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Table of Contents Want to learn more about the environment and what you can do? Check out these different sites and documentaries!

The Story of Stuff Project www.storyofstuff.com Fuel — Change your fuel, Change your world by Joshua Tickell (2008) No Impact Man by Colin Beavan (2007) Food, Inc. By Robert Kenner (2008)

Boston University Office of Sustainability http://www.bu.edu/sustainability City of Boston Environmental and Energy Services http://www.cityofboston.gov/environmentalandenergy/ United States Environmental Protection Agency http://www.epa.gov/ Earth911 www.earth911.com Ocean Conservancy http://www.oceanconservancy.org

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Letter from the Program Manager

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Letter from Your Coordinators

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FYSOP Schedule Staff Bios

4-5 6-13

Ed Day Speaker Bios

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Site Schedule

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Site Information

16-19

FYSOP Fusion

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EDUCATION: Climate Change

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EDUCATION: Pollution

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EDUCATION: Oil Spill

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EDUCATION: Biodiversity

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EDUCATION: Alternative Energy

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EDUCATION: At-Home Initiatives

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CSC Programs

28-29

Sources

30-31

Additional Environment Resources

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SOURCES USED August 23, 2010 Dear FYSOPers, Welcome to FYSOP 21! By taking part in FYSOP you are joining the ranks of FYSOPers who have been doing service for the past 21 years. FYSOP started in 1989 when Stephen McMahon had an idea to unite a group of first-year students through a shared experience of community service. McMahon’s initial program involved ten staff leaders and 60 volunteers arriving at Boston University a week early to complete a house with Habitat for Humanity. This year, FYSOP 21 has 1,000 volunteers, 220 staff members, 20 coordinators and ten issue areas! This year, FYSOP has gone green with online registration, added a brand new issue area: Urban Renewal, increased its impact by adding educational content on the web and will broadcast live during parts of FYSOP. You couldn’t have picked a better time to join FYSOP! FYSOP will not only introduce you to Boston, but you may find it opens doors to you—be it new friends, passions and opportunities. Whether this is your first time doing service or you are a seasoned volunteer, you are about to join a quarter of the incoming freshman class who are giving their time and service. You will be amazed by the volunteers in your group, your staff leaders, your coordinators and the sites you will work with. In this next week, I challenge you to let go and be yourself. Seize every moment and truly let yourself embrace every hour of service, every minute you “ride the pony” (you’ll learn what that is soon enough) and every second you take in reflection. If you let it, FYSOP can build a solid foundation for your career at Boston University. This week is just the beginning. Thank you so much for joining the coordinators, staff leaders and myself for FYSOP 21. We have been eagerly awaiting your arrival all summer! As you venture out into the JUNGLE that is Boston, don’t forget the bare necessities. Bring an open mind, compassionate heart and willingness to branch out (pun intended) and try new things. Don’t be afraid to ask for directions, share your sunscreen and mind your lunch. This is going to be a safari you will never forget. So, ….welcome to the….

http://ipetrus.blogspot.com/2007/05/invasive-species-and-barcbeltsville.html http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/environment/invasive_species.html http://www.nickbuxton.info/photos/beni/deforestation.html http://globalfundexchange.com/press/?cat=11 http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/episode/gulf-oil-spill-5488/facts http://spyhunter007.com/suess_loraxland_and_capitalism.htm http://www.eoearth.org/article/exxon_valdez_oil_spill http://www.eoearth.org/article/Deepwater_Horizon_oil_spill http://www.epa.gov/history/topics/lovecanal/01.htm http://abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=5553393&page=1 http://environmentalchemistry.com/yogi/hazmat/articles/chernobyl2.html http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/chernobyl/inf07.html http://www.threemileisland.org http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/3mile-isle.html http://www.greatgarbagepatch.org/ http://www.bhopal.org/ http://toxics.usgs.gov/hypoxia/hypoxic_zone.html http://www.lenntech.com/environmental-disasters.htm http://earthfirst.com/americas-top-10-worst-man-made-environmentaldisasters/ http://www.springerlink.com/content/m7117uh059625j55/fulltext.pdf http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/28/us/28spill.html?_r=1&th&emc=th

Jump into something that is

Sites Pages: http://www.kettlepondfarm.com/ http://nesfp.nutrition.tufts.edu/ http://www.massaudubon.org/Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/Boston/ http://www.massaudubon.org/Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/ Ipswich_River/index.php http://www.charlesriverconservancy.org/ http://www.massaudubon.org/Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/ Drumlin_Farm/index.php http://thefoodproject.org/ http://www.exclrecycles.org/ http://www.massaudubon.org/Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/Wellfleet/ index.php http://www.massaudubon.org/Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/Joppa_Flats/ http://www.rcc.mass.edu/

Unique and Nothing you have experienced before. Get to know yourself, your group and staff leaders. Learn to let go and Experience FYSOP and your new community! FYSOPlovin’,

a as w I n… ! n a ! e m 17 h W esh P fr SO

FY

Colleen

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SOURCES USED Fusion: http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/greendex http://www.chrisjordan.com http://www.unep.org/ceh/ http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20126994.200-children-come-with-ahigh-carbon-cost.html http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/446097 http://nutrition.suite101.com/article.cfm/eco-friendly-eating#ixzz0tfk1Ique http://mindbodyfitness.suite101.com/article.cfm/eco-friendly-living-ishealthy-living http://www.worldwildlife.org/what/communityaction/people/phe/ WWFBinaryitem7051.pdf www.ielrc.org/content/a9502.pdf http://www.twnside.org.sg/title/chemicals.htm www.unep.org/civil_society/GCSF8/pdfs/gender_oecd.pdf http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/ http://www.eoearth.org/article/Environmental_justice http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126809525 http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/episode/gulf-oil-spill-5488/facts http://earthfirst.com/americas-top-10-worst-man-made-environmentaldisasters/ http://www.lenntech.com/environmental-disasters.htm Education Pages: http://www.eoearth.org/article/ Limits_to_Exploitation_of_Nonrenewable_Resources_%28historical%29 http://www.globalissues.org/article/171/loss-of-biodiversity-andextinctions#MassiveExtinctionsFromHumanActivity http://www.ucsusa.org/invasive_species/solutions/basic-invasive-speciessolutions.html http://www.epa.gov/epahome/home.htm http://www.worldwatch.org/node/3915 http://earth911.com/recycling/ http://earth911.com/news/2010/06/14/3-ways-cities-go-green/ http://earth911.com/news/2010/06/17/8-ways-to-inspire-reuse-in-yourcommunity/ http://www.fws.gov/invasives/is-activities.html

A Letter From Your Environment-Loving Co’s! Welcome to the best issue area of FYSOP 21 – ENVIRONMENT! We’re your fabulous coordinators: Kelsey Mason & Alexandra Beskrowni Kelsey hails from Burke, VA, a suburban town located right outside of Washington, DC. She’s a junior in the College of Communication, majoring in Advertising with a minor in Sociology. She has a love for pink, cleaning, and social media, along with an addiction to coffee. This is Round 3 for her when it comes to FYSOP and she’s ready to make FYSOP 21 the best yet, especially with all the EnviroLove she possesses.

Alexandra is a native of Roslindale, MA, located about seven miles away from BU campus. As a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences, majoring in Environmental Analysis and Policy with a minor in Marine Science, she’s very passionate about passing on her knowledge and teaching others about environmental issues. When she’s not spelunking in the caves of New Hampshire, she enjoys reading and going to concerts. As a rookie in the world of FYSOP, she’s pumped to make her mark on the program and show others why being green is the ONLY way to be.

Environment issues are every one's issues, which is why we’re so excited to be coordinating the Environment issue area. We both believe in treating our Mother Earth right through sustainable living and we’re glad that you’ll be lending a helping hand to promote sustainability with us! We’re wicked excited for FYSOP 21 because it’s the BIGGEST FYSOP yet! With over a quarter of the incoming freshman class participating, this is bound to be the best year by far! Be ready to put yourself out there and give it your all each day. You get this one week to kick-start your amazing career here at BU and will have the chance to learn more about the city and surrounding area that will be your home for the next four years.

Kelsey & Alexandra :)

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FYSOP 21 SCHEDULE Monday, August 23rd 7:15-7:45

Meet your Groups! — Look for your Issue Area sign! (Location: Marsh Plaza)

8:00-10:00

Opening Ceremonies (Location: GSU, Grand Ballroom) Ice-breakers with your group (Location: Ziskind Lounge/Marsh Plaza)

10:00-10:45

Tuesday, August 24th 7:45-8:45 9:00-10:00

Breakfast (Location: SAC gym, next to the GSU) Opening: FYSOP Fusion (Location: GSU, Grand Ballroom)

Children Ed Day: (Guitar Center, COM 101)

HIV/AIDS Awareness Ed Day: (GSU, Terrace Lounge)

Disabilities Ed Day: (GSU, East Enclosure/SAC Gym)

H & H Ed Day: (CAS, Room B12)

Elders Ed Day: (GSU, BU Central)

Human Rights Ed Day: (GSU, Howard Thurman Center)

Environment Ed Day: (CAS, Room 224)

Hunger Ed Day: (GSU, East Balcony)

Gender Focus Ed Day: (GSU, Conference Auditorium)

Urban Renewal Ed Day: (Law Auditorium, Guitar Center)

11:00-2:00 5:00-6:30 7:00 & on

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Museum: (GSU, Ziskind Lounge) Lunch—Time will vary for Issue Areas (GSU, Union Court-staggered) Dinner (Location: Warren or West Campus Dining Hall) SOCIAL EVENTS TBD

Multicultural Advancement Partnership Program (MAPP) Volunteers work with refugees, immigrants, and international students to enhance their understanding of English and their experience in America. Special emphasis is placed on literacy, English and their experience in America. Time Commitment: 2-4 hours per week Project Hope Project Hope seeks to show compassion, gain understanding and educate others about the HIV/AIDS virus. Volunteers may work with organizations such as the AIDS Action Committee, Cambridge Cares About AIDS, the Boston Living Center and others. Time Commitment: 2-4 hours per week Siblings (Sibs) Volunteers are paired with elementary school children in one-on-one mentoring relationships. Siblings pairs meet regularly and participate in activities such as an annual Halloween party and “Siblympics,” museum trips, days at the park, Fitrec adventures and dinners at BU dining halls. In the past, Siblings has received free tickets to Disney on Ice and Celtics games. Time Commitment: 3-5 hours biweekly (full year) Student Food Rescue (SFR) Volunteers collect food from local restaurants, supermarkets, and bakeries and distribute it to meal programs, food pantries, and shelters. Volunteers also serve meals at community suppers and prepare food baskets for distribution. Time Commitment: 2-4 hours per week Student Studio This program seeks to bring a visual arts education to area students whose schools do not have art programs. Volunteers will design lesson plans about an artist, movement, or technique and develop a fun, hands-on project for the students to express their creativity and show the skills they have learned through that week’s lesson. Time Commitment: 2-3 hours a week (more if you’re planning that week’s lesson) Voices from the Middle (VFM) Voices from the Middle volunteers work with middle-school students to write and perform their own plays. This creative outlet gives the students the opportunity to voice their concerns though a productive medium in a positive environment. Time Commitment: 2-3 hours per week Wizards Volunteers travel to various Boston-area schools to introduce children to the wonders of science. Volunteers teach weekly experiments that allow the children to make real connections between scientific principles and the world around them. Time Commitment: 2-3 hours per week

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Come visit us at the Community Service Center! Here’s a list of our programs... The Community Service Center boasts 13 student-run programs and hosts many one-time service projects and events. Through these programs and events, more than 3,000 volunteers contribute over 90,000 hours of service annually in the Greater Boston area and across the U.S. Check out our website for more information at www.bu.edu/csc. Afterschool Volunteers tutor, offer one-on-one homework assistance, make arts and crafts, tell stories, and lead educational games at a variety of local Afterschool programs. Such programs have been shown to reduce juvenile delinquency. Time Commitment: 2-4 hours per week Alternative Spring Breaks (ASB) The alternative to the traditional spring break. Volunteers travel to sites throughout North America to assist with community service projects ranging from disaster relief, environmental protection and restoration, and many more. Time Commitment: Week of spring break Children’s Theatre (CT) Volunteers create original variety shows that they perform for young children in hospitals and shelters. Shows range from storybook adaptations to improvisation and feature lessons and morals relevant to today’s youth. Time Commitment: 2 hours per week

Wednesday, August 25th 6:00-8:00 9:00-5:00

5:00-6:30 7:30-9:30

Thursday, August 26th 6:00-8:00 9:00-5:00

6:30-7:30 7:00 and on

First-Year Student Outreach Project (FYSOP) First-year students come to campus one week prior to the start of the fall semester to volunteer for ten different issue areas: Children, Disabilities, Elders, Environment, Gender Focus, HIV/AIDS Awareness, Homelessness and Housing, Hunger and Urban Renewal. Time Commitment: Week before classes start

Making Music Volunteers teach instrumental music, vocal music, and dance to school children who do not have access to a formal music education program. Both students and volunteers have the opportunity to perform on campus at the annual Making Music Recital. Time Commitment: 2-3 hours per week (full year)

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Breakfast (Location: SAC gym) On-Site Service (Location: Out in Boston!) Lunch on Site Dinner (Location: Warren or West Campus Dining Hall) SOCIAL EVENTS TBD

Friday, August 27th 6:00-8:00

Joining Hands Volunteers work with people with disabilities and elders in a variety of settings in the Greater Boston Area. Volunteers may serve organizations including Newton Special Athletes, Best Buddies or Winners on Wheels. Time Commitment: 2-4 hours per week

Breakfast (Location: SAC gym) On-Site Service (Location: Out in Boston!) Lunch on Site Dinner (Location: Warren or West Campus Dining Hall) Program Night (Location: GSU, Grand Ballroom)

8:00-5:00

5:00-6:30 7:00-10:00

Breakfast (Location: SAC gym) On-Site Service (Location: Out in Boston!) Lunch on Site Dinner (Location: Warren or West Campus Dining Hall) Closing Ceremonies (Location: TBD)

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Meet The Planeteers!

Things YOU CAN DO at Home!

The BP Bandicoots

Sydney Bossert CAS 2013 Los Angeles, CA If you could be any animal, what would you be and why? A sea otter because who wouldn’t want to be cute and small? What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about? Most people have a superiority complex when it comes to the ocean. Trash is dumped, oil is spilled, and sea life struggles to survive. Your advice to freshmen: Grasp a plethora of the opportunities offered to you. Also, the hot sauce in the dining hall really adds extra “umph” to the food.

Chrisann Papera SED 2011 Verona, New Jersey

There are many ways to make your residence a “green house.” Saving water can be as easy as cutting down the length of your shower or shutting off the water as you brush your teeth. Using a timer can ensure that you don’t go over the allotted time. Setting your thermostat a few degrees cooler, using compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs), and unplugging your appliances when they’re not in use can save energy while also saving you money. Talk about a win-win situation. Choose to skip purchasing the expensive bottled water and invest in a reusable water bottle such as a SIGG, Nalgene, clean canteen, or your FYSOP water bottle! It cuts down on the amount of plastic waste and saves you money as well. Also, investing in a water purifier like a Brita or PUR will provide constant clean water.

If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? DOLPHIN! I love to swim and I would love to see and explore all the tropical areas of the world. Favorite environmental slogan: Recyclers do it over and over again. Advice for freshmen: Explore BOSTON and everything it has to offer .

Emily Starnes CAS 2013 Severna Park, Maryland If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would it be? Earth, to save nature! Favorite environmental slogan: "Don't blow it- good planets are hard to find," it's relevant to our lives and I'd love for more people to realize that. Advice for freshmen: Don't skip lecture and get involved on campus!

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Many people believe that in order to help the environment, they have to do something major that impacts the whole environment. What many don’t realize is that by tweaking your daily routine around the house, you can help just as much.

The best kept secret for at-home initiatives is making your own cleaning products. With a few ingredients such as baking soda, vinegar, lemon, and soap, you can concoct cleaning supplies that are inexpensive, package-free, and are good for your indoor air-quality.

And if you haven’t heard it enough: REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE. It’s the easiest way to help the environment, yet it’s the most ignored process. REDUCE by purchasing permanent items and buying items with minimal packaging. REUSE by donating extra items and repairing items as much as possible. RECYCLE paper, plastic, glass bottles, aluminum cans, cardboard, and compost food scraps.

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Energy Use & Alternative Energy

Meet The Planeteers!

Energy resource choices have evolved exponentially over the years. The options have changed from being predominantly non-renewable to more renewable options. The newest and more popular sources include:

The Exxon Valdez Velociraptors

Solar Power

Wind Power

What it is: Solar power technologies use reflective materials to concentrate the sun’s heat energy. Low-temperature solar collectors absorb the sun’s heat energy and directly use it for hot water or space heating. The goal of solar power is to reduce greenhouse gases and help stimulate the economy.

What it is: The wind generates electricity that powers millions of American homes and businesses. As of now, wind power is the nation’s fastest-growing source of energy.

What’s being done: The Department of Energy set up a Solar Energy Technology Program that educates the public on the value of solar power as a reliable, secure, and clean energy option.

Hydropower What it is: Hydropower, also known as hydroelectric power, facilities have the ability to generate enough power to provide 28 million U.S. households with electricity. To put that in perspective, that is equivalent to about 500 million barrels of oil. Researchers are developing advanced turbine technologies that will reduce the harmful environmental effects. What’s being done: The Department of Energy has set up a Hydropower Program where they will work to improve the technical, societal, and environmental benefits of hydropower.

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What’s being done: The Department of Energy’s Wind Program works with partners in the wind industry to develop clean, domestic, innovative wind energy technologies that are cost-competitive with fossil fuels and collaborates with the electric power industry to combine with the electricity supply.

Maggie Tittler SED 2012 Garden City, New York If you could have a Captain Planet power what would it be? If I could turn myself into fire that would be hot… Favorite environment slogan: “Save a tree, eat a beaver” — get it? if you eat a beaver, he won’t chop down any more trees... Advice for freshmen: Step out of your comfort zone...and try Raising Cane's sauce.

Emily Burdett SMG 2013 Ithaca, New York If you could be any animal, what would it be ? A dog because they’re always extremely happy, playful, and of course, cute. What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about? I get upset when people don’t recycle everyday items like cans and bottles. A little teamwork is all it takes. Advice for freshmen: Be able to balance your social life, extracurriculars, and academics. Each one is especially important!

Geothermal Energy What it is: Geothermal energy comes from the clean and sustainable heat from the Earth. This heat energy is derived from places such as shallow ground or hot water and hot rock found only a few miles beneath the Earth’s surface. The energy can even be found deeper where hot magma resides. What’s being done: The Department of Energy’s Geothermal Technologies Program works with the U.S. industry to establish geothermal energy as an economically competitive contributor for the U.S. energy supply.

Henriette Graff CAS 2013 Oslo, Norway If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? Ever since I watched the Lion King for the first time in 1994, I’ve always wanted to be Simba. What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about and why? Ones caused by human actions; we are responsible and have the opportunity to do something about them. Advice to freshmen: Don't be shy, branch out, you're only a freshman once.

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Meet The Planeteers! The Love Canal Canines

Andrea Bartunek CFA 2011 Yonkers, New York If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? A giraffe because I'd be taller and if I licked someone’s face it would be funny and socially acceptable. What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about? Mountaintop removal because it severely affects our planet and I think it's unnecessary and dangerous. Advice for freshmen: Do as much as you can at BU, especially in the CSC!

Casey Prusher CAS 2013 Miami, Florida

Biodiversity is the diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment . Biodiversity loss is an ongoing issue across the globe and no matter how much we realize it, our human activity is the major cause of massive extinctions. According to a report in an August 1999 edition of Environment New Service, the “extinction rate may climb to 10,000 times during the next century, if present trends continue resulting in a loss.” The two main issues that impact biodiversity loss: deforestation and invasive species.

Deforestation is the long-term or permanent loss of forest cover and its transformation into another land use. As a result of this, about one half of the forests that covered the Earth are now gone. The World Resources Institutes estimates that only about 22 percent of the world’s original forests cover remain “intact.” The forests provide three services to the ecosystem: 1. Forests influence the climate 2. Forests protect the top soil and take in important nutrients 3. Forests provide a lot of biological diversity and have the potential to provide new crop varieties and medicine The solution to deforestation: There are two things that can be done to assist this problem. Forest management works to maximize the annual harvest while ensuring that the harvested area is consistent with forest re-growth rates. Forest restoration seeks to restore the system to a near-natural or completely natural state, or to restore many aspects of the structure and function of an undisturbed forest.

If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? A bird… they get the best views of everything. Favorite environment slogan: There is no planet B. It’s short and sweet, but gets the message across – we’ve only got one earth and we probably should stop destroying it. Advice for freshmen: Beware of GSU sushi.

Bryce Hermiston CAS 2013 St. Louis, Missouri If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? A narwhal because it is an underwater unicorn. Awesome? Yes. Favorite environment slogan: “Quit complaining and grab a shovel” because whining gets in the way of doing what’s right. Advice for freshmen: Step outside your comfort zone. Try out for a sports team, go to a hockey game, leave your door open, get the most out of your experience.

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Invasive Species, Deforestation & Biodiversity Loss

Invasive Species can be defined as species that are non-native to the ecosystem under consideration and whose introduction causes —or is likely to cause—economic harm, environmental harm, harm to human health, or all three. Invasive species can be many things, such as plants, animals, or other organisms. These species are primarily introduced through various human actions. Common invasive species traits include: 1. Fast growth and rapid reproduction 2. Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions 3. Ability to live off of a wide range of food types Invasive Species Solution: One solution is to review and strengthen various acts, policies, and regulations. Another solution is to significantly reduce the weedy introductions to the environment and adopt risk screening protocols to prevent the species from appearing.

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NEWS UPDATE: The BP Oil Spill and what’s really happening... On April 20, 2010, about 50 miles from the Mississippi River Delta, the Deepwater Horizon oil drilling rig exploded. The offshore oil platform sank in about 5,000 feet of water causing crude oil to gush out of the pipe that connects the well at the ocean floor to the surface drilling platform. Most of the 126 workers on the rig were safely evacuated; however, 11 workers were killed and another 17 were injured. In just five days, the leak had surpassed the largest oil spill in history in U.S. waters. Two months later, the spill had not been stopped. Hundreds of millions of crude oil has been spilled; roughly equivalent to an amount equal to a 1989 Exxon Valdez spill every week since the explosion occurred. By June, oil had come ashore in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida. There has been significant wildlife fatalities as well as evidence of further ecological damage under the waters surface as scientists discovered additional oil plumes in the deep waters of the Gulf of Mexico. By late June, BP announced the formation of its Gulf Coast Restoration Organization to oversee the company's response to the disaster. The company had already spent billions of dollars on cleanup efforts and claims.

Meet The Planeteers! The Chernobyl Cheetahs

Conor Sullivan COM 2013 West Babylon, New York If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would it be? Heart because if you can get people to understand each other and work together, you can do amazing things. What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about? Solar Power. It's free, it's clean. It pays for its own installation within a few years. Advice for freshmen: Believe in your own worth. Nurture your self esteem so that you can grow and experience new things without letting go of who you are.

After almost 90 days of oil gushing out into U.S. waters, the leak was finally stopped on July 15, when BP was finally able to install a tight-fitting cap on the well and closed a series of valves. Scientists expect that understanding the effects of the spill on shorelines and marine ecosystems will take years. Correcting the problems caused by these effects will certainly take much longer.

Molly Meehan COM 2013 San Francisco, California

GENERAL FACTS about oil spills: * Oil spills can become orange in color due to emulsification, or the mixing of two liquids that do not dissolve into each other. This is cause for worry because orange coloration occurs more quickly in heavy wind and waves and significantly increases oil volume and viscosity. * Observation of the water surface often doesn’t give an accurate measure of the size of an oil spill, as in the BP oil spill, because the spill can be very deep underwater. Physical properties of the oil change in the water, and chemical dispersants mix into the water. * In 2009, about 1/3 of oil production in the Gulf of Mexico came from ultra-deep water wells. * Evaporation is a major mechanism for oil removal. This method is very slow for spills like the BP spill because the oil is crude oil, which is heavier than easily evaporated refined oil. * Chemical dispersants are used to mix the oil into the water column in order to reduce the risk of having the oil wash up on shore.

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If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? Ladybug. They can fly, and they’re adorable! Favorite environment slogan: Go green or go home! Short and sweet. Advice for freshmen: Stay FYSOP friends forever! And never plan on being anywhere before noon—you’re sleep schedule is about to change.

* Both Norway and Brazil require drilling operations to have acoustic remote control shut off systems at oil drilling sites to prevent spills. The United States does not require this. * According to the National Research Council, about 1,300 barrels naturally seep into the Gulf of Mexico every day. This is a tiny fraction of the BP spill rate, which was estimated to be between 1 and 2 million barrels a day (between 42 and 84 million gallons!) * Total oil spilled from offshore production facilities in the Gulf of Mexico during the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita was equivalent to a little less than one day’s flow from the BP site.

Alyssa Damiani CAS/SED 2012 Bethpage, New York If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would it be? The power of water because nothing is more beautiful than any body of water; yes, even puddles are awesome. Favorite environment slogan: “Earth Day everyday!” because we shouldn't have to have a holiday so that everyone remembers to love our Earth. Advice for freshmen: Just do it; whatever that "it" is to you. College is your optimal time to explore everything.

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Meet The Planeteers!

Air Pollution

The Three Mile Mongooses

Carlos Rey CGS 2013 Weston, Florida If you could be an animal, what would you be and why? A bird because I would be able to see things from above and roam freely around everything. What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about and why? Conservation. I would love for the generations to come to be able to experience all the beautiful sights. Advice to freshmen: Don't let anyone tell you that you can't do something, because what really matters is how much you believe in yourself.

Laura Allin

What is it? Air pollution is chemicals or compounds that can be harmful to human health or well-being that are airborne. This includes hundreds of toxins, as well particulate, asbestos, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, Volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide, lead, and carbon dioxide. The most common and widespread air pollutants include: carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates. What’s the big deal? The effects of humancaused air pollution are far reaching. Air pollution affects our farming, our economy, and our health, as well as weather patterns around the world. Every year, air pollution causes millions of human deaths and is the cause of even more respiratory, circulatory, and cancerrelated diseases. Air pollution also causes forest dieback as trees become more susceptible to diseases and growth decreases in response to air pollution.

Water Pollution

CAS 2011 Fort Collins, Colorado If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? Hippogryph because they can fly and are way cooler than birds. Favorite environment slogan: May the forest be with you. Advice to freshmen: Have fun, get involved, and try to incorporate into a bunch of friend groups!

Caitlin Macker CAS 2013 Santa Barbara, California If you could be any animal, what would you be and why? Polar bear, who wouldn't want to be that fluffy and cute! Favorite environment slogan: Reuse the past, recycle the present, save the future! Go green! Advice to freshmen: Naps will be your new godsend. 9 am classes are NOT sleeping in. The dining hall is a social experience.

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The Dirty Truth About Pollution

What is it? Pollution in marine and freshwater environments has been occurring for millennia, but has increased drastically as industrial discharge and runoff from farms and coastal cities increases. The most common ocean pollutants include pesticides, herbicides, chemical fertilizers, detergents, oil, sewage, plastics, and other solids, as well as pharmaceuticals. What’s the big deal? Marine pollutants collect and accumulate in ocean gyres, where they form “garbage patches.” Garbage patches are large expanses of concentrated, semi-dissolved plastic and other solid marine pollution that’s not easily removed. The Pacific Trash Vortex is about the size of Texas. Recently another trash vortex was found in the Atlantic Ocean. Ultimately marine pollution ends up in the global food chain as fish mistake it for food. Over 90 percent of Americans have traces of Bisphenol-A, a chemical associated with plastic, in their bodies.

Pollution Tragedies… Bhopal: On December 3rd, 1984, 40 tons of deadly gas, used in the manufacture of the pesticide Sevin, leaked out from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. The tragedy is known now as the world’s worst industrial disaster. It is estimated that up to 10,000 people died within the first 72 hours of the disaster. Since then, at least another 15,000 people have died as a result of their exposure to the toxic gas and another 120,000 have chronic medical conditions that require constant health care. The American companies at fault still refuse to accept responsibility for the disaster. The site has never been cleared of the toxins, and the surrounding environment is still heavily contaminated. Exxon Valdez: In March of 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez, en route to California, ran into Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Within six hours, the Exxon Valdez spilled approximately 10.9 million gallons of its 53 million gallon cargo of crude oil. Eight of the eleven tanks on board were damaged. The oil would eventually impact over 1,100 miles of non-continuous coastline in Alaska, making the Exxon Valdez one of the largest oil spills to date in U.S. waters. This disaster would be dwarfed by the BP oil spill. Gulf of Mexico Hypoxic Zone: Also called the Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone, is a region in the Gulf of Mexico, roughly the size of New Jersey, where the Mississippi River dumps high-nutrient runoff from its vast drainage basin, which includes fertilizers from the Midwest. The result is an area of very low dissolved oxygen. This leads to reproduction and spawning problems in fish. Great Pacific Garbage Patch: Also known as the Pacific Trash Vortex, is the largest of the many plastic waste accumulations in our oceans. Estimates of the size of this vortex of trash range from the size of the state of Texas to that of the continental U.S. With over 3.5 million tons of plastic accumulating in the vortex, the plastic to sea life ratio is 6:1. Every bit of plastic we purchase, use, then throw away ends up in one of these vortexes (if it is not incinerated). Birds and mammals mistake plastics for food and suffocate or die from starvation as their stomachs become filled with the indigestible substance. Fish mistake plastic particles for food as well, causing the plastics and associated toxins to enter the human food chain.

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Climate Change Myths & Facts •

Ellen Pogson •

Global warming is accelerated by the reduction of global snow and ice cover: FACT!

Climate change doesn’t harm humans: MYTH! The World Health Organization attributes 150,000 global deaths per year to the effects of global warming, including extreme weather, drought, heat waves, decreased food production, and the increased spread of diseases like malaria.

Rising temperatures will increase the incidence of malaria and other diseases: FACT!

If all carbon dioxide emissions stopped immediately, our climate change problems will be solved: MYTH! Carbon dioxide remains in the atmosphere for 100 years after it is emitted. This means actions of the past and present will affect the planet for decades to come.

Polar bears are at the top of the list of most vulnerable species to global warming: MYTH! Polar bears once topped the list, but a 2008 study found that narwhals are actually more vulnerable to global warming and more likely to become extinct due to stresses on their diets and migration routes.

The United States is the number one emitter of greenhouse gases: MYTH! In 2006-07 China surpassed the U.S. in carbon emissions with double-digit annual increases.

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Pelicans

Climate change is a totally natural phenomenon: MYTH! Changes in the climate are caused by human activities as well as natural forces. Scientists now agree that most of the planet’s warming in the last few decades has been due to human emissions of greenhouse gases.

Meet The Planeteers!

The poisonous atmosphere of Venus has been described as the product of a “runaway greenhouse gas effect” in response to studies done by U.S. astronomer Carl Sagan: FACT!

Average temperatures in the last 15 years have been the highest ever recorded: FACT!

Rising sea levels are not associated with global warming: MYTH!

SED 2013 Farmington, Connecticut If you could have a Captain Planet power, what would it be? The fifth element, heart! I already love the environment, and I would use my passion to help it! What environmental issue do you feel most passionate about and why? Deforestation. I think our generation, even with the Internet to save paper, is extremely wasteful. Advice to freshmen: Don’t be afraid to stay up obscenely late, especially if it means getting to know the people around you and getting a head start on making friends.

Matthew Ballew SMG 2012 Springfield, Virginia If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would it be? Being able to control water would be so awesome. What environmental issue to you feel most passionate about? Keeping ecosystems and the animals that live in them safe is really important. I think finding viable solutions to live with the environment rather than against it is crucial to our future. Advice for freshmen: Keep in touch after FYSOP! And apply for staff next year!

Sea level rise is caused by thermal expansion of the ocean, melting glaciers and ice caps, and the polar ice sheets. Global average sea level has risen since 1961 at an average rate of about 1.8 mm/yr and since 1993 at about 3.1 mm/yr .

Natalie Schiera COM/CFA 2012 Chicago, Illinois If you could be any animal, what would you be and why? A pet dog with very nice owners because I would be extremely loved and I could be footloose and fancy-free. Favorite environment slogan: Gandhi’s, "You must be the change you want to see in the world." When it comes to making a difference, you cannot be all talk and no action. Advice to freshmen: Get involved!! It's a great way to meet people and boost your resume!

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Meet The Planeteers! The Bhopal Badgers

Chelsea Yim CAS 2011 Honolulu, Hawaii If you could be any animal, what would you be and why? A dolphin because they're awesome. ...And I secretly want to live in a pineapple under the sea. What is your favorite environment slogan and why?: "Want to hug a tree with me?" because I love hugs and trees and because it sounds like a pick up line. Hilarious. Your advice to freshmen: Be yoU!

Nick Pataky CGS 2013 Saratoga, California

Gender Focus

As a result of the gender division of labor worldwide, women’s access to natural resources such as agricultural land and water is likely to differ from that of men’s. All people-- both women and men-- are consumers, exploiters, and managers of natural resources. However, in under developed regions of the world women are customarily responsible for household subsistence activities that are more dependent on their natural environment. As a result, it is women who are most affected by the impacts of environmental degradation and it is women who have a greater knowledge of how to sustainably manage the resources on which they rely on a daily basis, even if it is not women who make up a majority of environmental policy makers.

Human Rights The conservation, preservation, and restoration of the environment are necessary and critical for humans to maintain their basic human rights to a healthy life and the ability to do with it what they like. Starting in the late 1970s, the concept of environmental justice has started to further shape the way we think about equality. Encyclopedia of Earth gives a long term version of the EPA’s definition of environmental justice as follows: Environmental justice are those cultural norms and values, rules, regulations, behaviors policies, and decisions that support sustainable development, so that people can interact with confidence that their environment is safe, nurturing, and productive. Environmental justice is served when people can realize their highest potential, without experiencing the “isms”. Environmental justice is supported by decent-paying and safe jobs; quality schools and recreation; decent housing and adequate health care; democratic decision-making and personal empowerment; and communities free of violence, drugs, and poverty. Environmental justice communities are where both cultural and biological diversity are respected and highly revered and where distributive justice prevails.

HIV/AIDS

If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would you have and why? His ability to physically morph from one element to another i.e. wind, water, earth, and fire. What environmental issue to you feel most passionate about and why? I really enjoy breathing oxygen, so naturally; air quality and cleanliness. Your advice to freshmen: Go to Splash and sign up for anything you’re even remotely interested in.

As the HIV/AIDS epidemic continues to have devastating and worldwide effects on the world, its impact on the environment are also increasing. HIV/AIDS affects the environment by decreasing human capacity to manage natural resources and land as well as putting additional train on natural resources. Those affected by HIV/AIDS are among those most vulnerable to climate change and other environmental problems.

Disabilities

Mikayla Scaduto CAS 2013 Londonderry, New Hampshire If you could be any animal, what would you be and why? I would be an owl, I think. Probably because I would love to be able to fly and because they are so symbolic of wisdom and learning. If you could have any Captain Planet power, what would you have and why? I would like to control fire. That just sounds pretty cool. Your advice to freshmen: Make friends with your roommates. They could make your life miserable or awesome!

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FUSION

About 12 million children in this country suffer from one or more developmental, learning or behavioral disabilities. According to the National Academy of Sciences, as many as three percent of known developmental and neurological defects in children are caused by exposure to known toxic substances in the environment. Emissions reported to the Federal government account for only about five percent of total emissions, therefore the amount of chemicals affecting development in children could be up to 24 billion pounds, according to a report by the EPA.

Hunger Eating eco-friendly is health-friendly. Making your own meals instead of eating take-out or fast food benefits your health, while also reducing your carbon footprint. Using local and organic foods in the meals you make is another great way to further reduce your carbon footprint. Eating local and organic cuts down the amount of fossil fuels it would take to transport the food, and eliminates pesticides and fertilizers. Choosing fresh, local foods instead of processed and packaged foods from the supermarket is better for not only local farmers but for your health as well. Unlike processed foods, local foods are not high in fat, sugar, sodium, preservatives, additives, and other chemicals associated with plastic packaging.

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FYSOP

In a survey conducted this year, published by National Geographic, 49 percent of Americans rated economic problems as a top concern, while 0 percent rated environmental issues as a top concern. The same survey showed that an alarming 70 percent of Americans believe that the typical American lifestyle in the U.S. is not sustainable for future generations. Meanwhile, Americans empty two million plastic bottles every five minutes. Environmental problems are every one's problems. According to the Environmental Protection Agency’s commitment to environmental justice, the most vulnerable parts of the worldwide population to environmental injustices are the poor, the homeless, the elderly, those in poor health including those with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, disabled people, those with limited rights, and children. These vulnerable sub-populations have been historically unrepresented in environmental decision making and are often impacted the most by environmental problems.

Children The youth of the world suffer from negative impacts from the environment. Many environmental issues, such as polluted water and air, are some of the main factors that cause children to develop diseases. It is estimated that one-third of global diseases can be traced back to negative environmental indicators. These environmental threats not only impact children’s health but also impede on their physical and mental development. Though these environmental problems pose major threats on their well-being, children also have a negative impact on the environment. As the population continues to grow with the average woman having 1.85 children, the carbon impact on the world continues to increase. It’s been said that with the carbon emissions rising, each extra child in the U.S. would eventually result in eight times the lifetime carbon footprint of the average U.S. resident today.

Meet The Planeteers! The Hypoxic Zone Zebras

Eric Womer ENG 2012 Newington, Connecticut If you could be any animal, what would you be? I'd have to be a grizzly bear because no other animal would want to mess with me and I'd get to be 12-feet tall. Favorite environment slogan: “Protect that ice, ice baby. Word to ya mother Earth.” Advice for freshmen: Don’t think about the past and let yourself become who you truly are in your first year at college.

Jenny Doucette CAS 2012 Merrimack, New Hampshire

Urban Renewal

If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? I want to be a giant panda because I am a vegetarian (reducing my carbon footprint) and I would just like to enjoy my simple life and watch the world. Favorite environment slogan: “Give a hoot, don’t pollute!!” Advice to freshmen: Try as many different things as possible. Make the most of your college experience by experimenting and discovering who you are and what you are most passionate about!

Environment and Urban Renewal work hand in hand when it comes to restoration and sustainability. With Urban Renewal working to establish restorations of communities, the environment plays an important factor. Communities are cleaned of trash and other pollutants, which allow for a more unified area and a more sustainable one. Unlike many of the other fusions, the ties between Urban Renewal and Environment are obvious. Urban Renewal provides positive benefits to local environments as communities work to provide a more sustainable area.

Homelessness & Housing The correlation between the environment and the homeless is not an obvious one. The homeless population of the country participate in recycling bottles, cans, and other items in order to earn money. This removes these items from the trash and cut down on the amount of waste produced. The homeless also utilize the idea of reusing by receiving donated items such as clothing and other household products. This, along with the recycling, cuts down on the amount of waste because the items are reused and not thrown away. When society donates to the homeless, the environment also reaps the sustainable benefits.

Elders The elderly population is among those most susceptible to the environment and its pollutants, including both infectious agents and chemical toxins. Their immune systems are weaker, making them more likely to contract the diseases that come with the pollutants. Though these environmental impacts are severe, the elderly population is also associated with a major cause of water pollution. About 70 percent of the aging population take at least one prescription each day and these drugs end up in the water supply. It’s unfortunately a vicious circle.

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Yelena Shuster SMG 2013 Brooklyn, New York If you could be any animal, what would it be and why? A cat because they take cat naps and those are the best kind of naps! What is your favorite environmental slogan? Every day is Earth Day! Duh! Your advice to freshmen: Whatever you are interested in, find a group on campus and get involved with it!

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Education Day Speaker Bios Dennis Carlberg, AIA, LEED AP is an architect with over 25 years of experience. In January 2009 Dennis joined Boston University as its first Sustainability Director. He comes from a Boston area architectural firm where he was a partner, senior designer, and chaired the sustainability committee, which he established in 2000. Dennis began his career at the Solar Energy Research Institute conducting day lighting research to reduce building energy consumption and improve the indoor environment.

DENNIS CARLBERG Sustainability Director at BU

Carlberg also co-chairs the Sustainability Committee at the Urban Land Institute – Boston, a committee dedicated to explore policies and solutions to address global climate change which are both feasible and effective at the nexus of energy, land use, infrastructure and real estate. Carlberg received his Master of Architecture degree from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he was awarded the AIA Gold Medal. He received his Bachelor of Arts in Architecture from the University of California, Berkeley.

This education center and year-round wildlife viewing center is another branch of the Mass. Audubon Society. This site works with a variety of habitats, including salt marshes, mudflats, rivers, bays, and coastal waters, as well as, over three hundred different species of birds. Service work will include removing invasive plant species from various locations on the River National Wildlife Refuge. Volunteers will also learn about bird banding and migration patterns at the Joppa Flats Bird Banding Station. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, a hat, sunscreen, and lots of water.

At Boston University, Dennis is responsible for: * Developing and implementing a strategy to integrate sustainability principles into the operational functions of the University. * Communicating, informing and promoting these principles and programs throughout the University. * Acting as the campus spokesperson on sustainability and provide outreach to local and national organizations as well as funding agencies.

CUTLER CLEVELAND Professor in the Department of Geography & Environment

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Cutler J. Cleveland is the founding Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Earth. Dr. Cleveland is currently a Professor in the Department of Geography and Environment at Boston University, with joint appointments in the Center for Energy and Environmental Studies and the Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer Range Future. He also is a Senior Fellow at the National Council for Science and the Environment in Washington D.C.

COASTSWEEP is the Massachusetts component of the larger world-wide grassroots effort of the Ocean Conservancy’s International Coastal Cleanup (OC ICC). Since 1987, Massachusetts volunteers have been coming together for an annual event to clean up beaches, marshes, seafloors, and riverbanks. The ICC brings hundreds of thousands of volunteers together each year to raise awareness of marine debris and its impacts through cleanups. Urban Harbors Institute 100 Morrissey Blvd. Boston MA 02125 UMASS Boston 617-287-5570 Contact: Dennis http://www.coastsweep.umb.edu/index.html

Service work will include picking up marine debris and recording collected debris on data cards. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, sunscreen, a hat, sun glasses, and lots of water.

Dr. Cleveland is also Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Energy-winner of an American Library Association award, the Dictionary of Energy, and the Concise Encyclopedia of the History of Energy. He is a member of the American Statistical Association’s Committee on Energy Statistics, an advisory group to the Department of Energy. He is the recipient of the Adelman-Frankel Award from the United States Association of Energy Economics for “unique and innovative contributions to the field of energy economics.” Dr. Cleveland is Chairman of the Environmental Information Coalition, the governing body of the Earth Portal. He has won teaching awards from the University of Illinois and the Honor’s Program in the College of Arts and Sciences at BU.

This organization works to preserve, expand and improve urban open space through community organizing, acquisition, ownership, programming, development and management of special kinds of urban land. Since 1977, the organization has been guided by local citizens advocating for their open spaces and has assisted them in preserving and shaping their communities.

Dr. Cleveland has been a consultant to numerous private and public organizations, including the Asian Development Bank, the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development, Charles River Associates, the Technical Research Centre of Finland, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The National Science Foundation, the Mellon Foundation, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the MacArthur Foundation have supported his research.

Service work will include helping to build a vegetable garden at the Roxbury Community College and cleaning up and restoring what was once an Urban Meadow. You will be weeding, planting seeds, and picking up trash. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, sunscreen, a hat, sun glasses, and lots of water.

Dr. Cleveland holds a B.S. in Ecology from Cornell University, a M.S. in Marine Science from Louisiana State University, and a Ph. D. in Geography from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Joppa Flats Education Center 1 Plum Island Turnpike Newbury Port, MA 01950 978-462-9998 Contact: Bill http://www.massaudubon.org/ Nature_Connection/Sanctuaries/Joppa_Flats/ index.php

20 Linden Street, Suite 288 Allston, MA 02134 617-787-3874 Contact: Ava http://www.bostonnatural.org/

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Learn About The Sites! The mission of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area is to make the Boston Harbor Islands system—with opportunities for education, recreation, and restful solitude within an urban area—an integral part of the life of the region and the nation by protecting the islands and their associated resources while at the same time improving public knowledge and access.

408 Atlantic Avenue, Suite 228 Boston, MA 02110 617-223-8637 Contact: Mary Raczko http://www.bostonharborislands.org

Service work will include habitat restoration, removal of invasive species, bird monitoring, and climate change data collection. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, sun screen, hat, lots of water

This storehouse of recycled materials saves tons of excess inventory and outdated stock from crowding businesses’ warehouses or offices, or ultimately ending up in landfills. Instead, Extras for Creative Learning provides a place to store such materials so that teachers, artists, group leaders, and anyone who wants it can make use of it for low or no cost. Service work will include sorting and organizing recycled goods to be sold or picked up, as well as preparing for workshops. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes and water.

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Groups

Wed. 8/25

Thurs. 8/26

Fri. 8/27

The BP Bandicoots

Drumlin Farm

Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary

Charles River Conservancy

The Exxon Valdez Velociraptors The Love Canal Canines

The Chernobyl Cheetahs

443 Warren Street Dorchester, MA 02121 617-635-8284 Contact: Lindsay or Ali http://exclrecycles.org

Located in Cape Cod, MA, Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary claims over 1,100 acres of salt marsh, pine woodland, freshwater pond, rare heathland, and sandy beach. The sanctuary is part of the Massachusetts Audubon Society which is dedicated to protecting the nature of Massachusetts for people and wildlife. Visitors are able to explore five miles of nature trails throughout the various habitats as well as participate in various educational programs. 291 State Highway, Route 6 South Wellfleet, MA 02663 508-349-2625 Contact: Cynthia http://www.massaudubon.org

Site Schedule

Service work will include trail cleanup and restoration. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, sun glasses, sunscreen, a hat, and water.

The Three Mile Mongooses

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Pelicans

The Bhopal Badgers

The Hypoxic Zone Zebras

Kettle Pond Organic Farm Extras for Creative Learning & Boston Natural Areas Network Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary

The Boston Nature Center

Joppa Flats

New Entry Sustainable Farming Project

Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary

Kettle Pond Organic Farm

The Boston Nature Center

Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary

Kettle Pond Organic Farm

Boston Harbor Islands Park Area

Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary

The Boston Nature Center

Charles River Conservancy

Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary

Joppa Flats

COASTSWEEP

Boston Natural Areas Network

New Entry Sustainable Farming Project Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary

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Learn About The Sites! Located in Berkley, Massachusetts, Kettle Pond Organic Farm is a growing non-profit organization that focuses on educating the community about the importance of local agriculture, sustainable land stewardship and open space conservation.

181 Bay View Ave. Berkley, MA 02779 508-822-6919 Contact: Steve http://www.kettlepondfarm.com/

Service activities may include planting, cultivating, harvesting, river clean-up, educational projects, and outreach. BE SURE TO BRING: Lots of water! (at least two bottles), closed-toed shoes, sunscreen, bug spray, sun glasses, a hat, and your epipen if you have any severe allergies.

The mission of the New Entry Sustainable Farming Project is to assist people with limited resources who have an interest in small-scale commercial agriculture to begin farming in Massachusetts. The organization works with refugees and immigrants as well as American farmers to help them develop sustainable farming practices. Service work may include clearing weeds to expose a historic rock wall and cleaning out the green house. BE SURE TO BRING: At least two bottles of water (there is NO potable water here), closed-toed shoes, long pants, sunscreen, bug spray, sun glasses, a hat, your epipen if you have any severe allergies, and cash for ice cream from Richardson’s Dairy.

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Service work at this site may include river cleanup and trail restoration. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, a hat, sun screen, and lots of water.

87 Perkins Row Topsfield, MA 01983 978-887-9264 Contact: Sue or Richard http://www.massaudubon.org

This non-profit citizen advocacy group is dedicated to renewing and caring for the Charles River Parklands. Through educational initiatives concerning ecology and water quality, the Conservancy works to create better understanding of the best uses of the Charles River Basin. 9 Central St. Lowell, MA 01852 978-654-6745 Contact: Mckenzie http://nesfp.nutrition.tufts.edu

Boston Nature Center and Wildlife Sanctuary is part of the Massachusetts Audubon Society, which is dedicated to protecting the nature of Massachusetts. This urban sanctuary offers environmental education programs to Boston elementary schools, two miles of meadow-lined trails, and one of Boston’s oldest and largest community gardens.

500 Walk Hill Street Mattapan, MA 02126 617-983-8500 Contact: Angelo http://www.massaudubon.org

Ipswich River Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest of the Massachusetts Audubon Society’s sanctuaries. This sanctuary is made up of 10 miles of trails through forests, meadows, and wetlands as well as eight miles of the Ipswich River. This sanctuary is home to a variety of wildlife, including pickerel frogs, river-otters, painted turtles, and great blue herons.

Service work may include tending the Urban Orchard, restoring trails, gardening, and river clean-up among other things. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, a hat, sunscreen, and lots of water.

4 Brattle Street Cambridge, MA 02138 617-608-1410 Contact: Logan or John http://www.charlesriverconservancy.org/

Service work will include invasive species removal, parkland cleanup, bike trail clearing, as well as, bench and railing painting. BE SURE TO BRING: Clothes you wouldn’t mind getting paint on, closed-toed shoes, and water!

This 232-acre wildlife sanctuary and farm gives visitors the opportunity to see animals, explore fields, hike through a variety of nature trails, as well as, walk to the top of the Drumlin Hill, which is one of the highest points in the Boston area. Service work may include weeding, harvesting, working with crops, and removal of invasive species. BE SURE TO BRING: Closed-toed shoes, long pants, clothes you wouldn’t mind getting dirty, sunscreen, bug spray, and water.

208 South Great Road Lincoln, MA 01773 781-259-2200 Contact: Pamela http://www.massaudubon.org/

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Generously sponsored by: No Impact Man by Colin Beavan (2007) 32 The Story of Stuff Project www.storyofstuff.com Earth911 www.earth911.com U...

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