Bulletin/Geppo January 2021

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Bulletin the


a journal of Japanese Canadian community, history + culture




TERRY WATADA Mysterious Dreams of the Dead




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The Bulletin

A Journal of Japanese Canadian Community, History & Culture www.jccabulletin-geppo.ca SSN 1182-0225 v.63 No.01 January 2021 Circulation: 4,100 Canada Post Agreement Number 400-50782 G V J C CA

The Bulletin/Geppo is published monthly by the Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens’ Association (GVJCCA).

Terry Watada: On Dreams, Mystery, and Writing What You Know 3

Managing Editor John Endo Greenaway john@bigwavedesign.net

Excerpt: Mysterious Dreams of the Dead 6 Poetry Corner: When the Issei Danced 8

Japanese Editors Kazuho Yamamoto Kaori Kasai editor.geppo@gmail.com Advertising Manager Anne Jew annejew@telus.net

JCCA Float, 1954. Submitted by a JCCA member.

Kyowakai: Memory and Healing in New Denver 10 Online Session: Antiracism 101 12 ©

Distribution Manager Michael Tora Speier Administrative Assistant Mitsuyo Okamoto JCCA Board Of Directors President: Judy Hanazawa Treasurer: Cary Sakiyama Vice President: April Shimizu Recording Secretary: Wendy Matsubuchi Directors: Shag Ando, May Hamanishi, Emiko Lashin, Liz Nunoda, Nikki Asano, Ron Nishimura Human Rights Committee Tatsuo Kage, Judy Hanazawa, Ron Nishimura, Kathy Shimizu

Yamaguchi-ken Facebook Group 12

The Paueru Gai Dialogues 14

Watada 17

JCCA Donations / Editorial 20

JCCA President’s Message 21

Japanese Canadian Working Group 24 Toronto NAJC 29

Landscapes of Injustice 18

Community Kitchen 26

NAJC President’s Message 30

Marpole Pre-war Japanese Canadian Neighbourhood 33 Tonari Gumi Corner 34 CrossCurrents 36

Our Edible Roots 35

Milestones 36

VJLS&JH Community Update 40

Nikkei Place Update 42

Geppo 45

Read online: jccabulletin-geppo.ca Cover Story

Submission Deadline: February 2021 issue: January 18, 2021

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Illustration by Sleepless Kao



January 1月 2021 1



2 月報 The Bulletin

Mysterious Dreams of the Dead, Terry Watada’s latest novel, features Mike Shintani, a sansei (third-generation Japanese Canadian) who sets off to uncover the mystery of his father’s death in a plane crash north of Lake Superior when Mike was only fifteen. His father’s body was never found and, adding to the intrigue, wolves circled the crash site as if guarding the area. Now in his thirties, Mike’s journey of discovery begins with the uncovering of a diary in the basement of his home. Unable to read the diary, written by his father in Japanese, Mike enlists Naoko Ito, a Japanese grad student at the University of Toronto. The book, as translated by Naoko, is a dream diary, filled with poetry, descriptions of the surreal. It’s also the story of a love affair with a woman named Chiemi, who is at the centre of the elder Shintani’s dreams. Naoko, after some time, seemingly disappears into thin air. Both women appear as ghosts in dreams. Overlaying the mystery of the diary is the behaviour of one of Mike’s best friends, Boku Sugiura, who decides one day to rob a bank in the name of his grandfather and redress for Japanese Canadians. The two strains of the novel come together in Moose Jaw. Over the course of Mysterious Dreams of the Dead, Mike discovers the truth about his father’s life and Boku’s uncle (Daniel Sugiura from The Three Pleasures, Watada’s last novel), a protestor in the Moose Jaw stand-off. Through elements of the Japanese ghost story (kwaidan), magic realism, and Buddhist myth, secrets are revealed and explored. Mysterious Dreams of the Dead is an imaginative examination of the effect of the exile, internment, and dispersal on the sansei. Together with 2017’s The Three Pleasures and Kuroshio: The Blood of Foxes, Watada’s 2007 debut novel, Mysterious Dreams of the Dead completes a cycle of novels that speaks to the Japanese Canadian experience, as seen from multiple perspectives. A prolific writer, Watada, who retired in 2012, also released his fifth book of poetry, The Four Sufferings. He has compiled his sixth collection, Crows at Sunset, and is waiting to see what happens to The Four Sufferings. I spoke to Terry Watada via email from his home in Toronto.


You’ve been a busy man. Even as the world has suffered this slow-rolling upheaval you’ve continued to write and edit, even winning a $10,000 writer’s grant from the Toronto Arts Council to write a new novel. How has the pandemic and the ever-changing lockdown affected how you work? What have you taken from it? I’ve never been so prolific when it comes to writing. Being retired gives me time and the pandemic allows me to write on a daily basis, sometimes for long periods of time. George HW Bush once advised “You don’t want to spend all day sitting in your living room yelling at the TV! Do something.” He went parachuting, I write.

experiences birth, aging, illness, and death. Everyone also endures common frustrations as well as revelling in love and joy. My poems explore these experiences in my life. I am advising everyone to rise above these hardships and rejoice in life. Crows at Sunset looks at my state at present. Poems of the pandemic, my early days, and the fears and complaints of aging. Have you had any reaction to the books yet? Too early for the book, but Crows at Sunset was recently judged a finalist (one of five) in the Eyelands International Book Awards competition in Greece. Nice to know my poems can compete at an international level.

Here on the west coast, we hear reports of the situation in Toronto, but it’s mostly dealing with numbers: cases, fatalities, etc. From your perspective, what’s it like on the ground there? What’s the mood of the city? I admire the fact that most are observing the medical advice and provincial orders. But we have our idiots as well. 300 people showed up at City Hall for the New Year, even though the Mayor called off all celebrations. A restaurant owner opened his place for indoor dining in defiance of the law. He even broke in when the authorities shuttered his place. He was arrested and faces a $10,000 fine. The owners of So even if I miss going out to my favourite stores and the building face a $100,000 fine. I hope it was worth it. restaurants, I can spend my time in a positive way, So there is frustration and intolerance but mostly people are co-operwriting prose and poetry. ative and understanding. Yes, the poetry, I understand you have a new poYou’ve said in the past that up until the age of nineteen you were etry collection in addition to the novel. Two actually. Mawenzi House Publishers in Toronto unaware of not only your family’s prewar history, but that of the just released my fifth poetry collection, The Four community as a whole – that you had no idea that the internment Sufferings. In the meantime, I put together my sixth, even happened. Since then, you have devoted much of your writing to uncovering the many and varied layers that make up this commuCrows at Sunset. nity. It’s almost like an archaeological dig, but instead of a brush, Tell me about them. you’re using a pen. Is there some sort of deeper understanding The Four Sufferings come from Buddhism. Everyone

by John Endo Greenaway


January 1月 2021 3

you’re looking for? What compels you to continue exploring this subject matter? I initially wrote songs about my family and the Asian Canadian experience because I heeded the advice of established songwriters: write about what you know. I then started to be bothered by the notion that Nikkei were co-operative and accepting of the exile and internment. Made us look inhuman, somehow. I learned of the Nisei Mass Evacuation Group and other protest groups and decided that they deserve to be given the light of day, to present Nikkei as fully realized people. I began hearing stories about Nikkei life before, during, and after WWII. I started writing to give these stories voice. I wish to define, to illuminate, and to preserve Nikkei culture, history, and tradition. I want to resurrect in literature all that has been taken away and lost.

My father’s diary inspired me once I had it translated. But that’s where the similarities end. Shintani’s father kept a dream diary – impressionistic writings about the war years. I then took inspiration from Haruki Murakami’s work. Mysterious Dreams has supernatural and fantastic elements incorporated. Add to that the fact that the bank robber’s nickname is Boku (named after a character in Murakami’s Wild Sheep Chase meaning “I”) and you have the general tone of the book.

elements incorporated. Add to that the fact that the bank robber’s nickname is Boku (named after a character in Murakami’s Wild Sheep Chase meaning “I”) and you have the general tone of the book. The bank robber is modelled after a good friend of mine who did rob a bank in the name of redress. He Would it be accurate to say that Kuroshio: The actually was against redress; thus Blood of Foxes, The Three Pleasures, and Myste- deepens the mystery. rious Dreams of the Dead form a trilogy of sorts, looking at the world through the eyes of the issei, I was interested to see that the city of Moose Jaw plays a key the nisei and sansei, respectively? I talked to a literary agent a long time ago about my role in the novel. My mother was ideas for a novel, and she said to write a “big book”, born there, so I look forward to like De Lillo or Rushdie. “They’re all the rage.” So I reading how the city is situated put together a proposal. She then said, “Big books in the story. Is there anything are out.” She didn’t want me as a client anyway, but I you can share about Moose did take away the fact that I should write what I want Jaw’s place in JC history? to write. I then devised a trilogy of novels based on When I was in Southern Alberta the stories I heard of issei, nisei, and sansei. Some- researching my book about the one else can write about the yonsei, etc. Yes, the Buddhist Church of Canada (Bukthree books are a linked trilogy with carry-overs in kyo Tozen), I was introduced to a theme and characters. I never told the publishers nisei, a friend’s father actually, who of my plans, because I thought they would balk at a used to be a whaler. A harpoon hung above the fireplace mantel. commitment like that. It was then I learned he was one My copy of Mysterious Dreams of the Dead is of two men who protested the war sitting at the JCCA office and I haven’t had time and Nikkei treatment for two years to drive to Burnaby to pick it up yet, so I have to in a Moose Jaw air force base afgo off the blurb on the publisher’s website. The ter the war. Turns out many of the protagonist, Mike Shintani, discovers a diary men of Angler refused to leave the written by his father, who died under mysterious prison until the government apolcircumstances. I’m guessing that this was inspired ogized. They were sent to Moose in part by your own father’s wartime diary. Both Jaw to continue the protest. The diaries are written in Japanese and therefore base became a distribution centre require translation to read. And the two diaries re- for JCs migrating east from the veal pasts that are shrouded to greater and lesser BC internment camps. A core of degrees in mystery. Is this where the similarities them continued to refuse to leave end or are there deeper connections to your own until they were dragged out of the family’s past? place after two years. Two men Your guess is spot-on. My father’s diary inspired stayed outside in tents while the me once I had it translated. But that’s where the rest disbursed. similarities end. Shintani’s father kept a dream diary – impressionistic writings about the war years. I I mention your mother as a tribute then took inspiration from Haruki Murakami’s work. to her and you, in fact. I also underMysterious Dreams has supernatural and fantastic stood Roy Kiyooka was from there. So I mention his family as well. If


4 月報 The Bulletin

not, it doesn’t matter. I admired his writing. Speaking of the Toronto Arts Council grant, can you share what you have in mind for the new novel? Hiroshima Bomb Money is based, in part, on my wife’s Great Aunt Chiemi, who survived the bomb for about a week. She spent her last days looking for her twin babies. I also look at the fate of her husband (a brother in the book) who fought in China, witnessing and committing the atrocities Japanese soldiers were said to have committed. The third part of the book is Chiemi’s youngest sister who immigrated to Canada, based in part on my mother’s life. Finishing up the research and completing the outline. I have started writing the text. I am committed to finishing it. I enjoy reading your column in The Bulletin every month. You must have written hundreds of columns over the years. How do you imagine new material month after month? 35 years of columns and articles for The Bulletin and many other journals. I gather my ideas through observations of life. Frank Moritsugu gave me sage advice: justify your words according to the publication you are writing for. Ask yourself the question, “Why is it in this magazine” If I can answer that then I submit it. Anything you’d like to add? I hope everyone has a prosperous and happy 2021. Check out the Winter 2021 edition of Grain Magazine. I have a new short story featured in it!

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MYSTERIOUS DREAMS OF THE DEAD BY TERRY WATADA 1987 One of those rootless, forgotten nights. I leaned against the giving rail of a “large table,” surveying the debris field of reds and prized colour’d balls with their multiple point values, trying to put my long-ago-high-school geometry to good use. The lacquered wood and twenty-ounce weight of my pool cue felt secure on the bridge of my left hand, its solid heft cool against my cheek as I calculated angles and aimed. Playing pool was a good way to relax after a week of teaching classes at the University of Toronto and tutoring spoiled kids from “Upper Canada” families three evenings a week. I also edited professors’ books from time to time. I made enough for entertainment expenses anyway. I had graduated with an MA in English in the early 1980s and was bidding my time, a long time, before starting the PhD program. I needed the break from study.

Four blurry men covered their faces to get away from the intense fixed stare of the cameras. The images fl ickered, distorted, and sputtered within the black & While the Friday night crowd slid and squirmed white screen of the pool hall TV, around the room of Curly’s Billiards, the RCA-Victor a decrepit cathode set elevated TV set with the fading and distorted picture blared above the fray for advantaged out a newscast in a wretched last gasp. viewing. Yet the four were clearly Police arrested four men of Armenian background identifiable as the guilty parties. today on suspicion of planting a bomb on the Their dark skin and slicked back northbound Yonge-University TTC line last Tuesday hair burned through the static of morning. The Metro Toronto Bomb Squad found exthe television image. I imagined plosive material in a gym bag on the lead subway the garlic and parsley sweatcar. Witnesses became suspicious when they saw odour exuding from their bodies. four men leave the bag under their seat before I thought I was obvious-looking in quickly exiting at the next stop. The bomb did not this white-power-majority-town. explode, and no one was hurt. My mother would never call them


6 月報 The Bulletin

“Canadians.” I turned to concentrate on the bright-green sheen of the table; nothing could disturb me, not even the distraction of the PA system that suddenly crackled to life above me. “Line one for Mike Shintani,” growled a voice that sounded like a hung-over Tom Waits. I ignored the summons and continued lining up the shot, sliding my cue back and forth between my fingers, again, taking aim as I peered through the cigarette smoke-fog.

“Yo Shintani, answer the phone!” Waits insisted away from the mic while slumped behind his counter.

“Are you kidding me? Are you saying that’s Boku?”

Dave Watanabe, my opponent, partner and ride, “It sounds like him…” backed him up. “You’d better get that.” “Yeah, but…I can’t believe it. Has I scratched off the pink. Minus six points. he lost his mind? What kind of loser –” “Yeah, this is Mike,” I answered on a convenient wall phone. “What is it?” “Michael!” Cathy chided abruptly. “Hi, it’s Cathy...” “Oh, hi Cath. How did you know I was here?” “Where else would you be on a Friday night? Dave with you…?” “Yeah, he just finished a double shift –” “Did you read about Boku?” she said unusually quick on the draw. “Where?” Another pocket of silence. “In tonight’s Daily Star.” “Boku’s in the paper?”

flaw for the moment. Dave just sank a two-ball combination when I returned with the bizarre story. “You shitting me?” my buddy asked. “He’s not that kind of guy. Is he?”

“Well, the paper says he is,” I con“This has got to be some kind of firmed, as I pointed to the article joke. You know Boku…” in a stray copy I picked up from a refugee chair by the phone. Cathy started crying softly, her gently curved eyes squeezed “Let me see that.” shut, I imagined. Her ex-fiancé was known for his practical jokes, “That guy had everything going but this was beyond the pale. for him,” I declared to the air as Kenneth “Boku” Sugiura was born Dave ruffled and folded the pain a working-class neighbourhood per smooth. “He was gonna be of the city but raised in an unre- the next I.M. Pei for Christ’s sake. markable suburban area, even for How many guys get that kind of Scarborough, known as Agincourt, opportunity?” an enclave of accidental parks, split-level bungalows, and well- “Why are you so pissed?” equipped schools, far from the “ I ’ m p i s s e d … I ’ m p i s s e d b eghetto of Spadina and Dundas cause…,” I stammered. “He had it where his family started life in Toall and a fiancée…er…girlfriend.” I ronto. Like me, he made his way faded for a moment of reflection. through a conventional education “You know Cathy?” through to university.

“Yes, listen to this,” she insisted after her characteristic pause. Cathy read the article slowly in that precise yet hesitating way she had, like the way she sits upright, so straight she puts a ruler to shame. She always stopped cold between sentences as if thinking about what to say next. I scratched my “Cathy don’t cry,” I said. She could forearm in anticipation. be a pill sometimes. “There’s gotta A Toronto Canadian-Japanese man says he robbed be a logical explanation for all this. the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce at the Let me talk to Glenn. Maybe he corner of Dundas and Spadina to defend the honor knows something.” of his grandfather, who was interned during World War II. The twenty-five-year-old Kenneth Sugiura “You’ll let me know what you find told District Court that he is willing to go to jail for out…?” she sniffled. ten years to protest the treatment 20,000 Japanese “Yeah, sure.” I forgave her verbal Canadians received in World War II. Sugiura had quit the faculty of architecture at the University of British Columbia in order to come back to Toronto to begin Mysterious Dreams of the Dead a business based on a new computer program he Terry Watada had developed while living in Vancouver. Bail has Anvil Press been set at $100,000.

“For sure. She’s a 10,” he pronounced emphatically. “Maybe an 8.” “Well, he’s thrown it all away now,” I observed. It was true. Boku Sugiura had “had it all”. He was the poster boy for Sansei of the Year. Now what?


January 1月 2021 7

When the Issei Danced from The Four Sufferings (published collection 2020) by Terry Watada the children giggled everyone

when the Issei danced

else laughed

it was a time of cele-

especially Okaasan


Father smiled.

at grandpa’s 88th birthday,

a thing of joy

Beiju at hideki’s wedding,

while rikimatsu, tohana


and kawai-san raised glasses of Johnny Walker Red (going


all out for this one)

tied his necktie around his head

before the banquet of Chinese

an improvised hachimaki

cuisine on teetering tables

with fan in hand jumped to his feet

fujiwara-san smacked

and cavorted to an ancient minyo

his hands together announcing

he contorted his face



celebration an odori, a dance, dance, dance every which way

and everyone clapped in time

lips one way, his eyes

as he sang

the other

acapella his voice soaring

he kicked his crooked


leg up to the restaurant dining-room ceiling while twirling the fan with his fingers

in geometric patterns his hands in choreographed positions


8 月報 The Bulletin

the ancestral spirits and they sang back

while a gang of issei circled around

wept in the airconditioning


as grandpa stood to join-in

they smiled in happiness.

and fujiwara-san

their two sons shed


the blood of memory

like a young man


punctuated by grunts and calls to join in on

they floated

the notes of an old


the ethereal notes

when the issei danced to the rhythms of old Japan

folksong –

they pantomimed

the melody of

the lyrics


and memories cried – a 50th wedding anniversary

a sight to behold of love unfold-

in the basement of China


House when dad kissed

chan-to, chan-to, chan-to

mom for the first time to my

Walking down the boulevard,


with the hairdo of a married woman …

and cheers rose like disturbed

I’m a wisteria hanging above,


and you’re a lily below. and the white-jacket

waiters served the abalone

it is amusing


disappears when rich brown sauce

(a taste of the BC coast) their home three decades ago

but all

I awake to the clarity.


of morning

and they held hands

The Four Sufferings Terry Watada Mawenzi House


January 1月 2021 9

THE SAN Tuberculosis plays a pivotal role in the story of Japanese Canadians in New Denver and BC. The TB rate was low in the community until crowding in unsanitary conditions at Hastings Park raised the rate. Nikkei in New Denver’s Orchard built a 100-bed sanatorium for TB patients in 1943, and Japanese Canadians were sent there from across the province.

Kyowakai: Memory and Healing in New Denver by Anne Champagne | Book design by John Endo Greenaway Nikkei Internment Memorial Centre The Kyowakai Society was formed in New Denver in 1943. When it finally disbanded in 2018 it was the only wartime Japanese Canadian internment organization still in operation. Incorporated as a society in 1977, the Kyowakai Society spearheaded the creation of the Nikkei Internment Memorial Centre (NIMC) with the purpose of collecting, conserving, researching, exhibiting and interpreting objects that represent the life and conditions of the Nikkei living in the Orchard section of New Denver and surrounding West Kootenay internment camps between 1942 and 1957. The only centre of its kind in Canada, it draws attention to global issues of racism, injustice and resilience. This book tells the story of the NIMC, the people who created it and the healing it inspired. Part history, part cautionary tale, part companion to the exhibits and gardens at the NIMC, this book explores the vision for the centre, elaborates on the interpretive signs that accompany displays, and unravels the symbolic meaning of the Peace Garden. You’ll find little-known photographs and stories about wartime, postwar and ongoing experiences of internees and their descendants. Among those profiled in the book are world-renowned master gardener Roy Sumi, who was commissioned to design the Heiwa Teien (Peace Garden); Mrs. Chie Kamegaya, an educator and haiku artist who was elected as the first female President of Kyowakai Society in 1983, prompting the resignation of some male members from the board; Sakaye “Sockeye” Hashimoto, who together with Mrs. Kamegaya, spearheaded the construction of the NIMC; Shoichi (Spud) Matsushita, a former patient at the San, who was camp ‘foreman’ and worked hard to negotiate with the BC Security Commission for the deeding of the shacks and property to those Japanese Canadians still living under the authority of the commission in 1957. With the NIMC, local Japanese Canadians wanted to tell their story, partly to inspire Nikkei with the fact that they endured and to assure future generations that they too could tap into that inner strength. The book is available through the Nikkei National Museum gift store or by sending an email to nikkei@newdenver.ca.


10 月報 The Bulletin

The San, as it was known, loomed large in the history of Nikkei communities. It was the largest medical facility for Japanese Canadians in the province. When the war ended in 1945, all internment camps were bulldozed, destroying the evidence of incarceration, except New Denver. Those whom the BCSC deemed “TB cases, incurables and the very old without children to look after them” (quoted in Truly et al. 1999) were moved to the Orchard from outlying camps: 1,200 people remained under the authority of the BCSC until 1957— 12 years after the war. And so, New Denver became the only sizable postwar Japanese Canadian community, with the San as the focal point. Although the San closed in 1951, enough families remained to maintain a Japanese community for decades afterward.

New Denver High School, 1947. NNM 2012.

DID YOU KNOW? As of January 1, 1947, 900 Japanese Canadians lived in New Denver, despite the other camps being ordered closed. A number of those who remained were TB patients at the sanatorium or were too frail to move. Some had work as loggers or miners, while some were without the means to relocate, since the government had seized their coastal property and confiscated their equity. In spite of the fact that the war was over, Japanese Canadians remained under the BC Security Commission in New Denver until 1957. When the Commission was disbanded in 1957, the BC government deeded shacks and property to Japanese Canadians who still lived in the Orchard. In summer 1946, the United Church school for Japanese Canadians closed. Fifty Nikkei students had to find a new school, but only 30 were accepted into the white schools so, as United Church teacher Gwen Suttie exclaimed, “the local Occidental parents rose in a mass and demanded the admittance of the Japanese to make a larger school with two teachers.” She joined the staff and with her came the Nikkei students. Elementary students followed soon after. Japanese Canadian and local kids set up a teen town together. The two communities mixed on baseball fields, hockey rinks and village functions. One reflection of the shift in attitude is the awarding of the Miss New Denver position in 1951 to Hatsumi Morishita, an honour given annually at the May Days celebrations to a girl who then represents the village in the region for the coming year.

訪 ひ て 蕗 の 茂 み に 導 か れ

Guided to her house by the fuki growing lush: an immigrant’s garden –Chie Kamegaya

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January 1月 2021 11


ANTIRACISM 101 – FEBRUARY 13, 2021 – 1-3PM (PST) The Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens' Association (GVJCCA) is pleased to introduce a series of monthly Zoom workshops to support racialized communities, address racism, and build community networks. These sessions aim to empower, educate, and build allyship. The first workshop will be held on February 13. Antiracism 101 will address burning questions including: What's the diff erence between "antiracist" and "not racist"? What is White privilege and White fragility? Are microaggressions really harmful? We will also explore the history of racism in BC, leading up to the present day. This workshop is particularly targeted for those seeking a deeper understanding of antiracism, but we welcome participants of all education levels and backgrounds. Registration is open to all adults - youth 12 and up may join their parent participants. Please note: sessions are guided by applying respect, kindness and supporting participant safety. To register for FREE, please visit: gvjcca_antiracism101.eventbrite.ca For more information, contact: gvjccaantiracism@gmail.com

GUEST SPEAKERS Giselle Clarke-Trenaman (she/her) is a professional freelance Stage Manager and works as the Production Coordinator and Facilities Manager at Presentation House Theatre in North Vancouver. For the past three years she has been developing a program called Black History Matters to fill the education gap of Canadian Black History in the Elementary school system. It had its pilot launch in the fall of 2020. For over 50 years, Sadie Kuehn has been fighting for justice in BC. She became the first Black school trustee on the Vancouver School Board, and was later elected president of the Coalition of Progressive Electors (COPE), the first person of colour in Canada to hold this position. Recently she has been organizing with Vancouver’s Black community in an effort to change the school district’s response to racism in schools.

YAMAGUCHI-KEN FACEBOOK GROUP My name is Hana Larson and I am a gosei from Vancouver. As a mixed Asian-Canadian of Japanese, Chinese and Swedish descent, I have always been eager to learn about my roots. Because my relatives from all sides were part of the early immigrant communities, it has been challenging to learn more but interesting nonetheless. My Japanese side is very small, so my understanding of our family history has generally been limited to what little information has been passed down the generations. Growing up, my family would always visit my great-grandmother Kimie Toyota in Midway, BC. This was the primary way in which I learned about my identity as a Nikkei, in addition to other community events like the Powell Street Festival. But it wasn't until this past summer that I started to dig a little deeper. It started with a random question about my ancestor that I'd asked in the Japanese Canadians Facebook Group out of curiosity. An older Nikkei replied to me in the comments with a lot more information than I'd expected, including details that my parents and I never knew about my family. Astounded at the volume of genealogical information on the internet, I began my personal genealogy project. After exploring various groups, resources and archives online, I decided to create a Facebook group specifically for those with ties to


12 月報 The Bulletin

Yamaguchi Prefecture. I've found that many Japanese and Nikkei groups on the internet are self-defi ned based on where our ancestors ended up. While this is useful, I thought it would also be great to have a group based on where our ancestors came from. A post in a Japanese genealogy group about Yamaguchi prefecture made me realize that it would be so much easier if we all just worked together. Regardless of where our ancestors ended up, we are all wondering about the same place. The information and resources are out there – we just have to work together. I h o p e t h a t G e n e a l o g y f o r N i k ke i f r o m Yamaguchi-Ken can serve as a platform for descendants of Yamaguchi emigrants to connect and learn from each other. In the group I would also love to invite native Japanese from Yamaguchi, genealogists, and any person with knowledge of Yamaguchi history and its emigrants. My goal is to bring together members from Nikkei communities around the world so that we can start piecing together the story of our elders and ancestors. I am optimistic that this will be a valuable tool and concept that can be used for Nikkei with ancestors from other prefectures too. www.facebook.com/groups/yamaguchinikkei



January 1月 2021 13

The Paueru Gai Dialogues Catalyzing Social Equity through Culture & Connection to Place

Izumi Sakamoto Illustration by Emmie Tsumura

To kick off the new year, the Powell Street Festival Society is launching an online series, The Paueru Gai Dialogues. On the last Saturday of each month, BIPOC artists and activists will share their perspectives on a host of current social issues with the aim of inspiring civic engagement and community building during the disruption of the enduring pandemic. The inaugural event, Catalyzing Social Equity through Culture & Connection to Place, is at 1pm Pacific/4 pm Eastern on Saturday, January 30, 2021. Guest host Izumi Sakamoto will facilitate a discussion with three panelists – Ayumi Goto, Kathy Shimizu and Terry Watada – as they share their perspectives on how cultural heritage and connection to place impact an artistic practice. Participants will join breakout groups to share their own experiences and to consider how Japanese Canadian art and culture might advance social justice. To wrap up the event, everyone will reconvene to offer questions for further contemplation. Izumi Sakamoto is Associate Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. A former Fulbright Scholar, she received MSW, MS (Social Psychology) and Ph.D. (Social Work & Psychology) from University of Michigan and BA and MA from Sophia University, Japan.

Ayumi Goto

Kathy Shimizu

The next two sessions in the nine-part series are On Food & Culture for Collective Resilience on February 27 and On Social Disruption and Community Resilience on March 27. Throughout the coming year, The Bulletin will be featuring a regular column previewing and reflecting on The Paueru Gai Dialogues. The Paueru Gai Dialogues are free. To receive a link to the first online event, register at www.powellsteetfestival.com/dialogues I talked to PSF Executive Director about her vision for the series.

by John Endo Greenaway


14 月報 The Bulletin

Terry Watada


Maybe we can go back a bit and reflect on the past year. Like all arts and cultural organizations, the Festival really had to dig deep, and reimagine itself in light of the current reality, where we can’t gather. Now that some time as passed and we’re heading into a new year, how do you feel about the way the Festival played out? I am proud of our pivot to The Telethon. The event struck a balance between high-quality arts presentation and the Festival’s grassroots charm. Also, I am overjoyed by the positive response to our call to action in support of our Downtown Eastside (DTES) Community Care programs. The Telethon became a pertinent moment to explain why we advocate for marginalized people living in the DTES and how this relates to our Japanese Canadian history and our future. The $60,000 donations raised to create jobs and build skills within the neighbourhood was a tremendous affirmation of Powell St. Festival Society’s mission, values and goals.

“There is an urgent need for the Japanese Canadian community to discuss contemporary social issues. The Black Lives Matter protests and the widening gap between the privileged and marginalized populations have been amplified by the global health crisis. We cannot wait for the pandemic to pass to respond to these needs; this is the opportunity to create safe spaces where we can challenge ourselves to listen to difference and to deepen our understanding of ourselves and others, and to find ways to use any privilege that we might have for positive change.”

I am also sad that the 44th Powell Street Festival did not bring a crowd of people together to the Powell Street neighbourhood to celebrate Japanese Canadian art and culture, see familiar faces and make new friends, eat comfort food and marvel at the festival’s sumo tournament. When I think back to The Telethon, I have a visceral memory of standing on Jackson and Powell, alone, listening to the taiko drumming emanate from the rooftop of the Vancouver Japanese Language School. If you saw me, I may have been jumping up and down cheering but, inside, I was also crying a little.

Can you talk about the structure of the sessions – what is the role of the hosts and the panelists? The guest hosts will bring expertise to the Dialogues’ themes. They will contextualize the topic and prepare the guest panelists to ensure a quality experience for the participants. The artists/panelists will give 7–10-minute presentations that share their perspective on the dialogue topic (i.e. food sovereignty, resilience amidst social disruption, climate change, art as activism, decolonizing artist practices and institutions, poverty and the housing crisis, etc.). We are turning to Japanese Canadian artists to anchor these conversations and articulate the complexities as they relate to their racialized identity and how they manifest in their craft. That said, the Dialogues will be intercultural and intergenerational. One goal is to strengthen our allyships with other racialized and/or marginalized communities.

So now we’re starting out the year with this new online series, The Paueru Gai Dialogues. How did the idea come about? While the 45th Powell Street Festival will send festival vibrations throughout the lower mainland, we are facing a second year without a large public gathering. As the pandemic endures, our primary challenge is to stay connected with our diverse stakeholders and to strengthen people’s understanding of, and increase their stake in, Powell Street Festival’s commitment to the DTES. When it comes time to relaunch the Festival as a public gathering event, we want to be sure people understand, and are excited to celebrate, our return to the Powell Street neighbourhood.

Reflecting on the reciprocal relationship that PSFS has with its stakeholders, we know it is vital for PSFS to hear different perspectives in order to remain relevant and to fulfill our mission. And we understand that people engage with PSFS, in the multitude of ways that they do, to expand their personal experiences and connections to community. How do we facilitate this when we’re not all working toward the festival as a large public gathering? The Paueru Gai Dialogues is our answer. On another level, there is an urgent need for the Japanese Canadian community to discuss contemporary social issues. The Black Lives Matter protests and the widening gap between the privileged and marginalized populations have been amplified by the global health crisis. We cannot wait for the pandemic to pass to respond to these needs; this is the opportunity to create safe spaces where we can challenge ourselves to listen to difference and to deepen our understanding of ourselves and others, and to find ways to use any privilege that we might have for positive change. It is exciting to consider that we might take this moment to move beyond our Internment/

model minority narrative, and to explore questions of accountability as settler-colonizers as we continue to grapple with our own history of displacement. If successful, The Paueru Gai Dialogues will advance this goal.


January 1月 2021 15

Breakout rooms – I’m thinking that session participants will not be passive observers. How are you running these breakout rooms and what are you hoping that people take away from them? We know “Zoom fatigue” is a thing and we don’t want to waste people’s time. The Paueru Gai Dialogues is a free event but it does include an expectation of the audience/participants. In breakout groups, participants will be asked to share their own experience or perspective on the given topic and to listen to the others in their group. Of course, the participant can choose to pass and the group facilitator will ensure the space promotes safety and inclusion for everyone. To wrap up the event, participants will reconvene to offer generative questions for further contemplation.

The Festival has always been about reaching out beyond the confines of the west coast – and the online format of course opens things up in that regard. How do you see The Paueru Gai Dialogues opening up a national dialogue, and role does the Festival have in facilitating it? PSFS is deeply connected to its geographic location of the Powell Street neighbourhood/DTES. As elder Grace Eiko Thomson recently said, Paueru Gai is the furusato or the hometown for many Japanese Canadians living outside of Vancouver. We scheduled The Paueru Gai Dialogue series on Saturday afternoons so that community members from across the country can participate. We know that participation in the Festival and now the online series, people have an opportunity to connect with their furusato. What’s more, our ambitions to discuss contemporary issues and how these pertain to someone of Japanese heritage sets the Japanese Canadian community on an empowered path into the future.

The Paueru Gai Dialogues distills the Festival as act of empowerment and refashions it into a year-long reflection. We hope you’ll join us!

update ATTENTION! Please join our upcoming online Town Halls

NEW ONLINE SERIES The Paueru Gai Dialogues

We’ve been busy brainstorming what this coming year will hold for the 45th Annual Powell Street Festival and we want your input!

WINTER January | February | March SPRING April | May | June AUTUMN September | October | November

Thursday, January 7, 7:00 to 8:30pm

The last Saturday of the month, 1pm Pacific

Wednesday, January 13, 7:00 to 8:30pm

January 30 Catalyzing Social Equity through Culture & Connection to Place

Monday, January 18, 7:00 to 8:30pm Tuesday, January 26, 7:00 to 8:30pm Feel free to sign up for one or all, as each Town Hall will help us shape the future of the 2021 celebrations. Please email info@powellstreetfestival.com to register.

February 27 On Food & Culture for Collective Resilience March 27 On Social Disruption and Community Resilience The Bulletin will be featuring a regular column reflecting on The Paueru Gai Dialogues throughout 2021. Visit www.powellstreetfestival.com/dialogues for more information.


16 月報 The Bulletin


photo: Tane Akamatsu



A YEAR OF COLOUR December 2020, the last month of a tumultuous year, the likes of which not experienced since 1968. 2020 was the year of a worldwide pandemic; economic breakdown; racial tensions; and political and societal controversies in Canada and the US. How did we survive?

We have all experienced some kind of shutdown/ lockout this year. The streets were so abandoned that dolphins were seen in the canals of Venice. Wolves, foxes, and coyotes ventured out of their lairs to roam the streets. My family and I spied a bright red fox many times on the asphalt in front of our house. And if you ventured out for the grocery store, you did not experience a traffic jam. That was a blessing, I must say, though there were times with long lineups, which were avoided if you went during the “Senior Hour” at 7:00 am. But I did miss dining out. My Chinatown restaurants became takeout havens. But where were the rude waiters? The indifference and the impatient customers? Takeout is okay but it’s not the same. The dishes often have cooled down by the time they arrive. We must construct some dishes since they would become unappetising if put together for delivery at point of origin. Witness the noodle dish, like chow mein, or the noodle and wonton soup. Still, we thought it prudent not to indulge even in the pandemic’s lull. I really do not enjoy outdoor dining. The traffic pollution and gawking passers-by are not to my taste (forgive the pun). And by October’s end, it was getting too cold, even if the restaurant provided heating lamps. In the before times, I encountered these lamps in Sydney, Australia. They were fine until they got too hot to tolerate. I do feel for the small businesses, like restaurants, who are nearing bankruptcy. At least, the Canadian federal and provincial governments are trying to keep them afloat. I don’t understand the political gamesmanship going on in the US. The stimulus package has been

stuck in limbo for months now. It’s like a football being tossed back and forth in Congress. Meanwhile, families are going hungry and homeless. The car lineup for the Food Bank in Texas alone is a seven-hour wait. Don’t McConnell and Pelosi have a heart? I know the president doesn’t.

2020 was the Year of Colour. By that I mean, diversity and representation became the bywords for society. But in this equation, the Asian North American communities have been ignored for the most part. A major American magazine advertised a recent issue as having a diverse group of writers contributing every Which brings me to the point of this article. As it turned out, every writer column: the racial tensions in both was Black, no East Asians, South countries (though more so in the Asians, Hispanic, Indigenous writers US). I support Black Lives Matter in anywhere. How is that diverse? both countries. I do not advocate for The rise of anti-Asian violence is All Lives Matter because it is an ob- prevalent in both countries. Countvious statement. The issue is much less videos on You Tube, Facebook, more acute for the African North and other social media platforms American community; they have capture attacks on Asians in various suffered inequities, injustice, and cities and rural areas around the racism, both subtle and overt, at the continent. The punching of a senior hands of the majority for centuries. Asian woman at a bus stop is parIt is a time of reckoning for White ticularly heinous, as is the beating people, though I will say the divide of a ninety-two-year-old Asian man between Black people and Asians with dementia in a store. Both inciis wide and deep. dents occurred in Vancouver. Both Witness the cases of Breonna Taylor perpetrated by White men. and George Floyd. Both resonated with the lynchings during the post-Reconstruction era. While in 2020 alone, over 100 Canadians were shot and killed by police, 25 involving Indigenous people and six Black Canadians. The backgrounds of the others were not identified. It is clear indigenous communities in Canada suffer not just from violence but from poor water quality, poverty, and isolation. Indifference from the federal government and society in general is tantamount to a genocidal war.

I will say, Toronto City Council and the Chinese Canadian Council launched a campaign to curb anti-Asian violence last October. Trudeau condemned it as well. Unfortunately, the problem still exists. An Angus Reid poll found that 80% of Chinese Canadians surveyed do not feel other Canadians see them as Canadians. Perhaps the answer for the persistence lies in the fact that resolutions and statements have no teeth. No new and specific laws against anti-Asian violence have passed. continued on page 31


January 1月 2021 17


THE CASE OF AKIRA NAMBA This article in our series on the four claims highlights Claim #2: Dispossession is hard work. It comes from Isabelle D. Tupas, an undergrad at KPU and practicum student volunteering at the Nikkei National Museum & Cultural Centre. by Isabelle D. Tupas Claim #2 states that the dispossession required years of administrative work and the complicity of thousands of people. Hundreds of government officials laboured in the dispossession. Thousands of civilians stole and bought the belongings of their former neighbours. Japanese Canadians felt the burden of daily administration for an entire decade. The Office of the Custodian was responsible for documenting the identities, properties, and belongings of Japanese Canadians, but its structure became unorganized as time went on. It was not uncommon for workers to become inattentive in their tasks, their errors ultimately affecting the protection of Japanese Canadian property. Although a federal commission was put in place to investigate and compensate Japanese Canadian material losses under the Bird Commission, it did little to aid the financial casualties caused by unmotivated agents and dispossession as a whole. The case of Akira Namba is an example of Japanese Canadians adhering to Canadian rules and systems despite the government’s administrative negligence in protecting Japanese Canadian possessions.

The Case of Akira Namba During the early years of dispossession, Japanese Canadian adults were ordered to register their possessions with the Office of the Custodian. In 1942, businesses, land properties, farms, boats, food, crops, and other personal belongings were some of the things Japanese Canadians needed to register prior to being interned or forcibly moved. Akira Namba and his sister Setsuko registered their 17-acre farm to the Office of the Custodian in Haney, British Columbia. Their father, having legal authorization to act on Akira’s behalf in regards to the property, made the decision to lease the farm to their neighbour. In 1942, an agent from the Office of the Custodian was sent to the farm to file an appraisal report listing what was left, and before notifying the Namba family, sold everything on the property. The report, which was filed months after the Namba family had been forcibly uprooted, had listed inaccuracies about the house and chattels (personal items) that lowered their value. When proceeds from the auction were sent to the Namba family, the money was a fraction of the items’ true market value. In 1947, four years after World War II, the Royal Commission on Japanese Claims or The Bird Commission, provided government investigations and compensations for material losses during Japanese Canadian


18 月報 The Bulletin

dispossession. The following year in 1948, Akira Namba represented his family to the Commissioner to investigate and reclaim the money that was supposed to be made from his family belongings. Though the Commissioner agreed that the agent of the Custodian calculated the Namba’s property values incorrectly, the Namba family received limited compensation. One of the errors the Namba family was compensated for was their 120 fruit-bearing orchards (valued at $180) being listed with no attached value. On June 3rd, 1950, although the Namba family claimed $8000 for the wrongful sale of their family possessions, they received a cheque from the Bird Commissioner for a total of $2934.79. The Royal Commission on Japanese Claims (The Bird Commission) (1947-1951) was not enough to fix the insurmountable damage caused by the dispossession policies of the 1940s. As Kaitlin Findlay, Research Coordinator of Landscapes of Injustice states from her Masters’ thesis concerning the ineffectiveness of the Bird Commission, she notes that “Community histories bitterly describe the Commission as destined to failure, with narrow terms of reference that only addressed a fraction of what was taken.” The case of Akira Namba is not an isolated incident. Thousands of appraisal reports with errors in inventory and prices were filed by the Office of the Custodian, costing Japanese Canadians thousands of dollars in property casualties and unpaid remittances. Although the Bird Commission offered investigations and compensation towards Japanese Canadians, it was not enough to undo the damage caused by negligent agents and other government workers unwilling to correct them. Isabelle D. Tupas is a student at Kwantlen Polytechnic University in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada majoring in Asian Studies and has just completed a practicum processing case files created from the dispossession and forced displacement of Japanese Canadians in the 1940s. Through her time with the Landscapes of Injustice Project she has aided in supervision of volunteers and has learned about the work of digital humanities. As a second-generation Filipino Canadian, Isabelle is inspired to see the work of immigrants being honored and remembered through Landscapes of Injustice.


January 1月 2021 19



JCCA Donations The Greater Vancouver JCCA and The Bulletin gratefully acknowledge generous donations received during December, 2020. If we have missed your name, please contact us and we will correct it in the next issue. Marie & Gus Bourgh, Bridesville BC Ken Endo, Burnaby BC Toshimi Goto, New Westminster BC Mutsumi Hamakawa, Richmond BC T & A Hamakawa, New Westminster BC Robert Ikoma, Burnaby BC Michael & Frances Johnson, Coquitlam BC Mickey Kojima, Winnipeg MB Kazuko Koyanagi, Burnaby BC Larry & Adele Koyanagi, Sechelt BC Edward & Midori Kozuki, Williams Lake BC Naomi & Zel Krasovec, Winnipeg MB Tetsuo & Noriko Kumagai, Richmond BC Rosalie McAllister, Nanaimo BC Ron & Marion Macqueen North Vancouver BC Tom & May Madokoro, Vancouver BC Seiji & Sachi Matsuo, Grand Forks BC Richard & Nancy Minato, 100 Mile House BC Les & Phyllis Murata, North Vancouver BC Harry Nakano, Thompson MB Hanako Ohashi, Vernon BC Keiko Robson, Victoria BC Kenichi & Miyo Saito, Surrey BC Gordon & Gail Shimizu, Greenwood BC Joan & Henry Shimizu, Victoria BC Stan & Tsuneko Takaki, Aldergrove BC Shigeko Takimoto M., Burnaby BC Jack & Tami Tasaka, North Vancouver BC Sueko Yamamoto, Pitt Meadows BC Alan & Barbara Yamaoka, Kelowna BC Kaz Yoshida, Vancouver BC In Memory of Ms. Adrianne Imada & Ms. Julee Imada. From Jack Baba, Vancouver BC In Memory of Eiko (Kane) Kokubo. From Basil & Etsuko Izumi, Richmond BC In Memory of Fukiko Hinatsu. From Ken & Pam Hinatsu and Family, Kumiko Yamazaki and Family, Vancouver BC




20 月報 The Bulletin

Here’s Hoping!


john@bigwavedesign.net Editorial

Well, that was one strange year! And while the New Year looks remarkably similar so far, we can only hope that 2021 works in reverse, with the situation getting steadily better over time. Let me start out the New Year the way I ended the last one, by thanking all of the members of our Bulletin family – readers, contributors, writers, volunteers, advertisers, donors, the Board of Directors, community partners, and of course our small but mighty staff – it is a pleasure working with all of you over the course of the year. Here’s hoping for the return of hugs and long conversations over good food in the presence of good company. Akemashite omedetou gozaimasu!

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Presidents Message

By Judy Hanazawa Dear Membership and Community, Happy 2021 and here’s to this year being better in all ways for everyone! We expect during the new year that COVID-19 and its variants will be controlled and vaccines will be protecting all to finally end this pandemic. But so many are experiencing emotional and mental health threats with regular freedoms being restricted. There is isolation, and it is not great wearing a mask once you are in public places, keeping a distance, still counting to 20 when you wash your hands and sticking to household bubbles. Time has taken its toll and stamina has eroded and frayed. Although to some it is a stand for personal freedom to decline wearing a mask, most people know the purpose of wearing a mask is to prevent the devastating spread of Covid 19. This pandemic is more a threat today

than in the summer. Standing with each other can help overcome the challenges we collectively face. There are people available if you need to talk about feeling alone or if you want to vent your frustration or vulnerable feelings about living in a pandemic. (You can call 310Mental Health Support at 310.6789 for emotional support, information and resources specific to mental health. Kid’s Help Phone is at 1.800.668.6868 to speak to a professional counsellor 24 hours a day. Also Alcohol & Drug Information and Referral Service is at 1.800.663.1441, toll-free in B.C. or 604.660.9382 in the Lower Mainland.) When we do things together we increase our chances to get to where we want to be. The vaccine will be making a major difference for all of us this year too. While we envision returning to normal, it’s also important to examine things in our society which made the world so vulnerable in the first place. Inequalities in life are evident too since we now know vulnerable elders in care facilities suffered the most and are dying because of inadequate protection and care. It is a first priority to make sure their quality of care meets the highest standards and there is

membership up to date? check mailing label on back cover for expiry date! Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens’ Association 249 - 6688 Southoaks Crescent • Burnaby, BC, V5E 4M7 • Telephone 604.777.5222 • Fax 604.777.5223 gvjcca@gmail.com



January 1月 2021 21

effective oversight within health care systems so that • The GVJCCA, as members of the Nitobe Memorial Garden History elders in care can remain as healthy as possible. Also Committee, will be meeting again with UBC in January 2021 to why is it people of colour and those within the lowest address longstanding issues about the 1992 renovation of Nitobe economic strata suffered and fell victim to COVID-19 Memorial Garden. The renovation proceeded with minimal input more than other people? Were there environmental from the community at large and the Vancouver Japanese Gardeners factors causing COVID-19? If so what were they and Association (VJGA) who from 1959, were the original builders and what can be done to mitigate further worldwide caretakers of the Garden under direction of its designer Professor health threats and pandemics? There really is so Kannosuke Mori. The renovation was completed despite concerns much to consider and action needed today so that forwarded in writing at the time from both the VJGA and GVJCCA. This the world our grandchildren and their children inherit marked the end of relations with Nitobe Memorial Garden for almost can be healthy for them. 25 years between UBC, the VJGA and the GVJCCA. In November 2020, the GVJCCA wrote to UBC President Ono about the need to I think 2021 will be a year which will activate regular reconcile this matter. President Ono responded acknowledging the people to push governments and our systems to VJGA and the importance of other issues identified by the GVJCCA, make lasting change so that the world can be put on regarding public education and stable funding for the Garden. UBC a permanent healthy course. Healthiness is not only offered to work collaboratively with the GVJCCA to develop a way about our physical well-being and environment. It is forward on our concerns. Also during 2021, the Nitobe Memorial also about social relations, social justice, equality, Garden History Committee, with UBC’s support, will be completing ending racism and making systemic change. I know the nomination of Nitobe Memorial Garden to the Historic Sites and this sounds like big talk but to be honest, I have these Monuments Board of Canada. We will report further on this matter kinds of conversations regularly among friends and in the February Bulletin. family and in organizations, and I suspect others are also sharing thoughts. The world has been and • On February 13, 2021, the GVJCCA will be hosting a zoom information remains a worrisome place – so perhaps we are all session available to the membership and others, called Antiracism 101 thinking about these issues – we need to do more (see page 12). Although planning is still active, the two-hour session to make a difference as we face the future. will likely offer general information about racism, its presence in BC’s history, community experience, Black Lives Matter, White privilege, and what can be done collectively to counter racism. For further Here are some 2021 GVJCCA Community items information and registration, please see the notice in this edition. This is for everyone’s education so we hope you participate. Also • Keirokai 2021 – we are so sorry due to Covid February is Black History Month! 19 restrictions, the GVJCCA is unable to host a 2021 Keirokai to celebrate the new year with our Until February, all the best for 2021 and take care. Seniors. We look forward to hosting the Keirokai once again in 2022.

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22 月報 The Bulletin


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Temple updates are found on our website


January 1月 2021 23

JAPANESE CANADIAN WORKING GROUP • REQUEST FOR SUBMISSION OF WRITTEN NAKAYAMA SURVIVOR STORIES • We recognize how difficult it may be for survivors to come forward and tell their stories and we will continue to fight on their behalf. But we also realize that personal accounts and testimonies lend a powerful voice. The more the community and public become aware of the abuse experienced by survivors, the more we can make abuse a matter not of shame, but of seeking justice and accountability. Surviving clergy sexual abuse is not only a matter of justice but also one of personal well-being. Some survivors have expressed their relief upon sharing their stories because they were able to unload unwarranted feelings of shame or self-blame and gain strength from knowing they are not alone. The JCWG is asking survivors of Nakayama’s abuse, and/or their family members to write and submit their accounts of his abuse. They will, of JANUARY 1, 2021 course, remain ANONYMOUS, should the writer wish. The accounts may Since 2014 the Japanese Canadian Working Group be general or detailed and show how the abuse has affected one’s life. (JCWG) has been working to seek justice for the many Family members or friends could help by recording or writing the account survivors of abuse by Gordon Goichi Nakayama. While for the survivor or they can submit their own story about their experience the Anglican Church gave an official apology in 2015 being the family of a survivor. and his abuse became more widely known, the JCWG Accounts will respectfully be given the promise of anonymity. Both written has recently joined with the NAJC to seek restitution or recorded accounts (which the Committee could transcribe) will be for Nakayama’s clergy sexual abuse and the decades- received in greatest confidence. We will notify the writers if and how these long hiding of that abuse. accounts might be published or shared - possibly in a JCCA Bulletin article. In a workshop held by the JCWG in 2017, Dr. Satsuki Ina reported on a case of widespread abuse by a minister in San Francisco’s Chinatown. When some survivors’ written accounts of their abuse were made public, many more survivors came forward with their stories. And in the recent ME TOO movement, the stories of survivors of abuse by those in power have resulted in many abusers being made accountable for their actions. They have been a powerful voice for many to demand justice for what has long been hidden or denied.

Please forward your story to the JCWG, c/o jcworkinggroup@gmail.com. Upon the request of survivors or supporters, counselling support will be provided free of charge and without disclosing any victim’s identity to the Church. The Japanese Canadian Working Group Judy Hanazawa, Constance Kadota, Emiko Lashin, Wendy Matsubuchi-Bremner, Larry Okada, Naomi Shikaze, Lily Shinde, Peter Wallace

COUNSELLING HELP IS ALREADY AVAILABLE! Are you a survivor, or has Mr. Nakayama’s clergy sexual abuse affected you because you knew one of his victims, possibly as a family member or friend? The JCWG is ready to support you. We welcome you to share your story with us. If you are ok with sharing your story publicly, it may support others to do the same. We also reach out to anyone who wants to talk with a counsellor. The Diocese of Calgary guarantees free counselling for those who have been harmed by Mr. Nakayama. Although your name will not be shared with the Diocese, we will need your name, the name of your chosen counsellor and their contact info. For more information please contact us at jcworkinggroup@gmail.com.


24 月報 The Bulletin

NOTE: The following submissions contains descriptions of sexual abuse that some readers may find disturbing. Discretion is advised.

RESPONSES We have already received several testimonies in response to September’s Bulletin article. We deeply appreciate these stories and thank community members for their submissions. We stand with you.

TESTIMONY 10 Anonymous (in their senior years). Told by the sister of several survivors. Recorded in 2020. SURVIVORS’ SISTER: GG was always with us. He lived in Marpole by our house, before the war. And during the war, he wasn’t tied to one particular settlement. Oh yeah, we saw him often in Slocan. He was a priest there. He led services on Sundays and the rest of the time he did what he wanted. He went other places, too. There were the interior churches and home church visits. There was a church at Slocan, but I’m not sure if they had services at people’s houses. He didn’t have a car. I think he rode a bicycle. He might have made a pilgrimage. He made a lot of trips. He even went to South America. After the war, we had double bunk beds. Two in the bottom, two in the top. In Eire Beach, Cedar Spring, near Chatham. I don’t know how often he came. In Chatham, he just made trips. Why don’t you get a hold of Joy? She knows about him. She wanted to expose him when she was in grade 7, but her brother didn’t want her to. And we saw him in Vancouver. He came back to Holy Cross. And let me see: Father Kominami would tell me “The Canon is at it again!” and that was in the eighties. He would go after the kids after the service. He would chase kids into the bathroom at church. Didn’t go after me. I was never involved. He was a homo. He liked all the boys.

brothers were working at a camp, and GG tried to climb into bed with them. They heard about him and laughed and kicked him out. They were a bit older and a Buddhist family. How old were they. Let me see. SURVIVORS’ SISTER’s quite a bit younger than her brothers. But they told her. And she just told me that. I don’t know why.

drove their camper trailer. But they were here. Nakayama was coming down East 24th Street, for a house visitation, walking toward our house and SURVIVOR2 saw him and grabbed his kids and drove far, far away. Before cell phones. I told Nakayama he wasn’t welcome and he left, but it was a long time before they came back to the house GG even came to our house in that day. North Vancouver. Yeah! Sure! And then, in 1980, my mom was only Twice! The first time, in the early in the hospital one night before she seventies, he was making a house died. He heard about this through visitation. Unannounced. Maybe he Holy Cross Church, and he called. heard at church that SURVIVOR2’s And I told him not to come to the was in town. I don’t know why funeral. I think the funeral was held SURVIVOR2’s and SURVIVOR 2-3 days later. Anyway he came to WIFE’s and the whole family were the house. Your uncles went crazy here with SURVIVOR2’s three when they saw him coming up the children. I guess on summer road, and chased him away. vacation. They didn’t fly. They

TESTIMONY 11 Anonymous (Adult). Niece of several survivors. Recorded in 2020. Yes, I remember that time, too. It was after Grandma’s funeral and now Grandpa would be a widower living in our suite. Everybody was at our house, just visiting after the funeral. The adults were all inside, talking. The kids were all outside, playing hide and seek. All I remember was all the sudden, there was a huge commotion, and all the men were running outside and yelling at me. “Get the kids inside! Now! Get inside!” I guess since I was one of the oldest cousins, and everyone was visiting us. Anyway, the men all ran outside and I was suddenly rounding up all the kids getting them inside. The uncles were all screaming at this old man. He didn’t even make it our property. He was still 2-3 houses away. From the house, we could all hear, in no uncertain terms, “Get back on your bus! Get out of here! You’re not welcome!” I can’t remember which uncles said what, in all that commotion, but the men were all together outside, the women were all staying put in the house, and now the kids were all inside, too. The old man was walking. He didn’t have a car. He took the bus. That’s the only memory I had at the house, after the funeral. Lots of agitated adults and questioning kids. That’s what I remember.

This is all known stuff. Everybody knew. No one told the police. Oh no. No. I mean, my parents knew, Father Kominami knew, everybody knew what he was doing. But they didn’t stop him. They had meetings and they said they would just not talk about it, and hush it up again, to save face for the Japanese people. Things were different in those days. All these people can now But I can remember many other times when the aunts and uncles would bring up sexual harassment from 50 years ago when be talking about him, before 1974. The adults called him GG and wouldn’t really explain why he was a bad man. It was only later that I learned that someone touched them on their bum. GG was Gordon Goichi. Nobody called him “Father Nakayama”. One time, Some of my brothers are still pretty mad. I don’t think at Toronto, at a family gathering, half in English and half in Japanese, I SURVIVOR1 ever thought he was ok, even though it was remember being there with the cousins. Even Survivor was there. We a closed case years ago. But when he found out about weren’t living there. We were visiting. That’s when I remember the adults your meeting in Toronto, he sent his two daughters and talking, and finally asking what this was, since I didn’t even know that “this” wife to learn more. It affected SURVIVOR2, because was a person. I was around 5 and one of those curious, persistent kids he treated his son harshly--more harsh than the others. who asked enough questions to know that two things: that GG was just That’s what we saw. a very, very bad, bad man who wanted to pretend he was a doctor with Not just our family was affected. SURVIVORS’ SISTER’s kids in their bedroom and that I didn’t want to be alone with a doctor.


January 1月 2021 25

Alice Bradley CommunityKitchen with and Lea Ault


Happy 2021 everyone! Did you have a nice Christmas/ holiday season? I hope you had a ton of fun, lockdowns notwithstanding, because here’s Mom to bring us all back to reality:

Eating for the New Year This holiday season in 2020 was unlike any other. Instead of the rounds of get togethers, office parties, open houses and family dinners, we stayed home, had dinner with those who live under our roof and missed out on a lot of the fun eating we associate with this time of year. If we ate more, it may be because we had more quiet time on our own, less outdoor activity, no gym time, and way more TV and electronic device time. New Year notwithstanding, we still must live under restrictions. Perhaps we can use this time to reflect on the past year and look to the future and the future of eating for the human race. We can choose to eat wiser (we always have this as part of our annual New Year resolutions anyways) and also better for health, weight control and to be kinder to the environment. Most countries develop eating guidelines that provide good nutritional information according to known facts and are specific for the culture. The Canada Guidelines came out in 2019 and the Canadian government made some recommendations that include new information about which nutrients provide the best nutrition and also keep us healthier. The new recommendations encourage us to prepare more of our meals at home (restaurant eating gives us less control over the ingredients in food), to eat with others, to eat mindfully (no shovelling food in our faces in front of the TV). The guidelines also encourage consumption of more whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fish twice a week and water as our main beverage. Also recommended are eating less land animal protein as the meat industry is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, groundwater contamination and excess land use to produce animal feed. Guidelines do not say we must all become vegetarians but that perhaps a vegetable-


26 月報 The Bulletin

based main meal, maybe once or twice a week, may not only be healthier but also more mindful of the environment. Adopting a vegetarian diet may seem like a big change but it does not have to be. It can be simple like having canned baked beans (without pork) on toast once in a while. My English-raised husband thinks this is just fine having been raised on this kind of dinner. Some dishes are easy to change to non-meat versions, like lasagna without the meat in the tomato sauce or making a vegetable stew or soup that uses some kind of legume or bean in place of the meat. This month we will offer a few vegetarian (but not vegan) recipes that might be appealing and easy enough to do. Lucky for Asians, we are accustomed to tofu, which is a marvelous product that makes the mature soybean far more delicious and nutritious than trying to eat the beans. It is widely available these days, quick to prepare, absorbs flavours well and is so much healthier than red meat. Thanks mom! She’s the expert, listen to her. All I can say is, at least chocolate is vegetarian. That said, I wind up cooking a few vegetarian meals per week, but it’s rarely on purpose. It’s because I forgot to defrost some meat. It doesn’t bother me because we didn’t grow up eating tons of meat anyway. Justin, who grew up expecting meat with every meal, will sometimes poke at his food and ask if there’s any meat in there. I always say No, there isn’t, but it occurs to me that it would be amusing to say Yes and then watch him search for it. I like to use meat to flavour meals, Asianstyle. So chowders often have bacon in them, as do quiches and some pastas. Ma po tofu has ground pork in with the tofu, but I tend to weigh my ma po heavily on the tofu and lightly on the pork, as the sauce is so deliciously pungent that you don’t need a lot of meat to give it rich flavour. So when Mom suggested that we do this month’s recipes vegetarian I didn’t put up a lot of resistance because we too, albeit inadvertently, eat vegetarian meals regularly. The other thing Mom didn’t mention is that it’s cheaper to eat vegetarian, and as I’m fussy about grocery bills I keep meat-buying to a minimum and I don’t fetishize meat. Generally, I don’t overthink this! I also learned more about vegetarian cooking when we hired a Japanese tutor for the girls; at least once a week I cooked more or less vegetarian, more or less on purpose. Japanese vegetarians, I find, eat vegetarian unless something really yummy is on the menu. If there’s fried chicken, she’s in. (I was making chicken and waffles, with a vegetarian version involving adding chopped green onions and sesame seeds to the waffle batter, topped with kimchi and fried eggs. My kids don’t like fried eggs so I fried up a little chicken for them and it turned out everyone wanted chicken, including vegetarian Sensei.) Otherwise I’ve made a score of curries, soups, pastas, etc. all without meat.

Cauliflower Vichyssoise

Quick Cheese Bread

Vichyssoise is a smooth, creamy leek-and-potato soup, but I found that if you substitute a cauliflower for some of the potato you get a lighter, whiter soup. Fewer carbs, more veg, and rather pretty. (If you don’t have leeks you can use two onions total.)

2 leeks - white parts chopped and rinsed

This cheese bread is like a biscuit dough, easy to put together, can be baked right away and is very flavourful. It can be made plain or you can add herbs such as chopped or dried oregano, rosemary, thyme and chopped green onions. ( About ½ cup for onions) The protein in the eggs, cheese and yoghurt supplements the protein in the soup.

1 onion - chopped

3 c. all purpose flour

1 large potato, peeled and diced

1 tsp baking soda

1 cauliflower, separated into florets

1 Tbsp baking powder

1 litre chicken broth

1 tsp salt

2 c. water

½ tsp garlic powder

1 c. 3.25% milk (homo milk) ½ c. yogurt

½ tsp onion powder (omit if you are adding chopped green onions)

Dash Tabasco

½ cup chopped green onions

½ tsp white pepper

(1 teaspoon chopped herbs, either oregano, thyme or rosemary)

1 Tbsp butter

1 tsp salt or to taste

½ cup melted butter or margarine Garnish: your choice! Croutons are nice, crispy bacon bits even nicer but not vegetarian, a swirl of whisked creamy yogurt or cream on top is 2 large eggs, slightly beaten also nice with a sprinkle of minced green onions. I also add a few dots ¾ cup sour cream of Tabasco on top. ¾ cup yoghurt Butter, leeks and onions in pot on medium heat - sauté until the onion and leek soften and become translucent but do not let brown. Add the potato, 1 cup grated sharp cheese cauliflower, broth and water. Bring to a boil and simmer until potatoes are 1 cup grated parmesan cheese. tender. Puree soup with either a hand blender or Vitamix or regular blender. Grease a bundt pan or ring/tube baking pan. Preheat If you want your soup absolutely silky smooth and aren’t using a Vitamix, oven to 350 degrees F which does it for you, you can strain it back into the pot. I generally use a laborious process of transferring the soup to a bowl so I can puree it in Mix together the flour, baking powder, baking soda, batches and then transfer back to the pot; no matter what this operation salt and herbs if you are using them. Add the grated is a bit messy. Heat soup over low heat, add milk and yogurt, Tabasco, cheeses. Mix together the melted butter, eggs, sour pepper and salt. Taste and adjust for seasoning. Don’t let it boil. Eat with cream, and yoghurt. Add the dry ingredients, mix lightly just until combined, if the dough seems dry add a few cheese bread and salad or raw veggies. Tablespoons of milk. Press the dough into the prepared pan, level the surface and bake for 50-55 minutes. Cool for 10 minutes. This is also good sliced and toasted for breakfast! continued on page 28


January 1月 2021 27

Crispy Tofu with Asian Peanut Sauce 2-14 ounce medium firm tofu blocks, cut into 1 inch cubes. Place on paper towels, put more on top, place a small cutting board on top, place a 1-2 pound weight on it. Let press for about 30 minutes. Drain off any liquid. Sprinkle the cubes with about 3 tablespoon of low salt shoyu, mix gently with your hands, then let stand for 5 minutes. Then sprinkle with a few tablespoons of cornstarch, dust lightly, and remove any excess.


Spray non stick cooking oil on parchment paper, place cubes on paper and bake at 400 degrees F for 25 2 c. grapeseed oil minutes. ½ c. Korean chili flakes (this is a milder chili than regular chili flakes; if you want it to be super hot you can use regular flakes but then you may as Sauce: well use Chinese or Calabrian chili oil. You can also mix chili flakes as you 1 cup coconut milk please. I make an even milder version using half Korean flakes and half ½ cup smooth peanut butter mild aleppo pepper flakes from a Middle Eastern grocery. 2 Tbsp shoyu

¼ c. roasted almonds

2 Tbsp brown sugar

¼ c. fried onions

1 Tbsp chopped or grated fresh ginger

¼ c. fried garlic

2 cloves garlic, chopped

¼ c. roasted sesame seeds

2 Tbsp lime juice

1 T. shoyu

½ tsp ( or more if you like spicy) sambal oelek or other 1 T. sugar chili sauce like sriracha sauce to meet your preference 2 t. Salt for heat. 1 T. sesame oil 2 green onions, chopped Optional: 1 tsp aji-no-moto While the tofu is baking, mix these ingredients and simmer for 5 minutes until slightly thickened. Add the Put the oil and chili flakes into a saucepan and heat over medium low heat until it’s at a gentle simmer. green onions last. Add the tofu cubes which should be crispy and slightly browned to the sauce, sprinkle with more chopped green onion. Serve with rice and a stir fried or steamed green such as Shanghai bok choy or choy sum.

If you can’t be bothered to make that sauce, have you tried rayu? You can get it in Asian shops and it’s a Japanese chili oil. Mildly spicy, full of umami, and transformative in its powers of flavour. I like a little spice but I don’t like getting my head blown off by very hot versions. You can dribble it over a bowl of steamed broccoli and rice and be perfectly satisfied with your meal. I’ve started making my own. The chili flakes, fried onions, garlic and roasted sesame seeds are all available at Asian markets like H Mart.


28 月報 The Bulletin

Put the almonds, fried onion and garlic and sesame seeds into a food processor and process until it’s quite fine. Add to the oil along with everything else. Let cool and transfer to a jar. Refrigerate and use within 2-3 weeks. Ways to use rayu, because I gave away some this Christmas and people were asking for tips: • In ramen – a dab in instant or cup noodles totally elevates the broth to something special • Tossed with pasta or noodles • Tossed with crispy chicken wings • As a dressing on roughly chopped crunchy cucumber • On eggs, salmon, chicken, tofu, rice….any time you want a hit of savoury spicy umami!

TorontoNAJC www.torontonajc.ca


A graduate of UC Berkeley, Professor Fujitani comes to U of T from the University of California, San Diego. He has done extensive archival Our best wishes for health and fulfillment in 2021. work in researching the history of the questionnaire, viewing the original A QUESTION OF LOYALTY Questions 27 and 28 documents in which internees responded in amazingly creative ways Presentation & Discussion by indicating more than *yes* or *no* concerning loyalty; but asking Wednesday, February 24, 2021 interrogators about the purpose of the questions, what they would do 7 PM – 8:30 PM if they were imprisoned and what loyalty meant to them. In addition to sign up at www.torontonajc.ca gauging the loyalty of internees the questionnaire was used to assess Insights into the Japanese American experience during the loyalty of potential Army recruits. World War Two and a discussion about the differences Professor Fujitani held numerous grants and fellowships, including from between the treatment of Japanese Canadians and the John S. Guggenheim Foundation, American Council of Learned Japanese Americans during this time, with Professor Societies, Stanford Humanities Center, and Social Science Research Tak Fujitani of the University of Toronto. Council. In addition to writing several books, he is editor of the series In 1943, the War Department and the War Relocation Asia Pacific Modern (UC Press). Authority (WRA) joined forces to create a bureaucratic means of assessing the loyalty of all adults in the WRA camps, first, to prepare to extend the draft of TORONTO NAJC 2020 ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING (AGM) the adult male population in camp and, second, to Sunday, January 17th, 2021 – 2:00 PM via ZOOM release “loyal” Japanese Americans from the camps Information for the online AGM AND 2021 memberships are available for relocation to the non-restricted interior states. The online at www.torontonajc final two questions on the forms created confusion and resentment. (from encyclopedia.densho.org) by Lynn Deutscher Kobayashi


January 1月 2021 29




by Lorene Oikawa Happy New Year from the National Executive Board of the National Association of Japanese Canadians! あけましておめでとうございます akemashite omedetou gozaimasu.

You don’t have to join a board to get involved. Contact information for member organizations is listed on the NAJC website: najc.ca/memberorganizations

New Year’s is an opportunity to share in the traditional Japanese foods, learn more about our culture and family traditions, and connect with family, loved ones, and friends. Many of us took to online meetings and phone calls to avoid in-person gatherings for the safety of everyone. The COVID-19 pandemic invaded our lives last year and challenged us to the extreme. We were all pleased to see the end of 2020 and the start of vaccinations.

The NAJC is also looking at continuing with our online programming and we also list other online programming of interest from our member organizations and other Japanese Canadian organizations on our website najc.ca

At our December membership meeting, we learned about the great work that has been happening at our member organizations across Canada. In-person gatherings such as dinners, festivals and fundraisers were cancelled because of the pandemic. Some did virtual online versions of their events. Most are also looking at doing other new online programming. Some of the programming includes language classes, presentations on Japanese Canadian history, talks with Japanese Canadian authors, cooking classes, and discussions on human rights and anti-racism. Some are reviewing internal administrative processes, and looking at updating tools and websites. They are looking at the needs of their communities and building on connections with younger generations, immigrant Japanese and Japanese Canadians, and Indigenous and cultural communities. If you have an interest in any of these areas, connect with your local NAJC member organization, they are always interested in volunteers.

Our immediate tasks for this year include working on the call for nominations to our board. We have two positions, secretary and director, which will be filled by a by-election this year. We will also be continuing our work on BC Redress.

We also support the development of educational, social, cultural activities and programs that contribute to greater understanding and the wellbeing of the Japanese Canadian community and the promotion of human rights. One way we do this is through the administration of the NAJC Endowment With 2021, we have hope for a healthy and safe year. Fund. Usually we accept applications for funding by March 31 each year. It is going to take some time for most to be vaccinated Last year because of the uncertainty with the COVID-19 pandemic we so in the meantime, we need to keep wearing masks, pushed the application date to June 30. The Endowment Fund Committee wash our hands, avoid gathering, and continue to will be discussing plans for 2021 during January and then posting the follow safety protocols. new information on the NAJC website. najc.ca/funds-and-awards/najcTo find out about the vaccination plans for your endowment-fund/ province or territory go to their websites or to We also provide other support. For example, we provide financial support the government of Canada Coronavirus disease to our member organizations for capacity building through the Community (COVID-19) vaccines page on their website and you Development Fund. The NAJC Young Leaders Committee administers can find the links. bit.ly/3b6H2nM the Young Leaders Fund.


30 月報 The Bulletin

Next year, we will be celebrating 75 years of the National Association of Japanese Canadians. In 1947, when the National Association was founded, the focus was on rebuilding and strengthening the Japanese Canadian community and human rights. Our focus continues on community development and human rights. We work for the present with an eye to the future and always an eye to the past. We must remember and share the stories of our ancestors. It is reminiscent of the Japanese proverb. 昔は今の鏡 mukashi wa ima no kagami. The past is the mirror of today. Updates and news are posted on our website, and sign up for our e-news so that you find out about the new information and when it is posted to our website. You can subscribe on our website: http://najc.ca/subscribe/ This is the year of the ox, ushi. Japanese follow the Gregorian calendar, a solar calendar, and also follow the 12 animal zodiac, in order, rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog, and boar. We hope this year will have some attributes of the ox, and that we will have a strong, dependable year. Wishing you a happy, healthy, and safe 2021!

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Watada continued In the US, the House of Representatives recently passed a resolution to condemn the racist violence. The Democrats pushed for it and the Republicans opposed it. Senator Kamala Harris introduced a similar resolution in the Senate, but it has a snowball’s chance in hell of passing with McConnell, a Kentucky senator, at the helm.

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And then there is the resident in the White House. He allegedly was the source of the racism with his Kung Flu and China Virus epithets. At this writing, he is not out yet. He’s in his bunker, pouting, licking his losing wounds, throwing the odd temper tantrum, and concocting schemes to overturn the election. The American people more or less voted for him four years ago, but his time is over. Canadian and US leaders (other than the top leaders) may say the right things for the cameras, but posters, statistics, and politically correct platitudes do not stop on-street, in-store and back alley violence. I can only hope 2021 brings an end to all the useless politicking.

Registered 入歯専門技巧士

778.885.3886 I

January 1月 2021 31

Exhibit TAIKEN: Japanese Canadians Since 1877 Nikkei Centre Visitors to the upper level of Nikkei Centre have the chance to engage in the fascinating history of Japanese Canadians. Learn about the first arrivals in 1877, the hardships of the early pioneers, the struggles of the war years, and the need to rebuild homes and businesses in the 1950s. Listen to the voices of many generations tell their story!

Nikkei national museum & cultural centre

All Nikkei Centre Events at 6688 Southoaks Crescent, Burnaby, BC phone: 604.777.7000 info@nikkeiplace.org I www.nikkeiplace.org

JCCA Keirokai Cancelled Due to safety restrictions imposed

Nikkei national museum

us by the COVID-19 pandemic, the




Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens’ Association is regretfully cancelling the 2021 Keirokai. With hope on the horizon for a vaccine that will enable us to gather again, we can best honour our seniors by keeping them safe until that day


arrives. The yearly Keirokai is our chance to show our gratitude to our seniors – our parents, grandparents, and friends – who paved the way

cultural centre

for us. Even though we are unable to gather together at the beginning of the year, we keep that gratitude in our hearts and hold out hope that before too long we can once again greet old friends and raise our cups in a “kampai” for our precious elders. May 2021 and the Year of the Ox bring a brighter future for us all. First Friday of each month – the Board of Directors of the Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian 7:30pm – 10pm Citizens’ Association. First Friday Forum Tonari Gumi, 42 West 8th Avenue Music, diverse genres and cultures. Loyally serving the Strathcona Standards, jazz, pop, classical, folk, world music. Poetry and other and Downtown Eastside readings. Enjoy an evening of music, community for over 50 years. discussion, friendship. Admission by donation, net proceeds go towards the Aoki Legacy Endowment Fund, UBC. The First Friday Forum will be on hiatus until Tonari Gumi re-opens. We look forward to seeing you all again! Tonari Gumi Facility Limited Re-opening The facility is open for Library use and to provide Community Services by appointment. Please call Tonari Gumi, 604.687.2172 to make an appointment. Open from Monday to Thursday 10am to 2pm For VCH guidelines and opening details, please go to our website www.tonarigumi.ca


32 月報 The Bulletin

Today, Sunrise Market also enjoys a strong following of customers and chefs from outside communities who visit regularly for its fresh and extensive selection of Asian and North American produce and products at great prices. You will find at every visit, and every day, selection and daily deals! Don’t miss out, visit now!

300 Powell Street, Vancouver, BC 604.685.8019 Hours: 8am-6pm 7 days/week

The Seki family at 8746 Selkirk Street, Vancouver 1933 NNM 1996.183.1

! D E T N A W Marpole pre-war Japanese Canadian neighbourhood The Nikkei National Museum is undertaking a research project on the history of the Marpole neighbourhood around 1940, and need stories, photos, oral histories, memories and possibly artifacts to tell the story of the lesser-known area first known as Eburne and then Marpole in south Vancouver. What we do know is that there were boathouses along the north arm of the Fraser River, with families such as Ire, Akase, Hirota, and Ono, but we don’t have any photos. We also know there was a commercial hub around Marine Drive and Hudson Street that included families of Suzuki (Marpole cleaners), Kawaguchi, Higo, Yamasaki Fish store, Nishimura General Store, and others, but again, no photos. We also know that Nikkei children went to an integrated school at David Lloyd George School, but we don’t have any class photos of them. This photo of the Seki family at 8746 Selkirk Street in 1933 is one of the few photos of the area that we do have. Many Japanese Canadian families clustered along Selkirk Street, which is mostly apartment buildings now. Other families along Selkirk are Kodama, Fukumoto, Uchida, Kubo, Miike, Fujita, Arima, Uchiyama, Furukawa, Kuwabara, Kakino, Fujioka, Matsumiya, Nishi, and the Amano Apartments. Please consider contributing to a piece of history that will get lost if we don’t shine a light on it now! Please contact Linda Kawamoto Reid, Research Archivist, at lreid@nikkeiplace.org

#Speakup Canada! From Act2endracism Speaking up against racism is good for our mental health. Look out for our mental health social media campaign on October 10, 2020. We launched our 10 for 1 campaign on #worldmentalhealthday. Use our Act2endracism FB and Insta filter and we donate a mask to an essential worker. The campaign launches in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Langley, Surrey, Toronto, Montreal, Winnipeg and Saskatoon. For every ten filter uses we donate a mask. Let’s #speakup Canada #act2endracism


January 1月 2021 33


Japanese Community Volunteers Association

#101-42 West 8th Avenue | Vancouver BC | V5Y 1M7 | 604.687.2172 | www.tonarigumi.ca

A Happy New Year from Tonari Gumi! Thank you for your support this past year. May this year bring health, happiness and prosperity to the Nikkei community. Thank you for supporting the Soaring Cranes Campaign! We have received numerous donations in support of our activities to extend services and programs to seniors in our community. We would like to especially acknowledge generous contributions from Mr. Tom Kusumoto, Ms. Yuko Yasutake and Mr. Henry Wakabayashi/Vancouver Airport Authority. Arigato gozaimashita! As the pandemic continues to impact the lives of our seniors, the Soaring Crane Campaign continues. Aside from some Tonari Gumi services that receive funding from the government and foundations, most of our activities are made possible by donations from the community and volunteers. We ask for your continued support to help us provide programs and services that help seniors live enjoyable and safe lives. Donations are also accepted from the Tonari Gumi website: www. tonarigumi.ca A Community of Caring Hearts In the midst of the pandemic when many seniors were unable to go out or get together with friends and family, those who became friends through volunteering and programs at Tonari began contacting and helping each other. The volunteer “COVID birthday celebration team” led by a long-time volunteer Lurana Tasaka, or continued on page 38


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The Japanese Community Volunteers Association, “Tonari Gumi”, gratefully acknowledges and thanks the following people for their generous donations received from November 24 to December 29, 2020. Although we try our best, we may miss your name. Please contact us and we will make correction in the next issue. Monetary Donations Michiko Tani, Maryka Omatsu, Yuko Hastings, Junko Kataoka, Nao Counter, Taeko Berwick, Midori Seo, Roy & Yuriko Uyeda, Masao Mizumoto, Yuko Shibata & William Casselman, Fusako Mori, Fumie Tsuruta, Hiroko Greenholtz, Hisako Tanaka, Hiromichi Nishimua, Yoshik oUwaasa, Shizuka Tsuzuki, Sakukichi Nakamura, Kimoichi Washbourne, Noriko Miki, First Friday Forum, Geraldine K Fujisawa, Michael Sakamoto, Michiko, Inaoka, Chie Hirate, Taeko Adachi, Kunie Trudel, Harry & Akemi Mizuta, Nancy Tsuyuki, Kazuko Miyaji, Art & Connie Komori, Haruko Sakai, Kimiyo Maeda, Sachiko Okazaki, Fumiko Woloshyn, Taka Iida, Anonymous (2) Monetary Donations (Canada Helps) Kami Insurance Agencies Ltd, Michiyo Katayama, Yumi Takase, Tamotsu Nagata, Canada Helps COVID-19 Community Care Fund, Anonymous (2) In memory of the late Mytssu Fugeta Leslay Fugeta In memory of the late Yoshiko Matsumoto Shioko & Sadao Don Mukai In memory of the late Akimi Roy Kariatsumari Carol Kariatsumari In memory of the late Richard (Seiji) Kadonaga, June Kadonaga, Darren Kadonaga Anonymous (GOLD CRANE Category) In memory of the late Sue Miyata Mitsuho Miyata, Ken Miyata, Joy Nielsen, Mutsumi Hamakawa (FLORAL CRANE Category) In memory of my parents, Tomi & Nobuo Nishimura (via Canada Helps) Shawn Nishimura In memory of the late Wakako Masuhara (via Canada Helps) Doug Masuhara In memory of the late Arizo and Hatsue Tasaka Chuck Tasaka (via Canada Helps, FLORAL CRANE Category) In Kind Donations Mariko Kish, JCCA, Tony Mizutani, Tazuko Mochizuki, Jane Iwaasa, Yvonne Wakabayashi, Anonymous (1) SOARING CRANE CAMPAIGN - GOLD CRANE Category Henry Wakabayashi (YVR Airport Authority), Tom Kusumoto, Yuko Yasutake, Anonymous (1 – Canada Helps) SOARING CRANE CAMPAIGN - SILVER CRANE Category Chuichi Nakahori, Shinobu Homma, Rinko Horiuchi, Anonymous (1 – Canada Helps, Monthly) SOARING CRANE CAMPAIGN - FLORAL CRANE Category Mark Waslen, Miyuki Hamanaka, Cecilia Leung, Kazuko Takahashi, Judy & Michael Hamanishi, Saeko Tsuda, Tsutae Suzuki (via Canada Helps, Monthly) SOARING CRANE CAMPAIGN – Monthly Giving Seiya Kuwabara, Sakiko Yoshida, David Iwaasa (Canada Helps), Emiko Morita (In memory of Hiroshi Morita-Canada Helps)


The Japanese Canadian Kitchen Garden

明けましておめでとうございます。HAPPY NEW YEAR! by Makiko Suzuki During the past year many Bulletin readers became first time gardeners. Business boomed at garden centres, back and front yards became gardens, and seed shortages were the norm. While the growing season is long gone a wonderful part of gardening is that hope is always a spring away and past failures and disappointments become learning lessons. To further help carry you through to planting time a reminder of the benefits of gardening: Gardening can reduce blood pressure, increase energy, and improve the ability to focus. Like meditation, we often find ourselves lost in time as we garden. Our busy minds and worries fade away as we focus on the task in hand. Through growing Japanese vegetables we reduce wasteful travel of vegetables imported in refrigerated shipping containers from Mexico or overseas. More and more locally grown Japanese vegetables are available, though organic versions can be expensive. General consensus is that food prices will again rise in 2021, a great incentive to start planning your Japanese vegetable and herb garden! No garden – no problem! Sprouting and growing microgreens are traditional methods of Japanese food production. The most common being moyashi – mung bean sprouts. Our February trip to California and visit to Chino Family Farms two years ago exposed us to a variety of sprouts and microgreen offerings. Along with standard early spring field crops, the farm sold shungiku, mizuna, snow peas, and daikon as microgreens and, as sprouts, moyashi, mustard greens and other bean varieties. For those not having access to a patio or garden you can also join in. Last January I introduced you to our vegan friend Alan Klein known locally now as ‘West End Sprout Master’. Alan loved attending Japanese vegetable workshops but could not garden efficiently as his apartment faced a northerly direction. After a sprouting workshop Alan took to sprouting in a big way. In his research, Alan discovered that sprouting increases nutrient levels in grains, legumes, vegetables, nuts and seed. Nutrients are easier for the body to absorb from sprouts than from the mature plant. Alan writes: When people see the different sprouts growing in my kitchen, all at varying stages of growth, they always seem amazed at what can be accomplished in such a small space. While the nutritional value of raw sprouts is important to me, my main interest in sprouting is that it’s truly the most local and immediate way for me to grow some of my own food.

While sprouting is easy enough for everyone to be successful at, I found that it took time for me to learn which seeds respond best to different growing methods. For instance, I use a Mason jar to grow alfalfa and mustard sprouts, which are the smaller seeds. However, I was given round stackable seed trays as a gift and have had excellent results using them with larger seeds, such as daikon, radish and mung beans. If you’re new to sprouting, start out growing alfalfa sprouts. They’re a reliable and tasty variety. If you’d like something spicier, radishes can also be grown in jars. That’s about all you need to do to grow your own sprouts. Sometimes I’ve made a few mistakes, but I just start over and give it another try. A final reason to grow your own sprouts is that they are so cheap! I estimate that it costs 50 cents to grow a batch of alfalfa sprouts that generally lasts three – four days. Having fresh sprouts on my morning toast or evening salad really helps me enjoy my food that much more. Good luck and happy sprouting! – Alan Websites that provide tips about sprouting in general, nutritional information, and sprouting methods/directions for individual seeds: Mumm’s Sprouting Seeds sprouting.com/how_to_sprout.html (This page also has links to individual sprouts.) West Coast Seeds www.westcoastseeds.com/blogs/how-to-grow/grow-sprouts Excess sprouts can be stored in the refrigerator. Good hygiene is required. Ensure all equipment is clean and the sprouts smell fresh. Avoid sprouts that have an ‘off smell’ or are slimy. Unlike store-bought sprouts, your sprouts will last five – seven days in the fridge, though ideally consumed before then to maximize nutritional value. Fresh sprouts are delicious and highly addictive – you might start several jars in a relay to keep well stocked! Experiment with different types of seeds and beans. Adzuki beans proved to be delicious and easy to grow. Adzuki sprouts within a day, though a few days extra add bulk. Raw adzuki sprouts provide a crunchy bite to salads and when lightly cooked they taste like a sweet version of fresh peanut. Great for a healthy snack! Sprouted brown rice is an easy method to enhance the nutritional value of brown rice. Germination activates dormant enzymes that cause the rice to release nutrients to the sprouts and, in turn, to you. For a super healthy side dish try freshly sprouted moyashi and adzuki mixed with organic natto* and a touch of wasabi, sesame mayo. My favourite version is simply, 2 tablespoons Kewpie Japanese mayonnaise, one tbs Kewpie deep-roasted sesame dressing and ¼ tsp of ready mixed tubed wasabi. Blend well. Add shoyu if you prefer a touch of salt flavour. *Natto is a vegan probiotic soya bean, one of the richest sources of Vitamin K2, important to bone and heart health. For a holiday treat, begin the New Year by having a go at sprouting!


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Milestones HATASHITA, Choko. Born in Vancouver on July 8th, 1930, Choko (Sada) Hatashita died at 90 in her hometown on November 28th, 2020. When Choko was a Grade 6 student at Lord Strathcona Elementary School during the Second World War, her family relocated from East Van to Raymond, Alberta, in 1942 to labour on a sugar beet farm. Post-war, the Sada family moved to Ontario, where she graduated from Hamilton Central Collegiate Institute and then studied for a B.A. at University College, University of Toronto. In 1966, Choko returned to Vancouver, “the best city in the world,” she claimed.

Dale was predeceased by his parents Edward and Mata Banno and his beloved brother Robert. He is survived by his brother Victor (Debbie Griswold), sister in law Cathy Makihara, nephews Kevin (Christine), Brian (Nancy Dos Santos) and niece Katherine (David James), grandnieces and many other relatives and friends.

We thank Dr. Brad Fritz for visiting Dale at home and for helping With a keen eye for detail and an extraordinary arrange transfer St. John’s Hospice memory, Choko avidly read articles, thoughtfully in Vancouver, where Dale was well analyzed the news, and joyfully listened to classical cared for in the last days of his life. music for decades. No service will be held at this time. Pre-deceased by ex-husband Oscar Osamu Hatashita, parents Taneji and Matsu Sada, and sisters Kazuye Ikeno, Jitsuko Moorehouse, Hiroko Sada and Mariko Anderson Kawaguchi. She is survived by daughter Kathryn, son-in-law Roger, grandson Edward and many grand-Pets. She is also survived by the Hatashita and Sada relatives in B.C., Ontario, Quebec, Prince Edward Island and the U.S. Special thank you to Blenheim Lodge in Vancouver, where generations of staff supported her for 32 years. AOMOTO, Tatsu (Irene), 86, of Vancouver, BC passed away on December 14, 2020. Irene is survived by 2 brothers, 1 sister, children Janice Bigelow, Kerry, Tracy, Ken, Penny, and grandson Kyle Bigelow. As well as cats Rusty and Shadow. There will be no funeral at this time. In lieu of flowers, memorials and donations may be made to a charity of your choice.

If you wish to make a donation in his memory, please consider Nikkei Place Foundation or St. John’s Hospice. For messages of condolence, please go to www. korucremation.com/obituaries. FUJISAWA, Agnes Kayoko August 14,1933-November 29,2020 FUJISAWA, Eugene Uji July 25, 1926-December 9, 2020 It is with sadness that we say goodbye to our siblings Kayoko and Eugene who died peacefully within days of each other. Kayoko and Eugene were both born in Vancouver, BC. They are predeceased by parents, Masayoshi and Shima; siblings Hiroshi, Mary, Sr. Margaret S.A., Sr. Catherine S.A., Nobuo (Nobby), John, George and Anna.

BANNO, Dale Yutaka April 2, 1952 - December 11, 2020. It is with deep sadness that we remember Dale, who died peacefully on December 11th, 2020 at the age of 68. Dale was a gentle soul who will be greatly missed for his ready smile, warmth, generosity and loyalty to family and friends. They are survived by Marie and Dale, the youngest of three sons, was born in Kamloops Geraldine (Geri) Fujisawa along with where his parents moved following their forced generations of nieces and nephews. relocation to Kaslo in 1941. When Dale was a teenager W e w i l l a l w a y s r e m e m b e r the family moved to West Vancouver, where he forged Kayoko’s kindness, intelligence, close friendships that lasted a lifetime. Dale, ever fierce independence and witty young at heart, also treasured his relationships with humour. Eugene lived quietly with his beloved niece and nephews, who in turn, valued a generous smile, a big heart and him as a special person in their lives. always willing to serve. He was a Like his eldest brother, Robert, Dale was a lawyer. He true gentleman. Both Kayoko and practised in several settings, but a highlight was a two Eugene will be dearly missed. year assignment in Tokyo. It not only let him experience Because of the pandemic, both a different legal system, but deepened his interest in had small family services at St. and appreciation for Japanese culture and food. Augustine’s Church in Vancouver, BC. Recordings of the services


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are available for public viewing at www.staugustineschurch.ca (click on youtube icon). They will be jointly laid to rest at Ocean View Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, please consider donating to St. Augustine’s Parish School Building Fund, Covenant House Vancouver or your favourite charity. HERRIOTT, Judy Miki Wong December 24, 1947- December 16, 2020 Our beloved Judy passed peacefully in St. Catharines Ontario after a hard fought series of illnesses. Judy was born in Greenwood, BC and moved with her family to Steveston, BC after the war. She also lived and worked in Vancouver briefly before moving to Toronto and marrying Paul Herriott, her husband of many years. Judy loved life and maintained her sense of humour, wit, and vivaciousness even during times of adversity. Judy is survived by her stepchildren Russell and Laura Herriott, sisters Mary Sadako and Jean Michiko, brothers Kenneth Koji and Francis Yoshio, and many nephews, nieces and dear friends. She was preceded in death by her husband Paul Herriott, her first husband Kerry Wong, her parents Toshichi and Tokie Miki, her brothers Jim Masato and James Noburo, and her sister Irene. Thank you to the staff at St. Catharines Hospital and to Susan Jonah for their care and compassion. If you wish to honour Judy’s life, please make a donation in her name to your charity of choice. KIMURA, Gregory Shuji Gregory Shuji Kimura of Burnaby, British Columbia, passed away on December 2, 2020. Greg will be missed by his sisters, Florence Kishi, Blanche Kishi, Beatrice Tanaka, and sister-in-law Doris Kimura. He was

predeceased by his parents Kishizo Kimura and Haruno (Makino) Kimura, his brother Edmund Kimura, and brothers-in-law Isao Kishi, Etsuo Kishi, and Jim Tanaka. He will also be affectionately remembered by his many nieces, nephews, and friends. Greg was very socially active and could always be found visiting and laughing with friends and family. MAEDA, Hiroko Hiroko Maeda passed away on December 8, 2020 at the age of 87. She was predeceased by Eiji (husband), and siblings Shiz, Roy and Colleen. She is survived by siblings Sumi, Mitzi, Tom, Terrie (Eddie), Yuri, Mari (Tats), and many nieces and nephews. Her family thanks Richmond Hospital and the Maples Residences in Steveston for their compassionate care and support. As per her wishes, no service will be held. Donations, flowers and koden are gratefully declined. Nakashima, Herbert Koji October 26, 1947 - December 20, 2020. Herb past away on December 20,2020. Herb was a generous and wonderful brother. He is remembered by Lillian, Rosalie, Frank, Gary, nephews and nieces. A memorial service for Herb will take place later in the year. Nelson, Heidi March 16, 1937 - December 12, 2020. It is with deep sadness that we announce the passing of Heidi Nelson in Vancouver due to Alzheimer’s and complications of COVID-19. Heidi was born in Japan on March 16, and immigrated to Vancouver where she met her future husband, Chris. She enjoyed many years working in a variety of fields, including executive assistant at the university and within the airlines. Whenever the opportunity presented itself, travelling, taking long walks, and having social gatherings with family and friends were treasured memories made. Music was a passion for Heidi, spending hours every day playing her beautiful grand piano. She cherished her years with Chris, a talented bassist in the Vancouver Opera orchestra, and she often reminisced about the many wonderful friends she met over the years. Heidi is predeceased by her loving husband and soulmate of 28 years, Chris in 2003, brother-in-law, Arnie in 1994, and father-in-law, Raymond in 2010. She leaves behind her mother-in-law, Anne Nelson (Ray), sister-in-law, Diane Nelson (Arnie), niece Cari Dearden (John), nephew Darren Nelson (Susan), as well as family in Japan – sister, Yasuko Fujii and nephews, Dai Fujii, Kazunori Fujii, and Tetsuo Fujii, along with aunts, uncles, cousins, former colleagues, and dear friends. A big thank you to all who supported Heidi, particularly those health-care workers at the German Canadian Care Home. No service will be held. The family will celebrate Heidi’s life in a private ceremony when it is safe to do so. In lieu of flowers, the family kindly requests a donation in Heidi’s memory be made to the Alzheimer Society

NISHI, Hitoshi Nishi, Hitoshi born on February 8, 1936 in Vancouver, B.C. Passed away on December 26, 2020 in Richmond, B.C. at the age of 84 after a short battle with Lewy Body dementia. He was predeceased by his brother and sister-in-law, Hideo (Hidi) and Louise. He is survived by his niece Marisa and George, great- niece Stefanie, great-nephews Michael and Jaime. At Hitoshi’s request, no funeral service will be held. SUGIYAMA, Barney Kiyoshi October 17, 1929 - December 8, 2020. Sadly, our dad Barney Kiyoshi Sugiyama passed away on December 8th 2020 in the care of Fellburn Care Center at the age of 91. He was born on October 17, 1929 to Tsunekichi and Yasu Sugiyama in Vancouver. He married his wife Betty and they had 2 children, Tom & Linda. Barney is survived by his son Tom ,granddaughter Michelle, son in law John and great grandchildren, Kiera, Antonio, Biagio and Kalea.

She is predeceased by her brother William, mother Emma Jean (nee Soderman) and father Edward Benjamin McNally. Nurse, mother and community volunteer, Barbara dedicated her life to caring for her family, friends and community. She is known for her elegance, compassion and perseverance whether in nursing education or her volunteer work. A private funeral was held at Christ Church Cathedral Victoria on Saturday December 19, 2020, followed by a committal at Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria. A celebration of Barbara’s life will be scheduled in 2021. Donations can be made to Victoria Hospice. Condolences may be offered to the family at www. mccallgardens.com TA M E M O T O , E i l e e n M a r y (Krangle) December 4, 1960 December 1, 2020

Eileen’s short illness took our beloved mother, daughter, sister, In lieu of flowers we ask you to aunt and friend on December 1, please make a donation to BC just three days short of her 60th Children’s Hospital in Barney’s birthday. The third of 4 kids, and name. later, the fifth of 6 in a blended There will be a private service at family, Eileen was the family Forest Lawn Memorial Park. We organizer. In happy and sad times, welcome you to join us through the she gave her heart - and did most live streaming link via the Forest of the work. Her sister Cheryl says she was loved and admired for her Lawn website. strength during health and other TABATA, Barbara Joan Gladys challenges, like when she was in (nee McNally) RN, BSN, MSN leg braces as an infant, under the “When you walk through the storm care of big brother Murray. Hold your head up high Eileen grew up in North Vancouver, and don’t be afraid of the dark spent married life in Richmond Walk on with hope in your heart and worked for 30 years at The and you’ll never walk alone.” Vancouver Sun as city desk Barbara died at home in Victoria on assistant. In the newsroom she met December 4, 2020 surrounded by the love of her life, Paul Tamemoto, family. She was born on November whom she married in 1994. Son 29, 1933 in Winnipeg Manitoba. Brendan was born in 1998. Summers Survived by Susumu her husband at the lake at Naramata with brother of 61 years, daughters Susanne Dennis and family were a highlight and Renee, son Ken, grandchildren of their year. Eileen and Brendan Jesse, Jared (Cara), and Sara, lost Paul to cancer in 2009. sisters Anne, Olive, and Evelyn, Childhood pal Sue recalls they their families, a large Tabata clan, called each other “Man.” Eileen extended family in Sweden and moved to Fanny Bay near Sue Ireland, Winnipeg General nursing after Paul died. Sue, a tremendous alumni of ‘56, colleagues in nursing support until the end, said this at UBC and UVic, and many great farewell: “Bye, Man - I love you.” friends, relatives and neighbours.


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Family, friends and former colleagues remember Eileen as lovely, happy, easy-going, kind and “a rosy-cheeked ray of sunshine.” Eileen was an animal lover. Her mother Lorna recalls her volunteering to take 2 classroom hamsters for the summer. Then they multiplied. She had a series of dogs, especially pugs named Lucy. Dog visitors were always welcome at her place. Eileen leaves Brendan (Susie), her parents Lorna and Larry Krangle, siblings Murray (Pam), Cheryl (Jeff), Dennis (Marianne), Barry (Holly) and Karenn (Craig), bestie Sue Emerson (Jim), 9 nieces and nephews and her dogs, Lucy and Maggie. Thanks to Eileen’s many nurses and doctors, especially Dawn, Dani and Liz, Lynne and Lynne (NIC) and Baillie at the hospice at The Views. Their care and love gave us, and especially Eileen, strength to push on. Thanks to Dr. Hopwood, Dr. Harris and Dr. Reggler for their guidance. A celebration of life will be held later. Donations in lieu of flowers please to the B.C. Cancer Foundation or The Views hospice in Comox. TSUYUKI, Roy Shiro Roy Shiro Tsuyuki born Oct. 29, 1934 in Port Haney, B.C. died Nov. 29, 2020 in Surrey, B.C. He is survived by his wife Jean of 45 years. Also survived by his son Kurt, his wife Melanie and their children, Miranda, Brianna, and Kyla, and by Jean’s daughter Teri Slavik-Tsuyuki, her partner Pam Dickinson, and son Richard Slavik and his children Jacob and Charlotte. Roy had a quiet pride for all his children and grandchildren. He was pre-deceased by his first wife Eva Yoshiko Shimizu in 1964. After Roy graduated from the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Alberta in 1958 he practiced Dentistry in Surrey for 40 years, and truly loved his profession. Unassuming and resourceful, Roy sought a solution

in every challenge, many of them homemade beloved treasures, including in the family ski cabin at Hemlock Valley. He was very close to his siblings (Lil, Norm, Henry, and Tad) and his many nieces and nephews, sharing annual family traditions, including Thanksgiving fishing trips to Spences Bridge. He and Jean enjoyed memorable international travel, wine tasting tours, and regular bridge games with friends. He loved to experiment in his garden, was a student of rocks and minerals, had a lifelong passion for fishing, and a playful love of animals and the gifts they bring. Roy’s kind heart, quick mind, and gentle spirit will be missed by many surviving relatives and friends. A private service for the immediate family and internment was held December 19. UCHIDA, Ikuye March 29, 1928 - December 16, 2020. Ikuye was born to Takeshi and Soyo Uchida in Vancouver, B.C. as the eldest of 13 children. After high school she attended Prairie Bible Institute in Three Hills, AB, and while there, she answered God’s call to be a missionary in Japan. She became fluent in spoken and written Japanese making her like the native Japanese. She had many

roles in Japan – Bible teacher, speaker at women’s conferences, camps and seminars, church planter in 3 churches, filling in for pastors, and served on several Mission committees. As a single missionary she faithfully served the Lord for over four decades. Upon retirement, she became pastor of a Japanese church in Edmonton, AB for a few years. She moved to Burnaby where she lived at Sakura So, Nikkei Home and lastly Finnish Manor were she spent her final years, and breathed her last, to join her parents and siblings who predeceased her to glory. Ikuye was the intelligent one in the family and was forthright, strongminded, honest and at times like an “absent minded professor”. Her nieces and nephews, who have fond memories of her, found her to be fun to be with and remember her big smile and laugh. She enjoyed learning about varied topics, and loved music, sports, reading, hiking, camping, gardening, and eating healthy. Left to mourn her loss are her siblings: Sachi Inouye, Anne McVety, Machiko Budai, Kay Fukuyama, Satoshi Uchida, June Bryson, Faith Woo, Gloria Fehr and many nieces and nephews. Memorial will be at a later date.

Tonari Gumi continued Fridays from 10 to 11:30am. Free for BC Recovery Benefit TG members, $8 for non-members. Application for the BC Recovery Benefit began in December. It’s a January 22 | Tips for healthy daily one-time, tax-free payment of up to living $1,000 for families and up to $500 Dr. Moa Sugimoto (in Japanese) for individuals. Until June 30, 2021. *For this session, please indicate Online application: www.etax.gov. your name, date of birth and MSP bc.ca/btp/BCRBP number when you register. Applications are also accepted February 26 | Medical alert system over the phone at 1-833-882-0020 Lifeline | Lifeline staff (English with (Monday - Friday from 7:30am to Japanese translation) 5pm) March 26 | Tips to prevent aging Visit the BC government website: Manabu Ogawa, medical trainer/ www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/ economic-recovery/recoveryshiatsu practitioner (in Japanese) Inquiries & registration: 604.687.2172 benefit January to March 2021 Senior Life Seminars Ext. 102, services@tonarigumi.ca For information in Japanese, visit the Tonari Gumi website: TG Senior Life Seminars invite guests to present (Masako) www.tonarigumi.ca/bc-recoveryinformation that help seniors live healthy and benefit independent lives. Join sessions from the Zoom app on a computer or a tablet, or via telephone. 4th Kikko-san as everyone calls her, has been celebrating birthdays in front yards and through windows at seniors’ facilities. They celebrated Ms. Yoshiko Mukuyama’s 100th; Mr. Yasuo Ito, a 90-year-old Craft Club volunteer of 25 years; Ms. Mitsuko Kawashima; the 90th birthday of Ms. Shizuko Mikurube who volunteered at TG for 25 years; and most recently the 90th birthday of Ms. Eleanor Kaneda, a TG Craft Club member who shares her amazing culinary skills at special events. Friends from TG have been keeping in touch during the lockdown, and some have been personally making and delivering bento boxes – in addition to TG’s Meals on Wheels bento delivery service. Birthday songs and bentos bring smiles and genki to those at home, and helps everyone stay connected during the pandemic.


38 月報 The Bulletin


with Masaki Watanabe


In countries outside France, French is considered to be the best of Western cuisines, so some may think that one has to qualify as a specialist. Being neither, this writer can only describe some of the dishes that he used to enjoy during his one-year stay in Paris during the early 1970s and during his subsequent travel in France.

always liked French bread dipped in the melted butter.

My main course was steak Tartar. To foreign customers who may not be familiar, the waiter would always say, just in case “It’s raw beef, you know. The name originated, I heard, from the fact that the Tartars who went everywhere on horse back would place raw beef under their saddles to tenderize it. A mound of minced raw beef is placed on a plate and in an During the early 1970s, while I was a correspondent indentation at its centre, the yoke of attached to Reuters news agency’s Paris bureau near a raw egg is placed. Chopped capers the Porte St. Denis metro station, I often went to nearby are sprinkled on and the ingredients Chartier, a popular but inexpensive restaurant, and my are mixed well before eating. Side order was always the same. To start with, I would have order was long and thin French-style half a dozen escargots (snails), i.e. snails baked in their fries. Together with French bread own shell with garlic butter. After finishing the snails, I and red wine, escargots followed by steak Tartar made for a very satisfying lunch.

professional chefs took it and made it more tasty by various means, so that restaurants began putting on their menus. As for what to drink, France being historically a wine-drinking nation, the long-standing convention is to drink red wine with beef, and white wine seafood. Not to be ignored are fresh oysters on the menus of popular cafés like La Coupole near the Montparnasse station. On fresh oysters brought in from the Atlantic coast, you squeeze a few drops of lemon and slurp them down, followed by chilled white wine. It is sheer delight.

When do they drink vin rosé, the pink wine that is in between red and white wines? Interestingly, when I went to one of the few Chinese Another of my favourites was gar- restaurants that operated back in lic-flavoured pig’s knuckles served the early 1970s, many French cusat a restaurant near Paris’ main food tomers were drinking vin rosé with market, named pieds de cochon the Chinese cuisine. Was it because (literally, pig’s knuckles) The eatery Chinese dishes to them were neiwas quite popular so many French ther meat dishes or fish dishes? I people obviously like this greasy would have thought beer or green dish. In Taiwan where pork is very tea go best with Chinese food. But popular, I understand many people Chinese dishes washed down with also like pig’s knuckles. Back in the wine? Definitely strange to most 1960s when I used to live in Shibuya, Asian customers’ sense of taste. Tokyo, I used to eat from time to time In conclusion, one of the things I at a nearby Taiwanese restaurant enjoy whenever I have a chance to called Reigoh. Among other things, visit Paris is to go by train. I would I would enjoy sliced pig’s ears. head straight for the nearest cafe Coming back to French cuisine, I must include pot-au-feu, which comprises beef still attached to bones slowly cooked with potato, carrots, onions and so on. Historically it used to be a typical home-cooked fare due partly to the low cost of its ingredients. Then

in front of the station and enjoy a baguette sandwich of Camembert or some other white cheese with chilled white wine. Sometimes I would relish instead a baguette sandwich of Pâté. Either way, that is when I really feel: “Wow, I’m back in Paris again.”


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Community Update 475 Alexander Street, Vancouver, BC, V6A 1C6 Tel: 604.254.2551 FAX: 604.254.9556 Email: vjls@vjls-jh.com

GRATITUDE 感謝 GOVERNANCE ガバナンス AND GANBARIMASHITA 頑張りました by Deb Saimoto, Board Chair I am extremely grateful to be here wishing you all a healthy, safe and fortuitous 2021. When I look back on 2020, three words strongly come to mind: Gratitude, Governance and Ganbarimashita.

how we work, play, and come together as a community. While we must continue to be mindful in order to keep everyone safe, the news of COVID-19 vaccines is one of many reasons to start 2021 with feelings of hopefulness.

It has been a year teeming with change and flux. We started the year in full gear steadily walking our path of governance, and then, with the advent of Covid19, we humbled down adapting to the new reality in a global pandemic. Thank you to our staff for their commitment, flexibility and dedication guiding our organization through these unprecedented times. We are also grateful for our spirit of resilience from our historical legacy that has nurtured and fortified a solid foundation upon which we have been able to stand in these times of uncertainty and doubt.

Our Children’s World team, led by Haga sensei, have been doing a fantastic job helping to keep children and families safe and connected to one another and we look forward to building on this work in the New Year. Safety has never been more important and we are investing in a number of health and safety upgrades to our buildings including the installation of more outdoor lights to brighten the playground during the winter months. We are also applying for an additional childcare license and hopeful that we can provide up to 25 more daycare spots at a later date. Similarly, VJLS starts the year with a talented team of teachers under the leadership of our new Education Manager & Principal, Mark Batt. Like you, they are eager to return to the classroom and we are hopeful that this could be possible in September and will be sharing more information with parents and students in March and May. With such experienced and knowledgeable staff we will be upgrading and improving our classroom materials to ensure our students continue to receive the best possible education in both Japanese language and culture.

The world is a changing place. Our organization is a changing place. Particularly paramount in today’s new world, we are privileged to have the strength and courage to adapt to these times whilst having the foresight to look to the future. We are blessed to serve all stakeholders and keep building our community of We are excited to bring both of these communities closer together through communities. the development of a Parent’s Advisory Council and we will continue to Okagesamade. Thanks to the Universe, we made it seek feedback on what this will look like. Please stay tuned for updates through the year all healthy while ensuring that we based on our last meeting with parents using Zoom. have the operations and vision to ride the tumultuous Although we miss meeting with all of you Face-to-Face, Zoom has allowed waves through 2021 and future years. Ganbarimashita. us to reach out to many of our community members and we appreciate all We also thank those we have lost over the year for of your input and feedback on our Interpretive Centre. We will be calling their energy and contributions. We are an organization for more input on the library side of the project soon and look forward to built on so many souls’ dedication and support; we will sharing updates on the plans and project timeline that incorporates what carry on the torch. Korekaramo, Ganbatte-ikimashou. we’ve heard from parents, staff, and the community. On behalf of the Board of Directors, we wish you and We hope to create many more opportunities for our community to come your families a heart-warming holiday season and together to share and practice and learn the history, language, and culture a 2021 of abundant health, gratitude, and love. We of Japanese Canadians. We have recently hired a community programming thank you for all you have given and for your continued coordinator who will support us in both reimagining community events support. for the COVID-19 era as well as developing new ones that will engage Message for the New Year - Darius Maze, Executive the unique history of our community, organization, and neighbourhood. Director Thank you again for your ongoing support, we look forward to working Akemashite omedetou gozaimasu. The year behind with you in the year to come to strengthen our community and support us was a long and challenging one that has impacted the sharing of the rich knowledge, history, and experiences it contains. families and loved ones and fundamentally changed


40 月報 The Bulletin

As Vancouver’s new National Historic Site, we would like to express our heartfelt gratitude to the virtual sponsors & donors for our 2020 annual Capital Fundraising Golf Tournament during this challenging year. All funds go towards our Interpretive Centre Renovation Project to do major capital repairs and to tell the miraculous story of our organization’s history. Our annual in-person fundraising tournament at UBC Golf Club will hopefully go ahead in June 2021. It is thanks to your energetic and financial support that we have been able to steadily move forward. Many, many thanks. どうもありがとうございました. Golf Committee


Beneficiary ($500 - $999)

Dr. Shig Saimoto, in memory of Cy Saimoto

Amano Foods Eiko & Brian Ainsworth

Silver ($3000) Kaz Toyama (Tokyo), in memory of Art Toyama and the Toyama Family Par 3 Hole ($2500) RBC Foundation Primary tee ($1500-2499) Ryo & Chisako Imura (Nagoya), in memory of Toru Imura Front Tee ($1000) Dr. Eric Yoshida, in memory of the Miyazaki Family (Toronto)

Vickie Fukui & Family, in memory of Frank Fukui Fujiya Japanese Foods Joyce Ng-Yellim Linda Oxbol, Mikado Enterprises, in Memory of the Natsuhara Family Honorary ($250-$499) Campbell River Fishing Derek Iwanaka & family, on behalf of the Iwanaka Family

Denny Enjo, Dan Enjo, Laura & Deb Saimoto, in memory of Masa & Denzo Enjo

Matsunaga Family (Campbell River), in memory of Takao Matsunaga

Molly Akune and Ruby Hattori, in memory of Sayako Hattori

Minoru Tanaka

Prospero Enterprises

Sharon Kawasaki & Family

Rika Uto, in memory of Tetsuro Uto

Yamato Trading Inc.

Ritsu Saimoto, in memory of Cy Saimoto Tracey McVicar, on behalf of the Nagai Family

Cash donations Craig Ryomoto Doug Williams Ian Fisher, in memory of John Randell Fisher Mike Uyeno Miyuki Ito Randy Kondo


January 1月 2021 41

Nikkei Place Monthly Update Nikkei Place comprises Nikkei National Museum & Cultural Centre, Nikkei Seniors Health Care & Housing Society and Nikkei Place Foundation. When visiting Nikkei Centre please: follow signage | maintain physical distance | wear a face mask. Please reschedule your visit if you are sick | you can “visit” us online too!

N E W S nikkeiplace.org MUSEUM SHOP

MUSEUM ONLINE centre.nikkeiplace.org FUN | FASCINATION | EDUCATION Explore: online exhibits | archives | games| videos |podcast. Plan: find details for all onsite + online programming and gallery hours WHAT’S ONSITE EXHIBIT Broken Promises, a Landscapes of Injustice project exhibit that unpacks the dispossession triggered by the forced dispersal of the Japanese Canadian community from the west coast of BC in the 1940s. Pandemic sanitation and social distancing protocols are in place to ensure visitor safety. This project has been made possible by the Government of Canada. centre.nikkeiplace.org/exhibits/broken-promises ONLINE New podcast series - Sounds Japanese Canadian to Me: Stories from the Stage In the age of social distancing, performing artist Kunji Mark Ikeda takes the reins of our Sounds Japanese Canadian to Me podcast to lead a series of in-depth conversations with some of today’s most exciting Japanese Canadian performing artists. Catch up on our archive of podcasts on topics in Japanese Canadian history and culture, and listen to brand-new episodes released every other Wednesday. Listen on our website, or subscribe on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify, or Stitcher.

New pottery from Japan in store. And come check out locally handmade crafts. We are balancing our inventory between our onsite museum shop and online shop. If you need help locating an item, please contact: jcnm@nikkeiplace.org 604.777.7000 ext.109 ONLINE squareup.com/store/NNMCC COMMUNITY Blood Donor Clinics Friday, January 15, 12-8pm For eligibility criteria, contact Canadian Blood Services at 1.888.236.6283 feedback@blood.ca www.blood.ca.

Family History One-on-One Trace your family history with expert personal assistance from Nikkei National Museum’s Research Archivist Linda Kawamoto Reid. Currently, as our Charles Kadota Resource Centre adapts to new pandemic protocols, we remain closed for in-person research, but for the first time, we offer new and unique distanced individual sessions. Private sessions are one hour in length, by telephone, Skype, Whatsapp, Google Meet or Zoom, to guide you in your research of your family history. $25/hr + GST. 20% discount for members. Please pre-pay online, and we will contact you to make an appointment. Questions: jcnm@nikkeiplace.org | 604.777.7000 ext.109 Tuesday – Saturday centre.nikkeiplace.org/family-history-one-on-one THANK YOU The NNMCC Auxiliary Committee would like to thank the following for their generous donations to the October and November Mini Markets at the Nikkei Centre in Burnaby: Barb Adamski Emily Hirai Frank Kamiya Tom Tagami Olive Anderson Kathy Homma George Kimura Dennis Tazumi Yuriko Araki Ruth Honkawa Kaz Koyanagi Mrs. M. Yamamoto Karol Dubitz Tak Honkawa Roberta Nasu MagicJo Yamashita Tosh Dyck Satsuki Kai Marisa Nitta Minnie Hattori Sherri Kajiwara Lynn Smith We apologize if anyone has been inadvertently omitted. Thank you all for your support.

NNMCC Reception & Museum Shop Hours: Tuesday – Saturday 10:00am – 5:00pm; Sunday & Monday Closed. NIKKEI NATIONAL MUSEUM & CULTURAL CENTRE 6688 Southoaks Crescent, Burnaby, BC, V5E 4M7 Tel: 604.777.7000 Fax: 604.777.7001 E-mail: info@nikkeiplace.org NIKKEI SENIORS HEALTH CARE AND HOUSING SOCIETY 6680 Southoaks Crescent, Burnaby, BC, V5E 4N3 Tel: 604.777.5000 Fax: 604.777.5050


42 月報 The Bulletin

Nikkei Place Monthly Update Nikkei Seniors Health Care & Housing Society PRESIDENT’S NEW YEAR’S MESSAGE by Ruth Coles, President Akemashite Omedeto. Once again, on behalf of Nikkei Seniors Health she stepped away from her role with NNMCC and has Care & Housing Society (NSHCHS), I would like to wish you all a very devoted all her time to the service of seniors. She has Happy New Year. been responsible for overseeing the development and operations of both New Sakura-so and Robert Nimi This past year has been a very difficult one. The Coronavirus pandemic Nikkei Home and Outreach Programs, and it is with has had an effect on all of us, but I am hopeful that 2021 will be a year in deep regret that we see her leave. which we start to remove the restrictions that have been imposed upon us. As Dr. Bonnie Henry says, if we all keep safe, keep well, and care for Replacing Cathy Makihara as Executive Director will be each other, things will start to move in positive directions. We also have Jay Haraga. Jay has been on the Board of NSHCHS for four years, and needs no introduction to our mission. the promise of an effective vaccine. He actually took over from Cathy November 2, 2020, As I think about the impact of the coronavirus on the seniors, both within and he brings with him a broad background of expeour community and in our care, it is with a grateful heart that Nikkei Seniors rience in several management roles, most recently as Health Care & Housing Society has staff who have risen to the challenges Director of Operations in Western Canada for Bento that the restrictions have brought. Under the leadership of Cathy Maki- Sushi. His experience with staff recruitment, team hara and Gina Hall, our staff have had to adjust to constant changes in building, supervision, financial management, contract providing care to our seniors. Stricter sanitation requirements involving negotiations, etc. has prepared him well for his new the use of PPE’s such as gowns, masks, hand sanitizers; changes in daily position. He is very personable and approachable routines; cancellation of activities; restrictions to visits from families and and we look forward to great things happening in the friends; closure of Hi Genki to the public and the provision of meals to next few years. the seniors in a modified way illustrate the extent of the adjustments that At the Board level, Glenn Tanaka and Keiko Funahashi, have had to be made. who have served as Directors for a number of years, We are also grateful for the response of the community throughout these have resigned. Glenn will be dealing with increased difficult times. Words of encouragement, letters from families and friends, demands of his professional position, while Keiko drawings from children, constant provision of goodies for the staff, and the has moved over to assume the Executive Director funds that donors have provided have helped the morale of both seniors of Tonari-Gumi. We thank Glenn and Keiko, and wish and staff during these difficult times. them every success in the future. They will be replaced As we move in the new year, there are some changes on our Board of by John Kamitakahara and Sandra Song, whom we Directors and Administration. Paramount among these is the retirement of welcome with great anticipation of the input they will Cathy Makihara as the Executive Director of our Society. Cathy has served provide. the Japanese Canadian community for over 31 years. She has been part of the development of Nikkei Place since its inception. Prior to accepting the position of Executive Director she was the CEO of both the National Nikkei Museum and Cultural Centre Society (NNMCC) and NSHCHS for many years, but as the responsibilities of both organizations increased,

As we move out of a year of darkness cast by the shadow of a global pandemic, I think we can look forward to a year in which exciting things are about to happen. Again, we thank all of you for your ongoing support and wish you a very Happy New Year.

OTHER WAYS TO SUPPORT NIKKEI NATIONAL MUSEUM & CULTURAL CENTRE • Become a member • Register for online programming • Shop at the Museum Gift Shop and online shop https://nnmcc.square.site • Become a Monthly Donor

Please contact Nikkei Place Foundation at 604.777.2122 or gifts@nikkeiplace.org for information about becoming a monthly donor.


January 1月 2021 43

Nikkei Place Monthly Update NIKKEI PLACE is comprised of three organizations: Nikkei Place Foundation, Nikkei National Museum & Cultural Centre, and Nikkei Seniors Health Care and Housing Society. For more information or to donate online, visit www.nikkeiplace.org. We apologize for any errors or omissions on this list. For questions, contact gifts@nikkeiplacefoundation.org.

N i k k e i P l a c e D on a t ion s

Thank You for Supporting Nikkei Place! Gifts from November 30, 2020 — December 20, 2020 inclusive DONATIONS

George & Linda Oike

Kevin Okano Anonymous (16) Maryka Omatsu Lois Atagi Hideko Onouye Christine Chiba Shigenari Onouye Ruth & Michael Coles Oomomo Canada Ltd. John Coulthard Margaret & Juergen Peters Denise Egami Ken Schultz Karen & Brian Esson Hiroko Shimizu Kenneth Ezaki Gentaro & Rose Shimizu Etsuyo Fujiwara Keiji & Melody Shudo Toshimi Goto Grout McTavish Architecture Inc. Kumi Sutcliffe Cheryl Suzuki S. Charlotte Gyoba Thomas Suzuki Aiko Marlene Hamakawa Rick Tajiri Taeko Hamakawa Minoru Tanaka George & Elaine Homma Mitsuo & Nancy Takasaki Toshie Hosonuma Norman & Marion Takeuchi Masako Hori Tom Teranishi Hiroshi & Takako Iura Shizuka Tsuzuki Sydney Iwata Kishiko Uchida Joan & Brian Jalmarson Mark & Paula Waslen Lily Kamachi Peeranut Visetsuth Paul & Diana Kariya Fred Wiley Michiyo Katayama Fred & Linda Yada Glen Katsuyama Dorothy Yamamoto Soya Kayo Setsuko Yamashita Akiko Knobloch Chieko Yano Yuki Kurozumi Yuko Yasutake Molly & John Kewley Yukimasa & Tamiko Kishimoto NNMCC RESILIENCE Nobuo & Nana Kitsuda FUNDRAISER Dick Koyanagi Akiko Gomyo Foundation George Koyanagi Akiye Kay Akada Kazuko Koyanagi Anonymous (13) Nora & Ronald MacArthur Grace Asao Cherie Markiewicz Lillian Blakey Jack & Takayo Matsuda Marnie Carter Ruth & Bruce Matsuda Teesa Christie Terumi Matsunaga Sylvia Christopoulos Richard & Nancy Minato Den Enjo Hiroshi Minemoto DMCL Chartered Eileen Miyanaga Professional Accountants Junji Mizutani Kathy Harris Masashi & Reiko Moizumi Shirley Isojima Anne Motozono Don & Kumiko Iwanaka Donald & Misaye Munro Ellen Kadonaga Richard Murakami Paul & Naoko Kadota Ray Murao Bill & Toshiko Kajiwara Kazuto & Mary Nakamoto Fortis BC (Art Kanzaki) Yoshiye Nakata Elsie Komori Jean Neher Bill McNulty Peter & Aster Nimi Family Patrick T. Miki Terence & Susan Nishi Tsuneo & Noriko Miki Clara & Mac Norris Fumiko Miyahara Sachiko Ohara Harry & Akemi Mizuta


44 月報 The Bulletin

Derek Okamura Dr. Jeffery & Susan Okamura Dr. Wayne Okamura Herbert Ono & Tara O’Connor Dr. Santaro Ono & Gwendolyn Yip Toshiko & Ernest Quan Chikako Rahman Salim Rahman Michiko Sakata Rumi Sasaki Howard & Sher Shikaze Howard Shimokura Norman Shuto & Patricia Wallace Debra Suzuki Kenneth & Rosemarie Takeuchi Christine Tamaki Charles Tasaka Janine Tasaka Harry Tonogai Toshiyuki & Yukiko Tosa Ronald Ui Margie Uyeda Roy Yabuki Fred & Linda Yada Christine H. Yoshida CHRISTMAS EXTRAVAGANZA

In Memory of Patricia Clever Heinz Doerfert Sanny Nishi In Memory of Tamiko Corbett Wendy & Edward Merlo In Memory of Shin & Reiko Endo Henry & Patricia Tanaka

In Memory of Dean Okamura Derek Okamura Dr. Jeffery & Susan Okamura Dr. Wayne Okamura In Memory of Sumiko & Tadashi Sato Anonymous In Memory of Jane Shimokura Norma Doucette

In Memory of Shoji & Fumi Hamagami In Memory of Tomiko Gerry & Russell Nakamura Aoyama Spain May McFarland In Memory of Sunako Hinada Estate of Sunako Hinada

In Memory of Taeko Faye Takahashi Michael Takahashi

In Memory of Susie Inouye In Memory of Sachie Marvin & Brenda Gaertner & Isaburo Tamaki In Memory of Richard Christine Tamaki (Seiji), June & Darren Kadonaga Anonymous

In Memory of Christmas Tree Eikichi Kagetsu Louise Akuzawa & Ronald Kruschen Anonymous Sam Yamamoto In Memory of NNMCC JAPANESE CANADIAN Takeo Kawasaki WAR MEMORIAL COMMITTEE Teesa Christie Minoru & Lydia Yatabe In Memory of Kiyouki (Jimmy) Kondo HONOURS & TRIBUTES Kevin Kondo In Honour of Dr. Takashi Ono & Mrs. Sachiko (Morita) Ono In Memory of Robert Dr. Santaro Ono & Gwendolyn Yip M. Marubashi Wendy & Edward Merlo In Memory of Shigeru & In Memory of Emi Amano Yoshiko Matsumoto Wendy & Edward Merlo Gerry & Louis Horii In Memory of Dale Banno Tatsu & Karen Mizushima Anonymous Victor Banno & Deborah Griswold In Memory of Okinu, Robert, Ichio Miki Glenn & Wendy Hara Patrick T. Miki Sandra James Deborah MacDonald In Memory of Norman Shuto & Patricia Wallace Nancy Mizuno In Memory of Robert Banno Mark Kagetsu Anonymous In Memory of Dennis Victor Banno & Deborah Griswold Okada & Chieko Okada Sandra James Lisa Okada Karen Kobayashi

In Memory of Arizo & Hatsue Tasaka Charles Tasaka In Memory of Dr. Florence Yakura Anonymous MONTHLY GIVING CLUB

Daigo Naito Roberta H. Nasu Takeshi & Mizuho Ogasawara Chris Oikawa Hanako Oye Linda Kawamoto Reid Jim & Norma Sawada Audrey Shimozawa Eva Shiho Barbara Shishido Charlotte Takasaki Sharlene A. Tabata Joyce C. Takeshita Darlene Tanaka & Trevor Jones Grace Tanaka Ginzo & Harue Udagawa Hisako Wada Fred & Linda Yada Chris, Jan Yamamoto & Family Norine K. Yamamoto Sam Yamamoto Tatsuo & Mariko Yamamoto Gwendolyn Yip & Santa Ono HERITAGE ESTATE GIVING CIRCLE

Tamiko Corbett Yoshiharu Hashimoto Anonymous (2) Mitsuo & Emmie Hayashi Carina Abe George & Elaine Homma Ian & Debbie Burgess Betty Issenman Brian & Marcia Carr Sato Kobayashi Patricia H. Chan Gordon Kadota Michael & Ruth Coles Cathy Makihara Grant Dustin Robert & Jane Nimi Masami Hanashiro Junichi & Atsumi Hashimoto Carrie Okano Linda Kawamoto Reid Tad & Mitsuko Hosoi Richard & Gail Shinde Shaun Inouye Kenneth & Bernadine Isomura Norman Shuto Haruko Takamori Tomoko Ito Sian Tasaka Mary F. Kawamoto Fred & Linda Yada Satoko Kobayashi Sam Yamamoto Katsuko (Kitty) Kodama Greciana Langamon Tommy Li Stewart Kawaguchi Ted Kawamoto Catherine Makihara Masako & Ken Moriyama Anne Motozono

Nikkei Place Monthly Update 日系シニアズ・ヘルスケア住宅協会 新年のご挨拶 2021年1月 会長 ルース・コールズ 日本語訳:大島利子 明けましておめでとうございます。日系シニアズ・ヘルスケア住宅協会 (以下 NSHCHS)を代表しまして、皆様に新年のご挨拶を申し上げます。 昨年度は大変困難な年となってしまいました。新型コロナウイルスの パンデミックが私たち全員に影響を及ぼしましたが、2021年は私 たちに課された様々な制限が解除される年になるよう期待しています。 Dr. ボニー・ヘンリーのおっしゃるように、もし私たち全員が安全と健 康を保ち、お互いを労わることができれば、物事はポジティブな方向 に動き始めることでしょう。また効果的なワクチンも約束されています。 私たちのコミュニティーやその介護の現場の中で、シニアの方々への コロナウイルスの影響について考えたとき、日系シニアズ・ヘルスケ ア住宅協会は、様々な制限に直面しつつも、果敢に立ち向かってくれ るスタッフたちに恵まれており、彼らには感謝の気持ちで一杯です。 キャシー・槇原さんとジーナ・ホールさんのお二人のリーダーシップ のもと、介護スタッフは、ガウン、マスク、手の消毒などの PPE の装備、 またアクティビティーのキャンセル、家族や友人の訪問の制限、ハイゲ ンキ・レストランは一般客向けの営業の停止、そしてシニアの食事の 配給方法の変更に至るまで、毎日の日課 の中で絶えず制限の変更に 対応しなければなりませんでした。 このような困難な時期にもかかわらず、コミュニティーの皆様からの暖 かいご支援に深く感謝申し上げます。この苦しい時期に、ご家族や友 人からの激励のお言葉、お手紙、子供たちからの絵画、絶え間ないス タッフへの差し入れ、そして寄付金を寄せて下さった方々、これらはシ ニアやスタッフたちにとって精神的にも大きな支えとなりました。

執行委員長のキャシー氏の後任には、ジェイ・ハラガ氏が就任しま す。彼は NSHCHS の理事会のメンバーを 4 年間続けていますので、 NSHCHS の使命については心得ていらっしゃいます。すでに 2020 年 11 月 2 日付でキャシー氏から職務を引き継ぎました。彼は幅広い管理 職の経験を持ち、直近では Bento Sushi Western Canada のオペレー ション・ディレクターの経歴があります。スタッフの採用、チーム・ビ ルディング、監督、経営管理、契約交渉などの豊富な経験は、今後の 職務に大いに役立つことでしょう。近づきやすく、親しみやすい人柄で す。これからの数年間に素晴らしいことが起こることを期待しています。 役員レベルでは グレン・田中氏とケイコ・船橋氏が退任されました。 グレン氏は需要が増加している本職の方に集中するため退任されます。 ケイコ氏は隣組の執行委員長に就任されることになりました。お二人 に感謝の意を表し、これからの益々のご活躍をお祈りいたします。後 任には、ジョン・上高原氏、サンドラ・ソング氏の2名が就任します。 両氏を歓迎するとともに、今後の活躍に期待します。 世界的なパンデミックの影がもたらした暗闇から脱出する中で、新年こ そは、期待に胸をふくらませる年となることを願っています。繰り返し になりますが、皆様の変わらぬご支援に感謝し、本年が皆様にとって 素晴らしい一年となりますようお祈り申し上げます。 会長 ルース・コールズ

新年を迎えるにあたり、理事会及び運営委員会の人事に変更がありま す。まず初めに特筆すべきは、協会の執行委員長を務めてきましたキャ シー・槇原氏の引退です。キャシー氏は日系カナダ人のコミュニティー に31年以上従事されてきました。日系プレースの創立以来、その発 展とともに活躍されてきました。 執行委員長に就任する前は、長年にわたり日系文化センター・博物館 (以下 NNMCC)と NSHCHS の2つの最高経営責任者を兼任されまし た。しかしながら両方の機関の責務が増すにつれて NNMCC の役割か ら離れることになり、その後はすべての時間をシニアへのサービスに 捧げてきました。新桜荘とロバート新見日系ホーム、そしてアウトリー チ・プログラムの開発を監督する責務を果たされてきたキャシー氏の 退任をお知らせしなければならないのは、大変残念です。

日系ヘルスケア&住宅協会では、ロバート新見日系ホームや新さくら荘、またシニアの健康に関する質問やご意見を歓迎いたします。 下記の連絡先までご連絡ください。電話 604-777-5000 またはげっぽう記事執筆者トム・寺西 604-732-9458、604-816-1500。


January1月 1月 2021 2021 45 January 45

Nikkei Place Monthly Update 日系プレースは、日系文化センター・博物館、日系シニアーズ・ヘルスケア住宅協会および日系プレース基金で構成されています。


日系文化センター・博物館ニュース ご来館の際 : 館内の表示に従い、同居されている方以外との距 離を保ち、マスクをご着用いただきますようお願いいたします。 体調が悪い場合はご自宅に留まり、オンラインにて是非「ご来館」 ください。 館内もしくはオンラインで開催されるプログラムの時間の詳細 は、centre.nikkeiplace.org にてご確認ください

展示 「破られた約束 (Broken Promises)」は、1940 年代、BC 州西海 岸から日系カナダ人を強制疎開させ、財産を没収した実態を明 らかにする「不正義の風景 (Landscapes of Injustice)」プロジェ クトの展示です。ご来場者の安全のため、感染防止の衛生設備 が設置され、ソーシャルディスタンスが実施されます。このプロ ジェクトは、カナダ政府の援助を得て実現したものです。開館時 間、プログラムに関する最新情報は、ウェブサイトにてご確認く ださい。 https://centre.nikkeiplace.org/exhibits/broken-promises/

オンライン博物館 ウェブサイト centre.nikkeiplace.org:楽しく・興味深く・学びましょ う 探索:オンラインでご覧いただける展示・アーカイブ・ゲーム・ ビデオ・ポッドキャスト プラン:全オンライン+オンラインプログラムとギャラリー時間の 詳細を探そう。 館内にて開催

コミュニティ 献血クリニック 1 月 15 日(金)正午∼午後 8 時 献血で きる適性基準がありますので、詳しくはカナダ献血サービス (1.888.236.6283/ feedback@blood.ca / www.blood.ca)まで。 日系センターウェブサイトにて、さまざまな特別イベント・プログ ラムなどの詳細をご覧ください!(www.nikkeiplace.org)

オンライン 新しいポッドキャストシリーズ̶​̶ Sounds Japanese Canadian to Me: Stories from the Stage 人々が互いに距離を取って暮らすこの パンデミックの時代、ポッドキャスト Sounds Japanese Canadian to Me では、 舞台芸術家のクンジ・マーク・イケダさ んをホストに、今日活躍中の素晴らしい 日系カナダ人の舞台芸術家たちとの深い 話をシリーズでお届けします。日系カナダ 人の歴史や文化をトピックとした過去の 放送回もお聴きいただくとともに、隔週 水曜日にリリースされる新しいエピソード をお楽しみください。日系センターのウェ ブサイトもしくは、アップルやグーグルの ポッドキャスト、Spotify、Stitcher にてお 聴きいただけます。

ミュージアムショップ 日本から陶器を入荷しました。地元アーティストの手作りの製品もございます。 館内のミュージアムショップとオンラインショップとの間で在庫の調整をしています。 お探しのものが見つからない場合にはご連絡ください。 jcnm@nikkeiplace.org ¦ 604.777.7000 ext.109 https://nnmcc.square.site/


46 月報 The Bulletin

ファミリーヒストリー個別 相談 日系博物館の専門家と一緒にあなたの家 族の歴史をたどってみませんか。リサーチ 及びアーカイブの専門家のリンダ・カワモ ト・リードが個別に直接お手伝いします。 現在チャールズ門田リサーチセンターは、 新しいパンデミック対応規定に合わせ、直 接ご来館いただいての研究調査は引き続 き休止しておりますが、新しいユニークな 遠隔での個人セッションを初めて実施しま す。個別セッションは 1 時間、電話もしく はスカイプ、ワッツアップ、グーグル・ミー ト、ズームで、あなたの家族の歴史につ いてのリサーチをお手伝いいたします。 1 時間 $25 + GST。メンバーは20%割引。 オンラインにて事前にお支払頂きました ら、こちらからご連絡しご予約させていた だきます。 お問い合わせ:jcnm@nikkeiplace.org ¦ 604.777.7000 ext.109(火曜∼土曜) https://centre.nikkeiplace.org/familyhistory-one-on-one/

チャールズ門田リサーチセンター NIKKEIMUSEUM.ORG にて 31,000 点を超える所蔵物 をご覧ください!リサーチセンターは安全対策を強化 し、ご予約のみの受付です。研究調査についてのお 問い合わせはリサーチ・アーキビストのリンダ・カワ モト・リード lreid@nikkeiplace.org まで、寄贈に関 するお問い合わせはコレクション・マネージャーのリ サ・ウエダ luyeda@nikkeiplace.org までご連絡くだ さい。戦後補償特別委員会からのご支援に感謝申し 上げます。

常設展 「体験:1877 年からの日系カナダ人」 2 階入場無料

日系文化センター・博物館をサポートする他の方法 ボランティアに参加する。 お申込み:centre.nikkeiplace.org/volunteer 博物館ギフトショップとオンラインショップ https://nnmcc. square.site でお買い物をする。 月ぎめ寄付にお申込みいただく。 ミニ・ウェディングの会場として日系センターをご利用いただく。

ありがとうございます NNMCC 活動補助委員会より、バーナビーの日 系センターで 10 月、11 月に開催されたミニマー ケットへ寛大なご寄付をいただきました寄付者 の皆様にお礼申し上げます。寄付者のリストは、 英語ページをご覧ください。

ご寄付に関する詳細は、日系プレース基金にお問い合わせ下さ い:604-777-2122 又は gifts@nikkeiplace.org。 日系文化センター・博物館 (NNMCC) 受付・ミュージアムショップ 営業時間:火曜∼土曜 午前10∼午後5、日曜∼月曜 休み。


January 1月 2021 47

隣組 新年あけましておめでとうございます。 旧年中は温かいご支援をありがとうございました。本年も更なるサービスとプログラ ムの向上に努めて参ります。2021 年もどうぞよろしくお願い申し上げます。 隣組一同

飛翔鶴寄付キャンペーン お礼 コロナ禍において、日系コミュニティのシニアの方々が必要とするサポートを思いやり の心と共に届ける活動を続けられるよう、たくさんの方々からご寄付をいただきまし た。ありがとうございました。 特にトム・クスモトさん、安武優子さん、そしてヘンリー若林さん(Vancouver Airport Authority)には格別のご高配を賜り、厚く御礼申し上げます。 新型コロナウイルス感染症がまだ終息しない今、飛翔鶴寄付キャンペーンを続けてお ります。隣組は政府機関などの支援を受けている一部のサービスを除き、ほとんどの 活動は地域の方々のご寄付やボランティアに支えられています。楽しく、そして安心し て当地で年を重ねるためのプログラムやサービスへ、今後とも応援をよろしくお願い いたします。 ご寄付は隣組ホームページからも承っております。 www.tonarigumi.ca

思いやりの輪 パンデミックの影響で、特にシニアの方々は自由に 外出したり、人と集まることができなくなりました。 そんな中、隣組でのボランティアやプログラムを通 して出会った仲間同士で、連絡を取り合ったり、助 け合う輪が広がりました。きっこさんと親しまれて いる長年の隣組ボランティア、ルレーナ・タサカ さん率いるボランティア「バースデー隊」は前庭 や高齢者施設の窓越しに誕生日をお祝いしました。 椋山嘉子さんの百歳の誕生日、イトウ・ヤスオさん、 クラフトクラブで25年間ボランティアを続けてい る川島光子さん 90 歳、同じく25 年間隣組でボラ ンティアをされた三廻部静子さん 90 歳、そして隣 組クラフトクラブのメンバーでイベントでは料理で 大活躍のエリノー・カネダさんの 90 歳のお祝いに 駆けつけました。また隣組お弁当サービスとは別に、以前隣組で一緒に活動したお 友達の要望に応えて個人的にお弁当を作って配達しているきっこさん。バースデーソ ングやお弁当と共に笑顔と元気を届けています。

2021 年 1~3 月シニアライフ セミナー

健康で自立した生活を続けるために必要な情 報をお届けする「隣組シニアライフセミナー」。 パソコンやタブレットの「Zoom ズーム」アプリ、 または電話で参加できます。第 4 金曜日午前 10:00 ∼ 11:30。参加費は隣組会員無料・非会 員$8 • 1 月 22 日 (金) 「健康に毎日を過ごせる生活のヒント」講師:杉本 主愛(すぎもと・ もあ)医師*この講演の登録にはお名前、生年月日、ケアカード番号が必要です。 • 2 月 26 日(金)「緊急通報装置∼ライフライン」講師:ライフライン・サービ ス担当者 • 3 月 26 日(金)「老化防止対策のヒント」講師:メディカルトレーナー・指圧 師 小川 学 お申込み・お問い合わせ 604-687-2172 内線 102、メール services@tonarigumi.ca (正子)

BC 州給付金 BC Recovery Benefit について BC 州に住む家族や個人を対象とした給付金 BC Recovery Benefit(個人∼ $500 ま たは一世帯∼ $1000)の申請が 12 月から開始しました。申請は 2021 年 6 月 30 日 まで。オンライン申請 www.etax.gov.bc.ca/btp/BCRBP/_/ または電話 1-833-882-0020(月曜から金曜日、午前 7 時半から午後 5 時まで) 申請資格や申請に必要な情報について隣組ウェブサイトでご案内しています。 www.tonarigumi.ca/ja/bc-recovery-benefit/


(2020 年 11 月 24 日〜 2020 年 12 月 29 日順不同、敬称略)

お名前の誤り等があった場合は来月号の紙面にて訂 正させて頂きますので、ご連絡ください。

寄付金 谷美智子、オマツ・マリカ、ヘイスティングス裕子、 片岡純子、カウンター直、バーウィック妙子、妹尾翠、 上田ロイ梅夫 & 百合子、水本正雄、柴田祐子 & カッ セルマン・ウイリアム、森冨佐子、鶴田文江、グリー ンホルツ裕子、都築静、タナカ・ヒサコ、西村弘道、 宇和佐佳子、中村作吉、ウィッシュボーン・キモイチ、 三木紀子、First Friday Forum、フジサワ・ジェラル ディン、サカモト・マイケル、稲岡美智子、青田厚子、 平手千恵、安達妙子、トゥルーデルくにえ、ミズタ・ ハリー&アケミ、露木ナンシー、宮地カズコ、コモリ・ アート&コニー、サカイ・ハルコ、マエダ・ミキヨ、 岡崎祥子、ウォロシン文子、飯田貴信、匿名希望 (2) 寄付金 (Canada Helps) Kami Insurance Agencies Ltd、カタヤマ・ミチ ヨ、タカセ・ユミ、ナガタ・タモツ、Canada Helps COVID-19 Community Care Fund、匿名希望 (2) 藤田 満 悼記念 藤田レスリー マツモト・ヨシコ 悼記念 ムカイ・シオコ & サダオ ドン カリアツマリ・ロイ・アキミ 悼記念 カリアツマリ・キャロル カドナガ・セイジ、カドナガ・ジュン、カドナガ・ ダレン 追悼記念 匿名希望 ( 金の鶴 賞 ) ミヤタ・スエ 追悼記念 ミヤタ・ミツホ、ミヤタ・ケン、ニールセン・ジョイ、 ハマナカ・ムツミ ( 花模様鶴 賞 ) ニシムラ・トミ&ノブオ 悼記念 (via Canada Helps) ニシムラ・ショーン マスハラ・ワカコ 悼記念 (via Canada Helps) マスハラ・ダグ 田坂アリゾウ&ハツエ 追悼記念 (via Canada Helps) 田坂チャック ( 花模様鶴 賞 ) 物品 キシュ・マリコ、JCCA、水谷庸男、望月多津子、岩 浅ジェーン、若林イボンヌ、匿名希望 (1) 飛翔鶴 募金キャンペーン - 金の鶴 賞 若林ヘンリー(YVR Airport Authority) 、 クスモト・トム、 ヤスタケ・ユウコ、匿名希望 (1 -Canada Helps) 飛翔鶴 募金キャンペーン - 銀の鶴 賞 中堀忠一、ホンマ・シノブ、堀内倫子、匿名希望 (1 - Canada Helps, Monthly) 飛翔鶴 募金キャンペーン - 花模様鶴 賞 ワスレン・マーク、ハマナカ・ミユキ、レング・シシ リア、タカハシ・カズコ、ハマニシ・マイケル&ジュ ディ、津田佐江子、鈴木ツタエ (via Canada Helps, Monthly) 飛翔鶴 募金キャンペーン - Monthly Giving 桑原誠也、吉田咲子、岩浅デービッド (Canada Helps)、モリタ・エミコ ( モリタヒロシ追悼記念 , Canada Helps)



GRATITUDE 感謝 & GOVERNANCE ガバナンス GANBARIMASHITA 頑張りました 雑本デビー、理事長より 皆さんの健康と安全、そして幸いな 2021 年を祈念ができて、感謝の気持ち は心一杯です。2020 年を振り返ってみた時、「感謝」「ガバナンス」「頑張り ました」という3つの言葉を思い浮かびます。 激動の一年でした。年初から 私たちは、精一杯着実に組織のガバナンスの道 を歩んでいました。3月になって、COVID19 という世界的なパンデミックが 発生しました。新たな現実を取り組むため、地面に足を植えて、適応しました。 前例のないこのような時代になって、スタッフのコミットメント、柔軟な対応 生はとても安定でした。心から感謝します。そしてさらに、不確実性と疑念の 渦巻くこの時代に立ち上がることができる、日系人の歴史の元からの回復力の 精神にも感謝しています。 世界は絶えずに変わっています。私たちの組織も変わっています。特にこの新 しい世界において、未来を長い目で見ながら、このような揺れの時代に適応 する強さと勇気を私たちが持っています。それは私たちの特権と言えます。す べてのステークホルダーに奉り、色々なコミュニティを束ねて一つのコミュニ ティ (community of communities) を作り上げます。私たちがこの力を持って、 とても恵まれていると思います。 おかげさまで、皆さんが健康でありつつ、この一年を過ごすことができます。 それと同時に私たちが組織の運営やビジョンーを強くしていきながら、2021 年 以降の変化の波にも乗れます。頑張りました。また、 この一年でお亡くなりになっ てしまった方々から今まで頂いた心強いスピリットにも感謝します。 私たちの 組織は、多くの方々の貢献と支援の上に成り立っています。綿々と続くその松 明を受け継いでいきたいと思います。 これからも、頑張って行きましょう。 理事会を代表して、皆様とご家族の皆様には、心温まるホリデーシーズンを お過ごしいただき、2021 年が豊かな健康と感謝と愛に満ちた年になりますよ うお祈り申し上げます。 これからも皆様のご支援やサポートを心よりよろしく お願いします。

新年に向けてのメッセージ - ED ダリウス・メイズ 明けましておめでとうございます。去る年は長く試練の多い一年でした。家族 や愛する人々への影響は大きく、私たちの働き方、遊び方、コミュニティの集 まり方など、根本的な部分での変化を余儀なくされました。人々の安全を確 保するための配慮はこれからも続けていかなければなりませんが、コロナワク チンに関するニュースは他の様々な理由とも相まって、希望に満ちた 2021 年 を私たちに届けてくれそうです。

この二つのコミュニティの絆は、保護者諮問協議会の発展を 通して強化されていくと期待しております。今後とも保護者諮 問協議会の在り方について皆様からのご意見を募集しておりま す。保護者の方々と前回の Zoom ミーティングで話し合った内 容を基に、新たなご報告ができる日までもうしばらくお待ちく ださい。 対面でのミーティングを恋しく思うものの、Zoom のお陰で多 くのコミュニティメンバーの方々とお話しする機会も増えまし た。インタープレティブ・センターに寄せられた全てのご意見、 フィードバックに感謝申し上げます。図書館でのプロジェクトに 対する更なるご意見も近く募集いたします。計画に関する新た なご報告と、保護者・スタッフ・コミュニティからのご意見を 盛り込んだプロジェクトタイムラインを共有できる日を心待ちに しています。 知識やスキルをシェア・練習したり、日系カナダ人の歴史、言 語、文化を学んだりといった活動を通して、コミュニティの結 束を高める機会をこれまで以上に増やしていきたいと考えてお ります。最近コミュニティプログラミング・コーディネーターを 新たに雇用しました。コロナ時代でもコミュニティの繋がりを 維持するためのイベントや、当コミュニティ・団体・近隣のユ ニークな歴史に触れられる新たな取り組みに関してサポートし てもらう予定です。 皆様からの絶え間ないご支援に重ねて感謝申し上げます。来 年もコミュニティの結束を強め、豊かな知識や歴史、経験をシェ アできる場を皆様と運営できることを楽しみにしております。

BC州認可こどものくにからのお知らせ 2020 年はコロナが猛威を振るい大変な年でしたが、こどもの くには保護者の皆様をはじめ多くに方々のご協力を頂き、無事 に 1 学期を終えることが出来ました。本当にありがとうござい ました。 2021 年が皆さまにとって健康で安心できる年になります様願っ ております。 お問い合わせは cw@vjls-jh.com / 604-254-2551 芳賀まで

芳賀先生率いる「こどものくに」チームは、子どもたちやご家族の安全を確保 しつつ繋がりを維持するという素晴らしい働きをしてくれています。新年から もこの成果に基づいて活動を進めていく所存です。安全が未だかつてないほ ど重要になった本年を踏まえて、私たちは建物の改築に投資し、健康と安全 面を強化するためのアップグレードを行っています。その一つとして、建物外 に照明を増設することで、冬の遊び場をより明るくします。また、新たなチャ イルドケア・ライセンスを申請中です。これが認可されれば、最大 25 の新た なデイケアスポットを追加し、より多くの日数でサービスをご提供できるよう になります。 同様に、新しい教育マネージャー兼校長であるマーク・バット率いる VJLS も、 優秀な教員チームと共に年を迎えることができました。これを読んでいる皆さ んと同じく、VJLS チームも教室に戻れる日を心待ちにしており、9 月の再開 を願っています。3 月から 5 月にかけて、生徒さんや保護者の皆様により詳し い情報をお伝えできればと思います。経験と知識豊富なスタッフに恵まれた VJLS は、教材のアップグレードや改善を通し、生徒さんたちには引き続き、 私たちにできる最良の日本語・日本文化教育を保証します。


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料理 ー フランス編  どこでも高級西洋料理の代名詞の様に見られているフランス料理、専 門家や食通ではないと語る資格がないと考える方々も多い様だが、筆者 としては1970年代に1年ほど体験したフランス生活中に馴染んだ料理 の幾つかをご紹介したい。  1970 年頃、パリは地下鉄 Porte St Denis 付近のロイター通信パリ支 局に務めていたが、昼食は近くの Chartier というレストランによく行っ たが注文はいつも同じだった。前菜がエスカルゴ六つ、カタツムリを ガーリック入りバターと共に殻に詰めて焼いたもの。カタツムリを食べ た後、フランスパンをちぎって溶けたバター・ソースに浸すと旨かった。

さて本題のフランス料理だが、ポトフ (pot-au-feu) という、ジャガイ モ、人参ニンジン、玉葱などと共に牛肉を骨に付いたままコトコトと煮 た料理がある。歴史的には材料が安いこともあって典型的な家庭料理 だったが、それをプロの料理人が色々工夫してより美味しくしたのをレ ストランでも出すようになったそうだ。  飲み物はワインの国だから、牛肉には赤ワイン、魚介類には白 ワインと大体決まっている。モンパルナス駅に程近い名物カフェ La Coupole などで人気」を博している生牡蛎は無視できない。レモン知 るを垂らしたのをするっと啜り、冷えた白ワインをやる。絶品だ。

メイン・コースはステーキ・タルタル。外国人客にはウエイターが「そ  赤ワインと白ワインの中間、ピンク色のロゼ・ワインはいつ飲むのだ れは生肉ですよ」と念を押したものだ。名称の由来は騎馬民族だった ろう。面白いことに当時まだ数少なかった中華料理屋に行ったら、フ タルタル人が生肉を鞍の下に入れて柔らかくしていた事らしい。今で ランス人客はみんなロゼを飲んでいる。肉料理でも魚料理でもないか はが牛肉のひき肉皿に盛りつけ、真ん中のくぼには生卵の黄身が入っ らロゼにするのか。中華だったらお茶かビールが東洋の味覚と思うが、 ている。そこにケッパーもかけてよく混ぜて食する。付合せはフランス 中華にフランスのワインとは何たる味覚。ちょっと分かりかねる。 風の長細いポテト・フライだった。フランス・パンと赤ワイン共に摂っ たこのコースにはいつも大満足だった。  結びに筆者がパリを訪れる機会があると楽しみにしているのが、汽 車で行ってパリに着きしだい駅前のカフェに飛び込み、カマンベール  もう一つの好物は当時中央食品マーケットのそばの店、その名も などの白いチーズを細長いバゲットパンに挟んだサンドを冷えた白ワ Pied au Cochon(豚足 ) のガーリック風味の豚足を焼いた料理だった。 インでいただく。また時にはパテサンドを赤ワインで食する。どちらも 大人気の店だったからフランス人も脂っこい豚足を好む向きも大勢い 「あー、パリに来たんだ」と実感できるのだ。 るのだろう。豚肉好きが多い台湾でも豚足が好きな人が多いそうだ。 ちなみに渋谷駅付近に住むんでいた 1960 年代、道玄坂にあった台湾 系の麗郷という料理屋があった、そこでよく豚の耳を食べたものだった。

和文英訳 英文和訳 信頼おける翻訳をいたします。 Tel: 604.221.7393 Fax: 604.221.7333 E-mail: masaki.watanabe11@gmail.com

渡辺 正樹


50 50 月報 The Bulletin Bulletin

《滄海一粟》 航海日誌

元日系ボイス編集者 田中 裕介

日系アクティビズムの現在と未来(2) 戦争記念日のポピー あなたは赤と白のどっち派?  11 月 11 日、カナダは REMEMBERANCE DAY(戦争記念日)を迎え て各地で「赤いポピー」を胸に退役軍人や遺族、関係者が慰霊碑の 前に集い犠牲者を偲ぶ式典が行われる。特に、バンクーバーのスタン リー公園の慰霊碑には、第一次世界大戦に参戦した 225 名の日系一 世義勇兵(戦死者 54 人)の名が刻まれており、毎年コミュニティぐる みの式典となってきた。今年は、コロナ禍のため式典の模様がオンラ インで公開され、トロントに住む身としては、初めて式典を見る機会と なった。  一方、BC 州では「白いポピー」をシンボルとした戦争記念イベント もオンラインで公開された。これは兵士、市民を問わず<全ての戦争 犠牲者を偲ぶイベント>で、第一世界大戦後に英国の女性平和活動家 たちが推奨して始まったという。カナダでは 2008 年頃 BC 州で始めら れたようだ。「赤いポピー基金」を推進する退役軍人会からは、国の ために戦った戦没者を侮辱するものだとか、「赤いポピー」は戦争犠 牲者全員を象徴するものだとする反対声明も出ている。だが最近になっ て英国退役軍人会は、「白いポピー」運動には「賛同」しないが「承 認」はしているという。ちなみに米国では、この日を「退役軍人の日 (VETERANS DAY)」と呼ぶ。

「白いポピー」は、戦争犠牲者のみならず、未来へ向けた平和的対話と相互理解を訴える日を 象徴する。

あった。だが、「日系カナダ人」は「カナダ市民」であって「日本人」 ではないという基本的認識の欠落の中に、既に人種による決めつけ、 差別意識があることに彼らは気づいていない。  最終的には、カナダ退役軍人会は日系人との話し合いの中で、旧日 本軍が国際法に規定された戦争捕虜に対する扱い方に違反した問題 と、カナダ政府が同胞である日系カナダ人を敵国人であるとみなして 不当に扱った問題が異質であることを理解し、リドレス運動の妨害は 止まったとマリカ・オマツは記している。  日系社会が積極的に戦争記念日と取り組みだしたのは、トロントに おいては第二次大戦末期に通訳官として従軍した二世たちが高齢化し、 日系文化会館での敬老会の祝いの対象になってからだと思う。一方、 バンクーバーではスタンレー公園の日系義勇兵慰霊碑での集会が伝統 的に続いてきた。この「一世義勇兵」と「二世通訳官」が一体となっ た時に日系遺産(ヘリテージ)となったと理解している。  一方、「白いポピー」は、恒例の「11 月 11 日・戦争記念日」を戦 争犠牲者のみならず、戦争で破壊された自然遺産と家庭生活、子供た ちの未来と希望を検証し、未来へ向けた平和的対話と相互理解を訴え ●戦争の遺恨の深さ  かつて敵国だった日本からきた移民としては、実のところ街頭で赤い る日に変えてゆく「TOOL(手立て)」としようとするものだ。 ポピー募金をする第二世界大戦の退役軍人に、ルーニー 1 枚を差し出  トロントの広島長崎デーの開催に長く関わってきて思うのだが、そも して「赤いポピー」を着けさせるという行為自体がどうにも申し訳なく、 そも、核兵器を互いに喉元に突きつけながら、核兵器保有国の代表同 士が国連で軍縮を話し合うなど、自己矛盾であることは明白だ。そして、 馴染めない。オンタリオ州裁判官のマリカ・オマツは、子供の頃この 人類全体にとってとてつもなく危険な状態なのだ。先ず両者が同時に 日 1 日学校では居心地の悪さを感じていたと自著「ほろ苦い勝利」に 書いている。かつて日本軍が行なった真珠湾攻撃をはじめ、捕虜となっ 武器を捨てる勇気と決断力を証明することが、平和を求める真摯な態 た連合軍兵士に対する過酷な取り扱いへの遺恨を、日系三世の子供が 度のはずだ。あるいは、核兵器保有国の傘の下にいる日本やカナダが、 平和への意思表示として核兵器は保持しない、製造しないとする核兵 カナダ社会から感じとらされていることに多少驚きもした。  再度、退役軍人たちが勲章をぶら下げて行進する姿を見直すと、戦 器禁止条約に賛同することは、立場上なんの齟齬もきたさないはずで 争記念日は世界平和より、むしろ名誉と愛国心の発揚の日に見えてくる。 ある。  2021 年 1 月、核兵器禁止条約が施行され、核兵器の製造から威嚇 そもそも戦争は政治の破綻であり、政治家の責任である。それを敢え まで国際法違反となる。各国の首脳一人ひとりの世界平和への勇気と て国を守る正義の戦いだと言いくるめて国民を扇動し、なんの怨恨も ない人間同士が、互いに殺し合うために戦場へ送られた。戦争は絶対 決断力が問われる時代が来た。 悪であること、兵隊も戦争の犠牲者であったという見方も必要だと思う。  来年の「11 月 11 日」は、胸に赤白両方のポピーを着けてスタンレー  さらに言うと、日系人ならば、むしろ良心的兵役拒否者となって兵役 公園での日系義勇兵の慰霊碑の前に関係者が集まってほしいものだと 思う。もう一つ、今年の記念式をモニターで見ながら想起したのは、 の代わりに、日系収容所の学校へ来て、教員となってくれたカナダ人 日系人が投票権を獲得するまでの苦難の道のりだった。日系史を学ぶ たちを顕彰すべきではないかと思う。非国民と呼ばれようと、武器は 決して持たないという彼らの反戦の決意こそが真の勇気ではないのか。 時、人種の壁の厚さとそれに小さな穴を穿ち続けた人々のレジリアンス  1989 年に日系ボイスの編集者となり、まず取り上げたのが香港陥落 (強靭さと柔軟さ)を見る思いだ。 時に日本軍の捕虜となったカナダ兵たちの戦争捕虜収容所での過酷な 取り扱いの問題だった。それは国際法に違反するもので、元カナダ兵 ●幻の「投票権」 たちの日本政府に対する<謝罪と補償運動>への支援を要請する投書  「日系義勇兵士は日系社会に投票権をもたらすために出征した」と があった。ところが、読者や NAJC のリドレス活動家からは、その要 いう言説がすっかり定着してしまった感がある。だが、日系人が選挙権 請を却下する反応しかなかったのである。「自分たちは非戦闘員のカナ を獲得したのは 1948 年のことである。1916 年、第一次世界大戦に日 ダ市民であったのに迫害されたのだ。カナダ兵の戦争捕虜の問題と同 系義勇兵 225 名が従軍したことと、第二次世界大戦後に日系人が選挙 一視されるのは筋違いだ」という日系人の思いがそこにあった。 権を獲得したことを繋ぐ事実関係は、実のところ極めて薄いのである。  この指摘は妥当なものだ。ただ、カナダ社会からの支援を受けてリ 今一度、義勇兵の出征が何を意味していたかを見てみよう。(次号に ドレスが合意に達したことを踏まえた時、戦争捕虜に対する不正な取 つづく) り扱いに対する元カナダ兵の抗議は正当なものである。日系社会が人 権問題として彼らを応援するのは当然の論理の帰結のはずだ。リドレ ス勝利により、日系社会はカナダ人権運動の先頭に立って牽引する責 任を帯びていたからだ。  一方、カナダの香港退役軍人会が日系リドレス運動に反対していた ことは、よく知られている。日本軍による連合軍 POW の取り扱いの過 酷さを考えた時、日系人に謝罪や補償する必要などないという抗議で *題字の「滄海一粟」 (そうかいのいちぞく) とは大海原に浮かぶ一粒の粟のこと。


January1月 1月2021 2021 51 51 January

Eastsideから見える日本と世界 第30回 殺害されたホームレス女性を追悼するキャンドルデモ ■東京・渋谷で起きた女性ホームレス殺害事件

女性の自殺が増加している理由として、コロナ禍による雇用環境の悪 化が指摘されています。女性は宿泊、飲食、小売り等の業種に非正規  2020 年 11 月半ばの早朝、東京都渋谷区幡ヶ谷のバス停で 60 歳代 (パートタイム等)で働いている割合が高かったことから、コロナ禍に のホームレス女性が頭を殴られて殺害されるという痛ましい事件が起こ よる解雇の影響を男性よりも強く受けたのではないかと言われています。 りました。数日後、近所の住民男性が警察に出頭し、逮捕されました。  冒頭で紹介した、渋谷区で殺害されたホームレス女性も 2020 年 2 月まで東京都内のスーパーマーケットで働いていたと報道されていま 報道されている限りで見ると、動機は「目障りだったから」という自分 す。しかし、失業によって家賃が払えなくなって住居を失い、バス停の 勝手なものでした。 ベンチで仮眠を取って、早朝に他所へ移動する生活を余儀なくされて  ホームレスに対する暴行事件は後を立ちません。古くは、1982 年 いたようです。 に横浜市で中学生によるホームレス殺傷事件があり、逮捕された加害 者が中学生であったことは世間に衝撃を与えました。また、2020 年 3 月には岐阜県岐阜市で橋の下のテントで暮らしていた男女が男子学生 ■殺害されたホームレス女性を追悼するキャンドルデモ らに襲撃され、80 歳代の男性が殺害されるという事件も起きています。  2020 年 12 月初旬の夕方、渋谷区で殺害されたホームレス女性を追 悼するキャンドルデモ「殺害されたホームレス女性を追悼し、暴力と コロナ禍で女性の失業、 自殺が増加 排除に抗議するデモ」が渋谷で開催され、参加してきました。日本で  日本では、新型コロナウィルス感染症(COVID-19)感染拡大にとも はカナダほどデモ参加は一般的ではありません。けれども、この日は 大学生くらいの若い女性の参加も多く、170 名以上の参加があったそ なう会混乱や経済悪化(=コロナ禍)によって、特に女性の失業、貧 うです。「彼女は私だ」というプラカードを持って歩いていた女性もい 困が増えています。また、日本では長年にわたり、自殺者の多さが問 ました。ジェンダーに関わらず、多くの参加者が同じような気持ちを抱 題となってきていますが、このコロナ禍で自殺者数は大幅に増加して きながら歩いていたと思います。 います。人数では男性の方が多いものの、1 年前と比較した増加率は 女性の方が多く、2020 年 10 月の日本における女性の自殺は前年同月  殺害された女性は、生活保護など福祉的支援を受けず、また申請も せずに、一人でどうにかしようとしていたようでした。2020 年 12 月下 比で約 83%も増加しました(男性は 22% 増)。 旬、厚生労働省は「生活保護は国民の権利です」「ためらわずにご相 談ください」と異例の呼びかけをホームページ上で行いました。この メッセージが支援を必要としている人々に届き、みんながこのコロナ禍 を生き抜くことができるよう願っています。 山本薫子(やまもと・かほるこ) 首都大学東京都市環境学部准教授 (2008 年∼)。UBC 社会学部 客員准教授(2018 年 5 月∼ 12 月)。専門は 都市社会学、地域社会学。 著書に、『横浜・寿町と外 国人−グローバル化する 大都市インナーエリア 』福 村出版(2008 年)、『原発 震災と避難 − 原子力政策の 転換は可能か(シリーズ  被災地から未来を考える (1))』 有斐閣(2017 年)など。

渋谷の街並み(撮影:2015 年 7 月)


52 月報 The Bulletin

日系カナダ人ワーキンググループからの最新情報 中山被害体験談の投稿依頼 2020 年 10 月 1 日  2014 年以降日系カナダ人ワーキンググループ(以下、JCWG)は中山・ した。ぎりぎりで帰宅した私は、母と妹と一緒に床で毛布をかぶりまし ゴードン・吾一が犯した性的虐待の被害者らのため、公正な裁きを求 た。二人は叫び声をあげていました。私たちは木々の下にある掘っ立 て小屋におり、 ドンドンという大きな音があちらこちらから聞こえました。 めて活動を続けています。英国国教会が 2015 年にバンクーバー日本 語学校で公式に謝罪をし、中山の性的虐待がより広く知られるようにな この時、『僕の生活の何がおかしくなってしまったのだろうか・・・(拘 留 りました。その一方で JCWG は中山が犯した牧師による性的虐待と英 国国教会の数十年に及ぶ虐待隠蔽に対して賠償金を請求するため、こ の間に)全て奪われてしまって、そして今、お母さんと妹がアルバータ こ最近全カナダ日系人協会(略称 NAJC)に加わりました。 の掘っ立て小屋の床で泣いている。何かしなくちゃ。』 と考えていました。  JCWG が 2017 年に開催した講習会では Satsuki Ina 教授によって、 ある牧師が犯したサンフランシスコ・チャイナタウンでの広範囲に及ぶ 三日間雨が降り、多くの農場が浸水しました。その冬は凍てつくような 虐待事例が報告されました。被害者らが受けた虐待体験談が公表され 寒さで、池は凍りつきました。池は少年の一人が住んでいた近所の農 たとき、さらに多くの被害者が自らの体験を伝えようと進み出たのです。 場にもありました。そしてその(匿名化済)農場は A とその家族が住 んでいたところです。私たちは集まってスケートをし、そこで火を焚い そして今日の ME TOO 運動で見られるように、権力を持つ人間から受 けた虐待被害体験が表に出ることで、加害者に自身の行動の責任を取 て話していました。私が『ねえ、みんなはキリスト教の家庭出身だよね。 らせるという結果につながっています。体験談は長い間隠されたり否定 神は誰?』と聞いたら、一番年上の B が『大変だ!中山と話しているの されたりしたことに対して裁きを要求する人々のための、影響力のある か。』と言うのです。私は中山が訪ねてくると話しました。それは B が 中山から痴漢行為を受けていると私、いえ私たちに打ち明けたときで 意見となっているのです。 した。そして、A が『うわ、B、中山は君にもそれをしたの?』と言う  被害にあった方々が前に進み出て自身の体験を話すことはどれほど つらいだろうかと理解していますので、私たちが代わりに戦い続けます。 と、私たちと一緒にいた友人 C が続けて『ええ・・・』といったので、 私は C も乱暴をされたのだとわかりました。この告白は全て私の『神 しかし個人的な体験談や供述書が強い影響を与えることもまたわかっ ています。一般社会や人々が被害者の虐待経験を知れば知るほど、私 は誰?』という質問によって起こりました。三人全員が乱暴されていて、 それを知らなかったのです。それから B と A は『いいか。何があっても、 たちは虐待を羞恥の問題ではなく、公正な裁きと説明責任を求める問 あの男を君に近づけない。そして、今日僕たちが話したことは絶対に 題にすることができるのです。  牧師による性的虐待に耐えて生きることは、道理の問題だけではなく 他の人に話したらだめだ。』と言いました。そして、JCWG が英国国教 個人の幸せに関わる問題でもあります。被害者のなかには経験を共有 会とこの過程に取りかかるまで、一度も話したことはありません。 することで安堵を現す方もいらっしゃいました。不当な恥辱の感情や自  2010 年、A を知る友人の D が A を訪ね(カナダ)に来て、戻って いきました。その後、D から中山の情報を得たくて何度も D に電話を 己非難を打ち明けて、自分は独りではないと気づくことでよりどころを かけました。その時、2010 年までに中山は他界し B も亡くなっており、 得ることができたためです。  JCWG は中山による性的虐待の被害者またはその家族に虐待体験談 A は行方がわからなくなってしまったのです。ええと、D との電話では、 の投稿をお願いしています。もちろん、書き手が望まれるようであれば 『話をするにはなんとも難しい内容だね・・・起きてしまった邪悪なこ 匿名性は維持されます。体験談は概略でも委細でも投稿できますし、 とが本当にたくさんある・・・そして、黙っていると誓った。だから、 虐待が人生にどのような影響を与えたかを明かしていただくことも可能 申し訳ないけれども話すことはできない。このことでずっと心を乱され です。ご家族やご友人は被害者の方のために体験談の録音や書き取り てるんだ。』  D は牧師の一人で、再びカナダに戻ってくることは一度もなかったで でご協力いただけますでしょうか。もしくは、被害者家族としてのご自 す。そして、何が起きたと思いますか?昨夏、亡くなったのです。D の、、、 身の体験談を投稿いただけます。  謹んで、報告書の匿名性はお約束します。当委員会が複写し得る体 D の娘は彼にそっくりでした。(85 歳以上で)亡くなりました。彼が私 験談は文書と録音のどちらも極秘に処理されます。おそらくJCCA 出版 に話した一つのことは、『(語り手を呼び掛けて)、中山がペルーに行っ の Bulletin の記事になりますが、何らかの手段で体験談が公表された たと思うのだけれど、ペルーには日本人がいる。そして中山はブラジ ルのサンパウロにも行って、そこでも悪事を働いた。』D は牧師の任期 り共有されたりする際は書き手の方にお知らせします。どうか、JCWG (jcworkinggroup@gmail.com)宛にあなたのお話を送ってください。 中に何らかの方法でこの人たちに会ったようです。これが私と D が交 わした最後の会話となり、それから二度と連絡を取ることができません 被害者や支援者からの依頼があり次第、カウンセリング支援が無料で でした。 提供されます。被害者の身元に関しては一切教会に明かされることは  実は、仲間の B が亡くなったときに葬儀に参列して B の家族全員に ありません。 会いました。最初に声をかけてくれた人は (A の ) 弟である C でした。 私が話したスケートの集まりにもいた C です。会話の中で私が『C、A 日系カナダ人ワーキンググループ はどこにいるの?』と聞くと、『悲しいことなんだけど、ずっと会ってな Judy Hanazawa, Constance Kadota, Emiko Lashin, Wendy Matsubuchi-Bremner, Larry Okada, Naomi Shikaze, and Peter Wallace いんだ。どこに住んでいるのかもわからない。』と言うのです。そして 彼の目から涙が溢れたので、私と C は A について話すのをやめました。 それからは一度も C を見ませんでした。いずれにしても、これが私が 反応 巻き込まれた中山体験談です。そして、D が他界したのでこれを終結  Bulletin 9月号の記事に反応した証言をすでにたくさん受け取ってい としました。」 ます。いただきました体験談に深く感謝申し上げ、周りの方々にも投稿  ー言及された個人情報を保護するため匿名化済みです。 のお礼を申し上げます。私たちはあなたと共にあります。 (54 ページに続く)


「ただ、時間がかかりますが、お許しください。この話が起こった時か ら長年経ちますので。回想に基づきます。天気に関していうと、南アル バータが経験したなかでもっとも大変な年の一つでした。1964 年のこ とです。あれは6月で、私は学校から歩いて帰っていました。まだ家 まで四分の一マイルのところにいた時、近所の仲間が彼の家から走り 降りてきて、『ねえ、きみ、あれが来てるから急いでいった方がいい。』 と言いました。彼は(迫り来るあらし)を指差しながら、『襲ってくる前 に家に帰らなきゃだめだ。走って!』と言うので、私はそのようにしま


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日中は道沿いにいる友人を訪ねましたが、中山がやって来たときに 一緒にいきたがりました。道すがらで唇にキスをして、私の手を彼のズ ボンの中にいれてきました。この三回目以降、中山が訪れてきたらい つでもしっかり身を隠すようにして、できる限りあの人を避けました。」


証言6:Stan Shigehiro 1947年 個人の証言 「私の体験談です。  家族はアルバータに抑留され、ついには 1942 年リッチモンド にいました。私たちが住んだ二部屋の掘っ立て小屋は、テンサ イ畑を専門に扱う Paxman の農場にありました。  1945 年頃、私の両親は仲間の説得力ある話によってキリスト 教、英国国教会に改宗しました。両親は以前仏教徒でした。  中山師は 1947 年に私の家を訪れてきました。彼の訪問はい つも、最終的に夕食と一泊が伴いました。そのとき私は 10 歳で、 二人兄弟の長男でした。  家にあった唯一の寝室には、二つのダブルベッドが置いてあり ました。一つは両親のベッド、そしてもう一つは弟と私のもので す。中山が一泊したときは、弟は両親と同じベッドで寝て、彼は 私と一緒に一つのベッドで寝ました。  その夜中のどこかで彼は私の体をまさぐり、そして私の手を 取って彼の陰部に置き無理矢理撫でさせたのです。数ヵ月ほど 経ったあとかもしれません、また同じことが起きた二回目の中山 滞在のあと、三回目の中山滞在時には外のテントで寝ると決めま した。彼は私についてきてテントの中に入り、また同じことが続 いたのです。

カウンセリング支援はすぐに利用可能です!  被害者の方ですか?または、おそらく家族や友人として被害者を知っ ているために中山氏が犯した牧師性的虐待の影響を受けましたか? JCWG では手助けをする用意が整っています。皆さんの体験談の共有 を喜んでお迎えします。もし公にあなたの体験談を共有することがで きれば、他の方が体験談を共有するための後押しになるかもしれませ ん。  私たちはまた、カウンセラーに相談したい方にも支援をしています。 カルガリー教区は中山氏によって傷つけられた方々への無料カウンセ リングをお約束します。教区に皆さんの名前が共有されることはありま せんが、氏名、希望カウンセラーの名前、そしてそのカウンセラーの 連絡先情報が必要になります。詳細情報は(jcworkinggroup@gmail. com)から私たちにご連絡ください。

お知らせ 編集者宛にお寄せいただいた 記事や投稿の掲載について The Bulletin では皆さまからお送りいただいたコミュニティの関心 事についての様々なご意見を「Perspectives」コーナーに掲載しま す。「Perspectives」コーナーや投書欄に掲載されたご意見、ご見解 は投稿者本人に帰属しており、グレーターバンクーバー日系市民協会 (GVJCCA)の承認を得ているものではありません。 1. 記事や投書にはフルネームと連絡先の記載が必須です。匿名やペ ンネームによる投書は受け付けません。なお、ご要望があれば編集 者の判断で投稿者の名前を伏せる場合はあります。 2.GVJCCA Bulletin 委員会は Bulletin/ げっぽうを監督し、その発行 に関わる問題に取り組むために発足されました。委員は必要と思わ れる場合には投書に目を通します。掲載するにあたって地元または 他の地域の日系カナダ人コミュニティの方々による記事を最優先にし ています。 3. お送りいただいた全ての記事が掲載されるとは限りません。編集 者と GVJCCA 理事会は掲載する記事を選択する上で絶対的な権限を 持っています。GVJCCA 理事会は Bulletin 委員会からの助言を受け ます。 4. 記事は掲載の際に長さ、語調、文法が変えられることがあります。 5. 編集者への投書は簡潔にしてください。但し長い投書は編集者の 裁量で採用される場合があります。 6.The Bulletin は記事に書かれた意見を理由に差別することはありま せん。しかしながら、投書に明らかな事実上の誤りがあったり、出典、 引用元が不明なもの、根拠のない疑惑や不正についてのもの、侮辱 的なコメント、名誉毀損や中傷的な言明は掲載しません。記者やコ ラムニストへの意見の中に個人的な中傷コメントが含まれている場 合も掲載しません。 7. 掲載する記事については話題性、社会情勢との関連性、読者の 関心といったものを含む従来からのニュース的な価値に基づいて選 択します。通常、紙面に掲載された記事やその編集に関する投書を 元の記事の発行後二回以上にわたり掲載することはありません。


54 月報 The Bulletin

8.「Community Perspectives」コーナーは意見の違うもの同士が討 論を繰り返す場ではありません。ある特定の話題に対して一人の書き 手による記事を編集者の裁量で認める場合は別として二回以上掲載す ることはありません。 9. ヘイトスピーチを含む投書は掲載しません。 (付記:このお知らせの英語の原文は Bulletin/ げっぽう、2018 年 11 月号、9 ページに掲載されました。) 訳:藤岡紀子



2021 年明けてましておめでとうございます。皆さんにとって全ての面 において今年がより良いお年になるよう念じています。今年中に皆にワ クチンが行きわたり、コロナウイルスとその変種が抑制され世界中へ の拡散が防げる事が予想されます。 しかし普段の行動が制限されている為多くの方々が感情的や精神的な 悩み事を抱えています。隔離状態に加えて公共の場ではマスク着用が 義務付けられ、他人と安全な距離を保たねばならず、手を洗う際は 20 まで数えなければならず、家庭ではバブル内に隔離される。時間が経 つにつれスタミナが消耗しすり減っしまう。マスク着用を拒否すること が個人的自由の行使という立場をとる人達もいますが、大方の人々が マスク着用の目的は危険なウイルスの破壊的拡散を防ぐ事にあるのを 知っています。今コロナウィルスの危険は過ぎた夏季の時より大きくなっ ています。お互いをサポートする事により私達が集団として直面してい るチャレンジを克服しやすくなります。 パンデミック状態の中で暮らしていて感じる孤独感を分かち合ったり、 フラストレーションや弱みに感じている貴方たちを話し合ってくれる人 達もいます。310 Mental Health Support ( 精神健康専用の感情的な サポート、情報及び資源が必要な方々は 310-6789 番へ)Kid's Help Phone (1 − 800 − 668-6868 番へ、1 日 24 時間専門家の相談係と話 せます)また Alcohol&Drug Information and Referral Service(B.C. 州 からは 1-800-633-8441 番が使用無料、Lower Mainland からは 604660-9382 番)です。お互いに協力することにより目的を達成する機会 が増えます。そして年内にもワクチンが私達全員に大きな影響を及ぼ す事でしょう。 いつか状況が正常に戻るだろうと予想しつつ、そもそもどんな社会的 要素が世界にこれほど危険な状況をもたらしたかを検討する事が重要 です。今までに分かったのは、適切な保護と介護を受けていなかった 老人ホームの高齢者が一番被害を受けて死亡している事です。最高水 準の介護と医療界の有効な管理により介護施設にいる高齢者達が可能 な限り健康でいられるようにするのが最優先事項です。そしてなぜ有 色人種や最低の所得水準の人達が他の者より多くコロナウィルスの犠 牲になったのでしょう?コロナウィルスを誘発する環境的要素があった のでしょうか?そうならそれが如何なる要素で、どうしたら世界的な健 康へのリスクや爆発的伝染を緩和出来るでしょう。私達の孫の世代や その子供たちが受け継ぐ世界の健康を守るために、まさに徹底的な考 察と行動が必要とされています。

以下は 2021 年度の GVJCCA コミュニティ関連事項です。

2021年敬老会 誠に残念ですがコロナウィルスの為、新年を高齢者の皆さんと祝う 2021 年敬老会を主催する事ができません。2022 年に再び敬老会を主 催するのを楽しみにしています。

ニトベ・メモリアル・ガーデン歴史委員会 ニトベ・メモリアル・ガーデン歴史委員会の一員として GVJCCA は 2021 年 1 月に UBC と再び会合を持ち、長く持ち越されてきた 1992 年 の同ガーデンの修復工事の問題 検討します。修復工事は日系コミュ ニティ一般からもバンクーバー・ジャパニーズ・ガーデナーズ・アソシ エーション (VJGA) からも殆ど意見を聞かずに敢行されました。VJGA は 1959 年以來、設計者モリ・カンノスケ教授の指示のもとにガーデ ンを構築し、維持してきました。当時 VJGA 及び GVJCCA が書面によ り懸念を表したにも関わらす工事は完成されました。25 年前 UBC、 VJGA 及び GVJCCA お間のガーデンを巡る関係が終ったのです。2020 年 11 月に GVJCCA は UBC 学長オノ氏に書面で同問題を解決する必要 があると訴えました。学長は VJGA の存在、及び GVJCCA が示した一 般人の啓蒙やガーデンの維持費の確保など諸問題の重要性を認識する と応じました。UBC は GVJCCA と協力して私達の懸念事項を進める方 法を講じると申し出たのです。さらに 2021 年中にニトベ・メモリアル・ ガーデン歴史委員会は UBC の支持のもとにガーデンをカナダ政府の 歴史的遺跡・記念物理事会に指定するよう要請します。  本誌 2 月号でその経過をご報告します。

人種差別問題ワークショップ 2021 年月より GVJCCA は人種差別を受けている諸コミュニティを支 持し、人種差別問題に対処し諸コミュニティ間のネットワークを構築 する為の ZOOM を介した討論会を毎月主催します。最初の討論会 Antiracism101 は 2021 年 2 月 13 日に開かれます。2 時間のワークショッ プ形式はまず antiracism, white rivilege,microaggresionsicro 等の用 語の説明に始まり、BC 州における人種差別の歴史、如何にして団体と して人種差別と闘うか、Black Lives Matter 等現在進行中の運動などの 項目を検討します。特に人種差別をより深く理解したい方々が対象です がどなたでも参加できます。詳細や登録方法は今月の本誌英語ページ に載っているお知らせをご覧ください。それから 2 月は "Black History Month" であることをお忘れなく。

2021 年は私達一般人が政府や医療制度に圧力をかけて世界が恒久的 ではまた 2月号まで、2021 年が皆さんにとって良い年でありますように。 な健康への道をたどれるようにすると思います。健康に関わるのは私 ご健康にも気をつけてください。   達の肉体的福利と環境だけではありません。社会関係、社会的正義、 平等、人種的偏見の打破及び諸制度の改革も関わっています。大袈裟 に聞こえるでしょうが、正直なところ私は友人達、家族や各組織内でよ くそうした会話をするし、恐らく他の方々もそうした意見の交換おおこ なっている事でしょう。世界はこれからも懸念される状態が続くでしょう。 もしかすると私達全員がこれら諸問題について思考しているかもしれま せん。将来に向かって何とか効果を生じるには、もっとしなければなら ないのです。


January 1月 2021 55


Kazuho Yamamoto

『The Bulletin・げっぽう』読者の皆様、新年明けましておめでとうございます。

Kazuho Yamamoto

去年の 1 月号の編集後記で何を書いたか見てみたところ、「今年の抱負ではないですが、数年ぶりに日記をつけよ うと思い日記帳を購入しました」と書いてありました。コロナ 禍で在宅ワーク・巣篭もり生活だったおかげか、数 週間書き忘れた期間がありますが、無事に継続することができました。年末に日記帳 を購入したので今年も継続してみようと思います。

昨年、カナダではいくつかの新型コロナウイルスワクチンが保健省により承認され、B C 州でも L T C(長期介 護施設)の居住者とスタッフ、医療従事者に接種が始まりました。ワクチン接種を希望する全国民に行き渡る までにはまだまだ時間がかかりそうですが、希望が見えてきました。 ウィズコロナからアフターコロナへ。今年はそんな年になることを多くの人々が願っていると思います。コロナ 禍を通じて今まで在宅ワークやペーパーレスという発想がなかった業界や企業に変化が起こりました。在宅ワー クというオプションが今後定着するでしょうか?様々なビジネスでペーパーレス化が加速するでしょうか?草の根 レベルで助け合ったコミュニティは今後も継続されるでしょうか?今回のグローバルパンデミックがもたらした 挑戦とそれによるポジティブな結果はウイルス収束後も消えることなくさらに発展していって欲しいと思ってい ます。 2021年が読者の皆様にとって良い年になりますようお祈りしております。

「年末年始に想うこと」 KAO (a.k.a. SleeplessKao)

Year 2020 was a special year for me.

I experienced so many difficult times in the past but in this time, I started to question why I was making art. My time alone felt heavier than before, but when I received warm messages one by one, I realized why I chose to pursue making art.


Your art makes me happy , You make me happy with your artwork which I treasure as it makes me smile! Keep on making your magic art to keep us all smiling Honestly, I couldn't make any art when I was sorrowful, but I met this girl and she said Thank you for being an artist! Thank you for keep drawing to me with eyes sparkling from the excitement. Those messages moved me so much since I was going through a difficult け 目指して片付 昭和レトロを time. Those warm things came into my spirit and made me to paint again. スタジオ ている実家の The warm things were full of affectionate messages. I truly appreciate all of you who gave me messages, bought my art, came to see me at shops, art shows and shop staffs who are taking care of my art very well. There is no proof of this year being better, but I have a strong feeling that Year 2021 will bring lots of great things. So many bad things happened all over the world last year, so I think the only thing left is to climb up from the bottom. I have been renovating the small room in my small house in my home town, Japan to make a studio. After Covid -19 has subtled down, I want my artist friends and all my friends who live all over the world to be in this place to talk about art. 柿田川 のパワ ースポ My 2021 resolution is to not lose myself wherever I am and continue making art. ットより 愛を込 Please keep cheering me up. めて I wish lots of love and happiness will come to all of you. 皆さんにもたくさんの愛と喜びが訪れますように祈っています。 (日本語訳は www.kaorikasai.com にて)

The Bulletin 第63巻1号 2021年1月号 げっぽうは毎月1回、グレーター・バンクーバー日系カナダ市民協会(GV JCCA)によって発行されています。 げっぽう編集長:ジョン・遠藤・グリーナウェイ john@bigwavedesign.net 日本語編集:Kao & 山本一穂 editor.geppo@gmail.com 広告担当:アン・ジュー annejew@telus.net/604-609-0657 配布担当:マイケル・トラ・スパイアー アドミン・アシスタント:岡本光代 GV JCCA げっぽう事務所 249-6688 Southoaks Crescent Burnaby BC, V5E 4M7 Tel: 604-777-5222 Email: gvjcca@gmail.com Website: jccabulletin-geppo.ca

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Honouring our People: Breaking the silence

Edited by Randy Enomoto

Available to purchase from the Greater Vancouver Japanese Canadian Citizens’ Association (GVJCCA) and at the Nikkei National Museum & Cultural Centre gift shop. Retail Price: $24.95 + GST. $26.20 with tax. Shipping is extra and cost depends upon location. Please contact us for more information gvjcca@gmail.com


January 1ćœˆ 2021 57

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日本語 で どうぞ