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YOUTH VOTES COUNT A report looking at elections to youth councils, mayors and parliaments in England across the academic year 2011-2012


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CONTENTS

Introduction 4 Election statistics summary

5

Timing and types of election

5

Election methods

6

Voting methods

6

Election systems

7

Access to young people

7

Partnerships 7 Voter awareness

8

Cost and staff time spent on elections

8

Appendix 1: Youth council/cabinet/forum election figures academic year 2010/11 9 Appendix 2: Youth council/cabinet/forum election figures academic year 2011/12 13 Appendix 3: Youth election timeline academic year 2011/2012 18 Appendix 4: Youth elections in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales 20 About the British Youth Council

23

3


INTRODUCTION

The British Youth Council supports a network of over 600 Local Youth Councils (LYCs) across the UK. Up to 19,800 young people, mostly aged between 11 and 17, volunteer their time to represent their peers through LYCs, influencing local decisionmaking and shaping local services. Towards the end of 2011 we took on the hosting of the 16-strong Young Mayor Network - a body that gives directly-elected young mayors the chance to support each other with a view to getting their voices heard on a national stage. Since April 2011, BYC has also been running the UK Youth Parliament (UKYP). UKYP aims to give the young people of the United Kingdom, between the ages of 11 and 18, a voice which will be heard and listened to by local and national government, providers of services for young people and other agencies which have an interest in the views and needs of young people. Many local authorities integrate these models by holding direct elections to the first tier model, from which representatives can then take part in indirect elections to the second tier roles. This is the first year the British Youth Council has attempted to collate the data for youth elections across all tiers of local government. The following report begins to paint the picture of youth democracy across England. It provides some background information on the election methods used by councils, the cost and time spent on holding elections and a timeline as to when elections take place. We have also summarised the current picture of youth democracy in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (Appendix 4). This data will be used to inform discussions and decisions about when and how to improve elections and share best practice, as well as to underline a growing mandate from children and young people who say they want to get involved and take part in representative activity. We will also look at how the information can be used to support a potential connection between the voting habits and registration of young people and voting in adult elections. The length of term is set locally with a mix of one or two years in office which is why the number of results varies from year to year. A small number of election results have not been declared to us in places where we know elections took place. When all participating councils are taken into account we estimate a million votes are cast across the UK.

4


Election statistics summary Area

Academic Year 2010/2011 83 1,610 658 409,114 58.06% 16.81%

Number of direct elections Number of candidates Number elected Number of votes Highest local turnout Average local turnout

Academic Year 2011/2012 85 2,193 937 595,600 93.7% 23.26%

Timing and types of election Most direct elections for all three models are held on the same day in any one local authority. Election days are held throughout the academic year with a peak in February. Most are for two-year terms.

Sept 2011 Oct 2011 Nov 2011 Dec 2011 Jan 2012 Feb 2012 Mar 2012 Apr 2012 May 2012 Jun 2012 Jul 2012

Young Mayor 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0

Youth UK Youth Council Parliament 0 0 1 0 3 2 3 3 3 7 4 31 7 16 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 1

Overall 0 2 6 6 10 35 24 4 3 0 1

5


Election methods There was a great deal of diversity in the methods local councils used to carry out their elections. These included the use of ballot boxes, text, online and postal voting. Some councils employed a mixture of all the above to ensure they engaged with as many young people as possible in their locality, enabling them to participate and vote in elections. There was no single approach to the elections as different councils found different methods worked according to the area and the specific needs of the young people in that locality. Some councils reported that online voting worked best while others suggested the use of a secret ballot was better in their area.

Voting methods Ballot box Many local councils opted for the traditional use of a ballot box when carrying out their elections. This involved the use of official ballot papers, boxes and booths, with some authorities printing and sending ballot papers to schools. Online A number of councils offered young people the opportunity to vote for their candidate of choice online. In Birmingham, for instance, young people used a code to vote and leave comments for their chosen candidate. Different tools were utilised to log votes such as the mi-voice online multi-channel e-democracy website, SurveyMonkey, the use of a Google form on Google docs, or by having votes sent to a designated email address. Text Councils were able to offer the flexible service of mobile ballot voting, where young people were able to text ‘voting’ to a designated phone number. Post When young people were unable to vote on the day of their election they were offered the opportunity, on occasions, to apply to vote by post. If they did apply they were sent a postal vote form, which they could send back and have their vote counted. Looked-after young people were automatically sent a postal vote by Islington council.

6


Break Down of Election Methods used: Voting Method Ballot Box Text Online Post Mixture of ballot box, text, online voting

Percentage 70% 3% 10% 3% 14%

Election systems It is up to local councils to decide which form of voting system they use. We have not recorded this information to date, but anecdotally we know there is no one preferred method being used. Some are using a form of proportional representation, others use the first past the post system. We will be recording the voting system used in elections held from September 2012 onwards and will include it in next year’s report.

Access to young people Elections were held in a variety of venues to reach out to a range of young people. The majority of elections were held in formal spaces like schools, colleges, pupil referral units (PRUs) and Connexions centres. Other less formal spaces included youth clubs, community centres, voluntary organisations and libraries.

Partnerships Partnerships between local authorities and other organisations were crucial to the successful delivery of elections and to reaching as many young people as possible. Local authorities worked with partners that included schools, colleges, youth organisations, faith groups and democratic services. Schools and colleges, in which elections were held, were often given discretion as to how they ran their elections. On the other hand, some schools received training from existing youth council members on how to do things like run polling stations or instruct young people on how to vote. In some instances the elections were run and facilitated by members of staff from the local authority using the machinery used in adult elections, or by existing youth council members.

7


Voter awareness Some local authorities publicised the elections to young people, not only to inform them about the event but also to provide them with background information on the candidates. This was carried out through press and PR teams in the local authority, the distribution of DVDs in which candidates discussed their campaigns and the publicising of background information on candidates online.

Cost and staff time spent on elections Staff time The length of time spent on running elections can vary depending on when a council begins and ends it election cycle. The tasks involved include the promotion and publicity of the election, preparation for the day, the election itself, the counting of votes and the announcement of results. It is difficult to develop an approximate figure of how much time is spent on elections as many people are involved in the process along the way including candidates, volunteers and council staff. On average 290 hours staff time was spent per election. Financial cost (excluding staff time) The actual cost of running an election can include ballot papers, food and travel. The average cost of elections came to ÂŁ2,666.23 per election.

8


APPENDIX 1

Note: Turnout is based on population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2011 by the Office for National Statistics.

Youth council/cabinet/ forum election figures academic year 2010/11 Region

Local Council

South West

The election figures below were supplied by Local Councils. If your Local Council’s election information is not recorded here please contact elections@byc.org.uk.

No. of Candidates

No. of Posts

Number of Votes cast

Total Electorate

Wiltshire

37

22

28,252

48,662

58.06% Youth Council Direct election

West Midlands

Walsall

15

4

13,615

26,971

50.48% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Tower Hamlets

18

2

8,710

18,130

48.04% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Brent

200

72

10,000

20,999

47.62% Youth Council Direct election

Yorkshire and Barnsley Humberside

92

32

10,734

22,831

47.02% Youth Council Direct election

North West

Blackburn w/ Darwen

11

3

7,808

17,047

45.80% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Sefton

36

6

11,604

27,749

41.82% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Bury

17

3

8,016

19,189

41.77% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Sutton

8

2

8,149

19,544

41.70% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Wokingham

9

2

6,836

16,524

41.37% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Richmond

10

3

6,567

15,939

41.20% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Bath & NE Somerset

9

2

6,552

16,852

38.88% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Lewisham

18

2

8,076

22,067

36.60% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Wakefield Humberside

21

6

11,337

31,907

35.53% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

20

6

14,715

41,609

35.36% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Dorset

Turn Out Type

Method

9


Region

Local Council

No. of Candidates

No. of Posts

Number of Votes cast

Total Electorate

South West

North Somerset

12

2

6,838

19,508

35.05% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Warwickshire

23

8

17,500

51,860

33.74% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Shropshire

13

4

8,915

30,595

29.14% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Redbridge

12

2

8,015

27,813

28.82% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Lambeth

9

2

5,170

18,832

27.45% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Rochdale

6

2

5,949

21,919

27.14% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Bristol, City of

50

28

8,454

33,054

25.58% Youth Council Direct election

London

Hammersmith & Fulham

4

2

2,885

11,307

25.52% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East of England

Hertfordshire

41

12

27,000

111,373

24.24% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Buckinghamshire

15

6

12,665

52,407

24.17% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Wolverhampton

7

4

5,507

23,232

23.70% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Blackpool

27

4

3,125

13,761

22.71% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Somerset

21

7

11,925

55,485

21.49% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Dudley

12

4

6,315

30,679

20.58% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Hackney

32

20

3,600

17,926

20.08% Youth Council Direct election

5

4

5,121

25,957

19.73% UK Youth Parliament

Direct Direct

Yorkshire and Rotherham Humberside

Turn Out Type

Method

London

Croydon

37

4

6,722

35,044

19.18% UK Youth Parliament

West Midlands

Wolverhampton

27

18

4,334

23,232

18.66% Youth Council Direct election

London

Barnet

22

4

5,761

32,310

17.83% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

5

2

2,869

16,290

17.61% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

10

2

2,919

17,444

16.73% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

6

2

2,232

13,603

16.41% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and North East Humberside Lincolnshire West Midlands

Telford & Wrekin

London

Westminster

South East

Reading

15

12

1,954

12,272

15.92% Youth Council Direct election

South East

Portsmouth

13

3

2,716

17,083

15.90% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Torbay

9

7

1,912

12,292

15.55% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

10


Region

Local Council

No. of Candidates

No. of Posts

Number of Votes cast

Total Electorate

London

Turn Out Type

Method

Kingston-UponThames

20

20

2,000

13,929

14.36% Youth Council Direct election

London

Ealing

11

2

3,620

25,572

14.16% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Oxfordshire

17

6

8,869

63,396

13.99% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Sandwell

35

20

4,000

29,412

13.60% Youth Council Direct election

South West

Cornwall

22

6

6,445

50,756

12.70% UK Youth Parliament

East of England

Bedford

100

44

2,000

16,488

12.13% Youth Council Direct election

South East

West Sussex

43

8

9,257

77,619

11.93% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Hillingdon

6

3

3,000

25,335

11.84% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Halton

8

2

1,424

12,060

11.81% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Devon

23

14

7,000

70,494

9.93% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

St Helens

18

14

1,554

18,270

8.51% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Plymouth

13

4

1,783

22,943

7.77% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Hampshire

42

8

9,567

129,263

7.40% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Oldham

41

25

1,700

23,861

7.12% Youth Council Direct election

East of England

Essex

91

75

8,000

138,103

5.79% Youth Council Direct election

West Midlands

Birmingham

14

10

5,626

106,433

5.29% UK Youth Parliament

South East

Brighton & Hove

50

20

1,012

20,824

4.86% Youth Council Direct election

South West

Bournemouth

5

2

455

13,473

3.38% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East of England

Peterborough

8

3

102

16,542

0.62% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Poole

14

2

75

13,164

0.57% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East of England

Southend

5

1

50

15,448

0.32% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Hackney

10

2

53

17,926

0.30% Uk Youth Parliament

indirect

London

Brent

16

4

60

20,999

0.29% Uk Youth Parliament

Indirect

North West

Oldham

6

4

60

23,861

0.25% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

Medway

7

4

55

27,266

0.20% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Direct

Direct

11


Region

Local Council

No. of Candidates

No. of Posts

Number of Votes cast

Total Electorate

London

Harrow

8

4

42

21,480

0.20% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Brighton & Hove

8

2

37

20,824

0.18% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Kingston-UponThames

4

2

20

13,929

0.14% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

East of England

Thurrock

2

2

22

16,019

0.14% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East of England

Bedford

6

2

22

16,488

0.13% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

Yorkshire and York, City of Humberside

3

3

17

16,606

0.10% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Barnsley Humberside

7

4

22

22,831

0.10% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Enfield

8

4

26

28,667

0.09% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

Reading

3

2

11

12,272

0.09% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

West Berkshire

5

2

9

10,610

0.08% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Bristol, City of

18

5

26

33,054

0.08% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

North West

Trafford

9

6

16

21,082

0.08% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

4

4

20

28,741

0.07% Youth Council Direct election

26

10

65

138,103

0.05% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

5

4

12

29,412

0.04% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

32

12

20

59,979

0.03% Youth Council Direct election

9

6

14

48,662

0.03% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

3

3

3

59,979

0.01% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

Yorkshire and Doncaster Humberside East of England

Essex

West Midlands

Sandwell

Yorkshire and North Yorkshire Humberside South West

Wiltshire

Yorkshire and North Yorkshire Humberside

12

Turn Out Type

Method


APPENDIX 2

Note: Turnout is based on population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2011 by the Office for National Statistics.

Youth council/cabinet/ forum election figures academic year 2011/12

The election figures below were supplied by Local Councils. If your Local Council’s election information is not recorded here please contact elections@byc.org.uk.

Region

Local Council

No. of No. of Candidates Posts

Number of Total Turn Out Type Votes cast Electorate

South West

Dorset

13

6

39,000

41,609

93.73% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Wiltshire

29

12

31,000

48,862

63.44% Local Youth Council

Direct

North West

Knowsley

4

3

8,952

15,866

56.42% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Harrow

65

50

12,305

21,840

56.34% Local Youth Council

Direct

South West

Isles of Scilly

3

2

94

169

55.62% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Bolton

8

2

14,620

27,927

52.35% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East Midlands

Mansfield

3

1

4,817

9,835

48.98% Young Mayor Network

Direct

London

Brent

72

50

10,000

20,999

47.62% Local Youth Council

Direct

West

Walsall

15

4

12,589

26,971

46.68% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Sutton

24

2

8,700

19,544

44.51% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Sutton

24

2

8,700

19,544

44.51% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Newham

52

52

10,082

23,249

43.37% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Newham

50

2

10,082

23,249

43.37% Young Mayor Network

Direct

South East

Worthing

16

16

3,801

9,002

42.22% Local Youth Council

Direct

East of England

Epping Forest

40

20

5,000

11,842

42.22% Local Youth Council

Direct

Midlands

Method

13


Region

Local Council

No. of No. of Candidates Posts

Number of Total Turn Out Type Votes cast Electorate

North East

Hartlepool

10

2

3,700

9,541

North East

North

33

2

6,888

Method

38.78% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

17,873

38.54% Young Mayor Network

Direct

Tyneside London

Lewisham

4

2

8,076

22,067

36.60% Young Mayor Network

Direct

London

Lewisham

4

2

8,076

22,067

36.60% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Oldham

100

52

8,584

23,861

35.98% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Wokingham

8

2

5,894

16,524

35.67% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Wakefield

15

6

11,343

31,907

35.55% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East Midlands

Derbyshire

210

56

26,222

75,477

34.74% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Redbridge

14

4

9,656

27,813

34.72% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Hammersmith & Fulham

6

2

3,877

11,307

34.29% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Bath & NE Somerset

4

2

5,476

16,852

32.49% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Enfield

28

16

9,000

28,667

31.39% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Bracknell Forest

35

14

3,986

13,087

30.46% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Buckinghamshire

15

9

15,192

52,407

28.99% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Rotherham

8

4

7,502

25,957

28.90% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Bromley

106

30

8,252

29,820

27.67% Local Youth Council

Direct

West Midlands

Wolverhampton

38

24

6,068

23,232

26.12% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

West Sussex

47

8

20,088

77,619

25.88% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

West Sussex

93

48

20,088

77,619

25.88% Local Youth Council

Direct

North West

Cheshire West

13

6

8,161

31,993

25.51% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Barnet

21

4

8,041

32,310

24.89% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Brighton & Hove

57

26

5,123

20,824

24.60% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Reading

6

2

3,019

12,272

24.60% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Islington

23

8

3,207

13,067

24.54% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Reading

19

12

3,005

12,272

24.49% Local Youth Council

Direct

14


Region

Local Council

No. of No. of Candidates Posts

Number of Total Turn Out Type Votes cast Electorate

Method

West Midlands

Shropshire

13

4

7,337

30,595

23.98% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Calderdale

16

4

4,838

20,578

23.51% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Swindon

10

3

4,385

18,790

23.34% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Wolverhampton

6

4

5,418

23,232

23.32% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Warrington

12

4

4,532

19,622

23.10% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North East

Sunderland

21

4

6,137

26,889

22.82% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Trafford

7

6

4,722

21,082

22.40% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Lambeth

6

4

4,158

18,832

22.08% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Lambeth

10

1

4,158

18,832

22.08% Young Mayor Network

Direct

London

Lambeth

16

4

4,158

18,832

22.08% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Southwark

19

19

4,364

19,788

22.05% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Southwark

19

3

4,364

19,788

22.05% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Isle of Wight

8

2

2,870

13,285

21.60% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Isle of Wight

29

20

2,870

13,285

21.60% Local Youth Council

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Barnsley

16

4

4,838

22,831

21.19% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Sheffield

18

6

10,024

48,854

20.52% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East of England

Bedford Borough

97

37

3,373

16,448

20.51% Local Youth Council

Direct

South East

Portsmouth

8

3

3,084

17,083

18.05% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

East Sussex

14

25

8,933

50,513

17.68% Local Youth Council

Direct

East of England

Norfolk

32

9

12,308

77,148

15.95% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South East

Oxfordshire

13

6

10,013

63,396

15.79% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

South West

Torbay

10

8

1,898

12,292

15.44% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Solihull

4

4

3,343

22,101

15.13% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Greenwich

12

4

3,000

19,886

15.09% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Ealing

11

5

3,832

25,572

14.99% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

15


Region

Local Council

South West

Plymouth

16

4

3,200

22,943

13.95% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Sandwell

20

16

4,000

29,412

13.60% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Hillingdon

15

4

3,369

25,335

13.30% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Sandwell

16

4

3,511

29,412

11.94% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Birmingham

14

10

11,321

106,433

10.64% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

West Midlands

Birmingham

29

18

11,321

106,433

10.64% Local Youth Council

Direct

North East

Northumberland

5

5

2,972

28,999

10.25% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Barking & Dagenham

100

50

1,930

19,145

10.08% Local Youth Council

Direct

London

Havering

12

6

2,000

24,040

8.32% Local Youth Council

Direct

East of England

Hertfordshire

35

12

8,276

111,373

7.43% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Ealing

18

1

1,865

25,572

7.29% Young Mayor Network

Direct

Yorkshire and Humberside

Leeds

14

6

4,795

69,314

6.92% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Hounslow

6

4

1,209

18,977

6.37% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Camden

5

3

908

15,513

5.85% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

North West

Wigan

3

2

1,712

30,232

5.66% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Bexley

70

4

1,200

23,577

5.09% Local Youth Council

Direct

North West

St Helens

5

5

638

18,270

3.49% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East Midlands

Lincolnshire

18

3

2,011

67,858

2.96% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

East Midlands

Lincolnshire

18

18

2,011

67,858

2.96% Local Youth Council

Direct

South West

Poole

12

2

128

13,164

0.97% UK Youth Parliament

Direct

London

Harrow

9

4

70

21,840

0.32% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

Brighton & Hove

10

6

52

20,824

0.25% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Brent

10

4

50

20,999

0.24% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Barking & Dagenham

14

4

45

19,145

0.24% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Bromley

14

4

62

29,820

0.21% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

16

No. of No. of Candidates Posts

Number of Total Turn Out Type Votes cast Electorate

Method


Region

Local Council

West Midlands

Staffordshire

East of England

Bedford Borough

North West

No. of No. of Candidates Posts

Number of Total Turn Out Type Votes cast Electorate

Method

8

5

162

80,640

0.20% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

11

2

30

16,448

0.18% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

Oldham

6

4

42

23,861

0.18% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

Bracknell Forest

5

3

17

13,087

0.13% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Enfield

7

4

27

28,667

0.09% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

East Midlands

Derbyshire

18

8

48

75,477

0.06% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

Yorkshire and Humberside

North Yorkshire

4

4

33

59,979

0.06% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

South East

East Sussex

16

6

19

50,513

0.04% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

London

Havering

5

2

8

24,040

0.03% UK Youth Parliament

Indirect

17


APPENDIX 3

Youth election timeline academic year 2011/2012 September 2011

Reading (UKYP)

Rotherham (UKYP)

October 2011

Swindon (UKYP)

Havering (Youth Council)

Wokingham (UKYP)

Mansfield (Young Mayor)

February 2012

No election declared

November 2011

Barking & Dagenham (UKYP)

Sutton (Youth Council/UKYP)

Bath & NE Somerset (UKYP)

Bracknell (Youth Council)

Birmingham (Youth Council/UKYP)

Brighton & Hove (Youth Council)

Bracknell Forest (UKYP)

North Tyneside (Young Mayor/UKYP)

Brent (UKYP)

Calderdale (UKYP)

Cheshire West (UKYP)

City of York (UKYP)

Cornwall (UKYP)

Derbyshire (Youth Council)

Dorset (UKYP)

January 2012

Ealing (UKYP)

Barking & Dagenham (Youth Council)

Greenwich (Youth Council)

Brent (Youth Council)

Hammersmith and Fulham (UKYP)

Havering (Youth Council)

Harrow (Youth Council)

Brighton & Hove (UKYP)

Havering (UKYP)

Plymouth (UKYP)

Hertfordshire (UKYP)

Poole (UKYP)

Hillingdon (UKYP)

December 2011 •

East Sussex (Youth Council/UKYP)

Northumberland (Youth Council/UKYP)

Reading (Youth Council)

Isle of White (UKYP)

18


Hounslow (UKYP)

Warrington (UKYP)

Isles of Scilly (UKYP)

West Sussex (Youth Council/UKYP)

Islington (Youth Council)

Wiltshire (Youth Council)

Middlesbrough (UKYP)

Worthing (Youth Council)

Oldham (UKYP)

April 2012

Oxfordshire (UKYP)

Oldham (Youth Council)

Portsmouth (UKYP)

Epping Forest (Youth Council)

Sandwell (UKYP)

Bedford Borough (UKYP)

Shropshire (UKYP)

Bolton (UKYP)

Solihull (UKYP)

Torbay (UKYP)

Trafford (UKYP)

Wakefield (UKYP)

March 2012

May 2012 •

Ealing (Youth Council)

Bedford Borough (Youth Council)

Ealing (Young Mayor)

June 2012

Buckinghamshire (UKYP)

Darlington (UKYP)

Knowsley (UKYP)

July 2012

Lambeth (Youth Council/Young Mayor)

Leeds (UKYP)

Lincolnshire (Youth Council/UKYP)

Newham (Youth Council)

Norfolk (UKYP)

North Yorkshire (UKYP)

Redbridge (UKYP)

Sandwell (Youth Council)

Sheffield (UKYP)

St Helens (UKYP)

Staffordshire (Youth Council/UKYP)

Sunderland (UKYP)

Walsall (UKYP)

None yet declared

Bedford Borough (UKYP)

19


APPENDIX 4

Scotland Scottish Youth Parliament The Scottish Youth Parliament (SYP) represents Scotland’s young people aged 14-25. Since it was established by young people in 1999 the SYP has been at the forefront of youth engagement in civic democracy, working directly with over 1,000 members of the Scottish Youth Parliament (MSYPs) and engaging with many thousands more through its work. An independent charity, the SYP receives core funding from the Scottish government.

Youth elections in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales

In the most recent elections, held in March 2011, Scotland’s young people cast 84,940 votes to elect 135 constituency MSYPs to serve a two-year term; that is equivalent to a turnout of about 1 in 10 eligible young people. The organisation also has MSYPs elected to represent national voluntary organisations. To find out more visit: www.syp.org.uk UK Youth Parliament in Scotland Since the UK Youth Parliament’s inception, it has worked with the Scottish Youth Parliament to secure representation from Scottish young people. BYC reserves 45 seats for Scottish representatives (aged up to 18) to attend the UKYP annual sitting in the House of Commons. Local Youth Councils Almost all local authorities in Scotland operate some form of youth council, though names and structures vary. In a small number of areas young people directly elect representatives, though most often, certainly at the local community level, young people are able to self-nominate. To find your local youth council in Scotland please go to: byc.org.uk/uk-work/local-youth-council-network/find-your-local-youth-council

20


Wales Funky Dragon – the children and young people’s assembly for Wales Funky Dragon is the children and young people’s assembly for Wales and is governed by the Grand Council, made up of 100 young people from across Wales aged 25 and under. Each of the 22 local authorities in Wales may send representatives from the following groups: •

One young person should represent the statutory sector e.g. youth clubs, schools, social services etc

One young person should represent the voluntary sector e.g. local charities, uniformed groups, young farmers etc

One young person should represent the local school councils

One young person (the equality rep) should represent young people from specific interest groups.

The elections are run locally and are undertaken by county youth forums/ youth councils. Currently there are elected representatives from 20 out of 22 local authorities. Data on the total number of votes for these elections is currently not collected centrally. The final 12 seats are filled by co-option and are intended for any groups which are underrepresented elsewhere in the Grand Council. To find out more about Funky Dragon go to: www.funkydragon.org UK Youth Parliament in Wales BYC reserves 26 seats in the UK Youth Parliament for Welsh representatives (aged 18 and under) to attend the annual House of Commons debate of the UK Youth Parliament. BYC is working in partnership with Funky Dragon to explore the feasibility of direct elections of these representatives to focus on UK wide issues as well as overall funding for this programme to run fully in Wales. Local youth forums Each local authority under the Local Participation Strategies 0-25 guidance (Welsh Assembly government circular No: 025/2007) issued in August 2007 should have a local youth forum. The recruitment methods range from elections and self selections to applications. Many community councils also have a youth forum. To find your local youth council in Wales please go to: byc.org.uk/uk-work/local-youth-council-network/find-your-local-youth-council

21


Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Youth Forum The Northern Ireland Youth Forum (NIYF) is youth led: it is run by young people, for young people and is managed by an executive committee of 16 young people. This committee sets the strategic direction based on the views of its members. It sets the priorities for the youth forum and employs a staff team to carry out this work. Any young person who has been involved in working with the youth forum at any stage during the last two years can stand for a seat on the executive committee. Last year 500 votes were cast in the Northern Ireland Youth Forum elections. UK Youth Parliament in Northern Ireland NIYF delivers this programme on behalf of the BYC in Northern Ireland. There are currently 16 members of the Youth Parliament elected by the NIYF to represent young people in Northern Ireland. The first year in which Northern Ireland held UKYP elections was 2012, previous to this young people were co-opted on. NIYF has commissioned a piece of research to look at how it can increase awareness of UKYP in Northern Ireland and the youth turnout in these elections. Local youth forums Only one council in Northern Ireland has a shadow youth council – Belfast City Council Youth Forum, although there are many local youth forums and councils run by community organisations and well as education and library boards. To find your local youth council in Northern Ireland please go to: byc.org.uk/uk-work/local-youth-council-network/find-your-local-youth-council

22


ABOUT THE BRITISH YOUTH COUNCIL The British Youth Council is the National Youth Council of the UK. A youthled charity, we empower young people aged 25 and under to influence and inform the decisions that affect their lives. We support young people to get involved in their communities and democracy locally, nationally and internationally, making a difference as volunteers, campaigners, decisionmakers and leaders.

Serving our membership BYC is made up of more than 230 member organisations who support our common vision for young people. Members elect our Board, determine our policies and prioritise our campaigns. They also act as the link between BYC and millions of individuals within the membership of our members. www.byc.org.uk/members

Youth-led networks BYC runs a number of youth-led networks and programmes - including the UK Youth Parliament, Young Mayor Network, Local Youth Council Network, National Scrutiny Group and Youth Select Committee - which encourage young people to get involved in democracy and campaign to bring about change. www.byc.org.uk/uk-work

Campaigning and consulting BYC seeks to represent the views of young people and our members to stakeholders and decision makers at a local, national and international level. This work is based on the rolling BYC Manifesto which outlines our beliefs and aspirations. www.byc.org.uk/campaigns

Training and recognition Our training programmes empower young people with the skills, knowledge and confidence to bring about change. We also recognise young people who have made a significant contribution to their community through our highprofile award schemes. www.byc.org.uk/training-services

International work Through our international youth participation young people learn about global issues and connect and share with other young people around the world. They are able to take part in discussions and influence decisions made at an international level. www.byc.org.uk/international


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