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February 8, 2018

The “Soul”

The “Soul”

Volume 1

February 8, 2018

September 2015

The “Soul”

BY: Bryanna Banks, Bridget Phimmasone, Jullieanne Sarno, Kyle Villegas & Jalin Mack

Fusion Energy

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Fusion energy is when energy is generated by using fusion reactions to produce heat for electricity generation. Fusion reactions fuse two lighter atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus, releasing energy. The sun’s core converts hydrogen into helium by making helium nuclei from protons, which releases energy. This energy exerts pressure, which leads to an explosion, which is what, essentially, keeps the sun alive.

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Lastly is the Corona which the outermost layer of the Sun. The corona cannot be seen with the naked eye except during a total solar eclipse, or with the use of a coronagraph.

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Starting with innermost layer of the Sun which is the core. The core of the Sun is what causes the extremely powerful gravity that pulls all of the planets together. The core of the Sun gets its energy from nuclear fusion, which turns hydrogen into helium. Going from inner to outer layers of the Sun, the next layer of the Sun is the radiative zone and the convection zone. The Sun's radiative zone is the section of the solar interior between the innermost core and the outer convective zone. In the radiative zone, energy generated by nuclear fusion in the core moves outward as electromagnetic radiation.

In other words, the energy is conveyed by photons. The photosphere reaches from the surface visible at the center of the Sun to about 250 miles (400 km) above that. The temperature in the photosphere varies between about 6500 K at the bottom and 4000 K at the top (11,000 and 6700 degrees F, 6200 and 3700 degrees C). The chromosphere is a layer in the Sun between about 250 miles (400 km) and 1300 miles (2100 km) above the solar surface (the photosphere).


The Structure The Layers of the Sun


Solar Energy Solar energy is essentially the Sun’s energy that is constantly given off. Its energy is used in multiple ways; one prominent way it is used is through solar panels. Solar panels allow for the Sun’s energy to be converted into usable energy that can power a home, a car, etc. The Sun alone could power countless forms of technology, creating a clean alternative to regular electrical power.

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Energy from the sun enters solar panels to create electrical power


What are they?

Sun Spots What are the causes?

SUNSPOTS are dark areas on the surface on the sun that are caused by a strong magnetic activity from and in the sun.

UMBRA: inner part of the sunspot, the umbra is about 1,600 degrees cooler than the sun surface. PENUMBRA: the lighter area of the is 500 degrees cooler than the rest if the sun.

SUNSPOTS are not permanent, and they move slow across the surface which also change in size as they move.

SUNSPOTS occur due to the sun being different than the other planets. The interior and exterior of the sun moves with hot gas and totes separately which causes bubbles and gas explosions.

Solar Flare

Solar Wind

What is a Solar Flare?

What is Solar Wind?


olar Wind is a stream of particles and plasma from the sun to the earth. The earth has a magnetic shield that blocks the solar wind from entering the earth’s atmosphere in the middle of the planet. However, the solar wind is able to enter through the poles of the earth, which creates the aurorae.

Radiation from solar winds can cause cancer, but fortunately, the magnetic field from the earth protects us from that radiation.

An eruption of high intense energy radiation from the sun's surface, also associated with sunspots and causing electromagnetic disturbances on the earth, as with radio frequency communications and power line transmissions.

Radiation from a Solar Flare is dangerous to living organisms. However do to Earth’s magnetic field and atmosphere, we are protected.

Did You Know? 8

Solar flares are often followed by a large ejection of plasma from the surface of the Sun called a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME).


Astonomy magazine (1)  
Astonomy magazine (1)