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T H E B A L T I M O R E O R I O L E is a member of the Blackbird family (icteridae) and arrives in the Brainerd area about the second week of May. The Baltimore Oriole was named after Lord Baltimore who discovered Maryland. The state of Maryland didn’t adopt the bird until 1947 as its official state bird. Minnesota is home to two Oriole species the Orchard and Baltimore Orioles. The Orchard Oriole is more commonly found in the southern half of the state whereas the Baltimore Oriole is generally found throughout much of Minnesota. At one time, the Baltimore Oriole had its name changed to the Northern Oriole as it was thought to breed with the Bullucks Oriole wherever their ranges overlapped. But the American Ornithologist Union reverted back to the Baltimore Oriole after more DNA testing confirmed the separate species. Over the next 5-10 years, you will see many more name changes to birds as they become reorganized by more genetic study and testing. This will also have a huge impact on field guide books as they will need to be updated and republished in the future. The bright orange and black color of a male oriole can be easily identified while the less colorful females are a pale yellow and olive green. An adult male Baltimore Oriole has a black face and head with the entire chest being bright orange. They both have white wing bars and are about 9 inches tall. The females usually arrive about 3-5 days later than the males, with pairs commonly seen in mid May as they prepare to nest. Most of the Orioles spend their winters in Central and South America, while a few are found in the southern United States. An occasional bird will spend a winter here relying on bird feeders but that is not very common. On their winter range they tend to seek out the shade grown

14 A t t r a c t i n g

O r i o l e s

coffee plantations were larger trees exist. So by drinking shade grown coffee, you can help preserve critical habitat (tropical rainforests) and promote better bird conservation. The continued loss of breeding or wintering habitat has caused a great deal of concern for many species of birds. Orioles, like are other neotropical migrants who migrate between North America and Central or South America, change their diets with the seasons. Here in Minnesota, on their breeding range the diet consists mostly of insects during late spring and summer, while their winter grounds provide a diet of more seeds, fruit and nectar. They are also very fond of the forest Tent Caterpillar outbreaks that occur in our deciduous forests. Attracting Orioles to your back yard can be done with oranges and jelly. Most feeders have a dish or a cup for the jelly and a wooden dowel to hold an orange half in place. Orioles will also visit nectar feeders using sugar water that is a 4:1 ratio of water and sugar. It is common to see Orioles using your hummingbird feeders so try and provide them with one of their own. There are many feeders that allow you to feed all three foods at the same time, nectar, jelly and oranges. A new food that is gaining in popularity used in feeding birds is mealworms. I like to use the medium size mealworms for feeding birds they seem to be the right size for many birds. Many of our neotropical birds travel long distances covering thousands of miles in short periods of time and are tired and hungry once they arrive. Providing this live food source helps them refuel much more efficiently and is the best way to mimic their natural insect diet. The best location in Brainerd to purchase live mealworms is the Little Farm Market located at the east end of town. I have noticed more birds visiting my mealworm feeders than the jelly, oranges and nectar. With live food present can encourage Photos provided by Judd Brink

Outdoor Traditions - Edition 6 Issue 2  

Summer 2011 Outdoor Traditions Magazine • A Classic Weekend • Fishing Small Lakes • It’s Hip To Wade • Attracting Orioles • Rapala Lure Deve...

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