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01 AIR















Fig.1 Picture of Berthold Lubetkin

Fig.3 Image of mural by Gordon Mullen in FHC

Fig.2 Sketch of the Finsbury Health Centre

Map of london giving a perspective of where the centre is Finsbury Health Centre

Fig.4 Map of London showing the tube lines that most people easily relate to and gives an easy perspective to where the Centre is situated.

My route to fHC from farringdon overground station

Fig.1 Picture of Berthold Lubetkin

Fig. 5-14 Picture I took from my journey to the FHC, the map was taken using the application “Runtastic�

Opposite of the finsbury health centre

Fig. 15 Panorama of FHC and opposite buildings

Fig. 16 Panorama of opposite buildings to FHC

A model of the finsbury health centre

Fig. 17-20 Images I found of a model of the FHC, this gives you a much clearer picture of the building and its interiors.

Interiors of the centre

01 Air-movement This image shows how the air might move in the three foors. Since there was roof heating in the building this is the way I interpreted it. The centre used to have a roof heating system which isn't functioning anymore, yet it's still there. Instead they've installed radiators in the building during the renovation 1994. Unfortunately they didn't get enough funding to restore the whole building so it still to this day needs repairing.

Fig. 24 Drawing showing the possible air movement in the building

01 Air-ventilation/convection/radiation These three plans show my interpretation of where cold air gets its way into the building. Through windows and doors for instance that have gaps here and there or aren't isolated enough. They also show where the constructional columns are in the building.'

Fig.21-23 Tracing over plans showing cold air and constructional columns

01 Air- ventilation Finsbury Health Centre has a very old ventilation system installed in various windows mostly on the ground foor where they have their patients. This kind of ventilation system is called extract ventilation with the use of a fan. This is mechanical ventilation while the building also has passive ventilation because of the single glazed windows in the entire building cause a lot of draught and cold(winter)/warm(summer) air getting easier access into the building. These kinds of fans are most common in kitchen areas and toilet areas

Fig. 25-27 Pictures showing some of the fans I noticed on the exterior. They're all very old except the relatively new ones they've installed on the right hand picture.

02 LIGHT-Natural/artificial This drawing shows the sun path in November at different times of the day as well as where the shadows might fall that time of day. The FHC was designed to take in as much natural light as possible to give the healthy feel Lubetkin's aim of the building was. The entrance hall has 9 large glass brick walls that are refecting and bouncing the light to spread everywhere inside the reception as in the drawing below.

Fig. 27- 32 Drawings showing the sun path and its possible shadows

02 light- Light-meter readings from facade

Fig. 32- 38 Images showing light meter readings in front of the building using an application called “Pocket Light Meter� . And a plan showing where this is.

02 light- from south west side of the centre

Fig. 39- 44 Images showing the light meter readings on the south west side of the building as showed on the plan below.

02 light- from north east side of the centre

Fig. 45- 50 Images showing the light meter readings on the north east side of the building as showed on the plan below.

02 light

Fig. 51-56 These images show how the light behaves and close up on the glass bricks as well as windows to show the materiality of them

The drawings show the functionality of the glass bricks extruding the light it takes in in all possible directions because of its uneven surface to get maximum sun light into the entrance hall spread in the widest possible

The building has windows all around it on


each side and several to maximise the intake

The windows are also made out of

of light. When there isn't enough natural light

textured glass to created the same

there are artifcial lights installed in the

effect as well as give the interior clinic

building. There are many different ones for

more privacy.

different purposes and different strengths.

02 light- sun path diagrams apr-aug-oct-jan

Fig. 57- 60 Images showing the light meter readings on the south west side of the building as showed on the plan below.

03 Ground-materials/construction tech's Fig. 61-72 These mages show the different exterior materials of the building

03 ground- analysing the size of the building Fig. 73- 76 These sketches are my way of analysing how big different parts of the building is as well as realising that there are a lot of windows int the building for the intake of as much natural light as possible



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03 ground The FHC is a concrete structure with clay tiles and wood/metal window frames. The roof is made out of asphalt only refects between 6 and 26% of solar radiation, resulting in greater heat transfer to the building interior and greater demand for air conditioning a strain on both operating costs and the electric power grid. The materials used for the Finsbury Health Centre were all produced locally, nothing was brought in from abroad. Concrete and steel were mass-produced at the time after the industrial revolution so it wasn't hard to get a hold of these materials. Sicilian marble frame around entrance doors. Reinforced concrete slabs maximising the fexibility with movable partition walls as well as soundproof fooring. All ducting was covered with panels on the exterior.

Fig. 77- 79 These are drawings I did to show the reinforced concrete slabs to the right and then a section of what I think the structure could be like in the entrance hall.

04 WATER- USAGE/FLOW/INFRASTRUCTURE In a health centre water is used for several purposes such as: drinking cleaning bathing heating cooling sanitation hygiene

Fig. 80- 82 On these plans I coloured what could be the plumbing areas in the building.

fushing the toilet

The closest water tunnel to Finsbury Health Centre is


the Islington tunnel running approximately 15 minute


walk in the north direction. Following the Islington

irrigating plants

tunnel east you get to river basins such as the city

generation of electricity

road basin where the water drains to. The company who takes care of the sewage in Islington is Beckton

There are three plans to the left that show

sewage treatment works (STW) The map below shows

where I estimated the water supply may be

this on a map.

going through in the building.

04 WATER Fig. 83-84 I traced this section to show the plumbing system in the building

This section shows where all the pipes go through the building. The red is for hot water, the blue for cold and the purple is the water that goes to the sewer. The clinics and offces were angled to get as much natural light in as possible. To maximise fexibility the clinics had movable partition walls as well as soundproof fooring. All ducting was covered with panels on the exterior.

04 WATER These images to the left show the female toilets external pipe system. When going in it didn't smell very good and it was apparent the not much change has been made in years. The system is very old fashioned and it wasn't in very good condition either. I realised marking where the toilet is on

Fig. 85- 88These images show some of the water system in and outside the building

the plan that they've switched the

The image above shows where the

female toilets and the male for some

possible access to the water pipes

reason, which I fnd quite interesting.

might be. Looking at the plumbing

They might have switched the female

system the pipes going to the sewer

clinic services from the left wing to the

goes out on this side of the building

right or something to have a reason to

and so this is most likely where it is.

switch the toilets.

05 energy- heat/storage/power This plan to the left shows the plumbing, the electricity as well as where some of the lights might be placed or are placed for a fact. The blue is for plumbing, yellow for electricity and some possible sockets. Green is for the radiators that I know exists for a fact along the glass brick walls. I've marked out where the lamps might possible be in three different ways shown in a small section on the plan. They had three different types of lights while today they have some of them left and new ones.

Fig. 89 A plan I did showing radiators, electricity, plumbing and lights in the building

05 energy- heat/storage/power Possible energy sources for the Finsbury Health Centre: Renewable: The Sun, wind, hydropower, biomass, geothermal Non renewable: Oil, natural gas, coal, nuclear Electricity The centre doesn't use any form of renewable sources but in a way it uses the sunlight and the breeze of the wind like any other building most likely would. The building has a car park in front that is full during hours and almost always empty when the centre is closed. There is a ramp Fig. 90-92 Drawings showing roof heating, electricity and the one above showing how the water might be moving between elements in the building

going down to the basement foor behind the centre for bringing in all supply needed and taking away the medical waste and trash as well from the centre.

05 energy- heat/storage/power

Fig. 93- 95 The frst image shows the energy effciency of the building in a diagram on a map. It tells us that Finsbury Health Centre is graded E which is explained on the image below. On the right is an image I took with a thermal camera application that should show where there's heat and where it's cold but it doesn't look too accurate. It still manages to show the idea.

synthesis&conclusion I looked into what can be done to a Grade 1


listed building which the Finsbury Health Centre is. There isn't a lot you are allowed to

There are single glazed windows as well

do and most things are expensive. Since there

which are old and bring in lots of cold air

isn't enough funding for the Finsbury Health

and aren't don't have great insulation. To

Centre I wanted to fnd solutions that are

Grade 1 buildings it's possible to install

cheaper yet effective.

very discrete secondary glazing to make it work better. This would also reduce the

The old ventilation system in the Finsbury

energy cost and make the building more

Health Centre is not working well anymore


it's making the building less effcient. Since

Fig. 96- 99 These images show secondary glazing, then door and window draught proofng and last what the draught proofng actually prevents.

the FHC is a very old building the tear has left

You can recycle the grey water and make

a lot of gaps hear and there taking in cold air

the building reuse it as well as other

to the building. I would install draught

factors of improvement in the way the

proofng installations into the windows and

building works nowadays. It needs

doors to prevent this. It is cheap and

reparation, there is not enough funding so I

surprisingly effcient, it reduces the energy

defnitely think they should make smaller

costs to heat the building during winter for

changes and change what is possible to

instance and ends up saving quite a lot of


06 recycle- re-use/cradle-to-cradle Recycling is something that's getting more and more important in our daily lives, the more we fnd out about our surroundings and the more we disuse the resources we have. Everything around us says recycling and we do our best, some don't, to stick to reusing things and sorting things in the best and most effcient way possible.

There are ways to use the rainwater by having vegetation on top of the roof for instance. The

The Finsbury Health Centre is such an old

FHC has green on its terrace and could take that

building so recycling wasn't a key element to one step further and use it as an energy source if they wanted to. think about around that time as it is today. There isn't a lot of recycling going on in the building in general except the fact that they sort their waste and the medical waste is partly recycled as well. They could re-use the grey water, waste water, to make the building more effcient.

Fig. 100- 102 The frst image is a diagram showing how we've started being aware of the importance of recycling hence started improving it. The second is a diagram showing the cycle of medical waste and the last shows what we can and can't recycle.

06 recycle

The image above is a panorama of the Finsbury Health Centres back side showing where the bins are. It also shows how badly sorted they are

Fig. 103- 105 The panorama is from the back of the centre and I zoomed in to show the recycling bins.

References&bibliography All images by author unless otherwise stated


The plans and section used in this document: Basement plan: Ground floor plan:’s-grade-i-listed-fnsbury-health-centre-to-be-sold-off-to-private-sector/3132806.article

First floor plan: Section: From the book in the bibliography called Berthold Lubetkin

Fig. 1: Fig.3: Fig. 4: Fig. 17- 20: Fig. 57-60:,-0.017,12/2013.12.13/20:47’s-fnsbury-health-centre-—-the-ideal-that-time-forgot/3135725.article

Fig. 93-94:

Fig. 96:

Fig. 97: Fig. 98:

Fig. 99:

Fig. 100: Fig. 102: Fig. 103:

Books: P. Silver and W. McLean(2008) Introduction to Architectural Technology J. Allan(2002) Berthold Lubetkin

Finsbury Health Centre  

Building Case Study