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Running head: Through the Len it Comes Across

Through the Len it Comes Across Brenda Stenson-Fuller EDU 707 Issues in Education Technology Central Michigan University February 2012

Education 2 Abstract My belief is for every student to strive and achieve a quality education, problem-solving and behavioral values. Students will attain the values differently; however, by encompassing a curriculum including technology instruction, I believe each student will be equipped to succeed. My classroom provides a safe, open, respectful and supportive learning environment for students to receive the necessary skills and tools to equip their life for success. The keys to establishing a structured learning environment are (1) my role as a professional educator, (2) my responsibilities and requirements as a teacher, and (3) my educational approach: provide an innovative and enriching curriculum that includes instructional technology for an effective teaching.

Education 3 Through the Len it Comes Across The imagines and text seen on the interactive whiteboard illustrated the math instructions for the students to visually connect to the manipulative assignment – telling time. The demonstration is vibrant and the object is magnified to 3-Dimensional (3-D); the students were amazed and curious all at the same time. Could this actually be possible seeing text and images readily available for viewing? Document cameras can provide to the entire class educational materials: 3-D objects; text from a book; directly from a sheet of paper; power point presentation; display student’s work; homework; assessments; feedbacks; etc. The document camera can be connected to a monitor, computer, and stand alone allowing the document or object to be displayed on the screen and interactive whiteboard. By connecting the USB to the computer, live video of class activities can be recorded and playback features are provided. This device is a great way to get the students attention, motivate and strengthen the lesson participation. The document camera is used in many industries: courtrooms; video conferencing; lectures; hospitals; military; government restricted rooms; educational institutions. It is a great device tool providing instance viewing to any audience. According to one innovated company IPEVO (2012), it has discovered new ways to interact with others and the world. It has designed this ground-breaking product to enrich today's connected lifestyle. The tool is able to project text, images and record realtime video capture for displaying an object to an audience. The product caters to consumers, business professionals, and educators. The organization recognized the immense potential of new technologies to help people create, teach, learn, and inspire. From classroom to living room to conference room, IPEVO is dedicated to making technology more available, accessible, and affordable for all.

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Prior to the 21st Century Technology innovation, time was required to thoroughly plan and reproduce materials, in order to deliver educational and business presentations. For instructional lessons to be shared and viewed by the entire class the overhead projector was used. It required materials to be copied onto transparencies, in which a special machine was used in the early 80s and prior years. As technology advanced, copiers and printers were designed to transfer print onto the transparency. Teachers could write on the transparency using a sharpie (permanent) and/or an erasable whiteboard marker. Roltgen (2012) found “overhead transparencies helped the audience understand the material presented by adding visuals and information to clearly convey the message of the presentation. The transparencies can be used over and over again.� It is inspiring to observe how technology has evolved from the outdated overhead projector to the document camera. Merely 25 years ago, the overhead projector was the primary device used for educational and business presentations. Educationally, it was used for almost any subject in the classroom. The teacher ran off worksheets for students in the form of a transparency or uses a blank one to write necessary information for the class to see. It was used for students to take notes, complete morning work, or look at pictures as a class. The students were able to see the same thing and the teacher had control over it. (M., 2010)

Education 5 Presently, there are organizations still using overhead projector equipment. Several years ago, I was a volunteer for the second and third grade levels at a Charter School. The technology equipment was extremely dated and one device made me grin internally, the overhead projector! There were four devices and one was inoperable because the replacement bulb was obsolete. The devices were stored in the Media Center, lined side-by-side on taupe colored rolling carts. The Medial Specialist handled reserving the devices, maintenance, delivery and pickup to/from the classroom. Material preparation may be required before the teacher utilized the overhead projector. If using the copier to create new transparencies from printed text sheets. It required placing a blank sheet of paper between each transparency to prevent it from sticking together. Teachers would cross their fingers hoping the transparencies would not be distorted. If using a deskjet printer to transfer the text and image onto the transparency. It required the ink of the just printed transparency to completely dry before handling. Some teachers opted to omit using the equipment altogether and decided to use different alternatives.

(Diablo, 2006) Overhead projector verses Document camera. The overhead projector allows the presenter to demonstrate the content; viewing capability of the text and images to the entire class. Overhead projectors are outdated because technology has remarkable improved: interactive whiteboard, power point, internet, webcam, Skype, etc. The equipment is chunky (rolling cart included) and requires storage space; this could be a little challenging due to limited space within some schools. Time allocation is

Education 6 needed to properly prepare for subject matters requiring the overhead projector: transparencies and ensuring the equipment is working. The document camera allows the presenter to demonstrate the content and viewing capability of the text and images to the entire class. The device provides to the entire class educational materials: 3-D objects; text from a book; directly from a sheet of paper; power point projects; display student’s work; homework; assessments; feedbacks; etc. It is a great resource to get the students attention and allowing them to participate, social interaction and self-efficacy skills are supported. According to Jelen (2012), some teachers may be hesitant to embrace the document camera because they believe it to simply be an overhead projector. The document camera beats the old overhead projector in many ways, the first being that the document camera does not require one to make transparencies. A teacher can project artifacts, photos, worksheets, and anything else that can fit under the camera lens. In addition, students are better able to see the image produced by a document camera as it is much brighter and clearer than the image produced by the overhead projector. Best of all, you no longer leave school covered in overhead marker! Similarly, the overhead projector and the document camera provide the teacher control and viewing capability of the text and images to the entire class. It allows the teacher to face the entire class while the students are activity learning and participating. The Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence, VisualSpatial Learning, is reinforced and the classroom environment is productive, stimulating, reducing discipline and instructional problems. Due to technology enhancements, the document camera permit students to share their group and individual work immediately and easily with their classmates, eliminating the need to make transparencies. Lastly, technology is being incorporated into the curriculum and the overall instruction can be rewarding for all! Most importantly, the document camera does not replace valuable instruction. It aids and provides a successful teaching and learning experience for all subject matters. Based on the article Tech Primer: Document Cameras (2012), it saves on printing. Instead of making copies for quiz or essay

Education 7 writing prompt, the original can be placed under the document camera and project it for the whole class to see. Over several years, a document camera can save many trees and a photocopying budget reduction. Unlike other technology tools, the document camera does not have a steep learning curve. It is easy to use and professional development is not needed. Most teachers will find it a natural fit for the classroom and start using it right away. Curriculum activity using the document camera. Stated previously in this document, the math instructions and manipulative assignment presented to the students - telling time: projected an enlarged clock on the interactive whiteboard for the students to learn how to read a clock. This was an interactive assignment and a teachable moment.

Clock layout Clock displayed on whiteboard

Subject Area Mathematic Grade 2nd Grade Essential Question What Time is it? Description The students set their individual clock according to the time displayed on the interactive whiteboard. Georgia Performance Standards (GPS) M2M2: Students will tell time to the nearest five minutes and know relationships of time such as the number of minutes in an hour and hours in a day. Technology Document camera

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Interactive whiteboard

There are several outstanding document cameras for the classroom, and the price ranges from $59 through $1,000; wherein a teacher could purchase their own. Listed below are three featured document cameras:

Elmo TT-12 Interactive Document Camera (computer not required) -

The Elmo TT-12 is great for the classroom. It can be use with or without an interactive whiteboard. This document camera has a high-def camera that can be rotated and swiveled to see anything. $719

The Qomo QPC60 is the perfect balance for students to explore using the portable microscope adapter. This document camera has the ability to present ideals for any situation. $584

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IPEVO Point 2 View connects to a computer to project to a large group and projects real-time viewing of the screen of the electronic device. $59 In conclusion, there are many ways in which document camera in the classroom is vital; it can aid teaching and learning experiences. Using the document camera, there is no waste of time to present any subject matter materials, in-person teaching can create a positive classroom atmosphere, establishing lesson comprehension and enhance the student’s skills: self-efficacy; communication; critical thinking; motivation; problem solving. Creating an enjoyment for the subject and builds important nurturing value skills. The student is able to reflect on their creativity, knowledge, and understanding. The more students are exposed to technology they will develop an enjoyment and appreciation to being lifelong learners.

Education 10 References Diablo, M. (Photographer). (2006). ''Overhead Projector, Used During Lessons in a Classroom.''. [Print Photo]. Retrieved from ELMO Co., Ltd.. (2012). Retrieved February 23, 2012 from

GaDOE: Georgia Performance Standards. (2011). Retrieved from aspx?viewmode=details&StandardIDSelected=1359 IPEVO, Inc.. (2012). Retrieved February 23, 2012 from Jelen, J. (2011, May 11). Document cameras. Retrieved from M., S. (2010, Nov 13). [Web log message]. Retrieved from q=overhead+projector Protech Projection Systems, Inc.. (2012). Retrieved February 23, 2012 from rojector_combo/161/15442 Roltgen, W. (2012). How to prepare overhead transparencies In Retrieved from Tech Primer: Document Cameras. Scholastic Instructor, Winter(2012), 44-51. Retrieved from

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