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BARBARA BOZSIK

Budapest / Hungary

URBAN PLANNING PORTFOLIO

bozsik.barbi@gmail.com 0036308260216 https://www.linkedin.com/ in/barbarabozsik


selected

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06 16 CONTENTS

01

Masterplan ∕ Page 06

CASERNE EISENSTADT

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Strategic Development Plan ∕ Page 16 SOUTH OF VIENNA

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Bachelor’s Thesis ∕ Page 40

CO-DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY Models of cooperation between local administration and citizen-driven initiatives in urban (re-)development processes


BARBARA BOZSIK

Budapest, Hungary bozsik.barbi@gmail.com 0036 30 8260216 https://www.linkedin.com/in/barbarabozsik http://barbarabozsikinterior.tumblr.com

I

am a „people person�, family and friends orientated, open minded, fascinated by people, inspired by soul and culture. I am in love with places where I can see how the identity of places is flourishing organically together with the people who use them. I enjoy learning and reading, discovering innovative solutions that improve our way of living. I believe that holistic thinking, multidisciplinary and research based design processes are able to create better built environment which has the power to reduce social inequality.


COMPETITION/ PUBLICATION

EDUCATION

WORK EXPERIENCE / INTERNSHIP KÉK + MENTOR PROGRAM

Community program focusing on built environments, visual culture and contemporary issues of cities

PROJECT COORDINATOR AT PONT CO.LAB

https://pontcolab.com/hu/

Planning, managing, and implementing interior design projects; event planning and management

2019

Co-author of Annual Report on Housing Poverty in Hungary 2016

INTERN AT HABITAT FOR HUMANITY HUNGARY https://www.habitat.hu

2017

Wrote articles on the newly introduced programs on the housing policy. Developed maps based on the related statistics and findings

VIENNA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY | 2015-2019 2015

INTERN AT KÉK- CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE CENTRE | http://lakatlan.kek.org.hu

SPATIAL PLANNING | Bachelor of Science Bachelor’s thesis: CO-DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY- Models of cooperation between local administration and citizen-driven initiatives in urban (re-)development processes Vienna

Participated in KÉK “Vacant City” program, regeneration of vacant urban properties; property mapping; matchmaking

SMART CITY LAB COMPETITION 2015

Submitted a plan of „Active Citizen” platform

Design Terminal Budapest It is aimed to create an online platform which encourages the members of local communities to recognize and to solve environmental and social issues surrounding them.

FREELANCER INTERIOR DESIGNER

Developed creative concepts of commercial and residential spaces. 3D rendering and development of technical drawings

2014

INTERN AT THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATION OF LUDWIG MUSEUM | https://www.ludwigmuseum.hu

KREA DESIGN SCHOOL| 2010-2014

Event planning and organisation

INTERIOR DESIGN Budapest

INTERIOR DESIGNER ASSISTANT Lang Viktoria Interior | https://langvikienterior.hu

2011

Assistance in design process; produce renderings, hand sketches, and presentation graphics; preparation of presentations and mood boards

SZINERGIA VOCATIONAL SCHOOL | 2010-2012 TRADE MANAGEMENT ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT Budapest

2010

Kazincbarcika, Hungary

LANGUAGE

PROFICIENCY

HUNGARIAN

ENGLISH

GERMAN

SPANISH

first language

advanced

advanced

enthusiastic beginner

EDITING

STATISTICS/MAPPING

ARCHITECTURE/3D

OFFICE

Illustrator InDesign Photoshop FinalCut Pro

MS Access SPSS ARC GIS QGIS

AutoCad ArchiCad SketchUp Artlantis

MS World Excel Power Point

PASSIONS jhglaehgljhglaehgl-

list enthusiast

travelling

art

reading

music

DIY


URBAN PLANNING

01

PORTFOLIO

CASERNE EISENSTADT Masterplan

2017 / TU Wien Location Site Supervisors

Urban Development Project Eisenstadt, Austria Martinkaserne Daniela Allmeier, Katrin Hagen

The site is located in Eisenstadt, in the capital city of Burgenland in an area currently used by the military. Due to its usage, the area was mainly undeveloped, enclosed and encircled by brick walls. These spatial barriers interrupt the urban structure of the city and leave the area with no connections to the surroundings. The Martin Kaserne is a listed building, located in the heart of the site, and it spreads over more than 7000 square meters. It was built in 1858 and it is characterized by romanesque revival architecture infl uenced by moorish style. Eisenstadt is an economic, cultural and educational centre of the region, with currently 14.000 residents. Due to its central role, it is confronted with large commuter fl ows. More than 10.000 people (excluding cross-border commuters) commute to Eisenstadt day to day to work, school or pursue other activities. Moreover, due to the predicted population and economic growth, Eisenstadt is experiencing a considerable development pressure. According to the Urban Development Plan of the city, new development areas should be assigned within the city limits. The military used, undeveloped area has a great location and it is situated in walking distance from the historical centre, infrastructural facilities or the railway station, therefore, the site has a strong potential to become a lively residential, leisure and business area. The aim of the proposal was to create a masterplan for the area thus develop a new vision and a guideline for the transformation of the site. The objective was to establish a new quartier that off ers residential spaces and at the same time creates spaces for businesses and leisure activities that are relevant for the city and region. It is aimed to revive the historic building of the caserne, to give new features and to activate it for city life with the help of supporting connectivity and continuity between the area and surroundings.

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7


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

IDENTITY

historical sites and cityscape

8


DESIGN

PROJECTS

nature

obstacles 9


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

CONCEPT / OBJECTIVES

NATURBAN / Creating urban spaces while utilizing the natural resources is the aim of this concept. This is a huge challenge since we need to create streets that promote active and social life, at the same time we need to save the ecological resources to support sustainability at local scale. Hence, the concept of the city of short distances plays an important role in the planning of the new quartier. For this reason, compact structures, relatively high density with an extended network of pedestrian and cycling paths and green spaces that provide opportunities for social interaction are promoted.

URBAN

NATURE

E

„F

isenstadt is not just the economic and educational centre of Burgenland but, based on the historical importance of the Palace Esterházy and the impact of Joseph Haydn, the city centre elevates cultural, social and tourist focus as well. These functions should be further developed and synergies must be created between the tourist and commercial development of the old town through the new quartier to St. Georgen am Leithagebirge. The atmosphere and stimulating ambience of the historic centre should be extended to the caserne areal to reduce barriers and establish connections and continuity. This idea could be achieved with the creation of high-quality pedestrian connections and the mixed-use development of the new quartier.

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rom home on the running track to the sports field” (STEP Eisenstadt) is a quality that small towns like Eisenstadt with broad natural resources can offer particularly well.

Eisenstadt is facing with the challenge of providing sports- and leisure infrastructure in outdoor areas, thus promoting sports and physical activity for all generations is highly important. Currently, the site is enclosed from the residential use but has a great untapped potential of green spaces. The aim is here to secure the natural ecology of the area and, at the same time, to develop quality active spaces for the city.


DESIGN

PROJECTS

/ VISION

THINKING ABOUT THE FUTURE Keeping up with the forecasts

Keeping residents participated

Adaptive development

Give answers to the predicted population and economic growth.

Creating cross-generational, participatory networks in order to match the needs and wishes of the current and future population.

Effi cient land use while maintaining the largest possible green space in order to being capable of reacting to the future expansion of the town or population or even changes in the environment and society.

CONNECTION AND INTEGRATION Reducing barriers Opening the currently military used area for people and creating connections to the surroundings

Building urbanity Building a brand new quartier integrated to the structure of the surroundings.

Sustainable mobility Developing pedestrian and bicycle path integrated into compact structures and promoting short distances.

Developing existing conditions further

Supporting diversity in the use of open spaces

Revitalize the historic building of the caserne, fi lling it with new functions and activate it for public life.

Utilizing the potential of natural spaces and dovetailing urbanity with nature.

Creating networks of green spaces Connect green spaces of Leithagebirge with green spaces of the caserne areal to protect the ecosystem and to create a higher quality of living.

DEVELOPING IDENTITY Bring Eisenstadt together The recreational-, sport- and green spaces should be meeting points for the whole city and the region. Creating streets and squares that can nurture citizenship by bringing people together, let them participate in social life in order to create a community in the neighborhood and to establish collective identity.

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URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

DESIGN ANALISYS 1 /

2 /

3 /

4 /

residential building

Street semi - private space

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residential building

private garden

office building

semi - private space

semi - private space

office building with active ground oor zone

Urban Wilderness

Promenade

caserne with active ground oor zone

residential building

Active Green


DESIGN

1 / NETWORK AND ACCESS The car traffic inside of the quartier will be limited to one axis from north to south and around the row houses in the north while other areas will be pedestrianpriority zones. Surface parking will be limited and underground car parking will be provided. 3 / FUNCTIONS DISTRIBUTION Mixed-use development supports the life, work, play and entertainment environment in the entire district. The business district is placed in continuation of the city centre. Alongside the promenade, the residential function is mixed with business, commercial, gastronomical and cultural use. A new Education Centre is located I the south of the new „Active Green” zone.

Student Residence Hall

Hybrid Zone Active Green - Education Centre

PROJECTS

2 / PEDESTRIAN NETWORK A close network of different connections connects the district to the surroundings. The new area is designed as a car-free zone thus continuity and accessibility play a central role in the development of pedestrian and cycle paths. The main axes connect the different central areas of the neighbourhood and secondary axes increase the accessibility between the blocks. 4 / GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE To counteract the lack of public spaces in the city and to provide quality green and recreational areas, the green area is divided into two different zones. “Urban Wilderness” is located in the northern part of the area, whereas “Active Green” space is located in the south. The promenade provides space for free time activities and makes the quartier more accessible from downtown and the surrounding areas.

Leaving spaces unplanned in the cities is fundamental to create stronger ecological areas that can affect the lives of those who live around

SQUARE

URBAN TERRACES

PARK

URBAN WILDERNESS

INTENSITY OF OF GREEN SPACES

URBAN WILDERNESS - THE CONCEPT OF FREE CENTRE Transition between urbanity and nature / Free Centre «–» Multifunctional Rand / Keeping the centre clear « » concentration of activities at the edge / Maximizing the amount of coherent green and open spaces / Soft integration of buildings into the natural environment ACTIVE GREEN Offers public space for various free time and sport activities for all generations. Meeting point not only for local residents but for the entire Eisenstadt or even the region. SEMI-PUBLIC SPACES

PRIVATE GARDENS

Common, social spaces inside of the blocks with different opportunities for recreation and activities such as gardening and picnic.

Offers privacy for residents in the ground floor areas URBAN GARDENING Rentable plots for everyone

Education Centre

parking area

pedestrian path

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URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

TYPOLOGY

Typology: Single Block Feature: 2-3 Storeys Function: Residential housing with private gardens

Typology: Single Block Feature: 2-3 Storeys Function: Residential housing mostly with private gardens

Typology: Commercial Permiter Block Feature: 4-5 Storeys Function: Commercial use with active groundoor. Permiter block offers well-protected semi-private green spaces for the companies.

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Typology: Residential Permiter Block Feature: 3-4 Storeys Function: Mixed-use blocks with storefronts and semi-private green spaces for residents

Typology: Row Houses Feature: 2-3 Storeys Function: Residential housing with private gardens and garages

Typology: L - shaped Block combined with linear blocks Feature: 3-4 Storeys Function: Residential housing mostly with private gardens and semi-private green spaces inbetween


DESIGN

PROJECTS

CASERNE & PROMENADE

outdoor living room for the whole city | event space | marketplace

„ACTIVE GREEN” Promenade / car-free urban places; active frontages

Building of the caserne / space for cultural and public institutions; community spaces, studios; restaurant and cafe with terraces outdoor cinema | chilling zone | study area | meeting point | playground | outdoor gym | barbecue 15


URBAN PLANNING

02

PORTFOLIO

SOUTH OF VIENNA Strategic Development Plan

2018 / TU Wien Location Site Supervisors

Spatial Development Project Vienna, Austria South of Favoriten Rudolf Scheuvens, René Ziegler, Peter Görgl, Beatrix Gasienica-Wawrytko, Harald Frey, Justin Kadi

The site is a target area of urban development (assigned by the city of Vienna) and located in Favoriten, in the periphery of the suburb of south Vienna. It is characterized by largely homogeneous, monofunctional and undeveloped areas, mainly used for agricultural purposes. The development and the construction of the area started in the 14th century. The current form of the historical village was developed in the turn of the century and the village-like character of these streets are still dominant. Between 1930’s and 70’s a huge wave of construction of predominantly prefabricated residential housing blocks took place. At the same time, the periphery of the area was steadily developed and is characterized by small single-family houses connected to the green belt zone. Currently, 22 600 people live in the territory of Oberlaa and Rothneusiedl. With the extension of the subway line U1 in 2017 to Oberlaa, the city center can be reached within 15 minutes. The site is experiencing considerable development pressure due to the U1 extension and Vienna’s predicted strong population growth. The aim of the proposal was to develop a new vision and sustainable strategies to progress and guide the transformation of the area from a bedroom community to a lively residential, leisure and business hub over the next 30 years. The objective is to preserve and strengthen the historically, culturally and geographically important elements of the area whilst maintaining the existing urban forms and community, at the same time establishing connectivity and continuity between the site and the surrounding area.

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S

Laaer Berg Löwygrube

Generali Arena

U

NE

W

Favorit enstra ße

Business Centre

traß rg-S r-Be Laae

Laaer Berger Volkspark

U au

Li

ne a

rP

Kurpark Nord

da

A23

e

NEW

Al

ga

ss e

Kurpark Oberlaa

ar

k

U Industrial Park Rothneusiedl

Himbergerstraße

U

aa

ers tra

ße

NEW ar P

ark

NEW

Pedestria

BY THE BRIDGE

Wilder

NEW

ness

rness Wilde

Linea

Cargo Center South of Vienna

Urban

r Park

n Zone

Line

S

Ob erl

Water Tank and Pumping Station Unterlaa

Urban

URBAN VILLAGE

S1

2500 m

Kled

ering erstr

aße

Liesingbach

S

Substation Vienna Southeast

0m

Basics

Development Building site | Residential Use

Strategic green space connection

Building site | Other Use

District expansion area

Green space

Consolidation area

Agriculture

New Pedestrian and Cycling Bridge

Railway

New Centre

Highway

Public transport Bus transport network NEW

S U

New Upgrade

New bus line

Fast cycle route

S-Bahn-Station

Separate paths for pedestrians and cyclists

U-Bahn-Station Bus-Nodes Existing bus stops New bus stops

STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Non-motorised private transport

New Existing Shared paths for pedestrians and cyclists Cycle path in the Kurpark

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URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

AL YS I

S

TIMELINE / CONCEPT EXPLANATION

AN

DETERMINATION

/

Site Analysis

/

SWOT-Analysis

/

Centre Analysis

/

Development of Spatial Thesis

/

Collecting relevant questions and possible ďŹ elds of action

/

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Determination of Polycentrism as a model for Centre Analysis and strategy for South of Favoriten

Development Obje

Connecting urban & Mixed - use

Improve the quality

PO S

IT I

ON

IN G

/

/

Fields of action in

/

Key points of the S


DESIGN

PROJECTS

FINALIZATION Finishing the proposal

SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT / /

ST R

AT EG

Elaboration of frameworks and measures

IC

DE VE LO PM EN

T

PL

AN

/

Proposing instruments for the control and planning of design and implementation processes

/

Setting 3 Development Principles

OF GOALS Maximize the potential of each sub-centre

ectives

Connection between centres & subspaces District extension

& rural as well as subspaces

/

y of public spaces

Elaboration of Centre Development Plans

Centre Development

Strategic Development Plan

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URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

SPATIAL THESIS

The (growing) city consumes its historically grown structures at the suburb especially on the edges: this has the potential to create conflict

The residents of the area want to preserve their historically grown and self-created structures of the suburb. On the other hand, there is a great need for urban development to create housing for the rapidly growing population of Vienna. For this purpose, previously undeveloped areas that can be found especially on the outskirts of the city, should be mobilized. This will inevitably change the composition and thus the homogeneity of this more rural part of the city.

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The future city has new demands on the functionality of its components

Due to its location on the periphery of the city, this part of the south of Vienna has generously dimensioned open and green spaces. However, these are hardly or not at all connected and, therefore, do not fulfill different functions. This concerns several other spaces of the area, thus, they show up monofunctions without any mixed-use or any centres. On the other hand, there is a changing view of the city that strives for a lively, diverse and resilient space and this transformation has an impact particularly in urban development areas.

The subway on its own does not create a city

The subway extension to the Therme Oberlaa has led to a high-level public transport connection in an area where single-family houses and allotment gardens dominate. In the future, urban development will take place there, but urban structures and functions are still missing in order to create a city.


DESIGN

PROJECTS

STRATEGY PLAN FOR SOUTH OF VIENNA

OUR APPROACH

Urban development requires a holistic view. A development area is not barely the sum of subspaces since each of them is interdependent and therefore cannot exist on its own.

W

ith every single measure in each subspace must be paid attention to how this measure affects the big picture. Therefore, the issue is not to strengthen only individual parts of the area but the entire space simultaneously. Thus working with existed resources and surroundings is crucially important. Urban extension areas cannot be considered divided from their surroundings, thus in parallel with the planning and development of the new area, all the surroundings must be further developed, revitalized and activated so the area as a whole can be enhanced. That means furthermore, under the premise of „internal development before external development” less dissection and fragmentation of landscapes, habitats and the preservation of larger agricultural areas as contribution to soil protection and sustainable and “soft” urban renewal. Thus our focus is on the active re-use of vacant lands and brownfields before take green fields into the planning of brand new quartiers. Our vision is the “city for all” that means that city spaces must offer anything to all population group. Therefore, centers of the sites must be correspondingly different and need to refer to different functions but also need to be flexible and resilient enough to be able to adapt to changing circumstances. A city centre is seen as the living room of the city. With the strengthening and boost of the subcenters, our goal is to give a new way of life to the edge of the city and make the engrained image of the periphery - which prevail in our heads - forgotten and replace them with new ones.

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URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

STRATEGY

publicity of centres

reinterpretation of existing centres

diversity of centres connection function of centres POLYCENTRISM

centres create identity

network of subcentres

concentration of urban functions

E

ach city has its centres - spatially and culturally intense places - where urban life concentrates thereby are places of diversity and liveliness. In the Urban Development Plan of Vienna (STEP 2025) centre development is considered to be of high signifi cance. The goal is to strengthen the diversity of Vienna’s centres thereby set new impulses for economic prosperity as well as for quality of life. The concept of the city of short distances – set as a goal by the city of Vienna- requires change in the structure of existing centres, moreover, a certain consciousness in the planning of the new ones. This means the concertation of housing-related services and an extensive network of central functions, good integration into the public transport network, increased density in terms of population and centre related functions as well as cooperation and organization at the regional level. The diversity of urban functions and users makes urban centres generate public life therefore they require attractive public spaces. Traditionally, centres are considered as places where social cohesion, economic viability and cultural innovation manifest themselves. The city centers are important hubs for traders, business owners and investors who play a decisive role in shaping these locations through their shops and buildings. Centres are most likely to be able to create identity in cities and quartiers, thus, they are supposed to play a key role in urban development. Therefore, polycentrism is the core of this concept.

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nzip Verbindung

rinzip Verbindung

DESIGN

PROJECTS

DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES MAXIMIZE THE POTENTIAL OF EACH SUB-CENTRE

Principle 1

Existing centres will be further developed and new centres will be created in the extension areas. This creates a network of centres that can be reached both on foot and by public transport, providing local amenities, open spaces and a higher quality of pedestrian zones.

U

U

U

U

S

Existing centres Neu centres

CONNECTION BETWEEN CENTRES & SUBSPACES

Principle 2

A day-to-day network and a network for leisure activities runs through the area thus creating connections between each centre and open spaces. Particular focus is placed on the cycle paths and the quality of time spent in the public space which promotes sustainable mobility.

U

U

U

U

S

Day-to-day network Road network for leisure activities

DISTRICT EXTENSION

Principle 3

District extension takes place both in existing urbanized areas and on formerly agricultural lands. That means consolidation and on the other hand, the adaptation of new multifunctional, contemporary settlements to the rural surroundings.

GĂźte

Projects in planning phase 2500 m

Future development areas Urban consolidation areas

0m

23


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

STRUCTURE PLAN METRO STATION ALTES LANDGUT / ROUNDABOUT FAVORITEN / 1. Green oasis with urban living room Mobility Kiosk and Market Hall NEW BUSINESS CENTRE AND STARTUP INCUBATOR / 2. HANSSONZENTRUM AND METRO STATION ALAUDAGASSE / 3. Adding new office space to Hanssonzentrum / Using the roof of Hanssonzentrum as public space Establishing a new square by the metro station and dissolve the barrier effect of Favoritenstraße UNCOVERED SUBWAY RAILS IN ALAUDAGASSE / 4. Covering the rails with generation-friendly, high-quality public space for playing, sports and other activities METRO STATION NEULAA / 5. Establishing a new public square by the station and building a new Park+Ride in the industrial park INDUSTRIAL PARK ROTHNEUSIDL / 6. Giving new space for offices and creating urbanity through public space MAKING LIESINGBACH MORE ATTRACTIVE THROUGH QUALITY PUBLIC SPACES ALONG THE RIVER / 7. HIMBERGERSTRASSE / 8. Redesigning public space by reshaping and the transformation of the streetscape Giving more green and space for pedestrians EXTENSION AREA  „URBAN VILLAGE” WITH LINEAR PARK / 9. OPENING THE SPORTS FIELDS FOR THE PUBLIC AND CREATING OTHER RECREATIONAL USES / 10. METRO STATION OBERLAA / 11. Building new public square VILLAGE CENTRE OBERLAA / 12. Preserving and revitalizing the historic village centre Activating vacant spaces and creating new multifunctional spaces Making the public space more attractive VILLAGE CENTRE UNTERLAA / 13. Meeting point for Unterlaa through creating quality public space with the inclusion of Liesingbach  EXTENSION AREA „BY THE BRIDGE” / 14. Creating a linear Park as a centre and cycling and pedestrian connection over the railway tracks PEDESTRIAN AND CYCLING BRIDGE OVER THE RAILWAY TRACKS / 15. Developing day-to-day network and a network for leisure activities RUNDHALLE / 16. Creating additional workplaces and increasing local supply  CENTRE LAAER-BERG-STRASSE / 17. Making public space more attractive and creating more crossing paths RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBOURHOOD LAAER-BERG-STRASSE / 18. Developing new functions KURPARK OBERLAA / 19. Creating crossing paths for cyclists HASCHAHOF / 20. Activating vacant spaces for cultural and social uses. Initiation of quartier management 24


DESIGN

PROJECTS

ut ndg s La t Alte ndabou rou

Laaer Berg Löwygrube

Generali Arena neu Market Hal

l

U

neu

Business Centre

Laaer-Be rgStraße

1 Laaerbergbad

18

2 Laaer Berger Volkspark sonHans um zentr

17

U

halle Rund O PAH

HANS

SONZ

ENTR

UM

ne a

ar

k

U

Station Ob erlaa & Therme Wien

16

8 Himbergerstraße

7

19 Kurpark Oberlaa

11 Ob erl

U

aa

ers tra

NE CEN W TRE

ße

15 ark

10

S

n Zone

ar P

Pedestria

12

Line

5

rP

as se

ße

6

Li

KURPARK NORTH

ag

erg-Stra

Industrial Park Rothneusiedl

4

ud

Laaer-B

Favoritenstraße

rerge Himb ße stra

Ala

3

A23

BY THE BRIDGE

14

Village Centr e Unterlaa

ness Wilder

URBAN VILLAGE

Centr Oberl e aa

Kled

S1

0

500

1000

Basics

13 Water Tank and Pumping Station Unterlaa

Urban

r Park Linea

NEW E CENTR

Wilder

20

Urban

Haschahof Cargo Center South of Vienna

ness

9

ering erstr

aße

Liesingbach

Substation Vienna Southeast

1500 m

Development

Fields of action for centre development

Building site | Residential Use

New open space

Strengthening the number and diversity of workplaces

Building site | Other Use

New green space connection

Green space

District extension area

Creating places for communication and interaction through the

Railway Highway

Consolidation area Day-to-day Network | Network of cycling routes Cycle path in the Kurpark Development of cycle route network Function extension in green spaces Adventure playground

attractiveness of public space Diversification of gastronomy and local food supply Activation of vacant spaces Redesigning the streetscape Creating common spaces between the centres

25


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

Principle 1 / MAXIMIZE THE POTENTIAL OF EACH SUB-CENTRE

Maximizing the potential of each sub-centre is achieved by different actions through individual measures in each centre.These fields of action are specifically customized to the south of Vienna and show the particular needs for action. Since each centre has its own focus so all of them have dedicated fields of action that need to fit to the polycentric network. However, spaces between centres need to be revived and developed as well, so the centres do not stand in the middle of functional deserts.

FIELDS OF ACTION STRENGTHENING THE NUMBER AND DIVERSITY OF WORKPLACES Those centers that already provide employment need to be further developed in order to attract as diverse people, skills and talents as possible to contribute to mixed centers. CREATING PLACES FOR COMMUNICATION AND INTERACTION THROUGH THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF PUBLIC SPACE Among other things, the centre analysis has shown that the availability of quality meeting points is expandable. These are meant to be consumption-free, public and green spaces DIVERSIFICATION OF GASTRONOMY AND LOCAL FOOD SUPPLY Currently, there is a limited offer of local food and gastronomy in the area, but centres need a diverse offer that is appealing to different population groups. ACTIVATION OF VACANT SPACES The previous shopping streets are characterized by high vacancy. In the sense of sustainable and centre-focused urban development, these must be filled with new life. REDESIGNING THE STREETSCAPE The street space is not only for the traffic but it is also an important part of public space and therefore an essential component of public life. In a car-oriented area such as South of Vienna, creating pedestrian friendly streetscape is crucially important. CREATING COMMON SPACES BETWEEN THE CENTRES Although this development principle is about the centres, they cannot be isolated from each other, thus the spaces between them must be further developed.

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DESIGN

PROJECTS

Generali Arena

Laaer Berg LĂśwygrube

U

Laaer Berger Volkspark

U A23 Per-Albin-Hansson Residential Area

Kurpark Oberlaa

U Industrial Park Rothneusiedl

U

S

New Centre

New Centre Cargo Center South of Vienna

Water Tank and Pumping Station Unterlaa

S1

0

500

1000

Substation Vienna Southeast

Fields of action for centre development

Existing centres

Railway

New centres

Highway

Building site | Residential Use

U

U- Bahn Station

Building site | Other Use

S

S- Bahn Station

Green spaces Agriculture

h

1500 m

Basics

District extension area

Liesingbac

Strengthening the number and diversity of workplaces Creating places for communication and interaction through the attractiveness of public space DiversiďŹ cation of gastronomy and local food supply Activation of vacant spaces Redesigning the streetscape Creating common spaces between the centres

27


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

CENTRE DEVELOPMENT PLAN | HIMBERGER STRASSE

GUIDELINES / MEASURES Due to an alternative truck bypass route, the Himberger Straße is no longer burdened by heavy traffi c. This creates space for safe fast cycling lanes and wide, attractive sidewalks that allow barrier-free movement and quality public spaces. In order to secure appropriate space for broader and greener sidewalks 70% of the pubic parking spaces are relocated to a multi-storey car park in the northern part of the Himberger Straße. The Park + Ride facility next to the Neulaa Subway Station will also be relocated to the parking garage, transforming ex parking spaces into public open spaces. All these measures, as well as adequate vacancy management and where possible, further consolidation, support the revitalization of Himberger Straße as a shopping street.

Sidewalk Parking lane 2m

2,5 m

Cycle path

Cycle Parking lane path

Roadway 9m

1,5 m

1,5 m

22 m

Sidewalk

5m

Roadway

Fast cycle route

6m

4m 22 m

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Sidewalk 3m

2,5 m

Sidewalk

7m

Building


DESIGN

PROJECTS

PROPOSED

EXISTING

29


URBAN PLANNING

CENTRE DEVELOPMENT PLAN | VILLAGE CENTRE OBERLAA

GUIDELINES / MEASURES The pedestrian zone creates space for walking, cycling and provide better accessibility by public transport. The revitalization of the historic, village-like structures and a modern presentation as a tourist resort with its lovely wine taverns bring more residents and visitors to the streets of Oberlaa. The Liesingbach needs to be involved in the development to create a high-quality recreational space. In addition, with the management of vacant properties it suppose to attract new businesses and set up space for local initiatives and cultural uses. Social life will take place on the newly designed square in front of the church.

EXISTING

30

PORTFOLIO


DESIGN

PROJECTS

PROPOSED

31


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

Principle 2 / CONNECTION BETWEEN CENTRES & SUBSPACES

Which measures improve the attractiveness of street space hereby also the public space?

THE DAY-TO-DAY NETWORK - allows to get ahead quickly with public and private transport, provide more safety for pedestrians and cyclists, but also ensures quality public spaces by developing green areas and street furniture. Although these connections off er space for private transport, pedestrians and cyclists are still in the focus and thus a pedestrian-friendly city is promoted. This goes hand in hand with a “city of short distances”. This means that infrastructure facilities and diverse urban activities are located in walking distance or ensure better access to services and facilities via public transport and cycling. In highways such as Favoritenstraße, Himbergerstraße and Laaer-Berg-Straße traffi c calming measures take place. In addition, separate pedestrian and cycle paths are created to enable cyclists fast speed and safe driving. The day-to-day network also represent public transport axes that connect the sub-spaces of the area.

NETWORK FOR LEISURE ACTIVITIES - or “it’s not about the destination, it’s about the journey” means connections through the area, where the focus is on strolling and doing activities on the road. They connect existing roads and expand them by completely new ones. The aim of this network is to create connections between district-relevant (for example, large parks such as the Laaer Berger Volkspark and the green spaces between blocks) and highersignifi cance open spaces (such as the Liesingbach, the Kurpark and city hiking trails) as well as to the new extension areas. The objectives are here to determine specifi c measures that create a recreational network in the area, as well as off er a citywide attraction under the motto „it’s not about the destination, it’s about the journey”. This network means short walks that are attractive and manageable for all population groups, and gives opportunity to everyone for nearnatural relaxation and daily activities close to their habitat. For this reason, these paths are not for motorized private transport, but mixed bike and footpaths that support low speed traffi c.

32

te

ck

tru

by

u ro ss pa


DESIGN

PROJECTS

Promoting non-motorised

t of men elop Dev

U Mobility kiosk

tes

fast

le yc

lo ve De

utes

Providing safer crossing opportunities

Laaer Berger Volkspark

u ro

tc as ff to en pm

e ro cycl

City

ail g Tr

Hikin

Laaer Berg Löwygrube

private transport

Diversion of heavy traffic on the A23

Providing safer

Attraktivierung des NMIV

crossing opportunities

U

ße

ks Providing safer crossing opportunities

U ers tra

ße

private transport with the

Pedestrian and Cycling Bridge over the railway tracks

Deve lopm ent of cycle trac

development of fast cycle routes

Special situation where the networks for everyday life and ks

of cycle

tracks

Pedestrian Zone Oberlaaer Straße

leisure activities run parallel, but without allowing car traffic

ycle st c

of fa

Linear

ent pm

Park

elo Dev

Cargo Center South of Vienna

ark

aa

ar P

Ob erl

Line

tra ycle

private transport

Promoting non-motorised

Exte

City Hiking Trail

ac

cks .

k

ar

Opening for cycle traffic

Promoting non-motorised

crossing opportunities

Develop ment

Kurpark Oberlaa

tr

nd c

erg-Stra

tra

le yc

ths a

as se

ck s

rP

a ne

U

Providing safer

no f fo otp a

ag

Laaer-B

yc le

Li

fc to en m

ks

nsio

ud

pm en to fc

Himbergerstraße

Devel opm ent of cycle trac

S

p lo ve De

Favoritenstraße

Industrial Park Rothneusiedl

Increase in frequencies of S60

Ala

De ve lo

ark

of c ycle tr

acks

A23

ar P

men t

Providing safer crossing opportunities

Line

Dev elop

ks

tes

rou Devel opm ent of cycle trac

Water Tank and Pumping Station Unterlaa

S1

0

500

Basics

1000

Kled

ering erstr

aße

Liesingbac

h

Substation Vienna Southeast

1500 m

Networks Railway Highway Building site Green space Agriculture Extension area Centre City Hiking Trail

Network for leisure activities / the focus is on strolling and doing activities on the road Day-to-day network / provides quick move forward with public and private transport, allows more safety for pedestrians and cyclists and ensures quality public spaces Day-to-day network without car traffic Construction of Pedestrian and Cycling Bridge over the railway trac�s�

33


URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

Principle 3 / DISTRICT EXTENSION A / NEW BUSINESS CENTRE AND STARTUP INCUBATOR

B / CONSOLIDATION OF THE INDUSTRIAL PARK ROTHNEUSIDL

The immediately adjacent Technical College and the great location between two centres give this area a high priority for its development. It is need to be ensured that this location can not be isolated from its surrounding. The development needs to complete and support the functions of the Technical College and the current structure of the site needed to be taken into consideration.

There is great potential to develop further the existing industrial / business location. Underused land, sites and parking areas, that make up almost half of the area, should be opened up for new commercial functions and public space. The parking situation will be solved with a parking garage on the edge of the area, in close proximity to the subway station. The existing low-rise buildings will be supplemented with additional floors where offices and public facilities can settle. The goal is to create urbanity through public spaces and new functions in a currently monofunctional area.

C / FUTURE RESIDENTIAL AREA IN ROTHNEUSIEDL When developing this area, it is especially necessary to refer to its environment and current structure of the surrounding. With efficient land use in the form of row houses, a FSI of 1.2 is to be achieved. Public spaces that support social life must be realized.

E / KURPARK SOUTH - FUTURE RESIDENTIAL AREA This is an infill development so the environment’s structure needs to take into consideration. A concentrated and multifunctional neighborhood needs to be achieved here.

F / BY THE BRIDGE - FUTURE MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT AREA WITH CENTRE POTENTIAL The Landscape Protection Area between the railway tracks and the development area must be protected: it may be developed further, but not built-up. Thus, the fresh air corridor and the green space are maintained. The optimal connection to the north is ensured on the one hand by a Pedestrian and Cycling Bridge that leads over the railway tracks, on the other hand by a bus line. A linear park also connects the extension area to the Kurpark and Liesingbach. Thus, this area will not be isolated despite its peripheral location. In addition, a multifunctional centre must be created here.

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D / URBAN VILLAGE - FUTURE MULTIFUNCTIONAL DEVELOPMENT AREA WITH CENTRE POTENTIAL It is important to consider the surroundings and take building typologies and heights into consideration when planning this area. The biggest challenge is the integration of the two existing roads running through the area with single-family houses. The existing green zones and protected landscape areas must be included in the future master plan in a sustainable way: they can be further developed, but not builtup. The area is also connected through green space connection in the form of linear park with the northern part of Oberlaa and is therefore not to be isolated in the landscape. A smooth transition of building development into the landscape is required. There is also potential for centre development with the desired density, size, multifunctionality and public accessibility of the area.

G / KURPARK NORTH - FUTURE RESIDENTIAL AREA This is an infill development so the environment’s structure needs to take into consideration. A concentrated and multifunctional neighborhood needs to be achieved here.


DESIGN

PROJECTS

Laaer Berg Löwygrube

U

A

4,4 ha

ra erg-St

Laaer-B

Laaer Berger Volkspark

ße

U Favoritenstraße

A23

Industrial Park Rothneusidl

1,7 ha

S

ud

2,2 ha ag

G

2,3 ha

e

Kurpark Oberlaa

U Himbergerstraße

B

Ala

1

1 ha

U Ob erl

2

aa

ers tra

ße

6,9 ha

3 5,7 ha

0,4 ha

C

4

0,8 ha

E 1,1 ha

3 ha 9,4 ha

F BY THE BRIDGE

56 ha

D URBAN VILLAGE Kled

ering erstr

aße

Liesingbac

h

S1

Basics

Building site Green space Consolidation area District extension area

U S

1,7 ha

Projects in planning Agriculture U- Bahn Station S- Bahn Station Railway Highway Gross development area (GDA)

Total: 16,6 Ha GDA | approx. 4.960 residents Projects in planning 1 An der Kuhtrift 2 Grundäckergasse 3 Oberlaa Zentral 4 Fontanastraße Future extension areas Total: 78,3 Ha GDA | approx. 13.280 residents and 6.610 dwelling units A Business centre B Consolidation of the Industrial Park Rothneusidl C Residential area in Rothneusiedl D “Urban Village” - Multifunctional development area with centre potential E Kurpark South - Residential area F "By the bridge” - Multifunctional development area with centre potential G Kurpark North - Residential area

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URBAN PLANNING

THE URBAN VILLAGE VILLAGE OF THE 21ST CENTURY REINTERPRETATION OF THE VILLAGE LIFE FOR THE CITY

The Urban Village presents and promotes diverse and intergenerational lifestyles and ways of living. Here, children can play carefree and trouble-free on the streets, people can let off steam in the Urban Wilderness, experience local food of the permaculture garden and walk for local art and culture to the Haschahof. Village structures meet with urbanization and combine the best of both worlds: creates gentle symbiosis to provide more sustainable, enjoyable and meaningful life. Urban anonymity is replaced by neighborliness. The core family is expanded by the neighborhood family and spaces are platforms of interaction and connection. Thus, Urban Village is not isolated from its surroundings as extension areas often are. On the contrary, there is a linear park as green connection to the Liesingbach and to the public spaces in the Per-Albin-Hansson residential area. The motorized private transport plays a subordinate role while pedestrian and cycle networks and new bus routes are promoted. Although the Urban Village is located on the outskirts of the city, it is still in the middle of life!

36

PORTFOLIO


DESIGN

PROJECTS

TYPOLOGY Typology: Attached buildings with inner courtyards Feature: 2-3 Storeys Function: Residential or mixed-use blocks

Typology: Clusters Feature: 2-3 Storeys Function: Multi-family houses

The village-like structure is reinterpreted for the 21st century and is updated with urbanity. Thus, the design of the new area refers to the existing, partially historic building structure of the environment in terms of density and appearance, but its own identity is created and it is equipped with new meanings and uses. There are two types of building typologies: attached buildings with inner courtyards in the north and cluster buildings in the south. The attached buildings are designed with semi-private, green courtyards mixed with private gardens, which off er communal space for the residents and contribute to a sense of neighborhood. Between the blocks public and community uses take place as well. In the south, there are multi-family houses, ordered to clusters as gentle transitions to the landscape. Between them, communal green spaces are settled that accommodate group activities such as gatherings and games. 37


rstraße

U

URBAN PLANNING

PORTFOLIO

DESIGN ANALISYS

3 /

s Urba n Wild ernes

U

70A

4 /

0m

Urban

Himbergerstraße

Himbergerstraße

U

Wilde rness

2 /

Linea r Par k

1 /

500 m 17A

67

A

Himbergerstraße

Himbergerstraße

U NEW

5 /

U

Kled

6 /

0m

500 m

0m

500 m

Kled

38


DESIGN

PROJECTS

1 / NETWORK AND ACCESS

2 / GREEN SPACE

The area is criss-crossed with public squares and places that are open for various communal activities so they are kept free from private transport. At the same time, this requires traversable walking and cycling network, including the two existing residential streets.

The development area is surrounded by two protected landscape areas, that need to be further developed as an urban wilderness to provide green space and thus immediate recreational opportunities. There are two strategic projects: a linear park that extends the green axis from the Per-Albin-Hansson residential area to the south and, on the other hand, various green spots along the Liesingbach, which should bring people closer to the water. Overall, the green areas make up 9.4 ha.

3 / PUBLIC TRANSPORT

4 / FUNCTION DISTRIBUTION

As the promotion of different public mobility forms, the stops should be accessible from any point of the area between 250 meters. Overall 2 bus lines connect the Urban Village to more

According to our spatial thesis, mixed-use is considered as an essential component of urban development in the 21st century. The new quartier must also offer more than a residential use. Therefore, housing comes together with active ground oors, educational facilities and community spaces in order to create as mixed and heterogeneous neighborhoods as possible.

frequented public transport lines.

5 / CAR USE Private cars are only allowed to run on the collector roads around the area and can be parked in collective garages. With the aim of avoiding competition between public and private transport, collective garages also should be reached within 250 meters. In addition, a car-sharing concept need to be developed for the further stages of the implementation.

6 / LINEAR PARK AS CENTRE OF THE NEW QUARTIER Centres not only connect the new and existing areas but they also create connections between parts of the new quartier and between their inhabitants. The linear park as form of a promenade offers centre-relevant functions such as gastronomy, shopping and consumption-free places as well. Also, the Liesingbach is to be reached on foot.

39


URBAN PLANNING

03

PORTFOLIO

BACHELOR’S THESIS

2018 July Location Supervisor

Technische Universität Wien | Technical University of Vienna Vienna, Austria Leonhard Plank

CO-DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY Models of cooperation between local administration and citizen-driven initiatives in urban (re-)development processes

In

many European cities, self-made urban development (“Stadt-selbermachen”) emerged as a new trend in urban development and regeneration in the wake of the financial and resulting sovereign debt crisis of 2008. The Do-it-Yourself (DIY)-urbanism is a co-productive and citizen-driven urban development where locals not only act as temporary stakeholder of the revitalization but also as initiators that are responsible for the long-run regeneration and development processes. The relevance of grassroots projects in urban (re-)development are constantly increasing especially in areas, where spaces could not be taken to the market on a profit-oriented way or even where market-oriented interests contradict public and local concerns. It is claimed that people put up new demands regarding the way they want to live together and mean to live in a neighborhood where social life and civic engagement take place. 40

The DIY-urban developers have their own vision of how they want to live hence they fulfill these visions by launching local projects thus neighborhood initiatives can be central components of a welfare-oriented urban development. Public administration plays a central role in enabling or hindering the self-organized activism of local grassroots. They often own the properties where these communities and organizations want to conduct their activities and decide on whether to allocate available public budget towards certain activities, or rather develop the legal framework within the operational parameters of these organizations.


BACHELOR’S

T

THESIS

he paper provides an overview of how local authorities (i.e. cities, municipalities, districts) can support local communities through creating necessary tools and frameworks for the efficient, legal and sustainable operation of citizen-driven initiatives as part of local urban (re-)development.

The thesis defines the relevant terms of citizen-driven urban development such as grassroots initiatives, “Raumunternehmen”, co-production and co-governance of the city. Then insight into the shift from participation of citizens in urban planning to the co-production of cities will be provided. This is followed by an elaboration on how the crisis of traditional urban policies as well as economic and financial crisis incentivized citizen-run, civic initiatives in urban regeneration and development processes. Subsequently, the importance of cooperation and the interest of local authorities supporting citizen-driven initiatives is highlighted. Through case studies four European programs (GOOD GROWTH FUND LONDON, BIP/ZIP LISBON, VIVERO DE INICIATIVAS CIUDADAS MADRID / MARES MADRID, SYNATHINA ATHENS) are portrayed as models of co- production and co-governance. The case studies show that municipalities can develop several tools to promote cooperation with the community and support the efficient and sustainable operation of citizendriven initiatives such as providing funding, mentoring and incubating services, consultation with experts, trainings, mapping practices, spaces for knowledge exchange and network-building as well as permission of use of municipality buildings or developing subservient and inclusive urban policies. As a consequent, it can be seen that there is no universal model of co-production or co-governance of cities but there are some tools that municipalities could implement as long as they adapt them to their aims and resources.

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Budapest / 2019

Profile for Barbara Bozsik

URBAN PLANNING PORTFOLIO|BARBARA BOZSIK  

URBAN PLANNING PORTFOLIO|BARBARA BOZSIK  

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