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2010/2011

AFRICAN STUDIES

Bu l awayo Bu r n i n g

S u da n

Nigeria

A new social history by Terence Ranger

The causes of war and the prospect of peace

Nationalism and History Obasanjo and power


Welcome to Boydell & Brewer’s new African Studies catalogue, combining new and forthcoming books from our James Currey and University of Rochester Press imprints. Details of all these books, and our lengthy backlist, may be found online at www.boydellandbrewer.com, where you can

also sign up for publication announcements and our new biannual African Studies e-newsletter, the African Griot. Please note that all paperback editions are available for inspection under our course adoption programme. Just e-mail courseadoption@boydell.co.uk with your request.

C ON T E N T S

Colonial & Military History 7

Land Issues ������������������������������������6, 7

Social History ������������������������11, 12

Development Studies ���������������� 4

Literature ���������������������������������������� 3

Sudan ��������������������������������������������������10

Film ����������������������������������������� 12, 13, 14

Nigeria ������������������������������������������������� 9

Theatre ���������������������������������������12, 13

Human Rights and Conflict 5

Political History ������������������������� 8

Zimbabwe �����������������������������������������11

African Police and Soldiers in Colonial Zimbabwe  S tap l e t o n . ..... 7

Land, Governance, Conflict and the Nuba of Sudan  Kom ey ............. 6

African Theatre 8  BA N HA M et al ...................................................... 12

Literary Adaptations in Black American Cinema  T e pa Lupac k . . 13

African Theatre 9  Ba n ham et al . ..................................................... 12

Men in African Film and Fiction  Ou z ga n e .................................... 14

Afro-Brazilians  A F OL A B I ................................................................... 12

Narrating War and Peace in Africa  Fa l o l a / Haar ....................... 8

Afro-Cuban Diasporas in the Atlantic World  O t e r o ......................... 9

Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa  A L AO . ................................. 6

After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan  G raw e rt ..... 10

Nigeria, Nationalism, and Writing History  Fa l o l a / A d e ri n t o . ................................................................... 9

Alex la Guma  F i e l d .............................................................................. 3 ALT 27 New Novels in African Literature Today  E M EN YON U ........ 12 ALT 28 Film in African Literature Today  Em e n yo n u . .................. 12 And Crocodiles are Hungry at Night  M apa n j e .................................. 5 Becoming Somaliland  B R A D BU RY ...................................................... 4 Between War and Peace in Sudan and Sri Lanka  SHA N M U G A R ATNA M .................................................................. 10 Borders and Borderlands as Resources in the Horn of Africa  F eyissa / Ho e h n e ........................................................................ 4

Nollywood  BA R R OT ............................................................................ 14 Obasanjo, Nigeria and the World  I l iff e ............................................. 9 Peace versus Justice?  Sriram / P i l l ay . ........................................... 6 Political Culture and Nationalism in Malawi  P ow e r ........................ 8 Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars  J o h n s o n ................................... 10 Sudan  LE S C H ....................................................................................... 10 Sudan Handbook  RY LE et al . ............................................................. 10

Bulawayo Burning  R a n g e r ............................................................... 11

Turning Points in African Democracy  M us tapha / W hi t fi e l d . .......................................................... 8

Christopher Okigbo  Nwa ka n ma ....................................................... 3

Violence and Memory  ALEX ANDER / M C GREGOR / RANGER ... 11

Circular Migration in Zimbabwe and Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa  P o t t s ................................................................................... 11

Violence in Nigeria  FALOLA.................................................................. 9

Do Bicycles Equal Development in Mozambique?  Ha n l o n / Smart . ......................................................................... 4 Domesticating Vigilantism in Africa  Kirsch / G r ät z . .................. 5 Fighting for Britain  Ki l l i n gray / P l au t . .................................... 7 From Revolution to Rights in South Africa  R o bi n s ............................ 5

War Veterans in Zimbabwe’s Revolution  S ad omba .......................... 6 White Chief, Black Lords  M c C l e n d o n ........................................... 11 Women’s Authority and Society in Early East-Central Africa  S aidi . ................................................................................................ 12 Zimbabwe’s Land Reform  S c o o n e s et al . ......................................... 7

Germany’s Genocide of the Herero  S A R K I N ......................................... 5 Hemingway and Africa  M a n d e l ........................................................ 3 Identity Economics  M e agh e r . ........................................................... 4 Ira Aldridge  Li n df o rs ...................................................................... 13 Ira Aldridge’s Early Years  Li n df o rs ................................................. 13 Cover: S. Rwafa and family, Wondedzo Extension A1 resettlement, Masvingo district, Zimbabwe, February 2010 (© Ian Scoones). From Zimbabwe’s Land Reform (page 7).

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african literature

Alex la Guma

Christopher Okigbo 1930-67

Ro g e r Fi e l d

Obi Nwakan ma

Best known as a novelist and political activist, Alex la Guma (1925-85) was also a journalist, comic strip artist, reviewer, sketcher, painter, short story writer and travel writer. Born in Cape Town’s famous multiracial District Six, he was a founder member of the South African Coloured People’s Organisation and a leading member of the Congress Alliance during the 1950s and 1960s. Due to his political activity he was detained without trial, shot at, placed under house arrest, and ultimately tried for treason in 1956-61. He reluctantly went into exile in 1966, where he continued his writing and political work for the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party, travelling widely as an ANC spokesperson on cultural matters. In 1979 he became the ANC’s Chief Representative in Central and Latin America and moved to Havana, where he died in 1985. This book combines biography with literary and political analyses to offer fresh insights into his major texts: A Walk in the Night (1962), And a Threefold Cord (1964), The Stone Country (1967), In the Fog of the Seasons’ End (1972), A Soviet Journey (1975) and Time of the Butcherbird (1979). ROGER FIELD is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of English at the University of the Western Cape.

Christopher Okigbo, once described as ‘Africa’s most lyrical poet of the twentieth century’ was killed in September 1967, fighting for the independence of Biafra. The Sunday Times described his death as ‘the single most important tragedy of the Nigerian civil war’. The manner in which Okigbo died typified the passionate, tortured and dramatic quality of his life. Widely considered along with Wole Soyinka and Chinua Achebe as part of modern Nigeria’s greatest literary triumvirate, Okigbo’s death promoted him to cult status among subsequent generations of African writers. This is the first full biography of the Nigerian poet. It places Okigbo within the turmoil of his generation and illustrates the aspects of his life that gave rise to such an intense poetry. How did his experience in the prestigious, English-type boarding school, Umuahia, where he was known more as a sportsman than a scholar, influence his life and later choices? Why was he sacked from the colonial service, and how did that lead him towards a search for private recovery, and ultimately towards poetry? What led him to take up arms? In other words, how did his eclectic pursuits as high school teacher, university librarian, publisher, gun-runner and guerrilla fuel his poetic drive? OBI NWAKANMA, journalist and poet, is Assistant Professor in the Department of English at Truman State University, Kirksville, Missouri.

A Literary and Political Biography

Southern Africa: Jacana (paperback) £50.00/$95.00(s), February 2010, 978 1 84701 017 9 28 b/w & 19 line illustrations, 272pp, HB

Thirsting for Sunlight

A powerful narrative of a brilliant, mischievous, wandering soul trying to find himself, and eventually doing so through the creative act of writing poetry.  BUSI NESS DAY L AGOS Nigeria: HEBN (Paperback) £55.00/$85.00(s), March 2010, 978 1 84701 013 1 12 b/w & 3 line illustrations, 304pp, HB

Hemingway and Africa Edited by M iriam M a n de l Hemingway’s two extended African safaris, the first in the 1930s and the second in the 1950s, gave rise to two of his best-known stories (“The Snows of Kilimanjaro” and “The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber”), a considerable amount of journalism and correspondence, and two nonfiction books, Green Hills of Africa (1935), about the first safari, and True at First Light (1999) and the longer version, Under Kilimanjaro (2005), about the second. Africa also figures largely in the important posthumous novel The Garden of Eden (1986). Considering the time Hemingway spent not only on the safaris but also in preparing for them beforehand and writing about them afterwards, Africa was a major factor in his life and work. But surprisingly little scholarship has been devoted to this aspect of Hemingway’s oeuvre. This book fills that empty niche, opening the way for a long-delayed and multi-faceted conversation on a neglected aspect of Hemingway’s work. Topics treated include historical, theoretical, biographical, theological, and literary interpretations of Hemingway’s African topics and motifs. There is also an up-todate, annotated review of the scholarship on the African works and a bibliography of Hemingway’s reading on natural history, and other topics relevant to Africa. Contributors: Silvio Calabi, Suzanne del Gizzo, Beatriz Penas Ibáñez, Jeremiah M. Kitunda, Kelli A. Larson, Miriam B. Mandel, Chikako Matsushita, Frank Mehring, Erik G. R. Nakjavani, James Plath. Miriam B. Mandel is retired as Senior Lecturer in the Department of English and American Studies at Tel Aviv University.

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£45.00/$80.00(s), June 2011, 978 1 57113 483 7 12 b/w illustrations, 288pp, HB Studies in American Literature and Culture

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D E V E LO P M E NT STUDIES

Borders and Borderlands as Resources in the Horn of Africa Edited by De r e j e F eyissa & Mar kus Virgi l Hoe h n e State borders are more than barriers. They structure social, economic and political spaces and as such provide opportunities as well as obstacles for the communities straddling both sides of the border. This book deals with the conduits and opportunities of state borders in the Horn of Africa, and investigates how the people living there exploit state borders through various strategies. Using a micro level perspective, the case studies, which include the Horn and Eastern Africa, particularly the borders of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, focus on opportunities, highlight the agency of the borderlanders, and acknowledge the permeability but consequentiality of the borders. DEREJE FEYISSA, Max Planck Institute of Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany; MARKUS VIRGIL HOEHNE, Max Planck Institute of Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany. £40.00/$90.00(s), June 2010, 978 1 84701 018 6 7 line illustrations, 224pp, HB Eastern Africa Series

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Becoming Somaliland M A RK BR A DBU RY When does a country become a state? On 18 May 1991, the leaders of the Somali. National Movement and the elders of northern Somali clans proclaimed that they were setting up the new Republic of Somaliland. Why has Somaliland not followed Somalia into ‘state collapse’? Published in association with Progressio; South Africa: Jacana; Uganda: Fountain Publishers £14.99, April 2008, 978 1 84701 310 1 288pp, PB African Issues

NEW i n pap e rbac k

Do Bicycles Equal Development in Mozambique? Jo se ph Ha n lon & T e r esa Smart Is Mozambique an African success story? It has 7 percent a year growth rate and substantial foreign investment. Seventeen years after the war of destabilisation, the peace has held. Mozambique is the donors’ model pupil, carefully following their prescriptions and receiving more than a billion dollars a year in aid. The number of bicycles has doubled and this is often cited as the symbol of development. In this book the authors challenge some key assumptions of both the donors and the government and ask questions such as whether there has been too much stress on the Millennium Development Goals and too little support for economic development; if it makes sense to target the poorest of the poor, or would it be better to target those who create the jobs which will employ the poor; whether there has been too much emphasis on foreign investment and too little on developing domestic capital; and if the private sector really will end poverty, or must there be a stronger role for the state in the economy? This book is about more than Mozambique. Mozambique is an apparent success story that is used to justify the present ‘post-Washington consensus’ development model. Here, the case of Mozambique is situated within the broader development debate. Joseph Hanlon is Senior Lecturer at the Open University and the author of Beggar Your Neighbours; Mozambique: Who Calls the Shots?; and Peace without Profit (all published by James Currey) which have all made influential interventions in the development debate; Teresa Smart is Director of the London Mathematics Centre, Institute of Education. £17.99/$27.95, March 2010, 978 1 84701 318 7 25 b/w & 14 line illustrations, 256pp, PB

Identity Economics

Social Networks and the Informal Economy in Nigeria Kat e M e aghe r This book challenges the prevailing assumption that the problem of African development lies in bad cultural institutions by showing that informal economic governance in Nigeria is shaped, not just by culture, but by the disruptive effects of rapid liberalization, state decline and political capture. Identity Economics traces the rise of two dynamic informal enterprise clusters in Nigeria, and explores their slide into trajectories of Pentecostalism, poverty and violent vigilantism. Drawing on over twenty years of empirical research on African informal economies, the author highlights the institutional legacies, networking strategies and globalizing dynamics that shape the regulatory role of social networks in Africa’s largest and most turbulent economy. Through an ethnography of informal economic governance, this book shows how ties of ethnicity, class, gender and religion are used to restructure enterprise networks in response to contemporary economic challenges. Moving beyond primordialist interpretations of African culture, attention is drawn to the critical role of the state and the macro-economic policy environment in shaping trajectories of informal economic governance. KATE MEAGHER is a former Research Associate at Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford and is currently a Lecturer in the Development Studies Institute at the London School of Economics.

��� Nigeria: HEBN

£16.99/$34.95, February 2010, 978 1 84701 016 2 4 line illustrations, 224pp, PB African Issues

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HUMAN RIGHTS & CONF L ICT

NEW i n pap e rbac k

From Revolution to Rights in South Africa

Social Movements, NGOs and Popular Politics After Apartheid St ev e n L. Robi n s Critics of liberalism in Europe and North America argue that a stress on ‘rights talk’ and identity politics has led to fragmentation, individualisation and depoliticisation. But are these developments really signs of ‘the end of politics’? In the post-colonial, post-apartheid, neo-liberal new South Africa poor and marginalised citizens continue to struggle for land, housing and health care. They must respond to uncertainty and radical contingencies on a daily basis. This requires multiple strategies, an engaged, practised citizenship, one that links the daily struggle to well organised mobilisation around claiming rights. Robins argues for the continued importance of NGOs, social movements and other ‘civil society’ actors in creating new forms of citizenship and democracy. He goes beyond the sanitised prescriptions of ‘good governance’ so often touted by development agencies. Instead he argues for a complex, hybrid and ambiguous relationship between civil society and the state, where new negotiations around citizenship emerge. Steven L. Robins is Professor of Social Anthropology in the University of Stellenbosch and editor of Limits to Liberation after Apartheid (James Currey). In this magnificent book, unearthing case studies from academic journals, Robins examines rightsbased social movements and the resurgence of the ‘traditional’ in communal identity politics. Highly recommended.  CHOICE Southern Africa: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press(PB) £17.99/$34.95, November 2010, 978 1 84701 201 2 5 line illustrations, 208pp, PB

Domesticating Vigilantism in Africa

And Crocodiles are Hungry at Night

Edited by Thomas G. Kirsch & Tilo Grätz

Prison Memoir

Jac k M apanj e

Self-justice and legal self-help groups have been gaining importance throughout Africa. The question of who is entitled to formulate ‘legal principles’, enact ‘justice’, police ‘morality’ and sanction ‘wrongdoings’ has increasingly become a subject of controversy and conflict. These conflicts focus on the strained relationship between state sovereignty and citizens’ self-determination. More particularly, they concern the conditions, modes and means of the legitimate execution of power, and in this volume are seen as a diagnostics as to how social actors in Africa debate and practise socio-political order. State agencies try to bring vigilante groups under control by channelling their activities, repressing them, or using them for their own interests. Vigilante groups usually must struggle for recognition and acceptance in local sociopolitical spheres. As several of the contributions in the volume show, legal self-help groups in Africa therefore ‘domesticate’ themselves by, among other things, seeking legitimation, engaging in publicly acceptable non-vigilante activities, or institutionalizing what often began as a rather unrestrained and ‘disorderly’ social movement. Thomas G. Kirsch is Professor of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Constance, Germany; Tilo Grätz is Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany.

In 1981 Jack Mapanje was a budding poet and scholar in Malawi. His first collection of poetry, Of Chameleons and Gods had just been published and reviewers were already hailing it as the work of a new and important African voice. His scholarly work in linguistics was also transforming language and literary studies in Central Africa and drawing international attention to the works of writers and critics from the region. Mapanje’s poetry was remarkable not only because of his keen sense of sound and place, but also its tense relationship with its context: here was a compelling lyrical voice, producing a musical and touching verse in a country that was under the iron heel of a selfproclaimed dictator and life-president, Kamuzu Banda, Ngwazi. That Mapanje had been able to write such powerful poetry under official rules of censorship was a remarkable feat. But two years later, the state ordered the withdrawal of Mapanje’s poetry from all schools, institutions of higher learning, and bookstores. In 1987, after attending a regional language conference in Zimbabwe, Mapanje was arrested by the Malawian secret police and bundled off to prison where he was to stay under lock and key, without any formal charges, until 1991. This book is a recollection of those years in prison. Written in the tradition of the African prison memoir, and often echoing the works of other famous prison graduates such as Wole Soyinka (The Man Died) and Ngugi wa Thiong’o (Detained), the memoir represents Mapanje’s retrospective attempt to explain the cause and terms of his imprisonment, to recall, in tranquillity as it were, the terror of arrest, the process of incarceration, and the daily struggle to hold on to some measure of spiritual freedom.’ Simon Gikandi, Professor of English, Princeton University

£40.00/$75.00(s), November 2010, 978 1 84701 028 5 2 b/w illustrations, 192pp, HB

£25.00/$45.00, February 2011, 978 1 84701 031 5 240pp, HB

Germany’s Genocide of the Herero

Why Kaiser Wilhelm II Gave the Order J E R E M Y S A RK IN This study recounts the reasons why the order for the Herero genocide was very likely issued by the Kaiser himself, and why proof of this has not emerged before now. JEREMY SARKIN is Chairperson-Rapporteur of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, and is at present Distinguished Visiting Professor of Law at Hofstra University in Hempstead, New York. South Africa: University of Cape Town Press/Juta £45.00/$95.00(s), March 2011, 978 9 11000 152 7 264pp, HB

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H U M A N R I G HTS & CONF L ICT / LAND ISSUES

Peace versus Justice?

The Dilemmas of Transitional Justice in Africa Edited by C ha n dra L e k ha Sriram & Sur e n Pi l l ay The chapters in this volume consider a wide range of approaches to accountability and peacebuilding. These include not only domestic courts and tribunals, hybrid tribunals, or the International Criminal Court, but also truth commissions and informal or non-state justice and conflict resolution processes. Taken together, they demonstrate the wealth of experiences and experimentation in transitional justice processes on the continent. CHANDRA LEKHA SRIRAM is Professor of Human Rights at the School of Law, University of East London, United Kingdom. She is also the Chair of the International Studies Association Human Rights Section and consults on issues of governance and conflict prevention for the United Nations Development Programme. SUREN PILLAY is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Political Studies at the University of the Western Cape, South Africa, and a Senior Research Specialist in the Democracy and Governance programme of the Human Sciences Research Council. Southern Africa: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press £19.99/$37.95, May 2010, 978 1 84701 021 6 392pp, PB

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa

War Veterans in Zimbabwe’s Revolution

Challenging neo-colonialism, settler and international capital Z va ka n yorwa W il bert S ad omba Traces the roots of Zimbabwe’s well known, but little analysed, revolution of 2000 to the 1970s guerrilla war, revealing the foundational philosophies, cosmologies and experiences that are manifest in the war veterans-led revolution. The book is a bold account of an ongoing bottomup struggle against neo-colonialism, settler economy and international capital. It traces the unfolding events of Zimbabwe’s war of liberation, revealing little-known facts that help to explain the complexity of current politics, ideology and class conflicts. Based on grounded empirical research this scholarly analysis differs significantly from the standard journalistic accounts of this topic. The book illustrates that the popular land occupations of 2000 were part of a much wider current under the surface that reconfigured industry, mining, finance, commerce and trade. War veterans led a revolution that challenged the state, ruling ZANU PF, the MDC, President Robert Mugabe, settler and international capital. Zimbabwe’s revolution sets a new agenda and raises anew the intriguing question ‘what are the people of Africa trying to free themselves from and what are they trying to establish?’ Zvakanyorwa Wilbert Sadomba is a Lecturer in the Department of Sociology, University of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe: Weaver Press £40.00/$80.00(s), January 2011, 978 1 84701 025 4 8 b/w & 7 line illustrations, 256pp, HB

The Tragedy of Endowment

Land, Governance, Conflict and the Nuba of Sudan G uma Kun da Kom ey The conventional perspective on Sudan’s recent civil war (1983– 2005) – one of the longest and most complex conflicts in Africa – emphasises ethnicity as the main cause. This study, on the contrary, identifies the land factor as a root cause that is central to understanding Sudan’s local conflicts and large-scale wars. Land rights are about relationships between and among persons, pertaining to different economic and ritual activities. Rights to land are intimately tied to membership in specific communities, from the family to the nation-state. Control over land in Africa has been, and still is, used as a means of defining identity and belonging, an instrument to control, and a source of, political power. Membership of these communities is contested, negotiable, and changeable over time. For national governments land is a national economic resource for public and private development, but the interests and rights of rural majorities and their sedentary or nomadic subsistence forms of life are often difficult to harmonise with land policies pursued by national governments. The state’s exclusionary land policies and politics of limiting or denying communities their land rights play a crucial role in causing local conflicts that then can escalate into large-scale wars. Land issues increase the complexity of a conflict, thereby reducing the possibility of managing, resolving, or ultimately transforming it. The conflict in the Nuba Mountains in central Sudan, the regional focus in this study, is living proof of this transformation. Guma Kunda Komey is Assistant Professor of Human Geography, Juba University, Sudan. £40.00/$80.00(s), January 2011, 978 1 84701 026 1 6 line illustrations, 288pp, HB Eastern Africa Series

A BIODU N A L AO The first comprehensive account of the linkage between natural resources and political and social conflict in Africa. An excellent survey bursting with facts, figures and interesting case studies. Its structure is wonderful. A F R IC AN STUDIE S REVI EW

£50.00/$85.00, September 2007, 978 1 58046 267 9 6 b/w illus.; 376pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

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LAND ISSUES / CO LONIA L & MI LITARY HISTORY

Zimbabwe’s Land Reform Myths and Realities Ia n Sc o on e s et al. Ten years after the land invasions of 2000, this book provides the first full account of the consequences of these dramatic events. This land reform overturned a century-old pattern of land use, one dominated by a small group of large-scale commercial farmers, many of whom were white. But what replaced it? This book challenges five myths through the examination of the field data from Masvingo province: • Myth 1: Zimbabwean land reform has been a total failure. • Myth 2: The beneficiaries of Zimbabwean land reform have been largely political ‘cronies’. • Myth 3: There is no investment in the new resettlements. • Myth 4: Agriculture is in complete ruins creating chronic food insecurity. • Myth 5: The rural economy has collapsed. By challenging these myths, and suggesting alternative policy narratives, this book presents the story as it has been observed on the ground: warts and all. What comes through very strongly is the complexity, the differences, almost farm by farm: there is no single, simple story of the Zimbabwe land reform as sometimes assumed by press reports, political commentators, or indeed much academic study. Ian Scoones, Professorial Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, with co-authors Nelson Marongwe, Blasio Mavedzenge, Jacob Mahenehene, Felix Murimbarimba and Chrispen Sukume. Zimbabwe: Weaver Press Southern Africa: Jacana £16.99/$34.95, November 2010, 978 1 84701 024 7 16 line illustrations, 304pp, PB African Issues

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Fighting for Britain African Soldiers in the Second World War David Kil l ingray with Mart i n Pl aut During the Second World War over half-a-million African troops served with the British Army as combatants and non-combatants in campaigns in the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Italy and Burma – the largest single movement of African men overseas since the slave trade. This account, based mainly on oral evidence and soldiers’ letters, tells the story of the African experience of the war. It is a ‘history from below’ that describes how men were recruited for a war about which most knew very little. Army life exposed them to a range of new and startling experiences: new foods and forms of discipline, uniforms, machines and rifles, notions of industrial time, travel overseas, new languages and cultures, numeracy and literacy. In this book African soldiers describe in their own words what it was like to undergo army training, to travel on a vast ocean, to experience battle, and their hopes and disappointments on demobilisation. DAVID KILLINGRAY is Professor Emeritus of History, Goldsmiths, and Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London. A ground-breaking book which reveals as much about the imperial British as it does about their African subjects.  NORTH SOUT H David Killingray’s fascinating new book sets out in compelling prose and finely researched detail the extraordinary story of Africa’s stalwart and generous support of the Empire’s most perilous of wars.  TLS £45.00/$95.00(s), March 2010, 978 1 84701 015 5 16 b/w & 3 line illustrations, 304pp, HB

African Police and Soldiers in Colonial Zimbabwe (1923–80) Timot hy Stapl eton Making use of archival documents, period newspapers, and oral interviews, African Police and Soldiers in Colonial Zimbabwe examines the ambiguous experience of black security personnel, police, and soldiers in white-ruled Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) from 1923 through independence and majority rule in 1980. Across the continent, European colonial rule could not have been maintained without African participation in the police and army. In Southern Rhodesia, lack of white manpower meant that despite fear of mutiny, blacks played an increasingly prominent role in law enforcement and military operations, and from World War II constituted a strong majority within the regular security forces. Despite danger, Africans volunteered for the police and army for a variety of reasons including the prestige of wearing a uniform, the possibility of excitement, family traditions, material considerations, and patriotism. As black police and soldiers were called upon to perform more specialized tasks, they acquired greater education and some - particularly African police - became part of the emerging westernized African middle class. After retirement, career African police and soldiers often continued to work in the security field, some becoming prominent entrepreneurs or commercial farmers, and generally composed a conservative, loyalist element in African society that the government eventually mobilized to counter the growth of African nationalism. Tim Stapleton here mines rich archival sources to clarify the complicated dynamic and legacy of black military personal who served during colonial rule in present-day Zimbabwe. Timothy Stapleton is professor of history at Trent University in Ontario. £50.00/$90.00(s), June 2011, 978 1 58046 380 5 20 b/w illustrations, 336 pp, HB

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P OL I T I C AL H ISTORY

Political Culture and Nationalism in Malawi

Narrating War and Peace in Africa

Joey P ow er

Edited by Toyi n Fa lol a & H et t y t e r Haar

Building Kwacha

Inspired by the events leading up to the overthrow of Doctor Hastings Kamuzu Banda’s Life Presidency, this book explores the deep logic of Malawi’s political culture as it emerged in the colonial and early post-colonial periods. It draws on archival sources from three continents and oral testimonies gathered over a ten-year period provided by those who lived these events. Power narrates how anticolonial protest was made relevant to the African majority through the painstaking engagement of politicians in local grievances and struggles, which they then linked to the fight against white settler domination in the guise of the Central African Federation. She also explores how Doctor Banda (leader of independent Malawi for thirty years), the Nyasaland African Congress, and its successor, the Malawi Congress Party, functioned within this political culture, and how the MCP became a formidable political machine. Central to this process was the deployment of women and youth to cut across parochial politics and consolidate a broad base of support. No less important was the deliberate manipulation of history and the use of rumor and innuendo, symbol and pageantry, persecution and reward. It was this mix that made people both accept and reject the MCP regime, sometimes simultaneously. Joey Power is professor of history at Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario. £50.00/$85.00(s), January 2010, 978 1 58046 310 2 6 b/w & 2 line illustrations, 352pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

While Africa has experienced conflict throughout its history, those wars of the latter half of the twentieth century seem to have defined and reinforced the myth of barbarism: in Nigeria, Rwanda, Somalia, Sierra Leone, Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique, Chad, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Sudan. The essays in this volume strive to address the reductive and stereotypical assumptions of postcolonial violence as “tribal” in nature, and offers instead various perspectives to foster a less fetishized, more contextualized understanding of African war, peace, and memory. Contributors: Ann Albuyeh, Zermarie Deacon, Alicia C. Decker, Aména Moïnfar, Kayode Omoniyi Ogunfolabi, Sabrina Parent, Susan Rasmussen, Michael Sharp, Cheryl Sterling, Hetty ter Haar, Melissa Tully, Pamela Wadende, Metasebia Woldemariam, Jonathan Zilberg. Toyin Falola is the Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor and University Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. Hetty ter Haar is an independent researcher in England.

www

£45.00/$80.00(s), October 2010, 978 1 58046 330 0 3 b/w illustrations, 344pp, HB

Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

N ew i n pap e rbac k

Turning Points in African Democracy Edited by A bdul R aufu M ustapha & Li n dsay W hi t fi e l d Radical changes have taken place in Africa since 1990. What are the realities of these changes? What significant differences have emerged between African countries? What is the future for democracy in the continent? The editors have chosen eleven key countries to provide enlightening comparisons and contrasts to stimulate discussion among students. They have brought together a team of scholars who are actively working in the changing Africa of today. Each chapter is structured around a framing event which defines the experience of democratisation. The editors have provided an overview of the turning points in African politics. They engage with debates on how to study and evaluate democracy in Africa, such as the limits of elections. They identify four major themes with which to examine similarities and divergences as well as to explain change and continuity in what happened in the past. Abdul Raufu Mustapha is University Lecturer in African Politics at Queen Elizabeth House and Kirk-Greene Fellow at St Antony’s College, University of Oxford; Lindsay Whitfield is a Research Fellow at the Danish Institute of International Studies, Copenhagen. Highly recommended.  

CHOIC E

£17.99/$34.95, November 2010, 978 1 84701 316 3 256pp, PB £55.00/$105.00(s), July 2009, 978 1 84701 317 0 255pp, HB

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REGIONA L: NIGERIA

Afro-Cuban Diasporas in the Atlantic World

Nigeria, Nationalism, and Writing History

Obasanjo, Nigeria and the World

S ol imar Ot e ro

Toyi n Fa lol a & S ahe e d A de rin to

Joh n I liff e

Afro-Cuban Diasporas in the Atlantic World explores how Yoruba and Afro-Cuban communities moved across the Atlantic between the Americas and Africa in successive waves in the nineteenth century. In Havana, Yoruba slaves from Lagos banded together to buy their freedom and sail home to Nigeria. Once in Lagos, this Cuban repatriate community became known as the Aguda. This community built their own neighborhood that celebrated their Afrolatino heritage. For these Yoruba and Afro-Cuban diasporic populations, nostalgic constructions of family and community play the role of narrating and locating a longed-for home. By providing a link between the workings of nostalgia and the construction of home, this volume re-theorizes cultural imaginaries as a source for diasporic community reinvention. Through ethnographic fieldwork and research in folkloristics, Otero reveals that the Aguda identify strongly with their Afro-Cuban roots in contemporary times. Their fluid identity moves from Yoruba to Cuban, and back again, in a manner that illustrates the truly cyclical nature of transnational Atlantic community affiliation. Solimar Otero is assistant professor of English and folklore at Louisiana State University and is research associate and visiting professor at the Women’s Studies in Religion Program at the Harvard Divinity School from 2009 - 2010.

The second half of the twentieth century saw the publication of massive amounts of literature on Nigeria by Nigerian and non-Nigerian historians. This volume reflects on that literature, focusing on those works by Nigerians in the context of the rise and decline of African nationalist historiography. Given the diminishing share in the global output of literature on Africa by African historians, it has become crucial to reintroduce Africans into historical writing about Africa. As the authors attempt here to rescue older voices, they also rehabilitate a stale historiography by revisiting the issues, ideas, and moments that produced it. This revivalism also challenges Nigerian historians of the twenty-first century to study the nation in new ways, to comprehend its modernity, and to frame a new set of questions on Nigeria’s future and globalization. Nigeria is not only one of the early birthplaces of modern African history, but has also produced members of the first generation of African historians whose contributions to the development and expansion of modern African history are undeniable. The book highlights the careers of some of Nigeria’s notable historians of the first and second generation. Toyin Falola is Frances Higginbotham Nalle Centennial Professor of history at the University of Texas at Austin. Saheed Aderinto is assistant professor of history at Western Carolina University.

£40.00/$75.00(s), July 2010, 978 1 58046 326 3 12 b/w illustrations, 264pp, HB

£40.00/$75.00(s), December 2010, 978 1 58046 358 4 392 pp, HB

Olusegun Obasanjo was Nigeria’s military head of state (1976-9) and President (1999-2007). His career is made the focus for a history of Nigeria’s first fifty years of independence (1960-2010) and of African continental affairs during the same period (Obasanjo having been an active opponent of apartheid and an architect of the African Union). The most important African leader of his generation, Obasanjo has had an extraordinarily diverse career as soldier, politician, statesman, farmer, author, political prisoner, Baptist preacher, and family patriarch. As a soldier, he secured the victory in Nigeria’s civil war. As military head of state, he returned the country to civilian rule. For the next 20 years he was ceaselessly active, before spending three years as a political prisoner. Released from prison, Obasanjo served Nigeria as elected President from 1999 to 2007, until his growing authoritarianism and his manipulation of his successor’s election ruined his reputation among many Nigerians. This book argues that the controversial end to his presidency must be understood in the light of his earlier career. The author has used mainly published sources, especially Nigerian newspapers and political memoirs, as well as recently released FCO documents in Britain. John Iliffe is a Fellow of St John’s College, Cambridge. He retired as Professor of African History at Cambridge in 2006 and has published widely on African history.

Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

£45.00/$90.00(s), February 2011, 978 1 84701 027 8 2 line illustrations, 320pp, HB

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Violence in Nigeria

The Crisis of Religious Politics and Secular Ideologies TOY I N FA LOL A A comprehensive study of religious violence and aggression in Nigeria, notably its causes, consequences, and the options for conflict resolution. £25.00/$45.00, March 2009, 978 1 58046 052 1 408pp, PB

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Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

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R E G I O NA L : S UDAN

After the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan Edited by E l k e G raw ert After a long process of peace negotiations the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed on 9 January 2005 between the Government of Sudan (GOS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). The CPA raised initial hopes that it would be the foundation block for lasting peace in Sudan. This book compiles scholarly analyses of the implementation of the power sharing agreement of the CPA, of ongoing conflicts with particular respect to land issues, of the challenges of the reintegration of internally displaced people and refugees, and of the repercussions of the CPA in other regions of Sudan as well as in neighbouring countries. ELKE GRAWERT, Faculty of Economics and Institute for World Economics and International Management, University of Bremen, Germany. £40.00/$75.00(s), October 2010, 978 1 84701 022 3 6 line illustrations, 312pp, HB Eastern Africa Series

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Between War and Peace in Sudan and Sri Lanka

Deprivation and Livelihood Revival Edited by N . SHA N M U G A R ATNA M The consequences of the internal wars of the Sudan and Sri Lanka have been devastating for human and livelihood security and for these two countries’ overall development. Both countries have records of failed attempts to resolve their conflicts by political means; both have been going through internationally facilitated peace processes which have also been linked to postconflict development. Each intra-state conflict has its distinct historical, political, economic and cultural characteristics. Yet there are parallels between two developing countries in which post-colonial state formation has become mired in prolonged anti-state armed conflict. This book addresses from different angles and different levels the issues of conflict resolution, peace preparation, people’s perceptions of the impact of conflict on their lives, warinduced grievances, relief, vulnerability, poverty, livelihood revival and social mobility, and development. £19.99, January 2008, 978 1 84701 102 2 208pp, PB

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R ev ise d e di t io n

The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars Comprehensive Peace or Temporary Truce?

D oug l as H . John s on Sudan’s postindependence history has been dominated by political and civil strife. Most commentators have attributed the country’s recurring civil war either to an age-old racial divide between Arabs and Africans, or to recent colonially constructed inequalities. This book attempts a more complex analysis, briefly examining the historical, political, economic and social factors which have contributed to periodic outbreaks of violence between the state and its peripheries. In tracing historical continuities, it outlines the essential differences between the modern Sudan’s first civil war in the 1960s and the current war. It also looks at the series of minor civil wars generated by, and contained within, the major conflict, as well as the regional and international factors - including humanitarian aid - which have exacerbated civil violence. This introduction is aimed at students of North-East Africa, and of conflict and ethnicity. It should be useful for people in aid and international organizations who need a straightforward analytical survey which will help them assess the prospects for a lasting peace in Sudan. Revised to include an analysis of the escalation of the Darfur war, implementation of the peace agreement, and implications of the Southern referendum. Douglas H. Johnson is an independent scholar and former international expert on the Abyei Boundaries Commission. Anyone wanting to understand this African tragedy should read Douglas Johnson’s The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars [...] Mr. Johnson offers a brilliant analysis of the war and its causes written in simple, clear prose.  T HE EC ONOMIST £16.99/$29.95, July 2011, 978 1 84701 029 2 2 line illustrations, 256pp, PB African Issues

The Sudan Handbook Edited by Joh n Ry l e et al. The Sudan Handbook, based on the Rift Valley Institute’s successful Sudan Field Course, is an authoritative and accessible introduction to Sudan, vividly written and edited by leading Sudanese and international specialists. The handbook offers a concise introduction to all aspects of the country, rooted in a broad historical account of the development of the Sudanese state. It consists of eighteen self-contained, crossreferenced chapters, covering essential topics in the geography, history, sociology, culture and politics of the country, written by outstanding Sudanese scholars and recognized international experts. It includes numerous purpose-drawn maps and diagrams, glossaries of key terms, capsule biographies of key figures, a chronology and a bibliography. JOHN RYLE, Rift Valley Institute and Department of Anthropology, Bard College, USA; JUSTIN WILLIS, Department of History, Durham University, and former Director of the British Institute in Eastern Africa; SULIMAN BALDO, International Center for Transitional Justice, New York, International Crisis Group; JOK MADUT JOK, Department of History, Loyola Marymount University, USA. £19.99/$37.95, May 2011, 978 1 84701 030 8 20 line illustrations, 224pp, PB

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

The Sudan

Contested National Identities A NN MO SLEY LE S C H This text provides a comprehensive analysis of Sudan’s unresolved struggle between supporters of the majoritarian vision who seek to create a cohesive Arab-Islamic state and the pluralists who strive for equality before the law. Students of Sudanese studies will be grateful to Ann Lesch for pulling so much material together in this book.  JOUR NAL OF MODERN AFRICA N STUDIES This is a refreshingly straightforward political history of the Sudan which aims primarily to clarify and elucidate what has become of one of the most intractable civil wars in Africa. I NTE RNAT IONAL AFFAIRS

North America: Indiana University Press £19.99, January 1999, 978 0 85255 823 2 3 b/w illus.; 336pp, PB

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REGIONA L: ZIMBABWE / SOUTH AFRICA

Bulawayo Burning

The Social History of a Southern African City, 1893–1960

Circular Migration in Zimbabwe and Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa

White Chief, Black Lords

T e re nce R a ng e r

De b orah P ot t s

Thomas V. M c C l e nd on

This book is designed as a tribute and response to Yvonne Vera’s famous novel Butterfly Burning, which is set in the Bulawayo townships in 1946 and dedicated to the author. It is an attempt to explore what historical research and reconstruction can add to the literary imagination. Responding as it does to a novel, this history imitates some fictional modes. Two of its chapters are in effect ‘scenes’, dealing with brief periods of intense activity. Others are in effect biographies of ‘characters’. The book draws upon and quotes from a rich body of urban oral memory. In addition to this historical/literary interaction the book is a contribution to the historiography of southern African cities, bringing out the experiential and cultural dimensions, and combining black and white urban social history. TERENCE RANGER is Emeritus Rhodes Professor of Race Relations, University of Oxford.

Circular migration, whereby rural migrants do not remain permanently in town, has particular significance in the academic literature on development and urbanization in Africa, often having negative connotations in southern Africanist studies due to its links with an iniquitous migrant labour system. Literature on other African regions often views circular migration more positively. This book reviews the current evidence about circular migration and urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa. The author challenges the dominant view that rural-urban migration continues unabated and shows that circular migration has continued and has adapted, with faster out-migration in the face of declining urban economic opportunities. The empirical core of the book illustrates these trends through a detailed examination of the case of Zimbabwe based on the author’s longstanding research on Harare. The political and economic changes in Zimbabwe since the 1980s transformed Harare from one of the best African cities to live in over this period to one of the worst. Harare citizens’ livelihoods exemplify, in microcosm, the central theme of the book: the re-invention of circulation and rural-urban links in response to economic change. Deborah Potts is Senior Lecturer in Geography, King’s College London.

White Chief, Black Lords explores the tensions and contradictions between the colonial civilizing mission and the practice of indirect rule. While colonial states professed that their guiding imperative was to transform colonized societies and bring them within “civilized” norms, fiscal limitations resulted in ruling through indigenous authorities and customs. In this book, Thomas McClendon analyzes this deep contradiction by looking at several crises and key turning points in the early decades of colonial rule in the British colony of Natal, later part of South Africa. He focuses a keen eye on the long tenure of Theophilus Shepstone as that colony’s Secretary for Native affairs, examining his interactions with subject African communities. In a series of case studies, including high drama over rebellions by African “chiefs” and their followers and intense debates over the control of witchcraft, White Chief, Black Lords shows that these colonial imperatives led to a self-defeating conundrum. In the process of attempting to rule through African leaders and norms yet to discipline and transform African subjects, the colonial state inevitably was itself transformed and became, in part, an African state. McClendon concludes by spotlighting the continuing importance of these unresolved contradictions in post-apartheid South Africa. Thomas McClendon is a professor of history at Southwestern University in Georgetown, Texas.

Zimbabwe: Weaver Press £45.00/$90.00(s), September 2010, 978 1 84701 020 9 10 b/w & 5 line illustrations, 272pp, HB

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Violence and Memory

One Hundred Years in the Dark Forests of Matabeleland, Zimbabwe JO C ELY N A LE X A N DER , JOANN M C G R E GOR & TE R ENC E R A NG E R

£50.00/$95.00(s), November 2010, 978 1 84701 023 0 4 b/w & 33 line illustrations, 304pp, HB

Shepstone and the Colonial State in Natal, South Africa, 1845–1878

£40.00/$75.00(s), September 2010, 978 1 58046 341 6 7 b/w & 3 line illustrations, 192pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

Violence has powerfully shaped the history of Matabeleland from the 1890s to the 1980s, and silence has surrounded the history of this region of Zimbabwe, excluding it from national memory. This text aims to break the silence and redress the imbalance of Zimbabwe’s national history. North America: Heinemann Zimbabwe: Weaver Press £19.99, July 2000, 978 0 85255 642 9 25 b/w illus.; 320pp, PB Social History of Africa

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S O C I AL H I S TORY / THEATRE & FI LM

Women’s Authority and Society in Early East-Central Africa

African Theatre 9 Histories 1850–1950

ALT 28 Film in African Literature Today

C hrist i n e S aidi

Edited by M art i n Ban ham et al.

Edited by Er n est N . Eme n yon u

This study of more than two thousand years of African social history weaves together evidence from historical linguistics, archaeology, comparative ethnography, oral tradition, and art history to challenge the assumptions that all African societies were patriarchal and that the status of women in precolonial Africa is beyond the scope of historical research. In East-Central Africa, women played key roles in technological and economic developments during the long precolonial period. Female political leaders were as common as male rulers, and women, especially mothers, were central to religious ceremonies and beliefs. These conclusions contribute a new and critical element to our understanding of Africa’s precolonial history. Christine Saidi is assistant professor of history at Kutztown University.

African performers, dramatists and directors have far out-paced chroniclers, critics and librarians, and as a result, those preparing accounts of theatre movements and performance on the continent have very limited resources to work on. African Theatre 9 addresses the topic of theatre history and, more specifically, looks at a selection of theatrical movements and events between 1850 and 1950. Drawing on such archived resources as are available, this volume seeks to recover moments from the past by bringing together papers that explore the complexity of the relationships that characterised a century of contact, conflict, compromise and creativity. The findings provide essential background to understanding contemporary developments in African theatre, and draw attention to the importance of documenting performances. Volume Editor: Yvette Hutchison Series Editors: Martin Banham, Emeritus Professor of Drama & Theatre Studies, University of Leeds; James Gibbs, Senior Visiting Research Fellow, University of the West of England; Femi Osofisan, Professor at the University of Ibadan; Jane Plastow, Professor of African Theatre, University of Leeds; Yvette Hutchison, Associate Professor, Department of Theatre & Performance Studies, University of Warwick

A recent literary phenomenon in contemporary Africa is the developing relationship between film and African literature. ALT 28 focuses on the interface between film and literature in contemporary African writing and imagination. Contributors have examined the issue from a variety of perspectives: critiques of adaptations of African creative works into film, analyses of filmic structures in African dramatic literature, African writers as film makers, and the impact of the video film industry on literature and the reading culture in Africa. Ernest N. Emenyonu is Professor of the Department of Africana Studies, University of Michigan-Flint.

£50.00/$85.00(s), March 2010, 978 1 58046 327 0 4 b/w & 8 line illustrations, 208 pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Afro-Brazilians

Cultural Production in a Racial Democracy N I Y I A FOL A BI In this absorbing study, Niyi Afolabi exposes the tensions between the official position on racial harmony in Brazil and the reality of marginalization experienced by Afro-Brazilians by exploring Afro-Brazilian cultural production as a considered response to this exclusion. NIYI AFOLABI teaches Luso-Brazilian, Yoruba, and African Diaspora studies in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Texas at Austin. £50.00/$90.00, May 2009, 978 1 58046 262 4 448pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

£17.99/$34.95, December 2010, 978 1 84701 014 8 10 b/w illustrations, 200pp, PB African Theatre

£17.99/$34.95, December 2010, 978 1 84701 510 5 192pp, PB African Literature Today

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

ALT 27 New Novels in African Literature Today Edited by E R NEST N . EM EN YON U This seminal work that discusses the validity of the perception that the new generation of African novelists is remarkably different in vision, style, and worldview from the older generation. Nigeria: HEBN

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

African Theatre 8 Diasporas

£17.99/$34.95, November 2009, 978 0 85255 572 9 192pp, PB African Literature Today

Edited by M A RT I N BAN HA M et al. This volume in the African Theatre series celebrates the African theatrical diaspora from Brazil to Tasmania, and Canada to Cuba, and also includes the playscript Messing with the Mind by Egyptian writer and director Khaled El-Sawy. Volume Editor: Christine Matzke £17.99/$34.95, November 2009, 978 1 84701 501 3 8 b/w illus.; 192pp, PB African Theatre

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Nigeria: HEBN

If you are planning course reading remember that our paperbacks are available for inspection. Just e-mail courseadoption@boydell.co.uk with your request.

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THEATRE & FILM

N ew i n pap e rbac k

Ira Aldridge

The African Roscius Edit e d by Be r n t h Li ndf ors Ira Aldridge – a black New Yorker – was one of nineteenth-century Europe’s greatest actors. He performed abroad for forty-three years, winning more awards, honors, and official decorations than any of his professional peers. Billed as the “African Roscius,” Aldridge developed a repertoire initially consisting of Shakespeare’s Othello, melodramas about slavery, and farces that drew on his ability to sing and dance. By the time he began touring in Europe he was principally a Shakespearean actor, playing such classic characters as Shylock, Macbeth, Richard III, and King Lear. Although his frequent public appearances made him the most visible black man in the world by mid-nineteenth century, today Aldridge tends to be a forgotten figure, seldom mentioned in histories of British and European theater. This collection restores the luster to Aldridge’s reputation by examining his extraordinary achievements against all odds. The early essays offer biographical information, while later essays examine his critical and popular reception throughout the world. Taken together, these diverse approaches to Aldridge offer a fuller understanding and heightened appreciation of a remarkable man who had an exceptionally interesting life and a spectacular career. Contributors: C. Bruyn Andrews, N. Batusic, P. A. Bell, K. Byerman, R. M. Cowhig, N. M. Evans, J. Groeneboer, A. Marie Koller, J. Green MacDonald, H. Marshall, J. J. Napier, K. Sawala, G. Sjögren, J. McCune Smith, H. Waters, and S. B. Winters. Bernth Lindfors is professor emeritus of English and African literatures at The University of Texas at Austin. PB: £17.99/$29.95, Dec 2010, 978 1 58046 374 4 HB: £30.00/$55.00(s), Sept. 2007, 978 1 58046 258 7 21 b/w illustrations, 304pp, Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

Ira Aldridge’s Early Years, 1807–1833 Ber n th Lin df ors This detailed biography covers the first forty-five years of Ira Aldridge’s life (1807–1852), when he rose from an impoverished childhood in New York City to a successful career on the British stage. Aldridge played upon low audience expectations by billing himself grandiloquently as the “African Roscius,” and performing under the pseudonym of Mr. Keene, a homonym calling up an image of Edmund Kean, England’s most famous Shakespearean actor. He gradually gained a reputation under his own name throughout the UK, attracting large crowds and winning accolades not only as an interpreter of black roles but also as an actor of classic white Shakespearean parts. A peculiarity of Aldridge’s career was that he seldom was invited to perform in London; instead he moved constantly from one provincial town or city to the next. At this time slavery had not yet been abolished in British territories overseas, and a determined West Indian lobby in London was attempting to defend the rights of slave owners abroad. Also, the rise of black minstrelsy perpetuated a notion of negro inferiority. Aldridge, as a very visible black man in a white world, was sometimes subjected to blatant racial harassment and discrimination; he nonetheless managed to survive and even thrive in an environment in which he always was regarded as an outsider. In dealing with his emergence as a professional actor in the UK, Lindfors records the ups and downs of Aldridge’s itinerant existence in a world where no theatergoer had ever seen anyone like him on stage before. Aldridge was genuinely a unique phenomenon at a pivotal point in British history. Bernth Lindfors is professor emeritus of English and African Literatures, University of Texas at Austin, and editor of Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius. £50.00/$85.00(s), June 2011, 978 1 58046 381 2 12 b/w illustrations, 424 pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

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N ew i n pap e rbac k

Literary Adaptations in Black American Cinema Expanded Edition

Barbara T e pa Lupack The cinematic representation of blacks, especially in silent and early film, was shaped not only by the sentimental racism of the culture but also by the popular literature which distorted black experience and restricted black characters to minor, stereotyped roles. By contrast, in the works of black writers from Oscar Micheaux to Toni Morrison, the black experience has been more fully, more accurately, and usually more sympathetically realized; and from the early days of film, select filmmakers have looked to that literature as the basis for their productions. An historical examination of the practice of such adaptation offers telling insights into the portrayal – and progress – of blacks in American movies and culture. It reveals that while blacks, on screen and behind the scenes, were often forced to re-create the demeaning film stereotypes, they learned how to subvert and exploit the artificiality of their caricatures. It also reveals the ways that black filmmakers, beginning with Micheaux, Noble and George Johnson, and their less prominent colleagues like Emmett Scott, worked within the conventions of cinema and society, yet managed to produce films that were, at their best, unconventional and pioneering. It demonstrates that as far back as the 1920s and 1930s, black authors like Paul Laurence Dunbar and Langston Hughes already recognized the need for involvement with film production in order to create pictures that were more representative of black life. It illustrates the fact that, in recent years, as more black voices found their way to the screen, among the strongest were the voices of women. And above all, it confirms that within the rich tradition of black literature of all genres lie many exciting cinematic possibilities for audiences of all colors. Barbara Tepa Lupack has written extensively on the topic of literary adaptations in cinema. £19.99/$39.95, October 2010, 978 1 58046 372 0 60 b/w illustrations, 584pp, PB

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T H E AT R E & FI LM

Men in African Film and Fiction Edited by Lahouci n e Ou z gan e Through their analysis of the depictions in film and literature of masculinities in colonial, independent and post-independent Africa, the contributors open some key African texts to a more obviously politicized set of meanings. Collectively, the essays provide space for rethinking current theory on gender and masculinity: • how only some of the most popular theories in masculinity studies in the West hold true in African contexts; • how Western masculinities react with indigenous masculinities on the continent; • how masculinity and femininity in Africa seem to reside more on a continuum of cultural practices than on absolutely opposite planes; • and how generation often functions as a more potent metaphor than gender.

AFRICAN GRIOT

The new online African Studies newsletter from Boydell & Brewer. Published twice a year (September and March), it features: • • • •

Exclusive author interviews Original articles from authors and editors, giving the inside story of their latest books New publication information, with links to the our latest brochures and catalogues Occasional special offers on selected titles

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Lahoucine Ouzgane is Associate Professor of English & Film Studies, University of Alberta, Canada. £45.00/$80.00(s), March 2011, 978 1 84701 521 1 224pp, HB

S T I LL AVA I L A B LE

Nollywood

The Video Phenomenon in Nigeria Edited by PI E R R E BA R ROT With over 1,200 video films produced each year, Nigeria has become one of the most prolific producers of film fiction in the world. The majority of the films are of poor quality, made on very low budgets and in a very short time, but their production has a big impact on people in Nigeria and the industry’s influence is extending across the continent. This book examines how the experiences and lives of Nigerians are narrated through the storyboards of the video producers, who copy with confidence and energy the recipes and formulas of popular films. As a home-grown industry that emerged spontaneously and without outside support, its vitality is a counter to ‘Afro-pessimism’ and demonstrates the possibility of reviving the African film industry and developing a cinemagoing public to support it. CONTRIBUTORS include Tunde Kelani, Olivier Barlet, Tunde Oladunjoye, Frederic Noy, Don Pedro Obaseki, Ibbo Daddy Abdoulaye, Franck Baku Fuita, Godefroid Bwiti Lumisa, Ogova Ondego. Published in association with the French Embassy of Abuja; North America: Indiana University Press; Nigeria HEBN £14.99, July 2008, 978 1 84701 504 4 26 b/w illus.; 160pp, PB

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n ew & f o rt hc omi n g

White Chief, Black Lords

Shepstone and the Colonial State in Natal, South Africa, 1845–1878 Thomas V. M c C l e nd on

Obasanjo, Nigeria and the World JOH N IL I F F E £45.00/$80.00(s), January 2011, 978 1 84701 027 8 2 line illus.; 320pp, HB

£40.00/$75.00(s), September 2010, 978 1 58046 341 6 7 b/w & 3 line illustrations, 192pp, HB Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora

AIRMAIL PRINTED PAPER RATE SEALED UNDER PERMIT IPSWICH 3

If undelivered, please return to: BOYDELL & BREWER LTD, PO Box 9, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3DF, UK Printed in the UK

Bulawayo Burning The Social History of a Southern African City, 1893-1960 T e r e nc e R ang e r Zimbabwe: Weaver Press £45.00/$90.00(s), October 2010, 978 1 84701 020 9 10 b/w & 5 line illustrations, 272pp, HB


2010-2011 African Studies Catalogue