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LINCOLN AVENUE MASTER PLAN

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Celina Balderas Guzman Shoko Takemoto Rachel Blatt

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Lincoln Avenue in the South Bronx is one of the few remaining streets that ends directly at the waterfront. As a result, it is a prime location for developing waterfront access, public open space, and boat access. Lincoln Avenue is located in a historic area that contains several major industries, alongside an ethnically diverse community, a thriving arts community, and several schools. Additionally, the end of Lincoln Avenue at the Harlem River is the site of one of many combined sewer outfalls which empty contaminated water from Bronx’s streets directly into the river during heavy rainfall. While providing waterfront open space for the community, Lincoln Avenue could also play a role in improving the water quality of the Harlem River. Thus, Lincoln Avenue is a site which offers many opportunities to bring together recreational, cultural, and environmental goals into one project.

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The proposals for Lincoln Avenue explore the potential of developing waterfront access at the Harlem River. Alongside this, it was recognized that additional projects around Lincoln Avenue would be important to ensure the viability and connectivity of the waterfront proposals. First, it was important to strengthen the connection between the residential neighborhood north of the Major Deegan Expressway and the waterfront. Thus, it is envisaged that this connection could be strengthened by improving the streetscape along Lincoln Avenue from

PROJECTS: 1. LINCOLN AVENUE WATERFRONT 2. RAIN GARDEN AT 3RD/ 138TH 3. BRUCKNER BOULEVARD

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Bruckner Boulevard is the nearest eastwest cross street to the Lincoln Avenue Waterfront proposals. Bruckner has the potential to become a vibrant main street with residential and retail uses, to further activate the water’s edge. Within the last few years, Bruckner has already begun to transform. This former antiques and manufacturing corridor is now home to many artists and arts organizations and a new moderateincome residential building with ground floor retail space (at the intersection with Willis Avenue). Bruckner’s western end is under the 3rd Avenue Bridge. The space underneath the bridge does not function well for drivers, pedestrians or cyclists. An outdoor gallery makes use of this underutilized space, capitalizing on the artist community and highlighting the transportation infrastructure in the South Bronx.

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E 138th Street south to the waterfront (with better paving, lighting, and street furniture) and by continuing to apply stormwater management strategies along the length of the street. The public open space at the intersection of Lincoln Avenue, E. 138th Street and 3rd Avenue presents the opportunity to undertake a Rain Garden which will collect rainfall from nearby rooftops, detaining this water so that it does not burden the stormwater system further, and use it to irrigate an enhanced on-street garden. Finally, between the Rain Garden and the Waterfront there would be a series of tree trenches which are also capable of detaining stormwater.

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As one of the few streets extending directly to the waterfront, Lincoln Avenue is an obvious site for waterfront access and public open space. However, the available area for waterfront access is small. Nonetheless, there is an opportunity to create space by expanding the pedestrian sidewalks at Lincoln Avenue given the generous width of the street. Also, if the road leading to the waste transfer station was realigned it could create additional space at the waterfront. Given these changes, there can be enough space at the waterfront for waterfront access, public open space, and boat access. Given the number of schools nearby (which amount to over 8,000 school children), there could also be space for a playground at the waterfront.

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Lastly, Lincoln Avenue is a good opportunity to incorporate environmental goals into public open space. Along the expanded sidewalk there could be a series of swales which capture stormwater running down the street curb. These swales would be planted, improving the quality of the street. This system of swales would In the short-term, it is likely that the run along the block at Lincoln Avenue, adjacent parcels will remain as they are. ending as a water channel which Although in the long-term it is possible empties into the Harlem River. This that they will be redeveloped. The South channel could be a water feature for Bronx Overall Economic Development the public, allowing people to see and Corporation has already undertaken a possibly interact with the water. planning study for one of the adjacent parcels. In the short-term, there is an

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opportunity to use walls and fencing to demarcate the public space and to ensure that these adjacent parcels do not detract from the waterfront experience. Walls could be surfaces for murals or artwork by local artists. There are also numerous examples of decorative fencing. In this way, walls or fencing could be used to add to public space by becoming public art themselves.

5 4 VIEW OF LINCOLN AVENUE TOWARDS THE WATERFRONT SHOWING STORMWATER SWALES

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THE RAIN GARDEN PLAZA AT LINCOLN, 3RD AVE, & E 138TH

CONNECTING THE NEIGHBORHOOD TO THE WATERFRONT In order to connect the surrounding neighborhood to the Waterfront at the end of Lincoln Avenue, we propose that the intersection of Lincoln Avenue, 3rd Avenue, and E 138th Street be redesigned as a new Rain Garden Plaza to serve as the symbolic entrance to the Waterfront. By enhancing the Plaza, a more safe, lively and green open space would be created. The Plaza will not only provide a space for community members to sit and gather, but also provide a pleasant walking experience for pedestrian visitors coming to the Waterfront from the nearby subway stop.

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There are several opportunities in enhancing the Rain Garden Plaza and creating a high-quality public space at this location. Historically, this area was one of the first downtown centers in the Bronx. The remnants of this era can be seen in the current Chase Bank building that used to be the old North Side Board of Trade Building. These buildings, along with the Plaza design, add a symbolic character to the southern portion of Lincoln Avenue. Socially, this area is surrounded by public housing buildings that are home to many families living in this neighborhood. As public parks are limited throughout the Bronx, enhancing the quality of the existing space by planting more trees and creating gardens can be a much needed amenity to the community. Environmentally, designing the green spaces with significant stormwater management capacity may be effective in lessening the stormwater management pressure towards the downstream of Lincoln Avenue. By placing low-cost stormwater infiltration tree trenches and planters, the public spaces will not only be greened but also “blued” - piloting new systems to solve drainage issues and potentially improving the water quality of stormwater drainage that is harming the Harlem River.

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3RD AVENUE BRIDGE

Bruckner Boulevard is the nearest east-west cross street to the Lincoln Avenue Waterfront proposals. Bruckner has the potential to become a vibrant main street with residential and retail uses, which would further activate the water’s edge. Within the last few years, Bruckner has already begun to transform. This former antiques and manufacturing corridor is now home to many artists and arts organizations and a new moderate-income residential building with ground floor retail space opened earlier this year at the intersection of Bruckner and Willis Avenue.

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This area is underutilized and difficult to manuver for vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The plaza addition would simplify the paths of movement and would benefit the arts organizations nearby.

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The 3rd Avenue Bridge Gallery is at the western end of Bruckner Boulevard. The gallery proposal creates a cobblestone plaza in the underutilized space; cobblestone is the historic paving material on site. Further, we propose the installation of colorful lighting elements to brighten the space. This will add visual interest and improve the feeling of safety in this shadowy spot. Our hope is that this space become a place for the many arts institutions in the Bruckner corridor to display their work, for example stationary art objects, films, or performances. We hope that this space might foster collaboration and community spirit among South Bronx artists and art enthusiasts.

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POTENTIAL PARTNERS PARTNERS CURRENTLY ACTIVE ON SITE

GOVERNMENT PARTNERS

COMMUNITY PARTNERS

BUSINESS PARTNERS

SOUTH BRONX OVERALL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION BRONX COUNCIL FOR THE ARTS MOTT HAVEN HERALD

HARLEM RIVER YARD (WASTE TRANSFER STATION) NEW YORK POST FEDEX

BRONX COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY FRIENDS OF BROOK PARK SUSTAINABLE SOUTH BRONX BRONX RIVER ALLIANCE WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY

NEW YORK CITY WATER WORKS

EDUCATION & WORKFORCE NYC DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND AREA PUBLIC DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS SCHOOLS

GHETTO FILM SCHOOL HARLEM RIVER RANGERS ROCKING THE BOAT THE BRONX DEFENDERS

HOSTOS COMMUNITY COLLEGE ST. JEROME SCHOOL BRONX CHARTER SCHOOL FOR CHILDREN ST. PLUS V SCHOOL ST. LUKE SCHOOL

PROGRAMMING PARTNERS NYC DEPARTMENT OF PARKS

BRONX CULTURE TROLLEY LDR STUDIO GALLERY LONGWOOD ART GALLERY @ HOSTOS COMMUNITY COLLEGE PREGONES THEATER

BRUCKNER BAR & GALLERY

FINANCING PARTNERS NYC DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

NYC DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS NYC HOUSING AUTHORITY MAYOR’S FUND TO ADVANCE NEW YORK CITY NYC CENTER FOR ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY US DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

ENVIRONMENTAL PARTNERS EPA URBAN WATERS FEDERAL PARTNERSHIP

GREENER, GREATER COMMUNITIES NYC ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION NY STATE ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

NYC DEPARTMENT OF YOUTH AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NYC ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION WORKFORCE 1

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BOARD OF EDUCATION

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In the long term, we believe that zoning will be one of the most influential tools for expanding waterfront access along the southern edge of the Bronx. The recent Waterfront Rezoning Map is shown at far left. While most of our proposals are in publicly owned spaces, each proposal would benefit greatly from working with area partners for maintenance and programming.

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At the upland plaza at 3rd Ave and 138th St. we suggest looking into the NYCHA’s Greening Program. The parcels east of Lincoln Avenue are owned by NYCHA. The rain garden and linear swale proposals would be a great opportunity to involve NYCHA residents in building and maintaining green infrastructure.

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It is also important to consider HUD’s Section 3 Resident Training/Employment Program. This program’s goal is to foster local economic development and to bring HUD contracts to the very people who rely on HUD financing. The Section 3 program requires that “recipients of certain HUD financial assistance, to the greatest extent feasible, provide job training, employment, and contracting opportunities for low- or very-low income residents in connection with projects and activities in their neighborhoods.”

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One goal of the Lincoln Avenue proposals is to bring the diverse Mott Haven community together. Each proposal involves a variety of partners from government agencies, to community groups, and the business community. Each green infrastructure and construction project is an opportunity for workforce development and education and each proposal includes space for local artists to exhibit their work.

COMMERCIAL & OFFICE INDUSTRIAL AND MANUFACTURING

PRIVATE OWNERSHIP DEPT OF ENVIRONMENT

TRANSPORTATION & UTILITY PUBLIC FACILTTIES & INSTITUTIONS

PUBLIC AUTHORITY, STATE, OR FEDERAL

DEPT OF ENVIRONMENT

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PHASING The Lincoln Avenue proposals would evolve through at least four phases. The first would be the investment at the water’s edge, The second would be streetscaping improvements along Lincoln and Bruckner and the Rain Garden at Lincoln and 138th St. Third would be the gallery under the 3rd Avenue Bridge. Finally in the long term, there is potential in redeveloping the waterfront parcels.

PHASE 1

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PHASE 2

SITE & SYSTEMS PLANNING PRACTICUM

PHASE 3

DEPARTMENT OF URBAN STUDIES & PLANNING

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

PHASE 4

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Lincoln Ave  

Stata Cen te r , C a m b r i d g e , M A Containe r P o o l , N e w Y o r k Mint Plaza , S a n F r a n c i s c o Tire Park, K a w a s a k i...

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