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Bureau for Rights-Based Development (BRD) @brdafghanistan

www.brd.org.af

Issue One

@brdafghanistan

Content

@brdafghan

October 2017

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Who are we? Latest Updates

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Volunteer Q&A Thematic Insights

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Let’s Do It! GIVE

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International Engagement


Latest Updates Provision of support to grow kitchen gardening and provision of animal husbandry equipment Under BRD social protection program, BRD has supported 35 women who will be able grow vegetables in their home gardens and using the equipment provided they can improve the production of local dairy products in the Kot district of Nangarhar province. The Kot district was recently stabilised. Most of the residents from the district were displaced during the fighting and returned when it was retaken by government forces. Most of these residents have lost their houses, their means of agriculture, and members of families during the fighting. Therefore, there is a need for more humanitarian assistance. Support for this project was given by the Buy 1 Give 1 organisation.

June 12 marked World Day Against Child Labor but in Afghanistan officials from Save the Children said last year 200,000 child labourers returned with their families from Pakistan and Iran, which is of major concern. This number has been added to the already two million working children in the country – all between the ages of eight and 14. Save the Children reported that 60 per cent of poor families rely on their children to earn an income, the average wage

Our Values

being between 50 and 100 AFs a day. Save the Children warns this number will increase unprecedentedly if the government stands idle. “Last year 600,000 refugee families returned from Pakistan and Iran of which 200,000 working children were among them. These children used to work on the streets of Iran and Pakistan. If the Afghan government and other responsible organizations do not pay attention to the child worker situation in the country, the number will increase,” spokesperson of the Save the Children, Mariam Attaie said. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs says that the situation of children is improving. However, one Afghan child, Bahram, who polishes peoples shoes on the streets of Kabul, says his family needs the money he earns. “I have to work. I leave home at 8am and work until 12pm and earn 50 to 100 AFs (a day),” said Bahram. Some children work in the kilns. Their families had borrowed money from the owners and now they are working there to repay the amount of money they received from the factory owners. Farooq Jan, a resident of Nangarhar, said he works at the kilns with his six children to repay his debt of 130,000 Pakistani rupees after returning to Afghanistan, but so far he has not managed to pay the money back. “I returned four months ago but still I have not been able to repay the money. I work here with my children,” Farooq said.

An essential part of its mandate, BRD’s core values are based on social justice, commitment, openness, accountability, transparency and respect of all segments of society without prejudice to gender, caste, religion, language and ethnic considerations.

Who Are We? We are a registered not-for-profit Afghan organization. Established in 2002 by Afghans, the group is interested in participating in the process of reconstruction and in the development of the country. It is an NGO that implements and coordinates development projects and supports the process of the development of a strong, viable and pluralistic civil society.

Our Vision BRD’s vision is of an Afghanistan where all the population live with improved livelihood, social justice, integrity and prosperity, where human rights and rights of women and children are recognized, upheld and respected, where citizens have an active role in determining the values, direction and governance of their communities and country, for the benefit of all.

Our Mission

BRD is dedicated to creating an environment in which men and women are able to improve their standards of living through equitable and sustainable use of resources, with special attention to the vulnerable group of the society especially women and children.

Organization Goals

To enhance the skills and knowledge of local communities on human rights and democracy to ensure their active participation in the development of a viable civil society in Afghanistan.

- To facilitate the process of community development in Afghanistan through programmatic and institutional intervention. - To provide support and protection for the most vulnerable groups of the society with special focus on women and children through programmatic interventions. -To improve service delivery by building the institutional capacity of the public and NonProfit sector to facilitate the process of longterm development in Afghanistan.

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Q&A volunteer

Anna Moran Design Volunteer

As a 22 year-old Irish graduate, I have to do what every adult must: choose a career path. Although I know that I am not finished studying I have decided to take a year to think about what I want to dedicate my life to. In the first few weeks of my decision making I realised that the skills I had learned in my time in university, particularly as an editor at the university newspaper, could be put to good use. Having studied history for the past four years, with a focus on social and religious history, I am always keen to learn about cultures and societies that differ to my own. Volunteering with BRD means that I am not only learning through editing but through interacting with staff in a country very different to my own. Through BRD I can continue to learn and develop my design and editing skills while also helping out an organisation I believe in. The world works through interdependence and in an age of digital communication it is an incredible opportunity to be able to contribute, even a little, to something I believe is worthwhile and worth giving time to.

Thematic Insights At-risk children are an inevitable consequence of Afghanistan being one of the most unstable countries in the world. EMILY ULRICH

A country overturned by war, Afghanistan has experienced a rush of displaced persons, including children, both within Afghanistan and originating from border countries like Pakistan. As one of the poorest countries, Afghanistan’s failing economy offers scant opportunity for the 36 percent of its population living below the poverty line. Coupled with having a considerably young population, it is common for children to get left behind as the family provider fights for the survival of his family, or are, themselves, forced into the role of provider. Inaccessibility to social welfare programs across Afghanistan further calcify the effect poverty and high child dependency rates have on upbringing. In effect, 40 percent of children in Afghanistan are left in inadequate care and are increasingly vulnerable to life and work on the streets. While resorting to the streets is often families’ attempt to escape poverty, life on the streets tends to breed life on the streets in a self-perpetuated cycle, binding future generations to the same

fate. Widespread poverty and political unrest have forced an increasing number of children onto the streets. With nearly half of the Afghan population younger than 15 years old, the government cannot afford to ignore its children in need. By neglecting its youth, immediate consequences—for example, decreased school attendance and literacy rates, the expansion of extremist insurgencies, and increased risk of injury and disease—will inevitably compound into long-term, intergenerational damage— especially economically. As it stands, the Afghan government doesn’t have the necessary resources to adequately support social welfare programs that could otherwise reintegrate street children back into society and secure longterm growth. It is important for independent actors, like NGOs and international bodies, to take onus of this crisis, with the following recommendations: 1.Education/training Programs should provide children with transferable skills that would endow them with more professional opportunities into adulthood. Professional training could be complimentary to the children’s academic schedules.

2. Outreach to underserved communities Programs should extend services to areas with high prevalence of street children, such as rural areas and provincial centres. Targeting affected communities that don’t receive the bulk of state-sponsored initiatives would strengthen Afghanistan beyond the State’s current, more limited, capacity. 3. Involve local community To ensure the sustainability of external aid, initiatives should involve the community to ensure they accurately address the needs of that community. Funding should not only go towards raw materials and supplies, rather, funding should also go towards training local medical, educational, and law enforcement professionals, and supporting their current efforts to rehabilitate and reintegrate youths. 4. Compel government to collect data on street children Children should no longer be treated as invisible. Initiatives should pressure the Afghan government to collect more accurate nationwide data on street children. That way, aid can better target vulnerable areas and improve the overall understanding of the crisis. For full article see www.brd.org.af

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World Clean Up Day 15 September 2018

Pilot Mapping by Let’s Do It Afghanistan Let’s Do It Afghanistan, has successfully conducted a pilot mapping exercise of illegal waste sites in the city of Kabul, Afghanistan. On 19 May 2017, Let’s Do It Afghanistan has successfully conducted the pilot mapping exercise in the city of Kabul in Afghanistan. The 12 participants of the mapping exercise consisted of members of the Let’s Do It Afghanistan national team and volunteers. The event started at 8:00 and ended at 16:00 and included an orientation session on the objectives, identifying the mapping and recording the trash sites in to the app. The mapping exercise went smoothly and according to the plan, meaning a total 50 sites of illegal trash from different parts of Kabul city have been mapped and successfully recorded in the app.

GIVE

www.brd.org.af /donations/

Empower an Afghan Woman to Have a Kitchen Garden for $2.20 The only way to help an Afghan woman is to empower her with culturally appropriate and sustainable skills, which could eventually yield financial support for her family. Running a kitchen garden will help an Afghan woman to supply nutritious homegrown food for her family and potentially sell the excess produce in the market for some income. Your contribution will cover the cost of proper gardening training, supply of vegetable seeds and fertilizers for an Afghan woman over a period of 6 months.

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Estonia

Afghanistan

BRD International Engagement World Cleanup Day begins on the 15th of September, 2018, at 10 o’clock in New Zealand. The worldwide wave of cleanup follows the Sun through 24 time zones and ends 36 hours later in Hawaii. Volunteers from more than 150 countries will join the World’s biggest positive civic collaboration in the fight against one of the most pressing environmental problems – waste. “World Cleanup Day must become a wakeup call for the whole world,” stressed the leader of the movement Let’s Do It!, Eva Truuverk. “The fact that waste is one of the most burning problems in the world is not news to anyone. However, it’s easy to turn your back and say that it doesn’t affect me. In order to remove millions of tons of trash from nature it’s important to acknowledge that it can happen when 5% of the population of each country dedicates this one day to cleanup. Due to the fact that most of the trash in the oceans comes from the mainland, it’s as much of a problem for the developed countries as it is for the developing countries. According to The Global Waste Management Outlook, each year millions of tons of illegal waste reaches the wilderness and thereafter the oceans. Although many organisations monitor garbage in different parts of the world, the challenge lies in the insufficient mapping of waste. WORLDS BIGGEST CAMPAIGN FOR WASTE INTELLIGENCE

Let’s Do It! Foundation developed a global waste database called the World Waste Platform in order to combine different waste data sources. In addition to this the World Cleanup app to map the waste was also developed. “Trash blindness is the biggest obstacle in creating cleaner communities,” emphasised the Head of Technology for Let’s Do It!, Margus Simson. “People have grown so accustomed to trash that they no longer notice it, nor its effects. The waste database

helps the world to grasp the gravity of the waste problem and fight against trash blindness.” World Waste Platform is the first global and large scale systematisation of waste data. The global database combines information about the location, types, origin and other indications for analysis. “Today the platform shows the progress of waste mapping around the world. During the following year it will offer more substantial information. For this purpose 130 people around the world are working on collecting and adjusting existing data,” said Simson. The World Cleanup app helps to gather the data and the platform allows us to compare it. “The mapping of waste is the first step – once we know where and how much garbage there is, we can start to clean it up,” added Simson. The World Cleanup app is easy-to-use and allows everyone to participate in the mapping of trash in order to locate a considerable portion of the world’s terrestrial waste during the year leading up to World Cleanup Day. The data collected with the help of this app about illegal waste will help the leaders of the countries in one year’s time to plan their cleanup actions within the World Cleanup Day. World Cleanup app was developed by QUALITANCE, the Romanian software development agency who contributed largely on a volunteer basis. “We believe that through technology we can bring a social contribution to the world. After having successfully facilitated “digital volunteering” 2 years ago by launching the LetsDoIt app that helped identify almost 5000 sites with problems in Romania, we gratefully embraced the Let’s Do It World opportunity. The World Cleanup app will provide us with the means of putting cutting-edge technology at the service of people all over the word and have impact on a large scale”, stated Radu Constantinescu, managing partner of QUALITANCE.

Profile for Bureau for Rights-Based Development Afghanistan

BRD October Issue  

The first issue of the BRD monthly journal.

BRD October Issue  

The first issue of the BRD monthly journal.

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