Page 1

Af t e rt heWa r :

Confli c tandDome s t i cChangei nt heNor t h Car ol i naMount ai ns Thi se xhi bi tt e l l st hes t or yofwarandi t saf t e r mat h f r om t hepoi nt of vi e w oft hos ewhoe xpe r i e nc e dt he c onfli c tandc hange si tge ne r at e d.I tal s ode pi c t st he s e c hange si nac ommuni t yandr e gi onalc ont e xt ,al l owi ng i t se ffe c t si nwe s t e r nNor t hCar ol i nat obebe e r appr e c i at e d,ar t i c ul at e dandunde r s t ood.De pi c t i ng how t he s ec hange shaves hape dt hel i ve sofpe opl ei n we s t e r nNor t hCar ol i na,t hos ewhoc ame“ Af t e rt he War ”havet heoppor t uni t yt ol e ar nandr e fle c tont he s e e xpe r i e nc e s .

Thi spr oj e c t , c onc e i ve da ndpr oduc e dbyt heMount a i nHe r i t a geCe nt e r , We s t e r nCa r ol i naUni ve r s i t y, Cul l owhe e , Nor t hCa r ol i na , wa sma depos s i bl ei npa r tbyagr a ntf r om t heNor t hCa r ol i naHuma ni t i e s Counc i l , as t a t e ba s e dpr ogr a m oft heNa t i ona lEndowme ntf ort heHuma ni t i e s .


“Wehavehadt hewar .Wear ehavi ngana e mptatpr ohi bi t i on.Even i nt hef ar t he s tAppal ac hi ape opl er e al i zet hatt he wor l dhasbe e nups e t ,andt hatol dways ,ol dnot i ons ,ol d c onvi c t i onspe r haps ,mus tgi vepl ac et one w one s . ” Hor ac eKe phar t Pr e f ac et ot heRe vi s e dEdi t i on OurSout he r nHi ghl ande r s , Apr i l1922.

I ti ss ai dt hatnot hi ngc anbegai ne dwi t houtl os i ng s ome t hi ngi nr e t ur n.Wor l dWarIandI Iundoubt e dl yhadt he i rc os t s ,butnotwi t houtbe ne fit s . Ast he br aves ol di e r soft heUni t e dSt at e swe r ehe l pi ng c hanget hewor l di nEur opeandt hePac i fic ,t he wor l dt he yc amef r om wasc hangi ng,t oo.Thewar s r e de fine dt henat i onalnat ur eofhe al t hc ar e ,c i vi l r i ght s ,e duc at i on,andt hee c onomy,andwhe nt he ve t e r ansr e t ur ne dhome ,t he yf oundar e gi onve r y di ffe r e ntt hant heonet he yhadl e f t . We s t e r nNor t hCar ol i nai sar i c hane xampl eoft he s e c hange swi t hi nt henat i on.He r eamongus ,t hevi c t i msofgasa ac ksandt ube r c ul os i swoul dbr e at he t hemount ai nai rast he i rr avage dl ungss oughtt o i mpr ove .Wome n,whowe r ebol s t e r e dbyt he i re xpe r i e nc e sdur i ngt hewar ,woul dr e de finet he i rr ol e i nmount ai nf ami l i e s .Warpl ant ss pr ungupt o s uppl yne e dsac r os st heoc e ans :t e xt i l e s ,r ubbe r ,and wood-t heve r ybui l di ngbl oc ksofmanyof Ame r i c a’ swarmac hi ne s .Changewashappe ni ngas We s t e r nCar ol i naUni ve r s i t y,f ue l e dbyt hepos twar boom,e me r ge df r om i t sr oot sasat e ac hi ngc ol l e ge . Theme nandwome nwhomar c he dt owari n1917 and1941hadnoi de ahow muc hc hangel ayahe ad . f ort he m af t e rt hewar


Wor l dWarI Ial s ohadapr of ounde ffe c tonhe al t hc ar ei nNor t hCar ol i na. Anal ar mi ngnumbe rofme n,ove rfif t ype r c e nt ,we r er e j e c t e df ormi l i t ar y s e r vi c edur i ngWor l dWarI If orhe al t hr e as ons .Thi s ,c ombi ne dwi t ht he numbe rofve t e r ansr e t ur ni ngwi t ht ube r c ul os i s( TB)andt heSpani s hFl u pande mi c ,c al l e df orNor t hCar ol i nat or e e val uat ei t she al t hc ar es ys t e m. ve r es hor t ageofhos pi t al s Pr i ort o1945,Nor t hCar ol i nas uffe r e df r om as e i nr ur alc ommuni t i e s .Ranki ng45t houtof48s t at e s ,Nor t hCar ol i nahad appr oxi mat e l yonedoc t orf ore ve r y1, 300pe opl e . I ni t i at i ngt heGoodHe al t hPr ogr am i n1946,Fundi ngas s i s t anc ewas pr ovi de dbyt heHi l l Bur t onHos pi t alCons t r uc t i onAc t ,af e de r alac t de s i gne dt opr ovi def undsf orhos pi t alf ac i l i t i e sandpe r s onne li nr ur al ar e as .Thepr ogr am hadt womai nobj e c t i ve s : •Topr ovi demor ehos pi t al sandr ur alhe al t hc e nt e r s ; •Tot r ai nmor edoc t or s ,nur s e sandme di c alt e c hni c i ans f ort hos ehos pi t al sandc e nt e r s . TheGoodHe al t hPr ogr am be c ameoneoft hegr e at e s ts oc i alr e f or m move me nt si nNor t hCar ol i nahi s t or yandhadamaj ori mpac t ac r os st hes t at e .

He a l t hCa r e


Ec onomi c s

We s t e r nNor t hCar ol i nas aw vas te c onomi cc hange saf t e rWor l dWarIandI I .Themount ai nous ar e a,l ongdomi nat e dbyagr i c ul t ur alpur s ui t sandl oggi ng,e xpe r i e nc e dani nc r e as ei ni ndus t r yas we l last e c hnol ogy.Somei ndus t r i alc hange st hatoc c ur r e dwe r ewar dr i ve nwhi l eot he r sc ame

Te xt i l emanuf ac t ur e r sc amet owe s t e r nNor t h Car ol i naaf t e rWor l dWarIt ot akeadvant ageof t hel ow l aborandope r at i ngc os t soft her e gi on. I n1928,t heRoyl e&Pi l ki ngt onCompanymove d i t st e xt i l ef ac i l i t yf r om Ne wJ e r s e yt oHaze l wood i nHaywoodCount y,Nor t hCar ol i na.Li kemany

ng Loggi

Te xt i l e s

aboutduet oe c onomi ce xpans i on.

Af t e rWor l dWarI ,t hede mandf orl umbe rr os e . Compani e sbe gant ur ni ngt ot hef or e s t sofwe s t e r nNor t hCar ol i nat ohar ve s tt her i c hs uppl yof vi r gi nt i mbe ri nt her e gi on. I nt hee ar l y1920s ,wor ki ngf r om i t shomebas e i nJ ac ks onCount y,Nor t hCar ol i na,t he

t e xt i l emanuf ac t ur e r s ,Royl e&Pi l ki ngt ons uf -

Bl ac kwoodLumbe rCompanypr ovi de dj obs

f e r e df r om de c r e as e dde mandf ori t spr oduc t s

andbui l tr ai l r oadst ot r ans por tt i mbe r .Bui l di ng

duet ot heGr e atDe pr e s s i on.

r ai l r oadspr ovi de dmanywe s t e r nNor t h Car ol i nar e s i de nt sl i nkst os ur r oundi ng

Ont hee veofWor l dWarI I ,mi l i t ar yandc i vi l i an

c ommuni t i e s .

de mandf oruphol s t e r yandf abr i cbe gant or i s e .

Thepr e s e nc eofal umbe rc ompanyi nt he

Royl e&Pi l ki ngt onr e c e i ve danumbe rofi mpor -

r e gi onope ne dt hedoorf orot he rr e l at e d

t antmi l i t ar yc ont r ac t sandc onve r t e de nt i r e l yt o

bus i ne s s e si nc l udi ngt anne r i e sandpape rmi l l s

mi l i t ar ypr oduc t i ondur i ngWor l dWarI I .

t obr i ngt he i rj obst owe s t e r nNor t hCar ol i na.


Tour i s m

TheBl ueRi dgePar kwaywasapr oj e c tc r e at e dunde rPr e s i de nt Fr ankl i nD.Roos e ve l t ’ sNe w De alasame ansofc opi ngwi t hmas s une mpl oyme nt . I nOc t obe rof1933,$16mi l l i onwasde s i gnat e dt ofinanc et he414 mi l e sofr oadande mpl oyme ntof4, 000me n.Par kwayc ons t r uc t i on be gani n1935and,by1940,t hefir s t50mi l e swe r eope ne dt ot he publ i c .Themaj or i t yoft her oadwaywasc ompl e t e ds hor t l yaf t e r

Tr a ve l i nga l ongt hePa r kwa y.

WWI I .

Phot oc our t e s y: Nor t h Ca r ol i na , Pa c kMe mor i a l

I n1946,t heWe s t e r nNor t hCar ol i naAs s oc i at i onCommuni t i e s

Publ i cLi br a r y, As he vi l l e , NC.

( WNCAC)wasf or me d.Theor gani zat i on,c ompr i s e dofbus i ne s s l e ade r s ,gove r nme ntoffic i al s ,ande duc at i onl e ade r sf r om t he we s t e r nmos tc ount i e sofNor t hCar ol i na,be c ameoneoft hemos t i nflue nt i alt our i s m gr oupsf or me dt opr omot et he“upbui l di ng”of

WNCACj oi ne dwi t ht heChe r oke eHi s t or i c alAs s oc i at i oni n1948 t oi ni t i at ede ve l opme ntoft heChe r oke eRe s e r vat i onwi t ht he pr oduc t i onoft hehi s t or i c ali nt e r pr e t at i on“Unt oThe s eHi l l s , ”and l at e rt heOc onol uf t e eVi l l age . WNCACme mbe r swant e dt oa r ac tvi s i t or st ot heGr e atSmoky Mount ai nsNat i onalPar k,e xpandr e gi onalt our i s m byl obbyi ng

ng ni Mi

we s t e r nNor t hCar ol i na.

Dur i ngbot hWor l dWar s ,t hehar ve s t i ngoft wo nat ur almat e r i al s ,mi c aandkaol i n,i nc r e as e d duet owar t i mede mandf ort he s enat ur al r e s our c e s .Howe ve r ,t hei nc r e as i ngus eof s ynt he t i cmat e r i al sout pac e dt hemar ke tne e d f ort he s epr oduc t s ,e ffe c t i ve l ys l owi ngt he

f ort hec ompl e t i onoft heBl ueRi dgePar kway,andi nc r e as e

i ndus t r yt oahal tbyt hel ae rhal foft he

r e gi onale mpl oyme ntoppor t uni t i e s .

w t we nt i e t hc e nt ur y.


Whe nt heLi ght sWe ntOn

J ohnP.Cunni ngham be gan wor ki ngf orNant ahal a Powe ra ndLi ghtCompany Fol l owi ngWor l dWarI , e l e c t r i fic a t i ons pr e a dr a pi dl yt hr oughi n1 9 3 9pr i ort ot he outt heUni t e dSt at e s .Al t houghdome s t i cde ma ndf ore l e c t r i c e xpa ns i onoft hec ompany i t ywasgr e at , r ur alar e ass uc ha swe s t e r nNor t hCa r ol i na dur i ngWor l dWarI I .J ohn l a gge dbe hi ndur banc e nt e r si nr e c e i vi ngpowe r .I n1 9 3 0 ,onl y wor ke donal i nec r e w t e npe r c e ntofr ur alr e gi onsha de l e c t r i c i t y,whi l ee i ght yfive us ua l l ypu i ngi na pe r c e ntofur bana r e a se nj oye di t sbe ne fit s . Me t e rr e a de ra twor k f or t yf ourhour swor kwe e k Cour t e s yofSpe c i a lCol l e c t i ons , Hunt e rLi br a r y, WCU, Cul l owhe e , NC f ors i xt e e ndol l ar s ." Wehad Na nt ahal aPowe randLi ghtCompa ny,as ubs i di a r yofAl c oa , “ …Weha t e dt ol e a veourl a nd t odoe ve r yt hi ng.Wehadt o t heAl umi num CompanyofAme r i c a ,wa sor ga ni z e da sa butweha dt o…. ” c utr i ght of ways ,di gt he publ i cut i l i t yonJ ul y23, 192 9 .I twa sc ha r ge dt ode ve l oppowe r sonl yt hi r t e e nye a r sol d, ns hewa hol e s ,s e tt hepos t ,f r ame s i t e sont heLil eTe nne s s e e ,Na nt a ha l a ,a ndTuc ka s e ge eRi ve r s Whe Ot e a l i aBa l dwi na ndhe rf a mi l ywe r e t he m,a nds t r i ngt hewi r e …. i ns out hwe s t e r nNor t hCa r ol i na .Byt he1 9 4 0 s ,Na nt a ha l a di s pl a c e df r om t he i rf a r mhous ei n r n The r ewasnomode Powe randLi ghtCompany’ spur pos ewa sc ha nge dduet owa r Ma c onCount y,NCduet ot he e qui pme ntl i ket hatoft oday, t i mene e ds . Al umi num pr oduc t i ondur i ngWor l dWa rI Idr ove c ons t r uc t i onofNa nt a ha l ada ma nd a ndbe c a us ee ve r yt hi ngwas s t e r nNor t hCa r ol i na .Na nr ur ale l e c t r i fic at i ont hr oughoutwe l a ke .Na nt a ha l ada m,c ompl e t e di n donebyhand,i twashar d t a ha l aPowe randLi ghtc ons t r uc t e da ddi t i ona lda msa ndpowJ ul y1 9 4 2 ,wa soneoft hepr oj e c t s wor k. ”Lat e r ,i nt he1940s , e r hous e st ome e tt hede ma ndsofwa rpr oduc t i on.The c ons t r uc t e dt ome e twa rne e dsf or t hec ompanybe gant os e l l c ompany’ sc r e at i onoft he s eda msc a us e ddi s pl a c e me ntof e l e c t r i c i t y. e l e c t r i ca ppl i anc e s .J ohnwas s omef ami l i e sf r om t he i rhome sa sl a ndwa sa c qui r e dt obui l d The yr e s el e donat woa c r epa r c e lof pr omot e dt ot hes e r vi c e t he s ene w da ms . l a ndt ha the rf a mi l yowne d.Whi l e de pa r t me ntandwi r e d Eve nt houghe l e c t r i fic at i ondi s r upt e dt hel i ve sofr ur a lpe opl e , Ot e a l i awa ss a dt os e et hec ommuni t y hous e sf orpe opl et oc ook mos twe l c ome de l e c t r i c i t ya si tbr oughtt hec onve ni e nc eofa r t i whe r es hegr e w updi s a ppe a r ,s he a ndc l e a nwi t ht hene w fic i all i ghtandpowe rt owe s t e r nNor t hCa r ol i nahome sa nd wa spl e a s e dwi t ht hebe ne fit sof l a bor s a vi nge l e c t r i cpr oduc t s l abor s avi ngde vi c e ss uc ha swa s hi ngma c hi ne st ha te a s e d e l e c t r i c i t y. t he ypur c has e d. e ve r yda ywor kl oa ds .


CA MI oa nt ve ommonnamegi hec st ai c Mi hat st al r ne ngmi i r ur c yoc l al ur oupofnat gr nt e l l e xc se t d.I l hewor oundt dar ne emi ar he ,t s e i t r ope ngpr i t s i s e atr ngandhe i at ul ns i al c mi he kec i l e at ,pl nt e par ans r ny,t hi s ove t nsands r e ant nl di e eus sar al t ys r c oďŹ ne nt di e s s e oc opr s eal sandar door r he sandot nt ,pai s c i t me os orc sf r powde . s t oduc pr d l dWarIandWor l rWor e t ngandaf i Dur a c hemi ntoft e c r r75pe ,ove I WarI om r amef sc e at dSt e t heUni nt di e oduc pr he ntoft e c r na.95pe i ol hCar t nNor r e t s we na i ol hCar t nNor r e t s nwe di e t s ve ahar c mi va, n,Syl i ankl ,Fr ne ePi uc heSpr om t r amef c he nt di e awasus c .Mi s t c i r t s bydi l andShe ,and s e oadgoggl ,r ks sofgasmas e hol ye e . s e phol e arpe dc e mor ar

KAOLI N Kaol i ni soneofs e ve r alt ype sofďŹ ne ,whi t e c l ayf or me dwhe nt hemi ne r alf e l ds par de c ays .Commonl yr e f e r r e dt oasChi na c l ayorPape rc l aybe c aus eofi t spr e val e nc e i nChi naandi t sus ei nmaki ngpor c e l ai n. Rubbe rpr oduc t sc ons umeabouts i xt e e n pe r c e ntoft hekaol i n,wi t hamaj orpor t i on oft her e mai nde rgoi ngi nt opr oduc t ss uc h asl i nol e um,pai nt s ,i nks ,l e at he r ,r e f r ac t or i e s ,andpo e r y. Dur i ngandaf t e rWor l dWarIandWor l d WarI I ,aboute i ght ype r c e ntoft hekaol i n t hatwasmi ne di nt heUni t e dSt at e sc ame f r om we s t e r nNor t hCar ol i naandnor t he r n Ge or gi a.


Ci vi lRi ght s Fr a nkl i nD. r oos e ve l ti nChe r oke e , NC.

Byt hee ar l yt we nt i e t hc e nt ur y,anumbe rofgr oupsac r os st heUni t e dSt at e swe r ec hal l e ngi ngt heme ani ngand pr ac t i c eofAme r i c anf r e e dom.Di s s at i s ďŹ e dwi t hs e c ondc l as ss t at us , Ame r i c anwome n,Nat i veAme r i c ans ,andAf r i c an Ame r i c ansbe gant opus hf ore qualt r e at me nt ,pol i t i c alr i ght sandbe e re c onomi coppor t uni t i e s . Wor l dWar sIandI Iac t e dasc at al ys t sf ors uc hc hange ,ast hewar se ne r gi ze dmanyAme r i c anst obe c omeac t i vei nt he c aus eofc i vi lr i ght s .Move me nt sadvoc at i ngl i be r t yf oral lAme r i c ansbe ganand,whi l enoti mme di at e l ys uc c e s s f ul , t he ydi dbr i ngc hange .The s ee ar l ymove me nt she l pe ds e tt hes t aget os e c ur ec i vi lr i ght sf orwome n, Af r i c an Ame r i c ansandNat i veAme r i c ansi nl at e rye ar s .


Af r i c a nAme r i c a ns Al t houghAf r i c anAme r i c ansf r om we s t e r n Nor t hCar ol i nas e r ve dpat r i ot i c al l yi nbot h Wor l dWar s ,t hes ol di e r sr e t ur ne dhomet o s e gr e gat i on,di s e nf r anc hi s e me ntand c ont i nue dpoore duc at i onf ort he i r c hi l dr e n.Mos tr e t ur ne dt ome ni al , l owpayi ngj obss uc haspor t e r s ,wai t e r s andbe l l me ni nur banar e as ,andasf ar m handsi nr ur alar e as . Af r i c anAme r i c anve t e r ansr e t ur ni ngt o As he vi l l e ,Nor t hCar ol i nawe r er e c e i ve d i nt oat hr i vi ngc ommuni t y.Thebl ac k c ommuni t yl oc at e donEagl eandMar ke t St r e e t si ndownt ownAs he vi l l ewasac i t y wi t hi nac i t y.Theur banar e ac ont ai ne da bar be r s hop,c andys t or e ,movi et he at r e andvar i ousot he rbus i ne s s e sal lde s i gne d t os e r vet hebl ac kpopul at i on.TheYoung Me n’ sI ns t i t ut e( YMI )bui l ti nt he ni ne t e e nt hc e nt ur yandf unde dbyGe or ge W.Vande r bi l ts e r ve dasac ommuni t y c e nt e rf orAs he vi l l e ’ sbl ac kc i t i ze ns .

TheYoungMe n’ sI ns t i t ut e( YMI ) , As he vi l l e ,NC


Na t i veAme r i c a ns Ne ws pape rc l i ppi ng,J ac ks onCo.

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ont heout c omeoft hee l e c t i ons .J ac ks on

f r ontt hr ought hepur c has eofwarbonds

Count yoffic i al shadnotf or e s e e nt hes hi f t

andt hemanuf ac t ur eofs uppl i e s .

i nbal anc eal l owi ngt heChe r oke et ovot e woul dc aus e .Be c aus eoft he i rbal l ot s ,

Whe nChe r oke eve t e r ansr e t ur ne dhome

Re publ i c anc andi dat e swonmanys e at si n

t he ywe r ef or c e dbac ki nt oapol i t i c als ys t e m var i ousc ount yoffic e s .TheDe moc r at s t hatde ni e dt he mt her i ght sofc i t i ze ns hi p r e s ponde dbyc hal l e ngi ngt hebal l ot sc as t ande nf r anc hi s e me nt .The yf e l tt he yhad

ont heChe r oke eRe s e r vat i on.

e ar ne dt her i ght st obec i t i ze nsoft heUni t e d St at e saswe l lasc i t i ze nsofNor t hCar ol i na. Thei s s uewass oe xpl os i vet hatJ ac ks on Count yBoar dofEl e c t i onsmove dt o I nt he1920e l e c t i on,manyChe r oke e s

Bunc ombeCount yt oavoi dc onfli c twhi l e

j our ne ye dt ot hepol l st ovot ei nJ ac ks on

s ol vi ngt hema e r .Eve nt ual l y,t he

Count yandSwai nCount y,Nor t hCar ol i na. Che r oke evot e swe r ec as toutbas e dont he Anumbe roft he s evot e r swe r eWor l dWarI l e galde t e r mi nat i ont hatt he ywe r enot ve t e r ans . Ac c ompanyi ngt heve t e r answe r e

c i t i ze nsoft hes t at e .The i rr i ghtt ovot e

Che r oke ewome ne xe r c i s i ngt he i rne wl y

r e mai ne danuns ol ve di s s ueunt i l1946.

gai ne dr i ghtt ovot eac hi e ve dunde rt he Owl

Ni ne t e e nt hAme ndme nt .


Ame r i c a nWome n Dur i ngbot hwor l dwar s ,wome nmove d

Af t e rt hewar ,wome nwhohads e r ve d

f r om t hedome s t i cs ei ngt ohe l pi nt he

di nt hemi l i t ar ypus he dt ode s t r oyol d

ware ffor t .Wi t ht heabs e nc eofhus bands andf at he r s ,wome ne xpe r i e nc e dne w i nde pe nde nc ei nwor ki ngr ol e sout s i deof t hehome . Manywome n,l i keMar gar e tFr i zze l lof Cul l owhe e ,Nor t hCar ol i na,wor ke di n f ac t or i e s ,s uppor t i ngt hewart hr ought he manuf ac t ur i ngofwar t i megoods . Ot he rwome nde c i de dt oc ont r i but et o t heware ffor tt hr oughmi l i t ar ys e r vi c e . Dur i ngWor l dWarI ,manywome n j oi ne dt hear me df or c e sasnur s e sand navyye ome n. ByWor l dWarI I ,wome nwe r eabl et oj oi n auxi l i ar ygr oupsi nal lbr anc he soft he s e r vi c e .Thebe s tknownoft he s egr oupswas t heWome n’ sAuxi l i ar yAr myCor ps ,or WACCs .

ge nde r r e l at e dbar r i e r ss ot hatt he y we r eabl et oj oi nve t e r ansgr oupss uc h ast heAme r i c anLe gi onandt he Ve t e r ansofFor e i gnWar s .


Educ a t i on

Att het i meoft heUni t e dSt a t e s ’e nt r yi nt oWor l dWa rI ,publ i ce duc a t i onwa sunde r goi ngdr a ma t i cc ha nge s . Al ongwi t ha r e c omme ndat i onf oral onge rs c hoolt e r m,e xt e ndi ngf r om f ourmont hst os i xmont hs ,s t a t el e a de r spus he df orot he r i mpr ove me nt sa swe l l ,i nc l udi ngi nc r e a s e ds c hoolf undsa ndami ni ma ls a l a r yl a wf ort e a c he r s .

GIBi l l Fol l owi ngt hee ndofWor l dWa rI I ,a ni mpor t a ntpa r tofc ompe ns a t i onf orve t e r a nswa st hec ongr e s s i ona lpa s s a geof t heSe r vi c e me n’ sRe adj us t me ntAc tof1 9 4 4 ,c ommonl yknowna st heGIBi l l .Thi sa c ti mpr ove dupont hemor e l i mi t e dhe al t hc ar eandbonusc ompe ns a t i onpr ogr a msa va i l a bl ea f t e rWor l dWa rI .Educ a t i ona lbe ne fit soft heGIBi l l i nc l ude dvoc at i onalr e habi l i t a t i ona ndhe l pwi t ht ui t i ona ndl i vi nge xpe ns e sf orve t e r a nsa e ndi ngc ol l e geort r a de s c hool s .Col l e ge sac r os st hena t i ons a w adr a ma t i ci nc r e a s ei ns t ude nte nr ol me ntpr i ma r i l yduet ot heGIBi l l .I nt he pe a kye arof1947, ve t e r ansa c c ount e df orf or t yni nepe r c e ntofc ol l e gee nr ol l me nt .

We s t e r nCar ol i naUni ve r s i t y We s t e r nCa r ol i naUni ve r s i t y( f or me r l yWe s t e r nCa r ol i naTe ac he r sCol l e ge ) , l i kema nyc ol l e ge soft i me ,e mba r ke duponma s s i vee xpa ns i onpl anst oadd l e c t ur eha l l s ,c l a s s r ooms ,dor mi t or i e sa ndc a f e t e r i a sduet ot hei nc r e as ei n ve t e r a ne nr ol l me nt .Thebui l di ngorr e nova t i onofHunt e rLi br ar y,Bi r d Admi ni s t r a t i on,Br e e s eGymna s i um,St i l l we l lSc i e nc e ,Mc Ke eandHoe y Audi t or i um r e pr e s e nt e dt hene we r aofgr owt hf orWe s t e r nasr e t ur ni ng ve t e r a nsc r e a t e da ne nr ol l me ntboom a c r os st hena t i on.I nt heye ar st oc ome , mi l l i onsofve t e r a nsi nt heUni t e dSt a t e swoul ds e e ke duc a t i onal oppor t uni t i e sduet ot hepa s s a geoft heGIBi l l .


Ac c e l e r a t e d Pr ogr a msf or Ve t e r a ns TheVe t e r a nsAdmi ni s t r a t i onoffe r e ds e ve r a le duc a t i ona lpr ogr a mst ohe l pve t e r a nsr e t ur ni ngf r om Wor l d Wa rI I .I n1 9 4 6 ,t heAc c e l e r a t e dPr ogr a mf orVe t e r a nsbe ga na tWe s t e r nCa r ol i naTe a c he r sCol l e gei n Cul l owhe e ,Nor t hCa r ol i na .Thepr ogr a mr e s i de dt he r ef oronl yoneye a rbe f or ebe i ngt r a ns f e r r e dt oSyl va Hi ghSc hool .TheAc c e l e r a t e dPr ogr a mf orVe t e r a nsoffe r e dt hr e ema i npr ogr a ms .The s ei nc l ude dahi gh s c hoolpr ogr a mi nwhi c hve t e r a nswe r epa i d$ 1 2 0amont ht oobt a i nahi ghs c hooldi pl oma,ac ol l e ge pr ogr a m,a ndat r a des c hoolpr ogr a m.Thegove r nme nta l s ooffe r e dhous i ngt ot heve t e r a nsa e ndi ngt he c ol l e gepr ogr a m.Home swe r epr e f a br i c a t e da ndl oc a t e dont heWe s t e r nCa r ol i naTe a c he r sCol l e gec ampus i nahous i nga r e ar e f e r r e dt oa s“ Boodl e vi l l e . ” Thet r a depr ogr a m wa spopul a ra mongve t e r a ns ,t e a c hi ngs uc hs ubj e c t sa sa gr i c ul t ur e ,hus bandr yand ot he rt a s ksne c e s s a r yf orf a r ml i f e .Thet r a depr ogr a ml oc a t e di nChe r oke e ,Nor t hCa r ol i nat aught c a r pe nt r y,e l e c t r i c a lwor k,we l di ng,me c ha ni c s ,a ndpl umbi ng. TheAc c e l e r a t e dPr ogr a mf orVe t e r a nswa sbe ne fic i a li nhe l pi ngs e r vi c eme na ndwome nobt ai nmor e e duc a t i oni nhope st ha tt he yc oul dbe gi nal i f ebe e rt ha nt he yha dknownbe f or et hewa r .


Boodl e vi l l e I n1946,We s t e r nCar ol i naTe ac he r ’ s Col l e gepr oc ur e dt hi r t ys i xpr e f abr i c at e d hous i nguni t sf r om t hegove r nme ntt obe us e df orve t e r ans .Thec ampusvi l l agewas knownasBoodl e vi l l e ,f r om t het e r m " boodl e "me ani ngadi s pl ayofgr e at affe c t i on.Theuni t shous e dve t e r ansand t he i rf ami l i e s . Theol de rve t e r ans t ude nt si ni t i al l yhada di ffic ul tt i meadj us t i ngt oc ampusl i f e , e s pe c i al l ywi t ht r adi t i onalac t i vi t i e ss uc h as" RatWe e k, "at i mewhe n uppe r c l as s me ni ni t i at e df r e s hme nt o c ampusl i f e .The r ewasal s os t r ong r e s i s t anc ebyt heve t e r anst oc ampus r e gul at i onss uc hasnoal c ohol ,an i mpos e dc ur f e w,andl i mi t e ds oc i al i zi ng wi t hme mbe r soft heoppos i t es e x.By Nove mbe r1946,t heve t e r ans ’vi l l age c r e at e dat ownc ounc i lt oove r s e e pr obl e msande l e c t e damayort or e pr e s e nt t hevi l l ageats t ude ntgove r nme nt me e t i ngs .Af t e rt he s ef or mat i ves t e ps , s t ude ntve t e r ansqui c kl ybe c amean i nt e gr alpar toft hec ol l e gee nvi r onme nt .


Fa r m Sc hool s “Wear egoi ngr i ghtt owor k t omor r ow ands how f ol ksweknow s ome t hi ngaboutf ar mi ng…” -St ude ntofFar mLi f eSc hoolon Comme nc e me ntDay,c i r c a1915

Thegr owt handi nt e r e s ti nf ar ms c hool s de ve l ope df r om t hei nc r e as e d awar e ne s soft hei mpor t anc eoff ar mi ng t oc ommuni t i e si nwe s t e r nNor t h Car ol i na.Thef ar ml i f es c hoolwasan ae mptt ot r ai ni ndi vi dual si nf ar m manage me ntwi t hi ns t r uc t i oni n agr i c ul t ur e ,bus i ne s spr ac t i c e s ,and hous e hol dt as ks .Onef ar ms c hool l oc at e di nAs he vi l l e ,Nor t hCar ol i na, notonl yi nc or por at e dt het ypi c al f ar ml i f es ubj e c t sbutr e l i gi onaswe l l . St at eandf e de r alf undi ngpr ovi de d s omes uppor tf orf ar ml i f es c hool s . Par t i c i pat i ngc ount i e swe r er e qui r e dt o s uppl ye qui pme ntandf ore ve r y amountove r$2500t hec ount ys pe nt t owar daf ar ms c hool ,t hes t at ewoul d mat c ht hos ef unds .

After the War Exhibit  

Exhibit created for the Mountain Heritage Center, which covers the changes that occurred in Western North Carolina after World War I & II.

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