical, 2/1/08 Viscosupplementation (in Inc. conjunction with ENG/Biomedical Engineering)

1/31/10

$20,000

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Clinical Prototype for Intraoperative Aerosolized Nanoparticle Drug-Delivery (Subcontract via Brigham and Women’s Hospital - MGH/ CIMIT)

DOD

8/19/08

7/31/09

$40,394

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

In-Situ and On-Demand Modification of Hydrogel Characteristics: Applications for ‘No-Intervention’ Solutions

Schlumberger

9/1/08

8/31/09

$80,000

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Ophthalmic Sealants II: Dendritic DHHS Biomaterials for Repair of Ocular Wounds

9/1/08

8/31/10

$190,317

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Expansile Nanoparticles for Delivery of Antibiotics (Subcontract via Dartmouth College)

10/1/08

9/30/09

$33,000

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Downhole Li-ion Batteries Advanced Based on Network Ionic Energy Liquids (in conjunction with Consortium Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology) (Subcontract via University of Texas/Austin)

3/1/09

2/28/10

$250,000

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Bacteriophobic Coatings for Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

DHHS

4/1/09

3/31/10

$551,515

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Reversing Electrostatic Interactions for Improved Gene Delivery

DHHS

5/1/09

4/30/10

$335,665

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Translational Research in Biomaterials (Trainee Stipends, Tuition, and Fees)

DHHS

9/1/09

8/31/10

$154,616

CAS, Chemistry

Grinstaff

Translational Research in Biomaterials (Training-Related Expenses)

DHHS

9/1/09

8/31/10

$24,084

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

Disposable Microfluidic Devices for Point of Care Diagnostics

DHHS

7/1/09

6/30/10

$262,625

Annual Report 2009–2010

Agency

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Start Date End Date

Award


Research | 29

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

Microchip to detect influenza infection and type in nasopharyngeal swabs (Summer Research Experience)

DHHS

9/1/09

8/31/10

$10,075

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs

DHHS

9/1/09

6/30/10

$346,582

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs (Administrative Supplement)

DHHS

9/1/09

8/31/10

$85,004

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

Micro solid phase extraction module development for EO-NAT HIV rapid point-of-care diagnostic device for resourcelimited settings

Wave 80 Biosciences

9/30/09

9/29/10

$250,617

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich

A microfluidic system for monitoring sepsis at the point of care

MGH

12/16/09

9/30/10

$140,000

COE, ME/BME

Klapperich, Sharon

Portable Low Power Nucleic Acid Extraction Module

DHHS

9/1/09

8/31/10

$140,343

COE, ME

Lin

Conjugated Polymer Solvent Affinity and Ion-Solvent Channel Design (Subcontract via MIT)

Honda R&D Company Limited

1/1/09

3/19/10

$365,099

CAS, Physics

Ludwig

Real-Time X-ray Studies of Surface and Thin-Film Processes

DOE

2/15/09

2/14/12

$480,000

CAS, Physics

Ludwig

Self-Organized Nanostructure NSF-DMR Growth During Ion Bombardment

7/1/10

6/30/13

$299,000

CAS, Physics

Ludwig, Basu

MRI-R2: Development of a System for Real-Time X-Ray Scattering Analysis of Complex Oxide Thin Film Growth

NSF

3/1/10

2/28/12

$48,510

COE, BME

Meller

High Throughput DNA Sequencing Using Design Polymers and Nanopore Arrays

DHHS

9/1/07

8/31/11

$931,269

COE, BME

Meller

Development and Evaluation of Composite Solid State/Protein Nanopores for High-Throughput Applications (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

Oxford Nanopore 3/1/09 Technologies, LTD (United Kingdom)

2/28/11

$429,284

COE, BME

Meller

Electronic Recognition of Gene Regulatory Proteins Bound to DNA (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

NSF

7/31/10

$195,000

8/1/09

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


30 | Research

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

CAS, Physics

Mohanty

Accurate Time Measurement Using Nonlinearly Coupled Resonators

Sand 9

9/1/08

8/31/09

$105,000

CAS, Physics

Mohanty

EMT/NANO: Computation Using Nanomechanical Oscillator Networks (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

NSF

9/15/08

8/31/11

$299,997

CAS, Physics

Mohanty

Simulation and Design of DOD Programmable Chaotic Logic Gate Arrays

2/1/09

1/31/10

$36,319

CAS, Physics

Mohanty

CAREER: Nanomechanics in the Quantum Regime

4/1/09

3/31/10

$85,000

CAS, Physics

Mohanty, Erramilli

Gate-Controlled Silicon Based PhysicsNinth Nanoscale Processor for Multiple Sense, Inc. Analyte Assay

2/1/09

1/31/11

$1,908

COE, ME

Morgan

Collaborative Research: Microand Nano-scale Characterization and Modeling of Bone Tissue

NSF

9/1/08

8/31/11

$67,940

COE, ME

Morgan

Inducing Skeletal Repair by Mechanical Stimulation

DHHS

9/1/08

8/31/10

$1,156,200

COE, ME

Morgan

Inducing Skeletal Repair by Mechanical Stimulation (administrative supplement)

DHHS

9/18/09

9/17/10

$64,152

COE, ME

Morgan; Barbone

3-D Visualization and Prediction of Spine Fractures

DHHS

4/1/09

4/30/10

$1,607,356

COE, ECE

Moustakas

Growth and Characterization of NASA A1GaN Quantum Wells on Silicon Carbide for Edge Emission at 235 nm (SBIR Phase I) (Subcontract via Photon Systems, Inc.)

1/22/09

7/22/09

$33,318

COE, ECE

Moustakas

Development of UV LEDS at 250- DOD/ARL 260 nm for Water purification and surface sterilization

7/1/09

6/30/10

$200,000

COE, ECE

Moustakas

Development of an Electron Beam NASA Injected Laser Structure at 235nm Based on AIGaN/AIN Multiple Quantum Wells on SiC Substrates

1/15/10

1/15/12

$150,000

COE, ECE

Paiella

Plasmonic Band-Structure Engineering for Light-Emission Efficiency Enhancement

8/15/08

12/31/09

$101,653

Annual Report 2009–2010

NSF

DOE


Research | 31

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ECE

Paiella, Moustakas, Bellotti

GaN-Based Quantum-Structure Devices for THz Light Emission and Photodetection (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

NSF

9/1/08

8/31/11

$399,967

COE, ECE

Paiella

Collaborative Research: Quantum-Cascade-Laser Active Materials Based on SiliconGermanium Nanomembranes

NSF

7/1/09

6/30/10

$75,790

COE, ME

Pal, Gopalan Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzer for the Production of Pure Hydrogen and Syn-Gas from a Source of Waste and Steam (Subcontract via UMass/ Amherst)

Commonwealth of Massachusetts

9/1/08

8/31/09

$40,000

COE, ME

Pal

Low-Cost, Low-Impact Magnesium Production by Solid Oxygen Membrane Electrolysis

NSF

8/1/09

12/31/09

$32,009

COE, ME

Pal

Solid Oxide Membrance (SOM) Scale-Up Research and Engineering for Light-Weight Vehicles

DOE-VT

4/20/10

4/19/11

$99,500

COE, ME

Pal, Basu

Low-Cost Green Manufacturing of BU, COE Dean's Solar-Grade Silicon Catalyst Award

5/1/10

4/31/11

$45,000

COE, ME

Sarin

Optical Ceramic Hafnates: New Fast PET Scintillators

NIGMS

9/1/05

8/31/09

$160,000

COE, ME

Sarin

Superior Medical Scintillator by Vapor Deposition (1)

NIBIB

5/1/06

4/30/10

$436,409

COE, ME

Sarin

Fast, Dense, Low Cost Scintillators DOE for Nuclear Physics

8/7/06

8/6/09

$140,000

COE, ME

Sarin

Novel Ceramic Scintillators for PET (SBIR) (Subcontract via ALEM-Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.)

DOE

8/15/08

8/14/10

$100,000

COE, ME

Sarin

High Performance, Low Cost Scintillators for PET

DOE

7/20/09

4/19/10

$15,000

COE, ME

Sarin

Novel Ceramic Scintillators for PET

NIH

2/6/09

1/6/11

$100,000

CAS, Physics

Smith, K.

Surface, Interface, and Bulk Electronic Structure of NanoScale Thin Film Organic Semiconductors

NSF

7/1/08

6/30/10

$117,924

CAS, Physics

Smith, K.

Materials World Network on Rare-Earth and Transition-Metal Nitride Spectroscopic Studies

NSF

9/1/08

8/31/10

$94,073

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


32 | Research

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ECE

Swan

REU Supplement - Vibrational NSF and Electronic Aspects of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Interactions

10/14/08

8/31/10

$7,000

COE, ECE

Swan, Ruane REU Site: Research Experience for NSF Undergraduates in Photonics

5/1/09

10/31/09

$12,681

COE, ECE

Unlu

High Speed Diagnostic of Temperature and Intensity Variation of Diode-Laser Facets (Subcontract via Science Research Laboratory, Inc.)

DOD

10/15/08

7/31/09

$32,999

COE, ECE

Unlu

Label-Free Multiplexed Immunoassay Platform for Diagnosing Liver Disease

NIDDKD

7/1/09

12/31/10

$51,127

COE, ECE

Unlu

Floating Light-Activated MicroElectrical Stimulators for Neural Prosthetics

DHHS

8/1/09

5/31/10

$152,971

COE, ECE

Unlu

GAANN: Fellowships in Nanobiotechnology

DOE

8/16/10

8/15/11

$131,265

COE, ECE

Unlu, Goldberg

Research Agreement

The Mitre Corporation

6/1/09

10/2/09

$10,000

COE, ECE

Unlu,Delisi, Goldberg, Irani

High Throughput Quantification of Conformation and Kinetics of DNA-Protein Complexes

NSF

9/15/09

8/31/10

$110,000

COE, BME

Wong

Magnetic, Sub-Pore Scale Metal Oxide Particles for Enhanced Magnetic Resonance and Optical Characterization of Rock Pore Structure and Fluid Composition in Reservoir Rock (in conjunction with CNN) (Subcontract via University of Texas/Austin)

Advanced Energy Consortium

3/1/09

2/28/10

$99,645

COE, BME

Wong

Development of Tissue Engineering Solutions for Pediatric Vascular Surgical Repair and Reconstruction

The Hartwell Foundation/ Fidelity Charitable Gift Fund

4/1/09

3/31/10

$100,000

COE, BME

Wong

Vascular Cell Phenotype on Physiologically-Relevant Bioengineered Substrata (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

DHHS

6/1/09

5/31/10

$406,250

COE, BME

Wong

The Effect of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Organization on the Function of Engineering Tissue Constructs (Corin Williams)

American Heart Association

7/1/09

6/30/10

$21,000

Annual Report 2009–2010

Agency


Research | 33

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, BME

Wong

Tissue Vascularization (Off Campus Funding)

DHHS

8/1/09

7/31/10

$39,219

COE, BME

Wong,Betke, Large: Intelligent Tracking Kunz, Systems That Reason About Sclaroff Group Behavior

NSF

9/1/09

8/31/14

$2,778,292

COE, BME

Wong,Betke, Large: Intelligent Tracking NSF Kunz, Systems That Reason About Sclaroff Group Behavior (REU Supplement Account)

9/1/09

8/31/14

$80,000

COE, ME

Zhang X

CAREER: Creating Nanostructured NSF Gratings on Microstructures for Residual Strain/Stress Measurement in NEMS/MEMS and Traction Force Measurement in Cells (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

3/1/03

8/31/09

$400,000

COE, ME

Zhang X

CAREER: Creating Nanostructured NSF Gratings on Microstructures for Residual Strain/Stress Measurement in NEMS/MEMS and Traction Force Measurement in Cells (REU Supplement) (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

2/13/04

8/31/09

$48,000

COE, ME

Zhang X

Uncooled Cantilever Microbolometer Focal Plane Arrays with MK Temperature Resolution: Engineering Mechanics for the Next Generation

DOD

4/1/06

9/30/09

$298,902

COE, ME

Zhang X

Mechanical Behavior of Amorphous Plasma-Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Films for MEMS Applications

NSF

6/1/07

5/31/10

$150,000

COE, ME

Zhang X

Development of a Novel Optomechanical Uncooled Metamaterial-Enhanced Active Terahertz Detection Imager

NSF

7/1/08

6/30/11

$259,699

COE, ME

Zhang X

Collaborative Research: Elastic NSF and Viscoelastic Characterization and Modeling of Polymer Based Structures for Biological Applications

9/1/08

8/31/11

$297,969

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


34 | Research

Affiliation

PI

Title of Project

Agency

Start Date End Date

Award

COE, ME

Zhang X

Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of an HT Micro TCD (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

Schlumberger

7/1/09

6/30/10

$20,000

COE, ME

Zhang X

GOALI: High Sensitivity Thermal Conductivity Sensor for Micro Gas Chromatography and Harsh Environment Chemical Detection (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

NSF

7/1/09

6/30/12

$239,537

COE, ME

Zhang X

Impedance-Based Assay Microsystem for Real-Time High Throughput Study of Single Cells

NSF

10/1/09

9/30/10

$86,435

COE, ME

Zhang X, Zhang K, Wong

Multiscale approach to NSF Understanding the Mechanical and Biochemical Behavior of Tissue Engineering Blood Vessels

6/1/2007

5/31/2009

$75,000

COE, ME

Bifano, Averitt, Zhang, X.

Photonics Research and Technology Insertion

DOD

7/1/09

6/30/10

$60,000

COE, ME

Zhang X, Averitt

Materials and Mechanics of Metamaterial Enhanced MEMS for Terahertz Technology

DOD

9/30/09

3/31/10

$65,000

COE, ME

Zhang X, Averitt

Coupled Evanescent Field Micro-Resonators for Downhole Data Relay

Advanced Energy Consortium

1/1/10

12/31/10

$200,000

NEW FUNDING FOR PARTICIPATING FACULTY

$8,541,530

CONTINUING FUNDING FOR PARTICIPATING FACULTY

$14,498,822

TOTAL FUNDING FOR ALL MSE FACULTY:

$23,040,352

Annual Report 2009–2010


Research | 35

Colloquium Series The MSE Colloquium Series features distinguished speakers addressing topics in the relevant areas of the program: Biomaterials, Electronic and Photonic Materials, Materials for Energy and Environment, and Nanomaterials.

Date

Speaker

Institution

Title

30-Apr-10

Max Lagally

University of Wisconsin-Madison

Semiconductor Nanomembranes

2-Apr-10

David Bour

Applied Materials, Inc.

Materials Challenges in Semiconductor Optoelectronics

26-Mar-10

Thomas Powers

Brown University

Mechanics of Swimming Microorganisms

19-Mar-10

Otto J. Gregory

University of Rhode Island

Semiconducting Oxides for High Temperature Thermoelectric Applications

26-Feb-10

Richard M. Osgood Jr.

Columbia University

Lifting-Off Single-Crystal Layers

19-Feb-10

Steve Granick

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Fun and Profit with Soft Materials: Nanoparticles, Phospholipids, Polymers

Joint with ECE & Physics

4-Dec-09

Clemens Heske

University of Nevada at Las Vegas

Using Soft x-rays to Look Into Interfaces of Energy Conversion Devices

Joint with ECE & Physics

20-Nov-09

William Klein

Boston University

Non-Classical Nucleation and Spinodals

Joint with ECE & Physics

13-Nov-09

Thomas P. Russel

University of Massachusetts Amherst

Macroscopic Arrays of Block Joint with ECE & Physics Copolymers with Areal Densities of 10 Terabit/inch2 and beyond

6-Nov-09

Ramesh Jasti

Boston University

Bridging Organic Synthesis and Nanoscience

30-Oct-09

Fernando A. Ponce Arizona State Unviersity

Materials Challenges for Green InGaN Injection Lasers

16-Oct-09

Xinqiao Jia

Molecular Design of Functional Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine

University of Delaware

Co-Sponsor

Joint with ECE

Joint with CNN and Chemistry

Joint with BME

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


36 | Research

Participating Faculty Publications & Activity Books D. Mari, L. M. Llanes, and V. K. SARIN, Science of Hard Materials 9, Elsevier, Oxford, 2009.

Book Chapters H. ALTUG, “Photonic Crystal Microcavity Light Sources,” in:

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology, P. Bhattacharya, editor, Elsevier, 2010. J. Winkler, M. Neubert, J. Rudolph, N. Duanmu, and M. GEVELBER, “Chapter 3: Czochralski Process Dyanamics and Control Design,” in: Crystal Growth Processes Based on Capillarity: Czochralski, Floating Zone, Shaping and Crucible Techniques, T. Duffar, editor, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2010.

O. Dudko and A. MELLER, “Probing Biomolecular Interactions Using Nanopore Force Spectroscopy,” in: Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, R.A. Meyers, editor, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2009. T. Sibai, E.F. MORGAN, and T.A. Einhorn, “Effect of Anabolic Agents on Bone Quality,” in Bone Quality: From Bench to Bedside, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, A. Boskey, and E. Donnelly, editors, in press.

M. Wanunu, G. Soni, and A. MELLER, “Analyzing Individual Biomolecules Using Nanopores,” in: Handbook of Nanophysics. K.D. Sattler, editor, Taylor & Francis Group, 2010.

X. ZHANG, “Additive Processes for Polymeric Materials,” in:

O. Dudko, J. Mathé, and A. MELLER, “Nanopore Force Spectroscopy tools for analyzing single biomolecular complexes,” in: Methods in Enzymology, N. Walter, editor, Elsevier, 2010.

X. ZHANG, “Micro/Nanostructures for Measuring Cellular

Annual Report 2009–2010

Handbook of MEMS Materials and Processes, R. Ghodssi, editor, Springer, in press.

Forces,” in: Cardiac Myocytes, Nanomanufacturing, S. Chen, editor, American Scientific Publishers, pp. 213-233, 2009


Research | 37

Journal Articles A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T. Chang, H. ALTUG, “Integrated Nanoplasmonics-Nanofluidics Biosensor with Targeted Delivery of Analyte,” Appl. Phys. Lett, 96: 021101, 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, C-H Wu, G. Shvets and H. ALTUG, “Radiative Engineering of Plasmon Lifetimes in Embedded Nanoantenna Arrays,” Optics Express, 18: 4526-4537, 2010. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, H. ALTUG, “Design Principles for Optoelecronic Application of Extraordinary Light Transmission Effect in Plasmonic NanoAperture,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Special Issue on Nanophotonics and Nanooptics, 10: 1713-1718, 2010.

T. Kulkarni, H.Z. Wang, S.N. BASU and V.K. SARIN, “Compositionally graded mullite based CVD coatings,” J. Materials Research, 24(2): 470-474, 2009. T. Kulkarni, H.Z. Wang, S.N. BASU and V.K. SARIN, “Phase Transformations in Mullite Based Nanocomposites,” International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials: 27(2): 465-471, 2009. J. Warga, R. Li, S.N. BASU, and L. DAL NEGRO, “ErbiumDoped Silicon Nanocrystals in Silicon/Silicon Nitride Superlattice Structures: Light Emission and Energy Transfer,” Physica E, 41(6): 1040-1043, 2009.

S. Aksu, A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, H. ALTUG, “High-throughput Nanofabrication of Plasmonic Infrared Antenna Arrays,” Nano Letters, in press, 2010.

S. Yerci, R. Li, S.O. Kucheyev, T. van Buuren, S.N. BASU, and L. DAL NEGRO, “Energy Transfer and 1.54 m Emission in Amorphous Silicon Nitride Films,” Applied Physics Letters: 95(3): 031-107, 2009.

R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. J. Amsden, D. L. Kaplan, F. G. Omenetto, M. K. Hong, S. Erramilli and H. ALTUG, “Ultrasensitive Vibrational Spectroscopy of Protein Monolayers with Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106: 19227, 2009.

S. Yerci, R. Li, S.O. Kucheyev, T. van Buuren, S.N. BASU, and L. DAL NEGRO, “Visible and 1.54 μm Emission from Amorphous Silicon Nitride Films by Reactive Co-Sputtering,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 16(1): 114-123, 2010.

A. Artar, A. Ali Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Fabry-Perot Nanocavities in 3D Plasmonic Crystals for Enhanced Biosensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 95: 051105, 2009.

D. Wroblewski, G. Reimann, M. Tuttle, D. Radgowski, M. Cannamela, S.N. BASU, M. GEVELBER, “Sensor Issues and Requirements for Developing Real Time Control for Plasma Spray Deposition,” Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 19(4), 723-735: 2010.

M. Huang, A. A. Yanik, T. Chang, H. ALTUG, “Sub-wavelength Nanofluidics in Photonic Crystal Sensors,” Optics Express, 17:24224-24233, 2009. A. Ali Yanik, R. Adato, S. Erramilli and H. ALTUG, “Hybridized Nanocavities as Single-Polarized Plasmonic Antenna,” Optics Express, 17: 20900-20910, 2009.

F. Bertazzi, M. Moresc, E. BELLOTTI, “Theory of high field carrier transport and impact ionization in wurtzite GaN. Part I: A full band Monte Carlo model,” Journal of Applied Physics, 106(6): 063718, 15 September 2009.

D. Englund, H. ALTUG, and J. Vuckovic, “Time-resolved Lasing Action From Single and Coupled Photonic Crystal Nanocavity Array Lasers Emitting in the Telecom Band,” Journal of Applied Physics: 105 (9), 2009.

M. Moresco, F. Bertazzi, E. BELLOTTI, “Theory of high field carrier transport and impact ionization in wurtzite GaN. Part II: Application to avalanche photodetectors,” Journal of Applied Physics, 106(6): 063719, 15 September 2009.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


38 | Research

Journal Articles (continued) E. BELLOTTI, K. Driscoll, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, R. PAIELLA,

“Monte Carlo simulation of terahertz quantum cascade laser structures based on wide-bandgap semiconductors,” Journal of Applied Physics, 105(11): 113103, 1 June 2009.

F. Bertazzi, E. BELLOTTI, E. Furno, M. Goano, “Experimental Electron Mobility in ZnO: A Reassessment Through Monte Carlo Simulation,” Journal of Electronic Materials, 38(8): 1677-1683, August 2009. D. D’Orsogna, P. Lamarre, E. BELLOTTI, P.E. BARBONE, F. Smith, C. Fulk, P. Lovecchio, M.B. Reine, S.P.Tobin, J. Markunas, “A Novel Stress Characterization Technique for the Development of Low-Stress Ohmic Contacts to HgCdTe,” Journal of Electronic Materials, 38(8): 1698-1706, August 2009. M. Penna, A. Marnetto, F. Bertazzi, E. BELLOTTI, M. Goano “Empirical Pseudopotential and Full-Brillouin-Zone k center dot p Electronic Structure of CdTe, HgTe, and Hg1-xCdxTe,” Journal of Electronic Materials, 38(8): 1717-1725, August 2009. P. Lamarre, C. Fulk, D. D’Orsogna, E. BELLOTTI, F. Smith, P. LoVecchio, M.B. Reine, T. Parodos, J. Marciniec, S.P. Tobin, J. Markunas, “Characterization of Dislocations in HgCdTe Heteroepitaxial Layers Using a New Substrate Removal Technique,” Journal of Electronic Materials, 38(8): 17461754, August 2009. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C-k Kao, A. Moldawer, W. Zhang, Yi-Chung Chang, A. Yu Nikiforov, E. BELLOTTI, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Milliwatt power AIGaN-based deep ultraviolet LEDS by plasma-assisted MBE,” Phys. Status Solidi Rapid Research Letters, 4(1-2): 49-51, 2010. C. Forestiere, G. Miano, G. Rubinacci, L. DAL NEGRO, “Role of aperiodic order in the spectral, localization, and scaling properties of plasmon modes for the design of nanoparticles arrays,” Phys. Rev. B., 79, 085404, February 2009. S. Boriskina, A. Gopinath, L. DAL NEGRO, “Optical gaps, mode patterns and dipole radiation in two-dimensional aperiodic photonic structures”, Physica E, 41, 1102, July 2009.

Annual Report 2009–2010

A. Gopinath, S. Boriskina, B. Reinhard, L. DAL NEGRO, “Deterministic Aperiodic Arrays of Metal nanoparticels for surface-enhanced Raman scattering”, Optics Express, 17: 3741, January 2009. B. Yan, A. Thubagere, R. Premasiri, L. Ziegler, L. DAL NEGRO, B. M. Reinhard, “Engineered SERS Substrates with Multiscale Signal Enhancement: Nanoparticle Cluster Arrays,” ACS Nano, 3(5): 1190, April 2009. C. Forestiere, G. Miano, C. Serpico, M. d’Aquino, L. DAL NEGRO, “Dipolar mode localization and spectral gaps in quasi-periodic arrays of ferromagnetic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B. 79: 214419, June 2009. C. Forestiere, G. Miano, S. Boriskina, L. DAL NEGRO, “The role of nanoparticles shapes and deterministic aperiodicity for the design of nanoplasmonic arrays,” Optics Express, 17: 9648, June 2009. O. M. Bakr, V. Amendola, C. M. Aikens, W. Wenseleers, R. Li, L. DAL NEGRO, G. C. Schatz, and F. Stellacci, “Silver Nanoparticles with Broad Multi-Band Linear Optical Absorption,” Angewandte Chemie, 48: 5921, September 2009. R. Dallapiccola, C. Dubois, A. Gopinath, F. Stellacci, L. DAL NEGRO, “Near-field detection and near-field excitation of propagating surface-plasmon polaritons on Au waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94: 243118, June 2009. R. Li, S. Yerci, and L. DAL NEGRO, “Temperature dependence of the energy transfer from amorphous silicon nitride to Er ions,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 95: 041111, July 2009. A. Gopinath, S. Boriskina, R. Presamiri, L. Ziegler, B.M. Reihard, L. DAL NEGRO, “Plasmonic nanogalaxies: multiscale aperiodic arrays for Surface enhanced Raman sensing,” Nanoletters, 9(11): 3922, August 2009. C. Forestiere, G.F. Walsh, G. Miano, L. DAL NEGRO, “Nanoplasmonics of prime number arrays,” Optics Express 17, 24288, December 2009.


Research | 39

Y. Gong, S. Yerci, R. Li, L. DAL NEGRO, J. Vuckovic, “Enhanced light emission from Erbium doped silicon nitride in plasmonic metal-insulator-metal structures,” Optics Express, 17: 20642, November 2009.

E. Ozkumur, A. Yalcin, M. Cretich, C. Lopez, D. A. Bergstein, B.B. GOLDBERG, M. Chiari, and M.S. UNLU, “Quantification of DNA and protein adsorption by optical phase shift,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 25: 167-172, September 2009.

J. Amsden, H. Perry, S. Boriskina, A. Gopinath, D. Kaplan, L. DAL NEGRO, F. Omenetto, “Spectral analysis of induced color change on periodically nanopatterned silk films,” Optics Express, 17: 21271, November 2009.

J.W.Fergus, S. GOPALAN, T.Gur, R.Mukundan, and W.J.F.Weppner, “Impact of the Kiukkola-Wagner Paper on the Development of Electrochemical Probes and Tools for Fundamental Studies and Industrial Application,” Interface, Spring 2009.

F.G. Baddour, M.I. Kahn, J.A. Golen, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Platinum (IV)- 3-terpyridine complexes: synthesis with spectroscopic and structural characterization,” Chem. Commun., 2010, in press A. DeMasi, S.W. Cho, L.F.J. Piper, A.R.H. Preston, K.E. Smith, R.J. Allenbaugh, W. Barksdale, L.H. DOERRER, “Electronic structure of N,N’-ethylene-bis(1,1,1-trifluoropentane-2,4dioneiminato)-copper(II) (Cu-TFAC), from soft X-ray spectroscopies and density functional theory calculations,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.: 3171-3177, 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Steric and Electronic Effects in Metallophilic

Double Salts,” Dalton Trans.: 3543-3553, 2010. S.A. Cantalupo, J.S. Lum, M.C. Buzzeo, C. Moore, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Three-Coordinate Late Transition Metal Fluorinated Alkoxide Complexes“, Dalton Trans.: 374383, 2010. M.I. Kahn, J.A. Golen, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Bromo (2,2’:6’,2’’-terpyridine) platinum(II) dibromidoaurate(I),” Acta Cryst., C, E65, m1135, 2009. B. Zheng, M.O. Miranda, A.G. DiPasquale, J.A. Golen, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Synthesis and Electronic Spectra of Fluorinated Aryloxide and Alkoxide [NiX4]2− Anions,” Inorg. Chem., 48: 4274-4276, 2009. O. Basarir, S. Bramhavar, G. Basilio-Sanchez, T. Morse, and K. EKINCI, “Sensitive micromechanical displacement detection by scattering evanescent optical waves,” Optics Letters, 35(11): 1792-1794, 2010. C. Colosqui, D. Karabacak, K. EKINCI, V. Yakhot, “Lattice Boltzmann simulation of electromechanical resonators in gaseous media,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 652: 259-298, June 2010.

H. Wang, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Hydrogen Generation and Separation Using Gd0.2Ce0.801.9Gd0.08Sr0.88Ti0.95AI0.0503 Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conducting Membranes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., in press, 2009. K.J.Yoon, P.Zink, S. GOPALAN, U.B. PAL, L.R.Pederson, “Defect Chemistry and Electrical Properties of (La0.8Ca0.2)(0.95) Fe03-delta,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156(7): B795-B800, 2009. K.J.Yoon, G.S.Ye, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Cost-effective Single Step Co-firing Technique for Manufacturing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) using High Shear Compaction (HSC) Anode,” Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, 7, 2009. K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Analysis of Electrochemical Performance of SOFCs Using Polarization Modeling and Impedance Measurements,” J.Electrochem. Soc., 156: B311-B317, 2009. S.Pati, K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Hydrogen Production Using Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzer with Solid carbon Reductant in Liquid Metal Anode,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 156 (9): B1067-B1077, 2009. S.Pati. K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Electrochemical Characterization of a Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzer for Production of High-Purity Hydrogen,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 40: 1041-1053, 2009. W.D.He, K.J.Yoon. R.S.Eriksen, S. GOPALAN, U.B. PAL, and S.N. BASU, “Out·of·Cell Measurements of Effective Binary Diffusivity of Porous Anode of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells,” J.Power.Sources, 195(2): 532-535, 2010.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Journal Articles (continued) M.C. Kim and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “A new method for simulating the motion of individual ellipsoidal bacteria in microfluidic devices, “ Lab on a Chip, 2010. A. Chatterjee, P. Mirer, Z. Santamaria, C.M. KLAPPERICH, A. Sharon, A. Sauer-Budge, “RNA isolation from mammalian cells using porous polymer monoliths: a novel approach for high throughput automation,” Anal Chem, 82(11): 43444356, 2010.2010.

J.D. Kaufman, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Surface detection errors cause overestimation of the modulus in nanoindentation on soft materials,” Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 2(4): 312-317, 2009. C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidic diagnostics: time for

industry standards,“ Expert Review of Medical Devices, 6(3), 2009.

J. Do, J.Y. Zhang, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Maskless Writing of Microfluidics: Rapid Prototyping of 3D Microfluidics Using Scratch on a Polymer Substrate,” Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 2010.

A. Kushima, X. LIN, and S. Yip, “Commentary on the temperature-dependent viscosity of supercooled liquids: a unified activation scenario,” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 21: 504104, 2009.

M. Mahalanabis, J. Do, H. Almuayad, J.Y. Zhang, C.M. KLAPPERICH, “An integrated disposable device for DNA extraction and helicase dependent Amplification,” Biomedical Microdevices, 12(2): 353-359, Jan 2010.

A. Kushima, X. LIN, J. Li, X.F. Qian, J. Eapen, J.C. Mauro, P. Diep, and S. Yip, “Computing the viscosity of supercooled liquids. II. Silica and strong-fragile crossover behavior,” Journal of Chemical Physics, 131: 164505, 2009.

M. Mahalanabis, H. Al-Muayad, M. D. Kulinski, D. Altman and C. M. KLAPPERICH, “Cell lysis and DNA extraction of Gram-positive and Gram-negative Bacteria from Whole Blood in a Disposable Microfluidic Chip,” Lab on a Chip, 9(19): 2811 – 2817, 2009.

A. Kushima, X. LIN, J. Li, J. Eapen, J.C. Mauro, X.F. Qian, P. Diep, and S. Yip, “Computing the viscosity of supercooled liquids,” Journal of Chemical Physics, 130: 224504, 2009.

A. Sauer-Budge, P. Mirer, A. Chatterjee, C.M. KLAPPERICH, D. Chargin, A. Sharon, “Low cost and manufacturable complete microTAS for detecting bacteria,” Lab on a Chip, 9 (19): 2803-2810, 2009. S. Gillers, C.D. Atkinson, A. C. Bartoo, M. Mahalanabis, M.O. Boylan, J.H. Schwartz, C.M. KLAPPERICH, and S.K. Singh, “Microscale sample preparation for PCR of C. difficile infected stool,” Journal of Microbiological Methods, 78(2): 203-7, 2009. M.D. Kulinski, M. Mahalanabis, S. Gillers, J.Y. Zhang, S. Singh, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Sample Preparation Module for Bacterial Lysis and Isolation of DNA from Human Urine,” Biomedical Microdevices, 11(3): 671-678, 2009. M.S.R. Jardeleza, M.K. Daly, J.D. Kaufman, C.M. KLAPPERICH, P.A. Legutko, “Effect of trypan blue staining on the elastic modulus of anterior lens capsules of diabetic and nondiabetic patients,” Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 35(2): 318-323, 2009.

Annual Report 2009–2010

T.T. Lau, X. LIN, S. Yip, and K.J. Van Vliet, “Atomistic examination of the unit processes and vacancy-dislocation interaction in dislocation climb,” Scripta Materialia, 60: 399402, 2009. G. Ozaydin-Ince and K.F. LUDWIG, JR., “In Situ X-ray Studies of Native and Mo-Seeded Surface Nanostructuring during Ion Bombardment of Si(100),” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 21: 224008, 2009. A. Singer, H. Kuhn, M. Frank-Kamenetskii, and A. MELLER, “Solid-State Nanopor based Detection of Urea-Induced Internal Denaturation of dsDNA,” J. Phys. Cond-Mat, 2010, in press. B. McNally, A. Singer, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, Z. Weng, and A. MELLER, “Optical Recognition of Converted DNA Nucleotides for Single-Molecule DNA Sequencing Using Nanopore Arrays,” Nano Letters, 10: 2237-2244, 2010. J. Lin, A. Kolomeisky, and A. MELLER, “Helix-coil kinetics of individual polyadenylic acid molecules in a protein channel,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 104: 158101-158104, 2010.


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N. Di Fiori and A. MELLER, “The effect of dye-dye interactions on the spatial resolution of single-molecule FRET measurements in nucleic acids,” Biophys. J. 98: 2265-2272, 2010.

G.E. Miller and E.F.MORGAN, “Use of nanoindentation to characterize the mechanical properties of articular cartilage: comparison of biphasic material properties across length scales,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, in press.

M. Wanunu, W. Morrison, Y. Rabin, A. Y. Grosberg, and A. MELLER, “Electrostatic Focusing of Unlabeled DNA into Nanoscale Pores using a Salt Gradient,” Nature Nanotechnology, 5:160-165, 2010.

K.T. Salisbury Palomares, L.C. Gerstenfeld, N.A. Wigner, M.E. Lenburg, T.A. Einhorn, E.F. MORGAN,“ Transcriptional profiling and biochemical analysis of mechanically induced cartilaginous tissues,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, 28 Jan 2010 [Epub ahead of print].

V. Viasnoff, U. Bockelmann, A. MELLER, H. Isambert, L. Laufer, and Y. Tsori, “Localized Joule heating produced by ion current focusing through micron-size holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96: 163701-163703, 2010. V. Soni, G., A. Singer, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, B. McNally, and A. MELLER, “Synchronous optical and electrical detection of bio-molecules traversing through solid-state nanopores,” Rev. Sci. Instru. 81: 014301-014307, 2010. A. Singer, M. Wanunu, W. Morrison, H. Kuhn, M. FrankKamenetskii, and A. MELLER, “Nanopore-based sequencespecific detection of duplex DNA for genomic profiling,” Nano, 0: 738-742, 2010. A. Singer and A. MELLER, “Nanopore-based Sensing of Individual Nucleic Acid Complexes,” Israel Journal of Chemistry 49: 323–331, 2010. M. Valencia-Burton, A. Shah, J. Sutin, A. Borogovac, R. M. McCullough, R. C. Cantor, A. MELLER, and N. E. Broude, “Spatiotemporal patterns and transcription kinetics of induced RNA in single bacterial cells,” Proc Natl Acad Sci U.S.A, 106:16399-16404, 2009. M. Wanunu, J. Sutin, and A. MELLER, “DNA Profiling Using Solid-State Nanopores: Detection of DNA-Binding Molecules,” Nano Letters, 9: 3498-3502, 2009. E.F. MORGAN, K.T. Salisbury Palomares, R.E. Gleason, D.L.

Bellin, K.B. Chien, “Correlations between local strains and tissue phenotypes in an experimental model of skeletal healing,” Journal of Biomechanics, in press.

P.L. Leong and E.F. MORGAN, “Correlations between indentation modulus and mineral density in bone-fracture calluses,” Integrative and Comparative Biology, 49: 59-68, 2009. A.V. Cuomo, M. Virk, F. Petrigliano, E.F. MORGAN, J.R. Lieberman, “Mesenchymal stem cell concentration and bone repair: potential pitfalls from bench to bedside,” Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 91A(5): 1073-83, 2009. M.V. Bais, N. Wigner, M. Young, R. Toholka, D.T. Graves, E.F. MORGAN, L.C. Gerstenfeld, T.A. Einhorn,“ BMP2 is essential for post natal osteogenesis but not for recruitment of osteogenic stem cells,” Bone, 45(2): 254-66, 2009. H.K. Kim, H. Bian, J. Aya-ay, A. Garces, E.F. MORGAN, S.R.Gilbert, “Hypoxia and HIF-1alpha expression in the epiphyseal cartilage following ischemic injury to the immature femoral head,” Bone, 45(2): 280-8, 2009. T. Gaur, J.J. Wixted, S. Hussain, S.O. Connel, E.F. MORGAN, D. Ayers, B.S. Komm, P.V. Bodine, G.S. Stein, JB Lian,“ Secreted frizzled related protein 1 is a target to improve fracture healing,” Journal of Cellular Physiology, 220(1): 174-181, 2009. D.J. Hunter, L.C. Gerstenfeld, G. Bishop, ZD Mason, TA Einhorn, RA Maciewicz, P. Newham, E.F. MORGAN, “Bone marrow lesions from osteoarthritic knees are characterized by sclerotic bone that is less well mineralized,” Arthritis Research, 11(1): R11, 2009. K.T. Salisbury Palomares, R.E. Gleason, Z.D. Mason, D.M. Cullinane, T.A. Einhorn, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, “Mechanical stimulation alters tissue differentiation and molecular expression during bone healing,” Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 27(9): 1123-32, 2009.

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Journal Articles (continued) L.N.M. Hayward and E.F. MORGAN, “Assessment of a mechano-regulation theory of skeletal tissue differentiation in an in vivo model of mechanically induced cartilage formation,” Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, Jan 21 2009. [Epub ahead of print]. L.C. Gerstenfeld, D.J. Sacks, M. Pelis, Z.D. Mason, D.T. Graves, M. Barrero, M. Orrinsky, P.J. Kostenuik, E.F. MORGAN, T.A. Einhorn, “Comparison of bisphosphonate alendronate versus the RANKL inhibitor denosumab on murine fracture healing,” Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 24(2): 196-208, 2009.

J. Henson, J. DiMaria, and R. PAIELLA, “Influence of Nanoparticle Height on Plasmonic Resonance Wavelength and Electromagnetic Field Enhancement in Two-Dimensional Arrays,” J. Appl. Phys.: 106: 093111, Nov 2009. P.Zink, K.J.Yoon, U.B. PAL, and S. GOPALAN, “Analysis of the Electronic and Ionic Conductivity of Calcium-Doped Lanthanum Ferrite,” Electrochem. Solid.State.Lett, 12(10): B141 -B143, 2009. S.G.Topping and V.K. SARIN, “CVO Lu203: Eu coatings for advanced scintillators,” International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 27(2): 498-501, 2009.

E.F. MORGAN, K.B. Chien, Z.D Mason, A.J. Pfeiffer, G.I.

Barnes, T.A. Einhorn, L.C. Gerstenfeld, “Micro-computed tomography assessment of fracture healing: relationships among canus structure, composition, and mechanical function,” Bone, 44(2): 225-44, 2009.

L.F.J. Piper, A.R.H. Preston, A. Fedorov, S.W. Cho, A. DeMasi, and K.E. SMITH, “Direct evidence of metallicity at ZnO (0001¯ )-(1×1) surfaces from angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B. in press.

A. Bhattacharyya, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, L. Zhou, D.J. Smith and W. Hug, “Deep ultraviolet emitting AlGaN quantum wells with high internal quantum efficiency,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181907, 2009.

A.R.H. Preston, H.J. Trodahl, B.J. Ruck, L.F.J. Piper, K.E. SMITH, J.E. Downes, and W.R.L. Lambrecht, “Electronic Band Structure Information of GdN extracted from X-ray Absorption and Emission Spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96: 032101, 2010.

S. Riyopoulos and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “One-dimensional carrier localization and effective quantum wire behavior in two-dimensional quantum wedges,” J. of Appl. Phys. 106 , 044303, 2009. K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, L. Zhou, D.J. Smith, T.D. MOUSTAKAS and R. PAIELLA, “Optically pumped intersubband emission of short-wave infrared radiation with GaN/AlN quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 081120, 2009. J. Henson, J. C. Heckel, E. Dimakis, J. Abell, A. Bhattacharyya, G. Chumanov, T. D. MOUSTAKAS and R. PAIELLA, “Plasmon Enhanced Light Emission from InGaN Quantum Wells via Coupling to Chemically Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151109, 2009. J. Yin and R. PAIELLA, “Multiple-Junction Quantum Cascade Photodetectors for Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion,” Opt. Express, 18: 1618-1629, Jan 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010

S.W. Cho, L.F.J. Piper, A. DeMasi, K.E. SMITH, K.V. Chauhan, I. Hancox, P. Sullivan, R.A. Hatton, and T.S. Jones, “Electronic Structure of C60/phthalocyanine/ITO Interfaces Studied using Soft X-Ray Spectroscopies,” Phys. Chem. C., 114, 1928, 2010. K.V. Chauhan, I. Hancox, P. Sullivan, R.A. Hatton, T.S. Jones, S.W. Cho, L.F.J. Piper, A. DeMasi, K.E. SMITH, “Elucidating the Factors That Determine the Open-circuit Voltage in Discrete Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaic Cells,” Mat. Chem. 20, 1173, 2010. L.F.J. Piper, S.W. Cho, Y. Zhang, A. DeMasi, K.E. SMITH, A. Matsuura, and C. McGuinness, “Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy Study of the Element and Orbital Contributions to the Electronic Structure of Copper HexadecafluoroPhthalocyanine (F16CuPc),” Phys. Rev. B: 81, 045201, 2010.


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T. Learmonth, P.A. Glans, J.H. Guo, M. Greenblatt, K.E. SMITH, “Temperature Dependent Resonant Inelastic Soft X-ray Scattering Study of the Correlated Metal BaV0.98Ti0.02S3,” Phys. Condens. Matter, 22, 025504, 2010.

X. Brown, E. Bartolak-Suki, C. Williams, M. Walker, V.M. Weaver, J.Y. WONG, “Effect of substrate stiffness and PDGF on the behavior of vascular smooth muscle cells: Implications for atherosclerosis,” Journal of Cellular Physiology, published online, 2010.

D. Shin, J.S. Foord, D.J. Payne, T.R. Arnold, D. Aston, R.G. Egdell, K.G. Godinho, D.O. Scanlon, B.J. Morgan, G.W. Watson, C. Yaicle, E. Mugnier, A. Rougier, L. Colakerol, L.F.J. Piper and K.E. SMITH, “A Comparative Study of Bandwidths in Copper Delafossites,” Phys. Rev. B: 80, 233105, 2009.

W.J. Duncanson, K. Oum, J.R. Eisenbrey, R.O. Cleveland, M.A. Wheatley, J.Y. WONG, “Targeted biding of PEG-lipid modified polymer ultrasound contrast agents with tiered surface architecture,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 106(3): 501-506, 2010.

M. Dogan, I. Aksun, A.K. SWAN, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “Closed-form representations of field components of fluorescent emitters in layered media,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 26(6): 1458-1466, June 2009.

B.C. Isenberg, P.A. DiMilla, M. Walker, S. Kim, and J.Y. WONG, ”Vascular smooth muscle cell durotaxis depends on substrate stiffness gradient strength,” Biophys. J., 97: 13131322, 2009.

C. Metzger, S. C. Remi, M. Liu, S.V. Kusminskiy, A.H. CastroNeto, A.K. SWAN, and B. B. GOLDBERG, “Biaxial Strain in Graphene Adhered to Shallow Depressions,” Nano Letters, 10(1): 6-10, 2010.

Y. Wang, X. Zheng, N. Riddick, M. Bryden, W. Baur, X. ZHANG, and H.K. Surks, “ROCK Isoform Regulation of Myosin Phosphatase and Contractility in Vascutar Smooth Muscle Cells,” Circulation Research, 104(4): 531-540, 2009.

E. Ozkumur, S. Ahn, A. Yalcin, C. Lopez, E. Cevik, R. Irani, C. DeLisi, M. Chiari, and M.S. UNLU, “Label-free microarray imaging for direct detection of DNA hybridization and singlenucleotide mismatches,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 25(7): 1789-1795, March 2010.

Y. Qiu. R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Impedance-Based Monitoring of Ongoing Cardiomyocyte Death Induced by Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha,” Biophysical Journal, 96 (5): 1985-1991, 2009.

P. S. Spuhler, J. Knezevic, A. Yalcin, Q. Bao, E. Pringsheim, P. Dröge, U. Rant, and M.S. UNLU, “Platform for in situ real-time measurement of protein-induced conformational changes of DNA,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 107(4): 1397-1401, January 2010. F. H. Koklu, and M.S. UNLU, “Subsurface microscopy of interconnect layers of an integrated circuit,” Optics Letters, 35(2): 184, January 2010. C. Joo, E. Ozkumur, M.S. UNLU, and J. F. de Boer, “Spectraldomain optical coherence phase microscopy for label-free multiplexed protein microarray assay,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 25(2): 275-281, October 2009.

I-K Lin, X. ZHANG, and Y. Zhang, “Thermomechanical Behavior and Microstructural Evolution of SiNx/AI Bimaterial Microcantilevers,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 19(8): 085010, 2009. Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Intervention of Cardiomyocyte Death Based on Real-Time Monitoring of Cell Adhesion through Impedance Sensing,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 25(1): 147-153, 2009. I-K Lin, K-S Ou, Y-M Liao, Y. Liu, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Viscoelastic Characterization and Modeling of Polymer Transducers for Biological Applications,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 18(5): 1087-1099, 2009. H. Tao, A.C, Strikwerda, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Reconfigurable Terahertz Metamaterials,” Physical Review Letters, 103(14):147401, 2009.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Journal Articles (continued) B.J. Hansen, N. Kouklin, G. Lu, I-K Lin, J. Chen. and X. ZHANG, “Transport, Analyte Detection, and Opto-Electronic Response of p-Type CuO Nanowires,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(6):2440-2448, 2010.

B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Monolithically Fabricated Gas Chromatography Separation Column with an Integrated High Sensitivity Thermal Conductivity Detector,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, in press.

H. Tao, J.J, Amsden, A,C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, D.L, Kaplan, X. ZHANG, R.D. Averitt, and F.G, Omenetto, “Metamaterial Silk Composites at Terahertz Frequencies,” Advanced Materials, in press.

H. Tao, A. Strikwerda, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, R.D. Averiit, “MEMS Structurally Tunable Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies,” Journal of Infrared, Milimeter, and Terahertz Wave, Invited Review Article, 16 pages, published online: May 20, 2010.

H. Tao, C.M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A.C. Strikwerda, O. Shrekenhamer, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “A Dual Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, in press.

H. Tao, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG *, R.D. Averitt*, “Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Matamaterial Devices for Terahertz Applications,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Invited Review Article, 9 pages, in press.

Conference Proceedings R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. Erramilli, and H. ALTUG, “Radiative engineering of nanoantenna arrays for ultrasensitive vibrational spectroscopy of proteins,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

H. ALTUG, R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, “Zeptomol Level Vibrational

A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Light tunneling in multilayered plasmonic crystals,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang, and H. ALTUG, “On-Chip Nanoplasmonic-Nanofluidic Biosensors Overcoming Mass Transport Limitations,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010.

M. Huang, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Integration of subwavelength nanofluidics on suspended photonic crystal sensors,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, H. ALTUG, “On-chip nanoplasmonic biosensors with actively controlled nanofluidic surface delivery,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. H. ALTUG, A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, “Lift-off Free

Nanofabrication of Suspended Plasmonic Nanohole Arrays To Overcome Mass-Transport Limitations in Biosensors,” Electron, Ion and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication Conference (EIPBN), Alaska, June 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010

Spectroscopy of Proteins in Lithographically Engineered Plasmonic Nano-antenna Arrays,” Electron, Ion and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication Conference (EIPBN), Alaska, June 2010.

M. Huang, A. A. Yanik, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Subwavelength nano-fluidics on suspended photonic crystal sensors,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. Erramilli, and H. ALTUG, “Ultra-sensitive Infrared Spectroscopy of Proteins with Collective Excitations of Nanoplasmonic Arrays,” Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “Light Tunneling in Multi-Layered Photonic Plasmonic Nanostructures,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010.


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H. ALTUG, R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, “A New Plasmonic Tool

for Bimolecular Analysis: Collectively Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy,” Functionalized Plasmonic Nanostructures for Biosensing Workshop Organized by ETH, Monte Verità, Switzerland, April 2010. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, S. Erramilli, H. ALTUG, “Hybridized Plasmonic Excitations in Complex Nanocavities and Development of An Single-Polarized Antenna Array,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. Erramilli, and H. ALTUG, “Surface Enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy of Proteins with Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic Couplings in Multi-Layered Nanohole and Nanoparticle Arrays,” Materials Research Society (MRS), Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “On-Chip Nanoplasmonic Biosensors with Actively Controlled Nanofluidic Surface Delivery,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. Erramilli, and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic nanoantenna arrays for surface enhanced vibrational spectroscopy of proteins,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “ Plasmonic Biosensors based on Multi-Layered Metallodielectric Nanostructures,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. S. Erramilli, R. Adato, A. Gabel, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG and M. Hong, “ Nonlinear nonlocal infrared plasmonic arrays for pump-probe studies on protein monolayers,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010.

S. Aksu and H. ALTUG, “Optical Transmission through Optically Thin and Thick Sub-wavelength Hole Arrays,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Symp. Proc. Vol. 1208E 1208-O18-28, 2009. A. Artar, A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Fabry-Perot Nanocavities in Multi-Layered Plasmonic Crystals for Enhanced Biosensing,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2009. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Fabry-Perot Nanocavities in 3-D Plasmonic Crystals,” Frontiers In Optics (FiO) Optical Society of America, San Jose, CA, Oct 2009. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, S. Erramilli and H. ALTUG, “Creation of Hybridized Plasmonic Excitations in Nanocavities through Surface Propagating Plasmons,” Frontiers In Optics (FiO) Optical Society of America, San Jose, CA, Oct 2009. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato and H. ALTUG, “Surface Excitation of Hybridized Plasmons In Metallic Nanocavities,” IEEE Photonics (formerly LEOS) Conference, Antalya, Turkey, October 2009. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Sharp Plasmon Resonances in Periodic Arrays of Embedded Nanorods,” IEEE Photonics Conference, Antalya, Turkey, October 2009. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Fabry-Perot Nanocavities in Multi-layered Plasmonic Crystals,” IEEE Photonics Conference, Antalya, Turkey, October 2009. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, S. Erramilli, H. ALTUG, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoapertures for development of an efficient nanoantenna array,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diago, CA, August 2009. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Observation of plasmon resonance linewidth narrowing in embedded gold nanoparticle arrays,” SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7394, pg.73941X, 2009. A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M.K. Hong, H. ALTUG, “Localized Plasmonic Control of Extraordinary Light Transmission in Rectangular Coaxial Aperture Arrays at Mid-IR,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, January 2009.

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Conference Proceedings (continued) D. Wroblewski, O. Ghosh, A. Lum, D. Willoughby, M. VanHout M, K Hogstrom, S.N. BASU, and M. GEVELBER, “Modeling and Parametric Analysis of Plasma Spray Particle State Distribution for Deposition Rate Control,” IMECE 2008: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, 10: 453460, 2009. D. Wroblewski, M. VanHout, O. Ghosh, D. Willoughby, and S.N. BASU, M. GEVELBER, “Sensor and Control Design Issues for Implementation of Real-Time Deposition Rate Control for Plasma Spray,” IMECE 2008: Heat Transfer, Fluid Flows, and Thermal Systems, 10: 461 ·470, 2009. W. He, K.J.Yoon, R.Eriksen, S.N. BASU, S.GOPALAN, and U.B.PAL, “H2-H20 Binary Diffusivity Measurement in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using an Electrochemical Cell”, 11th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells held at Vienna, Austria, Oct 2009, ECS Transactions, 25(2): 18791886, 2009. W. Huang, S.N. BASU, S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Transport Through Electrophoretically Deposited CuMn1.804 Spinel Coatings on Crofer Interconnects,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Warrendale, PA, 1126-S11-05, 2009. S.N. BASU, “Energy Technologies of the Future,” presented

at Dean’s West Coast Advisory Committee meeting in San Francisco, CA, June 10, 2009. S.N. BASU, “What can Technology Do for Us?” presented at

the panel on The Future of Clean Energy: Opportunities and Challenges to Widespread Adoption of Sustainable Energy Technology in San Francisco, CA, June 10, 2009.

M. Moresco, M. Penna, F. Bertazzi, M. Goano, E. BELLOTTI, “Full-Band Monte Carlo Simulation of HgCdTe APDs,” Proceeding of the The 2009 U.S. WORKSHOP on the PHYSICS and CHEMISTRY of II-VI MATERIALS, p. XX, Chicago, Illinois, October 2009. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C-k Kao, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Deep Ultraviolet LEDs based on AIGan alloys by Plasma-assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, 2010. M. Moresco, A. Zononi, D. D’Orsogna, P. Lamarre, E. BELLOTTI, “3-D Numerical Analysis of HgCdTe Planar Pixel Arrays,” Proceeding of the The 2009 U.S. WORKSHOP on the PHYSICS and CHEMISTRY of II-VI MATERIALS, p. XX, Chicago, Illinois, October 2009. E. Furno, M. Penna, S. Chiaria, M. Goano, E. BELLOTTI, “Electronic and Optical Properties of ZnO/MgxZn1-xO and ZnO/BexZn1-xO Quantum Wells,” Proceeding of the The 2009 U.S. WORKSHOP on the PHYSICS and CHEMISTRY of II-VI MATERIALS, p.XX, Chicago, Illinois, October, 2009. E. BELLOTTI, R. PAIELLA, “Numerical Simulation of ZnO-

Based Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers,” Proceeding of the The 2009 U.S. WORKSHOP on the PHYSICS and CHEMISTRY of II-VI MATERIALS, p.XX , Chicago, Illinois, October 2009. X. Wang, S. Yerci, I-K Lin, L. DAL NEGRO and X. ZHANG, “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Reactively Sputtered Silicon-Rich Silicon Nitride Films,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30–December 3, 2009.

S.N. BASU, “Nitride Semiconductors and their applications

for Solid State lighting,” presented at the Dean’s BU Energy Retreat, August 31, 2009.

J.S. Lum, P.E. Chen, L.H. DOERRER, “[Cu(I)(OR)2]Complexes and O2 Reactivity,” GRC, Inorganic Chemistry, June 20-24 2010.

E. BELLOTTI, First-principle simulation of GaN material and

devices: An application to GaN APDs, seminar given at the Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, MD, December 16, 2009. E. BELLOTTI, R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A.

Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D.J. Smith and T.D MOUSTAKAS, “Intersubband Device Applications of Nitride Quantum Structures,” Photonics West, San Jose, 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010

X. Yan, M. GEVELBER, “Investigation of Electrospun Fiber Diameter Distribution and Process Dynamics,” Journal of Electostatics, 2009 Electrostatics Joint Conference, Boston, June 2009.


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E. Ozkumur, A. Yalcin, M. Cretich, F. Damin, C. Lopez, D. A. Bergstein, B.B. GOLDBERG, M. Chiari, and M. S. UNLU, “Optical Phase to Biological Mass Conversion for Labelfree Interferometric Sensing Methods,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. E. Ozkumur, A. Yalcin, S. Ahn, B. B. GOLDBERG, M. Chiari, and M. S. UNLU, “Spectral Reflectance Imaging Biosensor for high-throughput and label-free detection of biomolecular interactions,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. W.He, KJ.Yoon, R.Eriksen, S. GOPALAN, S.N. BASU, and U.B.PAL, “H2-H20 Binary Diffusivity Measurement in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using an Electrochemical Cell,” 11th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Vienna, Austria, Oct 2009, ECS Transactions, 25(2): 1879-1886, 2009. K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B.PAL, “Performance Analysis of Single Step Co-Fired Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, “11th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells held at Vienna, Austria, Oct 2009, ECS Transactions, 25(2): 533542, 2009. H.Wang, R.Eriksen, S.GOPALAN, U.B.PAL, “Chemically Assisted Hydrogen Generation through Oxygen Ion Conducting MIEC Membranes”, 11th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Vienna, Austria, Oct 2009, ECS Transactions 25(2): 281-290 2009. S.Pati, K.J.Yoon, J.Chin, S. GOPALAN, and U.B.PAL, “Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzer Utilizing the Energy Value in Solid and Gaseous Reductant for Hydrogen Production,” 215th ECS Meeting, San Francisco, CA, ECS Transactions, 19(10): 1-8, May 2009. K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B.PAL, “Analysis of Electrochemical Performance of Single Step Co-fired Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) Analyzed Using Polarization Model and Impedance Spectroscopy,” MRS Proceedings, Solid State Ionic 2008, (1126) 53-58, 2009. P.Zink, K.J.Yoon, S. GOPALAN, and U.B.PAL, “Electrical Performance of Calcium doped Lanthanum Ferrite for use in Single-Step Co-fired Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs),” MRS Proceedings, Solid State Ionic 2008, 1126: 59-64, 2009.

W.H.Huang, S. GOPALAN, U.B.PAL, S.N. BASU, “Transport Through Electrophoretically Deposited CuMn1.8O4 Spinel Coatings on Crofer Interconnects,” MRS Proceedings, Solid State Ionic 2008, 1126: 79-84, 2009. J. Do, J. Zhang, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Maskless writing microfluidics: Rapid prototyping of 3D microfluidics using scratch on a polymer substrate,” mTAS, Jeju, Korea, 2009. J. Do, J. Zhang, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Rapid concentration of bacteria in a disposable microfluidic device using enhanced evaporation for point-of-care sample preparation,” mTAS, Jeju, Korea, 2009. J. Do, M. Mahalanabis, J. Zhang, H. AlMuayad, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “An integrated disposable microfluidic device for bacterial detection using solid-phase DNA extraction and isothermal helicase-dependent amplification,” mTAS, Jeju, Korea, 2009. A. Bhattacharyya and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Differential Gene Expression Using mRNA Isolated on Plastic Mircofluidic Chips,” Proceedings of the IEEE, 31st Annual EMBS Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 2009. M. Li, X. LIN, “A Catchment Basin Self-avoiding Simulated Annealing Algorithm for Unbiased Global Optimization Search,” Materials Research Society, Boston, MA, Dec. 2009. M. Li, X. LIN, “Twin Instability of Peierls Distortion in TransPolyacetylene: a Spontaneous Soliton Induced Actuation Mechanism,” Materials Research Society, Boston, MA, Nov. 2009. A.L. Botelho, X. LIN, “Exploring Electron-Phonon Interactions in Conjugated Polymers as a Fast Actuation Mechanism,” Materials Research Society, Boston, MA, December 1, 2009. M. Li and X. LIN, “A Catchment Basin Self-avoiding Simulated Annealing Algorithm,” American Chemical Society, Washington DC, Aug. 2009. M. Li, X. LIN, “Unexpected doping-induced actuation mechanism of conducting polymers caused by twin instability of Peierls distortion,” American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, Aug. 2009.

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Conference Proceedings (continued) A.L. Botelho, X. LIN, “Fast actuation mechanism based on multiple solitons, polarons, and bipolarons in conjugated polymers,” American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, August 17, 2009.

E.F. MORGAN, B. Andre, D.E. Hogan, B.A. Al-Awadhi, L.C.

Y. Shin, M.Li, and X. LIN, “Potential energy surface of polyacetylene,” American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, August 18, 2009.

P.L. Leong, L.N.M. Hayward, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, “Regional expression of cartilage genes in mechanically stimulated pseudoarthroses,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010.

Y. Shin, and X. LIN, “Intrinsic charge mobility across conjugated junctions in dendrimer structures,” American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, August 16, 2009. M. Li, A. Botelho, X. LIN, “Twin Instability of Peierls Distortion and its Mechanical Consequence on Conductive Polymer Actuation,” American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, PA, March 2009. A.L. Botelho, X. LIN, “Soliton and polaron induced 30 conformational changes in conjugated polymers,” American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, PA, March 17, 2009. Y.Shin, M. Li, and X. LIN, “Soliton migration along transpolyacetylene backbone,” American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, PA, March 17,2009. P. Du, X. LIN, and X. ZHANG, “Electromechanical Characterization of Polypyrrole Bilayer Actuators,” the 5th International Workshop on Advanced Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology, Boston, MA, USA, July 29 August 1, 2009. P. Du, X. LIN, and X. ZHANG, “Characterization of the Correlation Between Current Input and Curvature Output of Polypyrrole Trilayer Actuators,” Presented at the 9th International Workshop on Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications, Washington DC, LISA December 1-4, 2009. M.C. Kim, B.C. Isenberg, J. Sutin, A. MELLER, J.Y. WONG, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Single bacteria trapping using microscale sieves with submicron features: Simulation and experiments,” mTAS, Jeju, Korea, 2009. A.I. Hussein, E.F. MORGAN, “Direct visualization of the initiation and progression of vertebral fractures,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010

Gerstenfeld, Quantitative, “3-D imaging to co-localize bone and vascular tissues during bone healing,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2010.

A.I. Hussein, H. Kim, E.F. MORGAN, “The effect of femoral head ischemia on bone strength, microstructure and failure patterns,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. M. Young, F. Hsu, Z.D. Mason, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, T. Tannoury, T.A. Einhorn, “Effect of cyclic parathyroid hormone 1-31 (cPTH) on spine fusion in ovariectomized (OVX) rats,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. N. Nowlan, K.J. Jepsen, E.F. MORGAN, “Smaller, weaker, and less stiff bones evolve from changes in lifestyle,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. G.E. Miller, E.F. MORGAN, “Use of nanoindentation to determine biphasic material properties of cartilage,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. L.N.M. Hayward, N. Joshi, L.C. Gerstenfeld, M. Grinstaff, E.F. MORGAN, “Non-invasive evaluation of cartilage in fracture calluses with a cationic CT contrast agent,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. L.N.M. Hayward, E.F. MORGAN, “Evolution of tissue material properties in a mechanically stimulated bone defect,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. K. Altman, S. Vansickle, E.F. MORGAN, K.M. Flores, “Microscale uniaxial compression testing of bone tissue specimens,” TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, 2010. K.M. Flores, K. Altman, E.F. MORGAN, “Micromachining bone specimens for mechanical testing,” NSF CMMI Conference on Engineering Research and Innovation, 2009.


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H. Bian, J. Aya-ay, A. Garces, E.F. MORGAN, SR Gilbert, H.K. Kim, “Epiphyseal cartilage plays an important role in revascularization of the femoral head following ischemic osteonecrosis,” 2009 Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. Vernon T. Tolo Basic Science Paper Award.

F. Sudradjat, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Experimental Observation of Sequential Tunneling Transport in GaN/AlGaN Coupled Quantum Wells Grown on a Free-Standing GaN Substrate,” MRS Fall Meeting, poster I9.20, Boston (MA), Dec 2009.

A.I. Hussein, Z.D. Mason, E.F. MORGAN, “The effect of intravertebral heterogeneity in structure on vertebral strength and failure patterns,” 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2009.

J. Henson, J. C. Heckel, E. Dimakis, J. Abell, G. Chumanov, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Plasmon-Enhanced Light Emission from InGaN Quantum Wells Using Chemically Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles,” Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science Conference, paper FMH4, San Jose (CA), Oct 2009.

E.F. MORGAN, A.H. Baker, Z.D. Mason, A.I. Hussein,

“Quantitative image-guided failure analysis of the human vertebra,” 55th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2009.

T.D MOUSTAKAS, “Fundamental Issues in Green and UV

K. Altman, K. Flores, D. Farson, and E.F. MORGAN, “Femtosecond laser micromachining of bone mechanical test specimens,” The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Francisco, 2009.

Y. Liao, C. Thomidis and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Recent Advances of High Efficiency Deep UV-LEDs by plasmaassisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” ISSLED 2010, Beijing, China, 2010.

T.D. MOUSTAKAS and A. Williams, “Planarization of GaN by

Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C-k Kao, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Deep Ultraviolet LEDs based on AIGan alloys by Plasma-assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, 2010.

Photoresist Technique using an inductively Coupled Plasma,” US Patent Application No. 12/223,505 (Filed 7/31/ 2008) Publication No: US-2009-0236693-A1, 24 September 2009. T.D. MOUSTAKAS, A. Moldawer, A. Bhattacharyya, J.

Abell, “Optical Devices Featuring Non-polar Textured Semiconductor Layers” PCT International Application No. PCT/US2009/036554, International publication number: WO 2009/111790 A1, Publication Date: Sept. 11, 2009. J. Henson, E. Dimakis, J. DiMaria, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Plasmon-Enhanced Light Emission from InGaN Quantum Wells Using Lithographically Defined Nanoparticle Arrays,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, paper CTuNN1, San Jose (CA), May 2010. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, A. Bhattacharyya, C-k Kao, A. Moldawer, W. Zhang, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Development of milliwatt power AIGaN-based deep UV-LEDS by Plasma-assisted MBE,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 1202, 2010.

LEDS,” SEMI New England Forum on High Brightness LEDS, N. Reading, MA, 2010.

D. Smith, L. Zhou, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Structural Characterization of III-Nitride Heterostructures: Some Recent Studies,” ISSLED 2010, Beijing, China, 2010. M. Wrabacka, G.A. Garretta, H. Shena, A. Bhattacharyyab, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Time- Resolved Photoluminescence Studies of Al0.72Ga0.28N films with Incommensurate Chemical Ordering,” Abstract Book of ISDRS-2009, College Park, MD, Dec. 9, 2009. T. D. MOUSTAKAS, R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A.

Bhattacharyya, L. Zhou, and, D. J. Smith, “Short-Wavelength Intersubband Light Emission from Optically Pumped GaN/ AlN Quantum Wells,” Abstracts Book of the Material Research Society Meeting, Boston, MA, Nov. 29, 2009. A. Bhattacharyya and T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “AlGaN quantum wells emitting below 250 nm with internal quantum efficiency as high as 50%,” Abstracts of the North American Molecular Beam Epitaxy Meeting, Princeton University, August 10, 2009.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Conference Proceedings (continued) T. D. MOUSTAKAS and A. Bhattacharyya, “AlGaN quantum

A.K. SWAN, “Momentum constrained exciton dynamics in

wells emitting below 250 nm with internal quantum efficiency as high as 50%” Abstracts Book of the Material Research Society Meeting, Boston MA, Nov. 29, 2009.

(6,5) carbon nanotubes,” SPIE NanoScience and Engineering Conference, San Diego, Oct 2009.

R. PAIELLA, “Plasmonic Dispersion Engineering for Light-

Emission Efficiency Enhancement,” 2009 Synthesis and Processing Contractors’ Meeting, DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Warrenton, VA, 26 October 2009. J. Yin and R. PAIELLA, “Intersubband Thermophotovoltaic Detectors,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, paper CML5, San Jose (CA), May 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, and T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Short-Wavelength

Intersubband Light Emission from Optically Pumped GaN/ AlN Quantum Wells,” MRS Fall Meeting, paper I10.8, Boston (MA), Dec 2009. J. Henson, J. DiMaria, and R. PAIELLA, “Tunable Plasmonic Resonances in Two-Dimensional Arrays via Nanoparticle Height Control,” Frontiers in Optics / Laser Science Conference, paper FMA5, San Jose (CA), Oct 2009. K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, R. PAIELLA, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Optically Pumped Intersubband Light Emission near 2 μm from GaN/AlN Quantum Wells,” IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society Annual Meeting, paper ThH1, Belek-Antalya, Turkey, Oct 2009. R. PAIELLA, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A.

Bhattacharyya, L. Zhou, and D. J. Smith, “Optical and structural characterization of GaN/AlGaN quantum wells for intersubband device applications,” International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors, paper 14.4, Santa Barbara (CA), Sept 2009. V.V. Nagarkar, SG Topping, SR Miller, B. Singh, C.H. Park, V.K. SARIN, C. Brecher, “Characterization of vapor deposited Lu203:Eu3+ scintillator for x-ray imaging applications,” SPIE, 2009. A.K. SWAN, “Coherence effects infemto-second pump-probe

study of carbon nanotubes exciton dynamics,” American Chemical Society- Fall National Meeting, Washington DC, Aug 2009.

Annual Report 2009–2010

A.G.Walsh, J. Schneck, A. Green, M. Hersam, S. Redner, L. Ziegler, A.K. SWAN, “Exciton Dynamics in (6,5) carbon nanotubes,” American Physical Society Meeting, Pittsburg, US, March 2009. S. Remi, Metzger A.K. SWAN, B.B. GOLDBERG, “Micro Raman spectroscopy of graphene Hall Bars in the QHE regime,” American Physical Society Meeting, Pittsburg, US, March 2009. M. Harrah, M. El Batanouny, A.K. SWAN, “Isotropic and Anisotropic Strain Dependence of Raman Modes in Graphene,” American Physical Society Meeting, Pittsburg, US, March 2009. C. Metzger S. Remi, S. Kusminskiy, A. Castro Neto, A.K. SWAN, B.B. GOLDBERG, ”Strain and adhesion of graphene sheets in shallow trenches,” American Physical Society Meeting, Pittsburg, US, March 2009.

R. Irani, E. Ozkumur, S. Ahn, A. Yalcin, M.S. UNLU, and C. DeLisi, “Label-free, high-throughput DNA-protein interaction studies: Re-evaluating Eukaryotic Transcription,” Pittcon 2010, March 2010. G. G. Daaboul, R. S. Vedula, A. Reddington, E. Ozkumur, C. Lopez, J. H. Connor, H. Fawcett, and M.S. UNLU, “LED-based spectral reflectance imaging biosensor for label-free highthroughput multi-analyte and single-pathogen detection,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - BIOS, January/February 2010. R. Audet, S. A. Clasussen, e. H. Edwards, S. Ren, R. K. Schaevitz, E. Tasyurek, O. I. Dosunmu, M.S. UNLU, and D. A. Miller, “Surface-normal asymmetric Fabry-Perot quantumconfined Stark effect electro-absorption modulator on silicon,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - LASE, No. Paper 760733: 23-28, January 2010.


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M.S. UNLU, E. Ozkumur, C. Lopez, A. Yalcin, M. Chiari, S.

Ahn, G. G. Daaboul, A. Reddington, M. R. Monroe, R. S. Vedula, and J. H. Connor, “Spectral reflectance imaging for a multiplexed, high-throughput, label-free, and dynamic biosensing platform: protein, DNA and virus detection,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - BIOS, No. Paper 7553-17: 23-28, January 2010. S. Vasile, J. Lipson, and M.S. UNLU, “Challenges of developing resonant cavity photoncounting detectors at 1064nm,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - LASE, 23-28, January 2010. P. S. Spuhler, J. Knezevic, A. Yalcin, Q. Bao, P. Dröge, U. Rant, and M.S. UNLU, “Real-Time Kinetics Measurements of Protein Induced Conformational Changes in DNA,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. P. S. Spuhler, J. Knezevic, A. Yalcin, Q. Bao, P. Dröge, U. Rant, and M.S. UNLU, “A Platform for in situ Real-Time Measurement of Protein Induced Conformational Changes of DNA,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. F.H. Koklu, and M.S. UNLU, “Subsurface Microscopy of Multilayered Integrated Circuits,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. F.H. Koklu, and M.S. UNLU, “Focusing Anomalies in the Vicinity of Dielectric Interfaces,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2009 Annual Meeting, October 2009. R. Audet, S. A. Clasussen, e. H. Edwards, S. Ren, R. K. Schaevitz, E. Tasyurek, O. I. Dosunmu, M. S. UNLU, and D. A. Miller, “Surface-Normal Ge/SiGe Quantum-Confined Stark Effect Electroabsorption Modulators,” 2009 International Nano-Optoelectronics Workshop, 2-15 August 2009. C. Williams, A. Xie, S. Emani, and J.Y. WONG, “Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell sheets cultured on thermo-responsive substrates for the development of tissue engineered vascular patches,” Society for Biological Engineering’s Second International Conference on Stem Cell Engineering, Boston, MA, May 2-5, 2010.

O.V. Sazonova, K.L. Lee, M.A. Nugent, J.Y. WONG, “Matrix mechanics modulate expression of ECM receptors and contractile markers is VSMCs,” Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 7-10, 2009. M.E. Kinahan, E. Filippidi, S. Farboodmanesh, S. Koster, H.M. Evans, T. Pfohl, J. Chen, D.L. Kaplan, J.Y. WONG, “Multi-scale approaches to silk fiber scaffold design for tissue engineering applications,” Biomedical Engineering Society Fall Matting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 2009. B. C. Isenberg, P.A. DiMilla, M.L. Walker, S. Kim, and J.Y. WONG, “Durotaxis of vascular smooth muscle cells is a function of substrate stiffness gradient strength,” BMES Annual Fall Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA, October 2009. C. Williams, X.G. Brown, E. Bartolak-Suki, H. Ma, A. Chilkoti, and J.Y. WONG, “Controlling vascular smooth muscle cell morphology, organization, and phenotype using micropatterned substrates,” Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, Pittsburgh, MA, October 2009. C. Williams, X.Q. Brown, E. Bartolak-Suki, H. Ma, A. Chilkoti, and J.Y. WONG, “The effects of micropatterning on protein expression in vascular smooth muscle cells,” Gordon Researh Conference: Biomaterials: Biocompatibility/Tissue Engineering, Holderness, NH, July 2009. H. Tao, C.M. Bingham, K. Fan, D.V. Pilon, A.C. Strikwerda, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Dual-Band Metamaterial Absorber in the Terahertz Regime,” Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30 December 3, 2009. H. Tao, K. Fan, C.M. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt, and X. ZHANG, “Terahertz Metamaterials with Simultaneously Negative Electric and Magnetic Resonance Responses Based on Bimaterial Pop up Structures,” Presented at the 22nd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, Sorrento, Italy, January 25-29, 2009. B.J. Hansen, J. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Template for Straightforward Fabrication of Single Nanowire Devices,” Presented at the Nanomanufacturing Summit, Boston, MA, U.S.A., May 27-29, 2009.

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52 | Research

Conference Proceedings (continued) P. Du, X. Lin, and X. ZHANG, “Electromechanical Characterization of Polypyrrole Bilayer Actuators,” Presented at the 5th International Workshop on Advanced Smart Materials and Smart Structures Technology, Boston, MA, USA. July 29 - August 1, 2009. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Development of a Versatile Cell Force Transducer Using Moire Mechanism,” Presented at the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Minneapolis. MN, USA, September 2-6, 2009. Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Intervention of Cardiomyocyte Death Based on the Impedance-sensing Technique of Monitoring Cell Adhesion,” Presented at the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Minneapolis, MN, LISA, September 2-6, 2009. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Quantifying Contractility in Migrational Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Regulated by Contractile Proteins Using a Novel Microfluidic Force Mapping Chip,” Presented at the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, Jeju Island, Korea, November 1-5, 2009. I-K Lin, K-S Qu, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Cellular Force Measurement in Cardiac Myocytes Using Polymer Micropillar Array with Viscoelastic Characterization,” Presented at the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, Jeju Island, Korea, November 1-5, 2009. Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Monitoring Spreading of Somatic Stem Cells Using an Impedance Sensor,” Presented at the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, Jeju Island, Korea, November 1-5, 2009. H. Tao, C.M. Bingham, K. Fan, D.V. Pilon, A.C. Strikwerda, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Dual-Band Metamaterial Absorber in the Terahertz Regime, Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting,” Boston, MA, USA, November 30 - December 3, 2009.

Annual Report 2009–2010

K. Fan, A.C, Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Terahertz Magnetic Response from 3D Metamaterials,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30-December 3, 2009. H. Tao, A.C, Strikwerda, C.M. Bingham, N.t Landy, K. Fan, D.V. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, X. ZHANG, W.J. Padilla, and R.D. Averitt, “The Marriage of MEMS and Metamaterials at THz Frequencies,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30–December 3, 2009. P. Du, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Measuring the Youngs Relaxation Modulus of PDMS Using Stress Relaxation Nanoindentation,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, LISA, November 30-December 3, 2009. K-S Ou, I-K Lin, P-H Wu, and X. ZHANG, and K-S Chen, “Mechanical Characterization of Atomic Layer Deposited (ALD) Alumina for Applications in Corrosive Environments,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30–December 3, 2009. I-K Lin, K. Zhang, and X. ZHANG, “Suppression of Inelastic Deformation in Multilayer Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, LISA, November–30 December 3, 2009. I-K Lin, P-H Wu, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “The Tunability in Mechanical Properties and Fracture Toughness of Sputtered Silicon Oxynitride Thin Films for MEMS-Based Infrared Detectors,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 30– December 3, 2009.

B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Control and Operation Schemes for Micro-Thermal Conductivity Detectors in Gas Chromatography,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30–December 3, 2009.


Research | 53

November 30 -DecemberY. Qiu and X. ZHANG, “A Novel Impedance Sensing Technique for Monitoring Spreading of Somatic Stem Cells,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, LISA, November 30–December 3, 2009. November 30 -DecemberX. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “A Micronuidic Chip for Analysis of Mechanical Forces Generated during Cell Migration,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, USA, November 30–December 3, 2009. November 30 -DecemberB.J. Hansen, G. Lu, I-K Lin, N. Kouklin, J. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “The Growth and Characterization of Copper (II) Oxide Nanowires with Single Nanowire Electrical, Gas Sensing, and Photoconduction Measurements,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, LISA, November 30–December 3, 2009. November 30 -DecemberB.C. Kaanta and X. ZHANG, “High Sensitivity uThermal Conductivity Detector for Gas Chromatography,” Proceeding of the 22nd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ‘09), pp. 264-267, Sorrento, Italy, January 25-29,2009. November 30 -DecemberH. Tao, K. Fan, C.M. Bingham, A.C. Strikwerda, D.V. Pilon, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt, and X. ZHANG, “Flexible Wide Angle Terahertz Resonant Absorber Based on Perfectly Impedance Matched Metamaterials,” Proceeding of the 22nd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ‘09), pp. 108-111, Sorrento, Italy, January 25-29, 2009. November 30 -DecemberH. Tao, C.M. Bingham, A.C. Strikwerda, D.V. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N.I. Landy, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and RD. Averitt, “Flexible Wide Angle Terahertz Resonant Absorber Based on Perfectly Impedance Matched Metamaterials,” Proceeding of the 29th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics / International Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS ‘O9), Baltimore, MD, USA, May 31-June 5, 2009, CThFF2.

November 30 -DecemberA.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, H. Tao, D.V. Pilon, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Comparison of Birefringent Metamaterials and Meanderline Structure as Quarter-Wave Plates at Teraherlz Frequencies,” Proceeding of the 29th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics I International Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS ‘09), Baltimore, MD, USA, May 31June 5, 2009, CThFF5. H. Tao, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, C.M. Bingham, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. Averitt, “Flexible Terahertz Metamaterials on Polyimide Substrates,” Proceeding of the 29th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics / International Quantum Electronics and laser Science Conference (CLEO/ QELS ‘09), Baltimore, MD, USA, May 31-June 5, 2009. Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Preventing Cardiomyocytes from TNF-Alpha-Induced Cell Death Based on Real-Time Monitoring Cell Adhesion through Impedance Sensors,” Proceeding of the 15th International Conference on SolidState Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ‘09), Denver, CO, pp. 65-68, June 21-25,2009. Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Intervention of Cardiomyocyte Death Based on the Impedance-Sensing Technique of Monitoring Cell Adhesion,” Proceeding of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC ‘O9), Minneapolis, MN, pp. 4457- 4460, September 2-6, 2009. November 30 -DecemberX. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Development of a Versatile Cell Force Transducer Using Moire Mechanism,” Proceeding of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC ‘09), Minneapolis, MN, pp. 11801183, September 2-6, 2009. November 30 -DecemberX. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Quantifying Contractility in Migrational Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Regulated by Contractile Proteins Using a Novel Microfluidic Force Mapping Chip,” Proceeding of the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and life Sciences (microTAS ‘09), Jeju, Korea, pp. 475-477, November 1-5, 2009.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Conference Proceedings (continued) November 30 -DecemberI-K Lin, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG “Cellular Force Measurement in Cardiac Myocytes Using Polymer Micropillar Array with Viscoelastic Characterization,” Proceeding of the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and life Sciences (microTAS ‘09), Jeju, Korea, pp. 269- 271, November 1-5, 2009.

I-K Lin, P-H Wu, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “The Tunability in Mechanical Properties and Fracture Toughness of Sputtered Silicon Oxynitride Thin Films for MEMS-Based Infrared Detectors,” in: Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, edited by J. Bagdahn, N. Sheppard, K. Turner, S. Vengallatore, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Volume 1222, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1222-DD02-20.

Y. Qiu, R. Liao, and X. ZHANG, “Monitoring Spreading of Somatic Stem Cells Using an Impedance Sensor,” Proceeding of the 13th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (microTAS ‘09), Jeju, Korea, pp. 311-313, November 1-5, 2009.

B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Control and Operation Schemes for Micro-Thermal Conductivity Detectors in Gas Chromatography,” in Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, edited by J. Bagdahn, N. Sheppard, K. Turner, S. Vengallatore, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Volume 1222, Warrendale, PA. 2010), 1222-DD05-20.

B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Monolithic Micro Gas Chromatographic Separation Column and Detector,” Proceeding of the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS’10), Hong Kong, China, pp. 907-910, January 24-28, 2010. K. Fan, A. Strikwerda, H. Tao, W.J. Padilla, R.D. Averitt, and X. ZHANG, “3D Standup Metamaterials with Purely Magnetic Resonance at Terahertz Frequencies,” Proceeding of the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ‘10), Hong Kong, China, pp. 843-846, January 24-28, 2010.

X. ZHANG, “A Digital Bio/Nanoelectronics Interface for

Single Cell Study,” NSF Design, Service and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, Honolulu, HI, USA, June 22-25, 2009. X. ZHANG, “Mechanical Behavior of Amorphous Plasma-

Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Films for MEMS Applications,” NSF Design, Service and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, Honolulu, HI, USA, June 22-25, 2009. X. ZHANG, “Elastic and Viscoelastic Characterization

P. Du, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Measuring the Youngs Relaxation Modulus of PDMS Using Stress Relaxation Nanoindentation,” in: Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, edited by J. Bagdahn, N. Sheppard, K. Turner, S. Vengallatore, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Volume 1222, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1222-DD02-03. K-S Ou, I-K Lin, P-H Wu, and X. ZHANG, and K-S Chen, “Mechanical Characterization of Atomic Layer Deposited (ALD) Alumina for Applications in Corrosive Environments,” in: Microelectromechanical Systems-Materials and Devices III, edited by J. Bagdahn, N. Sheppard, K. Turner, S. Vengallatore, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Volume 1222, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1222-DD02-14. I-K Lin, X. ZHANG, and Y. Zhang, “Suppression of Inelastic Deformation in Multilayer Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating,” in Microelectromechanical Systems—Materials and Devices III, edited by J. Bagdahn, N. Sheppard, K. Turner, S. Vengallatore, (Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Volume 1222, Warrendale, PA, 2010), 1222-DD02-19.

Annual Report 2009–2010

and Modeling of Polymer Based Structures for Biological Applications,” NSF Design, Service and Manufacturing Grantees and Research Conference, Honolulu, HI, USA, June 22-25, 2009. X. ZHANG, “Thermo and Electromechanics of Multilayer

Thin-Film Microstructures for Optical MEMS Applications,” AFOSR Annual Grantees / Contractors’ Meeting for Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials & Microsystems, Arlington, VA, USA, July 7- 10, 2009. X. ZHANG, “Materials and Mechanics of Metamaterial

Enhanced MEMS for Terahertz Technology,” AFOSR Annual Grantees /Contractors’ Meeting for Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials & Microsystems, Arlington, VA, USA, July 7-10, 2009.


Research | 55

Invited Lectures E. BELLOTTI, Computational Electronics Research at Boston

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light scattering and trapping in aperiodic

University, TUT-University and University of Pretoria, South Africa, April 16, 2009.

deterministic environments,” 5th Workshop on numerical methods for optical nanostructures, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland, July 6-7, 2009.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering aperiodic structures: from

algorithmic botany to light localization,” Tufts University, October 26, 2009.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light in aperiodic structures,” IEEE - ICTON

L. DAL NEGRO,“Engineering Aperiodic Structures for

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light emission from silicon nanostructures:

on-chip nanophotonics applications,” Stanford University, October 19, 2009.

past, present and future perspectives,” Tutorial invited presentation at the CLEO/IQEC Conference, Baltimore, Maryland, May 31 - June 5, 2009.

Azorres, June 28-July 02, 2009.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light in aperiodic systems,” Harvard

University, October 09, 2009.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Design and engineering of on-chip localized

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light in deterministic aperiodic media,”

fields with deterministic aperiodic structures,” MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April 13-17, 2009.

Queens College, NY, October 05, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO, “Light in Deterministic Aperiodic L. DAL NEGRO, “Deterministic aperiodic nanostructures for

nanophotonics applications,” VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, Oulu, Finland, 15-16 September 2009.

Nanostructures,” 2009 Photonics West Meeting, San Jose, California, January 24-29, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO, “PL and EL from silicon-rich nitride films and

L. DAL NEGRO, “Deterministic aperiodic structures for

nanophotonics and sensing applications,” EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 10, 2009.

multilayer structures,” 2009 Photonics West Meeting, San Jose, California, January 24-29, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO, “Deterministic Aperiodic Photonic-

L. DAL NEGRO, “Light in aperiodic materials,” New York

University (NYU), May 4, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO, “Si-based nanoplasmonics,” 2009 Frontiers

in Optics Conference/OSA Annual Meeting OSA FiO/LS 2009 Photonics Division, October 11-15, 2009, in San Jose, CA, USA. L. DAL NEGRO, “Light localization on a chip,” LEOS topical

meeting on Optical Microsystems, Capri, Italy, September 27-30, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO , “Understanding localized fields,” International

Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, Torino, Italy, September 14-18, 2009. L. DAL NEGRO, “Aperiodic Plasmonics,” The 9th International

Conference on Nanotechnology, IEEE Nano 2009, Genoa, Italy, July 26-30, 2009.

plasmonic structures,” International Workshop on Advanced Computational Electromagnetics, (ACE09), Lincei Academy, Rome, Italy, January 12-14, 2009. L.H. DOERRER, “Reactivity of homoleptic late transition metal

complexes with fluorinated alkoxide ligands,” Russell Hughes Symposium in honor of the 2010 ACS Award in Fluorine Chemistry, 235th ACS National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, United States, March 21-25, 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Late Transition Metal Complexes of

Fluorinated Alkoxide Ligands: The Power of Fluorine,” 21st Boston Regional Inorganic Colloquium, Harvard University, February 27, 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Steric and Electronic Effects in Metallophilic

Double Salts,” Nanotechnology: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications Symposium at the NERM ACS Meeting, Hartford, CT, October 7 – 10, 2009.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


56 | Research

Invited Lectures (continued) L.H. DOERRER, “Fluorinated Alkoxide and Aryloxide Metal

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Dendritic Polymers for Ocular

Complexes: The power of Fluorine,” Dartmouth University, September 24, 2009.

Laboratory; CNM Users Meeting, October 6, 2009.

Wound Repair: From Concept to Clinical Use to Products (The HyperBranch Medical Technology Story),” Biomaterials, Entrepreneurship, Innovations, Translation (BEIT 2009), Sponsored by the University of Washington Engineered Biomaterials, Seattle, WA, 2009.

KAMIL EKINCI, “Fluid Dynamics of NEMS: Fundamental,

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based on

KAMIL EKINCI, “Fluid Dynamics of NEMS,” Argonne National

Challenges and Prospects,” UMASS Lowell, Ninth Annual Sukant Tripathy Memorial Symposium, December 4, 2009.

Network Ionic Liquids for Powering Micro and Nanosensors,” Advanced Energy Consortium Meeting, Austin, TX, 2009.

BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Nano-optics and nanobiophotonics:

MARK W. GRINSTAFF , “Dendritic Polymers for Ocular Wound

Applications from IC Imaging to Graphene to Protein Microarrays,” Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Repair: From Concept to Clinical Use.” Boston University Chemistry 195 Seminar, Boston, MA, 2009.

BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Nano-optics and nanobiophotonics:

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Dendritic Polymers for Ocular

Applications from IC Imaging to Graphene to Protein Microarrays,” Sandia National Laboratories, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies.

Wound Repair and the Treatment of Cancer: From Concept to Clinical Use,” University of Connecticut, Institute of Materials Science, Stores, CT, 2009.

BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Graphene Membranes as Micro- and

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “The Past, Present, and Future of

Nano-Pressure Sensors,” Advanced Energy Consortium, Austin, Texas.

OcuSealTM.” BD Medical – Ophthalmic Systems, Waltham, MA, 2009.

BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene:

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Development of an Ocular Sealant:

Strain Mapping and Recent High Field Results,” Boston Area Carbon Nanostructures Annual Symposium. BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Spectral Reflectance Imaging for a

The HyperBranch Medical Technology Story,” Boston University First Annual Translational Research Symposium, Boston, MA, 2010.

high-throughput, label-free dynamic biosensing platform: Protein, DNA and Single Virus Detection,” General Electric Global Research.

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

BENNETT GOLDBERG, “Raman spectroscopy of 1D

MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

and 2D Carbon: Nanotubes and Graphene,” Eastern Analytical Symposium. MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Commercializing the Research Idea:

Dendritic Polymers for the Repair of Ophthalmic Wounds,” BUWIC Special Summer Symposium: From Research Idea to Biotech Startup, Boston, MA, 2009.

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy,” Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, USA, 2010.

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy of an Acid-Responsive Polymeric Drug Delivery System,” Particles 2010 Meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, 2010. MARK W. GRINSTAFF, “Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based on

Network Ionic Liquids for Powering Micro and Nanosensors,” Advanced Energy Consortium Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010. C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidics for Lab-Free Diagnostics,”

New England Bio Labs, Ipswitch, MA, 8 July 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010


Research | 57

C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidics for Lab-Free Diagnostics,”

X. LIN, “Conductive polymer soliton theory revisited,”

Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick, MD, 14 June 2010.

Department of Physics (Host: Marc Achermann), University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA, February 12, 2009.

C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Disposable Microfluidic Molecular

Diagnostics: Microfluidic Laboratories for the Field,” U.S. National Academy of Engineering Third Indo-American Frontiers of Engineering Symposium (IAFOE), Kolkata, India, 11 March 2010.

X. LIN, “Conductive polymer topological soliton theory,”

Department of Chemistry (Host: Feng Wang), Boston University, Boston, MA, February 4, 2009. K. LUDWIG, “Real-Time X-ray Studies of Surface and Thin-

C.M. KLAPPERICH, “New Technologies for Global Health,”

Conversations with Engineers Seminar Series, Department of Economics, Boston University, 5 February 2010.

Film Processes at NSLS X21,” High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) User’s Meeting, Cornell, 10 June 2009. K. LUDWIG, “Real-Time Studies of Nanoscale Morphology

C. M. KLAPPERICH, “Molecular Diagnostics in Plastic

Microfluidics,” Tufts University, Medford, MA, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Seminar Series, 6 October 2009.

Development during Ion Bombardment,” National Synchrotron Light Source Friday Seminar Series, 25 September 2009. K. LUDWIG, “Real-Time X-ray Studies of Self-Organized

C. M. KLAPPERICH, “Molecular Diagnostics in Plastic

Microfluidics,” Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, Department of Physics Seminar Series, 16 July 2009.

Nanostructure Formation During Nitride Growth and Ion Bombardment,” French-American Young Engineering Scientists Symposium (YESS) Nano 2009 (Paris), 18 November 2009.

C. M. KLAPPERICH, “Molecular Diagnostics in Plastic

Microfluidics,” Becton Dickinson/Biosense, Raleigh, NC, 15 June 2009.

A. MELLER, Department of Biophysics and Chemical Biology

and Department of Chemistry joint seminar, Seoul National University, Seoul, S. Korea.

X. LIN, “Conducting polymer soliton theory,” College of

Chemistry and Molecular Engineering (Host: Hong Jiang), Peking University, Beijing, China, August 10, 2009.

A. MELLER, College of Engineering special seminar, Seoul

X. LIN, “History-Penalized basin filling algorithm: Transition

A. MELLER, NHGRI open meeting, “Technology development

state and global minimum search,” Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (Host: Wei-Xue Li), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, China, July 31, 2009.

for next generation DNA sequencing,” Chapel- Hill, NC.

National University, Seoul, S. Korea.

A. MELLER, Department of Chemistry “Proctor and Gamble

Seminar,” University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA. X. LIN, “Multiscale materials modeling: Algorithms and

applications,” Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Tokyo (Host: Satoshi Izumi), University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, JuIy 22, 2009. X. LIN, “Molecular conductance: Electron-phonon coupling

and fractal dimension,” NSF-IGERT Nanotechnology Seminar (Host: Sankaran Thayumanavan), University of Massachusetts-Amherst, Amherst, MA, April 9, 2009.

A. MELLER, Molecular Biophysics seminar, University of

Texas at Austin, TX. A. MELLER, Next Generation Sequencing methods’ CHI,

Providence, RI. A. MELLER, “Single molecule dynamics,” TRSC, Telluride, CO.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


58 | Research

Invited Lectures (continued) A. MELLER, “From DNA inspired physics to physics inspired

biology,” ICTP, Trieste, Italy.

R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, E. BELLOTTI, and T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Intersubband Device Applications of

A. MELLER, Department of Chemistry and Biophysics

Nitride Quantum Structures,” SPIE Photonics West, paper 7608-21, San Francisco (CA), Jan 2010.

Program joint seminar, University of North Carolina, ChapelHill, NC.

R. PAIELLA, “Physics and Device Applications of A. MELLER, American Physical Society, Pittsburgh, PA. E.F. MORGAN, “Department Seminar, Mechanical,

Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering,” Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, November, 2009. E.F. MORGAN, Department Seminar, Bioengineering,

University of Utah, February, 2009. E.F. MORGAN, “Symposium on Biomaterials: properties,

Intersubband Transitions in Wide-Bandgap Nitride Semiconductors,” University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA, Dec 2009. R. PAIELLA, “Intersubband All-Optical Switching and Light

Emission with Nitride Quantum Wells,” International Conference on Intersubband Transitions in Quantum Wells, Montreal, Sept 2009. U.B. Pal, “Performance Analysis of Single Step Co-fired Solid

variation and evolution,” Annual Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Boston, January, 2009.

Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs),” Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Eleventh International Symposium (SOFC-XI), Vienna, Austria, October 2009.

T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Fundamental Issues in Green and UV

U.B. Pal, “Green Technology Research at Boston University,”

LEDs,” SEMI New England Forum on High Brightness LEDS, N. Reading, MA, 2010. T. D. MOUSTAKAS “AlGaN Quantum Wells Emitting below

250 nm with Internal Quantum Efficiency as high as 50%” in the 2009 Fall MRS Symposium “III-Nitride Materials for Sensing, Energy Conversion and Controlled Light-Matter Interaction,” Boston, Nov. 29 -Dec.3, 2009. T.D. MOUSTAKAS, Yitao Liao, Christos Thomidis, “Recent

Advances of High Efficiency Deep UV-LEDs by PlasmaAssisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” ISSLED 2010, Beijing, China, May 17, 2010. David Smith, Lin Zhou, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Structural Characterization of III-Nitride Heterostructures: Some Recent Studies,” ISSLED 2010, Beijing, China, May 17, 2010.

Clean Energy Week, Boston, MA, November 2009. U.B. Pal, “Clean Energy Research at Boston University-Fuel

Cells, Fuel Processing and Green Manufacturing,” US-UK Workshop, Boston, MA, November 2009. U.B. Pal, “Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolyzer for Waste

to Energy Conversion, Sadoway60 Symposium, MIT, Cambridge, MA, June 2010. V. SARIN, “Advance Materials and High Temperature

Coatings,” IIT Mumbai, Mumbai, India, February 2009. V. SARIN, “Laminated CVD Mullite Ceramic Composites,”

UPC, Barcelona, Spain, June 2009. K. SMITH, “Exploring the Many-Body Physics of Low

R. PAIELLA, “Intersubband Device Applications of

Wide-Bandgap Nitride Semiconductors,” University of Massachusetts, Lowell, March 2010.

Annual Report 2009–2010

Dimensional Solids with Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy,” Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Warwick, U.K.; 24 November 24 2009.


Research | 59

K. SMITH, “Spectroscopic Study of Electronic Structure in

M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Optical Interference: Biological Imaging and

Organic Superconductors and Semiconductors,” Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Warwick, U.K.; 25 November 25, 2009.

Label-free Protein Microarrays” Milan Polytechnic University Colloquium, November 2009.

K. SMITH, “Physics Research and Teaching in the U.S. -

Label-free Protein Microarrays” TUBITAK Marmara Research Center, Genetics and Microbiology Department Seminar, December 2009.

A Guide to the System, from a European Perspective,” Department of Physics, University of Warwick, U.K., 26 November 2009.

M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Optical Interference: Biological Imaging and

M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Compact Biosensors and optical diagnostics K. SMITH, “Applications of Soft X-Ray Emission and

Resonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering in Materials Physics and Chemistry,” Cross-cutting Review of Photon In/Photon Out Science, Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 18 September 2009.

based on Optical Interference,” Symposium on research in Lifesciences and Health Technologies, Bogazici University, Istanbul, December 2009. J.Y. WONG, Smart Polymer Systems 2010 Conference,

Atlanta, GA, May 2010. A.K. SWAN, “Optical properties of Carbon Materials,”

Technical University of Dresden, Oct, 2009.

J.Y WONG, DISCOVERY: Annual Education Program of the

Massachusetts Medical Society, Boston, MA, May 2010. A.K. SWAN, “Coherence effects in Carbon nanotube exciton

dynamics,” Excited State Processes in Electronic and Bio Nanomaterials, Santa Fe, June, 2009.

J.Y. WONG, Sargent College Research Seminar Series, Boston

M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Label-free Protein and DNA Microarrays -

X. ZHANG, Invited Lecture at Schiumberger-Doll Research,

Personalized Medicine,” TUBA (Turkish National Academy of Science) Forum, June 2009. M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Optical Interference: Biological Imaging and

Label-free Protein Microarrays,” University of Illinois, ECE Colloquium, April 2009. M. S. ÜNLÜ, “Optical Interference: Biological Imaging and

Label-free Protein Microarrays,” University of New Mexico, ECE Colloquium, LEOS lecture, April 2009. M. S. ÜNLÜ, “New Frontiers in Subsurface Microscopy of

Integrated Circuits: Widefield Imaging and Angular Spectrum and Polarization Control,” DARPA - DISCOVER Workshop, June 2009.

University, Boston, MA, April 2010.

Cambridge, MA, 2009. X. ZHANG, Invited Lecture at NSF-Sponsored Workshop:

MNS HJrizon 2040, Denver, CO, 2009. X. ZHANG, Invited Lecture at US delegation to the

2nd International Conference on Smart Materials and Nanotechnology in Engineering, China, 2009. X. ZHANG, Invited Lecture at Department of Physics, Boston

University, Boston, MA, 2009. X. ZHANG, Invited Lecture at Department of Chemistry,

Boston University, Boston, MA, 2009

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U.S. Patents Issued D. Seccombe, G.A. Orbeck, Jr., S. GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “Process for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Manufacture,” US Patent 7,485,385, February 3, 2009.

T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Semiconductor Device having Groupr-

III Nitride Buffer Layer and Growth Layers,” U.S. Patent No: 7,663,157, 2010.

Student Activity (Conference Presentations) Contributed Conference Talks A.L. BOTELHO, XI LIN, “Ab-initio study of polypyrrole as a

L.J. MIARA, “Surface Reconstruction Studies of SOFC

pervaporation membrane,” APS Meeting, Portland Oregon, 17 March 2010.

Cathodes Using a Combination of Synchrotron Radiation Techniques and Electrochemical Measurements,” MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December, 2009.

A.L. BOTELHO, XI LIN, “Exploring Electron-Phonon

Interactions in Conjugated Polymers as a Fast Actuation Mechanism,” MRS Fall Meeting, 2009.

L.J. MIARA, “Use of Patterned Cathodes to Understand

Cathode Performance during Fuel Cell Operation,” 217th ECS Meeting, Vancouver, Canada, 25 April 2010.

A.L. BOTELHO, XI LIN, “Fast actuation mechanism based on

multiple solitons, polarons, and bipolarons in conjugated polymers,” ACS Fall Meeting, 2009.

Y. SHIN, M. Li and X. LIN, “Charge and energy transports via

poly-phenylacetylene based dendrimers,” 2010 APS March Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 17 March 2010.

QING LU, “Exciton transfer rate between two neutral trans-

polyacetylene chains,” APS 2010 March Meeting, Portland, Oregon, March, 2010.

Y. SHIN, M. Li and X. LIN, “Adiabatic potential energy surface

of trans-polyacetylene,” 238th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC., 18 August 2009.

QING LU, “The complex band perspective of self-localization

in conducting polymers,” APS 2010 March Meeting, Portland, Oregon, March, 2010.

Y. SHIN and X. LIN, “Intrinsic charge mobility across

conjugated junctions in dendrimer structures,” 238th ACS National Meeting, Washington, DC., 16 August 2009.

Posters Presented S. AKSU, H. ALTUG,“ Optical Transmission through Optically

LAUREN PLAVISCH, “Mentoring Science Fair Projects:

Thin and Thick Sub-wavelength Hole Arrays,” MRS, Boston, Fall 2009.

Challenges and Outcomes,” GK-12 Annual Meeting in Washington, DC March 26-28.

A.L. BOTELHO, Minghai Li, XI LIN, “New conduction

Y. SHIN and X. LIN, “Mobility of self-localized defects

mechanism in doped trans-polyacetylene through solitonbipolaron transition,” APS Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 17 March 2010.

in conjugated dendrimers,” BU Science and Engineering Research Symposium 2010, 30 March 2010. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, “Mobility of self-localized defects in

L.J. MIARA, “Epitaxial Cathode Thin-films to explore the

fundamental science of Cathode interfaces in SOFCs,” 10th Annual Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) Workshop, Pittsburgh, PA.

Annual Report 2009–2010

conjugated dendrimers,” 2010 APS March Meeting, Portland, Oregon, 15 March 2010.


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Research Laboratories Advanced Materials Process Control Laboratory 15 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-9572 Professor Michael Gevelber

Research in this laboratory focuses on improving materials processing capabilities by applying a controls-based approach. Our controls-based approach integrates process modeling, sensor development, both system and control design, and experimentation to achieve greater control of material microstructure as well as improving yield and maximizing production rate. Research projects, typically conducted with industry partners, span a range of application areas including opto-electronic applications, advanced engines, power systems, and biomedical applications. Ongoing research projects include real-time control for plasma spray for thermal barrier coatings and fuel cells, e-beam deposition for precision optical coatings, electrospinning of nanofibers, chemical vapor deposition, and Czochralski crystal growth.

Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory 44 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-0253 Professor Catherine Klapperich

The Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory is focused on materials research activities in the broad areas of tissue engineering and biomedical device design. The laboratory is equipped for polymer and hydrogel synthesis, microfluidic device rapid prototyping, fabrication of tissue engineering scaffold materials, molecular analysis and tissue culture. The laboratory houses a dynamic mechanical analyzer for time and temperature sensitive testing of gel and polymer macroscale mechanical properties. This facility is a fully functional laboratory for integrated mechanical, chemical and biological testing of biomaterials. The laboratory is adjacent to the shared bio-micro/nanofabrication center. This clean room contains a mask aligner, AFM, DekTak Profilometer, e-beam evaporator and a spin coater. The lab also maintains a Hysitron Triboscope Nanoindentation Instrument located in the Low Vibration Area of the Photonics Center. Laboratory projects include experiments and modeling of the contact problem for nanoscale probes on soft hydrated biomaterials, cellbiomaterial interactions in tissue engineering materials, and diagnostic microfluidic device design.

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Biomimetics Materials Engineering Laboratory 44 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-2374 Professor Wong

The Biomimetic Materials Engineering Laboratory is focused on the development of biomaterials to probe how structure, material properties and composition of the cell-biomaterial interface affect fundamental cellular processes. Specifically, we are interested in developing substrata with features that mimic physiological and pathophysiological environments to study fundamental cellular processes at the biointerface. Current research projects include tissue engineering of small diameter blood vessels for bypass and intravascular pharmacology (e.g., stents); development of targeted nano- and microparticle contrast agents for multi-modal (magnetic resonance, ultrasound, and optical) detection of atherosclerotic and vulnerable plaque; and engineering biomimetic systems to study restenosis and breast cancer. Computational Electronics Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-358-1576 Professor Bellotti

The Computational Electronics Laboratory (CEL) is equipped with state-of-the-art computing tools. The lab has two computer clusters, one XP1000 Alpha Cluster (8 CPUs) running True UNIX 64, and an AMD Athalon MP Cluster (13 CPUs) running Linux. The lab also operates a variety of high-performance PCs and printers. The Computational Electronics Group develops software to study semiconductor materials and to perform electronics and optoelectronics device simulation. Commercial simulation packages, such as ISE Genesis and Silvaco Virtual Wafer Fab, are currently employed. Green Manufacturing Laboratory 730 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-358-2297 Professor Srikanth Gopalan

Research in this laboratory focuses on environmentally benign power generation technologies such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). We explore the materials science and electrochemistry of SOFCs using impedance spectroscopy, galvanostats and potentiostats. Studies in this lab include measurement of the rates of charge transfer reactions that occur at the interfaces of solid state electrochemical devices, exploration of new processes, and modeling of the transport phenomena that occur in such devices.

Annual Report 2009–2010

In this lab we also conduct research on ceramic gas separation membranes for the separation of industrially important gases such as oxygen and hydrogen. Ongoing projects conducted in close collaboration with industrial partners include the development of electrode and electrolyte materials for lower operating temperature SOFCs and the development of mixed ionic and electronic conducting materials for separation of hydrogen. The laboratory is equipped with a Perkin Elmer 263 A Potentiostat / Galvanostat used for characterization of electrochemical systems such as fuel cells, ceramic gas separation membranes, batteries and sensors, a Horiba 910 particle size analyzer capable of obtaining particle size distributions of powders in the range of 0.01 microns to 1 mm using light scattering technique, a Solartron 1255 Frequency Response Analyzer (FRA) used for AC impedance spectroscopy, a high temperature furnace that can operate up to 1700°C, and a Spex 8000 mill capable of producing sub-micron particles for use in solid state electrodes by high energy ball milling in a very short period of time.

High-Temperature Chemical and Electrochemical Processing of Materials Laboratory 750 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-0375 Professor Uday Pal

The laboratory is completely equipped for studying most high-temperature chemical and electrochemical processes involving metals and ceramics. It includes several hightemperature furnaces, residual gas analyzers, CO/CO2 analyzers, potentiostats, impedance analyzers, state-ofthe-art thermogravimetric Cahn Balance, high precision power supplies capable of operating under constant current/ voltage mode, viscometers, state-of-the-art data acquisition systems, powder processing facility, and fuel cell test stations. The laboratory currently supports the following research programs: green synthesis and processing of energy intensive metals, membrane technology for hydrogen production and separation, hybrid one-step processing of solid oxide fuel cells, materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells, and waste to energy conversion.


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High Temperature Oxidation Laboratory 750 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-3746 Professor Soumendra N. Basu

The research thrust of this laboratory is to investigate the high temperature oxidation behavior of materials by exposing metal and ceramic samples to corrosive atmospheres containing oxygen and sulfur at elevated temperatures up to 1,600°C. The laboratory is equipped with a CAHN thermogravimetric balance and a Mettler microbalance for weight gain measurements, as well as an apparatus for oxidation in O-18 atmospheres, in order to determine oxidation mechanisms.

Laboratory of Integrated Nanophotonics & Biosensing Systems (LINBS) 8 St. Mary’s St, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-4769 Professor Hatice Altug

The capability to confine and manipulate photons at nanometer-length scales can open up unprecedented opportunities both in the fields of classical and quantum information processing, as well as in fundamental life sciences. Our group is developing nanophotonic devices for optical communications and on-chip biosensing. For communication applications, we are developing ultrafast lasers, ultra-efficient light emitting diodes and photonic crystal devices that can slow down the light.

For biotechnology applications, we are using plasmonic nanostructures and photonic crystal cavities for realization of high-throughput, ultra sensitive and label free biosensors. To accomplish our goals, we are developing new computational modeling and advanced nanofabrication techniques including nano/bio-patterning and microfluidics. Our biosafety level-2 lab is capable of cell culturing and includes a modified AFM for surface functionalization. Our lab also houses state-of the art optical measurement equipments and computational clusters.

Nanoscale Mechanical Engineering Laboratory 110 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-0253 Professor Kamil Ekinci

This facility is used to fabricate nanometer-scale semiconductor mechanical devices using electron beam lithography, plasma, and wet etching techniques. After fabrication, various state-ofthe-art characterization techniques are employed to study the physical processes dominant in these nanomechanical devices. Among the fundamental phenomena studied are dissipation, fluctuations, and surface effects at the nanometer length scales. The practical aspects of this research involve the design and fabrication of ultra-high-speed nanomechanical sensors and development of surface nano-engineering techniques for improved device characteristics. More information can be found at NEMS Home: Ekinci Group.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Optical Characterization & Nanophotonics Laboratory (OCN) 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-358-4808, 617-353-1275, 617-353-5067 Professors Goldberg, Professor Swan, and Professor Unlu

Nanophotonics addresses a broad spectrum of optics on the nanometer scale covering technology and basic science. Compared to the behavior of isolated molecules or bulk materials, the behavior of nanostructures exhibit important physical properties not necessarily predictable from observations of either individual constituents or large ensembles. We develop and apply advanced optical characterization techniques to the study of solid-state and biological phenomena at the nanoscale. Current projects include development of high resolution subsurface imaging techniques based on numerical aperture increasing lens (NAIL) for the study of semiconductor devices and circuits and spectroscopy of quantum dots, micro resonant Raman and emission spectroscopy of individual carbon nanotubes, biosensors based on microring resonators, and development of new nanoscale microscopy techniques utilizing interference of excitation as well as emission from fluorescent molecules. In addition to microscopy, optical resonance is nearly ubiquitous in our research projects including development of resonant cavity-enhanced photodetectors and imaging biosensors for DNA and protein arrays.

Powder Metallurgy & X-ray Laboratory 730 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-6451 Professor Vinod K. Sarin

The powder processing laboratory is equipped to batch, process, and densify a wide variety of materials. Particle size reduction and uniform mixing are essential in any powder preparation. In addition to a 500cc capacity attritor mill for processing small powder batches, an extensive selection of ball mill sizes and a variety of milling media, including silicon nitride and titanium carbide, are available. Consolidation and sintering capabilities include vacuum, over pressure, and hot pressing up to 25,000 KgF and temperatures in excess of 2400°C. These capabilities make the powder processing laboratory uniquely equipped for developing high temperature monolithic and composite materials. The laboratory is also equipped with a Bruker D8 Focus diffractometer with independent theta and two theta axis with copper radiation. This unit extends the laboratory’s capability to perform single crystal back reflection Laue studies for crystal orientation. The standard detector is the scintillation counter, with high dynamic range and low internal background. In addition, several Debye Scherrer powder cameras are also available. This unit is equipped with all necessary components for qualitative or quantitative phase analysis, crystallite size determination, and structure determination and refinement.

Orthopaedic & Developmental Biomechanics Laboratory 110 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-2791 Professor Elise Morgan

This laboratory uses experimental and computational methods to explore the relationships between structure and mechanical function of biological tissues at multiple length scales. Current research projects include quantification of physiological loading conditions, 3-D visualization and prediction of spine fractures, and the effects of mechanical stimulation on joint and articular cartilage development. The laboratory houses a biaxial (axialtorsional) servohydraulic materials testing system with a variety of extensometers and load cells, a miniature torsional testing system, two micro-computed tomography systems, a multichannel signal conditional and amplification system, an X-ray cabinet, and various cutting tools including a sledge microtome and low-speed wafering saw. Additional space is dedicated to cell and tissue culture. Computational facilities include PC workstations equipped with software for image processing, finite element analysis, and general computing.

Annual Report 2009–2010

Precision Engineering Research (PERL) Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02215 617-353-5619 Professor Thomas Bifano

Research in the Precision Engineering Research (PERL) Laboratory is directed toward design, modeling, fabrication, and testing of advanced microsystems. A core research area involves development of large-scale arrays of coordinated microactuators for use in photonic or optical systems. Recent projects have included: development of deformable micromirror arrays for adaptive optics; modeling of microfluidic transport systems; development of microvalve arrays for control of fluid flow rate and pressure; design and fabrication of advanced optoacoustic MEMS sensors; and micro-scale contouring using ion beam systems. The laboratory houses state-of-the-art systems for design, fabrication, and testing of MEMS devices, including interferometric contouring microscopes, a high speed vibrometer, and adaptive optics and microfluidic test beds.


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Surface Modification Laboratory 15 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 Professor Vinod K. Sarin

This unique state-of-the-art university research laboratory has the capability of R&D activities in the field of surface engineering involving both Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) techniques. It contains two experimental CVD units capable of producing a wide range of tough, adherent and protective coatings for various applications. Two multiple-target DC and RF sputtering units that produce monolithic, multi-layered, and composite coatings are available for coating development by PVD. Research and development of diamond coatings is focused on the combustion flame process. Several combustion flame setups have been developed and fabricated to produce diamond coatings of various morphologies on a wide range of materials. Unique equipment and techniques have been developed to evaluate the mechanical, chemical, and structural properties of coatings, such as a micro-scratch tester to evaluate adherence. A hot wall CVD reactor is used for the deposition of functionally graded mullite coatings. Mullite (3Al2O3•2SiO2) has received considerable attention as a potential coating material for silicon-based ceramics due to its excellent corrosion resistance, creep resistance, high temperature strength, and most critically, excellent Coefficient of Thermal Expansion match, especially with Silicon Carbide. Dense, uniform, crystalline mullite environmental barrier coatings have been deposited by CVD on SiC substrates and these coatings have exhibited excellent high temperature oxidation and hot corrosion resistance. The coating process has subsequently been patented at Boston University. Transparent Radioluminescent Coatings of Lutetium Oxide doped with Europium Oxide are being developed using both PVD and CVD. It is believed that these atomistic deposition techniques will offer extensive promise as an alternative production method for tailoring microstructure and optimizing scintillation characteristics of these ceramics.

Ultrafast Nanostructure Optics (UNO) Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA, 02446 617-358-5103 Professor Luca Dal Negro

The research is mainly focused on: a) ultrafast emission spectroscopy; b) optical gain relaxation dynamics; c) nonlinear optical characterization of semiconductor nanostructures, novel bio-compatible materials, photonic and plasmonic nanodevices. Implemented Optical techniques include: picosecond fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy, time-resolved variable stripe length and pump-probe gain techniques, emission quantum efficiency and photon statistics, Z-scan nonlinear characterization, second harmonic generation (SHG).

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA, 02446 617-353-1288 Professor Theodore Moustakas

The Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory is a stateofthe-art facility dedicated to studying the growth, fundamental material properties, and fabrication of novel electronic and opto-electronic devices. The lab specializes in III-nitride growth by Molecular Beam Epitaxy(MBE) and Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy(HVPE). It has a history in the development of LEDs and currently continues to focus on LEDs and semiconductor lasers in the blue-UV region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Advisory Board The first meeting of the Division of Materials Science and Engineering Advisory Board (or Visiting Committee) took place on Tuesday, September 15, 2009. Six out of the current nine Advisory Board members attended the meeting, as well as a majority of MSE Steering Committee members (see list below). At the start of the meeting, the Dean of Engineering, Professor Ken Lutchen, described the major changes that had been recently instituted in the College of Engineering, including the establishment of two graduate Divisions, the Division of Systems Engineering, and the Division of Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) since July 2008. The Advisory Board heard from the Division Head, Professor Uday Pal, who summarized the goals for the Board Meeting. Division Associate Heads, Soumendra Basu and Theodore Moustakas, and a recent Ph.D. graduate from the MSE program also contributed presentations. Discussions included a review of academic and research missions, defining features and the administrative structure of the Division, a review of the new graduate academic program, and an overview of interdisciplinary materials research within the MSE program. These presentations spawned comments and lively discussions throughout the meeting. The Board then met privately and in the relatively short time available was able to highlight certain topics and develop a few important recommendations that were subsequently discussed with the Dean and Division Heads.

A written report was submitted to the Dean and Division Heads by Dr. Harry Tuller on September 18, 2009.

Attending Advisory Board Members

Attending Steering Committee Members

Dr. C. Barry Carter Dr. James G. Hannoosh Dr. Max Lagally Dr. Ron Latanision Dr. Subhash Singhal Dr. Harry Tuller

Uday Pal Soumendra Basu Ted Moustakas Russell Giordano Karl Ludwig Amit Meller

Attending Staff Ruth Mason

Elizabeth Flagg

Annual Report 2009–2010


Research | 67

Advisory Board Members Dr. C. Barry Carter is Department

Dr. Max G. Lagally is Erwin W.

Head and Professor in the Chemical, Materials & Biomolecular Engineering Department at the University of Connecticut. Professor Carter is the author of the popular textbook, “Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering”, published by Springer. Professor Carter’s research interests are in characterization of interfaces and defects in ceramics and semiconductors.

Mueller Professor and Bascom Professor of Surface Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Lagally is the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including his election into the German National Academy of Science, the American Association for the advancement of Science, and the National Academy of Engineering.

Dr. George Craford is currently the

Dr. Ron Latanision is currently

Solid State Lighting Fellow at Philips Lumileds Lighting Company. Prior to joining Philips he was the Technical Director of the Electronics Division at Hewlett-Packard Company. At HewlettPackard, Craford’s group pioneered the development of various types of LEDs and products. Dr. Craford is a fellow of the IEEE and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has received numerous professional awards including the 2002 National Medal of Technology from the President of the United States in recognition for his contributions to the LED technology.

Corporate Vice President & Practice Director at Exponent Engineering and Scientific Consulting, and Professor Emeritus in Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of ASM International, NACE International, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Latanison’s expertise and interests are in the areas of electrochemical science and processing technologies.

Dr. James G. Hannoosh is currently

Vice President of Development for Astra Tech, Inc., and former CEO and Senior Vice President of Atlantis Components, Inc. Both companies produce dental implants and medical devices employing advanced materials.

Dr. Kwadwo Osseo-Asare is

Distinguished Professor of Metallurgy and Energy and Geo-environmental Engineering in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and the Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Professor Osseo-Assare’s research interests are in the areas of materials processing in the aqueous media.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


68 | Research

Advisory Board Members (continued) Dr. Subhash C. Singhal is Battelle

Hans-Peter Weber, DMD, is the

Fellow and Director, Fuel Cells, in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Washington State Academy of Sciences. He served on the Electrochemical Society’s Board of Directors, was President of the International Society for Solid State Ionics. Dr. Singhal’s expertise and interests are in the areas of high temperature materials and solid oxide fuel cells.

Raymond J. and Elva Pomfret Nagle Professor of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, and serves as Chair of the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. His expertise is in the area of dental implants and reconstruction.

Dr. Harry L. Tuller is Professor of

Ceramics and Electronic Materials in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Head of the Crystal Physics and Electroceramics Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Electroceramics, Fellow of the American Ceramic Society, elected to World Academy of Ceramics. Professor Tuller’s research interests are in the areas of electroceramics and solid-state materials.

Annual Report 2009–2010


Boston University Division of Materials Science & Engineering Annual Report 2009–2010 © 2010, Boston University Design and production: Tess Mattern Photography: Boston University Photo Services, unless otherwise noted. Content: Elizabeth Flagg, Cheryl Stewart, MSE staff, and MSE faculty This report provides a description of the instructional and research activities of the Division of Materials Science & Engineering at Boston University during the 2009–2010 academic year. Instructional activities are reported from the Fall 2009 through Summer 2010 semesters while scholarly activities and budget information are reported from July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010. Boston University’s policies provide for equal opportunity and affirmative action in employment and admission to all programs of the University. For more information or to download this report as a PDF, please visit our website at www.bu.edu/mse


Annual Report 2009–2010

Boston University College of Engineering D i v i s i o n o f mat er i a l s sc i e n ce & E n g i n eer i n g

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering 15 Saint Mary’s Street, Room 118 Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-2842 mse@bu.edu www.bu.edu/mse


BU MSE Annual Report 2010