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Bil.25 September 2010 ISSN 1609-4271 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

MEMORY OF THE WORLD MOW is UNESCO's programme aiming at preservation and dissemination of valuable archive holdings and library collections worldwide. Programme Background UNESCO established the Memory of the World Programme in 1992. Impetus came originally from a growing awareness of the parlous state of preservation of, and access to, documentary heritage in various parts of the world. War and social upheaval, as well as severe lack of resources, have worsened problems which have existed for centuries. Significant collections worldwide have suffered a variety of fates. Looting and dispersal, illegal trading, destruction, inadequate housing and funding have all played a part. Much as vanished forever; much is endangered. Happily, missing documentary heritage is sometimes rediscovered. Programme Objectives The vision of the Memory of the World Programme is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance. The mission of the Memory of the World Programme is:  To facilitate preservation, by the most appropriate techniques, of the world's documentary heritage. This may be done by direct practical assistance, by the dissemination of advice and information and the encouragement of training, or by linking sponsors with timely and appropriate projects.  To assist universal access to documentary heritage. This will include encouragement to make digitized copies and catalogues available on the Internet, as well as the publication and distribution of books, CDs, DVDs, and other products, as widely and equitably as possible. Where access has implication sfor custodians, these are respected. Legislative and other limitations on the accessibility of archives are recognised. Cultural sensitivities, including indigeneous communities' custodianship of their materials, and their guardianship of access will be honoured. Private property rights are guaranteed in law.  To increase awareness worldwide of the existence and significance of documentary heritage. Means include, but are not limited to, developing the Memory of the World registers, the media, and promotional and information Go to page 2

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Publications. Preservation and access, of themselves, not only complement each other - but also raise awareness, as access demand stimulates preservation work. The making of access copies, to relieve pressure on the use of preservation materials, is encouraged.

Memory of the World Register An International Advisory Committee (IAC) first met in Pultusk, Poland, in 1993. It produced an action plan which affirmed UNESCO's role as coordinator and catalyst to sensitize governments, international organizations and foundations, and foster partnerships for the implementation of projects. Technical and Marketing SubCommittees were established. The preparation of General Guidelines for the Programme was initiated through a contract with IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations), together with the compilation, by IFLA and ICA (International Council on Archives), of lists of irreparably damaged library collections and archive holdings. Through its National Commissions, UNESCO prepared a list of endangered library and archive holdings and a world list of national cinematic heritage. Meanwhile, a range of pilot projects employing contemporary technology to reproduce original documentary heritage on other media was commenced. (These included, for example, a CD-ROM of the 13th Century Radzivill Chronicle, tracing the origins of the peoples of Europe, and Memoria de Iberoamerica, a joint newspaper microfilming project involving seven Latin American countries). These projects enhanced access to this documentary heritage and contributed to its preservation. IAC meetings have since been held every two years. Several National Memory of the World National Committees have been established around the world. The Memory of the World Register - in some ways the most publicly visible aspect of the Programme - was founded on the 1995 General Guidelines and has grown through accessions approved by successive IAC meetings. Extracted from


The President, Executive Board Members of the Brunei Darussalam Library Association and its members extend heartiest congratulations to the new appointees and all good wishes to those enjoying their retirement. Indonesia National Library of Indonesia announced the retirement of Mr Dady Rachmananta in April 2009. Ms Sri Sularsih had been sworn in as the 4th Director General of National Library of Indonesia by the Minister of Education on 15 June 2010. Mr Dady is now the CONSAL Secretary General 2009-2012 since Jan 2010. Vietnam The National Library of Vietnam announced the retirement of Mr Pham The Khang on 1 October 2009. The new Director of National Library of Vietnam is Phan Thi Kim Dzung. Go to page 7. Wadah Perpustakaan Bil.25 (Sept 2010)


CULTURAL HERITAGE The term ‘cultural heritage’ has changed content considerably in recent decades, partially owing to the instruments developed by UNESCO. Cultural heritage does not end at monuments and collections of objects. It also includes traditions or living expressions inherited from our ancestors and passed on to our descendants, such as oral traditions, performing arts, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe or the knowledge and skills to produce traditional crafts. While fragile, intangible cultural heritage is an important factor in maintaining cultural diversity in the face of growing globalization. An understanding of the intangible cultural heritage of different communities helps with intercultural dialogue, and encourages mutual respect for other ways of life. The importance of intangible cultural heritage is not the cultural manifestation itself but rather the wealth of knowledge and skills that is transmitted through it from one generation to the next. The social and economic value of this transmission of knowledge is relevant for minority groups and for mainstream social groups within a state, and is as important for developing States as for developed ones. Intangible cultural heritage policy According to the 2003 UNESCO Convention on Intangible Cultural Heritage, intangible cultural heritage is oral tradition, traditional music and theatre, social practices, rituals, festive events, knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe and traditional workmanship. Intangible cultural heritage also includes instruments, objects, artifacts and cultural spaces associated with the manifestation of intangible cultural heritage. ICH is vulnerable and threatened by marginalization and disappearance as a result of, amongst others, conflicts, intolerance, excessive merchandising, uncontrolled urbanization and rural decay. “What is intangible cultural heritage?” Intangible cultural heritage is: • Traditional, contemporary and living at the same time: intangible cultural heritage does not only represent inherited traditions from the past but also contemporary rural and urban practices in which diverse cultural groups take part; • Inclusive: we may share expressions of intangible cultural heritage that are similar to those practised by others. Whether they are from the neighbouring village, from a city on the opposite side of the world, or have been adapted by peoples who have migrated and settled in a different region, they all are intangible cultural heritage: they have been passed from one generation to another, have evolved in response to their environments and they contribute to giving us a sense of identity and continuity, providing a link from our past, through the present, and into our future. Intangible cultural heritage does not give rise to questions of whether or not certain practices are specific to a culture. It contributes to social cohesion, encouraging a sense of identity and responsibility .Go to page 6

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ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT CENTRE (EDC) LIBRARY The Entrepreneuership Development Centre formed in 2006 was formerly known as the Standards and Resource Centre, Ministry Of Industry and Primary Resources. Its main office is sited in Sinaut but it also has a centre in Bandar Seri Begawan. EDC’s main role is to facilitate the development of SMEs in Brunei Darussalam. Among its functions are to act as an incubator centre, a research and development institution oriented towards projects that could be commercialised by local entrepreneurs. It offers entrepreneurship training programmes in cluding attachments, business and technical advisory/consultancy services, SMEs support programme, Business Incubator Pogramme, SMEs finance Scheme, Cluster development programme.

The library was initially established in 1996. It is located on the second floor of the Administrative Block and close to the training rooms. It is welcoming, spacious and airconditioned. There are internet access, a manual card catalogue, ample reference tables and study carrels. The serials are neatly displayed and so are the new books. It is manned by two staff namely one Senior Library Assistant and one Library Attendant. Go to page 5.

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From page 4 The collection stands as follows: Journals = 6301; general collection = 8924; Bruneiana collection = 1150; Brunei journas = 3250; thesis and report of trainings = 300; books from the departments of Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries and EDC under the MIPR=500 volumes. The library also subscribes to local and Malaysian newspapers. The library collection is classed using the Libray of Congress Classification System.

Within the EDC Library is also the National Standards Centre Library. The Library is manned by one staff. Its collection of about 4,600 volumes is on various standards namely: Brunei Darussalam Standards, British Standards, International Standards, Malaysian Standards, Singapore Standards and Philippines Standards. There are also books on Quality Assurance, Food Safety and journals.

Contact: Dyg Hjh Zainab Hj Ranek, Library, Entrepreneuership Development Centre, KM 33, Jalan Tutong, Tutong TB1741. Tel.4240132/133 Fax.4240596

Wadah Perpustakaan Bil.25 (Sept 2010)


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which helps individuals to feel part of one or different communities and to feel part of society at large; Representative: intangible cultural heritage is not merely valued as a cultural good, on a comparative basis, for its exclusivity or its exceptional value. It thrives on its basis in communities and depends on those whose knowledge of traditions, skills and customs are passed on to the rest of the community, from generation to generation, or to other communities; Community-based: intangible cultural heritage can only be heritage when it is recognized as such by the communities, groups or individuals that create, maintain and transmit it – without their recognition, nobody else can decide for them that a given expression or practice is their heritage.

Intangible Heritage domains in the 2003 Convention UNESCO’s 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage proposes five broad ‘domains’ in which intangible cultural heritage is manifested: • Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage; • Performing arts; • Social practices, rituals and festive events; • Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe; • Traditional craftsmanship. Intangible Cultural Heritage domains Instances of intangible cultural heritage are not limited to a single manifestation and many include elements from multiple domains. Take, for example, a shamanistic rite. This might involve traditional music and dance, prayers and songs, clothing and sacred items as well as ritual and ceremonial practices and an acute awareness and knowledge of the natural world. Similarly, festivals are complex expressions of intangible cultural heritage that include singing, dancing, theatre, feasting, oral tradition and storytelling, displays of craftsmanship, sports and other entertainments. The boundaries between domains are extremely fluid and often vary from community to community. It is difficult, if not impossible, to impose rigid categories externally. While one community might view their chanted verse as a form of ritual, another would interpret it as song. Similarly, what one community defines as ‘theatre’ might be interpreted as ‘dance’ in a different cultural context. There are also differences in scale and scope: one community might make minute distinctions between variations of expression while another group considers them all diverse parts of a single form. While the Convention sets out a framework for identifying forms of intangible cultural heritage, the list of domains it provides is intended to be inclusive rather than exclusive; it is not necessarily meant to be ‘complete’. States may use a different system of domains. There is already a wide degree of variation, with some countries dividing up the manifestations of intangible cultural heritage differently, while others use broadly similar domains to those of the Convention with alternative names. They may add further domains or new sub-categories to existing domains. This may involve incorporating ‘subdomains’ already in use in countries where intangible cultural heritage is recognized, including ‘traditional play and games’, ‘culinary traditions’, ‘animal husbandry’, ‘pilgrimage’ or ‘places of memory’. Extracted from Wadah Perpustakaan Bil.25 (Sept 2010)


From page 2 Philippines The National Library Philippines announced the retirement of Ms Prudenciana Cruz Director National Library of Philippines on 30 June 2010. Singapore National Library Board Singapore announced the retirement of Dr N Varaprasad on 15 September 2010. The new Chief Executive Officer is Mrs Phoon Chew Ping from the Singapore Administrative Service.

FORTHCOMING Symposium on Brunei Information Resources Collection “Libraries in support of Brunei Studies” 1-2 Dec 2010 , Chancellor Hall, UBD, to mark 25th Anniversary of Universiti Brunei Darussalam.Abstracts by 30 Sept 2010. Full paper by 30 Oct 2010.

PENANG STUDIES COLLECTION AT ISEAS LIBRARY Titles in the Penang Studies Collection at ISEAS Library are listed in a folder in the ISEAS Library’s SEALion online catalogue ( This is an ongoing project which is a collaboration between SERI (Socio-Economic & Environmental Research Institute - Institut Kajian Sosio-Ekonomi & Alam Sekitar,) of Penang ( and ISEAS Library, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore ( . The project arose in response to a request by SERI to develop a Penang Studies Collection at the ISEAS Library. SERI will regularly send their publications for inclusion in the Collection. This list, compiled from the ISEAS Library’s online catalogue SEALion, is in two parts, formatted as a bibliography according to types of materials and subject. It includes all languages that the Library collects. Part I contains titles on reference resources and general books. Part II contains journals and newspaper tiles and journal articles. This list is updated on the first working day of every month.

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National Youth Day 2010 and Youth Entrepreneurship Expo and National Youth Day Award to Awg Hj Md Zain, Persatuan Pemuda Pemudi Penajung Tutong, Awg Iswandy and Dyg Najibah Eradah

3 Aug 2010

$50,000 donated to the National Welfare Fund from proceeds raised in the Everest Trekking Amal by the Brunei Chess Federation

5 Aug 2010

Asia Inc Women’s Forum 2010 and Women Leaders Award to Dyg Najibah Eradah, Dk Nurazrina, Dyg.Haslina and Dr Dyg. Sharina

7 Aug 2010

Soft Launching of National SME Award

8 Aug 2010

Standard Chartered Bank Charity Run

12 Aug 2010

1st Ramadan 1431

14 Aug 2010

Launching of book: Upholding the Nations Morality Under The Monarch’s Leadership by BASMIDA

17 Aug 2010

DST GoldPages Business Directory 2010-2011 released

22 Aug 2010

Inaugural flight of twice weekly Cebu Pacific Ailines, Manila Brunei route.

27 Aug 2010

Nuzul Al-Quran

30 Aug 2010

Trial run of the new Muara/Labuan/Muara ‘Shuttle Hope’ vehicle and passenger ferry service. The Ferry costed B$8 m can carry 200 passengers and 45 saloon cars and travels at 15 knots.

30 Aug 2010

Launch of the Brunei Young Artists Painting Gallery at YSHHB.

CONSAL XV, BALI 2012 Theme: Preserving Our National Heritage BLA menjemput ahli-ahli untuk menyertai Persidangan CONSAL ke-15. Maklumat lanjut akan menyusul.

All materials are copyrighted and any form of reproduction is not permitted without the permission of the publisher. WADAH PERPUSTAKAAN is published by © Brunei Darussalam Library Association,c/o Class 64 Library, SOASC, Jalan Tengah, Bandar Seri Begawan BS8411. Editor: Nellie Dato Paduka Haji Sunny. Photo credits.Nellie. Layout: Nooralizah Mohamad and Nurul Fajrina Kamaluddin

Wadah Perpustakaan Bil.25 (Sept 2010)


BLA Wadah Perpustakaan Bil 24 Sept 2010  

BLA Wadah Perpustakaan Bil 24 Sept 2010