Isis Boot Anne van Strien Conor Trawinski Minsung Wang
To widen the debate about the future of the sustainable city, The Wise City creates space for discussion about the paradigm shift and essential assets a wise city should entail. The educational purpose of the summer school is to explore the potential of social design and social innovation within a specific context. The Wise City strives to explore the city from a circular city perspective, in which the city is approached from the human scale, connecting the social, ecological and economic domain.
The Umbrella is a network of socially engaged designers, creative collectives and researchers rooted in Eindhoven that started in 2014. We believe that by being independent and networked we are capable of creating experiences for people to better understand the interactions and structures of socially engaged practices we value and act upon.
Colophon The Wise City Doornakkers published in December 2015 book design: Studio Mashed, Karina Startceva & Sergei Timofeev illustrations: Karina Startceva photography: Studio Mashed, The Wise City participants English text editing: Minsung Wang Russian text editing: Marianna Shkurko, Sergei Timofeev font: Lato, Merriweather, Montserrat paper: 120g HVO tinted white printer: Print on demand at Pumbo.nl ÂŠ The Umbrella (network) 2015 Jan van Riebeecklaan 1 5642 MB Eindhoven The Netherlands www.theumbrella.nl
Except where otherwise noted, this book is licenced under a Creative Commons AttributionNonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Towards The Wise City Anne van Strien
Week 1: Wise Cycles
Personal Development and Awareness Bloem Grow your own home Re-Tie workshop Succession city
Essay: Nature urban Sarah Daher
Week 2: 60+ 30-
Reflections Cycles & Biodiversity PEE and POO Slimme En Gezonde Stad 60+ 30-, Food Forest Designing for all, by all Bloem & Co-design FungiFuturi: Urban mushroom farm The Outdoor pharmacy
Essay: A practicing platform Marianna Shkurko
Week 3: Into the Wise
Personal Development and Awareness Co-design Workgroups Kolhoz | Колхоз Space & Spirit | Пространство и дух 3M Sharing Presenting The Wise City
Essay: Wisdom in Doornakkers The Wise City Co-organizers
Article: Reinventing Eindhoven from within Anne van Strien & Isis Boot
FULL MOON | ПОЛНАЯ ЛУНА
(Epilogue | Эпилог The Wise City)
Cees Donkers | Кейс Донкерс Co-organizers, Contributors & Participants
Towards The Wise City Anne van Strien The world, the city, the neighbourhood; places are in transition. The road towards sustainability seems to be within reach more than ever. To widen the debate about the future of the sustainable city, The Wise City creates space for discussion about the paradigm shift and essential assets a wise city should entail. What is needed for and in the wise city has been tested during the summer of 2015 in Doornakkers, during the summer school “The Wise City – An exploratory journey towards the sustainable city”. The summer school has guided us along the road to explore what the wise city can be and can mean for its inhabitants. The summer school has generated human energy, the vital fuel that inspires and empowers people to co-operate in creating a wise city. The educational purpose of the summer school has been to explore the potential of social design and social innovation within a specific context. By exploring the city and its wise potential, new modes of interaction can arise. This summer school has hence offered an innovative space to learn about The Wise City, to create collective wisdom. In this booklet you can find a ‘field guide’ that describes the journey we have started together.
WEEK 1: WISE CYCLES AUGUST 3-6 A core aspect in the Wise City is cyclic thinking and doing. During the first week of the The Wise City summer school, this way of working was touched upon. We started to explore wild and edible plants, personal awareness and development, the opportunities to grow and harvest your own home and the wisdom of â€˜urban inspiratorâ€™ Louis Le Roy. 8
Day 1 | August 3
Personal Development and Awareness Carina Verhulst As part of the journey towards the development of Wise City scenarios, the students where invited to reflect on their own position through selfreflection and open discussion. As such, Carina Verhulst, a coach and trainer, guided them in their own process of personal awareness and self-development.
“When you dare to be an original you are in essence daring to be “yourself” and everything that encompasses who you really are. To many of us, that can be a scary and daunting proposition. And why is that? Because it means putting ourselves on the line. It means subjecting ourselves to scrutiny, judgment and possible ridicule. It means exposure and vulnerability. It takes courage and self-confidence to dare to be an original - to reveal your uniqueness and to show that you’re one of a kind. However, as with any frightening endeavor, the rewards of overcoming obstacles and prevailing far out weigh the consequences of not venturing forth.”
Day 2 | August 4
Elena Lovich, Fanny Griveau, Sarah Daher Artist Elena Lovich is using the public space in Doornakkers as a starting point to bring vitality to the neighbourhood by means of forest walks and introducing nature into the city, while designers Fanny Griveau and Sarah Daher focus on designing temporary interventions for the public space. During the summer school the students were invited to take part in this process.
â€œWe did creative sessions with the students to have a lot of different ideas of how we can use the outdoor space in from of the Corner Spot. The idea is to bring nature into the city and also how people can engage with the space and participate in the construction of the space. We had a lot of ideas, with drawing and models, so we have different things we can incorporate to improve the neighbourhood and the area and make a wiser city.â€?
Day 2 | August 4
Grow your own home Leo Bakx During the interactive lecture â€˜Harvest your homeâ€™, Leo Bakx opened eyes by introducing possibilities to literally harvest our own home. Drawing the line from history to future, Leo visually made clear that growing our own house is within reach in terms of design philosophies and building materials.
Day 3 | August 5
Re-Tie Workshop Conor Trawinski Re-Tie is a modular furniture system that uses wooden materials and cable ties to easily construct physical objects. This system also allows people to be engaged in a participatory design process with physical elements. Designer Conor Trawinski guided the students through a one day workshop that introduced them to handson thinking and physical prototyping.
â€œEssentially what we did, together, in different groups, was first to build a tool that generates better social values. This was introduce to how to work with the Re-Tie toolkit, to be more hands on and work in a physical way. And the second assignment was to make an installation based on the same principal of creating better social values. It was an enjoyable process with some interesting outcomes.â€?
Day 4 | August 6
Succession city Anna van Gerve Vincent Wittenberg Bennie Meek Drawing forth on the lifework of eco-architect and philosopher Louis le Roy, Anna van Gerve and Vincent Wittenberg reflected upon the possibilities to approach our cities in a more natural way. Thereby Vincent gave an inspiring peek into his new project â€˜gewildgroeiâ€™ which he is currently developing in collaboration with Bennie Meek: a radical, new way to look at our natural urban landscape.
â€œIn the morning we shared the work of Louis le Roy. Louis le Roy had theories about how we can work with nature in the city, and although his ideas were popular in the 70s it seems like his ideas are relevant nowadays again. Together with the students we went to a vacant piece of land in the neighbourhood, we took many plants from the terrain, we labeled them, and they are now hanging in the Corner Spot to dry. The assignment for the students was to design an installation that presents these flowers in the public space.â€?
The Wise City | Essay
Sarah Daher During the summer school of 2015, a lot of interesting and motivated people shared their time and knowledge to contribute to the development of The Wise City concept. The balance between nature and urban is a big aspect in how we experience the city and it is fundamental for our physical and psychological wellbeing.
But how we consider nature and people in the urban space? Usually, nature - more specific vegetation - is imposed and over controlled where citizens play no role, neither have responsibilities towards them. Most of the time, they are there for decorative and territorial purposes. Nature became a background, and we became spectators rather than an integral part of it. But this is changing, and people are starting to reclaim territory. In the city of Eindhoven it is already possible for citizens to request their own piece of land in the public space.
In the neighborhood of Doornakkers, artist Elena Lovich, initiated the Bloem project on Jan van Riebeecklaan with the idea to transform an existing piece of ground - a flat in-between grass space with no particular use or vegetation - into a space where plants and people could coexist and interact. Together with designer Fanny Griveau and the students we talked about the implications of the project and how to overcome the limitations. The idea was not only to bring more biodiversity and the wilderness to the urban landscape but to question how
we relate with it and how we could experience plants differently in the urban context. We began to combine natural and reused materials to build an immersive garden with no clear boundaries of what is vegetation or what is furniture, rather, they are integrated and one is the continuation of the other. We are still in the beginning: it is an on going and open process. We want to experiment and learn together but also to inspire more people to take action and make use of public space in a collaborative way.
WEEK 2: 60+ 30AUGUST 10-13 During the second week, exploring the possibilities and meaning of living in an inter-generational community was a central focus point. Looking at it from different angles and perspectives, connecting the strengths of different generations seems to be an interesting way for the future of healthy living, sharing and caring. 28
Day 5 | August 10
Reflections Aleksandra Lykova “During the past week of the summer school there was a word that I always had in my mind: and it was self development. When I look at my drawings from the summer school, they have different kinds of stairs. For myself, theses stairs mean that when I try something new to develop myself I must undertake some actions. I think
about motions and movements in this summer school. I remember some moments: I fell asleep during yoga, and thought “Ok, I just reached the peak of relaxation” and it was great. During our trip to the Ruhr valley in Germany we climbed up a eighty meter high building and it was an excellent experience for me. I was able to see all of the surrounding city and the old factories. The main thing that is important for me is to be in motion , to be in the moment and to move towards new directions.”
Day 5 | August 10
Cycles & Biodiversity Frieke Heens Sanne van den Dungen Cradle to Cradle experts Frieke Heens and Sanne van den Dungen outlined some valuable ingredients for creating a Wise City, drawing forth on the insights of the Cradle to Cradle design philosophy. Projecting this principle on the future of cities opens up new space for building in an ecological way.
â€œToday we talked about how we can realise circular material flows into the city. We specifically looked into water cycles, about how we can combine cleaning systems with other functionalities like agricultural functions and water systems. We also looked into how we can treat our bio-mass differently. We also shared some inspirations and ideas about how humans can have symbiosis with plants and our surroundings. How can we bring biodiversity back into the city, into our houses and offices?â€?
Day 5 | August 10
PEE & POO Rosa Kuipers The idea that our own pee and poo are indispensable assets for the future of our soils and sustainable food production was illustrated by Rosa Kuipers. She guided us through her story, which made us realise that urgent actions are needed in order to keep the valuable nutrients they contain within the (urban) biocycle.
â€œWe went into depth about the value of human pee and poo, and why we should use our pee and poo in our soils. We looked at various projects from around the world, in Africa, in Asia and India, and also in Europe and projects that are happening here in the Netherlands.â€?
Day 6 | August 11
Slimme En Gezonde Stad Lisanne Kusters Presenting interesting concepts that could be applied in the design of our urban future, Lisanne Kusters shared her thoughts about what a Wise City could entail. She usefully included the steps that may have to be taken from a policy perspective in the process towards a healthy city. 36
Day 6 | August 11
Over the past three years Cees Donkers has been working together with various people, including many young Russian architects and students, to develop a concept focused on intergenerational care and living. Cees presented the 60+ 30- project to the students in order to further the discussion about how younger and older people can support each other socially and economically.
Day 6 | August 11
Food Forest Jan Post Recently planted and yet to be opened up to neighbourhood inhabitants: Eindhovenâ€™s first food forest based on the principles of permaculture, a sustainable way of designing food gardens. In an open discussion we explored possibilities to embed the garden in the local community together with owner Jan Post, former head of Philips Nederland. Insights and ideas from different contexts enriched the lively debate that took place in elderly home Vitalis Berckelhof, an interesting context for such ideas. 40
Day 7 | August 12
Designing for all, by all Ingrid van der Wacht The co-design process that was used to create the Wise City scenarioâ€™s was explained and deepened by co-design expert Ingrid van der Wacht, bringing content to the codesign process exploring why, for whom, with whom and to what end we design. Through this inspiring knowledge, students where activated to question, re-think and redesign the design process.
Day 7 | August 12
Bloem & Co-design The Wise City Moderators During the summer school students consistantly worked in the public space of Doornakkers. With the guidance of Elena, Fanny and Sarah, the students experimented with how to create a social space in the middle of the street and invite people to work with nature. Every day The Wise City moderators have been guiding the students through a visual participatory design process. This co-design process was offered in order to provide the students with a platform where they can reflect upon and bring together their experiences with The Wise City.
Day 8 | August 13
FungiFuturi: Urban Mushroom Farm Doreen Westphal Touching upon all core themes The Wise City summer school entails, designer Doreen Westphal shared her insights about her urban mushroom farm, which is now in operation at Eindhovenâ€™s city centre. She showed her ideas about the possibilities for scaling up, and connecting to other local businesses to create a local circular economy.
â€œI especially liked when the girls and boys talked about the role of mushrooms in their country and how they grow and eat them.. I received a lot of knowledge back.â€?
Day 8 | August 13
The Outdoor Pharmacy Marloes van Bennekom In her interactive lecture on the â€˜Outdoor pharmacyâ€™, public space designer Marloes van Bennekom shared her vision on how medicinal plants can be integrated in urban environments such as office buildings and elderly homes, to use the valuable capacities of wild plants in our daily lives.
Day 8 | August 13
Bloem & Co-design The Wise City Moderators Co-design during the summer school was a three part process: Diverge, Iterate and Converge. The students diverged by participating in lectures and workshops that touched on The Wise City from various perspectives, and were requested to leave a visual blog of their experiences at the end of every day. During the second week the students started to highlight â€œkeywordsâ€? from their blogs, as well as categorise these keywords into four categories: Value, Context, Action and Resource. This daily process prepared the students to iterate and converge later on towards the end of the summer school.
The Wise City | Essay
A practicing platform Marianna Shkurko
The Wise City Summer School aimed at students of Architectural Faculties represents an innovative approach towards Design and City Planning. Apart from developing creative and working skills of the participants, it introduces a treatment of the urban environment
and involvement of a Designer in the process of creation not only from the artistic but from the social point of view, putting an emphasis on the importance of transforming the creative process from individual to a collective one. We can observe that peculiarity of Architecture as a branch of Science that is usually forgotten by practicing architects: Architecture and Design are more than aesthetics and entertainment, they are also servants of the society since we create not for creation itself but for people to use our products. One can say that by being based on the
ideas of sustainability and social and environmental profitability promoted by the hosts of The Wise City Summer School, Architecture and Design might be treated as tools for creation of livable and healthy urban environment in accordance with demands of the inhabitants of the neighborhood and their participation in the process of Design. For me as a practicing architect this experience and methodology was a breakthrough into a new concept of spatial thinking and perception of architectural reality. The Wise City Summer School is a perfect opportunity for students of
Architecture and Design faculties as well as for recent graduates to give a try to a new model of thinking and approaching the basics we are all taught about at colleges and universities. Due to the location and the background of the students involved, the purpose of this school might be extended from Architectural and Design Education to Language Education â€“ combining both these ingredients, The Wise City Summer School may become a practicing platform for education of the specialists of a new kind.
WEEK 3: INTO THE WISE AUGUST 17-20 In order to visually translate all valuable insights into comprehensive scenarios for The Wise City, the students worked in teams during the final week in setting up visions for the urban future of our local playground. This resulted in three visionary scenarios that have shown us a peek into the making and becoming of the wise neighbourhood. 58
Day 9 | August 17
Personal Development and Awareness Carina Verhulst Consistent reflection was a fundamental anchor of the education during the summer school, and Carina guided the students once more during the final week of the summer school. Together with the co-design process, the students were able to recollect and express their thoughts of The Wise City both visually and verbally. This way of working provided them with a foundation towards formulating scenarios based of their experiences, interests and expertise during the final stages of the summer school.
Day 9-11 | August 17-19
Co-design Workgroups The Wise City Moderators Throughout the summer school the students categorised keywords from their visual blogs into one of four â€œingredient cardâ€? types: Value, Context, Action and Resource. These ingredient cards acted as conceptual building blocks for the students: by mixing and matching the ingredients they were able to iterate freely, and when they finally brought their interests and expertise into the mix they were converging towards their final Wise City scenarios in Doornakkers. After consistantly working on co-design exercises for over two weeks, during the last three days of the summer school the students were finally able to focus on their conclusions of The Wise City. For this they worked in three groups, and were free to combine all of their experiences, interests and expertise for creating scenarios within the context of Doornakkers.
Throughout the summer school the students had access to a classroom in Sint Fransiscusschool for lectures, working and yoga. In addition, many of the programs of the summer school took place in various locations in Doornakkers, including Corner Spot, Vitalis Berckelhof, Buurtkantoor, the public space on Jan van Riebeecklaan and the surrounding forest area of Doornakkers. Being consistently present within the project area, having reliable access to work spaces as well as interacting with people from the locality was fundamental for The Wise City summer school in Doornakkers. Over time this grounded the students into the context of Doornakkers, as well made people in the locality aware of their presence and activities.
Kolhoz Sergei Timofeev Karina Startceva Ekaterina Khmelyova Maria Danilova Evgeniy Kutay Let us imagine the human city existing not in contradiction with nature, but in harmony with it. In that case, people will understand the laws of the natural world and follow its rules. In addition, relationships between people will be strong and unshakable due to the common effort and work. Moreover, the interaction between living beings and the environment will be a natural self-sustainable process. â€˜KOLHOZâ€™ is an example of a collective farm, which provides an opportunity to return to and revive lost values; therefore, it being a significant step towards the wise city.
Колхоз Сергей Тимофеев Карина Старцева Екатерина Хмелева Мария Данилова Евгений Кутай Давайте представим, что человеческий город существует не в противопоставлении природе, а в гармонии с ней. В этом случае, люди понимали бы законы природного мира и следовали бы им. К тому же, человеческие взаимоотношения были бы крепче и непоколебимее, благодаря общим усилиям и труду. Более того, взаимодействие между живыми существами и окружающей средой было бы естественным и устойчивым процессом. “КОЛХОЗ” - это пример коллективного хозяйства, который дает возможность вернуть некоторые утраченные ценности, таким образом, это могло бы стать значительным шагом на пути к Мудрому городу.
Space & Spirit Alina Tao Ekaterina Lopukhova Elena Sharkovskaia Mariia Utkina Marianna Shkurko Walking along Jan van Riebeeklaan in the early evening one can observe different isolated groups of people, trying to relax and have fun after a long day. But what if it may be possible to create such a place, where all of them might get the best of open-air activities within walking distance? Combining together the idea of “60+30-“ and the principles of sustainable environment, “Space & Spirit” playground introduces possibilities for outdoor entertainment for the residents of the Doornakkers neighborhood of different ages – from local schoolchildren to inhabitants of Vitalis Berckelhof. On that ground, the abandoned territory of ex-St. Franciscus School may transform from a “matter-of-fact” gloomy site to a new social center in the heart of the area: due to its prime location as well as to the free-pattern space planning, multifunctional elements of exterior and opportunities for public access, the territory under planning might be used not only by various social and educational organizations and volunteer communities, such as “Corner Spot”, but also by local business owners and citizens for their private gatherings.
Пространство и дух Алина Тао Екатерина Лопухова Елена Шарковская Мария Уткина Марианна Шкурко Прогуливаясь ранним вечером вдоль Ян ван Рибеклан вы можете наблюдать различные, изолированные друг от друга группки людей, которые пытаются расслабиться и отдохнуть после долгого трудового дня. А что если можно было бы создать такое место, где все эти люди могли получить лучшее от занятий на свежем воздухе в рамках шаговой доступности? Совмещая в себе идеи программы «60+30-» и принципы создания устойчивой окружающей среды, площадка «Space&Spirit» предлагает возможности для организации досуга на свежем воздухе для жителей окрестностей Doornakkers разных возрастов – начиная от местных школьников и заканчивая обитателями дома престарелых Vitalis Berckelhof. Благодаря этому заброшенная территория бывшей школы святого Франциска может превратиться из обыденной и мрачной площадки в новый социальный центр в самом сердце микрорайона. За счёт свободной планировки и многофункциональных элементов экстерьера, а также при организации свободного доступа к планируемой территории, площадка “Space&Spirit” может быть использована для нужд как социальных и образовательных учреждений и волонтерских организаций, таких как “Corner Spot”, так и для частных собраний местных жителей и предпринимателей. 75
3M Sharing Tatyana Karh Aleksandra Lykova Ksenia Popova Darya Saveleva Ekaterina Haritonova We always need â€œrelationsâ€? to create something new: people build cities next to roads; the genesis of a new form of being requires construction of chemical relations, and society is not an exception. The direction of our project is towards a healthy, wise and tolerant society via creating social relationships. We are making a step towards building a society without borders while extending our minds and circle of contacts. The 3M concept implies three directions of working and includes the following components: Morning, Moments and Memory. Everyone is invited to join, and during 3M Sharing participants will have an opportunity to share a meal in the morning, then to share remarkable moments and memories with each other in three thematic locations. Share to bridge the gap between cultures and generations.
3M Sharing Татьяна Карх Александра Лыкова Ксения Попова Дарья Савельева Екатерина Харитонова Создание чего-то нового всегда начинается с построения связей: города возводятся вдоль дорог, зарождению нового организма предшествует создание химических связей, и общество не является исключением. Путь к созданию здорового, мудрого и толерантного общества, несомненно, лежит через создание социальных связей, на что и направлен наш проект. Расширяя круг общения, сознание и область мышления разных поколений, мы делаем шаг на пути к новому обществу обществу без границ. Концепция 3М подразумевает три основных направления деятельности проекта, включая понятия: morning, moments,memory. По сценарию 3M Sharing каждый из членов проекта будет иметь возможность разделить с другими участниками завтрак, запоминающиеся, яркие моменты и впечатления на тематических площадках, предназначенных для общения и совместного времяпрепровождения. Создай мост над пропастью между поколениями, обмениваясь ценностями.
Day 12 | August 20
Presenting The Wise City The Wise City Participants On the last day of the summer school, The Wise City participants, contributors and supporters gathered at the Buurtkantoor to share and celebrate the efforts of the three weeks spent in Doornakkers. Devoted to the themes of sustainable living, intergenerational community and circular economy, The Wise City explored these topics within the socio economic context of Doornakkers. As a result, the students were able to formulate three distinctive and visionary scenarios towards becoming a wiser neighbourhood.
While the discourse surrounding what a wise city should entail can be quite theoretical and complex, The Wise City is an educational platform that offers people hands on opportunities within specific socio-cultural economic contexts to experiment with various ideas related to sustainable living. It is a playing ground that mixes discussion and action, where both researchers and practitioners are invited to share their perspectives, and participants are given an opportunity to contextualise their experiences, interests and expertise towards envisioning a wise city.
The Wise City | Essay
Wisdom in Doornakkers The Wise City Co-organizers During The Wise City in Doornakkers, we have learned that time is a dynamic aspect to be mindful about when creating scenarios for sustainable development: we must put as much effort into formulating the process of how to get from current to envisioned
situation as we would put into the final envisioned state itself. Context entails that an idea may have different connotations within different situations, thus we should be mindful that most ideas cannot by applied universally but rather must be translated from one context to another. This requires both a theoretical and empirical approach. Many ideas and values related to sustainability are cyclic. While structure is required in any development plan, most scenarios towards sustainment are continuities of cycles; the result of one
cycle will be the beginning of another, while progress is non-linear (what is a resource to one can take value from the other and vice versa). Resource acts as an anchor that roots an idea into a specific context. Discovering what is already available while actively linking and reusing these as a means of design is essential in order to prototype sustainable ideas. This way of working complements theoretical research since it offers case studies and empirical knowledge. Finally, what is deemed valuable can be different for different groups.
During this summer school we focused heavily on cyclic relationships in the natural world. We learned about the wild, diversity, edible plants and what it means to include the natural world in the design process. The natural world is an infinite resource for inspiration and learning moments. Improving our urban wisdom will guide us towards realising sustainable ways of living, how to create holistic communities that embodies the values of young and old, and create alternative economic realities that are beneficial for the locality and its community members.
Reinventing Eindhoven from within: Exploring outlines of a new approach for urban fieldwork Anne van Strien & Isis Boot 1. A city in transition In a time when cities are increasingly becoming the focal point for societal change, through the process of developing sustainable living environments, it can be said that cities have become places of transition. Eindhoven, once an industrial city where currently traditional industries have moved away, is one such example of a place that is increasingly exploring its new postindustrial potential as an innovative and creative contemporary city. This results in manifold (local) initiatives that enhance and contribute in different ways to the transition towards becoming a more sustainable city. Observing the societal debate around the creation of sustainable cities, the practices of fellow social designers around us and the manifold of local initiatives in Eindhoven, it seems as if at certain levels the city is vibrating and ‘bubbling’ by an energy desiring change. Local, small-scale, bottom-up, green, sustainable, organic, (social) design and social innovation are in that context terms that are often used when describing and characterising these changes, or rather aims and objectives of change. However, to reinvent the city of Eindhoven and to see the city in a ‘complete’ way, that is, to take circular relations between socio-ecological as well as socio-economic aspects into account, the (methodological) debate about observing the city and approaching its future may require revision and a change of scope. To be able to ‘make’ and undergo the transition towards a balanced, sustainable city and to connect the diversity of subjects that are being addressed, new ways of investigating the city are urgently needed. By exploring the city from a more ‘holistic’ point of view, we aim to add to this investigation, while starting in the everyday reality of the lived city in process. This enables us to include local practices, energies and potential as well as the actors changing our sight.
In this context, through this paper, we propose a new way of approaching urban research and aim to explore and present an (alternative) perspective on, in our case, the city of Eindhoven.
As such, next to sketching an observation or perception of the current city in process of change, we will present introductory, exploratory steps towards this new scope and way of working when reflecting on the recent process of developing a summer school program, as well as the experiences of change makers in the field of our research area Doornakkers. 1.2 Seeing the city ‘from within’ Currently, both in practice and in public discourse, a shift is taking place in which traditional conservative top-down views and approaches are placed next to, or are even replaced by new explorative, often unconventional and (more) empowering bottom-up initiatives, causing what is often referred to as a ‘turning movement’ (a ‘kanteling’ in Dutch), towards awareness of the need for more balanced and sustainable systems in society. As places are in transition, seeing the ‘social layer’ of happenings and developments in the city is needed to broaden and deepen the debate about the conception of Eindhoven as a city in transition. Therefore, our point of departure in this approach is the crossdisciplinary connection between the fields of social design and human geography: in-between science and design. As, in our understanding, the scale of everyday practice serves as a means of reinventing urban fieldwork, forming a fertile ground for cyclic thinking. The scale we aim to focus on is that of the neighborhood as an everyday lifeworld consisting of tangible practices. Hence, as a concrete outcome of this cross-disciplinary connection through which we aim to reinvent urban fieldwork, we are currently developing a summer school, titled ‘The Wise City’. During the summer school, we aim to develop outlines inviting the reinvention of approaches to urban fieldwork. Through this, we as writers of the article will ourselves try to bring in practice a synthesis between the qualities and skills of both social design and human geography. As such, we strive to connect design thinking to scientific research in order to gain insights about sustainable urban development, investigating the scope of Eindhoven as a Wise City. In our view, both the fields of social design as well as human geography are fertile disciplines from which we can tap. Therefore, in the summer school, we aim to establish crossdisciplinary connections between these and additional fields. Moreover, with the summer school program we aim to move
towards approaching the city as a whole, by exploring new meanings and understandings of urban processes and by connecting various domains. To do so, we believe, we need to leave behind the contra-positioning of top(-down) and bottom(-up), or, in terms of de Certeau (1984), the ‘city from above’ versus the ‘city from below’ when investigating, acting in and building the city. Rather, we would like to work towards a starting position inside the city, that is enabling to observe and create it from inside-out in a process that we see as iterative and interactive. This is why we prefer to speak of the ‘city from within’. When observing the city from within, without being led by assumptions of power relations such as implied by notions of top and bottom, the city can be perceived as a constellation of a multiplicity of elements, that in their assemblage together shape the city. Through this perspective, elements can be perceived to be of equal meaning that are empowered through their relations with others. This way of approaching urban fieldwork provides opportunities to ‘cross’, ‘weave together’ and connect different disciplines, as well as different actors in the urban landscape in an open way. As such, the focus shifts from the power of single elements to what happens in the space ‘in between’ them. When including these ‘in betweens’ in the constellation of places and lifeworlds that a city consists of, a transition space arises in which new ideas can emerge, enabling the transition towards a renewed understanding of urban living while making new (meta-disciplinary) connections. As such, investigating the city ‘from within’ can open up this space for exploration and transition, whilst renewed meaning can be given to the city in transition by reinventing Eindhoven from within. In the following section, we will set out the outlines of a theoretical breeding ground for our methodological steps which will be outlined in section 3. Then we will ‘synthesize’ in section 4, coming closer towards the steps that are to be taken to reinvent urban research. 2. Towards urban transition
In order to shape and guide the transition towards becoming the sustainable city, a new understanding of urban fieldwork is needed, which facilitates the transition process in the city. This transition process can be seen as an ongoing movement, a ‘transition landscape’ in which ‘tipping points’ take place, that
are ‘moments’ and ‘movements’ that accelerate or broaden the transition momentum. The practice of doing urban fieldwork in a new way, for instance, can be or lead to such tipping points. To give form to this process, ‘transition experiments’ (van den Bosch, 2010; Rotmans, 2005) can be done. These can be seen as “practical experiments (...) that can make a potentially large contribution to a transition process” (Rotmans, 2005: 50). Such transition experiments can for example be done by making a place, an intervention, a process and / or a set of ‘tools’ that can guide a transition process. As mentioned above, the transition process is seen as a ‘turning movement’. In this movement, various transition experiments happen or take place simultaneously, thereby often strengthening each other. In the transition landscape, such experiments or movements can (together) contribute or lead to tipping points. The active creation of new methods, places and objects can contribute greatly to creating such tipping points. What may seem like small steps taken by active local ‘changemakers’ (both groups and individuals who are actively contributing to urban transition, often on a local level such as the neighborhood), may actually lead to valuable insights in how to operate from here as active urban professionals. Creating tipping points, or contributing to let them happen, can already be done on a small scale. Later on this might be incremented by building off of (small) impulses. Reflecting on steps taken is important in this process, as only then the transition towards a sustainable city can be deepened in a meaningful way. As an explorative step, in the next section we lay out a possible new approach for doing such experiments. 3. Outlines of a methodology: iterative stepping stones In the context of urban design and development as well as in that of sustainability issues we often tend to think at a large and abstract scale. However, in order to reinterpret these processes and themes and to see the city in a more ‘complete’ way, a change of scope is required. To see the city from a more ‘holistic’ point of view - that is, taking into account different domains (social, ecological, economic) - we, as argued above, would rather start within the reality of the everyday lived city, including a smaller and tangible scale of the already existing everyday life. These human scale practices can be connected to in the form of an iterative (design) process that does (more) justice to actually existing problems, qualities
and opportunities present in the local context, while bringing ‘solutions’ into a human scale and scope. When looking at it this way, everyday practices present themselves as containing key actions, moments and processes to which we can connect and develop what can be called ‘bottom-up’ ways of urban development. To be able to find these connections, we will need new ways of investigating the city that thoroughly include local practices, energies and potential in order to find grounded design questions as well as strategies to digest and distil the findings of these investigations into highly interactive and iterative design processes that connect rather than produce. These strategies for new ‘fieldwork’ will need to combine creative processes and skills with a more theoretical understanding of research and (the ability of) reflection. In exploring and sketching possible methodological outlines for such strategies, which inherently will never become fixed, we as writers of this article aimed to position ourselves ‘within’ a living case: the Doornakkers neighbourhood in Eindhoven. Eindhoven is a perfect case study as there is plenty of space for innovation as traditional industries have now (almost) moved away. Seeing the writing of this paper and its underlying research as a possible example of the iterative processes we are aiming for, our approach to actually set up a (locally embedded) summer school gave us the opportunity of a participatory approach, enabling us to get to know (active) people in the area (both geographically and professionally) and to be involved in the organisation of the summer school and the development of the program and methodology. As such, developing the summer school ‘the Wise City’ can be seen as part of a participatory research process, an active case study.
In organising this summer school, we closely collaborated with the locally embedded social designers from Corner Spot (Minsung Wang and Conor Trawinski). In their position as such, they are the actual ‘changemakers’ on the local scale of the Doornakkers neighbourhood. Corner Spot, as a local ‘social design hub’, is a place where the city obtains new meaning. As a team of social designers, Wang and Trawinski actively participate with and in the local community to activate change in a practical way. They organize all kinds of hands on practices through which they strive to (re)shape the city on a local scale, creating a fertile ground for social innovation. Explaining the participatory process approach they call ‘co-design’, Wang states, that “traditionally, design is a lot about problem solving,
but we don’t work as problem solvers, the conclusion is always open”. Hence, he states, “it might not solve the problem, it might even fail, but because we put a lot of focus on the participatory process, whatever outcome comes out of it, it becomes something that everyone takes ownership in, embraces”. Therefore, working in such a way creates a new role and position for the citymaking professional. Wang explains: “in our case, being rooted and based here in the neighbourhood, we try to find an interdisciplinary connection that rarely happens by itself. We have to have someone in the middle to connect and to mediate, to bring the professionals at one side and the good will, motivation and manpower of the community on the other side together”. Trawinski adds: “it is really about connecting all these levels and making sure that they are able to see each other. So in a way we are acting a bit as a translator as well, it is important to have that role in between”. Hence, in the framework of the Corner Spot, Wang and Trawinski are located in between different lifeworlds, of different actors, connecting, moderating and translating between them. This new inbetween role of the citymaking professional is as such explored and given form along the way through the hands on practices they collectively shape with neighbourhood inhabitants. By doing this in such way (such as in the summer school and Corner Spot) small steps towards urban transition are set in practice. The summerschool can hence be seen as a transition experiment that is a valuable frame in the chain of events that together create societal tipping points towards the becoming of a sustainable city. Through this collaboration, a new in-between space of doing urban fieldwork arises, connecting both social design practice with human geographical scientific theory, and as such we collectively develop a new participatory methodology. In this methodology that forms the guideline of the summer school, our first step is an inventarisation of a wide range of findings in the local context in order to get a feeling of the lived reality of the area. Embracing a practical but detailed, in-depth ‘qualitative’ approach is an important part of it. Through this process the current situation and presence of (social) material and potential can be mapped, while exploring a new place and meeting its inhabitants, visitors or users inspire to become engaged. In the situation of the summer school, we expect this inventarisation best happens in a visual, dynamic and accessible way, making it more tangible and interactive. At a certain
point, essential qualities and issues can be distilled, forming elements to build with towards a contextualised strategy or scenario. To get there, possible connections and relations between these elements need to be explored (in the local context of the neighbourhood). The selection or distillation has brought together various elements which form a collection. Now, possible relations and connections may be probed or tested, to create a new constellation of the selected elements, or a meaningful whole of these parts, leading to the development of a scenario. When the (new) constellation of elements is set, the ingredients are there to create a ‘storyline’. This storyline can be seen as a scenario for future ‘possibilities’ for developing the neighbourhood in a more sustainable way. These scenarios are thus visualizing a vision. The outcome and results of the summer school will be presented in the form of these developed scenarios for the future of the urban environment. 4. Reinventing the city from within As we explored in the former section, in order to ‘make’ and concretize the transition towards a more sustainable city, we believe that improved synergy between disciplines and active ‘transition fieldwork’ is needed to interpret and give meaning to this new space for social and urban innovation. As we are leaving the era of blueprint thinking behind, through this new way of doing fieldwork urban transformation becomes not only more contextual, but also more personal. In this process, synthesis and reinterpretation of ‘from above’ and ‘from below’ is needed, leading towards citymaking ‘from within’.
Through this paper, we strove to point out our view on developing this new way of doing urban fieldwork by outlining the first stepping stones that we are taking. We are currently exploring these steps to actively contribute to a tipping point in the transition towards a more sustainable city. Eindhoven proves to be a perfect case study as there is plenty of space for innovation as traditional industries have now (almost) moved away. Renewed meaning can as such be given to the city in transition, as we have yet given an impulse by developing and ‘doing’ the summer school The Wise City, as we introduced above. Our next steps into this ongoing process of exploring and designing will be to continue to develop the theoretical and practical framework into a comprehensive (methodological) toolbox for doing urban fieldwork for citymakers; social designers, human geographers, urban planners, among other (urban) professionals.
This we will do on the basis of the outcomes of the summer school the Wise City: the scenario’s for a Wise City. As said, what will continue to be our point of departure, are everyday cycles in lived space, that may serve as starting points for new ways of doing, making and being in the Wise City. When including as well the awareness of in betweens in the constellation of places and lifeworlds that a city consists of, a transition space arises, in which new ideas can emerge that enable the transition towards a renewed understanding of urban living. To collectively give form to these new spaces and ways of sustainable urban living, new roles are needed. While reinventing the ways urban space is looked upon, the role as urban planning professionals gradually adapts simultaneously. Crossdisciplinary placemakers and changemakers, connectors and transition coaches are among these new roles of urban planning professionals, able to connect various scales and actors. What binds this ‘new’ group of citymakers, is that they collectively think and do outside of known pathways, but invent and develop renewed ones which guide us towards the sustainable city. By doing transition experiments as described in this paper, ‘eco-wisdom’ may be created, as ‘transition philosopher’ Henk Oosterling indicates. Along this exploratory journey, every transition word, -place, -process or -object that is created, guides us further in the right direction. As such, collectively we create opportunities to grow towards a sustainable future.
References: Bosch, S. van den (2010) Transition Experiments. Exploring societal changes towards sustainability. Rotterdam: Erasmus University Certeau, M. de (1984) The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press Farias, Ignacio (2010) Introduction: decentring the object of urban studies. in: Urban Assemblages. How Actor-Network Theory Changes Urban Studies, pp 1-24 McFarlane, Colin, (2011). Assemblage and critical urban praxis: Part One. Assemblage and critical urbanism. City, vol 15, No 2, April 2011, pp 204-223 Rotmans, J. (2005) Societal Innovation: between dream and reality lies complexity. Inaugural Adress. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Rotterdam: Erasmus Research Institute of Management Rotmans, J. (2006) Transitiemanagement: Sleutel voor een duurzame samenleving. Assen: Van Gorcum
FULL MOON (Epilogue The Wise City) Cees Donkers
In autumn 2015 it seems to be ‘FULL MOON’ for urban design. In April there was a Global Education Future Forum (GEFF) in Silicon Valley California, organized by Skolkovo Moscow, the ‘Silicon Valley’ from Russia. Experts from all over the world tried to analyse the changes that are going on in society in general, in profession, but more specific in education. To explain it simple: people from 65 years old now used to have 20 different school subjects. Their children (in their 40s) had to choose a ‘package’ with about 10 school subjects. Their children on their turn (age now about 10 till 15 years old), will have 100 subjects related to their skills because they will get their knowledge from the Internet. So they will become unique specialists. No school or professor may be needed in 2035 but only meeting places, HUBs and hostels to share this specific knowledge. It seems that there is an evolution going on comparable with the cultural ’68-revolution’, but not sudden as it happened in the month of May at that time, but very slowly right now and WISE, using the technical tools from the Smart CITY nowadays. In Russia in spring there was this second URBANFEST2015 like a sort of WOODSTOCK for urban design. Again a co-created research festival for a new way of dealing with actual questions in society, partly in the city(hall)-square, partly in nature at a ‘super’ forest location. A beautiful cocktail of inspiring people, topics, circumstances and atmosphere in which synergy could exist, flourish and grow. And then there was the Summercourse in EINDHOVEN called THE WISE CITY. The first experiment of a Summercourse was in August 2014 with 32 Russian (ex)students from 6 cities who came over for a summer full of new vibes and lessons in the project called 60+/30- about CARE and SHARE in communities as a new way of living together of generations. A mix or cross over between the Sovjet komunalka’s (nineties) and the hippie communes (sixties). In August 2015 another 18 students came to Eindhoven, and Anne van Strien, Minsung Wang, Isis Boot and Conor Trawinski prepared the course this time and were the tutors, coaches, designers and guides in this second edition. They developed THE WISE CITY project as a concept for research after new values in society. A perfect discovery and analysis of the actual society viewed through the eyes of a new generation. Experience from ‘wise’ people was brought in on a
regular base every week. Reflections in dialogue and practical activities were in a perfect balance with the workshop character and the social events like Monday morning breakfast and Thursday afternoon Social Dinner. Changing ‘backgrounds’ and locations such as wild nature but also elderly house completed the whole. Last closing dinner in the court of an old school after the final presentations and certificates felt as a GALA dinner. More specific because of the traditional Russian dances that were performed by the girls. To always remember this as an emotional connection between cultures. At the same time (July) there was the outcome of the GEFF results. In this report is mentioned that the former industrial cities transformed into the actual Smart City identity with development of technical IT-tools to analyse society. In the future there will be a Wise City to deal with all those tools and use them for social and human needs and purposes. Independent from each other the ‘logic of the analysis’ showed comparable results in ADJUSTMENTS for the future. The term WISE CITY could be the perfect term as a ‘board’ to surf over the waves of future unknown changes. To keep the balance in a changing time and making it possible to ‘rule the waves’ and be sensitive for the changes in wind and waves just to take another one in time. I am extremely happy with this independent way of ‘taking over’ the LEAD by a new generation in this urban laboratory in Eindhoven. This is exactly what is meant also in the goals for the ISOCARP2015 Conference as 50st anniversary. To make a start for a change in behaviour, analysis of the profession (no more ‘kings and queens’ of urban development and growth), awareness for reuse and sustainability and an open mind for a new future, a new generation, a new society as sensors for this environmental change. Let Young Professionals take the LEAD in urban labs in co-creation with the more experienced. I want to thank the students, the volunteers, guests, hosts but most of all Anne and Minsung for the quality, the content and daily conducting and Isis and Conor for their support in organizing this course. Warm regards, Cees Donkers 3/10/2015
ПОЛНАЯ ЛУНА (Эпилог The Wise City) Кейс Донкерс Можно сказать, что осенью 2015 года наступает новый рассвет в области городского дизайна. В апреле этого года, в Кремниевой долине Калифорнии, прошёл форум «Будущее глобального образования» (GEFF), организованный по инициативе инновационного центра «Сколково», г. Москва, российской «Кремниевой долины». В рамках этого форума, эксперты со всего мира пытались произвести анализ изменений, происходящих в обществе в целом, в профессии, но, что особенно важно, в области образования. Проще говоря: людям, которым в настоящее время около 65 лет, в прошлом приходилось изучать порядка 20 различных школьных предметов. Их дети, которым сейчас примерно 40, были вынуждены выбирать единые «блоки» предметов, состоявшие, примерно, из 10 наименований. В свою очередь, дети детей, сейчас находящиеся в возрасте от 10 до 15 лет, будут изучать около 100 предметов, так или иначе, связанных с их способностями и навыками, так как это поколение будет черпать свои знания из сети Интернет. Таким образом, они станут уникальными специалистами. К 2035 году школы или профессора уже не понадобятся, вытесненные местами для собраний, сетевыми концентраторами и общежитиями, в которых люди будут обмениваться этими специфичными знаниями. Может показаться, что протекающий процесс имеет много общего с культурной революцией 1968 года, однако он не носит такой внезапный характер как упомянутое событие в мае, сейчас он происходит гораздо медленнее и ОСМЫСЛЕННЕЕ, с использованием технических средств концепции «умных ГОРОДОВ» нашего времени.
Весной в России состоялся Второй Всероссийский Форум Живых Городов «URBANFEST2015», который является своего рода Вудстоком в области городского дизайна. И опять мы имеем дело с коллективной исследовательской площадкой, цель которой – разработать новые пути решения актуальных проблем общества, расположенной частично в городской среде, частично – в окружении живой, можно сказать, дикой, природы. URBANFEST2015 – это прекрасный микс из вдохновляющих людей, предметов обсуждения, обстановки и атмосферы, в
условиях которых тесное взаимодействие существует, развивается и процветает. И, наконец, этим летом в городе Эйндховен, Нидерланды, прошёл летний образовательный курс под названием «WISE CITY» («Мудрый город»). Впервые эта программа была апробирована летом 2014 года при участии 32 студентов и выпускников из 6 городов России, прибывших в Эйндховен для того, чтобы почувствовать актуальные веяния и приобрести новые знания, принимая участие в проекте под названием «60+/30-», в котором «ЗАБОТА» («СARE») и «УЧАСТИЕ» («SHARE»)в контексте малых сообществ представлены как новый образ жизни разных поколений на единой территории. Эта концепция является смесью или гибридом советских «коммуналок» девяностых годов и коммун хиппи шестидесятых. В августе 2015 года другая группа из 18 студентов приехала в Эйндховен для участия в новой школе. В этот раз разработкой курса занимались Энн ван Штраен, Минсунг Вонг, Исис Бут и Конор Травински, ставшие кураторами, наставниками, дизайнерами и руководителями второго выпуска школы. Они разрабатывали проект «WISE CITY» как единую методологию для поиска новых социальных ценностей, направленную на раскрытие и анализ современного общества сквозь призму суждений нового поколения. Каждую неделю, знания людей, обладающих тем или иным социальным опытом, были использованы как основа для работы курса. Рассуждения в форме диалогов и практических заданий были идеально сбалансированы занятиями в мастерских и социальными мероприятиями, такими как совместные завтраки по понедельникам и общественные ужины по четвергам. Изменение обстановки и проведение мероприятий на природе и в доме престарелых закончили формирование концепции курса. Последний, завершающий ужин на заднем дворе старой школы после презентаций итоговых работ и выдачи сертификатов участия оставил о себе ощущение торжественного гала-ужина, во многом благодаря традиционным русским народным танцам, которые подготовили студентки школы для того, чтобы мы всегда помнили об эмоциональной связи между нашими культурами.
Стоит также отметить, что в июле стали известны результаты работы форума «Будущее глобального образования». В отчете было отмечено, что бывшие промышленные города трансформируются в подлинные «умные города» с самобытной идентичностью за счет использования высокотехнологичных средств для анализа общества. В будущем, уже технологии «мудрых городов» будут использоваться для подобных трансформаций, а также для удовлетворения гуманитарных и социальных потребностей. Независимые друг от друга, алгоритмы логического анализа показали похожие результаты для корректировки будущего. Концепцию «мудрого города» можно трактовать как своеобразный сёрф-борд для скольжения по волнам неизвестных изменений в будущем, который помогает удерживать равновесие в изменчивом пространстве времени, «оседлать волну» и быть чуткими по отношению к переменам в направлении ветра и движении волн для того, чтобы не пропустить следующую. Лично мне очень нравится этот независимый подход к передаче «бразды правления» новому поколению, осуществляемый в городской лаборатории города Эйндховен. Это именно то, что подразумевается в целях 50-ой юбилейной конференции ISOCARP2015: положить начало изменениям в поведении и подходу к профессии - больше не существует «королей и королев», возглавляющих рост и развитее городов, просвещать людей о возможностях повторного использования ресурсов и устойчивого развития окружающей среды, открыть умы людей для новой концепции будущего, нового поколения и нового общества в качестве детекторов изменений окружающей среды. Позвольте молодым профессионалам нового поколения в процессе совместного творчества с более опытными специалистами занять лидирующие позиции в городских лабораториях. В заключение, я бы хотел поблагодарить всех студентов, волонтёров, гостей и наставников летней школы, но особенно Энн и Минсуна за качество, содержание и ежедневное координирование работы школы, а также Исис и Коннора за помощь в организации школы. С теплыми пожеланиями, Кейс Донкерс 3/10/2015
The Wise City Doornakkers 2015
Minsung Wang | Communication designer Minsung Wang is a South Korean designer based in Eindhoven. He has studied Art History at Seoul National University in Seoul, South Korea and Design at Design Academy Eindhoven in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Being specialised in communication design and co-design, he has co-founded communication design studio Studio Mashed and co-design initiative The Umbrella, and is currently engaged in various commissioned communication design projects as well as many self initiated socio-cultural design projects. Conor Trawinski | Social designer Conor Trawinski is an Irish designer based in Eindhoven. He studied Furniture Design in Ireland and later studied and graduated Cum Laude from the Man and Leisure Department at Design Academy Eindhoven. He specialises in stimulating collaboration through socially engaged design in order to develop sustainable design projects. Simultaneously he works commercially as a video maker and photographer. He co-founded social design studio: Corner Spot, communication design studio: Studio Mashed and social enterprise: The Neighbourhood Furniture Factory.
Anne van Strien | Social designer & Transition thinker As a social designer & human geographer, Anne is interested in transitions in urban developments towards more participatory forms of urban design and development. She looks for ways how people are experiencing and behaving in their environment, with an eye on both European as well as Latin American urban landscapes. Combining human geographical research with her background as a social designer, she connect insights from both disciplines which form the basis of her research and design practice. Building forth on these connections, she tries to make sense of urban transitions towards more sustainable forms of living. Isis Boot | Urban designer & Human geographer Isis Boot is a human geographer and urban designer with a focus on social design and bottom up research. Graduated in 2011 from the Design Academy Eindhoven at the department of Man & Public Space and currently finalizing her masters in Urban & Cultural Geography at the Radboud University of Nijmegen. For five years, Isis Boot was chair woman of stichting VERS, a foundation concerned with the local urban development of Woensel West, which she co-founded during her studies at the Design Academy with a group of fellow students.
The Wise City Doornakkers 2015 Elena Lovich | Artist Bloem Fanny Griveau | Designer Bloem Sarah Daher | Designer Bloem
Carina Verhulst | Professional Training & Coaching Personal Development and Awareness Leo Bakx | Course Director at Aardwerk Academie Grow your own home Anna van Gerve | Architectural historian, writer Succession city Vincent Wittenberg | Designer Succession city Bennie Meek | Designer Succession city Ingrid van der Wacht | Intâ€™l project manager at Capital D Designing for all, by all
Frieke Heens | Scientific Project Manager at EPEA Cycles & Biodiversity Sanne van den Dungen | Independent Consultant at Sanne Green Consultancy, RTB and FBBasic Cycles & Biodiversity Rosa Kuipers | Researcher & Sustainable development PEE and POO Lisanne Kusters | Advisor regional development & spatial quality at the Ministry of Infrastructure and Environment Slimme en gezonde stad Cees Donkers | Urban designer at the municipality of Eindhoven and research consultant 60+ 30Jan Post | Management Consulting Food Forest Marloes van Bennekom | Designer The Outdoor pharmacy Doreen Westphal | Designer FungiFuturi: urban mushroom farm
The Wise City Doornakkers 2015 Ekaterina Khmelyova | Architecture Ural State Academy of Architecture and Arts Ekaterinburg, Russia
Ksenia Popova | Architecture Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Volgograd, Russia
Elena Sharkovskaia | City Planning and Urban Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Ekaterina Lopukhova | City Planning and Urban Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Alina Tao | City Planning and Urban Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Maria Danilova | Environmental Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Aleksandra Lykova | Economist National Research University Higher School of Economics, School of economics and finance Perm, Russia
Tatiana Karkh | Manager National Research University Higher School of Economics, School of management Perm,Russia
Marianna Shkurko | Architecture and Landscape Design / English Language and Language Teaching Methodology â€œGorInvestStroi OAOâ€? / Penza State University Penza, Russia
Daria Saveleva | Architecture South Ural State University, Architecture Faculty, Town Planning Chelyabinsk, Russia
Ekaterina Kharitonova | Urban planning and landscape architecture South Ural State University Chelyabinsk, Russia
Evgeniy Kutay | Environmental Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Utkina Maria | City Planning and Urban Design Penza State University of Architecture and Construction Penza, Russia
Karina Startceva | Architect Tyumen State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Design of Architectural Environment Tyumen, Russia
Sergei Timofeev | Architect Tyumen State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Design of Architectural Environment Tyumen, Russia
The world, the city, the neighborhood; places are in transition. The road towards sustainability seems to be within reach more than ever. Th...
Published on Dec 1, 2015
The world, the city, the neighborhood; places are in transition. The road towards sustainability seems to be within reach more than ever. Th...