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January 12, 2010
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by Patricia L. Cook Some of us spend a lot of time yawning and nodding our way through movies, airplane and auto rides, sermons, speeches and more. Imagine sleeping through an entire winter! Let’s explore the extreme sleep called hibernation.
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• Hibernation is a very deep, special sleep that animals use for protection during the cold winter months. All hibernators eat a lot of food for their bodies to store as fat, seek safe shelter for the winter months and become inactive or dormant. Some store nuts or other seeds to eat during the winter. • There are actually two groups of hibernators: deep sleepers and “true” hibernators. True hibernation involves greatly lowering breathing, body temperature and heart rate.
• Most people think of bears when the word hibernation is used. In fact, bears are not true hibernators but deep sleepers. They are inactive during extreme winter weather but may wake up during mild weather. They are easily disturbed by noise and can rise to protect themselves rather quickly. Many bears actually give birth during hibernation so they have to be aware and somewhat awake to tend to their cubs. Some scientists call the winter sleep of bears “denning” instead of hibernation or deep sleeping. turn the page for more! If you checked more than one box, it’s time to come and see us.
Games...........................................................Pg. 2 Veteran’s Post (Military Life Column)............Pg. 2 Trivia..............................................................Pg. 3 Health Bits.....................................................Pg. 4 Pet Bits (Pet Advice Column)...........................Pg. 4 Dining Guide..................................................Pg. 5 Strange But True (Fun Facts)..........................Pg. 5 Home Improvement Tips...............................Pg. 6 Community Calendar.....................................Pg. 6 Senior News Line..........................................Pg. 7 Horoscopes...................................................Pg. 7 Answers (Trivia & Games)..................................Pg. 7 Now Here’s A Tip! (Tips & Tricks)...................Pg. 8
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HIBERNATION (continued): • A list of hibernating mammals includes: chipmunks, ground squirrels, prairie dogs, possums, hedgehogs, hamsters, skunks, bats, marmots, badgers and some lemurs. Some nonmammals that hibernate are: turtles, lizards, snakes, frogs, toads, newts and some insects. There is even one bird that is considered a hibernator. The Common Poorwill can drop its body temperature and go into a hibernationlike state known as “torpor” for several weeks. • The Arctic ground squirrel, a true hibernator, is North America’s largest and most northern ground squirrel. This small mammal digs a hibernation chamber off its main burrow which is only about 20 inches (.5 m) deep. It rolls up into a ball and covers itself with its tail in the chamber lined with leaves, grass, lichen and animal hair. It is the only mammal known to survive a drop in body temperature during hibernation of 28 to 27º F (-2 to -3º C). People can’t survive a body temperature lower than 90º F (32º C). This squirrel wakes up briefly every few weeks during its long hibernation, which may last seven months.
• The type and length of hibernation depends on the animal’s body and its habitat or home. Since the Arctic ground squirrel is small and lives in cold areas, its hibernation is long. Similarly, mouse lemurs hibernate up to seven months. Garter snakes in the Arctic tundra may hibernate eight months. The longest hibernators known are Turkish hamsters in the
VA’s New Ideas Recent news releases from the Department of Veterans Affairs describe three new pilot programs. It looks like the VA is heading in the right direction. First: A test program has been started to reduce the time it takes to gather veterans’ medical records from civilian doctors. In this plan, a private contractor will get the records from the doctor, scan them and then send the records to the VA via the Internet. Theoretically, the contractor can get the records in seven to 10 days, while it takes the VA 40 days. Each veteran will need to sign a release for the civilian doctor to release those records. Next up: Your own personalized benefits handbook. In another pilot program, the VA is experimenting with giving each enrolled veteran his or her own customized benefits handbook. The books will have only the information you need about your benefits, and won’t include anything that you don’t get. Included will be a list of ways to contact your local medical facility, scheduling appointments and what your responsibilities are. Only two locations are getting the handbooks now, with the rest of the country to be covered by fall 2011. And then: In two pilot programs, the VA will try to speed benefits checks to disabled veterans. One program, Express Lane, has the staff at one regional office broken into teams to focus on claims for one disability, theoretically zipping through them quickly, while other teams work on the complex claims for more than one disability. In the other program, Quick Pay, veterans who have sent the VA all the info it needs to process a claim will see their checks much faster.
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Middle East, which can hibernate as long as ten months!
• Those long-hibernating garter snakes may get together with thousands of friends for group hibernating. Groups of up to 12 skunks sleep together, and brown bats hang in clusters in their caves in groups of over 100.
• To prepare for hibernation and the approach of winter, animals eat a lot. They need lots of body fat for the long sleep. Baby toads and bats actually eat enough to double their weight. Not all bats hibernate. By the way, did you know that bats are the only flying mammals? (Flying squirrels and flying lemurs move through the air but they are only gliding.)
• Black bears may gain as much as 30 pounds (13.5 kg) per week when they are preparing to hibernate or “den.” So, just like when you eat too much at a holiday meal, the extra fat makes animals less energetic and ready for their long winter’s nap.
• Non-breeding polar bear females and males don’t hibernate or den. Pregnant polar bears hibernate in dens built in snow banks while preparing for their cubs to arrive. The cubs weigh about a pound (.45 kg) when born and 20-30 pounds (9-14 kg) when they come out of the dens in March or April. Polar bears are found in Arctic areas of Canada, Alaska, Russia, Greenland and Norway.
1. Is the book of Isaiah in the Old or New Testament or neither? 2. Whose first chapter begins, “The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus”? Matthew, Luke, John, Acts 3. From Acts 9, where did Peter cure Aeneas? Tyre, Neapolis, Lydda, Gibeon 4. As found in Numbers 20, where did Aaron die? Mount of Olives, Pisgah, Mount Hor, Gilboa 5. From Acts 24, what was Felix’s wife, Drusilla? Pharisee, Gentile, Greek, Jewess 6. In II Kings 1, what Philistine city worshipped Baalzebub? Ekron, Succoth, Gomorrah, Antipatris
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1. GEOGRAPHY: Of 10 countries that have only four letters in their names, which are the only two that begin with the letter “C”? 2. ART: Which sculptor created the work titled “The Kiss”? 3. ROYALS: The Hohenzollern dynasty ruled which country until 1918? 4. TELEVISION: On “The X-Files,” what was Mulder’s nickname? 5. LITERATURE: Who wrote the novel “Babbitt”? 6. MUSIC: Who composed the show tune “Puttin’ on the Ritz”? 7. ACRONYMS: What does the acronym WAN stand for? 8. MOVIES: What famous actor played a cameo scene as the school principal on “E.T.: The ExtraTerrestrial” -- a part that was cut by director Steven Spielberg? 9. SCIENCE: The field of paleobotany is the study of what? 10. MATH: What does the formula 2L + 2W = P yield?
For how many teams is Rickey Henderson the career stolen base leader? Name the last National League team to reach three consecutive World Series. Which two NFL quarterbacks 2009 combined for a record 886 passing years in a game? Name the last men’s basketball team before Northern Iowa in 2010 to beat a No. 1 seed in the second round of the NCAA Tournament. Who was the last NHL player before Detroit’s Pavel Datsyuk to win the Selke Trophy (top defensive forward) three years in a row? Only three African men’s soccer teams have made the quarterfinals of the World Cup. Name two of them. Name the last decade in which none of Chicago’s five main pro sports teams (Cubs, White Sox, Bears, Bulls and Blackhawks) won a championship.
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‘Schnauzer Bumps’ Are a Kind of Acne By Samantha Mazzotta
DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I have a 4-year-old miniature Schnauzer named “Yonnie” who has little bumps like acne running up and down her spine. I was told they might be comedones, but was given no advice as to what to do. Another Mini owner I know told me the bumps are caused by improper grooming -- trimming from tail to head instead of head to tail. Can you offer any advice? -- Kent D., via e-mail DEAR KENT: Comedones are basically little blackheads (just like the blackheads we humans get on our skin that can become pimples) that are common enough in miniature Schnauzers to sometimes be called “Schnauzer bumps.” The cause isn’t exactly known, but dogs with sensitive skin or allergies can develop these bumps, most often found on the back. If the bumps are not infected, direct treatment such as a topical medication is not necessary. But if Yonnie is bothered
by them and scratches frequently, you might want to look into ways to reduce discomfort and itching and prevent the bumps from worsening. Regular grooming is very helpful in preventing bumps. I’m not sure that the direction in which the groomer trims the dog’s hair makes a difference. Bathing, not more than every two weeks to prevent dry skin, can help prevent more bumps from occurring. A diet low in allergens (like grain fillers present in many dog foods) and high in skin-friendly vitamins can be effective as well. If the bumps appear to be infected -- larger than before, red, filled with pus -- take Yonnie to the veterinarian for treatment. Unfortunately, bumps that already exist on a dog’s skin may never go away. Preventing more from appearing is the best course of action.
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To Your Good Health By Paul G. Donohue, M.D.
The Trickle Down of Postnasal Drip DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I have the worst case of postnasal drip, and it’s driving me crazy. I have a neverending “ahem, ahem, ahem” throat-clearing. Phlegm is constantly in the back of my throat. Sometimes I clear my throat a thousand times a day. Two-thirds of my garbage is used tissues. What can be done? -- J.B. ANSWER: I apologize for condensing your letter. I got the idea, and I believe readers will too. Three or four conditions account for most postnasal dripping. One is allergies. You’ve seen an allergist, and the only allergic reaction you demonstrated was to dust mites. Can you leave your home for a week or so -- visit a relative? If dust mites are the cause, your symptoms should subside in a new environment. Vasomotor rhinitis is second on the list of drip causes. It’s a more-or-less permanent dilation of blood vessels in the nose, and those dilated vessels leak fluid. Throat-clearing is part of the picture. Sinusitis is another important cause. An infected sinus pours out thick mucus that drips into the back of the throat. Chronic sinusitis is best left to the treatment of an ear, nose and throat doctor. Nasal polyps provoke mucus production and dripping. An ENT doctor is equipped to deal with them, should they be found.
Medicines -- beta blockers, Catapres for high blood pressure, aspirin and NSAIDs -- are examples of drugs that cause the nose to leak fluid down into the throat. Let me provide some general treatments that help most of these causes. You must stop clearing your throat. Sucking on throat lozenges or frequently sipping from a cup of hot tea with some honey in it will clear mucus from your throat and stop the irritation that throat-clearing causes. Flush your nose with a saltwater solution three times a day, one of those times being right before bedtime. You make the solution by adding one teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of baking soda to a quart of boiled water. Add the ingredients when the water is still hot. When the water cools, lean over a sink and flush each nostril gently with a bulb syringe, obtainable in drugstores. Cortisone nasal sprays -- Nasarel or Rhinocort Aqua -- soothe the nasal lining and reduce mucus production. If you still are afflicted after all this, do see an ear, nose and throat doctor. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: What ramifications might happen when people share drinks, table food and ice-cream cones with their dogs? They resume eating, drinking or licking the food after their pets have “sampled” it. How healthy is this? -- B.A. ANSWER: I wouldn’t think of eating food after a family member had sampled it with his or her tongue, teeth or mouth. The thought grosses me out. Every person has a slightly different bacterial population in his mouth, and we cope well only with our own bacteria. A dog’s mouth, in spite of claims to the contrary, is not cleaner than the mouth of a human. Dog bites often become infected due to the germs in their mouths. People eating food after a dog has sampled it are asking for trouble.
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HIBERNATION (continued): • Are you wondering about these sleepers’ bathroom issues? When they burn fat, it produces water. This water stays in the bodies of true hibernators for hydration, eliminating the need to urinate. Animals that get up to eat occasionally, such as squirrels, do urinate. • Instead of storing large amounts of body fat, eastern chipmunks and Columbian ground squirrels (and other small mammals) store large amounts of nuts and other seeds in their burrows. Scientists have found up to two gallons (8 l) of seeds and nuts in the burrows of chipmunks. That’s a lot of food for such tiny animals. • On humans, body fat is not necessarily desirable, although we need some for reserve energy. For animals, it is extremely important. There are two types of body fat —white and brown fat. • White fat is what animals live off of while hibernating. White fat burns slowly and lasts for a long time. Brown fat is found near the vital organs, heart and lungs and is needed for survival. This fat is like rocket fuel and is used for quick bursts of energy. • One small animal that is really a nuisance to farmers and even suburban neighborhoods is the woodchuck. You’ve probably heard the tongue twister: “How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?” The answer is: “A woodchuck would chuck as much wood as a woodchuck could chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood.” Actually a woodchuck, also known as a groundhog, whistle pig or marmot, is the largest member of the squirrel
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family. It eats seeds, leaves, grass, flowers, fruit, eggs, insects and, yes, some wood.
• Punxsutawney Phil is probably the most famous hibernator in the world. This little guy (groundhog) has been a “weather predictor” for over 120 years. February 2nd is Groundhog Day (the day Phil awakens), and Phil seeing (or not seeing) his shadow on that day “determines” the time Ole’ Man Winter will linger. The town of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, has tied itself closely to the groundhog. Phil has his own website, fan club and appears on lots of news and weather programs every February.
• While the snow and cold of winter are all around us, isn’t it interesting to think of all the animals that are sleeping it away?
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• It was British novelist and essayist Arthur Koestler who made the following sage observation: “The more original a discovery, the more obvious it seems afterwards.” • One might think that famed model and businesswoman Tyra Banks would rely on a plethora of pricey cosmetics and other aids -- and she doubtless does. But she claims that the most important beauty product she uses is Vaseline. • According to a 2010 study conducted in the Netherlands, symptoms of asthma can be successfully treated by riding a roller coaster. • Singles, take note: The dating website Match.com recently conducted a survey of its members regarding their opinions on kissing,
• As in America, at Russian wedding receptions it’s traditional for a close friend or relative to toast the new couple. In Russia, however, it’s also traditional for all the guests to throw their champagne glasses on the floor after the toast; the more glasses that break, the luckier the couple will be. There’s no report of the cleanup protocol afterward. • In 1981, a German collector of World War II memorabilia paid about $4 million for Hitler’s diaries. Unfortunately for him (and his wallet), the diaries turned out to be faked. • Many might consider it odd that the State Legislature of Oklahoma has declared the watermelon to be the official state vegetable. Yes, the watermelon. As justification for the classification, lawmakers released the following statement: “Most of us would think of it as a fruit, but it can also be considered a vegetable because it’s in the same family as cucumbers and gourds.”
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To announce a local non-profit event for FREE in Tidbits please email: BRLEnterprises@gmail.com January 15, 4 - 7pm Benefit Auction and Spaghetti Dinner for Tornado Victims at VFW Post 3176 January 15 - 16, 9am - 4pm Muzzleloaders Show to be held at the St Robert Community Center. There will be vendors and collectors. January 22, 11am - 3pm 4th Annual Polar Meltdown Chili Cook Off January 31, 6:30pm Community Forum will be held at the High school
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Library February 4, 5 - 10pm 2nd Annual St. Robert Outdoor Sportsman Show February 5, 6pm 5th Annual Indoor Poker Run, Spaghetti & Chili Dinner will be held at the American Legion Hall Post 331 February 12 Marty Haggard at the Barn February 12, 7pm Friends of the Shrine Valentine Party at the Pulaski County Shrine Club in Buckhorn.
There have been many famous speeches made by people in all walks of life. Some of the most famous speeches have been written into history and quoted, memorized and immortalized.
• Martin Luther King Jr. is remembered for many things but mostly for his “I Have a Dream” speech. Even if you don’t know anything else about the man, you have probably heard the words he spoke on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. The speech was delivered as part of the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.”
• Dr. King’s speech was powerful and eloquent. One of the most memorable lines was “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” His desire for racial equality for all Americans was a powerful force in the Civil Rights Movement. The ending words of the speech were that all “will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro
Q: I feel kind of like an idiot for asking, but how do you use a caulking gun? I want to touch up the corners around my tub, but I’ve never used or even seen one of these. Is there a certain type of caulk to use? -- Ma in Idaho A: That’s not a dumb question at all -- selecting and using the right tool for the job is important. A caulking gun is a really convenient tool for dispensing caulk. You don’t have to use one -- caulk can be applied by hand or with a putty knife -- but the caulking gun is fairly precise and generally less messy than other methods. You can find caulking guns in the tile or plumbing sections of your home-improvement or hardware store, as well as several different types of caulk nearby. Because you’re sealing the corners of your bathtub, you need a caulk that’s water resistant and also adheres well to the tub and wall. Latex caulk formulated specifically for bathroom use is the best all-around choice. For a tight-yetflexible seal that works on many surfaces, silicone caulk is great, but it’s messier and tougher to clean up. To re-caulk around the tub, first remove the old caulk. Silicone caulk is soft and rubbery and can be cut with a knife, so you can use a sharp blade to carefully slice the caulk away from surfaces. Latex caulk is hard and can’t be cut with a knife, plus it tends to crumble after deteriorating. To make removing latex caulk easier, borrow a heat gun and use it on its lowest setting to just soften the caulk, then scrape away with a putty knife or other tool. Wipe the cleaned area with denatured alcohol to remove soap scum, then spray some mold and mildew remover. Let the area dry overnight. Finally, you can use your new caulking gun! Unwrap that sucker as well as one of the cartridges of caulk you purchased along with it. Cut open the tip of the cartridge at a 45-degree angle (this helps in application), then use a nail to puncture the seal inside the tip. Take the gun and extend the plunger all the way back. Put the cartridge into the cradle with the tip sticking through the front. Push the plunger forward as far as possible, then turn the handle to face downward, which engages the trigger. Pointing the tip at a spare sheet of paper, pull the trigger a few times until a consistent flow is established. Then, apply caulk to the tub corners by holding the gun at a 45-degree angle and right in the crack between tub and wall. Use a putty knife or index card to wipe away excess and press the caulk into the crack. Let dry for at least 24 hours before using the tub. HOME TIP: Silicone “Tub and Tile” caulk contains toxic fungicides -- use in areas that get wet, but don’t use it where it will contact food or drinking water.
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spiritual: ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!’”
Building Muscle I love it when encouragement to exercise is backed up by scientific evidence. It’s especially helpful in the middle of winter to have new reasons to get out and be active. A problem that many of us experience as we age is a loss of muscle and bone density. How to get it back becomes a big question: Loss of muscle can lead to imbalance, which can lead to falls, which can shatter fragile bones. A recent study of rats reveals just how it is that endurance exercises can help bring back the muscle mass. The key phrase is “satellite cells,” and that’s where the research was centered. Reduced numbers of “satellite cells” can cause a decline in muscle mass, and in adults those cells are usually inactive as well. Old rats didn’t have as many satellite cells -- until they exercised. Exercise not only increased the number of satellite cells, but improved the ratio of lean versus fat in muscles.
• Almost 100 years before Dr. King’s speech, PresidentAbraham Lincoln delivered another speech that is often quoted. On November 19, 1863, Lincoln delivered the “Gettysburg Address” amidst the Civil War that was raging in the United States. The words, “Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal,” are memorized by school children to this day.
• If you have ever visited Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and the U.S.S. Arizona Monument, you should be acutely aware of the sacrifice of U.S. troops on December 7, 1941. After the attack by Japanese forces, President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a “Declaration of War” to Congress on December 8. With this speech the United States entered World War II, and it been called the “Day of Infamy” speech. The first words after addressing Congress were: “December 7, 1941 — a date which will live in infamy — the
The muscle the researchers chose to study closely was the Gastrocnemius, or the calf muscles that run from the back of the knee to the ankle. That makes sense: It’s used in so many types of exercise and can easily be measured. They also focused on endurance exercises, as opposed to resistance (weightlifting) exercises. Granted, these were rats on a wheel in a cage, but we have an exercise that is just as good: walking. And the rats were induced to run at moderate speed. I suspect that in humans, walking, swimming or riding a bike at moderate speed will serve the same purpose. The key word is endurance. If you haven’t been active, ask your doctor about starting up an exercise program. Remember to start slow!
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1. Cuba and Chad 2. Auguste Rodin 3. Germany 4. Spooky 5. Sinclair Lewis 6. Irving Berlin 7. Wide Area Network 8. Harrison Ford 9. Fossil plants 10. The perimeter of a rectangle
1. Two -- the New York Yankees (326 steals) and the Oakland A’s (867). 2. The St. Louis Cardinals (1942-44). 3. Pittsburgh’s Ben Roethlisberger (503 yards) and Green Bay’s Aaron Rodgers (383). 4. In 2004, UAB ousted Kentucky, and Alabama toppled Stanford. 5. Montreal’s Bob Gainey (1978 through 1981). 6. Cameroon in 1990, Senegal in 2002 and Ghana in 2010.
1) Old; 2) Acts; 3) Lydda; 4) Mount Hor; 5) Jewess; 6) Ekron
ARIES (March 21 to April 19) Your batteries should be fully recharged by now, making you more than eager to get back into the swing of things full time. Try to stay focused so that you don’t dissipate your energies. TAURUS (April 20 to May 20) You’re eager to charge straight ahead into your new responsibilities. But you’ll have to paw the ground a little longer, until a surprise complication is worked out. GEMINI (May 21 to June 20) Rival factions are pressuring you to take a stand favoring one side or the other. But this isn’t the time to play judge. Bow out as gracefully as possible, without committing yourself to any position. CANCER (June 21 to July 22) Reassure a longtime, trusted confidante that you appreciate his or her words of advice. But at this time, you need to act on what you perceive to be your own sense of self-interest. LEO (July 23 to August 22) You need to let your warm Leonine heart fire up that new relationship if you hope to see it move from the “just friends” level to one that will be as romantic as you could hope for. VIRGO (August 23 to September 22) There’s still time to repair a misunderstanding with an honest explanation and a heartfelt apology. The sooner you do, the sooner you can get on with other matters. LIBRA (September 23 to October 22) Expect a temporary setback as you progress toward your goal. Use this time to re-examine your plans and see where you might need to make some significant changes. SCORPIO (October 23 to November 21) Some missteps are revealed as the cause of current problems in a personal or professional partnership. Make the necessary adjustments and then move on. SAGITTARIUS (November 22 to December 21) Jupiter’s influence helps you work through a pesky problem, allowing your naturally jovial attitude to re-emerge stronger than ever. Enjoy your success. CAPRICORN (December 22 to January 19) Set aside your usual reluctance to change, and consider reassessing your financial situation so that you can build on its strengths and minimize its weaknesses. AQUARIUS (January 20 to February 18) Some recently acquired information helps open up a dark part of the past. Resolve to put what you’ve learned to good use. Travel plans continue to be favored. PISCES (February 19 to March 20) Act on your own keen instincts. Your strong Piscean backbone will support you as someone attempts to pressure you into a decision you’re not ready to make. BORN THIS WEEK: You embody a love for traditional values combined with an appreciation of what’s new and challenging.
Tidbits® of Pulaski County
Page 8 FAMOUS SPEECHES (continued):
United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.”
• Many years later, on June 12, 1987, another politician, President Ronald Reagan, was speaking at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin when Germany was on the cusp of a huge change. The Berlin Wall was a physical barrier between East and West Berlin for 28 years. President Reagan’s words: “Come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev — Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”
• While many famous speeches in history have been delivered by political figures, there are also many that are non-political. One of the best in recent years was from computer science professor Randy Pausch who gave his “last lecture” to an audience at Carnegie Mellon University on September 18, 2007. His speech on “Achieving Your Childhood Dreams” was inspirational and has been heard (or read) by many more than the 400 in attendance. Dr. Pausch lost his battle with pancreatic cancer on July 25, 2008, but his legacy lives on through his book, “The Last Lecture,” published before his death. He reminded us to live life to the fullest, because, “time is all you have...and you may find one day that you have less than you think.”
(c) 2010 King Features Synd., Inc.
• “To hang up thread spools, use a wire hanger. Untwist the neck portion, thread on the spools (by color or thickness, etc.) and then refit the neck together.” --- P.O. in Washington • If you have a busted-up garden hose, don’t pitch it. Cut sections of it for later use. For instance, when slit down the side, garden hose makes a handy cover for ice-skate blades.
Good Housekeeping Chewy Peanut Butter Cookies
These cookies work best with supermarket brands of peanut butter. The amount of artery-clogging trans fats in commercial peanut butter is small. In fact, you’d have to eat about 40 tablespoons to get 1 gram of trans fat.
2 3/4 cups all-purpose flour 1 teaspoon baking powder 1/2 teaspoon baking soda 1/4 teaspoon salt
1 cup (2 sticks) butter or margarine, softened
1 cup creamy peanut butter 1 cup packed brown sugar 1/2 cup granulated sugar 2 tablespoons dark corn syrup 2 teaspoons vanilla extract 2 large eggs 1. Preheat oven to 375 F.
2. On waxed paper, combine flour, baking powder, baking soda and salt. 3. In large bowl, with mixer at medium speed, beat butter, peanut butter and sugars until creamy, occasionally scraping bowl with rubber spatula. Beat in corn syrup, vanilla, then eggs, 1 at a time, beating well after each addition. At low speed, gradually add flour mixture; beat just until blended, occasionally scraping bowl. Cover and refrigerate dough 30 minutes for easier shaping. 4. Shape dough by rounded measuring tablespoons into 1 1/2-inch balls. Place balls, 2 inches apart, on ungreased large cookie sheet. With floured tines of fork, press and flatten each ball, making a crisscross pattern. Bake cookies 12 to 13 minutes or until pale golden. Transfer cookies to wire rack to cool. Repeat with remaining dough. • Each serving: About 100 calories, 6g total fat (3g saturated), 16mg cholesterol, 85mg sodium, 11g total carbohydrate, 0g dietary fiber, 2g protein.
• On Jan. 13, 1128, Pope Honorius II grants a papal sanction to the military order known as the Knights Templar, declaring it to be an army of God. The Knights Templar mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land during the Crusades, the series of military expeditions aimed at defeating Muslims in Palestine. • On Jan. 11, 1908, President Theodore Roosevelt designates the mighty Grand Canyon a national monument. Congress increased the protection of the canyon in 1932 by making it a national park, ensuring that private development would never despoil the Grand Canyon. • On Jan. 12, 1926, the two-man comedy series “Sam ‘n’ Henry” debuts on Chicago’s WGN radio station. Two years later, after changing its name to “Amos ‘n’ Andy,” the show became one of the most popular radio programs in American history. • On Jan. 16, 1938, “King of Swing” jazz great Benny Goodman brings his revolutionary music to Carnegie Hall for the first time. The concert sold out weeks in advance, with the best seats fetching $2.75. All recordings of the show were presumed lost until Goodman’s sister-in-law came across a set of acetates in 1950. • On Jan. 14, 1943, Franklin Roosevelt becomes the first president to travel on official business by airplane. Crossing the Atlantic by air, Roosevelt flew in a Boeing 314 Flying Boat dubbed the Dixie Clipper to a World War II strategy meeting with Winston Churchill at Casablanca in North Africa. • On Jan. 10, 1967, President Lyndon Johnson, in his annual State of the Union message to Congress, asks for enactment of a 6 percent surcharge on personal and corporate income taxes to help support the Vietnam War for two years, or “for as long as the unusual expenditures associated with our efforts continue.” • On Jan. 15, 1972, “American Pie,” Don McLean’s epic poem in musical form that has long been etched in the American popular consciousness, hits No. 1 on the Billboard charts. When asked to explain what exactly he was trying to say with some of his more ambiguous lyrics, McLean has generally declined.
• Freeze large batches of homemade baby food in ice-cube trays or mini muffin tins. When frozen, pop out the portions and save in freezer-safe zip-lock bags. • Here’s an instant kid table. Take one laundry basket and top it with a piece of plywood that has been cut to extend over the basket by a half-inch on all sides. Sand the edges and paint if you like. Toys and games can be kept in the basket, and the whole thing can be moved or stored easily. • To keep white socks white, boil them in a mix of water and lemon juice. Add lemon slices for extra whitening power. • If you’re working with steel wool, keep a magnet handy to whisk up small metal fibers that break loose. Also keep a magnet handy when using pins. You can “pick up” pins from your work surface and put them in a container much more quickly with a magnet.
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