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Brian Chanda 440-602-2560

Architecture Portfolio 2010 – 2014


It is my greatest pleasure to present my architecture portfolio. The works showcased in this portfolio are the labor of hard work and dedication; but nonetheless, were completed with high remarks. My greatest architectural achievement to date is my Akron Art Museum Project being displayed at the Akron Art Museum in Akron, Ohio from August 2013- January 2014. In 2013, I had the pleasure to study abroad in Florence, Italy with Kent State University. In May of 2014, I will be graduating from Kent State University with a Bachelor of Science in Architecture degree. Thank you for your consideration.




The Hearth Hub: Sustainable Center


Florence Visitors Center


Oberlin Inn & Boutique


Akron Art Museum Sculpture Garden


Hand Drawings


Sustainable Design Writings



Canton, Ohio

4th Year Design Studio [Fall 2013] Professor Hawk


Project 1 (Location)


Project 2 (Location)

This project was a two phased project encompassing the entire semester. Phase one of the 10project focused on project programming Project 3 and site (Location) development. Phase two focused on an adaptive reuse to a historical structure (The Ice House). The project required that the Ice House would remain but additional components were to be added; which include: a new farmer’s market for the city, headquarters to a pharmaceutical company, urban agriculture, and a recreational facility.

Sustainable Hearth

The The Hearth Hearth Fourth Hub:Hub: Year Sustainable Studio Sustainable Projects Center Center


Sustainable Site Development The site development process focused heavily on sustainable strategies that would help operate the buildings on the seven acre site. Extensive site research revealed how the buildings on the site could be placed to maximize sustainable techniques and accommodate the needs of the city. Simultaneously, program development was developing spatial requirements and its placement. After designing ideas for building form, tests showed the effectiveness of the placement through solar radiation and wind rose diagrams. After several revisions, a finalized site plan was developed to work with the environment. Water collection is collected in the center reflecting pool with the living machine located beneath with filters that collect water for re-use. In the winter months, the reflecting pool turns into an ice skating rink that can be used during all seasons. The trellis is a space that can be used for the outdoor farmer’s market or used for private or community events and programs. A vertical garden is connected to the pharmaceutical company allowing researchers to easily access the garden and allows for easier harvest of agriculture. A PV Panel is installed on the roof of the Hearth Hub and Ice House buildings to allow solar energy to be collected and used for the building’s electrical loads. Each sustainable system was designed to be effective in the multi-seasonal climate. A bike trail extension was also developed to link North and South Canton together to treat this site as a node on the trail.


Bike Path to Downtown

Trail Extension use

Ho Ice


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ck & e D ing l Farm k r Pa rtica Ve

ine h c Ma Pool g n g i Liv ectin Refl


ter n e cC

l ica t u ce ma any r a Ph omp C

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Adaptation The Ice House structure was adapted to house Canton’s Farmer’s Market, apartments, offices, a restaurant, and an event center. The facades of the Hearth Hub and Ice House needed to adapt to different environmental conditions. As a result, two types of facades were designed. First, the pharmaceutical company building uses a metal louver system that shades direct light from entering into office spaces. The outdoor green balconies use light tiles to bounce light into the protruded office spaces in order to minimize overhead lighting. The south facade of the Ice House uses a PV Panel roof which extends over the facade to provide solace from harsh sunlight and to collect solar energy. The first floor uses a glass garage door that opens into the trellis plaza making it an indoor/ outdoor Farmer’s market. The second floor uses a canvas louver system that changes its direction when the sun moves, allowing light to bounce into the space and illuminate down into the market. Finally, the third floor uses a light shelf to protect from solar gains.


Thermal Comfort Thermal comfort was developed from numerous site studies, configured to have the building work with the environment. Natural ventilation is caught through the design of the PV panel roof and carried into the atrium space. From the atrium, the natural ventilation flows to the other office spaces. A hydroponic wall is placed inside the atrium to oxidize the air flowing into the building. The sloping roofs also allow water catchment into the living machine, which recycles water to be reused and waters the hydroponic wall inside the building.


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Florence, Italy

3rd Year Design Studio [Spring 2013] Professor Ponsi

The Florence Visitors Center project was a semester long project analyzing the urban fabric of Florence, Italy. The project is located at Piazza Annigoni, an integral location providing easy access for visitors to visit the center, while still being located near a farmer’s market where locals live and work. The project also focused on creating a sense of place within the development of the piazza as a place locals and visitors can use simultaneously.

Urban Interaction

Florence Visitors Center

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Urban Analysis

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The design development started with an urban grid analysis of the city of Florence. This was completed to better understand connection points within the city. The results showed that the site was placed between an intersticial zone of open urban areas and compressed urban spaces. Diagrams show points within the city that have public space and green space which gives a visual explanation behind the placing of each public or green area. The results influenced the final design by having a better understanding of the surrounding area and how the piazza can be used to attract visitors to the site. Following tests included proximity of residential and commercial buildings and a site section showing various heights of surrounding buildings to help aide the design height of the visitors center. The resulting site plan engages the piazza by creating a ramp that leads visitors to the top floor of the visitors center, creates a new entrance to the University of Florence, develops urban seating in the piazza, and creates a new entrance to the parking garage below ground.

N Visitors Center

Entrance to Garage

Public Seating University Entrance 13 13

Urban Interaction

The design intention of the Florence Visitors Center was to encourage the interaction between the visitors to the city and the natives by creating a unified space that could be enjoyed by all, year round. The design solution creates a dual ramp system running inside and outside of the building. On the roof, seating is projected and a stage created to encourage street performers to perform on the roof of the building. The steps look down towards the stage, making this space enjoyable for both visitors and natives. In order to achieve a stepping effect, multiple studies were completed to show the different height requirements needed for the ramping section. The top of the ramping roof leads to the Florence Observatory, an observation deck looking out towards the city in all directions. Inside the observation deck is a wooden scale model of the city. Other floors of the building house exhibits for Italian fashion, food, and culture.

Observation Deck Cultural Exhibits

Culinary Exhibit

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Oberlin, Ohio

3rd Year Design Studio [Fall 2013] Professor Graves

This project focused on replacing a pre-existing hotel and defining a connection between Oberlin College and downtown Oberlin which sits across from the quad of the college. Project requirements include creating short-stay and long-stay hotel rooms, restaurants, bar, and a project defined space. The design focused on stacking program and extruding the surface of the facade.

Stacking Extrusion

Oberlin Inn & Boutique

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Program Placement The concept for the Oberlin Inn focused on stacking program and extruding the facade. Program placement diagrams mapped locations of proximity for adjacent programmatic elements. The initial diagrams, showed that a central lobby is convenient in being a main location for all other program elements.

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Placement After programmatic elements were grouped together, stacking of program was important for all hotel rooms. Hotel wings are divided by long-stay and short-stay terminals. Long-stay hotel rooms come will full kitchen and houseware amenities, which need to be stacked for best efficiency of electrical and mechanical units. A courtyard was added to link the quad to the hotel and offer the space a visual connection to the green area.

Hall Auditorium Quad Oberlin Inn

Row Housing

Short-Stay Rooms Courtyard

Long-Stay Rooms

Downtown Oberlin


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Shaping After the program was stacked, several shaping diagrams were able to design the shape of the building by using different angles of surrounding buildings. The central glass atrium, and the two adjacent roofing panels are slopped to catch water for re-use. Row-housing was added to connect the hotel to the Hall Auditorium so long-stay patrons would be able to go to work at the auditorium.

Lobby Row Housing

Row Housing

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Guest Rooms Guest Rooms Guest Rooms

Facade Development Finally, after shaping the design of the building, the facade extrudes and protrudes from the hotel rooms providing balconies for some patrons. Different facade materials are used to visually separate the different types of rooms from the exterior. A glass atrium lobby was added so that interior facing rooms would still be able to receive natural daylight and interior balcony spaces.

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Akron, Ohio

3rd Year Design Studio [Fall 2012] Professor Graves

The Akron Art Museum project was a design competition for an exterior extension to the museum. Winners were exhibited in the museum from September 2013 to January 2014. This design focused on a continuous surface based in a topographical analysis from the site conditions.

Continuous Surface

Akron Art Museum Sculpture Garden

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Topographical Analysis

An analysis of the site revealed a topographical basis for the design. The site slopes and an intervention engaged the terrain by providing a continuous pathway through the site. The surface is extruded by extending the topographic lines into the site and aligning them towards the existing building. The design started with a sketch that involved topographic lines forming the shape of the surfaces. Access studies helped develop the best strategies to access the site. The site developed into a multidimensional surface that would extrude and recede into the ground with a multidimensional surface that permits different activities to operate simultaneously at various locations throughout the garden. The context of the site focused on the experience through various points along the surface and focused on having a surface that extended from the museum leading to the site. This path also connected to the sculptures along the path. The surface of the site was also designed to provide seating so that users could attend live events making the event stage an integral part of the garden.

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Circulation Circulation was crucial in the design of this structure due to the importance of path placed within the design. A circulation path was created to allow entrance points from the museum. By drawing sections through the surface, heights were created to allow occupants to use the space below. The path also allows for a continual path that can be different each time the user visits. Sculpture was placed along the path to provide different perspectives from several viewpoints.

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Sculpture Garden Extension

Access A continuous surface permits an experience to the site on various levels. By providing a multi-dimensional surface, the user can view sculpture at different view points offering a different perspective to the artwork. The design also focused on accommodating different spaces for programs. Trees were strategically placed to provide a tree canopy to provide a solace from the sun during summer months. Access into the site is provided with a direct entry from the art museum and greeted with the beginning of the continuous surface that extrudes and recedes into the site.

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Palazzo Signoria

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Florence, Italy

Sketching & Drawing [Spring 2013] Professor Di Nardo


Sketches from Italy

The sketches are a collection of drawings from sketching in Florence, Italy. Sketching class was held around the city at various locations providing different sketches of churches, landscapes, and city-scapes. Techniques learned include: perspective drawing, shade , shadow, and rendering. Included are sketches of: Palazzo Signoria, Oblate, Pitti Palace, S. Nicolo, Arno River, and the Bardini Garden.

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Pitti Palace

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Sustainable Design [Fall 2013] Professor Hawk


Sustainable Design Writings

This anthology is a collection of sustainable design writings based on different innovations made within the architecture field. A lecture circuit made it possible to engage in learning of new strategies and reflect upon how designers can lessen the energy loads of the built environment.

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A Change is Going To Come

James P. Cramer came from Greenway Group to lecture about the changes in the field of architecture. One of his first points that he made was that change will never again be as slow as it is today. People and technology are changing by the minute and as architects it is imperative that we keep changing our current status and keep growing and learning within our field. Cramer posed the question about how much individuals have changed within the last year and stated that if individuals are doing the same thing they did a year ago, they have not changed and as a result will not be successful. This question was part of a checklist for professional planning, which in affect is a good way to be successful in changing. The other questions focused on: the future of what will change next, why individuals do what they do, and how others do what individuals want them to do. All of these questions are catalysts to becoming successful and being open minded to change. In today’s field of architecture, change is always a constant variable. Technology and information keep getting updated and as designers, it is important to stay focused and updated with the new information that is becoming more readily available to us. The more open-minded individuals are, the more willing they are to grow within their position. Cramer also outlines what it takes to run a successful enterprise. The most central part to running a successful enterprise is effective leadership which in affect is surrounded by speed, connectivity, and productivity, which are all useful to help designers stay relevant and current with the information that is rapidly changing through technology. The internet is the most important part of connectivity due to information that is readily available or information about projects done by architectural firms. Cramer even suggested that the more we change, the more our convictions become stronger as architects and designers and even suggests that the roles between those in the design field are blurring due to this constant learning process. Professionals are branching off and getting a broader knowledge of more information that is available to them. With all of this information, it is easy to believe that architects truly do get stronger the more they choose to learn about a subject that might not even pertain to architecture. The two sustainable competitive advantages that professionals have are a continuous learning and adaptability to change. Cramer states that if you do not have an advantage, that professional will fall short. If professionals limit themselves to what they only know, they might be missing out on information that could be extremely useful in a design, whether this project is current or in a few years. The truthfulness of this statement comes clear whenever anyone learns about a certain topic and it becomes extremely beneficial to them a few years later and because that individual chose to learn, they have also grown stronger in the process. Limiting beliefs will only limit the success and satisfaction of that individual. Cramer also talked about the life cycle analysis which is the process of learning and becoming adapted to change. The chart starts off with testing, the process in which an individual tries different ideas to see if they will work. From testing comes incoming, where the designer focuses in on a certain idea and builds off from it. Then comes pre-peak of the design, where the design is coming together, which also then leads to post-peak when the new ideas start to flow. The cycle concludes at outgoing, which is the most crucial part of the cycle. From the vantage point of outgoing, the designer has two options to work with. The first being they can start back with the cycle and start back at testing or they could decide to stop with the idea all together. However, with more knowledge comes better results and with a fresh colorful perspective it is valuable in a sometimes black and white world. In conclusion, James P. Cramer talked about change in thinking. It is imperative for a professional to constantly change their thinking habits because it will only get them a professional advantage from their peers. As designers, knowledge will only lead to better, more integrated designs; even if that means that traditional professional roles are being blurred in the process. It is important that with a successful enterprise, to harvest connectivity because it will only help a designer keep up with the changing technology and information. In the world of professionalism, any advantage will only give that individual another learning experience to learn from which demon demonstrates how the learning process is a continual pattern that also corresponds to personal growth and well-being. ergkijrigjrkgnprgrjkgnrgkjngjknkngkrngkn h 34 34

Imitating Nature

Two representatives from Great Lakes Biomimicry lectured on the topic of how biomimicry can be used in relation to architecture and the built environment. The main objective of biomimicry is supporting nature in local ecosystems by learning through the environment which can be applied to architecture. Representative, Carol Thaler, told the story of the Shinkansen Bullet train which was designed off the aerodynamics of a bullet, which was troublesome to the local inhabitants due to the sonic boom that prevailed when the train exited a tunnel, making it uncomfortable to live in the surrounding areas. The designers redesigned the nose of the train so that it could mimic the nose and beak of a king bird, which enhanced the design of the train to not create sonic booms after exiting the tunnels, which therefore made the environment better for the inhabitants who lived in the surrounding areas. This same principle can be used in architecture by modifying buildings to have biometric design elements within the system to enhance the performance of the building. The process of biometric design focuses on the three components of form, process, and function accomplished with applying the six life principles of design. The first life principle of design is to evolve to survive with nature which includes replicating designs that are successful and accounting for the unexpected when designing a building. The second principle is to adapt to changing conditions which includes incorporating diversity and being able to modify buildings to the surrounding ecosystems. Next principle is to be locally attuned and responsive which includes being conscious of design materials that are sustainable and energy efficient to the building and followed by the principle of using life-friendly chemistry cycles to help break down products into benign composts that can be reused and reincorporated in different aspects to the site; such as, water filtration. The subsequent principle is being resourceful and efficient in materiality and energy consumption by recycling materials, fitting form to function, and using low energy systems that are not intrusive to the environment. Finally, the last principle is integrating development with growth by accounting for how much growth and load constraints that would affect the building. With these six life design principles, designers can import these strategies into their designs to create a building that can easily sustain the local ecosystems. By using different techniques, designers will be able to create exciting forms that connect to nature, since there is 3.8 billion years of experience from the history of the environment since its creation. These biometric buildings can also be used to transform the energy systems into sustainable systems that use water collection and storage, water filtration, evaporation, temperature and thermal control, and soil quality. All of those systems would be able to sustain the land by recycling energy instead of using energy to create energy. Sustainable systems allow for buildings to achieve more than ever before designed. Overall, the six different life principles are fairly similar to the Living Building Challenge and its seven pedals, which is a system that works well by maximizing environmental usage and therefore using less electrical usage within the building. In conclusion, designers can use biomimicry within the field of architecture with the six life principles that are design lessons from nature. Within the six different principles, sustainability is the main goal in sustaining the ecosystem of the surrounding environment. Precedents of changing the design of the Shinkansen Bullet train to resemble a king bird’s beak instead of a bullet is one of the many example of how using a biometric design can produce better results for the surrounding environment. Since the earth was created 3.8 billion years ago, designers can use the Life’s Principles since there is so much experience and design principles that can be used and applied for better results in our built environment. Overall, the Life Principles resemble the Living Building Challenge by maximizing sustainability in buildings to the fullest potential, which is something that as designers should be using and applying to design. With 3.8 billion years of experience, biometric design has proven itself as a useful standard to help sustain the land the best way possible and by using these principles in design, it becomes inspiration for what buildings can be.

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Dynamics of Delight

Recently, Lisa Hechong, author of Thermal Delight of Architecture, spoke on the dynamics of thermal delight. Her research began thirty-five years ago when the first energy crisis hit and there was the concern with the rising cost of imported oil. She wondered that there has to be a better way to heat and cool a space and started to research these ideas deeper in the specific types of energy that are necessary for the building, delight of the space to the inhabitant in terms of thermal comfort, and the affection that reinforces the social ties. Since buildings currently use a lot of energy, thirty percent of all energy used in the country and sixty-seven percent of all electricity uses because the inhabitants want them to be uniform in temperature and one of the best ways to control the electrical use of artificial lighting is to think about natural sunlight into spaces. Currently, lighting and Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) are designed for eighty percent comfort levels within a building, which means that seventy-nine percent of all people are comfortable with less. One way to work with comfort levels is to allow occupants to control the thermal comfort of interior spaces of an office building because the satisfaction of the occupants increases to maximum performance. If more people are comfortable while doing their job, they will consistently be more active and more productive instead of being too warm or too cold in an office space. Natural day lighting is an important factor that can make an important improvement in the quality of office spaces and using less electric lighting. By maximizing daylight, daylight can be echoed through office spaces and lets people feel like they are not confined into their work spaces. Heschong argued that if a designer was to use electric lighting, the designer should use the lighting as a focal point or a highly focused bright area that draws people’s attention. She also warned to never match daylight to electric light because natural lighting always is variable throughout the day but instead have the two be two different entities so that occupants of the building have different expectations from the lighting. By creating two different lighting entities, natural lighting and electric lighting, the occupants can enjoy the natural sunlight more, which ultimately will make them gravitate towards the better natural light because colors are saturated and true. Another thermal delight strategy that Heschong talked about was having operational blinds to the windows which provide occupants to a building with control. When the occupants get to control the blinds, they get to decide how much natural sun lighting they want flowing into their space and how much electric lighting that they want to have. One problem that mechanic blinds have is that every time the sun hits the window, the blinds close fully, which causes occupants to feel claustrophobic about not being able to see outside. By providing choice to occupants, they personally get involved with their own thermal comfort, which in the long run is what is needed to help change the total amount of energy consumption of a building. Overall, a person spends ninety-five percent of their lifetime in a building so they should be able to control how much sunlight and how much of a view that they will want to see out from the window. One problem with too much natural sunlight is glare, which can ultimately make seeing objects harder. The future of natural sunlight systems is glare control and designing better products that produce better views with more sunlight that also preserves energy savings. Systems that preserve natural sunlight and prevent glare will only fully maximize thermal comfort of the occupants of a building. In conclusion, Lisa Heschong talked about how to best thermally comfort the users of a building. For example, people are thermally comforted while at work are more likely to be more productive at work and with natural day lighting, people do not have to feel claustrophobic by not being able to see the outside environment. By using operational blinds, the occupants have full control of how thermally comforted they can be and since people spend ninety-five percent of their lives in buildings, why not make it the most thermally comforted space for them and let them have full control of how much natural sunlight is let into a space in order to reduce the total amount of electric lights being used.

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When Size (In Terms of Scale) Matters Rob Morgan from McKnight & Associates redesigned two different parks, in two different contexts. The first project, Perk Park located at Chester Avenue and East 12th Street in Cleveland, Ohio and the second project being the Greenspace at Zone Recreation Center also located in Cleveland. Both projects are similar by the way that they valued the people, the ecology of the site, and the economy of its patron and dissimilar by the size of the project. Until recently, Perk Park had been seen as unsafe and furthermore was the location of a gruesome crime in 2009. Now, in credit to McKnight & Associates, the park is seen as a contemporary safe haven due to renovations to the once unsafe location. The project itself is only one acre in size and had to conform to the site conditions of being on a corner with surrounding cityscapes. The first phase of the project, started with the plaza design which included demolishing existing walls and raised plaza grade into a flat surface to improve visibility of the park and visibility to the surrounding buildings. The landscape architects wanted to give the park its urban context back and open it up to the surrounding site so that it fits contextually within the city. Phase two of the project dealt with security issues such as adding additional lights and opening the space up making it more visible and less likely to house another malicious crime. The architects achieved this by creating two different grass planes; also referenced as a “forest and meadow” concept where shade trees and mounds were preserved from the old design but accentuated with an open lawn with precast concrete seating created through the lawn. The site also includes a program of economy that includes food vendors as part of the site with café seating underneath the red trellis. The achievement of the park is remarked to have opened the space up and create an axis to the surrounding buildings which in affect makes it one of the most aesthetically pleasing ways to approach the building. The second project that Rob Morgan worked on was the Greenspace at Zone Recreation Center, which unlike the Perk Park, had twenty acres of land. The first phase of the project dealt with knowing the surrounding conditions of the site, which included a community center and a border along a major highway. The architects then grouped off the site into different areas; such as, area of greatest infrastructure outside of the building footprint and the highest degree of use within the site. With the data collected, they created an undulating path through the site connecting the different programmatic elements of the site and also focused on using sustainable strategies throughout the park. For example, solar panels provide energy for lighting the restrooms and concession stands but also designed the park gardens to absorb the storm water runoff. The architects also masked some of the highway sounds by placing trees in select areas and creating sloping mounds to dissipate some of the sounds coming from the highway. Along with designing with nature, the architects focused on designing for the people and for the economy of the patrons. First, the architects focused on designing for the people who would use this park. For example, the architects reached out to the skateboarding community and focused on what they would like in part of the site and the architects were able to accommodate their wants in the skateboard ramps included within the site. However, the design was also limited due to funds for the project. Unlike Perk Park, Greenspace is a twenty acre project which therefore, requires more funding to be used and was dealt with effectively by choosing materials that would work with the site and the economy. In conclusion, the two different projects talked about by Rob Morgan were different in size of scale. Both the Perk Park and the Greenspace at Zone Recreation Center projects focus on landscaping architecture that is beneficial to the neighborhood but also to the people. In the case of Perk Park, it changed the appearance of that particular space with much success. Even though Perk Park is an acre, it creates spaces intended for different uses such as café seating, outdoor seating areas, and green areas. The Greenspace at Zone Recreation Center focuses on the same concepts of creating spaces intended for different program. Even though the projects were different in terms of size and context, the design phases were similar to the effect of knowing the existing conditions and designing off of prior knowledge. Successfully, both projects benefit the neighborhood by increasing green space throughout a city, benefiting the livelihood of the people who live in the city, and the economy of the patrons who funded the projects. 37 37

A Belief System To Live By Recently, scientist Carl McDaniel visited to lecture on his belief system and how he translated that system into architecture. The first few lecture points that McDaniel made focused on how culture and family form a person’s belief statement and for Carl McDaniel that could not be truer. McDaniel crew up in the late 1950’s to early 1960’s when there was an environmental crisis triangle, which ultimately made him want to go into the field of biology. McDaniel posed the question if architecture is evidence based and answered with stating that since sustainable architecture is based on numbers and results, architecture has to be evidence based to help us progress our buildings to receive better performance and in the case of McDaniel’s Trail Magic house, it is maximized in energy performance. When McDaniel retired, he wanted a house that would reflect his belief statement in biological developments and maximized his idea to work with the land, not harm it. Trail Magic is a positive energy home that produces more energy than what it needed. The house is also a climate positive home and retains heat and takes carbon dioxide out of the air, not into the air. McDaniel stated that the house itself costs no more to build than standard construction methods but stated that it was an investment he wanted to make to the future. Since this house makes more electricity than needed to supply, the extra electricity gets sent to the power company. McDaniel also does not have to pay anything for heating or cooling because passive cooling systems are supplemented by a pond source heat pump that uses a few hundred Kwh. Natural lighting is also maximized throughout the house so that artificial lighting is not necessary during the daytime. Also, this house uses 80% less water and 70% less hot water than an average two person home. The one problem that McDaniel posed was with the rate of change with the fact that someone else built a passive house before him. McDaniel discussed that only twenty years before, only a few people owned a passive house and as architects, that needs to change. Since, the production and manufacturing cost of a custom house is similar paid to a regular house, all new houses should be living to the standards of the Trail Magic house and these houses should incorporate water filtration, natural ventilation, natural lighting, and sunlight. The more designers follow this sustainable path, they must inform their client to start a new lifestyle change to adapt to the sustainable world. Little changes can make all the difference in the building by following the succeeding rules: smaller is better, the building envelope should be tight and well insulated, the orientation of the long axis of the building facing east and west maximizing on sun lighting and natural ventilation, and other categories to refrain from using volatile chemical products. The next step would be to think about the materials of items and think about the life-cycle cost of upgrading to a better more efficient system. Sometimes, people look away from updating their homes because the project would be too expensive. However, it is an investment cost that will have a better return for them in the future and as designers, this mission should be taken to serve the greater good of the community to help sustain the earth. In conclusion, Carl McDaniel wanted to invest in a house that possessed his belief systems. He then commissioned the Trail Magic house which is an energy and climate positive house that makes more energy than produced and takes carbon dioxide out of the air and not back into it. As designers, the future of architecture can be influenced to lead building construction of new homes down a better, more efficient path by using sustainable systems of natural ventilation, water retention, water filtration, sun light, and better site strategies. Custom built houses cost no more to build then a standard house and even give out a better lifetime benefit by producing energy and not taking in energy. Trail Magic is the story of a belief system that should be followed by all in order to help sustain the world and help sustain the local community at hand.

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The Future of Glazing Michael Maiese and Josh Keller from Bohlin Chwinski Jackson lectured on Bohlin Chwinski Jackson’s experimental practice of glazing with different types of architectural projects. The group lectured on three different projects that focused on the importance of experimental techniques in glazing that included new innovations in glazing applications; such as, sun shading through glazing, storefront applications, and colored gradient glass with the three projects lectured on being the Rakow Research Library, Apple Store on Regent Street, and the Campus For A Global Entertainment Company. The first project that the representatives from Bohlin Chwinski Jackson lectured on was the Rakow Research Library in Corning, New York which is also a museum for glass. The design team wanted to do something innovative in the field of glazing that would also be beneficial to the building and its program, which houses an unique collection of historical drawings that cannot have sunlight hit the surface. The resulting design was the idea of creating a shading design within the glazing to help protect the amount of sunlight that would enter the space. The shading design was compromised of staggering line patterns on both sides of the façade that was able to shade the interior from the outside sunlight. The designers looked at sun patterns throughout the years and strategically placed the line pattern to best allow for shading into the building. This design pattern can be applied to different buildings around the world, making this a sustainable day lighting strategy by accommodating for different environmental conditions. The idea of using lines on the glass to shade the interior can help replace costs of maneuverable louvers, if economic concerns are prevalent in design development. Another experimental condition the firm worked with was a store front condition in the Apple Store on Regent Street in London. The project is an adaptive reuse building, which is own by the crown, located on the first floor of a several floor structure. Natural day lighting was a main concern due to the lack of sunlight the store would get from the sky and the local weather conditions of London, England. Another major concern was how to get people upstairs to view the company’s project. The response to these issues included making glass transparent so that no boundaries were placed between the consumer and the product. The team also focused on creating an overhead lighting system that would mimic natural day lighting, by using a mixture of natural and electric lighting, to entice people to go upstairs. The idea of mimicking natural day lighting is a sustainable strategy for allowing natural day lighting to serve as the forefront to providing as much natural day lighting as possible but also allows for enough electric lighting needed to light a space, depending on the weather conditions. The final project the representatives talked about is the Campus For a Global Entertainment Company in Los Angeles, California. The design focused on color treatments to glazing applications. This particular project focused on the color range from blue to white that used a two line work gradient. The notion of colored glazing can be used in sustainable design by providing shading to the interior of the building and could also reduce solar radiation inside the building. By creating colored window treatments, sunlight can be transparent to the inside of the building, without the interior spaces heating up which is integral to the area that this project was built for but could be used in other regions of the world including the Midwest due to the hot and humid summers that the region experiences. In conclusion, the design firm of Bohlin Chwinski Jackson uses experimental techniques in developing glazing that provides for maximum sustainability within a building. The projects of the Rakow Research Library, Apple Store at Regent Street, and the Campus For a Global Entertainment Company in Los Angeles provided different examples of different sustainable techniques used for each project that included the topics of: sun shading, natural day lighting mimicry, and colored gradient glass. Each of these different techniques can be modified to best suit the region of the design project so that the building performs to the best of its abilities. By creating sun shades within the glass, less glare is transmitted inside the building providing for better work areas and less solar radiation. Mimicking natural sunlight is a sustainable strategy that can use a mixture of natural day lighting and electrical lighting to provide amble lighting in a store front condition. Finally, colored glazing is used to provide less reflectance of the sun within the work area providing for less glare and better work areas. Each idea presented in the lecture demonstrates that with the future of glazing, anything is possible.

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Brian Chanda's Architecture Portfolio