SELECTED WORKS of gyorgy bukosdi
INTENTION Pecs is a small town in South-Hungary, at the foot of the hill Mecsek. This city is the birth place of the world-famous architect, Marcel Breuer and the birth place of me, as well. He lived here until the age of 20, when he went abroad to study at the Bauhaus. Despite the fact that the city is proud of Breuer, there is no exhibition hall, where his works could be exposed. This is the reason, why I decided to design a memorial center for him, as my final thesis. THE GENERATIVE BUILDING The main goal was to design a public building, which is surrounded by the ideas and thoughts of Breuer, regarding his opinion about visible and logical structures, optimal spaces, etc... but created with the use of modern technologies and possibilities. In order to achieve this, I was not afraid to use parametric and algorythmic design, because I believed, that If Breuer was alive, he would be the first who would start to explore the opportunities of these new tools and techniques. The project is a form-finding experiment. My aim was to propose a building, which has a form that is based on several environmental parameters and shows Breuer`s oeuvre. A building, which is the formal embodiment of his lifework and shaped by the surroundings and several different architectural requirements. A building, where the shape has a meaning. In order to achieve this goal, the free-form part of the house was generated with an optimization process. Amongst many parameters, that I used in this process, the most important ones were the importance of his works placed in time and location, as well and several architectural needs (minimum spaces, distance from environmental buildings, etc...) So, the algorythm can be used for any person, at any building site, but it will be always different from the other ones.
00 9 MARCEL BREUER MEMORIAL CENTER CONSULTANT: LASZLO B. LOCATION: PECS, HUNGARY
FREE-FORM EXHIBITION HALL PLAN VIEW
FREE-FORM EXHIBITION HALL RENDERING
01 9 BEIRUT DIGITAL DISTRICT - B_TEMP LOCATION: BEIRUT, LEBANON BAD ARCHITECTS
INTRODUCTION The temporary structures (Btemp buildings) proposed within the Beirut Digital District (BDD) will facilitate and ensure critical mass during the organic roll out of the BDD development phases.Providing a diverse range of accommodation from offices, conference and education facilities, retail to restaurants and exhibition spaces, the Btemp structures will provide the space and form the strategic backbone for the evolution of the various BDD objectives and marketing campaigns. The Btemp buildings are therefore both functional space and iconic installation that allow the instant branding and identification of the BDD prior to the final structures. While there are various sites suitable for temporary structures within the BDD, plot 1075 is the most exposed and strategically placed location. Its exposure to downtown and passing traffic of the General Fouad Chehab Avenue make it the ideal location for an iconic structure that is both space and signage. The pedestrian connection from the main junction of General Fouad Chehab Avenue and Bechara El-Khoury Street allows a direct link to the temporary heart of the BDD, the building of B1499.
DESIGN CONCEPT The pedestrian connection from the main junction of General Fouad Chehab Avenue and Bechara El-Khoury Street to the BDD and B1499 is emphasized with an articulated landscape. Starting on Nassif Yazigi Street the landscape forms a new topography and by increasing its amplitude towards the highway with a series of dramatic peaks, it becomes an iconic sign visible along the highway and from downtown. The animated landscape accommodates a range of activities from Cafes, Skate Park, Lounge and Seating areas, Gardens and a stage with elevated seating for conferences and presentations. The interior spaces under the dramatic roofscape accommodate restaurants, exhibition spaces along with office and optional small retail units. A large multifunctional Auditorium and Exhibition Space on Ground Floor makes this building ideal as a conference and education facility..
TOPOGRAPHY AND BASE PROGRAMME
TOPOGRAPHY AND ENTERTAINMENT PROGRAMME
TOPOGRAPHY AND CINEMA PROGRAMME
top floor plan
02 9 BEIRUT DIGITAL DISTRICT - PHASE 01 LOCATION: BEIRUT, LEBANON BAD ARCHITECTS
BEIRUT DIGITAL DISTRICT The Beirut Digital District, BDD, will create a vibrant new urban district in the center of Beirut with a creative and innovative community and business environment integrated in the historical neighbourhood of Bashoura. As a new District, promoting the development of the ICT sector and other creative industries in Beirut and Lebanon, it will provide: State of the art IT infrastructure (IT 4G / fibre optic cable for broadband) A hub for technology to boost the economic development of Lebanon and attract foreign direct investment It will facilitate business start ups facilitate the sharing ideas, collaborations on projects and expanding business networks The BDD will connect decision makers with entrepreneurs and create an environment for production A new partnership between public and private sector will be realized in the BDD
PHASE 01 RENDERING
03 9 ANTENNA SANTIAGO LOCATION: SANTIAGO, CHILE MARGEN ARCHITECTS
area plan plan view of the panorama terrace
plan view of the entrance space
SECTION OF THE PRINCIPAL ANTENNA AND MAST TOWER
DESIGN CONCEPT We look for an aerial image, almost ethereal, able to dissolve in the skyline of the hill. For that, in opposition to a rigid unique mast, we propose a flexible hybrid of stabilizing cables and metallic masts. This lightness not only seeks to reduce the visual impact from a distant perspective, but to produce also a friendly implantation to the immediate environment, touch the ground as less as possible, minimise costs, speed up construction time and reduce the environmental footprint. The project starts from the idea of generate a light and aerial structure able to rebuilt mildly the topographic profile of the hill.
04 9 DEPOLLUTING DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE CONSULTANT: RODRIGO RUBIO, MAITE BRAVO LOCATION: BARCELONA, SPAIN
THE TASK Throughout the semester we were working on a certain, problematic part of Barcelona. Our aim was to find out the main issues along the bank of river Besos, focusing mainly on the part, where the river and the huge highway â€žRonda Litoralâ€? go together. We usedseveral methods and the most advanced technologies in the research, in order to reveal as much problems as possible and to be as scientific as possible.
RESEARCH Since Ronda Litoral is one of the most important connections between Barcelona and the cities around, the traffic is extremely heavy. We figured out, that the pollution, that comes from this source, is one the biggest issues on our territory. Unfortunately, Besos river is one of the dirtiest rivers all around Catalonia. We experienced, that the site is a border between Barcelona and Badalona, as well. In order to give accurate architectural answer for these problems, we made a very precise research, where we used the most advanced technologies. We measured the different pollutants in different daytimes, with sensors and computer aided solutions.
GOALS „Besos” is one of the most polluted rivers all around Catalonia. Most of the sources of this pollution, is the industry. Unfortunately, a huge amount of wastewater is driven into the stream. There were a lot of projects, that were aimed to change this situation, but most of these could not solve the problems, totally. According to the words of scientists, one of the biggest issues, that holds back the cleaning process is canalization. Besos was driven into a very strict and linear bed, in city parts. This is needed for urban reasons, but bad for self-cleaning processes. The natural flow of a river is not absolutely straight, but has some curviness. The meandering of the river slows down the flow and in some parts makes it wider, in other parts, makes it narrower. This helps in the self-purifycation process. natural flow
After months of research and having lots of datas about air- and water-pollution, we realized, that contamination is a hazardous issue and it has to be solved. We decided to create a healthier environment, connect the two sides of Barcelona and Badalona and involve people to the life of Besos. We tried to find solutions for purifying the water, as a first step. We designed devices, that are supposed to work as a natural cleaning machine. We would have liked to purify the whole territory, with the use of the river. Our aim was to drive the river back into its normal and healthier state, where the self-cleaning process can work. On top of this, it was extremely important, to reach this aim with the use of real-time data, in order to be as accurate as possible. We attempted to create a dynamic landscape, where air pollution sensors are installed on the site, in order to know, where the most problematic points are. With the use of specially designed balloons, that are deployed under the surface and can be pumped up, we can control the direction of the river, in order to drive it to the most crucial points, where cleaning is needed. The ballons slowly grow and create a „hill”, that drives the water to the desired location. The ecosystem starts to populate and in 5-10 years the plants start to work as natural depolluting devices.
step 1. - present state
step 2. - 5 years (river natural flow)
step 3. - 10 years (river natural flow + redirected highway)
step 1. - present state
REDIRECTING As a first step, with the use of inflatable balloons, we drive the river to a natural flow, which helps in the self-cleaning process.
step 2. - 5 years (river natural flow)
layer 4 - vegetation
INFLATABLE BALLONS With the use of specially designed ballons, that can be pumped up, we can change the flow direction of the river. The devices are placed in a grid and equipped with pollution sensors. If the contamination increases for a certain period of time, the balloons starts to grow in order to drive the water to the problematic points, where the new cleaning, natural ecosystem can start to grow.
layer 3 - soil
redirecting flows stage 2. layer 2 - membrane
layer 1 - balloon
05 9 TORRE BARÓ PARK
LOCATION: TORRE BARÓ, BARCELONA MARGEN ARCHITECTS
THE PROPOSAL Valley Font Magués is a natural boundary between one of the outskirts of Barcelona , called Torre Baró and the Collserola National Park. While the main central parks of the city have a very „urban” character, Valley Magus is an ecological and natural corridor between the habitats Collserola and Serralada de Marina. The proposal aims to fill the area with life by connecting the presently separated districts and by placing free outdoor activities along a passageway, that goes from the lowest point of the mountain to the highest one. At the beginning of the path there is a municipal facility, integrated in the hillside, which articulates the meeting point of the Aqueduct and the street Escolapi. At the end of the ride, we will find picnic terraces and bicycle rental points. The central point of the park is an outdoor sports court, connected to the district with a ramp, built into the slope. The rest of the way is activated by small facilities for gymnastics and for outdoor games.
playground and look-out point
THE AQUADUCT Beside giving a proposal for the whole Park of Font Magu茅s, the project also focuses on the aquaduct in Torre Bar贸. By designing a pedestrian bridge to the top of the ancient object, we connect the two, separated side of the valley. At both end, there is a terrace, from where there is a view to the valley and to the city. The fence is made of 6m long corten steel elements, while the floor is covered with wood and concrete. The whole structure is held by steel beams.
06 9 SELF SUFFICIENT COMMUNITY HOUSE LOCATION: BARCELONA, SPAIN CONSULTANT: RODRIGO RUBIO, JAVIER PENA
THE TASK The main goal was to design a self-sufficient architectural device with flexible and variable spaces in order to satisfy different needs. The function of the building is public facility for the community of Torre Baro, Barcelona. Adaptability was a very important aspect, as well. The aim was to create a prototype, which is prefabricated and can be deployed to different sites with different conditions. Before the planning process we made a lot of research about new kinds of sustainable materials and technologies, In order to find new ways of usage and possibilities.
REQUIREMENTS: -adaptability -public facility -socially connected -space flexibility -adaptable to different slope angles -environmentally connected -self-sufficient -able to grow
We were experimenting for several months with this amazing material, in order to be familiar with its properties. We used several different types of holding liquid, (water, oil, alcohol..etc...)in order to experience the differencies between the behaviour of Ferrofluid. We also measured its ability and speed to heat up.
SODIUM ACETATE EXPERIMENTS
We made a lot of research on creating the sodium acetate by ourselves from cheap and common materials. We got several different results regarding the stability of the material. The images show the process of solidifying the liquid material. In order to reach the solid state, we dropped a small piece of solid sodium into the liquid one. The transforming process takes around 10 seconds in this scale. To liquidify the solid again, we only had to heat up the material to 50 C.
THE FERROFLUID SYSTEM We use a NASA invention liquid, called ferrofluid for gathering and transferring heat, which is captured from the sun. Ferrofluid is a liquid, which has the properties of iron and the properties of liquids, as well. it contains iron nanoparticles. We have this liquid in flexible pipes on the outer skin of the building and in several pipes in the main space area, as well. With the ferrofluid, we are able to transfer sunheat to a seasonal storage tank and we can give shadows, wherever we want in the functional area by adjusting the amount of ferro liquid in the pipes.
THE SODIUM ACETATE SYSTEM We use flexible pipes full with Ferrofluid and algaes separately. These pipes are fixed on the top and on the bottom. A certain part of the bottom placed into a special liquid, which is called sodium acetate. This fluid can be solidified by dropping a small amount of solid sodium in it. It can be liquidified again by heating it up to 50 C. It can be prepared from a couple of ingredients at home. It is not toxic, not bad for health, it can even be eaten. It consists some kind of salt and vinegar. We use this liquid as floor and to fix the pipes.
flexible pipes with Ferrofluid plywood layer humidity condensation layer moving mechanism plywood beams
the skin can change its shape, in order to adapt seasonal conditions 8:00 hs daily adaptation
THE OUTER SKIN The outer skin, which has pipes with ferrofluid on it, can move. It follows the sun and always tries to make the surface perpendicular to the sunrays, in order to gather as much heat as possible. the different stripes of the skin can move separately in order to adapt to the seasonal changes. most efficient
FORM FINDING PROCESS, BASED ON ECOTECT SOLAR ANALYSIS In order to get the best results for heat capture, we run scripts, that tries to find the optimal shape.
THE PERFORMATIVE MODEL The model shows one module and its skin, whichs reacts to the sunlight. We have light sensors and servos, that are connected to a computer. If we use a flashlight, which represents the sun, the skin tries to flatten itself and be as perpendicular to the sunrays as possible, in order to catch more heat. Further explanation about the model in digital fabriacation section.
seasonal storage tank
THE SEASONAL BEHAVIOUR As it was mentioned before, we use the ferrofluid for heat transfer. It is iron, so it can heat up very quickly. In summer we gather the heat from the main space and transfer it to a seasonal storage tank. In winter we give the stored heat back to the functional area. The seasonal storage is a well insulated tank, full with water.
seasonal storage tank
interior space to keep heat for cold weather activities
partially open space to keep heat for fresh weather activities
tunnel like spaces to drive wind to cool down space or warm weather
partially open spaces for mild weather
tunnel like spaces to drive wind to cool down space for warm weather
THE FLEXIBLE SPACE SYSTEM By moving the pipes we can create several different kinds of spaces for several different activities. Our building does not have a special function, we only give conditions by creating different shapes and temperatures. Every configuration is good for different activities.
in winter, pipes with Ferrofluid can be poured away to let sunlight enter to heat up spaces
in summer, pipes can be filled up with Ferrofluid to act as a shadind device
summer section view
The space is totally flexible allowing multiple configurations according to the different needs of the Torre Baro neighbourhood
07 9 MATERIAL INVESTIGATION/INTERIORS CONSULTANT: LASZLO B. INDIVIDUAL PROJECTS
In these projects my task was to design optional interior spaces, based on given parameters and materials.
LOFT HOUSE INTERIOR DESIGN
FASHION CENTER INTERIOR DESIGN
08 9 DIGITAL FABRICATION
LOCATION: BARCELONA,SPAIN TUTORS: TOMAS DIEZ
C 1. 2. D
3. 4. 5.
finished brick IDEA The purpose of this parametric wall is to separate different kinds of activities. Every piece is different and the components change from thinner ones to thicker ones, in order to achieve transition between opaqueness and transparency, which is an important requirement in the project. We made a couple of molds with a milling machine and used plaster to create the various bricks. The wall is never finished. Additional components could be added.
IDEA The skin of the model is connected to servo motors, that are controlled with the Arduino Uno micro-processor, through a script. The skin has light sensors, as well. When we use some kind of light source (e.g.: flashlight) on them, the servo motors try to flatten the skin and make the surface perpendicular to the light rays. The model was developed for a self-sufficient award winning research project, in a master course, at Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia.
light source servo
08 9 HOLIDAY HOUSE CLIENT: DR. LĂ?VIA NAGY LOC.: CSOPAK, HUNGARY
PROFESSIONAL PROJECT MAIN GOALS The holiday house was designed for a family with two grown-up children to the shore of lake Balaton, in Hungary. The building site is surrounded by a beautiful natural environment, with a view to the hills and to the lake Balaton. The plot, itself is quite woody, which makes difficult to enjoy the amazing panorama. One of my aims was, to design clear ways to the view, without felling a valuable tree. The clients in the one hand, wanted quite small, but usable spaces, in order to save money, but on the other hand they wanted the feeling of roominess. It was very important for them, to feel that the whole family is together, even if they are in separated spaces. That is the reason, why I designed open space above the living room. I also tried to combine the local, traditional architecural style, with the contemporary architectural attitudes.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN VIEW
09 9 VISUALIZATION
09 9 PHOTOGRAPHY