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The Cone interactive architecture for ‘Burning Man‘


The Cone

interactive architecture for ‘Burning Man’ final project of Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs 2007 Institut für Industrielle Bauproduktion (ifib) Prof. Michael Kunert Prof. Hannu Penttilä Akad. Oberrat Volker Koch Lehrstuhl für Städtebau und Entwerfen - ORL Prof. Alex Wall Universität Karlsruhe (TH) print: Format GmbH - Beim Runden Plom 3 76275 Ettlingen - www.formatgmbh.de www.burning-man.eu


introduction


“The world is a desert. It’s up to us to fill it in!” Brian Doherty in ‘This is Burning Man’

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icon(e) ‘The Cone’ is the final project of Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs, who have studied architecture at the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. Over the period of one year an interactive, temporary art installation for the ‘Burning Man’ Project 2007 - ‘The Green Man’ in Nevada, USA had been developed and realized. ‘The Cone’ is the resulting nine meter high rotating structure made of PVC-tubes. It is ought to produce its own energy with manual kinetic force which then is used for an effective night illumination. The initial inspiration that lent to attending ‘Burning Man’ occurred in September 2005 in Sydney, Australia. A television documentary was broadcast about an art project at this outstanding event, which in turn planted the conceptual seed for ‘The Cone’. It lay latent until a return to Germany, where it revived in April 2006 and kept growing until January 2007 when the work on a particular concept started. Between February and July ‘The Cone’ was developed, funded and

a test version realized at ‘Camp Lacuna’ in Karlsruhe. In late July the structure was dismantled in order to ship essential parts to Salt Lake City, USA where certain modules of the construction were rebuilt at the University of Utah. On August 17th, 2007 the second installation of ‘The Cone’ commenced – this time in the Black Rock Desert, the home of ‘Burning Man’ – to be part of this year’s event. This book reports about the project’s background as well as details in design, construction, logistic and communication issues. At the same time it provides a self reflecting view for those who were involved in the project as crew members, participants, supporters and users of ‘The Cone’. The document gives a review about certain processes, developments, decisions and difficulties that all together lead to a successful completion of this fulfilling (ad) venture.

‘The Cone’ at ‘Burning Man’ 2007


“You saw nothing here, it never happened” ‘SPIN magazine’ in ‘Burning Man’ by Traub, Wieners, Plunkett, Braun

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why ‘burning man’? Burning Man’ is an annual art event that takes place in ‘Black Rock City’, a temporary settlement in the desert of Nevada, USA during the last week of August. This ‘experiment in community’ as it is described by organizers gives any participant the opportunity to radical self expression. The rules within the community are basically reduced to safety issues and structures such as the regulation of spaces and movement. Therefore the event is not only remarkable in terms of the given opportunities to be creative in various ways but it also forms a society which is sociologically and psychologically very complex. The functionality of the collective is generally funded on the self reliance of every individual inhabitant of the temporal city. So what exactly is the permanent impact of something that is created in order to disappear again?

‘Black Rock City’ is particularly identified by its art and architecture. It gives opportunities and motivation to any inhabitant to make his or her contribution to the community; this is a possibility that sometimes seems difficult to develop in ‘normal’ society. An important factor that attracts people from all over the world each year is the planar surface of the desiccated lake bed that desires to be filled with life. The temporality of the event gives people the opportunity to take chances regarding installations, structures and materials because everything is going to disappear afterwards and there is almost no risk of permanent damage. Dr. Joerg Rekittke mentions five criteria in which the opportunities of temporary architecture are in evidence and can also be referred to ‘Burning Man’:

1. Temporal architecture is able to be more daring - in concept and construction. It does not need to guarantee absolute success and can take a risk more easily than permanent architecture. 2. The temporal limitation allows using materials that are improper for lasting architecture; they are adequate for the time being and can lead to a new perception of space and visual effects. 3. Buildings can be constructed for much cheaper than ‘massive’ ones. 4. The erection and the removal can and should be reciprocal. This means that the dismantlement is the same process as the montage and used materials don’t need to be destroyed. 5. Extensive foundations are usually not necessary; ephemeral architecture leaves no physical trace as its existence continues in the users’ or spectators’ minds.


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‘Burning Man’s theme of 2007 ‘The Green Man’ concerned humanity‘s relationship towards nature. The issue of environmental sustainability in our daily lives as well as in the realms of politics and economy has received more and more significance over the last few years. But on closer examination a project such as ‘Burning Man’ cannot really be called ‘green’. The intention is rather to create individual awareness. A sign at the entry gate cut right to the chase: “If you were truly green, you would have walked here”. The challenge of participating in an installation project embodies and connects certain ideas of ecological, sociological and constructive issues and creates a tangible representation of ideas to highlight a way of sustainable thinking and living. ‘Temple of Forgiveness’ by David Best and Tim Dawson


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project structure of ‘the cone’

communication To cover various aspects of publication and provide information to interested parties a website (www.burning-man.eu) was designed. It disclosed the current project status and explained the basic idea in terms of construction drawings, pictures, explanations and maps. Furthermore it formed a platform of exchange between all involved parties. A private ‘login’ area gave the opportunity to receive personal information about other participants, and supporting partners had the possibility of representing themselves. Another important part of the communication process was a regularly published newsletter announcing both the actual state of the project and significant changes or developments. This kept interested people, active and passive supporters as well as consulting staff up to date and displayed the progress that was made.

The complexity of the project ‘The Cone’ can be classified into certain key areas: ‘design’, ‘construction’, ‘support’ and ‘logistics’. The constant interaction and communication between these fields was essential for the successful completion of the project. Through continuous exchange and record of information in form of text, pictures or video the fields became entwined and a helpful pattern of influences and resulting conclusions was created.

Diese Grafik beschreibt den dringenden Zusammenhang der unterschiedlichen Prozessfelder und dadurch die Rolle der Kommunikation Diese Grafik stellt die wichtigsten Bestandteile für die Kommunikation dar. Diese Grafik beschreibt den dringenden Zusammenhang der unterschiedlichen Prozessfelder und dadurch die Rolle der Kommunikation ‘The Cone’ - Communication ‘The Cone’ - Communication ‘The Cone’ - Communication constituents

design

e-mail

mail logistics

communication

construction logistics communication

support

communication connects the four project key fields

support

Diese Grafik stellt die wichtigsten Bestandteile für die Kommunikation dar.

‘The Cone’ - Communication constituents

phone

design

interaction Each of the four key areas was dependent on the other ones and the advance of the project was consistently influenced by decisions or incidents that were made or happened in any of these fields. The dependencies can be described in a circle of effects while directions of the sequence could change.

phone

design e-mail

mail

communication construction

webspace

website communication

newsletter webspace

communication instruments

website

support

construction

newsletter

logistics

interdependence of key fields


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Project structure (no relation to timeline!!)

research

‘Burning Man’ art installations

design

construction project

conception

‘The Cone’

initial idea

interactivity, ecology, visual effect, simplicity

visualization

sketches, CAD drawings, 3-D drawings, scale models

identity

creation of identity through iconic visualization

material

determination of possible materials that lead to the wanted effects

statics

calculations and opinions of experts in civil engineering

mechanics

calculations and opinions of experts in mechanical engineering

material

search for material assistance (donations/ recycled, free materials) search for financial aid

man power

recruiting human help during the various stages of the project

logistics

scheduling costs tools /survival transportation

planning a timeline for the whole project; clarification of deadlines estimation of expenses for material, transportation, tools, communication, documentation... determination of necessary stuff for transport, installation, construction, surviving organization of material shipping to designated places at certain times

continuous

webpage / updates

continuous information about the project to interested parties

video / photo diary planning documents collected stuff

documentation materials that are needed for public work (donators, helpers, interested parties...) necessary to revive the project history collection of all related draft and design documents brochures, articles, pictures, sketches, anything referring to the project

active passive

structural project arrangement

history / funded arts

reading articles/ books related to ‘Burning Man’; intense online video and pictures research talks to friends/ burners/ tutors; visiting webblogs, posts and boards analyzing former funded art installations; ‘Burning Man’ art grant conditions

financial

support

documentation

webpages / books


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construction

logistics

design

support key fields influence

design The initial part of the design process covered the first steps to a coherent concept and started as a simple idea. At first, basic thoughts were collected and filtered considering advantages and disadvantages. Then a design proposal was sent to an intern funding-competition of the ‘Burning Man Organization’, where the project was chosen as one of 30 officially ‘funded art projects’. Based on this design the further development was determined.

support The acquisition of financial and material support was a permanent working process. Warranted help from companies and University facilities, financial and organizational support for transportation, heavy tools and equipment, accommodation in the foreign country and free entrance tickets for crew members were foundations the project could grow on.

construction Constructive modifications had to be done several times during the project. The changes were mostly influenced by technical or structural problems that arose and had to be solved. Solutions in this area always had a serious impact on the other fields, especially towards the visual design of ‘The Cone’.

logistics The main logistic instruments of the venture are represented by the webpage as a communication and representation platform, a precise time line as enduring orientation path, several lists and tables to record and calculate costs and needs, the newsletter as additional information tool to spread information and detailed transport and production plans.

logistics

logistics

construction

support

construction

design

support construction

support

design

logistics

design


11 As the project lasted over one year in duration a certain chronological structure can be determined. In particular, the research that occurred mainly at the beginning and the phase of presenting the results at the very end can be precisely associated with a distinctive period of time, whereas the key fields ‘design’, ‘construction’, ‘support’ and ‘logistics’ ran parallel during the peak time of the project and kept overlapping each other. Like there are these two ways of arranging and presenting the project there are two ways of reading the book. First, there is a chronological time line escorting the reader through the book and briefly pointing out special dates and incidents.

documentation research

07 jan

07 feb

07 mar

Secondly the book is separated into seven main chapters that can be reviewed independently: the introduction, research, design, construction, support, logistics and resumé. Every chapter includes the prospective approach and the most relevant issues and requests. The attached DVD gives an opportunity to experience the project time line in a dynamic way and visualizes impressions with the help of videos, pictures and sound which cannot be transported by this book. It includes both a mulitmedia application that can only be used on a computer and video material for a conventional DVD player.

07 apr

07 may

07 jun

07 jul

07 aug

07 sep

design construction support logistics presentation

chronological project development

07 oct

07 nov

07 dec

08 jan


index


13

introduction

support

approach services donations subsidies manpower

67 69 70 71 72

17 18 22 26 29

logistics

approach information finance time transport

77 78 81 82 86

approach inspiration influences concept modelling

35 36 37 38 42

impressions

approach structure rotation segments base wiring ‘erection party’

47 48 51 53 58 60 62

acknowledgments

icon(e) why ‘burning man’? project structure of ‘the cone’

7 8 10

15

research

approach history of ‘burning man’ environment artificial people anarchy vs bureaucracy

design

index

construction

89

resumé

publications

references

review interaction evaluation classification

105 106 107 108

111

113

photographs literature webpages

115 116 117


research


project timeline

Sept. 2005 I Sydney, Australia first contact with ‘burning man’ after watching a documentary about the project ‘johnny on the spot’ by saul melman and ani weinstein on australian tv

manuel to michael pittner: “...but i‘ve seen a documentary about burning man recently, the festival they celebrate each year somewhere in the desert, and i‘ve thought about going there and building some crazy architectural pavilion with some friends. it‘s just an idea...“ 15

approach ‘Burning Man’ represents a very unique phenomenon. It is about radical emotions, feelings and personal experience. The project’s characteristics can hardly be determined in an objective point of view as most stories about it are extremely based on subjective perceptions. Gathering serious information about an event that is mainly based on a metaphysical spirit is impossible to explicate; trying to imagine these particular vibes without ever having been there before was the biggest task of the research process. What makes ‘Burning Man’ so special? Why do tens of thousands of people spend eight days every year in one of the most hostile places in the world? Just to take part in the burn of a wooden effigy? Approaching this ‘micro world’ that seemed to be so exciting and full of enthusiasm was extremely motivating and established a strong will to join the event and contribute to the creation of something exceptional. The first step was to collect information about ‘Burning Man’ in books, articles, several video documentaries and the internet, the

latter of which garnered the most data. In particular, hours could be spent on the official festival page ‘www.burning-man.com’ reading about anything related to the event and its background. Further private or public pages offered a remarkable amount of information about the history and community and helped mediating the spirit through articles, images and short video-clips. Another exciting way to get closer to ‘Burning Man’ was through books and publications. ‘This is Burning Man’ from Brian Doherty, for example, is a great publication about the whole event from the early beginnings until almost the present state. The last step was to get in personal contact with people that had already been to ‘Burning Man’ or were part of the organization team. As a chosen ‘Funded Art Project’ it was easier to mingle with responsible and experienced protagonists who could help with almost any request and gave essential advise in terms of surviving and working on the ‘Playa’. ‘Black Rock City‘ 2007


April 2006 I Dresden, Germany

May 21st, 2006 I Dresden - Karlsruhe

May 31st, 2006 I Dresden

further thoughts about the realizability of the idea

decision to start the project

purchase of books about ‘burning man’

research

history of ‘burning man’ The story of ‘Burning Man’ started as a little ritual on the summer solstice in 1986 when Larry Harvey and a few friends met on Baker Beach in San Francisco and burned a 2,5m tall wooden man. For no specific reason they continued doing that until 1990 when the burn of a larger 12m high statue attracted a crowd of 500 people and had to be stopped by the police for safety reasons. The same year, on Labor Day weekend, a similar event was held by John Law and the ‘Cacophony Society’ in a remote and largely unknown place called the Black Rock Desert in Nevada, 150km north-northeast of Reno. This location far away from civilization in

a calm and empty environment proved to be the perfect place to continue. What started as a small gathering of a couple of friends on a public beach soon grew to a fully functional temporary civilization. In 1995 4.000 people trekked to the desert and this marked the first time tickets were sold. In 1996 the first art-theme was proclaimed and the event grew to 8.000 participants. The population of ‘Black Rock City’ consistently kept growing as did ‘The Man’, until it reached its final height in 2002 of about 24m. Each year, more and more people attend the event, up to 47.366 in 2007.


Sep. 2006 I Karlsruhe

Oct. 5th, 2006 I Dresden

request for consulting assistance from volker koch (ifib)

purchase of a dvd about 'burning man'

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life in ‘Black Rock City’

center camp

huge geodesic domes

page 20/21: the Black Rock Desert


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19


Oct. 2006 - Jan. 2007

Jan. 14th, 2007 I Dresden

research and project planning

first webpage layout

research

environment The Black Rock Desert is a dry lake bed in northwestern Nevada. Considered one of the flattest surfaces on earth, it lies at an average elevation of 1.200m and covers an area of about 2.600km². Temperatures during the day usually stay around 40°C and can drop to near freezing at night. The so called ‘Playa’ is frequently subject to sudden unpredictable and strong windstorms during which the dust rises and instant ‘white outs’ can occur. Rainfall accompanied by lightning can even happen, but these conditions usually pan out quickly. It is still very important to arrive as prepared as possible to ‘Burning Man’. Information brochures such as the annually published ‘Survival Guide’ provide helpful hints on what to bring. Dust masks and skigoggles are essential, as are sunglasses, sunscreen, a hat and white shirts. Water is, by far, the greatest commodity. Due to the extreme low humidity, the heat and the alkaline dust the body continuously dehydrates and its associated risks rise. double rainbow


Feb. 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Feb. 6th, 2007 8:45 I Karlsruhe

presentation of the intended project to volker koch (ifib)

the initial inspiration

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dust storms

page 24: ‘Dust Devil’ page 25: riding across the ‘Playa’


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23


Feb. 6th - 15th, 2007 I Karlsruhe - Dresden

Feb. 15th, 2007 I Karlsruhe - San Francisco

doing the ‘grant proposal’ to get funded by the ‘burning man’ art department

deadline ‘grant proposal’

morgan to manuel: “...i underlined any changes i made in the grant application,(...) i don’t know if this is supposed to be formal or not(...) however i am certain that the burning man festival is not so preoccupied with grammar and the like.(...) i hope that perhaps even i can participate should i be free during that period of august...”

research

artificial people The community of ‘Burning Man’ is based on ten principles which are radical inclusion, gifting, decommodification, radical self-reliance, radical self-expression, communal effort, civic responsibility, leaving no trace, participation and immediacy. These principles reflect the basic social idea behind the event. Therefore each citizen of ‘Black Rock City’ is ought to actively participate in the community. No spectators are wanted. This results in a society where everyone offers something without expecting anything back. Gifts include an immense offer of artwork from the tiniest self made stickers to monolithic structures like David Best’s ‘Temples’.

‘Playa’ art


“...interactive art is our particular obsession. interactive work convenes society around itself. it generates roles. it provokes actions. it directs attention to the surrounding world. it transforms participants into active contributors to your creative process. it transcends the static conception of an art object that is contemplated by a detached audience.” (excerpt from the ‘burning man’ art grant criteria)

Feb. 21st, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Feb. 23rd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

further steps discussed

design review with volker koch (ifib) (keep it simple!)

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Most participants also modify their appearance towards a fresh personality. Real identities are changed to ‘Playa names’ and new life backgrounds, professions or relations get invented. The initial idea of the first ‘Burning Man’ in the Black Rock Desert that was proclaimed by the ‘Cacophony Society’ as ‘Zone Trip #4’, a step into a different reality, is still alive. When entering the gate participants are greeted ‘Welcome Home’ and that’s how they behave. For one week they are back to ‘wonderland’ and normal life in the outside world is only needed to fulfill social standards.

human sea horses

man in silver


Feb. 27th - March 3rd, 2007 I Dresden

March 5th, 2007 I Karlsruhe - Salt Lake City

webpage layout (www.burning-man.eu)

contact to jörg rügemer (university of utah) to establish cooperation

research

view across the desert plain

refuge

‘Playa’ art


March 8th, 2007 I Dresden

March 9th, 2007 I San Francisco

March 13th, 2007

private login area integrated in webpage

‘grant proposal’ accepted - sponsorship by ‘burning man’ lady bee to manuel, hans: “congratulations! burning man is pleased to offer you $(...) towards your project, ‘cone’(...) when we call you we’ll go over your contract and work out your ticket needs and any other issues(...) we look forward to working with you!... lady bee, art curator bm

personal flights booked

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anarchy vs bureaucracy ‘Black Rock City’ is a true city. Like any other city it has its regulations and laws. Although each participant is required to care about his or her personal needs the organization provides a basic infrastructure including aligned roads that are frequently controlled, periodically cleaned porta-johns, medical and fire services and various other amenities concerning special needs of individual participants. Furthermore, being part of the gift-community, ‘Black Rock City’citizens themselves run radio stations, daily newspapers, live TV broadcasting, public steam baths and showers, hundreds of bars,

‘Black Rock City’ airport

nine o’clock plaza

restaurants and clubs and, of course, plentiful artwork. But as the event keeps growing every year, regulations do, too. To reduce injuries and fatalities and to accommodate federal and state laws, ‘Black Rock City’ is patrolled by both various law enforcement agencies and ‘Burning Man’s’ own ‘Black Rock Rangers’, who act as informal mediators between participants. Exceptions from these regulations have to be applied for. For example, special permissions to take videos or photos are needed and daily driving permits are required for car use during the event.

towards ‘The Man’

road system

lamplighters


‘Steampunk Treehouse’ by Sean Orlando

‘Homouroboros’ by Peter Hudson


‘Equatorial Encounter’ by Matt Evans

‘Koilos’ by Michael Christian

page 32: ‘Where did you go?’ by Michael Emery page 33: ‘Big Rig Jig’ by Mike Ross page 34: 'The Man' page 35: in the background: ‘Crude Awakening'


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31


design


March 15th, 2007 I Karlsruhe design review with volker koch (ifib) (construction)

March 30th, 2007 I Karlsruhe - San Francisco lady bee to manuel, hans: “...we are excited about having you at the event. last year is the first time we funded anyone who hadn’t been before, and they were local... so now wer’e going one step further by funding a “newbie” project from abroad. you sound like you’re as prepared as you can be, that’s reassuring...’

phone conference with ‘burning man’ artery working out contract details

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approach In the late seventies, Mary Graubarger and some of her friends hosted a series of spontaneous art gatherings at Baker Beach in San Francisco. Larry Harvey, the later founder of ‘Burning Man’, was frequently among them. They usually collected stuff washed up on shore to create sculptures that were then torched during the night. The process of making art, instantly experiencing it and then letting it vanish again was the initial idea behind these get-togethers. This immediate experience of art is still one of the basic characteristics of ‘Burning Man’. Many artists at the event intensify it by actively integrating the participant into their piece. Unlike at a museum where works are usually just exhibited and ought not to be touched, ‘Burning Man’ forms a huge interactive playground.

Various facts influenced the idea behind ‘The Cone’. The most important surely was to create an art piece that could be constantly experienced in many ways and that transforms the passive viewer into an active ‘user’. Furthermore, it should attract people with its visual appearance and refer to the theme ‘The Green Man’. Due to special requirements such as long distance shipping, general world politics and local circumstances at the construction site, the structure needed to be light and elementary as well as cheap in transportation and material expenses.

basic idea behind ‘The Cone’


April 11th, 2007 I San Francisco

April 11th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

2007 ‘art grants’ officially announced

‘the cone’ project icon

April 13th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

‘burning man’ art department: "we’ve just completed our biggest and most challenging grant cycle yet, with 240 proposals to review,(...) we’ve awarded 30 grants for playa installations. we thank everyone for your interesting ideas, your creativity and your energy - and we look forward to another year of amazing art on the playa...”

scale model 1:20

design

inspirations Extensive research into the fields of temporary architecture was the primary step towards the design of ‘The Cone’. The initial motivation was to benefit from the opportunities of temporary structures in contrast to permanent architecture. Finding an adequate way of building something specifically for an unique environment like the Black Rock Desert generated another challenge. General inspiration concerning the possibilities and appropriate ways of installation could be collected from former ‘Burning Man’ projects. The size, impact and variety of built art was immense and quickly framed an idea about the creative freedom that rules the event. Several architectural projects that combined a minimum in effort with a maximum in effect contributed to the evolution of a basic idea. Above all, a simple measuring jug in the kitchen was a crucial inspiration that led the way to a first conception of the design. the initial inspiration


April 16th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

April 18th, 2007 I Karlsruhe - San Francisco

3-D model

phone conference with ‘burning man’ artery safety, survival, power, equipment issues

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influences setup

environment

tools, crew, timing

wind, heat, desert

design concept

transport

distance, weight, politics

elementary impacts

material

weight, costs, resistance, recycling

Environmental issues concerning the special location of ‘Burning Man’ regarding strong winds, extreme heat and the particular environs strongly affected the process of finding a concept. Furthermore, political developments in terms of state security and trade had to be implied, such as the import and export especially to and from the United States of America, which was particularly reduced to a small range of goods for a certain use. All expenses, primarily in regards of material and transportation, had to be kept low to reduce private investments and not to overstrain sponsorship applications. Moreover, the whole venture was immensely dependent on its supportive helpers in Germany as well as overseas and an effective time management of those human and constructive resources.

materials for 'The Cone'


April 19th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

April 24th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

project newsletter and design update 01I07 - construction

design review with volker koch (ifib) (building structure)

design

concept Each year ‘Burning Man’ partially funds a small selection of art projects. The deadline to apply for this financial and organizational support became a major step towards ‘The Cone’. Based on the principal idea of the measuring jug, the general shape and effect was developed. A complex conceptual design referring to an interactive, energy-producing turning mechanism quickly ensued. These various influences metamorphosed the first idea into an extensive framework of multifunctional aspects.

conceptual sketches

two layer construction


April 25th - 30th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

April 30st, 2007 I Karlsruhe

principal conceptual and structural drawings

flyer designed

37

The main idea behind ‘The Cone’ was to create a project that was highly interactive; it was to be a structure that merged with its user, that transformed the user and was transformed itself while being used. The event seen as an immense adult playground formed the idea of creating another folly for pleasure seeking inhabitants. The carousel implies the perfect requirements for an interactive art piece. The participant can either actively push and control the structure or lounge inside while enjoying the effect a pushing person creates.

pushing it to the limits


May 2nd, 2007 I Karlsruhe - San Francisco

May 6th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 7th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

phone conference with ‘burning man’ artery resource team meeting

webpage update, cad drawings

sponsorship application letters finished and sent

crimson rose to manuel, hans: “...the drawings still do not give us enough information / how will you keep the cone from moving too fast / we would prefer that participants are not allowed inside the cone, this is really asking for stupid people to prove that they are / ...how will the cone be slowed down so there is no damage to body parts...”

design

The 2007 theme ‘The Green Man’ was a fitting topic in times of global warming and rising pollution to create an ecological awareness among the participants. The perfect location enabled participants to reflect on the common human lifestyle and at the same time experiment with ideas and concepts that could lead towards a new way of considering the environment. The idea behind ‘The Cone’ strove to reveal how human power can be transformed into electricity and to create an insight into how much force is needed to produce energy. Therefore the project was ought to provide its own power source in form of a dynamo which generates electricity while people or wind push the structure. This energy should be stored in batteries and used for night illumination.

‘The Cone’ in the sun

Another conceptual approach concerned the visual effect of the art piece. At ‘Burning Man’ the participants like wandering around randomly and visiting and seeing strange and crazy things. This is why the appearance of the structure at day - and especially at night - had to create an iconic sculpture that was unique in its recognition. ‘The Cone’ consisted of a two layer construction. The outer layer turned around the fixed cone inside. While rotating, the two overlapping layers created an interference effect because of the special construction. This effect suggested to the people inside the cones that they were perhaps inside a giant machine. At some point as the structure turned the visitor started turning himself.


May 8th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 11th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 12th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

project newsletter and design update 02I07 - webpage

flyer alteration

collages, 3-D model amendmends

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people inside 'The Cone'


May 15th, 2007 I Lacuna

May 17th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 22nd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

first ‘camp lacuna’ site inspection

timber donated by ‘holz bumb’

scholarship applications sent

design

modelling A scale model was built to examine the visual effectiveness, the general appearance and the rotation of ‘The Cone’. From different camera angles it was possible to get an impression of the interference effect that led to slight disorientation inside and the impression of ‘no gravity’ from outside the structure. The model also gave the opportunity to understand and communicate problems with different experts at the University of Karlsruhe. A video clip of the 0,5m high cardboard structure was an effective medium to illustrate the conceptual design and its main aspects of interaction, generating energy and illumination effects to interested parties or potential supporters. 3-D experiments and plan drawings visualized the geometry and possible materials got reviewed. The drawings and 3-D illustrations were the main drafts for newsletters, sponsorship applications, the webpage and many other parts of the communication process.

development of visual model


May 23rd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 24th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

May 24th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

palettes donated by ‘palletten logistics’

gravel donated by ‘schempp’

‘stegreif’ advertisement at the ‘ifib’

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conceptual collage for the 'Grant Proposal', February 2007

perspectives, May 2007


May 25th, 2007 I Lacuna

May 26th, 2007 I Lacuna

May 30th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

base platform, leveling ground

base platform, structure

design review with karsten schlesier (ift) (static calculations)

design

Construction details and developments regarding the support of materials always gave an effective feedback to the design process. Initially the construction principles of Russian engineer and architect Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov (28.08.1853 - 02.02.1939), who built hyperbolic towers and roof systems, were used as a guideline to a light structure of crossing bars. Due to several problems in terms of the building structure and the project montage, the constructive design had to deepen into some key rules of Shukhov’s methods. The video clip and several comprehensive drawings about the conceptual design of ‘The Cone’ were steadily published on the project’s website. ‘Shukhovian Towers’


May 31st, 2007 I Dresden - San Francisco

June 1st, 2007 I Karlsruhe

deadline camp placement for ‘burning man’

drive shaft donated by ‘auto west’

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the ‘Shukhovian’ structure of ‘The Cone’


construction


June 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

June 5th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

business card designed

design review with alex wall (stba) (classification)

45

approach The most famous towers of Vladimir Shukhov were built step by step. Hyperbolic tube shaped segments were pulled up inside the already erected structure. This method gave an essential impulse to the construction process of ‘The Cone’ and influenced its design in many ways. Besides filigree towers and masts, Vladimir Shukhov built shell and tensile structures and also oil reservoirs, pipelines, boilers, ships and barges. In 1891, he invented the world’s first thermal cracking method for oil, the ‘Shukhov Cracking Process’. He built over 400 railway bridges and simultaneously started to develop extreme light lattice big-span coverings for all sorts of buildings. One of Moscow’s most famous structures today is the ‘Shukhov Television Tower’ on Ulitsa Shabolovka. The decent use of thin steel bars in a complex geometric system led to an extreme resource friendly architecture that consistently relied on the basic construction ideas. Due to the extreme lightness, stability and the filigree lattice structure of crossed bars, Shukhov’s structural principals perfectly

fulfilled the basic requirements for a realization of ‘The Cone’ in terms of material, transportation, montage methods and visual effects. Besides using a Shukhovian building method, several other details had to be developed. Consultations with different Institutes of the University of Karlsruhe in the fields of architecture, computer science, mechanical-, electrical- and civil engineering, helped finding appropriate solutions. ‘Lacuna’, a three month lasting art camp at the borders of Karlsruhe which was organized by Marc Teuscher and Jochen Picht from the HfG (Hochschule für Gestaltung) Karlsruhe invited anyone to express himself. The camp offered all needed infrastructure such as solar heated warm water supply and sufficient solar energy to run most of the necessary tools. The constant presence of supportive camp inhabitants who were always helpful in terms of providing assistance, loaning tools or giving general advises resulted in being crucial to the project’s test realization.

building 'The Cone'


June 10th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

June 11th, 2007 I Albershausen

June 12th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

June 13th, 2007 I Ulm

detailed construction drawings

pvc pipes donated by ‘georg fischer’ lady bee to manuel, hans: “guys - dont’ be silly, pvc will not melt out there!! everyone uses it for all sorts of things. the daytime temperature can get up to, maybe, 105 degrees fahrenheit but that’s not typical...” /// “...the desert is hot but certainly not hot enough to melt pvc pipe...”

screws and nuts donated by ‘würth’

‘funded art’ cheque arrival

construction

structure ‘The Cone’ consisted of an inner one and an outer one. The two structures were based on a segmented construction principal. The inner cone was attached to an elevated, ground-based platform and was made of three hyperbolic segments. The rotating structure was composed of four of these segments. It was hinged on top of the inner cone and horizontally channeled by wheels running on the base platform. Each segment was two meters high and its weight ranged between 50 and 80kg. Due to the extreme lightness they could easily be piled upon each other with manpower. Each segment consisted of two timber rings and 48 translucent PVC-pipes crossing in between to form the structure. After all, timber became the weakest part of the construction. Due to heavy rains during summer 2007 in Germany and the use of thicker timber slats than later in the desert, the ‘Test Cone’ in Lacuna was relatively heavy. facing 'The Cone'

3-D model


June 15th, 2007 I Lacuna

June 19th, 2007 I Lacuna

June 20th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

test of pipe-timber connection

cutting timber parts and pipes

developing the drill jig

47

r=0,37m

2m

r=1,02m

Waterlogged wood led to higher weight and deteriorating, instable connections, especially in the parts where the tubes were attached to the joints. In the Black Rock Desert the very opposite happened. The alkalicontaining dust and dry, hot air quickly desiccated the timber modules and made them crack. Each single spare part had to be used and ‘The Cone’ barely got erected with the available materials.

2m

r=1,68m 8,7m 2m

r=2,34m

2m

spectators approaching r=3m 0,7m

construction development

section

0,3m

5m

0,3m


June 22nd, 2007 I Lacuna

June 24th, 2007 I Lacuna

setup first segment

setup second segment

construction

The total height of the structure measured 8,70m which was composed of four 2m tall segments and a 70cm base platform. To experience the visual effect of the rotating mechanism ‘The Cone’ had to be entered. Therefore a platform was needed to warrant a safe entry underneath the rotating structure. The base was anchored to the ground and transferred load and forces into the earth. Due to the light materials strong gusts could have challenged the stability of the construction but the small contact surface and the allocation of load by the robust hyperbolic structure made it possible to rely on the used materials for these building dimensions and embodied mechanisms.

flow of forces

calculations


June 26th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

June 26th, 2007 I Lacuna

June 26th, 2007 I Herrenberg

June 28th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

steel wires donated by ‘hebetechnik kostinek’

setup third segment

cable ties donated by ‘württembergische allplastik’

design review with volker koch and hannu pentillä (ifib) - (structure)

49

rotation

3-D model

The swivel-joint which connected the two structures on top of the inner cone represented the core of the construction. All vertical loads got transferred over a 24mm drive shaft with ball bearing and cardan joint of an old Mitsubishi sports car. This provided the necessary flexibility for the turning mechanism. The recycled car part featured ideal characteristics to withstand strong axial forces, resulting vibrations, water and fine desert dust. To embed the joint in the structural environment of ‘The Cone’ it had to be modified. In a steel workshop of the Faculty of Civil Engineering at the University of Karlsruhe certain parts were removed and others added to meet the new requirements. The car drive shaft was extended by a 0,6m long steel pipe. A 8mm thick metal plate on top formed the end of the pipe and connected the rotation mechanism to the second ring of the outer cone via intersecting 1mm thick steel wires. A second wiring ranging from the bottom area of the joint to the outer cone’s timber ring complemented the three joint framework. Thus the wire frame basically worked like a bicycle wheel with spokes. Also in this special detail Shukhov’s filigree lattice truss coverings provided the ideal characteristics for a slender, almost invisible joint structure.

attaching the top point


June 28th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

June 28th, 2007 I Herscheid

June 29th, 2007 I Lacuna

June 29th, 2007 I Regensburg

June 29th, 2007 I Stuttgart

project newsletter and design update 03I07 - setup lacuna

steel parts donated by ‘gah alberts’

setup fourth segment

leds donated by ‘osram’

cables donated by ‘lappkabel’

construction

detail development

0,3m

0,6m

0,72m

0,3m 0,22m

2,05m

sections

0,4m


June 30th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 1st, 2007 I San Francisco

July 1st, 2007 I Lacuna

inner cone finished

art tours paragraph deadline

setup last segments

bettie june to bm07 ‘funded art projects’: “...just a quick reminder that we would love the descriptions of your installations for the art tours by july 1st. these descriptions will help generate the scripts for the art tour guides, the self guided paper tours, and also the audio tour...“ 51

segments The fragmentation of the construction became a constant cycle due to various challenges in terms of planning the transportation and work processes. A key influence on this development meant prearrangements in the USA for almost every constructional detail. Particularly the seven segments of ‘The Cone’ represent the strategy of simple reciprocal building methods and made it possible to assemble ‘The Cone’ without any heavy equipment.

cutting pieces

336 wooden circle modules

The hyperbolic body of each segment was formed by certain angles that connected the pipes to the rings. The timber rings were composed of 24 modules which carried two connection joints bent into different directions to attach the PVC tubes. As long as the finished segments were still separated, the ring modules got temporarily attached to each other by thin metal plates. These were removed when the upper segment got fixed onto another one.

drilling holes in joints

sanding joints to the right angle

using the drill jig on modules


July 2nd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 2nd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 2nd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

steel discs donated by ‘ruf brennteile’

rotation point started

design review with arne abromeid (fbta) (illumination)

construction

16 different joint-angles lead the tubes into the right direction. Each one derived from an accurate 3-D model that also displayed the exact dimensions of the construction. Two 30cm long aluminium drill jigs were prefabricated at the University of Karlsruhe and helped to drill holes with an exact three dimensional angle into the timber modules within a short time. Once the pipes were fixed to the joints and formed the hyperbolic structure they were bound together with cable-ties. These improved the necessary stability for the whole system.

attaching joints to modules

ring modules

finished ring

assembly drawing


July 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

preparing metal plates for rotation point

party flyer, poster designed

scholarship from ‘vereinigte studienstiftung’

lonnie hanzon to manuel, hans: “what happens to the cone after burning man? i design a light festival in denver colorado for the winter for the museum of outdoor arts interested?” 53

attaching cable ties

lifting one segment onto the other

fixing the segments together


July 5th, 2007 I Allendorf

July 6th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 6th, 2007 I Otterfing

wheels donated by ‘schwalb’

rotation point finished

contact ring donated by ‘ltn’

allie to manuel, hans: “...my mom lives in karlsruhe!!!(...) i heard that you are looking for help from americans. well, i live in auburn, california and would love to help in any way i can (except for funding - i don‘t have any of that). please let me know how i can be of service to your project. love and namaste, sage”

construction

Once two rings were set, the pipes got plugged on the joints with inserted nuts. Then the pipes were connected with cable ties.

When four different segments were completed they got piled upon each other and fastened.

The number of people needed to carry the growing cone increased with the number and size of the attached segments.


July 7th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 8th, 2007 I Lacuna

attaching rotation point

first rotation test went wrong, immense setback, questioning the construction

55

When the outer cone was fixed to the platform the setup of the inner cone started inside. Each finished segment got pulled up and the construction of the next one started underneath.

At last the rotation point got strained, a rubber band attached to the platform and wheels had to be fixed to the lowest ring of the outer cone.


July 10th, 2007 I Lacuna setup outer cone on platform

July 11th, 2007 I Lacuna phoenix to manuel, hans: “hey(...) i am currently travelling in china with a friend called ‘m’ who was studying(...) at the hfg in karlsruhe. he told me about lacuna the art camp(...) and that you are going to do a project at burning man... i am also going that way and am looking for something to do... someone to help(...) love phoenixxxxxx”

setup inner cone in outer cone

construction

base The base of ‘The Cone’ was essential to assure safe access into the structure from underneath. It was also necessary to place electrical devices such as batteries and wiring, keep the rotating structure off the ground and prevent people from climbing it. At ‘Camp Lacuna’ in Karlsruhe the OSB-slabs making the platform were sitting on 80 heavy ‘Euro Pallets’ which transferred wind loads into the ground. To reduce material and transportation needs 70cm high timber boxes were used as pillars for the platform in ‘Black Rock City’.

person leaving under platform

The base had a diameter of 5,60m and its border face served as the bottom rail of the rotating outer cone. Twelve ball bearing wheels which were fixed on the bottom ring of the outer cone ran on an 19,60 meter long rubber band attached to the base slab. This connection rail transferred a part of the horizontal loads and kept the rotating structure from rejecting.


July 13th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 13th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 15th, 2007 I San Francisco

rubber strap donated by 'schöffler + wörner'

cone finished / erection party

deadline art installations / tickets request

onn tabak to manuel, hans: “hi, my name is onn tabak(...) i would love to get more involved and help set up for this years burning man if you still need the help(...) thank you very much for your consideration” 57

building the base at 'Camp Lacuna'

building the base at 'Burning Man'


July 17th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 18th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

July 18th, 2007 I Heilbronn

led illumination test

project newsletter and design update 04|07 – erection party

cable clips donated by 'aiv' lady bee to manuel, hans: “very very nice!!! this looks great. looking forward to meeting you guys - have a safe trip, let me know when you land in the us.”

construction

wiring As much as ‘Burning Man’ is a daily experience it is also very much a nocturnal event. To visualize ‘The Cone’ during darkness different strategies were considered. The idea of simple external spotlight illumination was expanded upon towards a more complex and visually effective lighting. The translucent PVC-pipes used for ‘The Cone’ were designated to glow from the inside. To approach the effectiveness of colored fluorescent tubes, each pipe needed bright LEDs at the ends and a slight raw surface to absorb the light. The light sources were stapled to the timber joints and equipped with tiny reflectors that led the light into the tubes. Each segment was joined in a separate electrical circuit to keep the general amperage low. A battery in the base provided a constant energy source. Over a sliding contact underneath the swivel-joint on top of the inner cone, the two cable poles were connected to the rotating structure and supplied it with energy. The initial idea of ‘The Cone’ generating its own electric power could neither be fulfilled in Germany nor in the USA. Although several materials already were provided and basic test were made a lack of time led to necessary cut backs in terms of some initial ideas.

3-D illumination model

circuit diagram


July 18th, 2007 I Düsseldorf drill bits donated by 'dormer' oliver schubert to pigmalions: “ so, i met these two young germans(...) they study architecture and created ‘the cone’ as their final master thesis at university. their structure got some bm funding,(...) not bad, for two guys who have never even been to burning man, nor have they actually met anyone who has ever been there (except me last week). crazy...”

July 20th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 20th, 2007 I Schonach

July 23rd, 2007 I Lacuna

testing leds

drill bit packs donated by 'wiha'

cone tear down

59

soldering leds

attaching leds to top circle

leds with reflectors on circle modules

red and green combined

controlable led tubes

finished illumination

red illumination test


July 25th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

July 27th, 2007 I Lacuna

July 28th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

invitation from university of utah

clean up

preparing for transport

lady bee to bm07 ‘funded art projects’: “..did you know that all the fire art at burning man is equal to only 1% of the climate change impact of the event? learn that, and a whole lot more, on the really great new coolingman.org site”

construction

‘erection party’ The first ‘Test-Cone’ was finished on Friday, July 13th at ‘Camp Lacuna’ in Karlsruhe. The setup process took almost two months and meant a huge development from the smallest detail to the general structure. To celebrate the finished work the ‘erection party’ was held and ‘The Cone’ presented to the public. Ten days later it had to be disassembled for transportation to Salt Lake City, USA. A first review gave the opportunity to reflect and evaluate certain processes and improve constructional and organizational issues in order to save essential time during the setup in ‘Black Rock City’. ‘The Cone’ at ‘Lacuna’ arose from a complex matrix of incidents and decisions. Taking into account that the setup time in the Black Rock Desert would be restricted to ten days all procedures had to be optimized.

the carousel


July 29th, 2007 I Karlsruhe project newsletter and design update 05|07 – the team

July 31st, 2007 I Karlsruhe ‘the cone’ picked up by ‘schenker logistcs’ claudia dudler to manuel, hans: “(...) wow, that‘s a fuckin amazing project. are you sure you are burning man virgins? if so you already show true burner spirit in thinking big!...just to let you know - we have a german discussion list as well: wüstengeflüster(...) looking forward to see you and the cone on the playa :)) dust‘n‘love, claudi” 61

kid pushing 'The Cone'

looking up

like a playground

page 64/65: 'The Cone' at the 'Erection Party', July 13th, 2007 - Karlsruhe, ‘Lacuna’


62


63


support


Aug. 2nd, 2007 I Frankfurt - Philadelphia

Aug. 3rd, 2007 I Philadelphia - Boston - Denver

flight

flight

65

approach ‘The Cone’ as a student project was strongly dependent on external support. Financial aid came both from the ‘Burning Man’ organization, as being part of the ‘funded art projects’, and scholarships from University associations and independent foundations. Practical assistance was offered by several departments and workshops at the University of Karlsruhe as well as at the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. Many local and international companies contributed materials and necessary services in terms of transportation and communication. Several people who were interested in the project had been indispensable in terms of giving essential information and offering material and organizational assistance. Finally ‘The Cone Crew’ in ‘Black Rock City’ and the people that helped setting up the ‘Test Cone’ in Karlsruhe polished the project with an incredible dedication.

various kinds of support


Aug. 4th, 2007 I Denver - Casper

Aug. 5th, 2007 I Casper - Salt Lake City

Aug. 5th, 2007 I Neuss

Aug. 6th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

picked up by clarissa

road trip

500 cable clips donated by '3M'

meeting jörg rügemer, university of utah

allie to manuel, hans: “manuel, the cone is beautiful!! can‘t wait to see it out there. sage”

support

march

may

july

manpower subsidies donations services

chronological allocation of grants

september

Setup ‘Burning Man‘

january

Setup ‘Lacuna‘

This chapter guides through the different characters of support: ‘services’, ‘donations’, ‘subsidies’ and ‘manpower’. The prominence of these main fields varies depending on time and location of the project. Still each of them represents important contributions. All parts have in common that they had to be planned from the very beginning of the project. Therefore application letters and flyers were designed and sent to relevant private companies, foundations and especially to friends to ask for assistance. The project’s webpage and a monthly newsletter represented important instruments to inform and convince potential supporters. A conspicuous fact was the essential influence of donation or subsidy acceptance on design or construction matters at the beginning of the project development.

november


Aug. 7th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 8th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

purchase of timber

prefabrication starts at university workshop

67

services ‘Services’ means free acts of assistance in terms of transportation, loan of tools and equipment, communication, construction of specific detail parts, prefabrication, providing workspace, advisory functions or preparing documents. Voluntary support from friends or colleagues as well as professional technical assistance from University departments helped to keep the budget low in many ways. Particularily in the USA, basic advice and the supply of necessary equipment essentially simplified several logistical issues and saved time and money.

gifted, bought and lent bikes

borrowed tools for the setup in 'Black Rock City'


Aug. 8th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 10th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

arrival stephan lämmel

arrival pvc pipes at slc international airport

support

donations Gifted construction and connection materials, electric devices and several other items mostly from private businesses all over Germany were another key pillar of the project. Donated materials guided the project and pushed it forward. The promise of 900m solid transparent PVC tubes was primarily path breaking on the way to the realization of ‘The Cone’ and influenced both design and construction. As soon as the first donors backed the idea and the conceptual design, it became easier to acquire further assistance. Most local companies were quickly persuaded and got involved by providing construction materials for the test installation at ‘Camp Lacuna’ but also for the later setup at ‘Burning Man’. During the whole project approximately 85% (value) of the used materials could be provided by external parties in Germany. In the USA donations weren’t as significant as the main parts of ‘The Cone’ were shipped from Germany; time constraints in the USA proved it to be impossible to acquire more supporters there.

Düsseldorf

Herscheid

Neuss

Karlsruhe

Allendorf

Heilbronn Regensburg Albershausen Stuttgart Herrenberg Schonach

map of origin of material donations

Otterfing

17.05.07 23.05.07 24.05.07 01.06.07 11.06.07 12.06.07 25.06.07 26.06.07 28.06.07 29.06.07 29.06.07 02.07.07 04.07.07 06.07.07 13.07.07 18.07.07 18.07.07 20.07.0 05.08.0

50m² OSB-slabs, 200m timber slats 100 pallets borrowed 3,5t gravel rebate on driveshaft 900m translucent PVC-tubes 2000 screws with heads, 1000 shims, 20 threaded bars, 1500 wood screws 400m steel wire (1mm) 1000 cable ties 300m steel tape, 100 steel plates 6 x 300m thin cable, 100m thick cable 30 leds blue, 100 leds yellow, 100 leds red, 700 leds orange, 700 leds green, 700 reflectors steel plates for driveshaft 24 wheels 6 pole contact ring 20m rubber band (5mm) 35 HSS drill bits 500 cable clips (1,5mm) 10 drill bit packs torx / 4 drill bit packs philips 500 cable clips (0,7mm)

list of gifted materials


Aug. 12th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 13th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 14th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

preparing car

making the contact ring

building tripods hannu penttilä to manuel, hans: “dear conemen, good luck with your final realization of the cone --impressive project, try to manage the heat in the desert!!! regards hannu penttilä architect safa” 69

subsidies To compensate general costs for transportation and accommodation in the USA as well as additional expenses for materials, documentation and communication financial support was necessary. The acceptance of ‘The Cone’ to be one of 30 ‘funded art projects’ by the ‘Burning Man’ organization was, besides the donation of the PVC-pipes, the most important influence benefiting towards the development of the project. Ensuing subsidies from two different University organizations ensured an adequate financial balance to cover both calculated and unexpected extra costs. The total costs for the project was approximately 23.800€. This includes all monetary and material donations, scholarships and funding as well as private expenses. To compare the four main fields of support and their substantial subsections they can be evaluated by their calculated monetary value. An hourly rate of 6,50€ and average personal flight costs of 500€ were presumed to include ‘manpower’ into this calculation.

Budget saving factors (monetary calculation - excepted of human work (der anteil wäre eigentlich der größte) total project support: 40.700€ Scholarship, KUG Scholarship, Vereinigte Studienstiftung

‘Burning Man 2007 Black Rock City‘

subsidies

BM Funded Art

manpower Casper/ Salt Lake City

PVC Tubes

donations

services

Equipment, USA Cars, USA

LEDs others

budget saving factors

Karlsruhe/ ‘Lacuna‘

BM Tickets

Workshops, GER


Aug. 15th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 16th, 2007 I Salt Lake City

Aug. 17th, 2007 I Salt Lake City - Reno - Black Rock City

bulk purchase, getting prepared for ‘burning man’

renting trailer at u-haul

off to ‘burning man’, picking up thomas in reno

support

manpower The project wouldn’t have been successful without its voluntary helpers both at ‘Burning Man’ and at ‘Camp Lacuna’, Karlsruhe. These people didn’t just provide their work force to erect ‘The Cone’ but also became active members of the project team and helped solving individual constructive and organizational problems. ‘Lacuna’ provided an ideal place to realize a test version of the structure. The well working existing infrastructure and, more importantly, the steady assistance from the camp inhabitants contributed a major part to the successful realization. At ‘Black Rock City’ the crew was made up of different people compared to the team at ‘Lacuna’.

Hans

Manuel

Stephan

Thomas

There most of the crew members had to be quickly introduced to the construction principals. More detailed plans with an illustrative explanation about the installation, appearance and technical realization of the building definitely would have saved some essential time and effort. The discipline and enthusiasm of the involved persons was extraordinary during both construction phases, in Karlsruhe and at ‘Burning Man’. In the Black Rock Desert the extreme environmental circumstances and the difficulties of survival surely played an important role for the incredible togetherness of the team and the resulting productivity.

Morgan

Jörg

Andreas

Phoenix

Onn

Martin

Gina


Aug. 18th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 18th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 19th, 2007 I Black Rock City

setup camp

setup camp

heavy winds - camp destroyed

71

Manuel Kretzer Hans Sachs Karlsruhe BRC 17.08.07

Gina Piazza Seattle BRC 27.08.07 Onn Tabak California BRC 22.08.07

Morgan Ip Canada BRC 21.08.07

Stefan Lämmel Dresden BRC 17.08.07

Phoenix Nepal BRC 22.08.07

Burning Man Black Rock City

Martin Kurray Mexico BRC 21.08.07

Jörg Jänisch

Stuttgart BRC 21.08.07 Thomas Tempelmann Munich BRC 17.08.07

global allocation of crew members prior to 'Burning Man'

Hello, How many of you perhaps already know, we, Manuel and Hans, are planning to realize our final project in the desert of Nevada at the 'Burning Man Festival' 2007 (www.burningman.com). This year the event will take place from August 28th to September 3rd. For the execution of the project, i.e. for the setting up of the construction locally we take 1-2 weeks into account before the festival starts. If you want to experience something special and spend a few weeks with us and 40,000 other people from all around the world in one of the most extreme environments of the earth, visit www.burning-man. eu, the homepage will inform you about our project and gives you the opportunity to inscribe yourself in our helpers list in the “login” area. Since we are supported by the festivals’ organization team, we possess a certain contingent of free tickets for the festival (costs normally: 250-350 $). Should you still need further information or have any ideas to support (financially or organizationally) the project, just send us an e-mail to burnmaneu@gmail.com. We are pleased for any assistance, reaction or comment. Best regards Manuel, Hans

Andreas Schneider Malaysia BRC 21.08.07

project information e-mail

page 74/75: panoramic view of setup site


logistics


Aug. 20th, 2007 I Black Rock City - Reno

Aug. 21st, 2007 I Reno - Black Rock City

picking up andy, jörg and morgan in reno

further materials purchased

75

approach ‘Logistics’ originally derives from the greek word ‘logistikos’. During Roman and Byzantine times military administrative officials were called ‘logists’. It implied a skill in the science of mathematical computations and outcomes. Logistics and supply chain services in today’s expanding economies are usually ruled by third party providers. To accomplish international recognition at the global trading market it is almost impossible to refuse professional logistical support to manage and control the flow of information, energy, goods and services. The coordination of time, costs, transportation, materials and

manpower were a major challenge during each stage of ‘The Cone’ project. As all elements such as ‘design’, ‘construction’ and ‘support’ played an indispensable role in the management framework, ‘logistics’ can be seen as a key field of the project development as well as connector in between its main areas. Efficient communication to all sides was necessary during the whole project and basically determined its failure or success. The field of ‘logistics’ provided a wide range of possible instruments of interaction which are going to be presented in this chapter.

‘Perspective’ by Trey Watkins


Aug. 22nd, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 23rd, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 23rd, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 23rd, 2007 I Black Rock City

platform finished

setup first segment

arrival phoenix and onn

‘feed the artists’ dinner with colonel angus

logistics

information The progress of the project was constantly dependent on an active exchange of knowledge. An efficient flow of information between the project coordinators and the ‘Burning Man Artery’, Universities, external supporters such as scholarship organizations or donors of materials, participants and the public represented by the press was important. The field of ‘information’ is divided into three major capitals: ‘research’, ‘transfer’ and ‘documentation’. While the ‘transfer’ of information can be seen as a specific part of the venture’s development, ‘research’ represents the preparation period prior to the actual project development and is already explained at the very beginning of this publication. ‘Documentation’ was a constant attendant for the entirety of the project and is closely related to all parts of the project. TVs on the ‘Playa’

‘The Cone‘ Coordination

webpage consultations newsletter

phone

e-mail

University

external supporters

communication exchange

‘The Cone‘s participants

public & press

‘Burning Man‘


Aug. 24th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 24th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 25th, 2007 I Black Rock City

next segments

arrival martin

attaching leds, setup further segments

77

transfer To guarantee and optimize the transfer of information to the respective recipients several instruments were created. The website ‘www.burning-man.eu’ essentially simplified the propagation of the project, formed a platform for exchange, discussions and meetings and consistently published the project development history. A special e-mail account turned out to be extremely efficient in terms of clarity with the immense e-mail and file traffic that arose during the project.

Regularly published newsletters informed participants about the current project status, recent developments or upcoming events. An internal web space account that contained important files such as drawings, documents, tables and further information was used as backup container, exchange folder and assured data accessibility from any place having an internet connection.

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE 02|07

PROJECT NEWSLETTER AND DESIGN UPDATE 01|07

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE #3|07

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE #4|07

SETUP LACUNA

ERECTION PARTY

WEBPAGE

CONSTRUCTION

FINALLY WE SUCCEEDED IN CHANGING THE WEBPAGE SO THAT NOW EVERYBODY SHOULD BE ABLE TO UNDERSTAND THE IDEA OF THE CONE. THIS IS A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE NEW DRAWINGS. SECOND WE HAD ANOTHER PHONE-CONFERENCE WITH THE BURNING MAN ART CURATORS AND WE WERE ABLE TO SCATTER THEIR CONCERNS IN REGARDING SAFETY-ISSUES AND TIMING. SO THE CONE WILL DEFINITELY BE PART OF THIS YEARS EVENT. THIRD WE FOUND A GREAT PLACE IN KARLSRUHE TO SET UP OUR TEST-OBJECT (WWW. RAUMMEDIENLABOR.DE) WHICH WILL TAKE PLACE IN BETWEEN END OF MAY TILL END OF JULY AND WE SENT OUT A WHOLE BUNCH OF SPONSORSHIP-LETTERS AS WE HOPE TO RAISE SOME MORE FUNDS. LAST BUT NOT LEAST WE’RE GRANTED TEN FREE TICKETS FROM THE BM-ORGANISATION FOR US AND OUR TEAM. POSITIVELY JOINING HANS AND ME WILL BE STEFAN LÄMMEL WITH HIS OWN PROJECT (WWW.CARDBOARDHOUSE.DL.AM) AS WELL AS ANDREAS SCHNEIDER AND MARTIN KURRAY. IF MORE OF YOU WANT TO HELP US, THAN WE CAN SUPPLY, WHICH WOULD BE GREAT, THERE’S STILL THE POSIBILITY TO APPLY FOR SCHOLARSHIP TICKETS (TICKETS.BURNINGMAN.COM/ #LOWINCOME). RAVE ON.... FINAL LINK PROPOSAL: BURNING MAN TAKES ON GREEN TECH (HTTP://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/CNET/ CNET_2100-11392_3-6181680.HTML)

INSPIRED BY THE TOWERS OF THE RUSSIAN ENGINEER VLADIMIR SUCHOV WE DEVELOPED A CONSTRUCTION CONCEPT WHICH IS MORE DETAILED, LIGHTER AND LESS MATERIAL INTENSE. THE NETLIKE SURFACE CREATES A STATIC SYSTEM THAT SUPPORTS THE OUTER CONE AS WELL AS THE AXIAL BEARING TO CONNECT THE CONES ON TOP OF THE CONSTRUCTION.

STEEL CIRCLE Ø 250MM CONNECT. TO VERT. STRUCT 1 TOP PART OF ONE POINT BEARING 2 VERTICAL STEEL TUBES OF STEELFRAME 3 PVC TUBES CONNECTED TO STEELFRAME 4 80MM SCREW TO CONNECT TUBES 5

672 WOODEN BOLTS

WE ALSO WANT TO REMEMBER OUR CREW MEMBERS WHO ARE GOING TO JOIN US TO THE BURNING-MAN ’PROJECT’ TO BLOG THEIR DATES OF ARRIVAL UNTIL JULY 10TH ON THE X-CHANGE PART OF OUR WEBSITE AND TO COMMUNICATE THEIR DETAILS TO EACH OTHER TO FORM CAR POOLS.

1 PVC-TUBES IN VERTICAL STRUCTURE 2 CONNECTION POINT OF PVC -TUBES TOP ROTATION POINT WITH STEEL FRAME 3D RENDERINGS OF ANIMATED COMPUTER MODEL

AFTER ALL WE FOUND SOME TIME TO CREATE A NEW PROJECT UPDATE AND TRY TO CONVEY THE NEW CONSTRUCTION METHODS AND THE PROGRESS WE MADE IN SETTING UP THE FIRST SEGMENTS. THE CONE IS NOW SEPERATED INTO SEVERAL INDEPENDENT PARTS, WHICH THEN WILL BE RAISED ON TOP OF EACH OTHER. THE SEGMENTS ARE 2 METERS HIGH AND CONSIST OF 48 PVC-TUBES, 48 TIMBER PIECES TO FORM THE CONNECTING CIRCLE AND 96 WOODEN BOLTS THAT LEAD THE TUBES IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION. THE TUBES ARE THEN SCREWED TO THE BOLTS AND CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER BY CABLE CLIPS. WE ALREADY FINISHED THE TWO TOP SEGMENTS AND HOPE TO GET THE REST DONE UNTIL JULY 1ST THE WHOLE STRUCTURE SHALL BE RAISED BY JULY 12TH. WE PLAN FUNDRAISING PARTIES FOR THE FOLLOWING TWO WEEKENDS. INVITATIONS WILL BE SENT OUT AS SOON AS THE DATE IS FIX.

336 PVC-TUBES

7 STEEL PIPES IN ROTATION STEELFRAME 8 TURNING HEAD 9 FIXED CONE 10 STEELFRAME

SCREWING STENCIL

WE WILL DECIDE WITHIN THE NEXT WEEKS IF WE SEND PARTS OF THE CONE TO THE U.S. OR IF WE PRODUCE EVERYTHING A SECOND TIME. IF WE DO SO WE WILL NEED SUPPORT WITH TOOLS AND MATERIALS IN SALT LAKE CITY AND ALSO IN BLACK ROCK CITY.

‘THE CONE’ IS TURNING. AFTER 6 WEEKS OF HARD WORK AND QUITE A FEW PROBLEMS AND THROWBACKS THAT HAD TO BE SOLVED WE ARE PROUD TO PRESENT IT AT ‘CAMP LACUNA’ TO A BROADER AUDIENCE. FROM JULY, 13TH UNTIL JULY, 23RD ‘THE CONE’ CAN BE VISITED AND USED BY ANY INTERESTED PEOPLE. AFTER THAT THE STRUCTURE WILL BE TORN DOWN AND ALL MATERIALS, EXCEPT TIMBER, PREPARED FOR SHIPING TO THE UNITED STATES. ALL WOODEN-DETAILS WILL BE REBUILT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH IN SALT LAKE CITY. THANKS AGAIN TO EVERYONE (ESPECIALLY OUR MAN EBB) THAT SUPPORTED AND HELPED US TO REALIZE OUR PROJECT AND WE HOPE YOU HAD FUN AT THE ERECTION PARTY LAST FRIDAY.

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE #5|07

ONN TABAK CALIFORNIA BRC 22.08.07

MORE PICTURES OF THE SETUP PROCESS IN CAMP LACUNA AT WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU : CONCEPT : SETUP LACUNA

CONNECTING THE TUBES UP TO ANY LENGHT

TOP CONNECTING POINT

WE’RE BACK IN GERMANY SINCE ALMOST THREE WEEKS NOW BUT IT TOOK US QUITE A WHILE TO RECOVER AND FIND OUR WAY BACK INTO REALITY AND EVERYDAY LIFE. THE BURNING MAN ADVENTURE WAS ONE OF THE MOST INTENSE EXPERIENCES WE EVER HAD AND WE WANT TO THANK ALL THE PEOPLE THAT MADE THE PROJECT POSSIBLE, SUPPORTED US IN VARIOUS DIFFERENT WAYS AND ALWAYS BELIEVED IN OUR SUCCESS. ESPECIALLY OUR AMAZING CREW OUT THERE IN THE NOWHERE THAT SURVIVED WITH US EXTREME HEAT, NEVERENDING SAND STORMS, DUSTY PASTA AND TONS OF BEEF JERKY, CRACKING SKIN, OVERHEATED AND DIRTY TENTS, SEVERAL INJURIES, MINIMAL SHOWERS AND A IMMENSE LACK OF SLEEP. ---THANKS FOR BEING PART OF OUR FAMILY.--MASSIVE THANKS ALSO TO CLARISSA, JOE, KIRSTIN AND BRITTA AND ... MORRIS FOR GIVING US THEIR CARS, TENTS, TOOLS AND ANYTHING ELSE WE ASKED FOR. THANKS TO JÖRG RÜGEMER AND KEITH FINDLING IN SALT LAKE CITY FOR LETTING US USE AND HELPING US IN THE WORKSHOP OF THE UNIVERSITY OF UTAH. THANKS TO COLONEL ANGUS AND HIS CREW FOR THE INCREDIBLE DINNER. THAT WAS SO GOOD! THANKS TO LADY BEE AND THE STAFF FROM THE ARTERY THAT WERE ALWAYS FRIENDLY AND EVEN HOLD A MEETING SO WE COULD GET MORE STAPLES. THANKS TO THE DPW THAT BUILT OUR CITY. THANKS TO EVERYBODY THAT HELPED US IN ANY WAY, ESPECIALLY PUDEL, LEE, QUENTIN AND OUR GIRL KATHY. AND FINALLY THANKS TO ALL THE GREAT BLACK ROCK CITIZEN THAT STOPPED BY AT THE CONE AND ENJOYED. HOPE TO SEE YOU ALL AGAIN... PEACE...

MANUEL KRETZER HANS SACHS GERMANY BRC 17.08.07

GINA PIAZZA SEATTLE BRC 27.08.07

FINALLY WE WANT TO THANK ALL OUR SPONSORS (GEORG FISCHER - PIPING SYSTEMS, WÜRTH, HOLZ BUMB, PALETTEN LOGISTICS GMBH, SCHEMPP GMBH & CO. KG, AUTOVERWERTUNG WEST, HEBETECHNIK KOSTINEK, WÜRTTEMBERGISCHE ALLPLASTIK) AND ALL THE PEOPLE THAT BELIEVE IN OUR PROJECT AND HELP US WITH THEIR IDEAS AND POWER.

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE #6|07

PROJECT AND DESIGN UPDATE #7|07

SETUP @ BURNING MAN

IMPRESSIONS FROM BURNING MAN

THE CREW

‘THE CONE’ IS REMOVED FROM CAMP LACUNA AND MOST PIECES STORED AND PACKED IN CARDBOARD BOXES READY TO FLY OVER TO SALT LAKE CITY. WITH A LITTLE HELP OF A TIPING MACHINE WE ALSO SUCCEED IN COMPLETING THE NECESSARY FORMS FOR CUSTOMS AND MONDAY 30.07.07 THE MATERIALS ARE PICKED UP BY A SHIPING COMPANY AND PREPARED FOR THE TRANSPORTATION. THE PROJECT TEAM IS SET, ONLY THE DATES OF ARRIVAL IN BLACK ROCK CITY ARE STILL VARYING AS MOST OF THEM ARE TRAVELLING AT THE MOMENT. BUT BASICALLY WE CONSIST OF 11 PEOPLE ARRIVING PRIOR TO THE BEGINNING OF BURNING MAN AND TWO DURING THE FESTIVAL. OUR FLIGHT LEAVES NEXT THURSDAY (02.08.07) FROM FRANKFURT TO DENVER WHERE WE PICK UP A CAR, CAMPING GEAR AND OTHER THINGS. THEN WE LEAVE TO SALT LAKE CITY TO PREPARE THE TIMBER PARTS OF THE CONE IN THE WORKSHOP OF THE COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND PLANNING, UNIVERSITY OF UTAH. AFTER WE RIDE TO THE DESSERT.... IF ANYBODY HAS STUFF TO MAKE THE INSIDE OF ‘THE CONE’ A LITTLE MORE COMFY YOU’RE MORE THEN WELCOME TO PROVIDE IT. WE’RE REALLY EXCITED ABOUT OUR ADVENTURE AND HOPE EVERYTHING MAKES ITS WAY TO THE BURNING MAN 2007. PEACE!

KEITH FINDLING JÖRG RÜGEMER SALT LAKE CITY BRC 28.08.07

CHEERS MANUEL / HANS...

THE CONE DURING DAYTIME

THE FIRST HIT

BOXES

JÖRG JÄNISCH GERMANY BRC 21.08.07 MORGAN IP CANADA BRC 21.08.07

STEFAN LÄMMEL GERMANY BRC 17.08.07

SARAH CLOUGH NEPAL BRC 22.08.07

HANS

MANUEL

STEPHAN

THOMAS

MORGAN

JÖRG

ANDY

PHOENIX

THE AMAZING CONE CREW

ONN

MARTIN

GINA

GROUND PLATFORM

REBEKAH ARKIN CHINA BRC 19.08.07

CABLE PIPES BOUGHT IN A LOCAL HARDWARE STORE

TURNING THE CONE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

BURNING MAN BLACK ROCK CITY

288 ANGLED TIMBER PIECES

SAIL, PLASTIC/CLOTH PVC TUBE Ø 20MM OUTER RINGS, PVC Ø 20MM OSB SLABS, ROUND EDGE PLASTIC ANKERAGE FOR SAIL OUTER RING, HANDRAIL, PVC DUST PROTECTION, PE FOIL BODY PROTECT., OSB SLAB SUPPORT RIP, OSB, 20MM

ONE RING OUTER RING, HANDRAIL RING WHICH IS CONNECTED TO VERT. STRUCT. OUTER RING IN BACKGROUND PROTECTION FOIL/ CLOTH, PLATES WHICH HOLD HORIZONTAL WHEEL TIMBER/STELL BAR N AXIS OF VERTICAL WHEEL VERTICAL WHELL DUST AND HAND PROTECTION SLAB (OSB) HORIZONTAL WHEEL PLATFORM COVER SLAB (OSB)

BIRD EYES VIEW OF TWO CONES

THE CABLE PIPES (USUALLY USED IN BUILDINGS TO HIDE ELECTRICITY OR COMMUNICATION CABLES) HAVE A LENGHT OF 3M AND A DIAMETER OF 0,02M AND ARE MADE OF PVC. THEY HAVE A 0,025 BUSHING AT THE END SO IT IS POSSIBLE TO CONNECT THEM UP TO ANY NECESSARY LENGHT. THE FLEXIBLE AND SOFT MATERIAL AS WELL AS THE SHAPE MAKES THEM EASY TO PUSH AND PREVENTS INJURIES.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ASSEMBLING RINGS ON THE PLATFORM

CONNECTION CIRCLE

MARTIN KURRAY MEXICO BRC 21.08.07

TIMBER PALLETS ARE STACKED ON TOP OF EACH OTHER UP TO A TOTAL HEIGHT OF 70CM. THE FLOORING OF THE PLATFORM WILL BE MADE OF OSB-SLABS. THIS CONSTRUCTION KEEPS THE WHOLE INSTALLATION ATTACHED TO THE GROUND, SECURES THE ROTATION MECHANISM AND ALSO EMPHASIZES THE ACTUAL ENTERING-PROCESS INTO “THE CONE”.

THE SAFETY-DISTANCE TO THE TURNING SAILS

CARRYING THE LAST RING

WE’RE STILL LOOKING FOR HELP IN THE US. MOSTLY IN THE SUPPLY OF TOOLS, POWER AND TRANSPORTATION. WE NEED LADDERS, A DRILLING MACHINE, CORDLESS SCREWDRIVERS, PROBABLY A THEODOLITE, A JIGSAW, A GENERATOR AND A LOT OF HAND TOOLS. WE WILL TRY TO BRING SMALLER SPECIAL THINGS AND ADAPTERS FROM GERMANY AND HOPE THE US-PART OF OUR CREW CAN PROVIDE THE REST. BUT IF ANY HAS SOME SPARE STUFF AND CAN BORROW IT FOR THE TIME PRIOR TO THE FESTIVAL AND MAYBE EVEN LONGER WE WOULD BE REALLY HAPPY. ESPECIALLY ELECTRIC-POWER... CHEERS...

8M/ 26.24 FT 2M/ 6.56 FT

ILLUMINATED CARDBOARD SCALE MODEL

FIRST FINISHED SEGMENT

2M/ 6.56 FT

2M/ 6.56 FT TO GUARANTEE A SAFE ENTRY INTO THE CONE, PARTICIPANTS HAVE TO CRAWL UNDERNEATH THE STRUCTURE AND ENTER FROM BELOW

ANDREAS SCHNEIDER MALAYSIA BRC 21.08.07

2M/ 6.56 FT

LUNCH BREAK

CONNECTING LEDS FOR THREE SEGEMENTS 6 M / 19.68 FT

WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007

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WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007

WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007

WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007

WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007

WWW.BURNING-MAN.EU | MANUEL KRETZER, HANS SACHS 2007


Aug. 26th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 27th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 27th, 2007 I Black Rock City

outer cone finished, inner cone started

‘burning man’ starts, inner cone finished

arson committed on ‘the man’

logistics

documentation Gathering information through each stage of the project in terms of video, pictures, tables and text was necessary to keep a general idea of the development of the project; it provided opportune immediate illustration and reflection of certain work processes. More than 18 hours of video material, far over 10.000 pictures and dozens of drawings chronologically show the creation progress of ‘The Cone’. Several tables, letters and other documents make it easy to reconstruct the different stages of planning and reflect situations that emerged difficulties and problems. An edificial diary tells detailed stories about the most intense period of the project from the construction phase at ‘Camp Lacuna’ to the end of ‘Burning Man 2007’.

documentation


Aug. 28th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 28th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 28th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

entrance cut, steel wires connected

‘acavallo snobbish art tour’

scholarship from ‘karlsruher universitäts gesellschaft’

79

die werte sindgeschätzt..und reine ausgaben ohne berücksichtigung von spenden und stipendien....die geldangaben sollen aber nich in die zeichnung ... ~4000€ ~2000€ ~5000€

total

expenses

Germany general expenses

Transportation

USA

accomodation

transportation

material

personal flights others

materials

total

air freight

total

finance Financial planning was literally based on a ‘step by step’ strategy. Especially in the beginning costs in general had to be kept low. In January the first project finance plan was worked out and estimated a tenth of the effective arising expenses. Cost planning became a very dynamic and adapting factor of the project. Regarding travel and transportation costs, financial risks had to be taken. To reduce the personal financial contribution that kept growing due to rising development and logistical expenses, a considerable financial

support had to be found. On August 28th, when ‘The Cone’ was already operating in ‘Black Rock City’, a third scholarship was granted. With this subsidy, most of the relatively high transportation and travel costs could be covered. Additional charges for materials, communication or transportation were recorded to gain an overview of all project related expenses and of what kind they were. Overseas transportation of necessary materials and the personal flights represent major costs of the project.


Aug. 29th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 30th, 2007 I Black Rock City

Aug. 30th - Sep. 2nd, 2007 I Black Rock City

attaching wheels, finishing ‘the cone’

arrival gina

‘the cone’ is turning

logistics

time An important step towards an elaborate time planning was the configuration of the project’s ‘time line’ which was continuously updated and displayed on the webpage. An outline of the project development divided into different time frames and deadlines helped to build a temporal awareness of upcoming needs and difficulties. It supplied general orientation and was constantly adapted to the influences and ideas concerning the current status. The different temporal phases mainly referred to the ‘time line’s proceduralorganizational stipulations. External as well as self-imposed deadlines could be met in most cases.

what time is it?

The ‘Funded Art Grant Proposal’, several organizational time limits from the ‘Burning Man’ organization, general dates in terms of arriving prior to the official festival opening and the day ‘The Man’ burned represented externally set time limits. Further time ranges and special dates had to be set regarding important organizational acts and various construction issues. The personal flight into the USA was an independently chosen date. Due to fast rising prices the bookings had to be done early March when the conceptual design wasn’t even clear yet.


Sep. 1st, 2007 I Black Rock City

Sep. 2nd, 2007 I Black Rock City

Sep. 3rd - 4th, 2007 I Black Rock City

‘the man’ burns for real this time

deconstruction of ‘the cone’

clean up ‘leave no trace’

81

267 visitors 184 visitors

178 visitors

webpage visitors/ week

year 2007

156 visitors

24 visitors

march

february

key dates

april

may

june

july

august

02.05 skype conference

05.06 review

01.07 art tours paragraph

02.08 flight

02.07 review

03.08 denver

05.03 phone conference

04.05 phone conference

09.02 review 15.03 review 15.02 deadline grant proposal

12.04 art installation questionaire 18.04 skype conference

06.08 salt lake city 15.05 ‘lacuna‘ site inspection

30.03 skype conference

15.07 deadline art installations 23.06 review

24.04 review

23.02 review

13.07 erection party

31.05 deadline placement

28.06 review

08.08 stefan slc 17.08 black rock city

15.07 ticket requests

21.08 morgan, andi, jörg brc 23.08 onn, phoenix brc 24.08 martin brc 30.08 gina brc 01.09 the man burns

communication project time line

03.03 www.burning-man.eu

19.04 update 01I07

08.05 update 02I07

28.06 update 03I07

18.07 update 04I07 29.07 update 05I07


Sep. 5th, 2007 I Black Rock City - Salt Lake City

Sep. 7th - 10th, 2007 I Utah - Colorado - Wyoming

Sep. 11th, 2007 I Casper - Denver

cleaning of equipment

road trip through parts of the USA

brought to the airport by clarissa

logistics

As ‘The Cone’ was a considerably large art installation, an early arrival on the ‘Playa’ was necessary to finish the project on time before the event started. The first members of ‘The Cone Team’ and all survival and building material entered the desert on August 17th, ten days before the official beginning. The following days saw the crew grow to twelve members, and the installation could be completed with little delay four days before ‘The Man’ burned.

The coordination of work was challenging as was the personal survival in these heavy environmental conditions. Frequent sand storms and the blistering heat during day time made a sophisticated schedule unavoidable. Within two weeks a camp with a robust wind and sun shelter provided a well functioning and structured living space and ‘The Cone’ itself had been erected.

growth of the camp


Sep. 12th - 13th, 2007 I Denver - Frankfurt

Sep. 20th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Oct. 1st, 2007 I Karlsruhe

flight

design review with volker koch and michael kunert (ifib) - (travel record)

project newsletter and design update 06I07, 07I07 - ‘burning man’

83

leave no trace As one of the principals ‘Burning Man’ is based on, ’leaving no trace’ was a general action of respect by keeping the visible environmental footprint of the event as small as possible. All things that were brought into the desert had to be taken out. Twenty garbage bags of plastic food packages and general domestic waste had to be transported to Reno in order to get partly recycled. The PVC tubes were separated from the connection rings, cleaned up and packed into bundles to get shipped back to Germany. All timber parts were burned on designated ’burning platforms’ which were located on the main intersections of the city. The organization ‘Burners without

tear down

Borders’ which is part of ‘Burning Man’ each year and several other organizations collected usable construction materials to reuse them in voluntary aid projects. Thousands of used bicycles were also collected at ‘Center Camp’ in order to be donated to charitable associations that would then redistribute them to children. The deconstruction of ‘The Cone’ and the pedantic clean-up of the site took one and a half days. The site was then inspected by the ‘Burning Man’ organization and part of the ‘Grant’ withheld until environmental requirements were met.


Oct. 4th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Oct. 15th, 2007 I San Francisco

Oct. 16th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Oct. 17th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

volker koch, michael kunert (ifib) design review (further thesis effort)

deadline ‘funded art projects’ report

starting to sort material

first layout book

logistics

transport The coordination of the material’s transportation from the art camp ‘Lacuna’ in Karlsruhe to the Black Rock Desert in Nevada, USA constituted the biggest challenge in the project’s history. The political situation and intensified controls in trade and personal traffic since September 11th, 2001 extremely complicated the shipping of goods. ‘The Cone’ was declared as a ‘sample object’ and had to be officially shipped from the University of Karlsruhe to the University of Utah in Salt Lake City. Fortunately Volker Koch at the ‘ifib’, who was the major consulting University tutor of the project, established contact with Jörg Rügemer, a former colleague who was then teaching in Salt Lake City. Both gave essential support in terms of handling document and declaration issues. The IHK Karlsruhe basically helped completing the required import- export document ‘Carnet ATA’. truck and trailer


Oct. 23rd, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Nov. 8th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Nov. 9th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

Dec. 17th, 2007 I Karlsruhe

public project presentation at the art galery ‘bento’

design review with volker koch and michael kunert (ifib) - (book layout)

complete change in book appearance

book finished

ashley turner to manuel, hans: “cone..wow just saw a picture of it at burning man!!(...) i am a light artist and am producing a show here in new zealand in 2009..this would be an amazing piece to see here(...) great work ashley(...) director - gleem festival” 85

Casper 03.08.- 05.08.07

The 350 PVC tubes and essential connection materials were sent via air freight directly to Salt Lake City on July 26th. Due to the minor quality of the timber construction and a ban on imports of wood, the segment rings and joints had to be reproduced in the USA. Several important detail points such as the car’s swivel joints, the drilling templates and other useful tools went overseas with the personal flights. A big shock was a lost bag containing the cardan joint and other unique parts upon arrival in Denver. It reappeared one and a half weeks later and was then forwarded to Casper, Wyoming. There, a befriended family offered their pickup truck to transport personal and structural materials from Salt Lake City to the Black Rock Desert. A rented trailer was required to bring all construction materials and survival equipment into the desert.

Boston 03.08.07

Black Rock City 17.08.- 03.09.07

Reno 17.08.07

Denver 03.08.07 Salt Lake City 06.08.- 16.08.07

journey to ‘Burning Man’

Philadelphia 02.08. - 03.08.07


impressions


87

“The initial arrival on the ‘Playa’ was an incredibly gripping moment for the whole crew. Uncountable times during the development of the project and the intense research about the event everyone tried to imagine how it feels to be in ‘Black Rock City’ and to become part of the myth ‘Burning Man’. The entrance was still a few miles away when the car glided down the ramp onto the dried out, amazingly flat surface of the Black Rock Desert. A sign said ‘5 mph’ in order to avoid raising dust. This year, apparently, the region suffered from the driest summer in ages and ordinary winds could produce heavy dust storms. Upon arriving at the entry gate, a flimsily dressed lady stepped out from nowhere and welcomed us with a friendly smile. That was the moment when a magnificent journey through extreme experiences of all kinds started and made us to ‘Burners’ with ‘Black Rock City’ as our hometown.” Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs


88


89

Phoenix “I just wanted to write a mail to all you boys...and let you know how grateful I was to be working with such a productive yet chilled out crew... I really couldn‘t have asked for a better group to be living along side in the middle of the desert. I was so proud to work on the cone and help you hans and manu, to achieve what you have been working so long to create... well done for all your hard work pulling this off because it was really spectacular and appreciated by so many people at burning man... it was so rewarding to spend time at the cone in the night time and witness people really appreciating the incredible structure that we built together... I was really happy to have arrive when I did because I got to see the cone grow all the way from the platform up, I didn‘t really know what to expect, I had seen the things you sent to me before but that

really didn‘t prepare me for the full impact of what we were to finally create. hearing people saying that the cone was their favorite thing at burning man was AMAZING and it happened more than once... what a high praise, somebody also said that in their mind we had ‚trumped the cubatron‘ so thanks for letting me in on the team, it was a real honour, and I am looking forward to bumping into you all somewhere in the world... keep me posted on your movements and adventures, I would love to keep in touch and maybe I will catch up with you in germany or canada or who knows maybe on your next project at burning man!!! good luck, all my love and full respect for pulling it off Phoenixxx


90 Annie Lalla "Thank-you on behalf of all the myriad people that found delight and happiness from your playa art, the cone was a wonderful place to be this year. "

Jonathan on bm.tribe.net "At about 4am on Tuesday morning (after the burns), I met one of the guys on the crew for the cone. He is a super friendly Dresdener who happily talked about his experience bringing art to the playa on his very first trip to the U.S. and Burning Man. They arrived a week early and after the 3 days of bad dust storms, wondered what they were doing there and if they could ever make their art come together. I am always stunned by the sheer amount of hard, hard work it takes to build at Burning Man, especially when the elements are bad. Somehow they made it happen."


91


92


93

Morgan Ip “Hello Cone Crew! I am finally settled back in Canada and I miss you all so incredibly much. I can‘t stop visiting BRC in my mind; I was just going over the photos on the burning-man.eu site and couldn‘t believe that we were in that world so recently, and are now so far removed already. I am anyway. We went through a lot of trials and tribulations together: dust storms, 20 year aging in 20 minutes, shirtcockers, moop, etc.. ;) I agree with Phoenix that this was the best crew we could have hoped imagine to come together from the four points of the globe to build the Cooooooooooone! I am proud to be a 2007 Cone burner. keep it sexy love, morgan.”


94

Keith Rinzler "Hey Manuel and Hans, I just wanted to drop you a line to make sure you got back safely from Burning Man. Meeting (and feeding) you guys was a blast, and I really enjoyed getting to know you and your whole team. And the Cone was amazing!!!!! What a great job you guys did. I hope your first Burning Man experience was as rewarding as mine was, and I hope you all will be coming back next year, so we can party some more. Keep in Touch, Thanks, “Colonel Angus� "

Steven Fritz "thanks for the green cone!"

Sara Clark "Hi! First, I would like to say that I really enjoyed your art installation on the playa this year. Thanks for bringing out and installing something for everyone to enjoy and interact with."


95


96


97

Lady Bee “Hi there - great big thanks to all of you for enduring some really tough weather and for completing your projects. I have to say that the bar for art has been raised significantly this year - overall, we took a quantum leap beyond what‘s been done in the past. I was humbled by the art this year - the scale, the huge collaborative crews, the determination, the endurance - I just can‘t think of a tougher, more dedicated bunch of crazy artists than all of you. huge, effusive thanks from me, from the art department, and from the burning man project. bravo!!! bravo!!!!! it was a great year for art, maybe our best ever...”

Lady Bee “...thanks again for cone, it was a wonderful project and it was a pleasure working with you.”


98

Gina Piazza “...even though i was only there for a few days, i had a freaking blast! thanks for letting me join your camp!�

Robert Greenleaf "I had the opportunity to sneak into the middle area and view it from the inside while it was spinning. It was very relaxing and surreal at the same time to see everything around me spinning."

Ryan Swift "I'm honored that you enjoyed my pictures as much as I enjoyed The Cone out in Black Rock. It was a wonderfully sublime sculpture, the kind the catches your eye from a distance and beckons you to come closer. The spinning was hypnotic. Thanks again for bringing such a great piece out to Burning Man and I look forward to seeing what you create in the future!"


99


100


101

:D'Nah on bm.tribe.net "...that cone threw me into a psychotic break, either that or I accidently got a hold of some good medicine. laying in it looked like the inside cone was moving when it was really the outside. I got dizzy and everything. like being on a merry go round. after I got out I couldn't trust anything I saw. I didn't trust the ground I walked on. it was great to question everything and see things in new ways."

Tesla Jamieson "I really enjoyed meeting you guys, and we loved having you for dinner and enjoyed hanging out in the Cone one night (as did everyone else that was in it at the time!). Will we see you again next year? I hope so!"

Kevan "Good luck with your thesis and thanks for providing me with an awesome visual experience. When I was riding on the back of the Golden Dragon in the middle of the dust storm, your structure magically appeared out of the dust. I remember clearly how emotional i felt upon seeing this happen. The dust then swallowed it up whole again. =] It makes me so happy that I can make that statement. What a place!�


resumĂŠ


103

review From the first drawings to the presentation as final project at the University of Karlsruhe the project required a huge amount of manifold daily work. This book and the extensive documentation it is based on, essentially contributes to an accurate apprehension of the most significant activities, developments and special incidents. Especially due to the mistakes and difficulties resulting from acting in unknown fields, many interesting experiences in extreme diverse environments of actions, new friends and interesting perspectives of a general project development could be won.

burning platform


104

matrix of decisions and events

‘The Cone‘ operating

cars from Wyoming

donation of leds

static advice of ift institute approval of workshop in Salt Lake City

Institute of MKL: Cardan joint

donation of PVC tubes

Vladimir Shukhov

ifiB - final thesis

The project can be seen not merely as simple architectural design but as an ensemble of tracts. It was framed by various operational areas, which generated a complex grid of interrelated actions and reactions. As mentioned earlier, a general key to the success of the project was a constant functioning interaction between the main fields and the necessary respect, flexibility and tireless dedication of all individual coordinating and helping workers. A person who was included in different working processes and gained the capability to evaluate certain project activities gathered motivation and was more adjuvant than a pure executor. The project in general evolved step by step, influenced by a complex matrix of decisions and events. This pattern of lines lead to the final appearance and structural characteristics of ‘The Cone’.

idea of going to ‘Burning Man‘

interaction

‘Funded Art Project‘

measuring jug inspiration

The butterfly-effect pattern of decisions/ events


105

evaluation Although the technical optimization of the project, in terms of the attached wind sails and a transmission for the production of electrical energy, wasn’t completely achieved the emerged basic ideas of visual effects and the functional and solidary principals of ‘The Cone’ could be unambiguously experienced in ‘Black Rock City’. A deficit of time, a lack of technical experience and visual matters regarding the precision-lattice structure led to a slightly pareddown version of the installation. Due to the use of timber in the connection rings the assembly of ‘The Cone’ was relatively laborious although the construction principals were mostly simple and clear. Wood also constituted the most fragile material of the system. This matter visualized the essential impact of selected materials on an architectural building in a certain environment. Several difficulties regarding unexpected defects or planning failures decelerated the project’s development in different stages, but finally also

contributed to the progress in a productive way. An example is the ill-prepared support strategy, when applications were sent without having any specific contact persons at an organization or company. A fair amount of money and time was wasted due to insufficient investigations on responsible contacts. cooperation As many important connections with dependable people in different areas and locations were made, there is a great chance to expand the personal experience to a general ‘Burning Man’ project at the University of Karlsruhe. A framework of contacts to the University of Utah, the ‘Burning Man’ organization and private supporters who offered their future help to participating students already exists and would only have to be revitalized. The event offers students an unique opportunity to give their fancy full scope and to plan, organize and construct something in the foreign, mostly unknown world.

trend ‘The Cone’ as simple but extremely robust structure could be further developed in various ways. Due to its compact framework and a consequent construction method, the whole piece or single segments could be used as common building structure under certain environmental conditions. ‘The Cone’ certainly gives further inspiration and highlights various opportunities that the hyperbolic construction provides and points out considerable vantages. The principals of a rotating or moving structure highlight a potential building strategy. Regarding the visual effects, people who had spent some time in the dynamic space described the piece as an over-dimensional kaleidoscope; it had been an ineffable corporeal experience of surreal movement and inertia. Both before and after ‘Burning Man 2007’, several light design festivals and exhibitions expressed their interest in adding ‘The Cone’ as an attraction to their event (i.e. the Museum of Outdoor Arts in Denver, USA or the Gleem Festival in New Zealand).


106

classification The idea of durability forms a key value in traditional architecture and derives from the history of building itself. It still defines much of today’s architectural debates, although ephemeral buildings represent significant evidence of path breaking architecture. In consideration of historic developments and influences on architecture, as well in the process of constant acceleration in various fields of life today, temporal architecture gives the opportunity to respond promptly to actual economical and social currents. Low risk in terms of logistic and safety issues, the motivation to adventure spectacular as well as simple constructions, public participation, reciprocal construction methods and magical notional traces in related minds represent the main characteristics and opportunities of temporary building. Events which are based on temporary, limited reproduction of space in a certain environment ideally evoke overall

joy and initiate discussions to resolve general speechlessness. Dr. Thomas Schriefers, architect and professor at the technical college (Fachhochschule) in Köln describes such experiments as instruments to raise the general awareness of current problems in society. They give an opportunity to create places of - activated exceptional conditions - resulting attention (economically or didactical motivated) - a simulation of a new possible reality - trade, celebration, communication, games, risk-free adventures and possible borderline experiences - participation

The ‘Burning Man’ project can be seen as an impulse on several conditions in normal society but also as a place to escape from reality. The event is an experimental platform for social and creative activities and spiritualistic life. In the future some of its characteristics and social aims are likely to be adopted in the real world as ‘Burning Man’ continues to spread its myth throughout the globe. There are over 80 ‘Burning Man Regional Groups’ and similar events like the ‘Nowhere’ in Spain, the ‘Kiwi Burn’ in New Zealand or the ‘Afrika Burns’ in South Africa. Predominant creative freedom and the community based on anarchic principals led to today’s event and open a wide range of possibilities to all participants. Building ‘The Cone’ at ‘Burning Man’ 2007 became a unique challenge and opportunity at the same time.


107

‘Crude Awakening’ by Dan Das Mann, Karen Cusolito, Black Rock FX, Pyrokinetics, Nate Smith, Mark Perez and MonkeyBoy


credits


109 University of Karlsruhe (TH)

Volker Koch, Hannu Penttilä, Michael Kunert, Marion Knopf (Institut für Industrielle Bauproduktion) I Sylvio Worg, Karsten Schlesier (Institut für Tragkonstruktionen) I Arne Abromeit (Fachgebiet Bauphysik und Technischer Ausbau) I Alex Wall (Lehrstuhl für Städtebau und Entwerfen) I Wolfgang Steinhilper, Andreas Heil (Holzwerkstatt, Metallwerkstatt des Instituts für Grundlagen der Architektur) I Thorsten Lauer (Geodätisches Institut) I Thorsten Schenkel (Institut für Strömungslehre) I Werner Helm, Günther Kühn, Illja Gaus, Edgar Weinhardt, Paul Weinhardt, Patrick Wenka, Mareus Plate (Werkstatt des Instituts für Wasser und Gewässerentwicklung) I Frank Dienerowitz (Institut für Technische Mechanik) I Thomas Kinsch (Fachgebiet für Baustoffe und Produkte) Werner Wagner (Institut für angewandte Physik) I Joseph Jünger (Studentisches Kulturzentrum)

University of Utah

Jörg Rügemer, Keith Findling (University of Utah, College of Architecture and Planning)

Cone Assistance Germany Construction Setup Erection Party Equipment Support Camp Lacuna

Sebastian Ebertshäuser, Daniel Horn, Jörg Reiser, Stephan Lämmel, Andreas Schneider, Jonathan Schnurre, Florian Friedrich, Thomas Sachs, Kirsten Crößmann, Marianne Preissler, Daniel Dietz, Jana Pelzer, Jonas Fischer, Svea Koch, Katharina Zimmer Christian Kempf, Simon Quack, Daniel Heiss, Pianca Kretzer, Isabel Kretzer, Patrick Tamnogue Florian Rabe, Florian Meyer Marc Teuscher, Erwin Brenner, Jochen Picht, Ygal Gleim, Christian Rall, Vera Mona elGammal, Andreas Walter, Claudia Schreiner, Wolfgang Büscher, Johanna Dishur, Thomas Schattling, Michael Rybakov, Manfred Stürmlinger

Cone Assistance USA Equipment Support Black Rock Citizen Cone Crew

Clarissa Morris, Joseph Morris, Kirstin Morris, Britta Morris, Jörg Rügemer Pudel, Lee, Quentin, Dicki, Lady Bee, ‘The Artery’, Keith Rinzler aka Colonel Angus, Tesla Jamieson, Jean-Pierre and anyone else who helped but we can’t remember the name Stephan Lämmel, Morgan Ip, Jörg Jänisch, Andreas Schneider, Phoenix, Onn Tabak, Martin Kurray, Gina Piazza, Thomas Tempelmann, Kathy

Lightdesign Further Support Editors

Daniel Heiss Oliver Schubert, Christine Baumgartner, Gabe Kirchheimer, James Addison, Annie Lalla, Laura Bentram, Markus Löffler, Robert Greenleaf, Sara Clark, Steven Fritz, Tristan Savatier Morgan Ip, Christel Sachs

Scholarships Donators

Burning Man Art Grants, Vereinigte Studienstiftung der Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Karlsruher Universitätsgesellschaft Christel Sachs, Hans Sachs, Gina Piazza, Philippe Knafo, Thomas Tempelmann Holz Bumb, Paletten Logistics, Schempp, Autoverwertung West, Georg Fischer Piping Systems, Würth, Hebetechnik Kostinek, Württembergische Allplastik, GAH Alberts, Osram Opto Semiconductors, Lappkabel, Schwalb, Erwin Ruf Brennteile, aiv, Schöffler + Wörner, Dormer, LTN, 3M, wiha

Many thanks to everyone who contributed to the project in some way. Without the help of all of you amazing people ‘The Cone’ would not have become real.


publications


111

Kunstbauwerk mit Dynamo. In: DBZ - Deutsche Bauzeitschrift, 9I2007 - Oberflächen. Gütersloh: 2007; page 10 Campen für die Zukunft - RaumMedienLabor. In: Klappe Auf, August. Karlsruhe: 2007; page 16/17 “Wie wollen wir leben?” in Lacuna-City. In: raumK, Nr. 58, August. Karlsruhe: 2007; page 3 The Cone. In: Verbindung - Die gute Verbindung, Ausgabe 134, September. Albershausen: 2007; page 16/17 Energie-Kegel mit Lapp. In: Kabelwelt, Ausgabe 4, September 2007. Stuttgart: 2007; page 2 “The Cone” shines over Black Rock City. At: Osram Opto Semiconductors Showroom (http://www.osram-os.com/appsos/showroom) The Cone Erection Party. At: Click 2 Day (http://www.click2day.com/02_Aktuelles/2007/the_cone01.php) Skulpturale Energie. At: DBZ online (http://www.baunetz.de/arch/dbz/sub_aktuell.html) The Cone @ Lacuna City Karlsruhe. At: youtube.com (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPsuNY7PRCY) Kunstspektakel nutzt regenerative Energien. At: Ka-News (http://www.ka-news.de) Cone. At: Burning Man 2007 Honorarium Installations (http://www.burningman.com/whatisburningman/2007/07_art_funded.html#cone)


references


113

photographs James Addison Steven Fritz Daniel Heiss Tesla Jamieson Gabe Kirchheimer Manuel Kretzer Martin Kurray Stephan Lämmel Markus LÜffler Gina Piazza Hans Sachs Tristan Savatier Jonathan Schnurre Archiv: Akademie der Wissenschaften, Moskau R. Graefe, 1990

page 95, 96, 97, 99 page 98(2) page 62, 63(1/3), 64, 65 page 47, 72(1) page 17 page 9, 19(3), 24, 26(1), 27(1), 28(1/2), 29(3/4), 30(1/2), 31(1), 33(1/2), 36, 40, 41(1-3), 45(1-3), 49, 50, 51, 53 (1/2/4/5), 54(1), 55(1), 59(1-5/8-10), 61(1/2/4-9), 63(2), 69(2), 72(4-8), 74/75, 77, 78, 80(2), 84(1-5), 90, 109, 119 page 25, 28(3), 29(1/2/5), 31(2), 54(3), 55(2), 72(2/10), 80(1), 86 page 7, 18/19, 22, 27(2), 72(3), 89, 102(1) page 48, 101(2) page 32(1/2), 82 page 19(1/2), 23, 37, 39(1-5), 42(1-3), 53(3), 54(2), 55(3), 58, 59(6/7), 61(3/10), 69(1), 72(9/11), 85(1-5), 92, 94, 98 (1), 100, 101(1), 103, 105 page 93 page 102 (2) page 44(2-4) page 44(1)


114

literature Bohm, Michael: Architektur und Stadtkörper. Berlin: 1998 Doherty, Brian: This is Burning Man - the rise of a new American underground. First Edition. Little, Brown and Company, New York: 2004 Flemming, Ulrich: Paxton Kristallpalast. Berlin: 1967 Flohé, Alexander: Verlust und Wiederaneignung- die Stadt und ihre Orte. In: Initiative Stadtbaukultur NRW: Temporäre Architektur an besonderen Orten. Düsseldorf: 2004 Gilmore, Lee; Van Proyen, Mark: AfterBurn - reflections on Burning Man. University of New Mexico Press, USA: 2005 Gone Off Deep Productions: This is Burning Man - DVD. USA: 2006 Graefe, Rainer: Vladimir G. Suchov: 1853 - 1939; die Kunst der sparsamen Konstruktion. Stuttgart: 1990 Hatzfeld, Ulrich: Temporäre Architektur- Frage – und Ausrufezeichen. In: Initiative Stadtbaukultur NRW: Temporäre Architektur an besonderen Orten. Düsseldorf: 2004 Traub, Barbara; Wieners, Brad; Editor- Plunkett, John; Contributor- Brown, Janelle: Burning Man. San Fransisco: 1997 Rekittke, Jörg: Chancen temporärer Architektur. In: Inititative Stadtkultur NRW: Temporäre Architektur an besonderen Orten. Düsseldorf: 2004 Schriefers, Thomas: Für die Ideen dieser Welt- temporäres Bauen. In: Initiative Stadtbaukultur NRW: Temporäre Architektur an besonderen Orten. Düsseldorf: 2004 Engler, Daniel: Die sparsame Konstruktion. In: TEC 21: Fachzeitschrift für Architektur, Ingenieurwesen und Umwelt. Nr.41: 2004


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webpages http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burning_man http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Rock_Desert http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Shukhov http://www.wikipedia.org/wiki/logistics http://www.burningman.com/whatisburningman/about_burningman/bm_timeline.html http://www.burningman.com/preparation/event_survival http://www.burningman.com/installations/art_guidelines.html http://www.burningman.com/whatisburningman/about_burningman/principles.html http://www.shukhov.org/news.html?n=18&id=1 (Disappearing Towers� by Kevin O’ Flynn) http://www.logisticsworld.com/logistics.htm http://partizipation.know-library.net/ http;//www.coolingman.com


The Cone

interactive architecture for ‘Burning Man’ final project of Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs 2007 Institut für Industrielle Bauproduktion (ifib) Prof. Michael Kunert Prof. Hannu Penttilä Akad. Oberrat Volker Koch Lehrstuhl für Städtebau und Entwerfen - ORL Prof. Alex Wall Universität Karlsruhe (TH) print: Format GmbH - Beim Runden Plom 3 76275 Ettlingen - www.formatgmbh.de www.burning-man.eu


Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs 2007

The Cone -interactive architecture for Burning Man  

The Cone is the final architecture project of Manuel Kretzer and Hans Sachs and was part of Burning Man 2007 in the Black Rock Desert, Nevad...

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