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spark magazine

T

he Technology Generations The first generation (1G)

Uses will include self-driving cars,

The possibility of a Chinese company

remote-controlled thermostats and

having access to the core of Western

drones — connected to the internet.

telecommunications systems has

was introduced in the 1980s with

Our devices will be able to

wireless phones that had almost no

communicate directly with each

ability to transmit data.

other, essentially cutting humans out

The next generation (2G) occurred a decade later with better sound quality, security and capacity. Email and text became widespread.

of the equation.

What does 5G mean to Canada The Accenture report estimates

raised concerns - resulting in USA excluding Huawei from contracts with the American government or its contractors. The Australian government has also banned the company from its 5G networks. The United Kingdom has banned

3G brought global roaming and

that Canada’s wireless operators

higher-speed transmission, allowing

are expected to invest $26 billion

for more widespread connectivity

deploying 5G infrastructure between

and movement with devices.

2020 and 2026, having already

Dutch telecom giant Royal KPN NV

spent about $17.6 billion in spectrum

has said it will use a Western supplier

auctions.

to build the core 5G mobile network.

media, post videos and use a wide

Accenture claims the payoff in that

Germany, Poland most Asian

variety of apps on smartphones.

same time will be a lift of about

Countries and the 3rd world have

$40 billion a year to Canada’s gross

refused to follow suit.

4G allowed phone users to surf the internet, stream music, access social

5G will be a game changer in wireless telecommunications, ushering in a network for future generations with more devices, faster communication, and higher speeds.

Huawei from core parts of the British communications network,

domestic product as well as the creation of 250,000 permanent jobs.

Some of the Benefits to the economy Farmers will use sensors for soil,

Huawei says it maintains its independence from the Chinese state.

What are the Issues?

Current 4G mobile networks can

crops and livestock maintenance.

Will the organisation that provides

offer speeds of about 45Mbps

“Smart irrigation” alone is expected

the underlying technology “control

(megabits per second) on average

to save blueberry farmers $270

the infrastructure of that network? “

and experts say 5G could achieve

million a year.

browsing and downloads up to 20 times faster.

Do the manufacturers and

The Oil industry will use sensors that

builders have this control or the

allow for “predictive maintenance”

telecommunication companies who

Connectivity - Internet of Things

All industries will benefit from a reduction in unplanned downtime

5G is coming regardless.

It is estimated that by 2020 between

and reduction in the risk of

Huawei has the technology and the

50 billion and 100 billion devices

catastrophic disasters associated

IP and will control a good number of

will be connected to the internet

with equipment or facilities failures

these networks.

with the ability to communicate

from human error.

seamlessly with no latency. (Lag

The three main players

between sending and receiving). 5G will have enough bandwidth to revolutionise entertainment, health care and education - it will enable the “Internet of Things,” Virtual Reality; or Augmented Reality.

manage the networks?

The United States is going to have to connect into those networks

Nokia, Ericsson and Huawei are the

because you can’t have a global

leading firms in the field.

communications system where

Who is banning Huawei and who is not

American or European equipment doesn’t talk to Chinese equipment.

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