Page 1


He y ocex oroPOAHMKOBeCTbnapHMKM M Teni1M~bl 1 HO M B OTKpbiTOM rpyHTe, HeCMOTpJI Ha TO, ~To noroAa He 6anyeT Hac TennbiM lleTOM, MO>KHO nony~aTb AOCTOMHble ypo>KaM TOMaTOB. Ycnex MX Bblpa~MBaHMJI 80 MHOrOM 3aBMCMT OT cnoco6a nocaAKM paccaAbl.

CopTa nOA6111pa10 TaK111e, KOTOpble ycnesaiOT OTAaTb ypo)l(ai/1 AO asrycTa - AO pa3ryna ¢111Toqnopbl. AasHo non106111n111cb 111 xopowo YAaiOTC~ neTpywa oropOAH111K, 6biYbe cepAu.e, 6y~H, 3eMn~K, CaHbKa, s:l6nOHbKa Pocc111111, XypMa, Cll16111pCKII1111 cKopocnenbllil, Aa'-1HII1K, V1pii1Ha, n~Ha. 0HII1 CKOpOCnenbl, Henp111XOTnii1Bbl, AOBOnbHO XOpOWII1 Ha BKyc 111 npll1rOAHbl An~ 3aKaTOK. CeMeHa Ha paccaAy BblcesaiO c KOHu,a MapTa no nepsy10 AeKaAy anpen~. ~eM cmpwe no B03pacTy paccaAa, TeM T~)l(enee oHa nepeHOCII1T nepeCaAKy. MHe y)l(e He pa3 np111WnOCb y6eA111TbC~, '-ITO ecn111 TOMaTbl 3au,seTaiOT s ropwKe - 6onbworo ypo)l(a~ MO)I(HO He )I(AaTb. Ha cTaA111111 2-3-x HaCTO~W.111X nii1CTII1KOB pacCa)I(II1BaiO B OTAenbHble ropwo'-IKII1. PaccaAy o6~3aTenb­ HO 3aKan~IO. KaK TOnbKO noTenneeT, BbiHOwy Ha 6anKOH. Aep)l(y Ha 6anKOHe Ha ronOAHOM naliiKe - 6e3 nOAKOpMOK 111 np111 M111HII1ManbHOM non111se. V1Ha'-le oHa 6yAeT AOnro 6oneTb nocne nocaAK111. Ha noCTO~HHoe MeCTO Bb1Ca)I(II1Bal0 5-10 11110H~.

PaHbWe Mbl c MaMoi/1 ca)l(an111 noM111AOPbl B nyHKII1, cpa3y nOAB~3bi­ Ba~ K KOnbiWKaM 111 3aTeM n0n111sa~ BOAOiil csepxy Ka)I(Abli/1 KOpeHb. 8 nocneAH111e HeCKOnbKO neT ~ OTOwna OT ceMeliiHoi/1 TPaAII1U.111111 111 ocBOII1na CBOiil C06CTBeHHbli!1 cnoco6 nocaAK111. MHe Ka)l(eTc~. speMeHII1 OH OTHII1MaeT MeHbWe, a pe3ynbTaTbl He Xy)l(e. Bb1Ca)I(II1Bal0 TOMaTbl AByxcTp0'-1HbiMII1 neHTaMII1: paCCTO~HII1e Me)I(AY CTpO'-IKaMII1 50 CM, B P~AKax- 25 eM. no 6oKaM rp~AK111 npoAenbiBaiO ABe rny60KII1e 6op03Abl (np111 3TOM no U,eHTpy 1113 nO'-IBbl ¢opMII1pyeTC~ rpe6eHb). 3aTeM no HII1M paccb1na10 xopowo nepenpesw1111i1 neperHoi/1, a TaK)I(e 4 CT. no)I(KII1 cynep¢oc¢aTa 111 2 CT. nO)I(KII1 cynb¢am Kanll1~ Ha noroHHbllil MeTp (Ha 4 paCTeH111~). no'-IBY xopowo nepeMew111sa10 c YA06peHII1~MII1 111 non111sa10 Tennoi/1 BOAOIII. nepeA nocaAKOi/1 paccaAy np~­ MO B CTaKaH'-1111KaX paCKnaAbiBaiO Ha 6op03AK111 B waxMaTHOM nop~A­ Ke. 0Ha He AOn)I(Ha AOnro ne)l(aTb c OTKPbiTbiMII1 KOPH~MII1, 0)1(111Aa~ csoei/1 O'-lepeA111. 3aTeM, CH~B aKKypaTHO CTaKaH'-1111K, 6biCTpeHbKO CTaBniO

•••••

BaJICHblii. MOMeHm HM a KOeM cny'lae Hellb3H AonycKaTb, 'IT06bl paccaAa so speMH nocaAKM nOABHna. Aa>Ke He3Ha'IMTenbHOe yBHAaHMe 3aAep>KMBaeT pOCT TOMaTOB M MO>KeT npMBeCTM K onaAaHMIO 6yToHos M noTepe paHHero ypo>Kas.. Ho H nonHBaTb nepeA caMoH BbiCaAKOH He CTOHT, ny'lwe :no CAenaTb 3a6narospeMeHHO - 3a ABa-TpH AHSI. TOrAa TOMaTbl He llOMaiOTCSI, MeHbWe CTpaAaiOT OT BeTpa H XOpOWO Aep>KaT 3eMI1SIHOH KOM.

pacTeHII1e C KOMOM 3eMnll1 B rp~3b 111 OCTOpO)I(HO np111c~na10 cyxoi/1 no'-lsoi/1, 3arny6n~~ scero Ha 1 eM Hll1)1(e, '-leM oHa poena. no 60KaM rp~AK111 Ka)I(AOMY TOMaTy B6111Bal0 no KOnbiWKY (see OHII1 OAHOiil BbiCOTbl), Ha H111X OAeBaiO OCB060A111BWII1eC~ CTaKaH'-1111KII1. KpOMe TOrO, '-ITO B111AHO, KaKQi/1 copT BbiCa)l(eH, TaK ew,e 111 np111 nOXOnOAaHII1111 Ha KOnbiWKII1 MO)I(HO nneHKY 111n111 nyTpac111n Ha6pocii1Tb. Ecn111 )l(e 0)1(111AaiOTC~ 3aMop03K111, TO no rpe6HIO paCCTaBn~IO AOnonHII1TenbHO 6-nii1Tp0Bble 6yTblnKII1 C BOAOiil. HarpeTa~ 3a AeHb BOAa HO'-IbiO OTAaeT CBOe TennO. A 6YTblnKII1 BMeCTe C KOnbiWKaMII1 nOMep)I(II1BaiOT nneHKy, C03AaBa~ B03AYWHOe npOCTpaHCTBO Me)I(Ay paCTeHII1~MII1 111 yKpbiT111eM. OcTaeTc~ TOnbKO xopowo 3aKpenii1Tb ee no 6oKaM. rAe-TO AHei/1 '-1epe3 AeC~Tb , KaK TOnbKO TOMaTbl TpoHyTc~ s poeT, o6pb1Bal0 y HII1X HII1)1(HII1e nO)I(en TeBWII1e nii1CTb~, ew,e pa3 nonii1Bal0 111 OKY'-1111Bal0 3eMnei/1 c rpe6H~. 8eCb AanbHelilwll1111 yXOA CBOA111TC~ K npononKaM 111 pblxneHII110. PacTeHII1~ o6~3aTenbHO naCbiHKyiO, OCTaBn~~ Ha Ka)I(AOM He 60nee 3-5 K111CTeli1. H111KaK111x nonii1BOB 111 nOAKOpMOK 60nbwe He npOBO)I(y, nii1Wb BO BpeM~ 3aB~3biBaHII1~ nnOAOB ABa pa3a c 111HTepsanoM B HeAeniO onpb1CKII1Bal0 npenapaTOM «3as~3b», COAep)l(aW.111M M111Kp03neMeHTbl. fam1Ha SAXAEBA, r. KonOMHa MOCKOBCKOiil o6n. Cl>OTO 3BTOpa

;t'


llo6e3umeJJeu JtCd.y.m nP-U3bl: v

TpHMMep RYOBI (ra30HOKOCHnKa)- 1 WT. 2 WT. V 60PAIOP AflH ra30Ha- 4 WT. v AeKopaTHBHbiM 6opAtOP - 2 wT. ··~.•: ' • v CeTKa AflH 3a~HTbl- 1 wT. [,~ ~· ..:;:._;. ~ 'll"ic ·~::V /1e3BHe H3 CTanH (nHna) - 3 WT. V MHOrocJ>yHK ... HOHanbHbiM Ha6op HHCTpyMeHTOB AnH Aa"'HHKa - 5 wT. V OpHBHBO"'HbiM HO>K - 1 ~ T. '. ~ /·f ~ . V ApKa AnJI p03 -

cJ>OTOrpaci>HH AOn>KHbl, ' 6b1Tb "'eTKHMH, xopowero \zKa"'eCTBa., pa3Mepa.

-5

)f(enaeM aaM 6oraTbJX ypo>Kaea 1t1 n03/17T/17BHbiX 3M04/17U, ,!J,OpOrlt7e '1/17TaTBfl/17!

>I<,QeM BaWI!1X nli1CeM! C mo60Bbl0 1 «1000 COBeTOB A3"1HHKY»

J-~~~-~~·~'-~~~~~~'-~~~~'-~·~~

.....

+

;iir

..

'·~)W,

.

LJMTaTeJilil J!eJIXTC5l OIIbiTOM

KaK s

B~»Ipa~RBaiO

AasHo 3aMentna, 'ITO ceMeHa nep._.es {oco6eHHO noKynHble) BCXOAHT AOBOnbHO TPYAHO. no3roMY MX HY>KHO npocTMMynMposaTb. n AenaiO TaK : 3aBopaYII1BaiO CeJ1 MeHa B Ms:JrKyiO Tp s:! nOYKY 1!1 onycKaiO B rops:!YYIO BOAY (+50' C) Ha 15 Mli1HyT. 3aTeM Bb1Hii1Ma10 , cnerKa 0T)KI!1Ma10 1!1 BMeCTe C 3TO~ T ps:!nOYKO~ KnaAy B MOp031!1nbHYIO KaMepy Ha CYTKII1 . nocne 3Toro cpa3Y )Ke BbiCeBaiO Ha rny61!1HY 2 CM no ABe WTYYKI!1 B 0,5-n1!1Tp0Bble nnaCTI!1KOBble CTaKaHYI!1Kii1 C 3-4 AblpOYKaMI!1 Ha AHe Ans:! CTOKa BOAbl. nepeA nocaAKO~ noYBY o6s:~3a­ TenbHO cnerKa yBna)KHs:JIO , 3aTeM ynnOTHs:!IO nO)KKO~ 111 pacKnaAbiBaiO ceMeHa no noBepxHOCTI!1 . noTOM np1!1Cblnal0 cyxo~ 3eMne ~ 111 ons:~Tb ynnOTHs:IIO HeMHOrO nO)KKO~. Ka)!(Abl~ cTaKaHYI!1K Kn aAy B no -

nep~111 nli13Tii1neHOB~~

naKeTI!1K 1!1 nnoTHO 3aBs:J3biBaiO. CTaBniO Ha Bepx KYXOHHO~ nonKI!1 B KYXHe TaM cBeTno 111 Tenno. np1!1MepHO Yepe3 HeAeniO nepLI,bl APY)KHO BbiXOAs:JT 1!13 3eMnli1. noni!1Bal0 paCC3AY TOnbKO Tenno~ BOAO~, pa3 B 3 AHs:! onpbiCK1!1BaiO. rpyHT Ans:J pacCMbl noKynaiO YH111BepcanbHbl~, a B Hero A06aBns:JIO HeMHoro KpynHoro npoKaneHHOro 111 npOMbiTOro necKa. nli1Kii1pOBKY pOCTKOB He AenaiO nepu,bl xy)Ke pacTyT. B Tenn~e conHeYH~e AH111 HaYii1Hal0 BbiHOCI!1Tb pacCaAy Ha ynli1U,y. B npownoM rOAY nonpo6oBana B OAHY Tenn111u,y nocaA111Tb orypU,bl BMecTe c nepu,aMI!1. Bee neTo MynbY1!1pOBana TpaBO~, nOAKapMni!1Bana OAI!1HaKOBO. nonli1Bana Tenno~ BOAO~ yepe3 3 AHs:J 111 Yepe3 Ka)!(Able ABe HeAenli1 nOAKapMni!1Bana Arp1!1Kono~ Ans:J nepu,eB.

B KOHu,e 1!110Hs:J 3aKonana B 3eMniO B03ne Ka)KAOrO KYCTI!1Ka 111 nepu,eB, 111 orypu,oB no MenKO Hape3aHHO~ WKypKe OT 6aHaHa. nonyYI!1na xopow111~ ypo)Ka~ 111 orypu,oB ( ces:~na 10 ceMeYeK copTa V13s:JW.Hbl~). 111 nepu,eB (Ha Apyro~ rps:JAKe - 20 KOpHe~ copTa Mli1HYTKa). K oceHI!1 BcerAa A06aBns:JIO B 3eMniO APeBeCHYIO 3ony 111 MHoro neperHos:~.

MapHHa TEPEWKif1HA, OrOpOAHHK C 20-neTHHM cTa>KeM, r. KeMeposo


llHeBHMK cagosoga-orOI2QJ!HMKa Hap_ooHbt;e nP-uMembt

HIOH

"' BCIO HOlfb noeT COilOBYWKa - 6yAeT COilHelfHbiH AeHb. "' EC11H BelfepoM BbmaAaeT o6HilbHaH poca - 3aBTpa 6yAeT conHelfHaH norOAa, a eCilH pOCbl HeT - M<AH AO>KAH, a B03MO>KHO, H HeHaCTbH. "' Ha llHCTbHX KOHCKOrO KaWTaHa BbiCTynatOT KanellbKH BOAbl - >KAH npOAOil>KHTellbHbiX AO>KAeH.

ilOAKOpMKa no1.1sy B npMcTBOnbHbiX Kpyrax, ecnM oHa He 3anyM<eHa, He06XOAMMO AepM<aTb B pbiXnOM M "'MCTOM OT COpHHKOB BMAe. npOAOIIM<aiOT pa60TY no ee Mynb"'MpOBaHMIO, AIIH 3TOrO ABaM<Abl B MeCH'-' •• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •· npoBOAHT npononKy. noCTOHHHO Bblpe3a10T nOHBnHIO~YIOCH

nopocnb y caMo-

ro OCHOBaHMH Aepesa 6e3 OCTaBneHMH neHbKOB BbiWe noBepXHOCTM nO"'Bbl.

!: BaJICHO! Ha AepeBbSIX,

:

npHBHTblx : : BeCHOH, nepHOAH'IeCKH npo- : : aepSIHTe COCTOSIHHe npHBH- : : BOK. ECIIH 06BSI3Ka ape3a- : : naCb B KOpy, CHHMHTe ee H : : HaiiO>KHTe HOByiO. :

•••••••••••••••••••••••••••

II110Hb - 6naronpll15lTHoe spe-

3a HeAOCTaTKa 3JleMeHTOB nii1TaHII15l. LJT06bl npeAOTspaTII1Tb ee Maccosoe OCblnaH111e (111 eCJlll1 CaA He KOpMVIJlVI a30THbiMVI YA06peHVI5lMVI paHo sec-

(1 :20) VIJlVI aMMVIa'-lHOiii (25-30 r Ha 10 11 BOAbl).

CellVI-

Jl Ha 111X nOrOHHbliii MeTp) , BbiKO-

naHHble no nepVIMeTpy npVICTBOllb Horo Kpyra. Cyxy10 nOLJBY nepeA nOAKOpMKOiii HY~HO nOJlVITb BOAOiii.

Aa 3aH5lTbl osow,HbiMII1 KYllbTYpaMII1 . Ecn111 eCTb B03MO~HOCTb,

nocne snVITbiBaHVI5l YA06peHVIii1 KaHaBKVI 3aCblnatOT pbiXJlOiii 3eMlleii1.

TO nyLJwe npii1MeH5lTb npenapa-

8 AO~AllVIBYIO norOAY VlllVI nepeA nOJlVIBOM aMMVIa'-lHYIO CellVITpy MO~­

Tbl, npll1rOTOBJleHHble 1113 pacTeHII1ii1, 061laAaiOW,II1X TOKCII1'-lHbi-

HO BHOCVITb spa36pOC no

MII1 All5l speAHbiX opraHII13MOB

20-25

rjM.

~rOAHble KycTapHVI KVI KOPM5lT 3TVI-

CBOii1CTBaMII1 (OTBapbl 111 HaCTOII1 BaiOT Jl0BLJII1e n05lCa Ha WTaM-

LJeJlii1CTHII1Ka , KOpHeiii 111 Jlii1CTbeB

6bl 111 cKeneTHble seTBII1. Ka~ble

OAyBaHLJ111Ka, LJeCHOKa, nOllbi-

10-12

Kllew,eii1, nll11lii1JlbW,II1KOB 111

Y nllOAOBbiX AepesbeB LJaCTO Ha-

YA06peHVI5l BHOC5lT B KaHaBKII1 (no

ca-

HII1 rOpbKOiii , KOHCKOrO w,asell5l ,

LJepewHII1

6JltOAaeTC5l onaAeHII1e 3aB5l3111 1113-

4-5

OC06eHHO TaM, rAe npii1CTB0Jlb-

npenoro ceHa, Kopos5lKa 111 AP·). ,0,Jl5l OTJlOBa ryceHII1L.J, nllOAO~OpKII1, KOJlb'-laTOrO WeJlKOnp5l-

KP~~OBHII1Ka, CMOPOA111H~,

MeTa

60pb6bl C H111MII1 He~eJlaTeJlbHO,

Ta6aKa , Jlii1CTbeB TOMaTa, TbiC5l-

paCTII1

111 BII1WHII1.

Tpbl

Heii1 CaAa. npii1MeH5lTb 5lAbl All5l

Me~AYP5lAb5l

Ha'-lii1HaeT

OnllOAOTBOpeHHa5l 3aB5l3b 111 no6erll1 . Oco6eHHO 6biCTpo pacTyT 5lrOAbl

Hoiii), XOpOWO nOAKOpMVITb AepeBb5l VI KYCTapHVIKVI BOAHbiM paCTBOpOM HaB03HOii1 ~VI~VI (1 :2 ), nTVI'-lbero no-

M5l All5l pa3MHo~eHII15l 6onbWII1HCTBa speA111Teneii1 111 6one3-

Hble Kpyrll1 111

IIAOAOBbiX ii1HTeHCII1BHO

AHeiii 111x npocMaTpll1sa-

IOT , 0'-lii1W,aiOT OT KOKOHOB 111 HaKllaAbiBaiOT cHosa. Co6111pa10T 111 YHII1'-lTO~atOT

MVI

~e

pacT sopaMVI 1113 pacLJeTa se-

APO Ha KYCT. Ecn111 LJaCTb a3oTa BHOCVIllVI paHO BeCHOiii, TO VIIOHbCKVIe A03bl yMe HbwatOT BABOe.

no y TpaM nllOAO -

sytO n3Aa11111L.J,y, B KOTOpOiii TaK~e np5l'-lyTC5l llll1'-lii1HKII1 speA111Teneii1.

llP-uMenume Y- ce6R AnSI oTnoaa 6a6o'leK nnoAo>KopKH H APYrHx apeAHTeneH HcnOIIb3YIOT nHil-'eBble npHMaHKH. Ha cy'lbSIX AepeBbea no ae'lepaM pa3aewHaaiOT 6aHKH, 3anonHeHHble Ha 1/4 HIIH 1/3 3a6pOAHBWHM KBaCOM, BapeHbeM, MeAOM, naTOKOH. YTpOM H3 6aHOK Bbi6Hpa10T H YHH'ITO>KaiOT apeAHTelleH. Ha AeHb 6aHKH C npHMaHKaMH CTaBSIT B npoXIIaAHOe MeCTO, a Be'lepOM HX pa3BeWHBaiOT CHOBa.

1000 cosemos a(/1/HIII<f

Ng10, 2013

...


YxoA B nepsolll

ITOAMep3IDHX AepeBbeB l!lHOr,lJ,a y f!6nOHb 1.1 ,1J,pyr1.1x ,1J,peBOBL.1AHbiX nnO,lJ,OB biX B L.110H8 Ha4L.1HaeT OTCTaBaTb KOpa OT ,ll,p8B8CL.1Hbl, OTM L.1pa1

IOT B8TKL.1 L.1 BCfl Ha38MHafl 4aCTb.

IOW,L.1e no6er1.1, a 1.13 KOpH8BbiX OTnpbiCKOB

KaK npaBL.1nO, CB5!3aHO

OCTaBnf!IOT Te, KOTOpbl8 pacTyT B 50-CaHTL.1M8TpOBOIII nonoce BAOnb p5!,1J,a. OcTanb-

3L.1MHee speMfl. TaKL.1e ~~~~~;:~ ,lJ,epeBbfl MO:>KHO BOC- JS!

Hble Bblpe3aiOT.

B

CTaHOBL.1Tb, C,lJ,enaB ~~~,.~ o6pe3Ky, ecn1.1 Bblwe ii;i;iiiiill!l~ M8CTa npL.1BL.1BKL.1 OCTanL.1Cb Henospe:>K,lJ,eHYaCTL-1

,ll,epesa.

50 CM OT U,8HTpa KYCTa.

He3aBL.1CL.1MO oT copTOBbiX oco6eHHOCTelll

Ba:ncHblU MOMenm Bblpe3aTb nopoCilb ceKaTo"poM y nosepxHOCTH noliBbl Henb3H - 3TO aKTHBH3HpyeT ee poeT.

cnoco6oM, TO s neHTe, onTL.1ManbHaf! WL.1-

WL.1X ,ll,8p8Bb8B B 1.110He L.1HT8HCL.1BHO paCT8T 1

nopocnb. Mo-

Heo,lJ,pe secHesw1.1e no6er1.1 BblnaMbl-

OTKpbiTOM rpyHTe OCHOBHbiMM pa6oTaMM SIB-

11SitOTCSI CBOeBpeMeHHbiH YXOA 3a KapTo'i>eneM M OBOU(HbiMM paCTeHMSIMM. nepBOH nOilOBMHe MeCSI~a BbiCeBatOT MOp-

KOBb ('4T06bl nony'fMTb nOilHO~eHHble KOpHenllOAbl A11H 3MMHero noTpe6neHMSI}, U(asenb. BbiCa>KMBatOT paccaAy noMMAopoa, oryp~oB, Ka6a'fKOB, TbiKBbl, nep~eB, n03AHecnenOH KaKOH~e MtOHSI Ha'fMHatOT CeSITb 3MMHtOtO V'

Henb35! AOnycKaTb 3apacTaHL.15! nocesos 1.1 noca,IJ,OK copHf!KaML-1.

LJTo6bl

o6ner-

41<1Tb ce6e pa6oTy , B M8:>KAYP 51 Abf!X Kap-

BOCCTa-

B KYCTe OCTaBnf!IOT 8-10 CL.1nbHbiX CTe6nelll. Ecn~-1 Bblpaw,L-1BaiOT Mani<1HY neHT04HbiM

CL.1nbHbiX MOnO,[J,biX no6e rOB, Bbluv'vUJVIA

peAbKY.

Y COpTOB,

no6eros, y,IJ,anf!IOT n1.1wb cna6ble 1<13 HL.1X.

KPOHY cpopML.1PYIOT 1.13 OAHOro 1<13 Ha1-16onee •

8

KYCT~

HaBnL.1BaiOW,L.1X KYCT 3a cYeT 3aMew,a10w,1.1x

cnL.1nL.1BaiOT, a HOB YIO

nyCTbl.

ManL.1HHL.1Ke

HaBnL.1BaiOT KYCT 3a C4eT KOpHeBbiX OTnpbiCKOB, npope:>KL.1BaiOT L.1X Ha paCCTOf!HL-11.1 25-

A8HL.1L.1 ycoxwy10 YaCT b ,

8

nno,lJ,OHOCflw,eM

¢opML-1PYIOT e:>Kero,IJ,HO c yYeTOM copTOBbiX OC068HHOCTelll. Y COpTOB, KOTOpb18 BOCCTa-

np~-1 CL.1nbHOM nospe:>K- :..

8

HO paCTyT 3aMeUJ,aiOW,L.18 CTe6nL.1 (y OCHOBaHL-151 npownorO,lJ,HL.1X CTe6nelll) 1.1 KOpHeBble oTnpbiCKL-1. Y noca:>KeHHbiX ca:>KeHu,es B nepsble ,IJ,Ba ro,IJ,a ocTaBnf!IOT see 3aMew,a-

3TO, .., ,..~'"""'

C L.1X nO,lJ,M8p3aHL.18M B

Hble

3a MaAHHOM

nonos1.1He Mecflu,a L.1HTeHCL.1B-

u

nU 3QMemKY-

"1:

AnH nonylleHHH ypo>KaH '-'BeTHOH KanycTbl c Hallana asrycTa no OKTH6pb ee MO>KHO BbiCeBaTb CeMeHaMH npHMO B rpyHT, HaliHHaH C KOH'-'a MaH Ka>KAble 10-12 AHeH.

TOcpenfl 1<1 OBOUJ,HbiX KynbTYP B COnHe4- Q.... H~lll non,lJ,eHb npo-

.,d

B8,lJ,L.1Te nO,[J,pe3aHL.18 CO p HbiX paCT8HL.1111 C HL.1T8BL.1,1J,HbiML.1 KOpewKaML-1 B cpa3e BCXO,IJ,OB, OCTaBL-18 L.1X Ha rpfl,ll,Ke. 3TO nerKO MO:>KHO C,lJ,enaTb nnOCKOpe3aML.1 <!>OKL.1Ha. 0AHOBpeMeHHO npose,IJ,L.1Te npope:>KL.1BaHL.1e KynbTYPHbiX pacTeHL-1111.

1000 cfJsemfJs ~ti'IHUKY

Ng10, 201J

pL.1Ha KOTopolll 50 eM, ocTaBnf!IOT Ha norOHHOM M8Tpe 15 6onee CL.1nbHbiX CTe6nelll np~-1

cpe,ll,HeM paccTOf!HL-11.1 Me:>KAY HL.1ML.1

20-25 CM. no,lJ,KOpMKY npOBO,lJ,f!T T8ML.1 :>Ke YA06peHL.1f!ML.1, 4TO 1.1 APYrL.1x KycTapHL.1KOB. PacxoA :>KL.1AKL.1X YA06peHL-1111 - se,[J,po Ha 2M neHTbl.

I

I


Ha rps:J,o,Kax c KanycTolil, nOMIIIAOpaMII!, orypu,a-

HIIICT~X n048aX p~xneHIIIe Me)K,D,yps:l,D,IIIIil HY)KHO

MIII 8 Ha4ane pocTa n048Y 8 Me)K,o,yps:l,D,b5lX pbiXn5lT

npo80AII1Tb nocne Ka)K,D,Oro non1118a 111n111 ,D,O)K,D,5l ,

rny6oKo

(10-12

CM), a np111 pa3pacTaHII1111 pacTeHIIIIil

rny6111Hy nOCTeneHHO yMeHbWaiOT AO

4-5

CM, 4T0-

6bl He no8pe,D,II1Tb KOPHIII, paCTyw,llle y no8epxHo-

4T06bl pa3pyWII1Tb n048eHHYIO KOPKY 111 ,o,aTb ,D,OCTyn 803,D,yXa KOpH5lM.

8

3a8111CIIIMOCTII1 OT nnO,D,OpO,D,IIIs:l n048bl Ill COCT0-

CTII1 3eMnll1 . Ha y4aCTKaX C KOpHenno,o,aMII!, y KOTO-

5lHII1s:l paCTeHIIIIil nO,D,KOpMKY Ha41!1HaiOT np080,D,II1Tb

pbiX KOpHIII paCTYT 8 rny6b naXOTHOrO CnOs:l, 8 Ha4ane

4epe3

,..,o<X'>OC' ~

Ha

<x:xxx:>OO<~ pocTa Me)KAYPs:JAbs:J

~ 3UMemKy.. g B >KapKoe speMH

pbiXns:lT Ha rny6111-

pblxneHMe nO'IBbl npOBOAHT Ha He60I1bWYto rny6MHY (45 CM), 'IT06bl OHa He Bbl- ~ Oco6eHHO He06XOAMMO cpa3y >Keno- ~ 0 <t cne nOilMBa. 5(

~ CYWMBal1aCb.

HY

3-5

eM. Kor,o,a

pacTeHII!s:l

pa3-

12-14

,o,Helil nocne 8b1Ca,D,KII1 pacca,D,bl. Op-

raHII14eCKII1e y,o,o6peHII15l - KOP08s:JK ( 1:10 Hbllil nOMeT 1113 pac4eTa

(1 :20), Ha803HYIO 10 n Ha 5-7 K8 . M.

)KII!)KY

), KYPIII(1 :2) - 8HOCs:lT

MIIIHepanbH~e y,o,o6peHII!s:J TaK)Ke )KenaTenbHO

(20-30 r Ka)K 10 n) .

pacTaiOTC5l, rny-

8HOCII1Tb 8 8111,D,e 80,D,HbiX paCT80p08

6111HY y8enll141118a-

,D,OrO 1113 OCH08HbiX 8111,0,08 y,o,o6peHII11i1 Ha

:no ~ lOT ,o,o

10-14

eM.

Ha cpe,D,HIIIX 111 Ts:J)KenbiX cyrnlll-

~~:xx><Y-J

nocne Ka)K,D,Oiil )KII!,D,KOiil nO,D,KOpMKIII pacTeHII15l no nll18aiOT 4111CTOii1 80,D,Oii1, 4T06bl 11136e)KaTb Q)KOr08 nii1CTbe8.

CnacaeM OBOI.D;M oT BpeAMTeAeii 11 6oAe3Heii 60nbWOii1 ypOH noca,D,KaM KapTOcpens:J Ill TOMaT08 HaHOCIIIT cpii!TOcpTOpa . Ee C08peMeHHble cpopMbl

8

IIIIOHe 8e,D,yT 60pb6y C KOnopa,D,CKIIIM )KYKOM,

MOpK08HOii1, nyK080ii1 Ill KanyCTHOiil MyXaMII!, Tns:l-

04eHb arpeCCII18Hbl Ill npOs:l8n5liOTCs:l y)Ke 8 cepe,D,IIIHe

Mill, Knew,aMII!, Cnii13H5lMII1 , 6ens:JHKaMII1 , KanyCTHOiil

IIIIOHs:l. no3TOMY KapTOcpenb Ha41!1Ha10T o6pa6aTbl-

C08KOii1, KanyCTHOiil MOnbiO Ill ,o,pyrii!MIII 8pe,D,II1Te-

8aTb, KOr,D,a 8biCOTa paCTeHII!Iil ,D,OCTII!raeT npii!Mep-

ns:JMIII.

HO

20

CM. TOMaTbl onpbiCKIIIBaiOT nepBbllil pa3 3a

3-5

,o,Helil ,o,o BbiCa,D,KIII s rpyHT.

,[l,ns:J

3TOrO npii!MeHs:JIOT KaK Tpa8s:JHble Ha-

CTOIII 111 OTBapbl (60TBa KapTocpens:J 111n111 TOMaT08, wenyxa nyKa 111n111 4eCHOKa, Ta6a4Has:J nblnb, rop41114Hblli1 nopowoK, nii!CTbs:J nonyxa), TaK 111 IIIHCeKTIIIU.IIIAbl (6aHKOn, aKTapa, ,D,eU,IIIC, IIIHTa-BIIIp , KIIIHMIIIKC Ill ,D.p.) npo,o,on)KaiOT yxa)KII!BaTb 3a orypu,aMIII, nOMIIIAOpaMIII, nepu,eM, 111 6aKna)KaHaMII1, BbiCa)KeHHbiMIII B 3aKpb1TOM rpyHTe (B Tenn111u,ax 111 napHII!Kax , nneH04HbiX TOHHenSJx). Peryns:JpHo nonii!BaiOT, pbiXns:JT no4By, no,o,KapMnll18aiOT. Peryn111py10T TeMnepaTypy 111 Bna)KHOCTb B03,D,yxa.

Y

nOMIII,D,OpOB, BbiCa)KeHHbiX B

Mae, y,o,ans:JIOT naCbiHKIII.

AnH nepBbiX ABYX o6pa6oTOK npMMeHHtoT KOHTaKTHO-CMCTeMHble ciJyHrM ... MAbl ( OpAaH, PMAOMMI1 rOllA ML-', TaHoe, TayY, MeTaKCMil), KOTOpble npOHMKatoT BHyYpb paCTeHMH, 0611aAatoT 11e'le6HbiM AeHCTBMeM M y6MBatoT MHciJeK ... Mto M3HyTpM. nocneAytoU(Me OAHY-ABe 06pa60TKM npOBOAHT KOHTaKTHbiMM ciJyHrM... MAaMM (neHHKO ... e6, MeAeKC, KynpOKCaT, AaTaH, 6paso, 60PAOCKaH >KMAKOCTb).

c


T

)

B

Yl2o)KaifHa5I rl25IJ!Ka

BTopas no.D:K 3eM.ASHHKH Am•

nony'leHMH o TnM'IHoro ypo>KaH caAOBOM 3eMnHHMKe (Kny6HMKe) Tpe6yeTcs. XOpOWHM YXOA H CBOeBpeMeHHble nOAKOpMKM. OnbiTHble caAOBOAbl peKoMeHAYtOT noAKapMnMBaTb ee He MeHee Tpex pa3 3a Ce30H (ABa pa3a- BeCHOM M TpeTMM- nocne c6opa ypo>KaH), ecnM YA06peHMSI He BHOCMflMCb B AOCTaTO'IHOM KOflH'IeCTBe nepeA noCaAKOM 3eMnHHMKM . EcnM >Ke no'IBa xopowo 3anpasneHa, nOAKapMnMBaTb pacTeHMH Ha'IMHatOT C TpeTbero rOAa nnOAOHOWeHMSI.

TexHR:Ka rrpoBeAeHIDI

A30THble YA06peHHSI, BHeceHHbae secHOH ..an..a B Ha'lane neTa, 6onbwe BnHSIIOT Ha o6pa3oBaH..ae ycos, 'leM Ha nnOAOHoweHHe. no3TOMY nOA 3eMnSIHHKY HX npHMeHSITb cneAyeT OCTOpO>KHO, OC06eHHO nOA COpTa, CKnOHHble K CHnbHOMY ycoo6pa30BaHHIO. BbiCOKHe A03bl a30THbiX YA06peHHH TaK>Ke MOryT npHBeCTH K 06pa30BaHHIO cnHWKOM KpynHbiX Slf"OA1 3aTSI· f"HBaHHIO CpOKOB HX Bb13peBaHHSI H 3af"HHBaHHIO (OC06eHHO BO Bna>KHOe neTO).

c nnaHTaLJ,Lttltl cyx~tte 3eMniO. np~tt 8nmKHOVi noroAe KOHLJ,eHrpaLJ,LttiO n ~tt rarenbHOro pacT80pa MO:>KHO HeMHoro y8enltl'-llt1Tb . Ecn~tt 3eMn~ cyxa~. HY:>KHO nep8yl0 nOACblnKY Mynb'-lltl noA 3eMmiHLttKy. BoKpyr pa36a8Lt1Tb paCT80p 60nbWLtiM KOnltl'-leCT80M 80Abl Ltlnltl KYCTLtiK08 HaCblnaiOT 3-caHTLt1MeTp08biVi cnoi/i OnltlnOK, npeA8ap~ttrenbHO nonLttTb 3eMn~HLttKy, '-IT06bl He o6orop¢a Lttnltl cyxoVI pe3aHoVi conOMbl. :>Krn~t~Cb KOpHLtt. Pacr8op no 803MO:>KHOCTLtt He AOn:>KeH HaTanbS1 C0fl0HOBL1'"1, y~.teHbiH arpoHOM nonaAaTb Ha nltiCTb~ Itt cepAe'-IKLtl . nocne nOAKOpMKLtl C!>OTO 3BTOpa noCaAKLtl ew,e pa3 nOnltl8aiOT '-lltiCTOVi 80AOVi. BpeM~ 8TOpOVi nOAKOPMKLtl HacrynaeT 8 nepltiOA 6yTOHLtt3aLJ,Lttltl , nepeA CaMbiM LJ,8eTeHLtteM 3eMmiHLtiKLtl. Ecn~tt LttMeiOTC~ opraH Ltt '-leCKLtte YA06peHLtt~, ro AJI~ np ltl rOT08neHLtt~ nOAKOpMKLtl 6epyT KOp08~K, KOTOpblill pa36a8n~IOT 8 5- 6 pa3, Lttnltl nTLti'-ILttVi noMeT PaAbl coo6U4111Tb saM, 'ITO - 8 12-15 pa3 . Pacr8op H acra~tt8aiOT 5-7 cyroK , Itt nepeA CaMOVi nOAKOpMKOVi Ha Ka:>KAble 10 n y>Ke ce~'"lac Bbl MO>KeTe o«t>opopraHLttKLtl A06a8n~IOT 0 ,5 craKaHa APe8ecMlftTb nOAnlftCKY Ha BTOpoe noHOVi 30nbl. nyrOA~e 2013 roAa. ny'-l wltle pe3ynbTaTbl AaiOT opraHO-MitiHepanbHble nOAKOpMKLtt : 8 100 n 80Abl pa3MeWLtt8aiOT 6 Kr :>KitiAKOro KOP08~Ka , 300 r HltiTpOcpOCKLtl Itt 4 r 60pHOVi KltiCnOTbl, 2 r cepHOKLttcno r o LJ,LtiHKa, 3 r MeAHOro Kynopoca. Ho pMa pacxoAa 5-6 n Ha K8.M . 1113 MLttHepanbHbiX YA06peHLttVi roT08~T cneAyiOw,LttVi KOMnneKc: 8 100 n 80Abl pacT80p~IOT 300 r aMMLtla'-IHOVi CenLttTpbl, 400 r cep HoK ~ttcnor~ Kan~tt~. 200 r cynep¢oc¢a~6EIInowrA • ..., ra, r opHOLtt KLttcnoTbl, 2 r cepHOKLttcnoro ~- =-~ ~ 'V'IPISHI.RU LJ,LttHKa, 3 r MeAHOro KYnopoca. HopMa pac10,l8li1~rro4.1y · ..,t;\M(i).!f¥!t: -.(i)~ ... ,. B XOAa roT080VI cMeCLtt - 5- 6 n Ha K8.M. U n nJ,.... n n epeA nOAKOPMKOVi

yAan~ttre

BaJtCHblii MOMeHm

nLttCTb~ 1t1 copH~Kitl, nopbi Xn~ttre

-

-

n ~an(!DHe~

~F ~

~

'Aj1j£r~.i1lel!J1l!

4 6

L---B-H_a'-l_a_n_e_3_a_8_~_3_b_l8_a_H_Lt_~_~_ro_A_A_e_n_a_IO_T_~ ~~~~:__ 24 999 · Abf OTHbiH.


.

/~

0TBeqaeM Ha BOI1!20Cbl

Kax y.zto6psT& OBOII:(H ?

HanHWHTe, no>KallyMCTa, KaKOe KOilH"'eCTBO • opraHH"'eCKHX H MHHepanbHbiX YA06peHHM HY>KHO BHOCHTb nOA OBO~Hble KYI1byYpbl 1 KOTOpble Bblpa~HBatOTCSI B He"'epH03eMHbiX paMOHaX POCCHH. 8 "'aCTHOCTH, B ncKOBCKOM 0611aCTH.

YnbSIHa nPOXOPOBA, r. AHo

' •

0TBe"'aeT HIIIKonaV. POrOBLJ,OB, arpoHOM 0TBeTI!1Tb Ha 3TOT BOnpoc O,Ll,H03H3'-IHO He no-

ny'-IIHC>l .

,l],n>l

K3)1(,Ll,0rQ KOHKpeTHOrO Y'-13CTK3 ,Ll,03bl

BHeCeHI!ls:l ,LJ,On)I(Hbl 6b1Tb ,LJ,1!1cpcpepeHLJ,1!1pOBaHbl , 1!1C -

XO,Ll,s:l 1!13 ecTeCTBeHHOrO nnO,LJ,OpO,Ll,l!l>l nO'-IBbl (Hanl!l'-IItle ryMyca , co,LJ,ep)l(aHI!le cpoccpopa, Kanl!l>l 111 APYrl!lX 3neMeHTOB ni!1T3H1!15l) , KI!1CnOTHOCTI!1 , MeX3H1!1'-Ie cKoro cocTasa (necoK , cynecb , cyrni!1HKI!1 , rni!1Hbl). Mbl MO)I(eM yKa3aTb TOnbKO np1!1MepHble ,LJ,03bl , KO-

TOpble c yYeTOM Bblwenepe'-ll!lcneHHbiX noKa3aTe-

neVI

K3)1(,Ll,OrO KOHKpeTHOrO y'-laCTKa ,LJ,On)I(Hbl KOp-

pe KTI!l posaTbC>l.

flp_uMep_Hble 003bl BHeCeHUJl Op_2UHUlfeCKUX U MUHep_aJlb HblX y_Oo6p_eHUU KYJlbTYPA

0CHOBHOe BHeCeHHe Ka11HM

ct>occJ>op

l-SI nOAKOpMKa

a3oT

Ka11HM

cJ>occJ>op

2-SI nOAKOpMKa

a3oT

Ka11HM

cJ>occJ>op

a3oT

KanycTa 6/K paHHSISI

4-6

9-12

4-6

8-10

2

2

2

3

2

3

KanycTa 6/K cpeAHSISI, n03AHSISI 1 6ptOCCe/1bCKaSI

4-6

15- 20

6-8

15-24

2

2

2

3

2

3

4-5

16-24

6-8

16-24

2

2

2

2

2

3

KanycTa 1,4BeTHaSI, 6poKKOI1111, KOI1bpa6111

3-4

9-15

7-10

10-16

2

2

2

3

2

3

KapTo<t>enb

6-9

8-15

8-13

10-20

MopKOBb cTonosaSI

4-6

7-10

7-10

15-20

1

1

1

2

1

2

CseKna cTonosaSI

3-4

10-16

8-10

18-24

2

2

2

1

2

2

PeAIIIC,peAbKa

2-3

6-10

6-9

12-18

1

2

4-5

2-3

2-3

KanycTa

KpacHoKo~aHHaSI

neTpywKa, naCTepHaK

4-5

6-10

6-10

10-18

2

2

2

CenbAepeM

3-4

9-12

8-10

8-12

3

2

2

Oryp1,4bl

6-8

8-12

12-16

12-16

2

2

2

noMIIIAOPbl

3-4

6-10

11-16

10-16

2

3

2

5- 6

6-10

6-10

6-10

"'eCHOK

5-6

6-9

6-9

6-9

Can aT

4-6 2-3

3-6 7-10

8-16 4-6

6-9 7-12

2 1

2 2

3

llyK

pen~aTbiM

WniiiHaT, yKpon

~

OpraHHKa Kr/M2

1000 cosemos

2 ~4'1HUKf

N910, 2013


CKoJZbKo B JZo:ncKe y.oo6peHuii. ? YAOSPEHHSI

BeApO, 10n (Kr)

Macca YA06peHHH B eMKOCTSIX cnw路t. Kopo- CT.nO)f(Ka, CTaKaH 6oK, 20 Mn 15 Mn 0,2n (r) (r) (r)

MHHepa.nbHble H HJsecTKOBble y.Qo6peHHst 9,5 185 19 Cynbcl>aT aMMOHHSI 165 17 8,5 6,5 130 13 13 260 26 12 220 22 Cynep<t>oc<t>aT npocTOH 10 200 20 10 200 20 17,5 350 35 190 9,5 19 XnopHCTbiH KanHH 12 220 22 10 200 20 HHTpo<t>ocKa 15 300 30 AonoMHTosasw MyKa 120 6 12 raweHasw H3BeCTb 100 10 5 4 80 8 OpraHH"'eCKHe y.Qo6peHHst Haso3Hasw >KH>Ka HaB03 KOHCKHH CBe>KHH Haso3 KOPOBHH cse>KHH nTH"'HH noMeT, Topel> cyxoH neperHOH, TOPel> Bna>KHbiH KoMnocT AepHoaasw 3eMnsw

r------------------------ --- -

llpuMettaHu!l:

2 8 9 5 8 10 12

, ,,

1. 0praHI!1'-t8CKI!18 YA06peHI!1s:t Ans:t MOpKOBI!1, CBe- \ Knbl , peA111Ca , P8AbK1!1 , neTpyWKI!1, nacTepHaKa, nOMI!1- , AOPOB, nyKa, '-t8CHOKa, canaTa, wni!1HaTa, yKpona BHO- ' 1 Cs:tT nOA npeAW8CTBYIOW.YIO KynbTypy. 2 . CB8>KI!1i1 HaB03 H8nOCP8ACTB8HHO B8CHOi1 BHOCs:tT TOnbKO nOA orypU,bl. 3. noA KapTOcpenb 1!1 KanycTy >KenaTenbHO BHOCI!1Tb nonynepenpeBWI!1i1 HaB03 nOA oceHHIOIO nepenawKy, a Ha nec'-taHbiX no'-tsax - secHoi1 nepeA nocaAKOi1. 4. nepsyiO nOAKOpMKY npOBOAs:tT '-tepe3 12-16 AH8i1 nocne BCXOAOB 111n111 nocne BbiCaAKI!1 paccaAbl. BTOpyiO - '-tepe3 12-18 AHei1 nocne nepso~. 5. ,lJ,03bl MI!1HepanbHbiX YA06peHI!1~ AaHbl B rpaMMax Ae~cTsy10w,ero sew.ecTBa Ha 1 KB.M nnow.aAI!1 (r A.B./ KB.M). ,D,ns:t nepec'-teTa s cp1!131!1'-t8CKI!1~ sec n106oro 1!13 YA06peHII1Vi np1!1M8Hs:t10T cneAYIOW.YIO cpopMyny: peKoM8HAY8MYIO A03y YMHO>KaiOT Ha 100 111 A8ns:tT Ha npoLJ,8HT COAep>KaHI!1s:t A.B. ni!1TaTenbHOro 3neMeHTa B YA06peHI!11!1. Hanp1!1Mep: nOA nyK HY>KHO BHeCTI!1 8 rjKB.M 1 a3oTa. V13 YA06peHI!1~ 111MeeTcs:t MO'-t8BII1Ha (Kap6aM1!1A). 1 B MO'-t8BI!1He COA8P>K1!1TCs:t 46% a3oTa. Ee HY>KHO BH8CTI!1 117 rjKB.M: (8 X 100):46 = 17,4 r.

L------------- - ------ - -- - -------- -

14 12 10 20 17 15 15 26 14 17 15 22 9 8

6

"路 nO)f(Ka,

5 Mn (r)

5 4 3

6 5 5 5 9 5 5 5 8 3 2 2


A36Y-Ka or012.QJ!HVIKa

AyK-ceBoK:

B

rrpH AI06oH rroro,n; Ha tOre pen'laTbiH nyK acerAa Bblpa~MBanM M3 ceMSIH. CeH'IaC TaKaSI B03M0)1(HOCTb nOSIBMnaCb M y oroPOAHMKOB 6onee ceaepHbiX perMOHOB. HOBble CKOpocnenble COpTa n03BOnSitOT nony'IMTb AOCTaTO'IHO KpynHytO penKy 3a OAMH Ce30H. 0AHaKO AnSI TOrO, 'IT06bl nyKOBM ... bl ycnenM Bbl3peTb, ceMeHa ('lepHywKy) HY)I(HO MnM noceSITb B no'IBY O'leHb paHo MnM )l(e paCTMTb 'lepe3 paccaAY· Onpo6oaaa o6a HOBbiX cnoco6a, Sl ace )l(e ocTanacb aepHa TpaAM._.MOHHO- TPH KAacca H Bbi6opoK lfeM KpynHee CeBOK, TeM OH MY M npeAnO'IMTatO ca)l(aTb nyK-penKy AnSI 3MMHero xpaHeHMSI paHbW e co3pesaeT. Y MenKOro CeBKOM. - nep111 o,n, sereTaLJ,II1111 HeCKOnbKO

8 BeCKHX npnl.IHH AMI Bbtpam;HBaHIDI AyKa-pen:KH H3 ceBKa

1 nyK-CeBOK BCXO,D,II1T BeCHOIII np111 nt060IIt noro,n,e ~e Ha 8-10-e CYTKll1 nocne noca,n,KII1.

BII1LI,bl Bb13pesatOT, 111MeiOT TOHKYIO weii!Ky 111 nnoTHYIO '-lewytO, nosToMy xopowo xpaH51TC51 3111-

2

MOll!. 7 np111 noMOW.111 wnaraTa, He o6pe3a51 nii1CTb51 , MO)f(HO nneCTII1 Kpacii1Bble nyKOBble <<KOCbl ». 8 6onbwee pa3Hoo6pa3111e coPTOB nyKa. He Ka)f(,D,bllll cnoco6eH ,n,aTb 3a ro,n, nonHou,eHHYIO nyKOB111U,Y 1113 ManeHbKOrO CeMeHII1'-lepHywK111.

BereTau,1110HHbllll nep111o,n, nyKa-cesKa cocTasn5leT scero 8090 ,D,Hellt. 3 noca,n,KII1 He HY)f(HO nonll1saTb. 4 He Tpe6yeTC5l npope)f(II1BaHII1e pacTeHII1111. 5 B ,n,sa pa3a MeHbwe npononKII1.

6

Y)f(e K Ha'-lany asrycTa nyKO-

• •

,n,nii1HHee. Ho nony'-leHHbllll ypo)f(allt no senii1'-1111He nyKOB111LI, npaKTII1'-IeCKII1 He OTnll1'-laeTC51. ,ll,n51 Toro, '-IT06bl nony'-1111Tb pasHOMepH ble BCXO,D,bl 111 BblpOBHeHHblllt ypO)f(allt , OBOW,eBO,D,bl Kan1116py10T cesoK no pa3Mepy Ha KnacCbl: Knacc 1-111 - 10/14 MM Knacc 2-111- 14/17 MM Knacc 3-111- 17/21 MM Knacc 4-111 - 21/24 MM (Bbi60pOK) TaK KaK Bbl6opoK nerKo CTpenKyeTC51, a 3Ha'-1111T, xopowellt nyKoBII1LI,bl He nony'-1111Tb , ero o6bi'-IHO BbiCa)f(II1 BatOT Ha 3eneHb no,n, 3111MY 111n111 paHO seCHOIIt.

CeBOK pa3MepOM ,D,O 10 MM Ha3biBaiOT OBCJO)I(KOM (OBCJO)I(KOM). MenKII1 e nyKOB111'-IKII1 TPYAHO coxpaHII1Tb s 3111MHII1111 nep111o,n,, noTOMY '-ITO OHII1 BbiCbiXaiOT. nosTOMY OBCIO)f(OK 06bi'-IHO BbiCa)f(II1BaiOT no,n, 3111MY (3a MeC51LI, ,n,o 3aMep3aHII151 nO'-IBbl). Manbllll 3anac nii1TaTenbHbiX sew,eCTB B nyKOBII1'-IKe He n03 BOn5leT OBCIO)f(KY o6pa30BaTb CTpenKy. BeCHOIIt OH Ha'-1111HaeT pa3BII1BaTbC51 ropa3,D,O paHbWe 06bi'-IHOro. np111 Ha,n,ne)f(aW,eM yxo,n,e K KOHu,y 11110n51 1113 Hero nony'-laIOTC51 6onee KpynHble nyKOBII1LI,bl, '-leM 1113 cesKa.


~ npaKT~KY~ nOA3 ~ MH~e noCeBbl osc~)I(Ka y)l(e 6onee AeCs:J T~ neT , Ha 3~MY H~LJeM He yKpblsa~ ~ scerAa nonyLJa~ xopow~ill ypo)l(ai/1 . 0AHaKo He see copTa Ans:J 3Toro nOAXOA>lT. MHe Hpas~TC>l WTyTrapTep P~3eH . An>l seceHHeill nocaAK~ ~c­ nonb3Y~ pa3Hoo6pa3Hble copTa: OCTpble , C np~BbiLJHbiM~ )l(enTbiM~ ny Kos~u.aM~ , paHHecnenblill WTyTrapTep P~ 3 eH ~ ne)I(K~ ill CTypoH; KpaCHble cna6oocTpble : c nnoCKO-OKpyrno ill C qmoneTOBbiM OTn~BOM ny K os~u.eill KapMeH ~ OA~H ~3 n yLJw~x Ans:J 3~MHero xpaHeH~>l TeMHO -KpacHblill PeA 6apoH, a TaK)I(e 6enblill nonyoCTpblill Kpyrnbl ill CHoy6onn.

2 AO 10 Mas:J Ha 3apaHee noA-

BbiCaA~Tb cesoK )l(enaTenbHO roTosneHHble , ocesw~e nocne nepeKOnK~ rps:JAbl AOHLI,eM BH~3. rny6~Ha nocaAK~ - 1-1 ,5 eM, Me)I(AYP>lAbs:J - 30 eM, paccTos:JH~e B P>lAKaX- 8-10 CM. nocne nocaAK~ rps:JA~ MO)I(HO 3aMynbLJ~posaTb cMeCb~ Top¢a ~ neperHO>l. nyKOB~LI,bl He npoCTO pacKnaA~Ba~T no P>lAKaM , a cnerKa BAaBn~sa~T , LJT06bl He npo-

~ H

0 0 ~

~CXOA~no

~X Bbln~paH~>l

paCTYW,~M~ KOpH>lM~.

5 maroB K ypo:~Karo

1

lJT06bl nyK He ywen B cTpenKy , noKynaTb cesoK nyLJwe 3a6narospeMeHHO - B ¢espane - MapTe (s 3TO speM>l MO>KHO HaiiiT~ n~6oi/i COpT). Aep )l(aTb cesoK cneAyeT AO nocaA K ~ np~ KOMHaTHOill TeMnepaType (+ 20 ... +35' C) , OTCOpT~pO­ BaB 6onbHble nyKOB~LJK~ ~ pacCblnas ocTasw~ecs:J He6onbW~M cnoeM .

nepeA caMoH nocaAKOH o6HnbHO noc~nbTe ~YTb sna>KHble nyKOBH~KH APesecHoH 3onoH. nepsy~

3 KopMKY npOBOA>lT

OKYLJ~BaTb

pacTeH~>l ,

nyKOB~U.bl

AOn)I(Hbl 6b1Tb np~OTKpbiTbiM~ . Henb3s:J cpe3aTb nepo c nyKOB~U. . OCTaBns:JeMbiX Ha pen Ky. roTOs nyK K y6opKe nocne TOro, KaK np~ocTaHasn~saeTC>l poeT n~CTbeB ~ HaLJ~HaeTC>l ~x noneraH~e. WeiiiKa CTaHOB~TC>l M>lrKOi/1 , a nyKOB~U.bl c¢opM~posan~cb ~ LJa -

5

CT~LJHO np~o6pen~ CBOiiiCTBeHHY~

COpTy OKpacKy .

noA-

..••...•..•....

: He noKynaHTe npopocwHH HnH HaKmoHyswHHCH t nyK-CeBOK. CoxpaHHTb ero B XOnOAHnbHHKe B OT: AeneHHH AnH OBOlJ.IeH AO MaR (KaK 6YAYT ysepHTb t nPOAaBl-'bl) Bbl CMO>KeTe, OAHaKO xopoweH penKH : He nony~HTe. nepeA noCaAKOH nyK XOTH 6bl MeCHl-' : AOn>KeH xpaHHTbCH s Tenne. EcnH nyK-cesoK noKy:·nancH nepeA caMoH nocaAKOH, HcnpasHTb nono>Ke- : : ·HHe MO>KHO, OKYHYB OTCOpTHpOBaHHble nyKOBH~KH : : Ha 5-7 MHHYT B ropH~YIO BOAY ( +55:,.. +60°C), a 3a- ! : TeM 6biCTpO oxnaAHB HX B XOnOAHOH BOAe. !

... -.-...

4

B cpa3e 2-3-X HaCTO>lW,~X n~CTbeB HaB03HOill )l(~)l(ei/1, pa36asneHHOill

~~·~·~··~······················

~ BaJICHblU MOMeHm

BOAOill 1:5 ~n~ KOpOB>lKOM - 1:10, m~LJb~M noMeTOM - 1:20 c A06asneH~eM so scex cnyLJas:Jx 35-40 r cynep¢oc¢aTa Ha seApo pacTsopa. BTOpy~ - LJepe3 TP~ HeAen~ nocne nepsoill : Ha 10 n soAbl - 10 r MOLJeB~Hbl , 30 r cynep¢oc¢aTa, 15 r Kan~s:J xnop~cToro . PaCXOA paCTBOpa - 1 BeApO Ha 10 noroHHbiX MeTpos P>lAKa. Pb1Xns:JT nyK peryns:JpHo, HO Herny6oKo (Ha 5-7 eM) , npoCTO YAans:J>l COPH>lK~. He cneAyeT

...............

N!l10, 201J

HaTanbSI 3ACTEHKl1HA, arpOHOM M OBOW,eBOA CO CTa>KeM Cl>OTO lltOAMMnbl l1BAHOBOIII


c «Mol1 He

HaKOH

Cxy11aT11 HaM

aexor

Mbl BblnMCbiBaeM ra3eTy

«1000

cose-

TOB AaL~HMKy» snepBble. ra3eTa HaM noHpaBMnacb. Mbl y)l(e BOCnOflb30BanMCb BaWMMM COBeTaMM no nOCaAKe M Bbi60py CeMSIH nOMMAOpOB, nep .... es, KanyCTbl. H pewMnM npMHHTb yL~aCTMe B KOHKypce «MOH HeCKYL~HbiH CaA».

Jl8TO 6b1Jl0 SJla>KHOe Iii MOI!I 1!1pli1Cbl U,S8Jlli1 TpexKpaTHO S T8'-18Hii18 Jl8Ta . EcTecTseHHO Sblrfls:JAs:JT Ha 6epery SOAOeMa Jli!IJle~­ HiiiKI!I Iii TaK Ha3biSaeMbl~ A8KOpaTI!ISHbl~ nblpe~. Vlx KOPHI!I s:1 TO>Ke 6pana y 3HaKOMbiX 111 POACTseHHI!IKOs. Hy>KHO OTMeTI!ITb , '-ITO see 3Tii1 pacTeHI!Is:J u,seTYT

S pa3HOe

speMs:J , n03TOMy SOA08M

Kpaci!I-

SO CMOTpi!ITCs:l see Jl8TO . 803Jle Hero , S 6eCeAKe

-

Jli06111MOe

MeCTO

OTAbiXa

Hawe~

C8Mbli1.

neTOM S SOA08Me 06111Ta10T KapaCI!I Iii U,S8T8T HI!IMcpes:! , KOTOpyiO MHe nOAapi!IIla HeseCTKa . Hli1Mcpe10 OHa Kyni!IJla S Mara31!1He. 3TO 6b1Jl He60JlbWO~ KOpeWOK S ropwo'-IKe, noMew,eHHbl~ s Kopo60'-1Ky . HesecTKa nocaAI!IJla era S He60JlbWO~ SOAOeM S SI!IA8 '-laWiil , AHO Hac He6onbwo~ y'-laCTOK s Cl!161!1pcKOM

Y

peTb, '-ITO S

250

cene

Tbl-

KM OT 03epa 6a~Kafl. noceflOK

3HaMeHI!IT csOI!IMI!I 6oraTe~Wii1Mii1 3anacaMII1 yHI!IKanb-

HO~ no CSOI!IM CSO~CTBaM COJllil. Mbl 0'-18Hb Jli06111M CSO~ nOC8JlOK Iii CSO~ AOM. X03s:!li1H AOMa Iii CbiH EiCe AenaiOT csoi!IMI!I pyKaMI!I: 6eceAK111, Ka'-lefll!l, TYPHI!IK. Ha y'-laCTKe I!IMeeTcs:~ cKsa>KI!IHa, KOTopyiO AeKoplilposanlil S cpopMe AepeseHCKOrO KOJlOAU,a . ECTb y HaC TaK>Ke 1!1CKyCCTS8HHbl~ SOA08M. 3TO «03epO>> YHI!IKaflbHOe, nOTOMy '-ITO yKpaweHO paCT8Hiils:!Mii1, KOTOpbl8 paCTYT S nplilpOAe, Iii T8Mii1, '-ITO HaM nOAapi!IIllil APY3bs:! liiJllil POACTS8HHI!1Kii1. HanpliiMep, Kafly>KHI!IU.Y Mbl Sblpblfllil y peKI!I, 111 aHa yAa'-IHO nplii>KI!IJlacb y SOAOeMa (nocaAI!Ifllil ee s caMoe TeMHoe 111 Cblpoe MeCTO) . np1!1'-I8M Jli!ICTbs:l Iii U,S8Tbl y Hee CTafllil 6onee Kpyn HbiMI!I , '-leM s nplilpOAe . 0Ha u,seTeT caMas:~ nepsas:~. 8o3ne Hawero «03epa •• s:1 SbiCaAI!IJla SOAOc6op Tpex pa3HbiX u,seTos . KorAa OH OTu,seTaeT, s:1 AaiO so3MO>KHOCTb C03peTb CeMeHaM Iii 3aTeM o6pe3al0 3aCOXWI!18 U,S8TK1!1 . ni!ICTbs:l OCTaiOTCs:l KpaCI!ISbiMI!I AO CaMO~ OCeHiil . Ecn111 nOACbiXaiOT, o6pe3al0 111x . Ew,e s:! SbiCaAI!IJla y SOAOeMa 1!1pli1Cbl. 0Hii1 CMOTps:!TCs:! TaM O'-leHb npl!lsneKaTeflbHO. KorAa oTu,seTaiOT , 3acoxwlile cou,seTI!Is:J TO>Ke cpe3al0 . 8 npownoM ce3oHe

KOTOporo XOpOWO nporpesaJlOCb . lpyHT Iii SOAY 1!1CnOJlb30Safla 1113 o3epa. H111M¢es:~ 3au,sena s nepsbl~ >Ke rGA. KOrAa Ha Cfl8AYIOW.Ii1~ rGA pacTeHiile pa3pOCJl0Cb, HeseCTKa nOA8Jl1!1JlaCb CO MHO~ , pa3A8Jlli1S KOpeHb. 8 nepSbl~ rOA s:! SbiCaAI!Ifla H1!1Mcpe10 S rpyHT (rpyHT 1113 03epa, a SOAa - 1113 KOilOAU,a) , KOTOpbiM YCTJlaJll!l

1000 cfJsemos

of/fiHUKY

Ng10, 201.3


AHO Hawero BOAOeMa . H~t~M<):>es:~ poena AOnro, T.K. CltiAena Ha 6onbwo~ rny6~t~He (6onee 1 M}, a nero 6blno xonOAHbiM . B pe3ynbrare u,seroK He ycnen pacu,secr~t~ . TOnbKO K OC8Hit1 n05lBit1nC5l 6yTOH, KaK pa3 K Ha'-lany 3aMOp03KOB. QceHbiO (K KOHU,Y OKT5l6p5l) Mbl aKKypaTHO Cnlt1nlt1 BOAY lt13 BOAOeMa , Bb1Tall..llt1nlt1 pacT8Hit18 , o6pe3anlt1 nlt1CTb5l , OCTaBitiB TOnbKO KOpHitl. KopHitl nOM8CTit1nlt1 B MOX, 3asepHynlt1 B u,enno<):>aH ' It! nOnO>Kit1nlt1 B B8Ap0 , aero nOCTaBit1nlt1 B nOAnOnbe, rAe xpaHit1TC5l Kapro<):>enb . BeCHOVi, B KOHU,e Ma5l, AOcranltl pacreH~t~e . 0Ho HeMHoro nocros:~no Ha yn~t~u,e, O>KitlnO. $1 ero npltiOTKpblna , HO 1113 MXa He BbiTaCKit!Bana. Cran~t~ nos:~sns:~TbC5l nepsble n~t~CTO'-IKitl. 8 Ha'-lane lt110H5l Mbl CHOBa 3anlt1nlt1 BOAY B BOAOeM (BOAa TaK>Ke 6blna 1113 KOnOAU,a nniOC AO>KA8Ba5l). $1 noCaA~t~na Hlt1M<j:>el0 B crapbiVi U,B8T0'-1Hb1Vi ropwoK. nplt1'-I8M lt1CnOnb30Bana 38Mnl0 lt1 neperHOVi np5lMO 1113

'HO !~­

Vlx B.

eVl-

AVl .

yB

om c<e b,

b. IV1

I I I

nnOCKit!Vi KaMeHb lt1 Ha Hero nocras~t~nltl pacreH~t~e np5lMO B ropwKe . rpyHT B BOA08M yKnaAblsarb He cran~t~. H~t~M<):>es:~ oKa3anacb noA soAO~ , HO ropa3AO 6n~t~>Ke K nosepXHOCTitl , rAe BOAa rennee, '-leM Ha AHe. B 11110ne pacu,sen '-lyAeCHbiVI u,seroK. A K oceH~t~ nos:~s~t~ncs:~ HOBbiVi 6yTOH, HO OH BHOBb He ycnen pacU,B8CT1t1 . Ha cneAYIOll..llt!Vi rOA Bee nOBTOpltlnOCb (TOnbKO BOAY Mbl Haso3~t~nlt1 1113 o3epa} , HO y>t<e pacu,seno OAHOspeMeHHO ABa u,serKa (eM. cjJom). OceHbiO Mbl Bblraw,~t~nltl pacreH~t~e 1t1 noMecr~t~nltl ero s u,enno<):>aH nps:~Mo s TOM >t<e ropwt<e. Bepx ropwt<a BHOBb yt<pblnltl MXOM . Ho nlt1CTb8B CTanO 60nbW8 , lt1 0Hit1 CTanltl Menb'-18 B pa3Mepe . 8 3TOM r0AY XO'-IY KOpeHb pa3A8nlt1Tb 1t1 CMeHit!Tb 38Mn10 B ropwKe. 0AHa>KAbl Mbl C My>KeM 6blnlt1 B necy lt1 BbiKOnanltl >KenTbl8 U,B8Tbl , nOXO>Kit18 no <):>OpMe Ha pOMaWKitl. 0TU,B8Ta5l, OHitl pa36paCbiBaiOT ceMeHa no sceMy oroPOAY· KoHe'-IHO, copH5lK , HO KaK Kpac~t~sa nons:~HKa, cnnOWb yC85lHHa5l MenKit1Mit1 5lpKO->KenTbiMit1 U,B8T0'-1KaMit1! nO>K itlnltl

,[l,opmKKitl 1t1 6eper BOKpyr BOA08Ma Mbl BblnO>Kit1nlt1 nneTH5lKOM, KOTOpbiVi nOH8MHOry HaB031t1nlt1 C pe'-IKitl. Ecrb y Hac He6onbwas:~ renn~t~'-IKa lt13 non~t~Kap6oHa­ ra, KOTOpas:~ AaeT 3aMe'-laTenbHbiVI ypo>t<aVI nOMitiAOpos 1t1 nepu,es . A cse>K~t~e orypu,bl, HecMorps:~ Ha paHHitle 3aMOp03Kit1, Mbl 8Ait1M AO rny60KOVI OC8Hit1. PeAitiCKY ca>t<aeM rp~t~>KAbl. CaMyiO nepsy10 rps:~AKY AenaeM An5l pa3nlt1'-IHOVI 3eneHit1. 0AHa>KAbl B anpene Bblnan CHer, KOTOpbiVi nonHOCTbiO 3aKpbln ee . Ho KaK TOnbKO CHer pacras:~n, Mbl o6Hapy>t<~t~nlt1 posHble P5lA0'-1Kit1 B30weAweVI 3eneHit1. V1 y>t<e '-lepe3 ABe HeAen~t~ Aenan~t~ nepsble Blt1TaMit1HHble canaTbl. CHer A06as~t~n snar~t~, biB rp5lAY CHe>KHbiM OA85lnOM . BOT TaKitle '-IYAeCa 6biBaiOT B npltlpOAe! OceHbiO Mbl y'-lacrsosan~t~ s o6nacrHOM CMOrpe-KOHKypce .ny'-lwas:~ 6naroycrpoeHHas:~ ycaAb6a VlpKyrcKoVI o6nacr~t~-2012 ». A HeBHO nony'-l~t~nltl A~t~nnoM rperbeVI creneHitl nOA noAnlt!CbiO ry6epHaropa o6nacr1t1 . np1t15lTHO , KOrAa TBOVI TPYA 3aMe'-laiOT APYr~t~e.

V1 HaM He CKY'-IHO B HaweM CaAy-oropoA8, TO eCTb nonpocry HeKOrAa CKy'-laTb! EneHa PESPHKOBA, n. TblpeTb lilpKyTcKoiii o6n. CbOTO aBTOpa


? YMeHH HennoxoH caA-

• oropoA. noAapMnM TPM soHnO'IHble BMWHM M How-ry, ABe rpywM. A y Hac a cenbCKOH MeCTHOCTM TaKMX pacTeHMH HeT M nOCOBeTOBaTbCSI He c KeM. PaccKa>KMTe, no>KanyHcTa, KaK yxa>KMBaTb 3a ca>KeH...-aMM. HaTanbSI SIKOB11EBA, n. KnMMOBO JleHMHrpaACKOM

o6n.

Kax 3a cazea~aMH YXOA 33 MOWTOM COCTOII1T 111S nOAKOpMOK, n011111808 , pb1X11eHII1~ npii1CT8011bHOrO Kpyra 111 o6pesKII1. noC11e c6opa ~rOA OCeHb~ 8~pe­ sa~T c11a6b1e OAH011eTHII1e no6erll1, OCTa811~~ 2-3 Cll111bHbiX, a TaK)Ke CTapble, KOTOpbiM 6011ee 6 11eT. noAKapM111118a~T iiiOWTY TeMII1 )Ke YA06peHII1~MII1 111 8 Te )Ke CpOKII1, '-ITO 111 )KII1M0110CTb . Pb1X11~T n048Y nOA KYCTaMII1 Ha MII1HII1Ma11bHY~ r11y6111Hy, 4T06bl He no8peA111Tb KOPHII1. >Ke11aTe11eH no111118 noc11e u,8eTeHII1~ , oco6eHHO 8 cyxy~ norOAY· ~OWTa npaKTII14eCKII1 He 6011eeT, HO MO)KeT no8pe)KAaTbC~ 8peA111Te11~MII1. noc11e U,8eTeHII1~ np080A~T 06pa60TKY cpycpaHOHOM 11111111 wapneeM OT )Ke11TOrO Kpbi)K08HII1K080ro nll11111111bW,II1Ka 111 Kpbi)K08HII1K080il1

ASOTHble YA06peHII1~ 8HOC~T Ka)K -

AY~ 8eCHY (35-45 r/K8.M aMMII1a4HOil1 Ce11111Tpbl 11111111 20-30 r M04e8111Hbl) np111 pb1X11eHII1111 np111CT8011bHOrO Kpyra, a ¢oc¢opHble (30 r cynep¢oc¢aTa) 111 Ka11111ii1Hble (6080 r X110pii1CTOrO Ka1111151) - 8 KOHU,e 11eTa - Ha4a11e oceHII1. no48Y 8 np111CT8011bHbiX Kpyrax 8 Te4eHII1e 11eTa COAep)KaT 8 pbiX110M 111 4111CTOM OT COpH51K08 COCT051HII1111. C HaCTyn11eHII1eM X0110A08 Aepe8 u,a 06851Sbl8a~T e1108biM 11anHII1KOM. Oco6eHHO Tw,aTe11bHO saw,ll1w,a~T OT MbiWei/1 CT8011111KII1 8 pai/10He KOpHe8oil1 weii1KII1. noc11e o6851SKII1 xopowo 6bl sacbmaTb np111CT8011bHble Kpyrll1 Me11KOII1 APe8ecHOil1 cTpy)KKOill 11111111 on11111KaM111 A1151 yTen11eHII151 KOpHeill . BecHoill , KOrAa MII1HyeT yrposa Cll111bHbiX H04HbiX MOpOS08 (H111)Ke -5' C) , 06851S KY CHII1Ma~T 111 Aepe8u,a o6pa6a-

n~AeHII1U,bl.

Tbl8a~T 4-5%-HbiM paCT80pOM aM-

YXOA 33 rpyweV. COCTOII1T 111S C80e8peMeHHbiX nOAKOpMOK , no11111808 111 SaW,II1THbiX Meponpii1~TII1il1 oT 8peA111Te11eil1 111 6o11esHeill. BbiCa)KeHHble Aepe8b~ rpyw111 111Cnb1Tbl8a-

MII1a4HOil1 Ce11111Tpbl 11111111 M04e8111Hbl , a npii1CT8011bHble Kpyr111 - 1 0 % -HbiM paCT8opoM 3T111X YA06peHII1ill , 111 6e1151T CT8011bl Aepe8be8 . Y noca)KeHHoro ca)KeHu,a rpyw111

~T 6011bWY~ nOTpe6HOCTb 8 80Ae, OC06eHHO 8 KOHU,e 8eCHbl - Ha4a-

HY)KHO c ¢opM111p08aTb KpoHy. 0Ha A011)t(Ha 6b1Tb He8biCOKOil1 , XOpOWO

11e 11eTa (Maill - 111~Hb). B nep8ble 4 roAa pocTa sa cesoH 111x n011111-

oc8ew,eHa. CKe11eT Aepe8a A011)KeH 6b1Tb np04HbiM 111 COCT051Tb 111S He6011bWOrO K0111114eCT8a CKe11eTHbiX Cy4be8 111 8eT8ei/1 , KOTOpble pa8 HOMepHO pacno11ara~TC51 8 npoCTpaHCT8e. CaMa51 npoCTa51 ¢opMa KpOHbl - paspe)KeHH0-51pyCHa51 . cDopM111p08aTb ee Ha4111Ha~T 8 nep-

8a~T AO 5 pas . noc11eAH111111 no111118 np080A~T 8 a8rycTe. noA Ka)KAOe Aepe80 8bl111118a~T AO 5 8eAep 80Abl. rpywa Tpe6o8aTe11bHa K 311eMeHTaM nii1TaHII1~, OC06eHHO K Ka11111~. 0nTII1Ma11bHOe cooTHoweHII1e asoTa , ¢oc¢opa 111 Ka11111~ 2:1 :4 .

8Y~

8eCHY noc11e nocaAK111.

N!10, 201J

__

_,.~


0TBeqaeJV Ha BOIIJ20C

)localK.Z{aiOT AH"'HHI~· ~~~1:lo.~ u . MaHCKOrO zyKa "l;

"OACKaM01Te, KaK 60e poTbCH c nM~MHKaMM MaHcKoro >KyKa. ?

BaneHTIIIHa PY3AHOBA, r. CMoneHcK

~ e­

lb-

) r 10-

u,e

noca,D,Kitl Ca,D,OSOi1 3eMJ151Hit1Kit1 S

C Jllt141t1HKaMit1 SOCT04HOfO lt1 3a-

ynnoTHeHHOi1 wenyx~t~ 3an~t~sa10T

,D,O

na,D,HOfO Mai1cKOro xpyw,a (s ltlX Ha3WSaiOT M8MCK/11M/11 >KyKaM/11) MO)I(HO 6opOTbC51 MeXaHit14eCKit1Mit1, arpOTeXHit14eCKit1Mit1, 6~t~OJ10r~t~YeCKit1Mit1 lt1

cnoco6aM~t~.

S

w~t~x

,D,e6HbiX 1t1 ,D,a4HbiX

i1-

Jllt141t1HOK

)l(aiOw,ei1 cpe,D,bl. noTOM

,D,Oi1

SO-

SO,D,bl) lt13

6~t~OJ10flt14eCKit1X cpe,D,CTS lt1CnOJ1b30SaTb npena-

MO)I(HO

paT HeMa6aKT, 1,113 x~t~M~t~YeCK~t~x - 3eMJ11t1H, 6a3y,D,~t~H, AHT~t~xpyw,. Cnoco6bl np~t~MeHeHit151 ~t~x on~t~ca­

s nponop-

Hbl lt1Jllt1 Ha ynaKOSKaX lt1Jllt1 S npltl-

LJ,Itlltl 1:1 1t1 Tw,a-

JlaraeMbiX Jllt1CTKax - peKOMeH,D,a-

TeflbHO nOJlltl-

LJ,It151X.

lJerrhHhii1: coseT

Sbl61t1-

pa10T lt13 no4Sbl

ee nepeKonKe, a TaK-

c-

)I(e lt13 KOMnOCTa npltl SHece-

Doca.zt&Te 11ecRoK, npopocm&H He B cpoK

np~t~

nH •r-

Jllt141t1HKit1 r~t~6HyT OT XOJlO,D,a y)l(e

43-

npltl TeMnepaType -3'C, KOMnOCT n03,D,HO oceHbiO MO)I(HO pa3J10-

u

Hitlltl ero s noYsy. Y4~t~ T b1Sa51 , 4TO

6biBaeT, 'ITO AOMa 'leCHOK npopacraeT paHbWe BpeMeHH. A ca)l(aTb ero paHo, TaK KaK nO'IBa e~e nOAMOpO)I(eHa. B 3TOM cny'lae .R nocyYnatO TaK.

)I(IHb no MewKaM, 4T06bl oH ne/ peMep3 . BecHoi1 oH 6y,D,eT cso6o,D,eH OT Jllt141t1HOK . 83pOCJ1biX xpyw,ei1 MO)I(HO CTp51XIt1SaTb C ,D,epesbeS Ha nO,D,CTit1J1Kit1 paHO

Y6~t~pa10 sepXHitli1 CJ10i1 n04Sbl ( 10 CM) ltl, eCJlltl Ha 3TOi1 rny6~t~He rpyHT

f ew,e

yTpOM, KOr,D,a OHitl MaflOnO,D,-

CKOSaH, Ca)l(aiO 4eCHOK. Cpa3y )l(e 3aCblnaiO Taf10i1 3eMI1ei1 (ee 3a-

HOWY S ,D,OM, S Tenno) Ha SbiCOTy 5 CM. Csepxy yKpbiSaiO Onlt1J1KaMit1 (TOJlb-

Sitl)I(Hbl. 3cpcpeKTit1SHbli1

KO He XSOi1HbiX nopO,D,}, CTpy)I(KOi1. 3asaJ11t1SaiO KpynHbiMitl cnOC06

-

OCTaTKaMitl Ha 15 CM SbiCOTbl, 4T06bl MYJ1b4a He pa3JleTa-

noces 6enoro Knesepa s np~t~CTSOJlbHbiX t<pyrax ,D,epesbeS.

nacb OT seTpa. lt13 no,D,Mopo)l(eHHOi1 noYSbl ,D,enaiO saJllt1Kit1 soKpyr rp51,D,Kit1 ,D,J151 3a,D,ep)l(aH~t~51 cHera.

Knesep cso~t~Mitl Kny6eHbKO-

YecHOK s TaKOM yKpbiTitlltl He 3aMep-

IX !-

SbiMit1 6aKTeplt151Mit1,

)-

pa3Sit1SaiOTC51 Ha KOpH 51 X pacTe-

I-

Hitli1, HaKanJlltlSaiOT a30T lt13 S03-

I.

,D,yxa , 4TO He HpaSit1TC51 Jllt141t1H-

1-

HaCTOi1

pa3SO,D,51T

y4aCTKaX

6-

!H

OT

saiOT no4sy.

ltl-

llt1

5 ,D,Hei1

6yi1Te nOJlltlTb paCTSOpOM HaWaTblpHOfO GnltlpTa (20 MJl Ha 10 J1

np~t~yca­

,lt1-

1a 10

,D,O

3aSit1Cit1MOCTit1

TeMnepaTypbl OKpy-

Ha He6onb-

ltl-

3-

Kpaes Tennoi1 so,D,oi1 1t1 HaCTa~t~saiOT OT 3

Hapo,D,e

)M

IM

Ecn~t~ pacTeH~t~e nor~t~6aeT OT nospe)I(,D,eH~t~i1 Jllt141t1HOK, ero MO)I(HO

Ka4eCTse npocp~t~naKTitlKitl nonpo-

H1. !8-

=>I,

Ka.

XItl. ,lJ,n51 3TOro 1/3 se,D,pa xopowo

Xlt1Mit14eCKit1Mit1

v1-

seCHOi1 nepe,D, nepeKOnKOi1 y4aCT-

nOJlltlTb HaCTOeM I1YKOSOi1 weny-

( 8

a-

MeJ1b4eHHOM Sltl,D,e MO)I(HO SHOCitlTb

0TBe'iaeT HIIIKonaM POrOBUOB

bt<aY-

511t14HOi1 CKOpnynbl, KOTOpyiO S lt13-

3aeT, fOJlOSKitl SblpacTaiOT Kpyn-

KOTOpble

Hble. 6oraTbiX seeM ypo)l(aes!

KaM, lt1 OHitl S 3TOi1 cpe,D,e He SO,D,51TC51 . He SbiHOC51T OHitl 1t1 3anax

N!10, 201J

MapiiiHa tEPEWKI!1HA, OrOpOAHIIIK C 20-JleTHI/IM CTa>KeM, r. KeMeposo --~----------------------------------------------------------~

"----


PerrOJ2Ta)l( c r12~~

BpeMR TeDAOAI06H nepMOA C 25 MaSI no 5 MIOHSI SIBilSieTCSI HaM6onee onTMMallbHbiM cpoKOM AllSI nocesa M noCaAOK B OTKpbiTbiH rpyHT Tenl1011t06MBbiX KYilbTYP s cpeAHeH nonoce. no~sa y>Ke xopowo nporpenacb M MO>KHO He 6oSITbCSI 3aMopo3KOB. Bee pacreT KaK Ha APO>K>Kax M Aa>Ke o6roHSieT 6onee paHHMe nocaAKM. 0AHaKO VIHOrAa TaKVIe 080W,VI, KaK cnap>Ke8a5l ¢aeon b, U.YKKVI HVI, MYCKaTHble TbiK8bl, caxapHa5l KYKYpy3a , noce5lHHble ceMeHaMVI np5lMO 8 rpyHT, VI 8 3TO 6narOAaTHOe 8peM5l AaiOT V13pe>KeHHble 8CXOAbl. He noMoraiOT Aa>Ke yKpbi8Hble MaTepVIanbl. lp5lAKVI nony'-laiOTC5l nonynycTbiMVI VI VIX npVIXOAVITC5l nepeCe8aTb. Oco6eHHO KanpV13Hbl rVI6PVIAHble ceMeHa, npoAaiOw,VIeC5l nOWTY'-IHO VI 0'-leHb Aa>Ke HeAeWe80. Mo>KeT cny'-IVITbC5l VI Apyra5l 6eAa : 3a 8peM5l OTCYTCT8VI5l X035l-

e8 8biCKO'-IVI8WVIe 6b1no nOA nneH KOill 8CXOAbl norVI6aiOT OT neperpe8a nVI60 y>Ke 830WeAwVIe pacTeHVI5l HaAonro~~~~LJ~~~ISII. . OCTaHa8nVI 8aiOTC5l 8 pocTe nocne xonOAHOro npo- KVI KaK p a3 y>Ke OC8060AVInVICb OT nV18HOro AO>KA5l. paccaAbl VI MO>KHO He cnewa pa3 no3TOMY 8 nocneAHee 8peM5l, nO>KVITb 8 KOHTeiiiHepbl An5l npopa '-IT06bl npVIAaTb 3TVIM 080W,aM 6bi- W,V18aHV15l KpynHble ceMeHa TennoCTpbii/i CTapT, 5l CTana 8blpaW,VI8aTb ni06VI8biX osow,eill . npVI TeMnepaVIX '-lepe3 paccaAy . Ho ce10 He 3a Type 8b1We 20'C OHVI npopacTyT 8 30-60 AHeill AO nocaAKVI A8a pa3a 6biCTpee. V1 y>Ke 8 caMOM 8 rpyHT, KaK TOMaTbl VlnVI Ha'-lane x opowo 6yAeT 8VIAHO , Kanepu,bl, a He 6onbwe, '-leM KVIe ceMeHa He 830WnV1 VlnVI AanVI 3a 7-14. HeKOTOpbiM 80- cna6ble pOCTKVI (VIX cneAyeT 8blo6w,e AOCTaTO'-IHO o6ecne- 6paK08aTb) . '-IVITb KOM<j:>OpT 8 MOMeHT A 8b1Ca>KVI 8aTb cnap>Ke8yl0 <j:>anpopacTaHVI5l . Oco6eHHO COnb , Ka 6a'-IKVI, TbiK8bl VI KYKYPY3Y 3TO YA06Ho, KOrAa 6bl8a- 8 OTKpbiTblill rpyHT MO>KHO 8 nl0 ewb Ha Aa'-le Hae3AaMVI VI 6oi/i CTaAVIVI. ECnVI C08CeM Tenno HeT 803MO>KHOCTVI Ka>KAblill npocTo pa3nO>KVITb no 6op03AKaM AeHb HaKpbl8aTb VlnVI CHVI- TOnbKO HaKniOHY8WVIeC5l VlnVI Aa8MaTb nneHKY c noce808. Aa WVIe He 6 0nbWVIe pOCTKVI CeMeHa. VI 8 K8apTV1pe nOAOKOHHVI- VlnVI, 8biHY8 npopOCTKVI V1 3 KOHTei/i-

BuzaaM U3 fP-acoJlu 80 MHOrOM ypo>KaM cnap)f(eBOM ci>aCOilM 3aBMCMT OT cxeMbl nocaAKM. HaMBbiCWMM nony'laeTCSI npM neHTOILIHOM cnoco6e no cxeMe 70x20 eM. Am• BbiO~Mx:. CSI COpTOB OnTMMallbHOM SIBilSieTCSI noCaAKa BOKpyr )f(epAeM. HaM6onee ycTOMILIMBaSI K seTpy KOHCTPYK4MH nony'laeTCH, ecnM CBH3aTb sepxywKM 'leTblpex. Co BpeMeHeM Ha HMX Cci>OpMMpyeTCH «)f(MBOM BMrBaM».


llUKUp.06KU mblK6eHHblX CeHH4bl Ka6altKOB H TbiKB pacca>KHBatOT B ropWOltKH ltepe3 3-4 AHH nocne nOHBneHHH nOnHbiX BCXOAOB, npeABapHTenbHO xopowo nonHB HX Tennoi1 BOAOM. CeHHe4 aKKypaTHO nOAAeBatOT BHnOltKOM CHH3Y H nepeHOCHT B CTaKaHltHK BMeCTe C KOMOltKOM nOltBbl. llyHKY rOTOBHT 3apaHee. 0Ha AOn>KHa 6b1Tb TaKoi1, ltT06bl TYAa CB060AHO yMe~anaCb KOpHeBaH CHCTeMa. npHAep>KHBaH CTe6eneK, KOpHH npHcbmatOT 3eMnei1. nocne :noro T~aTenbHO nonHBatOT pacTeHHe, ltT06bl B 3eMne He OCTanOCb nyCTOT, H CHOBa npHCblnatOT, HO y>Ke CYXOM nOltBOM. B>KHMaTb KOpHH B 3eMntO He HY>KHO.

OT 13-

la0-

Hepa , paeeaAI!lTb 111x no eTaKaH41!1KaM Ill ew,e nOApaeTIIlTb paecaAy AOMa. A MO>KHO nepese3TII1 Ha Aa4Y Ill np111eTp01!1Tb Ha speM~ B napHII140K 111n111 Tennii14KY e orypu,aMI!l 111n111 TOMaTaMIIl. TeM 6onee, 4TO s paHHI!l~ neplllOA see 3TII1 KynbTYp~ senlllKOnenHo nepeHoe~T nepeeaAKY, rnasHoe - He nospeAIIlTb KOpeWKI!l. 06eene41!1Tb KOM¢0pT HeeKOnbKIIlM Aee~TKaM npop aeTaiOW,IIlX

eeM~H 111n111 Aa>Ke paeeaAIIlH ropa3AO YA06Hee 111 npow,e , YeM u,eno~ rp~AKe. 3KOHOM~Te~ Ill eeMeHa, Ill yKpbtBHO~ MaTepl!lan, Ill el!lnbt, KOTOpbtX TaK He xsaTaeT s 3TOT xnonoTHbt~ nepl!lOA. npll14eM npllleTynaTb K noeesy Ha paeeaAy 3TII1X Tennont061!1BbtX osow,e~ MO>KHO s n106oe speM~ . S1 06bt4HO BbteesaiO lllX 8 KOHU,e BTOpo~ AeKaAbl Ma~ , HO MO>KHO Ill 4YTb no3>Ke. YeM Mono>Ke paeTeHIIl~, TeM

a·s )M

an~

:>1-

a3Y :)I -

lM

B-

a. ~-

KY-KY-J!Y-3Y-- 6 zp_y.nnbl BbiCa>KHBaTb KYKYPY3Y HY>KHO He B OAHY cTpOltKy, a rpynnaMH B 3-4 PHAa (30x60 eM). TaKoe pacnono>KeHHe pacTeHHM CnOC06CTByeT XOpOWeMy OnblneHHtO >KeHCKHX 4BeTKOB1 a 3HaltHT1 nonylteHHtO HanOnHeHHbiX 3epHaMH nOltaTKOB.

OHI!l 6btCTpee aAanTI!lpyiOTe~ B OTKpbtTOM rpyHTe. An~ noeesa KpynH~x eeM~H xopowo nOAXOA~T npo~pa4H~e

nnaeTI!lKOB~e

KOHTe~He­

pbt e KpbtwKaMI!l. Ha 111x AOHbtWKO HaebtnatO pbtXnbt~ paeeaAHbt~ rpyHT (Ha oeHose Top¢a) enoeM He 6onee, 4eM 8 1 eM. noene non111sa nosepxy Ha He6onb woM paeeTO~HIIllll APYr OT APYra posHbtMI!l P~AKaMI!l paeKnaAbtBaiO eeMeHa. l!lx Aa>Ke MO>KHO BHaYane 111 He nplllebtnaTb 3eMne~ esepxy , a npoeTo nerOHbKO BAaBI!lTb s Hee. B eeMeHax ¢aeonl!1, TbtKBbt 111 KYKYPY3bt lllMeeTe~ 6onbWO~ 3anae nlllTaTenbHbtX sew,eeTB, no3TOMY An~ YAa4HOro eTapTa 111M HY>KHbt n111wb Tenno 111 snara. no3TOMY epa3y noene noeesa KpbtWKI!l KOHTe~He­ pos nnOTHO 3aKpbtBaiO Ill BbteTaBn~IO noeesbt Ha eonHbtWKO. Y>Ke Yepe3 3-4 AH~ BlllAHO, KaKIIle paeTeHI!l~ nown111 s poeT. C 3TOro speMeHI!l Ha4111Hal0 e>KeAHeBHO nposeTpl!lsaTb noeaAKI!l AHeM, An~ Yero 4YTb-4YTb nplllOTKpbtBaiO KpbtWKy . A Aanbwe OeTanOeb TOnbKO nOArOTOBI!lTb rp~AKY Ill MO>KHO npllleTynaTb K noeaAKe. BexOAbt nonyYaIOTe~ BbtpOBHeHHbiMI!l, a rp~AKI!l KpaelllBbiMI!l. HaTanbSI COJlOHOBVI'-1, y'4eHbliii arpoHoM 111 OBOW,eBOA CO CTa>KeM <l>oTo 1110AM111nbl MOrVIllEBVI'-1


0TseqaeM Ila BOil OChl

BHmHH xycTOBH.ztH&Ie H .ztpeBOBH,llH&Ie ? PaCCKa>t01Te 0 KYCTOBHAHbiX H ApeBOBHAHbiX BHWH.RX. e "'eM OHM OTnH"'atoTC.R Apyr OT Apyra? Oner KOHOBAJlOB, r. Slpocnaanb

f

Kycros111AHble 111 APe• sos111AHble copra Sll1weH He CS5l3aHbl C SHeWHII1M S111AOM pacTeHII111i. V1 OAH111, 111 APY1111e Moryr pacr111 KaK s ~ S111Ae Aepesa , raK 111 s " S111Ae Kycra. Ornii1YaIOTC5l OHII1 no xapaKTePY pocra 111 nnOAOHO weHII15l. K KYCTOS111AHbiM SII1WH5lM OTHOC5lTC5l COpra, y KOTOp~x OCHOSHOIIi ypo>Kalli cpopMII1pyerC5l Ha 0AHOneTHII1X seTS5lX, o6pa3yiOUJ,II1XC5l 1113 sepxywe4HbiX no4eK. Ha sers5lx, KOTOpble Kopo4e 2030 eM, o6bi4HO see no4KII1, KPOMe sepxywe4HOII1, userKos~e . nocne nnOAOHOWeHII15l npOII1CXOA111T 010-

i

?

liTO ny1.1we An.R TbiK-

e Bbl: paCTHTb ee Ha wnanepax, noAB.R3biBa.R, HnH nycTHTb «non3TH», HanpHMep, B KapToct>enb? ranHHa COJlOASIHKHHA, A· HCKHnbAa, nepMCKH~ Kpa~

f:An5l 1

pocra 111 pa3sii1TII15l TbiK-

~ sbl, KOHe4HO, ny4We, 4T06bl

neHII1e TaKII1X seTOK 111 pa3SeTsneHII111i HvlKaKII1X He 6biSaeT. np111p0CT 3Ta seTSb AaeT TOnbKO 3a C4eT no6era 1113 sepxywe4HOII1 no4KII1. Ha cneAyiOUJ,II111i lOA nnOAOHOWeHII1e S0306HOSn5leTC5l TOnbKO Ha 3TOM np111pOCTe 111 seTSb CHOSa OIOn5leTC5l. B pe3ynbrare sers111 craHOS5lTC5l An111HHbiMII1 (50-60 CM 111 6onee), nos111catOUJ,II1MII1, a n04TII1 see no4KII1 - sereraTII1SHbiMII1. ApesOS111AHble copra AatOT ypo>Kalli S OCHOSHOM Ha 6yKeTHbiX seT04KaX, KOTOpble nnOAOHOC5lT AO 5 neT . no3TOMY seTSII1 6biCTpO He OIOn5liOTC5l 111 np5lMOIIi 3aSII1CII1MOCTII1 or Anii1Hbl no6eros npaKTII14eCKII1 He 6blsaer. Ecn111 111x An111Ha s npeAenax 30-50 CM, TO Ha no6erax pacnonaratOTC5l rpynnosble (no 2-3 wryK111) , KaK useTKOSble, raK 111 sepxywe4Ha5l pocrosa5l n04Ka. L.J,seT04Hble AatOT nnOAbl, a 1113 pOCTOSbiX n04eK SblpaCTaiOT 6oKOSble no6er111 111n111 6yKeTHble SeT04KII1.

ee nner111 cren111n111cb no 3eMne. B 3TOM cnyYae s y3nax o6pa3yIOTC5l KOpHII1, KOTOpble AOnOnHII1TenbHO n111ra10r paCTeHII15l snarolli 111 n111rarenbHbiMII1 3neMeHTaMII1. BbiCa>KL!\SaTb TbiKsy >KenarenbHO no KpaiO y4aCTKa, 4T06bl nneTII1 nOH3nll1 no Me>Ke, Tpase. nyCKaTb 111x no KaprocpenbHOMY nontO He>KenarenbHO, raK KaK OHII1 6YAYT Mewarb yxa>KII1sarb 3a nocaAKaMII1 (OKY4111Salb, 6opOTbC5l c speA111Ten5lMII1 111 6one3H5lM111). B ro >Ke speM5l nner111 6YAYT rpasMII1posaTbC5l np111 nposeAeHII1111 3TII1X pa60T. 8b1paw,111saTb TbiKsy Ha wnanepe 111n111 onope MO>KHO, HO rorAa HY>KHO opraHII130saTb 6onee rw,arenbHbllli yxoA 3a pacreHII1eM (nOnii1Sbl, nOAKOpMKII1, nOAS5l3KII1 nnerelli 111 caMII1X nnoAos). B n1060M cny4ae see 3as111c111r or sawero Sbl6opa.

N!TO, 2ft1J

..


~

Ka>KAbiM fOA Mbl BbiCa>KMBaeM Ha CBOMX rpHAKaX nont06MBWMeCH COpTa OBO~eM M 3elleHHbiX KYilbyYp, anpo6MpyeM HOBMHKM. 0AHM M3 HMX OAapMBaiOT Hac o6MilbHbiM ypo>KaeM, APYrMe npMHOCSIT pa30'IapOBaHMSI ... ,ll,0p0r111e '-fii1TaTenll1, Mbl ysepeHbl , '-ITO B 3TOM Ce30He TO)I(e 6YAYT np11151THble OTKpb1TII151, 111 BaWII1 COTKII1 nopaAytOT sac OBOW,HbiM 1113o6111n111eM. PaccKa)I(II1Te o6 3TOM, np111wn111Te ¢oTO csoero .,...6oraTOro ypo)l(aH 111 npii1MII1Te y'-faCTII1e s KOHKypce

H

li'ETO~)

llo6eoumeAeii :>~eoy_m nJlU3bl:

.. Ha6opbl CeMSIH OBO~HbiX KYilbyYp, • YA06peHMSI, .. CaAOBbiM I!IHCTpyMeHT.

)J(eMeM BaM ypoJKgU1l020 Jtema, oopo2ue ttumameJtuf

b-

ey-

o~~

0-

B B-

0TBe~aeM Ha BOII}20Cbl

Koro DOTH BYA.O &a

1~

ar-

K

? YMeHSI Ha y'4aCTKe KTO-TO Cl!l/lbHO noape>KAaeT ~aBellb Ill • peaeHb. npM'4eM y nepaoro caeAaeTCSI ace AO cTe6neM, Aa>Ke Ha ~Ill He'4ero HapBaTb. A y BTOpOrO lli!ICT pa3BOpa'4111BaeTCSI y>Ke KpymeBHbiM, ero o6rpbl3a10T e~e a 3apOAblwe. TaKast Hanacrb y>Ke He nepBbiM rOA1 HOB 3TOM Y>K COBCeM AOCTa/1111 ... KaK coxpaHIIITb pacTeHIIISI 3AOPOBbiMI!I? Pa111ca WYMAHCKASI, r. MeAbiHb Kany>KCKOM o6n.

' •

OTBelfaeT HaTanbst COJlOHOBH'-1, ylfeHbiM arpOHOM

Ha saw111x osow,ax pacnoHcanCH npoAonrosaTo-osanbHW~ CII1He-3eneHbl~ )I(Y'-fOK c MeTannll1'-feCKII1M OTnii1BOM. Ha3biBaeTCH OH nii1CTOeA w,aseneBbl~. BpeAH111'-f310T KaK B3pOCnble OC06111, TaK 111 sepeTeHoo6pa3Hble rpH3HO)I(enTble nll1'-fii1HKII1. B cpeAHe~ nonoce speAHT ABa noKoneHII1H nii1CTOeAa. npii1MeH51Tb XII1MII1'-feCKII1e Mepbl 6opb6bl Ha 3eneHHbiX KynbTypax - w,asene 111 peseHe - He-

)l(enaTenbHO, Aa 111 pa3peweHHbiX npenapaTOB HeT. no3TOMy B XOA 111AYT yKpbiBHble MaTepll1anbl. Ecn111 Ha6pOCII1Te nerKII1~ cnaH60HA Ha rpHAKY co w,aseneM 111n111 peseHeM s caMOM Ha'-fane sereTau,111111, TO He TOnbKO 11136asii1TeCb OT speAII1TenH, HO 111 nony'-fii1Te He)I(Hbl~ paHHII1~ ypo)l(a~. npOTII1B nll1'-fii1HOK MnaAW111X B03pacTOB Ae~CTBeHHbl 111HCeKT111U.111AHble HaCTOII1: Ta6a'-fHbl~ (400 r CTepTbiX s nopowoK nii1CTbeB HaCT051Tb B 10 n BOAbl, ' nepeA onpbiCKII1saHII1eM A06aBII1Tb 40 r Mblna 111 pa36a... BII1Tb BOAO~ B nponop-

L1,111111 1 :2) 111 '-feCHO'-fHbl~ (500 r nyKOB111LI, pacTepeTb 111 3anii1Tb 3 n BOAbl, BbiAep)l(aTb B TeMHOM noMew,eHII1111 5 CyTOK. npii1MeHHIOT 60100 r HaCTOH 111 50 r Mblna Ha 10 n BOAbl.) A TaK)I(e onblnii1BaHII1e nii1CTbeB Ta6a'-fHO~ nblnbta 111n111 MonoTbiM )l(ry'-fii1M nepu,eM. 83pOCnble )I(YKII1, XOTb 111 He60nbWII1e (B An111HY 3-4 MM), HO 0'-feHb 3aMeTHble. V1X MO)I(HO C06111paTb spyYHYIO, CKnaAbiBaH B 6aHO'-fKY c KPYTbiM coneBbiM pacTsopoM. TyAa )l(e ompasnHtaT 111 )l(enTble H~LJ,a, OTnO)I(eHHble CaMKO~ rpynnaMII1 C o6paTHO~ CTOpOHbl nii1CTa. 6biBaeT, '-ITO c speA111TeneM MO)I(HO cnpaBII1TbC51, npOCTO CKOCII1B Cll1nbHO nopa)l(eHHble pacTeHII151 111 xopowo 3aCblnas rpHAKY 3ono~.


[1

Pa3oqapoBaHMe ce3oHa

c ~

6 aRc a 'lee OK

r ~

J (

BcTpeTMTb B npoAa)f(e nocaAO"'HbiH MaTepMan "'eCHOKa He TaK npOCTO, KaK, K npMMepy, llYK-CeBOK MllM ceMeHHOH KapTo4Jenb.

~MOH HbiM

K CO)f(aneHMIO,

ceneK-

CeMeHOBOACTBOM 3TOH BOCTpe6oBaHHOH

l<yllbTypbl 3aHMMaiOTCH eAMHM"'Hble y&.~pe)f(AeHMH. no3TOMY oropOAHMKM "'a~e BCero AOBOilbCTBYIOTCH 3y6KaMM M3 rOI10BOK 1 Bblpa~eHHbiX Ha C06CTBeHHbiX rpHAKaX MllM MAYT Ha pbiHOK.

ro,D,a Ha BBU npoxo,D,VI- ~~~-ik=r::t•· ~ : SbleTaSKa << Ca,D,OSO,D, VI c):>epMep-2012», r,D,e npo,D,asanes:~ pa3nVIYHblill ~·M~.-,t-,n;~~~ noea,D,OYHblill MaTepVIan, S TOM YVIene VI YeeHOKa. 3a eoseeM MOVI pa3Ses:JnVIeb OKOHYaTenbHO: HVI He ManeHbKVIe ,D,eHe)I(KVI (no 25 p . y O,D,HOill ronOSKVI TaK Ha3biSaeMO3a WTYKY) aHa KynVIna TaM ns:~Tb ero ro 03VIMOrO YeeHOKa s:! He 06HapyeopTos no O,D,Hoill ronosKe Ka)l(,lJ,oro. )I(VIna )l(eeTKoro eTep)I(Hs:J . Mo10 TeHa3saHVIs:J y HVIX 6blnVI MHOroo6ew,a- TYWKY npoeTO o6MaHynVI. K TOMY IOW,VIe: CVI6VIpeKVIill, fpV16oseKVIill, )l(e npo,D,aSU,bl TaK ee 3arosopV1nVI, 3onoTas:J ronosa, Mo- YTO OHa ,D,a)l(e He 3anOMHVIna HaeKoseKVIill senVIKaH, Mo- 3SaHVIs:! c):>VIpMbl. eKoseKVIill KpeMOSbli/1. K eO)I(aneHVIIO, MOWeHHVIKVI YaeTO lJT06bl He nepenyTaTb pa3SO,D,s:!T niO,D,ei/1 VIMeHHO Ha TaKVIX e MOVIM YeeHOKOM, pe- MeponpVIs:!TVIs:!X. LJeeHOK ,D,ns:J HVIX WVIna noea,D,VITb ero Ha oYeHb SblrO,D,Has:J KynbTypa. Ero roOT,D,enbHOill rps:!,D,Ke, Ha nosKVI MO)I(HQ eeTb, a MO)I(HQ Vle~~1i!i~~.·~111 KOTopoill poena c):>aconb. nOnb30SaTb ,D,ns:J noea,D,KVI. nosToMy B O)I(VI,D,aHVIVI noe~nKVI seer,D,a MO)I(HO OTrOsOpVITbes:J, YTO OHVI He TOpryiOT noea,D,OYHbiM MaRJ~~~~~ npVIHs:Jnaeb 3a no,D,roTosKY nOYSbl: 3apaHee ne- TepVIanOM, a npo,D,aiOT npo,D,osonbpeKonana VI npOV13seeT- eTseHHblill YeeHOK. Kosana ee, sHeena ne6blno 6bl He TaK o6VI,D,HO, eenVI perHoill VI 3ony. 6bl npo,D,aSU,bl XOTs:! 6bl SblpaeTVInVI no,D,03peHVIe, YTO e YeeHOK eaMVI. A TaK ses:J VIX pa60Ta npVIo6peTeHVIeM He see esenaeb K TOMy, YTO OHVI npVIeTaS nOps:!,D,Ke, nOs:!SVInOeb y SVInVI K KVITailleKOMy YeeHOKY 3TVIMeHs:J epa3y, KaK TOnbKO KeTKVI e nVInOSbiMVI Ha3SaHVIs:!MVI ysVI,D,ena ,D,onro)l(,lJ,aHHble eOpTOS. ronosKVI . Bee OHVI 6blKoHeYHO, ,D,ns:J onbiTHblx ,D,aYHVIKOs nVI O,lJ,VIHaKOSble no U,Se- OTnVIYVITb <<nO,D,KVI,lJ,biWa» OT Hawero TY Hapy)I(HbiX VI SHyTpeH- 03VIMOrO YeeHOKa 60nbWOrO Tpy,D,a HVIX Yewyi/1, KOnVIYeeTsy He eoeTaSVIT. TeM )l(e, KTO eOMHe3y6KOS (9-11) VI nVIWb saeTes:~, HY)I(HO enpoeVITb y npoYYTb - YYTb pa3nVIYanVIeb ,D,asu,os ,D,OKyMeHT o eopTOSbiX VI no pa3Mepy. KaK TOnb- noeesHbiX KaYeeTsax noea,D,OYHOro KO pa3,D,enVIna nyKOSVI- MaTepVIana. U,bl Ha 3y6KVI, eOMHeHVIs:! PaHbWe y MeHs:J y)l(e 6bln OnbiT

ltl , S 06W,eM-TO, 3TO npaSVInbHO! M eeTHble o6pa3U,bl YeeHoKa YaeTo noKa3biSaiOT He xy,D,wVIe pe3ynbTaTbl , YeM eneu,VIanbHO SbiSe,D,eHHble eeneKU,VIOHHble eopTa. Ho MHe, KaK VI n1060My ysneYeHHOMy OrOpO,D,HVIKy, see )l(e OYeHb XOTenOeb 3aSeenil eopTosoi/1 . f10MOYb S era nOVIeKaX Sbi3Sanaeb po,D,Has:J TeTs:~, )I(VIsyw,as:~ s MoeK se . KaK pa3 oeeHbiO npownoro

·l

:~

l

na


nocaAK~ K~ra~cKoro YeCHOKa. K cnosy cKa3aTb, He oYeHb yAaYHbl~. KaK ronbKO OH nos:~sV1ncs:~ y Hac B npoAa)l(e ner Aecs:~rb Ha3aA, s:1 paAV1 3KCnepV1MeHTa OCeHbiO BOTKHyna ABa AeCs:!TKa 3y6KOB Ha rps:!AKY C TOnbKO YTO nOCa)l(eHHO~ 3eMns:lHV1KO~. Bblpocw~t~e K oceH~ ronosKit! 6bln~ HaCTOnbKO MenKV1MV1, YTO s:1 He crana V1X Aa)l(e BbiKanbiBaTb. noTOM YeCHOK ew,e rOAa TpV1 BCXOAV1n no secHe V1 Mbl era ~t~cnonb30sanV1 KaK paHHIOIO 3eneHb. nocKonbKY rps:~AKa 6blna y)l(e ro-

TOBa, 3KCnepV1MeHT npV1WnOCb nOBTOpV1Tb. Aa V1 rers:~ HV1KaK He Morna nosepV1Tb, YTO raKV1e MV1nble npoAaBU,bl OKa3anlt!Cb 06biYHbiMV1 06MaHUJ,V1KaMV1 ... K CO)I(aneHV110, secHa nOATBepAV1na MOIO npaBOTy. npV1 OAHOM V1 TOM )l(e YXOAe MO~ YeCHOK CTOV1T 3eneHbiM COnAaTV1KOM, a nOKynHO~, XOTb V1 6narononyYHO nepe3V1Mosan, Bblrns:~A~T 6neAHbiM 3aMOpbiWeM. no3TOMY 5I npV1wna K BbiBOAY, YTO CeMeHOBOACTBOM YeCHOKa H~HO 3aHs:!TbCs:l caMo~. TeM 6onee, YTO 03AO-

pOBV1Tb nOC3A04Hbl~ MaTepV1an 031-1MOrO YeCHOKa COBCeM npOCTO. 8 V110He BblnoMaiO crpenKV1 He y scero YeCHOKa, a OCTaBniO 2-3 Ha Halt16onee c~nbHbiX pacreHV1s:IX. A oceHbiO noce10 co6paHHble c HV1X caMble KpynHble B03AYWHble nyKOBV1YKV1. Cosery10 CAenarb 3TO V1 saM . CaMbl~ HaAe)I(Hbl~ nOCaAOYHbl~ MaTepV1an BblpaW,V1BaeTCs:l C06CTBeHHbiMV1 pyKaMV1! TaMapa CEMEHOBA, r. Haxa6HHO MocKOBCKOH o6n. <J>OTO 3BTOpa

0TseqaeM Ha BOII£0Cbl

l{BeTHaR KanycT Bhipall(HBaHHe H xpaHeH ? Bblpa~HBaTb XOTeJlOCb 6bl npO"'HTaTb 0 TOM, KaK

e xpaHHTb

: Hit!

relMY n~t~,

Ha-

::ro X X-

~It!

ro~c­

IMY

no ~a­

lb-

OB ro e~,a

eoIt!

-o

H

KanycTy.

ranHHa C0110ASIHKI!1HA, A· 1!1cKHnbAa, nepMCKHH Kpa.;.,

MO-

py-

~BeTHYtO

f

0TBe'iaeT

e HHKOnaH POrOBLJ,OB, arpOHOM Cse)I(V1e ronoBKV1 u,serHo~ KanyCTbl xpaHs:~rcs:~ nnoxo, no3TOMy, YT06bl norpe6ns:!Tb B CBe)l(eM BV1Ae B reYeHV1e 6onee npOAOn)l(~t~Tenb­ Horo speMeH~, ee Bblpaw,V1BaiOT B HeCKOnbKO CpOKOB. B ycnOBV1s:IX nepMCKOro Kpas:~ Ans:l nerHero norpe6neHV1s:l paccaAy BbiCa)I(V1BaiOT BeCHO~ B 3-4 CpOKa Yepe3 Ka)I(Able 10-12 AHe~, HaY~­ Has:l c 5-10 Mas:~. nepBble nocaAKV1 HY)I(HO 3aW,V1UJ,aTb OT BeCeHHV1X 3aMOp03KOB. nocneAHV1~ neTHV1~ cpoK BbiCaAKV1 paccaAbl - nepsas:~ AeKaAa ~IOns:!. PaccaAy u,serHo~ Kanycr~ B~­ paw,V1BaiOT raKV1M )l(e cnoco6oM, KaK V1 6enoKoYaHHO~. Ans:~ BblpaUJ,V1BaH~>~ B BeCeHHV1e CpOKV1 nyYwe V1CnOnb30BaTb paHHV1e copra. An>~ nerH~x nocaAOK - cpeAHecnenble 1-1 cpeAHen03AHV1e copra V1 rV16pV1Abl, KOTOpble 6onee yCTO~YV1Bbl K npe)I(AeBpeMeHHOMY V13pacraHV110 ronoBOK V1 AOnbwe coxpaH>JIOT rosapHbl~ BV1A. UserHa>~ Kanycra rpe6osarenbHa K nnOAOPOAI-110 nOYB~. EcnV1 nOYBa KV1Cnas:l, TO ee V13BeCTKy-

lOT. np~ nOArOTOBKe nOYBbl Ans:l nocaAKV1 paccaAbl u,serHO~ KanyCTbl BHOC>IT Ha KB .M nocaAOYHO~ nnow.aAV1 4-5 Kr neperHos:~, 50-60 r aMMV1aYHO~ cenV1Tpbl, 60-80 r cynepcpoccpara ~ 40-50 r cynbcpara KanV1>1 (V1nV1 2-3 CTaKaHa APeBeCHO~ 30nbl). B P>~AKe paccaAy B~Ca)I(V1BaiOT Ha paCCTOs:!HV1V1 25-40 CM APYf OT Apyra, WV1pV1Ha Me)I(AYP>IAV1~ - 6070 eM. noYBY HY)I(HO Aep)l(aTb scerAa B Y~CTOM, pbiXnOM ~ Bna)I(HOM cocro>~HV1V1. Oco6eHHO snara Hy)I(Ha B HaYane ¢opMV1posaHV1>1 ronoBOK. Ecn~ pacreH~s:l B 3TOT nepV10A 3-4 AH>l 6YAYT V1CnbiTbiBaTb ee HeAOCTaTOK, ronOBKV1 BblpacTyT MenKV1MV1, nnoxoro KaYecrsa. UserHyiO Kanycry HY)I(HO yacro nOAKapMnV1BaTb. nepBa>l nOAKOpMKa - Yepe3 10-15 AHe~ nocne BbiCaAK~ paCC3Abl (20 r aMMV1aYHO~ cenV1Tpbl V1nV1 1 n KOpOB>IKa Ha 10 n BOAbl), sropas:~ - Yepe3 10-12 AHe~ nocne nepBO~ (60-70 r HV1TpOcpOCK~, B KOTOpO~ COAep)I(V1TC>l N15-16p15-16K15-16 Ha 10 n BOAbl) V1 TpeTb>l - B HaYane cpopMV1pOBaH~>l ronOBOK (TaKas:! )l(e, KaK V1 npeAbiAYUJ,as:!). N~10,

201.3

••••••••••••••••••••••••••••

Ba:»eHblU MOMeHm YTo6~ ronoBKH ~BeTHO~ KanyCTbl He noTeMHenH, B Ha'lane <t>opMHpOBaHHH HX npHTeHHtOT, HaAnaMbiBaH nHCTbH HnH CBH3biBaH HX sepxywKH wnaraToM.

•••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Cpe3a10r ronoBKV1 Bbl6opoYHO, KOrAa OHV1 npeKpars:~r pocr V1 craHYT nnOTHbiMV1. Kanycry MO)I(HO xpaHV1Tb 2-3 Mec>~u,a B norpe6e np~ reMneparype +1 ... +3·c. lonoBKV1 cpe3al0r BMeCTe C Kp010UJ,V1MV1 nV1CTbs:IMV1 V1 CKnaAbiBaiOT B nOnV13TV1neHOBble naKeTbl V1 B >IW,V1KV1. 0Y~W,eHHble OT nV1CTBbl ronOBKV1 MO)I(HO nOMeCTV1Tb B MOp03V1nbHYIO KaMepy, rAe OH~ xopowo xpaHs:~r­ C>l AO 6-8 MeC>ILJ,eB.


=-·-----------------------------------------------------------------------~--

KoMHaTHhie gseThi Ha OTKJ2hiTOM B03gY-xe

):ta'IHaJI H.ztHMHR HaKoHe~-To neTo! Mbl Bee crpeMMMeH eKopee nepe6paTbeH Ha mo6MMYIO AaLiy. "'To TOilbKO TYAa He Be3eTeSI: eTapaSI Me6ellb1 TelleBM30pbl 1 X0110AM11bHMKM1 eaAOBaSI M AOMaWHSISI YTBapb, OAe)I(Aa, paeeaAa . .Qa)l(e KOMHaTHble ~BeTbl OTnpaBilSIIOTeSI Ha Bee lleTO Ha eBe)I(MH B03AYX.

Xopowo 6bl, KOHeljHO, nepeA 3apaHee np~ylj~Tb CBO~X KOMHaTHbiX 3eneHbiX n~TOMLJ,eB K yn~u,e . nonpo6yvne B TennyiO norOAY BbiHeCT~ paCTIOX~ Ha 3aCTeKneHHbiVl 6anKOH ~n~ nOA)I(~IO (HO He noA nps:~Mble conHeljHble nylj~), nocTeneHHO yBen~lj~Bas:J BpeMs:~ ~x npe6biBaH~s:l Ha B03Ayxe. He 3a6yAbTe TW,aTenbHO ynaKoBaTb pacTeH~s:l, OT06paHHble Ans:J npO)I(~BaH~s:l Ha Aalje. nnoTHas:l ~ HaAe)I(Has:~ Kopo6Ka - 3anor Taro, LjTQ Bbl He np~Be3eTe BMeCTO CBO ~X ni06~Mu,eB canaT ~3 CTe6nei1 ~ 3T~M

I l'

n~CTbeB.

Hy, BOT OH~ ~ AOMa! To eCTb Ha Aalje. Ho He Topon~Tecb cpa3y )l(e yKpaC~Tb CBOVl yljaCTOK KOMHaTHbiM~ He)l(eHKaM~. V1M He TaK 3AOPOBO Ha Aalje B nepBble AH~ , KaK BaM. HeAorns:~A~Te - O)I(Or~ no n~CTbs:JM o6ecneljeHbi! no)l(a-

nei1Te

LJ,BeTOljK~.

-~" lf:'J"IIM,_

8 Te-

LjeH~e nepBoi1 HeAen~ B~CTaBns:JV!Te Ha AeHb B 3aW,~W,eHHOe OT BeTpa ~ nps:~MbiX conHeljHbiX nyljei1 MecTo. He 3a6~Bai1Te Ans:J nOACTpaxOBK~

3aHOC~Tb

Ha HQLjb B AOM : pe3K~e nepenaA~ AHeBHoi1 ~ HQLjHQVl TeMnepaTyp ry6~TenbHbl Ans:J ~X

pacTeH~V!. 3aKan~n~? Tenepb noxoA~Te no yljaCTKy , nO~W,~Te Ans:! H~X MeCTeljKO. TyT OTKpbiTOe conHu,e. 3Halj~T, 3AeCb xopowo 6yAeT on~Be, oneaHAPY, p03Map~Hy, M~pTy , naBpy,

~H)I(~py, KpacaB~u,e 6yreHB~nnee. Co6pan~ ~x BMecTe, np~Konan~ ropwK~ , LjT06bl noljBa He nepecbl-

xana - BOT BaM CK~Vl yronoK!

~ cpeA~3eMHOMOp­

3AeCb p a 3po c n ~ Cb A e peBbs:! . TeH~ 6onbw~ x AepeBbeB YIOTHO LjyBCTBYIOT ce6s:1 r~6~ CKyC, Ka Men~ ~ . a3an~~ . a 6yT~nOH . 6YAYT LJ,BeCT~ ~ yKpaWaTb TeH~CT bi Vl yrOnOK. XoT ~ Te y K pac~Tb KPblneljKO AOMa , BepaHAY ~n~ 6eceAKY? Ko¢e , KOPA~n~Ha , IOKKa , KPOTOH , <P~ Kyc , acnaparycbl. ..

8

He B03HTecb c nenaproHHJIMH H 'i>YKCHJIMH B ropwKaX, 3aMy'laeTecb c nonHBOM. CMeno BbiCa>KHBaHTe HX B rpyHT: H Aa'ly yKpaCHTe, H BpeMJI AnSI OTAbiXa yaenH'IHTe. TonbKO noMHHTe : 'i>YKCHIO 6epe'lb OT cnH3HeH - >KPYT C YAOBOnbCTBHeM. H OT npSIMbiX COnHe'IHbiX ny'leH - cropHT. no oceHH, npeABapHTenbHO onpbiCKaB aKTapoti 1.1 yKopoTHB KOpHH, noCaAHTe OnJITb B ropwKH.

....


Xo~eTC~ paCCKa3aTb OTAenbHO 06 06bi~HOM KOMHaTHOM nmow,e. noca:>KeHHbJC1 Ha neTo MoeC1 3HaKOMOC1 B rpyHT lt1 3a6biTbiC1 B CnewKe nepee3Aa Ha 31t1MHit1e KsapTit1pbl, nmow, My:>KeCTBeHHO nepe31t1Mosan, nOAPOC, 1t1 BOT y:>Ke B Te~e­ Hit1e HeCKOnbKit1X neT BeAeT ce6~ KaK 06bi~HbiC1 rpyHTOBOC1 MHOrOneTHit1K. K HeMy nplt1cOeAit1Hit1nlt1Cb APYrlt1e nntOW,It1 pa3HbiX Blt1AOB, neCTponlt1CTHble lt1 06bi~Hble. V1X Aa:>Ke nepecTanlt1 nocTeneHHO nplt1~lt1cn~Tb K KOMHaTHbiM U,BeTaM. 8 ropwKe B nPYAY Y APY3eC1 senlt1KOnenHO ce6~ ~yBCTByeT U,lt1nepyc. Pa3paCTaeTc~ TaK, ~To MO:>KHO no3aBit1AOBaTb. 8bJCa:>Kit1Banlt1 3HaKOMble B CaA B 3eMniO MenKytO-MenKyiO TpaAeCKaHU,It110. Pa3pacTaeTc~ 1t1 ¢opMit1pyeT Kpaclt1sytO noAywe~Ky. 3a 31t1MY AOMa on~Tb npespaw,aeTc~ s Henplt1rn~AHOe BbiT~Hysweec~ «He~TO>>.

UHKnaMeHbl, KOTOpble nOAapHnH Ha 8 MapTa, nocaAHTe B Mae B CaA. 06HnbHO ~BeTyT ace neTo! npo~lt1Tana, ~TO XOpOWO BbiB031t1Tb Ha Aa~y 1t1 nepeca:>Kit1BaTb s 3eMntO seeM lt13secTHbJC1 3onoToC1 yc. s:IK06bl TOnCTeeT lt1 Ha61t1paeTC~ u,ene6HOCTit1 CO CTpaWHOC1 Clt1nOC1. TaK KaK Ha Aa~e see paCTeT, u,seTeT 1t1 xopoweeT, TO lt1X (cpyKCit11t1, nenaprOHit11t1 1t1 AP.) HY:>KHO peryn~pHo nOAKapMnlt1BaTb KaK Mlt1HepanbHbiMit1, TaK 1t1 opraHit1~e­ CKit1Mit1 YA06peHit1~Mit1. Bo speM~

H. T-

a-

YT D)-

e, c,

) )

U,BeTeHit1~

A03y ¢oc¢opHbiX lt1 Kanlt1C1HbiX YA06peHit1C1 ysenlt1~1t1BatOT:

1,5 ~.n. aMMit1cenlt1Tpbl, 2,5 ~.n. cynep¢oc¢aTa 1t1 1 ~.n. Kanlt1C1HOC1 con1t1 Ha 10 n BOAbl. 3a ABa ~aca AO nOAKOPMKit1 pacTeHit1~ c noAcoxweC1 3eMneC1 nonlt1BaiOT ~lt1CTOC1 BOAOC1. ~TO KacaeTC~ «06paTHOC1 AOpOrlt1>>, C061t1paTbC~ AO-

MOC1 MO:>KHO y:>Ke B asryCTe - He CTOVIT AO:>Kit1AaTbC~ XOnOAH~X HO~eC1. K nepee3AY He06XOA1t1MO nOArOTOBit1TbC~, nOCTeneHHO nplt1y~lt1B paCTeHit1~ K MeHbweC1 ocsew,eHHOCTit1. An~ Ha~a­ na nocTaBbTe 1t1x B nonyTeHb, a 3aTeM 3aHOCit1Te s noMew,eHit1e, nocTeneHHO ysen1t1~1t1sa~ speM~ npe6bJBaHit1~ B HeM. nposepbTe Hanlt1~1t1e Ha pacTeHVI~x speAit1TeneC1 1t1n1t1 6one3HeC1. Ecn1t1 o6HaPY:>Kit1Te TntO, nayTit1HHoro Knew,a, 6enoKpblnKy 1t1n1t1 W,lt1TOBKy, npoBeAit1Te COOTBeTCTBYIOW.YIO o6pa60TKy. KcTaTit1, neTOM TO:>Ke Ha6ntOAaC1Te 3a paCTeHit1~Mit1: Ha Hlt1X MOryT no~Bit1TbC~ He xapaKTepH~e An~ KOMHaTHbiX paCTeHit1C1 BpeAit1TenVI - Hanplt1Mep, Cnlt13Hit1 lt1 nlt1CTOrpb13YW,It1e ryceHit1U,bl. TYT y:>K He o6oC1Tit1Cb 6e3 Xlt1Mit11t1. Ycnexos saM 1t1 Aa~HoC1 VIAVInnlt11t1! EKaTepHHa BAB~JlOBA, pyKOBOAHTenb Kny6a 4BeTOBOAOB «CI>JlOPA» Con111ropcKOH 61116nHoTeK1!1 ~~--~----~~~------------------------------------------~ a~HoC1

~


b[HeBHWK gBeTOBOga. lifiOHb

DoAKapMAHBaeM,o6pe3aeM, ceeM, B&IK8D&IBaeM ... 0CHOBHa~

pa6oTa B 3TOM Mec~._.e - noAKOpMKa pacTeHMH: nMOHOB, po3, KneMaTMcoo, nttnMH, APYrMx MHoroneTHMKOB. nepeA nOAKOpMKOH M nocne Hee noneHTe no1.1oy LtMCTOH BOAOH.

+

EcnVI y sac eCTb BOAOeM , Bblca:>KVIBaV!Te B Hero BOAHble paCTeHVI>l.

+

Peryn>lpHO OCMaTpVIBaVtTe po3bl, 3TO n03BOnVIT sospeM>J o6Hapy:>KVITb speAVITeneV! VI npVIH>JTb Mepbl K VIX YHVI4TO:>KeHVIIO. )J,n>J npocj)VInaKTVIKVI BpeM>l OT speMeHVI OnpbiCKVIsaV!Te p030Bble KYCTbl HaCTO>lMVI VI OTBapaMVI Ta6aKa, 30nbl VlnVI VIHCeKTVI LJ,VIAH biX pacTeH VI Vt (Aenbcj)VI H VlyMa , nVIpeTpyMa , TbiC514enVICTHVIKa, nOnbiHVI rOpbKOVt , 4eCHOKa, rOpbKOrO nepu,a , KapTOcj:>en>J , nOMVIAOPOB

+

He AOnycKavne o6pa3osaHVI>J CeM>JH y HapU,VICCOB, TIOnbnaHOB ,

VI Ap.).

KpbKycos VI APYrVIx nyKOBVI4HbiX, caoespeMeHHO yAan>J~he oTu,seTw~e u,seTKVI. TorAa nyKOBVIU,bl BblpacTaiOT 6onee KpynHbiMVI. npoBeAVITe o6pe3KY OTLJ,BeTWiiiX KycTapHVIKOB. Y npVIBVITOVt CVIpeHVI Bblpe:>KbTe KOpHeByiO no-

+

po€nb.

+

BbiCesaV!Te B OTKpbiTbiVt rpyHT CeMeHa VlnVI BbiCa:>KVIBaVtTe B LJ,BeTHVIKVI pacCaAy AByneTHVIKOB VI MHOroneTHVIKOB.

+

V110Hb - XOpOWVIVt MeC>JLJ, An>l pa3MHO:>KeHVI51 AeKopaTVIBH~x Ky cTapHVIKOB VI MHOroneTHVIKOB 3eneHbiMVI 4epeHKaMVI (B 3TO speM>l OHVI HaXOA51TC51 B cj:>a3e aKTVIBHOrO paCTa). l..JT06bl no MaKCVIMYMY o6ecne4VITb coxpaHeHVIe snarVI s TKaH>JX , no6erVI cpe3aiOT paHHVIM yTpOM VlnVI s nacMypHyiO noroAy. EcnVI OHVI VIMeiOT AnVIHHble y3nbl, 4epeH KVI Hape3aiOT C 2-M>l Me:>KAOy3nVI51MVI, ec nVI KOpOTKVIe - C 3-4-M>l. BepXHVIVt cpe3 YepeHKa AenaiOT np>JMbiM VI cpa3y HaA n04KOVt, HVI:>KHVIVt - KOCbiM, OTCTynVIB OT OCHOBaHVI>l n04KVI 0,5-1 CM. B cpeAHeM AnVIHa YepeHKa COCTaBn>JeT 7-1 0 CM. l..JT06bl nOBbiCVITb 3cj:>cj:>eKTVIBHOCTb yKopeHeHVI>l VI nonyYVITb xopowyiO KOpHeByiO CVICTeMy , o6pa 60TaVtTe YepeHKVI nepeA nocaAKOV! CTVIMyn>JTOpaMVI KOpHeo6pa30BaHVI51 (reTepoayKCVIH , KOpHeBVIH, U,VIpKOH VI AP -). B KOHu,e Mec>Ju,a Ha4VIHaiOT BbiKanbiBaTb nyKOBVI4Hble An>J npocywKVI. C TIOnbnaHaMVI VI rVIaLJ,VIHTaMVI TaK HY:>KHO nocTynaTb e:>Ke rOAHO, ecnVI XOTVITe , 4T06bl OHVI xopowo u,senVI. Hapu,VICCbl :>KenaTenbHO BbiKanbiBaTb pa3 s 3 - 4 roAa. MenKonyKOBVI4Hble (6enou,seTHVIKVI, KPOKYCbl , MycKapVI, nponecKVI VI AP-) - KOrAa CVInbHO pa3pacTyTC51 . Ha OAHOM MeCTe OHVI MOrYT paCTVI 6-8 neT. He 3a6biBaV!Te sospeM>J noAcTpVIraTb, nOnVIBaTb VI nOAKapMnVIBaTb ra30H.

+

+

Cl>oTo lliOAMHnbl MOrMllEBM\.1

1000 C()f/1./JIDI ~6¥.Ht1KY N910, 201J


5I rreTHero c B

Ha'lane neTa Ha nepBbiH

nnaH BblcrynaiOT MHoroneTHHe pacreHHH, yKpawa10111He ca,A H CBOeH JlHCTBOH, H ~BeTeHHeM: nHOHbl1 reitxepbl 1 XOCTbl1 aKBHnerHH, KOJlOKOJlb'IHKH •••

0Hii1 o6naAaiOT L.J,eHHbiM1!1 AOCTOI!1HCTBaMII1: He rpe6y10r oco6oro yxoAa 111 AeKopaTI!1BHbl secb ce30H. Hy)I(HO TOnbKO Hai1Tii1 111M yp,aYHOe MeCTO 1!1 noAo6parb nOAXOASH11,1!1X naprHepos.

ne~x.

OM pHV1 Ha-

ecllt!~ ~ lt1

<0)4-

ieB-

:otao~

aH, JT

J~-

lt1

l)-

lt1

?

MHe HpaBHTCJI Bblpali.IHBaTb KOMHaTHble pacTeHHJI H3

e CeMJIH. no,ACKa>KHTe, no>KanyHCTa, KaK BblpaCTHTb H3 CeMHH MHpT? TaMCMSI KOBAJlEHKO, r. BanyHKM 6enropOACKOH o6n. 0TBe"'aeT AneKC3HAP PACTOPfYEB, '-'BeTOBOA CO CTa>KeM Bblpaw,I!1BaHI!1e M1!1pra 1113 ceM~H He npeACTasn~er oco6oro TPYAa. Ecn111 ecrb B03MO)I(HOCTb AOCBeYI!1BaTb BCXOAbl niOM1!1HeCL.J,eHTHbiMI!1 naMnaMii1, ro noces MO)I(eTe npOBOAI!1Tb Kpyrnbli1 roA. Ecnli1 TaKOC1 B03M0)1(HOCTI!1 HeT , TO nyYWe 3TO AenaTb C KOHu,a ¢espan~ AO cepeA111 Hbl Ma~ . An~ nocesa ceM~H B03bMI!1Te nnOWKY rny6111HOL1 7-10 CM C OTBepCTI!1~Mii1 CHII13Y An~ CTOKa BOAbl . Ha AHO HaCblnbTe APeHa)l(, nosepx Hero - 5-caHTI!1MerpoBbli1 cnoel nerKoro , snaroeMKoro, npoHii1L.J,aeMoro An~ BOAbl 111 B03Ayxa cy6crpara(Hanp1!1Mep, cMeCb, cocro~w,yiO 1!13 paBHbiX yacreel sepxosoro rop¢a 111 necKa).

nocne ysna)I(HeH1!1~ cy6crpara pa3nO)I(I!1Te ceMeHa no era nosepxHOCTI!1. Csepxy np1!1Cblnbre 111x TOHKI!1M (3-5 MM) CnOeM cy6crpara . Yro6bl ceMeHa npopacran1-1 s MaKCI!1ManbHO 6naronp1!1~THbiX ycnoBI!1~x . HaKpoelre nnowKy creKnOM 111n1!1 nonli13Tii1neHOBbiM naKeTOM 1!1 nOCTaBbTe B CBeTnoe, rennoe Mecro. 0 6 bl "' H0 B CX0 Abl no~sn~IOT c~ 6biCTpO np1!1MepHO Yepe3 7-14 AHeel nocne nocesa . Yro6bl OHII1 He 3arHI!1nli1, rennli1YKY nep1110AI!1YecKI!1 nposerp1!1sai1re, HeHaAonro CHI!1Ma~ yKpb1Tii1e. Cy6crpar nOAAep)1(1!1Bai1re so sna)l(- . HOM COCTO~Hii11!1, CTa-

Ng10, 2013

~ [){)rn~ [~~

~@@,mea uo~ ~~ ~»

pa~cb He nepeysna)I(HI!1Tb 111 He nepecywli1Tb era. nli1Kli1pOBKY ce~HL.J,eB B He60nbWii1e ropWO"'KI!1 npOBeA111Te TOrAa, KOrAa OHI!1 noApacryr HacronbKO, "'TO HaYHYT TeCHI!1Tb APYr Apyra. Pacca>KeHHble ce~HL.J,bl o6ecne"'bre ~pK1!1M pacce~HHbiM CBeTOM (np111 HeAOCTaTKe csera OHI!1 BbiT~HYTc~) . peryn~pHo non111sai1re . Cnycr~ Mec~u, nocne n1!1K1!1pOBK1!1 noAKapMnl!1saC1re pa3 s ABe HeAenl!1 )1(1!1AKI-1M KOMnneKCHbiM Mli1HepanbH,biM YA06peHI!1eM C nOBbiWeHHbiM COAep)l(aH111eM a3ora . nocne onnereHli1~ KOpH~Mii1 3eMn~HOrO KOMa nepesanli1Te MonoAble pacreHII1~ s 6onbwli1e no pa3Mepy ropwKI!1. <!>OTO AneKcaHApa PACTOPfYEBA

1

,

I 1

l

0 0


.rr------------------------------------------------------------------------.--u

CoBeTbi

HcnpasAeHHe ceMeH rrace~mwKa C D'lleAaMH路TpyTOBK8MH 8 CeMbe,

KOTOpaH AOnroe BpeMH He HMeeT MaTKH 1 MOryT

nOHBHTbCH n'lenbi路TpyTOBKH. H3 HX HH'-' BbiBOAHTCH TOnbKO TPYTHH, cneAOBaTenbHO, TaKas. ceMbH o6pe'leHa Ha rH6enb.

KOnlt1'-leCT80

OTKP~Toro

pacnno-

,LJ.a 1113 ,LJ.pyr111x ceMet/1. TaKit1M o6pa3oM y n'"len He cTaHeT lt136btTKa MOnO'"lKa, nopO)f(,LJ.atOw,ero n'"lenTPYT080K, 111 ceMb51 3anO)f(lt1T C81t1-

,LJ.O HOpManbHOt/1 C pa3H0803pacT-

fl]2U3HUKU

HbiM pacnno,LJ.OM.

mJ2_y.moB01.fHOU"' CeMbU 0TCYTCTBHe B CeMbe n~o~e颅 nHHOrO pacnnoAa. B pa3HbiX MecTax coTa BCTpe~o~aeTCH no HeCKOnbKO rop6aTbiX KpbiWe"'eK TPYTHesoro pacnnoAa. SIH~a B H"'eHKax oTno>KeHbl no HeCKOnbKO WTYK H 3a"'aCTYIO npHKpenneHbl K

pe3ynbTaTe

nony'"laeTC51 o6bt'"lHa51 6e3MaTO'"l-

B

w,e8bte MaTO'"lHit1Kit1.

,LJ.anbHet/1-

weM 1t1X YH1t1'-lTO)f(aiOT 111 ,LJ.aiOT ceMbe nnO,LJ.HYIO MaTKy.

Ha51 CeMb51, KOTOpa51 3aKna,LJ.bt8aeT

3Ty 61t10nOrlt1'-leCKYIO OC06eH-

C81t1W,e8bte MaTO'"lHit1Kit1. V1x Hy)KHQ

HOCTb He06XO,LJ.It1MO Y'"llt1T~8aTb

y,LJ.anlt1Tb 1t1 ,LJ.aTb CeMbe nnO,LJ.HYIO

80 8peM51 paccTaH08Kit1 n'"len np111 8biHOCe 1!13 31t1M08Hit1Ka, a TaK-

MaTKy. npocTOt/1 MeTOA

)f(e np111 o6be,LJ.It1HeHit11t1 cna6~x

3aKntO'"laeTC51 8 cne,LJ.ytOw,eM. 0TPYT-

lt1 6e3MaTO'"lHbiX CeMet/1 paHHet/1

He8enotl1 CeMbe ,LJ.aiOT ,LJ.OCTaTO'"lHOe

8eCHOfl1.

)J,pyrot/1,

6onee

a 3aMemKYPaHHHH secHa- HaH6onee 6naronpHHTHoe speMH AnH o6'beAHHeHHH ceMeH. nepe3HMOBaBwHe n~o~enbl cTepHnbHbl. OHM He B COCTOHHHH 6b1Tb TpyTOBKaMH H He npOHBnHIOT arpecCHBHOCTH K "'Y>KHM n~o~enaM, TO eCTb CeMbH e11.1e He o6naAatOT HHAHBHAyanbHbiM 3anaXOM. no3TOMY 06'beAHHeHHe CeMeH~ npOXOAHT nerKO. 3a~o~aCyYIO n~o~enbl CaMH cneTatOT B COCeAHHe nbH K XO OWO ne e3HMOBaBWHM 6naronony"'HbiM CeMbHM.

V1cnpa81t1Tb TaKyiO ceMbiO cno)f(HO, TaK KaK n'"lenbt y61t18aiOT

B

nl0-

6yl0 MaTKY lt1 pa3rpbt3aiOT ,LJ.aHHbtt/1

.

111M MaTO'"lHit1K. Hati1Tit1 111 yHit1'-lTO-

/)y.

A

>Kit1Tb n'"len-TpyT080K He803MO)f(HO, TaK KaK 0Hit1 Hlt1'-leM He

OTnlt1-

'"laiOTC51 OT ocTanbHbtX. Ecn111 )f(e CeMb51 ,LJ.OCTaTO'"lHO Clt1nbHa51, ee MO)f(HO nonpo6o8aTb 111cnpa81t1Tb.

)J,n5l 3Toro no,LJ.61t1pa10T TaKyiO )f(e no Clt1ne

nonHO~eHHYIO

CeMbiO.

Haxo,LJ.51T 8 Het/1 MaTKY 111, noMeCTit18 8 KneTO'"lKy,

nepeHOC51T 8

TPYT080'"lHYIO ceMbiO. 3aTeM 80 8peM51 xopowero

neTa

n'"len ynblt1

MeH5110T MeCTaMit1. neTH~e

n'"len~

HOpManbHOt/1

CeMblt1, 8038paw,a51Cb Ha CTapoe MecTo, nona,LJ.aiOT 8 ynet/1 c n'"lenaMit1-TPYT08KaMit1, HaXO,LJ.51T TaM C8010 MaTKY 8 KneTO'"lKe 111, y61t18 n'"len-TpyT080K, o6pa3y10T nOnHO-

~eHHYIO ceMbiO. Ha cne,LJ.yl0w,lt1111 ,LJ.eHb 3TOfl1 CeMbe ,LJ.aiOT

2-3

paM-

Kit1 pacnno,LJ.a 111 8btnycKaiOT MaTKY 1!13 KneTO'"lKit1 . n'"len~ TpyT0-

reHHaAI!I~

80'-lHOt/1 ceMblt1 nona,LJ.aiOT 8 rHe3-

MBAHOB, nlfenoBOA co CTa>KeM CI>OTO JlJOAMIIInbl MBAHOBO~

-

____

._...._..,

.路


0TBeqaeM Ha BOIIQOCbl I I

?

Or

CsoH caAOBbiH y'laCTOK y MeHH noHBMil• CH HeAaBHO, MHOrOMY e~e TOilbKO Y'IYCb. 8 npOWilOM rOAY oryp'-'bl Bblpa~MBalla Ha rpHAKe, a B 3TOM Ce30He XO'Iy nOCaAMTb MX B napHMKe. HanM WMTe, no>KanyHCTa, KaKMe ycnoBMH HY>KHO C0 3AaTb pacTeHMHM, 'IT06bl nOilY'IMTb XOpOWMH y po>Ka H oryp'-'os. IOmtsl TPYCOBA, r. Cb13paHb

0-

6-

Ka

f

P. HTb

Pl-1 K-

,[l.n51 no nyLJeH1!151 BbiCO KI!1X y p o:>KaeB nnOAOB o rypu,os B n a p HY1 Ke HY:>KHO co6 niOAaTb cn eAyiOw,l!1e y c nOBY151 : + 0 TK p~B a Tb napHii1 K C OAHO ~ J..,.,..,..-....,1'7'.::"-" CTO p 0 H bl n 1!1 W b B TOM cny'-lae , e c n111 TeMnepaTypa BHYTP Y1 npe Bblwae T 3 o · c. Ecn111 Y1MeiOTC51 BeH T Y1n 51 U, Ii1 0HH~e OKHa C ABYX CTOpOH , TO 1!1 X OTKpbiBaiOT no0'-lepeAHO . CKB03H51K An51 orypu,a npOTI!1BOnOKa3aH . r y6111Tenb-

Hbl An51 Hero 111 pe3KI!1e nepenaAbl TeMnepaTyp . + He BbiCa:>KI!1BaTb pacTeHY151 cni!1WKOM LJaCTO. Ha KBaApaTHbl~ MeTp AOCTaTO'-IHO 2-4 - X (B 3aBI!1Cii1MOCTY1 OT COpTa}, '-IT06bl o6e cne'-11!1Tb 111x HOpManbHO~ nnow,aAbiO nli1TaHY151. Cnli1WKOM 3aryw,eHHble nOCaAKY1 npli1BOA51T K pa3Bii1Tii110 6one3He~. + He AOnycKaTb Y136biTO'-IHO~ sna:>KHOCTY1 no'-IB~. Op1!1eHTY1poB0'-1Ha51 HOpMa non111sa - 1-2 seAPa Ha KB.M. B Ha'-lane u,seTeHI!151 ee yMeHbWaiOT Ha 1/3, a KaK TOnbKO o6pa3y10TC51 nepBble 3aB5131!1 111

r

HHKe Ha'-IHYT pacT I!1 nnOAbl , HOPMY soAbl BOCCTaHaBni!1BaiOT AO nepBOHa '-lanbHO~ . + CHI!1MaTb 3eneHU,bl peryn51p HO (OC06eHHO B pa3rap nnOAOHOWeHY151) , '-lepe3 1-2 AH51. CsoespeMeHHO Hey6paHHble 3aAep:>K1!1BaiOT 06pa30BaHY1e HOBbiX 3aB513e~ 1!1 1!1X pOCT , '-ITO 3aMeTHO CHI!1:>KaeT ypo:>Ka~ 1!1 Ka'-leCTBO 3eneHU,OB . + npaBI!1nbHO <j)OpM1!1pOBaTb pacTeHY151 . BHa'-lane B na3yxax Hli1:>KHY1 X 3-4-x nli1CTbeB nonHOCTbiO yAan51IOT no6er111 111 3aB5131!1. Ha'-11!1Ha51 c '-leTsepToro nli1cTa 3aB5131!1 He TporaiOT , a np1!1w,Y1nbiBaiOT TOnbKO 6oKOB~e no6er111 , OCTaBn5151 OAY1H nli1CT . Bblwe weCToro n111cTa 6oKo Bble no6er111 np1!1w,Y1nbiBaiOT Ha ABa n111cTa . KorAa paCTeHI!1e BblpaCTaeT AO caMoro sepxa napH1!1Ka , 6oKoBble no6er111 np1!1UJ,Ii1nbiBaiOT Ha Tp1!1 nli1CTa . + He 3a6biBaTb o peryn51pHbi X nOAKOpMKaX pacTeHY1~.

PIIICYHOK H111KOJ13SI POfOBLI,OBA

'I .X<

'" !?

?e

nHTb /leT Ha3aA B MOeM CaAy 3aBellaCb KpbiCa (MilM KPOT). noA"bella ABe H6110HM, yH<e AaBaBWMe nllOAbl. ,Ablpa 6bllla TaKaH, 'ITO TpM BeApa BOAbl AaH<e MallO 6bll10, OHa nponana. [ Y APYrOH H6110HM KOpHM 6bii1M 06"beAeHbl TaK, 'ITO OCTallaCb OAHa KYilbTH. BbiKOnana HMY no seeM npasMnaM M nocaAMila ee BHOBb, TOilbKO rny6oKo 3aKonas. llepe3 ABa roAa cTana ee o6pe3aTb CHM3y, M OAHa seTKa Aana KOPHM. Sl nocaAMila ee, KaK caH<eHe'-'. PacTeT. PaCTeT M CaMa H6110HH. POCKOWHaH, HO 6yAeT 11M OHa '-'BeCTM M AaBaTb nllOAbl? H 'ITO AllH 3TOrO HYH<HO CAellaTb? /ho60Bb Cm 1Pr.1AOHOBA, c. Jloceso BopoHe>KcKo~ o6n .

f

H~

KpOTbl nli1TaJ?TC51 pac• TY1TenbHOY1 nli1UJ,eli1, a KOPHY1 516noHb nOAbena, CKopee scero, BOA51Ha51 noneBKa (BOA51Ha51 Kpblca). XOT51 OCHOBHOe MeCT006111TaH1!1e 3Toro rpb13yHa - 6epera ~o­ AOeMOB, HO OCeHbiO 111n111 31!1MOY1 B

l

nOY1CKax nli1UJ,Ii1 OHa nepecen5leT-

C51 B caAbl 111 oropOAbl , noArpbl3aeT KOPHY1 nnOAOBbiX AepesbeB,

YHY1'-ITO)KaeT KOpHennOAbl 111 APYrli1e KynbTYPbl. 0THOCI!1TenbHO BTOpO~ 516noHii1. Ecn111 oKopeHY1BWa51C51 seTKa 516nOHY1 AO 3TOro poena Ha MaTePii1HCKOM pacTeHI!11!1 Bblwe MecTa np1!1Bii1BKY1, TO Aepeso, Bblpocwee 1113 3TOrO ca:>KeHu,a, 6yAeT LJ,BeCTY1 1!1 nnOAOHOCI!1Tb, ecn111 3TO CaMOnnOAHbl~ COpT. 0AHaKO 60nbWY1HCTBO COBpeMeHHbiX COpTOB CaMO-

6ecnnOAHbl, no3TOMY An51 onblneHii151 1!1 HOpManbHOrO nnOAOHOWeHii151 HY:>KHO BbiCa:>KY1BaTb 2-3 pa3HbiX COpTa OAHOBpeMeHHOrO CpOKa u,seTeHY151. Ho ecn111 Bbl OTCaAI!1nl!1 Ca:>KeHeLJ,, BblpOCWY1~ 1113 np1!1KOpHeBO~ nopocn111, TO 3TO 51BHO 6yAeT AY1'-IOK, Ha KOTOpbl~ He06XOAY1MO np1!1Bii1Tb KynbTypHbl~ COpT. HIIIKOJla~

Ha BOnpOCbl OTBe~aJl POfOBLI,OB, arpoHOM

____:(\


IllABEA&: caAaT, cyrr __......... . . ~

~·-·- · · ·.4,"",

.....

11. • •

~ecepr

&..

. .....

.

..............._

Y HaC llf,aBellb BCerAa 6btll B '4eCTM. HeKOTOpbiM OTKpbiTMeM AllSI

MeHH CTallM cJ>aKTbl ero orpOMHOH KYilMHapHOH nonynstpHOCTM B CaMbiX pa3HbiX CTpaHaX MMpa. Cl>paH'"'Y3bl 1 HanpMMep, 11t06SIT MCnOilb30BaTb llf,aBellb AllSI npMrOTOBileHMSI pary M3 OBOilf,eH M MHCa .

8

AHrllMM :ny 3elleHb

TywaT, >KapSIT M nOAatOT B Ka'4eCTBe rapHMpa K MSICY M pbt6e. M3 llf,asenst roTOBHT paBMOilM, coycbt AllH cnarerrM.

8

B rpy3MM

lf1Tai1MM AenatOT -

AOilMY c A06asneHMeM llf,asenst. A B Y36eKMCTaHe pa3MOilOTbte cTe6nM

8

M nllOAbt A06aBI1HtOT B MYKY npM Bbtne'4Ke xne6a - :no npMAaeT MY'4HbtM

6enapyc111 rpaM3Aei1MSIM OC06btH apoMaT M nerKytO KMCilMHKy . /l. IIIU.IIIOHHO 111CnOf7b3ye ·' l ~ • ., . : • • • .•• ., ••,.. ., IOT w,a8enb /l,f7R npl!lrDT08neHIIIR 3eJ7eHb/X w,eJii, XOJ70/l,H IIIK08, 8Ce803MO>KHb/X Caf7aT08 , 8 KalfeCT8e Half i!IHKIII /l,flfl /l.PO>IOI<e8b/X nlllp0108 . '4To6 nonoR8!7ReTCR UJ,a8ef7b OlfeHb KCTa TIII - paHHeM 8eCHOM , Co ll.l aaeneM a noT~esaTb ceM biO KOI/l,a HaWeMy OplaHII13MY He06XO/l,IIIMO nOnOf7HIIITb nepa b/X 6mo,IJ,ax f1 3TIIIM BKYCHbiM nepB biM 3KCnepMM e HTM3anac 8111TaMIIIH08. A 8 MOJ70/l, b/X J7111CTbRX UJ,a8ef7R CO6n10AOM, HY>KHO aanacTIIICb poaan a M n pu/], ep>KaTCR 3TIII GaMble 81!1Ta M IIIHbl 8 /], OCTaTOlfHOM KOJ71!1 MSICHbiM 6ynbOHOM (SI n106n10 wna K BbiB0lfeCTBe (oco6eHHO C) , a raK>Ke R6nolfHaR 111 ni!IMOHHaR /1.Y, '-ITO OH npe- IIIC nOnb30BaTb KYPIIIHbli-1), noKlllcnora , MIIIHepanbHble 8ew,ecr8a (>Kene3o, Kan111Jii), KpaC HO CO'-IeTa- HaA0 6SITCSI TaK>Ke CBeKna - 2 6e!7KIII, caxap. 111 R He nOHIIIMa/0 /],alfHIIIK08 , KOTOpble WT., MOpKOBb- 1 WT., KapTOeTCfl M C KanyHe OlfeHb-TO np1!18elfa/OT /], aHHY/0 KYflbTypy Ha C80111X <J>enb- 2-3 WT., ny~oK 1.14aCTOiJI, u co caecorKax. HanpiiiMep, MOR c o ce/l, Ka Ha3bl8aer em npesenSI,aeneHb , conb,neKnoilt. no3TOMY K He6pe>KI!ITenbHO «Tpa80M» Ill He Clfi!ITaeT /l,OCTOMHb/M pe~, cMeTaHa - no y,IJ,oaonb CTBM/0 ce/l,f7R npi!IMeHeHIIIR 8 ni!IUJ, y . BKyCy. MbM '-/a CTO IOTOBfl/0 fl 111CnOf7b3YIO KaK /l,IIIKOpaCTYUJ,IIIM, TaK Ill OKYflb TypeHHaaapMCTbl iJI CBeKOflbHMK HbiM, OIOpO/l,Hb/M UJ,a8ef7b C 8eCH bl Ill /1,0 CaMOM aceCO ll.la BeneM. fOTOBMTCfl OH 6bJCTpO, n03TOHill. 3aiOTa8!71118a/O e10 Ill Ha 3111MY (cywy, COJ710, MaMY em M O>KHO npaKTMKoaarb a ,IJ,a'-/Hblilt ce30H, pi!IHYIO). KOI,!J,a >KanKO rpaTMTb MH0/0 apeMeHM Ha CTOfi HMe y nnMTbl . /l,a M nO'-ITM BCe He06XO,!J,MMble CocTaBnSI MHrpe,!J, MeHTbl - Ha rpfi,!J,Ke , no,IJ, pyKoilt. IOJJ.4111e can aT a : 1.14a3 TOT canar M3 w,a8enfl c C8e Kny Hareperb Ha cpeAHeVI repKe, Mopsenb - 200 r, Sl6noKIII MCn Of7 b30BaHMeM ,!J,py roiJI 3 eK08b Hape3aTb COnOMKOVI , nyK - Ky6111KaMIII. (KIIICnble) - 2 WT . , nyK - 1 n e HM M O>KeT CTaTb BaWMM B ee n oryw iiiTb Ha CK080POAe . ronosKa (111n111 napa AOneK f7106MM biM, nOTOMY '-ITO OH 0 T8ap111Tb 8 Ms:ICHOM 6ynbOHe Hape3aHHbiVI ~ecHoKa), aeneHb neTpyw n e r xuilt, BKYCHblilt u none3Ha He6on bw llle KYC04KIII Kapro¢enb, A06a8111Tb Kl/1 - 1 CT . nO>KKa , peAIIIC HbliJI . Tywe Hble 8 CK0 80POAe OBOW,III. 8 4-5 WT., CMeTaHa - 0 , 5 B bl M bl T bl VI 111 o 6 c y we H KOHu,e 3ac bmarb nopy6neHH bl VI w, aHbiVI W,a8enb. IOT08111TCS'I 8enb MenOH 6 bi CTp O (AOCTaT04HO KO Hape 3-5 MIII H.). ./ 3 aTb , A06an ocon iiiTb, ~· 8111 Tb HaTepTble nps:!MO C KO>KIIInon e p4 111Tb, LJ,eVI s:~6nOKIII , py6neHbi VI n y K 111 n111 3anpa.,.........-..,repTbi VI YeCHOK , n oMTIIIKIII peAIII8 111Tb CM e CKIII Ill 1113Menb4e H HY~ 3eneH b . CnerKa nocon iiiT b , 3anpa 8 111Tb CM e TaHo VI . C8epxy 6 n~AO y Kpa-

· •• ii

Il(aBeAeBbiM CBeKOAbHIIK

CaAaT «PaHHI:rii»

..


III;aBeAeBoe Mopo)KeHoe

llMporii «CIIAomHoe yAOBOAbCTBMe» Tenno M yJOTHO 8 ,JJ.OMe, r,JJ.e naxHeT nMporaMM.

8

8eceHHe-neTHMill ce30H nJ06M-

M8fl 8blne'-IK8 8 HaWeM ,JJ.OMe - nMpOI//1 co ll.(a8ene8oi!t Ha'-1/IIHKOi!t. IOT08fiTCfl

AnSI

TecTa

HY>KHbl APO>K>KH - 30 r (3/4 naKeTHKa cyx1.1x), MOnOKO - 250 Mn, CnHBO~ ­ Pa3seCTIII APO~~~~~ B TennoM MOHOe Macno - 1 00 r, conb noKe , A06aBIIITb pacTonneHHoe 1/2 ~- no>KKH, caxap - 4 cT. Macno, 3aTeM - see ocTanbHOe. 3ano>KKH, SIHl-'a - 2 WT . , MyKa MeCIHb TeCTO 111 AaTb e My nOCT051Tb 500 r. Ha~HHKa: ropcTb MOB TennOM MeCTe MII1HYT 45, nOKa He noAoro cse>Kero ~asenSI BblpacTeT s o6beMe s 2 pa3a . ,., caxap - no BKycy. OHM M3 APO>K>Ke8om Te cTa .

A

Aanbwe see KaK o 6bi'-IHO c nll1poraMIII . PacKaTaTb TOHKO TeCTO, Hape-

KcTaTIII, w,aseneM MO~Ho Ha n111p0r111, HO Ill

CeMra noA rn;aBeAeBbiM coycoM Ka3anocb 6bl, He TaKoi!t y>K OH M apMCTOKpaT, 3TOT ll.(a8eflb, a 8 8M,JJ.e COyCa MQ)KeT, OKa 3 bl-

IH, o~

,,e

p1-1.

·~

fb

lfT06bl 8aeTCfl, yKpacMTb mo6y10, ,JJ.a>Ke caMyJO 6nanp1.1rOTOBI.1Tb COmpo,JJ.HYJO pb!6y! yc, HaM noTpe6yeTcSI Hape3aTb w,asenb. PacTOmnb Macno B ~asenb - 300 r, nyK - 1 CKOBOPOAe Ill o6~ap111Tb B HeM nyK AO COronosKa, cMeTaHa - 150 CT051HII151 np03pa'-IHOCTII1. noMeCTII1Tb B CKOMn, cnHBO~Hoe Macno - BOPOAY w,asenb 111 TYWII1Tb Ha cpeAHeM or40 r, 6enoe cyxoe BH- He nOA KpbiWKOVi MII1HYTbl 4. ,lJ,o6aBII1Tb 8111 HO - 4 CT. nO>KKH, HO 111 OCTaBII1Tb TYWII1TbC51 y~e 6e3 k'pb1WKII1 conb, nepel-'. ew,e MII1HYTbl 3-4. 3aTeM coyc noconii1Tb , no nep'-III1Tb, A06aBII1Tb CMeTaHy 111 OCTaBII1Tb Ha OrHe ew,e Ha 3 M II1HYTbl (see AenaeTC51 6biCTpo, B03111TbC>~ c coycoM AOnro He np111XOA111TC51!). CeMry 3ane'-lb B AYXOBKe B cponbre. ,lJ,o6aBII1Tb w,aseneBbi VI coyc c nii1KaHTHOVi K111Cnii1HKOVi K rOTOBOVi pbl6e - nony'-1111Bweec>~ 6n10AO MO>KeT Aa~e CTaTb yKpaweHII1eM npa3AHII1'-1Horo c:rona! · noA 3TII1M npOCTbiM, HO BKYCHbiM COYCOM MO~HO noAaBaTb n106oe M51CO 111 Aa~e npOCTO COCII1CKII1, KOTOpble Ha

f1

PewMna nonpo6oaaTb c,JJ.enaTb. ,JJ.OMaWHMe, 1/1 npMWe,JJ.WMe B

m-

CT//1 APY3bfl ocTanMCb ,JJ.OBOnbHbiM//1 TaKMM HeO>KM,JJ.aH Hb/M ,JJ.ecepTOM . C,JJ.enai!tTe em 1/1 Bbl - OHO npeKpacHO OCBe>KMT

3aTb 1113 Hero KPY~O'-IKIII cTaKaHOM 111n111 KPY~KoVI, HanonHIIITb Ha '-IIIIHKOVI (nopy6neHHbiM Ill CMeWaHHbiM c caxapoM w,aseneM) . 3aw,lll naTb Kpa51 , o6Ma3aTb n111po~K111 CBepxy B36111TbiM 51VIU,OM , Bbl nO~IIITb Ha npOTIIIBeHb W BOM BHIII3 Ill OTnpaBIIITb B rOp51 LIYIO AYXOBKy. HecKonbKO MIIIHYT o~IIIAaHIII51 - 111 ceMb51 MO~eT naKOMIIITbC51 PYM51 HbiMIII nlllpO~KaMIII C He06bi'-I HO BKYCHbiM HanonHIIITeneM!

0-

npo'-IMTafla , '-I TO 1/13 ll.(aBeflfl MO>KHO ,JJ.a>Ke MOpO>KeHOe npMmTOBMTb.

M nopa,JJ.yeT CBOMM KMC-

(XOTHTe nOKHCnee - 6ep1.1Te no6onbwe), Hary-

no - cna,JJ.KMM BKYCOM ,

cTas: caxap -

200 r, BOAa - 200 Mn, ~asenb- 20-30 r panbH~H

HecnaAKM~

i.1orypT - 250 r, cqK

OC0 -

6eHHO B >Kapy.

BHa'-lane HY~Ho np111roTOBII1Tb caxapHbiVI c111pon. Arm 3TOrO 3anii1Tb caxap BOAOVi, AOBeCTII1 AO Kll1neH11151, nocne 1.1ero sapii1Tb ew,e 10-15 M111HyT . 0CTYA111Tb . nii1CTb51 w,asen51 nepe6paTb, npoMbiTb, npOCYWII1Tb, nOMeCTII1Tb BMeCTe C Cll1pOnOM B 6neHAep 111 1113Menb'-1111Tb AO OAHOPOAHOrO COC"F051HIII51 . ,lJ,o6aBII1Tb ViorypT, nii1MOHHbllil COK 111 ew,e pa3 B36111Tb. nony'-leHHYIO Macey Bblnii1Tb B MeTannll1'-leCKYIO MII1CKY 111 nOCTaBII1Tb B MOp03111nbHYIO KaMepy MII1H111MYM Ha 4 1.1aca . Ka~ble non'-laca AOCTaBaTb 111 xopowo nepeMeWII1BaTb, '-IT06bl pa3pyW111Tb KpynHble neA51Hble Kpii1CTannbl. IOTOBOe MOpo~eHOe nOAaBaTb nopu,1110HHO. s:l yKpac111na era Kpy~O'-IKaMII1 KII1BII1 ( cpaKTOp LI,BeTa Cblrpan CBOIO ponb). B np111Hu,111ne MOpo~eHoe MO~-

HO nOAaTb C Jil06biMII1 51rOAaMII1 , yc111n111s era KII1C nbiVI sKye . A MO~HO - C KyC0'-1KaMII1 cnaAKOro TOpTa. BoT KaKMe pa3Hoo6pa3Hble 8KycHOCTM MO>KHO npMIOT081/1Tb 1/13 ll.(8 8(3flfl. Hy M KaK nocne 3TOIO npoxo,JJ.MTb pa8HO,JJ.YWHO MMMO pa3pOCWemCfl 8 YKPOMHOM ymy ,JJ.a'-IHOm y'-laCTKa 3eneHOm OCTp08Ka! ..

Aa'-le 111HOrAa xopowo Bblpy'-laiOT X03>!VIKy.

em

Onbra CTAHKEBI.1lf

Ng10, 201J

~~~~------~----~~--------~ ~ OTOaBTOpa - y-

~


111M 51 <jJHnoco<jJa HHL!W8

narbiHb

MHxa~­

noscKoe ,Qn51 nyWKHHa

BbtOHOK

oryp4a

Aapbl caMo6paHKH 5apHH'ITO XO'Iy, TO VI aopoYy

neHHe ra6apHTOB wKa<jJa

"4yTbe" 6eJynpe4HO O,Q8TO~ ,Q8Mbl

ErHneTCKYI~

<jJapaoH necHS'l PoTapy "4ep~.oHa

5b1BW851 nepcHS'l

no6e,QHTbO,Q8p)I(8Tb

4peaoyro,QHHK

De,Qopy6 ,QB0pHHK8

"CTpOYIT" KynbTYPYICT

CKynep1151~

MpaK, XOTb rnaronvmL-1

A()porHe

anrrareAH.

~_,---+---r--~--~~+-~ np~ameMBOM Aoaen

Hacbmb -

nRKHWfb yttactMe

~T~~;x~

B CMC-K()HKypce

H BbtHrpatb 110 50 ~---t-C-6o-pY-aT-a5lf----+-Kn-ac-cH--+---+---+--~ H 500 hU6t\eH. 06WYIBKa H3 nerKo~ TK8HYI

0TB8Tbl Ha CKaHBOp,D, npe,D,bi,D,yw,ero HOMepa X 0 6 0 T

E P C <I> T Jl AI..IETOH YPRAHI-1K P 0 E K 3ACAAA r~o~nc lo1HOK B Y A OMYT lli-1XO P Cbl4 P 60Pio1C I..IEX E>KOB rATb bl APCEH "'

Jl

r.1,

48CK08 cnoao Mfl8,Q8H48

C MYiflbiM pa~

BbiHrpbiBaeT Ka>t<Aoe 25

Am•

SMS-coo6~eHHe.

3Toro Heo6xOAHMO:

1. Pa3raAaTb Knta4esoe cnoso. 2. OmpaBII1Tb SMS-coo6w,eHII1e Ha KopoTKII1il1 HOMep 2320. TeKCT coo6Ll.leHHH:

AN-lA, HOMep r a3eTbl ( 10) 111 pa3raAaHHOe KOAOBoe so, Ha6paHHOe pyCCKII1MII1 6yKBaMII1.

HanpL1Mep: AA"fAnpo6en 1 onpo6en ????????

cno-

OAHO SMS-COOS~EH~E AOJDKHO COAEP>KATb TOJlbKO OAHO KOAOBOE CJlOBO. 0Tnpasii1Tenb Ka)I(JJ,oro sepHoro SMS-coo6w,eHII151 np111MeT yYaCTIIle s po3blrpblwe pa3nii1YHbiX AeHe:>KHbiX np1113os. 8blll1rpbiW 3aYII1CDHeTC51 Ha M06111nbHblil1 TenecpOH , C KOTOporo 6blno ompasneHo coo6w,eHII1e. CpoKII1 nposeAeHII151 KOHKypcaAo 12.07.2013 r . 06p3L1.13eM eawe BHIIIM3HIIIe, 'fTO npiiiC/13HHble B3MH C006Ll.leHIIISI o6pa6aTbiBaeT KOMnbiOTep. 'iHTai/ne BHHM3Te/1bHO YCI10BIIISI OTnpaBKIII OTBeTOB.

CTOHMOCTb oTnpaBKH SMS-coo6111eHHS'l Ha HOMep 2320 cocTaBnS'leT He 6onee 10 py6nei1 (AflR >KHTenei1 Ka3axcTaHa 49 KZT) c y'leToM acex Hanoroa. To'IHYIO CTOHMOCTb oTnpaBKH SMS-coo6111eHHS'l y3Haaai1Te y caoero onepaTopa. 0TnpaanRR coo6111eHHe, y6eAHTecb B cornacHH Toro, KTO onna'IHBaeT C'leT. 0TnpaanRR 3anpoc, a6oHeHT cornawaeTCR c npHHRTHeM BXOARll\HX SMS Ha T8XHH'I8CKHH HOMep, c KOToporo 6blna oTnpaaneHa SMS. Ycnyra AOCTynHa Ha TeppHTOpHH PoccHH H Ka3axcTaHa. Pa3pa6oTKH H TeXHH'IecKaR noA,Qep>KKa cepaHca OCYll\8CTBnReTcR Getline (www. Getline.ru) .

...


,l{en&H&Lii coeem 3aHMMaSICb rOAaMM nt06MMbiM AenoM, Mbl npM06peTaeM HOBble 3HaHMSI M 4eHHbiM onbiT. KoMy-To YAaeTcst BblpacTMTb Ha caoeM y~aCTKe 6onbWOM ypO)I(aM nOMMAOPOB, KTO-TO e)l(erOAHO C st6noKaMM1 y KOrO-TO K ~a10 BCerAa BKYCHbiM M AYWMCTbiM MeA ... HasepH>~Ka 111 y sac, AOpor111e 4111raren111, ecrb cso111 ceKpeTbl Bblpall.\111saHII1>~ caAOBbiX pacreHII1111 111 yxoAa 3a AOMaWHII1MII1 )1<111BOTHbiMII1. Hanii1-

W111Te HaM, nOA8Jlii1T8Cb CB0111M OnbiTOM. Ka)I<Abll/1 4111TaT8Jlb, COB8T KOTOpOIO 6yA8T ony6nii1KOBaH Ha CTpaHII1U,aX Hawei/1 ra3eTbl, nony4111T B03Harpa)KA8HII1e.

ra3eTa «1000 COBeTOB Aa'IHMKy» BbiXOAMT 2 pa3a B MeCSI4 NQ10 (10) 2013 r.

niiiWIIITe HaM no aApecy: 214020, r. CMoneHCK, ajH 20.

Y~peAMTenb

E-mail: vo_sadu@mail.ru

"1Enlt1KOB tOpMM BacMnbeBM'I

PeAaKU,111>~ ocrasn>~er 3a co6oil1 npaso peAaKTII1posaTb np111cnaHHbl8 B ee aApec nii1CbMa.

lt13AaTenb 000 «t0Hit111AHH» ra3eTa 3aperHCTpHpOBaHa <lle,aepa!lbHOH CllylK6oii nO Ha,Q30py BC<jlepe CB~3H, HH<)>OpMal!HOHHbiX TeXHO!lOrHH H MaCCOBbiX KOMMYHHKaL!HH (POCKOMHa,l130p). CBHAerenbcrso o perHcrpaL!HH CMV1 nV1 NQ <llC77-49882.

llo6eAHTeAH KOHKY}JCa aHKeT «1000 COBeTOB AaqHHKy>>:

I

6biCTp~KOBa

1.

lil.M. ,TarapcraH, r . Ka3aHb;

,2. BaceuKa~ H.A., n. XopaHlKI-lHO , lilpKyTCKa~ o6n.; 3. Enw)>aHosa O.A., A· Kosa!li.1HKa, 4. MaKapos n.B. , r . Yxra, KOMI-1 ;

P~3aHcKa~

0611.;

6. nerpyweHKO H.B., c. nponerapcKOe, 7.

0MCKa~

o6n.;

Ca611r1.1~posa lil.P., r. Tyf\Ma3bl, 6awKOpTOCTaH;

8. Cepreesa C.H., r. BopoHelK; 9. Teen~ C.A., c. HosonoKpOBKa, npl-lMOpCKI-lfl Kp.;

I

L.:: Map~sa B.H.::.::!cneHCKOe, Caxan~~ o6n~_2_D· Xos~a Jl.B~ I-lHOACKOe, Capa~a~ o6~

rnaBHbiM peAaKTOp BEPEMbEB tOpMM HMKOnaeBM'I BbmycKaiO~MM peAaKTOp MOn1/1EBH"'I110AMMna HaaHOBHa

XyAOH<eCTBeHHbiM AM3aMH MBepCTKa A/lEKCAHAPOBA ranMHa BnaAMMMpOBHa

Harna aHKeTa

AAPEC AJUI nlt1CEM:

214020 r.CMOJ18HCK, a/9t 20 E-mail: vo_sadu@mail.ru

AoporHe LtHTaTenH, Mbl npOAOn)l(aeM ny6nHKOBaTb aHKeTy, KOTOpaSI nOMO)I(eT HaM 6nH)I(e n03HaKOMHTbCJI C BaMH H y3HaTb BaWH nO)I(enaHHJI H npeAnO)I(eHHJI.

10 no6e.ztHTeABM • no 100 py6Ae I u

C!JaMI!lnlil>l, 1!1M5l, OTY8CTBO*

~

Baw nonHbli1 aApec, Tene<jloH*

AApec peAaK~.t~nt: 214031 r. CMoneHcK, yn. IIIHAYCTPI1allbHa~, AOM 2, ocp11c 806 Tenecj)oH peAaK~.tMM : (4812) 358-777 Ome4aTaHo B nmorpa<jl1o11o1: 000 «TI!1norpacj:Jii15l M111xai1nosa-C», 214020 r. CMoneHCK, yn. Wes4eHKo,86, no 3aKa3y 000 «IOHitlnA~H». noAnl!lcaHo s ne4aTb: 16.05.2013 YcraHOB04HbiH Tlo1pa>K: 194900 Cso60AHa5l l.leHa BbiXOA 1>13 ne4aTH: 28.05.2013 3aKa3 NQ 02698 PacnpocrpaHeHI!le s P<ll: 000 «IO.M.C.», ( 4812) 20-94-83 nocraBllllilK s Pecny6nlo1KY 5enapycb 4acrHoe npeAnplo15lTio1e «51 ME.0,111A>> 220125 r. MHHCK, np-T He3aBI!ICio1MOCTio1, 177-34 Ten. (375-17) 394-8-111 B HOMepe 1!1CnOilb30BaHbl cj:JOTOrpacp1!11!1 c cai1Ta www.shutterstock.com

KaKI!le py6p111Kii1 6onbwe scero HpaB5lTC5l*

© ®

I.

VI-

0 '18M XOT8111!1 6bl npOYI!1T3Tb B 6!11!1>K3i1Wii1X HOMepax*

B.

0-

111

,_

Baw111 COB8Tbl no BbiP3ll.\I!IB3Hii110 C3AOBbiX 111 A8KOp3Tii1BHbiX paCT8Hii1i1, COA8P>K3Hii110 >KiilBOTHbiX, naC8Kii1 (111!1YHbli1 OnbiT) EC!711 aaw11 coaerbl, aonpoCbl, 3aMe4aHI1R 11 npe,D,f70)f(eHI1R He aMellia/OTCR a aHKe-

ry,

~

H8ni1WI1Te /AX Ha OT,D,ef7bHOM !7/ACTe. Haw a,D,pec (n04TOBb/MI1 3!7eKTpOHHbli1) - Ha 3TOi1 )f(e CTp8HI1l.le B Bb/XO,D,Hb/X ,D,8HHb/X.

*nonS!,

nOMe'leHHble 3Be3AO'IKOiil, 06SI33TellbHbl K 3anOI1HeHIIIIO

nepene4BTKa MBTepl-lB!lOB AOnycKaeTC~ TO!lbKO c ni'!CbMeHHOro pa3peweH I>1~ P8/1BKL!Io111. 0TBeTCTBeHHOCTb 3a COAeplKBHHe peKnaMbl Hecer peKnaMOAaTe!lb np1.1 no,l1rOTOBKe HOMepa HCnO!lb30BaHbl HHTepHer-pecypcbl. PyKOni-ICI-1 He B03epalllaiOTC~ 1-1 He peueH311PYIOTC5!. PeAaKL\1.1~ He xpaHI-lT pyKOnHCI-1, He np11H5!Tble K ne4aTH.

B03HBrpa!KA8HMe 38 ony6nMKOaaHHbiM MBTepMan MOIKHO nony'IMTb TonbKO npM ROIIHOM YK8311HMM Clll-101 8Apet8 npoiKMaaHMR1 nponMCKM M nacnopTHbiX ABHHbiX (HOMep,IIM'IHbiM HOMep, KBM M KOrAB BbiABH).

HA06nO>KKE <I>OTO

16+

LlaeTHall Kanycra c caiha www.shutterstock.com

~

- -- - - - - - - -


qumaume BcAedywtl{eM HOMepe

0TBeqaeM Ha BOIIJ20Cbl

Y,ztaASIT:& AH xapTociJeAB ? HecKOilbKO

neT Bbl • pauu1sato KapTociJenb CKap6; HO B nocneAHee speMH see "'aut,e scTpe"'ato MHciJopMa'-'Mto, "'TO BO BpeMSI '-'BeTeHMSI HaAO o6pbiBaTb '-'BeTKM. noAXOAMT 11M 3TO YTBep>KAeHMe K AaHHOMY COpTy? 3oSJ KEJlAPEBA, c.BocKpeceHcKoe

f K Ka>KAOMY oBo~y CBOM IIO)J;XOA

OTBe~aeT HHKona~ POrOB~OB,

arpoHOM YAaneH~e 6yTOHOB Ha pacTeH~5lx KapTo¢en5l AaeT np~6asKy ypo)l(a5l Kny6Helil AO 10% . TaKa5l np~6asKa nony4aeTC5l 3a c4eT nepeHanpasneH~5l

4acT~

n~Ta­

TenbHbiX 3neMeHTOB , KOTOpb18 AOn)I(Hbl 6blm1 n~TaTb u,seTK~ , Ha ¢opM~posaH~e ypo)l(a5l Kny6 Helil . 3Ty npou,eAYPY MO)I(HO nposo A~Tb ~ Ha paCT8H~5lX KapTo¢en5l copTa CKap6. Kny6H~ AaHHO -

lilsaHOBCKo~

o6n.

ro copTa AaiOT HepasHoMepHble BCXOA~

~

U,B8T8H~e

pacTeH~Iil

pacT5lHYTO, no3TOMY An5l YAaneH~5l 6yTOHOB HY)I(HO npoxoA~Tb no y4aCTKY H8CKOnbKO pa3 . Ho KaK 6bl ocTopO)I(HO Bbl H~ npoXOA~n~ no 6op03AaM , B ni06oM cny4ae npO~CXOA~T TpaBM~­ poBaH~e 60TBbl, B paHbl M0)1(8T nonaCTb ~H¢eKU,~5l . LJT06bl BCXOAbl KapTO¢en5l copTa CKap6 6bln~ 6onee APY)I(HbiM~ , peKoMeHAY8TC5l npoBOA~Tb nporpesaH~e ~ npopaW.~BaH~e Kny6Helil .

-----------,

KporrMKM: HIOaHCbi Bbipa~MBaHV15!

YcnoBIAR

KOHKypca

~~~ir~~~~~~~'

: 3anonHHTe aHKery H _..,....~~lll~~ , npHwnHre ee s a,qpec : pe,qaKI.{HH « 1000 coseros ,qa'IHHKY>>. B Ka.>K,qoM HOMepe pa- • 3&1rp&IBaiOTCR ,qeHe>KH&Ie npH3&1. B po3&1rp&lwe npH30B y'la: CTBYIOT BCe aHKeT&I, np!ACnaHHble HaM. AHKeT&I, np!AWe,£4W!Ae 1 s pe,qaKI.{IAIO nocne B&lxo,qa s cser O'lepe,qHoro s&mycKa ra1 I 1 3eT&I, y'lacrsyiOr s po3&1rp&lwe npH30B s cne,qy10u.ceM HO- 1 : Mepe . He3anonHeHH&Ie aHKeT&I s p03blrpb1We He y'laCTBYIOT.

Po3hi M3 qepeHKOB

1000sov dachn  

1000 советов дачнику №10 2013