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Annual Report 2010–2011

Boston University College of Engineering D i v i s i o n o f m a t e r i a l s s c i e n ce & E n g i n ee r i n g

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering 15 Saint Mary’s Street, Room 118 Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-2842 mse@bu.edu www.bu.edu/mse


CONTENTS 2 HIGHLIGHTS 2 3 3 4 7

Message from the Division Head MSE Welcomes Incoming Division Head Faculty at a Glance Faculty Honors and Awards Graduate Students at a Glance

8

FACULTY AND STAFF

8 Participating Faculty 12 Affiliated Faculty 15 Staff 15 Committees

16

GRADUATE PROGRAMS

16 Recruitment 17 Admissions History 17 Enrollment 18 PhD Student Progress 18 Teaching Fellows and Research Assistants 19 Graduate Student Honors and Awards 20 Graduate Student Professional Societies 20 MS Degrees Awarded 21 Course and Program Development 22 Graduate Courses Taught 22 Graduate Students

26 RESEARCH 27 32 41 42 65 67 74 75

Research Highlights External Research Funding Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium Series Participating Faculty Publications & Activity Student Activity Research Laboratories Visiting Committee Visiting Committee Members


2 | HIGHLIGHTS

HIGHLIGHTS MESSAGE FROM THE DIVISION HEAD It is with great pleasure and pride that I present to you our 2010–11 Annual Report. The interdisciplinary Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) program at Boston University has successfully completed its third year since its inception in Fall 2008. It has seen a very rapid growth in terms of graduate student enrollment and faculty participation. The Division’s faculty has grown in number to 33 participating and 32 affiliated members. They represent faculty from Engineering (Mechanical, Biomedical, and Electrical and Computer), the College of Arts and Sciences (Physics and Chemistry), and the Division of the Restorative Sciences/Biomaterials in the Goldman School of Dental Medicine. The graduate student enrollment has increased to 39 with 19 PhD, 15 MS, and 5 Late Entry Accelerated Program (LEAP) Phase I students. They are working primarily in three cutting-edge research areas: energy materials, electronic and photonic materials, and biomaterials. During this reporting period, the primary faculty and the students in the Division have published 132 journal articles and 99 conference proceedings, written 6 book chapters, been granted 4 patents, received $8.9 million in new research funding, and had on-going research funding of $20 million. I am happy to report that several faculty members have received professional recognition for their work, such as HATICE ALTUG’s 2011 Popular Science Magazine Brilliant 10 Award and JIM COLLINS’ election to the National Academy of Engineering. Students have also won awards for their research work, including ERIC GRATZ, who will receive the Henry DeWitt Smith Scholarship from the TMS and the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME). In addition, two new professional society student chapters were founded in 2010 and 2011, the BU MRS STUDENT CHAPTER and the BU ASM STUDENT CHAPTER. Details and complete listings are provided within the report. At the end of this summer I will be stepping down as Division Head, and Dr. David J. Bishop will join Boston University as the MSE Division Head beginning September 1, 2011. He is currently the Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of LGS, a wholly owned subsidiary of Alcatel-Lucent. Dr. Bishop is a

Annual Report 2010–2011

Fellow of the American Physical Society and a recipient of their 2009 George E. Pake Prize for his effective leadership of AT&T/Lucent/Bell Labs research during an especially turbulent time in the telecommunications industry, and for his seminal contributions to low-temperature physics research. Dr. David Bishop is an expert in the area of photonic materials with a great deal of research management experience. He will have a 50/50 joint faculty appointment in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and in the Department of Physics. This appointment will further strengthen alliances between the College of Engineering and the College of Arts and Sciences. The anticipation of new leadership brings much enthusiasm and excitement to the MSE program. We look forward to his guidance in the future growth and reputation of our Division. I invite you to read through this entire report or sections that interest you the most, and when you are in the Boston area, please take some time to visit us, meet our new Division Head, faculty, and students.

UDAY PAL Division Head


HIGHLIGHTS | 3

MSE WELCOMES INCOMING DIVISION HEAD The Division of Materials Science and Engineering welcomes DAVID J. BISHOP (ECE, MSE, Physics) as the new Division head, effective September 1, 2011. In a career at Alcatel-Lucent (originally AT&T Bell Laboratories) spanning three decades, Bishop has advanced telecommunications, networking and cyber security solutions for the U.S. government market. He served the company in several high profile roles, including vice president of Optical, Nanotechnology and Physical Sciences Research and president of Government Research & Security Solutions and most recently as chief technology officer for LGS, a subsidiary of Alcatel-Lucent Technologies. An American Physical Society (APS) and Bell Labs Fellow who holds 46 patents and has authored or co-authored about 250 publications, Bishop received his PhD in physics from Cornell University in 1978. His research focuses on silicon micromechanics, MEMS in lightwave networks, alloptical switching, low temperature physics, superconductivity and nanotechnology. He received the APS 2009 George E. Pake Prize for “his effective leadership of AT&T/Lucent/Bell Labs research during an especially turbulent time in the telecommunications industry, and for his seminal contributions to low-temperature physics research.” * Adapted from an article written by Mark Dwortzan.

FACULTY AT A GLANCE FACULTY 2010–2011 PARTICIPATING FACULTY* New Grant Funding

33 $8,928,052

Journal Articles

132

Conference Proceedings

99

Continuing/Supplemental Grant Funding $20,024,825 Invited Lectures Book Chapters

6

* Teach, supervise students, and/or serve on MSE committees. ** Have a professional association with MSE.

81

Patents Issued

4

AFFILIATED FACULTY**

32

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


4 | HIGHLIGHTS

FACULTY HONORS AND AWARDS JAMES COLLINS Elected into the National Academy of Engineering By Mark Dwortzan In recognition of his outstanding contributions to synthetic biology and engineered gene networks, Professor James J. Collins (BME/SE) has been elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering, one of the most prestigious honors accorded to engineers. “I was thrilled and honored to receive the news that I had been elected to the NAE,” said Collins, who joins more than 2,000 peer-elected members and foreign associates—senior academic, government and industry professionals who are among the world’s most accomplished engineers. Current Boston University members include BU President and chemical engineer Robert A. Brown and Research Professor Farouk El-Baz, who directs the BU Center for Remote Sensing.

submitted by existing NAE members. Recognized for their outstanding contributions to engineering research, practice, education and literature, and leading innovations in new and existing engineering fields, members provide leadership and expertise to projects, symposia and publications aimed at improving the quality of life through engineering and technology. A pioneer in both synthetic and systems biology, Collins is developing innovative ways to design and reprogram gene networks within bacteria and other organisms to attack tumors, direct stem cell development and perform other desired tasks that could bring about cheaper drugs, more effective treatments of antibiotic-resistant infections, and clean energy solutions. Also a trailblazer in efforts to improve function of physiological and biological systems, he has spearheaded several new medical devices such as vibrating insoles to improve balance in elderly people and a device to treat stroke-induced brain failure.

“This is a historic moment for the College of Engineering,” said Dean Kenneth R. Lutchen. “When our PhD programs— and national research aspirations—began barely 20 years ago, we were fortunate to recruit a promising junior faculty member named Jim Collins. His work has played an important part in advancing us into the front rank of engineering schools in a very short period of time, so it is particularly gratifying that he is the first member of our primary faculty to be elected to this highly exclusive company of scholars. I join the faculty in extending hearty congratulations to Jim on this richly deserved honor.”

In addition to serving BU as William F. Warren Distinguished Professor, University Professor, and co-director of the Center for BioDynamics, Collins is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator and founding core faculty member at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. His many honors include a MacArthur “Genius Award,” a National Institutes of Health Director’s Pioneer Award, the Lagrange-CRT Foundation Prize, the Metcalf Cup and Prize (BU’s highest teaching honor), and being named on the Scientific American list of top 50 outstanding leaders in science and technology. Collins serves on the scientific advisory board of several biotechnology companies.

Election to membership in the NAE is considered one of the highest professional honors that can be bestowed on an engineer. The organization does not accept applications for membership; it elects new members from nominations

Collins joined the BU faculty in 1990 after earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in physics from the College of the Holy Cross and a Ph.D. in medical engineering from the University of Oxford, where he was a Rhodes Scholar.

Annual Report 2010–2011


Highlights | 5

Faculty Honors and Awards

(continued)

HATICE ALTUG

KAMIL L. EKINCI

• 2011 Popular Science Magazine Brilliant 10 Award

• Selected 2010 Distinguished Faculty Fellow by the College of Engineering

• 2011 Invited to U.S. National Academy of Engineering, Frontiers of Engineering Symposium

• 2011 Dean’s Catalyst Award, Boston University College of Engineering

• 2011 IEEE Photonics Society Young Investigator Award • 2010 ONR Young Investigator Award • 2010 NSF CAREER Award • 2010 Boston University College of Engineering Early Career Research Excellence Award

MICHAEL GEVELBER • MassCEC Catalyst Award

SOUMENDRA BASU • BU College of Engineering Dean’s Catalyst Award for his research with Uday Pal on a novel, low-cost and environmentally friendly method of producing solar-grade silicon from sand.

SRIKANTH GOPALAN • BU 2010 Ignition Award

• Faculty Service Award, 2011, BU College of Engineering • BU 2010 Ignition Award JIM COLLINS

ELISE MORGAN

• Elected to the National Academy of Engineering

• NIH National Research Service Award for Senior Fellows

LINDA DOERRER • Inorganic Chemistry Editorial Advisory Board

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


6 | HIGHLIGHTS

FACULTY HONORS AND AWARDS TED MOUSTAKAS • The MBE Innovator, North America MBE Board

(continued) M. SELIM ÜNLÜ • Editor-in-Chief for IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics.

• Distinguished Scholar, BU College of Engineering

UDAY B. PAL

XIN ZHANG

• 2010 BU College of Engineering Dean’s Catalyst Award for his research with Soumendra Basu on a novel, low-cost and environmentally friendly method of producing solar-grade silicon from sand.

• Inaugural Distinguished Faculty Fellow (2009-2013)

• Appointed to serve as Associate Editor of the Journal of Materials Chemistry and Physics. • Boston University 2010 Ignition Award: University-wide seed grant competition. VINOD K. SARIN • Chief Editor CHM: Invited to be Chief Editor of Comprehensive Hard Materials (CHM), a forthcoming three volume, 80 article, multi-author book project, to be published by Elsevier.

Annual Report 2010–2011

• Advanced Energy Consortium (AEC) Award (2010) • Schlumberger Award for Excellence and leadership in MEMS/NEMS Research (2010) • Nanomedicine Phase II Award (2010) • Cover article in Advanced Materials (2010) • Best Paper in Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics (2010) • Best Paper Award in IEEE Sensors (2010)


HIGHLIGHTS | 7

GRADUATE STUDENTS AT A GLANCE STUDENTS

2010–2011

2009–2010

2008–2009

MS Applications

40

24

6

MS Matriculated

9

5

2

Masters Students

15

6

2

LEAP Students

5

6

MS Degrees

5

2

1

PhD Applications

58

56

19

PhD Matriculated

4

6

18*

PhD GRE Q Scores

750–800

740–797

758–773

19

19

18

3

1

MS

PhD

PhD Students PhD Degrees SUPPORT Dean’s Fellows

2

2.5

3

Graduate Teaching Fellows

4

3

3

Research Assistants

15

12

12

Other Fellowship

3

3

N/A

* Eight existing PhD students from other Departments joined MSE; ten new students matriculated.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


8 | facu lty a n d sta f f

Faculty and Staff Participating Faculty HATICE ALTUG

SOUMENDRA N. BASU

Assistant Professor, ECE

Professor, ME; Co-Associate Division Head, MSE

Experimental and theoretical research on nanoplasmonics, nanophotonics and metamaterials for the development of ultrasensitive bionano sensors, ultrasensitive vibrational nanospectroscopy tools and on-chip photonic devices. Novel integration of nanophotonics with nano/microfluidic systems for efficient analyte trapping and manipulation. Novel nanofabrication methods enabling high-throughput, flexible, low cost and large-area fabrication.

Thin films for energy, photonic, electronic, and superconducting applications: thermal barrier and environmental barrier coatings for gas turbine and fuel cell applications, environmental degradation of materials at elevated temperatures, structure and stability of interfaces, and characterization of structure and phase transformations in materials using electron microscopy techniques. • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1989

• PhD, Stanford University, 2007 ENRICO BELLOTTI RICHARD AVERITT

Associate Professor, ECE

Associate Professor, Physics

Computational electronics, semiconductor materials and device simulations, power electronics, parallel computing

Ultrafast Optical Spectroscopy of Materials, Time-Integrated Optical Spectroscopy of Materials, Terahertz (far-infrared) Spectroscopy, Correlated electron materials, metamaterials, and plasmonics • PhD, Rice University, 1998 RAMA BANSIL

Professor, Physics Synthetic and biological macromolecules • PhD, University of Rochester, 1975

• PhD, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1999 LUCA DAL NEGRO

Associate Professor, ECE Optical amplification phenomena and laser physics, optical spectroscopy of semiconductor nanostructures, photonic crystals, anderson light localization and aperiodic dielectrics, nanophotonics and plasmonics • PhD, University of Trento, Italy, 2003

Annual Report 2010–2011


facult y and sta ff | 9

Participating Faculty

(continued)

LINDA DOERRER

RUSSELL GIORDANO

Assistant Professor, Chemistry

Associate Professor, GSDM

Synthetic inorganic chemistry

Fabrication of multiple phase interpenetrating ceramic composites

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996

• DMD, CAGS, DMSc, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, 1991

KAMIL EKINCI

BENNETT GOLDBERG

Associate Professor, ME

Professor, Physics and ECE; Director, Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology

Nanomechanics, nanofluidics, nanophotonics, applications of MEMS and NEMS • PhD, Brown University, 1999 SHYAMSUNDER ERRAMILLI

Professor, Physics Biological materials • PhD, University of Illinois, 1986

Room- and low-temperature, near-field microscopy of semiconductors and biological systems; magneto-optics and magnetotransport of two- and onedimensional electron fields • PhD, Brown University, 1987 SRIKANTH GOPALAN

Associate Professor, ME

EVAN EVANS

Fuel cells, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics and transport phenomena to model the behavior of electrochemical systems

Professor, BME

• PhD, University of Utah, 1997

Nano-microscale biomechanics, ultrasensitive force probes and extreme resolution optical techniques, material properties of soft biological materials, e.g. biomembranes • PhD, University of California, San Diego, 1970

MARK GRINSTAFF

Professor, Chemistry and BME Polymers, biomaterials, nanomaterials, wound repair, tissue engineering • PhD, University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, 1992

MICHAEL GEVELBER

Associate Professor, ME and SE Electrospinning of nanofibers, plasma spray, Ebeam deposition, crystal growth, CVD • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1988

CATHERINE M. KLAPPERICH

Associate Professor, BME and ME Kern Innovation Faculty Fellow Diagnostics for the developing world, microfluidics, bio-micro electromechanical systems (BioMEMs) • PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 2000

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


10 | fac u lty a n d sta f f

Participating Faculty

(continued)

XI LIN

THEODORE MOUSTAKAS

Assistant Professor, ME

Professor, ECE and Physics; Co-Associate Division Head, MSE

Materials theory, predictive simulation of materials electronic, optical, magnetic, and mechanical properties • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003

Growth by MBE, HVPE and MOCVD of Nitride Semiconductors, optical devices (LEDs, LDs, Optical modulators, Detectors) from deep UV to THz • PhD, Columbia University, 1974

KARL LUDWIG

Professor, Physics Surfaces, real time x-ray studies during thin film processing, phase transitions • PhD, Stanford University, 1986

MALAY MAZUMDER

Research Professor, ECE Solar energy systems, particle engineering, material science, electrostatic processes, self-cleaning solar panels, respiratory drug delivery • PhD, University of Arkansas 1971

PRITIRAJ MOHANTY

Associate Professor, Physics Nanoscale materials, mechanical properties • PhD, University of Maryland, 1998

ELISE MORGAN

Associate Professor, ME Mechanical behavior of biological materials, mechanical stimulation of tissue differentiation, micromechanics of multiscale media, damage mechanics • PhD, University of California, Berkeley, 2002

ROBERTO PAIELLA

Associate Professor, ECE Optical technologies for information processing; photonic devices based on semiconductor quantum structures, including group-III nitride quantum wells; nanoscale photonic devices and circuits; ultrafast optics • PhD, California Institute of Technology, 1998

UDAY B. PAL

Professor, ME; Division Head, MSE Fuel cells, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics and transport phenomena to model the behavior of electrochemical systems • PhD, Pennsylvania State University, 1984

SIDDHARTH RAMACHANDRAN

Associate Professor, ECE Optical physics of guided waves, Micro- and nano-structured optical fibers, High-power fiber lasers and fiber sensors, Biomedical imaging and microscopy with optical fibers, Classical and quantum communications • PhD, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, 1998 • Fellow Optical Society of Ameirca, 2010 • Chair (2012) and Member (2011), OSA Nick Holonyak Jr. Award Committee • Editor, Optics Letters (2008-2011)

Annual Report 2010–2011


FACULT Y AND STA FF | 11

VINOD K. SARIN

M. SELIM ÜNLÜ

Professor, ME

Professor, ECE; Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Programs, College of Engineering

Materials science, surface modification, physical and chemical vapor deposition, consolidation of ceramics/composites, structure/property consolidations, transparent optical ceramics • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971

KEVIN SMITH

Professor, Physics and Chemistry Electronic structure of materials • PhD, Yale University, 1988

Photodetectors, nano-optics, highresolution and solid immersion lens microscopy, subsurface imaging of semiconductor devices and circuits, biophotonics: biosensor fabrication and biological imaging techniques • PhD, University of Illinois, UrbanaChampaign, 1992

JOYCE WONG

Associate Professor, BME Biomaterials, nanomaterials, biointerfaces for diagnostic imaging, therapeutics, tissue engineering

DIMITRIJE STAMENOVIC

Associate Professor, BME Cellular mechanics, rheology of soft tissues and cells, respiratory mechanics, mechanics of foam-like structure • PhD, University of Minnesota, 1983

ANNA K. SWAN

Associate Professor, ECE Development of nanoscale optical selfinterference microscopy, optical properties of carbon nanotubes

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994

XIN ZHANG

Associate Professor and Associate Chair, ME Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), micro/nanofabrication technologies motivated by practical applications in micro and nanoscale engineering and emerging bionanotechnologies

• PhD, Boston University, 1993

• PhD, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, 1998

OPHELIA K.C. TSUI

PETER A. ZINK

Associate Professor, Physics

Research Assistant Professor and Lecturer, ME

Synthetic and biological macromolecules • PhD, Princeton University, 1996

Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) based processes for mixed waste magnesium/ magnesium oxide (Mg/MgO) recycling, Potentiometric sensor development for electrochemistry-based nuclear waste recycling, Development of novel low temperature cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). • PhD, Boston University, 2010

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


12 | fac u lty a n d sta f f

Affiliated Faculty PAUL BARBONE

LAISHENG CHOU

Associate Professor, ME

Professor, GSDM

Theoretical & computational (bio) mechanics and (bio) acoustics, medical (ultrasound) imaging

Molecular biocompatibility of implant materials

• PhD, Stanford University, 1991

THOMAS G. BIFANO

• DMD, Shanghai No.2 Medical University, 1977 • PhD, University of British Columbia, 1997

Professor, ME; Director, Photonics Center Deformable mirrors, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), adaptive optics, biphotonic microscopy, astronomical telescope instrumentation, laser wavefront control • PhD, North Carolina State University, 1988

JOHN CARADONNA

Associate Professor, Chemistry Mechanism of action of non-heme iron metalloproteins with a focus on the chemistry of metalloenzyme active sites involved in biological oxidation reactions

JAMES COLLINS

Professor, BME Synthetic biology, systems biology, noise enhanced sensorimotor function • DPhil, University of Oxford (England), 1990

MICHAEL EL-BATANOUNY

Professor, Physics Magnetism at surfaces • PhD, University of California, Davis

• PhD, Columbia University, 1985 ULRICH FAUL ANTONIO H. CASTRO NETO

Professor, Physics Graphene, strongly correlated systems, disordered magnetic systems

Associate Professor, Earth Sciences Rock physics and upper mantle processes • PhD, University of Oregon, 1994

• PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1994

CLAUDIO CHAMON

MAXIM FRANK-KAMENETSKII

Professor, Physics

Professor, BME

Strongly correlated quantum matter and out-of-equilibrium dynamics of classical and quantum systems

DNA structures, DNA topology, triplex DNA, DNA functioning, PNA (peptide nucleic acid), DNA detection

• PhD Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996

• PhD, Moscow Physical-Technical Institute, 1967 • DSci, Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Science, 1971

Annual Report 2010–2011


facult y and staff | 13

RAMESH JASTI

THEODORE MORSE

Assistant Professor, Chemistry

Professor, ECE

Synthetic organic chemistry, materials, nanotechnology

Photonic material processing, optical fiber fabrication, lasers, and sensors, high power double clad fiber lasers

• PhD, University of California, Irvine, 2006

• PhD, Northwestern University, 1961

GUILFORD JONES

DAN NATHANSON

Professor Emeritus, Chemistry

Professor, GSDM

Photochemistry and photophysical properties of dyes, dye probes, and hromophore conjugates of polymers and proteins, design of photosynthetic models (photoactive peptides) that are capable of charge transport

Biomaterials with emphasis is on esthetic restorative materials

• PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1970

HAROLD PARK

WILLIAM KLEIN

Surface effects on the mechanical properties of nanoelectromechanical systems, coupled physics (thermomechanical, optomechanical, electromechanical) analyses of nanomaterials, mechanics of graphene, multiple scale modeling of solids, atomistic modeling of metal nanowites

Professor, Physics Statistical physics of materials • PhD, Temple University, 1972

J. GREGORY MCDANIEL

Associate Professor and Associate Chair, ME Structural acoustics, automotive brake squeal, biological vibrations, ocean wave energy • PhD, The Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992

• DMD, Hebrew University in Jerusalem, 1972

Assistant Professor, ME

• PhD, Northwestern, 2004

RICHARD POBER

Research Associate Professor, GSDM Ceramics engineering, interpenetrating phase materials, mechanics of materials, materials design, process design, equipment design • ScD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1971

AMIT MELLER

Associate Professor, BME Nonpore force spectroscopy of RNA folding kinetics, DNA switches and transcription initiation kinetics, RNA helicases activity, mapping transcription factors interaction with DNA, ultra-fast DNA sequencing, novel optical methods for single molecule detection

ANATOLI POLKOVNIKOV

Assistant Professor, Physics Quantum dynamics of interacting systems, phase space methods, cold atoms, strongly correlated systems • PhD, Yale University, 2003

• PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel), 1998

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


14 | FAC U LTY A N D STA F F

AFFILIATED FACULTY

(continued)

CLAUDIO REBBI

ANDRE SHARON

Professor and Chair (2008-2011), Physics; Director, Center for Computational Science

Professor, ME; Director, Fraunhofer Center for Manufacturing Innovation

Computational methods applied to the study of quantum chromodynamics (QCD, the theory of interacting quarks and gluons) • PhD, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy

Electromechanical machine design, control, automation, biotech/biomedial instrumentation, devices, and rapid microdiagnostics platforms • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Techonology, 1988 H. EUGENE STANLEY

SIDNEY REDNER

Professor, Physics

Professor and Chair (2011- ), Physics

Statistical physics of materials

Non-equilibrium statistical physics of materials

• PhD, Harvard University, 1967

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1977 JOHN STRAUB BJORN REINHARD

Professor and Chair, Chemistry

Associate Professor, Chemistry

Theoretical and computational chemistry and biophysics

Photophysical properties of nanoparticles and the applications of these nanoparticles to biological sensors and devices • Dr. rer. nat., Technical University Kaiserslautern, Germany, 2003 ANDERS SANDVIK

Professor, Physics Computational research on interacting quantum many-body systems • PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1993

DANIEL SEGRE

Assistant Professor, BME, Bioinformatics and Biology Evolutionary dynamics of biological networks, in particular in the interplay between response to genetic and environmental perturbations, genomiclevel functional organization, and optimal adaptation. • PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science, 2002

Annual Report 2010–2011

• PhD, Columbia University, 1987

BELA SUKI

Professor, BME Biomechanics of tissues and extracellular matrix, the ensemble behavior of complex biological systems, nonlinearities in biological systems • PhD, Jozsef Attila University (Hungary), 1987

JOE TIEN

Associate Professor, BME Biological materials, microvascular tissue engineering; microvascular physiology; hydrogels • PhD, Harvard University, 1999


FACULT Y AND STA FF | 15

AFFILIATED FACULTY

(continued)

KATHERINE YANHANG ZHANG

LAWRENCE ZIEGLER

Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor, ME

Professor, Chemistry

Mechanical behavior of soft biological tissue, cardiovascular mechanics, multi-scale modeling of biological composites, micro and nano- mechanics of thin film devices

Ultrafast femtosecond laser measurements in a variety of materials, femtosecond carrier relaxation dynamics and optical properties of wide range of materials which include liquids, supercritical fluids, photodissociative molecules, biologically important species and wide band gap semiconductors

• PhD, University of Colorado at Boulder, 2003

• PhD, Cornell University 1978

STAFF RUTH MASON Division Director

ELIZABETH FLAGG Graduate Programs Manager

CHERYL STEWART Program Administrator

COMMITTEES FACULTY SEARCH COMMITTEE Ted Moustakas, Chair Uday Pal Roberto Paiella Rama Bansil Linda Doerrer Evan Evans Ruth Mason* STEERING COMMITTEE U. Pal, Chair T. Moustakas S. Basu K. Ludwig M. Grinstaff R. Giordano C. Klapperich R. Mason*

COURSE SCHEDULING S. Basu, Chair U. Pal T. Moustakas R. Mason*

PHD EXAM COMMITTEE S. Gopalan, Chair S. Basu T. Moustakas U. Pal

GRADUATE APPLICATIONS REVIEW COMMITTEE S. Basu, Chair H. Altug R. Averitt A. Swan T. Moustakas L. Doerrer S. Ramachandran E. Flagg*

MATERIALS COLLOQUIUM T. Moustakas, Chair R. Mason* E. Flagg* C. Stewart*

UNDERGRADUATE COE MSE MINOR S. Gopalan, Chair V. Sarin R. Paiella C. Klapperich

RETREAT/SOCIALS V. Sarin, Chair U. Pal T. Moustakas S. Basu R. Mason*

*ex-officio

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


16 | GRADUATE PROGRAMS

GRADUATE PROGRAMS MSE offers the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), both the post-bachelors and the post-masters, the Master of Science (MS), and the Master of Engineering (MEng) degrees, conducting research in the areas of biomaterials, electronic and photonic materials, energy and environment, and nanomaterials. Students have access to the interdisciplinary instruction and resources available at Boston University, one of America’s largest private universities. Students develop expertise in their chosen areas of concentration, working in advanced laboratories under the guidance of expert faculty.

RECRUITMENT In 2010-2011, MSE reviewed 58 PhD applications and 40 MS applications. Of nine admitted PhD and 17 MS students, MSE successfully recruited 4 PhD students and 9 MS students: two PhD students were awarded Dean’s Fellowships (DFs) and two were awarded Graduate Teaching Fellowships (GTFs). One MS student was funded as a GTF.

NEW MATRICULANTS 2010–2011 Male

Female

GTF

MS US

3

1

1

MS International

5

PhD US

2

PhD International

1

Total:

11

Dean’s Fellow

1

1

1

1

1

2

3

2

2010–2011 Mean GRE Scores Verbal

%

Quantitative

%

An. Writing

%

MS US

535

69

743

81

4

49

MS International

334

20

788

91

3

10

PhD US

530

70

750

83

5

63

PhD International

415

39

800

94

4

30

Mean

454

50

770

87

4

38

Annual Report 2010–2011


14 | FAC U LTY A N D STA F F

AFFILIATED FACULTY

(continued)

CLAUDIO REBBI

ANDRE SHARON

Professor and Chair (2008-2011), Physics; Director, Center for Computational Science

Professor, ME; Director, Fraunhofer Center for Manufacturing Innovation

Computational methods applied to the study of quantum chromodynamics (QCD, the theory of interacting quarks and gluons) • PhD, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy

Electromechanical machine design, control, automation, biotech/biomedial instrumentation, devices, and rapid microdiagnostics platforms • PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Techonology, 1988 H. EUGENE STANLEY

SIDNEY REDNER

Professor, Physics

Professor and Chair (2011- ), Physics

Statistical physics of materials

Non-equilibrium statistical physics of materials

• PhD, Harvard University, 1967

• PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1977 JOHN STRAUB BJORN REINHARD

Professor and Chair, Chemistry

Associate Professor, Chemistry

Theoretical and computational chemistry and biophysics

Photophysical properties of nanoparticles and the applications of these nanoparticles to biological sensors and devices • Dr. rer. nat., Technical University Kaiserslautern, Germany, 2003 ANDERS SANDVIK

Professor, Physics Computational research on interacting quantum many-body systems • PhD, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1993

DANIEL SEGRE

Assistant Professor, BME, Bioinformatics and Biology Evolutionary dynamics of biological networks, in particular in the interplay between response to genetic and environmental perturbations, genomiclevel functional organization, and optimal adaptation. • PhD, Weizmann Institute of Science, 2002

Annual Report 2010–2011

• PhD, Columbia University, 1987

BELA SUKI

Professor, BME Biomechanics of tissues and extracellular matrix, the ensemble behavior of complex biological systems, nonlinearities in biological systems • PhD, Jozsef Attila University (Hungary), 1987

JOE TIEN

Associate Professor, BME Biological materials, microvascular tissue engineering; microvascular physiology; hydrogels • PhD, Harvard University, 1999


Graduate Programs | 17

Admissions History Prior to July 2008, the MSE graduate program was administered by the Department of Manufacturing Engineering (MFG). Beginning with Spring 2009, MSE began accepting applications directly.

* 2011–2012 data is not final.

Enrollment In 2010-2011 the MSE graduate program enrolled 19 PhD students, 15 MS students, and 5 Late Entry Accelerated Program (LEAP) Phase I students.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


18 | Graduate programs

PhD Student Progress

Teaching Fellows and Research Assistants Summer 2010

Fall 2010

Spring 2010

Total

Graduate Teaching Fellows

N/A

4

4

8

Dean’s Fellows

N/A

2

2

4

Research Assistants

15

14

13

42

Other Fellow

1

0

2

3

Annual Report 2010–2011


GRADUATE PROGRAMS | 19

GRADUATE STUDENT HONORS AND AWARDS Other Student Activity including publications, conference activity and other presentations are listed on page 65. SERAP AKSU, Newport Spectra-Physics

ERIC GRATZ will be awarded the Henry

Research Excellence Travel Grant, SPIE Photonics West 2011, San Francisco, CA. Advisor: Altug.

DeWitt Smith Scholarship by the TMS and the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) at the TMS 2012 Annual Meeting & Exhibition in Orlando, Florida, March 13, 2012. Eric is working on his PhD thesis with Professor Pal on “Environmentally friendly Solid Oxide Membrane Process for Magnesium Production.” Advisor: Pal

GOZDE ERDEM

• Travel Award from DL2011-Science at the hard X-ray Diffraction Limit Workshop, June 29–30, Cornell University, Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source, Ithaca, NY. Advisor: Ludwig.

ABDULKADIR YURT

• Best poster nominee in the relevant session in MRS Fall Meeting 2010 in Boston, MA. Adivsor: Unlu • Travel Award from ICAM-I2CAMInstitute for complex adaptive matter for attending IEEE Photonics Meeting 2010 in Denver, CO.

RYAN ERIKSEN

• Graduate Student Researcher, Materials and Fuels Complex at Idaho National Lab under Dr. Steven Herrmann and Dr. Jan-Fong Jue. Advisor: Gopalan.

• Travel Award from IEEE Society for attending IEEE Photonics Meeting 2010 in Denver, CO.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


20 | Graduate programs

Graduate Student Professional Societies Two new student chapters of professional societies were established in 2010–2011 on the initiative of MSE students. Both the MRS and ASM student chapters hosted events, including co-hosting two MSE Colloquia speakers.

BU MRS Student Chapter The BU MRS Chapter was established in Fall 2010. The mission of the Materials Research Society Chapter at BU is to promote communication for the advancement of interdisciplinary materials research to improve the quality of life. The Chapter aims to build a dynamic and interactive local community of student and faculty materials researchers to advance technical excellence by providing a framework in which the materials disciplines can convene, collaborate, integrate and advocate.

Officers and Advisors President—Jacob Trevino Vice President—Alket Mertiri Secretary—Selcuk Yerci Treasurer—Ranxing Nancy Li Advisors—Professors Soumendra Basu and Uday Pal

BU ASM Student Chapter The ASM BU Chapter is a student chapter of ASM International, a professional materials association. Our goal is to help student members increase awareness of cutting-edge technology in the materials field through networking and in collaboration with industry professionals. The BU Chapter was founded in April 2011. This is the first industry-focused student organization in MSE department. The signature activities include a mentor program, seminars and industry networking events. We welcome all interested students to join us.

Executive Committee Chair—Nancy Li (MSE) Vise Chair—Andre Botelho (MSE) Secretary—Ryan Eriksen (MSE) Treasurer—Alfed Huang (MSE) Membership Coordinator—Brooks Henderson (MSE) Event Coordinator—Jackson Chang (MSE) Advisors—Professors Soumendra Basu and Uday Pal

Boston University was accepted as an official MRS student chapter at the Fall 2010 MRS Meeting. Jacob Trevino accepts the chapter certificate.

MS Degrees Awarded MSE awarded five MS degrees in 2010-2011.

STUDENT

ADVISOR

POST-GRADUATE PLACEMENT

Mustafa Al-Khabbaz

Pal

Research Engineer, Saudi Aramco

Azatuhi Ayrikyan

Klapperich

Commercialization Analyst, Foresight Science and Technology

Alexander Gruentzig

Klapperich/Sharon

Associate, A.T. Kearney

Lauren Plavisch

Pal

Scientist, Warner Babcock Institute for Green Chemistry

Mary Rhoads

Klapperich

Research Support Associate, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Annual Report 2010–2011


Graduate Programs | 21

Course and Program Development New MEng Program

New Courses

MSE introduced the Master of Engineering (MEng) degree in Materials Science and Engineering, which will enroll its first matriculants in Fall 2011. This program is a professional master’s program aimed at:

MS 735 Computational Nanomechanics This course offers a detailed introduction to the computational techniques that are needed to study the mechanical behavior and properties of nanomaterials. Specifically, the course focuses upon developing numerical discretizations to differential equations that govern the dynamics of nanomaterials, and that form the basis for modern molecular and multiscale modeling of nanomaterials. The course also focuses on the development of novel multiple scale, or atomistic-continuum coupling techniques that enable spatial and temporal resolution of nanomaterials at scales that are not achievable by single scale analyses alone.

• Graduating senior students who want a one-year master’s in engineering before they look for industrial jobs. • Mid-career professionals who want to switch careers and would like to complete a one-year master’s degree between jobs. • Industry professionals who want exposure to engineering and management to further their careers. In the MEng program, students are required to complete a minimum of 32 credit hours applicable to the degree. No master’s thesis is required. A minimum of 28 credits must be applied toward graduate courses (500 level or above). Only one 400-level course may be taken with advisor approval if needed as a prerequisite for another course in the program. The 32 credits in the MEng program must be selected as follows: • 2 core MSE courses (8 credits). Every MSE MEng student must demonstrate competence (grade of C or above) in a first-year 500-level thermodynamics and solid-state physics, either through appropriate selection of the core courses or through prior coursework taken. • 2 other structured MSE courses (8 credits). A structured MSE course is any course with an MS designation as listed below. • 1 structured Engineering Management Course (4 credits). • 3 other courses (12 credits) can be engineering, science, or engineering management courses.

MS/ME 781 Electroceramics This course will explore the structure property relationships and phenomena in ceramic materials used in electronic, dielectric, ferroelectric, magnetic, and electrochemical applications. In particular we will discover how to functionalize a component for a particular application— a capacitor, a thermistor, actuator, or a fuel cell. Such a discovery process demands an in-depth understanding of the roles and interrelationships between the crystal structure, defect chemistry, microstructure, and texture in such materials. Statistical thermodynamics and quantum mechanics principles will be used as and when necessary in the course. The course is intended to fit in the space and act as a bridge between solid state theory where the emphasis is largely on the theory and a ceramic materials course where the emphasis is largely on processing. MS 925 Graduate Project Materials students will explore a practical project in materials science and engineering, including but not limited to the areas of biomaterials, electronic and photonic materials, materials for energy and environment, or nanomaterials applications.

• A maximum of 3 engineering management courses (12 credits) can count toward the degree.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


22 | Graduate programs

Graduate Courses Taught CLASS

TITLE

INSTRUCTOR

MS 503

Kinetic Processes in Materials CORE

Basu

MS 504

Polyners and Soft Materials CORE

Klapperich

X

MS 505

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics CORE

Evans

X

MS 507

Process Modelling and Control ELECTIVE

Gevelber

X

MS 508

Computational Methods in Materials Science CORE

Lin

X

BE/ME 521

Continuum Mechanics ELECTIVE

Barbone

X

MS/ME 527

Transport Phenomena in Materials Process ELECTIVE

Gopalan

X

PY 543

Introduction to Solid State Physics CORE

Goldberg

MS 545

Electrochemistry of Fuel Cells and Batteries ELECTIVE

Pal

X

MS 555

MEMS: Fabrication and Materials ELECTIVE

Zhang

X

EC 560

Intro to Photonics ELECTIVE

Dal Negro/Altug

X

MS 573

Solar Energy Systems ELECTIVE

Mazumder

MS 574

Physical Semiconductor Materials CORE

Bellotti

EC 575

Physics of Semiconductor Devices ELECTIVE

Bellotti

MS 577

Elec., Optical, Magnetic Prop of Materials CORE

Moustakas

X

EC 578

Fabrication Tech for Integrated Circuits ELECTIVE

Kleptsyn

X

ME/EC 579

Microelectronic Device Manufacturing ELECTIVE

Cole

MS 726

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering I ELECTIVE

Mintzer/Brown

MS 727

Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering II ELECTIVE

Abraham/Brown

EC 771

Adv. Semiconduct. Dev. ELECTIVE

Bellotti

EC 777

Nano-Optics ELECTIVE

Dal Negro

Graduate Students Legal Name

FALL 2010

X

X

X X

X X

X X X X

Masters Students

Program

Advisor

Previous Institution

Alkhabbaz, Mustafa

MS

Pal

University of Leeds, UK

Ayrikyan, Azatuhi

MS

Basu

Barnard College

Bailey, Katharine

MS

Basu

Boston University

Chang, Jackson

LEAP Phase I

Gopalan

Boston University

Annual Report 2010–2011

SPRING 2011

X


Graduate Programs | 23

Graduate Students

(continued)

Masters Students (continued) Legal Name

Program

Advisor

Previous Institution

Compagnone, Thomas

LEAP Phase I

Gopalan

Pennsylvania State University

Dynkin, Alexey

LEAP Phase I

Gopalan

Boston University

Gruentzig, Alexander

MS

Klapperich/Sharon

Rhine Westphalian Technical University

Henderson, Brooks

LEAP Phase I

Gopalan

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Huang, Alfred

MS

Gopalan

Boston University

Hwang, Shou-Chia

MS

Gopalan

National Taiwan University

Jia, Sijie

MS

Gopalan

DongHua University

Jiang, Yihong

MS

Basu

Wuhan Institute of Technology

Okamoto, Michael

LEAP Phase I

Gopalan

University of California at Davis; Cornell University

Pang, Hokning

MS

Klapperich

Wellesley College

Plavisch, Lauren B.

MS

Pal

Wellesley College

Rhoads, Mary

MS

Gopalan

Clarkson University

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


24 | Graduate programs

Masters Students (continued) Legal Name

Program

Advisor

Previous Institution

Tasdirek, Gultekin

MS

Unlu

Uludag University

Tu, Wenjie

MS

Basu

Nanjing University

Wang, Chih-Lun

MS

Pal

Feng Chia University, Chang Gung University

Wood, Michael, G

MS

Basu

Syracuse University

PhD Students Legal Name

Advisor

RESEARCH LAB/GROUP

Previous Institution

Aksu, Serap

Altug

Laboratory of Integrated Nanophotonics & Biosensing Systems (LINBS)

Sabanci Universitesi

Botelho, Andre

Lin

Materials Theory Group

Boston University

Davis, Jacob

Basu

High Temperature Oxidation Laboratory

SUNY at Buffalo

Erdem, Gozde

Ludwig

Materials X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory

Sabanci Universitesi

Eriksen, Ryan

Gopalan

Green Manufacturing Laboratory

Boston University

Gratz, Eric

Pal/Gopalan

High-Temperature Chemical and Electrochemical Processing of Materials Laboratory

University of Washington

Guan, Xiaofei

Pal

High-Temperature Chemical and Electrochemical Processing of Materials Laboratory

Nankai University

Annual Report 2010–2011


Graduate Programs | 25

PhD Students (continued) Legal Name

Advisor

RESEARCH LAB/GROUP

Previous Institution

Katevatis, Constantinos Klapperich

Cell and Tissue Mechanics Laboratory

Boston University

Li, Ranxing

Tsui

Tsui Group

DongHua University

Lu, Qing

Straub

Straub Group

Nankai University

Mertiri, Alket

Erramilli

FemtoSpec Laboratory

Boston University

Miara, Lincoln

Gopalan

Green Manufacturing Laboratory

McGill University

Moldawer, Adam

Moustakas

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory

Boston University

Shin, Yongwoo

Lin

Materials Theory Group

Ball State University, Kyung Hee University (Korea)

Topping, Stephen

Sarin

Surface Modification Laboratory

Boston University

Trevino, Jacob

Dal Negro

Ultrafast Nanostructure Optics (UNO) Laboratory

Case Western Reserve University, Susquehanna University

Xu, Jiapeng

Basu

High Temperature Oxidation Laboratory

The Ohio State University

Yurt, Abdulkadir

Unlu

Optical Characterization & Nanophotonics Laboratory (OCN)

Sabanci Universitesi

Zhang, Wei

Moustakas

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory

University of Science and Technology of China (Hefei)

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


26 | Research

Research MSE faculty have primary appointments in the College of Engineering (COE) Department of Biomedical Engineering, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) Department of Chemistry and the Department of Physics, and the Goldman School of Dental Medicine (GSDM). MSE faculty conduct research in four primary areas: • Biomaterials, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, design of biomolecules/biopolymers, biosensors, mechanics of biomaterials, and laser spectroscopy

• Materials for Energy and the Environment, including clean energy conversion, hydrogen generation and storage, fuel cells, green manufacturing, and biofuels

• Electronic and Photonic Materials, including III-V nitrides, solid state lighting, carbon nanotubes, si-nanophotonics, fiber optic sensors, quantum dots, and computational modeling

• Nanomaterials, including coatings, composite materials, photo-acoustic microscopy, nanoscale materials, and multiscale modeling.

Read about exciting research in MSE in the following pages • New Research Aims to Reduce Defects in Shrinking Integrated Circuit Elements • Leading Edge DNA Sequencing Method Nets Major NIH Grant led by Professor Meller • Novel Biosensor Could Enable Rapid, Point-of-Care Virus Detection • Professor Moustakas Awarded $1.5 Million to Develop Handheld UV Laser • Mechanical Engineers Fashion Implantable Silk Biosensors • Professor Moustakas Wins Thin-Film Technology Award

Annual Report 2010–2011


Research | 27

Research Highlights Toward a Faster, Better, Smaller Chip New Research Aims to Reduce Defects in Shrinking Integrated Circuit Elements By Mark Dwortzan Is there a limit to how much data you can fit in your iPod? The answer may lie at the nanoscale. Over the past decade, as PCs and other consumer electronic devices have packed more and more information into faster, higher-density chips, the feature size used in semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) fabrication has shrunk from 180 to 45 nanometers—and the industry now has its sights on reducing that figure to 11 nanometers. These tiny feature sizes are making ICs impossible to inspect and analyze with conventional optical imaging methods, challenging researchers and worrying manufacturers who aim to deliver chips free of processing faults and circuit defects. To tackle this problem, the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) recently awarded two grants totaling $5.3 million to an interdisciplinary research team from Boston University—Professor Bennett Goldberg (Physics, ECE, MSE), Professor Selim Ünlü (ECE, MSE), Associate Professor Jerome Mertz (BME) and Professor Thomas Bifano (ME)—along with an industrial partner, DCG Systems, Inc. of California—the leading IC diagnostics company. The team plans to spend the next four years applying novel imaging approaches to pinpoint and resolve defects on next generation ICs.

Imaging Smaller and Smaller Features The effort will build on a state-of-the-art subsurface microscopy technique developed since 2000 by Ünlü, Goldberg and their students, which uses a spherical microlens to boost the optical resolution of images taken of the transistors at the heart of integrated circuits. With laboratory data demonstrating imaging of a 45-nanometer circuit node, the researchers are now working on further improvements to accommodate the semiconductor industry’s quest for smaller and smaller feature sizes. Their goal is to enable IC imaging and fault isolation in 22-nanometer (nm) technologies and in 11-nm technologies, improve imaging resolution by a factor of more than three (from 250 nm to 80 nm) and apply the technology to a state-of-the-art failure analysis lab tool developed by DCG Systems. “Each step in the development of new IC chips requires new analysis tools, and potential delays due to unexpected faults can be very costly, with minutes measured in thousands of dollars,” said Ünlü. “Progress in this area will lead not only to more costeffective chip development, but also to better, faster and more efficient automotive, medical and other potentially lifesaving devices that depend on reliable integrated circuits.”

Professor Bennett Goldberg (Physics, ECE, MSE)

Professor Selim Ünlü (ECE, MSE)

Incorporating Novel Photonic Technologies To inspect and analyze an integrated circuit, engineers focus laser light to a point comparable to the smallest feature size and measure the reflected signal or monitor the electrical response. In some cases they also collect time bursts of light from the transistor as it switches from “on” to “off.” Since top inspection is prevented by the dense metallic multilayer structure, backside imaging through the silicon substrate is necessary. Ünlü and Goldberg’s unique microlens technology enables imaging at a much higher resolution than conventional microscopy methods provide. To advance backside optical imaging to the 11-nanometer node, the team will utilize micromirrors built by Bifano, and beam and polarization shaping techniques pioneered by Mertz to achieve the tiniest focal spot—and test these advances using a laser voltage imaging system. By focusing a laser beam on a tiny transistor and monitoring the resulting free carrier changes due to transistor switching, this system interrogates the local functionality of the circuits at the transistor level. To conduct these tests, the BU team will work with DCG Systems, a major supplier of debug, failure analysis and circuit edit equipment to the semiconductor industry for 23 years. “Our research group has been at the forefront of high-resolution subsurface microscopy utilizing solid immersion techniques,” said Goldberg. “This is an exciting opportunity to go beyond the traditional limits, utilizing new methods with Bifano and Mertz that we hope will provide imaging resolution to enable diagnostics and analysis of 11-nanometer circuit features. Of course, new science and technology in one field can often lead to advances elsewhere, so we are actively looking to apply such high-resolution techniques to biology and potentially medical devices.”

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


28 | Research

Leading Edge DNA Sequencing Method Nets Major NIH Grant By Mark Dwortzan Low-cost, ultra-fast DNA sequencing would revolutionize healthcare and biomedical research, and spark major advances in drug development, preventative medicine and personalized medicine. By gaining access to the entire sequence of a patient’s genome, a physician could determine the probability of that patient’s developing a specific genetic disease. BME/MSE Professor Amit Meller is advancing an ultra-fast, low-cost DNA sequencing method that uses electrically based nanoscale sensors with optical readout. In pursuit of that goal, a team of researchers from Boston University’s College of Engineering and the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester have obtained a nearly $4.2 million, four-year grant from the National Institutes of Health to refine its nanoscale, low-cost, ultra-fast DNA sequencing method. Developed in the past four years on an initial, $2.2 million NIH grant and led by Professor Amit Meller (BME/MSE), the project is one of 10 to receive funding from the NIH National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) this year under its “Revolutionary Sequencing Technology Development—$1,000 Genome” program. The new NHGRI awards were announced this week. Since its founding in 2004, the $1,000 Genome program has produced innovations that have reduced the cost of genome sequencing from $10 million to $20,000, and cut the time needed to complete the process from three or four months to a week. But reaching the $1,000 mark will require creative, unprecedented approaches. Toward that end, Meller and his team have demonstrated the first use of solid state nanopores—four-nanometer-wide holes in silicon chips that read DNA strands as they pass through—to optically sequence the four nucleotides that encode each DNA molecule. Described in the May 12 online edition of Nano Letters, their novel, highly efficient, optically-based method to detect single DNA molecules in nanopores could significantly reduce the cost of DNA sequencing and the time required to sequence a complete human genome.

“We are the first to employ optical detection from individual nanopores, and this allows us to probe multiple pores simultaneously using a single high-speed CCD camera,” said Meller, referring to the chargecoupled devices that science and medical researchers use to obtain high quality images. “As a result, our method can be scaled up vastly, ultimately allowing us to probe thousands of nanopores and obtain unprecedented DNA sequencing throughput.” Combining optical detection capability with the ability to analyze extremely long DNA molecules with superior sensitivity (which Meller’s group demonstrated in an earlier Nature Nanotechnology paper), the team’s solid state nanopores are uniquely positioned to compete with current, third-generation DNA sequencing methods for cost, speed and accuracy. Unlike those approaches, the new nanopore method does not rely on enzymes whose activity limits the rate at which DNA sequences can be read; instead, readout speed is restricted only by current optical detection limits. “This puts us in the unique advantageous position of being able to claim that our sequencing method is as fast as the rapidly evolving CCD/CMOS technologies,” said Meller. “We currently have the capability of reading out about 100 bases per second, which is already much faster than other commercial third generation methods. This is only the starting point for us, and we expect to significantly increase this rate in the next year.” Licensing intellectual property from Boston University and Harvard University, Meller and his collaborators founded NobleGen Biosciences last February to develop and commercialize nanopore sequencing based on the new method. “Given the aggressive research and development effort that’s now underway, I estimate that it will take less than five years to bring a highly competitive and cheap DNA sequencing to the medical marketplace” said Meller.

Novel Biosensor Could Enable Rapid, Point-of-Care Virus Detection Platform Could Help Contain Fast-Spreading Viruses and Bioterror Agents By Mark Dwortzan From bird flu to H1N1, outbreaks of fast-spreading viral diseases in recent years have sparked concern of pandemics similar to the 1918 Spanish flu that caused more than 50 million deaths. A significant fraction of today’s viral threats are viruses that use RNA to replicate and often produce symptoms that are not virus-specific, making them difficult to diagnose. Among them are hemorrhagic fever viruses, such as Ebola and Marburg, which could be used as

Annual Report 2010–2011

bio-warfare agents. Critical to identifying and containing future epidemics of RNA-based viruses is the development of rapid, sensitive diagnostic techniques that healthcare providers can quickly deploy at multiple sites. Traditional virus diagnostic tools such as ELISA and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) remain strong diagnostic options, but they


Research | 29

Novel Biosensor Could Enable Rapid, Point-of-Care Virus Detection (continued) require significant infrastructure and sample preparation time. Now a team of researchers led by Boston University Assistant Professors Hatice Altug (ECE/MSE) and John Connor (Microbiology, BUSM) has introduced a novel biosensor that directly detects live viruses from biological media with little to no sample preparation. Partly funded through the Boston University Photonics Center and the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), and working in collaboration with the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases, the team has demonstrated reliable detection of hemorrhagic fever virus surrogates (i.e. for the Ebola virus) and poxviruses (such as monkeypox or smallpox) in ordinary biological laboratory settings. The researchers report on this breakthrough in the November 5 online edition of Nano Letters. Assistant Professor Hatice Altug (ECE, MSE)

“Our platform can be easily adapted for point-of-care diagnostics to detect a broad range of viral pathogens in resource-limited clinical settings at the far corners of the world, in defense and homeland security applications as well as in civilian settings such as airports,” said Altug. “By enabling ultra-portable and fast detection, our technology can directly impact the course of our reaction against bio-terrorism threats and dramatically improve our capability to confine viral outbreaks.” Connor noted an additional, significant advantage of the new technology. “It will be relatively easy to develop a diagnostic device

that simultaneously tests for several different viruses,” he observed. “This could be extremely helpful in providing the proper diagnosis.” The new biosensor is the first to detect intact viruses by exploiting plasmonic nanohole arrays (PNAs), or arrays of apertures with diameters of about 250 to 350 nanometers on metallic films, that transmit light more strongly at certain wavelengths. When a live virus in a sample solution, such as blood or serum, binds to the sensor surface, the effective refractive index in the close vicinity of the sensor changes, causing a detectable shift in the resonance frequency of the light transmitted through the nanoholes. The magnitude of that shift reveals the presence and the concentration of the virus in the solution. “Unlike PCR and ELISA approaches, our method does not require enzymatic amplification of a signal or fluorescent tagging of a product, so samples can be read immediately following pathogen binding,” said Altug. Ahmet Yanik, Altug’s research associate, who conducted the experiments, added, “Our platform can detect not only the presence of the intact viruses in the analyzed samples, but also indicate the intensity of the infection process.” The researchers are now working on a highly portable version of their biosensor platform using microfluidic technology designed for use in the field with minimal human interference. They plan to subject the platform to initial tests on samples containing Ebola, Marburg and other hemorrhagic fever viruses in the U.S., followed by additional tests in resource-limited countries in Africa where outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever occur.

Moustakas Awarded $1.5 Million to Develop Handheld UV Laser By Mark Dwortzan Professor Theodore Moustakas (ECE/MSE/Physics) has received a $1.5 million, two-year subcontract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to help develop a handheld, electron-beam pumped semiconductor laser that would be the first to operate within the ultraviolet region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Because of its ultra-low emission wavelength and compact size, such a laser could be exploited for a wide range of defense and commercial applications, including non-line-of-sight communication in dense urban areas and other military theaters, via airborne particulates that propagate the signal; identification of biological and chemical substances used in potential terror attacks; and point-of-care chemical analyses of blood and other bodily fluids.

Professor Theodore Moustakas (ECE, MSE, Physics) inspecting the growth of nitride-based semiconductor materials.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


30 | RESEARCH

MOUSTAKAS AWARDED $1.5 MILLION TO DEVELOP HANDHELD UV LASER (continued) To develop this unprecedented laser technology, Moustakas and two co-investigators, Associate Professor ROBERTO PAIELLA (ECE/MSE) and Associate Professor LUCA DAL NEGRO (ECE/MSE) will fabricate UV laser materials and component devices; Applied Physics Technologies and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory will design miniature electron guns to pump the laser, and Photon Systems, Inc., the prime contractor, will integrate everything into a prototype sized below one cubic inch. “We plan to make a laser structure that, when bombarded with an electron beam, produces pairs of electrons and holes (positively charged particles), which recombine and produce the UV light” said Moustakas. “DARPA chose us because we have produced aluminum gallium nitride alloys in which up to 68 percent of those electron/hole pairs are converted into light, a conversion efficiency of about 1,000 times that of materials produced by other research groups.” Using an atom-by-atom assembly technique called molecular beam epitaxy, the ECE research team will produce the core

laser material, aluminum gallium nitride, and then construct component devices from multiple layers of the material. The researchers will evaluate the materials by directing electron beams at them in the lab. In parallel with this project, Moustakas is working on a separate grant from NASA to develop a similar laser to perform chemical analyses of soil samples on future Mars expeditions. He is also advancing visible and ultraviolet LEDs and lasers for solid-state white lighting, water and air sterilization, and identification of biological and chemical agents; and indium gallium nitride “quantum dots” that boost solar cell efficiency. Selected for the 2011 Distinguished Scholar Award, Moustakas will present the lecture “Nitride Semiconductors and their Applications to Solid State Lighting and Water/Air Purification” on March 3 at 3 p.m. in the Trustees’ Ballroom at One Silber Way. The event is free and open to the College of Engineering community.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERS FASHION IMPLANTABLE SILK BIOSENSORS By Mark Dwortzan Photonics engineers use light to excite the bonds that connect atoms within molecules, causing them to vibrate at a specific resonant frequency. Using spectroscopy techniques to examine what frequencies of light are absorbed by a material, they can determine what kind of bonds it contains, and thus identify the material. In recent years engineers have designed artificially structured materials, or metamaterials, that produce strong resonance frequency responses in the terahertz (1012 Hz) range— distinct responses that can “fingerprint” many biological and chemical agents. Now a research team from Boston University and Tufts University has found a novel way to turn these electromagnetic metamaterials into implantable sensors and detectors made of tough but biodegradable silk. Incurring no harm on the human body and optically transparent, such devices may ultimately be used to identify toxins in the bloodstream or monitor drug delivery rates or tumor growth in real time. Drawing on the expertise of three co-principal investigators— Professors XIN ZHANG (ME/MSE), RICHARD D. AVERITT (Physics/MSE) and Fiorenzo G. Omenetto (Tufts Department of Biomedical Engineering), the team has devised a new, simple method to spray electromagnetic metamaterials onto silk substrates, thus enabling them to be implanted in the body. The researchers describe their achievement in the August 24 edition of Advanced Materials.

Annual Report 2010–2011

Featured on the inside front cover of the August 24 edition of Advanced Materials, this image shows a metamaterial structure patterned directly onto a 2 cm x 2 cm freestanding silk film placed on a bed of natural silk threads.

In collaboration with Averitt, an expert in terahertz frequency phenomena, and Omenetto, who introduced silk materials to photonics-based sensor detectors, Zhang and her former graduate student Hu “Tiger” Tao (ME, PhD’10) engineered a unique micro and nanoscale fabrication technology to spray 100-nanometerthick, split-ring-shaped, metamaterial elements onto freestanding, biocompatible silk substrates. When the researchers implanted the metamaterial silk composite into pig muscle tissue in a series of experiments, they easily detected the transmission of terahertz radiation through the material. “The resonant response, which emerges from oscillating electrons in highly conductive metals, such as gold in the metamaterial we used, shows that these implantable devices could be used to detect the presence of biological and chemical agents in the body,” said Zhang. Potential next steps include pre-treating the silk with chemicals that are transformed in the presence of a disease, and then using the metamaterial as a biosensor for the disease; and expanding the new method to other frequency domains in the electromagnetic spectrum to enable additional sensing applications. The research was partially funded by the National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Laboaratory, and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.


Research | 31

MSE Professors Key to Bringing New Beamlines to Brookhaven National Laboratory Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island is building a new synchrotron x-ray source – the National Synchrotron Light Source-II (NSLS-II). The NSLS-II will be one of the most powerful synchrotron x-ray facilities in the world when it comes on line in 2014. It will feature significantly enhanced x-ray brilliance leading, for example, to focused x-ray beams in the 10 nm size range as well as improved coherence. As part of the process of determining the experimental capabilities at the NSLS-II, Brookhaven management defined 6 initial “project” beamlines and opened up 6 additional beamline slots to a competitive proposal process. KEVIN SMITH (MSE, Physics) and KARL LUDWIG (MSE, Physics) separately led proposal efforts to develop new beamlines, each with 10-20 collaborators from around the country. This past year it was announced that their proposals have been chosen for 2 of the 6 available beamline slots.

Kevin Smith is Spokesperson for the Soft Inelastic X-ray Scattering (SIX) beamline. It will give unprecedented resolution for studies of a wide range of materials including correlated electron systems and organic electronic materials. Karl Ludwig is the spokesperson for the In-Situ and Resonant Hard X-ray (ISR) beamline. It will focus on in-situ investigations of materials in extreme environments (e.g. high magnetic fields) and of materials processes such as thin film growth. Each beamline will represent an initial investment of approximately $10M by the Department of Energy. While none of that money will come directly to BU, our leading role in the beamline definition and construction will certainly give Boston University significantly enhanced visibility in these fields and ultimately lead to unique new research opportunities for our students.

Professor Theodore Moustakas Wins Thin-Film Technology Award By Mark Dwortzan The North America MBE Advisory Board has selected Professor Theodore Moustakas (ECE/MSE/ Physics) as the winner of its 2010 MBE Innovator Award. MBE stands for molecular beam epitaxy, a versatile and advanced thin-film growth technique used to make high-precision, pure compound semiconductor Prof. Theodore Moustakas materials. The technique layers these materials one on top of the other to (ECE, MSE, Physics) form transistors, lasers and other semiconductor devices used in fiber-optic, cellular, satellite and other applications. The award recognizes Moustakas’ pioneering contributions in the development of MBE growth of nitride semiconductors and in the development of MBE-based optoelectronic devices. He’ll receive a $3,000 check from Veeco Instruments Inc. and a plaque from the North America MBE Advisory Board at the annual NAMBE Conference banquet in Breckenridge, Colorado on September 28. “I am particularly excited that the scientific community has recognized my group’s contributions in the development of the new family of nitride semiconductors,” said Moustakas. “Researchers in both academia and industry are now investigating these materials because of their many potential applications.” As Moustakas describes it, molecular beam epitaxy is a method of producing materials in the form of thin films, one that involves the reaction of beams of the constituent atoms on the top of a substrate, held at high temperatures in an ultra-high vacuum chamber. The ultra-high vacuum environment enables researchers to study the crystal structure and properties of the

growing film in real time, making MBE an ideal method for the investigation and development of new materials. The family of nitride semiconductors, which includes gallium nitride, aluminum nitride, indium nitride and their alloys, was discovered in 1970 at RCA Laboratories in an effort to develop light emitting diodes (LEDs) in the blue region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Moustakas started investigating this family of semiconductors when he joined Boston University in 1987, and employed the MBE method for their growth because the method is suitable for the study of new materials. As a result, he has since made several discoveries in both fundamental materials physics and device development. In fundamental materials physics, Moustakas’ group’s breakthroughs include the first development of the nucleation processes required to grow nitride semiconductors on foreign, or non-nitride substrates. Intellectual property related to these processes was licensed to major manufacturers of blue LEDs and blue lasers. In device development, the group has achieved many firsts, including the discovery of how to form metal contacts to gallium nitride, a process required to fabricate any devices based on the semiconductor; the growth of the first blue LED by MBE; and the development of highly efficient, deep ultraviolet LEDs. “These discoveries aided in the overall development of this class of semiconductors,” said Moustakas. “For example, bluegreen LEDs are currently used for many applications including full-color outdoor displays, outdoor and automotive lighting, traffic lights, back lighting of displays and general illumination— including the replacement of existing light sources with LEDs with significant economic and environmental benefits. Blue lasers are used extensively for information storage, and UV LEDs are expected to find a number of germicidal applications such as water purification and air and surface sterilization.”

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


32 | RESEARCH

EXTERNAL RESEARCH FUNDING The following table shows the new, continuing, and supplemental grants awarded over the 2011 fiscal year. The funding level of all Participating Faculty is approximately $28.9 M. AFFILIATION PI

TITLE OF PROJECT

AGENCY

COE, ECE

Development of Multiplexed,

Commonwealth of Continuing

Ultra-Sensitive, Label-Free and

Massachusetts

Altug

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

9/1/08

8/31/11

$93,325

Continuing

5/1/10

4/30/13

$42,082

NSF

Continuing

2/15/10

1/31/15

$399,869

NSF

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/11

$200,000

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$678,000

New

8/1/10

6/30/11

$198,100

NSF

Continuing

5/15/08

4/30/12

$6,650

NSF

Continuing

7/1/09

12/31/10

$80,000

NSF

Continuing

6/1/09

5/31/12

$311,360

DOD

Continuing

8/18/09

9/30/11

$85,158

Rapid Biosensing Technologies for Proteomics and Virus Detection Applications COE, ECE

Altug

High-Performance

Department of

NanoPlasmonic Sensors for

Defense

Biological Warfare Detection

COE, ECE

Altug

CAREER: Nano-Plasmonic Resonances for Bio-Detection Systems

COE, ECE

Altug, Swan,

NUE: Undergraduate Laboratory

Smith,

Experiences in Nanotechnology

Andersson,

Devices and Systems (U-LENS)

Porter COE, ECE

Little, Altug,

NSF Engineering Research

National Science

Ünlü

Center for Smart Lighting -

Foundation

Administration CAS, Physics

Averitt, Zhang, Photonics Research and

Department of

X.

Defense

Technology Insertion - Active Metamaterial Based Terahertz Polarimeter for Spectroscopic Detection of Chemical and Biological Hazards (Topic R)

CAS, Physics

Bansil

Phase Transition and Dynamics of Block Copolymers in Selective Solvents (REU Supplement)

COE, ME

Basu

EBC/TBC Coating System for Si-Based Ceramic Components for Improved Gas Turbine Performance and Lifetimes (Subcontract via Plasma Technology, Inc.)

COE, ECE

Bellotti

Theoretical Investigation of Optoelectronic Devices Based on the ZnO Material System

COE, ECE

Bellotti

Photon-Trap Structures for Quantum Advanced Detectors (PT-SQUAD)

Annual Report 2010–2011


Research | 33

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ECE

Combined light and carrier

NSF Career Award Continuing

2/1/09

1/31/14

$402,929

AFOSR

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/12

$480,000

Air Force DURIP

New

4/15/10

4/14/11

$238,000

Engineering structural colors in

APIC/Photonic

Continuing

1/6/04

6/30/12

$150,000

metal films

Corp.

Dal Negro

TYPE

localization in high-refractive index silicon nanocrystals structures: a novel approach for silicon-based lasers COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Deterministic Aperiodic Structures for On-Chip Nanophotonics and Nanoplasmonics Device Applications

COE, ECE

Dal Negro,

1.54mm optical gain in silicon

Bellotti

and Ge-based structures for optical amplification and electrically pumped lasers

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

COE, ECE

Dal Negro

Optical Food Sensing

Aire Force

New

3/1/10

2/28/11

$100,000

CAS,

Doerrer

Synthesis and Reactivity of

NSF

Continuing

8/1/09

7/31/12

$435,000

Magnetic, Sub-Pore Scale Metal

Advanced Energy

Continuing

3/1/09

7/31/11

$200,145

Oxide Particles for Enhanced

Consortium

NSF

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$250,000

NSF

Continuing

6/1/09

8/31/11

$7,500

NSF

Continuing

3/1/07

2/28/12

$85,295

NSF

Continuing

6/15/08

5/31/11

$240,000

Chemistry

Fluorinated High Oxidation State Complexes Chemistry

CAS,

Doerrer

Chemistry

Magnetic Resonance and Optical Characterization of Rock Pore Structure and Fluid Composition in Reservoir Rock CAS,

Doerrer

Chemistry

EMT/NANO: Single Atom Wide Wires with Insulation - New Paradigm for Ballistic Transport (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

CAS,

Doerrer

Chemistry

EMT/NANO: Single Atom Wide Wires with Insulation - New Paradigm for Ballistic Transport (REU Supplement) (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

COE, ME

Ekinci

CAREER: Photonic Integration of Silicon Nanoelectromechanical Systems (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

COE, ME

Ekinci, Yakhot

High-Frequency Nanofluidics of Bio-NEMS: Theory and Experiments

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


34 | RESEARCH

EXTERNAL RESEARCH FUNDING

(continued)

AFFILIATION PI

TITLE OF PROJECT

AGENCY

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ME

Tailor-made Superhydrophobic

NSF

New

5/1/2010

4/30/2013 $280,000

Dynamic Strengths of Leukocyte

Department

Continuing

12/1/10

11/30/11

$346,550

Adhesion Bonds

of Health and Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$224,100

Continuing

1/1/09

12/31/11

$123,000

NSF

Continuing

1/1/06

12/31/11

$243,407

NSF

Continuing

6/1/06

5/31/12

$245,874

Deparrtment of

Continuing

6/1/07

5/31/12

$232,000

NSF

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/12

$68,000

Continuing

4/1/08

6/30/11

$105,000

New

11/11/10

11/9/14

$1,750,156

New

4/1/10

3/31/14

$261,006

New

6/1/11

5/31/12

$100,000

DOE- SECA

Continuing

9/1/08

9/30/11

$450,000

DOE

Continuing

11/17/10

9/30/11

$120,000

Ekinci

Surfaces for MEMS and NEMS COE, BME

Evans

Human Services COE, ME

Gevelber

Real-Time Control for

NSF

Engineering Electrospun Nanofiber Diameter Distributions for Advanced Applications (in conjunction with Center for Information and Systems Engineering) CAS, Physics

Goldberg,

Graphene Membranes as Micro- Advanced Energy

Ruoff, R.; Swan, and Nano-Pressure Sensors

Consortium

A.K. CAS, Physics

Goldberg,

PROSTARS: PROgrams in STEM

Meller, Derosa Academic Retention and Success CAS, Physics CAS, Physics

Goldberg,

GK12 Track II: BU Urban Fellows

Stanley

Project

Goldberg,

Upward Bound Math Science

Shane CAS, Physics

CAS, Physics

Education

Goldberg,

High throughput quantification

Unlu, DeLisi,

of conformation and kinetics of

Iran

DNA-protein complexes

Goldberg,

Inquiring Minds: A professional

Mass. Board of

Stevens

learning community devoted to

Higher Education:

increasing STEM awareness

STEM Pipeline Fund

CAS, Physics

Goldberg, Unlu IAPRA-Next generation Solid

Intelligence

Immersion Microscopy for Fault

Advanced

Isolation in Back-Side Analysis

Projects Research Administration

CAS, Physics

Goldberg, Unlu IAPRA-Logic Analysis Tool

Intelligence Advanced Projects Research Administration

CAS, Physics

Goldberg,

Immersion in Green Energy

Stevens COE, ME

Bechtel Foundation

Gopalan,

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes:

Ludwig, Basu,

Unraveling the Relationship

Pal, Smith

Between Oxygen Reduction, Structure, and Surface Chemistr

COE, ECE

Gopalan, Lin

Stable Potentiometric Sensors for Ce(III), Ce(IV) and Gd(III) Ions in Acidic Media

Annual Report 2010–2011


Research | 35

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

CAS,

Synthesis and Characterization

NSF

Continuing

7/15/10

6/30/11

$139,999

NSF

Continuing

9/1/10

8/31/13

$510,000

Multi-Compartment Carriers for

Engineering and

Continuing

6/1/10

12/31/11

$82,757

Fighting Inflammation

Physical Sciences

Continuing

3/1/09

12/31/11

$300,518

Grinstaff

Chemistry

of Expansile Rolymeric Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Supramolecular Ionic Networks: Synthesis, Rheology, and Modeling

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Research Council/ United Kingdom CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based Advanced Energy on Network Ionic Liquids

Consortium

Synthesis and Evalution of

HHS/NIH/NIGMS New

5/1/11

4/30/12

$45,590

HHS/NIH/NIAMS Continuing

4/1/11

3/31/12

$523,159

DHHS

Continuing

7/1/09

6/30/11

$262,625

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/09

6/30/11

$346,582

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/11

$85,004

Micro solid phase extraction

Wave 80

Continuing

9/30/09

9/29/11

$250,617

module development for EO-

Biosciences

New

7/1/10

6/30/11

$162,500

Continuing

12/16/09

9/30/10

$140,000

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/11

$109,660

Continuing

1/1/09

3/19/11

$365,099

Continuing

2/15/09

10/31/12

$480,000

Antibacterial Anionic Dendritic Amphiphiles (NRSA)

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Bacteriophobic Coatings for Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME COE, ME/

Disposable Microfluidic Devices for Point of Care Diagnostics

Klapperich

BME

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs (Administrative Supplement)

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

NAT HIV rapid point-of-care diagnostic device for resourcelimited settings COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

Bacterial Drug Susceptibility

Department

Identification by Surface

of Health and

Enhanced Raman Microscopy

Human Services

A microfluidic system for

MGH

monitoring sepsis at the point of care

COE, ME/

Klapperich,

Portable Low Power Nucleic Acid DHHS

BME

Sharon

Extraction Module

COE, ME

Lin

Conjugated Polymer Solvent

Honda R&D

Affinity and Ion-Solvent Channel Company Limited Design (Subcontract via MIT) CAS, Physics

Ludwig

Real-Time X-ray Studies of

DOE

Surface and Thin-Film Processes

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


36 | RESEARCH

EXTERNAL RESEARCH FUNDING

(continued)

AFFILIATION PI

TITLE OF PROJECT

AGENCY

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

CAS, Physics

Self-Organized Nanostructure

NSF-DMR

Continuing

7/1/10

6/30/13

$299,000

NSF

Continuing

3/1/10

2/28/12

$48,510

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/07

8/31/11

$931,269

Development and Evaluation of

Oxford Nanopore

Continuing

3/1/09

2/28/11

$429,284

Composite Solid State/Protein

Technologies, LTD

Nanopores for High-Throughput

(United Kingdom)

NSF

Continuing

8/1/09

7/31/10

$195,000

DHHS

New

7/20/10

6/30/11

$998,656

Continuing

9/15/08

8/31/11

$299,997

Continuing

2/1/09

1/31/11

$1,908

NSF

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$67,940

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/10

$1,156,200

DHHS

Continuing

9/18/09

9/17/10

$64,152

Micro-Computed Tomography

Smith & Nephew

New

12/1/10

11/30/11

$48,762

Assessment of TRUFIT

Endoscopy

Morgan,

3-D Visualization and Prediction

DHHS

Continuing

4/1/09

4/30/12

$1,607,356

Barbone

of Spine Fractures

Ludwig

Growth During Ion Bombardment CAS, Physics

Ludwig, Basu

MRI-R2: Development of a System for Real-Time X-Ray Scattering Analysis of Complex Oxide Thin Film Growth

COE, BME

Meller

High Throughput DNA Sequencing Using Design Polymers and Nanopore Arrays

COE, BME

Meller

Applications (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology) COE, BME

Meller

Electronic Recognition of Gene Regulatory Proteins Bound to DNA (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

COE, BME

Meller,

Single Molecule Sequencing

Klapperich

by Nanopore Induced Proton Emission (SM-SNIPE)

CAS, Physics

Mohanty

EMT/NANO: Computation Using NSF Nanomechanical Oscillator Networks (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

CAS, Physics

Mohanty,

Gate-Controlled Silicon Based

Erramilli

Nanoscale Processor for Multiple Sense, Inc.

PhysicsNinth

Analyte Assay COE, ME

Morgan

Collaborative Research: Microand Nano-scale Characterization and Modeling of Bone Tissue

COE, ME

Morgan

Inducing Skeletal Repair by Mechanical Stimulation

COE, ME

Morgan

Inducing Skeletal Repair by Mechanical Stimulation (administrative supplement)

COE, ME COE, ME

Morgan

Annual Report 2010–2011


RESEARCH | 37

AFFILIATION PI

TITLE OF PROJECT

AGENCY

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ECE

Growth and Characterization

NASA

Continuing

1/22/09

7/22/09

$33,318

DOD/ARL

Continuing

7/1/09

6/30/10

$200,000

DARPA

New

12/20/10

12/19/12

$1,521,034

NASA

New

1/1/11

6/30/11

$19,656

NASA

Continuing

1/15/10

1/15/12

$150,000

NSF

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$399,967

Continuation 1/1/10

12/31/12

$464,997

NSF

Continuing

7/1/09

6/30/12

$234,909

DOE-VT

Continuing

4/20/10

4/19/11

$99,500

Characterization of Multivalent

Department of

New

1/14/11

9/30/11

$60,229

Metal Oxide Electrolysis Using

Energy New

9/1/10

8/31/11

$139,910

Moustakas

of A1GaN Quantum Wells on Silicon Carbide for Edge Emission at 235 nm (SBIR Phase I) (Subcontract via Photon Systems, Inc.) COE, ECE

Moustakas

Development of UV LEDS at 250-260 nm for Water purification and surface sterilization

COE, ECE

COE, ECE

Moustakas,

Sub-250 nm Electron-Beam

Paiella, Dal

Pumped Semiconductor Laser

Negro

(SBIR)

Moustakas

Investigation of Rapid Thermal Annealing of Oxide Semiconductor Samples

COE, ECE

Moustakas

Development of an Electron Beam Injected Laser Structure at 235nm Based on AIGaN/AIN Multiple Quantum Wells on SiC Substrates

COE, ECE

Paiella,

GaN-Based Quantum-Structure

Moustakas,

Devices for THz Light Emission

Bellotti

and Photodetection (in conjunction with Photonics Center)

COE, ECE

Paiella,

Plasmonic Nanostructures

Department of

Moustakas

Integrated with Semiconductor

Energy

Light Emitting Materials for Enhanced Efficiency and Functionality COE, ECE

Paiella

Collaborative Research: Quantum-Cascade-Laser Active Materials Based on SiliconGermanium Nanomembranes

COE, ME

Pal

Solid Oxide Membrance (SOM) Scale-Up Research and Engineering for Light-Weight Vehicles

COE, ME

Pal, Zink

Solid-Oxygen-Ion Diffusion COE, ME

Pal

Efficient One-Step Electrolytic

Department of

Recycling of Low-Grade and

Energy

Post-Consumer Magnesium Scrap

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


Research | 35

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

CAS,

Synthesis and Characterization

NSF

Continuing

7/15/10

6/30/11

$139,999

NSF

Continuing

9/1/10

8/31/13

$510,000

Multi-Compartment Carriers for

Engineering and

Continuing

6/1/10

12/31/11

$82,757

Fighting Inflammation

Physical Sciences

Continuing

3/1/09

12/31/11

$300,518

Grinstaff

Chemistry

of Expansile Rolymeric Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Supramolecular Ionic Networks: Synthesis, Rheology, and Modeling

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Research Council/ United Kingdom CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based Advanced Energy on Network Ionic Liquids

Consortium

Synthesis and Evalution of

HHS/NIH/NIGMS New

5/1/11

4/30/12

$45,590

HHS/NIH/NIAMS Continuing

4/1/11

3/31/12

$523,159

DHHS

Continuing

7/1/09

6/30/11

$262,625

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/09

6/30/11

$346,582

DHHS

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/11

$85,004

Micro solid phase extraction

Wave 80

Continuing

9/30/09

9/29/11

$250,617

module development for EO-

Biosciences

New

7/1/10

6/30/11

$162,500

Continuing

12/16/09

9/30/10

$140,000

Continuing

9/1/09

8/31/11

$109,660

Continuing

1/1/09

3/19/11

$365,099

Continuing

2/15/09

10/31/12

$480,000

Antibacterial Anionic Dendritic Amphiphiles (NRSA)

CAS,

Grinstaff

Chemistry

Bacteriophobic Coatings for Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology)

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME COE, ME/

Disposable Microfluidic Devices for Point of Care Diagnostics

Klapperich

BME

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

Microchip to Detect Influenza Infection and Type in Nasopharyngeal Swabs (Administrative Supplement)

COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

NAT HIV rapid point-of-care diagnostic device for resourcelimited settings COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME COE, ME/

Klapperich

BME

Bacterial Drug Susceptibility

Department

Identification by Surface

of Health and

Enhanced Raman Microscopy

Human Services

A microfluidic system for

MGH

monitoring sepsis at the point of care

COE, ME/

Klapperich,

Portable Low Power Nucleic Acid DHHS

BME

Sharon

Extraction Module

COE, ME

Lin

Conjugated Polymer Solvent

Honda R&D

Affinity and Ion-Solvent Channel Company Limited Design (Subcontract via MIT) CAS, Physics

Ludwig

Real-Time X-ray Studies of

DOE

Surface and Thin-Film Processes

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


38 | Research

External Research Funding

(continued)

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ME

Low-Cost Green Manufacturing

BU, COE Dean's

Continuing

5/1/10

4/31/11

$45,000

of Solar-Grade Silicon

Catalyst Award

Pal, Gopalan,

Large-Scale Rapid Response

BU, Ignition

New

1/1/11

13/31/11

$50,000

Basu

Energy Storage and Electrical

Award NSF-MOxST

New

5/1/11

4/30/12

$74,973

ONR/Comm.

New

11/1/10

4/30/13

$1,222,923

New

1/1/11

12/31/13

$765,043

Continuing

7/1/10

6/30/11

$250,000

COE, ME

Pal, Basu

Energy Generation System COE, ME

Pal

Low-Cost Low-Impact Magnesium Production by Solid Oxide Membrane Electrolysis

COE, ECE

Ramachandran High-Power Blue-Green Lasers for Communications

COE, ECE

Ramachandran Power-Scalable Blue-Green Bessel Beams

COE, ECE

Ramachandran A Flexible, Lightweight,

Division ONR/Martine Sensing ARL through

Remotely-Accessible THz Source BUPC and Detector COE, ECE

Ramachandran Harsh Environment Sensing

Exxon-Mobil

Continuing

9/1/10

8/30/11

$40,000

COE, ECE

Ramachandran Higher Dimensional Information

DARPA/DSO

New

4/1/11

3/31/12

$224,784

6/1/11

Encoding with Vortex Fibers COE, ECE

Ramachandran High-power Blue Green Lasers

ONR/DURIP

New

5/31/12

$297,200

COE, ME

Sarin

High Performance Optical

Department

Continuation 9/1/09

7/31/11

$45,087

COE, ME

Sarin

Ceramic Scintillator Through

of Health and

Nanotechnology

Human Services

Novel Ceramic Scintillators for

DOE

Continuing

8/15/08

8/14/10

$100,000

NIH

Continuing

2/6/09

1/6/11

$100,000

Electronic Structure in Low

Department of

Continuing

2/15/10

12/14/13

$450,000

Dimensional and Correlated

Energy NSF

Continuing

10/14/08

8/31/10

$7,000

DOD

New

8/1/10

6/30/12

$110,879

NIDDKD

Continuing

7/1/09

12/31/10

$51,127

PET (SBIR) (Subcontract via ALEM-Radiation Monitoring Devices, Inc.) COE, ME

Sarin

Novel Ceramic Scintillators for PET

CAS, Physics

Smith, K.

Solids COE, ECE

Swan

REU Supplement - Vibrational and Electronic Aspects of Carbon Nanotubes and Their Interactions

COE, ECE

Unlu

STTR Phase II: High Speed Diagnostic of Temperature and Intensity Variation of DiodeLaser Facets (Subcontract via Science Research Laboratory, Inc.)

COE, ECE

Unlu

Label-Free Multiplexed Immunoassay Platform for Diagnosing Liver Disease

Annual Report 2010–2011


Research | 39

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ECE

Floating Light-Activated Micro-

DHHS

Continuing

8/1/09

5/31/11

$152,971

Continuing

9/1/10

8/31/13

$131,265

Continuing

1/1/10

12/31/10

$125,000

New

8/1/10

9/30/11

$85,000

NSF

Continuing

9/15/09

8/31/11

$110,000

Bi-functionalized Janus

Center for

New

1/1/2010

6/30/2011 $32,500

Nanoparticles for Endothelial

Nanoscience and

Target-Specific Molecular

Nanobiotechnology

Imaging and DNA/siRNA

Nanomedicine

Continuing

3/1/09

7/31/11

$128,107

Continuing

4/1/09

4/19/11

$100,000

Unlu

Electrical Stimulators for Neural Prosthetics COE, ECE

Unlu, Porter,

GAANN: Nanobiotechnology

Department of

Zaman,

Fellowships

Education

BU/CIMIT Applied Healthcare

Department of

Engineering Fellowship

Defense

Goldberg COE, ECE COE, ECE

Ünlü

Unlu, Goldberg Research Agreement

The Mitre Corporation

COE, ECE

Unlu,Delisi,

High Throughput Quantification

Goldberg, Irani of Conformation and Kinetics of DNA-Protein Complexes COE, BME

Wong

Delivery to Detect and Treat Cardiovascular Disease COE, BME

Wong

Magnetic, Sub-Pore Scale Metal

Advanced Energy

Oxide Particles for Enhanced

Consortium

Magnetic Resonance and Optical Characterization of Rock Pore Structure and Fluid Composition in Reservoir Rock (in conjunction with CNN) (Subcontract via University of Texas/Austin) COE, BME

COE, BME

Wong

Wong

Development of Tissue

The Hartwell

Engineering Solutions for

Foundation/

Pediatric Vascular Surgical

Fidelity Charitable

Repair and Reconstruction

Gift Fund

Vascular Cell Phenotype

NIH

Continuing

6/1/09

5/31/11

$406,250

NIH/NHLBI

New

8/1/10

8/31/11

$1,086

NIH

New

8/1/10

7/31/11

$41,903

NSF

Continuing

7/14/09

8/31/14

$105,622

on Physiologically-Relevant Bioengineered Substrata (in conjunction with Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology) COE, BME

Wong

Tissue Vascularization (Patrick Allen)

COE, BME

Wong

The Use of Vascular Progenitor Cells for Generation of Engineered Vascular Networks (Patrick Allen)

COE, BME

Wong, Betke

RI: Intelligent tracking systems that reason about group behavior

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


40 | Research

External Research Funding

(continued)

Affiliation PI

Title of Project

Agency

TYPE

START DATE

END DATE AWARD

COE, ME

Mechanical Behavior of

National Science

Continuing

6/1/09

5/31/11

$6,000

Amorphous Plasma-Enhanced

Foundation

NSF

Continuing

7/1/08

6/30/11

$259,699

NSF

Continuing

9/1/08

8/31/11

$297,969

GOALI: High Sensitivity Thermal NSF

Continuing

7/1/09

6/30/12

$239,537

New

9/1/10

8/31/11

$38,162

Continuing

10/1/09

9/30/12

$89,620

Continuing

1/1/10

12/31/10

$200,000

New

5/27/11

4/30/12

$60,000

Zhang, X.

Chemical Vapor Deposited Silicon Oxide Films for MEMS Applications (REU Supplement) COE, ME

Zhang X

Development of a Novel Optomechanical Uncooled Metamaterial-Enhanced Active Terahertz Detection Imager

COE, ME

Zhang X

Collaborative Research: Elastic and Viscoelastic Characterization and Modeling of Polymer Based Structures for Biological Applications

COE, ME

Zhang X

Conductivity Sensor for Micro Gas Chromatography and Harsh Environment Chemical Detection (in conjunction with Photonics Center) COE, ME

Zhang, X.

Draper Laboratory Fellow

Charles Stark Draper Laboratory

COE, ME

Zhang X

NSF

Impedance-Based Assay Microsystem for Real-Time High Throughput Study of Single Cells

COE, ME

Zhang X,

Coupled Evanescent Field Micro- Advanced Energy

Averitt

Resonators for Downhole Data

Consortium

Relay COE, ME

Zink, Pal

DOE-INL

Sr-ß Alumina Surrogate Potentiometric Sensor Characterization of Multivalent Metal Oxide Electrolysis Using Solid-Oxygen-ion Diffusion Membrane in Molten Salt Medium

Annual Report 2010–2011

NEW FUNDING FOR MSE PARTICIPATING FACULTY:

$8,928,052

CONTINUING FUNDING FOR MSE PARTICIPATING FACULTY:

$20,024,825

TOTAL FUNDING FOR MSE PARTICIPATING FACULTY:

$28,952,877


Research | 41

Materials Science and Engineering Colloquium Series DATE

SPEAKER

INSTITUTION

TITLE

CO-SPONSOR

15-Oct-10

Joseph M.

University of North Carolina at

Co-opting Moore’s Law: Vaccines, Medicines and Biological

Joint with CNN

DeSimone

Chapel Hill and North Carolina

Particles Made on a Wafer

Hatice Altug

Boston University

State University 5-Nov-10

Integrated Nanoplasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive

Joint with ECE

Spectroscopy and Biodetection 9-Nov-10

David J. Bishop LGS, Bell Labs Innovations

Silicon Micromachines for Science and Technology

19-Nov-10

David

Engineering Materials Design for Drug Delivery Reverse

Duke University

Needham

Joint with BME

Engineering the Thermal Sensitive Liposome: A Generally Applicable Approach to Research

1-Dec-10

Turgut M. Gür

Stanford University

Utilization and Conversion of Solid Fuels in High Temperature Fuel Cells

3-Dec-10

Francesco

University of Catania (Italy),

Silicon-based Nanostructures for Photonics and Solar Cells

U.S. Department of Energy

U.S. Department of Energy’s SECA Program: 2010 Progress

Joint with CEESI

and Plans

and CISE

Priolo 3-Dec-10 10-Dec-10

Shailesh Vora Katherine

Joint with MRS/ BU Chapter

Northeastern University

Ziemer

Using Atoms as Building Blocks: Effective Integration of Functional Oxide Multilayer Heterostructures on Wide Bandgap Semiconductors

28-Jan-11 11-Feb-11 4-Mar-11

Marek Urban Amy Prieto Ken Sandhage

University of Southern

From Nano-Scale Heterogeneities to Self-Repairing

Mississippi

Polymeric Networks

Colorado State University

Efficient Approaches for Energy Production and Storage:

Joint with

Photovoltaic Devices and Li-Ion Batteries

Chemistry

Georgia Institute of Technology

Materials “Alchemy”: Shape-Preserving Chemical Conversion of 3-D Biogenic and Synthetic Structures into Catalytic, Sensor, Electronic, and Optical Materials

25-Mar-11

Mark Bradley

Colorado State University

Spontaneous Nanoscale Pattern Formation Induced by Ion Bombardment of Solid Surfaces

1-Apr-11

Art Gossard

University of California Santa Barbara

Development of Molecular Beam Epitaxy and Bandgap Engineering

Joint with Biophysics/ Condensed Matter Seminar Series

8-Apr-11

Lori Goldner

University of Massachusetts

Biomolecules in Nanodroplets

11-Apr-11

Rina Tannenbaum

Georgia Institute of Technology

Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites Derived from Renewable Resources

15-Apr-11

Jonathan Klamkin

MIT Lincoln Laboratory

Photonic Integrated Circuits and Devices

22-Apr-11

Richard Childers

Konarka Technologies

A Review of Photovoltaic Technologies

Joint with ASM/ BU Chapter

29-Apr-11

Emmanuel P. Giannelis

Cornell University

Organic Inorganic Hybrids for Energy and Sustainability

Jont with CEESI

Georgia Institute of Technology

Advances in the MOCVD Growth of III-V Optical and Electronic Devices

Joint with ECE

27-May-11 Russell D. Dupuis

Joint with BME

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


42 | Research

Participating Faculty Publications & Activity Book Chapters H. ALTUG, “Photonic Crystal Microcavity Light Sources,” in:

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology, Elsevier Science, 2011. O. Dudko, J. Mathé, and A. MELLER, “Nanopore Force Spectroscopy tools for analyzing single biomolecular complexes,” in: Methods in Enzymology, N. Walter (editor), Elsevier, pp. 565-589, 2010. M. Wanunu, G. Soni, and A. MELLER, “Analyzing Individual Biomolecules Using Nanopores,” in: Handbook of Nanophysics, Taylor & Francis Group, 2010.

M. Wanunu, A. Squires, and A. MELLER, “Capture and Translocation of Nucleic Acids into Sub-5 nm Solid-state Nanopores,” in: Nanopores: Sensing Fundamental Biological Interactions at the Single Molecule Level, Springer, 2010. R. PAIELLA, “Quantum Cascade Lasers,” in: Comprehensive

Semiconductor Science and Technology, P. Bhattacharya, R. Fornari, and H. Kamimura (editors), Elsevier Science, 2011. X. ZHANG, “Additive Processes for Polymeric Malerials,” in: MEMS Materials and Processes Handbook, R. Ghodssi and P. Lin (editors), Springer, pp. 193-272, 2011.

Journal Articles (Refereed) A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, O. Kamohara, A. Artar, T. W. Giesbert, J. J. Connor and H. ALTUG, “An Optofluidic Nanoplasmonic Biosensor for Direct Detection of Live Viruses from Biological Media,” Nano Letters, 10(12), pp. 4962-4969, 2010. S. AKSU, A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, H. ALTUG,

“High-throughput Nanofabrication of Plasmonic Infrared NanoAntenna Arrays for Vibrational Nanospectroscopy,” Nano Letters, 10(7), pp. 2511-2518, 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T. Chang, H. ALTUG, “Integrated Nanoplasmonics-Nanofluidics Biosensor with Targeted Delivery of Analyte,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 96: 021101, 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, C-H Wu, G. Shvets and H. ALTUG, “Radiative Engineering of Plasmon Lifetimes in Embedded Nanoantenna Arrays,” Optics Express, 18(5): 4526-4537, 2010. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, H. ALTUG, “Design Principles for Optoelectronic Application of Extraordinarym Light Transmission Effect in Plasmonic NanoAperture,” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Special Issue on Nanophotonics and Nanooptics, 10(3): 1713-1718, 2010. A. Yanik, A.E. Cetin, M. Huang, A. Artar, S. H. Mousavi, A. Khanikaev, J. H. Connor, G. Shvets, H. ALTUG, “Seeing Protein Monolayers with Naked Eye Through Plasmonic Fano Resonances,” Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, in press, 2011. V. Liberman, R. Adato, A. MERTIRI, A. A. Yanik, K. Chen, T. H. Jeys, S. Erramilli, H. ALTUG, “Angle- and PolarizationDependent Collective Excitation of Plasmonic Nanoarrays for Surface Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” Optics Express, 19(12): 11202-11212, 2011.

Annual Report 2010–2011

M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A. E. Cetin, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Multi-resonant Metamaterials Based on UT-shaped Nanoaperture Antennas,” Optics Express, 19(8): 7921-7928, 2011. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Multi-Spectral Plasmon Induced Transparency in Coupled Meta-Atoms,” Nano Letters Vol., 11(4): 1685-1689, 2011. A. E. Cetin, A. A. Yanik, C. Yilmaz, S. Somu, A. B. Busnaina, H. ALTUG, “Monopole Antenna Arrays for Optical Trapping, Spectroscopy and Sensing,” Applied Physics Letters, 98: 111110, 2011. D. Wroblewski, G. Reimann, M. Tullle, D. Radgowski, M. Cannamela, S.N. BASU, M. GEVELBER, “Sensor Issues and Requirements for Developing Real Time Control for Plasma Spray Deposition,” Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 19(4): 723-735, 2010. S. Yerci. R. Li, S.D. Kucheyev, T. van Buuren, S.N. BASU, and L. DAL NEGRO, “Visible and 1.54 µm Emission from Amorphous Silicon r-Nitride Films by Reactive Co-Sputtering,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 16(1): 114-123, 2010. T. Kulkarni, H.Z. Wang, S.N. BASU, V.K. SARIN, “Protective AI-rich mullite coatings on Si- based ceramics against hot corrosion at 1200 °C,” Surface and Coatings Technology, 205(10): 3313-3318, 2011. S. Chiaria, E. Furno, M. Goano and E. BELLOTTI, “Design Criteria for Near Ultraviolet GaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes,” IEEE Trans. Elec. Devices, Special Issue On LEDs, 57(1): 60-70, 2010.


Research | 43

Journal Articles (continued) L.W. Snyman, M. DuPlessis and E. BELLOTTI, “Photonic transitions (1.4 eV - 2.8 eV) in Silicon p+np+ injectionavalanche CMOS LEDs as function of depletion layer profiling and defect engineering,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 46(6): 906-919, 2010. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C.-K. Kao, A. MOLDAWER, W. ZHANG, Y.-C. Chang, A.Y. Nikiforov, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Milliwatt power AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy,” Phys. Status Solidi, 41(2): 49-51, 2010. M. Moresco, M. Penna, F. Bertazzi, M. Goano, E. BELLOTTI, “Full-Band Monte Carlo Simulation of HgCdTeAPDs,” Journal of Electronics Materials, 39(7): 912-917, 2010. E. Furno, M. Penna, S. Chiaria, M. Goano, E. BELLOTTI, “Electronic and Optical Properties of ZnO/MgZnO and ZnO/ BeZnO Quantum Wells,” Journal of Electronics Materials, 39(7): 936-944, 2010. E. BELLOTTI and R. PAIELLA, “Numerical Simulation of

ZnO-Based Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers,” Journal of Electronics Materials, 39(7): 1097-1103, 2010. F. Bertazzi, M. Goano and E. BELLOTTI, “A numerical study of Auger recombination in bulk InGaN,” App. Phys. Lett., 97(24), 2010. Forestiere, M. Donelli, G.F. Walsh, E. Zeni, G. Miano, L. DAL NEGRO, “¡§Particle swarm optimization of broadband

nanoplasmonic arrays¡¨,” Optics Letters, 35(2): 133-135, 2010. S.Y.K. Lee, J. J. Amsden, S. V. Boriskina, A. Gopinath, A. Mitropoulos, D. L. Kaplan, F. G. Omenetto, and L. DAL NEGRO, “Spatial and spectral detection of protein monolayers with deterministic aperiodic arrays of metal nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 107: 12086, 2010. S.V. Boriskina, S.Y.K. Lee, J.J. Amsden, F.G. Omenetto and L. DAL NEGRO, “Formation of colorimetric fingerprints on

nano-patterned deterministic aperiodic surfaces,” Optics Express, 18(14): 14568-14576, 2010. S.V. Boriskina and L. DAL NEGRO, “Self-Referenced Photonic Molecule Bio(chemical) Sensors,” Opt. Lett., 35(14): 24962498, 2010. N. Lawrence, L. DAL NEGRO, “Light scattering, field localization and local density of states in co-axial plasmonic nanowires,” Optics Express 18(15): 16120-16132, 2010. Yerci, R. Li, L. DAL NEGRO, “Electroluminescence from Erdoped silicon-rich nitride light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 97: 081109, 2010.

J. P. Mondia, J.J. Amsden, D. Lin, L. DAL NEGRO, D.L. Kaplan, F.G. Omenetto, “Rapid nanoimprinting of doped silk films for enhanced fluorescent emission,” Advanced materials, 22(41): 4596-4599, 2010. J. Henson, E. Dimakis, J. DiMaria, R. Li, S. Minissale, L. DAL NEGRO, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, R. PAIELLA, “Enhanced near-green light emission from InGaAs quantum wells by use of tunable plasmonic resonances in silver nanoparticles arrays,” Optics Express, 18(20): 21322-21329, 2010. L. Yang, Y. Bo, R.W. Premasiri, L.D. Ziegler, L. DAL NEGRO, B. Reinhard, “Engineering nanoparticle cluster arrays for bacterial biosensing: the role of the building block in multiscale SERS substrates,” Adv. Functional Materials, 20(16): 2619-2628, 2010. J. Yang, S.V. Boriskina, H. Noh, M. J. Rooks, G.S. Solomon, L. DAL NEGRO, H. Cao, “Demonstration of laser action in a pseudorandom medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 97: 223101, 2010. V. Philips, K.J. Willard, J.A. Golen, C.J. Moore, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Electronic Influences on Metallophilic Interactions in [Pt(tpy)X][Au(C6F5)2] Double Salts,” Inorganic Chemistry, 49(20): 9265-9274, 2010. V. Phillips, F.G. Baddour, T. Lasanta, J.M. Lopez-de-Luzuriaga, J.W. Bacon, J.A. Golen, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Metalmetal stacking patterns between and with [Pt(tpy)X]+ cations,” Inorganica Chimica Acta, 364(1): 195-204, 2010. F.G. Baddour, M.I Kahn, J.A. Golen, A.L. Rheingold, L.H. DOERRER, “Platinum(IV)-κ3-terpyridine complexes: synthesis with spectroscopic and structural characterization,” Chemical Communications, 46(27), 2010. O. Basarir, S. Bramhavar and K.L. EKINCI, “Near-field optical transducer for nanomechanical resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 97(25): 253114, 2010. K.L. EKINCI, V. Yakhot, C.Colosqui, S. Rajauria and D.M. Karabacak, “High-Frequency Nanofluidics: A Universal Formulation of the Fluid Dynamics of MEMS and NEMS,” Lab Chip, 10: 3013-3025, 2010.

O. Basarir, S. Bramhavar, G. Basilio-Sanchez, T. Morse and K.L. EKINCI, “Sensitive Micromechanical Displacement Detection by Scattering Evanescent Optical Waves,” Optics Letters, 35(11): 1792-1794, 2010. C. Colosqui, D.M. Karabacak, K.L. EKINCI, and V. Yakhot, “Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Electromechanical Resonators in Gaseous Media,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 652: 241-257, 2010.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


44 | Research

Journal Articles (continued) E. EVANS, K. Kinoshita, S.I. Simon, and A. Leung, “Longlived high strength states of ICAM-1 bonds to ƒÒ2 integrin: I. lifetimes of bonds to recombinant aL b2 under force,” Biophys. J. 98: 1458-1466, 2010.

K. Kinoshita, A. Leung, S.I. Simon, and E. EVANS, “Longlived high strength states of ICAM-1 bonds to b2 integrin: II. lifetimes of LFA-1 bonds under force in leukocyte signaling,” Biophys. J. 98: 1467-1475, 2010. X. Yan, M. GEVELBER, “Investigation of Electrospun Fiber Diameter Distribution and Process Dynamics,” Journal of Electrostatics, 68: 458-264, 2010. G. G. Daaboul, A. YURT, X. Zhang, G. M. Hwang, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “High-Throughput Detection and Sizing of Individual Low-Index Nanoparticles and Viruses for Pathogen Identification,” Nano Letters, 2010. S.Pati, S.GOPALAN, and U.B. PAL, “A solid oxide membrane electrolyzer for production of hydrogen and syn-gas from steam and hydrocarbon waste in a single step,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36(1): 152-159, 2011. K.J. Yoon, G.Ye, S. GOPALAN, and U. B. PAL, “Cost-effective Single Step Co-firing Process for Manufacturing Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) using High Shear Compaction (HSC)TM Anode,” Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, 7(2): 1010, 2010.

J.B. Wolinsky, R. Liu, J. Walpole, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Prevention of In vivo Lung Tumor Growth by Prolonged Local Delivery of Hydroxycamptothecin Using Poly(ester-carbonate)-collagen Composites,” Journal of Controlled Release,17:1203-1213, 2010. X. Huang, S. Zauscher, B. Klitzman, G.A. Truskey, W.M. Reichert, D.J. Kenan, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Peptide Interfacial Biomaterials Improve Endothelial Cell Adhesion and Spreading on Synthetic Polyglycolic Acid Materials,” Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Special Issue on Interfacial Bioengineering, 38:1965-1976, 2010. X.X. Zhang, C.A.H. Prata, T.J. McIntosh, P.Barthélémy, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “The Effect of Charge-reversal Amphiphile

Spacer Composition on DNA and siRNA Delivery,” Bioconjugate Chemistry, 21: 988-993, 2010. H. Cong, C.F. Becker, S.J. Elliott, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and J.A. Porco, “Silver Nanoparticle-Catalyzed Diels-Alder Cycloadditions of 2’-Hydroxychalcones,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132: 7514-7518, 2010. M. Camplo, S. Khiati, C. Ceballos, C. Prata, S. Giorgio, P. Marsal, P. Barthélémy, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Cationic Nucleoside Lipids derived from Universal Bases: a Rational Approach for siRNA Transfection,” Bioconjugate Chemistry, 21: 1062-1069, 2010.

W.He, K.J.Yoon, R.S. ERIKSEN, S.GOPALAN, S.N. BASU, and U.B. PAL, “Out-of-cell measurements of H2 H2O effective binary diffusivity in the porous anode of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs),” Journal of Power Sources, 195(2): 532-535, 2010

K.A.V. Zubris, O. Khullar, A.P. Griset, S. Gibbs-Strauss, J.V. Frangioni, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Ease of Synthesis, Controllable Sizes, and In vivo Large Animal Lymph Migration of Polymeric Nanoparticles,” ChemMedChem, 5(9): 1435-1438, 2010.

P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, V.E., M.W. GRINSTAFF, and B.D. Snyder, “Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomographic Can Predict the Glycosaminoglycan Content and Biomechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 18: 184-191, 2010.

X. Khoo, G.A. O’Toole, S.A. Nair, B.D. Snyder, D.J. Kenan, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Staphylococcus aureus Resistance on Titanium Coated with Multivalent PEGylated-peptides,” Biomaterials, 31(35): 9285-9252, 2010.

R. Liu, J.B. Wolinsky, J. Walpole, E. Southard, L.R. Chirieac, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and Y.L. Colson, “Prevention of Local Tumor Recurrence Following Surgery Using Low-Dose Chemotherapeutic Polymer Films,” Annals of Surgical Oncology, 17: 184-191, 2010. M.D. Schulz, O. Khullar, J.V. Frangioni, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and Y.L. Colson, “Nanotechnology in Thoracic Surgery,” Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 89: S2188-S2190, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

M. Wathier, S.S. Stoddart, M.J. Sheehy, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Acidic Polysaccharide Mimics via Ring-opening Metathesis Polymerization,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132: 15887-15889, 2010. M. Wathier and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis and CreepRecovery Behavior of a Neat Viscoelastic Polymeric Network Formed Through Electrostatic Interactions,” Macromolecules, 43: 9529-9533, 2010.


Research | 45

Journal Articles (continued) A. Gruentzig, C.M. KLAPPERICH, A. Sharon, J. Braman, A. Chatterjee, and A.F. Sauer-Budge, “A new DNA extraction method for automated food analysis,” Anal. Methods, 3: 1507-1513, 2011.

M.C. Kim and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “A new method for simulating the motion of individual ellipsoidal bacteria in microfluidic devices, “ Lab on a Chip, 10: 2464-2471, 2010. M. Mahalanabis, J. Do, H. Almuayad, J.Y. Zhang, C.M. KLAPPERICH, “An integrated disposable device for

DNA extraction and helicase dependent Amplification,” Biomedical Microdevices, 12(2): 353-359, 2010. A. Chatterjee, P. Mirer, E. Zaldivar Santamaria, C.M. KLAPPERICH, A. Sharon, A. Sauer-Budge, “RNA isolation from mammalian cells using porous polymer monoliths: a novel approach for high throughput automation,” Anal. Chem., 82(11), pp 4344–4356, 2010. Q.Q. Cao, M.C. Kim and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Plastic microfluidic chip for continuous-flow polymerase chain reaction: simulations and experiments,” Biotechnology Journal, 6(2): 177-184, 2011. J.Y. Zhang, J. Do, W. Ranjith Premasiri, L.D. Ziegler and C. M. KLAPPERICH, ”Rapid point-of-care concentration of bacteria in a disposable microfluidic device using meniscus dragging effect,” Lab Chip, 10: 3265-3279, 2010. M.H. Li and X. LIN, “Adapted Su-Schrieffer-Heeger Hamiltonian for polypyrrole,” Physical Review B, 82(15): 155141-155149, 2010. Y.W. SHIN, M.H. Li, A. BOTELHO, and X. LIN, “Escape

mechanism of a self-trapped topological soliton,” Physical Review B, 82(19): 193101-193105, 2010. P. Du, X. LIN and X. ZHANG, “A multilayer bending model for conducting polymer actuators,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 163(1): 240-246, 2010. M. Kabir, T.T. Lau, X. LIN, Y. Sidney, and K. Van Vieit, “Effects of vacancy-solute point defect clusters on diffusivity in metastable Fe-C alloys,” Physical Review B, 82(13), 134112134120, 2010. C. Madi, E. Anzenberg, K.F. LUDWIG, Jr. and M.J. Aziz, “Mass Redistribution Causes the Structural Richness of IonIrradiated Surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 066101, 2011.

J. Dendooven, S. Pulinthanathu Sree, K. De Keyser, D. Deduytsche, J. Martens, K. LUDWIG and C. Detavernier, “In Situ X-Ray Fluorescence Measurements During Atomic Layer Deposition: Nucleation and Growth of TiO2 on Planar Substrates and in Nanoporous Films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 6605, 2011. C. Sanborn, K.F. LUDWIG, M.C. Rogers and M. Sutton, “Direct Measurement of Microstructural Avalanches During the Martensitic Transition of Cobalt Using Coherent X-ray Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 017001, 2011. K. Devloo-Casier, J. Dendooven, K.F. LUDWIG, G. Lekens, J. D’Haen and C. Detavernier, “In Situ Synchrotron Based X-ray Fluorescence and Scattering Measurements During Atomic Layer Deposition: Initial Growth of HfO2 on Si and Ge Substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 231905, 2011. M. Wanunu, W. Morrison, Y. Rabin, A. Y. Grosberg, and A. MELLER, “Electrostatic Focusing of Unlabeled DNA

into Nanoscale Pores using a Salt Gradient,” Nature Nanotechnology, 5:160-165, 2010. V. Viasnoff, U. Bockelmann, A. MELLER, H. Isambert, L. Laufer, and Y. Tsori, “Localized Joule heating produced by ion current focusing through micron-size holes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96: 163701-163703, 2010. V.G. Soni, A. Singer, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, B. McNally, and A. MELLER, “Synchronous optical and electrical detection of biomolecules traversing through solid-state nanopores,” Rev. Sci. Instru., 81:014301-014307, 2010. A. Singer, M. Wanunu, W. Morrison, H. Kuhn, M. FrankKamenetskii, and A. MELLER, “Nanopore-based sequencespecific detection of duplex DNA for genomic profiling,” Nano Letters 10: 738-742, 2010. A. Singer, H. Kuhn, M. Frank-Kamenetskii, and A. MELLER, “Solid-State Nanopore based Detection of Urea-Induced Internal Denaturation of dsDNA,” J. Phys. Cond-Mat., 22: 454111, 2010. B. McNally, A. Singer, Z. Yu, Y. Sun, Z. Weng, and A. MELLER, “Optical Recognition of Converted DNA Nucleotides for Single-Molecule DNA Sequencing Using Nanopore Arrays,” Nano Letters 10: 2237-2244, 2010. J. Lin, A. Kolomeisky, and A. MELLER, “Helix-coil kinetics of individual polyadenylic acid molecules in a protein channel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104: 158101-158104, 2010.

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Journal Articles N. Di Fiori, and A. MELLER, “The effect of dye-dye interactions on the spatial resolution of single-molecule FRET measurements in nucleic acids,” Biophys. J. 98: 22652272, 2010. M. Livingstone, E. Atas, A. MELLER, and N. Sonenberg, “Mechanisms governing the control of mRNA translation,” Phys. Biol. 7:021001, 2010. A. Singer, and A. MELLER, “Nanopore-based Sensing of Individual Nucleic Acid Complexes,” Israel Journal of Chemistry 49: 323-331, 2010. A. Gaidarzhy, J. Dorignac, G. Zolfagharkhani, M. Imboden and P. MOHANTY, “Energy measurement in nonlinearly coupled nanomechanical modes,”Appl. Phys. Lett., 98 (26): 264106, 2011. Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. K. Hong, C. L. Rosenberg, B. M. Reinhard, S. Erramilli and P. MOHANTY, “Nanoelectronic detection of breast cancer biomarker,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 97 (23): 233702 ,2010. T. Dunn, J. Wenzler and P. MOHANTY, “Anharmonic modal coupling in a bulk micromechanical resonator,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 97 (12): 123109, 2010. D. N. Guerra, A. R. Bulsara, W. L. Ditto, S. Sinha, K. Murali and P. MOHANTY, “A Noise-Assisted Reprogrammable Nanomechanical Logic Gate,” Nano Lett., 10(4): 1168, 2010. S.W. Shore, P.E. Barbone, A.A. Oberai, and E.F. MORGAN, “Transversely isotropic elasticity imaging of cancellous bone,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, in press, 2011. G.U. Unnikrishnan, and E.F. MORGAN, “A new material mapping procedure for QCT-based, continuum finite element analyses of the vertebra,” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, in press, 2011. S.S. Baloul, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, R.S. Carvalho, T.E. Van Dyke, A. Kantarci, “Mechanism of action and morphological changes in the alveolar bone in response to selective alveolar decortication facilitated tooth movement,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, in press, 2011. N. Nowlan, K.J. Jepsen, E.F. MORGAN, “Smaller, weaker and less stiff bones evolve from changes in subsistence strategy,” Osteoporosis International, 2010 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print]. E.F. MORGAN, K.T. Salisbury Palomares, R.E. Gleason, D.L.

Bellin, K.B. Chien, “Correlations between local strains and tissue phenotypes in an experimental model of skeletal healing,” Journal of Biomechanics, 43(12): 2418-24, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

G.E. Miller, and E.F. MORGAN, “Use of micronanoindentation to characterize the mechanical properties of articular cartilage: comparison of biphasic material properties across length scales,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 18(8): 1051-7, 2010. K.T. Salisbury Palomares, L.C. Gerstenfeld, N.A. Wigner, M.E. Lenburg, T.A. Einhorn, E.F. MORGAN, “Transcriptional profiling and biochemical analysis of mechanically induced cartilaginous tissues,” Arthritis and Rheumatism, 62(4): 1108-18, 2010. T. Sibai, E.F. MORGAN, T.A. Einhorn, “Anabolic agents and bone quality,” Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 2010. S. Pookpanratana, R. France, M. Blum, A. Bell, M. Bar, L. Weinhardt, Y. Zhang, T. Hofmann, O. Fuchs, W. Yang, J. D. Denlinger, S. Mulcahy, T. D. MOUSTAKAS and C. Heske, “Chemical Structure of Vanadium-based Contact formation on n-AlN,” J. Appl. Phys., 108: 24906, 2010. R. Chandrasekaran, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, A.S. Ozcan, K. F. LUDWIG, L. Zhou and D. J. Smith, “ Growth Kinetics of AlN and GaN films grown by molecular beam epitaxy on R-plane sapphire substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 108, 43501, 2010. K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, T.D. MOUSTAKAS, R. PAIELLA, L. Zhou and D. Smith, “Optical and structural characterization of GaN /AlGaN quantum wells for intersubband device applications,” Phys. Status Solidi C 7, 10: 2394-2397, 2010. F. Sudradjat, W. Zhang, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Sequential Tunneling Transport Characteristics of GaN/AlGaN Coupled-Quantum-Well Structures,” J. Appl. Phys., 108: 103704, 2010. J. Yin and R. PAIELLA, “Multiple-Junction Quantum Cascade Photodetectors for Thermophotovoltaic Energy Conversion,” Opt. Express, 18: 1618-1629, 2010. E. V. van Loef, Y. Wang, S.R. Miller, C. Brecher, W.H. Rhodes, G. Baldoni, S. TOPPING, H. Lingertat, V.K. SARIN, Kanai S. Shah, “Effect of microstructure on the radioluminescence and transparency of Ce-doped strontium hafnate ceramics,” Optical Materials, 33:74-90, 2010. L.F.J. Piper, A. DeMasi, S.W. Cho, A.R.H. Preston, J. Laverock, and K.E. SMITH, “Soft x-ray spectroscopic study of the ferromagnetic insulator V0.82Cr0.18O2,” Phsy. Rev. B, 82(23): 235103, 2010.


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Journal Articles (continued) L.F.J. Piper, A.R.H. Preston, S.W. Cho, A. DeMasi, B. Chen, J. Laverock, K.E. SMITH, L.J. MIARA, K.J. Koon, S.G. TOPPING, L. Saraf, U.B. PAL, and S.GOPALAN, “Polarization Resistance of LaO.85CaO.15Mn03 Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Measured Using Patterned Electrodes,” ECS Transactions, 28(23): 137-146, 2010. L.F.J. Piper, A.R.H. Preston, S.-W. Cho, A. DeMasi, B. Chen, J. Laverock, K.E. SMITH, J. Trojan-Piegzaa, J. Glodo and V. K. SARIN, “CaF2(Eu2+):LiF ,Structural and spectroscopic properties of a new system for neutron detection,” Radiation Measurements, 45(2): 163-167, 2010. L.F.J. Piper, R.H. Preston, S.-W. Cho, A. DeMasi, B. Chen, J. Laverock, K.E. SMITH , L.J. MIARA, J. N. DAVIS, S.N. BASU, U.B. PAL. S. GOPALAN, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, A.Y. Matsuura, P.-A. Glans, and J.-H. Guoe, “Soft X-Ray Spectroscopic Study of Dense Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications,” The Journal of Electrochemical Society, 158(2): B99-B105, 2011. C. Metzger, S. Remi, M. Liu, S.V. Kuzminkiy, S. A. Castro Neto, A.K. SWAN and B.B. GOLDBERG, “Biaxial strain in graphene adhered to shallow depressions,” Nano Letters 10(6), 2010. D. M. Harrah, and A. K. SWAN, “The Role of Length and Defects on Optical Quantum Efficiency and Exciton Decay Dynamics in Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Acs Nano, 5(1): 647-655, 2011. J. R. Schneck, A. G. Walsh, A. A. Green, M. C. Hersam, L. D. Ziegler, and A. K. SWAN, “Electron Correlation Effects on the Femtosecond Dephasing Dynamics of E22 Excitons in (6,5) Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Phys. Chem. A, Articles ASAP (As Soon As Publishable) F. H. Koklu, and M. S. UNLU, “Subsurface microscopy of interconnect layers of an integrated circuit,” Optics Letters, 35(2): 184, 2010. P. S. Spuhler, J. Knezevic, A. Yalcin, Q. Bao, E. Pringsheim, P. Dröge, U. Rant, and M. S. UNLU, “Platform for in situ real-time measurement of protein-induced conformational changes of DNA,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 2010. E. Ozkumur, S. Ahn, A. Yalcin, C. Lopez, E. Cevik, R. Irani, C. DeLisi, M. Chiari, and M. S. UNLU, “Label-free microarray imaging for direct detection of DNA hybridization and singlenucleotide mismatches,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 25(7): 1789-1795, 2010.

E. Ozkumur, C. Lopez, A. Yalcin, J. H. Connor, M. Chiari, and M. S. UNLU, “Spectral Reflectance Imaging for a Multiplexed, High-Throughput, Label-Free, and Dynamic Biosensing Platform,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 16(3): 635-646, 2010. M. Cretich, D. Breda, F. Damin, M. Borghi, L. Sola, M. S. UNLU, S. E. Burastero, and M. Chiari, “Allergen microarrays on high-sensitivity silicon slides,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 398(4): 1723-1733, 2010. R.S. Vedula, G.G. Daaboul, A. Reddington, E. Ozkumur, D. A. Bergstein, and M. S. UNLU, “Self-Referencing Substrates for Optical Interferometric Biosensors,” Journal of Modern Optics, 57(16): 1564-1569, 2010. G.G. Daaboul, R.S. Vedula, S. Ahn, C. Lopez, A. Reddington, E. Ozkumur, and M. S. UNLU, “LED-based Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor for quantitative dynamic monitoring of biomolecular interactions,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 26(5): 2221-2227, 2010. W.J. Duncanson, K. Oum, J.R. Eisenbrey, R.O. Cleveland, M.A. Wheatley, and J.Y. WONG, “Targeted binding of PEG-lipid modified polymer ultrasound contrast agents with tiered surface architecture,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 106(3): 501-506, 2010. X. Brown, E. Bartolak-Suki, C. Williams, M. Walker, V.M. Weaver, and J.Y. WONG, “Effect of substrate stiffness and PDGF on the behavior of vascular smooth muscle cells: Implications for atherosclerosis,” Journal of Cellular Physiology, 225: 115-122, 2010. C. Williams, X.Q. Brown, E. Bartolak-Suki, H. Ma, A. Chilkoti, and J.Y. WONG, “The use of micropatterning to control smooth muscle myosin heavy chain expression and limit the response to transforming growth factor beta-1 in vascular smooth muscle cells,” Biomaterials, 32(2): 410-418, 2011. M.C. Kim, B.C. Isenberg, J. Sutin, A. Meller, J.Y. WONG, and C.M. KLAPPERICH, “Programmed Trapping of Individual Bacteria Using Micrometer-size Sieves,” Lab Chip, 11, 10891095, 2011. B.J. Hansen, N. Kouklin, G. Lu, I-K Lin, J. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Transport, Analyte Detection and OptoElectronic Response of p-Type CuO Nanowires,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(6): 2440-2447, 2010. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “A Monolithically Fabricated Gas Chromatography Separation Column with an Integrated High Sensitivity Thermal Conductivity Detector,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20(5): 055016, 2010.

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Journal Articles (continued) H. Tao, C.M. Bingham, D. Pilon, K. Fan, A.C. Strikwerda, D. Shrekenhamer, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “A Dual Band Terahertz Metamaterial Absorber,” Journal of Physics: Applied Physics, 43 (22): 225102, 2010. H. Tao, A. Strikwerda, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “MEMS Based Structurally Tunable Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies,” Journal of Infrared, Milimeter, and TerahertzWaves,” Invited Review Article, 2010. X. Zheng, H.K. Surks, and X. ZHANG, “Single Cell Contractility Studies Based On Compact Moire System Over Periodic Gratings,” Applied Physics Letters, 96(21): 213705, 2010. H. Tao, J.J. Amsden, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, D.l. Kaplan, X. ZHANG, R.D. AVERITT, and F.G. Omenetto, “Metamaterial

Silk Composites at Terahertz Frequencies,” Advanced Materials, 22(32): 3527-3531, 2010. X. Zheng, H.K. Surks, and X. ZHANG, “A Versatile Cell Contractility Mapping Transducer utilizing Moire-Based Technique,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, 19(4): 764-773, 2010. P. Du, I-K Lin, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Extension of the Beam Theory for Polymer Bio-Transducers with Low Aspect Ratios and Viscoelastic Characteristics,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20(9): 095016, 2010. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Novel Device for Calibration-Free Flow Rate Measurements in Micro Gas Chromatographic Systems,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20(9): 095034, 2010.

H. Tao, A.C. Strikwerda, M. Liu. J.P. Mondia. E. Ekmekci, K. Fan. D.L. Kaplan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, R.D. AVERITT, and F.G. Omenetto, “Performance Enhancement of Terahertz Metamaterials on Ultra thin Substrates for Sensing Applications,” Applied Physics Letters, 97(26): 261909, 2010. H. Tao, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “Recent Progress in Electromagnetic Metamaterial Devices for Terahertz Applications,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 17(1): 92-101, 2011. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Effect of Forced Convection on Thermal Distribution in Micro Thermal Conductivity Detectors,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 21(4): 045017, 2011. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Whole Field Characterization of Pre-distortion in Soft lithography Fabricated Polymer Substrates for Biological Applications,” Applied Physics Letters, in press, 2011. I-K Lin, X ZHANG, and Y. Zhang, “Characterization of SiNx/ Au Bimaterial Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, in press, 2011. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Microsystems for Cellular Force Measurement: A Review,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, in press, 2011. P-H Wu, I-K Lin, H-Y Van. K-S Ou. K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Mechanical Property Characterization of Sputtered and Plasma Enhanced Chemical Deposition (PECVD) Silicon Nitride Films after Rapid Thermal Annealing,” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, in press, 2011.

Proceedings (Refereed) A. E. Cetin, A. A. Yanik, C. Yilmaz, S. Somu, A. Busnaina and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic Monopole Antenna Arrays for Biosensing, Spectroscopy and nm-Precision Optical Trapping,” OSA Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Multi-Spectral Plasmon Induced Transparency with Hybridized Metamaterials,” OSA Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-Throughput Fabrication of Plasmonic

Nanoantenna Arrays Using Nanostencils for Spectrascopy and Biosensing,” OSA Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011.

Annual Report 2010–2011

M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A. A. Cetin, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “U-Shaped Nano-Apertures for Enhanced Optical Transmission and Resolution,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011. S. AKSU, A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang and H. ALTUG, “Nanostencil Lithography for High-Throughput

Fabrication of Plasmonic Antennas,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Hybrid Nanohole Biosensors: Subwavelength Nanofluidics Through Plasmonic Nanoholes for Enhanced Label-Free Sensing,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011.


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Proceedings (Refereed) (continued) S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG , “High-throughput Engineering of Infrared

Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays with Nanostencil Lithography,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011. S. AKSU, A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, and H. ALTUG, “Engineering Infrared Nanoantenna Arrays

with Nanostencil Lithography for Spectroscopic Sensing,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang, H. ALTUG, “Nanosieving Fluidic Channels as Label Free Plasmonic Nanohole Sensors,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI, and H. ALTUG, “Radiative engineering of nanoantenna arrays for ultrasensitive vibrational spectroscopy of proteins,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Light tunneling in multilayered plasmonic crystals,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. M. Huang, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Integration of subwavelength nanofluidics on suspended photonic crystal sensors,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, H. ALTUG, “On-chip nanoplasmonic biosensors with actively controlled nanofluidic surface delivery,” SPIE NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. H. ALTUG, A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, “Lift-off Free

Nanofabrication of Suspended Plasmonic Nanohole Arrays To Overcome Mass-Transport Limitations in Biosensors,” Electron, Ion and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication Conference (EIPBN), Alaska, June 2010. H. ALTUG, R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, “Zeptomol Level Vibrational Spectroscopy of Proteins in Lithographically Engineered Plasmonic Nano-antenna Arrays,” Electron, Ion and Photon Beam Technology and Nanofabrication Conference (EIPBN), Alaska, June 2010.

A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang, and H. ALTUG, “On-Chip Nanoplasmonic-Nanofluidic Biosensors Overcoming Mass Transport Limitations,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010.

M. Huang, A. A. Yanik, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Subwavelength nano-fluidics on suspended photonic crystal sensors,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI, and H. ALTUG, “Ultra-sensitive Infrared Spectroscopy of Proteins with Collective Excitations of Nanoplasmonic Arrays,” Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “Light Tunneling in Multi-Layered Photonic-PlasmonicNanostructures,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), San Jose, CA, May 2010. A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, S. ERRAMILLI, H. ALTUG, “Hybridized Plasmonic Excitations in Complex Nanocavities and Development of An Single-Polarized Antenna Array,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI, and H. ALTUG, “Surface Enhanced Vibrational Spectroscopy of Proteins with Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays,” MaterialsResearch Society (MRS) Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic Couplings in Multi-Layered Nanohole and Nanoparticle Arrays,” Materials Research Society (MRS), Spring Meeting, San Francisco, CA, April 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “On-Chip Nanoplasmonic Biosensors with Actively Controlled Nanofluidic Surface Delivery,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI, and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic nanoantenna arrays for surface enhanced vibrational spectroscopy of proteins,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, and H. ALTUG, “ Plasmonic Biosensors based on Multi-Layered Metallodielectric Nanostructures,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010. S. ERRAMILLI, R. Adato, A. Gabel, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG and

M. Hong, “Nonlinear nonlocal infrared plasmonic arrays for pump-probe studies on protein monolayers,” American Physics Society (APS) March Meeting, Portland, OR, March 2010.

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Proceedings (Refereed) (continued) K. Fan, A.C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, R.D, AVERITT, and X. ZHANG, “Broadband Tunable 3D Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies,” Proceeding of the 24th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ‘11), pp. 680-683, Cancun, Mexico, January 2011. L. MIARA, L.J. Piper, J.N. DAVIS, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, S.N. BASU, K. SMITH, U. PAL, and S.GOPALAN, “Surface

Segregation Studies of SOFC Cathodes: Combining Soft X-Rays and Electrochemical lmpedence Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., in press, 2011. A. Roan, S. Pati, S.N. BASU and U.B. PAL, “Solid Oxide Membrane Process for Solar Grade Silicon Production Directly from Silicon Dioxide,” Proceedings of TMS 2011: Silicon Production, Purification and Recycling for Photovoltaic Cells: Session II, in press 2011. L. MIARA, L.F.J. Piper, J.N. DAVIS, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, S.N. BASU, K.E. SMITH, U.B. PAL, S. GOPALAN, “Surface

Reconstruction Studies of SOFC Cathodes Using a Combination of Synchrotron Radiation Techniques and Electrochemical Measurements,” Catalytic Materials for Energy, Green Processes and Nanotechnology, Mat. Res. |Soc. Symp. Proc., Warrendale, PA, 2010. E. BELLOTTI, M. Moresco and F. Bertazzi, “First-principles

simulation of GaN material and devices: an application to GaN APDs,” Proceedings of the SPIE, Vol. 7602 Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices V, March 10, 2010. L.W. Snyman and E. BELLOTTI, “New interpretation of photonic yield processes (450-750nm) in multi-junction Si CMOS LEDs: simulation and analysis,” Proceedings of the SPIE, Silicon Photonics V, 7606: 760303-760303-10, February 2010. C.A. Keasler, M. Moresco, D. D’Orsogna, P. Lamarre and E. BELLOTTI, “3D numerical analysis of As-diffused HgCdTe planar pixel arrays,” Proceedings of the SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 7780: 77800J, 2010. S. Chiaria, M. Penna, M. Goano and E. BELLOTTI, “Numerical simulation of ZnO-based LEDs,” 10th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD), pp.29-30, 2010. M. Moresco, F. Bertazzi and E. BELLOTTI, “A Full-Band Monte Carlo study of gain, bandwidth and noise of GaN avalanche photodiodes,” 10th International Conference on Numerical Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices (NUSOD), pp.27-8, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

M. Moresco, F. Bertazzi and E. BELLOTTI, “2D Full-Band Monte Carlo Modelling of HgCdTe-Based APDs,Proceeding of the The 2010 U.S. Workshop on the Physics and Chemistry of II-VI Materials,” pp.5-6, New Orleans, LA, October 2010. C.A. Keasler and E. BELLOTTI, “3D Electromagnetic and Electrical Simualtion of HgCdTe Pixel Arrays,” Proceeding of the The 2010 U.S. Workshop on the Physics and Chemistry of II-VI Materials, pp.87-88, New Orleans, LA, October 2010. F. Bertazzi, M. Goano and E. BELLOTTI, “Calculation of Auger minority carrier Lifetime in HgCdTe,” Proceeding of the The 2010 U.S. Workshop on the Physics and Chemistry of II-VI Materials, pp.91-92, New Orleans, LA, October 2010. E. BELLOTTI, M.Moresco and F. Bertazzi, “Theory of High

Field Carrier Transport and Impact Ion-ization in III-Nitride Semiconductors,” Proceeding of the 14th International Workshop on Computational Electronics, IWCE2010, pp.171, Pisa, Italy, October, 2010. F. Bertazzi, M. Goano and E. BELLOTTI, “Auger Lifetime in Narrow gap semiconductors,” Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Computational Electronics, pp.179, IWCE2010, Pisa, Italy, October, 2010. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C.-K. Kao, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Deep Ultraviolet LEDs based on AlGaN Alloys by Plasma-assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” 2010 CLEO/QELS, May 2010. J. Yang, S.V. Boriskina, H. Noh, M. J. Rooks, G.S. Solomon, L. DAL NEGRO, H. Cao, “Demonstration of laser action in a pseudorandom medium,” Conference on Active Photonic Materials III, San Diego, CA, August 2010. S. Boriskina, S. Lee, B. Yan, B.M. Reinhard, L. DAL NEGRO, “Aperiodic Plasmonic Platforms for Multi-Parametric Sensing and Spectroscopy,” 22nd International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, pp. 958-959, Boston, MA, August 2010. S. Boriskina, A. Gopinath, L. DAL NEGRO, “Broadband Substrates for Spatially-Averaged andSpatially-Resolved SERS Detection,” 22nd International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, pp. 992-993, Boston, MA, August 2010. J. Henson, J. DiMaria, E. Dimakis, R. Li, S. Minissale, L. DAL NEGRO, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “PlasmonEnhanced Emission Rates from III-Nitride Quantum Wells Using Tunable Surface Plasmons,” MRS Fall Meeting, poster M5.10, Boston, MA, Nov 2010.


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Proceedings (Refereed) (continued) E. Speyerer, M. GEVELBER, D. Radgowski, “Development of an Adaptive System 10 Method for Enabling Advanced E-Beam Sweep Pattern Design,” 2010 ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference Proceedings, pp. 1-8, P. Meckl (editor), Cambridge MA, September 2010. M. GEVELBER, D. Wroblewski, M. Cannamela, S. BASU,

D. Radgowski, and M. Tuttle, “Sensor and Control Design Issues for Developing Real-Time Deposition Rale Control for Plasma Spray,” 2010 ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference Proceedings, pp. 1-8, P. Meckl (editor), Cambridge MA, September 2010. X. Yan and M. GEVELBER, “Process Dynamics and Control Analysis for Electrospinning Nanofibers,” pp. 1-8, 2010 ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference Proceedings, P. Meckl (editor), Cambridge MA, September 2010. X.Yan, and M. GEVELBER, “Electrospinning of Nanofibers: Analysis of Diameter Distribution and Process Dynamics for Controls,” 2010 International symposium on Flexible Automation Conference Proceedings, N. Sugimura and J. Cao (editors), Tokyo, Japan, July 2010. M. GEVELBER, D. Wroblewski, M. Canemella, S. BASU,

“Sensor Design Issues for Implementation of Real-Time Depsoition Rate Control for Plasma Spray,” International symposium on Flexible Automation Conference Proceedings, N. Sugimura and J. Cao (editors), Tokyo, Japan, July 2010. A. YURT, G. G. Daaboul, X. Zhang, G. M. Hwang, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “Widefield Interferometric

Detection and Size Determination of Dielectric Nanoparticles,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2010 Annual Meeting, November 2010. A. YURT, G. G. Daaboul, X. Zhang, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “Spectral Scattering Imaging for Single Particle

Detection and Size Discrimination,” Nano-TR, June 2010. R. Liu, J. Wade, J.B. Wolinsky, J. Walpole, E. Southard, L.R. Chirieac, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and Y.L. Colson, “PaclitaxelEluting Polymer Film Reduces Locoregional Recurrence in Mouse Model of Sarcoma: A Novel Investigational Therapy,” 63rd Annual Cancer Symposium of the Society-of-SurgicalOncology, Annals Surigcal Oncology, S31-S32, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy,” Trans. 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010.

X.-X. Zhang and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Lipopeptides Possessing Tripeptide, not Dipeptide, Head Groups Show Efficient DNA and siRNA Delivery,” Trans. 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, 2010. C.M. LaManna, J.H. Feng, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis and Characterization of a Charge-Reversal Photo-Active Amphiphile,” Trans. 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010. X. Khoo, G. O’Toole, D.J. Kenan, M.W. GRINSTAFF, “PEGylated-Peptide Coatings for the Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms on Titanium Metal,” Trans. 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010. K.A.V. Zubris, O. Khullar, J.V. Frangioni, Y.L. Colson and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis, Characterization and Lymphatic Trafficking of Polymeric Nanoparticles,” Trans. 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Supramolecular Ionic Networks,” POLY

Prepr., 240th American Chemical Society, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Dendriticpolymers for ocular wound

repair: From concept to clinical use – the HyperBranch Medical Technology Story,” POLY Prepr., 240th American Chemical Society, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy in Lung and Mesothelioma Tumor Models,” PMSE Prepr., 234th American Chemical Society, Boston, MA, 2010. P. Du, X. LIN, and X. ZHANG, “Characterization on the Electrical Properties of PDMS Nanocomposites by Conducting Polymer Nanowires,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2011. P. Du, I-K Lin, H. Lu, X. LIN, and X. ZHANG, “Characterization on the Viscoelastic Property of PDMS in the Frequency Domain,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2011. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, A. Bhattacharyya, C.-K. Kao, A. MOLDAWER, W. ZHANG and T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Development of milliwatt power AlGaN-based deep UV-LEDs by Plasma-assisted MBE,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. J. Henson, E. Dimakis, J. DiMaria, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Plasmon-Enhanced Light Emission from InGaN Quantum Wells Using Lithographically Defined Nanoparticle Arrays,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, paper CTuNN1, San Jose, CA, May 2010.

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Proceedings (Refereed) J. Henson, E. Dimakis, J. DiMaria, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, and R. PAIELLA, “Plasmon-Enhanced Light Emission from InGaN Quantum Wells Using Lithographically Defined Nanoparticle Arrays,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, paper CTuNN1, San Jose, CA, May 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, and T. D. MOUSTAKAS,

“Intersubband Transitions in GaN-Based Quantum Wells: a New Materials Platform for Infrared Device Applications,” SPIE Optics and Photonics, paper 7808-6, San Diego, CA, Aug 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D.J. Smith, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Intersubband device applications of

nitride quantum structures,” Proceedings of the SPIE, Quantum Sensing and Nanophotonic Devices VII, 7608, January 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Short-Wavelength

Intersubband Light Emission from Optically Pumped GaN / AlN Quantum Wells,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Intersubband Transitions in GaN-Based Quantum Wells: a New Materials Platform for Infrared Device Applications,” Infrared Remote Sensing and Instrumentation XVIII, Proc. of SPIE, 7808, 2010.

J. Yin and R. PAIELLA, “Intersubband Thermophotovoltaic Detectors,” IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, paper CML5, San Jose, CA, May 2010. M. S. UNLU, M. Chiari, and U. Rant, “Optical Interference: Nanoscale Biological Imaging, Label-free Protein Microarrays, and Single Pathogen Detection,” ICTON, (Microresonators & Photonic Molecules) Munich, Germany, June 2010. M. S. UNLU, “Interferometric Reflectance Imaging: Nanoscale Biological Imaging, Label-free Protein and Single Pathogen Detection,” Nano-TR, June 2010.

P. S. Spuhler, L. Sola, M. R. Monroe, M. Chiari, and M. S. UNLU, “Measurement of potential dependent DNA orientation on indium tin oxide surfaces by fluorescent-self interference microscopy,” 12th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, Munich, June 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

G.G. Daaboul, C. Lopez, J.H. Connor, G. M. Hwang, O. Rabin, P.F. Renda, R.R. Graef, and M.S. UNLU, “LED-based spectral reflectance imaging biosensor for label-free single pathogen detection,” Biosensors, 2010, Glasgow, Scotland, May 2010. J. Knezevic, P.S. Spuhler, Q. Bao, P. Dröge, M.S. UNLU, and U. Rant, “A platform for in situ real-time measurement of protein induced conformational changes of DNA,” Biosensors, 2010, Glasgow, Scotland, May 2010. R. Audet, S.A. Clasussen, E.H. Edwards, S. Ren, R. K. Schaevitz, E. Tasyurek, O. I. Dosunmu, M.S. UNLU, and D.A. Miller, “Surface-normal asymmetric Fabry-Perot quantumconfined Stark effect electro-absorption modulator on silicon,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - LASE, January 2010. S. Vasile, J. Lipson, and M.S. UNLU, “Challenges of developing resonant cavity photoncounting detectors at 1064nm,” SPIE Photonics West 2010 - LASE, January 2010. M.S. UNLU, M. Chiari, and D. Bergstein, “Interferometric

Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS) Label-free Protein and Single Pathogen Detection,” Venice, Italy, October 2010. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Monolithic Micro Gas Chromatographic Separation Column and Detector,” Proceeding of the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS’10), pp. 907-910, Hong Kong, China, January 2010. K. Fan, A.C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, W.J. Padilla, R.D. AVERITT, and X. ZHANG, “3D Standup Metamaterials with Purely Magnetic Resonance at Terahertz Frequencies: Proceeding of the 23rd IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ‘10), pp. 843-846, Hong Kong, China, January 2010. P. Du, I-K Lin, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Measuring the Young’s Relaxation Modulus of PDMS Using Stress Relaxation Nanoindenlalion,” Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. K-S Ou, I-K Lin, P-H Wu, Z-K l-Huang, and X. ZHANG, and K-S Chen, “Mechanical Characterization of Atomic Layer Deposited (ALD) Alumina for Applications in Corrosive Environments,” Microelectromechanical Systems-Materials and Devices III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. I-K Lin, X. ZHANG, and Y. Zhang, “Suppression of Inelastic Deformation in Multilayer Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating,” Microelectromechanical Systems—Materials and Devices III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010.


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Proceedings (Refereed) (continued) I-K Lin, P-H Wu, K-S Ou, K-S Chen, and X. ZHANG, “The Tunability in Mechanical Properties and Fracture Toughness of Sputtered Silicon Oxynitride Thin Films for MEMS-Based Infrared Detectors,” Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Control and Operation Schemes for Micro-Thermal Conductivity Detectors in Gas Chromatography,” Microelectromechanical Systems— Materials and Devices III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. X. Zheng, E. Frohlich, S. Collignon, and X. ZHANG, “A Microfluidic Chip for Analysis of Mechanical Forces Generated During Cell Migration,” Biosurfaces and Biointerfaces, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. H. Tao, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “Structurally Reconfigurable Metamaterials at Terahertz Frequencies,” Proceeding of the 30th Conference on Lasers and Electro-OpticsI International Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS ‘10), San Jose, CA, May 2010. K. Fan, A.C. Strikwerda, H. Tao, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “3D Stand-up Metamaterials with a Purely Magnetic Resonance at Terahertz Frequencies,” Proceeding of the 30th Conference on Lasers and ElectroOpticsI International Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (CLEO/ QELS ‘10), San Jose, CA, May 2010. H. Tao, J.J. Amsden, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, D.L. Kaplan, F.G. Omenetto, R.D. AVERITT, and X. ZHANG, “Large Area Spraying of Terahertz Metamaterials on Free-Standing Biocompatible Silk Films,” Technical Digest of IEEE SolidState Sensor and Actuator Workshop (Hilton Head ‘10), pp. 138-141, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010. B.C. Kaanta, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “Flow Rate Insensitive Thermal Conductivity Detector,” Technical Digest of IEEE Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop (Hilton Head ‘10), pp. 294-297, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010.

P. Du, X. Zheng, I-K Lin, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Extended Timoshenko Beam Formula for Cellular Contraction Force Calculation,” Proceeding of the 14th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (microTAS ‘10), pp. 509-511, Groningen, Netherlands, October 2010. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “A Micro Moire Chip for Automated Whole Field Cell Analysis,” Proceeding of the 14th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (microTAS ‘10), pp. 1625-1627, Groningen, Netherlands, October 2010. X. Wang, S.W. Anderson, and X. ZHANG, “Microengineered Multi-Spectral Contrast Agents for Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Proceeding of the 14th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (microTAS ‘10), pp. 1310-1312, Groningen, Netherlands, October 2010. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Whole Field Living Cell Mapping Using Diffraction Moire Sensor,” Proceeding of the 9th IEEE Sensors Conference (IEEE Sensors ‘10), pp. 1564-1567, Waikoloa, HI, November 2010. B.C. Kaanta, A.J. Jonca, H. Chen, and X. ZHANG, “A Novel uThermal Conductivity Detector Capable of Flow Rate Measurements,” Proceeding of the 9th IEEE Sensors Conference (IEEE Sensors ‘10), pp. 2508-2511, Waikoloa, HI, USA, November 2010. X. Wang, S.W. Andersson, and X. ZHANG, “A Novel Contrast Agent for Multispectral Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Proceeding of the 9th IEEE Sensors Conference (IEEE Sensors ‘10), Waikoloa, HI, pp. 1305-1308, November 2010. P. Du, I-K Lin, Y. Yan, and X. ZHANG, “Residual Stress in Sputtered Silicon Oxycarbide Thin Films,” Mater. Res. Soc, Symp. Proc., 2011.

X. Zheng, H.K. Surks, and X. ZHANG, “Sensing Single Cell Contractility Utilizing Moire Frigines,” Technical Digest of IEEE Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop (Hilton Head ‘10), pp. 274-277, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010.

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Scholarly Papers S.N. BASU, “Synchrotron X-ray study of strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) films under solid oxide fuel cell operating temperature and pressure,” co-author, Fall MRS Meeting in Boston, MA, December 2010. S.N. BASU, “Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes: Unraveling the Relationship between Structure, Surface Chemistry and Oxygen Reduction,” co-author, presented at the 11th Annual SECA Workshop, Pittsburg, PA, July 2010. S.N. BASU, “Understanding Cathode Kinetics through and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy,” co-author, Fuel Cell Seminar and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, October 2010. S.N. BASU, “Soft X-ray Spectroscopy at Beamline X1B of Energy Conversion Materials: Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes,” co-author, 2010 joint NSLS/CFN Users Meeting, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, May 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Understanding aperiodic order in

nanophotonics,” US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Workshop, Multi-Scale Multi-Disciplinary Modeling (MMM) of Electronic Materials, Fairfax, VA, September 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Novel concepts in plasmonic sensing,” SPIE

BiOS: Biomedical Optics, San Francisco, CA, January 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Aperiodic Order for

Nanophotonics Applications,” International Symposium on Photonic Crystal Structures, Kyoto, Japan, May 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Deterministic Aperiodic Structures for Nanophotonics and Nanoplasmonics on-chipApplications,” MRS Spring Meeting, San Francisco, April 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Si-based nitride nanostructures: towards

optically and electrically pumped lasers,” EMRSSpring Meeting, Strasbourg, France, June 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Aperiodic Order for Optical

Devices with Photonic-PlasmonicNanostructures,” SPIE Nanoscience and Engineering Symposium, San Diego, California, August 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Aperiodic order for energy harvesting,”

Harvesting & Manipulating Light at the Nanoscale Workshop, Molecular Foundry, Berkley, CA, September 30-October 1, 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Light Localization on a silicon chip,” 7th International Workshop on Disordered Systems, Puebla, Mexico, September 20-24, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

C.A. Lopez, G.G. Daaboul, R.S. Vedula, E. Ozkumur, D.A. Bergstein, T.W. Geisbert, H.E. Fawcett, B.B. GOLDBERG, J.H. Connor, M.S. UNLU, “Label-free multiplexed virus detection using spectral reflectance imaging,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2011. L. MIARA, K. Yoon, L. Saraf, U. PAL, and S. GOPALAN, “Oxygen Reduction Reaction in SOFC Cathodes: An Investigation Using Thin Films,” Symposium on Solid State Ionics Devices, Las Vegas, NV, 2010.

X. Khoo, G. O’Toole, D. Kenan, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Peptide-based Surface Coatings for the Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms on Titanium,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Nanomaterials for Biological, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Applications, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Supramolecular Ionic Networks,” 240th

American Chemical Society National Meeting, From Molecules to Macromolecules: Towards Self-Assembling Materials, Boston, MA, 2010. R. Liu, J.E. Wade, J.B. Wolinsky, J.H. Winer, P.J. Catalano, A.J. Wagner, M.W. GRINSTAFF, Y.L. Colson, and C.P. Raut, “Paclitaxel-Eluting Polymer Film Reduces Locoregional Recurrence in Mouse Model of Sarcoma: A Novel Investigational Therapy,” Society of Thoracic Surgeons, 2010. M. Schulz, A.P. Griset, M.W. GRINSTAFF, Y.L. Colson, “Paclitaxel-Eluting pH-Responsive Expansile Nanoparticles: In Vitro Activity in Ovarian Cancer,” Academic Surgical Congress, San Antonio, TX, February 2010. O. Khullar, K.A. Zubris, A.P. Griset, J.V. Frangioni, M.W. GRINSTAFF, Y.L. Colson, “Size- and Polymer-Dependent Intranodal Localization of Methacrylate Nanoparticles,” American Association for Thoracic Surgery, 2010. R. Liu, J.E. Wade, J.B. Wolinsky, P.J. Catalano, A.J. Wagner, M.W. GRINSTAFF, Y.L. Colson, and C.P. Raut, “PaclitaxelEluting Polymer Film Reduces Locoregional Recurrence in Mouse Model of Sarcoma: A Novel Investigational Therapy,” The Society of Surgical Oncology’s (SSO) 63rd Annual Cancer Symposium, St. Louis, Missouri, March 2010. X.-X. Zhang and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Lipopeptides Possessing Tripeptide, not Dipeptide, Head Groups Show Efficient DNA and siRNA Delivery,” Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010. S. Byrnes and B. Steinberg, H. Frydman, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Utilization of Bacteria Proteins to Manipulate Intracellular Transport and Apoptosis,” BME 5th Annual Senior Design Project Conference, Boston, MA, 2010.


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Scholarly Papers (continued) B.D. Snyder, P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, V. Entezari, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Contrast Enhanced CT Imaging for Quantification of the Glycosaminoglycans and Biomechanical Properties of Articular Cartilage,” International Cartilage Repair Society Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010. K.A.V. Zubris, A.P. Griset, R.Liu, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Polymeric Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Breast Cancer,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Material, Devices and Switches, Boston, MA, 2010. M.A. Mintzer, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Anionic Amphiphilic Dendrimers as Broad Spectrum Antimicrobial Agents,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Molecular Recognition and Self-Assembly, Boston, MA, 2010. C.M. LaManna, H. Lusic, J.H. Feng, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Light-activated Amphiphiles for Gene Delivery,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Nanomaterials for Biological, Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Applications, Boston, MA, 2010.

X. LIN, “Exciton transfer rate between conjugated polymer chains,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Ab initio study of polypyrrole doped with sulfonated ions for pervaporation of ethanol-water mixtures,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Complex band perspective of defect states in conducting polymers,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Shrinkage induced self-localized electronic states in trans-polyacetylene,” Materials Research Society. X. LIN,“Migration Mechanism of Self-localized Topological Defects in Conductive Polymers,” Materials Research Society. X. LIN, “Characterization on the Electrical Properties of PDMS Nanocomposites by Conducting Polymer Nanowires,” Materials Research Society. X. LIN, “Characterization on the Viscoelastic Property of PDMS in the Frequency Domain,” Materials Research Society.

X. LIN, “An adapted Su-Schrieffer-Heeger Hamiltonian for conducting polymers,” American Physical Society, 82(15), 2010.

A. MELLER, “Single Molecule Biology,” Gordon Research Center, Barga, Italy.

X. LIN, “Charge and energy transports via polyphenylacetylene based dendrimers” American Physical Society, 2010.

V.K. SARIN, “ECB’s - Technology for the Future,” IITB, Mumbai, India, February 2010.

X. LIN, “Ab initio study of polypyrrole doped with sulfonated

ions for pervaporation of ethanol-water mixtures,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Modeling the localization of excitations in poly-phenylacetylene based dendrimers,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN,“A 2-dimensional adapted Su-Schrieffer-Heeger

model for conducting polymer polypyrrote,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Migration mechanism of self-localized defects in

conductive polymers,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Application of the Nudged Etastic Bandmethod

to the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model reveals a new conduction mechanism in trans-polyacetylene,” American Chemical Society. X. LIN, “Ab initio study of cerium(lll) trapping by the Schiff-base complex N,N’-bis[2-(salicytideneamino) ethyljethane-1 ,2-diamine for sensing applications,” American Chemical Society.

V.K. SARIN, “‘Sabtrinite’ - a new phase in the Alumina-Silica System,” UTC Seminar Series, Barcelona, Spain, August 2010.

Jude Schneck, A.G Walsh, A. Green, M. Hersam, L. Ziegler, A.K. SWAN, “Exciton dynamics in (6,5) carbon nanotubes,” NanoTube 10 11th annual carbon nanotube conference,” Montreal, June 2010. M. Harrah, A.K. SWAN, “Monte Carlo dynamic study of exciton diffusion in carbon nanotubes,” NanoTube 10 11th annual carbon nanotube conference, Montreal, June 2010. H. Chen, A.K. SWAN, “4-level model in Resonant Raman excitation profiles of species separated Carbon nanotubes,” NanoTube 10 11th annual carbon nanotube conference, Montreal, June 2010. S. Remi, A. Kitt, A.K. SWAN, B. GOLDBERG, B. Feldman, J. Martin, A.Yacoby, J. Won Suk, R.S. Ruoff, “Barometrically and Electrostatically Induced Strain in Suspended Graphene,” XXII International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, Boston,MA, August 2010.

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Scholarly Papers (continued) H. Chen, C. Keasler, O. Ozsun, A.K. SWAN, “Raman Spectra of High Aspect Ratio Double- and Single-Clamped Silicon Nanowires,” XXII International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, Boston, MA, August 2010. S. Remi, A.K. SWAN, B. GOLDBERG, “High Magnetic Field Raman Spectroscopy of Electron Phonon Interactions in Graphene,” XXII International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, Boston, MA, August 2010. J.G. Duque, H. Chen, S. Kilina, S. Tretiak, A. Shreve, X. Tu, M. Zheng, A.K. SWAN, S.K. Doorn, “Resonant Raman Spectroscopy of Chirality-Enriched Semiconducting Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” XXII International Conference on Raman Spectroscopy, Boston, MA, August 2010. C. Williams, A. Xie, E. Yi, B. Suki, M. Yamato, T. Okano, and J.Y. WONG, “Control of complex tissue structure in mesenchymal stem cell-based vascular patches,” TERMIS (Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine International Society) North America Annual Conference & Exhibition, Orlando, FL, December 2010.

O.V. Sazonova, K.L. Lee, J.Y. WONG, and M.A. Nugent, “Differential talin and vinculin expression during vascular smooth muscle cell mechanotransduction,” Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, Austin, TX, October 2010. M. Kinahan, E. Filippidi, S. Köster, H. Evans, T. Pfohl, D. Kaplan, and J.Y. WONG, “Tunable Silk Fibers: Mimicking Natural Silkworm Processing with Microfluidics,” Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Fall Meeting, Austin, TX, October 2010. J. Paulsen, J.Y. WONG, R.D. Whitaker, L. DOERRER, M. Hurlimann, and Y.Q. Song, “MRI of Contrast Agents in Porous Media,” 10th Bologna Conference on Magnetic Resonance in Porous Media (MRPM 10), Leipzig, Germany, September 2010. C. Williams, A. Xie, S. Emani and J.Y. WONG, “Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell sheets cultured on thermo-responsive substrates for the development of tissue engineered vascular patches,” Society for Biological Engineering’s Second International Conference on Stem Cell Engineering, Boston, MA, May 2010.

Invited Lectures H. ALTUG, “Metamaterials, NanoPlasmonics, and Nanofluidics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Biodetection” ETH, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland, July 2011.

H. ALTUG, “Nanoplasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive Biomolecular Identification,” Boston University Photonics Center Future of Light Symposium, Boston, MA December 2010.

H. ALTUG, “Metamaterials, NanoPlasmonics, and Nanofluidics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Biodetection,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Optics and Quantum Electronics Seminar, Cambridge, MA, April 2011.

H. ALTUG, “Nanoplasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive Biomolecular Identification,” Boston University Material Science Division, Boston, MA October 2010.

H. ALTUG, “Metamaterials, NanoPlasmonics, and Nanofluidics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Bio-detection,” University of Texas at Austin, Center for Nano and Molecular Science and Technology, Austin, TX, April 2011. H. ALTUG, “Metamaterials, NanoPlasmonics, and Nanofluidics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Biodetection,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies, Cambridge, MA, March 2011. H. ALTUG, “Metamaterials, NanoPlasmonics, and

Nanofluidics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Biodetection Harvard University,” Chemistry Department, Physical Chemistry Seminar, Harvard, MA, March 2011.

Annual Report 2010–2011

H. ALTUG, “Integrated Plasmonics for Ultrasensitive Spectroscopy and Biodetection,” OSA Optical Sensors, Toronto, Canada, June 2011. H. ALTUG, “Optofluidic-Nanoplasmonic Sensors for Biochemical Detection,” SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing, Orlando, FL, April 2011. H. ALTUG, “On-chip Plasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive Nanospectroscopy”. SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing, Orlando, FL, April 2011. H. ALTUG, “Merging Nanophotonics and Nanofluidics for Active Analyte Delivery and Biosensing,” SPIE Photonics West BIOS (Frontiers in Biological Detection: From Nanosensors to Systems Sympossium), San Francisco, CA, January 2011.


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Invited Lectures (continued) H. ALTUG, “Integrated Plasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive Biodetection”. SPIE Photonics West OPTO (Silicon Photonics Symposium), San Francisco, CA, January 2011.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Photons in a Labyrinth: Challenges &

H. ALTUG, “Ultra-sensitive SEIRA with Plasmonic Nanoantennas”, NANO META European Society of Physics, Tirol, Austria, January 2011.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Light Localization on a Silicon Chip,” 7th International Workshop on Disordered Systems, September 2010.

H. ALTUG, “Plasmonics Nanoantennas for Ultrasensitive Biomolecular Identification,” MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA December 2010.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Aperiodic Order for Optical

H. ALTUG, “Nanoplasmonic Systems for Ultrasensitive Biomolecular Detection and Identification,” IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado, November 2010.

L.H. DOERRER, “Fluorinated ligands vs. fluorine as a ligand,”

H. ALTUG, “Plasmonics for Ultrasensitive Biomolecular

chains,” 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2010.

Nanospectroscopy,” IEEE Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics Conference, Sapporo, Japan, August 2010. H. ALTUG, “Nanoplasmonics for Ultrasensitive Vibrational

Spectroscopy and Bimolecular Detection,” SPIE Optics and Photonics NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. S.N. BASU, “Functionally Graded Environmental Barrier

Coatings on SiC for Gas Turbine Applications,” MS&T 2010 meeting in Houston, TX, October 2010. E. BELLOTTI, “Computational Electronics of Electronic

Materials and Devices: From the Microscopi Physics to Device Performance,” Multidisciplinary Modeling of Electronic Materials Workshop, Fairfax, VA, September 1-2, 2010. E. BELLOTTI, M.Moresco and F. Bertazzi, “Theory of High Field Carrier Transport and Impact Ionization in III-Nitride Semiconductors,” Proceeding of the 14th International Workshop on Computational Electronics, IWCE2010, p.171, Pisa,Italy, October, 2010. L. DAL NEGRO, “Engineering Aperiodic Order in

Opportunities of Aperiodic Nanophotonics,” Brown University, September 2010.

Devices with Photonic-Plasmonic Nanostructures,” SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering, August 2010. 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Platinum in molecules and platinum in

L.H. DOERRER, “Putting Metals to Work: Transition Metal

Complexes for Electron Transfer and Electron Transport,” University of Wyoming, September 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Putting Metals to Work: Transition Metal

Complexes for Electron Transfer and Electron Transport,” Colorado State University, September 28, 2010. L.H. DOERRER, “Putting Metals to Work: Transition Metal

Complexes for Electron Transfer and Electron Transport,” University of Massachusetts, Amherst, October 2010. K.L. EKINCI, “Nanoscale Mechanical Resonators for Probing Physical Phenomena: Fluid Dynamics of High-frequency Flows,” UIUC; Mechanical Science and Engineering Seminar; November 2010. E. EVANS, Mechanics of Biomembranes Workshop, Madrid, Spain, 2010. E. EVANS, Physical Chemistry of BioInterfaces, San Sebastian, Spain, 2010.

Nanoplasmonics,” European Laboratory for Non-Linear Spectroscopy (LENS), May 2011.

E. EVANS, “Dynamics in Soft Condensed Matter,” ICAM Workshop, Cargese, Corsica, 2010.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Broadband Nanoplasmonics: Enhancing

Light-Matter Coupling at the Nanoscale,” U. S. Army Natick Soldier RD&E Center, April 2011.

M. GEVELBER, “Material Process Controls and Sustainability Initiatives at Boston University,” ASM, Boston Chapter, November 2010.

L. DAL NEGRO, “Photons in a Labyrinth: Challenges &

M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Development of an Ocular Sealant: The

Opportunities of Aperiodic Nanophotonics,” University of Toronto, March 2011. L. DAL NEGRO, “Aperiodic Order for Energy Harvesting,”

Harvesting & Manipulating Light at the Nanoscale Workshop, Molecular Foundry, September-October 2010.

HyperBranch Medical Technology Story,” Boston University First Annual Translational Research Symposium, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy,” Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Invited Lectures (continued) M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

C. KLAPPERICH, “Engineering, Innovative Technologies, and

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy of an Acid-Responsive Polymeric Drug Delivery System,” Particles 2010 Meeting, Orlando, FL, 2010.

Global Health,” Consortium of Universities for Global Health Meeting, Seattle, WA, September 2010.

M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based on

Network Ionic Liquids for Powering Micro and Nanosensors,” mAdvanced Energy Consortium Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Dendriticpolymers for Ocular Wound

Repair: From Concept to Clinical Use – The HyperBranch Medical Technology Story,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Medical Applications of Polymers, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Nanoparticles: Synthesis,

Characterization, and In vivo Efficacy in Lung and Mesothelioma Models,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Multifunctional Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery and Imaging, Boston, MA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Charge-Reversible Amphiphiles for Gene

Delivery,” 7th Lipidomics Congress, Lipids in all States, Anglet, Biarritz, France, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Supramolecular Ionic Networks,” SupraBio: Recent Advances on Supramolecular Systems Involving Biological Molecules and/or Bioinspired Compounds, Centre de Recherches Paul Pascal, Pessac, France, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis and Physical Properties of

Supramolecular Ionic Networks,” CNRS Bordeaux, CRPP, Pessac, France, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Dendritic Polymers for Ocular Wound

Repair: From Concept to Clinical Use,” SE/SW Joint ACS Regional Meeting, Studies of Diverse Polymer Architecture: Dendrimers, Cyclic Polymers and Other Complex Macromolecular Structures, New Orleans, LA, 2010. M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Downhole Li-ion Batteries Based on Network Ionic Liquids for Powering Micro and Nanosensors: Year 1.5 Report,” Energy Consortium Meeting, Austin, TX, 2010. C. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidics for Lab-Free Diagnostics,”

Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Ft. Detrick, MD, June 2010. C. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidics for Lab-Free Diagnostics,”

New England Bio Labs, Ipswitch, MA, July 2010.

C. KLAPPERICH, “Microfluidic Sample Preparation for the Field,” FluidicsMEMS Boston Networking Group, MIT, Cambridge, MA, November 2010. A. MELLER, Department of Biophysics and Chemical Biology and Department of Chemistry joint seminar, Seoul National University, Seoul, S. Korea. A. MELLER, “Technology development for next generation

DNA sequencing,” NHGRI Open Meeting, Chappel- Hill, NC. A. MELLER, College of Engineering special seminar, Seoul National University, Seoul, S. Korea. A. MELLER, Rusell Berrie NanoScience Institute Fall symposium, Hagoshrim, Israel A. MELLER, Israel Physical Society Annual Meeting E. MORGAN, Department Seminar, Mechanical and

Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego, May 2011. E. MORGAN, Boston Older Adults Independence Claude D. Pepper Center, Boston Medical Center, March 2011. E. MORGAN, Department Seminar, Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California San Diego, February 2011. E. MORGAN, Interdepartmental Seminar, Rheumatology, Allergy, and Immunology Seminar Series (RAISS), University of California San Diego, January 2011. E. MORGAN, Department Seminar, Mechanical Engineering, University of California Berkeley, October 2010. E. MORGAN, Department Seminar, Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, October 2010.

D.J. Smith, L. Zhou, M.R. McCartney and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Structural Characterization of III-Nitride Materials and Devices,” SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010. T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “The Development of Nitride Semiconductors by MBE,” The 2010 MBE Innovator Award Presentation at the 27th North American Molecular Beam Epitaxy Conference, Breckenridge, Colorado, September 2010. T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Nitride Semiconductors; Why they work” Colloquium at Columbia University, November 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011


Research | 59

Invited Lectures (continued) R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, T. D. MOUSTAKAS, C. Thomidis, Y.

Liao and C-K Kao, “Nitride based UV Emitters and their Applications,” 7th International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnologies (NN10), Ouranoupolis Halkidiki, Greece, July 2010. R. PAIELLA, K. Driscoll, Y. Li, Y. Liao, A. Bhattacharyya, C. Thomidis, L. Zhou, D. J. Smith, and T.D. MOUSTAKAS,

“Intersubband Transitions in GaN-Based Quantum Wells: a New Materials Platform for Infrared Device Applications,” SPIE Optics and Photonics, San Diego, CA, August 2010. R. PAIELLA, “Device Physics and Applications of Intersubband

Transitions in Wide-Bandgap Nitride Semiconductors,” University of Wisconsin - Madison, October 2010. U. PAL, “Solid Oxide Membrane (SOM) Electrolyzer for Waste to Energy Conversion,” Sadoway Symposium, MIT Cambridge, MA, June 2010. U. PAL, Solid Oxide Membrane Process for the Production of Electropositive Metals, ARPA-E, Washington, DC, December 2010. A. K. SWAN, “Energy Dissipation Mechanisms in Carbon

M.S. UNLU, M. Chiari, and U. Rant, “Optical Interference: Nanoscale Biological Imaging, Label-free Protein Microarrays, and Single Pathogen Detection,” ICTON, ( Microresonators & Photonic Molecules), Munich, Germany, June 27-July 1, 2010. M. S. UNLU, “Interferometric Reflectance Imaging: Nanoscale Biological Imaging, Label-free Protein and Single Pathogen Detection,” Nano-TR, 15-18 June 2010. J.Y. WONG, “Vascular Tissue Engineering: Controlling Vascular

Smooth Muscle Cell Phenotype,” Rutgers University, BME Department Seminar Series, Piscataway NJ, December 2010. J.Y. WONG, “Biomaterials to Probe Vascular Smooth Muscle

Cell Phenotype for Vascular Tissue Engineering,” Art Coury Symposium, Orlando FL, December 2010. J.Y. WONG, “Biomaterials to probe and control vascular

smooth muscle phenotype for understanding atherosclerosis and vascular tissue engineering,” National Institutes of Standards and Technology (NIST), Polymers Division Seminar Series, Gaithersburg, MD, November 2010. J.Y. WONG, “Probing & Controlling Vascular Smooth Muscle

Nanotubes,” New York Chapter of the American Physical Society, April 2011.

Cell Phenotype: Atherosclerosis & Vascular Tissue Engineering,” University of Pittsburgh, Department of Bioengineering Seminar Series, Pittsburgh PA, November 2010.

A. K. SWAN, “Optical Excitation and Energy Dissipation

X. ZHANG, Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials &

in Carbon Nanotubes,” 23rd International Winterschool on Electronic Properties of Novel Materials: Molecular Nanostructures, Kirchberg, Austria, February 2011.

Microsystems I Multifunctional Materials for Defense Workshop, Reston, VA, 2010.

A. K. SWAN, “Optics of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene,”

Denison University, January 2011.

X. ZHANG, DoD Workshop on Tri-Service Metamaterials,

Virginia Beach, VA, 2010. X. ZHANG, Advanced Energy Consortium Workshop,

A. K. SWAN, “Optics of Low Dimensional Carbon- Carbon

Cambridge, MA, 2010.

Nanotubes and Graphene,” Physical Chemistry Seminar, Boston University, October 2010.

X. ZHANG, Advanced Micro/Nano Technology Workshop,

M.S. UNLU, “Optical Interference for Nanoscale Biological

Imaging and Detection,” UCLA Nanosystems Seminar, Los Angeles, CA, April 2010. M. S. UNLU, “Optical Interference: Nanoscale Biological

Imaging, Label-free Protein Microarrays, and Single Pathogen Detection,” IANM Nanomedicine, Antalya, Turkey, October 2010.

Beijing, China, 2010. X. ZHANG, Workshop on Organic Materials Chemistry and

Molecular Design and Synthesis, National Harbor, MD, 2010. X. ZHANG, Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge,

MA, 2010. X. ZHANG, Annual Future of Light Symposium, Boston,

MA, 2010.

M. S. UNLU, M. Chiari, and D. Bergstein, “Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor (IRIS) Label-free Protein and Single Pathogen Detection,” Venice, Italy, October 2010.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


60 | Research

Abstracts A.E. Cetin, A.A. Yanik, C. Yilmaz, S. Somu, A. Busnaina and H. ALTUG, “Plasmonic Monopole Antenna Arrays for Biosensing, Spectroscopy and nm-Precision Optical Trapping,” OSA Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. A. Artar, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Multi-Spectral Plasmon Induced Transparency with Hybridized Metamaterials,” OSA Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-Throughput Fabrication of Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays Using Nanostencils for Spectrascopy and Biosensing,” OSA Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A.A. Cetin, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “U-Shaped Nano-Apertures for Enhanced Optical Transmission and Resolution,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011.

A.A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Novel Plasmonic Biosensors Molding the Flow of Light and Fluidics at Sub-Diffraction Limit,” IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, December 2010. R. Adato, A.A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI and H. ALTUG, “Radiative Engineering of Nanoantenna Arrays for Ultrasensitive Vibrational Spectroscopy of Proteins,” SPIE Optics and Photonics NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. A. Artar, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Light Tunneling in MultiLayered Plasmonic Crystals,” SPIE Optics and Photonics NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010. M. Huang, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Integration of SubWavelength Nanofluidics on Suspended Photonic Crystal Sensors,” SPIE Optics and Photonics NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

Fabrication of Plasmonic Antennas,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011.

A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar and H. ALTUG, “On-chip Nanoplasmonic Biosensors with Actively Controlled Nanofluidic Surface Delivery,” SPIE Optics and Photonics NanoScience + Engineering Conference, San Diego, CA, August 2010.

A.A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Hybrid Nanohole Biosensors: Subwavelength Nanofluidics Through Plasmonic Nanoholes for Enhanced Label-Free Sensing,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011.

C.M.J. De Bakker, L.N.M. Hayward, L.C. Gerstenfeld, M.W. GRINSTAFF, E.F. MORGAN, “Contrast-enhanced computed tomography for non-destructive, quantitative assessment of the early stages of fracture healing,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2011.

S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-throughput Engineering of Infrared Plasmonic

M.W. GRINSTAFF, E.F. MORGAN, “A cationic CT contrast agent

Nanoantenna Arrays with Nanostencil Lithography,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011.

for imaging of soft callus formation in fracture healing,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011.

A.A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, T-Y Chang and H. ALTUG, “Nanosieving Fluidic Channels as Label Free Plasmonic Nanohole Sensors,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010.

L.N.M. Hayward, N. Joshi, L.C. Gerstenfeld, M.W. GRINSTAFF, E.F. MORGAN, “Non· invasive evaluation of cartilage infracture calluses with a cationic CT contrast agent,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010.

S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Engineering Infrared Nanoantenna Arrays

M.M. Sperry, L.N.M. Hayward, G.H. Miller, E.F. MORGAN, “Characterization of the poroelastic material properties of skeletal repair tissues using microindentation,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2011.

S. AKSU, A.A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang and H. ALTUG, “Nanostencil Lithography for High-Throughput

with Nanostencil Lithography for Spectroscopic Sensing,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010. S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Engineered Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays with

Nanostencil Lithography,” IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, December 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

L.N.M. Hayward, C. deBakker, L.C. Gerstenfeld,

G.J. Miller, P.G. Patel, E.F. MORGAN, “Correlation of local mechanical environment to mechanically induced tissue phenotype during altered bone fracture healing,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2011.


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Abstracts (continued) A. Hussein, G. Unnikrishnan, E.F. MORGAN, “3-D experimental measurement of vertebral failure: towards validation of QCT-based finite element models,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. P.L. Leong, E.F. MORGAN, “Experimental measurement of the heterogeneous mechanical environment in distraction osteogenesis,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. J.A. Gallagher, E.F. MORGAN, “Regional variations in orthotropic elastic properties and the dependence of intravertebral heterogeneity on BMD,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. L.C. Gerstenfeld, H. Matsubara, D.E. Hogan, E.F. MORGAN, T.A. Einhorn, “Endothelial cells are the primary cells that express BMP2 during distraction osteogenesis,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. T. Bick, M. Kastner, E. Furman, N. Rozen, M. Soudry, E.F. MORGAN, D. Lewinson, “Enhancement of fracture repair by local application of VEGF, PTH 1-34, and IL-6,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. B.D. Meeks, A.R. Haas, N.A. Wigner, K.G. Alpaugh, E.F MORGAN, T.A. Einhorn, L.C. Gerstenfeld, J.J. Schlezinger, “The environmental toxicant tributlytin induces osteoporosis via PPARg,” 57th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011. G.U. Unnikrishnan and E.F. MORGAN, “Evaluation of the importance of including specimen-specific trabecular anisotropy in QCT-based finite element analyses of the lumbar spine,” 19th Annual Symposium of Computational Methods in Orthopaedic Biomechanics, 2011. E.F. MORGAN, B.A. AI-Awadhi, D.E. Hogan, A.I. Hussein,

Z. AI-Alq, J. Fitch, B. Andre, L.C. Gerstenfeld, “Vascular development during distraction osteogenesis proceeds by the sequence of arteriogenesis exterior to bone followed by angiogenesis within the bone,” Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 2010. A.I. Hussein, E.F. MORGAN, “Direct visualization of the initiation and progression of vertebral fractures,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2010.

S.W. Shore, E.F. MORGAN, A.A. Oberai, P.E. Barbone, “Anisotropic elasticity imaging of cancellous bone. 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, 2010. A.I. Hussein, E.F. MORGAN, “Direct, quantitative visualization of vertebral deformation and failure,” 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, 2010. E.F. MORGAN, B. Andre, D.E. Hogan, B.A. AI-Awadhi, L.C.

Gerstenfeld, “Quantitative, 3-D imaging to co-localize bone and vascular tissues during bone healing,” ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference, 2010. P.L. Leong, L.N.M Hayward, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, “Regional expression of cartilage genes in mechanically stimulated pseudoarthroses,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. A.I. Hussein, H. Kim, E.F. MORGAN, “The effect of femoral head ischemia on bone strength, microstructure and failure patterns,” 56th Annual Meellng of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. M. Young, F. Hsu, Z.O. Mason, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, T. Tannoury, T.A Einhorn, “Effect of cyclic parathyroid hormone 1-31 (cPTH) on spine fusion in ovariectomized (OVX) rats,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. N. Nowlan, K.J. Jepsen, E.F. MORGAN, “Smaller, weaker, and less stiff bones evolve from changes in lifestyle,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. G.E. Miller, E.F. MORGAN, “Use of nanoindentation to determine biphasic material properties of cartilage,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. L.N.M. Hayward, E.F. MORGAN,. “Evolution of tissue material properties in a mechanically stimulated bone defect,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 2010. K. Altman, S. Vansickle, E.F. MOGRAN, K.M. Flores, “Microscale uniaxial compression testing of bone tissue specimens,” TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, 2010. A.I. Hussein, E.F. MORGAN, H. Kim, “Early effects of femoral head ischemia on bone structure-function relationships and failure patterns,” Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 2010.

P.L. Leong, L.C. Gerstenfeld, E.F. MORGAN, “Spatial expression of chondrogenic genes and chondrocyte morphology in mechanically stimulated pseudoarthroses,” 6th World Congress on Biomechanics, 2010.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


62 | Research

Abstracts (continued) R. Grimes, K.J. Jepsen, J. McLean, R. Marsell, J. Fitch, T. Smith, T.A. Einhorn, E.F. MORGAN, P. Sebastiani, L.C. Gerstenfeld, “Identification of coordinated differences in the development of vascular, neurogenic, and skelelal tissues during endochondral bone formation of C57/B6 and C3H strains by comparison of the transcriptomes of fracture healing,” Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 2010. S. Viguet-Carrin, D. Panus, H. Follet, P.O. Delmas, E.F. MORGAN, R. Chapuriat, M.L. Bouxsein, “Collagen cross-

link concentration influences the fatigue behavior of human vertebral trabecular bone,” Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 2010. T. D. MOUSTAKAS, “Nitride based UV Emitters and Their Applications,” 7th International Conference on Nanosciences & Nanotechnologies-NN10, Ouranoupolis, Halkidiki , Greece, July 2010. X. ZHANG, “Coupled Evanescent Field Micro-Resonators for

Downhole Data Relay,” Presented at AEC All Project Review,” Cambridge, MA, USA, June 2010. H. Tao, A.C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, W.J. Padilla, X. ZHANG, and R.D. AVERITT, “The Marriage of Metamaterials and MEMS: Towards Reconfigurable Electromagnetic Composites,” Presented at the Gordon Research Conference on Plasmonics, Waterville, ME, June 2010. P. Du, I-K Lin, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Extension of the Beam Theory for the Polymer Bio-Transducers with low Aspect Ratios and Viscoelastic Characteristics,” Presented at the 16th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, State College, PA, June 27 - July 2, 2010. I-K Lin, Y. Zhang, and X. ZHANG, “Suppression and Modeling of Inelastic Deformation in Multilayer Microcantilevers with Nanoscale Coating,” Presented at the 16th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, State College, PA, June 27 - July 2, 2010. X. Zheng, H.K. Surks, and X. ZHANG, “Cell Contractile Force Evolution Mapping via Carrier Moire Fringe Patterns,” Presented at the 16th US National Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, State College, PA, USA, June 27 July 2, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

P. Du, I-K Lin, H. Lu, and X. ZHANG, “Extension of the Beam Theory for the Polymer Bio-Transducers with Low Aspect Ratios and Viscoelastic Characteristics,” Presented at the Gordon Research Conference for Thin Film & Small Scale Mechanical Behavior, Waterville, ME, July 2010. X. ZHANG, “Materials and Mechanics of Metamaterial Enhanced MEMS for Terahertz Technology,” Presented at AFOSR Review for Organic Materials Chemistry and Molecular Design and Synthesis, National Harbor, MD, USA, September 2010.

A.F. Bayomy, I·K Lin, M. Bauer, A. Oikonomopoulos, K. Sereti, X. ZHANG, and R. Liao, “Effect of Matrix Stiffness on Cardiac Side Population Cell Function,” Presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Chicago, IL, USA, November 2010. X. ZHANG, “Development of a Novel Optomechanical

uncooled Metamaterial-Enhanced Active Terahertz Detection Imager,” Presented at the NSF ECCS 2010 Grantees Conference, Honolulu, HA, November 17-19,2010. A. Jonca, B. Kaanta, and X. ZHANG, “Silicon Bonding Using SU-8 and Polyimide,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 3, 2010. X. Zheng and X. ZHANG, “Whole Field Cell Analysis Based on Diffraction Through Microfabricated Polymer Gratings,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 29 - December 3, 2010. I-K Lin, P. Du, Y. Zhang, and X. ZHANG, “Mechanical and Material Characterization of Bilayer Microcantilever-Based IR detectors,” Presented at the Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010. X. ZHANG, “Coupled Evanescent Field Micro-Resonators for

Downhole Data Relay,” Presented at AEC All Project Review”, Austin, TX, December 2010.


RESEARCH | 63

Other works presented POSTER PRESENTATION IN GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE Plasmonics III. Waterville , Maine, June 2010.

R. Adato, A. A. Yanik, J. Amsden, D. Kaplan, F. Omenetto, M. Hong, S. ERRAMILLI, and H. ALTUG, “Ultrasensitive vibrational spectroscopy of proteins with Plasmonics” POSTER PRESENTATION IN GORDON RESEARCH CONFERENCE Plasmonics III. Waterville, Maine, June 2010. A. A. Yanik, M. Huang, A. Artar, H. ALTUG, “Overcoming

mass transport limitation with integrated nanoplasmonicsnanofluidics biosensors”. H. ALTUG, M. Huang, A. Artar, and A. A. Yanik, “Nanostructure Biosensors and Systems and Methods of Use Thereof,” Boston University reference no.: BU09-64 and BU10-324. H. ALTUG, R. Adato, S. AKSU, A.A. Yanik, and S. ERRAMILLI, “Nanoantenna Arrays for Nanospectroscopy, Methods of Use and Methods of High-Throughput Nanofabrication,” Boston University reference no.: BU09-59 and BU 10-014.

S. Rudin, E. BELLOTTI, G.A. Garrett and M. Wraback, Dynamics of Photo-Excited Carriers and Coherent effects in GaN under Subpicosecond Laser Pulse Excitation, Technical Report, Sensors and Electron Devices Directorate, U. S. Army Research Laboratory, Aldelphi, MD, 2010. E. BELLOTTI, First-principle simulation of HgCdTe APDs, seminar given at Raytheon Vision Systems, Goleta, CA, January 29, 2010. E.F. MORGAN, Panelist for “Effective Negotiation and

Communication,” Society for Women Engineers, Boston University, Boston MA, April 2010.

Patents T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Semiconductor Device having Group-III

Nitride Buffer Layer and Growth Layers”, U.S. Patent No: 7,663,157 (February 16, 2010). T.D. MOUSTAKAS, Jasper S. Cabalu, “Optical Devices

featuring textured semiconductor layers” U. S. Patent No: 7,777,241 B2 (August 17, 2010) T. D. MOUSTAKAS, ADAM MOLDAWER, Anirban

Bhattacharyya, Joshua Abell, “Optical Devices Featuring Non-polar Textured Semiconductor Layers” U. S. Patent Application No. 12/920,391 (Filled 10/21/2010)

Yitao Liao and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Method of growing an AlGaN layer with band structure Potential fluctuations and manufacturing ultraviolet light emitting devices containing the same” U.S Provisional Patent Application No. 61/329,947 (Filed April 30, 2010).

Reviews H. ALTUG, A. Yanik, M. Huang, R. Adato, “Ultrasensitive Plasmonics Bio-sensors Molding the Flow of Light and Fluidics,” SPIE Newsroom. P. MOHANTY, Y. Chen, X. Wang, M. K. Hong, C. L. Rosenberg,

D. T. Weaver and S. Erramilli, “Nanosensors for Breast Cancer Diagnosis,” Invited Review on Cancer Biosensors, K. H. Herold and A. Rasooly (editors), CRC Press, 2011.

Exhibitions L.N.M. Hayward, N.S. Joshi, L.C. Gerstenfeld, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and E.F. MORGAN, “Non-Invasive Evaluation of Cartilage in a Fracture Callus with a Cationic CT Contrast Agent,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010. P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, V. Entezari, M. W. GRINSTAFF, and B.D. Snyder, “Contrast Enhanced CT Imaging of Cartilage: Effect of Matrix GAG Content.” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010. P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, V. Entezari, B.C. Malone, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Novel Cationic Contrast Agents for Glycosaminoglycan Quantification in Articular Cartilage Using Computed Tomography,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010. R.C. Stewart, P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, S.S. Shah, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “The Effect of Cationic Contrast Agent Concentration on GAG Quantification Using Computed Tomography,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010. V. Entezari, P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, R.C. Stewart, M.W. GRINSTAFF, and B.D. Snyder, “Effect of Mechanical Convection on the Partitioning of an Iodinated Anionic Contrast Agent in a Bovine Patellar Model Under Simulated Walking Cycle,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010. P.N. Bansal, M.Wathier, S.S. Stoddardt, S.S. Shah, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “A Synthetic Polymer for Efficacious Boundary Lubrication of Articular Cartilage,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA, 2010.

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Exhibitions (continued) C.M. LaManna, J.H. Feng, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis and Characterization of a Charge-Reversal Photo-Active Amphiphile,” Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010. X. Khoo, G. O’Toole, D.J. Kenan, M.W. GRINSTAFF, “PEGylated-Peptide Coatings for the Inhibition of Pathogenic Biofilms on Titanium Metal,” 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010. K.A.V. Zubris, O. Khullar, J.V. Frangioni, Y.L. Colson and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis, Characterization and

Lymphatic Trafficking of Polymeric Nanoparticles,” 35nd Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Seatle, WA, 2010.

G. Godeau, J. A. Kaplan, P. A. Barthélémy, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Glycosyl-nucleoside Amphiphiles as

Components of Nanostructured Hydrogels with Nucleic Acid Delivery Capabilities,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010. J.A. Kaplan, G. Godeau, P. Barthélémy, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Mechanical Properties of Glycosyl-nucleoside Lipid Hydrogels,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.

K.A.V. Zubris, R. Liu, Y.L. Colson and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Efficacy of Paclitaxel-eluting Nanoparticles in Breast Cancer,” Particles 2010 Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 2010.

S.T. Yohe, J.A. Kaplan, J.A Wolinksy, R. Liu, J. Walpole, L. R Chirieac, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Inhibition of In vivo Lung Tumor Growth by Prolonged Local Delivery of Hydroxycamptothecin using Poly(ester-carbonate),” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.

Y.L. Colson, K.A.V. Zubris, M. Schultz, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Paclitaxel-loaded Nanoparticles Prevent Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma in Vivo,” Particles 2010 Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, 2010.

H. Lusic, N.S Joshi, R.C Stewart, P.N Bansal, B. D Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Effect of Molecular Charge in Computed Tomography Imaging Agents,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.

P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, V. Entezari, B.C. Malone, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Novel Cationic Contrast Agents for Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) Quantification in Articular Cartilage Using Computed Tomography, “Musculosketal Biology and Bioengineering Gordon Research Conference, Andover, NH, 2010.

R.C. Stewart, P.N Bansal, N.S Joshi, V. Entezari, B.C Malone, B.D Snyder, and M.W GRINSTAFF, “Computed Tomography (CT) Contrast Agents for Determining Cartilage Health,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.

R.C. Stewart, P.N. Bansal, N.S. Joshi, S.S. Shah, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Affinity and Exclusion of Cationic and Anionic Contrast Agents for Imaging Articular Cartilage,” Musculosketal Biology and Bioengineering Gordon Research Conference, Andover, NH, 2010. N. Bansal, V.Entezari, R.C Stewart, H. Lusic, B.D. Snyder, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “In vivo Diffusion Kinetics of Anionic and Cationic Contrast Agents in a NZW Rabbit Knee Model,” Musculosketal Biology and Bioengineering Gordon Research Conference, Andover, NH, 2010. K.A.V. Zubris, O. Khullar, J.V. Frangioni, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Near-infrared Image Guided Lymphatic Therapy with Polymeric Nanoparticles in a Large Animal Model,” Drug Carriers in Medicine and Biology Gordon Research Conference, Watervalley, NH, 2010. K.A.V. Zubris, M.D. Schulz, A.P. Griset, R. Liu, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Unique Properties of Expansile Polymeric Nanoparticles and Their In vivo Anti-Cancer Efficacy,” Drug Carriers in Medicine and Biology Gordon Research Conference, Watervalley, NH, 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

M.W GRINSTAFF, “Dendrimer Based CT Contrast Agents for GAG Quantification,” Sarah E Stidham, and, 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.

K.A.V. Zubris, M.D. Schulz, A.P. Griset, R. Liu, Y.L. Colson, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Expansile Polymer Nanoparticles,” SupraBio: Recent Advances on Supramolecular Systems Involving Biological Molecules and/or Bioinspired Compounds, Centre de Recherches Paul Pascal, Pessac, France, 2010. X.LIN, Mi.l Wathier, B.Suki, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Synthesis

and Characterization of Supramolecular Polymer Networks via Ionic Interactions,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010. X.LIN, R.Yonekura, M.l Wathier, B.Suki, and M.W. GRINSTAFF,

“Synthesis and Characterization of Supramolecular Polymer Networks Prepared Using Ionic Interactions,” SupraBio: Recent Advances on Supramolecular Systems Involving Biological Molecules and/or Bioinspired Compounds, Centre de Recherches Paul Pascal, Pessac, France, 2010. X. ZHANG, P. Allen, and M.W. GRINSTAFF, “Role of

Macropinocytosis in DNA Transfections with Charge-reversal Amphiphiles,” 240th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, 2010.


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Student Activity Student Activity including publications, conference activity and other presentations are listed here. For a list of Graduate Student Awards, please refer to page 19.

Journal Articles S. AKSU, A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, H. ALTUG,

“High-throughput Nanofabrication of Plasmonic Infrared NanoAntenna Arrays for Vibrational Nanospectroscopy,” Nano Letters, 10(7), pp. 2511-2518, 2010. M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A. E. Cetin, A. A. Yanik, H. ALTUG, “Multi-resonant Metamaterials Based on UT-shaped Nanoaperture Antennas,” Optics Express, 19(8): 7921-7928, 2011.

E. V. van Loef, Y. Wang, S.R. Miller, C. Brecher, W.H. Rhodes, G. Baldoni, S. TOPPING, H. Lingertat, V.K. SARIN, Kanai S. Shah, “Effect of microstructure on the radioluminescence and transparency of Ce-doped strontium hafnate ceramics,” Optical Materials, 33:74-90, 2010. G. G. Daaboul, A. YURT, X. Zhang, G. M. Hwang, B. B. GOLDBERG , and M. S. UNLU, “High-Throughput Detection and Sizing of Individual Low-Index Nanoparticles and Viruses for Pathogen Identification,” Nano Letters, 2010.

Proceedings S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-Throughput Fabrication of Plasmonic

W.He, K.J.Yoon, R.S. ERIKSEN, S.GOPALAN, S.N. BASU, and U.B. PAL, “Out-of-cell measurements of H2 H2O effective binary diffusivity in the porous anode of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs),” Journal of Power Sources, 195(2): 532-535, 2010.

Nanoantenna Arrays Using Nanostencils for Spectrascopy and Biosensing,” OSA Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011.

A. Gruentzig, C.M. KLAPPERICH, A. Sharon, J. Braman, A. Chatterjee, and A.F. Sauer-Budge, “A new DNA extraction method for automated food analysis,” Anal. Methods, 3: 1507-1513, 2011.

M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A. A. Cetin, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “U-Shaped Nano-Apertures for Enhanced Optical Transmission and Resolution,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011.

V. Liberman, R. Adato, A. MERTIRI, A. A. Yanik, K. Chen, T. H. Jeys, S. Erramilli, H. ALTUG, “Angle- and PolarizationDependent Collective Excitation of Plasmonic Nanoarrays for Surface Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy,” Optics Express, 19(12): 11202-11212, 2011.

S. AKSU, A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang and H. ALTUG, “Nanostencil Lithography for High-Throughput

L.F.J. Piper, A.R.H. Preston, S.W. Cho, A. DeMasi, B. Chen, J. Laverock, K.E. SMITH, L.J. MIARA, K.J. Koon, S.G. TOPPING, L. Saraf, U.B. PAL, and S.GOPALAN, “Polarization Resistance of LaO.85CaO.15Mn03 Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) Measured Using Patterned Electrodes,” ECS Transactions, 28(23): 137-146, 2010. L.F.J. Piper, R.H. Preston, S.-W. Cho, A. DeMasi, B. Chen, J. Laverock, K.E. SMITH , L.J. MIARA, J. N. DAVIS, S.N. BASU, U.B. PAL. S. GOPALAN, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, A.Y. Matsuura, P.-A. Glans, and J.-H. Guoe, “Soft X-Ray Spectroscopic Study of Dense Strontium-Doped Lanthanum Manganite Cathodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications,” The Journal of Electrochemical Society, 158(2): B99-B105, 2011. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, C.-K. Kao, A. MOLDAWER, W. ZHANG, Y.-C. Chang, A.Y. Nikiforov, E. BELLOTTI and T.D. MOUSTAKAS, “Milliwatt power AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy,” Phys. Status Solidi, 41(2): 49-51, 2010.

Fabrication of Plasmonic Antennas,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011. S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-throughput Engineering of Infrared

Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays with Nanostencil Lithography,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011. S. AKSU, A. A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, and H. ALTUG, “Engineering Infrared Nanoantenna Arrays

with Nanostencil Lithography for Spectroscopic Sensing,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010. A.L. BOTELHO and X. LIN, A unified model Hamiltonian for polythiophene, polypyrrole, polyfuran, free base porphyrin, and polyaniline: Accuracy, transferability, and computational efficiency, APS March Meeting, Dallas, TX, March 21, 2011. A.L. BOTELHO, Minghai Li, X. LIN, Application of the Nudged

Elastic Bandmethod to the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model reveals a new conductionmechanism in trans-polyacetylene, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 26, 2010.

Y.W. SHIN, M.H. Li, A. BOTELHO, and X. LIN, “Escape

mechanism of a self-trapped topological soliton,” Physical Review B, 82(19): 193101-193105, 2010.

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Proceedings A.L. BOTELHO and X. LIN., Ab initio study of polypyrrole doped with sulfonated ions for pervaporation of ethanolwater mixtures, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 25, 2010. A.L. BOTELHO, S. Gopalan, X. LIN, Ab initio study of

A. YURT, G. G. Daaboul, X. Zhang, G. M. Hwang, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “Widefield Interferometric

Detection and Size Determination of Dielectric Nanoparticles,” Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Society 2010 Annual Meeting, November 2010.

cerium (III) trapping by the Schiff-base complex N,N’-bis[2(salicylideneamino)ethyl]ethane-1,2-diamine for sensing applications, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 23, 2010.

A. YURT, G. G. Daaboul, X. Zhang, B. B. GOLDBERG, and M. S. UNLU, “Spectral Scattering Imaging for Single Particle

L. MIARA, L.J. Piper, J.N. DAVIS, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, S.N. BASU, K. SMITH, U. PAL, and S.GOPALAN, “Surface

Posters Presented

Segregation Studies of SOFC Cathodes: Combining Soft X-Rays and Electrochemical lmpedence Spectroscopy,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.,in press, 2011. L. MIARA, L.F.J. Piper, J.N. DAVIS, L. Saraf, T. Kaspar, S.N. BASU, K.E. SMITH, U.B. PAL, S. GOPALAN, “Surface

Reconstruction Studies of SOFC Cathodes Using a Combination of Synchrotron Radiation Techniques and Electrochemical Measurements,” Catalytic Materials for Energy, Green Processes and Nanotechnology, Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., Warrendale, PA, 2010. Y. Liao, C. Thomidis, A. Bhattacharyya, C.-K. Kao, A. MOLDAWER, W. ZHANG and T. D. MOUSTAKAS,

“Development of milliwatt power AlGaN-based deep UV-LEDs by Plasma-assisted MBE,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 2010. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Adapted Su-Schrieffer-Heeger

Hamiltonian for PPV, PPP, and polyacenes, 2011 APS March Meeting, Dallas, Texas, March 21st, 2011. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Migration Mechanism of Self-localized

Topological Defects in Conductive Polymers, 2010 MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, December 2nd, 2010. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Migration mechanism of self-localized defects in conductive polymers, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, August 26th, 2010. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Modeling the localization of excitations in

poly-phenylacetylene based dendrimers, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, August 22th, 2010. A. YURT, Widefield Interferometric Detection and Size

Determination of Dielectric Particles, Advisors: Selim Unlu and Bennett Goldberg, Annual IEEE Photonics Meeting in Denver, MA, November 2010.

Annual Report 2010–2011

Detection and Size Discrimination,” Nano-TR, June 2010.

A.L. BOTELHO and X. LIN, A unified model Hamiltonian

for polythiophene, polypyrrole, polyfuran, BU Science and Engineering Research Symposium, March 23, 2011. Advisor: Xi Lin. A.L. BOTELHO, Minghai Li, X. LIN, Poster presentation, Shrinkage induced self-localized electronic states in transpolyacetylene, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, November 29, 2010. Advisor: Xi Lin. A.L. BOTELHO and X. LIN, Ab initio study of polypyrrole doped with sulfonated ions for pervaporation of ethanolwater mixtures, 240th ACS National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 23, 2010. Advisor: Xi Lin. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Modeling of Conductive Polymer Materials, BU Science and Engineering Research Symposium 2011, March 23th, 2011. Advisor: Xi Lin. Y. SHIN and X. LIN, Modeling of Conductive Polymer Materials, BU Science and Engineering Research Symposium 2011, March 23rd, 2011. Advisor: Xi Lin. A. YURT, High-Throughput Interferometric Size

Determination of low-index Nanoparticles, MRS Fall 2010 Meeting in Boston, MA. Advisors: Selim Unlu and Bennett Goldberg.

Other works S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-Throughput Fabrication of Plasmonic

Nanoantenna Arrays Using Nanostencils for Spectrascopy and Biosensing,” OSA Conference on Lasers and ElectroOptics (CLEO), Baltimore, MD, May 2011. M. Turkmen, S. AKSU, A.A. Cetin, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “U-Shaped Nano-Apertures for Enhanced Optical Transmission and Resolution,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011.


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Other works (continued) S. AKSU, A.A. Yanik, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang and H. ALTUG, “Nanostencil Lithography for High-Throughput

S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Engineered Plasmonic Nanoantenna Arrays with

Fabrication of Plasmonic Antennas,” SPIE Defense, Security + Sensing Conference, Orlando, FL, April 2011.

Nanostencil Lithography,” IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, December 2010.

S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A.A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “High-throughput Engineering of Infrared Plasmonic

L. MIARA, K. Yoon, L. Saraf, U. PAL, and S. GOPALAN, “Oxygen Reduction Reaction in SOFC Cathodes: An Investigation Using Thin Films,” Symposium on Solid State Ionics Devices, Las Vegas, NV, 2010.

Nanoantenna Arrays with Nanostencil Lithography,” SPIE Photonics West Conference, San Francisco, CA, January 2011. S. AKSU, R. Adato, A. Artar, M. Huang, A. A. Yanik and H. ALTUG, “Engineering Infrared Nanoantenna Arrays

with Nanostencil Lithography for Spectroscopic Sensing,” Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall Meeting, Boston, MA, December 2010.

Research Laboratories Advanced Materials Process Control Laboratory 15 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-9572 Professor Michael Gevelber

Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory 44 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-0253 Professor Catherine Klapperich

Research in this laboratory focuses on improving materials processing capabilities by applying a controls-based approach. Our controls-based approach integrates process modeling, sensor development, both system and control design, and experimentation to achieve greater control of material microstructure as well as improving yield and maximizing production rate. Research projects, typically conducted with industry partners, span a range of application areas including opto-electronic applications, advanced engines, power systems, and biomedical applications. Ongoing research projects include real-time control for plasma spray for thermal barrier coatings and fuel cells, e-beam deposition for precision optical coatings, electrospinning of nanofibers, chemical vapor deposition, and Czochralski crystal growth.

The Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory is focused on materials research activities in the broad areas of tissue engineering and biomedical device design. The laboratory is equipped for polymer and hydrogel synthesis, microfluidic device rapid prototyping, fabrication of tissue engineering scaffold materials, molecular analysis and tissue culture. The laboratory houses a dynamic mechanical analyzer for time and temperature sensitive testing of gel and polymer macroscale mechanical properties. This facility is a fully functional laboratory for integrated mechanical, chemical and biological testing of biomaterials. The laboratory is adjacent to the shared bio-micro/nanofabrication center. This clean room contains a mask aligner, AFM, DekTak Profilometer, e-beam evaporator and a spin coater. The lab also maintains a Hysitron Triboscope Nanoindentation Instrument located in the Low Vibration Area of the Photonics Center. Laboratory projects include experiments and modeling of the contact problem for nanoscale probes on soft hydrated biomaterials, cellbiomaterial interactions in tissue engineering materials, and diagnostic microfluidic device design.

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Biomimetics Materials Engineering Laboratory

Computational Electronics Laboratory

44 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-2374 Professor Wong

8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-358-1576 Professor Bellotti

The Biomimetic Materials Engineering Laboratory is focused on the development of biomaterials to probe how structure, material properties and composition of the cell-biomaterial interface affect fundamental cellular processes. Specifically, we are interested in developing substrata with features that mimic physiological and pathophysiological environments to study fundamental cellular processes at the biointerface. Current research projects include tissue engineering of small diameter blood vessels for bypass and intravascular pharmacology (e.g., stents); development of targeted nano- and microparticle contrast agents for multi-modal (magnetic resonance, ultrasound, and optical) detection of atherosclerotic and vulnerable plaque; and engineering biomimetic systems to study restenosis and breast cancer.

The Computational Electronics Laboratory (CEL) is equipped with state-of-the-art computing tools. The lab has two computer clusters, one XP1000 Alpha Cluster (8 CPUs) running True UNIX 64, and an AMD Athalon MP Cluster (13 CPUs) running Linux. The lab also operates a variety of high-performance PCs and printers. The Computational Electronics Group develops software to study semiconductor materials and to perform electronics and optoelectronics device simulation. Commercial simulation packages, such as ISE Genesis and Silvaco Virtual Wafer Fab, are currently employed.

Cell and Tissue Mechanics Laboratory 44 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215 617 353-5902 Professors Dimitrije Stamenovic and Bela Suki

Fundamental and applied research of soft tissue rheology and mechanical properties of cells: • Measuring and modeling mechanical properties of the cytoskeleton of living cells and its interactions with the extracellular matrix. • Measuring and modeling rheological behaviors of living cells. • Modeling of pneumatic osteoarthritis knee brace. • Measurements and nonlinear modeling of the dynamic stress-strain relationship of soft tissues, in particular, of lung tissues. • Image processing of fluorescently labeled components (such as collagen and elastin fibers) of tissues. • Nonlinear dynamic modeling of various physiological phenomena such as avalanche mechanism of airway reopening.

Annual Report 2010–2011

FemtoSpec Laboratory 8 Saint Mary’s Street, Boston MA 02215 617-353-1271, 617-353-9918 Professors Kenneth Rothschild, Richard Averitt, Larry Zeigler, Shyam Erramilli

Ultrafast laser spectroscopy is increasingly becoming an indispensable tool for studying the properties of materials. This laboratory aims to develop an advanced femtosecond laser spectroscopy system which will be applicable to a broad range of multidisciplinary problems in the fields of condensed matter physics, chemistry, and biology. Examples of topics to be focused on include quasiparticle dynamics in multifunctional materials, band gaps in carbon nanotubes, molecular events in biological energy conversion and photosensing, ultrafast response to light of heme proteins and the structure of biological polymers such as mucin using high sensitivity 2D-IR. Many studies will be facilitated by the ability of the new instrument to probe the same sample over a broad range of wavelengths from the far-IR to UV and detect small changes in absorbance. This capability should open a new window on ultrafast processes which up to now have been difficult to investigate.


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Green Manufacturing Laboratory 730 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-358-2297 Professor Srikanth Gopalan

Research in this laboratory focuses on environmentally benign power generation technologies such as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). We explore the materials science and electrochemistry of SOFCs using impedance spectroscopy, galvanostats and potentiostats. Studies in this lab include measurement of the rates of charge transfer reactions that occur at the interfaces of solid state electrochemical devices, exploration of new processes, and modeling of the transport phenomena that occur in such devices. In this lab we also conduct research on ceramic gas separation membranes for the separation of industrially important gases such as oxygen and hydrogen. Ongoing projects conducted in close collaboration with industrial partners include the development of electrode and electrolyte materials for lower operating temperature SOFCs and the development of mixed ionic and electronic conducting materials for separation of hydrogen. The laboratory is equipped with a Perkin Elmer 263 A Potentiostat / Galvanostat used for characterization of electrochemical systems such as fuel cells, ceramic gas separation membranes, batteries and sensors, a Horiba 910 particle size analyzer capable of obtaining particle size distributions of powders in the range of 0.01 microns to 1 mm using light scattering technique, a Solartron 1255 Frequency Response Analyzer (FRA) used for AC impedance spectroscopy, a high temperature furnace that can operate up to 1700째C, and a Spex 8000 mill capable of producing sub-micron particles for use in solid state electrodes by high energy ball milling in a very short period of time.

High-Temperature Chemical and Electrochemical Processing of Materials Laboratory 750 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-0375 Professor Uday Pal

The laboratory is completely equipped for studying most high-temperature chemical and electrochemical processes involving metals and ceramics. It includes several hightemperature furnaces, residual gas analyzers, CO/CO2 analyzers, potentiostats, impedance analyzers, state-ofthe-art thermogravimetric Cahn Balance, high precision power supplies capable of operating under constant current/ voltage mode, viscometers, state-of-the-art data acquisition systems, powder processing facility, and fuel cell test stations. The laboratory currently supports the following research programs: green synthesis and processing of energy intensive metals, membrane technology for hydrogen production and separation, hybrid one-step processing of solid oxide fuel cells, materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells, and waste to energy conversion. High Temperature Oxidation Laboratory 750 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-3746 Professor Soumendra N. Basu

The research thrust of this laboratory is to investigate the high temperature oxidation behavior of materials by exposing metal and ceramic samples to corrosive atmospheres containing oxygen and sulfur at elevated temperatures up to 1,600째C. The laboratory is equipped with a CAHN thermogravimetric balance and a Mettler microbalance for weight gain measurements, as well as an apparatus for oxidation in O-18 atmospheres, in order to determine oxidation mechanisms.

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The Klapperich Laboratory for Appropriate Healthcare Technologies 44 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-0253 Professor Catherine Klapperich

The Klapperich Laboratory for Appropriate Healthcare Technologies is focused on the design and engineering of manufacturable, disposable systems for low-cost point-ofcare molecular diagnostics. We have invented technologies to perform microfluidic sample preparation for bacterial and viral targets from several human body fluids including, urine, blood, stool and nasowash. We are currently working on devices for the detection of infectious diarrhea, influenza, HIV, MRSA and cancer biomarkers. Our projects include detection by PCR, isothermal amplification, and novel optical techniques.
Our main application area is global health. Assay development, device design, sample flow, storage and transport are all considered opportunities to drive down the cost and increase the accessibility of molecular tests in the developing world. Our lab works in conjunction with the Laboratory for Engineering Education and Development at Boston University. We also work closely with Innovations in International Health at MIT. The Klapperich Lab is active in the Center for Nanoscience and Nanobiotechnology at BU. Laboratory of Integrated Nanophotonics & Biosensing Systems (LINBS) 8 St. Mary’s St, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-4769 Professor Hatice Altug

The capability to confine and manipulate photons at nanometer-length scales can open up unprecedented opportunities both in the fields of classical and quantum information processing, as well as in fundamental life sciences. Our group is developing nanophotonic devices for optical communications and on-chip biosensing. For communication applications, we are developing ultrafast lasers, ultra-efficient light emitting diodes and photonic crystal devices that can slow down the light. For biotechnology applications, we are using plasmonic nanostructures and photonic crystal cavities for realization of high-throughput, ultra sensitive and label free biosensors. To accomplish our goals, we are developing new computational modeling and advanced nanofabrication techniques including nano/bio-patterning and microfluidics. Our biosafety level-2 lab is capable of cell culturing and includes a modified AFM for surface functionalization. Our lab also houses state-of the art optical measurement equipments and computational clusters.

Annual Report 2010–2011

Materials X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston MA 02215 617-353-7291 Professor Karl Ludwig

Our research investigates how materials evolve on atomic and nano-length scales as they change from one form to another. In particular, we use real-time x-ray techniques to examine structural evolution during phase transitions, thin film growth and surface processing. Many of the experiments use the high brightness of synchrotron x-ray sources – the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island and the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory outside of Chicago. Where possible, we make contact with fundamental theory and simulation. In the last few years, our detailed interest has been in three directions – understanding surface and thin film processes, investigating nanoscale dynamics in metallic alloys using coherent x-ray scattering and studying the relationship between atomic structure and function in solid oxide fuel cell cathodes. Many of our in-situ studies utilize a unique ultrahigh vacuum growth and surface modification facility that we have helped develop on the insertion-device beamline X21 at the NSLS. We have been using it to examine surface morphology evolution during ion bombardment (which can cause the spontaneous growth of surface nanostructures) and issues related to the growth of wide-bandgap group III-V semiconductor films using plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (in collaboration with Prof. Moustakas in Electrical Engineering). Coherent x-ray scattering provides the ability to probe nanoscale dynamics in metallic alloys and other materials systems. Partially coherent x-ray beams are created using small (10 micron) slits in conjunction with a high-brilliance 3rd generation synchrotron source, such as the APS. The disorder in the alloys produces speckle patterns in the scattered x-ray intensity. The evolution of the speckle


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pattern can then be related to the underlying dynamics of structural changes (e.g. ordering, phase separation or stacking fault rearrangement) in the alloy. Solid oxide fuel cells offer the potential for highly efficient energy conversion, but improvements in cathode function are needed before their potential can be fully realized. In collaboration with Profs. Pal, Basu and Gopalan in Engineering and Prof. Smith in Physics, we are examining insitu the near-surface atomic structure of cathode materials in order to better understand the relationship between function and structure. Nanoscale Mechanical Engineering Laboratory 110 Cummington Street, Boston, MA 02215 617-358-0253 Professor Kamil Ekinci

This facility is used to fabricate nanometer-scale semiconductor mechanical devices using electron beam lithography, plasma, and wet etching techniques. After fabrication, various state-ofthe-art characterization techniques are employed to study the physical processes dominant in these nanomechanical devices. Among the fundamental phenomena studied are dissipation, fluctuations, and surface effects at the nanometer length scales. The practical aspects of this research involve the design and fabrication of ultra-high-speed nanomechanical sensors and development of surface nano-engineering techniques for improved device characteristics. More information can be found at NEMS Home: Ekinci Group. Nanostructured Fibers And Nonlinear Optics Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-9881 Professor Siddharth Ramachandran

Light beams in free space travel at the “speed of light,” and tend to diverge (diffract). Complex, nano-structured photonic devices can be used to slow light (confine photons in time) and counteract diffraction (by confining photons in space). Some confinement geometries lead to spatially complex beams that possess intriguing properties such as the ability of optical vortices to carry orbital angular momentum or the ability of Bessel beams to self-heal. Our group studies the myriad phenomena encountered by the manipulation of such fundamental effects of light, with the aim of developing next generation photonic devices.

Optical Characterization & Nanophotonics Laboratory (OCN) 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 617-358-4808, 617-353-1275, 617-353-5067 Professors Goldberg, Professor Swan, and Professor Unlu

Nanophotonics addresses a broad spectrum of optics on the nanometer scale covering technology and basic science. Compared to the behavior of isolated molecules or bulk materials, the behavior of nanostructures exhibit important physical properties not necessarily predictable from observations of either individual constituents or large ensembles. We develop and apply advanced optical characterization techniques to the study of solid-state and biological phenomena at the nanoscale. Current projects include development of high resolution subsurface imaging techniques based on numerical aperture increasing lens (NAIL) for the study of semiconductor devices and circuits and spectroscopy of quantum dots, micro resonant Raman and emission spectroscopy of individual carbon nanotubes, biosensors based on microring resonators, and development of new nanoscale microscopy techniques utilizing interference of excitation as well as emission from fluorescent molecules. In addition to microscopy, optical resonance is nearly ubiquitous in our research projects including development of resonant cavity-enhanced photodetectors and imaging biosensors for DNA and protein arrays. Orthopaedic & Developmental Biomechanics Laboratory 110 Cummington St., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-2791 Professor Elise Morgan

This laboratory uses experimental and computational methods to explore the relationships between structure and mechanical function of biological tissues at multiple length scales. Current research projects include quantification of physiological loading conditions, 3-D visualization and prediction of spine fractures, and the effects of mechanical stimulation on joint and articular cartilage development. The laboratory houses a biaxial (axialtorsional) servohydraulic materials testing system with a variety of extensometers and load cells, a miniature torsional testing system, two micro-computed tomography systems, a multichannel signal conditional and amplification system, an X-ray cabinet, and various cutting tools including a sledge microtome and low-speed wafering saw. Additional space is dedicated to cell and tissue culture. Computational facilities include PC workstations equipped with software for image processing, finite element analysis, and general computing.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Powder Metallurgy & X-ray Laboratory

Surface Modification Laboratory

750 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 617-353-6451 Professor Vinod K. Sarin

15 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02446 Professor Vinod K. Sarin

The powder processing laboratory is equipped to batch, process, and densify a wide variety of materials. Particle size reduction and uniform mixing are essential in any powder preparation. In addition to a 500cc capacity attritor mill for processing small powder batches, an extensive selection of ball mill sizes and a variety of milling media, including silicon nitride and titanium carbide, are available. Consolidation and sintering capabilities include vacuum, over pressure, and hot pressing up to 25,000 KgF and temperatures in excess of 2400°C. These capabilities make the powder processing laboratory uniquely equipped for developing high temperature monolithic and composite materials. The laboratory is also equipped with a Bruker D8 Focus diffractometer with independent theta and two theta axis with copper radiation. This unit extends the laboratory’s capability to perform single crystal back reflection Laue studies for crystal orientation. The standard detector is the scintillation counter, with high dynamic range and low internal background. In addition, several Debye Scherrer powder cameras are also available. This unit is equipped with all necessary components for qualitative or quantitative phase analysis, crystallite size determination, and structure determination and refinement. Precision Engineering Research (PERL) Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA 02215 617-353-5619 Professor Thomas Bifano

Research in the Precision Engineering Research (PERL) Laboratory is directed toward design, modeling, fabrication, and testing of advanced microsystems. A core research area involves development of large-scale arrays of coordinated microactuators for use in photonic or optical systems. Recent projects have included: development of deformable micromirror arrays for adaptive optics; modeling of microfluidic transport systems; development of microvalve arrays for control of fluid flow rate and pressure; design and fabrication of advanced optoacoustic MEMS sensors; and micro-scale contouring using ion beam systems. The laboratory houses state-of-the-art systems for design, fabrication, and testing of MEMS devices, including interferometric contouring microscopes, a high speed vibrometer, and adaptive optics and microfluidic test beds.

Annual Report 2010–2011

This unique state-of-the-art university research laboratory has the capability of R&D activities in the field of surface engineering involving both Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) techniques. It contains two experimental CVD units capable of producing a wide range of tough, adherent and protective coatings for various applications. Two multiple-target DC and RF sputtering units that produce monolithic, multi-layered, and composite coatings are available for coating development by PVD. Research and development of diamond coatings is focused on the combustion flame process. Several combustion flame setups have been developed and fabricated to produce diamond coatings of various morphologies on a wide range of materials. Unique equipment and techniques have been developed to evaluate the mechanical, chemical, and structural properties of coatings, such as a micro-scratch tester to evaluate adherence. A hot wall CVD reactor is used for the deposition of functionally graded mullite coatings. Mullite (3Al2O3•2SiO2) has received considerable attention as a potential coating material for silicon-based ceramics due to its excellent corrosion resistance, creep resistance, high temperature strength, and most critically, excellent Coefficient of Thermal Expansion match, especially with Silicon Carbide. Dense, uniform, crystalline mullite environmental barrier coatings have been deposited by CVD on SiC substrates and these coatings have exhibited excellent high temperature oxidation and hot corrosion resistance. The coating process has subsequently been patented at Boston University. Transparent Radioluminescent Coatings of Lutetium Oxide doped with Europium Oxide are being developed using both PVD and CVD. It is believed that these atomistic deposition techniques will offer extensive promise as an alternative production method for tailoring microstructure and optimizing scintillation characteristics of these ceramics.


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Ultrafast Nanostructure Optics (UNO) Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA, 02446 617-358-5103 Professor Luca Dal Negro

The research is mainly focused on: a) ultrafast emission spectroscopy; b) optical gain relaxation dynamics; c) nonlinear optical characterization of semiconductor nanostructures, novel bio-compatible materials, photonic and plasmonic nanodevices. Implemented Optical techniques include: picosecond fluorescence lifetime spectroscopy, time-resolved variable stripe length and pump-probe gain techniques, emission quantum efficiency and photon statistics, Z-scan nonlinear characterization, second harmonic generation (SHG).

Tsui Lab 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston MA 02215 617-358-4669 Professor Ophelia K.C. Tsui

Our current research primarily concerns the effects of surfaces, interfaces, confinement and frustration on the dynamics and equilibrium of soft condensed matters, illustrated in polymer ultrathin films and liquid crystal systems. These queries have led us to investigate a wide spectrum of contemporary soft condensed matter physics problems including wetting and dewetting phenomena, adhesion, interfacial viscosity, dynamics of confined systems, surface dynamics, surface or frustration induced orientational ordering. Through collaborations with colleagues around the world, we have also worked on related problems of atomic force microscopic (AFM) mechanics, AFM nanotribology, AFM nanolithography, order-disorder phase transition of evaporating solution cast block copolymer films, formation and structure of protein films, liquid crystal display, and electronic and magnetic properties of magnetic granular nano-composites.

Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory 8 St. Mary’s St., Brookline, MA, 02446 617-353-1288 Professor Theodore Moustakas

The Wide Bandgap Semiconductor Laboratory is a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to studying the growth, fundamental material properties, and fabrication of novel electronic and opto-electronic devices. The lab specializes in III-nitride growth by Molecular Beam Epitaxy(MBE) and Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy(HVPE). It has a history in the development of LEDs and currently continues to focus on LEDs and semiconductor lasers in the blue-UV region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

The major experimental techniques used in our research include AFM, x-ray reflectivity and scattering, contact angle measurement, ellipsometry as well as optical microscopy. Most of the sample preparation involves clean-room and microfabrication technologies.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Visiting Committee The Division of Materials Science and Engineering Visiting Committee gathered for dinner on the evening of Wednesday, April 13, 2011, and for a formal meeting on Thursday, April 14, 2011 in the Photonics Building 9th Floor Conference Room. Seven out of the nine Visiting Committee members attended the meeting, along with Division Heads, Staff and other members of the MSE Steering Committee. Dr. Harry Tuller served as Committee Chairman. At the start of the meeting, the Dean of Engineering, Professor Ken Lutchen, described the major growth and academic strength that had characterized the College of Engineering undergraduate and graduate programs in recent years. He reported that a new faculty hire was in progress to lead the MSE to the next level of excellence. He asked the Visiting Committee to share their wisdom and advice on how the MSE might reach national prominence within the next decade. The Visiting Committee heard brief presentations from the Division Heads, and a question-and-answer period spawned comments and lively discussions throughout the meeting. After lunch in the PHO West End Lounge, the Committee was treated to a Graduate Student Research Poster Session in the 7th floor Atrium, fostering one-on-one interaction with MSE students. The Visiting Committee then met privately and developed a list of recommendations that were subsequently discussed with the Dean and Division Heads. The meeting adjourned to a Wine and Cheese social event that included all MSE Faculty, Staff and Graduate Students. A written report on the meeting was submitted to the Dean and Division Heads by Dr. Harry Tuller on May 16, 2011.

Annual Report 2010–2011

Attending Visiting Committee Members Harry Tuller, Chairman C. Barry Carter James G. Hannoosh Max Lagally Kwadwo Osseo-Asare Subhash Singhal Hans-Peter Weber

Attending Steering Committee Members Uday Pal Soumendra Basu Ted Moustakas Karl Ludwig Mark Grinstaff (dinner only)

Attending Staff Ruth Mason Elizabeth Flagg Cheryl Stewart


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Visiting Committee Members Dr. C. Barry Carter is Department

Dr. Max G. Lagally is Erwin W.

Head and Professor in the Chemical, Materials & Biomolecular Engineering Department at the University of Connecticut. Professor Carter is the author of the popular textbook, “Ceramic Materials: Science and Engineering”, published by Springer. Professor Carter’s research interests are in characterization of interfaces and defects in ceramics and semiconductors.

Mueller Professor and Bascom Professor of Surface Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Lagally is the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including his election into the German National Academy of Science, the American Association for the advancement of Science, and the National Academy of Engineering.

Dr. George Craford is currently the

Dr. Ron Latanision is currently Corporate Vice President & Practice Director at Exponent Engineering and Scientific Consulting, and Professor Emeritus in Materials Science and Engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and a Fellow of ASM International, NACE International, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Latanison’s expertise and interests are in the areas of electrochemical science and processing technologies.

Solid State Lighting Fellow at Philips Lumileds Lighting Company. Prior to joining Philips he was the Technical Director of the Electronics Division at Hewlett-Packard Company. At HewlettPackard, Craford’s group pioneered the development of various types of LEDs and products. Dr. Craford is a fellow of the IEEE and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has received numerous professional awards including the 2002 National Medal of Technology from the President of the United States in recognition for his contributions to the LED technology. Dr. James G. Hannoosh is currently

Vice President of Development for Astra Tech, Inc., and former CEO and Senior Vice President of Atlantis Components, Inc. Both companies produce dental implants and medical devices employing advanced materials.

Dr. Kwadwo Osseo-Asare is

Distinguished Professor of Metallurgy and Energy and Geo-environmental Engineering in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and the Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Professor Osseo-Assare’s research interests are in the areas of materials processing in the aqueous media.

Boston University College of Engineering | Division of Materials Science & Engineering


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Visiting Committee Members Dr. Subhash C. Singhal is Battelle

Fellow and Director, Fuel Cells, in the Energy and Environment Directorate at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, and an Adjunct Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Utah. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Washington State Academy of Sciences. He served on the Electrochemical Society’s Board of Directors, was President of the International Society for Solid State Ionics. Dr. Singhal’s expertise and interests are in the areas of high temperature materials and solid oxide fuel cells. Dr. Harry L. Tuller is Professor of

Ceramics and Electronic Materials in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Head of the Crystal Physics and Electroceramics Laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Electroceramics, Fellow of the American Ceramic Society, elected to World Academy of Ceramics. Professor Tuller’s research interests are in the areas of electroceramics and solid-state materials.

Annual Report 2010–2011

(continued) Hans-Peter Weber, DMD, is the Raymond J. and Elva Pomfret Nagle Professor of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences, and serves as Chair of the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Biomaterials Sciences at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. His expertise is in the area of dental implants and reconstruction.


Boston University Division of Materials Science & Engineering Annual Report 2010–2011 © 2011, Boston University Design and production: Tess Mattern Photography: Boston University Photo Services, unless otherwise noted. Content: Elizabeth Flagg, Cheryl Stewart, MSE staff, and MSE faculty Front Cover: Professor Ramachandran at the BU Optical Fiber Fabrication facility. Professor Ramachandran is seen holding a “preform” which, when pulled at high temperatures and high speeds with the fiber-drawing tower (background), yields several kilometers of optical fiber used as the backbone of telecommunications today. Fiber fabrication involves several complex materials processes, and the BU fabrication facility is one of a handful of such facilities in an academic setting in the US. Back Cover: Graduate Student Gozde Erdem, Prof. Karl Ludwig and Postdoctoral Research Associate Alex DeMasi with the unique facility for real-time x-ray studies of surface and thin film processes that Boston University researchers have helped build at the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory. This report provides a description of the instructional and research activities of the Division of Materials Science & Engineering at Boston University during the 2010–2011 academic year. Instructional activities are reported from the Fall 2010 through Summer 2011 semesters while scholarly activities and budget information are reported from July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2011. Boston University’s policies provide for equal opportunity and affirmative action in employment and admission to all programs of the University. For more information or to download this report as a PDF, please visit our website at www.bu.edu/mse


Annual Report 2010–2011

Boston University College of Engineering D i v i s i o n o f m a t e r i a l s s c i e n ce & E n g i n ee r i n g

Boston University College of Engineering Division of Materials Science & Engineering 15 Saint Mary’s Street, Room 118 Brookline, MA 02446 617-353-2842 mse@bu.edu www.bu.edu/mse


BU MSE Annual Report 2011