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EXTREME CHANGE CASTLEFIELD, MANCHESTER

LEEDS METROPILTAN UNIVERSITY School of Architecture


DEANSGATE GROUP ANALYSIS


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Contents

MAPPING pages 7 - 12 ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS pages 13-24 GEOLOGY pages 25 - 26 HISTORICAL VERNACULAR pages 27-31 INFASTRUCTURE MICRO SCALE pages 32- 40 INFASTRUCTURE MESO SCALE pages 41 - 50 INDUSTRY pages 51 - 67


Contents

MAPPING


Mapping

Modern day map showing positions of past industrial buildings (brown) and warehouses (beige). Strong emphasis on re-use of buildings in the area.


Mapping

Modern day map showing open spaces on the site. Especially in the Roman fort ruins which are now open areas. The arena is also a nodal point for visitors and events.


Mapping

Modern day map showing Railway convergence. 4 lines pass through the area in an East West direction. Provide a direct route to the central stations in Manchester.


Mapping

The above diagram portrays the existing buildings around our site. Diagram - Figure Ground, CastleďŹ eld


Mapping

The above diagram portrays the existing free space around our site. Diagram - Reverse Figure Ground, CastleďŹ eld


Contents

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS


Environmental

Site Water Courses Areas of Immediate Risk Area at risk from extreme flooding The site is not immediately affected by flooding but certain areas could be affected in extreme conditions. The River Irwell is the closest river to the site and feeds water into the canals. Rochdale canal runs alongside our designated site.


Environmental

Wind at Days of Rainfall Sunshine Days of 10m rainfall > (hours) Air Frost (mm) (knots) 1mm (days) (days)

Minimum Maximum Temp. Temp.

A graph to show Manchester Averages between 1971 - 2000


Contents

SOLAR STUDY


Environment

This diagram shows the site during March Equinox. Short shadows are cast throughout the day covering some areas of the site however most areas recieve direct sunlight all of the time.


Environment

This diagram shows the site during Summer Solstice. The site recieves plenty of direct sunlight as very few shadows are cast throughout the day.


Environment

This diagram shows the site during September Equinox. The site recieves a good amount of direct sunlight throughout the day with only short shadows cast. Longer shadows are cast over some areas later in the afternoon.


Environment

This diagram shows the site during Winter Solstice. The site is nearly competely overcast with shadows throughout the day and recieves little or no light during the early morning and late afternoon.


Environmental

The rail network provides the loudest noise to the site over the echoing viaduct. Other noises include cars, barges, locks and riverside fauna.


Environmental

The train noise echoes around the site through the acoustics of the viaduct and other buildings. The noise is the loudest where the railway lines meet.


Geology


SuperďŹ cial Deposits

Glaciouvial Sheet Deposits, Devensian - Sand and Gravel Till, Devensian - Diamicton Alluvium - Clay, Silt, Sand and Gravel Site Orange - None Recorded


Historial Vernacular

Manchester

River Medlock

The Pennines

East Manchester

River Irwell

CastleďŹ eld basin City Centre

The River Medlock ows into East Manchester and is diverged underground, rising again at various points in the city before diving underground beneath the canal basin and meeting the River Irwell. The layers of the site are not constrained to what is visible above ground.


Historial Vernacular

Manchester City Centre

Manchester City Centre

Castlefield Canal Basin

When the railways were introduced to Manchester, the city was already built up and the new infrastructure couldn’t find a path at ground level. Instead they were lifted, passing over the canal basin and into the city on viaducts.


Historial Vernacular

Ground - Canal - Local Vernacular - Road/Path - Viaduct. Stone, water, Asphalt, Tarmacadam, concrete, red-brick, Terracotta, iron, steel

Ground - Canal - Local Vernacular - Viaduct. Stone, water, red-brick, Terracotta

Ground - Canal. Stone, wood, water

Ground - Roman Fort. Stone, wood

Through the passage of time, CastleďŹ eld has grown from a ďŹ led into a complex array of layers and material usage.


Historial Vernacular

Cotton mills in Manchester harnessed the water power of rivers that have their source in the Pennines to the West. Later, when steam power became the staple of industry, coal was brought by barge from Worsley via. canal. Finished products were then sent to Liverpool and Hull (via canals) to be sold and exported.


Historial Vernacular

Chester

Ribchester

York

The Roman fort that once stood in Castlefield was found at the confluence between the rivers Irwell and Medlock. It guarded a settlement, known as Mamucium as well as crossing between two Roman roads. Mamucium was both a home to industry and a covergence of transport links, similar to Castlefield of recent times.


Historial Vernacular

Chester

Non- vehicular transportation Vehicular Transportation Railway Open green-space Unused land Water (canal) Historical Hotel Multi-family occupancy

Ribchester

York

The diagram above shows the various usage of the areas around our collective site.


Contents

INFRASTRUCTURE MICRO SCALE


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the bus route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the car parking access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the vehicle route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the disability route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the railway route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the metrolink route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the pedestrian route access on a micro scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows inhabitants in the area on a micro scale


Contents

INFRASTRUCTURE MESO SCALE


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the car parking access on a meso scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the available green space on a meso scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the bus route access on a meso scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the canal and waterways around Manchester. The Bridgewater canal had a major inuence on the growth of Manchester in the Industrial Revolution and CastleďŹ eld became a major distribution hub.


Infrastructure

The railway network took over from the canal system in the 19th Century and is now a major part of the transport network around Manchester.


Infrastructure

The Metrolink for Greater Manchester runs parallel with the existing rail network and the previous station, located in the Gmex - Manchester Central station.


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the pedestrian route access on a meso scale


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the vehicle route access on a meso scale highlighting the major roads and the A57 Motorway


Infrastructure

This diagram shows the transport network on a meso scale and the available green spaces.


Contents

INDUSTRY


Industry

Transport and infrastructure in CastleďŹ eld encouraged industry to grow. The Bridgewater Canal terminated in CastleďŹ eld as did a network of railway lines. There was a strong link between transport and industry.


Industry


Industry

Great port of Liverpool nearby for receiving raw materials. The river Irwell became navigable in the 1720’s which enabled loading and unloading of goods.


Industry


Industry


Industry


Industry

Manchester became the ‘Cottonopolis’. It became the nexus for importing and exporting goods all over the world.


Industry


Industry


Industry


Industry

During the 19th Century Manchester experienced unplanned urbanisation brought about following a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. As a consequence, employment levels rose and population increased resulting in the need for housing.


Industry

The above diagram shows the optimum conditions for cotton production. A relatively humid climate enables the spinning of yarn. Fast owing streams create power and raw materials are transported via. the Liverpool Canal. Developing chemicals such as salt and water enable the washing and bleaching of cotton.


Industry


Industry


Industry


Industry


Bibliography

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.spinningthe web.org.uk> [Accessed 17 October 2011]

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.canalguide.co.uk> [Accessed 15 October 2011]

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.spartacus. schoolnet.co.uk> [Accessed 20 October 2011]

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.maps. google.co.uk> [Accessed 12 October 2011] [Internet] Available from; Chester < http://www.mosi.org.uk> [Accessed 24 October 2011]

Ribchester

York

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.bbc.co.uk> [Accessed 3 October 2011]

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.mangeolassoc.org.uk > [Accessed 20 October 2011] [Internet] Available from; < http://www.metoďŹ&#x192;ce.gov.uk> [Accessed 10 October 2011]

[Internet] Available from; < http://www.revealing histories.org.uk> [Accessed 7 October 2011]


Deansgate Site Analysis  

Extreme Change, Leeds School of Architecture