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Synopsis of Research Bryce Tayleur

My Agenda

What is my project?

1. A project to encourage health awareness in a bid to prevent hearing loss or degradation in Indigenous communities. 2. A project to address existing hearing loss in Indigenous communities and its implications.

My Approach Unknown

My Artefact

An awareness campaign. Education strategy. Service to deliver health. Infrastructure. Product.

Hearing Loss

At this stage my research is based on hearing deficiencies rather than complete hearing loss. This means there is an assumption that hearing aids will have some sort of impact on the user. There are two types of hearing loss: Conductive Hearing Loss is caused by a problem to the outer or middle ear, which interferes with the transmission of sound. This may be due to a number of factors:

Build up of ear wax. Infections. Growths on outer ear. Holes in eardrums. A disease called otosclerosis (which causes the tiny bones in your ear to become fix, and not vibrate to produce sound). Genetic factors.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss refers to problems

with the inner ear. This typically occurs in the cochlea, hearing nerve or auditory pathway. Its most commonly attributed to the deterioration of the hair cells (either via aging or exposure to loud sounds). Ninety percent of hearing loss is sensorineural, and is typically treated with hearing instruments.

Hearing service vouchers are distributed to people who qualify (see brochure) in a bid to supply or ease financial pressure for those who require hearing instruments.

Who is eligible?

• Able to gain assistance if you are an Australian citizen over the age of 21 and are: • A Pension Card holder. • Receiving Sickness Allowance from Centrelink. • The holder of a Gold Repatriation Health Card issued for all conditions. • The holder of a White Repatriation Health Care card issued for conditions that include hearing loss. • A dependant of a person in one of the above categories. • A member of the Australian Defence Force. • Undergoing an Australian Government funded vocational rehabilitation service and you’re a referred by your VRS provider. • If you are an Australian Citizen or permanent resident and you are • younger than 21 years/an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander who is over 50, then you are eligible to receive free hearing services from Australian Hearing.

What services will you receive? (This stuff is all free!)

• Hearing assessment by a qualified hearing service practitioner. • If the assessment indicates that a hearing aid or other device is needed, your practitioner will help select an appropriate model from a range of quality devices made from leading manufacturers. • The practitioner will also advise you on how to get maximum benefit from your hearing aid. • If you have complex hearing problems, you will be offered additional services to meet your needs. • If you are already a client of the program, new aids will be fitted if your current hearing aids are no longer meeting your clinical requirements as assessed by your hearing services practitioner. img/McGrawHill/Encyclopedia/images/CE309700FG0010.gif

Where to next with this research? From here, I would love to find out more about hearing loss from an actual otolaryngologist (doctor who specializes in the ear, nose and throat). Would like to talk to someone with some sort of hearing loss, and find out what they find hard about it. Would love to try out some immersion techniques, like using something to block off my hearing, in an attempt to understand the social and logistical issues around partial deafness.

How does this relate?

Why is this important?

There is a correlation between hearing loss and lower education and employment rates, as well as higher crime rates. Students with hearing loss quickly fall behind in education, and employment opportunities become harder to obtain when your education or ability to learn new skills is hindered by hearing loss. Further more, hearing loss my hinder the transfer of knowledge and stories of culture.

listening and thinking/learning, examine the following words from the Gamilaraay/Yuwaalaraay/ Yuwaalayaay dictionary:

Bina - ear bina-ngay - think burrul bina - wise (literally “big ear”) bina muurr gi-gi - forget (literally Keeping in mind the Ngemba and “ear becoming blocked”) Baakindji language link between binaal - well-behaved

Culture Customs White Settlement Languages Health Education Employment Notable Individuals

Indigenous Research Basically, I want to try and establish a base knowledge of the history of Indigenous people, so that I understand where they are coming from, and what has led them to where they are today. What are the problems with white intervention and how can I come into this space as a white individual.

Organisations Current Issues

I started off by borrowing some books from my local library. From these I gained a bit of knowledge about the prehistory of Australia. Most of them talked about what life was about before White settlement, the changes that occurred during settlement, and bits about Aboriginal law and stories.

I had a look at “First Australians,” a 10 part documentary series originally aired on SBS in December 2011. The documentary explains the period of colonization of Australia by the British, the implications for the Aboriginal communities. It notably follows the story of Bennalong, a young Aboriginal man who is captured to be a ‘gobetween’ for the British, and who travels to England, leaving his culture and people behind, only to return to its decimation. The documentary features notably historians and Indigenous people who talk openly about their thoughts on this dark time in history. Featured in the documentary is notable Indigenous advocate Professor Marcia Langton, who lectures at Melbourne University. It might be worth getting in contact with her. m1859831.jpg

I also watched a documentary called “Bush Law,� which was a BBC documentary about who the Lajamanu community had kept their culture going by continuing to teach their local laws. This dealt with the issues of government intervention, how White people broke sacred laws (incidentally by accident) and underlines the lack of understanding of Aboriginal law by people outside of it. Something I gained out of this is that laws need to be passed on, and the culture must be maintained, and to do this there must be some responsibility or training given to White people who work in close proximity to Indigenous communities.

Documentry sourced from YouTube

Burrinja Gallery The other thing I did was to go visit the Barrinja Gallery, which is around the corner from me in Upwey. The gallery was founded in 1999 in a bid to build local cultural diversity, and showcases art from around Australia.

I was lucky enough to have an unstructured interview with Neil Mcleod, who is a fine artist who co-founded the gallery, and has regularly visited Arnem land. Neil gave me an amazing insight into the things he has experienced, as well as some close personal friend’s mobile numbers who he recommended I contact.

So where to next with the Indigenous side of my research? I should follow up the leads given to me by Neil Mcleod. I need to email a family friends daughter who is working in an Indigenous community in far north Queensland. Need to find out about inner city Aboriginals.

Indigenous Research Presentation  
Indigenous Research Presentation  

research completed up to the 21st of March, 2012 for my fourth year project.