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CONTESTED PERIPHERIES

Bryn Lee Part 2 A report on:

The production of peripheries involving rigorous mapping methodologies to reveal conditions and social experience... |1


BDACC

Building Design & Climate Change

Programmatic analysis

9.1 Bridge Farm 9.2 Youth Cnetre

Systematic approach Code highlight a variety of latent opportunities making space for an architecture to facilitate everyday activities. 1.1 Commercial Mc Donnalds Semi Detached Commercial Petrol Station 2 Blocks of Flats 1.2 2 Medical Commercial 1 Social Housing Tower 2.1 1 Commercial Pizza Comemrical Curry 2.2 Cmunity Centre 3.1 Catholic Church 2 X Community Centres 4.1 Church Socail Housing flats 4.2 Pharmacy Pub 2 X Churches

Tenis Courts


Programmatic precedent Program: Location: Date: Client: Cost: Size: Phase Overview Typology

|3


BDACC

Building Design & Climate Change WESTERN ISLES ISLANDS AREA

HIGHLAND REGION

Overview of project strategy

Analysis

From the outset of this report it was our intention to truly understand the nature of peripheries and thier hidden attributes on varying social, political and economical levels. The confrontation with concrete cases of Manchester/ Cheshire form a backbone case study to this report which focuses on Macro, Meso and Micro analysis throughout. In order to critically asses this vast area we established a tool for analysis (see earlier pages) which has enabled us to read the Manchester/ Cheshire periphery across a 45 mile distance along and in the vicinity of the set boundary. The nature of the tool has enabled us to read both the immediate and surrounding contexts of:

The project is primarily focused on the evolution of the peripheral are of Baguley. However, extensive analysis has been recorded on the surrounding LA’s as part of an investigation carried out in Part One of this report. In order to understand the zone highlighted it was necessary to review past and present OS maps to build an archive of the zone on a site specific scale but also on a regional and national scale.

TAYSIDE REGION

FIFE REGION

CENTRAL REGION

LOTHIAN REGION

STRATHCLYDE REGION BORDERS REGION

NORTHUMBERLAND DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY REGION

Key

TYNE & WEAR

DURHAM CUMBRIA

1. Stockport 2. Manchester 3. Trafford 4. Warrington 5. Cheshire West 6. Cheshire East

NORTH YORKSHIRE

LANCASHIRE HUMBERSIDE

WEST YORKSHIRE

GREATER MANCHESTER

4

SOUTH YORKSHIRE

Y RB DE

CHESHIRE

E

GWYNEDD

LINCOLNSHIRE

NOT TING

IR SH

CLWYD

HAMSHIR

E

MERSEYSIDE

Subsequestly the initial part of this report looks at the geographical location of these Local Authorities and continues to unpick the sociological and programmatic layers which, in many cases, are not readily apparent.

STAFFORDSHIRE

NORFOLK

LEICESTERSHIRE

SHROPSHIRE WEST MIDLANDS

M

IRE SH ON PT

SUFFOLK

KI N

GLOUCESTERSHIRE

AM

OXFORDSHIRE

MID GLAMORGAN SOUTH GLAMORGAN

HE R T F

GH

GWENT

WEST GLAMORGAN

BE

B UC

DF

OR

DYFED

The The projects origins lie within the peripheral zone* of Manchester which is carved by the M56 motorway facilitating vehicular access into and out of Manchester. The zone also lies on the Local Authority (LA) boundary of Manchester and Trafford.

CAMBRIDGESHIRE

IR E

HEREFORD AND WORCESTER

TH A

WARWICKSHIRE

DS H

POWYS

Site analysis [Macro]

SH

DSHIRE OR

ESSEX

IR E

GREATER LONDON

AVON

BERKSHIRE WILTSHIRE SURREY

WEST SUSSEX DEVON

DORSET ISLE OF WIGHT

CORNWALL

Greater & Cheshire national location

KENT

HAMPSHIRE

SOMERSET

ISLES OF SCILLY

* Peripheral zone identified in Part 1 of report.

CLEVELAND

NO R

Stockport [Greater Manchester] Manchester [Greater Manchester] Trafford Greater Manchester] Warrington [Cheshire East]

GRAMPIAN REGION

EAST SUSSEX

3

2 1


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1.1, 1.2

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2.1, 2.2

3

2

1

11

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3.1, 3.2 5

40

6

4.1, 4.2 5.1, 5.2

20

Macro [Red line indicating accessible routes taken. GPS Recording] 10

Meso [Red line indicating routes of data collection. See appendix for complete reference points]

10

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Macro [Scale data representation from Stockport to Warringtton, 1 to 4. See appendix for full data sheets and code] 1 1

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Meso [Baguley programme data. 3.1, 3.2. See appendix for full data sheets and code]

5 CONTESTED PERIPHERIES || 6


06/10/2012 Previous Route + Manchester to Shrewbury via Cheshire

Stockport Vs Cheshire Evolution of Investigation

Datum Point (Stockport Centre)

20/09/2012 Arbitrary route from Stockport to Cheshire

30/09/2012 Previous Route + Preston to Manchester via Warrington 64 Miles

24/09/2012 Stockport to Preston Brook | 40 Miles


08/10/2012 Previous Route + Manchester to Warrington

Summary of Route Stockport to Preston Brook, 24/09/12, 40miles Preston to Manchester via Warrington, 30/09/12, 64 miles Manchester to Shrewsbury via Cheshire, 06/10/12, 153 miles Manchester to Warrington, 08/10/12, 52 miles The GPS maps to the left highlight the routes taken in order to build a library of images and recordings. A series of journeys in and around the area of focus contributed to further understanding fabric. As a group we felt his type of methodology was key to enable us to construct, analyse and draw conclusions regarding the nature of this new typology of land/ space.

River Mersey

Cheshire West Cheshire East

Map: Red route tracked through GPS device across a 3 week period Notes: 7 CONTESTED PERIPHERIES | |16


4

1

4

1

4

1

1 62

73 112

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1

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6

116

Data collection 1

1

70

80

Amplitude of the Street 1

1

1

8

1

1

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8

1

1

1

1

8

1

1

10 10 10 10

8

1

8

1

1

1

1

[Baguley]

204

608mm [representing 1.2miles] - 1723pt

1

1

8

1

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29 1

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20 31 48

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 8 Open Space 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space

1

1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 House 10 Hospital 10 Hospital 10 Cheshire Reform Congregation 10 Synagogue 1 House

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi Detached 17 Open Space 2 Semi Detached 2 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 1 Semi-Detached 1 1 1 1 1 10 10 10 10 1 Semi-Detached 85 Open Space 1 Semi Detached 12 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 12 Open Space 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 House 1 House 1 House 1 Flats 1 Flats 10 Flats 10 Flats 29 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

1

1

8 Open Space 1 Boxing Centre 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 1Open 1 1 Space 1 1 1 1017 10 1 29 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi Detached 19 Open Space 1 Semi Detached 1 Semi-Detached 13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

1

1

19 85Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 11 Semi-Detached 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 31 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 2 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 11 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 10 Open Space 1 House 1 House 1 House 13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 204 Open Space 20 Motorway

1

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 8 Open Space 10 Flats 10 Flats 10 Flats 48 Open Space 10 Flats 10 Primary School 1 (Benchill) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 13 14 50 Open Space 10 Flats 20 Motorway 96 Open Space 1 Detached 8 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing

11

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 2 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 2 Open Space 11 Semi-Detached 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 13 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 12 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 28 Open Space 10 Church 19 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace

1

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 12 Open Space 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Semi-Detached 20 14 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 204 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace

1

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 12 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 1 1 1 Open 1 1 1Space5 12 14 14 2 Semi Detached 7 Open Space 2 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 2 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 2 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 2 Semi Detached 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 5 Social Housing 10 Open Space 5 Social Housing 10 Open Space 5 Social Housing 10 Open Space

5

14

34 Open Space 10 Warehouse (Playpen) 5 Open Space 10 Warehouse 5 Open Space 10 Warehouse 5 Open Space 10 Warehouse 1 1 1 1 1 5 Open Space 5 5 10 14 19 28 10 Warehouse 5 Open Space 10 Warehouse (Plastics) 5 Open Space 10 Warehouse (Rehearsal Studios) 17 Open Space 30 Warehouse 5 Social Housing 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 12.7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached

50

1

(Shepherd Construction) 96 8.5 Open Space 30 Supermarket (Tesco) 10 Builders Merchant (Selco) 48 Open Space (Playing Field) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Terrace 10 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 14 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 14 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 22 Open Space 10 Social Housing 11 Open Space

1

1

10

1


1

1

1

1

6

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

1

62

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

10

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

14

1

1

1

1

1

4

10

1

1

1

4

1

21

1

1

1

1

1

14

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

24

85

10 5 10 5 10 5 10 5

1

1

10

34

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

12.7

1

12

1

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

12

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

2

12

1

2

7

12

22

10 11

7

1

2

1

1

2

7

11

7

26 1

1

1

2

1

10

1

5

10

10

20

5

10 14 10 8 10

10

5

10

5

22

10 15 10 14

10

5

10

10

5

10

1

1

1

1

8.5

17

1

1

1

1

10

30

34

5

1

17

1

11 1 8.5 1 1

7

1

1

1

1 14

1

7

1

1

14

1

1

5

1

1

1

21

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1723

1

14

1

14

10

30 48

1

1

1

1

1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 14 10 Open Space 10 Flats (Social Housing)

1

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 11 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 26 Open Space 10 Apartments 20 Open Space 10 School (Brookway High) 14 Open Space 10 School (Brookway High) 8 Open Space 10 School (Brookway

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

5

10

High) 22 Open Space 10 Retail (Pets at Home) 10 Petrol Station 15 Open Space 10 Social Housing 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 5 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 17 Open Space 1 Detached

5

10

5

10

5

1

1

1

1

12.7

1

1

8.5 Open Space 1 Detached 11 Open Space 1 Detached 7 Open Space 1 Detached 7 Open Space 1 Detached 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 5 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 21 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 11 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 10 Open Space 1 House 1 House 1 House

1

1

1800 1

22

10 11

1

1

1

11

1

1

1

1

1 26

10

20

10 14 10

8

10

22

10

10 15 10 14

1

1

1

1

1

GREATER MANCHESTER

10

1

Mancehster

0

1

6

13 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 204 Open Space 20 Motorway 14 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 14 Open Space 5 Social Housing 28 Open Space 10 Church 19 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace

1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace

5

1

1

1

17

1

8.5

1

11

1

7

1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 10 Open Space 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace 1 Terrace

1

7

1

14

1

5

1

21

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 7 Open Space 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached 1 Semi-Detached

|9

1

1


50

48 31 8

8

1

1

8

8

1

1

8

1

1

8

1

1

8

1

1

1

8

2

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

8

1

1

1

Amplitude of the Street

Data collection

1

8

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

20

14

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

10 10 10

8

1

10 10

10

12

8

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

12

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

[Lymm]

1200mm [representing 2.1miles] - 2409pt

116

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

28

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

1

1

21

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

4

1

1

1

23

1

6

4

1

8

1

1

6

1

1

1

22

1

8

1

1

8

1

1

10

20

31

1

1

34

7

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4 31

45

57

1

8

1

1

8

1

1

11

1

1

11

14

1

1

1

1

4

4

1

1

1

4

10

1

1

1

62 4

4

1

1

4

4

4

70

1

1

4 42

48

4

80

62

1

73

1

112

4

8

1

19

1

1

19

17

1

1

12

11

1

12

1

1

17

4

4

34 87

90 170 130

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

12

1

2

7

12

1

7

1

2

1

2

7

1

4

10

1

Open Space Large Unit Open Space Large Unit Open Space Large Unit Open Space Large Unit Large Unit Open Space

14

2

7

5

10

1

10

34

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

1

1

1

1

22

10 11

1

1

1

11

1

1

1

1

1 26

5

1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 42

1

10

10

20

4 5

1

21

1

1

1

1

1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Detached 31 Detached 1 Detached 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit 164 Open Space 10 Detached 57 Detached 20 Open Space 45 Large Unit 1 Detached 31 Detached 4 Detached 48 Open Space 1 Warehouse 90 Detached

1

10

5

5

10

10

5

10

17

8.5

10 14 10

8

10

22

10

10 15 10 14

1

1

1

10

30 1

1

14

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4 Detached 28 Open Space 4 Large Unit 4 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Open Space 1 Warehouse 1 Detached 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 10 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit

85 Open space 1 Semi-Det ached Semi-De 41 4 4 1 1 1 1 tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De-

1

1

1

4 Open Space 23 Large Unit 4 Open Space 4 Large Unit 21 Open Space 4 Large Unit 4 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Detached

1 Semi-De tached 1 28 Semi-De tached 4 4 1 1 1 1 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 4 Car Wash 203 Open space 20 M6 113 Open space 1 Detached

1

1

14

1

14

30

48

1

1

1

1

5

1

1

1

17

1

8.5

1

11

1

1

7

1

1

1

7

1

4

1

14

1

1

1

5

1

4

1

1

21

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Open Space 11 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit 4 Open Space 4 Detached 10 Detached 4 Open Space 14 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Open Space 1 Warehouse 22 Detached

1

1 Semi-De tached 4 Semi-De 1 1 1 tached 4Unit 4 1 1 4 Semi-De tached Unit 1 Detached 1 Travel Agency 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 24 Street 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached

1

4 Detached 28 Open Space 4 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Open Space 4 Warehouse 4 Detached 4 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit

1

1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 11 Detached 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Detached 14 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Bike shop 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Vetinary Clinic 1 Detached 1 Detached

1 Commercial- Bakery 1 Commercial- 1 1 1 Coffee 1 1 shop 1 1 1 Commercial- Sweet shop 1 Commercial- Dental clinic 1 Commercial- nail salon 10 street 4 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 4 Detached 21 Street

10

1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Large Unit 4 Large Unit 4 Open Space 1 Detached

4

34 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 4 85 space 1 1 Open 1 1 1 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 10 River 1 Commercial 1 Commercial 1 Commercial 1 Commercial 1 Commercial 14 Bridge over Courtyard

1

tached 6 Open space Semi-De 241 1 1 1 1 1 1 tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 7 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 62 Open space 1 Detached

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

14

1

24

10

1800

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

203

20

1

1

1

1

85

113

1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Large Unit 4 Large Unit 4 Open Space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Open Space 1 Warehouse 1 Detached

4

1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De 24 20 4 4 1 1 1 tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 6 Open space 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De

1

1

87

8 Open space 1 Detached 8 Open space 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 Detached 8 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 8 Open space 1 Semi-De tached 1 Semi-De tached

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Detached 96 Open Space 4 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 87 Open Space 4 Warehouse 1 Detached 1 Open Space 20 Large Unit 1 Open Space 4 Large Unit 1 Open Space 1 Large Unit 24 Open Space 4 Large Unit 24 Large Unit

96

1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 1 11 4 4 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 11 Open space 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 8 Open space 1 Detached

1

170 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

34 Open Space 4 Large Unit 170 Open Space 4 Large Unit 87 Open Space 4 Large Unit 48 Open Space 4 Large Unit 4 Large Unit 31 Open Space 4 Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 4 Large Unit 4 Large Unit 130 Open Space 1 Detached

4

1 Detached 481 Detached 31 1 Detached 4 4 4 1 1 70 Open space 4 Detached Large Unit 4 Detached Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 1 Detached 4 Detached Large Unit 1 Detached

164

87

4 Detached 34 Large Unit 112 Open space 4 4 4 Detached Large Unit 73 Open space 1 Detached 116 Open space 4 Detached Large Unit 1 Detached 1 Detached 62 Open space 1 Detached 80 Open space 4 Detached Large Unit 1 Detached


| 11 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10 10 10 10

1

1

1

1

1

1

10 10

29 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

13

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

13

1

1

1

1

14

1

1

1

1

11

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

13

1

1

1

1

204

20 14

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

14

5

14

5

14

5

14

28 5

10

19

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

1

1

1

1

1

10

5

10

5

10

5

10

5

1

1

1

1

12.7

1

1

1

1

1

7

1

96 85

50

48 31 8

1

1

8

8

1

1

8

1

8

1

8

1

1

1

8

1

1

17

8

1

12 2

1

2

1

1

1

12

1

1

1

1

1

8

1

1

1

8

1

1

8

19

17 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

19 1

20

14 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

1

10 10 10

8

10 10

10

12

8

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

1

1

12 1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

85

62

1

1

70

1

1

116 80

1

62

1

73

8

1

1

112

1

8

1

1

1

1

1

1

8

1

4

1

8

1

4

11

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

11

1

8

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

4

4

1

1

6

1

4

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

6

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

1

4

1

34

7

1

4

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

31

45

4

1

20

1

1

10

31

1

1

1

10

28

1

1

1

1

1

21

23

4

1

22

1

1

1

14

4

1

1

10

1

4

4

4

34

42

48

4

1

11

57

87

90

170 130

164

87

1

1

1

1

1

24

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

170

96

1

1

1

4

87

1

1

4

4

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

48

28

24 1

1

4

1

1

1

14

24

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

21

20

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

4

4

10

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

4

1

4

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

14

1

20

4

1

1

1

4

4

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

4

1

1

10

4

1

1

31

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

1

1

4

1

1

34

1

85

1

1

1

1

85 113 203

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

12

1

1

1

1

1

12

2

2

7

12

2

7

2

7

2

7

5

10

10

5

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17 30

34

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30 48


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[Lymm]

6

3

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7

Primary arteries

3

Emerging Rhythm 7

1.1, 1.2

44 37

44

37

10 1

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42 1

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1 1

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1 1

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1 1

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0

1 1

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0 1

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1 0

1 1

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1 1

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10

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38

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391

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Baguley 2.1, 2.2 | Scale

391 1

38

42

1

100

100 190

190 11

11 7

7

7 3

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391

391 3

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11

11

40

40

3

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Baguley 2.1, 2.2 | Programme


40

20

40 20

11 10

11

11

10 20

1

0 10

0

1

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10

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306

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1

3 3 3 3 1 1 1 10 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1

1

3 1 1

1 1

3 1 1

3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

3 1 1

0 0

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 01 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1 1

3

1 1

3

0 1

3

3 3 3 3 1 01 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1

3 1 1

3 1 1

1 1

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

3 0 1

3 1 1

3 3 3 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1

Baguley 3.1, 3.2 | Scale

306

5 1

1

01

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3

3

3

3

8. Open Space 9. Water 10. Transport Infrastructure 11. Church/ Comunity 12. Governemt Buildings

5 3

3

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20 11

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3

Baguley 3.1, 3.2 | Programme

3

0

3

0

3

1. Terraced 2. Detached 3. Semi Detached 4. Multi Storey Accomodation 5. Large Detached Unit 6. Factory Warehouse 7. Commercial

3

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Initial

11 10

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2.1, 2.2

5

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306 0

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Baguley 4.1, 4.2 | Scale

1

4.1, 4.2

5

10

11

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3.1, 3.2

1

0

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20 20

10 5

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| 13

10

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1

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5

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1

1

1

1


BDACC

1.1, 1.2 ROYAL OAK COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

2.1, 2.2 NEW DAWN COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

3.1,3.2 BENCHILL COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

Programme Stakeholders [SH] But what does "information supply chain" mean? Like a physical supply chain, an information supply chain (ISC) comprises the organizations that connect to produce a desired end -- product or service -- for a user Information Supply Chain 1) Collect information from discrete processes, 2) Transform this information from data into knowledge, and 3) distribute this information efficiently and in a timely manner to the appropriate data consumers.

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

“Made up of a Management Comitte, funded and run by volunteers”

“Made up of management volunteers and invest a lot of time raising funds.”

“Our centre is managed by the housing trust, The Willow Park Trust.”

“One of the ‘original’ centres left, that soley work towards helping bringing the community together, the rest are businesses”

“We communicate via email to discuss issues of clashing programmes running. People become very defensive”

“Because all the centres specialise in different thinks, like adult learning, depression councelling, interaction is trivial. I do feel opportunities should be made for a crossover of local centres. We are all very separate.”

“Everyone is fighting to survive”

“We work largely with people suffering from social inclusion” 5.1, 5.2 BUTTON PRIMARY SCHOOL

[SH]

6.1, 6.2 WOODHOUSE LIFESTYLE CENTRE

[SH]

8.1, 8.2 ROYAL OAK RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION

[SH]

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

DESCRIPTION

“We often get reached by these centres but do not have to facilities to accomdate everyone”

“We often get reached by these centres but do not have to facilities to accomdate everyone”

“We often get reached by these centres but do not have to facilities to accomdate everyone”

“Our focus lies with the students education”

“Our focus lies with the students education”

“Our focus lies with the students education”

“There is no such committee to handle these connecting events”

“There is no such committee to handle these connecting events”

“There is no such committee to handle these connecting events”


[SH]

Newall Green Youth & Community Centre

St.Philips Community Centre

Manchester Youth & Community Service Ltd.

The King George V Community Centre

Royal Oak & Baguley Residents Association

Salford Health Authority

Barlow Moor Community Association Community Centre

Clifton Community Centre

Multiple Occurances

3.1,3.2 SACRED HEART PRIMARY CATHOLIC SCHOOL

Chorlton Workshop

Distribution of the product of debate

Alexandra Community Workshop St Alphonsus Parish Centre The Saltshaker Old Trafford Library Calderwood Community Centre DESCRIPTION

Aguda Community Service Centre

“We often get reached by these centres but do not have to facilities to accomdate everyone”

Woodhouse Park Social Club Benchill Family Support Centre

“Our focus lies with the students education”

Multiple Use

Benchill Ecumenical Service Scheme

“There is no such committee to handle these connecting events”

Central Manchester Area Health Authority

9.1, 9.2 2.1, 2.2 3.1, 3.2 1.1, 1.2 6.1, 6.2 4.1, 4.2 8.1, 8.2

Large Space [Collective Debate] Manipulation/ transformation of existing

The Aquarius Neighbourhood Centre

3.1,3.2 THE JOLLY BUTCHER PUBLIC HOUSE

[SH]

Exisiting Scenarios/ Stakeholders 1.1, 1.2 ROYAL OAK COMMUNITY CENTRE 4.1, 4.2 SACRED HEART PRIMARY CATHOLIC SCHOOL

2.1, 2.2

New Intensity

3.1, 3.2

[SH]

1.1, 1.2 4.1, 4.2

[SH]

2.1, 2.2 2.1, 2.2 NEW DAWN COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

3.1, 3.2 BENCHILL COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

1.1, 1.2

4.1, 4.2

1.1, 1.2

4.1, 4.2

1.1, 1.2

4.1, 4.2

9.1, 9.2

6.1, 6.2

1.1, 1.2 4.1, 4.2

Cluster of small Units [Discussion Workshop] Collection of Exisitng

8.1, 8.2

3.1, 3.2

6.1, 6.2 Individual Unit

“We often get reached by these centres but do not have to facilities to accomdate everyone” “Our focus lies with the students education” “There is no such committee to handle these connecting events”

4.1, 4.2 BUTTON PRIMARY SCHOOL

[SH]

6.1, 62 WOODHOUSE LIFESTYLE CENTRE

[SH]

8.1, 8.2 ROYAL OAK RESIDENTS ASSOCIATION

[SH]

8.1, 8.2 Exisitng Intensity

DESCRIPTION

9.1, 9.2

| 15


BDACC

MEDIATOR FOR PERIPHERAL ENHANCEMENT

Likening the development of an efficient information supply chain organization to that of a fast-growing city, Kamins said that an information supply chain needs to develop infrastructure to accommodate population growth. A city’s infrastructure has to grow in order to provide the value that its population requires in order to operate fluidly, Kamins said. In the same way, “we want to grow the supply chain in terms of what can go through it, but we also have to make sure that we don’t inhibit the speed of interaction that goes through it,” he explained. That interaction -- or flows, as Kamins calls it -- involve the back-and-forth exchange of products, money and information. Symbiotic relationship with each stakeholder Mutual relationship Ajay Vinze: “a collection of information and communication technologies to provide a secure integrated decisional environment that enables business partners to collectively sense and respond to opportunities and challenges in a networked eco-system. Facilitate self help consolidating exisitng presence of stakeholders

Existing relationships [initially highlighted in the code} mpact = interviews

FEEDBACK

Monetary support - input from large organisation

COMMUNITY

Proposed solution/ intervention

Digitally

Manually (physical) [comunity input]

External Source of Information

Tool Initiator DIRECT

Information Supply Chain [Precedent]

Data collected physically by member of the community [Personal Experience]

CONTACT

“MEDIATORS TRANSFORM, TRANSLATE, DSITORT, AND MODIFY THE MEANING OR THE ELEMENTS THEY ARE SUPOOED TO CARRY”

Mediator for peripheral enhancement model.

Independent Programme [Advertisement]

E.g.

2.1, 2.2 NEW DAWN COMMUNITY CENTRE

[SH]

SEE PREVIOUS PAGE FOR OTHER STAKEHOLDERS

Digitally Manually (physical) [exisiting programme input]

External Source of Information


Traceability of Information

Computer [digital]

Human Processing x 1

Archive [physical]

Human Processing x 1

c

Leisure (informal) Support (formal) Resource

b SUPPLY

Categorising Services/ information

Location Specific [expertise]

INFORMATION

INFORMATION Collating

a

Prepare for redistribution Scale of dependant on demand

Verbally - Physical interaction Digitally - Digital catalogue Physical - Exisitng Literature Archive

Provided Inforamtion

Public

a

Individual

Private

b

Family

c

Group

Exhibition Format/ Environment Information recieved

Information Flow Material Flow Stakeholder A

Stakeholder B

Stakeholder C

Return

Information Supply Chain Model [Precedent]

| 17


BDACC

PROGRAMME COMPONENTS [PC]

Information

a

INFORMATION Collating

Inofrmation will be received from the network of stakeholders both physically (in person) and digitally (via internet). The information will be based on the specialist services each stakeholder has to offer. Information for this has initially been collected from 32 stakeholders in the Baguley area (see location plan).

Computer [digital]

Human Processing x 1

Archive [physical]

Human Processing x 1

P.C 1

Categorising Services/ information

P.C a

Information Collating

Receiving Information

P.C b

P.C c

Storage of Digital Information

P.C d

Storage of Physical Information

Categorising of Services/ Info

Prepare for redistribution Scale of dependant on demand

Community Member Participation/ Maipulation of information Members of the community reuqiring inforation will be able to access it freely of their own accord. Member of the commnity will have the opportunity to ask for help or receive a consultation regarding enquiry. Space must be accomodating for individuals, familys or large groups. At this point community member will be able to suggest new services for local community.

P.C 2

SUPPLY

Specialist services and offerings will be made available in an archived format based on type of service or activity on offer. This will require specific spaces for interaction with the public looking for a particular service/ leisure activity.

b INFORMATION

Supply of Information

Inforamtion distribution

Verbally - Physical interaction Digitally - Digital catalogue

P.C e

P.C f

Open Access to Digital Catalogue

P.C g

Open Access to Analogue Catalogue

Enquiry/ Welcome

Physical - Exisitng Literature Archive

Provided Inforamtion

P.C h

Reading Room

Potential - Mobile distribution [small scale]

c Public

a

Individual

Private

b

Family

c

Group

Exhibition Format/ Environment Information recieved

P.C 3

P.C i

Feedback/ Output distribution back to Stakeholders [SH]

Community Involvement/ feedback

a

Individual

b

Family

c

Group

Public/ Private

P.C j

New Output/ Service


Key P.C a

Programme Component Exchange/ Transfer of information (services)

Overall Cell of Services Exchange/ creation

P.C c P.C a

P.C b P.C d

Primary Programme + Ancillary Spaces P.C a

P.C b

P.C 1

P.C c P.C g P.C f

P.C h

P.C d

P.C g.1 P.C e Potential - Mobile distribution [small scale] P.C h

P.C f P.C g a P.C i

b c

P.C j

Potential - Mobile distribution [small scale] P.C i

Public/ Private

| 19


BDACC

PROGRAMME COMPONENTS [PC]

P.C c

MODULE SIZES ARE INITIALLY PRESCRIBED THROUGH INDIVIDUAL PROGRAMMES. THESE MODULES ARE A STARTING POINT TO WHICH A SPATIAL STUDY CAN BEGIN TO DISTORT, MULTIPLY AND LINK CLUSTERS OF MODULES. Ancillary spaces have been included at an early stage so that they can be nested within the sheme. Structural and environmental conciderations will also contribute to the study at an early stage.

P.C d

1m

1m

P.C i

P.C h

P.C a

2 x W.C.

1x Verical Circulation

1x Lift?

Services


| 21


BDACC

PRECEDENT ANALYSIS

Technological/ Structural Strategies Halley VI Antarctic Research Station

The building is constructed using a lightweight cylindrical steel frame which is made up of a series of repeated elements. This allows for quick construction and easy transportation. The external cladding system is a response to the climate/ context using Glass-reinforced plastic to control the internal environment.

2 3580

3 510

4 2600

5 2600

6 2600

7 2600

9

8 510

3580

11 12

10 1120

3580

510

13 2600

14 2600

15 2600

16 17 2600

510

18 3580

19

1120

20 21 3580

510

22 2600

23 2600

2 2600

C-18

B 3150

A modular design approach means spaces can be used for a wide variety of activities ranging from laboratories and bedrooms to recreation areas and energy centres. Connected together, the modules form the new station. The station is centred on two modular hydraulically elevated platforms. The northern platform provides the principal habitat. The southern platform contains science modules.

1

C

C-19 3150

The design was developed in response to the demands of the science, the comfort of the residents, buildability and the need to assemble and dissemble each module when needed.

The copyright in this document (including its electronic form) shall remain vested in Hugh Broughton Architects Ltd but the Client shall have a licence to copy and use the document for the purpose for which it was provided. Hugh Broughton Architects Ltd shall not be liable for the use by any person of this document for any purpose other than that for which the same was provided by Hugh Broughton Architects Ltd. This document shall not be reproduced in whole or in part or relied upon by third parties for any use whatsoever without the express written authority of Hugh Broughton Architects Ltd.

D 3150

Halley V1 is a self-sufficient scientific research base located on a floating ice shelf 900 miles from the South Pole. Halley is the most southerly research station operated by the British Antarctic Survey and is located on the 150 metre thick floating Brunt Ice Shelf, which moves 400 metres per annum towards the sea.

E

Module A- Upper Level G.E.A. 205m2

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510

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SC1 465

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F Module A- Upper Level G.E.A. 180m2

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49


BDACC

PROGRAMME COMPONENTS [PC]

Site Section 1:2500

Primary Programme + Ancillary Spaces

P.C b

P.C c

P.C d

P.C e P.C h

P.C f P.C g Potential - Mobile distribution [small scale] P.C i Horizontal Spread

Vertical spread


Key A - Future Housing Development (David Wilson Homes) B - Vacant land C - Vacant Land

A

B

C

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BDACC

SITE ANALYSIS

Site analysis [Meso & Micro] Urban Build Up There is a strong urban density running along (road) creating a mixed density on both sides. The build up to the east is due to mass 80’s housing and to west large warehousing as a result of the industrial era in the area. There is currently planned TFGM* development connecting the airport and the zone with the Manchester Airport. Connections to other buildings Building line Location of Services Contours Geological Conditions Noise Pollution Sun Shading

* Transport for Greater Manchester

Access View 1 - Present


Village Green (for the people by the people) in New Addington proposes several ideas about how to construct transient social structures for a high quality public space which evolve with community needs. The proposal embraces Walter Segal’s concept of self-build and looks quite extensively at the collaborative process, linking the community with a vast network of charity and government organisations through a continual building process.

Accesss View 2 - Present

Accesss View 2 - 1970

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Information

Information Supply Chain

Information Supply Chain [Precedent] Likening the development of an efficient information supply chain organization to that of a fast-growing city, Kamins said that an information supply chain needs to develop infrastructure to accommodate population growth. A city’s infrastructure has to grow in order to provide the value that its population requires in order to operate fluidly, Kamins said. In the same way, “we want to grow the supply chain in terms of what can go through it, but we also have to make sure that we don’t inhibit the speed of interaction that goes through it,” he explained. That interaction -- or flows, as Kamins calls it -- involve the back-and-forth exchange of products, money and information. Symbiotic relationship with each stakeholder Mutual relationship Ajay Vinze: “a collection of information and communication technologies to provide a secure integrated decisional environment that enables business partners to collectively sense and respond to opportunities and challenges in a networked eco-system. Facilitate self help consolidating exisitng presence of stakeholders


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BDACC

PRECEDENT ANALYSIS

Technological/ Structural Strategies Challenger Learning Centre Temporary structure that will be moved to a permanent location as part of the National Space Science Centre, combining an exhibition venue, and an educational research centre The Challenger Centre, sited in Victoria Park next to the University of Leicester campus, was opened in advance of the NSSC project because it was immediately available as a ready-made package of equipment. A lightweight fabric enclosure for the centre had been the concept from the outset; demountable, transportable and allowing fast-track erection. The white pvc-coated polyester fabric panels are stressed between a series of 13 demountable trusses to form a 14m clear span over the modular units. Galvanised cables and exposed bolted connectors give the building an industrial feel. Twelve 12 x 3m prefabricated building units are linked together to form a 12 x 36m enclosure. The units have insulated timber stud walls, lined on the inside with plasterboard and on the outside with a textured plywood substrate. Basic interior and exterior decoration, doors and frames, toilet cubicles and fittings were installed in the factory at Wickford. Suspended ceilings, lights and air-conditioning were fixed on site to ensure clean junctions.


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BDACC

Building Design & Climate Change

Precedent analysis A - Acoustics (projects next to railways) Housing Development in Lauterach-Unterfeld, Austria The development is located on a park-like site between a railway line and an area of single-family housing. Laid out in the form of five three-storey blocks that follow the line of the railway, the new development creates a clear urban edge and lends a new definition to the random surrounding settlement pattern. At the same time, the orientation of the blocks allows views through from one side to the other. The flat roofs are cantilevered out at the edges to reduce the weathering of the faรงades. Since dust and dirt are also to be expected next to the railway line, the faรงades were painted with a colour finish so that soiling would not be immediately evident. The thin, smooth prefabricated roof elements appear to float above the volumes of the buildings, a phenomenon that helps the two parts to retain their own individual character.

C

Summary

B


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BDACC

INTRODUCTION & BUILDING DESCRIPTION

Overview Architect Roger Stephenson Client Chetham’s School of Music Cost £19.4 million Gross Internal Floor 10,600m2 Cost Sq/m £1,830 Contractor Sir Robert McAlpine Location Long Millgate, Manchester The site is triangular, bordered by Victoria Station Approach to the north-east, Hunts Bank to the north-west and Walkers Croft to the south. A new bridge links the new school building to the existing school campus, alongside the entrance lodge on Long Millgate, behind Urbis. Construction is planned in three phases. The first, the new building, was completed in August 2012. The second will be to demolish the nineteenth-century buildings that run the full length of Victoria Street and convert some classrooms into living accommodation. Low-quality appendages are to be removed from the medieval buildings and Medieval Manchester visitor centre is planned. Many challenges of the site have influenced the form and structure of the building. The river Irk runs in a culvert along the route of Walkers Croft and cuts across the site at the south western corner requiring the upper floors of the music school to cantilever

substantially at this point (see images to the right). Due to the city centre location and the sensitive acoustic requirements of the music teaching and performance spaces most of the internal rooms are independent floating boxes. The Concert Hall has a complete independent internal structure floating on springs. Note: All images have been drawn by the author unless stated otherwise.

Image Source: Roger Stephenson Studio


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BDACC

PRIMARY STRUCTURE

Overview The buildings primary structure is constructed using in - situ poured concrete for levels -1 to 3 and steel for levels 4 to 6. There are 3 concrete structural ‘Cores’ within the building. These cores will act as the primary routes for vertical movement for staff and students once the building is complete, therefore the primary stairs, lifts and service risers are located within these cores. The cores are also important structural elements of the building and prevent building collapse. The secondary structure comprises of a combination of pre fabricated panels which are hung from the primary structure forming the skin of the building. This is shown in more detail in the facade detail. More complex geometries (see images of curve to above) were completed by hand on site. Thorp Precast Ltd pointed approximately 4,000 m2 of specialist panels using matching hand-made brick slips, using silodelivered buff mortar from Tarmac Building Products.

Foundation & Ground Anchors

Before

Structural core

Steel frame


Pile Foundations [a]

Structural Cores & Retaining Walls [b]

In-Situ Poured Concrete Structure [c]

Steel Framework [d]

Description [a] Pile Foundations [b] Structural Cores [c] In-Situ Concrete Structure [d] Structual Steelwork 400 tonnes of steelwork forms the structure which tiers from Level 3 up to Level 6. The steelwork commences with 5 steel trusses being installed over the concert hall. These trusses form the ‘lid’ to the concert hall and allow a further 4 levels of structure to be constructed above. The vast majority of the steelwork arrived on site having been painted with an intumescent paint. This specialist coating will protect the steelwork for over 90mins should the building ever be subjected to a fire.

[1]

[1] [2] [3]

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BDACC

SECONDARY STRUCTURE

6

2

Overview A double skin façade is supported by the primary structure using cantilevering steel arms that extend out from the concrete and steel frames. The brick facade comprises of both hand laid brick and precast panels into which half bricks have been set and flush pointed. All in all over 400,000 bricks were used in the construction of the new building, with over 200 hundred variations required dependant on their location in the facade. Over 100 precast panels made in Stoke were delivered to site and ‘hung’ on the side

1

4

Description [1] In - Situ Poured Concrete Floor Slab [2] In - Situ Pumped Insulation Foam [3] Fixing Ledge (Formed During Casting) [4] Pre - Cast Concrete Facade Panel (Main Structure) [5] Yorkshire Handmade Brick Slips (Installed Off Site) [6] Double Glazed Aluminum Window (Metalic Bronzed)

of the building between Levels 1 & 3. Some of the panels weighed over 8 tonnes which exceeds the limits of the Tower Cranes, this required partial closure of the neigbouring roads during the during week commencing 21 February. On a series of night shifts a mobile crane was positioned on Hunts Bank in order to erect the panels. Thorp Precast Ltd Thorp Precast Ltd pointed approximately 4,000 m2 of specialist panels using matching hand-made brick slips, using silodelivered buff mortar from Tarmac Building Products.

3

Image Source: Roger Stephenson Studio

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PRE CAST PANEL

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BDACC

ENVIRONMENT & ENERGY

Acoustics Overview

Lift Slab Floating Floor Isolator

To achieve the high acoustic standards required in the new building many of the rooms constructed need to be isolated from the primary structure. This will minimise the risk of noise being transferred between rooms. The method of construction can be simplistically referred to as ‘box in box,’ which essentially means each space is formed by creating a ‘floating’ room which is isolated from the primary structure.

One part of the box within a box construction consists of isolating the floor from the primary structure of the buidling. Rooms including:

The‘floating’ rooms include concrete floors, partition walls, ceilings and all the services which will creating the appropriate environmental conditions. The first element to be constructed are the “floating floors” which are concrete slabs mounted on a series of acoustically isolated pads. These pads incorporate a ‘jack’ which will enable the slab to be lifted up to form a 100mm cavity between the primary structural slab. (see diagrams to the far right) The walls and ceiling to the inner box must achieve a density of 37kg/m2 to meet the demanding acoustic specification. This is being done with one layer of 22mm OSB (Oriented Strand Board) and two layers of 15mm dense plasterboard. (see detailed section the right)

1. Adhere isolation board & poly film.

Practice rooms 7 ° Angle

Recital Hall Practice Rooms Recording Studios As mentioned before floor isolation systems are incorporated into building design to minimize floor impact noise and airborne sound transmissions. A “floated” floor or rooftop is supported by resilient mounts installed on the structural deck. The process taken to raise the floor can be seem at the top of this page. The main concert hall is also separate from the primary structure and is separated by springs. (see image to the right)

Description [1] Chilled Beams (see p.g. 43) [2] Internal Blockwork [3] Pre-Cast Panel (see p.g. 39) [4] 150mm Rigid Insulation [5] Internal Window Unit [6] Raised Floor (see above) [7] Wall Makeup: 100mm Cavity Vertical Steel Stud 3 x 12.5mm Gyproc Plasterboard Skirting Board

1

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Classroom/ Concert Hall Dimensions In order to achieve the maximum acounstic standards all of the music rooms the internal walls are angled at 7 ° to avoid ‘flutter echoe’. This allows for the sound to diserpate throughout the room. This is the same case for the uncompleted concert hall which is a ‘coffin’ shape to achieve the same principles mentioned above.

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2. Isolators and reiforcement

4. JACK UP SLAB

3. Pour concrete Slab

Description [1] Perimeter Isolation Board [2] 19mm Threadded Rod [3] Steel Isolator [4] Poured Concrete Slab [5] 2 Layers of PolyFilm [6] Steel Re-inforcement [7] Concrete Primary Structure

2 4

3 1

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| 41 Image Source: Author


BDACC

SERVICES & INTEGRATION

Services Integration The school is situated presenting significant acoustic and access challenges for the design teams. With the acoustic performance requirement and energy minimisation objectives, the following systems have been integrated into the design strategy: • • •

Displacement ventilation systems Active chilled beams All air ventilation systems

Ensuring the correct environmental conditions within the school is not only critical for the staff and students but also some of the instruments which are sensitive to moisture. Most of the building has a control environment to ensure the relative humidity is maintained at 55% (+/- 10%). Legislative Framwwork To ensure the building complies with Part B of the Building Regulation, certain systems have been integrated into the building construction. Design in schools is governed by Building Bulletin 100 which provides standards as recommended building regulations. Travel distances (B1) requires provision for means of escape and governs travel distances. Exit and staircase widths dictated by

capacity of occupation bases on usable floor space. It also places a requirement for emergency lighting, smoke detection, fire alarm systems throughout the building in the interests of building users safety. The building has been fitted with heat and smoke detectors in a fully linked system to alert building users in the event of a fire. Travel distances are restricted to 18m, in a dead end situation, from any space with in the building to a space of safety, for example, a protected corridor or protected staircase. Other sections of Part B (B2) regulate compartment sizes by floor area, volume and building height which determine the level of structural fire protection required to the building elements. Compartmentation of the building and fire protection to protected escape routes and stairway shafts is also considered in Part B and includes the need for fire fighting stairway enclosures and lifts (B5). The building design has means of escape for disabled occupants and includes wheelchair refuges contained within a protected enclosure. Protected staircases need to be fire rated to protect building users when evacuating the building in the event of a fire. Under Building Bulletin 100, this building would have required a fire safety risk assessment to be made to determine whether a sprinkler system is needed. It is often the case that local education authorities will require the provision of sprinklers in educational buildings not withstanding insurance

Building Zones

Ventialtion Strategy Overview

Description Vertical Cores Ventialtion Distribution Hot & Cold Water Distribution [1] Plant Room Serving Concert Hall [2] Plant Room Serving Teaching Rooms [3] Plant Room Serving Zone [4] Hot & Cold Air Distribution (between floors) [5] Concert Hall All Air Ventialtion [6] Hot & Cold Air Distribution (across floors)

Drainage Strategy

1 2

6

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3 Fire Strategy


ACTIVE CHILLED BEAM

Description [1] Re-inforced Concrete Struture [2] 19mm Threadded Rod & Steel Channel [3] 12.5mm Gyproc Fireline Plasterboard [4]12.5mm Gyproc Fireline Plasterboard [5] Hot & Cold Air Distribution & Return [6] MF Ceiling System & Light Slot [7] Chilled Beam

Summer Environmental Strategy

Winter Environmental Strategy

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BDACC

DETAILED FACADE STUDY

Facade Over 100 precast panels, which were made in Stoke, were delivered to site and ‘hung’ on the side of the building between Levels 1 & 3. Some of the panels weigh over 8 tonnes which exceeds the limits of the Tower Cranes, this required partial closure of the neigbouring roads during the during week commencing 21 February, on a series of night shifts, a mobile crane will be positioned on Hunts Bank to erect these panels.


Description [1] Re-inforced Concrete Struture [2] 19mm Threadded Rod & Steel Channel [3] 12.5mm Gyproc Fireline Plasterboard

1

2

1

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BDACC

Building Design & Climate Change

Future Proofing Chetham’s School of Music required the building to be extremely specific with regards to flexibility of programme and the related spaces. Many spaces within the building required to meet stringent acoustic conditions in order to achieve studio recording sound levels. This in turn predicted the fixed layout of the building, in turn restricting the ability to adapt the building for other uses in the future. However Sustainability in construction Managing waste during construction is extremely important as it can have an impact on the overall cost of the building but more importantly reduce uneccessary use of resources and C02 emissions. The Building Reserach Establishment have developed a SMARTWaste system by assesing actual data from construction schemes to develop Environmental Perfomance Indicators (EPI). The EPI’s contribute to the projects BREEAM rating. During construction of the School of Music, Mc Alpine contractors were responsible for: • •

Manage for minimum waste Using the waste EPI

• • •

• •

Reuse waste on-site Minimise air pollution (dust and fumes)and noise pollution Minimise water use during construction, and guard against pollution Concider transport to and from site using transport EPI Concider energy use through plant and site services

The careful management of the highlighted points contributed towards the project being awarded a preliminary BREEAM rating of Excellent (final report not yet available).


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Appendix

BDACC & Studio 5.2

1.

Number of people at work Number of toilets Number of washbasins 1-5 1 1 6-25 2 2 26-50 3 3 51-75 4 4 76-100 5 5


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Bibliography

BDACC & Studio 5.2

Building Regulations Part M


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Portfolio 2