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The Record mherst Steele High School VOL. XCIII No. 10 Wed., Feb. 15, 2011

Moby-Dick in Pictures Takes National Interest Nina Hill, Staff Writer

Some people truly take their hobbies to heart, and Matt Kish has turned his artwork into the main focus of his life. A Steele graduate from the class of 1987, Kish pursued a degree to teach English through Lorain County Community College and Bowling Green State University, ending up as a librarian in a Columbus area library prior to undertaking his most recent art endeavor. Though never instructed in formal art classes or trained as an illustrator, Kish has produced a unique representation of Herman Melville’s Moby-Dick with an image to accompany each page. Titling his work Moby-Dick in Pictures, he was inspired by artist Zak Smith’s drawing-perpage strategy for Thomas Pynchon’s novel Gravity’s Rainbow. After coming across it some time in 2003 or 2004, the concept stayed with him for years and “combined in an almost alchemical way with [his] state of restlessness.” The story of Moby-Dick is a classic of the literature cannon, embodying themes of good and evil, class and social status. First published in 1851 and titled The Whale, it has continued to accrue positive reviews throughout the following century and a half.

Page 532, Title: "Turn up all hands and make sail! he travels faster than I thought for..."

Page 427, Title: "But he will still be hunted, for all that. What is best let alone, that accursed thing is not always what least allures. He's all a magnet!"

Each image is captioned by a single, powerful line from the original edition of the book. In response to Kish’s edition of MobyDick, Leigh Newman of the Oprah Book Club describes it as “less a story and more a cabinet of visual and literary curiosities” because it stands as “a testament to what all of us human beings can do if we stick with it-- and believe in the great while whale of what we are doing.” A departure from his employment at a Columbus library, his venture

to read the story for educational purposes, each of his readings of Moby-Dick have been “undertaken independently, for personal reasons.” While still in the midst of his work, a publishing offer fell right into his lap. After being invited to come to Brooklyn to speak about the project in a lecture series, a children’s picture book illustrator researched his art online and shared the website with a literary agent. Within a week of signing with the agent and sending samples

into the world of literary illustration was different from anything he had ever attempted. He decided to finish one drawing per day and the ambition of his undertaking required a year and half of complete focus and dedication. His first exposure to Moby-Dick was in visual form, through the 1950’s film version of the work. Captivated by the fantastic imagery on the screen, he read the abridged version as a child and proceeded to read the full text as an 8th grader. Never required

of his art, the publisher had already found a book deal for Kish with Tin House. At this point in the project, he still had 280 pieces of work to complete upon signing the publishing contract. Though fearful of editorial interference in his creative vision, “[he] was given total freedom, which was priceless.” This freedom allowed him to portray the story of Moby-Dick in any medium or style pleasing to him. According to Kish himself, throughout his

elaborate illustrations “you will see work that is abstract, work that is surreal, work that is highly graphic and design-oriented, work that is cartoony, work that is surreal, work that is post modern.” By allowing complete artistic freedom in his work, elements of himself emerge in the drawings. Though beginning the project with the intention of serving as “some kind of humble servant of Melville’s great tale,” he admits that there is a great deal of his own personality in the pieces. Therefore his body of work has metamorphosed into “more [of] a personal response to the book than a definitive illustrated version.” When asked to give advice for other artists and students facing daunting tasks such as his undertaking, Kish emphasized that no matter what you are creating “the one universal truth is that it is essential to be involved in work that you truly believe in. For me, the goal was never to make money or to publish or to somehow become well known. It was to take this great book and to create, for me and me alone, the definitive illustrated edition that I had always seen in my head. I’d like to think that purity of vision is what makes the project and the book that resulted appealing for others.”

National Signing Day at Steele High School Nina Hill, Staff Writer

Connor Klekota and Andrew Souders sign letters of intent to play Division I soccer. {Photo J. Shalkhauser}

On February 1st, also known as National Signing Day, Connor Klekota and Andrew Souders became the first Steele students from the same sport to sign to a Division I school. Both athletes have been working hard for this throughout their high school careers, receiving recognition for First Team All-Ohio and First Team All-Region through the National Soccer Coaches Association of America. Besides playing high level club and high school soccer, they have both maintained excellent academic standards. Each has received recognition for

Academic All-Ohio. Coach Brett Thompson emphasized that they were excellent role models as true student athletes, “leading success both in the classroom and on the field.” On the athletic side, neither is short on accomplishments. Klekota has broken multiple records here at Steele, holding records for goals and assists in a season and career goals and assists. He also captained his high school and club team, receiving Player of the Year for the U-18 Columbus Crew team as only a 17 year old. This fall was the first year for Souders on the

Steele team. Souders spent his sophomore and junior years training with and leading the U-17 National Team in Florida as a captain. Though traveling all over the world and living in Florida helped him “develop as a player and mature by spending so much time away from home,” spending his senior year playing with friends has been meaningful. Best wishes go to both for collegiate success, both academically and athletically. Thompson expressed that “though they will both be missed, their positive influence will be felt for years to come.”

Wrestling Rules Protect Health Bryce Williams, Staff Writer Before the OHSAA put rules in place for cutting weight, wrestlers would do whatever they could to lose weight. They would spit until their mouths were dry and run while wearing plastic outfits with mass amounts of clothes. This would not only drain their energy, but lead to serious health problems. The wrestlers’ goals were to lose weight, and although their methods were unhealthy, it got the job done. Today, the Ohio High School Athletic Association has set specific guidelines for wrestlers to follow while they cut weight to help keep students healthy.

It was brought to my attention that there was much confusion regarding my “Story of a Wrestler” in the January edition of the Record. I would like to ensure that although losing weight made me feel weak, I followed established guidelines through the process. According to the OHSAA, before the season starts wrestlers must take a weight certification test. The weight certification consists of urine tests, a body mass index (BMI) test and the calculation of current weight. A wrestler undergoes a urine test to ensure he has enough water in his body to lose more weight. This protects the wrestler from

dehydration and other deficiencies. The wrestler also must take a BMI test that shows the minimum weight he is allowed to compete at. If a wrestler has below seven percent body fat, the wrestler cannot wrestle any lower than his current weight. A wrestler can only lose 1.5 percent per week of his original weight. Many people expressed concerns of the weight I lost and the time that I did it in. I appreciate their concern for my health. I planned on wrestling 138 for the season, so I weighed in at 138 for my certification. A problem arose when Alex Funderburg (the current 138 pounder) was not certified

to drop down to 132. According to my certification test, I was allowed to lose this weight. My BMI test results said I could wrestle 132, so I attempted to lose the weight. It was my choice to lose the weight, and though it was an intense experience, it never endangered my health. I was lucky to have my coaches to guide me through the process. The coaches payed close attention to the OHSAA rules so that I followed the process correctly. Cutting weight puts wrestlers at an advantage over those who do not. The smaller the opponent, the bigger the advantage. That is why I decided to attempt

Bryce Williams article “Story of a Wrestler” created controvery and concern over his health and well-being. {Photo A. Rein} to wrestle 132. Although I did not meet my goal, I followed the OHSAA rules and pushed myself harder

than I have ever pushed myself before.


2 Sports Comets Wrestling Team Rooting for the Rivals

Continues To Improve Bryce Williams, Staff Writer

The Amherst Steele wrestling team puts in a lot of time and work so that they can perform to the best of their abilities. The team participated in many off season tournaments and matches The wrestling team celebrating after winning the Avon Lake Tournato improve ment.{Photo N. Walker} their wrestling for this year. They had freestyle not be as good as he is now men, Cesear and many practices twice a week without offseason workothers have high hopes for and wrestled at national outs and tournaments. the next few years. level tournaments such as Christian Lough, Steele Cesear hopes to win a Disney Duels, Fila Cadets sophomore, thinks the off Southwestern Conference and Fargo. The team also season tournaments and championship within the wrestled at an Ashland practices made him stronnext few years. The team University duel tournager, more experienced and works hard and will stop at ment. improved his technique. nothing to make sure their Since the wrestling team Not only did off season goals are met. only had two seniors on workouts and tournaments Lough, who started the team last year, they make the team better, but varsity last year, hopes to have ten returning starters they were very important place at state, place first at from the varsity line-up. for team bonding. While the SWC tournament and One of these returning the wrestlers were getting have 100 wins before he starters is senior Mark Ma- better, they were also begraduates. tos, state qualifier from last coming closer and having Steele Junior, Alex Funyear. He is very important fun. derburg, hopes to “place to the team because “kids The off season set high at state, place at every see that going to state is standards for the team tournament and have a very realistic,” according to as well. The team’s goals better record than [he] did Head Coach Brian Cesear. for this year is to “finish in past years.” Since Matos plays top two in the confer“The kids are stepping four sports at Steele, he ence, send ten wrestlers to up to face the adversities is a good example for the districts and three to state,” coming their way and I am underclassmen to follow. said Cesear. excited for what is yet to His hard work payed off This year’s varsity come,” said assistant coach last year when he qualified line-up consists of three Steve Malone. for states and he hopes to seniors, four juniors, five Every day the wrestlers finally place at states this sophomores and two continue to improve so year. Although Matos is a freshman. Since the team that they can be their best terrific athlete, he would has so many underclassand achieve their goals.

Dave Zvara gives the Shoregals directions for a practice drill. {Photo M. Syrowski}

Zvara Takes Charge at Avon Lake Maddie Syrowski, Staff Writer Dave Zvara, Steele teacher, coach and Assistant Athletic Director seized an opportunity to coach for Amherst’s biggest rival which has caused mixed feelings at the high school. Zvara decided to coach the Avon Lake girls basketball team in early June of 2011, and while the student body did not hear about it until the school year started, some people were very upset. Zvara did not intentionally betray Amherst as some people believe, he “decided that after doing the assistant athletic directing and watching girls basketball, that [he] wanted to get back on the side line and be the head guy instead of the assistant guy.” Zvara was well aware of people’s negative reactions about coaching Amherst’s biggest rival, but he “didn’t go there because it was Avon Lake. [He] went there because [he] wanted to coach.” Amherst basketball player Sydney Failing is “aggravated because it’s like

a friend turning behind our back to go coach another school. He’s coaching against one of [Amherst’s] biggest rivals in the SWC.” Aside from a few negative reactions, Zvara was congratulated for his new job. He said the Avon Lake Athletic Director was very welcoming, as was his new team. Emily Nicholas, an Avon Lake player said that “[Zvara] seemed really nice at the initial meeting” and the team immediately trusted Zvara. Lacy LeDuc from Avon Lake said that “[she] was annoyed at first, but it turned out to be really good” with Zvara as a coach. Other team members found it comical that Zvara wanted to coach their team because of the Avon LakeAmherst rivalry. Molly Disbrow, from Avon Lake commented that “some people take it a little overboard, but [the Avon Lake girls team] doesn’t really care.” They see Zvara as a coach, not a member of a rival school.

“It’s a good opportunity for Zvara,” said Steele Athletic Director Ron Hause. “He has been a coach for 30 plus years. He’s been a head coach before and it was the opportunity for him to become a head coach again and it’s something that he wanted to do. He got the opportunity and took it.” Hause and Principal Mike Gillam both commended Zvara for his new job. Both said that Zvara coaching for Avon Lake does not affect the school, but Gillam joked that “the only thing it affects is it got a few more people at the Avon Lake-Amherst girls game so we could yell at Zvara.” Overall, most people are happy for Zvara and wish him well, except when the Shoregals played the Comets, but the only issues came from people being uncomfortable with him coaching such a big rival. Zvara proclaimed himself still a Comet and that “[he loves] watching the kids here.


Lifestyle

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Going Back to Nature: The Caveman Diet Nina Hill, Staff Writer

Our human ancestors evolved for more than two million years with only the foods found in nature. Known as the paleolithic or caveman diet, a modern movement to eat all natural foods and gain better health and physique has gained notoriety in the health community. This diet high in animal fat and proteins and low in carbohydrates avoids unnatural, modern foods which have negative effects on the body. Because humans originally only ate foods that came straight from the ground or from animals, the primal diet encourages people to return to their tribal roots, when diets were enriched with fiber, lean proteins and healthy fats rather than high levels of saturated fat, sugar, simple carbs and additives. Those following the primal diet assert that modern health issues can be avoided by restructuring one’s lifestyle to emanate the choices of primal people. An extensive health plan that covers everything from diet and exercise to sun exposure, stress management and

sleep, Mark Sisson’s “Primal Blueprint” creates a whole new way of life. The diet consists of fish, meat, vegetables, nuts and minimal consumption of fruits and dairy products. It requires the complete elimination of all grains, legumes, salt, refined sugar and all processed foods. Healthy fats and the few whole carbohydrates readily available raise energy levels while amino acids replenish muscle tissue and add lean muscle mass. This allows people to maintain steady blood-sugar levels, control hunger and prevent the accumulation of unwanted body fat. In contrast, most modern diets bring rapid bloodsugar spikes that flood the body with insulin, producing energy swings and distressed mood cycles. Several members of the Amherst community committed to the primal diet for the month January and reported positive results. When asked about his experience, former Steele teacher Bill Strohm answered that “Even if I do not maintain every specific aspect of the diet, it has improved

my understanding of the foods I am consuming.” As a complete departure from their previous eating habits, those who attempt the primal challenge are very grateful for the support of their friends and family. Steele senior Jacob Shalkhauser also participated in the primal challenge for the month of January and “couldn’t have done it without the support of his family, friends and fellow participants in the primal challenge.” Because modern foods tend to be packed with grains, unnatural fat, sweeteners and additives, cooking for the paleo diet can be tricky. Despite this, there are plenty of delicious options available and substitute ingredients can easily replace traditional components of a classic dish such as hummus and chips. Students who tried the hummus had mixed reactions because of the distinctive texture and taste but overall, reactions were positive and all test subjects expressed surprise at the ingredients.

Sleepy Students Tess Henthorne, Layout Editor Sleep deprivation affects all types of people, but especially plagues teenagers. Today’s society pushes adolescents to juggle school, extracurriculars and a job, but also to see family and friends. Teenagers get up early and go to bed later, leaving little time for vital functions like sleep. Teenagers need an average of eight to nine hours of sleep every night. Unfortunately, few are able to sleep this much on a regular basis. The National Sleep Foundation reported that only 15% of adolescents regularly sleep for eight and a half hours. Not getting enough sleep can be detrimental to health. It can result in irritability, mood swings and fatigue, but also can cause long term side effects. Eric Betka PA-C stated, “Sleep is the time where metabolism slows and our bodies have time to replenish and repair. Repeatedly not getting enough sleep can make us more susceptible to illnesses like respiratory infections, viruses, and the flu.” The American Psychological Association also found that insufficient sleep can cause difficulties in school. Tiredness can result in a lack of concentration, poor classroom performance, and lower grades. Students’ ability to learn decreases when tired because the “overwhelming drive to sleep replaces any chance of alertness, cognition, memory, or understanding.” Many people have tried

finding ways to offset these symptoms without changing their amount of sleep. For this reason, caffeine is the most commonly abused legal drug. Although it is used to make the body alert for short periods of time, its consumers generally tend to crash several hours later. The NSF noted that short naps can be beneficial if planned right. Short power naps can help teenagers feel refreshed as long as they are not too close to bedtime. Regular naps further disrupt the ability to have a normal sleep cycle. The only true way to offset the problems of sleep deprivation is to sleep more for large blocks of time. Getting up and going to bed around the same time creates a healthy sleep pattern. Making sleep a priority will benefit teenagers in every aspect of their lives. It improves work efficiency, energy levels and health. It has even been proved to clear skin and balance weight. ”An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” said Amy Wilson, PA-C. “It's much better to take good care of yourself by eating well, getting regular exercise and adequate sleep, than to try to treat the symptoms or illnesses that ignoring these basic needs can cause.” Getting enough sleep can help solve both physical and mental problems among teenagers, allowing them to become more efficient in the hours they are awake.

Ingredients

2 Tbs olive oil 2 tsp ground cumin 1 head cauliflower, cored and cut into 1-1/2” florets 1/4 tsp sea salt (optional) 1/8 tsp freshly ground black pepper 1/2 cup tahini (may be found at Whole Foods) 3 cloves of garlic, smashed and minced into a paste juice of 1 lemon 1/8 tsp paprika

Instructions

1. Preheat oven to 500°F. 2. Toss cauliflower, olive oil, cumin, sea salt (if desired) and black pepper together in a large bowl. 3. Transfer mixture to rimmedbaking sheet and spread out evenly. 4. Bake until cauliflower is browned and tender, 25-30 minutes, stirring occasionally. 5. Combine tahini, garlic, lemon juice and roasted cauliflower in a food processor. 6. Blend until a smooth paste forms (add additional olive oil if desired). 7. Season with sea salt (if desired) and sprinkle paprika on top. 8. Serve warm or cold with paleo chips.

Paleo Tortilla Chips Ingredients

2 cups Almond Flour 2 egg whites 1 tsp sea salt 1/2 tsp each: cumin, chili powder, cayenne, ground coriander, ground turmeric, ground dried orange peel 1 tsp onion powder, garlic powder

Instructions

1. Preheat the oven to 325. 2. Mix all the ingredients together to from a firm but supple paste. Roll out the mix between two pieces of parchment as thin as you can keep even. This step is very important, they should be as thin as possible. Peel off the top parchment and gently cut. Bake for about 10 minutes. You’re looking for light golden brown, if they become too dark they’ll be bitter. If some chips color faster than others, use a flexible spatula and take them out.

Eating Disorder Awareness

The NEDA members are walking to help raise eating disorder awareness. {Photo National Eating Disorder Association}

Show Your Support with Periwinkle Kristyn Smith, Staff Writer Help support individuals with eating disorders and raise awareness by wearing periwinkle ribbons, accessories or clothes between February 26 and March 3.       People want to raise awareness for these disorders because thousands of teenagers are dealing with eating disorders or problems with weight, eating and body image each year. Ever since the late 60’s, having the “perfect” body has become a huge priority for people, said Steele psychologist Dr. Mary Ann Teitelbaum. Now eating disorders have become so common in America that 1 or 2 out of every 100 students will struggle with one reports

The Record Staff

Design Editor: Tess Henthorne Copy Editor: Annie Nickoloff Sports Editor: Bryce Williams Staff Writers: Brittany Bills, Sheridan Champe, Josh Cole, Brianna Crapo, Caitlin Fessler, Bridge Francis, Melody Hartle, Onyx Lopez, Tori Neal, Anna Rein, Maddie Syrowski, Alexa Vinh, Taylor Wright, Abbey Zellers Publisher: Mrs. Renee Opel

Paleo Hummus and Chips

The opinions expressed in this paper do not reflect the views of the publisher, administration, or Board of Education of the Amherst Schools. The purpose of this newspaper is to allow students the opportunity to develop stories of their choice while learning the journalism process. Students are given journalistic freedom in both story creation and development.

Teens Health.      To raise money and support for this cause, the National Eating Disorder Association organizes many walks to raise awareness. Donating money to the NEDA over the phone or through the mail to the organization will also help raise money for research, support and education.      If a person’s body image seems less confident and more uncomfortable it may be a warning sign of an eating disorder according to the NEDA. Complimenting a person on personality and other traits that do not focus on physical appearances is the best way to help, says Teitelbaum. If the problem seems to be more serious than tell an adult she adds.      People are greatly influenced by the media’s promotion of the idea that image is everything says the NEDA. Junior Cassandra Vince said "I think a lot of girls will see pictures of models and actresses and feel that they need to look like them to be happy with their looks."      Every year the average adolescent will see

around 5,260 commercials that send some kind of “attractiveness message” telling its’ young viewers what is or is not attractive the NEDA reveals. "When I watch TV I see a lot of commercials about beauty products that are supposed to make you more pretty," stated Junior Michaela Migra.      The NEDA explains to reduce the chances of eating disorders, encourage the media to show more diverse and real images of people with positive messages about health and self-esteem. Though this will not eliminate disorders forever, it will help reduce the chances of eating disorders within people who are self conscience.      The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder according to Teens Health. Anorexia nervosa, also simply known as anorexia, has one of the highest death rates of any mental health condition.      Anorexia is a serious and potentially fatal eating disorder characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss according to NEDA. People

with anorexia normally become fearful of weight gain or being “fat” and try to maintain an extremely low body weight.       Bulimia nervosa, or bulimia, is also a lifethreatening disorder because it is a cycle of eating excessively and then vomiting to undo the effects of binging according to the NEDA. People struggling with bulimia usually are at average body weight and many know that their behaviors are unusual and dangerous to their heath the NEDA states.  Another eating disorder is binge eating. Instead of starvation or vomiting, it is when someone frequently eats large quantities of food. People with this disorder are ashamed of this behavior and tend to eat in secret or eat when full.      Eating disorders have become more and more common among people and there are many different ways to raise money and awareness whether it is joining an organization or participating in Eating Disorder Awareness week.


Arts and Culture

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A Village Beset by Death Tyler’s Haiku Column Frances Mastroianni, Staff Writer vides the perfect In Mary’s world, safety chance for Mary only exists within a fenced- to escape from in village. the village with Carrie Ryan’s The Forest her love interof Hands and Teeth tells est, Travis, her the story of the inhabitants fiancee Harry, her of a small village in the friend Cass, and middle of a forest. The vilher brother Jed. lage is ruled by a religious They travel on a order called the Sisterhood secret escape path and surrounded by a tall, created by the Sisstrong fence intended to terhood, despite keep out vicious cannibals being told that that live in the forest. How- it is strictly off ever, these cannibals are limits. Their journot alive. They are undead. ney is long and Many centuries ago an difficult, but they unknown disaster caused are determined to the Return, an uprising find safety outside of the undead (referred the forest. to as the Unconsecrated). Ryan’s writing None of the citizens of the is entrancing and detailed, village truly know what with realistic characters the disaster was, but they and vivid scenery. Mary is have always been told a very believable narrator by the Sisterhood that it and her story feels familiar happened because people to anyone who has ever began doubting God. The questioned authority or village is considered to be religion. She is curious the only place on Earth still and angry, desperate for inhabited by humans. answers and upset with the Most people never ques- lies told by the Sisterhood. tioned the Sisterhood, with However, the love the exception of Mary’s triangle between Mary, mother. She tells stories of Harry and Travis is much the ocean and life beyond less believable. The charthe forest, but most people acters’ emotions toward brush off her stories as each other feel hollow and mere fantasies. forced, like a romantic When her mother is atsubplot was added in as tacked and becomes one of an afterthought. Mary and the Unconsecrated, Mary Travis claim to love each loses her faith in God and other and Harry claims the Sisterhood. The presto love Mary, but none of ence of a secretive outsider them seem to truly mean in her village’s cathedral it. strengthens her desire to The Unconsecrated discover the truth about are intended to be a main the forest and the Return. point of the story, but they A breach of the fence seem to come second to by the Unconsecrated prothe Sisterhood and the

Tyler Ody, Staff Writer

Lend Nature your ears. All the forest whispers, “War, Will it ever end?” Birds all in discourse, Chirping in their woods forum, Debating life’s issues. Soft, white, beautiful, What could be so delicate Other than hemlock. Twinkling diamonds, Encrusting the black night sky, They call me to dream. You must be yourself. Whether rare or quite common, It is your best role.

outside world. The novel feels more like a criticism of cults and those who use religion to suppress others than a zombie story. If the Unconsecrated had been replaced by any other worldwide pandemic, the effect would remain the same. The Forest of Hands and Teeth is the first book in the trilogy. The second book is The Dead-Tossed Waves and the third is The Dark and Hollow Places. Both sequels tell stories of the return from the point of view of girls from different villages. Although it has its shortcomings, The Forest of Hands and Teeth is enjoyable overall. I give the book 4 stars and would recommend it to those who enjoy dystopian fiction.

Rushing quickly down, Yet peaceful beyond compare. Rivers are unique. Choking, sputtering, Struggling through smog for air. Industry kills me. Flapping paper wings, Like a leaf caught in the wind, The butterfly floats. A million descend, Like an invading army Of soft white crystals. Cascading downward, A flood of falling water Crashes rocks below.

Stumbled Upon Bowerbirds Annie Nickoloff, Copy Editor While swimming in the depths of Youtube, I stumbled across the Bowerbirds, an indie folk band that completely blew me away. The original song that I listened to by the strange band was “Human Hands,” a sad, nature-centered song with underlying meanings of love. Variations included exposed piano parts or different melodies of soulful voice. While the song is

composed of simple beats, it finds a way to never sound repetitive, creating a song I could sing to myself. Because “Human Hands” impressed me so much, I decided to listen to the entire album, titled ‘Hymns for a Dark Horse.’ The track listing started with “Hooves,” a depressing song that reminded me only of heartbreak. However, the song appealed to me with its somber acoustic feel and

simple lyrics including the lines “You’re the kindling still that burns below my heart, you’re the memory now that lives across the world.” These lyrics brought back sad memories but filled me with simple inspiration. I thought it was strange that the Bowerbirds would start off a CD with such a sad song, but I expected that other tracks would grow more upbeat. I assumed correctly when I found track 2 titled “In Our Talons.” This song rolls off with a catchy accordion solo and heavy drums, sounding like trash can beats. This song also has a nature-centered theme, with lyrics like “It takes a lot of nerve to destroy this wonderful earth. We’re only human; this at least we’ve learned.” I had a hard time getting into the lyrics, since they essentially accused the human race of ignorant destruction. However, the song

moved with a quick beat and good layering of sound which stuck out from the entire CD. However, the tracks went back to the typical saddened feel for the rest of the CD, with only a few exceptions. Track eight, “Slow Down,” ironically sped up from preceding songs but maintained an intense nature feel. This song does not stand out as much in other ways, but at least it was a nice change of pace. Though tired, slow songs had grown old, I found that my favorite song on the album was track six, “My Oldest Memory.” Violins sang in the background with a subtle but catchy melody behind the singing. What really stuck out from “My Oldest Memory” was the singer. I have had the song stuck in my head for days, simply because of his wavering voice on the lines “And I don’t know whose land we’re on. Is this an island that plots like a

villain, or an old ghost friend we don’t believe in?” This song really spoke to me on a different level than most of the songs on the CD because of the way these lyrics were sung. After hearing this song, I did not want to give the Bowerbirds anything less than five Comets. However, when thinking about the slumbering depression of almost all of the tracks on the CD, I realized that all of the Bowerbirds’ music was not as well defined as just

one of their tracks. Though some of the music was repetitive, listeners interested in nature, folk, and even a little country would certainly enjoy the Bowerbirds. I would recommend this band to anyone looking for something a little different and a little more soulful. Therefore, I give the Bowerbirds a 4.5 out of 5.


Arts and Culture The Woman in Black Brianna Crapo, Staff Writer

The Woman in Black is a suspenseful thriller starring Daniel Radcliffe from the Harry Potter series as Arthur Kipps, a single father

and lawyer who investigates a vacant house where a ghost resides. The movie rolls off with a confusing flashback of three little girls commit-

ting suicide. This disturbing scene made me uneasy and confused but grabbed my attention right away, leaving me yearning to discover some motive for this horrendous act. Kipps conveniently enters after this scene to investigate the suicides, giving some relief to the fast-paced plot. However, the plot twists when he resides in a motel room; the same room where the three girls died. At this point, I could perfectly understand why The Woman in Black was deemed a psychological thriller. My thoughts were racing and all I could think of was how messed up the film writer was for conjuring these ruthless deaths of innocent children. Kipps travels to a mansion after staying in the eerie attic to gather documents of a recently

deceased woman. Kipps was an ardent disbeliever in superstition, but this changed once he witnessed the spine chilling appearance of the woman in black. According to legend, once anyone saw this woman, a young child died, most likely by suicide as a form of vengeance for her dead son. Once Kipps experiences these conspiracies of the woman in black, he realizes that all he needs to do is reunite the woman and her dead son to put her at peace. This purely fictional plot sprouted from unrealistic legends and pertained to nothing in modern life. The nonsense continued up until the end of the movie. I had problems with many scenes, but none more than when Kipps miraculously retrieves the woman in black’s son from a mucky swamp.

Not only is Kipps able to find the boy amidst an unidentifiable and dark landscape, but he suddenly acquires superhuman strength to pull an entire cart out of the muck. Inside the cart was the woman in black’s perfectly preserved son. My anticipation continued through the whole movie, but this scene distracted me from the plot because of how impractical it was. I attempted to disregard the ridiculous occurrence and hoped for a more realistic ending. However, Radcliffe did an adequate job playing his role in the film and not only because of his attractiveness. He delved into his character role and was believable as both a curious lawyer and devoted father. None of the other actors particularly

5 stood out to me because of their bland performances. As far as the editing goes, there are not many special effects other than the woman in black’s rapid appearances and disappearances. These effects were one of the few actually realistic things in the movie. Despite its awkward scenes, this movie was not terribly predictable. Twists and turns followed every discovery and left the audience members on the edges of their seats which made The Woman in Black a good scare. I would not suggest young viewership because of its disturbing tendencies and PG-13 rating. The Woman in Black could have been better, but it was not the worst thing I have ever seen. All in all, I give it 3.5 out of 5 Comets.

App Attack: Uncovering Slipping Down Slopes the Cellphone Obsession Ellen Coghlan, Staff Writer

Zoe Colaso, Staff Writer

Cell phones are no longer just a form of communication; they have become a main form of entertainment as well. According to Pew Research Center at Syracuse University, 84 percent of Americans ages 12 and up own a cell phone, and 31 percent own a smartphone. Cell phones have become a huge part of daily life for teenagers 15-18 years old, who reportedly spend approximately two hours each day on it. Pew also states that 65 percent of high school students use their cell phones in school and 69 percent use their cell phones for entertainment purposes. So what exactly entertains teens so much on their cell phone? For teens with smart phones it is all about the Apps. This year Angry Birds dominated the number one most downloaded Apps. with others in the

top 10 such as Facebook, Twitter, Fruit Ninja and iBooks. One App that is not in the top ten but is more commonly played among Steele students is Words with Friends. Words with Friends is the number one mobile word game according to App Gamer site. This addicting favorite of Steele students is the smart phone version of scrabble, where players can face any of their friends who also have the App. “I play all day during school, “said Junior Lily Meiss. Sophomore Ashley Przybylowicz said, “I play twice a day.” Words with Friends is not like any other game. Many students say it is beneficial. Sophomore Charlotte Boden said, “It teaches you new words and enhances your vocabulary.” Meiss said, “I learn more from Words with Fiends than any other App.”

Not only is this App fun and mind-puzzling but it is free and can be played with multiple players. Sophomore Alexis Arendt said, “ I play with about five to seven people at a time.” Instead of going out and buying scrabble or downloading scrabble online for $2.99, people could simply download Words with Friends for free. It is an extremely competitive and addicting game for any age. Steele Biology teacher Theresa Szczepanik said, “I think you have to be a good speller to play and on top of that you have to have a good strategy to get the most points.” Szczepanik admitted, “ I have about eight games going right now.” Teens or adults have nothing to lose. They could just pick up their smart phone, click on their App store, download Words with Friends and give it a try.

Students playing the addictive game Words with Friends. {Photo Z. Colaso}

The snow sports officers are ready for another day on the slopes. {Photo E. Coghlan} Snow Sports Club has always provided an affordable way for Amherst students to learn and develop their skiing or snowboarding skills. Students in Snow Sports Club meet every Wednesday and take a 40 minute bus ride to Boston Mills Brandywine Ski Resort, leaving four hours to slide down the slopes. This club provides students with a great opportunity to learn with a mandatory one-hour lesson for the first five trips. More advanced skiers and snowboarders may pass the highest level lesson, making them exempt from following lessons. Not only does this club give students a chance to learn something new, but it creates time to have fun with friends without schoolwork.

Sophomore Victoria Basinski said, “I love being in ski club and getting to spend a couple of hours of my day with my friends and being outside. Learning how to ski is the best feeling.” Skiing is oftentimes seen as an expensive hobby, making it difficult for most teenagers to get involved. However, Snow Sports Club offers a great deal for everyone. Boston Mills Brandywine costs usually over 30 dollars for a one day pass and an additional 26 dollars for rentals. The club costs only 250 dollars for non rental owners and 200 dollars for those who already own their own equipment. This payment covers busing and lessons for eight trips. Co-Adviser Dean Lowe agrees that “SnowSports

club offers very affordable and exciting opportunities for teenagers, both experienced and inexperienced.” The club also offers a trip to Ellicottville, New York to spend the day at Holiday Valley. This trip is usually at the end of the ski season in February and it is open to any community members who are interested. Lowe also said the trip to New York will add separate costs that include a coach bus both to and from New York and an 8-hour lift ticket at “one of western New York’s premier skiing areas.” Whether students are just now learning to stand on a snowboard or taking on tricky hills, they are sure to have an exciting time in this Steele club.


Steele Spotlight

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Oberlin Newcomer Starts Varsity Brianna Crapo, Staff Writer

It is always an honor to be part of a varsity team for any sport but it is an even bigger accomplishment to play varsity as a freshman. Brooke Wallace is one of few people here at Steele that got the chance to do this. She moved from Oberlin to Amherst during the summer because she wanted to go to Steele and play on the basketball team. Wallace went to basketball camps that head coach John Rositano held for girls in grades kindergarten through ninth. She said everyone was really nice to her, especially for being the new girl. She also came for bigger competition in sports since Amherst is known for athletics. She also wanted to be challenged more with her academics. “My parents said no at first because they were not sure where I should go,” Wallace said. “But now they love it here and the school is closer to

their work so it all works out.” Steele 2011 graduate Deme Morales was a big role model for Wallace because she noticed how well she did in volleyball at Steele. She knew that if Morales was coached well enough to get a full ride for college, she had a similar chance with basketball. Wallace was surprised when she found out she was going to start on Varsity. “There are girls that are more experienced than me and are used to this type of competition,” said Wallace. “Coach was basically saying welcome to our world and prove what you’ve got.” Even though she is the only freshman on Varsity she still feels like a normal player because her teammates do not treat her any differently. She also feels that she has to do well to help the team score and rebound so no one doubts her varsity position. She knows that she

is still a young and new player to the Amherst basketball program but she is still a big asset to the team. Wallace said, “I am not a freshman; at least no one would ever know by the way the Lady Comets have pushed me to do well this season and succeed.” Her goals when stepping onto the Amherst court were to see the advantage that the taller girls had and who she would be playing against in the conference. She just wanted to be on a well-developed team, and get better at rebounding, scoring and posting up strong in the paint. Other goals she has for the rest of her basketball career consist of becoming a leader and getting her team off to good starts in the next couple years. “I want to prove to coach that I am not a ‘cream puff ’ and that I can do it, just wait for it,” said Wallace. “Most of all I want to leave the gym knowing that myself, my team, my coaches and our

Senior West Point Bound Ellen Coghlan, Staff Writer

Outweighing the odds and receiving a national achievement, senior Frankie Keeling has been accepted to West Point Military Academy. Starting sophomore year Keeling was determined to attend West Point, seeing it as “a total education” that would challenge him in academics, military training and physical toughness. Applying students face national competition and a 13 percent acceptance rate at West Point. Keeling knew of the slim odds so he also applied to Xavier University, Miami University, Notre Dame and the Naval Academy in the case that he did not get accepted. A family friend of Keeling’s attended West Point and his father was in the military for two years so Keeling quickly realized he wanted to take part in military action. By the beginning of junior year Keeling sent an open application to West Point and applied to the summer leadership seminar. During the application process Keeling had to receive multiple state nomi-

nations. Keeling got nominations from Senator Portman and Congresswomen Marcy Kaptur going above and beyond. After qualifying past the nomina{Photo T. Henthorne} tions keeling had to submit his SAT and take a semester. ACT test scores then pass a In the summers during physical test to determine his program Keeling will if he had needed vitality. travel abroad with the Keeling went through military program. Keelnumerous interviews and ing will spend four years worked hard in school to at West Point working accomplish his goals. Now towards a bachelor degree that he has gotten accepted and a degree in second he feels “accomplished and year lieutenant. it makes the hard work Once Keeling completes worth it.” his four years at West Keeling got accepted Point he plans to “spend through mail and will five years as an infantry leave for West Point on intelligence officer and get July 2nd to start training. a job in a private sector or In August the school year continue as an officer and begins where he must take work up the ranks.” a mandatory sport and Keeling has achieved his seven classes each semester goals and looks forward to compared to the average his large expectations for five classes college students the future.

record is accomplished.” The one thing she likes most about basketball at Steele is that the girls are like sisters to her and they know how to win and lose together as a team. She also loves how no one holds grudges on each other when one has a bad game and instead of yelling at one another, they help one another get better. “I love how much passion our coach has in us and it is starting to wear off on us,” added Wallace. She plans on playing basketball for Amherst until she is a senior. It is a very difficult sport, but she knows that the encouragement she receives will make her better. She feels that she could get somewhere far, since it will be her last, but best year. Wallace is trying her hardest to get some kind of college scholarship for basketball, and although she is only a freshman, she is enjoying the journey.

Brooke Wallace practices shooting for her next game. {Photo B. Crapo}

Artist Appreciation Brianna Crapo, Staff Writer

Steele senior artist Devin Rogala’s painting titled “Joker” received a best of show at Lorain County Community College art show. “I wanted to create a nature piece that would get people’s attention,” said Rogala. The idea of the Joker came to him and he decided to make it a batique. This art form is a long process with many steps of layering hot wax and Senior artist Devin Rogala’s winning work the “Joker”. {Photo dye on cloth. C. DiFranco} Inspired by the movie The Dark Knight ation of this further awards. of work to get such a high Rogala’s batique won a His piece will now award. Other works by Gold Key and Best of Show compete with entries from Rogala have won awards at the college on Jan. 12. different states. The judges but he never expected to Steele art teachers Chad will release the results of recieve one for “Joker”. DiFranco and Tony Trunzo winning pieces towards the Rogala loves art because selected 50 pieces of artend of February. Depend“it is peaceful, passes time work from Steele to coming on “Joker’s” final rating, and keeps [him] calm.” pete with 800 other pieces Rogala’s piece could hang He hopes to continue with from district schools. in the World Financial his ability through college The batique was taken to Center in New York for a and become a cartoonist. a panel of judges at LCCC, month. He has already applied where they picked 50 gold It was an honor to have to OSU, Oberlin, LCCC keys and five best of show. a student at Steele win such and Akron. With all of his Because of Rogala’s top five an award. “I’m happy for artistic awards and his feafinish, “Joker” will nowbe him. He spends a lot of tured comics in the school judged against other state time in the art room,” said newspaper, Rogala hopes winners nationally in New DiFranco. “It’s like being all to get into one of these colYork. Rogala’s piece was state in athletics, the best leges and pursue an artistic one of only five works from of the best.” Rogala did not career. Ohio chosen for considereven intend for this piece

Mystery Teacher of the Month Terah Ostrander, Staff Writer Education. February’s mystery teacher During his freshman has many strange and year of college, he met his interesting facts about him wife. They lived in the same that many people are not dorm and got engaged their aware of. senior year. They were marHe was born at the ried a year later. Memorial Hospital in After graduating from Sandusky, Ohio in 1981. college, this mystery One of the earliest and teacher moved to North most vivid memories was Olmsted where his wife got in kindergarten when the a new job. He substituted at Challenger space shuttle the high school while they blew up. He specifically relived there. calls watching it on televiIn 2008, he came to sion and hearing a student Amherst to begin teaching. as if that was “supposed to Some people would find happen.” it strange that this person Growing up, he had sev- became a teacher due to eral jobs including cutting the fact that he “dislikes the grass and delivering papers. vast majority of people.” Around 1991, he went to While working at Sailor’s work for his grandfather at Sales, he experienced the his sailboat store, Sailor’s funniest thing of his life. Sales. His grandfather had lost an He graduated from Ediimportant return envelope son High School in Milan, and was getting upset lookOhio and went off to Bowl- ing for it, so the mystery ing Green University. He teacher and his brother always knew that he wanted created a ransom note from to be a teacher, so he got the “‘Lope Napper” and dehis masters in History and veloped a complex hostage majored in Secondary situation.

They ended up making a series of movies about the ‘Lope Napper with his side kick, Stamp Boy. The mystery teacher was 27 when this took place. One of the mystery teacher’s favorite trips was when his first son was born. He was an hour away from taking an exam in graduate school when his wife called him to let him know that she was going to the hospital. He told Mrs. Marty that she had to give him the exam early, but she thought he was trying to be funny and she got upset. The mystery teacher told her that his wife was going into labour, so she immediately gave him the exam and let him take it. When he was done, he raced to the hospital and was holding his first born son 26 hours later. Some of this teacher’s hobbies include woodworking, making things such as trebuchets and his sons’ bunk-beds and also

sailboat racing, medieval fairs, and painting. There’s several things about this teacher that are unknown to the majority of students at Steele. For example, if he could be any character from Star Wars, he would be Darth Vader because he “strives for absolute power despite the means” of his situation. The current book this mystery teacher is reading is Napoleon's Pyramids. He recommends it because it is free on amazon and historical fiction that doesn’t make him angry. If this mystery teacher could trade place with any person, living or dead, historical or fiction, he would pick Emperor Augustus because he “was in charge during the absolute peak of western civilization.” The last movie this teacher watched was the Shanghai Cobra, which was made in 1944. He claims that it is an excellent movie that most people would

enjoy. His favorite movies of all time are the Lord of the Rings series. If Hollywood were to make a movie about his life, he would want Sean Connery to play him. Some other interesting facts about this teacher include his black belt collection. He has one in Tae Kwan Do, Jujitsu, and Akido. If he could have any superpower, he would “clearly chose flight.” Like many other people, this mystery teacher “only has road rage when other people are idiots.” If he could talk to any animal, he would talk to the wholphin, which a combination of a miniature killer whale and dolphin. It’s real. If he suddenly had $20 million, he would buy a sailboat and sail around the world, which he dreamed of doing ever since he was little. If he could travel

anywhere in the world, he would like to go back to Baden-Baden, Germany where his mother’s side of the family is from. He would also like to go on Mediterranean cruise. His worst fear is “being persecuted, like Socrates.” The only major thing on this mystery teacher’s bucket list is to finish War and Peace because he’s started it four times and has never been able to finish it. He doesn’t have too many other things on his bucket list because he assumes that he will “live forever.”


Education

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Top Dollar: Five Jobs Over $100,000! Alexx Forneris, Staff Writer

In today’s world money is very important, and many people strive for high paying jobs. Here are five jobs that have salaries over 100,000 dollars a year. The medical field holds many of the top spots when it comes to salary but generally requires the most time in school as well. Earning the top spot, according to a study performed by the U.S. Labor Department, were surgeons, with a total of 219,770 dollars a year. Surgeons are physicians who treat many things like deformities, diseases or injures while using multiple medical techniques. There are many different types of surgeons that require different types of training, like heart or brain surgeons. Becoming a surgeon starts with a Bachelor’s degree that specializes in medicine. Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore is ranked the top internal medicine program in the

Average salaries for the five top paying jobs in America according to the U.S. Labor Department. {Graph A. Forneris} country by U.S. News & World Report and would be a phenomenal four to nine year experience. After earning a degree it is common to spend up to seven years as an intern before leading a team into operations. This profession is very precise and is in high demand which is why the salary is so outstanding. It also goes hand in hand with the number two spot, anesthesiology, which allows the patient not to feel pain during surgery by administering precise amounts of anesthetics before the operation.

Anesthesiologists earn 181,850 dollars annually but also must spend up to 12 years holding a nearly perfect grade point average. The top school to attend for this profession is Emory University in Atlanta according to the Coastal Research Group. Lauren O’Doherty, a sophomore at Steele, looks forward to her career as an anesthesiologist. “I know it will take a lot of work but I am willing to make sacrifices during college so I can help people later on,” said O’Doherty. Obstetricians earn 174,600 dollars per year by

delivering newborn babies. The training required for such feats includes 12 years following high school graduation with the requirement of a grade point average of at least 3.5 and another three to eleven years of residency depending upon specialization within the field. The top school to attend for this profession is the University of California according to the College of Nursing & Health Innovation. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons take the fourth spot with a salary of 169,600 dollars. Duties

include treating head and neck cancer known as microvascular reconstruction, cosmetic facial surgery, craniofacial surgery, pediatric maxillofacial surgery and crainiomadillofacial trauma. The Boston University is a great choice for going into this career according to the John Hopkins Hospital. Regardless to the specialization, all oral and maxillofacial surgeons must obtain a DMD or something equivalent before being allowed to begin residency training. The number five spot goes to internists. These physicians diagnose, man-

age and treat unusual, chronic, or serious diseases in adult patients. This profession requires eight years of college with an additional three to eleven years of specialization before earning at least 156,790 dollars. The Harvard University in Boston, according to the Costal Research Group, is a great choice for students who are looking to explore this career. Many of these jobs require a lot of time and hard work but ultimately will be rewarding when payday comes.

Steele Science Olympiad Team Takes Off Annie Nickoloff, Copy Editor The Steele Science Olympiad team just completed their first competition, but they have already proven themselves to be on their way to success.     The team competed at Clearview’s Invitational tournament on Jan. 21 and placed overall 13th, with 14 specific events placing in the top 15. These placings do not immediately seem impressive, but team captain Bryan Naelitz specified that it was quite an accomplishment for the competition they faced.     “The teams that beat us will almost undoubtedly win numerous awards at the state and even national level,” Naelitz said. “Placing 13th overall is

just awesome for our first showing. Even though our lack of medals doesn’t show it, we still performed very well.”     Specifically, Naelitz noted that St. Ignatius is “the only team from our region who beat us overall.” However, he also stated that Steele’s team beat St. Ignatius in 11 events.     Naelitz has been involved in Science Olympiad for six years and is well-acquainted with surrounding teams. When there was no team Steele Junior Morganne Igoe studies for one of her events, to participate in for his high school career, Naelitz “Rocks and Minerals.” {Photo A. Nickoloff} volunteered as an advisor to the Junior High team. High and high school the Clearview tournament Team coaches Kelly teams this year. Both and prepare for upcoming and Dan Kordeleski believe the high school events. advise both the Junior team performed well at     Karina Del Valle, Steele

senior, placed in the top 15 in all three of her events. According to Del Valle, this club “is very educational. [Members] have to learn a lot about each event, but they have fun doing it.”     Del Valle also included that, “since it’s our first year, we can only get better.” Steele senior and newest member, Joe Miller, certainly enjoys the Science Olympiad experience. “Science Olympiad has a welcoming atmosphere. I didn’t feel like a shunned neanderthal when I joined,” said Miller humorously. He then added, “This club has wetted my thirst for knowledge. I want to learn more after having joined.”

Science Olympiad is similar at both the Junior High and High School levels, but the event parameters become more difficult and specific in the higher level. This did not discourage newcomers from joining the team. Though they have a long way to victory, the Science Olympiad team is determined to excel in future tournaments. The team’s ultimate goal is to place in one of the top three places at the regional tournament on March 17 at Lorain County Community College, which will qualify them for the State tournament at the Ohio State University on April 28.

due to unfairness or a lack in ability to compete with others academically. The article showcased University of Texas student Colby Bohannan, who recently established a scholarship applicable only to while males. The requirement is simply “white” or “caucasian” printed on an individual’s birth certificate. A separate article in the Charleston Gazette from August 8, 2006 stated that women are “rising in predominance as college and university students,” making up 58% of America’s college student population. Colleges are considering the statistics that women are traditionally more studious than males when selecting new students. Females, therefore, need to stand out

even more in order to get accepted by colleges wishing to keep the social balance between males and females. Whether or not these policies are forms of discrimination or assistance is a matter of personal interpretation. Since Amherst is primarily composed of whites, a bias is sure to be present. However, both sides of the issue hold reasonable arguments. As colleges become more competitive with applicants of similar financial and ethnic backgrounds, students should understand that they need to stand out either academically, athletically, or in some extracurricular field in order to increase their chances of being accepted by the college of their choice.

Affirmative Action Under Attack Jessica Whitman, Staff Writer As of fifty years ago, policies that give preferential treatment to minorities in regards to admission to schools or employment were established to compensate for centuries of segregation and oppression. Today, however, society argues if these policies should still be in place. Between 1993 and 2003, minority enrollments in

college increased by 50.7%, reaching 4.7 million while white enrollment rose by 3.4%, achieving 10.5 million, according to a 2006 USA Today article by Mary Beth Marklein. The same article stated that white high school graduates are more likely to attend college, with 47.3% of 18-24 year olds enrolled, versus the 41.1% of blacks and 35.2% hispanics within

the same age range. Markelein also reported that among college freshmen in 1995-96 who earned a bachelor’s degree within six years, 36.4% were black, 42% hispanic, 58% white, and 62.3% were AsianAmerican. Destiny Black, a 2011 graduate of Steele, is currently enrolled at Germanna Community College in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Black’s heritage consists of a melting pot of Italian, German, Irish and Mexican. She feels that affirmative action is both a good and a bad thing. “There’s always going to be people who abuse privileges, regardless of their ethnicity,” she said. “However, I think there are situations involving people who genuinely need the extra boost.” With racism being an ever-present issue, Black feels that most Americans against affirmative action are contradicting themselves. “If people are going to say that minorities are the leading cause of crime, shouldn’t they want to allow these groups to get a better education and better jobs? We’re only as strong as our weakest link, and if people choose to tag minorities as that link, we’ll never improve unless we help them,”

Black said. While affirmative action may promote diversity and lift certain stereotypes, it can also lead to reverse discrimination and, in the eyes of some, demean minority achievement. “Minority groups who benefit from affirmative action with scholarships and employment often have their successes labeled as a result of the assistance, and not from their own work and ability,” Black said. Some students at Steele disagree with Black, and feel that affirmative action is more of a problem than a benefit. Junior Kiersten Remster argues that “affirmative action goes against the concept of ‘equal rights’... Scholarships, college acceptance, and employment should be based on the person’s ability, not his or her race.” The topic has been taken to the Supreme Court multiple times and the verdicts hold to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which states that employers cannot discriminate on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Houston Chronicle printed in a 2011 article that white males have “lost some of their substantial ground in our society.” However, the article questions if this is



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