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Briefing on

T-score Calculation, Direct School Admission & Sec One Posting 8 April 2009

PROGRAMME / AGENDA  PSLE Aggregate Score Explained (T-score)  Direct School Admission (DSA)  Secondary One Posting (S1 Posting)  Q & A Session


T-score is out of 300.

English and Mother Tongue are more important than Mathematics and Science.

I can calculate the Tscore of my child by added all the marks of 4 subjects, divide by 4 and multiply by 3.

PSLE – A Placement Examination • Need to reflect the relative achievement level of pupils within their peers. • Places pupils into different courses according to their academic ability. • Enables posting to secondary schools by merit and as far as possible into a school of their choice.

What is PSLE Aggregate Score? It is a sum of the T-score of the 4 subjects. It allows pupils to be ranked fairly.

What are these scores?

Are they raw scores?

Raw Scores Are Not Used because…. • Different subjects have different levels of difficulty • Different subjects have different spread of marks from the average mark (i.e. different standard deviation)

Hmmm… Science is more difficult than Mathematics.

Well, I feel that Mathematics is more difficult than Science.

Sally scores 85% in both EL and MT. 85%

She did much better in EL as compared to other pupils. EL

( Sally’s score )

Her performance in MT is very close to that of other pupils.

MT EL Ave = 60

MT Ave = 80

Therefore there is a need for standardisation of the raw scores

Transformed Score or T-Score

WHAT IS T-SCORE? • It is not the mark a pupil obtains in the examination. • It gives the relative position of a pupil’s performance as compared to the performance of all the other pupils in that subject. • For example, a pupil who scored 70% in Science would not have performed as well if most other pupils scored higher than 70%.

How is T-score calculated for each subject?

(X − Y) T = 50 + 10 Z where

X : pupil’s mark for the subject Y : average mark (mean) scored by all pupils Z : spread of marks around the average mark (standard deviation)

All pupils? That’s around 50 thousand.

Example: • Pupil’s mark (X) in exam • Average mark (Y) scored by all pupils • Spread of marks (Z) around the average mark

= 80 = 68 = 14

(80 − 68) T = 50 + 10 = 58.57 14

How is the Aggregate Score calculated? • By adding the T-scores of the 4 subjects. Every subject is equally important!

T-score is used instead of the raw marks obtained because… • Use of marks obtained in the examination can lead to a wrong ranking of pupils. • To ensure that subjects are accorded equal weighting. • Helps to place pupils in the Secondary Schools and the Secondary School Course more fairly.


Secondary Education • Pupils undergo four to five years of secondary education with different curricular emphasis, depending on the course they are in. • Apart from the formal school curriculum, pupils should also participate in Co-curricular Activities (CCAs). These include a variety of sports and games such as track and field, basketball or cultural activities such as drama.

Courses Offered • Pupils taking the PSLE will be placed in one of the following three secondary courses based on their results: • Express Course, • Normal (Academic) Course and • Normal (Technical) Course. • These courses are designed to match their learning abilities and interests.

Express Course • The Express Course is a four-year secondary course. Pupils will sit for the Singapore - Cambridge General Certificate of Education Ordinary (GCE ‘O’) Level Examination at the end of the fourth year. • They will study English Language, Chinese / Malay / Tamil and a range of subjects. •

Pupils in the top 30% band of PSLE cohort may study Higher Chinese, Higher Malay or Higher Tamil. • For pupils in the 11% - 30% band of PSLE cohort, they may study Higher Chinese, Higher Malay or Higher Tamil if they obtain: • an A* grade in the Mother Tongue Language • or at least a Merit in the Higher Mother Tongue Language

Normal (Academic) Course • The Normal (Academic) Course is a four to five-year secondary course. Pupils will study English Language, Chinese / Malay / Tamil and a range of other subjects. • They will sit for the Singapore - Cambridge General Certificate of Education Normal (GCE ‘N’) Level Examination at the end of the fourth year. • Those who do well in this examination will proceed to a fifth year of secondary education and sit for the GCE ‘O’ Level Examination. • Those who do not qualify to enter the fifth year may take up technical-vocational education and training at Institute of Technical Education (ITE).

Normal (Technical) Course • The Normal (Technical) Course is a four-year secondary course. • Pupils will study English Language and Basic Chinese / Basic Malay / Basic Tamil Language and a range of subjects. • They will sit for the GCE ‘N’ Level Examination at the end of the fourth year. • This course prepares pupils for a technical-vocational education at the Institute of Technical Education (ITE).

Integrated Programmes (IP) •

While the ‘O’ Levels serve as a valuable intermediate benchmark for the majority of our students, those who are clearly universitybound can benefit from spending the last 4 years of their upper secondary/ junior college education from Sec 3 to JC 2 engaging in broader learning experiences. • The Integrated Programmes (IP) will provide an integrated upper secondary and JC education where secondary school students can proceed to JC without taking the ‘O’ Level Examinations. • Schools offering IP will optimise the time freed up from preparing for the ‘O’ Levels to stretch students and provide greater breadth in the academic and non-academic curriculum. However, these schools will continue to have school-based assessments to measure students’ progress.

Integrated Programmes (IP) •

IP is offered at the following secondary schools leading to their respective preuniversity qualifications. In addition to Secondary 1, schools offering IP may take in students at other entry points, e.g. Secondary 3.

School Programme Offered • Anglo-Chinese School (Independent)  6-year IP leading to the International Baccalaureate Diploma. • Dunman High School /Hwa Chong Institution / Nanyang Girls’ High School / Hwa Chong Institution National Junior College Raffles Girls’ Secondary School / Raffles Institution Raffles Institution River Valley High School  6-year IP leading to the ‘A’ levels • •

NUS High School of Mathematics and Science  6-year IP leading to NUS High School Diploma Temasek Junior College and Victoria Junior College also offer the IP. The IP of these junior colleges take on the form of a four-year High School and will take in pupils at Secondary Three in addition to its mainstream JC programme.

School Programme Offered • Temasek Junior College & Victoria Junior College  4-year IP leading to the ‘A’ levels •

More details about the IP at the respective schools are available on the schools’ websites.


DSA-Sec Exercise • Rationale: – Promote holistic education by giving participating secondary schools greater flexibility in selecting students for admission outside the centralised S1 Posting Exercise

• Who can apply? – Students with diverse academic and nonacademic achievements and talents.

DSA-Sec Exercise • How to apply? – Obtain information on the DSA schools • check their websites • call the schools • visit the schools (attend parents’ talk / open houses)

• The application deadline for each DSA secondary school may differ • Updated information for this year: – May 2009

Selection Stage • During the Selection Stage, the participating secondary schools will conduct selection exercises, which might include trials, interviews or tests, to assess applicants. By the end of this period, schools will inform their applicants as to whether they: • have been given Confirmed Offer; or • have been put on a Waiting List by the school; or • have not been successful in their application.

Exercise School Preference Stage •

• • • •

In late October, all students with Confirmed Offers or who have been put on the Waiting List of a school will receive a School Preference Form from their respective primary schools. The School Preference Form will clearly list down: all schools which have given the applicant Confirmed Offers; and all schools which have placed the applicant on their Waiting Lists. During the Exercise School Preference Stage, students with School Preference Forms will be able to indicate their preferences for up to 3 schools. A student who indicates his preference for a school which had given him a Confirmed Offer will be guaranteed a place in the school, provided that he is eligible for a course (e.g. Express) which is offered by the school.

Results Release Stage (late November) •

The results of the DSA-Sec Exercise will be released in late November, together with the PSLE results. • Successful DSA applicants will be informed of the school they have been admitted to through their primary schools. Since these applicants already have a place reserved for them in a Secondary school, they will not be allowed to opt for a school in the Secondary One Posting Exercise. However, they may still indicate their interest in a foreign language programme or specify the academic course they would like to pursue where applicable. • Unsuccessful DSA applicants will also be notified through their primary schools. During the Secondary One Posting Exercise, these students may still opt for the schools that had not been able to offer them a place under the DSA-Sec Exercise. Other than IP schools, 80-95% of places in DSA participating schools will continue to be available to students under the Secondary One Posting Exercise.


SCHOOL of Science and Technology (SST)

• • • •

Part of the FutureSchools@Singapore Programme First intake in 2010 Small class size of 20 to 25 students Admitting its first batch of students through the Direct School Admission (DSA). • SST is a specialised independent school that gives students an early start to Applied Learning. Their 4-year programme prepares students for the GCE ‘O’ level examinations, giving them the flexibility to choose the JC or Polytechnic route to university.

Please log onto for more information.

School of the Arts (SOTA) •

The primary criterion for admission to SOTA is artistic talent. Students who wish to study at SOTA must attend the Talent Academy (TA). The TA is a selection platform which includes live auditions, personal interviews and portfolio reviews with a panel of highly regarded and experienced educators and arts specialists from SOTA faculty as well as resource persons from Singapore and overseas. During the audition, a student's potential is taken into account as well as his or her artistic talent. The TA is usually held during the March and June school holidays and is open to all Primary 6 students. Students may audition in the following art forms at the TA:

• • • •

Dance (Ballet or Non-Ballet) Music (Instrumental or Voice) Theatre Visual Arts

All TA participants are also required to undergo a creative writing exercise. Please log onto for more information

Singapore Sports School • All PSLE pupils who have represented their schools in inter-primary schools sports competitions or have talent or physical attributes to succeed in the sports offered by the Singapore Sports School are invited to apply for a place in the Singapore Sports School. Applications for enrolment into the Singapore Sports School have to be made directly to the school. • Please logon to for more information

Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) •

Invitation to Parents of Primary 6 boys to Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) School Presentation on Thursday, 30 April 2009 at Auditorium 2 Parents of Primary 6 boys are invited to their School Presentation on Thursday, 30 April 2009 at ACS (Independent), Auditorium 2. Presentation to Feeder Schools Parents

: 4.30pm to 6.30pm

Presentation to Non Feeder Schools Parents : 7.00pm to 9.00pm The purpose is for parents to know more about their school programmes and perhaps include ACS (Independent) as your preferred choice for your son's secondary education. Boys who achieved excellence in Sports and Games will have a decided advantage when they are considered for admission in their school.

Number of BPPS students admitted through DSA Year

Number of Students




1 NUS High

1 ACS(I)



2 Hwa Chong Institution 1 SCGS 1 MGS

1 River Valley High 1 NUS High 1 Nanyang Girls’ High



3 Hwa Chong Institution 1 ACS (I) 1 CHIJ St Nicholas Girls

1 RI 1 MGS 1 NUS High



2 Hwa Chong Institution 1 Nan Hua High 1 SCGS 1 St Margaret’s 1 Nanyang Girls

1 RI 1 River Valley High 1 SOTA 1 NUS High



1 Hwa Chong Institution 1 BPGH 1 NJC 1 SCGS

1 RI 1 River Valley High 2 SOTA


Timeline S1 Posting Exercise (Tentative) In November

PSLE Results Release In November

August to October

Info Booklet Part One and Two




S1 Option Period



S1 Posting Results December

Registration at Sch December

Understanding the Posting Process • Posting is by MERIT, THEN CHOICE. • Students are first ranked by their T Score. • The top pupil will be considered for his choices first before the next pupil, and then next, and so on.

S1 Posting Method By Merit : PSLE Scores

285(1st pupil) 284 (2nd pupil) 243(Last vacancy) 242 and below (move on to the next choice)

Understanding the Posting Process • A pupil with a better PSLE T score who chooses a secondary school as his later choice e.g. 5 th or 6th choices will NOT be put at a disadvantage as compared to another pupil who chose the same school as his earlier choice e.g. 1st choice. • The pupil who has the better PSLE score will considered for posting to each of his choices first.

Understanding the Posting Process • The PSLE score range for secondary school are not pre-determined before posting. • The previous years’ “cut-off-point” for each school is the PSLE score of the last PSLE pupil who was posted to the school. • Depends on the popularity of the school.

S1 Option form & Aggregate Eligibilities Letter • Together with the S1 Option form, pupils may receive a letter to inform whether the child is eligible for Special Assistance Plan Schools • Bonus points are available for entry into these schools if the child has taken Higher Chinese in primary school • Pupils who are interested are advised to select SAP schools among the six school choices Higher Chinese Grades

Bonus Points







Release of Posting Results Modes for checking of posting results: Online (with Internet Access) - Access S1 Posting website for posting results Interactive Voice Response System (IVRS) SMS via applicant’s mobile number (if provided by applicants during submission of school choices) Going to the child’s primary school.

Factors to consider when choosing a secondary school • Last year posting aggregate ranges of the school – Shows us which schools are popular – Varies from year to year – Ensure your 6 choices in your S1 option cover a spread of PSLE scores

• Distance

Factors to consider when choosing a secondary school •

Consider the programmes offered by the school of your choice – – – – – –

Integrated Programmes Independent schools Autonomous schools Special Assistance Plans School Niche schools Specialised Schools • • • •

NUS High School of the Arts Sports School School of Science and Technology SST

– Art Elective Programme – Music Elective Programme – Language Elective Programme

For more Info –

Factors to consider when choosing a secondary school • Consider the awards the school has received from the Ministry of Education – School Excellence Award – School Distinction Award – Best Practice Awards in Teaching and Learning / Student All Round Development – Character Development Awards – Sustained Achievement Award in Academic ValueAddedness.

Exercising Secondary School Options 

The following groups of PSLE pupils who are promoted to secondary level are eligible to participate in the S1 Posting Exercise: 1.

Pupils who did not participate in the DSA-Sec Exercise – to opt for sec schools and Third Languages / Course Option eligibilities (if any).


Pupils who are unsuccessful in the DSA-Sec Exercise – to opt for sec schools and Third Languages / Course Option eligibilities (if any).


Pupils who are successful in the DSA-Sec Exercise with eligibility – to opt for Third Languages / Course Option eligibilities.

Exercising Secondary School Options  Programmes 

Higher Mother Tongue Languages (HMT)

Third Languages

Art / Music Elective Programmes (AEP / MEP)

Elective Programme in Malay Language for Secondary Schools (EMAS)

Regional Studies Programme (RSP)

Gifted Education Programme

 Eligibilities 

Edusave Entrance Scholarships for IS (EESIS)

Special Assistance Plan (SAP)

Course Option

Exercising Secondary School Options  Edusave Entrance Scholarships for IS (EESIS) 

Awarded to Singaporeans who have performed well in their PSLE and posted to Independent Schools.

Eligible pupils will receive a letter informing them that they are offered EESIS

Eligible pupils who are interested in the scholarship should opt for Independent Schools among their six school choices.

EESIS will be awarded to an eligible pupil if he/she is admitted to an Independent School either through DSA-Sec or S1 Posting Exercise.

Popular Secondary schools among Students and Parents in BPPS Secondary School

Numbers of students posted to the school in 2008

Aggregate range of 2007 PSLE pupils posted to 2008 Sec 1



Express: 219 – 255 NA : 178 -194 N(T) : 133 - 159



Express: 188 – 255 NA : 164 -186 N(T) : 120 - 158



Express: 207 – 240 NA : 176 -198 N(T) : 139 - 159



Express: 238 – 255 NA : 187 -199 N(T) : 144 - 159



Express: 203 – 238 NA : 167 -191 N(T) : 132 - 158



Express: 230 – 249 NA : 186 -199 N(T) : 144 - 158



Express: 211 – 236 NA : 177 -194 N(T) : 139 - 159



Express: 243 – 264 NA : 195 -199 N(T) : 148 - 159



Express: 225 – 240 NA : 173 -199 N(T) : 124 – 150

Popular IP/SAP Schools among students and parents in BPPS Numbers of students posted to the school in 2008

Aggregate range of 2007 PSLE pupils posted to 2008 Sec 1



Express: 254 – 277



Express: 247 – 271



Express: 265 – 285



Express: 263 – 287



Express: 261 – 284



Joined S1 Posting Exercise with effect from 2008



Express: 252 – 267



Express: 266 – 285

Secondary School

Question & Answer

Thank you


T-Score for parents