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LATIN AMERICA

The virtual kidnapping of Bolivian President Evo Morales is too serious to ignore >> Pg09

July 16th – 29th 2013

Clube do Choro UK: An evening of Brazilian fun, music and multiculturalism >> Pg15

LONDON EDITION

www.brazilianpost.co.uk • Issue n. 91

SOUNDS FROM BRAZIL

From new names such as Gaby Amarantos and Lucas Santtana, to classic ones such as Gilberto Gil and Hermeto Pascoal, discover why this summer in the UK will be a rare opportunity do get closer to what Brazilian music is really all about.

Read more on pages 2 and 8 >>


02 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

Culture FROM CLASSICS TO NEW ONES

British summer with Brazilian music Gilberto Gil, Hermeto Pascoal, Gaby Amarantos, Lucas Santtana... They are all here to play

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By The Brazilian Post hat do you know about Brazilian music? “Samba”, you might instinctively say, or “Mas que nada”, written by Jorge Ben Jor and sung all over the world by Sergio Mendes. You’ve probably heard it many times, as well as some Bossa Nova songs such as “Garota de Ipanema”. Maybe you have read here on theses pages, as we hope you have, about the ‘Tropicalia’ cultural movement that revolutionised the Brazilian music scene, bringing the fusion of funk, rock and samba. Or perhaps you’ve seen some new figures that have risen up recently showing the huge diversity of Brazil and its cultural manifestations. One way or another, whether you familiarised with the Brazilian sounds or not, in the multicultural UK, London particularly, we are increasingly open to music and cultural influences from different areas of the world. Appreciation of all things Brazilian

Graveola Band

has moved markedly lately; there are many Brazilian nights around London. This summer, the UK will be THE stage for many musicians from Brazil, and most interestingly is it will be a rare opportunity to get in touch with both the new generation and classics that together bring a deep picture of what Brazilian music is really all about.

New Sounds of Brazil

Curated by Mais Um Discos and produced by the Barbican, the “Mais Um! – New Sounds of Brazil” event presents three Brazilian artists who embody the incredible diversity of Brazil’s contemporary music scene to audiences in Bristol’s Colston Hall (July 24th) and London’s Village Underground (July 25th). From the jungle-city of Belém in the state of Pará come Gaby Amarantos and her turbo-charged tropical tecnobrega dance music. Expect tropical bass,

lazers, and equatorial heat. “We play a new sound that refers to a modern Amazon, a new Brazil that is vibrant, modern and strong, with synthesisers and typical guitars with Pará’s rhythm and indigenous drums”, said Gaby to The Brazilian Post. Questioned about what could British audience expect of the gig, she said “music goes beyond any language barrier, I’m sure the audience will dance a lot, sweat and shake the shoulders until it reaches the hair and take over all the body”. Lucas Santtana is an adventurous, modernist Brazilian singer-songwriter from Bahia who mixes Brazilian rhythms with dub, afro-beat, hip-hop and beyond, as Rolling Stone USA said: “He erases the line between acoustic and electronic music”. “My music is essentially urban and cosmopolitan. There are references from diverse music scenarios around the

world”, said Lucas Santtana. He told us as well that his favourite rock band is Radiohead and that “playing in London will be an opportunity to give back everything I have assimilated since The Beatles until nowadays”. Last but not least, there is Graveola carnival-cannibalist band from Belo Horizonte in Minas Gerais that will open the night with their quirky new Tropicalia. They’ve already had acclaim in the UK from The Telegraph: “A mash-up of polyphonic harmony, rock-riffing and big-band samba” and BBC 6 Music’s Cerys Matthews: “I can’t get enough of this... the whole album is just luscious”. Managing Director at Mais Um Discos, Lewis Robinson said “the ethos of Mais Um Discos is to show people what’s interesting on the Brazilian music scene now. We want to show that Brazil has an incredibly healthy, diverse and vibrant music scene with musicians experimenting in different genres of music in the same way as in Europe and America, and to show a Brazil beyond the clichés”. Lewis believes that, “whether it’s the World Cup, Olympics or the protests, Brazil is the country that everyone seems to be talking about now, and so it’s Brazil’s time to show to the world the full breadth and depth of its culture and that there’s much more to the country than Sergio Mendes and football on the beach. “With all eyes on Brazil”, he argued, “now you have a three year period to show the world your true colours and culture, and to determine Brazil’s international cultural landscape post these major sports events”. Continued on page 8 >>

EDITORIAL

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t’s summer time! In the sunshine, something interesting and fun to do is never lacking in our lovely London. So, in this issue of The Brazilian Post, we bring you the ‘brasuca’ sounds that help you to further enjoy the English summer! There is no lack of options. From classic to contemporary, from Gilberto Gil, Milton Nascimento and Hermeto Pascoal, to a mixture called ‘Beyoncé tupiniquim’ Gaby Amarantos, beats from Lucas Santtana and the sound of the

Gaveola. Brazilian singers are going to be part of the festival “Mais Um!”, by an independent producer who is presenting our new crop of Brazilian musicians for gringos in Europe. More about this on pages 2 and 8. Also, amid the heatwave, the Clube do Choro UK (CCUK) presents its new home: Cecil Sharp House Folk. It’s a perfect place to demonstrate the integration that CCUK won with the English culture, through cultural diffusion of music, food and dance. Besides Choro,

the event features workshops, musical instruments like tambourine and ukulele, dance, feijoada and more! Check out page 15 of the TBP Guide. On page 03 of this edition, you will find a little more about the issue of doctors in Brazil. A debate started after the wave of protests that began in June and the announcement of a provisional measure by the Federal Government named “Mais Médicos” (More Doctors). It is in this mix of ways we present this

issue, believing that with the diversity of topics covered in each page, we try to fulfill an important mission: to show the face of Brazil in a unique moment in its history, whether with local protest movements or massive exposure abroad designed for the next mega event that Brazil will host. Happy reading! Ana Toledo ana@brazilianpost.co.uk Editor in Chief


Brazil | 03

HEALTH

Lack of doctors: who’s to blame?

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By Fernando Maia* ive years ago, I was much more idealistic. I believed in the SUS (Unified Health System, translated from Portuguese), created the possibility of ensuring good public health for the population. I chose a specialty almost forgotten - the Preventive and Social Medicine. My desire was to work in SUS management, seeking improved care. Early in the residence period, I came across one of the problems so fashionable in discussions lately: the lack of doctors. On the unit I was working, one of the doctors was saying goodbye because his contract was finished. He did not want to leave the unit, he had no other job, he was not moving in search of a higher salary. He left because his contract with the municipality had ended. Several others also left around the same time. After travelling around the country, working as a doctor and sanitarian, I witnessed a lack of doctors. In large, small, and medium cities, almost always there is some deficit of professionals. It is relatively easy to get a job anywhere in the country. Of course the best jobs are always the most wanted. After all, if I have eight doctors in town, and ten jobs, professionals will seek out those with better working conditions. And why are some positions are not filled? The reasons are many, and I can’t tell which is the priority. Materials and equipment available usually count on the decision. You can’t work without the basics. This involves gloves, syringes, medications, soap, alcohol, and many other basic things that are often lacking in some units. I have cared for a patient who needed an injectable medication for motion sickness, and had to refer her to another unit because I had no injectable medications. Employment security is also important. Often doctors are hired as independent contractors. In such cases, in addition to frequent payment delays and defaults are also subject to layoffs by disagreements with the mayors and secretaries. Another common form is temporary contracts, which guarantee stability only for a specified period, usually no more than four years. Living far from large centres is a choice that brings a series of changes in the person’s life. There is less violence, the air is pure, the rush is less, and contact with nature is greater. And it is necessary to relinquish cinema, theatre, broadband internet, leisure options, diverse restaurants and bars, etc. It is very easy to criticise on the internet, pending the time to go to the cinema, medical professionals who do not go to the countryside. But it’s difficult to rethink life and give up things that you like.

For those working in the suburbs of large cities, another question arises: violence. Listening to regular shootings, being assaulted verbally (or even physically), having to stop work because of the drug dealers orders, among other things, are part of everyday life for those who work in these places. While some countries are working with an average of 1,000 or 1,500 people per doctor in primary assistance, in Brazil the figure is at least double. And in many places reaches 5, or even 7000 people per team. It’s difficult to get closer, meet families, and perform actions in a qualified way with this population group. The overhead discourages the professional, and is often the reason for dismissal. The lack of a career plan is also another demotivating factor. There is no advantage in staying years in the countryside, as each municipality hires independent. There is no unified career; if a doctor wishes to change after a while, the doctor should give up the current contract (if any) and find a new job, starting from zero. There are insufficient doctors. But if you are not investing in structural

measures, they will continue to be missing. Creating a scholarship program, lasting three years, does not solve the problems. How many doctors are willing to give up their professional connections, home, family, to start a scholarship program? The entry of foreign doctors can address the shortage of doctors in the short term, but will not be good enough in the medium or long term. The action indicated to medium term, the implementation of the second cycle, seems confused. Having merged the compulsory civilian service with the proposed completion of graduation practice, and the result was not the most consistent. In one model, the assumption is that professional, properly qualified, they must provide a service to the country. In this case, the justification is the lack of professionals in certain regions. On the other hand, the assumption is that the degree is not enough to qualify for the practice of medicine, and graduates are required to provide supplementary practical professional registration. In the UK, after university, a newly graduated doctor must conduct a handson training in order to develop the

practical skills necessary to practice medicine. Performing supervised visits and procedures, he or she will gradually gain autonomy. This occurs in various practice settings (not only in primary care), after several theoretical and practical reviews they receive the final professional record. It is therefore an onthe-job training program, which requires medical supervision. I am extremely discouraged. Instead of valuing those working in primary care and work for policies that transform reality, as an institution of State, as changes in the duties of municipalities with regard to health (can a town of two thousand inhabitants be responsible for the health of its population?) as curricular changes in medical education (from undergraduate to residency), the government chose to play the population against doctors, giving professionals the blame for the lack of them. This false contention, who loses out is the SUS, which remains without a consistent output for the lack of medical professionals. * Doctor of SUS in Salvador

MORE DOCTORS PROGRAM

Published on July 9 in the Official Gazette, the provisional measure (MP) establishing the Program More Doctors for Brazil. Among the objectives listed are decreasing the shortage of doctors in the priority regions for the Unified Health System (SUS), in order to reduce regional inequalities in this area; strengthening the provision of services in primary health care in the country, and increaseing doctors insertion in training at the clinics of the SUS, developing their knowledge of the reality of the Brazilian population.

According to the federal government, the priority is to hire trained doctors in Brazil. If the vacancies are not filled by Brazilians, the government will hire foreign and Brazilian doctors trained abroad, while the latter will have preference within this group. The initial estimative of the Ministry of Health is opening about 10 thousand jobs, but the number can change, since municipalities will still enrol in the program. Besides a salary of around £3,000 pounds per month, the doctors who move within the country and in metropolitan areas

will receive help to offset. The working hours will be 40 hours per week in primary care in the National Health System (SUS), under the supervision of a public education institute. Hiring doctors is part of the package of measures for health, released by Dilma Rousseff in the end of June in response to demonstrations calling for improved public services in the country. The health pact also calls for investments of £5 billion pounds for construction and improvement of hospitals, emergency care units and basic health.


Brazil | 04 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

BRAZIL ON THE STREETS

Labour parties’ protests and those against Globo TV mark ‘National Day of Fights’ Demonstrations were an apparent attempt to show the union’s force after crowds took to the streets in June By The Brazilian Post

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he Labour Unions and social movements took over the streets on 11 July on the “National Day of Fights” demonstrations. The nine trade unions, the Movement of Landless Rural Workers (MST) and youth movements held in 26 capitals, the Federal District and in several towns. In the protest in São Paulo, about 10 thousand people gathered in Paulista Avenue. The main demands were the reduction of working hours to 40 hours per week without loss of pay, for the acceleration of land reform and the application of 10% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on education and 10% of Union budget to health.

‘The reality is cruel, Globo supported the dictatorship’

The demonstrations were an apparent attempt to show the unions force after seeing crowds take to the streets of the country in June, spontaneously, without the participation of the labour unions, which used to be part of the driving force of political movements in the country. The national coordinator of the MST, Gilmar Mauro, defended the demonstration of workers who took to the streets to demand their rights and do not go back on achievements. “The streets in recent days showed that all

governments cannot demobilise the working class. From now on, no step back on the achievements of the working class.” In Belo Horizonte (MG), Porto Alegre (RS) and Vitoria (ES) the impact of the protests was higher with the stoppage of public transport workers. In all, 48 roads were blocked in 18 states. The Labour unions plan more protests in August.

Democratisation of the media

In addition to the labour guidelines, social movements also performed

protests against Globo TV. The conglomerate has become the symbol of media monopoly in Brazil and was the target of protests calling for the freereporting of the media. In São Paulo, a protest took place in the evening in front of the Globo TV building, with about a thousand people. During transmission of the SP TV news, protesters flashed a green lazer light in the window of the station that lit the face of the presenter Carlos Tramontina. The journalist had to announce live the protest against the company.

SOLIDARITY ECONOMY

Brazil has 103 social currencies in circulation

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By The Brazilian Post

alma, Santana, Maracanã, Par, Terra, Ita, Semear, Ribeirinho, Sol, Cajueiro... These are some of the 103 local social circulating coins that exist in Brazil, according to the National Secretariat for Solidarity Economy, linked to the Ministry of Labour. Complementary to the real social currencies are created by community banks in order to make the wealth circulating in the community, expanding the marketing power of the territory by encouraging local consumption, generating jobs and income. According to data from the Brazilian Network of Community Banks in 2012 R$500 thousand in social currency was in circulation, with an estimated 350 million people using them. But the ballast is real. Moreover, in communities where there is social currency, they are

Palma was the first one

accepted as payment by most merchants. Another common practice is to give discount for those who purchase with

social currency to encourage their use. In Conjunto Palmeiras, a district of Fortaleza, the first community bank in

the country was created, Banco Palmas, and also the first social currency, the Palma. In the neighborhood of about 30,000 inhabitants, there are 260 enterprises registered to accept Palma, and the average discount for those who purchase it is 5%. According to the coordinator of credit and innovation of Banco Palmas, Ansier Ansorena, membership of retailers and manufacturers is great from the beginning, and this is mainly because it is an initiative of the residents to improve the community. “Residents can buy at a discount, marketers have increased sales, and this means that there is greater employment generation and income in the community, which is good for everyone,” explains Ansorena. For him, the awareness that it is an action for the benefit of all is essential to the proper functioning of any social bank. This can be attested to by the default rate on loans of Banco Palmas, which is almost nil.


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Community UNTIL AUGUST 15

Popular vote for the Press Awards UK 2013

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By The Brazilian Post he popular vote to determine the nominees for awards in the third edition of the Brazilian International Press Awards UK is open and runs until August 15. This year’s novelty is the inclusion of a significantly larger number of listed publications, reflecting the growing interest in the event in the UK. On August 19, the Board of Awards will meet in London to announce the three nominees in each category, which will then be voted on by the Electoral College. The end result will be announced on August 30 and published on the official website, as well as released by Brazilian media. The announcement of winners will take place

20 days before the awards ceremony, which is scheduled for September 21 at 7pm, in a place yet to be determined. The event is exclusive to guests, but from August 15 the general public can request invitations (Free) at www.pressaward.com. The Brazilian International Press Awards, with editions in the United States, Japan and the UK, celebrate the Brazilian highlights in these countries, which are home to the largest and most active Brazilian emigrant communities abroad. To get the list of the popular vote, the Board Award of the UK Press Awards received suggestions from the public, organisations and initiatives that promote various aspects of the Brazilian presence in the UK. Check out the list on the official website of the event.


Community | 06 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

. http://hilarious-consequences.blogspot.co.uk http://www.steaknightcomics.com/ steaknightcomics.com/RRR_BOOKS.html

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VOCABULARY: featured – caracterizou; exibiu renowned – renomado, reconhecido features – traços, características gadgets – dispositivos that have played – que interpretaram 2

Os enigmas de Sherlock

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R E H P O T S I R H C

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The screening of Machado’s documentary “Tropicália” could not have come at a more relevant time as all eyes seemed to be focused on Brazil. The country in recent months has seen the biggest protests since the military dictatorship of the 60s and 70s. Today the Brazilian people protest against government corruption and the lack of social development, and although Brazil has moved on from the repression of the military dictatorship era, the heavy-handed response by the country’s law enforcement today is worryingly reminiscent of the brutality during 60s and 70s. A documentary that examines the Tropicália movement provides an excellent history to social mobilisation and protest in Brazil, demonstrating how the language of protest permeated into the cultural and artistic elements of the country. Just as today, as Brazilians call for a modernisation of their nation’s social infrastructure, the Tropicália movement represented a kind of modernisation of its own, infusing aspects of North American rock music to inspire a youthful voice of rebellion against a repressive political hierarchy.

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Community| 07

PROFILE

Leo Belicha: the fashionist gentleman

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Text and Photo: Rômulo Seitenfus

e has dressed gods of music like the Rolling Stones, Rihanna and Elza Soares. A mixture of fashion with nightlife, Leo Belicha is always a hot presence in parties all over Europe; the Brazilian has been living for nearly two decades in England and is divided between the production of fashion dedicated to celebrities and organising art and fashion events. The first time I saw Leo Belicha, I was covering the London Film Festival; he passed by me while I was interviewing one of the stars of cinema. My eyes twitched with admiration for his personality. His story is amazing. At twelve years old, he was seated next to a classmate when he wrote a wish list. Printed on the paper with blue pen, he wrote a letter wishing to realise the ambition of living in the UK and meeting the singer Madonna. Twenty years later, he wants to know where his friend had put the letter, after he had accomplished all his dreams. Born into a traditional Jewish family in Rio de Janeiro, the boy who would dress international artists presented unusual tastes from childhood and suffered for being different. “When I left Brazil, I had gone through a traumatic situation. My family said I was not living the reality, I was in Rio de Janeiro in fancy clothes for the season, had Jewish holidays at home and they asked me to remain in the office so I wouldn’t shock the guests. This started to become traumatic,” he says. At eight years old his father was living in Ibiza, Spain. Visiting him, Leo witnessed Europeans using Mohawk hairstyles; at 15, he went to dance on Doctor Smith wearing clothes that caused controversy. “My family started trying to change my style, they wanted me to take over the family business” - Leo is heir to a hotel chain in Rio de Janeiro - “so I left Brazil in a bad situation at home.” His fate was set. The letter he wrote in childhood asking for international success had already became true, and it was time to fight for the dreams. “Working with the Rolling Stones was very striking. I had the pleasure of dressing them, as well as Rihanna, Deby Harry, Elza Soares. The Elza rather than dress her, it was like returning a gift to Brazil. She had received the award for Singer of the Millennium in 2000, I accompanied her to BBC1, where she gave an interview. It was a delight to do fashion with the Brazilian singer. I dress her with the top brands in Paris and London,” he speaks with shining eyes. Asked if it is difficult to meet the requirements of popstars, Leo responds: “No, it’s easy! I love working with these people who have lived all and are super

free with this question of ego. They have their feet on the ground, do not need to prove anything to anyone, and I think that the bigger the star, the more easily the work develops. That’s a fact, they already are legends so are super affordable,” he says. Leo recalls the importance of the network in labour relations and claims to have dedicated time and money to be in contact with celebrities. “I always shifted to be everywhere in the world. People said I was enjoying, I was widely criticised for making contacts jealous, but I always knew what I was actually doing, it is important you spend time and money to be in connection with your work universe.”

And it worked. Enshrined in everything he does, he celebrates the success; at this point Leo offers me a glass of champagne while we talk about the career and life of this Brazilian legend on European lands. Extremely gentle, he invites me for a walk by The King’s Head Members - where we were to conduct this interview, also his workplace - home World Heritage-listed London and transformed into a private club, with stuffed animals. Tigers, lions, polar bears, seals - easy people, the wildlife and marine were slaughtered for centuries, today we all support the preservation of the species. “Through here pass big names from all areas of the arts. Our intention is to

create a cultural centre where we can combine intellectual programs with lively social events,” he says. My journalistic curiosity wants to know what were the influences of his childhood that shaped who he is today. “All the divas of the past: Dianna Ross, Dona Summer, Madonna, Gloria Gaynor, Aretha Franklin, Bianca Jagger, who I also had the pleasure to dress. The Factory of Andy Warhol with experimental artists, the effervescence of Studio 54; I always liked rebellious, questioning and fabulous characters”, he says. I wonder if after all these years of living in London, remains something from Rio in the soul of my interviewee. Asked if he is more tolerant of differences and the rigidity of society, Leo describes his feeling. “Oh, I think it is life experience. I do not want to say that time heals everything, because I think a bit utopian, but I believe that when you live many things, for example, a year in London is as if ten or more at the time of Brazil. Here things are so fast and so intense that we started getting softer. I’d say I’m more tolerant of humans and myself, I believe that when we live through a lot of things, our vision is more refined and less reactionary,” he reflects. Torn between fashion production and event organisation, he says that the two areas go hand in hand and do not see a separation between them. Leo remembers when he started events company Caligula. “My best friend, Jim Warboy (music producer and notorious party organiser), invited me to work with him and we started doing events. The first party we put an orchestra playing in the ceiling, an opera singer singing in the bathroom. The house was packed, and within a week had shows on MTV, Vogue, on the cover of TimeOut. In a year and a half as we had the presence of Prince Harry, Mick Jagger, Grace Jones to Lady Gaga. After that my partner wanted to invest in the international DJ career and asked me if I would be alone with the brand, I accepted and turned it into a company that today provides services to large events with closed parties”, he says. In his costume for own use, Belicha mixing couture with Jewish hats, which he says are part of two years ago, a collection of his daily use. I want to go further and wonder if this recent habit of using hats has some relationship to Jewish reconciliation to family background. “If this represents a homecoming? Suddenly yes. I want to hop in Brazil, I want to return to the roots and spend a few months each year. I think your question makes perfect sense, this habit of re-using Jewish pieces can be a reflection of this my will to redeem my past, yes, but always with eyes on the future.”


08 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

Continued from page 02 >> Mais Um Discos, undoubtedly, has been an influential promoter of the new music from Brazil. The new compilation album “DAORA” is a fresh example. It collects together some of the most interesting Brazilian hip-hop, afro-beat, dub-influenced sounds and will be released on CD, LP and download on July 23rd. More info at www.maisumdiscos.com.

Womad Festival

Founded in 1980 by the English singer, musician and songwriter Peter Gabriel, among others, the Womad Festival celebration of the world’s many forms of music, arts and dance will have the presence of three Brazilian musicians this year, between July 25th and 28th. One of the most acclaimed artists is Gilberto Gil, one of the most iconic musicians from Brazil. Coincidence or not, Gil comes to the UK when Marcelo Machado’s Tropicalia documentary is being released. Along with Caetano Veloso, Gilberto was a pivotal figure in the Tropicalia movement. “It’s a happy coincidence and also because the movie ‘Viramundo’ will be released in the UK soon as well. It is a movie where I’m a kind of narrator and that shows the music on the south hemisphere. Beyond Brazil, we shoot in South Africa and Australia”, said Gil to TBP. Gilberto Gil, who lived three years in London between 1969 and 1972, when he was exiled by Brazil’s military dictatorship, said he will perform the

songs of “Fé na Festa” album, that contains a repertory basically from the Brazil’s north east. “I’m very happy being part of the festival; I really admire the citizen and musician Peter Gabriel”. Other Brazilian attractions at the Womad festival are Flavia Coelho and DJ Tudo. The first one, Flavia is a Parisbased musician that has been in London few times – London Jazz Festival last year – and brings a sweet-voiced purveyor of light, radio-friendly samba-reggae. The clue is in the album’s title all along; Bossa Muffin tips its hat towards both her homeland and to a deep appreciation of the rhythms of Jamaica. DJ Tudo is a young Brazilian musician who sometimes leaves his 10,000 LPs at home and goes off in search of his homeland’s many, many indigenous music styles. Having made thousands of hours of recordings, uncovering secret histories and sounds that may otherwise have become extinct, Tudo stitches the results together in this fabulous live show. Here he straps on his bass guitar to join a stageful of musicians to pump new life into these traditions.

Ronnie Scott’s Brazilian connection

Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club has had a particular affinity with the music of Latin America for over thirty years, and the “Brazilian connection”, said the Music Bookings Co-ordinator Paul Pace, “was instigated at Ronnie’s during the eighties and into the present century through the regular booking of the singer Flora Purim

and percussionist Airto Moreira”. Over the past few years this Soho institution has experienced the tremendous musical legacy that Brazil has to offer through the booking of Vinicius Cantuaria, Marcos Valle, Tania Maria, Joyce, and already this year, for the first time, Milton Nascimento and Emir Deodato. One of major Brazilian artist to perform at Ronnie’s was the musical visionary and multi-instrumentalist Hermeto Pascoal, who appeared in the club a few years ago and has been booked again for mid-July (17, 18, 19). The club alsofeatures, next month, the singer, song-writer and guitarist João Bosco, who composed a range of songs that everyone in Brazil knows, such as “O mestre sala dos mares” e “O bêbado e o equilibistra”, samba-songs influenced by Bossa Nova and Jazz, specially. As it was said at the beginning, this summer will be a good chance to get closer to the Brazilian sounds, from classics to new ones. As Lewis Robinson said, the moment is very favourable for it, and might not end very soon. Milton Nascimento will come back to London at the end of October; before then, as part of the FlipSide Festival – British version of the Brazilian literature festival Flip – comes to the UK, Adriana Calcanhotto. The Brazilian Post will be with eyes open to bring all of it to these pages, as well as London-based Brazilian artists that make keep the Brazilian culture in a high standard abroad (keep yourself on the Brazilian sounds wave on page 15).

Mortimer, Marketing & Media LTD CEO Marcelo Mortimer marcelo@brazilianpost.co.uk

EDITOR IN CHIEF Ana Toledo ana@brazilianpost.co.uk

Editors Guilherme Reis Kate Rintoul Shaun Cumming

PUBLIC RELATIONS Roberta Schwambach contato@brazilianpost.co.uk

COMMERCIAL DEPARTAMENT 074 6692 6782

ENJOY THE MUSIC

GRAPHIC DESIGN Roman Atamanczuk

Mais Um! – New Sounds of Brazil Who: Gaby Amarantos, Lucas Santtana, Graveola and DJ Mais Um Gringo When: July 24th – 7.30pm / July 25th – 7.30pm Where: Calston Hall Bristol / Village Underground London Tickets: £ 15 Info: www.barbican.org.uk

DISTRIBUTION Emblem Group LTD

Gaby Amarantos CONTRIBUTORS

Womad Fesival

Carolina Beal

Who: DJ Tudo, Flávia Coelho, Gilberto Gil When: July 27th – 28th Where: Charlton Park, Malmesbury, Wiltshire SN16 9DG Tickets: Weekend - £ 145 / One day - £ 65 Info: www.womad.co.uk

Christiano Holanda Cibele Porto Daniela Barone Jamie Jubon Nathália Braga Rafael Cabral Ricardo Somera

Gilberto Gil

Rômulo Seitenfus Saulo Caliari Shaun Cumming Tico Silvério

Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club

Zazá Oliva

Who: Hermeto Pascoal, João Bosco, Tania Maria When: July 17th – 19th, August 12th – 13th, August 23rd – 24th Where: Ronnie Scott’s Jazz Club, 47 Frith Street, London W1D 4HT Tickets: From £ 25 Info: www.ronniescotts.co.uk

PUBLISHED BY Mortimer, Marketing & Media LTD 14 Widgeon Close, London – E16 3EF Company number: 8043939

João Bosco


09

Latin America SHAME

The kidnapping of Evo Morales and the crisis of the international order

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By Hugo Moldiz Mercado*

he virtual kidnapping of Bolivian President Evo Morales on the 2nd of July, for about 15 hours, is too serious not to examine. What was the real nature of the operation? The message it sends is one of imperialism, to a world that, for different conditions, seems to be returning to the times of primitive accumulation of capital (invasions, murders, looting and other extra-economic measures) and leaving behind the international order built in the aftermath of World War II. These are episodes that become milestones in world history. The arrest and subsequent kidnapping of the president of Bolivia will be one of them. Never before has something like this happened. It all started on Tuesday, 2nd July, when President Evo Morales was on his flight back to Bolivia after taking part in a Second Congress of Gas producing countries that took place in the Russian city of Moscow. This was at the same time that Edward Snowden was known to be hiding in Moscow airport. The technician from the CIA had carried out espionage programs, had revealed that the United States used to police the world. The young contractor, who left Hong Kong on a commercial flight, has angered the US government and its secret services, as it has revealed information that accounts for unauthorised surveillance the US. Secrets were also revealed by Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks. Edward Snowden announced that he would seek asylum in 21 countries, among which was that of Evo Morales, who said he would consider the case. Then, following ‘information’ that the former American contractor was in the Air Force of Bolivia, the US played a military operation in direct complicity with four European countries. Portugal argued ‘technical reasons’ to deny the use of airspace, France and Italy were notified in mid-flight and Spain held the same position. Morales and his small entourage were forced to land in the Austrian capital of Vienna, where he spent more than 15 hours before continuing their flight to Bolivia, via Brazil. The Austrian capital became a virtual prison for the indigenous leader and president of the Bolivia.

Despite the indignation which this has provoked in most of Latin America, we have to draw some preliminary conclusions. First, what the United States and four European countries have shown is the decline of the international order since the end of World War II. The highest expression of that international order is the United Nations, on the basis of the United Nations Declaration of January 1942, the Moscow Conference of 1943 and the San Francisco Conference of 1945, inaugurated a later stage to the Second World War with the aim of ensuring universal peace and coexistence. Evo Morales’s arrest violated the United Nations Charter, international treaties and conventions as they ignored their basic human rights, the immunity he enjoys in his capacity as head of state and the right to go from one place to another passing by an intermediate (fifth freedom aviation). It has ignored

the fundamental principles of public international law. The world has experienced an intense “Cold War” between the United States and the Socialist bloc led by the USSR. Contrary to the thinking of many, the passage from one world to another opened a long period of US military invasions and its allies in various parts of the planet. In all these imperial invasions, the central feature was the ignorance of the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of human rights, international treaties and conventions. The cases of Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya are examples. Second, it has been confirmed that the United States and its NATO allies are developing a Broad Spectrum Domain Strategy. The development of this type of design began after the attack on the twin towers in 2001 and strengthened during the NATO Summit in November

2010, when it formulated a new Strategic Concept for the Imperial forces can intervene anywhere in the world and for any reason. Expanding the influence of NATO, which has already landed in Latin America through Colombia. It is therefore evident that on the 2nd of July, France, Italy, Spain and Portugal banned the use of their airspace in coordination, although the governments of these countries insist that decisions were made individually and have ruled out any possibility of having to explain and apologise. Third, it is a sign of threat to the left and progressive governments of Latin America. For nearly 15 years US influence in the region has diminished. The US pinpointed Evo Morales. Imperialism has used this criminal attack to send a message to the people and governments who raise the banners of independence, sovereignty and dignity. That is, the kidnapping of an indigenous president has not been a mistake, but an operation. Fourth, it shows the use of covert methods by Washington to put pressure on governments sympathetic to their policies in Latin America, with the aim of reducing the level of growing influence of new bodies such as UNASUR, ALBA and CELAC. Coincidence or not, all the presidents who missed the UNASUR meeting, except Rousseff who was dealing with the protests, they have free trade agreements with the United States and are part of the Pacific Alliance, to be precise, it is the return of the FTAA but with another name. Fifth, it shows quite clearly that Europe has become the extension of the territory of the United States. Gone is the dream of presidents such as Charles De Gaulle and Olof Palme, who aimed for the European dream. By signing this peaceful occupation of the USA, European countries have become, with the complicity of their states and governments, the colonies of imperialism. Sixth, what the United States and its European allies have found is that Latin America is opposed to these actions, that the peoples and governments are far from intimidated by criminal actions as developed against President Evo Morales, what they do is pick up the flags of emancipation. *Article published at TeleSur.net


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July 16th – 29th 2013

Technology ONLINE SECURITY

Guide to Internet Safety:

Code first steps

By The Brazilian Post

All of the world’s information is digitised and most of us do not know how to deal with this information because we have a very limited technical knowledge. We just download antivirus software

to protect ourselves against supposed threats, but every day we are being watched by companies and governments. We do not know how to surf the internet anonymously. You wouldn’t go out wearing a shirt with your address clearly written on it, but when you access your email, if you’re not careful, you’re practically doing just

One of the main ways to protect against surveillance on the internet is to use encryption

that, saying what yours interests are, what you buy, which sites you visit,” said the journalist Murilo Machado in an interview with The Brazilian Post last year. This comment is extremely relevant nowadays, with the leak of secret information that point to the control and surveillance of the Internet by the security agency of the United States, NSA. Several countries are targets of American espionage, including Brazil, who demanded explanations from the Obama administration. In this sense, Apublica.org created an info graphic to show that one of the main ways to protect yourself against internet surveillance is to use encryption - a system that ensures safety communication through the use of a password or “key”, which “locks” in content delivery and “unlocks” the receipt.

Navigation

Tor is a program that masks your IP, which is the identity of your connection. Through encryption, Tor “hides” the point of the world you are at and what machine you are using to browse the Internet. It works as a browser, just slower. More information on www. torproject.org.

HTTPS

With HTTPS Everywhere plug-in you just navigate through encrypted pages - and therefore safe. It can be used with Tor to prevent third parties from intercepting

your browsing. More information on www.eff.org.

Chats

There are options as secure chats Burnote (www.burnnote.com) Privnote (www.privnote.com) and Wickr that destroy messages automatically after a certain time. They can even be downloaded to smartphones. Pidgin (www.pidgin. im) sends encrypted messages.

E-mails

Email services such as Hushmail (www.husmail.com), Rise Up (mail. raiseup.net) or TorMail (tormail.org) encrypt messages, preventing them from being intercepted. There are also disposable email, the like Mailinator and IncognitoMail, which are destroyed after 60 minutes or 24 hours.

Archives

Programs like Truecrypt (www. truecrypt.org) encrypt files on your computer. So other people do not have access to their documents, which can only be decrypted with a password.

Searching

Traditional search engines like Google and Bing send information about your searches to companies and governments. The DuckDuckGo (www.duckduckgo. com) does not save your browsing data and StartPage (www.startpage.com) ensures user privacy.


11

Economy TOURISM AND BUSINESS

VisitBritain announces partnership with Rock in Rio

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By The Brazilian Post isitBritain, the tourism agency of the British government, has been confirmed as one of the supporters of Rock in Rio 2013, to be held in September in Rio de Janeiro. The agreement provides institutional support and will occupy a space at the festival, which will be all inspired by British culture and tourism products. The partnership was signed this month by Roberta Medina, vice president of the Rock in Rio, and Samuel Lloyd, VisitBritain’s manager for Latin America. The partnership is part of the ‘Great’ campaign, the British government’s initiative to promote Britain as a great

destination to visit, study and do business. The main attractions will be focused on Rock Street. This year’s event will be inspired in Britain and Ireland, with reproduction of the facades of Camden Town. During every day of the festival, there will be presentations of bands with rock hits, English street performers, a living statue of John Lennon, bagpipes, plus shops, bars and restaurants with English pubs. VisitBritain will have their own space on the site to promote activities such as pocket shows. There will also be an interactive forum to enable people and businesses to exchange British and Brazilian experiences in hosting major events. At the same time, the British Embassy will

Clube do Choro UK

During the evening, you’ll experience the roda where musicians sit together in a circle (a ‘roda’) so that they can see each other and are able to maintain eye contact. This facilitates their interaction, changes in tempo and mood and helps with improvisation. Anyone wishing to play is welcome to join in with his or her own instruments, regardless of background or musical ability! So join us for an evening of seductive Brazilian rhythms, dancing, food, drink and fun!!!

We are what we share!!! DANCE CLASS ENTRY STUDENT ENTRY UNDER 13s

RUNNING ORDER £5.00 £8.00 £5.00 FREE

FOOD AND DRINK AVALIABLE TO BUY

5.00 pm 6.00 pm 7.00 pm 8.00 pm 9.00 pm 11.00pm

Near Camden Town Station Cecil Sharp House 2 Regent’s Park Road London, NW1 7AY

www.clubedochoro.co.uk

Brazilian in British lands

According to Samuel Lloyd, Rock in Rio is an opportunity to inspire Brazilians to travel and study in England, Scotland and Wales. “We know that music stimulates thousands of British tourists to visit the homeland and places frequented by their idols. The big band concerts, outdoor festivals, West End musicals and even alternative rock London clubs also help to attract more visitors to the country - so that music

PRESENTS

Clube do Choro is back and this time in our brand new home!

PRICES

promote Britain’s universities, especially the government partnership between Brazil and the UK, the Brazilian Science without Borders, and the Chevening program, which offers scholarships to graduate in Britain.

DANCE CLASS RODA DE CHORO HOUSE BAND SPECIAL GUEST RODA DE SAMBA EXIT

Samuel Lloyd, VisitBritain’s manager for Latin America, and Roberta Medina, vice president of the Rock in Rio

is one of the seven pillars of our Great Campaign” Samuel said. A recent survey by VisitBritain with visitors of various nationalities showed that Brazilians are tourists who participate in more activities related to music while traveling to Britain: 15% of respondents reported having experienced music on their travels to Britain. Brazilians also stood out with regard to Beatles tours - 14% had an interest in this type of tour.

Choro and Samba SATURDAY 27th JULY 2013


12 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

Sport FOOTBALL

Libertadores: wasted potential

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By Renato Brandão

he 54th Copa Libertadores of America comes to an end on June 24, which is the date of the second match of the doubleheader final in Belo Horizonte. The first leg was scheduled for July 17th, in Asuncion, after the closing of this edition. Atletico-MG seeks, for the first time, to win the trophy that nine other Brazilian clubs have previously won. The opponent is Olympia - the most famous club of Paraguay and three times winner of the Copa Libertadores. The two clubs have already played against each other in a continental final in 1992 - the now defunct Copa Conmebol (equivalent of the former UEFA Cup) – with Atletico-MG winning that contest. In the last 21 Libertadores finals, there were 11 titles and 9 runners-up for Brazilian teams, while in the 32 previous finals there had been only five victories and six second places. This current Brazilian dominance in the tournament is due to three reasons: the Brazilian clubs began to focus more on the Libertadores; Brazil has the largest number of participating teams (since 2000, four teams and then five places for Brazilian clubs and Argentines against three to other countries); economic disparity between the Brazilian participants and representatives of other nations.

Mess

Named in honour of the main leaders of the processes of colonial liberation on the continent, the Copa Libertadores is recognised in the world of football and, alongside the Champions League in Europe, is the most prestigious continental tournament for clubs. However, the South American competition falls well short of major UEFA club competitions in crucial areas, and after more than fifty years since the first final in 1960, the Libertadores continues to be seen, inside and outside the Americas, as a tournament disorganised and unstructured. The blame for this belongs mainly to Conmebol, organiser of the tournament. One of the biggest problems of the Libertadores is the lack of a clear timetable. By tradition, the tournament has been played in only one half of the year, rather than for the entire season. The matches are not occurring at the same time, neither the rounds are held in a single week, as occurs in continental competitions in Europe. Often, during the

It is unknown the amounts paid by Latin Fox Sports, it has held exclusive rights to the competition since 1998.

group stage of the Libertadores, there are clubs that play one or two games more than others.

The Champions League winner, Chelsea, received about 50 million pounds from UEFA, while Corinthians received about 3 million pounds from Conmebol The disorganised calendar is so characteristic of the Libertadores tournament that has had issues that began in January, February, March or April, and ended in May, June, July, August, September, October and even November. Even in recent seasons, there is no fixed date for the final - unlike the decision of the Champions League, always

marked the end of May. The disorganisation with dates was once one of two reasons for Brazilian football. It did not have representatives in 1966, 1969 and 1970. The other was the excessive violence, especially in duels against clubs from Argentina and Uruguay. The brutality of the matches against clubs from Argentina and Uruguay, especially those played in the South American continent, led to the bad reputation of the tournament during the 1970s, when European champions like Ajax, Bayern and Liverpool refused to compete in the Intercontinental. When they were not replaced by the vicechampions of the Old Continent, the tournament was cancelled. Albeit on a smaller scale than in the past, violence is still present in the Libertadores matches, with added poor referee discipline. Objects of all types rain down on players and referees, with the pathetic image of police with shields protecting players now part of the folklore of the tournament. Even some scenes of pitched battles on the pitch or in the stands are not unusual. And at the end of it all, impunity reigns. The TV rights in the Libertadores and amounts paid to competing clubs is also nothing compared with the amounts received by European clubs in the Champions League. Just pick last season, when the champion Chelsea

received about 50 million pounds from UEFA, while Corinthians received about 3 million pounds from Conmebol. The issue of TV rights alone is a major problem. It is unknown the amounts paid by Latin Fox Sports, and since 1998 it has held the exclusive rights to broadcast competition (and responsible for transferring them to other broadcasters across the continent). Although officially a commission of Conmebol, the time and day of the tournament matches are defined by the Fox Sports Network and Globo (which holds the exclusive rights to broadcast TV in Brazil), which jointly decides the dates and times of Libertadores in a way to accommodate them both in the schedule. Unlike what determines the UEFA Champions League, Conmebol does not require that the holders of the broadcast rights to the Libertadores is required to provide the semi-finals and finals of the competition, much less that these dates are unique. This season, the match between Corinthians and São Paulo, were marked on the same day of the Libertadores playoffs. The Brazilian broadcaster, who wanted to convey the classic São Paulo to the public of the State of São Paulo, while Atletico-MG matches were broadcast on free television only in Minas Gerais. For these and other reasons, the Libertadores is prevented from reaching its full potential.


Sport | 13

FROM BRAZIL

Paulinho arrives to play at Tottenham

Paulinho at the Training Centre

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By The Brazilian Post

ottenham has reached agreement for the transfer of Paulinho from Corinthians after the Brazil international successfully completed his medical earlier this month. The box-to-box midfielder has enjoyed great success since joining Corinthians in 2010. He has made a total of 86 league appearances, scoring 20 goals while helping the Sao Paulobased club to the Brazilian Serie A league championship in 2011 as well as the Copa Libertadores and FIFA Club World Cup a year later. His fine performances at club level have also seen him twice named in the Serie A Team of the Year in 2011 and 2012.

“First, I want to thank Tottenham for believing in me,” Paulinho said The 24-year-old, capped by Brazil 17 times, helped his country to FIFA

Confederations Cup success with victory against world champions Spain and also scored the equaliser against England in the 2-2 draw at the Maracana last month. The Brazilian international was given a tour of the Training Centre in the summer sunshine and took some time out to reflect on moving to the Premier League from Brazilian club, Corinthians. “I am very happy and excited to have joined Spurs. It’s a huge pleasure for my career to be at a club as big as Tottenham. I know it will be a huge challenge but I think I can help all my colleagues to succeed and give a lot of happiness to the supporters. “The Training Centre is amazing and I’m very impressed about the conditions Tottenham offers to the players. I will focus on my job and use the facility as much as possible. “We used to watch the Premier League in Brazil – including Tottenham – and this club has big players. I just want to help them to succeed here. It’s nice to have another Brazilian in the squad and I’m excited to meet with Sandro and all the players.” The 24-year-old’s arrival was greeted by glorious sunshine and the Confederations Cup winner was quick to claim the credit for bringing some good weather to England! “I brought the sun with me from Brazil and it’s very welcome! I’m excited to live here in England and be successful and happy.”


Sport | 14 |

July 16th – 29th 2013

ATHLETICS

Tyson Gay and Asafa Powell: Olympic sprinters fail drug tests

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By The Brazilian Post

S sprinter Tyson Gay and Jamaica’s former 100m world record holder Asafa Powell have failed drug tests. Gay, 30, the joint-second fastest man over 100m, was notified by the US Anti-Doping Agency that his A sample from an outof-competition test in May had returned a positive. Powell tested positive for a banned stimulant while competing in June’s Jamaican championships. Fellow Jamaican athlete Sherone Simpson also failed a drug test at the event. The sprinter, a 4x100m relay silver medallist at last year’s London Olympics, tested positive for oxilofrine - the same stimulant Powell tested positive for. Powell and Simpson’s doping positives come a month after Jamaican Olympic champion Veronica CampbellBrown tested positive for a banned diuretic. The 30-year-old Powell was the last man to hold the individual 100m record before compatriot Usain Bolt broke it in 2008. He is still the fourth fastest man of all time. Powell later helped Jamaica to win 400m relay gold at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. He has run 9.88 seconds this year, but failed to make the Jamaican team for next month’s World Championships. “I want to be clear in saying to my family, friends and, most of all, my fans

Asafa Powell and Tyson Gay

worldwide that I have never knowingly or wilfully taken any supplements or substances that break any rules,” Powell said in a statement. “I am not now - nor have I ever been - a cheat.”

Gay, who is the fastest man in 2013, is waiting for the results of his ‘B’ sample. He has already withdrawn from next month’s World Championships in Moscow. “I don’t have a sabotage story... I basically put my

trust in someone and was let down,” he said. “I know exactly what went on, but I can’t discuss it right now. I hope I am able to run again, but I will take whatever punishment I get like a man.” USADA responded to Gay’s disclosure by releasing a statement that read: “In response to Mr Gay’s statements, USADA appreciates his approach to handling this situation and his choice to voluntarily remove himself from competition while the full facts surrounding his test are evaluated. “The B sample will be processed shortly, and as in all cases all athletes are innocent unless or until proven otherwise through the established legal process, and any attempt to sensationalise or speculate is a disservice to due process, fair play, and to those who love clean sport.” Gay, who missed almost a year of running after he had hip surgery in 2011, had been in impressive form so far this year, clocking the three fastest times of 2013. He won the 100m at the Jamaica Invitational athletics meeting in May with a time of 9.86 seconds, before clocking 9.75 seconds - the fastest time of 2013 - to win the US World Championships trials the following month. He continued his good form with victory in the men’s 100m at the Diamond League meeting in Lausanne, running 9.79 seconds.

EXTREME

Brit Gary Hunt takes Cliff Diving victory in Portugal

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By The Brazilian Post t the 2013 Cliff Diving World Series, the 28-year-old from Southampton, UK, jumped to victory. His one and a half twist somersault dive off a bluff on the Islet Vila Franca do Campo, Azores, Portugal, earned him a score of 151.2, the gold medal and some serious bragging rights.

One of the stages will happen this year in Rio de Janeiro, on September

2013 Cliff Diving World Series – Portugal

“It’s a great sense of relief and a great achievement. It’s been tough this year and to get on top of that podium was, I mean I felt like I really had to make a stand here today and get really stuck in to the season so I couldn’t be happier that I finished first,” told the International Business Times. Lots of sports make you go wow, but cliff diving makes you go wow more than most. All you need is a pair of trunks, there are really few excuses for not trying it. The circular-shaped Vila Franca do Campo islet offshore from São Miguel in the Azores made the perfect backdrop for the third stop of the current World Series season. Hunt won ahead of a reinvigorated Orlando Duque from Colombia, and the 23-year-old rookie Jonathan Paredes of Mexico took his first podium in front of 1,300 spectators.


15


The Brazilian Post - Issue 91 - English