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NEWTOWN 2050 VISION URBAN DESIGN FRAMEWORK


michiru.cohen brianna.jessup samantha.lee rebekah.mapstone

306127660 307172686 307184757 305127446


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

4

2.0

INTRODUCTION

5

3.0

VISION 2050

6

4.0

COOKS RIVER LINE

8

5.0

6.0

4.1

CAR FREE ZONE

10

4.2

EXISTING BUS ROUTES

14

2.3

PROPOSED BUS NETWORK

15

FOCUS AREA: NEWTOWN INTERCHANGE

17

5.1

URBAN CONTEXT

18

5.1.1

HISTORICAL CONTEXT

19

5.1.2

HERITAGE OVERLAY

20

5.1.3

PUBLIC BUILDINGS & INSTITUTIONS

21

5.1.4

CULTURAL CONTEXT

22

5.1.5

LANEWAY CULTURE

24

5.1.6

EXISTING ZONING 2011

26

5.1.7

EXISTING BUILDING HEIGHTS

27

PROPOSALS

28


1.0

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION The aim of the Newtown Urban Design Framework is to develop clear and concise guidelines for the Cooks River light rail re-instatement. The Framework establishes a design vision for the light rail connection within the suburb of Newtown and outlines a series of objectives, strategies and actions to assist in realising this vision.

SUMMARY OF ISSUES The following is a summation of the principle issues that affect the Newtown Station Precinct at present: Due to population growth, available transport into the city centre is at full capacity. Buses operating in peak hour with no right of ZD\FDXVHVHULRXVWUDIĂ€FGHOD\VRQORFDODUHDV 43 buses per hour at peak hour operating along King Street severely damages Street culture by creating huge levels of noise pollution and heavy congestion on King Street. 7KHKHDY\WUDIĂ€FĂ RZDOVRGDPDJHVVWUHHWDFFHVVLELOLW\DQGWKHVWUHHWOLIHH[SHULHQFHDV.LQJ6WUHHWDFWVDVDJUHDWGLYLGHU through of the town. Congested streets make King Street very unfriendly for pedestrian and bike uses. Unused sites that are not accessible are not only loss of space in a densely built environment but also pose a potential safety hazard in back alleys.

THE VISION 7KHQHZLPDJHRI1HZWRZQ,QWHUFKDQJHZLOOEHYHU\GLIIHUHQWIURPWKHRQHWKDWH[LVWVDWSUHVHQW7KHIROORZLQJLVDVXPPDWLRQRIWKHUHVSRQVes to the issues that affect the Newtown Station Precinct: Introduce higher capacity scheduled light rail that can deal with the current demands but also be able to adjust according to popuODWLRQJURZWKLQWKHIXWXUH0RUHUHOLDEOHDQGHIĂ€FLHQWVHUYLFHVZLOOEHLPSOHPHQWHGWRJLYHDVWUHHWKHLUDUFK\7KHULJKWRIZD\ZLOO EHJLYHQWRWKHOLJKWUDLODQGWUDIĂ€FLQWHUVHFWLRQVSURJUDPPHGWRUHVSRQGWRWKHLUDSSURDFK Remove all vehicles including the buses from King Street between Sydney Park Road and Carillon Avenue. Replace the original bus stops with all light rail stops along King Street and redesign bus routes to work on a network that runs as a connector between local suburbs, train and light rail stations. 43 buses per hour will evaporate from the previously congested Kings Street and City Centre. When removing vehicles from King Street, there is a creation of dead end spaces where the road reserve once turned onto King Street. This end block of each road can now be proposed to house a variety of laneway culture for the public and retail use. This introduces new breakout spaces and improves the street atmosphere by being removed from the main thoroughfare and into the quieter and slower paced neighbourhood where activities can take place. 7KHUHDUHWZRPDLQVLWHVLGHQWLĂ€HGDVSRWHQWLDOIRUGHYHORSPHQWJURZWK7KHĂ€UVWLVWKHROG1HZWRZQ7UDP'HSRWRQWKH6RXWK (DVWRIWKH7UDLQ6WDWLRQ7KHVHFRQGVLWHLVWKHH[WHQVLRQRI1HZWRZQ%ULGJHEHKLQG2SRUWRVRQWKH6RXWK:HVWVLGHRIWKH6WDtion.


2.0

INTRODUCTION

NEWTOWN 1HZWRZQLVDVXEXUERI6\GQH\Ň‹VLQQHUZHVWDQGLVORFDWHGDSSUR[LPDWHO\IRXUNLORPHWUHV6RXWK:HVWRIWKH6\GQH\FHQWUDOEXVLQHVVGLVWULFWVWUDGGOLQJ the local government areas of the City of Sydney and Marrickville Council in the state of New South Wales, Australia. King Street is the main street of Newtown and centre of commercial and entertainment activity. The street follows the spine of a long ridge that rises up QHDU6\GQH\8QLYHUVLW\DQGH[WHQGVWRWKH6RXWKEHFRPLQJWKH3ULQFHV+LJKZD\DWLWV6RXWKHUQHQG Enmore Road branches off King Street towards the suburb of Enmore at Newtown Bridge, where the road passes over the railway line at Newtown Station. Enmore Road and King Street together comprise a 9.1-kilometre round-trip of some 600 shopfronts. The main shopping strip of Newtown is the longest and most complete commercial precinct of the late Victorian and Federation period in Australia. King Street is often referred to as “Eat Streetâ€? in the media due to the large number of cafĂŠs, pubs and restaurants of various cultures. Cafes, restaurants and galleries can also be found in the streets surrounding King Street.

AIM The aim of the Newtown Urban Design Framework is to develop clear and concise guild lines for the Cooks river light rail re-instatement. The Framework establishes a design vision for the light rail connection within the suburb of Newtown and outlines a series of objectives, strategies and actions to assist in realising this vision.

PROJECT TEAM Michiru Cohen Brianna Jessup Samantha Sze Wan Lee Rebekah Mapstone

306.127.660 307.172.686 307.184.757 305.127.446


3.0

VISION 2050

Vision for Newtown: Car-free King Street


3.0

Missenden Road

VISION 2050

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

SITE: OLD TRAM DEPOT

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Legend

NORTH

Accessibility to Newtown Inter-足 change Mixed Use 4 Storeys + Mixed Use 3 Storeys Mixed Use 2 Storeys

Alice Street New Theatre

Proposed Development 1 Scale 1:4000


Chatswood Line

COOKS RIVER LINE

Town Hall

Liverpool St World Square

r Ha

tl at W e

r is

C

St

St

Capitol Square

E

Abbotsford Line

E Railway Square

S UT

oa Br ay dw

Missenden Rd.

Victoria Park

l ve

e Cl

E

+

USYD

d an St

Carillon Ave.

Central

Carillon Ave. Missenden Rd.

C

Church St. Newtown

Rd .

IMPORTANT FACILITIES Alice St.

Town Hall

QVB, Galleries Victoria St Andrews Church

World Square

World Square Shopping Centre, World Tower

Capitol Sq.

Capitol Theatre, Chinatown Entertainment Centre

Railway Sq.

Central Train Station, Tafe

En

m

or e

C

Al ice

St .

Sydney Park

Campbell St.

UTS, Central Park University of Notre Dame

Broadway

Broadway Shopping Centre Uni Lodge

Victoria Park

Victoria Park Pool Tobys

Canal Rd.

t. lS

d.

C

el

pb

R ay ilw

m Ca

Ra

UTS

USYD

Seymour Centre USYD Sports & Aquatic Centre Boundary Lane Child Centre

Carillon Ave.

KU Carillon Ave.Child Centre CarriageWorks

Missenden Rd.

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre, Eye Surgeon

Church St.

Dendy Cinemas, IGA Newtown Baptist Church New England Church

Newtown

Newtown Train Station Newtown Public School Defiance Gallery Enmore Theatre

Railway Rd. Lymerston St.

na Ca lR

Smith St.

d.

ks

Ri

ve r

Cooks River

Alice St.

Urban Garden Shopping Restaurant

Sydney Park

St. Peters Train Station Historic Park Sites Sydney Park Pavilion Sydney Park Parklands Open Air Gallery

Campbell St.

Sydney Park Parklands

Co o

Canal Rd.

TRANSPORT

ACCESSIBILITY TYPE

INFRASTRUCTURE

NORTH

4.0

PLACES OF INTEREST

TIMED STOP

UNIVERSAL ACCESS

MAIN ROUTE

SHOPPING CENTRE

SIGNAL STOP

LIMITED ACCESS AT BUS STOP

CONNECTIVITY ROUTE

E

EDUCATION INSTITUTION

BUS

TRAIN ROUTE

C

CULTURAL FACILITY

TRAIN

ROAD

+

HOSPITAL

MONORAIL

BIKE HUB

PARK

AIRPORT LINK [future]

BIKE SHELTER

WATER

Railway Rd.

Sydenham Station Local Council Library Tillman Park Fraser Park

Lymerston St.

Ikea

Smith St. Cooks River

Tempe Light Rail/ Bus Depot Tempe Train Station Cafe Tempe Recreation Reserve

Cooks River Light Rail Route Map


COOKS RIVER LIGHT RAIL LINE NEWTOWN AREA

AA

University of Sydney Eastern Avenue BB

Carillon Avenue CarriageWorks CC

Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street Dendy Cinema DD

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

COOKS RIVER LINE OF NEWTOWN AREA 6L[VWDWLRQVDUHLQWURGXFHGLQ1HZWRZQDUHDIRUWKH Cooks River Line. These stops vary in scale depending on the demand and supply of the surrounding facilities and the predicted urban and economic growth of this area. The dashed circles indicate a 400m radius reference, As can be seen from the map, the stations are spaced IDLUO\HYHQO\LQDSSUR[LPDWHO\P7KHVWRSVDUHDOVR VLPLODUWRWKHH[LVWLQJEXVVWRSVDORQJ.LQJ6WUHHW

Alice Street

NORTH

New Theatre

Proposed Light Rail Scale 1:10,000

The biggest stop in this area is the Newtown Interchange. It will become one of the biggest transport hub in the inner west. Newtown Interchange is designed to ZRUNHIĂ€FLHQWO\ZLWKWKHH[LVWLQJWUDLQQHWZRUNELNHQHWwork and the proposed bus network (to be further discussed on p.15)


CAR FREE ZONE

University of Sydney Eastern Avenue

Carillon Avenue CarriageWorks

Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street

Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Legend Car Free Zone Traffic Intersections

Alice Street New Theatre

NORTH

4.1

7UDIĂ€FLVDELJLVVXHLQ1HZWRZQSDUWLFXODUO\DORQJ.LQJ6WUHHW7KHFXUUHQWGHQVLW\RI WUDIĂ€FDQGIUHTXHQF\RIEXVHVLVDQLVVXHLQLWVHOI%XWWKLVFRXSOHGZLWKWKHQXPEHURI pedestrians browsing along the retail strip and the location of both a primary school and high school on the main road, made this issue the focus of our 2050 vision.

Car Free Zone Scale 1:4000

Sydney Park to Carillon Avenue is a car free zone. Pedestrians and cyclists will be given priority and with the Cooks River light rail line running along King Street, they will still have direct access to public transport. .H\LQWHUVHFWLRQVDVVKRZQRQWKHPDSDOORZIRUWUDIĂ€FWRVWLOOFXWDFURVV.LQJ6WUHHWLQ the direction which the arrows indicate.


CURRENT TRAFFIC CONDITIONS & ISSUES ON KING STREET, NEWTOWN

As a safety precaution, cyclists are often forced to use the IRRWSDWKGXHWRKLJKGHQVLW\WUDIÀFDORQJ.LQJ6WUHHW

Frequent buses running North and South along King Street WDNHXSKDOIWKHIRXUODQHURDGVORZLQJWUDIÀFDQGDGGLQJWR WKHWUDIÀFFRQJHVWLRQ

7UDIÀFFRQJHVWLRQLVDFRPPRQRFFXUUHQFHGXHWRWKH FRPELQDWLRQRIKLJKGHQVLW\WUDIÀFDQGIUHTXHQWSHGHVWULDQ crossings along King Street.


Legend Bike Lane Light Rail Platform Light Rail Track Pedestrian Lane Vehicular Traffic

9000

1000

9000

3600 1575 3000 2750

3200

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY, EASTERN AVE STOP 2011

4350

2750 3000 1575 3200

UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY, EASTERN AVE STOP 2050 NORTH

3600

Scale 1:500

It is a timed stop, and is one of the larger scale stops on Cooks River Line. It is a double length platform to accomPRGDWHODUJHĂ X[RIVWXGHQWVVWDII UHVLGHQWV

AA 2011

AA

The stop primarily services the University of Sydney, howHYHULWLVDOVRLQFORVHSUR[LPLW\WR Victoria Park & Pool Seymore Centre Sydney University Sports & Aquatic Centre Boundary Lane Children’s Centre


3000

6500

6500

3000

3000 1575 2750

Bike Lane Light Rail Platform Light Rail Track Pedestrian Lane Vehicular Traffic

MISSENDEN ROAD, ROYAL PRINCE ALFRED HOSPITAL STOP 2050

NORTH

MISSENDEN ROAD, ROYAL PRINCE ALFRED HOSPITAL STOP 2011

Legend

4350 2750 1575 3000

BB 2011

It is a signal stop, and is one of the smaller stops around Newtown area. It is a standard length platform. The stop provides access to: Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Royal Prince Alfred Hospital Medical Centre Central Sydney Eye Surgeons The Sydney University Village

BB

3000

6500

6500

3000

3000 1575 2750

CHURCH STREET DENDY CINEMA 2011

4350 2750 1575 3000

CHURCH STREET DENDY CINEMA 2050

Scale 1:500

CC 2011

CC

A Standard length platform servicing the area of religious icon & cultural precinct of Newtown area. It is a signal stop. The stop is accessible to: Dendy Cinema Newtown Baptist Church New England Church IGA Xpress


4.2

428 426 423 M30 412

370

EXISTING BUS ROUTES 412

Legend

NORTH

Bus 412 Bus M30 Bus 352 Bus 370 Bus 422 Bus 423 Bus 426 Bus 428

University of Sydney Eastern Avenue

Existing Bus Routes Scale 1:10,000

352

Carillon Avenue CarriageWorks

Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

428 426 423 M30

Alice Street New Theatre

370 352

422

Issue: A current major concern in Newtown is noise pollution and WUDIĂ€FFRQJHVWLRQFDXVHGE\WKHEXVVHVUXQQLQJDORQJ.LQJ6WUHHW 3 buses run along King Street to meet at the Newtown Station intersection with 4 more buses from Enmore road. In peak hour WUDIĂ€FEXVHVUXQLQDQKRXUDORQJ.LQJVWUHHW7KLVKDVDPDMRU HIIHFWRQH[LVWLQJWUDIĂ€FFRQJHVWLRQDQGGDPDJHVWKH6WUHHWFXOWXUH present on the sidewalks. In addition, the catchment area of these buses are limited as they all run the same path. On a broader conWH[WWKHQXPEHURIEXVHVUHTXLUHGWRPRYHSHDNKRXUWUDYHOOHUVLQWR the city becomes a major concern once they meet in the city centre. Again causing heavy congestion and damaging the street culture DQGH[SHULHQFHRIRXULFRQLFLQQHUFLW\


4.3

PROPOSED BUS NETWORK

Legend

NORTH

Proposed Tram Line Proposed Tram Stop Bus 1 Bus 2 Bus 3 Bus 4 Bus 5 Bus 6

University of Sydney Eastern Avenue

Proposed Bus Routes Scale 1:10,000

Carillon Avenue CarriageWorks

Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Alice Street New Theatre

Proposal: We have proposed to remove the buses from King Street and remodel their routes to run at cross sections with the proposed light rail. The routes will now run as a connector between local suburbs, train and light rail stations. On a small scale the new bus network will link the surrounding areas to the Cooks River light rail and increase connectivity and efÀFLHQF\LQ6RXWKHUQ6\GQH\7KHHOLPLQDWLRQRIDOOYHKLFOHV H[FOXGLQJ(PHUJHQF\9HKLFOHV ZLOOVLJQLÀFDQWO\UHGXFHWKHQRLVHSROOXWLRQ This allows King Street to be used as a more pedestrian and bike friendly environment. This also presents an enormous opportunity IRUH[LVWLQJUHVWDXUDQWVDQGFDIHVWRҊVSLOOҋRQWRWKHIRRWSDWKWKXV stimulating their economy. On the larger scale, 43 buses every hour during peak hour will HYDSRUDWHIURPWKHLQQHUFLW\WUDIÀFFRQJHVWLRQDQGEHUHSODFHGE\ scheduled light rail running in designated road reserve. Hence help to eliminate a large percentage of noise pollution and peak hour WUDIÀF


5.0

Missenden Road

FOCUS AREA: NEWTOWN INTERCHANGE

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

400M WALKING ACCESSIBILITY AREA

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Tram Depot Angel Street Facade

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Newtown Tram Depot Railway lane Facade

Legend

NORTH

Proposed Tram Line Proposed Tram Stop 400m walk zone Accessible properties

Alice Street New Theatre

400m Walk Zone Scale 1:4000

This diagram shows the 400meter accessibility zone of the study area. The dark green routes indicate the 400m walking distance from the centre point - Newtown Interchange. The light green areas denote the properties within the 400meter walk zone that are accessible by their main front entrance. The study reveals the South-East corner of our 400meter walk zone is disconnected from Newtown Station. Commuters who walk from Angel Street precinct have an indirect line due to the Old Tram Depot situated on Railcorp private land. This site is a major block to the South east of the catchment area where large residential areas suffer double the walking distance via an indirect route.


5.1

URBAN CONTEXT

The municipality of Newtown incorporated in 1862. Newtown got its name from one of its stores, John Webster’s New Town store, dating back to the early 1800s. The main street of Newtown, Cook’s River Road, was later named Kings Street in 1877. Kings Street has always predominately been a UHWDLOVWULS$VRQHRIWKHEHVWH[DPSOHVRIWKFHQWXU\FRPPHUFLDO VWUHHWDUFKLWHFWXUH.LQJ6WUHHWGHPRQVWUDWHVDPL[RIVW\OHVLQFOXGing high Victorian Gothic, Queen Anne revival and Italianate. Newtown has gone through a number of distinct demographic changes. After starting out as a prosperous suburb, the depression GXULQJWKHVVDZWKHH[LWRIZHDOWKLHUUHVLGHQWVWRQHZHUDQG more prestigious suburbs in Sydney. As Newtown became increasLQJO\UXQGRZQFKHDSUHQWVDQGKRXVLQJSULFHVOHDGWRDQLQĂ X[RI European migrants. This cultural shift saw the emergence of coffee shops and delis. 7KHPRUHDIĂ XHQWWLPHVRIWKHSRVWZDUVVDZDORWRIIDPLOLHV move out of Newtown in search of larger properties. Many small cottages and terraces were subsequently put on the rental market, DQGZLWKWKHLUFORVHSUR[LPLW\WRWKH8QLYHUVLW\RI6\GQH\DQGWKH Sydney CBD, Newtown quickly became a desirable home for students. Cafes, restaurants and pubs multiplied as Newtown took on a more youthful, lively demographic. The majority of Newtown’s population today is still comprised of young professionals, academics and students. A strong belief in IUHHGRPRIH[SUHVVLRQLVHYLGHQW1HZWRZQLVDFXOWXUDOKXEIXOO of theatres, live music venues, galleries, as well as Newtown’s 3HUIRUPLQJ$UWV+LJK6FKRRO,WŇ‹VHFOHFWLFPL[RIFXOWXUHVHWKQLFLW\VH[XDOLW\DQGOLIHVW\OHVKDYHJDLQHG1HZWRZQDERKHPLDQDQG accepting reputation.


5.1.1

HISTORICAL CONTEXT

King Street Circa 1912

Enmore Road 1940s

St Georges Hall

Wilson Street 1954

Corner of White Horse & King Street


Missenden Missende Miss M i e enden nd nden de en Road Ro R oad o ad ad

HERITAGE OVERLAY

Roy Ro Royal R oy o ya y all Prince A a Alfred Alfre Al red Hospit Hospital Hospita H ospit o spit pita all

Church Street eet ee et Dendy Cinema

St Georges Hall

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Newtown Tram Depot

Legend Car Free Zone Laneway Culture Traffic Intersections

NORTH

5.1.2

Alice Al A liliice Street trree ttree eet New N ew e w TThea Theatre atr a ttre re

Laneway Culture Scale 1:4000

A large percentage of our Newtown study area is listed as a conserYDWLRQDUHDDORQJZLWKDQXPEHURIVLJQLĂ€FDQWEXLOGLQJVZKLFKDUH listed heritage items. $VLQGLFDWHGRQWKHPDSH[LVWLQJKLVWRU\ZDONVWDNHSODFHLQDQG around Newtown. The proposal of a car free zone along King Street will help stimulate such initiatives as the area will become more pedestrian friendly. The lack of heritage listed items south of our proposed main light rail stop, Newtown interchange, also enables the potential for greater development. The potential of the site around Newtown Interchange will be discussed further in the potential development plans.


Missenden Road

PUBLIC BUILDINGS & INSTITUTIONS

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street Dendy Cinema

St Stephens Church Newtown

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Newtown Highschool of Performing Arts

Legend Churches Newtown School of Permorming Arts Newtown Primary School

NORTH

5.1.3

Alice Street New Theatre

Public Amenities Scale 1:4000

The primary public amenities, within our Newtown study area, consist of Churches and Educational facilities. The introduction of a light rail stop on Church Street will be advantageous for both the Newtown Baptist Church and St Stephens Anglican Church Newtown. The main light rail stop, Newtown Interchange, will service both the Newtown High School of Performing Arts and Newtown Public School. With the proposed car free zone along King Street, the safety of school students, whether they catch the train, tram, cycle or walk to school will be immeasurably improved.


5.1.4

CULTURAL CONTEXT

EXISTING CULTURAL CONTEXT IN NEWTOWN

University of Sydney Eastern Avenue

Carillon Avenue CarriageWorks

Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange

Eveleigh rail yard CarriageWorks

Enmore Road

Alice Street Legend Galleries Music Theatre

NORTH

New Theatre

Key Cultural Destinations Scale 1:10000

KEY CULTURAL DESTINATIONS 1:10000 Newtown is a cultural hub full of theatres, live music venues and galleries. As demonstrated on the map many of these key cultural destinations are located along the proposed Cooks River light rail line. The University of Sydney and Carillion Avenue stop are both located within walking distance from the Seymour Centre and Carriage works respectively. Church Street stop is located just outside Dendy 1HZWRZQDQH[LVWLQJSRSXODUPHHWLQJSRLQWLQ1HZWRZQ)XUWKHU down the line, Alice Street stop is located outside of the New Theatre. The proposed Cooks River line will improve access to the many cultural venues along City Road and King Street, helping to strengthen and take advantage of the performing arts strip along Newtown.


Missenden Missende Miss M i e enden nd nden de en Road Ro R oad o ad ad

ZOOM CULTURAL NETWORK

Roy Ro Royal R oy o ya y all Prince A a Alfred Alfre Al red Hospit Hospital Hospita H ospit o spit pita all

Church Street eet ee et Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Dendy Cinema

Legend

NORTH

Galleries Music Theatre

Alice Al A liliice Street trree ttree eet New N ew e w TThea Theatre atr a trre ttre

Key Cultural destinations Scale 1:4000

,WLVLQWHUHVWLQJWRQRWHWKDWDOOWKHH[LVWLQJNH\FXOtural destinations shown both within our Newtown VWXG\DUHD  DQGWKHODUJHU1HZWRZQFRQWH[W (1:10000) are privately owned. There is a great opportunity to incorporate a public performing arts venue into the proposed works at Newtown Interchange. With no other large scale theatres or venues in the LPPHGLDWHVXUURXQGLQJVDĂ H[LEOHYHQXHLQFRUSRUDWing both outdoor and indoor space would help support VPDOOHUFRPPXQLW\SHUIRUPLQJDQGĂ€QHDUWVJURXSV as well as offer a place for community events.


Missenden Missende Miss M i e enden nd nden de en Road Ro R oad o ad ad

LANEWAY CULTURE

Ro Royal R oyal all Prince A a Alfred Alfre Al red Hospit Hospital Hospita H ospital ospit o spit pita all

Church Street eet ee et Dendy Cinema

ŇŠ5HFODLPWKH/DQHVŇ‹LVDURDPLQJVWUHHWSDUW\ZKHUHWKHUHVLGHQWV RI1HZWRZQEULHĂ \DVVHUWWKHLUULJKWWRZDONWKHVWUHHWV7KHIHVWLYDO seeks to light-heartedly protest against the dominance of cars in Sydney while celebrating community and neighbourhood.

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Legend Car Free Zone Laneway Culture Traffic Intersections

NORTH

5.1.5

Alice Al A liliice Street trree ttree eet New N ew e w TThea Theatre atr a ttre re

Laneway Culture Scale 1:4000

The proposed creation of a car free zone along King Street creates WKHH[FLWLQJSRWHQWLDOWRVWLPXODWHWKHODQHZD\FXOWXUHRI1HZWRZQ Opportunity spot are indicated on the map.


/DQHZD\VDUHLGHDOVKDUHGVSDFHV([DPSOHRQH shows a laneway being used as an outdoor spill out FDIHVWULSGXULQJWKHGD\7KHVDPHODQHZD\LQ([DPple two could then also be used for additional parking at night.

([DPSOHWZRFRXOGWKHQDOVREHXVHGIRUDGGLWLRQDO parking at night.

Laneway art work and “hang out� space removed from the busyness of King Street

$VVKRZQLQ([DPSOHODQHZD\VFRXOGEHFRPH greenways with the obvious opportunity of connecting King Street to Camperdown Memorial Rest Park. These green breakout laneways provide not only needed green open space, but also the opportunity for such initiatives as community gardens.

'HPRQVWUDWHGLQH[DPSOHIRXUPDQ\RI1HZWRZQŇ‹V current laneways and back alleys are already littered with street art. The proposed stimulation of a laneway culture will hopefully also encourage the continuation RIVWUHHWDUWZKHWKHULWLVJUDIĂ€WLRURWKHUIRUPVRISXEOLF DUWLVWLFH[SUHVVLRQ$OVRVKRZQLQH[DPSOHIRXUODQHZD\VDUHĂ H[LEOHVSDFHVZKLFKSURYLGHVSDFHIRUWKH continuation of weekend events such as markets.

%UHDNRXW6SDFHDW´,KDYHD'UHDP¾VLWHVKRZLQJH[LVWLQJ%LNHUDFNLQ need of renovation and security.


EXISTING ZONING 2011

Newtown King Street North Commercial Centre

([LVWLQJ=RQLQJLQGLFDWHVPDMRUWUHQG Commercial Core following the major roads, King Street and Enmore Road. There is an abrupt end to the Commercial strip down Wilson Street. 7KHDUHDKDVDIHZPXOWLVWRUH\PL[HGXVHIDFLOLWLHVDORQJ(UVNLQHYille Road, however, the tenants and the residents living in and using these facilities can not access Newtown Station unless they walk around onto King Street.

Legend Commercail Core Local Centre Mixed Use General Residentail Public Recreation Education Buildings Light industrial Special Uses NORTH

5.1.6

Existing Zoning Map Scale 1:4000

7KHUHDUHOLPLWHGQXPEHURIPL[HGXVHIDFLOLWLHVFRQVLGHULQJWKH amount of commercial buildings available in the area. Refering back to 5.1.2 Heritage Overlay (p.19), buildings on the Northern side of the train tracks are Heritage Listed Buildings. However, the opportunities are presented for redevelopment over the buildings on the Southern side of the train tracks. There are opportunities presented here to further densify the current Newtown Station area and to create the station more accessible to a larger number of tenants and residents. An implementation, particularly on the southern side of the train tracks, for an increase in PL[HGXVHZLOOIXUWKHUHQULFKWKHDOUHDG\H[LVWLQJGLYHUVLW\RI1HZtown.


EXISTING BUILDING HEIGHTS

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

Church Street

7KH3UHVLGLR$SDUWPHQW&RPSOH[VWRUH\EXLOGLQJ

Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

6LOR$SDUWPHQW&RPSOH[VWRUH\EXLOGLQJ

Current Trend:

Legend No structure 1 Storey 2 Storey 3 Storey 4 Storeys plus NORTH

5.1.7

Missenden Road

Alice Street New Theatre

Existing Building Heights Scale 1:4000

The current heights in Newtown are 80% single storey and double storey. The 3 storey levels are mostly located in the commercial strip along Kings Street and Enmore Road There are 2 major multi-storey residential developments featuring commercial at ground and residential for more than 4 Storeys on Erskinevile Road. As mentioned previously, the connection to the Newtown Station is closed for the large number of residents and tenants occupying the PXOWLVWRUH\PL[HGXVHEXLOGLQJRQ(UVNLQYLOOH5RDG With the intruduction of the trams, there will be more demand for commercial buildings and for higher density living in Newtown. Combining the current zoning and heritage overlay data, there are many opportunities presented here to redevelop and to densify the current Newtown Station area.


6.0

Missenden Road

PROPOSALS

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

PROPOSAL 1 SITE: OLD TRAM DEPOT Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Legend

NORTH

Accessibility to Newtown Inter-足 change Mixed Use 4 Storeys + Mixed Use 3 Storeys Mixed Use 2 Storeys

Alice Street New Theatre

Proposed Development 1 Scale 1:4000


View of Tram Depot with Train Station in foreground: 1956

Proposal: From the studies of the area, it became apparent that there is a lack of accessibility onto the SODWIRUPRIFXUUHQW1HZWRZQ6WDWLRQERWKWKHH[LWDQGHQWUDQFHEHLQJIURP.LQJ6WUHHW The previous study reveals the South-East corner of our 400meter walk zone is disconnected from Newtown Station. Commuters who walk from Angel Street precinct have an indirect line due to the Old Tram Depot situated on Railcorp private land. This site is a major block to the South east of the catchment area where large residential areas suffer double the walking distance via an indirect route. In this proposal the major residential developments are connected to the light rail network through the Newtown Tram Depot. This is achieved by creating new access points through the UHDURIWKHVLWHDQGUHGHYHORSPHQWRIWKHH[LVWLQJLQIDVWUXFWXUHWRKRXVHWKHQHZELNHKXEDQG UHWDLOGHYHORSPHQWRSSRUWXQLW\LQDテ?[LEOHVSDFH7KH:HVWHUQIDFDGHRIWKHEXLOGLQJIURQWV onto a large unused space providing potential for a long north facing plaza with direct connection parallel to the Train Station. This plaza also connects to the proposed Newtown Interchange. The redevelopment of the Newtown Tram Depot presents rich and diverse utilisation of currently a derelicit unused space. This creates the Newtown Interchange as a destination, as RSSRVHGWRDSRLQWRIHQWU\DQGH[LW Current state of Newtown Tram Depot


Missenden Road

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital

PROPOSAL 2 SITE: NEWTOWN BRIDGE EXTENSION

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Church Street

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Church Street Dendy Cinema

Newtown Interchange Enmore Road

Legend

NORTH

Accessibility to Newtown Inter-足 change Mixed Use 4 Storeys + Mixed Use 3 Storeys Mixed Use 2 Storeys

Alice Street New Theatre

Proposed Development 2 Scale 1:4000


Station Street substation: site behind Oportos on Enmore Road

1HZWRZQEULGJHH[WHQVLRQSURSRVDO Proposal: )URPWKHVWXGLHVRIWKHDUHDDODFNRIEUHDNRXWVSDFHDQGSXEOLFUHVWDUHDDORQJ.LQJ6WUHHWDUHLGHQWLĂ€HGDVD real issue in a town bursting with new street initiatives and market place events. The introduction of a multi use building type including a bike hub offers a new place to connect to the street life in DPRUHVSDFLRXVPDQQHUWKDQWKHH[LVWLQJVWUHHWIURQWDJHV7KLVSURSRVDOVHHNVWRGHYHORSWKH6RXWKZHVWFRUQHU of the Interchange and increse the bridge over the train line. This bridging creates a new north facing development space for the bike hub with richer street environment, a large set back from the gutter and direct access to the Newtown transport system. The South west corner of our study area features the Crago Flour mills, which has been recently converted into 47 creative environmentally aware studios featuring bike storage and go get car spaces for employees. The introGXFWLRQRIVXVWDLQDEOHEXLOGLQJVVXFKDVWKLVZLWKDVWURQJSXVKWRZDUGVWUDQVSRUWDOWHUQDWLYHVLGHQWLĂ€HVWKHQHHG for our transport system to respond simultaneously.

Crago Flourmills Development


10000

3000

9700

6700

12300

34700

Legend Bike Lane Light Rail Platform Light Rail Track Pedestrian Lane Vehicular Traffic

NEWTOWN STATION ENMORE ROAD 2011

NORTH

11500

Scale 1:500


Station

9000

27501500

11000

Legend Bike Lane Light Rail Platform Light Rail Track Pedestrian Lane Vehicular Traffic

NEWTOWN INTERCHANGE, ENMORE ROAD 2050

NORTH

3000 1500 2750

Scale 1:500

A major stop on Cooks River Line. It is a transport interchange between bus, train, light rail and bike. It is a double length platform with a much wider width to accommodate the commuters transfering from bus onto train/tram or vise versa. This stop allows access to: Newtown High School of Performing Arts Newtown Public School  'HĂ€DQFH*DOOHU\ Enmore Theatre Transport Link: Bus Train



Urban Design Framework Newtown