DESIGN PORTFOLIO Selected Work by B ria n J. Ritz ing er
E d u c a t i on Bachelor of Science in Architecture U niver sity of Minnesota Class of 2009 Master of Architecture Por tl and State U niver sity Class of 2011
S t u d y Ab r oad Design/Bui l d Ladakh, India Desi gn Studi o Oaxaca, Mexico Ar t Hi stor y Florence, Italy
Pro j ec ts
Druk White Lotus School Ladakh, India
Electric Vehicle Design Center Portland, OR
Haiti Ideas Competition Port Au Prince, Haiti
Xochimilco Community Center Oaxaca, Mexico
Thesis: Healthy Living Center Portland, OR
Sustainability through Reclaiming Disused Militar y Parachutes.
The Peace Pavilion is the brainchild of the students and faculty of the BaSIC Initiativeâ€™s Ladakh program and was designed and built in collaboration with Sarah Bonnemaison and Christine Macy of Filum Ltd, renowned for its fabric structures and constructed from disused military parachutes. BaSIC Initiative worked with local pupils and buddhist nuns to re-imagine and re-stitch together parachutes from this region of conflict into a parabolic hyperboloid tensile structure which resolves structural and design issues in a structure that symbolises peace and unity that this school and children hope for amidst the chaos of war and conflict in this region.
Earth Awards Peace Pavilion
1 of 10 design/build team members.
In Ladakh, the Commonwealth Pavilion is a place for children and adults to meet, to share music, drama and ideas. At a practical level, it is a sanctuary against the intense sun hitting a country founded at an elevation of 13,000 feet. During September 2010 the Pavilion will be showcased at HRH. The Prince of Walesâ€™ Garden Party to Make a Difference, as a prime example of innovative architecture improving the lives of others. It will then return to Ladakh to assume its place at the center of this academic community.
Ladakh, India Summer Term 2010
Plan and Elevation
Sewing Tensile Reinforcement
Tensile Structure Plan
F i n a l D i s p l a y, 2010 Ear th Awards Pe a c e Pav i l i o n Commonwealth House London, England
Sign Across from Dye Shop in Ladakh., India
V I S I TO R C E N T E R Druk White Lotus School Leh, India 1 of 45 design/build team members. Conceived as a model for sustainable development in the Ladakh region, The Druk White Lotus School caters for 750 pupils from nursery age to 18 years old. The school attracts hundreds of curious visitors each year and a visitor center was requested by the administration to display: - Student Work - Sustainable Design Aspects - Planned Expansions
Electric Vehicle Design Center Por tland, OR
L o c a t e d:
With Portland, OR attracting three electric vehicle design firms, an Electric Vehicle Design Center--EVDC is designed to house approximately 40 designers and technicians with a ground floor vehicle showroom.
701 E. Burnside St. Portland, OR
Section Looking East
Spring Term 2010
Level 3-5 Floor Plan T h e g ro u n d f l o o r i n c l u de s s pa c e fo r a n i n do o r a n d o u t do o r sh owro o m . T h e s e c o n d f l o o r prov i de s s pa c e fo r e m pl oye e c o n fe re n c e s a n d bre a k a re a . T h e e n t i re f l o o r i s av a i l a bl e fo r spe c i a l e ve n t s. In di v i du a l de s i g n t e a m s o c c u py i de n t i c a l s t u di o spa c e s o n f l o o r s 3 - 5 . Level 2 Floor Plan
Site + Ground Floor Plan
Load Reduction and Passive Systems - Redirected Daylight - Passive Ventilation - Passive Cooling
(Light Shelves and North Wall) (Heat Stack with Operable Vents) (Vegetation Transpiration)
Hydronic Slabs add or remove heat as needed.
Competition Boards AIA Portland June 7, 2011
HAI TI I D EA S COMP ET ITION Por tland, OR Spring Term 2011
Competition Over view: as stated by the officiating entity: The Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture â€œ The Haiti Idea Challenge is not about the immediate design solutions to pressing and mounting housing problems of Haiti, but the long-term design of sustainable, culturally appropriate prospective redevelopment of Haiti. While there is an immediate need for shelter, transitional housing and other social and infrastructural services, the Haiti Ideas Challenge is about designing for the future Haitian communities
as permanent, holistic environments that speaks to the aspirations and advancement of Haiti not just the survival of Haiti. Identified exemplars will be distributed for review and comment by a jury of Haitian government officials, members of the United States State Department and other key groups involved in Haitiâ€™s rebuilding efforts. Winners announced August 2011.
Board 1 of 4
Board 2 of 4
Ending Government Corruption by Promoting Public Radio using Found Objects to Transmit and Receive.
Board 3 of 4
The teamâ€™s approach to this competition involves addressing the profound government corruption that plagues Haiti. With millions of dollars in donations disappearing, establishing a means for common citizens to communicate is necessary. A non-governmental radio station will also be heard by Haitians displaced by the January 12, 2010 earthquake.
Board 4 of 4
Administrative Building - Parish Administration - Community Clinic - Large Meeting Space
Ve r n a c u l a r S u s t a i n a b i l i t y - Adobe Walls Provide Desired Thermal Lag Model
Sections Looking East
- Window Placement Provides Daylight without Glare
The first level of the administrative building includes four offices, each with access to an outdoor courtyard. The Priestâ€™s office includes a private outdoor patio adjacent to a small library. Flexible space exists for both the weekend medical clinic and small group meeting space. The second floor holds a large community gathering space, accommodating up to 50 people. The north wall is recessed transparent glass, effectively daylighting the entire space.
Xo ch i mi l co Commu nity Center Oaxaca, Mexico Spring Semester 2008
U n d e r g r a d u a t e Wo r k The catholic parish of Xochimilco lies at the heart of this cultural neighborhood. The chapel and adjacent cemetery are deeply important to area residents. The parish asked each member of our undergraduate studio to design a scheme for a new on site: - Parish Administration Center - Community Clinic - Large Meeting Space - Priestâ€™s Residence - Private Guest Rooms (3)
Pr iestâ€™s Residence + Guest Rooms The first level of the residential building includes three private entry guest rooms. Each guest room sits adjacent to an equally sized outdoor patio. Each Bathroom is located between the indoor and outdoor space, with views of the sky from showers.
Priestâ€™s Residence, Guest Rooms, Private Patios
Guest Rooms + Private Patios
The Priest’s residence sits atop the three guest rooms with views focused on the church. A limited view of the cemetery exists in the priest’s library. Indoor space sits adjacent to area dedicated to outdoor conversation and contemplation. Second Level Priest’s Residence
First Level Guest Rooms
Section Looking West
Th e s i s : Th e K i ng Neighborhood He a l thy Living Center Abstract
L o c a t e d:
This investigation identified key factors that contribute to lowered life expectancy and quality of living in impoverished urban neighborhoods. These factors include the lack of access to primary and preventive health care as well as a self-perpetuating cycle referred to in this investigation as the “Camden Principle.” A strategy for selecting an appropriate site is based on the area’s walkability, transit access, the local availability of fresh foods, poverty rates and site visibility. The center serves the neighborhood scale. The building’s program is informed by a statistical analysis of common diseases and their methods of prevention. In an effort to complement the goal of illness prevention, design responses are informed by investigations of human stress recovery as well as studies measuring physical responses to natural elements. The architecture will actively contribute to the goal of illness prevention alongside the programs it contains. The King Neighbor Neighborhood Healthy Living Center will demonstrate this new typology’s potential for prevention in place of medical treatment.
5001 NE MLK Blvd. Portland, OR
Site Selection A 2009 study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology found that “Those who were financially disadvantaged as children and adults were 82% more likely to develop heart disease than those who were comparatively well off in childhood and adulthood.” High poverty rates emerged as the primary site selection criteria.
Por tland, OR Academic Year 2010 - 11
Commonly Preventable Illnesses Cost in Terms of Lives and Money / Year
The degree to which hypertension is preventable, especially in populations under 60 years old, is extremely encouraging. The Healthy Living Center addresses the three prevention methods common to hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and kidney disease. These three methods are the center’s principle goals: 1) Diet Improvement 2) Stress Reduction 3) Exercise Promotion
Spatial Requirements Indoor programs of the Healthy Living Center are grouped into two main categories, White Space and Green Space. White Space Vitals Clinic Resource Library Lobby/Information
2,500 6,000 1,000
sf sf sf
Produce Market Cooking Classes Oregon Trail CafĂŠ Restrooms
2,100 750 1,250 600
sf sf sf sf
Natatorium Yoga/Meditation Studio Flexible Training Space Locker Rooms Restrooms Utility Spaces
7,000 1,200 1,200 1,250 400 600
sf sf sf sf sf sf
Green Spaces Classroom Gardens Indoor Plots
The 1.7 acre (95,000 sq ft) site affords generous room for an outdoor community garden. This outdoor garden will occupy remaining area on the site and be the 36th community garden operated by Portland Parks and Recreation. PROCESS SECTION STUDY URBAN EDGE CONDITION
Par t of the Problem
Per cent Livin g in Pover ty (2 0 0 9 )
The King Neighborhood
A food desert is any area in the industrialized world where healthy, affordable food is difficult to obtain. It is most prevalent in low-socioeconomic minority communities, and is associated with a variety of diet-related health problems. Many people living in these areas are left choosing between processed food for sale at small corner stores and inexpensive fast food options.
The highest poverty rates in Portland are at the heart of the northeast King Neighborhood. Approximately 36% of households within the twotract area fall below the national poverty threshold. Higher incidences of preventable diseases among this income group is contributed to by problems in the immediate environment.
13.4 35.0 37.9
Pe rc e nt L i v i ng in Pover ty ( 2009)
11.6 13.4 35.0 37.9
Portland Average: 16%
MLK Blvd. N
Portland Average: 16%
MLK Blvd. N
Par t of the Solution Ground Level and Urban Context
Daylighting Determining Massing Summer Solstice
Innovative Energy Reduction Strategies Passive Ventilation Considerations _ Prevailing Seasonal Winds _ Roof Pitch and Angle Winds generally come from the north and northwest during the warm summer months.
The pitched roofs of the greenhouses accelerate wind speed.
Operable vents open to draw warm air from the buildings interior spaces.
An area of negative pressure is created to the south of each roof pitch.
Overhead doors in the greenhouses and awning windows throughout the center provide fresh air intake.
Conclusion This investigation identified key factors that contribute to lowered life expectancy and quality of life in impoverished urban neighborhoods. Preventable illnesses that affect the circulatory system exist at an alarming scale in our society and disproportionately affect lower-income populations. Environmental factors magnify this problem for many people living in areas with limited access to fresh foods. Providing residents nutritional food options that are otherwise unavailable is a central concern when addressing this public health problem.
The centerâ€™s built environment contributes to health promotion by blurring its distinction from the natural environment. The documented benefits of exposure to nature offer a wealth of inspiration to the architects and planners of our modern urban spaces. The measurable effects of natural environments on stress recovery and overall well-being informed many decisions in the design process. The urban areas that stand to benefit from a Healthy Living Center are some of the most removed from the natural environment. Addressing these areas has a great potential for positive impact.
The King Neighborhood Healthy Living Center demonstrates the potential to learn from public health typologies of the past and adapt them to address modern health concerns. Measurable improvements in public health can be made by targeting specific urban areas and providing healthy environments to house prevention programs. The King Neighborhood Healthy Living Center illustrates this new typologyâ€™s potential for illness prevention in place of medical treatment.