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Discussion Questions

Moral Reasoning Review

What feels familiar in this handout? Why?

consequentialist: outcome oriented reasoning

What do you find challenging about what is

(i.e., utilitarianism or teleogical); adjudication of

included in this handout? Why?

the goodness of an action is based on what the

How do the definitions of “womanist” and “quare”

action produces.

that have been provided feel relevant to your reality? How do the definitions feel relevant to

nonconsequentialist: prior principle oriented

realities of which you are aware? How do the

reasoning (i.e., deontological); adjudication of

definitions connect to your sense/s of justice? ❖

To what forms of justice do you most often appeal? To what forms of moral reasoning do you most often appeal? Why?

Frontiers in Womanism: Quareing the Approach

the goodness of an action is based on a predetermined rule. virtue-based: personal and/or community type o r i e n t e d r e a s o n i n g ( i . e. , o n t o l o g i c a l ) ; adjudication of the goodness of an action is

Quareing Justice: A Frontier in Womanism “awakening visions and expressions of justice that insert off-kilter blue notes, troubling

based on whether and the extent to which an action confirms the best quality or character of a person or community.

epistemological and ontological certainties or

Forms of Justice

arrogances (a)with primary perspectival regard for the subjectivity of LGBTQ persons of color who love other people and appreciate Black culture or community, (b)in a way that is holistically committed to the struggle against all oppression, (c)in a way that reflects the connection between gender, sexuality, and race,

distributive justice: primarily concerned with the equal balance of goods or rights. procedural justice: primarily concerned with the process by which goods or rights are ascribed or attained. restorative justice: primarily concerned with the

19 April 2018 Brew Theology

re-balancing of goods or rights according to those goods or rights that have been denied or lost.

(d)in a form that engages deeply.” retributive justice: primarily concerned with the punitive consequences resulting from the denial of goods or rights.

Jennifer S. Leath, Ph.D.





1. From womanish (Opp. Of “girlish,” i.e., frivolous, irresponsible, not serious.) A black feminist or feminist of color. From the black folk expression of mothers to female children, “ You acting womanish,” i.e., like a woman. Usually referring to outrageous, audacious, courageous or willful behavior. Wanting to know more and in greater depth than is considered “good” for one. Interested in grown-up doings. Acting grown up. Being grown up. Interchangeable with another black folk expression: “You trying to be grown.” Responsible. In charge. Serious. 2. Also: A woman who loves other women, sexually and/or nonsexually. Appreciates and prefers women’s culture, women’s emotional flexibility (values tears a natural counter-balance of laughter) and women’s strength. Sometimes loves individual men, sexually and/or nonsexually. Committed to survival and wholeness of entire people, male and female. Not a separatist, except periodically, for health. Traditionally universalist, as in: “Mamma, why are we brown, pink, and yellow, and our cousins are white, beige, and black?” Ans.: “Well, you know the colored race is just like a flower garden, with every color flower represented.” Traditionally capable, as in: “Mamma, I’m walking to Canada and I’m taking you and a bunch of other slaves with me.” Reply: “It wouldn’t be the first time.” 3. Loves music. Loves dance. Loves the moon. Loves the Spirit. Loves love and food and roundness. Loves struggle. Loves the Folk. Loves herself. Regardless. 4. Womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender.

Alice Walker (1983)

Q UA RE: Q ua re ( Kw â r )

n. 1. Meaning queer; also, opp. of straight; odd or slightly off kilter; from the African American vernacular for queer; sometimes homophobic in usage, but always denotes excess incapable of being contained within conventional categories of being; curiously equivalent to the Anglo-Irish (and sometimes “Black” Irish) variant of queer, as in Brendan Behan’s famous play, The Quare Fellow. -- adj. 2. a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered person of color who loves other men or women, sexually or nonsexually, and appreciates black culture and community. -- n. 3. one who thinks and feels and acts (and, sometimes, “acts up”); committed to struggle against all forms of oppression – racial, sexual, gender, class, religious, etc. -- n. 4. one for whom sexual and gender identities always already intersect with racial subjectivity. 5. quare is to queer as “reading” is to “throwing shade.”

E. Patrick Johnson (2001)

Frontiers in womanism  

Brew Theology

Frontiers in womanism  

Brew Theology