â€œA Call for Collaborationâ€? Report from the Future City Conversations Jan 2012
Contents: Introduction Tabular Summary Economy Investment Food Transport Nature Waste Land Use Energy Getting It Done Acknowledgements Annex A - List of Green groups
3 7 9 14 17 21 25 29 33 38 43 47 48
This document is a record of the conversations held during a week of “Future City” seminars convened by the Green Capital Partnership in Jan 2012. The process was open to the public public, and primarily, but not exclusively aimed at people who are currently involved in activities supporting the aims of the Partnership. Over 60 people attended these events and an additional 40 people attended a final ‘getting it done’ meeting held at Hamilton House in February. This document is intended to form the basis of the Green Capital Partnership’s plan for the next 3 years. The Green Capital Partnership is a free membership organisation funded by Bristol City Council and made up of organisations that have pledged “to help make Bristol a low carbon city with a high quality of life for all” The tables on page 8 refer to sub-sections of the document and are collated for ease of reference as well as giving an idea of how the constituent elements add up to an overall strategy.
People like Bristol, they like to live here, they like to visit. It is unorthodox yet laid back, vibrant yet calm and prosperous but not bling. We are the gateway to the south-west and the economic engine of the area. We are home to Brunel, Banksy, the SS Great Britain and the birthplace of Methodism. The city is known world-wide for its urban art and music scene, its cluster of universities are the most innovative in Europe, it is home to the world’s leading renewable energy consultancy, the world’s best known ethical bank and it produces enough of the world’s microchip design that it is sometimes called Silicon Gorge! Bristolians are a skeptical bunch though. The recent developments of flats around the harbour are scorned by many, and if you really want to get a Bristolian going, ask them about our transport system. Quite rightly, they will point out the gap between the rich and poor, the life chances of children who live in poverty and the unacceptable health inequalities for older people. But people stay here all their lives for good reason. Indeed we have the highest level of graduate retention of any city in the UK and it is often the recent arrivals who are most likely to extol its virtues. We have much to be proud of and this publication seeks to celebrate Bristol’s progress towards becoming a European Green Capital city just as much as it seeks to identify and set out what we can do to address the challenges. Background www.bristolgreencapital.org
In 2008, Professor Vala Ragnarsdottir, Dr Sarah Cornell and Dr Pru Foster ran a ‘world cafe’ for several hundred people to develop the Bristol Green Capital Partnership vision. It was a firm foundation, but it needs refreshing and we need to get better at addressing the ‘how’ and not just the ‘what’. The global economic situation alongside population increase and resource scarcity means that there is an ever greater imperative to agree a way forward. However, at the very moment we need to invest in our future, there is little or no money with which to do so. Cliched but true - but necessity is the mother of invention. Do we really need yet another vision? Probably not. The city has the Bristol 2020 Plan - and more recently the GWE Business West published the Bristol 2050 Plan. We were tempted to split the difference with the Bristol 2030 Plan! In fact, in 2011 the Green Capital Partnership published a book called “Inspiring Change”, which collected together stories about all the amazing stuff happing in Bristol that is helping to make it a more sustainable, innovative and vibrant city. It also set out a challenge to the city to reach the tipping point, and live up to the rhetoric in a more fundamental way. This document builds on Inspiring Change but is directed towards action. It is a reflection of the thoughts and opinions of over 100 of our stakeholders who participated in our recent seminars – and we have tried to be as faithful as possible to what was said during the conversations. There are many ways of cutting the cake, but we have chosen to structure the document around 8 of the most important themes; Economy & Investment, Land Use, Transport, Food, Energy, Nature, Waste and Getting it Done. The central premise is to raise everyone’s quality of life, in the first instance by putting in place systems that will generate some quick wins. In each section we aim to link liveability and sustainability. Throughout we have also given a view on a big idea, a game-changer, a showcase, a policy proposition, and something on jobs and enterprise. There are other important areas, and many sub-themes which we plan to explore in more detail as a follow up to this document, but we hope you will be happy to work with this as a useful pointer. Binding the document together are the twin ideas of a golden thread and a regenerative city, one that does its best to exist as a system in its own right that seeks to continuously regenerate the ecosystems on which it depends; a circular system, rather than a linear importer of goods and energy and an exporter the polluting waste. The document isn’t designed to be comprehensive there are thousands of things we could do, and already are, but we have not included them all in order to keep the report manageable. We must be prepared to proiritise and put aside some of the ‘nice to haves’ in order to concentrate on some of the factors that are critical to achieving our goals. We must also put aside some of our differences in pursuit of the bigger picture - arguments about whether local or fair trade food is better get us nowhere - especially when the answer is both. Therefore, this document is a call to collaborate around a set of 5 important points: 1. 2. 3. 4.
Quality of life not wealth makes people happy, and a job is the best way out of poverty Greater productive community ownership will rebalance the economy and help ensure that there are more long term employment opportunities, not less. Education is the greatest enabler - as much as possible at the highest quality should be free Waste is a waste - we should aim to turn it into a valuable resource
We must view the world as a complex system, not an infinite asset, where the environment is treated as an economic ‘externality’.
The Future City Framework The future ‘regenerative’ city is a complex, integrated system that links its people to the ecosystems that assure its well-being. For the system to work, there must be a golden thread that links all of us together, from street level all the way up to national and global levels. In between, it must make sense at a community level - there is little point setting up projects or processes that fail to resonate with the local area. A city however can be made up of many different and various communities - our diversity is one of our strengths. As long as divisions are minimised, connections maximised and systems put in place that ensure that the city can operate efficiently and effectively, then we can find the right balance between localism and cost. Importantly, we must recognise our place in the world. The actions we take every day affect our home, the earth. It is our moral obligation to ensure that collectively, we are doing all we can to protect the planet, and to help restore its damaged ecosystems. The Golden Thread
Our Planet - our home
City level Nieghbourhood Level
Streets of Solar
Street level our home
From Agropolis through Petropolis to Ecopolis?
Historically - for thousands of years towns and cities were embedded in local landscapes that provided food, fuel and building materials on a sustainable basis. This traditional settlement, with limited transport connections to the outside world, could be described as ‘Agropolis’.
Today we live in ‘Petropolis’ - in cities defined by their systemic dependence on daily injections of fossil fuels for their survival. In an age of peak oil and worsening climate change we need to find ways of dramatically reducing this fossil fuel dependence.
The future city might be called ‘Ecopolis’ – a place that reconnects with its local hinterland whilst minimising its global ecological footprint. Renewable energy and much of its food can be sourced from the region which benefits from the city’s presence rather than being damaged by it © Herbert Girardet
Document summary: What is the story?
Currently £2.4bn - lets double it in 10 years
Bristol Crowd Sourcing
Prepare 4 Change
Austerity is no excuse, focus on Local Innovation
Bristol Energy Cooperative
Community investment in development
Plentiful and cheap but reliant on oil, pesticides and GM.
Local investment in food projects
Shop Local Brand and Good Bristol App
Larger food franchise shops - “foodenhams”
Loads of progress but need to change personal habits esp for journeys under 5km
Cycling city and 20mph zones
Joint Transport working groups
Alternative Fuels & Vehicles
Fantastic green spaces are under threat due to pressing need for housing and employment land
Green Corridors system
Green Volunteers & green honeycomb
Stoke Park ecovillage
Very good at household waste but 80% is from business
New Earth Solutions and Wessex Water
Guidance for small business & waste ʻkitemarkʼ award
Cradle to cradle design
7. Land Use
Huge pressure to build houses
Future villages (eco living)
Community led self-build
Energy use is still increasing but our energy security isnʼt
Municipal energy company
Community street parties
Renewable energy cheaper than fossil fuels
Need collaboration to reach the tipping point
Over 150 green groups annual summit
Branding task-finish group
Global Citizens Leaders Programme
9. Getting it Done
Indicator of Progress
Bank of Bristol & financial footprint
Centre for Sustainable Services
Prosperity not growth
Well-being and NLP
LEP Low Carbon Sector Group
The big 5
Capitalisation of Revenue
WoE Farming Cooperative
Food Policy Council food charter
No of people & traders using Bristol £
Food Policy Council
Open Streets parties
Municipal transport company
School cycle and walking buses and LEZ
Number of journeys less than 5km by car
GC Transport sub-group
Alternative green space
Community Ownership of green space
Community Ownership of green space
% Sites under +ve management
Examination of business waste
Trade value for business waste to turn it into a resource
Require business to measure its waste
Reduction in amount of overall waste
Local living in urban hubs
South Bristol Regen area
Long term land value
% people within 300m of green space
Land Use & Planning sub-group
Streets of solar
SW Tidal/Wave Cluster
Stable policy framework for investment
GWh of renewable energy capacity
ELENA Working Group
Green Capital pledge process
GDP that is de-coupled from carbon
Green Capital Momentum Group
Getting it Done
1. Economy How ‘future proof’ is our Economy? The question we need to ask is how ‘future proof’ is our economy?’ This means assessing, and improving on the efficiency and resilience of our economy, creating long-term prosperity that has been de-coupled from carbon. We must also take into account the imminent scarcity of many of our most important resources, understanding the limits on energy that will slow down our ability to find the technological solutions that are currently assumed in economic forecasts (economists assume that resources are in effect limitless, i.e. as one runs out we will replace it with another). To be clear, the Green Capital Partnership firmly believes that jobs are fundamental to a successful society and that a productive economy is essential for our future. It believes that a green economy is a particularly effective way of creating employment that is resilient whilst achieving the reduction in carbon emissions necessary to prevent damaging climate change. We are clear that this should be seen as an opportunity, not a cost. We choose not to use the term ‘sustainable economic growth’ as it has become synonymous with a return to the existing economic model that treats the environment as an externality. The term ‘prosperity’ is used here to mean the pursuit of higher quality of life whilst recognising environmental limits.
To date we have made a start by estimating the size and shape of the Low Carbon Environmental Technology Sector in order to agree a baseline. A first estimate suggests that in 2010 the environmental technologies (ET) sector in Bristol and the West of England employed over 19,000 people in more than 1,000 businesses, which recorded sales of £2.4bn. In 2009/10, the UK as a whole was ranked at number six in the world, with 3.7 percent of global ET sales. The South West region was ranked fifth in the UK in 2010, with eight percent of national sales. We believe this could be more than doubled in the next 10 years. www.bristolgreencapital.org
Big Idea: Bank of Bristol How we make decisions about shaping Bristol’s economy is a major challenge, in terms of when to seek market-based solutions and when to legislate, and how to balance the two. These kinds of decisions are mostly made at the highest levels, by national government and by major financial organisations. Meanwhile we need more deliberately regional initiatives as well. The big idea is to allow people to become greater financial stakeholders in their locality and to actively take part in the financial decisions that affect them. This could have major benefits in terms of ownership leading to greater social capital, better quality of life and economic opportunity. It is suggested that a first step in this process would be to help people understand their financial footprint - i.e. the impact of their spending and saving choices. Financial investment in the city and its communities is being investigated by Bristol City Council, through its BBB initiative: “Building a Better Bristol”. This in part attempts to re-imagine the role of local government, in generating local funding for enterprise, development, infrastructure and service delivery through new forms of participatory local investment. We need to add to this process, helping people to understand where there money goes when they save or spend it, so that they might begin to make use of opportunities that will be generated through the growth of a more vibrant and robust local economy. Jobs and Enterprise: Centre for Sustainable Services The depth and breadth of consultancies, universities, charities and NGOs in the area provides enormous intellectual capital, which could be marketed as part of the Bristol region USP. Creativity and innovation in green and sustainable goods, services and enterprises are strengths that will become increasingly important to the local economy. Opportunities to create social enterprises as well as businesses will increase, as the issues of climate, energy and resources become more pressing. Smart Working, or ‘telecommuting’ using teleconferencing and commuting technologies would also cut down on transport needs and travel time: this is another area where Bristol can take a lead. There is a clear need for more and easier to access support for ‘green’ entrepreneurs. Bristol is very good at start-ups, but less good at helping them grow into stable, profitable enterprises. If we are to become a centre for sustainable services, it is suggested there is a role for business support to be focussed more sharply on the kinds of practical support that entrepreneurs are asking for. There is plenty of support around, but for a busy start-up it is incredibly time-consuming to research and make use of the plethora of offers. It is in the interests of the Local Enterprise Partnership to pursue the establishment of a consolidated offer across the West of England functional market area.
Game Changer: Prepare 4 Change Preparing 4 change is a description of the need to maintain awareness of the external environment and understand how to create new opportunities out of the necessity to plan for a very different future. This process would connect strengths with needs, via an ongoing process of strategic collaboration and in doing so bring together economic development, sustainability, localisation, emergency planning, social capital, well-being and quality of life.
Employing the strengths and natural resources of the region towards the need to create a more resilient, prepared city will have multiple short, medium and long-term benefits. For example, Bristol should source as much of its food and energy as locally as possible, create maximum efficiency in the design and function of its waste systems to create a more circular metabolism, where wastes are reduced and reused where possible. The success of this work could be quantified via an ‘Index of Prosperity’, and ‘Net Local Product’ as discussed in the Investment section.
Showcase: Bristol £ The Bristol Pound is a new local currency due to be launched in April 2012. The model is “designed to support independent businesses in and around Bristol, retaining and multiplying the benefit of every pound spent for ordinary people and businesses” (Bristol Pound website) Bristol £ is a not-for-profit partnership between Bristol Pound Community Interest Company (CIC) and Bristol Credit Union and developed through work done by Transition Bristol. The scheme follows in the path of the successful versions in Totnes and Brixton. Quick Win: Crowd-Sourcing There are a number of crowd-sourcing funding systems; “Buzzbnk” and “People Fund It” are just two. Other Bristol projects have done it themselves. We feel that we could make much more of this kind of local saving and spending - perhaps in partnership with banks such as Bristol Credit Union and Triodos, that have demonstrated a clear understanding of the benefits. It is suggested that we need to adopt a crowd-sourcing methodology and publicise it on behalf of our projects. Policy: Sustainable Prosperity not “sustainable growth” Currently, the predominant mantra is still one of growth; “lets grow our way out of the problem”, despite widespread acknowledgement that it was an uncontrolled focus on growth that put us in this predicament. Over the next 20 years, resource scarcity is going to mean that it will be uneconomic to continue to extract smaller and smaller quantities of materials from the ground, using up greater and greater amounts of energy to do so. Therefore, we believe that our overall economic policy should return us to seeing money as a unit of exchange rather than as a measure of wealth, and that a smart city will place the greatest emphasis on minimising waste, rather than continuing to be the throw away society of the last 40 years. On a more detailed level, there is scope for investigating the mechanisms that large businesses have in place that either directly or indirectly help to protect their market share. One example is the free car parking offered by supermarkets and large retail centres, compared to the charges applied to people parking at the local shops. SMEs cite a litany of other examples that tilt the playing field.
2. Investment Investment in the age of austerity? For many years much of the voluntary sector has had to rely on a grant system to provide the foundations for their business models and as a result the recent â€˜age of austerityâ€™ has left many with no option but to reduce in size, or even to cease trading. The fledgling social enterprise sector which ran in parallel has in many cases been able to responded positively, having set up a variety of legal entities that have profitable business models enabling them to generate income. Their focus on cash flow means that they have found a way of paying for their core costs, whilst hopefully generating some surplus that can be used to deliver their charitable aim. However, even day to day profitable businesses need loans from time to time in order to turn innovation into reality and we need many and varied catalytic step changes if we are to compete with the tide of everyday activities that are pushing the planet to its limits. In short, how do we set up new investment models that wonâ€™t cost us the earth?
We feel there are five areas of opportunity: 1.
3. 4. 5.
Capitalisation of Revenue: the process of using a future source of revenue to act as a guarantor for an up front capital investment. This might include future purchase agreements on a community scale, or rate rebate schemes on a Local Authority scale. Local saving schemes: the process of educating people about where their money goes, encouraging them to choose to use organisations and systems that ensure that the money is invested locally rather than globally. This would provide a platform for a local revolving investment fund. Crowd-funding: the process of generating investment through lots of small loans or donations from members of the public who wish to support a particular project Alternatives to money: the process of using systems that are not reliant on money e.g. time banks, freecycle to provide the resources necessary for a given project Long Term Management: the process of ensuring that existing businesses are focussed on long term objectives rather than short-term profit, thus encouraging them to look for more sustainable investment opportunities.
Showcase: Bristol’s Energy Co-operatives Community energy initiatives are springing up over all over Bristol, as elsewhere, and Bristol already has an active Energy Network. Helped by seed funding from the City Council, two Co-ops, Bristol Power and Bristol Energy are exploring innovative ways of creating investment in renewable energy. Bristol Energy Co-op is working towards a community share offer that will fund solar projects on community buildings, and Bristol Power Co-op is sourcing finance from banks, and such renewable energy funds would be used to develop community energy projects through local community centres. Quick Wins: Resource Sharing The recession has inspired a variety of schemes that enable people to access the things and services they need and want without necessarily having to buy them or pay the full cost. Websites such as Freecycle, and Bristol’s own Ecojam ‘Free Stuff’, provides a forum for people to upload items they no longer need or want and for others to put out a ‘call’ for something they need whether it be a bed, a bike or a TV. Local Exchange Trading Systems (LETS) allow people to trade time instead of goods. People can trade skills, services or goods without the use of the economic system i.e. money. There have been LETS schemes in Bristol since the 1990s but had a revival in 2010 when a city-wide scheme was launched. In the same way that car boot sales brought ‘bring and buy’ to the mass market, it is time we made resource sharing in all its forms a mainstream activity. After all, you don’t need a drill, you need a hole!
Policy: Capitalising on Revenue Its basically the same as a mortgage - you promise to pay someone a regular sum of money for a period of time, and in return they give you a lump sum up front. The difference is that a mortgage will generally cost you three times the amount that you borrow. Building on the UK Government’s Green Deal proposition, we believe that there are many more opportunities to exploit revenue streams in this way. If done locally on a not-for-profit basis, the capital to revenue ratio could be much smaller, and the investment should be relative to the applicant's situation, i.e. repayments will be adjusted for income. Game Changer: Community Building Communities
Within Bristol, the concept for the BS3 Campus, based on the Freiburg Vauban model (successful example of a 5,000 strong sustainable community in Germany) aims to retain the old City of Bristol College infrastructure and build a sustainable community around it. Through community owned land, held in a trust, initial site purchase costs would be avoided. The project would be run by a partnership between key stakeholders, people responsible for the delivery of the project and members interested in living within it. In return, the structure in place, (either a Community Interest Company or a Community Land Trust) offers shared ownership for all involved. This model is seen to have multiple benefits, transferring power from developers to the community, facilitating more appropriate and locally informed decisions, as well as reducing the environmental impact through delivery and operation, that is associated with a conventional development project. On completion, the campus neighbourhood would be an inclusive environment, with community values at its core and with affordable homes, workspace and recreational space.
3. Food Introduction Post-war, supermarkets have boomed; it has been an amazing time for good food being brought to the masses at cheap prices. There are many huge food heavens in Bristol with aisles of vegetables, meat, dairy goods, world foods, fair trade, Halal food and organic produce. Fast food outlets can provide family meals for less than £10 – without getting out of your car. Every day, scores of TV cooking shows demonstrate how to cook quick meals, fancy meals, one-pot meals, dinner parties and canapes. Food is so plentiful in the UK that we throw more than one-third of it away. There are, however, hidden costs to our food system; there is enough food to feed everyone but worldwide there are a billion obese people and a billion starving. The UK is heavily dependent on other countries to feed us. Our rural areas have lost most of their farming jobs. We are reliant on artificial fertilizers to replenish the soil and on oil to produce and transport our food. The unregulated and rampant destruction of natural habitats all over the world is a disaster in itself, but also contribute to the reduction in the natural world’s ability to absorb carbon dioxide. Much of what we are told about food is misleading. At the extreme end of absurdity, the US have essentially just reclassified pizza as a vegetable. The food system is one of our fundamental challenges; we must rebalance the system towards local, seasonal food. We must educate people about the food system, rather than just the resulting meal. We must reduce the levels of fast food and we must ensure that the food we get from elsewhere, beyond the region, is ethically and sustainably produced. Bristol has made a fantastic start - we grow more food in our city than any other in the UK, with thousands of allotments and dozens of food cooperatives. We are home to the only independent fruit and vegetable wholesaler in the south of England and the headquarters of the Soil Association is in Bristol. Despite this passion and grass roots energy, Bristol’s local food system is extremely fragile and we need to build on the recommendations given in “Who Feeds Bristol: Towards a resilient food plan - Joy Carey 2011”. Quick wins: “What, when and where?” We need to speak much more loudly and broadly about “what, when and where” – educating people about what is best to eat, when to buy it, and where it could be sourced for minimum impact. Building on the excellent work undertaken by NHS Bristol, the City Council and local schools, we need to make it easier for people to make sense of the complexity of choices in shops and www.bristolgreencapital.org
restaurants. Our big retailers have all but refused to comply over food labeling that would give clear nutritional information, and have showed no enthusiasm for giving food miles and carbon information on packaging. Therefore, by linking with the Bristol £ initiative and the campaign for local independents, we can quickly set up a system of new markets and local shops where people can trust the operator to have made every effort to seasonally source as much of their goods from as nearby as possible. Local people need to have an easy way of knowing what is healthy, local and in season, and where to buy it. Secondly, it was agreed that we should set up a “Guide to Good Bristol” website and ‘app’ (to compliment the book), showing people quickly and easily where the best places to shop and eat out are. It would also include information on local vegetable box schemes, give discounts on seasonal food and allow shop owners to showcase the best of what they have to offer. Big Idea: Bristol’s Bio-region Globalisation of the food system has brought many benefits. Increasing scale and efficiency now means that many countries are net exporters of food. The UK isn’t one of them - we even import milk. It is estimated that the world now stores approximately two months supply of food, and a city such as Bristol has less than a week’s supply on its shelves at any one time. This supermarket supply chain is incredibly lean, but it is widely accepted that it lacks resilience and operates at the cost of many in the wider system. It is also a very carbon intensive way of feeding us, thereby exacerbating the climate changes that are adversely affecting the very system we are trying to protect. Therefore it is our proposition that we alter our food habits to rely less on the global system, and more on the fertile and plentiful area of land that surrounds us; e.g. Bristol’s bio-region. A growing number of cities now compost their organic waste and return this important resource to the local farmland. Bristol is lucky enough to be surrounded by thousands of acres of arable land, in a relatively temperate climate, with good soil quality. If we are able to alter procurement systems to recognise local seasonality as an equally important factor in buying behaviour as choice then we will be able to create a step change in the resilience of the food system. It will also have the added benefit of creating local jobs and almost certainly promote healthier eating. Policy: Food Planning Process As mentioned above, approximately three quarters of Bristol residents are entirely dependent on supermarkets for their food supply. It is essential that as a city we are much more aware of the food system, where its strengths and weaknesses lie, where it needs to be made more resilient, and where it can be exploited to provide more local jobs. By involving more people in the system of planning our food processes from the ground onto their tables, we can also help them understand some of the issues. Through that understanding, it is our contention that a far more resilient food system will emerge. www.bristolgreencapital.org
Showcase: Let there be plenty The food conversation was not only the most popular meeting of the week; it also had the most examples of ‘showcases’ for the city. Bristol has a well-developed food ‘scene’ with a number of farmer’s markets and food festivals throughout the year that get locally-grown and organic produce into the kitchen’s of Bristol’s residents. In recent years more locally grown food has become available, but it is often not accessible due to price. However, there are a growing number of food projects in Bristol that specifically aim to get good quality, local fruit and vegetables to local people at a low cost. For example, Hartcliffe Health and Environment Action Group run a number of food schemes to improve local health and wellbeing; making healthy food affordable and available through growing schemes and a food coop. Bristol is also seeing a rise in Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) projects. People come together and invest in the procurement, development and food-growing on a site and then share the produce. Sims Hill Shared Harvest, a CSA project, aims to provide high quality fruit and vegetables alongside educational opportunities, work and recreation. The project develops community life through generating a relationship with food and its production and reclaiming some of Bristol’s fertile agricultural land. However, most of the people involved in these showcase projects say that the hard bit isn’t the graft in the fields or the time spent selling the food. The hardest bit is attracting the investment they need to expand their operation to a scale where these fantastic projects become mainstream. This issue would be alleviated significantly if groups had access to a revolving investment fund of the sort mentioned in Section 2. www.bristolgreencapital.org
Jobs and Enterprise: West of England Farming Co-operative The predominance of supermarkets, while convenient and cheap, accommodates unsustainable supply chains that outsource produce and sideline local producers. While 1 in 10 local jobs is in the food and drink sector, it is important to recognise the importance of greater food resilience to our economy, and that currently, this is largely out of our control. The localisation of food production would engage regional producers; keeping money in the south-west supply chain and creating resilience to the ever-increasing cost of importing foodstuffs from overseas. In a city so well embedded with its surrounding hinterland, there are countless opportunities to link local farms into a co-operative with a regional distribution hub, rather than each of them relying on big but marginal contracts with supermarkets. Indeed, due to the style of current contracts, farmers are often forced to waste much of their produce in the ground, as it is not economic for them to harvest it. By linking with inner city outlets, some peri-urban farms can start to revert from live stock to horticulture and orchards cultivation. This, in turn, can maintain the fertility of the land for sustained future yield. Supporting local food systems can greatly expand employment opportunities in activities such as on-farm processing, distribution and wholesaling. Policy: Food Policy Council Food Charter Work currently being undertaken is looking at reducing the monopoly of the 'big 5' supermarkets (Who Feeds Bristol). Alongside this, Bristol's Food Policy Council is observing local food systems and creating pro active initiatives such as the joint public agency food buying initiative. However, it is clear that the final outcome of the planning process is often determined by decisions in the court of appeal rather than by local planning committees. It is hoped that the implications of the Food Charter can become an integral part of the Neighbourhood Plans drawn up by residents, adding further weight to local decisions. Game changer: “Foodenhams” – a food equivalent to Debenhams. At present, buying locally-produced food in a series of different local shops can be a cold, wet and time-consuming experience, whereas supermarket shopping is convenient, comfortable and quick. Often people do not have time or inclinations to go from store to store or stall to stall buying their weekly shop. A new model for the collective sale of local produce that maintains the independence of sellers while streamlining the process, i.e. a ‘franchise food store’ would encourage a higher uptake and increase repeat business. This model is also made more practical if suppliers are paid at point of sale, rather than the intermediary carrying all the risk. Establishing a series of larger food outlets such as this around the city, supplied by the co-operative of local producers, could level the playing field; they could be modern day indoor markets, if you will. We must learn from the convenience offered by the competition, as there is no doubt that the big supermarkets have become incredibly efficient and effective – however, it is our assertion that costs need not increase if instead of supermarket profits disappearing offshore, they are re-invested in not-for-profit businesses that are run for the benefit of local customers, operators and suppliers, rather than shareholders. It is suggested that the Green Capital Partnership should prompt Bristol City Council to identify a few potential buildings, (particularly in areas of the city regarded as ‘food deserts’) that could be used for such projects.
Transport Our transport choices are often dictated by the location of our homes, workplaces, schools and places for socialising. Yet, thousands of journeys of less than 5km are taken by car. It is more convenient, warmer, perceived as safer and still relatively cheap to jump in the high powered, shiny metal box on wheels (more often than not on your own) and whizz or even crawl to your destination. Yet the one issue that nearly everyone agrees on in Bristol and the surrounding area is the need to sort out the transport system. There is a lot to do â€“ more pedestrian zones, cycle lanes, better footpaths, cheaper and faster bus routes, the list seems endless and the delays have been frustrating. However, the evidence is clear; a reduction in car use would unlock the city, improving air quality and reducing noise pollution at the same time. We have been advised that the proposal for an Integrated Transport Authority is still not on the agenda, and unresolved largely due to political differences across the West of England. It must be said that the Green Capital Partnership considers this not to be in the best interests of those that are being represented. However, there is a recognition that the working partnership across the 4 authorities is a practical interim step, and that we should support the joint efforts that are now beginning to bear fruit. Since its status as the UKâ€™s first Cycling City in 2008, Bristol has managed to raise cycling levels by over a third and add over 100 miles of new cycling routes and meanwhile new 20 m/h zones will be rolled out over the city over the next 12-24 months. The controversial Bus Rapid Transport plans have been approved: while there are obvious concerns about the South Bristol Link Road, the system will streamline the use of buses thus making their use more reliable and, in turn, increasing their use. Bristol, however, has one of the highest levels of commuter traffic in the UK, not helped by the percieved or real need for parents to drive their kids to school, or often several different schools. It is our contention that this issue is in large part down to personal choice, and that despite the good progress being made people are in the habit using a variety of excuses to continue to use their cars. We feel the solution to better transport is twofold; firstly, we need to work with car drivers, not against them â€“ after all many of us also have cars that we regularly use. Secondly, we must be positive about the improvements that are being made to our public transport system, our cycle ways and our footpaths, encouraging people to change their habits rather than making them feel guilty. Showcase: www.bristolgreencapital.org
There have been several advances over the last 3 years that give a glimpse of what a successful Bristol transport system could look like. Cycling City’s work made tangible changes to the experiences of cyclists in the city through development of new paths and improving existing routes. The outcomes included: 36 new projects, 53 km of new cycle lanes, over 3000 new cycle stands in the city, two 20 mph speed limit areas as well as business engagement with over 200 roadshows, 17 funded community projects, 55 “Bike It” schools and almost 17000 school cycle training sessions. The implementation of 20 m/h streets in Bedminster, Southville, St Werburghs, Ashley and St Pauls demonstrates the council’s commitment to community road safety. Resident parking schemes, such as the one in Kingsdown, that was initially resisted but is now widely applauded, have led to fewer cars circling the streets seeking spaces resulting in better air quality and safer streets for pedestrians. Smart bus network - add paragraph here Quick wins: Joint Transport Working Group There is a need for better communication and increased conversations between the varying campaigns and activists for better transport choices in the city. Without a co-ordinated and inclusive drive to solve the obvious problems, encouraging the sharing of knowledge and attitudes, successful solutions for Bristol’s transport will never come to fruition. Therefore, we suggest that in a similar way to the Food Policy Council, a policy group of critical stakeholders be supported by the Local Sustainble Transport Fund to bring together the various organisations to tackle some of the small but seemingly intractable problems. This will require sustained commitment and openness to working together, but there are some changes that can be made quite quickly if we all support a small number of catalyst schemes. For example: secure tracking of bicycles would reduce cycle crime, wider adoption of the Go Low and other car pool schemes by statutory agencies would provide the scale and confidence necessary to encourage people to give up their second cars, and the mass provision of electric vehicle points through the ‘Plugged in Places’ Bristol scheme could provide a kick-start for electric vehicle usage – especially with a new trend in smaller electric ‘covered quad-bikes’. Big Idea: Open Streets Parties. Our big idea isn’t really a big idea – it is just a scaling up of an existing idea until it extends across the city. Bristol is the street party capital of the UK; outside of London, we have more street parties than anywhere else. We have some fantastic cobbled streets, green spaces and pedestrian areas. Our urban arts trails are a much loved feature on several weekends of the year and we have a reputation as a Festival City, with the St Paul’s Carnival as a particularly fine www.bristolgreencapital.org
example of using the streets for something other than driving and parking. Other areas around Bristol should be supported to hold their own community events. Perhaps the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee will be the catalyst – our challenge is to make sure it isn’t a once only event. The sense of ownership generated through open streets parties across the whole city, will leave a legacy of communities getting together to discuss how they can make their street safer for kids to play in, easier for older people to get around, and reducing noise and air pollution at the same time. Streets are for communication between people, rather than for preventing this. Game changers: Alternative Fuels & Vehicles Cars give people a sense of convenience, freedom and choice. To achieve our targets for emissions reduction and renewables the use of cars needs to be examined. This needs to be done, however, without demonising the motorist; we need to involve them in creating the solutions.
Stockholm has tackled transport creatively and comprehensively with a Clean Fuels and Vehicles programme. 40% of all new vehicle purchases are of 'green' vehicles, and 7% of all vehicles now use 'clean' fuels – which are available at 75% of filling stations in the city. Measures included setting ambitious targets for vehicles in the city, sourcing and encouraging clean fuel suppliers including biodiesel and ethanol, and joint procurement, to reduce vehicle costs. Refuse vehicles and buses were converted first (as major fuel users using a limited number of depots) and clean fuel taxis have priority queues at the airport and elsewhere. Businesses are encouraged businesses to have 'at least one' clean vehicle, and to create green car pools. The network of Bristol groups working on transport needs to focus on the car through researching and encouraging best practice. Again we need to look to other cities; Hannover is planning a €70m experiment with solar energy, electric cars, and smart grids. In many European cities electric charging points are now being installed and some companies will only supply renewable electricity. Cars can charge up on the daytime sun, either at work or at home, and their energy can be used at night to balance demand, especially if it's known that they are not going far the next day. Jobs and Enterprise: Local Authority General Duty of Competence In Bristol we have a great opportunity to create new jobs through integrating smart transport with energy and an increasingly local economy. Taking inspiration from other European cities, the development of alternative and integrated transport systems will require a dedicated workforce and increased investment around low-carbon technologies. The Localism Act 2011 gives Council’s a new general duty of competence, meaning that it can take on the role of market leader, setting up schemes that will compete with business to provide services for the city, and in doing so be able to offer more jobs to local people, rather than relying on national companies that have a monopoly position. We suggest that we build on the future success of the municipal energy cooperative to begin exploring other municipal services that can exploit new technology and modes of transport.
Policy: School cycle & walking buses and a Low Emissions Zone Addressing the congestion created by the school run in Bristol could significantly reduce its impacts on health, both mental and physical!. As school places are limited, there are a growing number of families with children having to travel further than walking distance. Tying school places to catchment areas more securely should in theory improve this but flies in the face of parental choice. Therefore, we advise that new policies should be put in place that require Local Authorities to set up â€˜cycle and walking busesâ€™ and that parents would be required to sign up to a travel policy as part of the entry criteria, such that driving to school is a much more limited option. Bristol does not currently meet EU air quality standards. Reducing emissions from vehicles in Bristol can be done in a number of ways. Low emission zones, such as those used in many cities in Germany, and now in London, use colour-coded stickers that are displayed in car windscreens and denote the emission levels of the car. Only the lowest emission vehicles can access the city centre.
Nature With over 450 green spaces and parks Bristol has, proportionally, the most green space of any UK city. The uniqueness that this gives the city is often cited as one of its main attractions; both by residents and visitors. It also places Bristol in the enviable position of being able to provide a habitat for a wide variety of plants and animals. Not all of the green spaces, however, can be adequately managed and with more and more pressure for housing and employment opportunities, a balance needs to be struck between the community benefits of green space and the needs of a community for more housing. Since the adoption of the Biodiversity Action Plan in 2005, the Council have developed a number of additional initiatives concerning the conservation of wildlife and habitat. Among these are the Wildlife Network and the Urban Wildlife Corridor Assessment Methodology. The later aims to provide a sound scientific basis on which to designate and protect a network of sites and corridors that are of significant importance for wildlife. In addition to the above, Habitat Action Plans are designed to protect and maintain Sites of Nature Conservation Interest, such as: Estuarine habitats, Species rich grasslands, Woodland; and Open waters and rivers. Big Idea: Alternative Green Space As discussed in Land Use section, increased housing density is going to be inevitable with a growing population and pressure to provide land for employment. This will require creative thinking to provide space for Bristolâ€™s wildlife. Green roofs and vertical gardens, on walls, provide compact yet powerful spaces to continue stimulation of the diversity of species in the city. Future develo should take this into account with new developments being required to provide spaces for wildlife; whether this be small green spaces, bird boxes or the use of green roofs. Existing urban gardens are often covered in Tarmac - we should be encouraging house owners to regreening these spaces in line with the reduction of second cars, and with an increased Council Tax levy on gardens that are turned from green space into car parking from 2013 onwards.
Showcase: Bristol’s Wildlife Corridors
The vision for Bristol’s green space and nature has been developed through many discussions surrounding land use, food production and job creation. Connectedness and integration were the themes that emerged as key to the preservation and responsible use of Bristol’s natural environment. Bristol is well known for its hundreds of organisations dedicated to protecting and enhancing the different wildlife sites across Bristol, but they often work in isolation.
Bristol’s Core Development Framework enshrines in planning law a network of sites across Bristol that incorporate ‘wildlife corridors’. Allowing the movement of wildlife across the city ensures that habitats are not segregated and many species are able to thrive.
Quick Wins: Green Volunteers and Localism Food projects that incorporate protection and encouragement of biodiversity are a successful yet simple way to maximise the usefulness of a project. They are also a self-fulfilling endeavour; in the last decade bee populations have fallen worldwide. As bees are responsible for the pollination of 80% of our fruit and vegetables, it is important for food projects to actively attract bees. Projects that engage people with their natural environment also have the benefit of developing health and wellbeing through exercise and experience of nature. The provision of ‘Green Volunteer’ schemes could link with this; the British Trust of Conservation Volunteers, for example, have developed a green gym where people can do conservation work at the same time and getting fit and enjoying the outdoors. Following on from minimisation of soil sealing, the maximisation of water collection and usage is also important. The installation of ponds on nature sites provides water storage capacity, rather than allowing water to wash out to sea, and keeps it ‘useful’ as a habitat for a wide variety of species. Finally, the idea of a green honeycomb builds on Bristol’s already established system of green corridors. The green honeycomb would add an understanding of smaller elements of natural space dotted around neighbourhoods. It is suggested that green volunteers could link with the neighbourhood audits mentioned in the Land Use section, to provide a fuller picture of which sites can be used for food growing and which sites need to be protected and nurtured.
Game Changer: Stoke Park Eco-village Stoke Park is found within a green corridor, bordering the Stapleton and Frome Valley Conservation area. This corridor allows for unrestricted movement for a huge variety of species. Much of Stoke Park and the adjacent Pur Down and Duchesses green spaces used to be market gardens for Bristol. This huge area, adjacent to Lockleaze is now largely neglected scrubland. But there is a growing community vision for re-use to showcase approaches to community agriculture and eco-home building. A screen of trees between the M32 and Stoke Park, and other tree planting projects should be encouraged, and trees could be part of an urban showcase of new approaches to sustainable food growing – forest gardens, organic food cultivation, permaculture and so on. Besides growing trees that produce fruit and food, it's worth looking at growing truffles in woodland, which can produce crops worth up to £30,000 per acre. British commercial truffle growers have pioneered this and train dogs to find the truffles more efficiently and less destructively than pigs. Policy, Jobs & Enterprise: Community Ownership of Green Space Bristol’s population can be fiercely protective of its green space. Quite rightly: these spaces act as Bristol’s ‘green lungs’, as habitats for a wide range of species, as places for recreation, exercise, food projects, enjoyment of nature. Yet, as mentioned in the Land Use section, pressures for housing and employment opportunities mean that these spaces come under increasing scrutiny as spaces for development. How can we balance these needs? Local authorities cannot afford to manage all the green spaces in a city – residents need to take responsibility for their green spaces if they want to keep them. There is a call for a legal construct that enables communities to own their local green space and find effective, and required, purposes for it that fulfil local needs. This community ownership model of green space could also stimulate local enterprise. The maintenance of green spaces and the natural environment provides a lot of scope for the development of new jobs. Placing green spaces, natural habitats and woodlands into community management not only ensures protection of these spaces and their wildlife, it can also create livelihoods for local people. In the case of woodland and food-growing, these sites can also be used for the sustainable production of resources that can be sold. For example, Forest of Avon products has successfully placed Bristol’s woodlands into management, developed a local market for timber products as well as starting several education programmes for young people to engage with their natural environment.
Waste Story With the onset of kerbside plastic recycling, Bristol will have one of the most effective household waste systems in the UK, approaching 50% overall recycling rates. However, by and large we still treat our city as a linear system - we take resources in, use them and then chuck away what is left.
However, if we are to create a system that is sustainable we need to regard the city as a circular metabolism:
More importantly, 80% of Bristol’s overall waste is made up of business waste - this is the big story on which we need to concentrate. It is known that there is an additional complication in that for some small businesses it is far easier to use the domestic system; an illegal but pragmatic response to a difficulty that should be sorted out properly. Indeed, there are now a number of companies offering small business collection systems which run in almost exactly the same way as the household system of segregation and collection - however, there is little or no incentive for businesses in that it still represents a cost rather than a shared opportunity. In the end though, the development of a ‘cradle to cradle’ integrated waste management system that looks to reduce first, then re-use, then recycle, in all areas of the city’s waste would help Bristol on its journey towards a zero waste city. Showcase: Its not rubbish, its money from waste
Bristol residents will soon be able to recycle plastic more easily, but more new ways have to be found to assure that rubbish is used as a resource rather than dumped in landfill sites. The UK landfill tax, as a national policy, has helped to change perceptions and is making it worthwhile to recycle rather than dump waste. Throughout the region there are a number of benchmark large-scale waste management projects, aimed at addressing the issue of waste for both the region and city alike. New Earth Solutions (NES) provide waste treatment and composting services to local authorities, including the South West region. In Avonmouth they have an operational plant that features a Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) facility capable of processing 200,000 tonnes of municipal waste per annum, on behalf of the West of England Partnership (BANES, South Glos, Bristol and North Somerset). In addition to this, NES are currently constructing a new waste
treatment plant. Sharing the same site as the MBT plant, the facility will harness new thermal technology to recover energy from waste, with a forecasted capacity of 7.5MW of green energy. Wessex Water, the region's water treatment company, have been piloting new schemes to minimise the impact of sewage discharge on the environment. In collaboration with the University of Bath, Greenfuel Company and GENco, they have helped to convert a VW Beetle to run off Bio-gas. The 'Bio Bug' projects shows that it is possible to harness biomethane from sewage sludge (of which Bristol alone produces 18 million cubic metres per annum), and use it in a positive and sustainable way. In order to showcase smaller but no less important examples around the city, it is suggested we emulate other cities in the UK that have adopted a local waste ‘kitemark’ award, as part of the overall self assessment process currently available through the Green Capital pledge system. Quick Wins: Guidance for Small Business Evidence suggests that commercial and industrial waste is a big problem in Bristol, and on any given day several different company’s bin lorries can be seen collecting business waste along the same street. With high numbers of SMEs unaware of the options available regarding waste management, there is the need for guidance and better coordination. Through the development of information material, i.e. internet based, that details the available waste management services and techniques for these levels of business, SMEs would be enabled to become proactive and to streamline their overall waste process. The establishment of a Business Community Waste Network, made up of all relevant local actors, could radically improve coordination and collaboration. Green Capital Pledge members could act as champions/ advocates of waste education, at both their places of work, in their homes and among their friends and neighbours. Furthermore, the Green Capital Partnership or Council website could provide business-facing information, helping to raise awareness and increase participation. Information on how to get most from their waste contractor would be effective. Comparing the service offers of each company would help to develop competition and raise the standards of service. Game Changer: Currently, very few manufacturers are required to consider then end point of their products. Manufacturers of fridges and freezers are one exception. In other sectors, such as car manufacturing, businesses have realised that customers have begun to choose their vehicle not just on the basis of its initial performance, but also on its continuing reliability. Indeed, the recycleability of the Ford Focus has earned it a great deal of praise. We believe that ‘cradle to cradle’ design is the way of the future, and that as resources become scarce, the ability to repair and reuse will become paramount. Therefore, it is our proposition that the West of England Local Enterprise Partnership focus on ensuring that lifecycle design is put at the heart of the new Local Enterprise Zone - and that world leading creativity is turned into world leading cradle to cradle design. It is also vitally important for the composting of all organic waste to become the norm. The return of carbon from organic waste to farms and gardens in the region will assure the long-term productivity of the land, guaranteeing a sustainable source of food.
Big Idea: Eliminating waste reduces the pollution problems that threaten our local and global ecosystems. A zero waste society requires an integrated network of people that views waste as a part of an integrated process; looking at and considering the generation, process, re-use and elimination of waste. Both short-term measures and long-term solutions are needed to develop the process for the development of this integrated network to achieve what might be termed “growth in waste elimination”. Therefore, we propose that the current process of examining household waste is extended to include research into Bristol’s business waste. A greater understanding of the content of that waste will enable us to consider ways of using it as a resource - one persons outputs can very easily be someone else inputs. Job creation and Enterprise: Without trade value for recycled materials, eliminating waste will not be viable. A zero waste society develops markets for all ‘waste’ products and this, in turn, creates jobs and strengthens the economy. A recent report commissioned by the European Union estimated that as many as 100,000 jobs could be created in this way. We should look to Europe for more examples of where we can extract value from our waste and put in place incentives for business to use the resource locally. This might take the form of business rate rebates. Policy: Turn Business Waste into a Re-usable Resource One of the current difficulties with waste is the focus on the domestic sector, which is small when compared to business (especially the construction and demolition sectors). The domestic sector is served by local authorities, but business waste collection and processing is left to the market. WRAP (Waste & Resources Action Programme) publish an annual survey on authority trade waste services. and they are due to launch a charter on business waste. However, there is a fundamental issue with the measurement of business waste. Although overall rates are collected the system does not currently facilitate the aggregation and interpretation of the data in a particularly useful way. Making better use of business waste is a complex process. Existing legislation does not compel businesses or waste contractors to report the amount and composition of business waste in sufficient detail, which makes other interventions difficult. However, making this critical change would require costly, long-term political engagement work, which is difficult to justify in the current economic climate. A switch from a ‘waste’ focus to a ‘reusable resource’ focus will open up more opportunities for enterprise. The first step in this process is to require business to accurately record their re-usable resource streams so that the data can be used to identify areas of opportunity to use the materiel in a productive manner.
Land Use Story With nationwide housing shortages, and targets laid out from central government, Bristol has responded with a ten-year target of between 26,000 and 30,000 new residential homes. As the population of the city continues to grow, the importance of meeting these targets increases. Partially due to Bristol’s success in using its brownfield sites, we now only a have 150 hectares remaining. The lack of large brownfield sites pushes the argument for densification of existing development. But to many, "high density housing" sounds like a posh term for high rise tower blocks. Yet, areas
such as Clifton show that it is possible to have high density without going high rise. We need to explore how Bristol wants its neighbourhoods to be in the future - how do we get the right densities in the right place, and high quality design, built primarily with community in mind, rather than profit. At the Future City Conversation there was consternation at the levels of growth catered for in the Bristol Development Framework Core Strategy, and strength of feeling of the need to protect land both the greenbelt and land within the city boundaries. This was probably the most contentious issue of the week, with little agreement on the way forward. At a grassroots level Bristol's Civic Society, Neighbourhood Planning Network and other area based groups have all played a leading role in looking at this issues – contributing many reports and documents. Big Idea: Local living in urban hubs Bristol has many local design practices and developers who have created innovative sustainable housing units. There are also a number of ideas at concept stage that show what is possible. In particular, the Redcliff Futures group have suggested that by re-imagining our use of existing space, including the roads, greater numbers of housing units can be achieved on the same space. At the same time, choosing a different process of investment and engagement creates a bottom up culture of development and a sense of community. By designing for ‘local living’ we need less space for roads and for individual gardens. Greater density can be achieved at the same time as a greater sense of community – with shared green space www.bristolgreencapital.org
built into the development, along with cycle paths, bus hubs and walking routes. Mixed use development is not a new idea, but seems to have been pushed out by developers in recent years in the pursuit of easy profit – the harbourside development is testament to this. Instead of blocks of copycat flats, we must design and deliver live-work-shop & enjoy areas that embrace the concept of well-being as the core priority. We have the know how and the energy; it is time to work with our local capacity to scale up in order to meet the challenge. Showcase: Future Villages To explore the idea of an out-of-town eco-village, the Royal Agricultural College have proposed the development of an experimental Low Carbon ‘Farm of the Future’ at Harnhill Farm near Cirencester in partnership with the city’s sustainability team. The farm will be an ecovillage, housing staff, students, workers and teaching facilities and will explore different sustainable farming approaches. Regenerative Cities grow most of their own food, both in the city and within their bioregion, minimising food miles and emissions. This shift from industrial to sustainable agriculture raises crop yields, regenerates soils, sequesters carbon, and creates energy from wastes, healthy jobs and lifestyles while reducing emissions and food miles. In Bristol itself, showcase 'Compass Ecovillages' have been suggested where fingers of countryside bring fresh air into the City, for example at Stoke Park in Lockleaze. Small urban versions of eco-villages that build on the Yard model in Ashley Vale would provide private and social co-housing built affordably through community land trusts. The former diesel yard site by Temple Meads may become a 6 acre 'pop-up' farm right in the centre of Bristol for a few years while plans for the Local Enterprise Zone mature. It is hoped the concept will be retained as part of the overall design methodology. These mixed-development land use schemes support and create a great deal of new job creation through the development the eco-homes with renewable energy, and then ongoing in growing and distributing local food produce. Jobs and Enterprise: South Bristol Regen Bristol City Council’s Core Strategy contains Policy BCS1 which deals specifically with taking employment opportunities into South Bristol, including: · · · ·
Around 60,000m² of net additional office floorspace focused on centres and the major regeneration areas Up to 10 hectares of new industrial and warehousing land focused on the major regeneration areas The provision of around 8,000 new homes of a mix of type, size and tenure The facilities and sustainable transport infrastructure needed to accompany the employment and housing.
There will be a significant carbon saving from workers not having to travel to current employment centres in the north of the city, as well as huge improvements in quality of life from employment and reduced inequalities across the city if the policies are implemented successfully. It is one thing, however, to have a good policy and quite another to implement it. We need to ensure that: · · · ·
The employment that come to south Bristol is resilient to change, (carbon intensive employment that relies on scarce resources would be a short term folly) Greater levels of social enterprises will mean that profit is more likely to be re-invested locally The plans that come forward are led by local groups not imposed on them We should not be seduced by big business that will demand lower levels of sustainability in order to protect profits
Quick Win: Neighbourhood Audits Redcliffe and areas within Bedminster and Lockleaze are three of 40 communities across the country to pilot neighbourhood planning within the government's new planning framework and Localism Act. The Neighbourhood Planning Frontrunners, formally known as “Vanguards” mean the City Council has to work with community groups to prepare draft plans and then produce “Neighbourhood Development Orders” - a specific aspect of the planning policy documents for the city’s core development framework. Bristol is unique in having the home-grown, grassroots generated Neighbourhood Planning Network (Bristolnpn.net). The NPN is probably the most developed network of neighbourhood planning groups in the country and has achieved much over the last 5 years including influencing the Core Strategy, growing new local groups and spreading neighbourhood planning interest across the city as well as lots of education and raising awareness across the city. We should support the www.bristolgreencapital.org
NPN to help all communities across Bristol to learn from the vanguard projects to develop their own neighbourhood plans. In the first instance, it is suggested that we support the Neighbourhood Partnerships to carry out neighbourhood audits; recording all the available assets in their area, both publicly and privately owned, with a special emphasis on identifying brownfield land, derelict or unused buildings, empty houses and business premises.
Policy: Long Term Land Value At the moment, land is valued solely on its monetary gain at point of sale. It is not valued on aspects that matter to communities; levels of crime, health or access to green space. Community-led development is driven by the needs of the area and recognizes the inherent value of green space, good housing and community cohesion. The Localism Act 2011 is part of the governmentâ€™s plans to decentralise and devolve power to local authorities and communities. The Localism Act states that it aims to enable communities to have a bigger role in their local planning decisions. However, it also says that local people will only be allowed to vote on a neighbourhood plan if it is in line with â€œthe strategic vision for the wider area set by the local authorityâ€?, in other words, the Core Development Strategy. The act has also adapted the Community Infrastructure Levy (paid to local authorities by developers for use in development of roads and schools etc) to be more flexibly spent and gives local authorities more say in the rate that the developers pay. The Act offers us a huge opportunity, but is also potential threat. Community-led development has been a definite emerging thread to new concepts of land use, www.bristolgreencapital.org
specifically in terms of housing. In particular, Community Land Trusts (CLT) have gained momentum as an investment model for land use and housing. A CLT separates the cost of the housing from the land that it is on and securing the asset in a trust for long-term community benefit. There are currently 80 CLTs across the UK, including 3(?) in the Bristol area. We propose that it should be Bristol City Council’s default position to offer land to CLTs or other not-for-profit social entities in the first instance. Where this is thought to pose a risk to successful delivery, the secondary position will be to support developer assisted proposals. Only in exceptional cases should land be sold to companies where the value and profit will not be retained by the citizens of Bristol. Game Changer: Community Led Self-Build The Ashley Vale development in St Werburghs is an award-winning community led development success story for Bristol and points the way that we should be heading. There are several significant opportunities within the Bristol boundary for bigger developments that mimic Ashley Vale’s success. To note: the definition for self-build is that used by the National Self Build Association (NaSBA) as follows:
“Self build housing is housing built by individuals or groups of individuals for their own use. It typically involves individuals commissioning the construction of a new house from a builder, contractor or package company or, in a modest number of cases, physically building a house for themselves. It also includes community-led housing projects who build mostly affordable homes for the benefit of the community, either individually or in cooperation with a builder or housing provider. Community groups are likely to be co-operatives, community land trusts, community interest companies or co-housing groups. Residential refurbishment projects involving the conversion or regeneration of disused buildings are also part of self build housing.” The Kingsweir and Torpoint development is one that shows the potential for this kind of development process. In an area of high unemployment, the opportunity to help train and employ people who would like to take part in the development process should not be missed. The land is publicly owned and therefore could be used creatively. It also has existing buildings that could be re-used, rather than demolished, to provide community infrastructure. This project could be a game changer for Bristol (if not, it could just be more of the same).
Energy Story As oil prices rise and people face higher and higher energy bills, the discussion on how we heat our homes and power our cars in the future has become increasingly tense. If we think about it in terms of ‘energy slaves’ - the number of people we would need to power our lives if it were humans doing the work instead of coal and oil - the average European needs 60 people working 10 hours a day, 6 days a week. For each American this figure is 110. In order for our energy system to be sustainable, we need to reduce this by about a quarter.
The amount of energy we use represented in ‘people power’
Bristol has made good headway. In Council owned non-domestic buildings energy consumption has been reduced by 15%, compared to a 1996/97 baseline and installing insulation and new heating systems in thousands of council and private homes has improved the total housing efficiency by 28%. Modernising street lighting (Phase 1) resulted in 4,650 lanterns being replaced, saving an annual 746MWh of electricity and 400 tonnes of CO2. The introduction of the UK Feed In Tariff, has undoubtedly helped achieve 275 domestic solar PV installations in Bristol. There are also 3 wind turbines in operation at Avonmouth (run and owned by Ecotricity) and the council has put two turbines out to tender for commissioning in April 2013. There is also an incredible energy and appetite for community energy schemes and education in Bristol. Several neighbourhood grass roots energy schemes have come together to form Bristol Energy Co-op, a city-wide scheme to develop local renewable energy and make it available for all. www.bristolgreencapital.org
Bristol Green Doors has created a peer-to-peer learning environment where people can see retrofit installations in real homes and see and hear about the benefit from homeowners. This move from education and marketing by big business or government towards peer and community education is important to note; energy use is personal and people respond to practical advice that relates to their ‘reality’; the need for lower energy bills and warmer and healthier homes.
Quick Wins: Power to the People With community-led projects high on the agenda within Bristol, there is a need to encourage these and include as diverse a mix of people as possible in the development of local energy production. Peer-to-peer engagement surrounding energy concerns has proven to be very successful (Bristol Green Doors) and community street parties could provide a space to demonstrate to people that there are small, but significant, ways that they can contribute to local energy projects. Additionally, the Local Energy Assessment Fund (LEAF) can support projects financially. Awarded through the Energy Saving Trust, the grant is intended to assist community-led energy ventures. With the efforts of local communities, backed by LEAF, it will be feasible to significantly increase local level energy projects.
Big Idea: Streets of Solar The UK coalition government have developed the 'Green Deal', which includes funds for the implementation of renewable energy technology to households across the UK. Through this, locally led energy projects, such as ‘streets of solar’ can be rolled out across the communities of Bristol. Streets Of Solar is a process of implementing solar panels to the roofs of entire streets. It is proposed that the first project is undertaken in Lockleaze, demonstrating that it is possible for communities to action energy projects, without reliance on the 'big' energy providers. Through whole street projects, community groups can create economies of scale, meaning that the provision of renewable energy technologies become cheaper and therefore more effective due to larger scale implementation. Furthermore, we should be bold in establishing ‘purchase agreements’ whereby community groups agree to buy a proportion of their energy from their local energy coop. This would assist in enabling the coop to obtain up-front investment. There are significant opportunities in setting up micro-retrofit groups, made up of a collection of trades - that will be the foundation upon which renewable energy installation can be built. This will be essential if the Government goes ahead with its plans to link Feed-in-Tariffs to the environmental certification of residential properties. We need to support the reduction in energy use as much as the mode shift towards renewables.
Showcase: Municipal Energy Company Bristol has just been awarded a European Local Energy Assistance (ELENA) grant of £2.5m. It will be used to develop and implement community energy projects that will then attract around £140m of inward investment. The Council’s intention is to set up a 'municipal energy company' (MEC) - a locally owned organisation that will manage the process of investment, development and delivery. The MEC will also bring together fledgling organisations such as Bristol Power, the Bristol Energy Coop and other community-owned energy businesses to develop Bristol as a ‘Solar City’. Indeed, it is estimated that Bristol's roofs could generate as much as a quarter of our domestic energy needs. The MEC is the foundation for a step change in the management of our energy supply, bringing ownership closer to the user, creating local jobs and helping people out of fuel poverty: a literal power-to-the-people project.
Game changer: Achieving “Grid parity” Sometime between 2015 and 2020, we expect to reach 'Grid Parity', where energy from renewables will cost less than that from fossil fuels. California, with far lower subsidies than the UK, now has enough solar power proposals to fulfil 4½ time their 33% renewable energy target for 2020 – one and a half times their total electricity needs. Even in the UK, solar PV grew tenfold in 2011, filling the combined targets for 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014. But there are still uncertainties – from April 2012, UK homes only qualify for the new, lower, feed in tariffs if they reach BREEAM level C for energy performance. To compensate, Green Deal finance will become available for such domestic PV projects that combine with energy efficiency retrofits. With a continuing emphasis by the city in pursuing its target of 1 Gigawatt of solar energy, we must continue to embrace new solar technology in the mass market, for example solar hybrid pv/heating systems. In this way, we can be at the leading edge of local energy production, and de-couple our prosperity from fossil fuels. Policy: Stability There is a strong claim to be made that a fundamental precondition of a healthy market for renewables is a stable policy environment. The instability of our national policy in recent years has seen the UK drop in the global rankings of investment attractiveness. Domestic and community scale energy is more challenging to finance as the investors are less experienced and credit-worthy than larger, established financial players. Communities need to be able to literally bank on the status of the policy environment. This could help give momentum to initiatives such as ‘Streets of Solar’ mentioned above in order that they can confidently take advantage of economies of scale through group buying.
Jobs and Enterprise: South Tidal/Wave Cluster Renewable energy and new green technologies not only provide a way to minimise our carbon emissions; their development and implementation create new opportunities for jobs and companies to develop and thrive. In Bristol, marine energy technologies are particularly ripe for development, especially as the UK government has identified these as our regional and national advantage in terms of renewable energy production. Creating a South West knowledge and manufacturing ‘cluster’ should give the area a competitive edge and open access to global markets. As an example, if approved, the newly proposed ‘Wavegarden UK’ in Bristol will provide a unique testing facility for scale models of wave energy technology demonstrators, giving the South West the ability to move to market faster than other areas. It is essential that the Government maintains its support for renewable energy in such a way that long term investment remains attractive.
Getting It Done The call to collaborate. We are proud of Bristol’s green credentials, and rightly so. But there is also frustration that we aren’t making the kind of progress we would like. Why is this? Certainly, there are barriers. At national level Government policy often acts against us. There are vested interests, largely from big business protecting the status quo. We are beyond acorns - our passion for innovation in Bristol has shown our ability to start things, but we have been less good at growing these ‘saplings’ into oak trees. As has been shown elsewhere in the world, it is only when people come together to pursue a shared outcome, that rapid progress can be made - after all that is the true test of democracy. Is our agenda shared by the majority - or are we still a marginal and fractured faction that doesn’t enjoy the support of the people? The Green Capital Partnership is funded by Bristol City Council to act as a focal point for green thinking across the city. However, it only has a staff of two people, and relies upon the work of its members to achieve its aims. Therefore, it is essential that we work together, and that we make sure we bring people with us. This document is a record of the conversations held in January 2012, but might also act as a set of actions that we all agree are good things to get done. Of course, there will be differences of opinion, but it would be great if we can put some of these aside in the pursuit of progress. Showcase: the 150+ green groups A recent mapping exercise carried out with the Council’s Sustainable City Team revealed over 150 different organisations who are either wholly or in part working on the green agenda in Bristol. (We have tried to list them all in Annex A but full acknowledge this the list is almost certainly incomplete. Please let us know if we have missed anyone). If we also consider the number all volunteers who help, and the residents who are supportive of our way of thinking, it all adds up to thousands of potential advocates. In one small way, the Green Capital Partnership has supported a number of them through the Council’s Community Challenge Fund. Just under 40 projects have received a total of nearly £150,000. But the real value lies in the thousands upon thousands of hours of voluntary time that this kind of funding unlocks. We would like to say a huge thank you to all those who are helping to make Bristol such a vibrant green city. There are certainly too many to list here, but without them, all this would be impossible.
It was agreed that it would be useful for the Green Capital Partnership to develop a series of opinions that might help draw people together. Somehow we have to do more to help to coordinate the activities of these groups to create more than the sum of their individual efforts. Indeed, situations occur where groups are more likely to argue with each other, than come together to tackle the people we really need to be winning over. It is unlikely, and unnecessary for these groups to have an agreed position about everything: nuclear power is one such issue. However, agreement that recycling waste rather than burning it, encouraging electric bikes despite knowing that the power is often still coming from fossil fuels might help point us towards more ‘yes’ campaigns rather than ‘no’ campaigns. To this end, it was suggested that the Green Capital Momentum Group focusses on the Future City process actively and that future meetings might join with other partnerships in the city to achieve this end, perhaps with co-facilitation and an annual ‘summit’. Big Idea: The most employable employees of the future In Bristol there are hundreds of individuals and groups all working towards creating a more sustainable future with a better quality of life. They are often overlapping, competing, or completely unaware of each other, and the Green Capital Group and other networks (Food, Energy, Transport etc) are working to provide greater integration. This Future City Vision is itself one mechanism to draw the threads together. For implementation, we want to make it easy for people to obtain jobs in the Green sector, implementing this Green Capital vision, and to provide training as well, so that (for instance) solar energy and local food initiatives can accelerate. And we want to bring together and develop the leadership in the City so that it's increasingly working together more and more effectively around a shared vision.
The idea of a future city higher education faculty (or Polytechnic) for Bristol has emerged as a cornerstone for implementing this vision. Students would be studying for a Bachelors or Masters in Sustainable Cities, while also working (for credit) in Green Jobs on a roughly 50:50 basis, much as the UK used to have with sandwich courses and the Germans have with â€œBerufsakademienâ€?. They will be working in creating multiple apprenticeships, enabling people to learn a variety of skills. The idea of a return to funded higher education is key to this proposal. Of course it still has to be paid for, but in this case through their work in the emerging green economy will be of immediate economic value, and of itself will be part of creating a sustainable city. The courses will have a continuous focus on personal development, leadership and innovation, and students will learn to help start new green enterprises, and to train, develop and mentor each other. There are already many young people, recent graduates, and student interns working in green jobs and the environmental sector in Bristol. A free at point of entry Masters programme in Sustainable Cities could help develop strong, integrated cadres of young leaders in Bristol, and provide the companies they are working for with the most employable employees in the world.
Quick win: Branding Workshops With the plethora of existing organisations, and the passion for starting yet more, Bristol is awash with logos, marketing campaigns and on-line media. Big businesses spend billions of pounds every year on pushing and protecting their brand, far outstripping the resources and efforts of all the green groups put together. However, it is suggested that we can make more headway if we do more to ensure that our messages are as consistent as possible - and that wherever possible we act under the aegis of an existing brand, or where several new projects are merging, efforts are made to see if they can establish a brand in partnership.
In the first instance, it is thought that the Local Independents, Bristol ÂŁ and local food brands could be coordinated more effectively. Therefore, a Green Capital task-finish group of marketing and PR experts will be established to agree a process for advice and support to organisations on how they might increase the effectiveness of their messages and make a greater collective impact.
Game Changer: Next generation of leaders It has been hypothesized that we only need 1% of any community to be able to reach the tipping point - but that the 1% need to be the leaders of that change. By offering leadership opportunities at community level we can help people to take ownership. A leadership programme is currently being developed by a small group of Green Capital supporters which can be delivered throughout the city at minimal cost.
The aim of the programme is to identify and nurture ‘global citizens’ - those people who have recognised the importance of understanding their place in the world in a way that is fair and equitable, and that protects the future. This fledgling process has been established to offer the opportunity for small groups of people to come together to learn about the process of inquiry and to experiment with new models of thinking about their community, city and planet as a system.
Policy: Green Capital Pledge For some time, the Green Capital Partnership has run a ‘pledge’ process, whereby organisations who pledge to support the aim of the partnership are offered access to advice and support through membership of the Momentum Group. There is also a system of self-assessment (getting started, moving forward and leaping ahead) that to date has not been as useful of successful as it ought. This process offers a new opportunity to re-establish the pledge as a method of identifying business strengths and weaknesses, celebrating the former and helping with the latter. It will be Green Capital policy to award pledge businesses a star rating, with those that are no longer participating removed from the register, and those who make progress rewarded through public recognition. It is important that the Green Capital brand is valued and valuable. Jobs: Green Apprenticeships For the last year, the Green Capital Partnership has been blessed with the support of 5 ‘interns’ people seeking unpaid work experience opportunities whilst looking for employment. The environmental sector is lucky to have plenty of people who see it is a vocation rather than work, but nonetheless need to be paid. We would like to see Green Capital pledge businesses offer more opportunities for green apprenticeships, possibly linked to the big idea above, that are specifically prioritised for local people who have volunteered in the sector.
Thankyou We would like to start by thanking all the 100+ people who attended the future city conversations, too many to mention, but you know who you are. We are indebted to Professor Herbie Girardet for his inspiration and to Alastair Sawday for keeping the faith for the last 5 years. Thankyou to Miguel Mendonca for his Green Economy report, done on a shoestring and many late nights. And to Emmelie Brownlee for her constant good humour and skill with the quill To David Saunders for, well, umm, lots of things that are difficult to describe but will (mostly?) turn out to be right. To Dave Morse who has given up months of his time to Green Capital - for free. To the City Council for hosting the events and for funding the Green Capital Partnership - this would all be a lot harder without that support.
Annex A - List of ‘green’ groups and projects that are thought to be working in and around Bristol Air Quality environment agency
Executive Non-departmental Public Body, Welsh Government Sponsored Body
University Hospital Bristol
http:// www.uhbristol.n hs.uk/
strategic aims in the three core business areas of clinical services, research and teaching are shown below, along with aims in key supporting areas.
HHEAG Harcliffe Health environment action group
http:// www.hheag.org. uk/
established local community group that has developed and supported a range of projects in the BS13 area of South Bristol for nearly 20 years.
Southmead Hospital environment manager
http:// www.superhospi talforbristol.nhs. uk/
The hospital will be one of the most environmentally-friendly buildings in the country and be bright and airy with outside views.
Air Quality CIEH
registered charity and the professional voice for environmental health. It sets standards, accredits courses and qualifications for the education of members and other environmental health practioners.
Air Quality highways agency
http:// www.highways.g ov.uk/ knowledge/ 18550.aspx
an Executive Agency of the Department for Transport (DfT), and is responsible for operating, maintaining and improving the strategic road network in England on behalf of the Secretary of State for Transport.
http:// www.oxfam.org. uk/education/ resources/ water_for_all/ water/
Oxfam is a global movement of people working with others to overcome poverty and suffering
http:// www.bristolwate r.co.uk/
Bristol Water is purely a water supply company. Water quality is the unquestioned priority for Bristol Water and the customers we serve.
NHS Bristol-climate change steering group
Aran IMCT- ict for NHS Bristol WATER
IFCA Devon and Seven estuary
http:// www.wateraid.or g/uk/
An international non governmental organisation. Our mission is to transform lives by improving access to safe water, hygiene and sanitation in the worlds poorest communities
http:// www.wessexwat er.co.uk/
Are a regional water and sewage treatment business serving an area of the south west of England
http:// www.frankwater. com
Funds sustainable clean water projects in developing countries
Prepare for change (Schumacher insitiute)
http:// www.schumach erinstitute.org.uk /
independent research organisation based in Bristol, UK. We are closely involved in the city, true to the idea of local action, yet we take a global view, leading and participating in projects across many countires.
http:// www.greenpeac e.org.uk/
We defend the natural world and promote peace by investigating, exposing and confronting environmental abuse, and championing environmentally responsible solutions
http:// www.occupybrist oluk.org/
We are occupying College Green in central Bristol in solidarity with the global occupy movement, started by Occupy Wall Street.
Forum for furture
http:// www.forumforth efuture.org/
Is a non-profit organisation working globally with business and government to create a sustainable future.
http:// www.happycity.o rg.uk/
Happy City is a small not-for-profit organisation, helping Â people and their communities to focus on happiness, and put their energy into theÂ things that support and increase it.
Bristol Energy Network
http:// www.bristolener gynetwork.org/
Bristol Energy Network is a umbrella organisation for all grassroots initiatives broadly engaged in energy and sustainability issues within Bristol and the surrounding area.
OVO (local energy providers)
http:// www.ovoenergy. com/
We ensure that we stay cheaper, greener and simpler by employing seriously smart people, cutting edge technology and putting you first with every decision we make.
Solar Co. Networks Ecotricity
http:// www.ecotricity.c o.uk/
Our mission was and remains to change the way electricity is made and used in Britain.
http:// www.bristolpowe r.coop/
The mission of the Bristol Power is to develop community ownership of renewable energy.
Easton Energy Group
http:// www.eastonener gygroup.org/
A new community group to help individuals reduce energy use in the home, Organised by a group of Easton residents who are working in the energy / sustainability field
http:// www.theconverg ingworld.org/
The Converging World is a UK based charity that aims to address issues arising from social inequality, creating mechanisms which link communities in the developed and developing world.Â
West of England Carbon Challenge
http:// www.westofengl andcarbonchalle nge.org
Committed to reducing energy use and carbon footprint.
"Low Carbon South West is a trade association and sector partnership, which promoting the growth of the environmental technologies and services sector in the South West.
http:// www.regensw.co .uk/information/ login-join-us/ members
leading centre of sustainable energy expertise and pioneering project delivery. Our mission is to enable business, local authorities, community groups, and other organisations to deliver groundbreaking renewable energy and energy efficiency projects with thriving local supply chains.
http:// www.swea.co.uk /
is a non-profit company and a registered educational charity.aims to promote sustainable energy and affordable warmth through partnership, awareness-raising, innovation and strategic action.
The Renewable Energy Association
http://www.r-ea.net/ MembersTab/ registry
The REA was established in 2001, not-for-profit trade association, to represent British renewable energy producers and promote the use of renewable energy in the UK.
Western Power Distribution CSE University Of Bristol Sustainability Team
Bristol Energy Network
(http:// www.bristolener gynetwork.org/)
The Bristol Energy Network is a voluntary organisation which was formed in 2010 by a group ofÂ specialists working in the energy and sustainability sector.
Bristol Energy Co Op
http:// www.bristolener gy.coop/
Bristol Energy Cooperative is a community-owned social enterprise and collaboration to build a local, resilient, low-carbon energy infrastructure for the greater Bristol area.
Bristol Power CoOp
http:// www.bristolpowe r.coop/
The mission of the Bristol Power is to develop community ownership of renewable energy. In the first instance we're focusing on the massive uptake of solar energy in Bristol, largely through installing whole streets at a time.
Easton Energy Group
http:// www.eastonener gygroup.org/
"A new community group to help individuals reduce energy use in the home. Organised by a group of Easton residents who are working in the energy / sustainability field
http:// www2.btcv.org.u k/
A charity that inspires people and improves places
http:// www.brerc.org.u k/
Bristol Regional Environmental Records Centre (BRERC) was established in 1974 and is the central repository for ecological and geological data within the 'West of England',
http:// support.wwf.org. uk/index.php? page=shop&pid =1&pc=AJB004 001
Adopt a Panda. It is estimated that as few as 1,600 pandas remain in the wild today. Help us halt the decline in panda numbers...
Avon wildlife Trust
http:// www.avonwildlif etrust.org.uk/
Avon Wildlife Trust is the largest local charity working to protect wildlife in the Avon area.
Bristol Natural History Consortium
http:// www.bnhc.org.u k/
Engaging people with the natural world through collaborative action
http:// www.rspb.org.uk /
Our work is driven by a passionate belief that we all have a responsibility to protect birds and the environment. Bird populations reflect the health of the planet on which our future depends
Bristol Naturalists Society
http:// www.bristolnats. org.uk/
A charity which exists to stimulate a greater awareness of natural history and geology in the Bristol area.
http:// www.bristolfood network.org/ 2012/01/09/ziongarden-club/
The Bristol Food Network is an umbrella group, made up of individuals, community projects, organisations and businesses who share a vision to transform Bristol into a sustainable food city.
Upper Horfield Gardening Club
To promote and benefit the people of the Upper Horfield and Manor Farm, 2 and to establish or to secure the establishment of a Centre in Upper Horfield (hereinafter called â€œthe Centreâ€?) and to maintain and manage, or to co-operate with any local statutory authority in the maintenance and management of such a Centre for activities promoted by the Charity.
Bristol Parks Forum
http:// www.bristolpark sforum.org.uk/
To offer an opportunity to share ideas and experience, to act as a consultation body for the Bristol Parks service and other agencies, to influence decision-making, including the allocation of resources.
Forest of Avon
http:// forestofavontrust .org
To plant more trees in Bristol and the surrounding areas.
http:// www.eastsidero ots.org.uk/
Focused on promoting gardening, skill sharing and community building in and around Easton, Bristol.
http:// www.resourcefut ures.co.uk/
Resource Futures is an employee-owned, ethically driven company which works on sustainable waste management and resource efficiency projects.
http:// www.childrenssc rapstore.co.uk/
We are a charity that collects safe waste from business which can re-used as a low cost creative resource by our member groups. We store the resources in our scrap warehouse in Bristol
http:// www.nisp.org.uk /
NISP is an innovative business opportunity programme that delivers bottom line benefits for our members whilst generating positive outcomes for the environment and society.
Avon and Frome Partnership Zion Gardening Club
Sion Gardening Club
Avon Invasive Weeds Forum
http:// www.aiwf.org.uk /
The Avon Invasive Weed Forum is an independent group who are aiming to raise the awareness of non-native invasive species in Avon
http:// www.severnestu ary.net/asera/
The statutory organisations around the Severn Estuary that came together to collectively manage their activities on the Severn Estuary European Marine Site
EDUCATION Lifecycle UWE- Climate Change Scouts Guides
http:// avonscouts.org. uk/acsc/
University Of Bristol
Ecojam Climate Southwest
http:// www.oursouthw est.com/climate/
The focus of Climate SouthWest's delivery is to look at the effects and impacts of climate change in the South West and develop adaptation responses across a number of priority sectors.
Bristol Local Education Partnerships
http:// www.bristollep.c o.uk/
Bristol Local Education Partnership was the first LEP set up under the Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme. Bristol LEP has delivered four initial new schools and is now operating these.
http:// www.woodcraft. org.uk/
Bristol Forest School
http:// www.bristolfores tschool.co.uk
Aims to enable children to experience the outdoor environment.
http:// www.bristoldiala ride.org.uk/
For all disabled people to have access to equivalent fully accessible, affordable and safe public transport services as is provided for nondisabled people in Bristol.
TRANSPORT Diala Ride
Hydrogen Ferry (Bristol Ferry Co)
Safer Routes to School
http:// www.sustrans.or g.uk/what-wedo/safe-routesto-schools
Our goal is to get the whole school community working together to make the school journey safer, healthier and more enjoyable for everyone.
Bristol Community Transport
http:// bristolcommunit ytransport.org.u k/web/
BCT strives to meet the transport needs of community groups in and around Bristol. Free for not-for-profit organisations in and around Bristol
http:// www.ecomotive. org/
Ecomotive is a social enterprise working to create more sustainable communities through supporting and enabling self-build and self-finish projects that have environmental, social and economic sustainability at their core
Sustainable Transport Bid Ecomotive
BUG (Bicycle Users GP) Bristol Metro (Severn Beach Group) Go Low (electic Bikes) Open Street Co-alition Pedal Power Cycle logistics
Velocity Cycle logistics FOOD The Community Forum Bristol Permaculture Group Bristol Apple Collective Better Food Co Somalie Growing Projects Bristol Beer Company
http:// bristolbeerfactor y.co.uk/
The Bristol Beer Factory is an independent brewery in Southville, Bristol that has been brewing award winning beers since 2005, believes in the finest local English ingredients using vast amounts of malts
St Werburghs CA
http:// www.stwerburgh s.org/
St Werburghs history has long been dominated by water — from the mills powered by it, to the drinking supply for Bristol, and the floods suffered, most deadly in the 1880s.
Compassion in Farming
Today we campaign peacefully to end all cruel factory farming practices. We believe that the biggest cause of cruelty on the planet deserves a focused, specialised approach – so we only work on farm animal welfare.
Horfield Organic Community Orchard
http:// www.community -orchard.org.uk/
HOCO is a not-for-profit community enterprise. The orchard is planted to show that local grown fruit can be eaten and enjoyed all year round.
http:// thesevernproject .org/
The Severn Project is a Community Interest Company, with the aim of creating a more effective and person centred model of drug and alcohol recovery services.
Aspire is a social enterprise with a mission to give people the chance to re-build their lives through creating and developing sustainable businesses.
http:// www.ediblefutur es.org/
Creating edible community gardens in Bristol, Bristol based growing project that is working to create a resilient food system.
Bristol Local Food
http:// www.bristollocalf ood.co.uk/
Bristol Friends of the Earthʼs local food guide and you can find out how you can ʻGet Going Growingʼ
Love Food Festival
http:// www.lovefoodfe stival.com/ about.html
The aim of the festival is to get children (and adults) from Bristol, out into the countryside learning about how and where our food should come from, how to grow and cook their own food.
Has done some organic ales, local sourcing , waste to local farms, sustainability concerned
Bristol food cycle
Low Carbon South West
http:// www.lowcarbons outhwest.co.uk/
"Low Carbon South West is a trade association and sector partnership, which promoting the growth of the environmental technologies and services sector in the South West.
Bristol Green Doors
http:// www.bristolgree ndoors.org/
Householders and organisations from across the city are coming together to make Bristol's homes "Fit for the Future".
http:// www.architectur ecentre.co.uk/
The centre champions better buildings and places for people by demonstrating the value of god design we aim to increase public awareness and enjoyment of the built environment.
South West i-nets
iNets South West are supported by funding from the European Regional Development Fund, South West RDA and partner investments. They help find new opportunities for businesses.
http:// www.footprinttv. co.uk/
Footprint is the first production company in the UK to put sustainability at the heart of what we do - in the office, on location & in the stories we tell on screen.
We are an independent firm of designers, planners, engineers, consultants and technical specialists offering a broad range of professional services. Through our work, we make a positive difference in the world.
http:// www.lyonsdavid son.co.uk/
Sustain Energy Climate Change LCA Sustainability
Bristol CLT Antinuclear groups, Hinkley point George Ferguson Footprint TV
Horfied Community Alldreant
COMMUNITIES OF PLACE Sub Bishoopson
SUS W-O-Tryn Neighbourhood Partnerships
http:// www.bristolpartn ership.org/ neighbourhoodpartnerships
Bristol Wood Project
http:// www.bwrp.org.u k/
They bring together local councillors, community groups and local residents to shape services such as street cleaning, park maintenance, local recycling schemes, minor traffic schemes, highway maintenance and community safety.
SUS Streets Alive
http:// www.streetsalive .org.uk/
We are the national group promoting street parties at all times of the year.
http:// www.kwmc.org. uk/
KWMC is a media arts charity and limited company that aims to develop and support cultural, social and economic regeneration.
Coexist The peoples supermarket stokes croft
http:// bristolgreencapit al.org/latest/tag/ stokes-croft/
Bramble Forum Brandon Trust
http:// www.brandontru st.org/aboutus.aspx
Trust is a Bristol based UK charity working throughout the South West of England, employing nearly 2000 people who support approximately 1500 people with learning disabilities to live the lives they choose.
City Farms Paint work Bristol
http:// www.paintworks bristol.co.uk
Friends of the Earth
Works with many other organisations and individuals that we makes things happen. UK 's most influential environmental campaigning organisation.
Forum For the Future
http:// www.forumforth efuture.org/
Forum for the Future is a non-profit organisation working globally with business and government to create a sustainable future.
http:// www.sustain.co. uk/
Sustain Ltd is a leading carbon reduction company. We help reduce carbon across organisations, buildings, products and services and supply chains.
http:// www.transitionbr istol.net/
A not-for-profit company working to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and to promote sustainability
http:// thinkfuturenow.c om/
Is a collaberative project with the clear aim of stimulating a change of practise, is designed to produce a cultural change within creative companies
http:// www.westofengl and.org/
The Partnership is driving forward action to sustain prosperity and quality of life and to enhance the confidence of public and private investors
http:// www.christianaid .org.uk/? gclid=CMblNSz360CFUQM fAodNUjbkw
Christian Aid is a Christian organisation that insists the world can and must be swiftly changed to one where everyone can live a full life, free from poverty.
Just for the love of it
http:// www.justforthelo veofit.org/
aim is to help reconnect people in their local communities through the simple act of sharing.
http:// swspn.org.uk/ drupal/
funded project to provide information, training and support in respect of sustainable procurement to public sector bodies in the South West. The network is lead by Bristol City Council.
Bristol Parks Forum Members
http:// www.bristolpark sforum.org.uk/
Christian Aid is a Christian organisation that insists the world can and must be swiftly changed to one where everyone can live a full life, free from poverty.
Bristol Fairtrade Network
http:// www.bristolfairtr ade.org.uk/
We aim to increase the use and awareness of Fairtrade in Bristol by running events and campaigns in schools and the community, to improve the lives of producers in developing countries and help make the world a fairer place.
our aim is for playing out to be a normal everyday activity for all children, wherever they live, Playing Out is now a community interest company steered by a core team of five .
Cafod Think Future Now
Peoples Republic of Stokes Croft West of England Partnership
Water Framework Directive Programme
http:// www.livingstreet s.org.uk/
With our supporters, we work to create streets that really put people first. When we have streets we want to walk in, lives are transformed - we are healthier, happier and more sociable.
http:// www.soilassocia tion.org/
is a membership charity campaigning for planetfriendly food and farming. We believe in the connection between soil, food, the health of people and the health of the planet.
http:// www.sustrans.or g.uk/aboutsustrans
Sustrans makes smarter travel choices possible, desirable and inevitable. We're a leading UK charity enabling people to travel by foot, bike or public transport for more of the journeys we make every day.
http:// www.environme ntagency.gov.uk/
"We are an Executive Non-departmental Public Body responsible to the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and a Welsh Government Sponsored Body responsible to the Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development.
Polar Private-NCP Carparks
http:// chargemasterplc .com/
Chargemaster Plc announced that it is to launch POLAR in September 2011 which will be the UKʼs first privately funded nationwide electric vehicle (EV) charging network.
http:// www.siemens.co .uk
UWE Environment Manager Environment Agency
ECO- INNOVATION/ SUSTAINABLE EMPLOYMENT
Ecotricity motorway servies Toshiba labs
http:// www.toshiba.co. uk/uk/AboutToshiba/#
Toshiba Group practices environmental management that promotes harmony with the Earth, contributing to the creation of a richer lifestyle for society.
http:// www.pmstudio.c o.uk/
The Pervasive Media Studio is a creative technologies collaboration between Watershed, University of West of England and University of Bristol.
IKEA - Pv canopies and ev charging Watershed/perrasive Media Studio
LEP - Low Carbon group