Every Planet We Reach Is Dead
this frail vessel drifts
Peter Reading, “Apophthegmatic”
Native American Proverb
TABLE OF CONTENTS
"We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children."
Land Mammals: Koala Bear........... Rhinoceros..............
Water Life: Sea Turtle........... Dolphin.................
Insects: Honey Bee............ Monarch Butterfly.......
Birds: Barn Owl............. African Penguin.........
Environmental: Great Barrier Reef..... The Arctic..............
The koala is an arboreal
Lifespan: 13 – 18 years
herbivorous marsupial native
to Australia. It is the only
extant representative of the
Mass: 8.8 – 33 lbs (Adult)
family Phascolarctidae and its
Trophic level: Herbivorous
closest living relatives are
Gestation period: 30 – 36
the wombats, which comprise the family Vombatidae.
The koala’s territory is getting smaller because people are cutting down trees and making farms on them. Koalas can only live in one place in the world, Australia. The koala only eats Eucalyptus leaves and it eats so many leaves, it smells like the leaves. The koala hops from tree to tree and climbs the trees to get the leaves. The koala will eat 2.5 pounds of food a day. It uses its claws to get the branches and get the leaves.
Now there are only 2,000 to 8,000 koalas in the wild! Although not officially classified as endangered, the population of Australian koalas has dropped by 90% in less than a decade. This is due to the destruction of the koala’s natural habitat, a narrow crescent on the eastern coast of Australia.
Currently Australia is going through a natural catastrophe as bush fires rage through the only place these little guys can survive. And even though they aren’t going extinct in the very near future. it is more than likely that this type of event will continue. with that will come them going extinct. between 350 and a thousand koalas have been found dead so far in fire-devastated zones of northern New South Wales.
The reason for these fires and the loss of habitat is all of mans design. they are taking down there habitat for farming. which is giving them nowhere to live and with the heat rising and bush fires becoming more common. It is almost a fact that these poor adorable animals will soon be a thing of the past.
“It’s not looking good for koalas at all, even before the fires, it’s illegal to kill a koala, for instance—their habitat is highly vulnerable and Very little of koala habitat is designated as protected area. the government needs to put the environment before economic growth.”
The rhinoceros, commonly
and three to Southern Asia.
abbreviated to rhino, is one of
Scientific name: Rhinocerotidae
any five extant species of odd-
Mass: 5,100 lbs,
toed ungulates in the family
Speed: 31 mph,
Rhinocerotidae, as well as any
Gestation period: 16 â€“ 18
of the numerous extinct species
months, Lifespan: 40 â€“ 50
therein. Two of the extant
species are native to Africa
A hundred years ago, it is
is to take your ear.
thought that about 500,000
This is what we do to these poor
rhinos lived on Earth. Today,
creatures. We kill them just to
approximately 29,000 rhinos
take a horn that only has value
to humans as a trophy, because of mans greed. and even if they donâ€™t kill the poor thing it
this is all because of man made
takes away its only defense
problems once again. Rhinos
are endangered due to poaching for their horns. Additionally,
And we continue to destroy
habitat destruction is causing
there homes so we can make
rhinos to lose their homes.
mass farms. places that these
Finally, natural disasters are
creatures walked before man,
also threatening the rhino with
like we always have done through
history. we take and say it was always ours in the first place.
This is because of mans need
Soon these poor souls will no
for things that have no right
longer roam the plains with
to be theirs. imagine someone
their babies. Soon they will
chases you for days and when they
be nothing more than a museum
finally catch you they kill you.
exhibit. A fragment of the past like
but the only reason they do this
Sea turtles, sometimes called
Scientific name: Chelonioidea
marine turtles, are reptiles of
the order Testudines and of
the suborder Cryptodira.
Order: Testudines Mass: 350 lbs, Lifespan: So it is hard to accurately measure their life span over this long period of time. The most consistent estimate is about 80 years.
Nearly all species of sea
All the metal straws in the
turtle are classified as
world cant help bring these
Endangered. Slaughtered for
animals back from the terrible
their eggs, meat, skin, and
state we made for them.
shells, sea turtles suffer from poaching and over-exploitation.
On top of that there is also
They also face habitat
the fact that even with them
destruction and accidental
being so endangered, we still
capture in fishing gear.
cook and eat the poor things
Climate change has an impact on
which is illegal. Again, the
turtle nesting sites.
only real reason for this is mans. There is no reason to eat
The sea turtle is a beautiful
this animal. to catch it and
creature that we have treated
torture it before killing and
like nothing for a very long
consuming. its not even part
time. Humans have made most of
of our environment. We have to
the problems they face.
go out of our way to even find them.
the trash from our homes and streets flood the habitat of these creatures. killing them
A healthy ocean depends on
and polluting the water they
sea turtles. Without them the
need to survive. plastics
whole balance of the ocean will
openly flow through the water
change. And we are letting the
in giant masses. They get
poor things down by not doing
choked, tangled, and killed by
more. and if we donâ€™t, soon
these things and almost nothing
they will all be dead.
has been done about it.
Dolphin Dolphin is a common name of aquatic mammals within the infraorder Cetacea. The term dolphin usually refers to the extant families Delphinidae, Platanistidae, Iniidae, and Pontoporiidae, and the extinct Lipotidae. There are 40 extant species named as dolphins
Speed: 37 mph Phylum: Chordata Lifespan: 50-60 years Mass: 300-400 lbs Length: 6-8 ft Gestation period: 12 months
Worldwide, dolphins face a variety of impacts that are threatening their existence. Most pointedly, primarily dolphin threats are a result of human activities and their related impacts. In recent history the Baiji, also known as the Yangtze river dolphin, was declared critically endangered, its river habitat ruined by the construction of dams and the invasion of boat traffic. Similarly, endangered dolphins
controversial marine park
like the Maui’s dolphin are on
industry, the ingestion of
the brink of extinction due to
marine debris, activity and
entanglement in fishing gear.
spills resulting from oil and
The Maui’s, a sub-species of
gas development, disturbance
Hector’s dolphin found in the
by recreational watercraft,
waters of New Zealand, are
and noise nonresidential &
teetering on the brink, with
commercial development adjacent
current estimates suggesting
to important coastal habitats,
fewer than 100 members remaining
and invasive species and
Climate change has a multitude of effects on the oceans which
Though the ocean is big. It
is having an adverse impact on
isn’t so big that we don’t have
marine mammals such as dolphins
to think of what we are doing
and could become the biggest of
to it. We treat it like a trash
all dolphin threats. As ocean
can. and the living things
temperatures rise from climate
inside it are starting to
change, prey populations can be
boil because of how we abused
affected. Climate change also
the earth. We have reached a
affects ocean currents altering
tipping point. and if we do not
prey distribution, feeding
change. The majestic dolphin
wont be the only extinct thing.
and migratory pathways.
We will be close behind. All actions have a consequence. think about that next time you
Other dolphin threats include
throw something in the water.
capture for the highly
Or take your car instead of the bus.
Honey Bee A honey bee is a eusocial flying
Lifespan: 122 â€“ 152 days
insect within the genus Apis
Scientific name: Apis
of the bee clade, all native to
Eurasia but spread to four other
continents by human beings
Family: Apidae Size: Honey bees measure about 15 mm long and are light brown in color. Honey bees are usually oval-shaped creatures with golden-yellow colors and brown bands
We’re pretty certain that bees are not dying from GMOs, cellphones, ultraviolet lights, electromagnetic radiation, or aliens, all of which have been blamed at one point or another. There is no single cause, according to most scientists who have studied the problem, but rather a combination of factors that include parasites, pathogens, pesticides, poor nutrition, and habitat loss. About 38 percent of beekeepers’ colonies died between October 1, 2018, and April 1. And the beekeepers bees make up almost 90% of the bees that help us
“If the bee disappeared off the surface of the globe, then man would have only four years of life left. No more bees, no more pollination, no more plants, no more animals, no more man.” Albert Einstein
pollinate plants. This is a big deal, almost 40% of a species was killed in one year. And not only is this alarming simply because of the amount of death. its more alarming because without the bees we all die.
Maybe we should listen closer to one of the smartest men to ever live.
The monarch butterfly or simply
Scientific name: Danaus plexip-
monarch is a milkweed butterfly
in the family Nymphalidae. Other
common names depending on region
include milkweed, common ti-
ger, wanderer, and black veined
brown. It may be the most fa-
Lifespan: Monarchs live for only
miliar North American butterfly,
and is considered an iconic pollinator species.
North America’s largest
the insects winter are being
population of monarchs, which
logged, which undoubtedly is
migrate between Mexico and
a threat to their survival.
the Midwest, has fallen 80
and Any one of those things is
percent, from a billion in the
enough to wipe out the monarch
1990s to 200 million in 2018.
A smaller monarch population in the western United States that
Without Monarchs and butterfly’s
migrates between California
in general. Whole Eco systems
and the Pacific Northwest is
will be thrown into disarray.
disappearing even faster,
which will cause bigger Eco
dropping from 1.2 million in the
systems to fall. its like domino
1990s to just 30,000 last year
once one falls they all fall.
-- a 98 percent drop. and again it’s all because of Climate change is disrupting
what we have done to there
their long migrations, Meyers
habitat and the earth in
said. Urban sprawl could be
general. Go see them the next
choking out flowering plants.
time you can. Because if things
And the Mexican forests in which
don’t change. Soon we wont be able to see them anymore.
Barn Owl The barn owl is the most widely
Mass: 0.95 â€“ 1.4 lbs
distributed species of owl and
Scientific name: Tyto alba
one of the most widespread
Mass: 0.95 â€“ 1.4 lbs
of all birds. It is also
Scientific name: Tyto alba
referred to as the common barn
owl, to distinguish it from
other species in its family,
Wingspan: Barn owls tend to
Tytonidae, which forms one of
measure between 25 and 40cm tall
the two main lineages of living
and adult barn owls can have a
owls, the other being the
wingspan of up to 110cm long.
In 2018 Wildlife Victoria
The barn owl is more than just
received over 117 rescue
a pretty face, it also has a
requests for barn owls between
purpose. Owls are very important
January to mid-July.
in keeping the rodent population under control. Without these beautiful night flying hunters,
The year prior during the same
the Eco system of the forest
period, there were only 12.
would all be thrown out of balance.
This is a shocking amount of deaths, a 875% raise in just a
Rises in rodent populations
year. Why is this happening?
arenâ€™t just a concern because
Because theres no longer enough
most people donâ€™t enjoy them.
pray for them to consume.
Theres many times in history
Because all of the pray doesnâ€™t
where thousands of people
have enough food. Because there
have died due to the diseases
homes are being cut down and
spreed by rodents. Unless you
turned into malls and movie
want another plague its very
important to keep all owls around.
It is also figured that due to the higher and higher level
But if we continue to destroy
of pesticides used to grow
produce may in fact be poisoning
they will be gone faster than
not only barn owls but many
you could imagine.
before you know it
African Penguin The African penguin, also known
Scientific name: Spheniscus
as the Cape penguin, and South
African penguin, is a species
Mass: 6.8 lbs Encyclopedia of
of penguin confined to southern
African waters. Like all extant
penguins, it is flightless, with
a streamlined body, and wings stiffened and flattened into flippers for a marine habitat.
This species is classified as Endangered because it is undergoing a very rapid population decline, probably as a result of commercial fisheries and shifts in prey populations. This trend currently shows no sign of reversing, and immediate conservation action is required to prevent further declines. This again is a direct result of what we are doing. We are over fishing, taking what they eat. So in turn they starve to death. And unlike us these little guys cant just decide to eat something different. This is all they are programed to know to eat. And if something doesn’t change very soon these adorable little warm weather penguins will be gone.
“African Penguins have been sliding towards extinction since industrial fishing started around the Cape. The last four years have seen a population crash. BirdLife International has changed their conservation status to ‘Endangered,’” -BirdLife South
Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the
Area: 134,634 miÂ˛
worldâ€™s largest coral reef
Location: Off the east coast
system composed of over 2,900
of the Queensland mainland,
individual reefs and 900 islands
stretching for over 3,300 miles over an area of approximately 134,000 square miles. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia.
n March 2017, the journal
that is killing one of the most
Nature published a paper
beautiful home to the creatures
showing that huge sections of an
of the sea.Due to bleaching
800-kilometre (500 mi) stretch
the waters, as a whole itâ€™s
in the northern part of the reef
ability to recover from any sort
had died in the course of 2016
of water temperature raise or
due to high water temperatures,
damage from people or boats.
an event that the authors put
Which means the next time the
down to the effects of global
water heats up could be the last
time this great place houses any ocean life.
It is not only global warming
Arctic The Arctic is a polar region located
The Arctic region is a unique area
at the northernmost part of Earth. The
among Earthâ€™s ecosystems. The
Arctic consists of the Arctic Ocean,
cultures in the region and the Arctic
adjacent seas, and parts of Alaska
indigenous peoples have adapted to
(United States), Finland, Greenland
its cold and extreme conditions. Life
(Denmark), Iceland, Northern Canada,
in the Arctic includes zooplankton
Norway, Russia and Sweden. Land within
and phytoplankton, fish and marine
the Arctic region has seasonally
mammals, birds, land animals, plants
varying snow and ice cover, with
and human societies. Arctic land is
predominantly treeless permafrost
bordered by the subarctic.
(permanently frozen underground ice) containing tundra. Arctic seas contain seasonal sea ice in many places.
But all this life and land is under
So it not only is destroying the
attack by global warming, which is the
environment that all of the animals
result of us not paying attention to
in the arctic need to survive, it can
the planet we live on. And because of
also destroy the environment of other
this all of the ice is melting. Which
might not sound like it is something that would matter. But it does,
And all of this is a snowball effect. If this continues the world will stop
With the melting of the ice comes
in its place. we are walking on the
rises in water levels, with the water
thinnest ice imaginable every day with
levels rising means other parts of
out planet. We need to start right now
land closer to sea level will start
if we ever want anything to survive.
I would like to thank : James Edis Fungai Tichawangana Doug Swinson Chris Chow Jordan Whitt Gilles Rolland-Monnet For the Photography.
I would also like to thank every single person who marches, posts, protests, and gives an effort and time out of their lives to fight for our planet and our childrenâ€™s futures. One day we will look back, and you will be the heroes
I would like to thank : Euan McKirdy David Max Brawn Emily Bissland Jessie HIggins For the Information
Bretton Merrill Publication Design 2019